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2014-06-07

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ECONOMICS
UDC 332
D.M. Mashkov
Moscow state university of food industry
Moscow, Russia
mashkov@mgupp.ru
STRUCTURE ANALYSIS OF INDUSTRY IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION
[Структурный анализ промышленности Российской Федерации]
It is analyzed the long-term and modern trends in the development industry and its role in the gross domestic
product of the country. Analyses the main economic indicators of industrial activity in Russia. It is presented and
ranked in terms of production in the context of all industrial sectors according to their importance for the economy of
the country. The work identified an attractive investment sector in the Russian economy. The peculiarity of the current
stage of economic development of the Russian industry is the need for modernization of industrial production, reduction
through effective management of the magnitude of risk associated with significant changes in economic relations at the
macro, meso and micro levels. The dynamic change in the conditions of the national economy complicates the activity
of industrial sectors.
Key words: industry, Genesis development, engineering, sustainable development, industry.
Economic development of any country is based primarily on industrial growth and
increasing the production of competitive goods and services. The present level of economic
relations dictates additional requirements for the modernization of the national economy. Despite
the rapid development of post-industrial economy, the role of industry as an economic basis
remains significant and balanced development of industries provides the potential growth of the
national economy. The peculiarity of the current stage of economic development of the Russian
industry is the need for modernization of industrial production, reduction through effective
management of the magnitude of risk associated with significant changes in economic relations at
the macro, meso and micro level. The dynamic change in the conditions of the national economy
complicates the activity of industrial sectors. The specifics of the industry, is the presence of a
significant amount of plant and equipment hampers adequate external challenges adaptation, which
negatively affects the performance not only of industries, but also the entire national economy as a
whole.
Industry - the main leading branch of material production, which creates a predominant part
of the gross domestic product and national income. The volume of industrial production in the
industry as a whole and its individual sectors defined in terms of value as the amount of data on the
volume of industrial products, works and industrial services produced by legal entities and their
separate subdivisions, regardless of ownership. Industrial output in chronological section will
present in Fig. 1.
37169.17
37058
35052
28764
22473
24709
0
5000
10000
2013
15000
2012
20000
2011
25000
2010
2009
30000
35000
40000
2008
Industrial production in 2012 increased by 5.7% YoY, and as a result of growth in five years
in 2012 compared to 2008 was 50%, but in 2013, industrial production in Russia grew by 0.3%
compared with 2012, according to the Federal state Statistics Service (Rosstat). Growth is
constrained by external factors (recession in the countries - trade partners of Russia) and internal
(low growth investments).
Given the growth in labor productivity, competitiveness of Russian producers increased, and
continued dynamic growth. In general, the dynamics of industrial production in Russia remains
lower than forecast. In modern conditions the share of industry in total GDP of developed countries
is about 40%. The leading role of the industry due to the fact that the success in its development
depends on the degree of satisfaction of the needs of society with high quality products, providing
technical upgrading and intensification of production.
During the study period, the share of industry in GDP changed insignificantly. Peak can be
considered in 2011, when the share of industry was 62.8%, and this figure has grown since 2008.
Negative trends in the global economy led to a decline in the share of industry in Russia's GDP in
2012 to a level of 29.2%.
Доля промышленного производства в ВВП РФ
120000
100000
80000
60000
40000
20000
0
2008
2009
2010
2011
2012
Промышленное
производство, млрд.руб.
24709
22473
28764
35052
37058
ВВП в рыночных ценах,
млрд.руб.
41277
38807
46309
55800
62599
The study period from 2008 to 2012. gives an idea of the economic processes taking place in
the Russian industry. During the study period, the number of operating enterprises increased from
273485 to 293154 or 19669 pcs., Which is 107.2%. During the same period, the volume of shipped
goods production went from 24.709 trillion. Rub. up to 37.058 trillion. rub. and a growth rate of
150%. Analyzing these two indicators, we can conclude a significant enlargement of the industrial
enterprises.
Contact dynamics is observed in terms of "Average number of employees of organizations."
During the period from 2008 to 2012. he fell from 11920 to 10420 thousand. people. or 1,518
thousand. pers., which is 87.3%. Decrease in the 'Average number of employees of organizations
"amid growing volume of shipped goods production indicates an increase in labor productivity in
the industry.
Consider the dynamics of industrial production by industry. Modern industry is composed of
many distinct industries, each of which includes a large group of related companies and industrial
associations, located in some cases a significant territorial distance from each other. Industrial
structure is characterized by the composition of industries, their relative proportions expressing
certain production relationships between them. Russian industry in its development has come a long
way. It currently has over 134 sub-sectors. In the current industry classification allocated 11
complex industries.
To determine the measure of the closeness of the relationship between gross domestic product
and performance of various industries. The correlation between these two traits were determined by
parallel rows. To this end, the values of the performance of industries located at least reduce, and
then ranked values were compared with the productive sectors sign GDP.
The basis for the analysis of the method of parallel rows served as a set of economic
indicators of industry of the Russian Federation for the period 2004-2013 gg. (Tab. 1).
Table 1.
Data indicators industries of the Russian Federation
for the period 2004-2013
Data
GDP
The volume of
shipped goods of
own production,
bln. Rubles.
(manufacturing)
Equity
investments, bln.
Rubles.
(manufacturing)
The volume of
chemical products,
bln. Rubles.
The volume of
production of cox
and petroleum
products, bln.
Rubles.
Volume of
production of
mechanical
engineering, bln.
Rubles
The volume of
steel production,
bln. Rubles.
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
1906 21610 26880 32987 41277 38807 46309 55967 62218 66755
7868 8872 11185 13978 15808 14352 18872 22802 25098 25993
2478 1196,4 1365 986,4 1372,1 1135,7 1297,6 1384,7 1688,7 1865,2
284
672
764
945
1266
1062
1427
1813
1942
1926
260
438
2002
2277
2161
2662
3514
4543
5206
6100
1748 1477
2245
2909
3358
802
1013
1237
1306
1225
669
2416
2953
3274
4329
6226
7714
8292
8209
3188
Data
The volume of
pulp and paper
production, bln.
Rubles.
Volume
production of
textile and clothing
production, bln.
Ruble
The volume of
leather, leather
products and
footwear, bn. Rub.
Volume of
production of
rubber and plastic
products, bln.
Rubles.
The volume of
food production,
bln. Rubles.
The volume of
production of nonmetallic mineral
products
The volume of
woodworking
industry, bln.
Rubles.
2004 2005
302 315
2006
389
2007
498
2008
514
2009
499
2010
636
2011
680
2012
743
2013
739
99,4
101
131
137
145
156
205
212
212
245
8,6
9,7
24,7
29,5
29,7
34,8
43,7
50,3
49,5
47,5
152
199
260
357
396
375
515
571
636
620
1399 1486
1729
2143
2641
2822
3262
3602
4001
4180
273
426
569
853
1035
683
827
1018
1159
1179
52
45
165
221
233
214
264
303
355
335
Maximal closeness relationship between industries and GDP has the chemical industry, the
lowest - mechanical engineering.
The most interesting results demonstrate several factors. Equity investments manufacturing
virtually no effect on GDP (CF = 0.2). The increase in production of coke and petroleum products
leads to a slight decrease in GDP (CF = -0.2). The increase in the volume of production of
mechanical engineering leads to a significant reduction in GDP (CF = -0.4).
References
1.
2.
3.
4.
http://top.rbc.ru/economics/23/01/2014/901172.shtml
Industry of Russia. 2014: Stat. Sat. / Rosstat. M., 2014.
Russia by the Numbers. 2013: Krat.stat.sb. / Rosstat M., 2013.
Rokotyanskaya VV, Rossinskaya M.V.Napravleniya resilience function ning light industry at the
expense of their engineering Gazette Don. 2010. T. 13. № 3.
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Moscow // Humanities and social and economic sciences. 2013. № 1.
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2008. № 3. http://hses-online.ru
Литература
1.
2.
3.
4.
http://top.rbc.ru/economics/23/01/2014/901172.shtml
Промышленность России. 2014: Стат. сб. / Росстат. М., 2014.
Россия в цифрах. 2013: Крат.стат.сб./Росстат- M., 2013.
Рокотянская В.В., Россинская М.В.Направления повышения устойчивости
функционирования предприятий легкой промышленности за счет их экологизации
Инженерный вестник Дона. 2010. Т. 13. № 3.
5. Рокотянская В.В. Анализ экономического состояния и развития пищевой
промышленности г. Москва // Гуманитарные и социально-экономические науки. 2013.
№ 1.
6. Ходорич
И.А.
Особенности
деятельности
НКО
на
Юге
России
// Гуманитарные и социальные науки. 2008. № 3. http://hses-online.ru
December, 14, 2014
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