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WFIKOLTDERPQD &DTEDHRU.1R,FRKPRJQR,aVR LQISTDFHD.5IMXDNV ELRGTDXLL
OIJDO F RUQRFI VCJE_ KD NOIFIVW,QD[DVRM 0RTGDQRP STRVLF DQGOLMUNRGR LK-
HDVIOC NQLGL <NUNFIPIOIQD.3TRZIUU RQ F_LGTDO,KDTDERVDF 200 XWQVRF L SW-
EOL[QRI LKFLQIQLI.3RYRJI,LKORJIQQDC F SI[DVL LUVRTLC R VRP,[VR PDO`[L-
NRP IGR STRHDOL F TDEUVFR,TDKHTDJDOD (IQTL HDJI ERO`\I,[IP LKRETDJIQLI
IGR LUVLQQ_P [WHRFL]IP.
(WEITQDVRT >PDMNL,UaT 6RPDU 0RHLXRTH,UVDO YRTR\LP HTWGRP L SRNTR-
FLVIOIP EWNDQ`ITRF.'1666 GRHW RQ SRTW[LO NDSLVDQW <HFDTHW 0DQUXLOHW,
CFOCF\IPWUC VRGHD OLHITRP GRORFRTIKRF,KDYFDVLV`RUVTRF.bTDUDR.'aVRM
aNUSIHLZLL(IQTL0RTGDQFSITF_I NRPDQHRFDO NRTDEOIP.&WNDQ`ITDPWHDORU`
RVELV`W LUSDQZIF 5DQVD-.DVDOLQW,QR F ZIORP LY QDEIG RNRQ[LOUC QIWHD[IM.
.DSLVDQ <HFDTH 0DQUXLOH SRSDO F SOIQ N LUSDQZDP L E_O WELV.
'UNRTI STR\IO UOWY,[VR LUSDQZ_ URELTDbVUC QDSDUV`QD 3RTV-4RMCO U
.WE_.&WNDQ`IT_QI UVDOL JHDV`.5RETDF QIERO`\RMXORV LK 10 YRTR\R FRRTW-
JIQQ_Y L RUQD]IQQ_Y NRTDEOIM,U NRPDQHRM,QDU[LV_FDF\IM RNROR 500 GRVR-
F_Y QD FUI GRORFRTIKRF,0RTGDQ SR\IO QD.WEW.3ITF_P HIORP TI\IQR E_OR
QDSDUV`QD 3WaTVR-3TLQULSI,QDUVRO`NR WHDOIQQRPW RV PRTC,[VR HR aVRGR IGR
QLNVR LK &ITIGRFRGR ETDVUVFD QI SRUI]DO.3LTDV_KDUVDOL JLVIOIM FTDUSORY L
E_UVTR KDYFDVLOLGRTRH.*UOLE_QI F_NWS,F_SOD[IQQ_MQDUIOIQLIP,3WaTVR-
3TLQULSI E_O E_TDKGTDEOIQ L URJJIQ HRVOD.
5OIHWb]IM JITVFRM 0RTGDQ F_ETDO GRTRH 3RTVREIOR,TDUSRORJIQQ_M QD
3DQDPUNRPSITI\IMNI.3R PQIQLbEWNDQ`ITRF,VDPURELTDORU`RSRO[IQLI HOC
KDYFDVD >PDMNL.3RHREQRI STIHSTLCVLI RVOL[DORU`RURERMUPIORUV`b,VDN NDN
3RTVREIOR CFOCOUC R[IQ`YRTR\R WNTISOIQQ_P GRTRHRP.*GR KD]L]DOL VTL
?C1;9=;1AC1= @<131<9 3 XVII 36;6
Pirats_4:Layout 1 3/12/2008 6:07 PM Page 85
XRTVD.8TDQZWKUNLI XOLEWUV`IT_TI\LOL QI LUNW\DV`UWH`EW L RVNDKDOLU`RV
TLUNRFDQQRGR STIHSTLCVLC.1R 0RTGDQ,FRNTWG NRVRTRGR USORVLOLU`RV[DCQ-
Q_I URTFLGRORF_,QLNRGHD QI RVUVWSDO RV QDPI[IQQRGR.
3RUVDFLF NRTDEOLQD CNRT`F QIUNRO`NLY PLOCY RV GRTRHD,RQF_UDHLO UFRLY
ObHIMQD NDQRa.2ERMHC SRTVRF_I XRTV_,EWNDQ`IT_FQIKDSQR QDSDOLQD 3RT-
VREIOR U UW\L.3ITF_I HFI NTISRUVL RNDKDOL UODERI URSTRVLFOIQLI L E_UVTR
SDOL.1R VTIV`C,NRVRTRM NRPDQHRFDO OL[QR LUSDQUNLM GWEITQDVRT,RV[DCQQR
RERTRQCODU`.1I UWPIF UORPLV`PWJIUVFIQQ_Y KD]LVQLNRF,0RTGDQ TI\LOUC
QD FITRORPUVFR.2VETRULF JDORUV`,RQKDUVDFLO STIHUVDFLVIOIMLUSDQUNRGR HW-
YRFIQUVFD BUFC]IQQLNRF L PRQDYLQ`BSRHQIUVL N UVIQDP NTISRUVL\VWT-
PRF_I OIUVQLZ_.3RH STLNT_VLIP JLFRGR ]LVD SLTDVDP WHDORU`QI VRO`NR
KDETDV`UC QDFITY,QR L STRORPLV`UVIQW.2HQDNR NTISRUV`SDOD VRO`NR SRUOI
6A310 76AC31 @9A1C?3 ?A41>1, DNAC?- A9>B9@6
Pirats_4:Layout 1 3/12/2008 6:07 PM Page 86
VRGR,NDN SRGLE II NRPIQHDQV.(RTRH TDKGTDELOL,D PQRGLY JLVIOIM SRHFITGOL
JIUVRNLP S_VNDP:DQGOL[DQI YRVIOL KQDV`,GHI USTCVDQ_URNTRFL]D.
6DN REUVRCOL HIOD F HIMUVFLVIO`QRUVL.2XLZLDO`Q_I JI HRQIUIQLC UDPRGR
0RTGDQD F_GOCHCV URFIT\IQQR LQD[I.
?A?5 9 64?D;A6@<6>90 *2L<9?BC13<6>L3 C1;?=76
?C<9H>?= B?BC?0>99,;1;9 5?1>4<9H1>,1 B 9B@1>G1=9
C1;F?A?I??2A1J1<9BM,HC?>6B;?<M;?8>1C>LF 76>-
J9> 81039<9,HC?4<13>?;?=1>5DOJ9:?2A1J1<B0 B >9=9
;1;576>C<M=6>,?C>?B9<B0;>9= B 2?<MI9= D3176-
>96=,H6=?>9?7951<9 3BCA6C9CM 3 <146A6,@?NC?=D
?>9?BC131<9BM B >9= @?B3?6:3?<6,@?;1?> >6 D6F1<+.
:VRE_ RUVDFLV`UIEI ERO`\Wb [DUV`QDGTDEOIQQRGR,SLTDV_,SITIH FRKFTD-
]IQLIP QD >PDMNW,PQRGRI UNT_OL F VDMQLNDY W TINL:DGTIU.5 ERGDVRM
!184A12<6>96 ?AC?26<?
Pirats_4:Layout 1 3/12/2008 6:07 PM Page 87
HRE_[IM,RZIQLFDIPRMF 100 V_UC[ DQGOLMUNLY XWQVRF UVITOLQGRF,0RTGDQFIT-
QWOUC F 3RTV-4RMCO.(WEITQDVRT >PDMNL UOIGND?SRJWTLO@ ObELPZD KD QINR-
VRTRI STIF_\IQLI SROQRPR[LM,QR [ITIK QINRVRTRI FTIPC HDO QRFRI SRTW[IQLI
?FITQRSRHHDQQRPW DQGOLMUNRM NRTRQ_@.0RTGDQ TDKRUODO STLGOD\IQLC FUIP,
NVR YRVIO E_ STLURIHLQLV`UC N IGR QRFRPW STIHSTLCVLb,URETDV`UC W.RTRF`-
IGR RUVTRFD F CQFDTI 1669 GRHD.,HIU`,QD XTIGDVI?2NUXRTH@,RQ WUVTRLO HOC
RXLZITRF EDQNIV..RGHD FIUIO`I E_OR F UDPRP TDKGDTI,NRTDEO`FKRTFDOUC B
STIHSRORJLVIO`QR,LK-KD QIRUVRTRJQRGR RETD]IQLC U RGQIPFRKOI SRTRYRFRGR
UNODHD./L\`QIPQRGLP,F VRP[LUOI L UDPRPW 0RTGDQW,WHDORU`USDUVLU`.
1R aVRV VTDGL[IUNLM UOW[DM QI SRUVDFLO VR[NW QD RJLHDIPRP STIHSTLCVLL.
3RUOIHRFDOR QRFRI QDSDHIQLI QD GRTRH 0DTDNDMER,WJI LVDN ULO`QR SRUVTDHDF-
\LM RV GTDEIJIM.0RTGDQ KDYFDVLO IGR,STRELF\LU`[ITIK WKNLM STROLF N RKITW
(VDN JI,NDN L IGR STIH\IUVFIQQLN/RORQWD),L UQRFD QD[DOLU`S_VNL QIU[DUV-
Q_Y,?WELMUVFD,GTDEIJL,LKQDULORFDQLC LQIFITRCVQDC QDGORUV`@,NRVRT_I STR-
HROJDOLU`F VI[IQLI SCVLQIHIO`.,DVIPQDUVDOD R[ITIH`SREITIJ`C'IQIUWaO_A
'aVLY aNUSIHLZLCY 0RTGDQ STRCFLO UIEC NDN VDODQVOLF_M UVTDVIG,TDKTD-
ERVDF\LM UORJQ_I PRTUNLI L UWYRSWVQ_I RSITDZLL.,DYFD[IQQDC HRE_[D,QI
U[LVDC TDERF,RZIQLFDODU`F 50 V_UC[ DQGOLMUNLY XWQVRF UVITOLQGRF.>PDM-
UNLM GWEITQDVRT UQRFD?SRJWTLO@ 0RTGDQD,QR F ZIORP RUVDOUC HRFROIQ.
-USDQZ_VIP FTIPIQIP STRHROJDOL QDSDHDV`QD DQGOLMUNLI NRTDEOL W UI-
FITQ_Y EITIGRF >PDMNL.)DE_ SRORJLV`aVRPW NRQIZ,GWEITQDVRT STLNDKDO
0RTGDQW URETDV`XORV L STL[LQLV`QDLERO`\LM W]ITE LUSDQUNLPNRTDEOCP,
GRTRHDP L UNODHDP U ERISTLSDUDPL.1IURPQIQQR,ULI SRTW[IQLI REOINOL F
STLOL[Q_I XRTP_.0RHLXRTH F_HDO 0RTGDQW URRVFIVUVFWb]WbEWPDGW BND-
SITUNRI UFLHIVIO`UVFR,XDNVL[IUNL CFOCb]IIUC STDFRP QD WKDNRQIQQRI SL-
TDVUVFR.'DJQR,[VR HRNWPIQV URHITJDO UOIHWb]LI LQUVTWNZLL:
* ?B;?<M;D E<?C >6 @?<DH16C >9;1;?4?3?8>14A1-
756>90,?> 2D56C8129A1CM 3B6 C?31AL9;D@6H6B;?6 2?-
41CBC3?,81F31H6>>?6 3 C1;9F N;B@659G90F,9 56<9CM
9F =675D B?2?:@?B3?9= @A139<1=+.
1@156>96 >1 1A1;1:2?
Pirats_4:Layout 1 3/12/2008 6:07 PM Page 88
ВЕЛИКИЙ ПЕРЕХОД
(
IQTL 0RTGDQ QIKDPIHOLVIO`QR STLQCOUC KD HIOR.<VR STIHSTCVLI UVDOR
GODFQ_P F IGR NDT`ITI.,QDPIQLV_M SLTDV SRFIO UFRL NRTDEOL QD 3D-
QDPW.
3TL RHQRPWSRPLQDQLL LPIQL 0RTGDQD LUSDQZIF RYFDV_FDO WJDU.2HQDNR
QDYRHLOLU`L VI,NVR ETRUDO F_KRF JIUVRNRPW SLTDVW.2HQLPLK QLY UVDO TWNR-
FRHLVIO`LUSDQUNLY RSRO[IQZIF,NDSLVDQ0DQWaO`3DTHDO.2QTDUSTRUVTDQLO
KDCFOIQLI,F NRVRTRP F_K_FDO 0RTGDQD UNTIUVLV`U QLP\SDGW.'UNRTI STR-
VLFQLNL FUVTIVLOLU`.5OW[LORU`aVR F WUV`I TINL:DGTIU,NRGHD EWNDQ`IT_
\VWTPRFDOL NTISRUV`5DQ-/RTIQUR..URJDOIQLb HOC 3DTHDOD,FUVTI[D KD-
NRQ[LODU`SI[DO`QR:SRUOI ERC IGR QD\OL U STRUVTIOIQQRM\IIM.(RFRTCV,[VR
SWOC E_OD F_SW]IQD LK PW\NIVD (IQTL 0RTGDQD.
9 CQFDTC 1671 GRHD 0RTGDQ,RUVDFLF F 5DQ-/RTIQUR GDTQLKRQ HOC STLNT_-
VLC V_OD,SRFIO UFRL RUQRFQ_I ULO_ (1800 [IORFIN) QD KDFRIFDQLI 3DQDP_ B
UDPRGR NTWSQRGR LERGDVRGR GRTRHD F DPITLNDQUNLY NRORQLCY,STLQDHOIJDF\LY
A6@?BCM"1>-?A6>B?
Pirats_4:Layout 1 3/12/2008 6:07 PM Page 89
LUSDQZDP.5bHD LUSDQZ_UFRKLOL KRORVR L UITIETR LK 0INULNL L 3ITW,[VRE_
KDVIP RVSTDFLV`IGR F 5VDT_M 5FIV.3ITIYRH [ITIK VTRSL[IUNLI HJWQGOL UDP
SR UIEI CFOCOUC VCJIOIM\LP LUS_VDQLIP,QR HOC (IQTL 0RTGDQD L IGR DTPLL
UVDO I]I EROII PW[LVIO`Q_P,VDN NDN LUSDQZ_,RVUVWSDC,TDKTW\LOL FUI UFRL
STRHRFRO`UVFIQQ_I UNODH_.&WNDQ`IT_,QDHICF\LIUC HRE_V`STRFLKLbF SWVL,
WPLTDOLRV GRORHD.6DN QD[DODU`UDPDC KQDPIQLVDC FRIQQDC RSITDZLC 0RTGDQD.
1D\IUVRMHIQ`LKQWTLVIO`QRGR SRYRHD QIU[DUVQ_PWO_EQWODU`WHD[D:RQLQD-
ETIOLQD DPEDT U NWNWTWKRM./L\`N FI[ITW HIFCVRGR HQC TDKFIH[LN WFLHIO FIT-
YW\NW SDQDPUNRM ZITNFL,L aVR RERHTLOR LKPW[IQQ_Y ObHIM.
0RTGDQ,RVOL[DF\LMUC QIKDWTCHQ_P WPRP,VDN [DUVR STLFRHLF\LP IGR N
WUSIYW,TI\LO\VWTPRFDV`GRTRH U QIRJLHDQQRM UVRTRQ_.'TIKWO`VDVI RTWHLC
LUSDQZIF QI PRGOL HRUVDV`EWNDQ`ITRF,L KD]LVQLNL GRTRHD F_QWJHIQ_E_OL
F_MVL LK WNTISOIQLM (D LPIQQR aVRGR L HRELFDOUC 0RTGDQ) L UTDJDV`UC QD RV-
NT_VRM PIUVQRUVL.
'CDA= 3 A1841A6
Pirats_4:Layout 1 3/12/2008 6:07 PM Page 90
-USDQZ_SR\OL F DVDNW,GRQC SITIH URERM UVDHR LK QIUNRO`NLY URVIQ EWMFR-
ORF.1R LY SODQ SRVITSIO SROQRI XLDUNR.3ITISWGDQQ_M UNRV TDKFITQWOUC L F
SDQLNI HFLQWOUCQD LUSDQUNWbNDFDOITLb,SROQRUV`bUPI\DFII UVTRMQ_I TCH_.
'VI[IQLI HFWY [DURF STRHROJDORU`RV[DCQQRI UTDJIQLI PIJHW YTDET_PL KD-
]LVQLNDPL NTISRUVL L QI PIQII RVFDJQ_PL,QR R[IQ`LUVR]IQQ_PL EWNDQ`-
ITDPL.'LVRGI LUSDQZ_E_OLTDKELV_LEIJDOL./bHL0RTGDQD UOL\NRPWUVDOL,
[VRE_LY STIUOIHRFDV`,LaVRHDORGRTRJDQDPFRKPRJQRUV`F_FIKVLLK 3DQDP_L
SRGTWKLV`QD NRTDEO`NRI-NDNLI ZITNRFQ_I WNTD\IQLC L HTWGLI ZIQQRUVL.
.DN VRO`NR GRTRH RNDKDOUC KDYFD[IQ,0RTGDQ URKFDO FUIY UFRLY ObHIM L
UVTRGR-QDUVTRGR KDSTIVLO LPSTLNDUDV`UC N USLTVQRPW,PRVLFLTWC UFRMSTLNDK
VIP,[VR CNRE_LUSDQZ_SITIH UHD[IMGRTRHD RVTDFLOLFUI FLQR.1D UDPRPHIOI
aVR E_OD OL\`PITD STIHRUVRTRJQRUVL,SRUNRO`NW QITIHNR UOW[DORU`,[VR NR-
FDTQ_M FTDG VRO`NR L JHDO PRPIQVD,[VRE_ KDYFDVLV`KDYPIOIF\LY SREIHLVI-
OIM XDNVL[IUNL GRO_PL TWNDPL.6ISIT`EWNDQ`IT_ STLUVWSLOL N GTDEIJW QD
VTIKFWbGRORFW.3ITIH QLPL OIJDO GRTRH U\LTRNLPL WOLZDPL L HRETRVQ_PL
HRPDPL.1R NDNLP-VR QISRQCVQ_P RETDKRP FUS_YQWO SRJDT,L PGQRFIQQR
ERO`\DC [DUV`UVTRIQLM F_GRTIOD HRVOD.
'VI[IQLI SRUOIHWb]LY VTIY QIHIO`EWNDQ`IT_GTDELOL GRTRH,KDYFDV_FDOL
ObHIM L URFIT\DOL QDEIGL QD RNTIUVQRUVL.+LVIOL,QI WUSIF\LI UNT_V`UC F
HJWQGOCY,SRHFITGOLU`JIUVRNLP S_VNDP.
)RE_[D SLTDVRF RNDKDODU`FSI[DVOCb]IM.3RQDHRELORU`SR[VL HFI URVQL
PWORF,[VRE_ SITIFIKVL FUI KRORVR,UITIETR L HTWGLI ZIQQ_I VRFDT_ QD NR-
TDEOL.6DNJI EWNDQ`IT_KDYFDVLOL ERO`\RI NROL[IUVFR SOIQQLNRF.
)RETDF\LU`HR TINL:DGTIU,SLTDV_ STLQCOLU`HIOLV`HRE_[W..RQI[QR,
QI RER\ORU`EIK SRVDURFNL:TCHRF_I UROHDV_ U[LVDOL,[VR QI SROW[LOL STL-
[LVDb]IMUC LP HROL.3RND\OL STISLTDVIO`UVFD,0RTGDQ WUNRO`KQWO,STL-
YFDVLF U URERM ERO`\Wb [DUV`QDGTDEOIQQRGR L RUVDFLF FITQ_Y UFRLY
URbKQLNRF EIK STRFLKLLLNRTDEOIM,D OL\`U HIUCV`bXWQVDPLVTRXIIF QD ND-
JHRGR.
?5BH6CCA?E663 9 @<6>>9;?3
Pirats_4:Layout 1 3/12/2008 6:07 PM Page 91
ПИРАТ ПРОТИВ ПИРАТОВ
(
IQTL 0RTGDQ FITQWOUC QD >PDMNW L F_UOW\DO PQRGR UORF EODGRHDTQRUVL
KD RTGDQLKDZLb UVRO`WUSI\QRM RSITDZLL.,HIU`JI RQ WKQDO,[VR,TDK-
GTDELF 3DQDPW,QDTW\LO HRGRFRT PIJHW -USDQLIM L %QGOLIM,KDNOb[IQQ_M F
0DHTLHI KD QIUNRO`NR PIUCZIF HR aVRGR URE_VLC.'QIP GRFRTLORU`R?STIUI-
[IQLL GTDEIJIM L WUVDQRFOIQLL PLTQ_Y RVQR\IQLM@ F 1RFRP 5FIVI!
7KQDF R TDKTW\IQLL 3DQDP_,LUSDQUNRI STDFLVIO`UVFR RVSTDFLOR.DTOW TIKNWb QRVW STRVIUVD..RTROb %QGOLL QL[IGR QI RUVDFDORU`,NDN F DSTIOI
1672 GRHD RVHDV`STLNDK RE DTIUVI KQDPIQLVRGR EWNDQ`ITD L HRUVDFNI IGR QD TR-
HLQW.1R QL UWH,QL STLUCJQ_I QI RUPIOLOLU`RUWHLV`[IORFIND,VRO`NR [VR
UVDF\IGR F UFRIM UVTDQI QDTRHQ_P GITRIP..VRPW JI HRE_[D (IQTL 0RTGDQD
KQD[LVIO`QR SRSROQLOD NRTROIFUNWbNDKQW.
.DTO SRUFCVLO 0RTGDQD F T_ZDTL L RVSTDFLO RETDVQR QD >PDMNW BVI-
SIT`WJI F ND[IUVFI FLZI-GWEITQDVRTD RUVTRFD.(IQTL 0RTGDQW E_OR SRTW[IQR
ERTRV`UC U SLTDVDPL F EDUUIMQI.DTLEUNRGR PRTC.&_F\LM EWNDQ`IT FKCOUC KD
QRFWb HROJQRUV`U STLUW]LP IPW TFIQLIP.5VDF GODFQRNRPDQHWb]LP ETL-
VDQUNLPL FRRTWJIQQ_PL ULODPL QD >PDMNI,UaT (IQTL 0RTGDQ STRCFLO EIU-
SR]DHQRUV`L JIUVRNRUV`N UFRLP E_F\LP SRHIO`QLNDP.
5aT (IQTL HRUVLG FUIGR,R [IP PI[VDO,B KQDVQRUVL,ERGDVUVFD L FODUVL.
>FOCCU`UVDT\LP[OIQRPURFIVD L ERGDV_PSODQVDVRTRP,RQ QDJLO UIEI PQRGR
FTDGRF LK [LUOD E_F\LY UVRTRQQLNRF.6DN,NVR-VR LK IGR RNTWJIQLC HRQIU
.DTOW ,[VR 0RTGDQ SRUOI UFRIM KQDPIQLVRM 3DQDPUNRM aNUSIHLZLL WVDLO
QIPDOWb [DUV`ERGDVUVFD,USTCVDF IGR QD RUVTRFI.RNRU.3RHREQRM HITKRUVL
STDFLVIO`%QGOLL UQIUVL QI PRG.,DPDQLF SRH NDNLP-VR EODGRFLHQ_PSTIHOR-
GRPFLZI-GWEITQDVRTD >PDMNLF/RQHRQ,NRTRO`S_VDOUC F_FIHDV`W QIGR VDMQW
NODHD.1R 0RTGDQ QI STLKQDOUC QL F NDNLY GTIYDY STRVLF IGR FIOL[IUVFD,L
SRUOIHQIPW QL[IGR QI RUVDFDORU`,NDN RVSWUVLV`IGR U PLTRP.'IH`VDNRM [IOR-
FIN E_O ETLVDQUNRM NRTRQI STRUVR QIREYRHLP.
5IPQDHZDV`OIV UaT (IQTL 0RTGDQ RUVDFDOUC FLZI-GWEITQDVRTRP >PDMNL.
'RVOL[LI RV ERO`\LQUVFD SRHREQ_Y IPW HJIQVO`PIQRF WHD[L,0RTGDQ WPIT F
UFRIM SRUVIOL F 1688 GRHW F FRKTDUVI 53 OIV L E_O SRYRTRQIQ F ZITNFL UF.*ND-
VITLQ_F 3RTV-4RMCOI.
Pirats_4:Layout 1 3/12/2008 6:07 PM Page 92
ЦЕЛЬ —ТИХИЙ ОКЕАН
7
USIY 3DQDPUNRM aNUSIHLZLL TDUSDOLO FRRETDJIQLI FUIGR SLTDVUNRGR
ETDVUVFD L QDSTDFLO LY FKRT_ N 6LYRPW RNIDQW.6DN QD[DOUC FVRTRM SI-
TLRH F LUVRTLL EWNDQ`ITRF.
3TDFLVIO`UVFR %QGOLLF_SWUVLOR PQRJIUVFR FRKKFDQLMN SLTDVDP.-Y REI-
]DOLSRPLORFDV`LSTINTDVLV`KDNRQQRI STIUOIHRFDQLI,IUOLRQLRUVDFCV UFRL
GTCKQ_I HIOD.'PIUVI U VIPGTRKLOLUVTRGR QDNDK_FDV`FUIY,NVR UVDQIV STRHRO-
JDV`GTDEIJ..RI-NVR LK SLTDVRF URGODULOUC,QR ERO`\LQUVFR STIHSR[OR STIJ-
QII TIPIUOR.% VIP FTIPIQIP TRUOR QIHRFRO`UVFR EWNDQ`ITDPL L W NWSZRF,L
SODQVDVRTRF U >PDMNL,NRVRT_I SRHHITJLFDOL LY F STR\ORP,QR VISIT`FL-
HIOL,[VR,SRND VI TDKERMQL[DbV F.DTLEUNRP PRTI,LY UREUVFIQQDC VRTGRFOC
LHIV QD USDH.
'CQFDTI 1680 GRHD QD[DODU`SITFDC aNUSIHLZLC EWNDQ`ITRF F 6LYLM RNIDQ.
5TIHL GODFDTIM LPIOLU`VDNLI LKFIUVQ_I OL[QRUVL,NDN &DTVRORP`b;DTS L
)JRQ.RNURQ.1D SWVL F 3RTVREIOR RQL F_UDHLOLU`QD EITIG F 20 OLGDY RV GR-
TRHD L SRUOI [IV_TIYHQIFQRGR LKQWTCb]IGR SRYRHD,FR FTIPC NRVRTRGR?PQR-
GLI RUODEIOL,EWHW[L VTL HQC EIK IH_ L U SRTIKDQQ_PL LK-KD QIYFDVNL REWFL
QRGDPL@,HRETDOLU`HR PIUVD.-Y SRCFOIQLI RNDKDORU`QDUVRO`NR QIRJLHDQ-
Q_P,[VR GRTRH E_UVTR UHDOUC L F RHQR PGQRFIQLI E_O TDKGTDEOIQ,SRUNRO`NW
HR SLTDVRF WJI HR\OL LKFIUVLC,[VR STLEOLJDIVUC LUSDQUNRI SRHNTISOIQLI.
'TIKWO`VDVI QDOIVD NDJH_M SROW[LO RGTRPQWb HROb:UVR [DUVIM VTRXIIF QD
FRU`PIT_Y.)RETDF\LU`HR NRTDEOIM,EWNDQ`IT_ SRSO_OL QD UIFIT HR &RND-
HIO`-6RTR,GHI RUVDQRFLOLU`,[VRE_ QDETDV`FRH_.6DP N QLP STLURIHLQLOUC
RVTCH SRH STIHFRHLVIO`UVFRP 4L[DTHD 5RNLQUD L 3LVITD 9aTTLUD,?UROHDVRF
YTDET_Y L TI\LVIO`Q_Y@.2E^IHLQIQQ_I ULO_ F_UDHLOLU`F KDOLFI )DT`IQ L
HFLQWOLU`N 6LYRPW RNIDQW,SR SWVL UHIODF RUVDQRFNW,[VRE_QDSDUV`L TDKGTD-
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ALIO>TDMX > (/,JID NU<NAGXIJ L<CL<=JN<GD KG<I @AEMN>DE D,OG<@D>
>MA PJLH<GXIJMND M?<DN;IMFDHD D <HALDF<IMFDHD >G<MN;HD,SALAC @><?J@<
MIJ>< =WGD I< JMNLJ>A.MFJLA LOFMO D A?J @LOCX;H O@<GJMX KJ@I;NX RAGOZ
FJGGAFRDZ MN<LDIIJ?J PL<IROCMFJ?J P<LPJL<,I<E@AIIOZ > L<EJIA KLA@-
KJG<?<AHJ?J FJL<=GAFLOTAID;.<NAH I< KJ>ALQIJMNX DC>GAFGD @>< =LDN<I-
MFDQ JLO@D;,JNGDNWQ KLD=GDCDNAGXIJ HAB@O 1650 D 1699?J@<HD.
MNJLDSAMFDA @JFOHAINWOF<CW><ZN,SNJ NJGXFJ @>< MO@I< HJ?GD C<NJIONX >
YNJH L<EJIA > NJ >LAH;:PLA?<N 6%FMPJL@7,KLDI<@GAB<>TDE KDL<NO#JL-
?<IO,D 6B<H<EF<#ALSAIN7:FJL<=GX,I< FJNJLJHKLDKGWG MZ@< >MA NJN BA
#JL?<I,SNJ=W KJKWN<NXM;JNWMF<NX?LOC MJ M>JA?J MO@I<.HAIIJ 6%FM-
PJL@7 >CJL><GM;NJ?@<,>;I><LA 1669?J@<,O!JLJ>XA?J JMNLJ><.
&J HIAIDZ LOFM<,AMGD =W I< FJL<=GA IA DHAGJMX IDSA?J RAIIJ?J,FJ-
LJGX KDL<NJ> IDFJ?@< =WIA MN<G >JC>L<U<NXM;I< HAMNJ?D=AGD MO@I<.LOFM
O>ALAI,SNJ I< 6%FMPJL@A7 I<QJ@DG<MX S<MNX MJFLJ>DU,I<?L<=GAIIWQ =O-
F<IXAL<HD > &JLNJ=AGJ.$J I< =WMNLJA KJ@I;NDA MO@I< A@>< GD MNJDN L<M-
MSDNW><NX.$AJ=QJ@DHJ KLJ>AMND NU<NAGXIOZ >D@AJMVAHFO,IAJ=QJ@DHWA
<I<GDCW D L<MSANW.)AH IA HAIAA LOFM KJGJI JKNDHDCH< D MJ=DL<ANM;
JKG<SD><NX KLJAFN M KJHJUXZ M>JDQ MKJIMJLJ>,KJ@@ALBFJE FJNJLWQ OBA
C<LOSDGM;.MNAMN>AIIJ,JI I<@AANM;I< KLD=WGX:KJ@I;NDA 6%FMPJL@<7
MOGDN HDGGDJIW @JGG<LJ>.
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УВЯДШИЙ «ЦВЕТОК МОРЯ»
...
3
NJ =WG IAJ=WSIWE LAEM. 1512?J@O PG<?H<I KJLNO?<GXMFJE YMF<-
@LW 6+GAL @A G< H<L7 (->ANJF HJL;) JNKGWG DC MOGN<I<N<#<G<FF<,
I<QJ@D>TA?JM;I< Z?J-C<K<@IJH KJ=ALABXA#<G<FFMFJ?J KJGOJMNLJ><.$<
=JLNO 6+GAL @A G< H<L7 I<QJ@DGDMX MJFLJ>DU< MOGN<IJ>#<G<FFD,< N<FBA =J-
?<NMN><,C<Q><SAIIWA > PLDFA D I< L<>DEMFJH KJGOJMNLJ>A,> I@DD D
(D<HA.
&JMGA@IDE LAEM 6+GAL @A G< H<L7 KLJ@JGB<GM;IA@JG?J.&JSND ML<CO KJMGA
JNKGWND;,KJK<> > MDGXIWE TNJLH,MO@IJ I<MFJSDGJ I< LDP D C<NJIOGJ,I<
HIJ?DA MNJGAND;MN<> H<I;UAE GA?AI@JE @G;FG<@JDMF<NAGAE.%NGDNWA DC CJ-
GJN< MFOGXKNOLIWA DCJ=L<BAID;MGJIJ>,ND?LJ>,J=ACX;I,OFL<TAID;DC @L<-
?JRAIIWQ F<HIAE,FDN<EMFDE P<LPJL D @LO?DA MJFLJ>DU< M KJLNO?<GXMFJ?J
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FJL<=G;,MNJDHJMNX FJNJLWQ,KJ JRAIF<HMKARD<GDMNJ>,HJBAN MJMN<>DNX HDG-
GD<L@W@JGG<LJ>,@J MDQ KJL GAB<N I< @IA#<G<FFMFJ?J KLJGD>< O =ALA?J> I-
@JIACDD.
"A?AI@W J =J?<NMN><Q,C<NJIO>TDQ C@AMX,>AF<HD =O@JL<B<N >JJ=L<BAIDA
DMF<NAGAE MJFLJ>DU.=GDCD I@JIACDD,KJ HIAIDZ DMNJLDFJ>,>J@W MFLW-
><ZN MJNID KJNALKA>TDQ FLOTAIDA MO@J>.%ID >ACGD DC!DN<;D =W>TDQ FJ-
GJIDE KL;IJMND,P<LPJL,NF<ID,DC@AGD;DC @L<?JRAIIWQ HAN<GGJ> D HIJ?JA
@LO?JA.!JL<=GD NJIOGD >J >LAH;TNJLHJ>,L<C=D><GDMX J LDPW,MN<IJ>DGDMX
@J=WSAE KDL<NJ>.
> 1991?J@O >AMX HDL J=GANAGJ MAIM<RDJIIJA MJJ=UAIDA J NJH,SNJ I< @IA
#<G<FFMFJ?J KLJGD>< > 8 FDGJHANL<Q JN MA>ALJ->JMNJSIJ?J KJ=ALABX;JMNLJ><
(OH<NL< KJ@ 18-HANLJ>WHMGJAHKAMF< DDG< J=I<LOBAIWJMN<IFDC<NJIO>TA?J
KJSND 500 GAN I<C<@ KJLNO?<GXMFJ?J FJL<=G;M IAMHANIWHD MJFLJ>DU<HD I<
=JLNO.&LAMM< KAMNLAG< C<?JGJ>F<HD.
L<EJIA KLA@KJG<?<AHJE I<QJ@FD,FO@< IAHA@GAIIJ OMNLAHDGDMX HAMNIWA
JQJNIDFD C< KJ@>J@IWHD FG<@<HD,FJL<=GD #( I@JIACDD >AGD FLO?GJMO-
NJSIJA K<NLOGDLJ><IDA M RAGXZKLAMASX IAM<IFRDJIDLJ><IIWA KJKWNFD KJ@-
I;NX M HJLMFJ?J @I< MJFLJ>DU<,<OFRDJII<;MNJDHJMNX FJNJLWQ,KJ JRAIF<H
YFMKALNJ>,HJBAN MJMN<>DNX JFJGJ 9 HDGGD<L@J> @JGG<LJ> (SNJ MJMN<>G;AN
KJSND NLANX?J@J>J?J =Z@BAN< I@JIACDD).
&JDMFD 6+GAL @A G< H<L7 > NASAIDA @>OQ GAN >AG< M L<CLATAID;KL<>DNAGX-
MN>< DI@JIACDEMF<;FJHK<ID;6B<;N<H< DMNDF<SDKN<7,KJNL<ND> I< YNJ
10 HDGGDJIJ> @JGG<LJ>.%@I<FJ AA >G<@AGXRW =WGD?JNJ>W >GJBDNX AUA
MNJGXFJ BA > KJ@VAHMJFLJ>DUM HJLMFJ?J @I<.&J OMGJ>D;HFJINL<FN<,KJGJ-
>DI< @J=WNWQ MJFLJ>DU@JGBI< @JMN<NXM;KL<>DNAGXMN>O I@JIACDD,< KLA@-
HANW,KLA@MN<>G;ZUDA DMNJLDSAMFOZRAIIJMNX,:>JC>L<UAIWKL<>DNAGXMN>O
#<G<ECDD.
#AB@O NAH @J MDQ KJL AUA IAN KJGIJE O>ALAIIJMND > NJH,SNJ MN<LDIIWA
HJIANW,IJB,=<GG<MNIWA F<HID D @LO?DA I<QJ@FD,KJ@I;NWA KJDMFJ>JE?LOK-
KJE M HJLMFJ?J @I< O =ALA?J> (OH<NLW,KJMGOBD>TDA JMIJ><IDAH @G;MAIM<-
RDJIIWQ C<;>GAIDEJ= J=I<LOBAIDDJMN<IFJ> 6+GAL @A G< H<L7,@AEMN>DNAGXIJ
;>G;ZNM;S<MNXZ @L<?JRAIIJ?J?LOC< 6CJGJNJ?J FJL<=G;7.$A DMFGZSAIJ,SNJ
JID I<QJ@DGDMX I< =JLNO MJKLJ>JB@<>TAE MO@IJ KJLNO?<GXMFJE YMF<@LW,FJ-
NJL<;,F<F KJG<?<ZN,N<FBA I<KJLJG<MX >J >LAH;TNJLH< I< LDPW D KJTG< FJ
@IO >HAMNA M 6->ANFJH HJL;7.< D M<H >G<@AGAR DI@JIACDEMFJE FJHK<IDD
KLDCI<G,SNJ KJ@>J@IDFD;>IJ KJNJLJKDGDMX M MAIM<RDJIIWHC<;>GAIDAH,FJ-
NJLJA NON BA KJ@Q><NDGD DIPJLH<RDJIIWA <?AINMN><.
ИСТОРИЯ ПРОДОЛЖАЕТСЯ
INALAM F KJ@>J@IWH MJFLJ>DR<H IA DMM;F<AN. HDIDMNALMN>J DIJ-
MNL<IIWQ @AG I@JIACDD MJ >MA?J HDL< KJMWK<GDMX KLA@GJBAID;J MJ-
NLO@IDSAMN>A > KJDMF<Q =J?<NMN>,< KJGDRD;D =ALA?J><;JQL<I< M @JM<@JE
JNHANDGD IA=W><GWE I<KGW> > YND HAMN< GZ=DNAGAE KJ@>J@IWQ >D@J> MKJLN<.
@AGABA MJFLJ>DU6+GAL @A G< H<L7 MKAT<N KLDI;NX OS<MNDA D FG<@JDM-
F<NAGD DC @LO?DQ MNL<I.%@I< DC <>MNL<GDEMFDQ <LQAJGJ?DSAMFDQ YFMKA@D-
RDE J=V;>DG<,SNJ C<>ALTDG< KALA?J>JLW M KLA@MN<>DNAG;HD KL<>DNAGXMN>
I@JIACDD D#<G<ECDD J KJ@VAHA?LOC< M KJLNO?<GXMFJ?J FJL<=G;. > JI-
213
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FJI?A DN<GX;IAR LOIJ @A DIMAINDM,> M>JZJSALA@X,C<;>DG,SNJ A?J KALA-
?J>JLW M DI@JIACDEMFDHD D H<G<CDEMFDHD >G<MN;HD I<QJ@;NM;I< C<>AL-
T<ZUAE MN<@DD.6#W I<@AAHM;JNWMF<NX MJFLJ>DU<,QJN;YNJ =O@AN
@J>JGXIJ @JLJ?JMNJ;UAA KLA@KLD;NDA,:MF<C<G JI.:$J I<M >@JQIJ>G;AN
NJ,SNJ MLA@D J=GJHFJ> 6+GAL @A G< H<L7 I<QJ@DNM;,>JCHJBIJ,M<HWE =JGX-
TJE FG<@ > HDLA7.
$J >G<MNDIA MKAT<N D@NDI<>MNLASO FG<@JDMF<NAG;H.6#WKJF< IDFJHO IA
@<><GD L<CLATAIDE I< KJ@>J@IWA DMMGA@J><ID;7,:C<;>DGD KLA@MN<>DNAGD
DI@JIACDEMFJ?J KL<>DNAGXMN><. MJJN>ANMN>DD M HAB@OI<LJ@IWH KL<>JH,
I<E@AIIWA RAIIJMND @JGBIW =WNX KJ@AGAIW HAB@O NLAH;MNJLJI<HD:MNL<-
IJE,FJNJLJE KLDI<@GAB<G FJL<=GX,MNL<IJE,> SXDQ NALLDNJLD<GXIWQ >J@<Q
I<E@AIWMJFLJ>DU<,DNAHD,FNJ DQ I<TAG.G<>< DI@JIACDEMFJ?J OKL<>GAID;
<LQAJGJ?DSAMFDQ DMMGA@J><IDE > YNJE M>;CD JNHANDG,SNJ A?J MNL<IA IA Q><-
N<AN JKWN< @G;KLJ>A@AID;N<FDQ L<=JN.
%C<=JSAIIJMNX DI@JIACDERA> HJBIJ KJI;NX,AMGD>MKJHIDNX MJ=WND;JN-
IJMDNAGXIJ IA@<>IA?J KLJTGJ?J,FJ?@<?LOKK< <><INZLDMNJ> IAGA?<GXIJ KJ@-
I;G< M C<NJIO>TA?J > L<EJIA#JGOFFMFDQ JMNLJ>J> FJL<=G;HIJBAMN>J
<INDF><LIWQ KLA@HANJ>,FJNJLWA C<NAHKLJ@<GDI< A>LJKAEMFDQ <OFRDJI<Q C<
HDGGDJIW@JGG<LJ>.)J,SNJ DHIA O@<GJMX KJ@I;NX,=WGJ ><L><LMFD OIDSNJ-
BAIJ. > 1990?J@O > L<EJIA JMNLJ>< DIN<I,?@A,F<F KJG<?<ZN,I<QJ@;NM;
J=GJHFD K;ND C<NJIO>TDQ FJL<=GAE,C<@ALB<GD J@DII<@R<NX DIJMNL<IRA>.
&J HIAIDZ KJGDRDD,YN<?LOKK<,> FJNJLOZ >QJ@DGD <HALDF<IRW,<>MNL<-
GDERWD <I?GDS<IA,C<IDH<G<MX IAC<FJIIWHD KJDMF<HD MJFLJ>DU.
&J@>J@IWA =J?<NMN>< O =ALA?J> I@JIACDD IA @<ZN KJFJ;HIJ?DH.&LD
YNJH J@ID JC<=JSAIW,F<F DHD C<>G<@ANX,@LO?DA:NAH,F<F DQ MJQL<IDNX.
JLX=< D@AN M KALAHAIIWH OMKAQJH.< D HJBIJ GD >JJ=UA?J>JLDNX J I<-
@ABIJEJQL<IA HAMN FJL<=GAFLOTAIDE,AMGD> >J@<Q#<G<FFMFJ?J KLJGD>< @J
MDQ KJL @AEMN>OZN8KDL<NW?)<F SNJ DMNJLD;6+GAL @A G< H<L7 HJBAN DHANX
M<HWE IAJBD@<IIWE PDI<G.
214
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СОКРОВИЩА ОЛИВЬЕ ЛЕВАССЕРА
&
JB<GOE,IAN N<FJ?J JMNLJ>< > C<K<@IJE S<MND I@DEMFJ?J JFA<I<,M FJ-
NJLWHIA =WGD =WM>;C<IWGA?AI@WJ C<LWNWQ N<HKDL<NMFDQ MJFLJ>D-
U<Q.IAHO@LAIJ.(AETAGXMFDA JMNLJ>< > I<S<GA XVIII >AF< MN<GD KJMGA@IDH
6KDL<NMFDH L<AH7 I< CAHGA:DCJGDLJ><IIJMNX,JNMONMN>DA I<MAGAID;,HIJBA-
MN>J O@J=IWQ =OQN,SNJ=WOFLW><NXM;JN TNJLH< DGDKJ?JID,C@JLJ>WEFGDH<N,
215
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I<GDSDA DMNJSIDFJ> KLAMIJE >J@W,DCJ=DGDA KDUD D @LA>AMDIW@G;KJSDIFD
MO@J>:>MA YNJ,AMNAMN>AIIJ,KLD>GAF<GJ HJLMFDQ L<C=JEIDFJ>.
20-A?J@W XVIII >AF< C@AMX KLJHWTG;GD NLD FLOKIAETDQ:KJ FJGDSA-
MN>O I<?L<=GAIIJE@J=WSD:KDL<N<:DLG<I@ARF<KDN<I3@><L@ I?GAI@,=W>-
TDE GAENAI<IN =LDN<IMFJ?J PGJN< BJI )AEGJL D PL<IROC %GD>XA"A><MMAL,
=JGXTA DC>AMNIWE KJ@ FGDSFJE";OT(6GJNF<7).
J>JL;N,"A><MMAL KJGOSDG FJL<=GX > 1715?J@O JN PL<IROCMFJ?J KL<>DNAGX-
MN><,SNJ=W?L<=DNX (FJIASIJ,> KJGXCO LJ@IJE F<CIW) <I?GDEMFDA MO@< > N-
G<INDFA.< F<FDA-NJ KLJMNOKFD A?J GDTDGD YNJ?J KL<><,IJ F<KDN<I IA
KJ@SDIDGM;KLA@KDM<IDZ,< JNKL<>DGM;I< KJDMFD MS<MNX;> I@DEMFDE
JFA<I.!HJHAINO M>JA?J KJ;>GAID;I< NJL?J>WQ KON;Q,>A@OUDQ > I@DZ D
J=L<NIJ,JI OBA L<MKJG<?<G @JMN<NJSIWH =J?<NMN>JH,N<F F<F M I<?L<=GAIIWH
L<IAA @J=LJH,AMNAMN>AIIJ,LATDG IA L<MMN<><NXM;.
ИЩИТЕ…КТО СМОЖЕТ!
13
<KLAG;1721?J@< )AEGJL I< 6DFNJLDD7 D"A><MMAL I< 6!<MM<I@LA7
>JCGA JMNLJ><'AZIXJI I<NFIOGDMX I< FLOKIAETOZ > DMNJLDD KDL<N-
MN>< @J=WSO:J?LJHIJA KJLNO?<GXMFJA MO@IJ,MDGXIJ KJ>LAB@AIIJA TNJLHJH.
JGXTDIMN>J DC 70 KOTAF =WGJ M=LJTAIJ C< =JLN,SNJ=W MO@IJ IA C<NJIOGJ,
N<F SNJ C<Q><NDNX A?J KDL<N<H IA MJMN<>DGJ NLO@<.!M>JAHO >JMNJL?O JID J=-
I<LOBDGD,SNJ FJL<=GX KLA@MN<>G;AN MJ=JE KG<>OSOZ MJFLJ>DUIDRO.@AMX
DHAGDMX CJGJNWA D MALA=L;IWA MGDNFD,MOI@OFD M CJGJNWHD HJIAN<HD D BAH-
SO?JH,=JSJIFD M <GH<C<HD,TAGF<,KLJDC>A@AID;DMFOMMN><,< N<FBA BACG,
FLAMN D @LO?DA RAIIWA LAGD?DJCIWA KLDI<@GABIJMND <LQDAKDMFJK< J<,FJNJ-
LWE KGWG I< YNJH FJL<=GA > &JLNO?<GDZ.
J=WS< =WG< KJ@AGAI< HAB@O"A><MMALJHD )AEGJLJH.%FJGDSAMN>A C<Q><-
SAIIWQ NJ?@< =J?<NMN> M>D@ANAGXMN>OAN N<FJE P<FN,SNJ F<B@WE SGAI FJH<I@W
@>OQ FJL<=GAE KJGOSDG KJ 5 NWM;S CJGJNWQ?DIAE D KJ 42 <GH<C<."A><MMALO BA
KLDTGDMX KJ @OTA MGDNFD D M>;UAII<;ON><LX <LQDAKDMFJK<.Q IA N<F GA?FJ
=WGJ M=WNX M LOF,F<F,I<KLDHAL,HJIANWDGD @L<?JRAIIWA F<HID,IJ JID RA-
IDGDMX CI<SDNAGXIJ =JGXTA.
"A><MMAL NJ MKJFJEIJ BDG I< (AIN-#<LD,NJ KOMF<GM;> KG<><IDA KJ I-
@DEMFJHO JFA<IO,> KJDMF<Q @J=WSD D KLDFGZSAIDE. I<S<GA 1730?J@< >J
>LAH;JSALA@IJ?J LAE@< IAKJ@<GAFO JN#<@<?<MF<L< M IDH>MNOKDG > =JE F<KD-
N<I PL<IROCMFJ?J MO@I< 6#A@OC<7"ALHDN.&JMGA FLJ>JKLJGDNIJ?J ML<BAID;
KDL<NMFJA MO@IJ =WGJ C<Q><SAIJ,D"A><MMAL< > F<I@<G<Q @JMN<>DGD I<
'AZIXJI.(GOT<IDA > @HDL<GNAEMFJH MO@A MN<GJ IA =JGAA SAH PJLH<GXIJ-
MNXZ,D 17 DZI;1730?J@<"A><MMAL< KJ>AMDGD.
(J?G<MIJ GA?AI@A,FJNJL<;BD>< @J MDQ KJL,"A><MMAL,FJ?@< AHO I< TAZ
I<FD@W><GD KANGZ,>WN<UDG F<FOZ-NJ =OH<?O D MJ MGJ><HD:6UDNA HJD MJ-
FLJ>DU<,FNJ MHJBAN!7 =LJMDG AA > NJGKO.&JMNOKJF YNJN >KJGIA MJJN>AN-
MN>OAN Q<L<FNALO KDL<N<,J@I<FJ IADC>AMNIJ,=WG< GD YNJ TONF< D DC@A>F<
I<@ =O@OUDHD FG<@JDMF<NAG;HD,DGD BA JI C<@<G DH KJ@GDIIOZ?JGJ>J-
GJHFO.$AFJNJLWA MFAKNDSAMFD I<MNLJAIIWA DMNJLDFD?J>JL;N,SNJ"A><M-
MAL< KJ>AMDGD I< FJL<=AGXIJE LAA,< CI<SDN,NJGKWCA><F >JFLO?IA?J KLJMNJ
IA HJ?GJ =WNX.$J I<D=JGAA;LWA MNJLJIIDFD YNJE GA?AI@WO>AL;ZN,SNJ I<
LA;Q >AT<GD NJGXFJ L;@J>WQ SGAIJ> FJH<I@W,<"A><MMAL< F<CIDGD I< =A-
LA?O.
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%GD>XA"A><MMAL IA L<C KJMAU<G (AETAGW,DMSDN<ZN,SNJ DHAIIJ N<HMKL;-
N<IW MJFLJ>DU< M KJLNO?<GXMFJ?J MO@I< 6XALB @Z!<K7.( C<KDMFD,;FJ=W
=LJTAIIJEDH> NJGKO KALA@ F<CIXZ,=WGDM@AG<IWFJKDD,FJNJLWA L<CJTGDMX
MJ >LAHAIAH KJ >MAHO M>ANO >J HIJBAMN>A YFCAHKG;LJ>.%MIJ>IWA JLDAINDLW
A?J F<LNWC<TDPLJ><IW:YNJ FLDKNJ?L<HH<.$AH<GJ DMMGA@J><NAGAE GJH<GJ
MA=A?JGJ>WI<@ F<LNJE.$J >MA =ACLACOGXN<NIJ.!<F KDM<G <>MNL<GDEMFDE BOL-
I<GDMN NJG )JH<M,6%GD>XA"A><MMAL MKL;N<G FG<@ I<MNJGXFJ QDNLJ,SNJ A?J
IAGXC;I<END,KLJMNJ FJ>WL;;IJ?JE?<GXFO I< =ALA?O7.
ПОИСКИ КРУЗА-УИЛКИНСА
#
IJ?DA MSDN<ZN,SNJ"A><MMAL C<FJK<G M>JDIAMHANIWA MJFLJ>DU<,MNJ-
DHJMNX FJNJLWQ JRAID><ZN > 100 HDGGDJIJ> =LDN<IMFDQ POINJ>,I<
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QDKAG<?<:#<Y.%@IDH DC M<HWQ LA>IJMNIWQ MNJLJIIDFJ> YNJE NAJLDD > NA-
SAIDA HIJ?DQ GAN;>G;GM;<I?GDS<IDI'A@BDI<GX@,AL=ALN!LOC-*DGFDIM.
!JHDMMJ><IIWE > 1941?J@O KJ DI><GD@IJMND DC <LHDD,JI,=W>TDE <I?GDE-
MFDE JPDRAL,JNKL<>DGM;>!AIDZ,?@A,MN<> KLJPAMMDJI<GXIWH JQJNIDFJH,
KLJ>J@DG M<P<LD @G;=J?<NWQ NOLDMNJ>.$J > 1948?J@O >IJ>X @<G< J MA=A CI<NX
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Pirats_4 13.03.2008 14:47 238
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