close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Human Rights (English Topic)

код для вставкиСкачать
Human Rights
\
Human rights has become a hot topic on the international stage today.
Although what
precisely
constitutes
human rights is somewhat
subjective
, a basic definition would be “the basic
rights to which all humans, regardless of race, gender, religion, or any other status, are entitled.”
In
your opinion, which rights should be considered universal?
What is the difference between civil rights and human rights?
Although they have much in common,
civil rights refer specifically to those rights that protect individuals from unjust action from the
government, and give each citizen the right to participate in the established political life of the
government without discrimination.
In the United States, not every citizen was given full civil rights
until the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
This law
repealed
the “Jim Crow” laws, which had
been based on the “separate but equal” principle.
The “Jim Crow” laws also
promoted
segregation,
which was opposed
vehemently
by Northern senator Charles Sumner, and
later declared unconstitutional by the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Recall the following
passage from the 1776 Declaration of Independence:
“
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by
their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of
Happiness.”
Do you see a contradiction between this statement, and life in the United States between 1776 and
1964?
Among human rights violations are: massacres,
kidnappings, forced famine (starvation of entire
populations), female genital mutilation, and genocide.
“War crimes” are also considered human rights abuses,
and include: intentionally attacking civilian populations,
use of weapons that cause unnecessary suffering
(chemical weapons), inhumane treatment of prisoners,
and the
pillage
or purposeless destruction of property.
What famous human rights violations can you cite from
history?
The problem of human rights is an important topic in
politics today.
When you think of human rights abuses,
which countries
come to mind
?
There are several
organizations in existence today which were established
to help
stamp out
human rights abuses across the
globe.
The
aptly
named Human Rights Watch (HRW) is
probably the premier human rights organization in the
world.
It is well known and independent of government
control.
Copyright©2010 English
Republic
.ru All rights reserved
The United Nations also actively combats human rights violations through the UN Human Rights
Council. The inclusion on the council of states such as China, Cuba and others has cast doubt as to
the effectiveness of the organ, but nonetheless it continues to function and release findings from
human rights analyzes from across the globe.
It is very difficult, however, to take concrete action
against the violating state, because any proclamation must be approved by the Security Council,
and this is not an easy task.
What do you think should be done to resolve the world's human rights
violations?
To constitute =
1
To be one of the parts of something (OR)
2
To be a particular thing; to be
classified/considered a particular thing.
[
1
Copper and tin constitute bronze.
2
Although NATO
expansion often worries the Kremlin, in the minds of most westerners, NATO does not constitute a
threat to Russia at all.]
Subjective
= [ADJ] Based on your own feelings and ideas, and not on facts.
[Vadim was not
allowed to be a member of the jury in Kai's illegal emigration case, because it was believed that
Vadim would be subjective in his ruling.
Alla thinks Teremok makes the best blini, but Viktor prefers
Chainaya Lozhka, and Viktoria prefers Rublya.
Meanwhile, Katya only eats blini from Solnechnii
Krug.......I guess what constitutes tasty blini is subjective!]
To repeal
= To officially end a law or regulation.
[The Alcohol Prohibition act was repealed in the
United States in the early 20
th
century.
Therefore, it is no longer illegal to drink alcohol.]
Segregation
= The condition of people being separated, especially according to race, sex, or
religion.
[The segregation of men and women at Russian banyas and Japanese onsens is
considered appropriate by most modern societies.]
Vehemently
= [ADVERB] To do something with extremely strong beliefs and passion; very
strongly.
[Although Sarah has been hanging out with Jane's boyfriend a lot lately, she vehemently
denies that they are more than friends.]
To pillage
= To steal things from a place using force during war.
[It was common during World War
II for Nazi troops to pillage valuable goods from cities as they passed through them.] (NOTE: Also a
noun – pillage)
To come to mind
= To think up or remember something; to be remembered.
[Hey John, what do
you want to do today?
Oh, I don't know – nothing comes to mind.]
To stamp out
= To put an end to something by sudden or energetic action; to extinguish.
[Thomas
doesn't like to be challenged, so he will attempt to stamp out the objections of anyone who even
slightly opposes him.]
Aptly
= Very suitably; well planned in relation to the circumstances.
[Although it wasn't raining when
he left the house, Gregory very aptly decided to take his umbrella.
After the concert, it was pouring!]
Copyright©2010 English
Republic
.ru All rights reserved
HUMAN RIGHTS QUOTES
“
Privilege is the greatest enemy of right.”
-Marie Von Ebner-Eschenbach
(NOTE: She also coined the phrase “even a stopped clock is right twice a day”)
“
The care of human life and happiness, and not their destruction, is the first and only object
of good government.” -Thomas Jefferson
ANTONYM GAME
At our meeting, you will be shown several words
and you must come up with an appropriate
antonym for each word.
CONVERSATION
Vadim
:
Hey Kai, did you hear
about what Nobel Peace Prize
laureate Shirin Ebadi said
yesterday?
Kai
:
Who?!?
Viktor
:
Are you kidding me?
You
don't know who Shirin Ebadi is?
Kai
:
I sure don't.
That's why I
asked who that is.....
Vadim
:
She's an Iranian scholar
who has reported on human
rights abuses in Iran.
Kai
:
Well, it must not be that bad
in Iran, if she can live there and
still criticize the government.
Viktor
:
No, Kai.....she has
been
in exile
in London for
awhile.
She even speaks
English with a British accent.
I love it!
Vadim
:
Okay, Viktor, let's not
go off on a tangent
.
Mrs. Ebadi is trying to focus people's attention
on the human rights abuses in Iran.
She has said that with everyone focusing on the nuclear
program there, many are forgetting about the human rights abuses.
Kai
:
What sort of human rights abuses does she
cite
?
Vadim
:
Several.
One example is the way in which minors are adjudicated in the legal system.
Kai:
I agree with holding minors responsible for their actions!
Good for Iran!
Vadim
:
Really?!?
At what age?
In Iran, girls can be held criminally responsible from the age of 9,
and boys from the age of 15.
That's also sexual discrimination, by the way.....
Kai
:
Yeah, I can't say I agree with the age difference, but I do think that even minors should be
punished for their
transgressions
.
Vadim
: Well, they often execute minors.
Do you approve of that as well?
Kai:
No, that's just wrong......and the Iranian justice system is hardly just......what can we do to help?
Vadim
:
Tell your friends and spread the word.
You can also keep track of the latest information by
visiting the Human Rights Watch website.
Kai
:
Thanks Vadim, I'll check it out!
Copyright©2010 English
Republic
.ru All rights reserved
(To be) in exile =
To be in a situation (usually political) in which one is forced to live in a foreign
country.
[Due to political reasons, Trotsky was forced to live in exile in Mexico.]
To go off on a tangent
= To get off topic; to lose focus from the main topic of discussion.
[Although
we were talking about the Han Dynasty of ancient China, we somehow went off on a tangent and
started discussing Pokemon.]
To cite
= To mention something as an example, explanation, or proof.
[When trying to convince his
parents that he was trustworthy enough to go by himself to France on vacation with his friends, Max
cited his 4.0 GPA and spotless attendance record at school.]
Transgression
= An action that is not allowed by law, custom, or religion. (Often, but not always,
used to describe an action that goes against the teachings of the Bible – this is an official-type
word)
[I can't believe that you stole that candy bar from the store!
You will be punished for your
transgression.]
Just Speak!
Check E
R
Movies (where you can watch movies with subtitles)
http://English
Republic
.ru/movies
Written by Bunny Copyright©2010 English
Republic
.ru All rights reserved
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа