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saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlo
Tbilisi
31 ianvari, 2008 weli
saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlo
praqtikuli
rekomendaciebi
samoqalaqo saproceso
samarTlis sakiTxebze
magistrati
mosamarTlisaTvis
4
es gamocema ganxorcielda amerikis iuristTa asociaciis
kanonis uzenaesobis iniciativis (ABA Rule of Law Initia-
tive) mier. winamdebare gamocemaSi warmodgenili Sinaarsi
amerikis iuristTa asociaciis kanonis uzenaesobis ini-
ciativis naSromia. masSi warmodgenili mosazrebani
ekuTvnis mxolod da mxolod mis avtorebs da isini ar
damtkicebula amerikis iuristTa asociaciis delegat-
Ta sabWos an mmarTvelTa sabWos mier. amasTan, winamde-
bare gamocemaSi warmodgenili Sexedulebani ar SeiZleba
ganxilul iqnas, rogorc konkretul sakiTxebze iuri-
diuli rCeva. winamdebare gzamkvlevis gamocema SesaZ-
lebeli gaxda amerikeli xalxis mxardaWeriT amerikis
SeerTebuli Statebis saerTaSoriso ganviTarebis sa-
agentos saSualebiT. gamocemis Sinaarsze pasuxismgebe-
lia amerikis iuristTa asociaciis kanonis uzenaesobis
iniciativa da is ar asaxavs amerikis SeerTebuli State-
bis saerTaSoriso ganviTarebis saagentos an amerikis
SeerTebuli Statebis mTavrobis pozicias.
amerikeli xalxisgan
15 wliani TanamSromloba ganviTarebisTvis
saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlo
ISBN 978-9941-0-0338-7
5
sarCevi
saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos Tavmjdomaris brZaneba #20-s 9
winasityvaoba 11
pirveli nawili. magistrati mosamarTlis adgili sasamarTlo sistemaSi 13
1.magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi sasarCelo warmoebis
saqmeebi 16
1.1 qonebrivi davebi 16
1.2 qonebriv-samarTlebrivi da araqonebriv-samarTlebrivi davebis
gamijvnis wesi 17
1.3 sarCelis fasis gansazRvris wesi 19
1.4 araqonebrivi da misgan warmoSobili qonebriv-samarTlebrivi
davis gansjadoba 24
1.5 magistrati mosamarTlis gansjad qonebriv davebze baJis gamoTvlis
wesi 24
2.magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi udavo warmoebis saqmeebi 26
3.magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi gamartivebuli
warmoebis saqmeebi 27
4.magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi saojaxo
samarTlebrivi saqmeebi 29
5.samoqalaqo samarTalwarmoeba magistrati mosamarTlis
gansjad saqmeebze 31
5.1 samarTalwarmoebis ZiriTadi debulebani 31
5.2 uwyebrivi qvemdebareoba da gansjadoba 31
5.3 sasamarTlos Semadgenloba da acileba 32
5.4 aRiarebiTi sarCeli 33
5.5 Segebebuli sarCeli 34
5.6 sarCelis uzrunvelyofa 34
5.7 saqmis mTavar sxdomaze ganxilva 35
5.8 magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi saqmeebis saapelacio
da sakasacio wesiT gasaCivreba 37
meore nawili. udavo da gamartivebuli wesiT saqmeTa ganxilvis specifika 39
6.udavo warmoeba 39
6.1 zogadi wesebi udavo warmoebis Sesaxeb 39
6.2 iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgena 41
6.2.1 pirTa naTesauri kavSiris dadgena 42
6.2.2 uflebis damdgeni sabuTis im pirisadmi kuTvnilebis faqtis
dadgena, romlis saxeli, mamis saxeli an gvari, rac sabuTebSia
aRniSnuli, ar emTxveva mis pasportSi an dabadebis
mowmobaSi aRniSnul saxels, mamis saxels an gvars 45
6.2.3 piris kmayofaze yofnis faqtis dadgena 48
6.2.4 piris garkveul drosa da garkveul viTarebaSi dabadebis
an gardacvalebis faqtis dadgena, Tu saqarTvelos iusticiis
saministros mmarTvelobis sferoSi Semaval sajaro samarTlis
iuridiulma pirma _ samoqalaqo reestris saagentom uari ganacxada
dabadebis an gardacvalebis faqtis registraciaze 49
6.2.5 memkvidreobis miRebis faqtisa da memkvidreobis gaxsnis
adgilis dadgena 52
6.2.5.1 memkvidreobis miRebis faqtis dadgena 52
6.2.5.2 samkvidros gaxsnis adgilis dadgena 54
6.2.6 dabadebis, Svilad ayvanis, qorwinebis, ganqorwinebisa
da gardacvalebis registraciis faqtis dadgena 55
6.3 moqalaqis ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiareba
da gardacvlilad gamocxadeba 56
6.3.1 gancxadebis Setana 56
6.3.2 gancxadebis Sinaarsi 59
6.3.3 gancxadebis ganxilvis wesi da sasamarTlos mier
gadawyvetilebis gamotana 60
6.3.4 ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebulis
an gardacvlilad gamocxadebulis gamoCenis
an misi adgilsamyofelis aRmoCenis Sedegebi 62
6.4 moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad da qmeduunarod aRiareba 63
6.4.1 zogadi wesebi moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad
da qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb 63
6.4.2 gancxadeba moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad
da qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb 66
6.4.3 moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad da qmeduunarod
aRiarebis Sesaxeb gancxadebis ganxilva 68
6.4.4 gadawyvetileba moqalaqis qmedunarianad aRiarebis Sesaxeb 71
6.5 dakargul an ganadgurebul sawarmdgenlo fasian qaRaldsa
da saordero fasian qaRaldze uflebis aRdgena
(gamowveviTi warmoeba) 71
6.5.1 gancxadebis Setana 71
6.5.2 gancxadebis Setanis adgili 73
6.5.3 gancxadebis Sinaarsi 74
6.5.4 mosamarTlis moqmedeba gancxadebis miRebis Semdeg 74
6.5.5 publikacia 75
6.5.6 sabuTis xelTmqonis gancxadeba 75
6.5.7 mosamarTlis moqmedeba sabuTis xelTmqonisagan
gancxadebis miRebis Semdeg 75
6.5.8 saqmis daniSvna gansaxilvelad 76
6.5.9 sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba gancxadebis gamo 76
6.5.10 sabuTis xelTmqonis ufleba aRZras sarCeli qonebis
usafuZvlod SeZenis Sesaxeb 77
6.6 qonebis upatronod cnoba 77
6.6.1 gancxadeba qonebis upatronod cnobis Sesaxeb 77
6.6.2 qonebis upatronod cnobis Sesaxeb gancxadebis ganxilva 79
6.6.3 gadawyvetileba qonebis upatronod cnobis Sesaxeb 81
7. gamartivebuli warmoeba 82
7.1 zogadi debulebebi gamartivebuli warmoebis Sesaxeb 82
7.2 davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb saqmis ganxilvis
gamartivebuli wesi 83
7.2.1 gancxadeba fuladi Tanxis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb 83
7.2.2 fuladi Tanxis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb gancxadebis Setanis
adgili 83
7.2.3 davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb gancxadebis
dasaSvebobis winapirobebi 84
7.2.4 fuladi Tanxis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb gancxadebasTan
dakavSirebiT saxelmwifo baJis gadaxdis wesi 86
7.2.5 davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb gancxadebis Sinarsi 86
7.2.6 davalianebis gadaxdevinebis gancxadebis miRebaze uaris Tqma 88
7.2.7 gadaxdis brZaneba 90
7.2.8 mopasuxis Sesagebeli (protesti) 91
7.2.9 saqmis ganxilva davis sasarCelo warmoebis wesiT 91
7.2.10 gadaxdis brZanebis aRsruleba 92
7.3 Tamasuqisa da Cekis Taobaze aRZruli sarCelebis ganxilva 93
7.3.1 zogadi debulebebi 93
7.3.2 dasaSveboba 93
7.3.3 gansjadoba 94
7.3.4 Tamasuqi da misi saxeebi 94
7.3.5 vada uwyebis Cabarebidan sasamarTlo sxdomamde 95
7.3.6 mtkicebulebebi 96
7.3.7 gamartivebuli wesiT saqmis ganxilvaze uaris Tqma 96
7.3.8 sarCelebis SeerTebisa da Segebebuli sarCelis aRZvris
dauSvebloba 97
7.3.9 saqmis damatebiTi warmoeba 97
7.3.10 Ceki 98
7.4 lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflobelobaSi lizingis sagnis
dabrunebis Taobaze saqmis ganxilvis gamartivebuli wesi 99
7.4.1 lizingis cneba 99
7.4.2 gancxadeba lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflobelobaSi
lizingis sagnis dabrunebis Taobaze 100
7.4.3 gansjadoba 101
7.4.4 lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflobelobaSi lizingis sagnis
dabrunebis Taobaze gancxadebis umoZraod datoveba
da gancxadebis miRebaze uaris Tqma 102
7.4.5 lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflobelobaSi lizingis sagnis
dabrunebis Sesaxeb brZaneba 102
8
8.magistrat mosamarTleTa gansjadi saojaxo-samarTlebrivi
urTierTobidan gamomdinare davebi 103
8.1 zogadi debulebebi 103
8.2 ganqorwineba 104
8.3 qorwinebis baTiloba 105
8.4 meuRleTa urTierTrCenis movaleoba 108
8.5 sarCelebi alimentis gadaxdevinebis Taobaze 110
8.6 Svilisagan gancalkevebiT mcxovrebi mSoblis sarCeli
SvilTan urTierTobis Taobaze. papisa da bebiis sarCelebi
SviliSvilTan urTierTobis Taobaze 113
8.7 meuRleebs Soris qonebrivi davebi, Tu sarCelis fasi
ar aRemateba 2000 lars 114
9.adamianis uflebaTa evropuli sasamarTlos praqtikis
Sedegad SemuSavebuli ZiriTadi principebi saxelmwifo
baJis Taobaze 117
10.dasaSvebobis etapze saxelmwifo baJTan dakavSirebiT
saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos praqtikis analizi 120
danarTi.sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebaTa nimuSebi udavo da gamartivebuli
warmoebis saqmeebze 125
9
saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos Tavmjdomaris
brZaneba #20-s
saqarTvelos saerTo sasamarTloebis sistemaSi arsebuli samoqalaqo sap-
roceso samarTlis sasamarTlo praqtikis Seswavlis, ganzogadebisa da
saerTo sasamarTloebis magistrati mosamarTleebisaTvis praqtikuli
rekomendaciebis SemuSavebis mizniT,
v b r Z a n e b:
1.Seiqmnas saerTo sasamarTloebis sistemaSi arsebuli samoqalaqo sap-
roceso samarTlis sasamarTlo praqtikis Seswavlis, ganzogadebisa da
saerTo sasamarTloebis magistrati mosamarTleebisaTvis praqtikuli
rekomendaciebis ganmsazRvreli mudmivmoqmedi komisia Semdegi Semad-
genlobiT:
konstantine kublaSvili _ saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos
Tavmjdomare
_ komisiis Tavmjdomare;
mixeil gogiSvili _ saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos
Tavmjdomaris pirveli moadgile, uzenaesi
sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa palatis
Tavmjdomare
_ komisiis Tavmjdomaris moadgile;
roza nadiriani _ saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos wevri;
laSa kalandaZe _ Tbilisis saapelacio sasamarTlos
Tavmjdomaris moadgile;
28 seqtemberi 2007 weli Tbilisi
10
paata qaTamaZe _ Tbilisis saapelacio sasamarTlos
mosamarTle;
irakli adeiSvili _ Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo
saqmeTa kolegiis Tavmjdomare;
daviT RibraZe _ Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo
saqmeTa kolegiis mosamarTle;
qeTevan mesxiSvili _ saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos
Tavmjdomaris pirveli moadgilis TanaSemwe
_ komisiis mdivani.
2.saerTo sasamarTloTa sistemaSi arsebuli samoqalaqo saproceso samar-
Tlis sasamarTlo praqtikis Seswavlis, ganzogadebisa da saerTo sasa-
marTloebis magistrati mosamarTleebisaTvis praqtikuli rekomenda-
ciebis ganmsazRvreli mudmivmoqmedi komisiis mier SemuSavebuli reko-
mendaciebi periodulad daegzavnos saerTo sasamarTloebis mosamar-
Tleebs.
konstantine kublaSvili
11
winasityvaoba
saqarTvelos saerTo sasamarTloebis mosamarTleebs!
Zvirfaso kolegebo,
mimdinare sasamarTlo reformis farglebSi saqarTvelos bevr regionSi
amoqmedda gaerTianebuli raionuli sasamarTlo, romlis uflebamosi-
leba vrceldeba ramdenime administraciuli erTeulis (raionis, dabis)
teritoriaze, sadac samosamarTlo uflebamosilebas axorcieleben ma-
gistrati mosamarTleebi.
magistrati sasamarTloebis amoqmedeba warmoadgens mniSvnelovan nabijs
marTlmsajulebis xelmisawvdomobisa da swrafi marTlmsajulebis prin-
cipis praqtikuli realizaciis saqmeSi.
TqvenTvis cnobilia, rom 2007 wlis 5 Tebervals Seiqmna sisxlis samarTlis
sasamarTlo praqtikis Seswavlis, ganzogadebisa da saerTo sasamarTloebis
mosamarTleebisaTvis saxelmZRvanelo winadadebebis ganmsazRvreli mud-
mivmoqmedi komisia. komisiam ramdenime Tvis win SeimuSava saxelmZRvanelo
winadadebebi sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis konkretul muxlebTan dakav-
SirebiT, magistrati mosamarTleebisaTvis SemuSavebuli iqna agreTve
praqtikuli rekomendaciebi sisxlis samarTlis procesis ZiriTad sakiT-
xebze.
erTgvarovani sasamarTlo praqtikis kidev ufro farTo masStabiT Camoya-
libebisa da magistrati mosamarTleebis mier saqmeTa swrafad ganxilvis
xelSewyobis mizniT 2007 wlis 29 seqtembers Seiqmna komisia, amjerad ukve
samoqalaqo saproceso samarTlis sakiTxebze konkretuli xasiaTis praqti-
kuli rekomendaciebis mosamzadeblad. komisiam Zalian intensiurad imu-
Sava, Seiswavla da ganazogada Sesabamisi sasamarTlo praqtika da 2008 wlis
ianvris bolosTvis SeimuSava saTanado praqtikuli rekomendaciebi ma-
12
gistrati mosamarTleebis gansjad saqmeebTan dakavSirebuli samoqalaqo
saproceso samarTlis ZiriTad sakiTxebze.
winamdebare krebuliT swored am rekomendaciebs gTavazobT.
upirveles yovlisa, unda aRiniSnos, rom rekomendaciebi gankuTvnilia
ara mxolod magistrati mosamarTleebisaTvis, aramed im raionuli (saqa-
laqo) sasamarTlos mosamarTleebisTvisac, romelTa teritoriazec ar
moqmedeben magistrati mosamarTleebi.
rac Seexeba Tavad rekomendaciebis Sinaarss, Zalian mniSvnelovania, rom
maTSi detalurad aris aRwerili magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi saq-
meebis ganxilvasTan dakavSirebuli TiTqmis yvela konkretuli saproce-
so-samarTlebrivi aspeqti. aseve dawvrilebiT aris axsnili da ganmarte-
buli iseTi sakiTxebi, rogoricaa: magistrati mosamarTlis adgili mTel
sasamarTlo sistemaSi, misi funqcia; magistrati mosamarTlis mier udavo
da gamartivebuli wesiT saqmeTa ganxilvisa da misi gansjadi qonebrivi
da saojaxo-samarTlebrivi davebis ganxilvis specifika. saxelmwifo baJis
samarTlianad gansazRvris sakiTxi gansakuTrebuli mniSvnelobisaa samo-
qalaqo samarTalwarmoebaSi, amitom komisiis mier warmodgenilia am sakiT-
xebze adamianis uflebaTa evropuli sasamarTlos praqtikis analizi da
ZiriTadi principebi, aseve, saqarTvelos sasamarTloTa praqtikaSi Camo-
yalibebuli ZiriTadi mimarTulebebi. Zalze mniSvnelovania isic, rom
praqtikul rekomendaciebs Tan erTvis sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebaTa ni-
muSebi, romlebsac konkretuli saqmis ganxilvisas TiToeuli mosamarTle
faqtiurad yoveldRiurad gamoiyenebs.
vfiqrob, komisiis mier momzadebuli praqtikuli rekomendaciebis mniSv-
neloba Zalze didia, radgan isini sakmaod mokle droSi uzrunvelyofs
mTel rig saproceso-samarTlebriv sakiTxebze erTgvarovani praqtikis
Camoyalibebas, rac, saboloo jamSi, xels Seuwyobs swrafi da efeqturi
marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebas.
pativiscemiT,
konstantine kublaSvili
13
I nawili
magistrati mosamarTlis
adgili sasamarTlo sistemaSi
saqarTvelos saerTo sasamarTloebis erTian sistemaSi Sedian raionuli
(saqalaqo) sasamarTloebi, saapelacio sasamarTloebi, saqarTvelos uze-
naesi sasamarTlo. raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos SemadgenlobaSi Se-
iZleba Sediodnen magistrati mosamarTleebi. magistrati mosamarTle
ewodeba raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos mosamarTles, romelic Tavis
uflebamosilebas axorcielebs raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos samoq-
medo teritoriaze arsebul administraciul-teritoriul erTeulSi.
raionuli sasamarTlo iqmneba raionSi (raionebSi) garda qalaqis raionisa
(raionebisa). raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlo iqmneba da misi samoqmedo
teritoria ganisazRvreba saqarTvelos iusticiis umaRlesi sabWos ga-
dawyvetilebiT.
sasamarTlo sistema
sakasacio sasamarTlo
(saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlo)
pirveli instanciis sasamarTloebi
(raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTloebi,
administraciul-teritoriul erTeulebSi
moqmedi magistrati mosamarTleebi)
saapelacio sasamarTloebi
(Tbilisisa da quTaisis saapelacio
sasamarTloebi)
14
raionuli sasamarTlos samoqmedo teritoria, rogorc wesi moicavs ramdenime administraciul-
teritoriul erTeuls. magaliTad, mcxeTis raionuli sasamarTlos samoqmedo teritorias gane-
kuTvneba mcxeTis raioni, duSeTis raioni, yazbegis raioni, TianeTis raioni, axalgoris raioni.
mcxeTis raionuli sasamarTlos SemadgenlobaSi Sedian magistrati mosamarTleebi, romlebic
TavianT uflebamosilebas axorcieleben duSeTis, yazbegis, TianeTisa da axalgoris adminis-
traciul-teritoriul erTeulebSi. mcxeTis raionis administraciul-teritoriul erTeulSi,
romelic raionuli sasamarTlos centrs warmoadgens, magistrati mosamarTle ar aris daniSnuli
da am administraciul-teritoriul erTeulSi yvela saqmes, maT Soris magistrati mosamarTlis
gansjad saqmeebsac, ixilaven mcxeTis raionuli sasamarTlos sxva mosamarTleebi.
analogiuri principiT xdeba sxva raionul sasamarTloebSi magistrati mosamarTlis daniSvna
da uflebamosilebis ganxorcieleba.
magistrati mosamarTle Sedis raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos mosamarTleTa korpusSi, igi
Tavis uflebamosilebas gancalkevebiT, raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos samoqmedo terito-
riis administraciul (teritoriul) erTeulSi axorcielebs. im administraciul-teritoriul
erTeulSi, sadac ar moqmedebs magistrati mosamarTle, agreTve misi aryofnis SemTxvevaSi, ma-
gistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi saqmeebi SeiZleba ganixilos raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos
sxva mosamarTlem, rac imas niSnavs, rom, Tu raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos administraciul-
teritoriul erTeulSi magistrati mosamarTle jer daniSnuli ar aris an Tu daniSnulia da
imyofeba samsaxurebriv mivlinebaSi, SvebulebaSi da a. S. maSin SesaZlebelia, rom magistrati
mosamarTlis gansjadi saqme raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos sxva mosamarTlem ganixilos. vi-
naidan raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos mosamarTleTa SemadgenlobaSi magistrati mosamarT-
leebic Sedian, amitom raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos Tavmjdomaris gadawyvetilebiT aRniS-
nuli saqme SeiZleba ganixilos, rogorc sxva magistratma mosamarTlem, ise raionuli (saqalaqo)
sasamarTlos sxva mosamarTlem. samoqalaqo saproceso kanonmdeblobiT ganmtkicebuli yvela
norma, romelic pirveli instanciiT saqmis ganmxilvel mosamarTles exeba, TavisTavad, magist-
rat mosamarTleebzec vrceldeba.
mcxeTis
raionuli
sasamarTlos
mosamarTleebi
yazbegis
raionis
magistrati
mosamarTle
TianeTis
raionis
magistrati
mosamarTle
duSeTis
raionis
magistrati
mosamarTle
axalgoris
raionis
magistrati
mosamarTle
raionuli sasamarTlo
mag: mcxeTis
15
magistrati mosamarTleebi pirveli instanciiT ganixilaven Semdeg saqmeebs:
a) qonebriv davebs, Tu sarCelis fasi ar aRemateba 2000 lars;
b) udavo da gamartivebuli warmoebis saqmeebs, garda Svilad ayvanis, agreTve gamartivebuli
wesiT gadaxdis da qonebis upatronod cnobis saqmeebisa, Tu moTxovnis an qonebis Rirebuleba
aRemateba 2000 lars;
g) saojaxo-samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan gamomdinare davebs, garda Svilad ayvanis, mSoblis
uflebis CamorTmevis, mamobis dadgenisa da ganqorwinebis saqmeebisa, Tu meuRleebs Soris
arsebobs dava bavSvis mikuTvnebis Taobaze.
qonebrivi
davebi
gamartivebuli
warmoebis
saqmeebi
udavo warmoebis
saqmeebi
saojaxo
samarTlebrivi
davebi
magistrati mosamarTlis
gansjadi saqmeebi
sarCelis fasi
ar unda aRematebodes
2000 lars
gamartivebuli wesiT
gadaxdisa da qonebis
upatronod cnobis
SemTxvevaSi qonebis
Rirebuleba ar unda
aRematebodes 2000 lars
garda Svilad ayvanis
garda Svilad ayvanis,
mSoblis uflebis
CamorTmevis, mamobis
dadgenis da
ganqorwinebisa, Tu
arsebobs dava bavSvis
mikuTvnebis Taobaze
16
1.1 qonebrivi davebi
qoneba aris yvela nivTi da aramaterialuri qonebrivi sikeTe, romelTa
floba, sargebloba da gankargva SeuZliaT fizikur da iuridiul pirebs
da romelTa SeZenac SeiZleba SeuzRudavad, Tuki es akrZaluli ar aris
kanoniT an ar ewinaaRmdegeba zneobriv normebs. sakuTrebis sagani SeiZ-
leba iyos ara mxolod sxeulebrivi nivTebi, aramed usxeulo nivTebic.
moZravia yvela is sxeulebrivi nivTi, romlebic uZrav nivTebs ar gane-
kuTvneba. am sikeTeebs miekuTvneba is moTxovnebi da uflebebi, romlebic
SeiZleba gadaeces sxva pirebs, an gamiznulia saimisod, rom maT mflobels
Seeqmnas materialuri sargebeli, anda mieniWos ufleba mosTxovos sxva
pirebs raime. rogorc sxeulebrivi, ise usxeulo nivTebi samarTlebriv
faseulobad iqceva imis wyalobiT, rom maT ukan garkveuli piris uf-
lebebia gamokveTili. sxeulebrivi nivTis ukan arsebuli uflebebi, swo-
red am nivTebze arsebuli uflebebia da amitom faseulobas warmoadgens
sagnis TviT sxeuli. sxvanairad dgas sakiTxi `usxeulo nivTebTan~ mimar-
TebaSi. am SemTxvevaSi TviT ufleba da moTxovnaa nivTi, xolo is materi-
alizebuli sagani ar warmoadgens maT sxeuls. ase magaliTad, fasiani qa-
Raldi garkveuli materializebuli obieqtia, magram ver vityviT, rom
igi masSi gamoxatuli moTxovnis sxeulia. aramaterialuri qonebrivi sike-
Tea fasiani qaRaldebi (aqciebi, Ceki, Tamasuqi da a. S.), samrewvelo nimuSi,
sasaqonlo niSani da a. S.
amdenad, qonebrivi davis materialur-samarTlebrivi definicia mdgoma-
reobs imaSi, rom qonebrivi dava aris qonebriv sikeTesTan dakavSirebuli
dava, miuxedavad imisa, aRniSnuli sikeTe materializebuli formiT ar-
sebobs (miwa, Senoba-nageboba, avto-satransporto saSualeba, sayofac-
xovrebo nivTebi, Zvirfaseuloba, fuli da a.S.), Tu aramaterializebuli
formiT (fasiani qaRaldi, sasaqonlo niSani, samrewvelo nimuSi da a. S.)
mTavaria, rom davis obieqts qoneba an qonebasTan dakavSirebuli ufleba
warmoadgendes.
1.magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi
sasarCelo warmoebis saqmeebi
17
dava araqonebrivia, Tu davis obieqts araqonebrivi sikeTe warmoadgens. sikeTe araqonebrivia,
Tu igi materialuri sargebelis miRebaze ar aris orientirebuli, magaliTad, saxelis uflebis,
pativis, Rirsebis, saqmiani reputaciis an piradi cxovrebis saidumloebis, aseve gamosaxulebis
uflebis dacva, aseve pirvandeli mdgomareobis aRdgena, rac materialur moTxovnebTan ar aris
dakavSirebuli, rogoricaa magaliTad samsaxurSi aRdgena da a. S.
imisaTvis, rom qonebrivi dava magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadobas daeqvemdebaros, savalde-
buloa, rom sarCelis fasi 2000 lars ar aRematebodes.
magistrati mosamarTle ganixilavs yvela im qonebriv davas, romelic momdinareobs samoqalaqo,
saojaxo, samewarmeo, Sromis da a. S. urTierTobebidan, Tu sarCelis fasi ar aRemateba 2000 lars.
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-14 muxli, 2006 wlis 13 ivlisamde arsebuli
redaqciiT, SromiT-samarTlebriv davebs magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadad miiCnevda. Tumca,
2006 wlis 13 ivliss ganxorcielebuli cvlilebis Sedegad me-14 muxlis `d~ qvepunqti amoRebul
iqna. aRniSnuli cvlileba ar niSnavs imas, rom SromiT-samarTlebrivi dava magistrati mosamar-
Tlis kompetencias saerTod aRar ganekuTvneba. unda vigulisxmoT, rom aRniSnuli cvlilebis
Sedegad SromiT-samarTlebrivi davebi, iseve rogorc, samoqalaqo saproceso wesiT gansjadi
sxva davebi, magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadobis saerTo reJimSi moeqca, rac imas niSnavs, rom
magistrati mosamarTle ixilavs SromiT-samarTlebrivi urierTobidan warmoSobil mxolod
qonebriv davebs, romelTa sarCelis Rirebuleba 2000 lars ar aRemateba, xolo Tu qonebriv
moTxovnasTan erTad (mag: mocdenili drois anazRaureba) mxares araqonebrivi pretenziac gaaCnia
(mag: samsaxurSi aRdgena), maSin aRniSnuli saqme, gansjadobis saerTo wesebis dacviT, raionulma
(saqalaqo) sasamarTlom unda ganixilos.
1.2 qonebriv-samarTlebrivi da araqonebriv-samarTlebrivi davebis gamijvnis wesi
qonebriv-samarTlebrivi davis dros, miuxedavad imisa, Tu ra samarTlebrivi urTierToba udevs
mas safuZvlad, saproceso moTxovna mimarTulia fulad Tanxaze, fuladi Rirebulebis mqone
nivTebze, an uflebebze. saproceso moTxovna ganxilul unda iqnes qonebriv-samarTlebrivad im
SemTxvevebSi, roca mas safuZvlad qonebrivi xasiaTis samarTlebrivi urTierToba udevs, miuxe-
materialuri qonebrivi sikeTe
(ar unda aRematebodes 2000 lars)
aramaterialuri qonebrivi sikeTe
(ar unda aRematebodes 2000 lars)
magistrati mosamarTlis
gansjadi qonebrivi davebi
miwa, Senoba-nageboba, Zvirfaseuloba, fuli
da a. S. anu mTeli uZrav-moZravi qoneba
fasiani qaRaldebi (aqciebi, Ceki, Tamasuqi da a. S.),
samrewvelo nimuSi, sasaqonlo niSani da a. S.
1. magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi sasarCelo warmoebis saqmeebi
18
davad imisa, Tu ra saxis sarCeli iqna sasamarTloSi wardgenili (aRiarebiTi, mikuTvnebiTi Tu
samarTlebrivi urTierTobis Secvlisken mimarTuli). qonebriv-samarTlebrivi urTierToba aris
yvela is urTierToba, romlis mizans warmoadgens mogebis miReba fuladi Tanxis, an fuladi Ri-
rebulebis mqone sagnebis SenarCuneba.
pativisa da Rirsebis Selaxvidan gamomdinare moraluri zianis anazRaurebis moTxovnis SemTx-
vevaSi, marTalia is urTierToba, romelic am moTxovnas safuZvlad udevs, ar aris qonebriv-sa-
marTlebrivi xasiaTis, magram misgan gamomdinare fuladi kompensaciis moTxovna ganxilul unda
iqnas, rogorc qonebriv-samarTlebrivi. garkveuli qmedebis aRkveTis moTxovna, romelic gamom-
dinareobs saavtoro uflebidan, aris qonebriv-samarTlebrivi xasiaTis, Tu aramaterialur inte-
resTan erTad saqme naSromis ekonomikur gamoyenebasac exeba.
araqonebriv-samarTlebrivi davebis gamijvna qonebriv-samarTlebrivi davebisagan xdeba gamoricx-
vis meTodiT da moicavs yvela im SemTxvevas, romelic qonebriv-samarTlebriv davas ar warmoad-
gens. araqonebriv-samarTlebrivia yvela dava, rodesac saqme exeba mxolod pirad an mis socialur
garemosTan dakavSirebul uflebebs yovelgvari ekonomikuri sarCulis gareSe. amasTan, mniSvnelo-
vania, rom yuradReba ar mieqces umniSvnelo qonebriv-samarTlebriv aspeqtebs, romlebic aseT
saqmeSi SeiZleba gvxvdebodes. moTxovna mxolod maSin aris qonebriv-samarTlebrivi, rodesac is
mniSvnelovnad exeba ekonomikuri interesebis dacvas. amis Sefaseba ki unda moxdes mxareTa mier
sasarCelo moTxovnis formulirebis da ara maTi interesebis Sesabamisad, magaliTad, Tu mosarCele
mopasuxisagan moiTxovs Seuracxmyofeli satelefono zarebis aRkveTas, maSin aq saqme gvaqvs araqo-
nebriv davasTan, miuxedavad imisa, rom amgvari qmedebiT izRudeba telefonis moxmarebis uflebac,
rasac ekonomikuri faseuloba aqvs. am SemTxvevaSi gadamwyvetia is, rom mosarCele moiTxovs
Seuracxmyofeli zarebis aRkveTas da amiT misi piradi uflebis xelyofas asaCivrebs. telefoniT
sargeblobis SezRudva am SemTxvevaSi umniSvnelo qonebriv-samarTlebriv aspeqts warmoadgens.
araqonebrivi dava
qonebrivi da misgan warmoSobili
araqonebrivi dava an piriqiT
magistrati mosamarTlis
gansjadi ar aris
gamonakliss warmoadgens saojaxo-samarTlebrivi
urTierTobidan warmoSobili araqonebrivi davebi,
romlebsac magistrati mosamarTleebi ixilaven
gamonakliss warmoadgens saojaxo-samarTlebrivi
urTierTobidan warmoSobili araqonebrivi davebi,
romlebsac magistrati mosamarTleebi ixilaven
19
1.3 sarCelis fasis gansazRvris wesi
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis miznebidan gamomdinare, sarCelis fasi da davis
sagnis fasi ganxilul unda iqnes sinonimebad da sarCelis fasis gansazRvrisas unda vixelmZRva-
neloT saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 41-e muxliT, kerZod, davis sagnis fasi
ganisazRvreba:
1.fulis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb sarCelisa _ gadasaxdeli TanxiT;
2.nivTis (qonebis) gadacemis an miwodebis Sesaxeb sarCelisa _ am nivTis sabazro RirebulebiT;
3.alimentis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb sarCelisa _ erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi gadasaxdeli Tanxebis
erTobliobiT;
4.vadiani gasacemis an gadasaxdelis Sesaxeb sarCelisa _ araumetes sami wlis ganmavlobaSi ga-
sacemi an gadasaxdeli Tanxebis erTobliobiT;
5.uvado an samudamo (gardacvalebamde) gasacemis an gadasaxdelis Sesaxeb sarCelisa _ sami wlis
ganmavlobaSi gasacemi an gadasaxdeli Tanxebis erTobliobiT;
6.gasacemis an gadasaxdelis Semcirebis anda gadidebis Sesaxeb sarCelisa _ im TanxiT, romliTac
mcirdeba anda diddeba gasacemi an gadasaxdeli, magram araumetes erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi;
7.qonebis qiravnobis xelSekrulebis vadamde moSlis Sesaxeb sarCelisa _ darCenili vadiT, mag-
ram ara umetes sami wlis ganmavlobaSi gadasaxdeli Tanxebis erTobliobiT;
8.gasacemis an gadasaxdelis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb sarCelisa _ araumetes sami wlis ganmavlobaSi
darCenili gasacemi an gadasaxdeli Tanxebis erTobliobiT;
9.uZrav nivTze sakuTrebis uflebis cnobis Sesaxeb sarCelisa _ uZravi nivTis sabazro Rirebu-
lebiT;
aRniSnuli davebi magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadia, Tu aRZrulia sarCeli:
1.fulis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb da gadasaxdeli Tanxa ar aRemateba 2000 lars;
2.nivTis (qonebis) gadacemis an miwodebis Sesaxeb da sarCelis aRZvris droisaTvis am nivTis
sabazro Rirebuleba ar aRemateba 2000 lars (aRniSnuli wesiT sarCelis fasi gamoiTvleba im
SemTxvevebSi, roca sasarCelo moTxovnas warmoadgens nivTze uflebis dadgena, xolo im SemTx-
vevaSi, roca nivTze ufleba dadgenilia da moTxovna nivTis gamoTxovas an xelSeSlis aRkveTas,
dadgenil unda iqnas, sasarCelo moTxovna qonebrivi Rirebulebis
aris Tu araqonebrivi
mniSvneloba ar aqvs moTxovnas ra samarTlebrivi
urTierToba udevs safuZvlad
moTxovnis materialuri Tu aramaterialuri xasiaTi dadgenil unda
iqnas moTxovnis formulirebidan da ara mxareTa interesebis Sesabamisad
araqonebriv-samarTlebrivia yvela dava, rodesac saqme exeba mxolod
pirad an mis socialur garemosTan dakavSirebul uflebebs yovelgvari
ekonomikuri safuZvlis gareSe
araqonebrivi davis qonebrivi davisagan gamijvnis meTodebi
1. magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi sasarCelo warmoebis saqmeebi
20
anu negatorul da vindikaciur sarCels da a. S. exeba, maSin sarCelis fasi pirobiTad 4000
lariT ganisazRvreba);
3.alimentis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb da erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi gadasaxdeli Tanxa ar aRemateba
2000 lars;
4.vadiani gasacemis an gadasaxdelis Sesaxeb da araumetes sami wlis ganmavlobaSi gasacemi an
gadasaxdeli Tanxis erToblioba ar aRemateba 2000 lars;
5.uvado an samudamo (gardacvalebamde) gasacemis an gadasaxdelis Sesaxeb da sami wlis ganmav-
lobaSi gasacemi an gadasaxdeli Tanxis erToblioba ar aRemateba 2000 lars;
6.gasacemis an gadasaxdelis Semcirebis anda gadidebis Sesaxeb da is Tanxa, romliTac mcirdeba
anda diddeba gasacemi an gadasaxdeli, magram araumetes erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi, ar aRemateba
2000 lars;
7.qonebis qiravnobis xelSekrulebis vadamde moSlis Sesaxeb da darCenili vadiT, magram ara
umetes sami wlis ganmavlobaSi, gadasaxdeli Tanxebis erToblioba ar aRemateba 2000 lars;
8.gasacemis an gadasaxdelis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb da araumetes sami wlis ganmavlobaSi darCenili
gasacemi an gadasaxdeli Tanxis erToblioba ar aRemateba 2000 lars;
9.uZrav nivTze sakuTrebis uflebis cnobis Sesaxeb da sarCelis aRZvris droisaTvis uZravi
nivTis sabazro Rirebuleba ar aRemateba 2000 lars.
amdenad, saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 41-e muxlis danawesidan naTlad Cans, rom
Tu sarCeli exeba uvadod an samudamod gasacem an gadasaxdel Tanxas, sarCelis fasi ganisazR-
vreba sami wlis ganmavlobaSi gasacemi an gadasaxdeli Tanxis erTobliobiT. Sesabamisad, martivi
dasadgenia, aRniSnuli sarCelis gansjadobis sakiTxi, kerZod, Tu sami wlis ganmavlobaSi gasacemi
an gadasaxdeli Tanxis erToblioba ar aRemateba 2000 lars, dava magistrati mosamarTlis gan-
sjadia.
miuxedavad davis sagnis saxisa (qonebis gadacema, vadiani gadasaxdeli, uvado gadasaxdeli da a. S.),
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-40 muxlis Sesabamisad, davis sagnis fass mi-
uTiTebs mosarCele. Tu mosarCelis mier miTiTebuli fasi aSkarad ar Seesabameba sadavo qonebis
realur Rirebulebas, davis sagnis fass gansazRvravs mosamarTle sadavo qonebis sabazro Ri-
rebulebis mixedviT. sadavo sagnis Sefasebisas mxedvelobaSi miiReba im dros arsebuli fasebi,
rodesac Setanil iqna sarCeli. saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 178-e muxlis pir-
veli nawilis `v~ qvepunqtis Sesabamisad, sarCelis fasi, anu davis sagnis fasi miTiTebuli unda
iyos sarCelSi. amave kodeqsis 185-e muxlis Tanaxmad, mosamarTle xuTi dRis vadaSi Seamowmebs
sarCelis dasaSvebobis winapirobebs, maT Soris sarCelis fass. Tu sarCelis fasi miTiTebuli ar
aris, aRniSnuli warmoadgens xarvezis Sesaxeb ganCinebis gamotanis safuZvels. Tu sasamarTlos
mier daniSnul vadaSi mosarCelem ar miuTiTa sarCelis fasi, maSin magistrati mosamarTle ga-
moitans ganCinebas sarCelis warmoebaSi miRebaze uaris Tqmisa da misi mosarCelisaTvis dabru-
nebis Sesaxeb. Tu mosamarTlis mier davis sagnis fasis (sarCelis fasis) gamoangariSebis Sedegad
dadgindeba, rom sarCelis fasi 2000 lars aRemateba, maSin magistrati mosamarTle saqarTvelos
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 186-e muxlis pirveli nawilis `e~ qvepunqtis Sesabamisad, gan-
CinebiT uars ambobs sarCelis miRebaze da saqarTveelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 187-e
muxlis pirveli nawilis Tanaxmad, amave ganCinebaSi uTiTebs gansjadi sasamarTlos dasaxelebasa
da misamarTs. sarCelis miRebaze uaris Tqmis Sesaxeb ganCinebaze SeiZleba kerZo saCivris Setana.
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 415-417-e muxlebis Sesabamisad, kerZo saCivari
Setanil und iqnas werilobiTi formiT ganCinebis gamomtan magistrat sasamarTloSi, romelic
saqmesTan erTad gadaegzavneba zemdgom, mocemul SemTxvevaSi saapelacio sasamarTlos.
amdenad, sarCelis fass gansazRvravs mosarCele. mosarCelis mier sarCelis fasis arajerovnad
gansazRvris SemTxvevaSi, sarCelis fass gansazRvravs mosamarTle. sarCelis fasi dgindeba sar-
21
Celis dasaSvebobis etapze, rac iZleva imis saSualebas, rom dasaSvebobis etapzeve gairkves gan-
sjadi sasamarTlo (magistrati sasamarTlo, Tu raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlo).
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 41-e muxlis pirveli nawilis `k~ qvepunqtis Ta-
naxmad, davis sagnis fasi ganisazRvreba 4000 lariT, Tu qonebriv-samarTlebriv davaSi (sakuT-
rebis xelyofa an sxvagvari xelSeSla, samezoblo dava da sxva) SeuZlebelia davis sagnis fasis
gansazRvra. aRniSnuli wesiT sarCelis fasi gamoiangariSeba im SemTxvevaSi, roca sasarCelo moT-
xovna davis saganze uflebis dadgenas an aRiarebas ki ar gulisxmobs, aramed roca uflebis
sakiTxi ukve garkveulia da mosarCele aRniSnul nivTze xelSeSlis aRkveTas an ukanono mflo-
belobidan nivTis gamoTxovas da a. S. iTxovs.
amdenad, vinaidan kanonmdebeli sarCelis fasis daudgenlobis SemTxvevaSi davis sagans, pirobi-
Tad, 2000 larze maRali RirebulebiT _ 4000 lariT afasebs, magistrati mosamarTlisaTvis amgva-
ri sarCeliT mimarTvis SemTxvevaSi magistratma mosamarTlem saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproce-
so kodeqsis 186-e muxlis pirveli nawilis `e~ qvepunqtiT unda ixelmZRvanelos da gansjadobis
safuZvliT sarCelis miRebaze uari unda Tqvas. magistrati mosamarTle valdebulia amave gan-
CinebaSi miuTiTos, Tu romel sasamarTlos mimarTos mosarCelem.
magistrati mosamarTle sasamarTlo samarTalwarmoebis ganxorcielebisas baJisagan gaTavisuf-
lebis im wesebiT xelmZRvanelobs, romlebic saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsSia gan-
mtkicebuli, kerZod, saxelmwifo biujetis sasargeblod sasamarTlo xarjebis gadaxdisagan Tavi-
sufldebian:
1.mosarCeleebi _ alimentis gadaxdevinebis sarCelebze;
2.mosarCeleebi _ dasaxiCrebiT an janmrTelobis sxva dazianebiT, marCenalis sikvdiliT miye-
nebuli zianis anazRaurebis sarCelebze;
3.mosarCeleebi _ danaSauliT miyenebuli materialuri zaralis anazRaurebis sarCelebze;
4.mxareebi _ ukanono msjavrdebis, sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi ukanonod micemis, aRkveTis
RonisZiebad dapatimrebis ukanonod gamoyenebis an gamasworebel samuSaoTa saxiT adminis-
traciuli saxdelis ukanonod dadebis Sedegad moqalaqisaTvis miyenebuli zaralis anazRa-
urebasTan dakavSirebul sarCelebze;
5.mosarCeleebi _ arasrulwlovanTa uflebebis darRvevasTan dakavSirebul sarCelebze;
6.mxareebi, romlebic dadgenili wesiT registrirebuli arian socialurad daucveli ojaxebis
monacemTa erTian bazaSi da iReben saarsebo Semweobas, rac dasturdeba Sesabamisi dokumen-
taciiT;
7.mxareebi _ winaswari (Sualeduri) gadawyvetilebis saapelacio da sakasacio wesiT gasaCivre-
bisas;
kanoniT SeiZleba gaTvaliswinebul iqnes saxelmwifo biujetis sasargeblod sasamarTlo xar-
jebis gadaxdisagan mxareTa gaTavisuflebis sxva SemTxvevebic. baJisagan gaTavisuflebis `sxva
SemTxvevebs~ iTvaliswinebs saqarTvelos kanoni `saxelmwifo baJis Sesaxeb~. aRniSnuli kanonis
me-5 muxlis pirvel punqtis Tanaxmad, sasamarTlo xarjebisagan Tavisufldebian:
1.fizikuri pirebi _ sarCelebze xelfasis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb da sxva moTxovnebze Sromis
anazRaurebis Taobaze, romlebic gamomdinareobs SromiT samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan;
2.mosarCeleebi _ sarCelebze, romlebic gamomdinareobs saavtoro, agreTve aRmoCenis, gamo-
gonebis racionalizatoruli winadadebebisa da samrewvelo nimuSebis uflebebidan;
3.mosarCeleebi _ sarCelebze alimentis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb;
4.fizikuri da iuridiuli pirebi _ maTze im dokumentebis gacemisaTvis, romlebic dakavSire-
bulia sisxlis samarTlisa da alimentis saqmeebTn;
1. magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi sasarCelo warmoebis saqmeebi
22
5.mosarCeleebi _ sarCelebze zianis anazRaurebis Sesaxeb, romlebic miyenebulia dasaxiCrebiT
an janmrTelobis sxva dazianebiT, agreTve marCenalis sikvdiliT;
6.fizikuri pirebi _ sisxlis samarTlis saqmeebTan dakavSirebul sakasacio saCivrebze danaSa-
ulis Sedegad miyenebuli materialuri zaralis amoRebis sisworis Sesaxeb;
7.socialuri dazRvevis organoebi da socialuri uzrunvelyofis organoebi regresul sarCe-
lebze zianis mimyeneblis mier dazaralebulze gacemuli daxmarebis an pensiis gadaxdevinebis
Sesaxeb, xolo socialuri uzrunvelyofis organoebi _ agreTve sarCelebze arasworad miRe-
buli daxmarebebisa da pensiebis Sesaxeb;
8.mosarCele _ danaSauliT miyenebuli materialuri zaralis anazRaurebis Sesaxeb;
9.mxareebi _ sakasacio saCivrebze ganqorwinebis saqmeebis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb;
10.Sinagan saqmeTa organoebi, rogorc mosarCeleebi _ sarCelebze im pirebis ZebnasTan dakavSi-
rebuli xarjebis anazRaurebis Sesaxeb, romlebic Tavs arideben alimentebisa da sxva msgavsi
Tanxebis gadaxdas;
11.saxelmwifo safinanso-sakredito, sagadasaxado, sabaJo da sxva makontrolebeli organoebi,
rogorc mosarCeleebi an mopasuxeebi _ sarCelebze gadasaxadebis, mosakreblebis, saxelmwifo
baJisa da sxva aucilebeli gadasaxdelebis biujetSi gadaxdisa da biujetidan Tanxebis dabru-
nebis Sesaxeb, agreTve gansakuTrebuli warmoebis saqmeebze;
12.invalidebi, invalidTa sazogadoebrivi organizaciebi, maTi dawesebulebebi, saswavlo-sawar-
moo organizaciebi da gaerTianebebi _ yvela sarCelze;
13.mosarCeleebi _ sarCelebze istoriuli, mxatvruli da sxva faseulobis ukanono mflobelo-
bidan gamoTxovis Sesaxeb;
14. mxareebi _ sarCelebze materialuri zaralis anazRaurebis Sesaxeb, romelic miyenebulia
fizikuri piris ukanonod gasamarTlebis, misi sisxlis samarTlis pasuxisgebaSi ukanonod mi-
cemis, aRkveTis RonisZiebis saxiT ukanonod dapatimrebis an dapatimrebis saxiT administra-
ciuli saxdelis ukanonod dadebis Sedegad;
15. iZulebiT gadaadgilebuli pirebi da ltolvilebi _ saCivrebze maTi iZulebiT gadaadgile-
bul pirad da ltolvilad arcnobis Sesaxeb;
16.saqarTvelos garemosa da bunebrivi resursebis dacvis saministro, rogorc mosarCele an
mopasuxe _ sarCelebze garemos gaWuWyianebisa da garemos dacvis kanonmdeblobis sxva dar-
Rvevebis Sedegad saxelmwifosTvis miyenebuli zaralis asanazRaureblad biujetSi Tanxebis
gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb;
17.veteranebi, romlebmac `omisa da SeiaraRebuli Zalebis veteranebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos
kanonis moTxovnaTa dasacavad mimarTes sasamarTlos;
18.saqarTvelos ekonomikis, mrewvelobisa da vaWrobis saministro _ saxelmwifo qonebis priva-
tizebasTan dakavSirebul sadavo sakiTxebze;
19.sajaro reestris erovnuli saagento, rogorc mosarCele an mopasuxe _ sarCelze miwis dacvis
wesebis Seusruleblobisa da miwis kanonmdeblobis sxva darRvevebis Sedegad saxelmwifo-
saTvis miyenebuli zianis asanazRaureblad biujetSi Tanxebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb;
20.dawesebulebebi (organizaciebi), romelTa xarjebi finansdeba mxolod saxelmwifo biujeti-
dan _ yvela saqmeze;
21.arqiteqturul-samSeneblo inspeqciebi, rogorc mosarCeleebi an mopasuxeebi, saqarTvelos
kanonmdeblobiT maT kompetencias mikuTvnebul sakiTxebze;
22.mSobeli an arasrulwlovanis kanonieri warmomadgeneli, rogorc mosarCele _ sarCelze ara-
srulwlovnis uflebebis darRvevis an misTvis miyenebuli qonebrivi Tu moraluri zianis
anazRaurebis Taobaze;
23.saqarTvelos erovnuli banki _ yvela sarCelze;
24.likvidaciaSi myofi komerciuli bankebi da arasabanko sadepozito dawesebulebebi _ sakre-
dito kavSirebisaTvis daufaravi sesxebis, sesxebis procentebisa da sxva debitoruli dava-
lianebebis dabrunebaze aRZrul yvela sarCelze;
23
25.saqarTvelos fasiani qaRaldebis erovnuli komisia _ `fasiani qaRaldebis bazris Sesaxeb~
saqarTvelos kanoniT gaTvaliswinebul SemTxvevebSi;
26.sajaro samarTlis iuridiuli piri _ saqarTvelos finansuri monitoringis samsaxuri _ `fa-
siani qaRaldebis bazris Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanoniT gaTvaliswinebul SemTxvevebSi;
27.mosarCele _ ukanono da dausabuTebeli qonebis saxelmwifosaTvis gadacemis Sesaxeb aRZrul
sarCelebze;
28.saqarTvelos Tavisufali vaWrobisa da konkurenciis saagento, rogorc mosarCele an mopa-
suxe _ sarCelze Tavisufali vaWrobisa da konkurenciis kanonmdeblobis moTxovnaTa darR-
vevis Taobaze;
29.saqarTvelos iusticiis saministro, rogorc mosarCele _ normatiul aqtebTan dakavSirebul
sadavo sakiTxebze;
30.saqarTvelos kulturis, ZeglTa dacvisa da sportis saministro, misi teritoriuli organo-
ebi, aseve misi mmarTvelobis sferoSi Semavali sxva organoebi kulturuli memkvidreobis
Zeglebze, arqeologiur obieqtebze da kulturuli memkvidreobis damcav zonebSi kanonis
darRveviT warmoebuli miwis, samSeneblo da sxva samuSaoebis sakiTxebze.
dava magistrati
mosamarTlis
gansjadia,
Tu aRZrulia
sarCeli
(gancxadeba):
fulis
gadaxdevinebis
Sesaxeb, Tu
gadasaxdeli Tanxa
ar aRemateba
2000 l.
uZrav nivTze
sakuTrebis uflebis
cnobis Sesaxeb,
Tu qonebis
Rirebuleba
ar aRemateba
2000 l.
alimentis
Sesaxeb, Tu
1 w. ganmavlobaSi
gadasaxdeli
Tanxa ar aRemateba
2000 l.
vadiani
gadasaxdelis
Sesaxeb, Tu sami wlis
ganmavlobaSi
gadasaxdeli Tanxis
erToblioba ar
aRemateba
2000 l.
gadasaxdelis
Sewyvetis Sesaxeb,
Tu darCenili
gadasaxdeli
araumetes 3 w.
ganmavlobaSi
ar aRemateba
2000 l.
qiravnobis xelS.
moSlis Sesaxeb,
Tu darCenili
araumetes 3 wlis
ganmavlobaSi
gadasaxdeli
Tanxa ar aRemateba
2000 l.
gadasaxdelis
Semcirebis anda
gadidebis Sesaxeb, Tu
Semcirebuli an
gadidebuli odenoba
1 w. ganmavlobaSi
ar aRemateba
2000 l.
uvado
gadasaxdelis
Sesaxeb, Tu sami wlis
ganmavlobaSi
gadasaxdeli Tanxis
erToblioba
ar aRemateba
2000 l.
nivTis
gadacemis
Sesaxeb, Tu
misi Rirebuleba
ar aRemateba
2000 l.
1. magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi sasarCelo warmoebis saqmeebi
24
1.4 araqonebrivi da misgan warmoSobili qonebriv-samarTlebrivi davis gansjadoba
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-14 muxlis `a~ qvepunqtis Tanaxmad, magistrati
mosamarTlis gansjadia qonebrivi dava. Sesabamisad, Tu araqonebriv davasTan erTad ganixileba
misgan warmoSobili qonebriv samarTlebrivi dava (an piriqiT), aRniSnuli ar warmoadgens magis-
trati mosamarTlis gansjad saqmes, Tundac ufro maRali Rirebulebis Sedegad dadgenili davis
sagnis fasi ar aRematebodes 2000 lars. es wesi vrceldeba im SemTxvevazec, roca mosarCeles
erTze meti qonebrivi moTxovna aqvs da erT-erTis Rirebuleba 2000 lars aRemateba. aRniSnuli
msjeloba momdinareobs saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-13 muxlis me-4 nawili-
dan, romlis Tanaxmad, Tu arsebobs erTmaneTTan dakavSirebuli ramdenime sasarCelo moTxovna,
romelTagan erT-erTi ar ganekuTvneba magistrati mosamarTlis gansjad saqmes, saqmes ganixilavs
raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos sxva mosamarTle.
1.5 magistrati mosamarTlis gansjad qonebriv davebze baJis gamoTvlis wesi
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 39-e muxlis me-2 nawilis Tanaxmad, magistrati
mosamarTlis gansjad saqmeze saxelmwifo baJis odenoba yvela instanciis sasamarTloSi Seadgens
am muxlis pirveli nawiliT dadgenili baJis odenobis naxevars. amdenad, magistrati mosamarTlis
gansjad saqmeze, kerZod, qonebriv davebTan dakavSirebiT wardgenil sarCelze, Segebebul sar-
Celze, mesame piris sarCelze, romelic damoukidebel moTxovnebs acxadebs davis saganze, saxel-
mwifo baJis odenoba Seadgens davis sagnis Rirebulebis 1,5%, magram aranakleb 50 larisa. vina-
idan magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi qonebrivi davis sarCelis fasi 2000 lars ar unda aRe-
matebodes, amitom amgvar davebze gadasaxdeli saxelmwifo baJis maqsimaluri odenoba 30 laria,
xolo vinaidan baJi, mocemul SemTxvevebSi 50 larze naklebi ar unda iyos, amitom magistrat
mosamarTlis gansjad sasarCelo qonebriv davebze (sarCelis fasis miuxedavad) saxelmwifo baJi
50 lars Seadgens. rac Seexeba magistrati mosamarTlis gansjad udavo warmoebis saqmeebs, samo-
qalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 39-e muxlis pirveli nawilis `l~ qvepunqtis Sesabamisad, saxelmwifo
baJis odenoba udavo warmoebis saqmeze 50 laria, saapelacio da sakasacio saCivrebze _ Sesaba-
misad 100 lari da 300 lari. vinaidan magistrati mosamarTlis gansjad saqmeze saxelmwifo baJis
odenoba naxevrdeba, amitom udavo warmoebis saqmeebze magistrat mosamarTlesTan gadasaxdeli
saxelmwifo baJis odenoba 25 lars, xolo _ apelaciasa da kasaciaSi 50 da 150 lars Seadgens.
aRniSnuli wesi ar vrceldeba udavo warmoebis wesiT gansjad iseT saqmeebze, romlebic magis-
trati mosamarTlis gansjadi ar aris (magaliTad, Svilad ayvana, davalianebis gadaxdevineba da
qonebis upatronod cnoba, Tu moTxovnis an qonebis Rirebuleba 2000 lars aRemateba). rac Seexeba
gamartivebul warmoebas, saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 39-e muxlis pirveli na-
wilis `k~ qvepunqtis Tanaxmad, saxelmwifo baJis odenoba Tamasuqis an Cekis Taobaze sarCelze
_ 100 lars, xolo saapelacio da sakasacio saCivrebze _ Sesabamisad, 150 da 300 lars Seadgens.
vinaidan Cekisa da Tamasuqis Taobaze sarCelebi, miuxedavad davis sagnis Rirebulebisa, magis-
trati mosamarTlis gansjadia, amitom baJis miTiTebuli odenoba yvela instanciis sasamarTloSi
naxevrdeba da pirvel instanciaSi _ 50 lars, apelaciaSi _ 75 lars, xolo kasaciaSi _ 150 lars
Seadgens. gamartivebuli wesiT ganixileba aseve davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb gancxadeba,
Tu moTxovnis Rirebuleba 2000 lars ar aRemateba. am SemTxvevaSi moqmedebs baJis gadaxdis saer-
To wesi, rac davis sagnis Rirebulebidan gamoiTvleba, aRniSnuli wesis Sesabamisad, magistrat
mosamarTlesTan gadasaxdeli baJi 50 laria. rac Seexeba lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflobelobaSi
lizingis sagnis dabrunebis Taobaze wardgenil gancxadebas, aRniSnuli davac magistrati mosa-
marTlis gansjadia, miuxedavad davis sagnis Rirebulebisa, amitom baJi davis sagnis Rirebule-
25
la ri
50
la ri
25
sasarCelo
(qonebriv davaze da saojaxo
araqonebriv davaze)
gamartivebuli warmoebis
saqmeebze
magistrati mosamarTlis gansjad saqmeebze
gadasaxdeli baJis odenoba
udavo warmoebis
saqmeebze
la ri
50
bidan gamoiTvleba samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 39-e muxlis pirveli nawilis `a~ qvepunqtiTa
da amave muxlis me-2 nawiliT gaTvaliswinebuli wesebis Sesabamisad.
1. magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi sasarCelo warmoebis saqmeebi
26
magistrati mosamarTlis kompetencias ganekuTvneba udavo
warmoebis wesiT gansjadi Semdegi saqmeebi:
1.iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtebis dadgena;
2.moqalaqis ugzoukvlod-dakargulad aRiareba da moqalaqis gardacv-
lilad gamocxadeba;
3.moqalaqis qmeduunarod da SezRudulqmedunarianad aRiareba;
4.dakargul sawarmdgenlo fasian qaRaldsa da saordero fasian qaRal-
dze uflebis aRdgena (miuxedavad imisa fasiani qaRaldiT daculi
qonebrivi sikeTis Rirebuleba 2000 lars aRemateba Tu ara);
5.qonebis upatronod cnoba (Tu qonebis Rirebuleba ar aRemateba 2000
lars).
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis Sesabamisad, udavo warmo-
ebis wesiT, garda zemoCamoTvlili saqmeebisa, ganixileba, aseve Svilad
ayvana da dakarguli saqmis warmoebis aRdgena. kanonmdeblis imperatiuli
moTxovnis Sesabamisad, dauSvebelia Svilad ayvanasTan dakavSirebuli
saqmis ganxilva magistrati mosamarTlis mier. kanonmdebeli dums dakar-
gul saqmis warmoebasTan dakavSirebiT, Tumca, aRniSnuli sakiTxis momwes-
rigebeli saproceso normebidan gamomdinare, SesaZlebelia Semdegi das-
kvnis gakeTeba: gancxadeba dakarguli saqmis warmoebis aRdgenis Sesaxeb
magistrat sasamarTloSi SeiZleba Setanil iqnas mxolod im SemTxvevaSi,
Tu man gamoitana dakargul saqmeze gadawyvetileba (ganCineba) am saqmis
warmoebis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb. Tu dakarguli saqmis warmoeba ar aris dam-
Tavrebuli, maSin gancxadeba magistrat sasamarTloSi Seitaneba im SemTx-
vevaSi, Tu aRniSnuli saqme mis warmoebaSia.
2.magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi
udavo warmoebis saqmeebi
27
3.magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi
gamartivebuli warmoebis saqmeebi
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-14 muxlis `b~ qvepunqtis Tanax-
mad,magistrati mosamarTlis kompetencias ganekuTvneba gamarti-
vebuli wesiT gansjadi Semdegi saqmeebi:
1.Tamasuqisa da Cekis Taobaze aRZruli sarCelebi, miuxedavad aramate-
rialuri sikeTis qonebrivi Rirebulebisa;
2.davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb gancxadebebi, Tu gadasaxdeli Tan-
xis Rirebuleba ar aRemateba 2000 lars;
3.lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflobelobaSi lizingis sagnis dabrunebis
Taobaze aRZruli gancxadeba, miuxedavad dasabrunebeli sagnis Rire-
bulebisa;
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsSi 2007 wlis 11 ivliss ganxor-
cielebuli cvlilebebis Sedegad, gamartivebuli wesiT gansjad saqmeTa
kategorias daemata aqciaTa savaldebulo miyidvis Sesaxeb saqmis ganxil-
va. miuxedavad amisa, igi ar ganekuTvneba magistrati mosamarTlis gans-
jad saqmeTa kategorias, vinaidan amave kodeqsis 309
10
-e muxlis Tanaxmad,
myidvelis gancxadebas aqciaTa savaldebulo miyidvis Sesaxeb ganixilaven
Tbilisisa da quTaisis saqalaqo sasamarTloebi, myidvelis iuridiuli
misamarTis Sesabamisad. am Tavis miznebisaTvis, Tbilisis saqalaqo sasa-
marTlos iurisdiqcia moicavs aRmosavleT saqarTvelos, xolo quTaisis
saqalaqo sasamarTlos iurisdiqcia _ dasavleT saqarTvelos. amdenad,
aqciaTa savaldebulo miyidvis Taobaze saqmeebs, miuxedavad misi gamar-
tivebuli wesiT warmoebisa, magistrati mosamarTleebi ar ganixilaven.
moqalaqis ugzo-
ukvlod aRiareba
da gardacvlilad
gamocxadeba
moqalaqis
qmeduunarod da
SezRudulqmedu-
narianad aRiareba
dakargul
sawarmdgenlo
fasian qaRaldsa da
saordero fasian
qaRaldze uflebis
aRdgena
qonebis
upatronod cnoba
iuridiuli
mniSvnelobis
faqtebis dadgena
udavo warmoebis wesiT magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi saqmeebi
qonebis Rirebuleba
ar unda
aRematebodes
2000 lars
fasiani qaRaldiT
daculi qonebrivi
sikeTis Rirebulebis
miuxedavad
28
Tamasuqi da Ceki
lizingis sagnis gamcemis
mflobelobaSi lizingis sagnis
dabruneba
gamartivebuli wesiT magistrati
mosamarTlis gansjadi saqmeebi
davalianebis gadaxdevineba
miuxedavad
qonebrivi Rirebulebisa
miuxedavad dasabrunebeli
sagnis Rirebulebisa
gadasaxdeli Tanxis Rirebuleba
ar unda aRematebodes 2000 lars
29
saojaxo samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan gamomdinare davebi, garda Svi-
lad ayvanis, mSoblis uflebis CamorTmevis, mamobis dadgenis da ganqor-
winebis saqmeebisa, Tu meuRleebs Soris arsebobs dava bavSvis mikuTvnebis
Taobaze. magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadia ganqorwinebasTan dakavSi-
rebuli davebi, Tu meuRleebs Soris ar arsebobs dava bavSvebis mikuT-
vnebis Taobaze. Tu meuRleebs Soris ar arsebobs dava bavSvebis mikuTv-
nebis Taobaze, Tumca arsebobs dava bavSvebTan dakavSirebul sxva sakiT-
xebze, saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-14 muxlis `g~ qve-
punqtis Sesabamisad, aRniSnuli davebi magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadia.
amasTan, unda aRiniSnos, rom saojaxo-samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan war-
moSobil qonebriv davebze 2000 lariani limiti vrceldeba, rac imas niS-
navs, rom magistrati mosamarTleebi ganixilaven qonebrivi urTierTobi-
dan warmoSobil davebs, romelTa Rirebuleba 2000 lars ar aRemateba.
rac Seexeba araqonebriv davebs, me-14 muxlis `g~ qvepunqti qonebriv da
araqonebriv davebs erTmaneTisagan ar mijnavs, rac imas niSnavs, rom sa-
ojaxo-samarTlebrivi davebi, rogorc qonebrivi (araumetes 2000 lariani
Rirebulebis sarCelis sagnisa), ise araqonebrivi, magistrati mosamarTlis
gansjadia. amdenad, magistrati mosamarTle ganixilavs saojaxo-samarT-
lebrivi urTierTobidan warmoSobil qonebriv davebs, romelTa Rirebu-
leba 2000 lars ar aRemateba da araqonebriv davebs, im gamonaklisebis
gaTvaliswinebiT, rac saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-14
muxlis `g~ qvepunqtSia mocemuli.
4.magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi
saojaxo samarTlebrivi saqmeebi
Svilad ayvana
mamobis dadgena
mSoblis uflebis
CamorTmeva
ganqorwineba,
Tu meuRleebs Soris
arsebobs dava bavSvis
mikuTvnebis Taobaze
magistrati mosamarTlis aragansjadi
saojaxo-samarTlebrivi davebia
amdenad,
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-14 muxlis `g~ qvepunqtis Tanax-
mad, magistrati mosamarTlis kompetencias ganekuTvneba:
30
yvela saxis qonebrivi dava, romlis Rirebuleba
2000 lars ar aRemateba
yvela saxis araqonebrivi dava,
garda zemoaRniSnuli gamonaklisebisa
magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi
saojaxo-samarTlebrivi davebia
31
5.1 samarTalwarmoebis ZiriTadi debulebani
magistrati mosamarTleebi samoqalaqo samarTalwarmoebis ganxorciele-
bisas xelmZRvaneloben samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsiT ganmtkicebuli
samarTalwarmoebis Semdegi ZiriTadi debulebebiT:
1.uflebis sasamarTlos wesiT dacva;
2.dispoziciurobis principi;
3.SejibrebiTobis principi;
4.marTlmsajulebis ganxorcieleba mxolod sasamarTlos mier moqala-
qeTa Tanasworobis sawyisebze;
5.mosamarTleTa damoukidebloba da maTi kanonisadmi damorCileba;
7 gadawyvetilebis gamotana saqarTvelos saxeliT;
8.samoqalaqo procesis saqveynooba;
9.sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebaTa savaldebulooba.
amdenad, samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsiT ganmtkicebuli sasamarTlo sa-
marTalwarmoebis zogadi debulebebi saerToa samoqalaqo wesiT marTl-
msajulebis ganmaxorcielebeli yvela pirisaTvis, maT Soris magistrati
mosamarTleebisaTvisac.
5.2 uwyebrivi qvemdebareoba da gansjadoba
magistrat mosamarTleebs uwyebrivad eqvemdebareba yvela is saqme, rom-
lebsac samoqalaqo saproceso kanonmdeblobiT dadgenili wesiT saerTo
sasamarTloebi ganixilaven. rac Seexeba magistrati mosamarTleebis gan-
sjad saqmeebs, aRniSnul saqmeTa sistematizebul CamonaTvals samoqalaqo
saproceso kodeqsis me-14 muxli iTvaliswinebs (ix. sssk-is me-14 muxlis
komentari). samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-15 muxlis pirveli prima
nawilis Tanaxmad, sarCelebi magistrati mosamarTlis gansjad saqmeebze
Seitaneba magistrati mosamarTlis samoqmedo teritoriis mixedviT, xolo
im administraciul-teritoriul erTeulSi, sadac ar moqmedebs magist-
rati mosamarTle _ raionul (saqalaqo) sasamarTloSi. saqarTvelos samo-
5.samoqalaqo samarTalwarmoeba
magistrati mosamarTlis gansjad saqmeebze
32
qalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-20 muxli magistrati mosamarTlis gansjad saqmeebze gamoiyeneba
Cveulebisamebr, anu sasamarTlos arCevis ufleba, Tu saqme ramdenime magistrati mosamarTlis
gansjadia, ekuTvnis mosarCeles. aRniSnuli wesi ar moqmedebs maSin, rodesac saqme erTdroulad
ramdenime sasamarTlos gansjadia imis gamo, rom arsebobs erTmaneTTan dakavSirebuli ramdenime
sasarCelo moTxovna, romelTagan erT-erTi ar ganekuTvneba magistrati mosamarTlis gansjad
saqmes, aseT SemTxvevaSi, mosarCelis arCevanis miuxedavad, saqmes raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamar-
Tlo ixilavs. rac Seexeba SeTanxmebas gansjadobis Sesaxeb, saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso
kodeqsis 21-e muxlis pirveli nawili magistrat mosamarTleebzec vrceldeba, anu Tu ar aris
dadgenili erTmniSvnelovnad gansjadi sasamarTlo, maSin mxareebs SeuZliaT SeTanxmebis gziT
daadginon sasamarTlos gansjadoba. SeTanxmeba formdeba werilobiT. rac Seexeba mopasuxis
TanxmobiT aragansjadi sasamarTlos gansjadad qcevas, am SemTxvevaSi mopasuxe warmodgenili
unda iyos advokatiT an sasamarTlom unda misces ganmarteba, rom mas ufleba aqvs wamoayenos
Sesagebeli aragansjadobis winaaRmdeg. sasamarTlos mier mopasuxisaTvis aseTi ganmartebis mi-
cemis Sesaxeb unda aRiniSnos sasamarTlo oqmSi.
5.3 sasamarTlos Semadgenloba da acileba
samoqalaqo saqmeebi magistrati mosamarTlis mier ganixileba erTpirovnulad. samoqalaqo sap-
roceso kodeqsis 26-e muxlis Tanaxmad, im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac raionul (saqalaqo) sasamarT-
loSi aris mosamarTleTa sakmarisi raodenoba kolegiuri SemadgenlobiT saqmeTa ganxilvisaTvis
erTpirovnulad saqmis ganmxilvel mosamarTles SeuZlia daadginos saqmis kolegiuri ganxilva
sami mosamarTlis SemadgenlobiT, Tu:
1.saqmis ganxilvasa da gadawyvetas gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba aqvs sasamarTlo praqtikisaTvis;
2.saqme faqtobrivi an samarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiT gansakuTrebuli sirTuliT xasiaTdeba.
motivirebuli ganCineba saqmis sasamarTlos kolegiuri SemadgenlobiT ganxilvis Sesaxeb mosa-
marTles gamoaqvs mTavar sxdomaze am saqmis ganxilvis dawyebamde. ganCineba gadaecema sasamar-
Tlos Tavmjdomares, romelic gansazRvravs kolegiur Semadgenlobas am saqmis ganmxilveli
Tavdapirveli mosamarTlis aucilebeli monawileobiT. miuxedavad imisa, rom kanonmdebeli
arafers ambobs magistrati mosamarTlis mier saqmis kolegiuri SemadgenlobiT ganxilvis dad-
genasTan dakavSirebiT, saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 26-e muxlis samarTlebrivi
analizi iZleva aRniSnuli muxlis magistrat mosamarTleebze gavrcelebis SesaZleblobas Semdeg
garemoebaTa gamo:
1.magistrati mosamarTle raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos SemadgenlobaSi arsebuli, teri-
toriulad gancalkevebiT moqmedi mosamarTlea;
2.magistrati mosamarTle, iseve rogorc raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos mosamarTle, saqmes
erTpirovnulad ixilavs;
3.magistrati mosamarTle, iseve rogorc raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos mosamarTle, saqmes
pirveli instanciiT ixilavs;
4.magistrat mosamarTles (miuxedavad mis mier SezRuduli kategoriis saqmeebis gansjadobisa),
iseve rogorc raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos mosamarTles, SeiZleba iseTi saqme hqondes
gansaxilvelad, romelsac gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba aqvs sasamarTlo praqtikisaTvis, an
romelic faqtobrivi, an samarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiT, gansakuTrebuli sirTuliT xasiaT-
deba.
33
amdenad, Tu magistrati mosamarTle daadgens, rom misi gansjadi saqmis ganxilvasa da gadawyvetas
sasamarTlo praqtikisaTvis gansakuTrebuli mniSvneloba aqvs, an Tu igi faqtobrivi, an samarT-
lebrivi TvalsazrisiT gansakuTrebuli sirTuliT xasiaTdeba, maSin magistrati mosamarTle
gamoitans motivirebul ganCinebas am saqmis sasamarTlos kolegiuri SemadgenlobiT ganxilvis
Sesaxeb. ganCineba gadaecema im raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos Tavmjdomares, romlis admi-
nistraciul erTeulSic moqmedebs aRniSnuli magistrati mosamarTle. sasamarTlos Tavmjdo-
mare gansazRvravs kolegiur Semadgenlobas am saqmis ganmxilveli Tavdapirveli (magistrati)
mosamarTlis aucilebeli monawileobiT. raionul (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos mier saqmis ganxilvaSi
magistrati mosamarTlis monawileoba ar ewinaaRmdegeba saqmis ganxilvis saproceso kanonmdeb-
lobiT dadgenil wesrigs, ufro metic, `saerTo sasamarTloebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos organuli
kanonis me-15
1
muxlis me-5 punqti aucileblobis SemTxvevaSi, marTlmsajulebis ganxorcielebis
Seferxebis Tavidan asacileblad, sasamarTlos Tavmjdomaris davalebiT, iTvaliswinebs mosamar-
Tlis monawileobas sxva specializebul SemadgenlobaSi, mosamarTlis mier magistrati mosamarT-
lis uflebamosilebis ganxorcielebas, aseve magistrati mosamarTlis mier raionul (saqalaqo)
sasamarTloSi saqmis ganxilvis SesaZleblobas.
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsi ar iTvaliswinebs magistrati mosamarTlis acilebis
an TviTacilebis SemTxvevaSi saqmis ganxilvis wess, rac imas niSnavs, rom marTalia, samoqalaqo
saproceso kodeqsis 34-e muxli ar akonkretebs mosamarTleTa acilebisa da TviTacilebis wesebis
magistrat mosamarTleebze gavrcelebis SesaZleblobas, magram vinaidan aRniSnuli wesebi zogadi
xasiaTisaa, igulisxmeba, rom 34-e muxli magistrat mosamarTleebze imave wesiT vrceldeba, ra
wesiTac igi raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTloebis sxva mosamarTleebisaTvis moqmedebs. e.i. ma-
gistrati mosamarTle acilebis miRebis an TviTacilebis SemTxvevaSi saqmes im raionul (saqala-
qo) sasamarTlos Tavmjdomares gadascems, romlis administraciul erTeulSic igi moqmedebs.
raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos Tavmjdomare saqmes mis samoqmedo teritoriaze arsebul sxva
administraciuli erTeulis magistrat mosamarTles an raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos
mosamarTles gadascems.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-6 Tavi (saproceso uzrunvelyofa), me-7 Tavi (saproceso
vadebi), me-8 Tavi (sasamarTlo Setyobineba da dabareba), me-9 Tavi (mxareebi), me-10 Tavi
(saproceso Tanamonawileoba), me-11 Tavi (mesame pirebi), me-12 Tavi (warmomadgenloba
sasamarTloSi), me-13 Tavi (mtkicebulebaTa Segroveba da Sefaseba), me-14 Tavi (mtkicebu-
lebaTa uzrunvelyofa), me-15 Tavi (adgilze daTvaliereba), me-16 Tavi (mxareTa axsna-
ganmarteba), me-17 Tavi (werilobiTi mtkicebuleba), me-18 Tavi (mowmeTa Cveneba), me-19 Tavi
(nivTieri mtkicebuleba), me-20 Tavi (eqspertis daskvna) magistrati mosamarTlis mier saq-
mis ganxilvisas gamoiyeneba Cveulebisamebr.
5.4 aRiarebiTi sarCeli
sainteresoa sakiTxi imis Taobaze, Tu ramdenad ganekuTvneba aRiarebiTi sarCeli magistrati
mosamarTlis gansjadobas. aRiarebiTi sarCelis dros samarTalurTierTobis aqtiuri centri
gadatanilia uflebaze, mxare iTxovs Tavisi uflebis dacvas, raTa momavalSi ar dairRves is.
unda aRiniSnos, rom magistrati mosamarTlis mier aRiarebiTi sarCelis ganxilva iseve SesaZle-
belia, rogorc mikuTvnebiTi sarCelis. magram, vinaidan magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadoba
SezRudulia, unda vivaraudoT, rom magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadobis SezRuduli reJimi
aRiarebiT sarCelzec vrceldeba, rac imas niSnavs, rom aRiarebiTi sarCeli magistrati mosamar-
Tlis gansjadia, Tu igi im uflebisa Tu samarTalurTierTobis arseboba-ararsebobis dadgenas,
5. samoqalaqo samarTalwarmoeba magistrati mosamarTlis gansjad saqmeebze
34
dokumentebis namdvilobis aRiarebas an dokumentebis siyalbis dadgenas exeba, romelTa obieqti
magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadobas gankuTvnili sakiTxebia (sssk, muxli 14), magaliTad, aRi-
arebiTi sarCeli exeba iseTi qonebrivi uflebis arsebobis sasamarTlo wesiT dadasturebis moT-
xovnas, romlis Rirebuleba 2000 lars ar aRemateba, Cekze an Tamasuqze dokumentebis namdvi-
lobis aRiarebas da a. S.
Tu sarCeli Tavisi Sinaarsisa da daniSnulebidan gamomdinare aRiarebiTi xasiaTisaa, maSin ma-
gistratma mosamarTlem (iseve rogorc mikuTvnebiTi sarCelis SemTxvevaSi) dasaSvebobis etap-
zeve unda Seamowmos misi gansjadobis sakiTxi. Tu aRiarebiTi sarCeli scildeba magistrati
mosamarTlis kompetencias da igi raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos gansjadobas ganekuTvneba,
maSin magistratma mosamarTlem saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 186-187-e muxlebis
Sesabamisad ganCinebiT sarCelis miRebaze uari unda Tqvas. magistratma mosamarTlem amave gan-
CinebaSi unda daasabuTos aRiarebiTi sarCelis miRebaze uaris Tqmis safuZvlebi da miuTiTos
gansjadi sasamarTlo.
5.5 Segebebuli sarCeli
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 188-e muxlis Sesabamisad, mopasuxes ufleba aqvs
misTvis sarCelis aslis Cabarebidan saqmis zepiri ganxilvisaTvis winaswari momzadebis damTav-
rebamde aRZras mosarCelis mimarT Segebebuli sarCeli pirvandel sarCelTan erTad gansaxilve-
lad. amave kodeqsis 189-e muxlis me-2 nawilis Tanaxmad, mosamarTle miiRebs Segebebul sarCels,
Tu:
1.Segebebuli sarCelis moTxovna mimarTulia pirvandeli moTxovnis CasaTvlelad;
2.Segebebuli sarCelis dakmayofileba mTlianad an nawilobriv gamoricxavs pirvandeli sarCe-
lis dakmayofilebas;
3.Segebebul sarCelsa da pirvandel sarCels Soris aris urTierTkavSiri da maTi erTad gan-
xilvis Sedegad aRZruli dava ufro swrafad da sworad gadawydeba.
Tu sarCeli magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadia, xolo Segebebuli sarCeli magistrati mosamar-
Tlis kompetencias scildeba, maSin aRniSnuli sarCeli Segebebul sarCelTan erTad gansaxil-
velad raionul (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos gadaecema. mocemul SemTxvevaSi igulisxmeba, rom Segebe-
buli sarCeli saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 188-189-e muxlebs akmayofilebs.
5.6 sarCelis uzrunvelyofa
mosarCelem magistrat mosamarTles mxolod im sarCelis uzrunvelyofasTan dakavSirebiT Se-
uZlia mimarTos, romelic magistrati mosamarTlis warmoebaSia, xolo Tu sarCeli jer aRZruli
ar aris, maSin magistratma mosamarTlem sarCelis uzrunvelyofis sakiTxis ganxilvamde pirvel
rigSi unda gaarkvios, xom ar scildeba uzrunvelsayofi sasarCelo moTxovna magistrati mosa-
marTlis gansjadobis farglebs. Tu mosamarTle daadgens, rom uzrunvelsayofi moTxovna magis-
trati mosamarTlis gansjadia da moTxovnis uzrunvelyofis gancxadeba dasakmayofilebelia,
maSin magistrati mosamarTle sarCelis SetanisaTvis daniSnavs kanoniT dadgenil 10 dRian vadas,
romelic aiTvleba ganCinebis mxarisaTvis Cabarebis momentidan. Tu am vadaSi sarCelis uzrun-
velyofis Sesaxeb gancxadebis Semtani piri ar aRZravs sarCels, magistrati mosamarTle Tavisi
35
iniciativiT an mowinaaRmdege mxaris Suamdgomlobis safuZvelze gamoitans ganCinebas sarCelis
uzrunvelsayofad mis mier miRebuli RonisZiebebis gauqmebis Sesaxeb.
5.7 saqmis mTavar sxdomaze ganxilva
magistrati mosamarTlis mier saqmis momzadeba sasamarTlos mTavar sxdomaze gansaxilvelad
imave wesiT xorcieldeba, rasac samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-14 Tavi (saqmis momzadeba
mTavar sxdomaze gansaxilvelad) iTvaliswinebs. rac Seexeba saqmis mTavar sxdomaze ganxilvas,
aRniSnulTan dakavSirebiT saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsi specialur wess iTva-
liswinebs, kerZod, magistrati mosamarTleebi samoqalaqo saqmeebs ganixilaven daCqarebuli
wesiT. samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis Tanaxmad, magistrati mosamarTlis mier daCqarebuli
wesiT saqmis ganxilva ar warmoadgens maT diskreciul uflebas. kanoni imperatiulad iTxovs
magistrat mosamarTleTa gansjadi yvela saqmis daCqarebuli wesiT ganxilvas. kanonmdeblis
poziciidan gamomdinare, savaraudoa, rom aRniSnuli moTxovna magistrat mosamarTleTa gan-
sjadi samoqalaqo saqmeebis simartivem ganapiroba, razec is faqtic metyvelebs, rom kanonmde-
beli iTxovs, ara magistrati mosamarTleebis mier saqmeTa daCqarebuli wesiT ganxilvas, aramed
magistrati mosamarTleebis gansjadi saqmeebis daCqarebuli wesiT ganxilvas, rac imas niSnavs,
rom magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi saqme (saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-14
muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli saqmeebi) raionulma (saqalaqo) sasamarTlom (mosamarTlem) rom ga-
nixilos, igi mainc daCqarebuli wesiT unda iqnas ganxiluli.
Tu ra igulisxmeba daCqarebuli wesiT saqmis ganxilvaSi, aRniSnul kiTxvaze pasuxs saqarTvelos
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 217
1
-e muxlis me-2 nawili iZleva, kerZod:
1.Cveulebrivi (aradaCqarebuli) samoqalaqo saproceso wesiT saqmis ganxilvis dros saqmis
arsebiTi ganxilva iwyeba mosamarTlis mier mxareTaTvis morigebis SeTavazebiT, ris Semdegac
mosamarTle moaxsenebs sasamarTlos saqmis Sesaxeb, mokled gadmoscems sarCelsa da Sesage-
belSi miTiTebul ZiriTad garemoebebs, romlebic unda emyarebodes saqmeSi arsebul masalebs.
mosamarTlem unda Camoayalibos faqtebi, romlebic safuZvlad daedo mosarCelis moTxovnas,
faqtebi, romlebic safuZvlad daedo mopasuxis Sesagebels, faqtebi, romlebzedac mxareebi
ar davoben, da is faqtebi, romlebic sadavoa, agreTve mxareebis mier warmodgenili mtkice-
bulebebi, romlebic daerTvis saqmes. mosamarTle saqmis moxsenebis Semdeg ekiTxeba mxareebs,
xom ar surT raimes damateba an/da dazusteba. daCqarebuli wesiT saqmis ganxilvis dros ki,
mosamarTle saqmeze moxsenebisas mxolod sadavo faqtobrivi garemoebebis gadmocemiT ifar-
gleba.
2.Cveulebrivi (aradaCqarebuli) wesiT saqmis ganxilvis dros mosamarTlis mier saqmeze moxse-
nebis Semdeg mosamarTle ismens mosarCelisa da mis mxareze monawile mesame piris axsna-gan-
martebebs, xolo Semdeg sasamarTlo moismens mopasuxisa da mis mxareze monawile mesame piris
axsna-ganmartebebs. mosamarTle mxares sityvisaTvis an/da saqmis ganxilvis TiToeuli eta-
pisaTvis ganusazRvravs dros. gansakuTrebul SemTxvevaSi, saqmis sirTulidan gamomdinare,
sasamarTlo uflebamosilia, mxares ganusazRvros damatebiTi dro, romelic ar gamoiwvevs
saqmis ganxilvis gaWianurebas. daCqarebuli wesiT saqmis ganxilvis dros ki, mosamarTles,
mxareTa axsna-ganmartebis mosmenis nacvlad, saqmeze moxsenebis Semdeg ufleba aqvs mxareebs
dausvas SekiTxvebi, romlebic xels Seuwyobs saqmisaTvis mniSvnelovan faqtobriv garemoebaTa
dadgenas da am garemoebebis damadasturebeli mtkicebulebebis gamokvlevas. sasamarTlos
nebarTviT TiToeul mxares SeuZlia SekiTxva dausvas mowinaaRmdege mxares da mis warmomad-
5. samoqalaqo samarTalwarmoeba magistrati mosamarTlis gansjad saqmeebze
36
genels sadavo faqtobriv garemoebebTan dakavSirebiT. mtkicebulebaTa gamoqveyneba savalde-
bulo ar aris. saqmis ganxilva mTavrdeba paeqrobiT da replikiT.
amdenad, saqmis moxsenebis Semdeg, sasamarTlo wyvets, Tu ramdenad saWiroebs saqmisaTvis mniSvne-
lovani faqtobrivi garemoebebi dadgenas da am garemoebebis damadasturebeli mtkicebulebebi
gamokvlevas, da amis Sesabamisad svams kiTxvebsa da aZlevs mxareebs uflebas, Tavadac dausvan
erTmaneTs kiTxvebi. mtkicebulebaTa gamoqveyneba savaldebulo ar aris, rac imas niSnavs, rom
aRniSnul sakiTxsac mosamarTle Tavis Sexedulebisamebr wyvets. mxareTa paeqrobisa da replikis
etapi daCqarebuli samarTlwarmoebis drosac savaldebuloa.
mosamarTlis mier saqmis mokled moxseneba
paeqroba
mxareTa axsna-ganmarteba
replika
saqmis ganxilvis etapebi Cveulebrivi
sasamarTlo warmoebis SemTxvevaSi:
mosamarTlis mier sadavo faqtobrivi garemoebebis moxseneba
paeqroba
mosamarTle mxareebs usvams SekiTxvebs da Tavisi Sexedulebisamebr
aZlevs mxareebs uflebas Tavadac dausvan erTmaneTs kiTxvebi
replika
saqmis ganxilvis etapebi daCqarebuli
sasamarTlo warmoebis SemTxvevaSi:
magistrati mosamarTlis mier saqmis mTavar sxdomaze ganxilvasTan dakavSirebiT dazustebas
saWiroebs kidev erTi sakiTxi, kerZod, sasamarTlo sxdomis darbazSi wesrigis dacvis uzrunvel-
myofi RonisZiebebis gatarebis meqanizmebi:
37
Tu sasamarTlo sxdomaze piris qmedeba mimarTulia procesis CaSlisaken an igi gamoxatavs aSkara
an/da uxeS upativcemulobas mosamarTlis, procesis monawilis an mxaris mimarT, magistrati
mosamarTlis miTiTebiT, sasamarTlos mandaturi uzrunvelyofs piris dakavebas da dakavebis
oqmis Sedgenas, amasTanave, magistrati mosamarTle adgens mimarTvas, romelSic aRwers darRvevas
da ugzavnis im raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos Tavmjdomares, romlis SemadgenlobaSicaa es
magistrati mosamarTle. dakavebuli piri dauyovnebliv, magram araugvianes 24 saaTisa, unda
waredginos im sasamarTlos (mosamarTles), romelsac gaegzavna mimarTva da romelic ufleba-
mosilia gamoitanos gankarguleba am piris 30 dRe-Ramemde vadiT patimrobis Sesaxeb. Tu sasamar-
Tlo daadgens, rom pirs erTxel ukve Sefardebuli hqonda am nawiliT gaTvaliswinebuli patim-
roba, igi uflebamosilia gamoitanos gankarguleba am piris ara umetes 60 dRemde patimrobis
Sesaxeb. Tu dapatimrebis Sesaxeb gankarguleba gamotanil iqna procesis monawilis mimarT, sa-
samarTlo sxdoma SeiZleba gadaidos aRniSnuli vadiT. gankarguleba gamoitaneba zepiri mosmenis
safuZvelze, dakavebuli piris wardgenidan dauyovnebliv, magram araugvianes 24 saaTisa. sasa-
marTloSi wesrigis darRvevis, sasamarTlos mimarT upativcemulobis an sasamarTlos normaluri
funqcionirebisaTvis xelis SeSlis SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlos mandaturi uflebamosilia daakavos
wesrigis damrRvevi piri, ris Sesaxebac adgens dakavebis oqms. sasamarTlos mandaturi valdebu-
lia dakavebuli piri dauyovnebliv, magram araugvianes 24 saaTisa, warudginos imave sasamarTlos
Tavmjdomares (am SemTxvevaSi igulisxmeba, rom darRvevas adgili hqonda magistrat mosamarT-
lesTan), anu im raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos Tavmjdomares, romlis samoqmedo teritori-
azec magistrati mosamarTle Tavis uflebamosilebas axorcielebs. sasamarTlos Tavmjdomare
dakavebuli piris wardgenidan ara ugvianes 24 saaTisa, uflebamosilia damrRvevi piris mimarT
gamoiyenos zemoaRniSnuli uflebamosilebani. patimrobis Sesaxeb gankarguleba dauyovnebliv
Sedis ZalaSi da igi SeiZleba gaasaCivros pirma, romlis mimarTac gamoyenebul iqna patimroba,
saTanado wesiT misTvis gankargulebis aslis Cabarebidan 48 saaTis vadaSi. pirveli instanciis
sasamarTlos Tavmjdomaris gankarguleba erTjeradad saCivrdeba saapelacio sasamarTlos Tav-
mjdomaresTan. saCivari ganixileba zepiri mosmenis gareSe da misi ganxilvis vada saCivris Seta-
nidan 24 saaTs ar unda aRematebodes.
rac Seexeba gankargulebas procesis monawilis an/da sxdomaze damswris dajarimebis an/da sxdo-
mis darbazidan gaZevebis Sesaxeb, aRniSnuli gankarguleba magistrat mosamarTles gamoaqvs pi-
radad. magistrati mosamarTlis gankarguleba procesis monawilis an/da sxdomaze damswris da-
jarimebis an/da sxdomis darbazidan gaZevebis Sesaxeb ar saCivrdeba.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 26-e Tavi (dauswrebeli gadawyvetileba), 27-e Tavi (sasa-
marTlo gadawyvetileba), 28-e Tavi (sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis kanonieri Zala, gadaw-
yvetilebis dauyovnebliv aRsruleba), 29-e Tavi (saqmis warmoebis damTavreba gadawyvetile-
bis gamotanis gareSe), 30-e Tavi (saqmis warmoebis SeCereba), 31-e Tavi (sasamarTlo ganCineba),
32-e Tavi (sasamarTlo oqmi) magistrati mosamarTlis gansjad saqmeebze gamoiyeneba Cve-
ulebisamebr.
5.8 magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi saqmeebis saapelacio
da sakasacio wesiT gasaCivreba
magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi saqmeebis saapelacio wesiT gasaCivrebasTan dakavSirebiT unda
aRiniSnos, rom magistrati mosamarTlis gadawvetilebebi (ganCinebebi) saCivrdeba samoqalaqo
saproceso kodeqsis 48-e Tavis Sesabamisad, imis gaTvaliswinebiT, rom aRniSnul saqmeebze baJi
5. samoqalaqo samarTalwarmoeba magistrati mosamarTlis gansjad saqmeebze
38
naxevrdeba da nacvlad davis sagnis Rirebulebis 4%-sa, davis sagnis Rirebulebis 2% gadaixde-
vineba. igive SeiZleba iTqvas sakasacio wesiT saqmis gasaCivrebaze, gadasaxdeli baJi naxevrdeba
da nacvlad sakasacio saCivris Rirebulebis 5%-sa, 2,5% gadaixdevineba. aseve gasaTvaliswinebelia
is garemoeba, rom samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 365-e muxlis Sesabamisad, saapelacio saCivari
qonebriv-samarTlebriv davaSi dasaSvebia, Tu davis sagnis Rirebuleba 1000 lars aRemateba. es
Rirebuleba ganisazRvreba imis mixedviT, Tu gasaCivrebuli gadawyvetilebis ra zomiT Secvlaze
Seaqvs saCivari mxares. amdenad, vinaidan magistrati mosamarTleebi ixilaven qonebriv davebs,
romelTa Rirebuleba 2000 lars ar aRemateba, xolo saapelacio saCivari qonebriv davebze 1000
larze meti Rirebulebis davis sagnis arsebobis SemTxvevaSia dasaSvebi, amitom magistratma
mosamarTlem iseT saqmeze gadawyvetilebis gamotanisas, romlis davis sagnis Rirebuleba 1000
lars ar aRemateba, sarezolucio nawilSi unda miuTiTos misi saapelacio wesiT gasaCivrebis
dauSveblobis Taobaze. sainteresoa sakiTxi imis Sesaxeb, Tu rogor unda gadawydes baJis sakiTxi,
Tu magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi saqme raionulma (saqalaqo) sasamarTlom ganixila. samo-
qalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 39-e muxlis me-2 nawilis formulirebis Tanaxmad, magistrati mosa-
marTlis gansjad saqmeebze saxelmwifo baJis odenoba yvela instanciis sasamarTloSi Seadgens
am muxlis pirveli nawiliT dadgenili odenobis naxevars, amitom, Tu saqme magistrati mosa-
marTlis gansjadia, miuxedavad imisa, igi magistratma mosamarTlem ganixila Tu raionuli (sa-
qalaqo) sasamarTlos mosamarTlem, baJis odenoba yvela instanciaSi mainc naxevrdeba.
magistrati mosamarTleebis gansjadi saqmeebi sakasacio wesiT samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis
391-e muxlis Sesabamisad arsebiTad gansaxilvelad daiSveba, Tu:
1.saqme mniSvnelovania samarTlis ganviTarebisa da erTgvarovani sasamarTlo praqtikis Camo-
yalibebisaTvis;
2.saapelacio sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba gansxvavdeba am kategoriis saqmeebze saqarTvelos
uzenaesi sasamarTlos manamde arsebuli praqtikisagan;
3.saapelacio sasamarTlos mier saqme ganxilulia mniSvnelovani saproceso darRveviT, romel-
sac SeeZlo arsebiTad emoqmeda saqmis ganxilvis Sedegze;
4.gasaCivrebulia saapelacio sasamarTlos meore dauswrebeli gadawyvetileba an ganCineba da-
uswrebeli gadawyvetilebis ucvlelad datovebis Taobaze.
amdenad, Tu magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi qonebrivi dava ar akmayofilebs zemoCamoTvlil
romelime pirobas, maSin sakasacio saCivari ar daiSveba. rac Seexeba araqonebriv davebs, amgvari
kategoriis davebi magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadobas ganekuTvneba mxolod im SemTxvevaSi,
Tu isini saojaxo-samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan warmoiSva. amdenad, imisaTvis, rom saojaxo-
samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan warmoSobili araqonebrivi dava sakasacio wesiT arsebiTad gansa-
xilvelad iqnes daSvebuli, man unda daakmayofilos zemoCamoTvlil pirobaTagan erT-erTi mainc.
39
6.udavo warmoeba
6.1.zogadi wesebi udavo warmoebis Sesaxeb
udavo warmoeba aris samoqalaqo samarTalwarmoebis saxe, romlis drosac
sasamarTlo adasturebs iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtebisa da ga-
remoebebis arseboba-ararsebobas, romelzedac damokidebulia moqala-
qeTa piradi da qonebrivi uflebebis warmoSoba, Secvla an mospoba.
moqalaqeTa uflebebisa da interesebis dacvis aucilebloba warmoiSoba
ara marto im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac es uflebebi da interesebi irRveva an
sadavo xdeba sxva pirTa mier, aramed xSirad igi dakavSirebulia faqtebisa
da garemoebebis dadgenis aucileblobasTan, romlebic warmoadgenen mo-
qalaqeTa uflebebis ganxorcielebis safuZvels.
xSirad, pirs, romelsac gaaCnia garkveuli ufleba, ar SeuZlia misi ganxor-
cieleba, vinaidan faqtebi, romlebic adastureben am uflebas, ar aris naTlad
dadgenili, saWiroebs Semowmebasa da Sesabamisi mtkicebulebebiT sasamarT-
los mier dadasturebas. aqedan gamomdinare, samoqalaqo procesi Seicavs
samarTalwarmoebis iseT saxes, romelic saSualebas aZlevs dainteresebul
pirs sasamarTlo wesiT daadginos iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtebi.
udavo warmoeba gansxvavdeba sasarCelo warmoebisagan, romlis ZiriTad
safuZvels warmoadgens dava materialur-samarTlebriv uflebaze, es Zi-
riTadi gansxvaveba safuZvlad udevs mTel rig procesualur Tavisebu-
rebebs, romelic damaxasiaTebelia udavo warmoebisaTvis.
udavo warmoebis dros ar ixileba dava uflebaze, Sesabamisad sasarCelo
warmoebisagan gansxvavebiT, ar arian gansxvavebuli iuridiuli interesis
mqone modave mxareebi (mosarCele da mopasuxe) da arc mesame pirebi. udavo
warmoebis dros ar gamoiyeneba samoqalaqo saproceso samarTlis iseTi
institutebi, rogoricaa Segebebuli sarCelis Setana, sarCelis uzrun-
velyofa, ramdenime sasarCelo moTxovnis gaerTianeba da gamoyofa da
a.S. Tumca, gamonaklisis saxiT, mxolod iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone
faqtebis dadgenis Sesaxeb gancxadebis Setanisas, SesaZlebelia ganmcxa-
II nawili
udavo da gamartivebuli wesiT
saqmeTa ganxilvis specifika
40
debelma moiTxovos ramdenime iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgena erTdroulad, sa-
moqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 182-e muxlis Sesabamisad, Tu es faqtebi erTgvarovania. sxva Sem-
TxvevaSi dauSvebelia udavo warmoebis wesiT saqmeTa ganxilvis Sesaxeb gancxadebis gaerTianeba
sxva sasarCelo Tu arasasarCelo moTxovnebTan.
ganmcxadebeli udavo warmoebis dros sargeblobs mxareTaTvis samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsiT
miniWebuli yvela uflebebiT calkeuli gamonaklisebis garda. ganmcxadebeli iwyebs saqmis war-
moebas sasamarTloSi gancxadebis SetaniT, TviTon gansazRvravs moTxovnis xasiaTs, TviTonve
iRebs gadawyvetilebas gancxadebaze uaris Sesaxeb da a.S.
udavo warmoebis dros ar moqmedebs SejibrobiTobis principi, dispoziciurobis principic vlindeba
nawilobriv, vinaidan ar gamoiyeneba mxareTa morigebis, sarCelze uaris Tqmisa da mopasuxis mier
sarCelis cnobis Sesaxeb normebi.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 102-e muxlis Sesabamisad, ganmcxadebeli valdebulia warudgi-
nos sasamarTlos faqtebisa da garemoebebis damadasturebeli mtkicebulebebi.
udavo warmoeba aris calmxrivi warmoeba, romelSic ar arsebobs dava uflebaze da ar aris erTi
piris materialur-samarTlebrivi moTxovna meores mimarT. udavo warmoebas sxvagvarad arasa-
sarCelo warmoebasac uwodeben.
udavo warmoebiT ganixileba samoqalaqo saqmeebi, rodesac aucilebelia sasamarTlo wesiT iuri-
diuli faqtebisa da garemoebebis arseboba-ararsebobis dadastureba, romlebzedac damokidebu-
lia moqalaqeTa piradi an qonebrivi uflebebis warmoSoba, Secvla Tu Sewyveta. magaliTad, mo-
qalaqem SesaZloa sasamarTlos mimarTos gancxadebiT naTesauri kavSiris dadgenis Sesaxeb, romelic
aucilebelia memkvidreobis misaRebad an marCenalis sikvdilis SemTxvevaSi pensiis misaRebad.
udavo warmoebis wesiT ganixileba aseve samoqalaqo saqmeebi, rodesac aucilebelia iseTi uf-
lebebis arseboba-ararsebobis dadastureba rogoricaa magaliTad, dakargul sawarmomdgenlo
fasian qaRaldsa da saordero fasian qaRaldze uflebis aRdgena da a.S. aseT SemTxvevebSi sasa-
marTlo wyvets ara marto faqtis, aramed uflebis sakiTxsac.
udavo warmoebiT ganixileba saqmeebi, romlebzedac sasamarTlo gansazRvravs moqalaqis samarT-
lebriv statuss _ erTi mxriv moqalaqe cxaddeba qmeduunarod an SezRudul qmedunarianad,
meore mxriv ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad da gardacvlilad.
udavo warmoeba SesaZloa miCneul iqnes udavod mxolod im gagebiT, rom am dros ar arsebobs
dava uflebaze, romelic damaxasiaTebelia sasarCelo warmoebisaTvis.
udavo warmoebis dros dgindeba faqtebi da ara am faqtebis samarTlebrivi Sedegebi.
udavo warmoeba mWidrodaa dakavSirebuli samoqalaqo samarTalwarmoebis sxva saxeebTan da efuZneba
samoqalaqo saproceso samarTlis zogad principebs, romlebic gansazRvraven samoqalaqo saqmeTa
ganxilvisa da gadawyvetis wess. garda amisa, udavo warmoebis wesiT saqmis ganxilvis dros is
gadis yvela im stadias, rasac yvela samoqalaqo saqme.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 311-e muxlis Tanaxmad, udavo warmoebis wesiT saqmeebs sasamar-
Tlo ganixilavs am kodeqsiT dadgenili wesebiT, im cvlilebebisa da damatebebis gaTvaliswine-
biT, romlebic gaTvaliswinebulia XXXV-XLII TavebiT.
41
udavo warmoebis wesiT saqmeTa ganxilvaSi monawileoben ganmcxadebeli da dainteresebuli pi-
rebi. samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 311-e muxlis Tanaxmad, udavo warmoebis wesiT saqmis gan-
xilvisas sasamarTlo iwvevs am saqmis ganxilviT dainteresebul pirebs. dainteresebuli pirebi
arian procesis is monawileebi, romelTa uflebebsa da valdebulebebze SesaZloa gavlena moax-
dinos sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebam. magaliTad, dainteresebuli mxare SesaZloa iyos samoqa-
laqo aqtebis registraciis organo, notariusi da a.S, romelTac uari ganacxades calkeuli
moqmedebis ganxorcielebaze. dainteresebuli pirebis ricxvs ganekuTvnebian is pirebi, ro-
melTac SesaZloa mimarTos ganmcxadebelma sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis kanonier ZalaSi Ses-
vlis Semdeg.
dainteresebuli pirebi sasamarTlo sxdomaze SesaZloa mowveul iqnen ganmcxadeblis moTxovniT
an sasamarTlos iniciativiT. dainteresebuli pirebis mowveva sasamarTloze warmoebs ganCinebis
safuZvelze.
udavo warmoebis wesiT saqmeTa ganxilvis dros kodeqsi adgens gansjadobis gansxvavebul wesebs
(314-e, 317-e, 322-e muxlis me-3 nawili, 328-e muxlis me-2 nawili, 337-e, 349-e muxlebi).
sasamarTlo miiRebs warmoebaSi da udavo warmoebis wesiT ganixilavs gancxadebas faqtebisa da
garemoebebis dadgenis Sesaxeb, Tu aRniSnuli ar miekuTvneba uflebasTan dakavSirebul davas,
romelic sasamarTlos uwyebrivad eqvemdebareba.
Tu udavo warmoebis wesiT saqmis ganxilvisas aRiZvreba dava iseTi uflebis Sesaxeb, romelic
sasamarTlos uwyebrivad eqvemdebareba, sasamarTlo gancxadebas ganuxilvelad datovebs da da-
interesebul pirebs ganumartavs, rom maT ufleba aqvT warmoadginon sarCeli saerTo safuZvliT
(311-e muxlis me-2 nawili).
Tu udavo warmoebis wesiT saqmis ganxilvisas aRiZvris dava iseTi uflebis Sesaxeb, romelic
sasamarTlos uwyebrivad eqvemdebareba da Sesabamisad, moxdeba sarCelis aRZvra saerTo wesis
mixedviT, dainteresebuli pirebi saqmeSi Caebmebian, Sesabamisad, mopasuxeebad an mesame pirebad.
udavo warmoebis wesiT saqmis ganxilva iwyeba ara sarCelis SetaniT, romelic mimarTulia konkretuli
mopasuxis mimarT, aramed moqalaqis mier gancxadebis SetaniT, romelic Seicavs moTxovnas sasamarTlos
mimarT ama Tu im faqtebisa da garemoebebis (romlebsac iuridiuli mniSvneloba aqvT) dadasturebis
Sesaxeb.
6.2.iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgena
6. udavo warmoeba
pirTa
naTesauri
kavSiris
dadgena
piris
kmayofaze
yofnis faqtis
dadgena
dabadebis,
Svilad ayvanis,
qorwinebis,
ganqorwinebisa
da
gardacvalebis
registraciis
faqtis dadgena
uflebis
damdgeni
sabuTis
kuTvnilebis
faqtis dadgena
piris garkveul
drosa da
garkveul
viTarebaSi
gardacvalebis
faqtis dadgena
iuridiuli mniSvnelobis faqtis dadgena
memkvidreobis
miRebis faqtisa
da
memkvidreobis
gaxsnis adgilis
dadgena
42
6.2.1 pirTa naTesauri kavSiris dadgena
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `a~ qvepunqtis Tanaxmad, garkveul
SemTxvevebSi sasamarTlos mier SesaZlebelia dadgindes iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqti,
pirTa Soris naTesauri kavSiris arsebobis Sesaxeb da es moTxovna ganixileba udavo arasasarCelo
calmxrivi warmoebis wesiT.
naTesauri kavSiris dadgenis moTxovniT aRZruli gancxadebis avtori SeiZleba iyos samoqalaqo
saproceso kodeqsis 79-e muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli nebismieri subieqti, nebismieri daintere-
sebuli piri (maT Soris iuridiuli piric ki). naTesauri kavSiris dadgenis Sesaxeb sasamarTloSi
Setanili gancxadeba unda akmayofilebdes samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis im muxlebis moT-
xovnebs, romliTac gansazRvrulia sasamarTlos iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtebis dadge-
nis moTxovniT aRZruli gancxadebebis warmoebaSi miRebis ramdenime piroba. kerZod, vinaidan
sssk-is 312-e muxli amomwuravad gansazRvravs im iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtebis wres,
romelTa dadgenac gaTvaliswinebulia saproceso kodeqsiT, mniSvnelovania, rom gancxadebis
avtorma naTlad da garkveviT Camoayalibos sakuTari moTxovna pirTa Soris garkveuli saxis
naTesauri kavSiris dadgenis Sesaxeb.
amasTan, dauSvebelia im xarisxis naTesauri kavSiris dadgena, romelsac saqarTvelos kanonm-
debloba ar icnobs. Sesabamisad, yuradReba unda mieqces saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobiT gansaz-
Rvrul naTesavTa wres (magaliTisTvis ixileT samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1336-e muxliT gansazRvruli
naTesavTa wre).
gancxadebis avtorma, aseve unda warmoadginos mtkicebulebebi, romlebic adastureben ganmc-
xadeblis mier saTanado dokumentebis miRebis an aRdgenis SeuZleblobas. aq im SemTxvevasTan
gvaqvs saqme, rodesac sasamarTlos mier iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgenis garda,
ganmcxadeblis mier miznis miRweva sxva saSualebiT SeuZlebelia.
gancxadebas Tan unda daerTos saxelmwifo baJis gadaxdis damadasturebeli qviTari.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `a~ qvepunqtis Sesabamisad Camoyali-
bebuli moTxovna, mtkicebulebebi, romlebic adastureben ganmcxadeblis mier saTanado sabu-
Tebis miRebis an dakarguli sabuTebis aRdgenis SeuZleblobas, iuridiuli interesis arsebobis
dasabuTeba da saxelmwifo baJis gadaxdis damadasturebeli dokumentis warmodgena ganapiro-
beben amgvari gancxadebebis sasamarTlos mier warmoebaSi miRebis SesaZleblobas. zemoTCamoT-
vlili erT-erTi pirobis ararsebobisas sasamarTlo gamoitans ganCinebas gancxadebis xarvezi-
anobis Sesaxeb da mis avtors dauniSnavs gonivrul vadas mis Sesavsebad. xarvezis aRmofxvris
Semdeg gancxadeba sasamarTlos mier warmoebaSi miiReba. yvela sxva SemTxvevaSi, sasamarTlo
sssk-is 185-e muxlis Sesabamisad, gamoitans ganCinebas gancxadebis miRebaze uaris Tqmis Sesaxeb,
romlis gasaCivrebac SesaZlebelia zemdgom sasamarTloSi.
bunebrivia, naTesauri urTierTobebi garkveul SemTxvevebSi iuridiul Sedegebs warmoSobs,
xolo yvelaze xSirad naTesauri kavSiris dadgena ganmcxadebels sWirdeba misi, rogorc memk-
vidris, uflebebis realizaciisTvis. am kuTxiT mniSvnelovania ganimartos, rom sasamarTlo
adgens ara faqtebs zogadad, aramed iseT faqtebs, romlebsac iuridiuli mniSvneloba aqvT,
anu, romelTa dadgenis mimarTac dainteresebul pirs garkveuli interesi gaaCnia da romlebic
dakavSirebulia dainteresebuli piris piradi an qonebrivi uflebebis warmoSobasTan, Secvlas-
43
Tan an SewyvetasTan. iuridiuli interesis arseboba warmoadgens iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone
faqtebis dadgenis mizans, ris Sesaxebac miTiTebuli unda iyos sasamarTloSi Setanil gancxa-
debaSi.
pirTa Soris naTesauri kavSiri, Cveulebriv, `samoqalaqo aqtebis registraciis Sesaxeb~ saqarT-
velos kanoniT dadgenili wesiT Sesrulebuli saTanado CanaweriT dasturdeba. ase magaliTad,
mSoblisa da Svilis naTesauri kavSiri dasturdeba Svilis dabadebis mowmobaSi arsebuli mSoblis
vinaobis miTiTebiT, dasa da Zmas Soris naTesauri urTierToba ki, maTi dabadebis mowmobebiT ir-
kveva, Tu am dokumentebSi mSoblebis grafaSi aRniSnuli pirebi identuradaa miTiTebuli da a. S.
migvaCnia, rom naTesauri kavSiris dadgenis aucilebloba SeiZleba mxolod or SemTxvevaSi war-
moiSvas, erTi, rodesac garkveuli piris dabadebis saaqto CanawerSi (Sesabamisad dabadebis mow-
mobaSi) mSoblis an Svilis monacemebi (saxeli, gvari, mamis saxeli, dabadebis weli) SecdomiTaa
miTiTebuli da meore, rodesac ama Tu im mizezis gamo ar aris daculi (Semonaxuli) romelime
piris dabadebis saaqto Canaweri.
naTesauri kavSiris dadgena SesaZlebelia, rogorc uSualod gancxadebis avtorsa da mis mier
miTiTebul pirs Soris, aseve sxva, maT-Soris gardacvlil pirebs Sorisac, Tuki gancxadebis
avtoris mier am faqtis dadgenis iuridiuli interesi dasabuTebulia.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 311-e muxlis pirveli nawilis Tanaxmad, udavo warmoebis wesiT
saqmeebs sasamarTlo ganixilavs am kodeqsiT dadgenili wesebiT da udavo warmoebis mareguli-
rebeli normebis Taviseburebebis gaTvaliswinebiT. amrigad, naTesauri kavSiris dadgenis Sesaxeb
sasamarTloSi Setanili gancxadebis ganxilvisas sasamarTlo iyenebs samoqalaqo procesSi dam-
kvidrebul principebsac, rogoricaa magaliTad, dispoziciuroba da sxva, xolo Tavad gancxa-
debis ganxilva samoqalaqo procesis stadiebis dacviT mimdinareobs.
rogorc aRiniSna, udavo warmoebis wesiT saqmeTa ganxilvis saproceso Taviseburebaa urTierT-
dapirispirebuli interesebis mqone modave mxareTa ararseboba, Tumca, Tavad dasadgeni iuri-
diuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis realobis mtkicebis tvirTi gancxadebis avtors awevs. marTa-
lia, Tavad mxaris axsna-ganmarteba mtkicebulebis erT-erT saxes warmoadgens, magram udavo
warmoebis wesiT aRZruli moTxovnis ganxilvisas igi ver iqneba erTaderTi mtkicebuleba, rom-
liTac SesaZlebelia moTxovnis dakmayofileba.
zogadad, pirTa Soris naTesauri kavSiris arsebobis Sesaxeb gancxadebis ganxilvisas, sasamarTlo
uflebamosilia gamoiyenos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsiT gansazRvruli nebismieri mtkice-
buleba. aseTi SeiZleba iyos garkveul pirTa erTsa da imave misamarTze registracia, sabinao
orderSi arsebuli ojaxis wevrTa CamonaTvali, mowmeTa Cvenebebi, piradi xasiaTis werilebi,
anderZi, sadac moanderZe memkvidres naTesavad moixseniebs da sasaflaos suraTic ki, sadac
axlo naTesavebi erTad ganisveneben.
saerTod naTesauri kavSiris dadgenisas sasamarTlos mier gamosayenebeli mtkicebulebebis wris
zustad da amomwuravad gansazRvra SeuZlebelia, xolo yovel konkretul SemTxvevaSi piris
moTxovna naTesauri kavSiris dadgenis Sesaxeb, ganxilul unda iqnes gancxadebis avtoris mier
warmodgenili mtkicebulebebis sasamarTlo sxdomaze Semowmebisa da Sepirispirebis gziT.
pirTa Soris naTesauri kavSiris dadgenis Sesaxeb gancxadebis ganxilvisas aucilebelia im pirTa
maqsimalurad zusti identifikacia, romelTa Sorisac sasamarTlo daadgens romelime xarisxis
6. udavo warmoeba
44
naTesauri kavSiris arsebobas, rac gulisxmobs am pirTa saxelis, gvaris, mamis saxelis, dabadebis
da/an gardacvalebis wlebis miTiTebas, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, sasamarTlo gadawyvetileba Se-
saZloa Tavad gancxadebis avtorisTvisac usargeblo aRmoCndes.
aqve unda aRiniSnos, rom gansxvavebiT uflebis damdgeni sabuTis pirisadmi kuTvnilebis Sesaxeb
iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgenisagan, rodesac uflebis damdgeni sabuTis kuT-
vnileba unda dadgindes piris mimarT ise, rogoradac es piri aRiniSneba mis pasportSi an daba-
debis mowmobaSi, 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `a~ qvepunqti amgvar SezRudvas ar icnobs. Sesabamisad,
naTesauri kavSiris dadgena SesaZlebelia pirTa dabadebis an piradobis mowmobebis warmodgenis
gareSec, magaliTad, gardacvalebis mowmobebSi aRniSnul pirebs Sorisac, radgan gardacvalebis
mowmobaSi fiqsirdeba piris is saxeli, romelic mis pasportSi an dabadebis mowmobaSi iyo
aRniSnuli.
Tumca, unda gaviTvaliswinoT isic, rom naTesauri kavSiris dadgena mxolod imgvar dokumentebSi
aRniSnul pirebs Sorisaa SesaZlebeli, romlebSic am pirTa monacemebi miTiTebulia maTi daba-
debis, an piradobis mowmobebis, an pasportis monacemTa mixedviT, rac saqmis ganmxilvelma sa-
samarTlom unda gaiTvaliswinos.
unda aRvniSnoT, rom sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebaSi aucilebelia zustad aRiniSnos naTesaobis
ra xarisxi arsebobs im pirTa Soris, romelTa naTesauri kavSiric dadgenil iqna.
sssk-is 311-e muxlis pirveli nawilis Tanaxmad, udavo warmoebis wesiT saqmis ganxilvisas sa-
samarTlo iwvevs am saqmis ganxilviT dainteresebul pirebs, anu maT vis uflebebzec SeiZleba
aisaxos sasamarTlos mier miRebuli gadawyvetileba. yvelaze xSir SemTxvevaSi naTesauri kavSiris
dadgenisas dainteresebul pirebad moiwvevian imave rigis memkvidreebi, vinaidan iuridiuli
mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgeniT, bunebrivia, memkvidreTa ricxvi izrdeba.
dainteresebuli pirebi moiwvevian, rogorc gancxadebis avtoris, aseve sasamarTlos iniciati-
viTac, dainteresebuli pirebis arsebobis sakiTxi sasamarTlom unda gaarkvios Tavad gancxadebis
avtoris, mowmeTa gamokiTxvisa da dokumenturi mtkicebulebebis Seswavlis Sedegad.
dainteresebuli pirebi sasamarTlo sxdomaze moiwvevian sssk-is 70-78-e muxlebiT dadgenili
wesebis dacviT, amavdroulad, maT unda gadaegzavnoT warmodgenili gancxadeba da mtkicebu-
lebebi, romliTac gancxadebis avtori adasturebs sakuTar moTxovnas. yuradReba unda mieqces
im garemoebas, rom gancxadebis zepiri ganxilvisas, dainteresebuli pirebis saTanado wesiT
mowvevis SemTxvevaSi, maTi sxdomaze gamoucxadebloba ar warmoadgens gancxadebis ganxilvisa
da arsebuli mtkicebulebebis safuZvelze gadawyvetilebis miRebis damabrkolebel garemoebas.
dainteresebuli pirebis wris dadgenis da sasamarTlo sxdomaze gamocxadebis SemTxvevaSi,
sasamarTlo gamoarkvevs maT pozicias gansaxilveli sakiTxis Sesaxeb. Tu dadginda, rom daintere-
sebuli piri gancxadebis avtoris moTxovnis dakmayofilebis winaaRmdegia, sasamarTlo sssk-is
311-e muxlis me-2 nawilis Tanaxmad, warmodgenil gancxadebas datovebs ganuxilvelad da mxareebs
ganumartavs saerTo safuZvelze sarCelis aRZvris uflebas. sayuradReboa, rom sasamarTlom
gansaxilveli gancxadeba, amave muxlis gamoyenebiT, ganuxilvelad unda datovos im SemTxvevaSic,
rodesac dadgindeba gancxadebis ganxilvis SedegiT dainteresebuli pirebis arseboba da Tu
gancxadebis avtori uars ambobs, gaamJRavnos maTi adgilsamyofeli (misamarTi), raTa xeli Se-
uSalos maT sxdomaze mowvevas, xolo sasamarTlosTvis SeuZlebelia dainteresebuli piris mi-
samarTis garkveva.
45
6.2.2 uflebis damdgeni sabuTis im pirisadmi kuTvnilebis faqtis dadgena, romlis saxeli,
mamis saxeli an gvari, rac sabuTebSia aRniSnuli, ar emTxveva mis pasportSi an
dabadebis mowmobaSi aRniSnul saxels, mamis saxels an gvars.
udavo warmoebis wesiT sasamarTlo, aseve ixilavs saqmeebs uflebis damdgeni sabuTis im pirisadmi
kuTvnilebis faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb, romlis saxeli, mamis saxeli an gvari, rac sabuTebSia
aRniSnuli, ar emTxveva mis pasportSi an dabadebis mowmobaSi aRniSnul saxels, mamis saxels an
gvars (ssk-is 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `d~ qvepunqti).
aRniSnuli faqtis dadgena sasamarTlos mier, iseve rogorc udavo warmoebis wesiT dasadgeni
sxva Sesabamisi faqtebis, xorcieldeba mxolod im SemTxvevaSi, Tu sasamarTlos mier dadgenili
iqneba, rom am faqtis dadgenazea damokidebuli moqalaqeTa da organizaciaTa piradi an qonebrivi
uflebebis warmoSoba, Secvla an mospoba. amasTan, im SemTxvevaSi, Tu mxare warmoadgens mtkice-
bulebebs, romlebic daadasturebs ganmcxadeblis mier saTanado sabuTis miRebis an dakarguli
sabuTis aRdgenis SeuZleblobas (aRniSnuli sakiTxebisa da baJis sakiTxis garkveva gancxadebis
dasaSvebobis etapze ixileba).
maSasadame, konkretul SemTxvevaSi, sasamarTlom gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebis etapzeve unda
gamoarkvios ramdenad Seesabameba ganmcxadeblis moTxovna zemoaRniSnul danawess. ufro
zustad, ki: 1. aris Tu ara Sesabamisi faqtis dadgenaze damokidebuli piradi an qonebrivi ufle-
bebis warmoSoba da 2. arsebobs Tu ara mtkicebulebebi, romlebic daadasturebs ganmcxadeblis
mier saTanado sabuTis miRebis an dakarguli sabuTis aRdgenis SeuZleblobas.
ganmcxadeblis mier gancxadebaSi miTiTebuli unda iyos, ra samarTlebriv Sedegs gamoiwvevs da
konkretulad, romel pirad an qonebriv uflebebs warmoSobs misTvis Sesabamisi faqtis dadgena.
ganmcxadeblis mier, aseve warmodgenili unda iyos mtkicebulebebi, romlebic adastureben gan-
mcxadeblis mier saTanado sabuTebis miRebis an dakarguli sabuTebis aRdgenis SeuZleblobas.
mtkicebulebis erT-erT saxes warmoadgens administraciuli organos uari, Sesabamisi faqtis
dadgenasTan dakavSirebiT. am ukanasknel SemTxvevaSi, pirma Sesabamisi faqtis dadgenis moTxov-
niT unda mimarTos ara nebismier administraciul organos, aramed Sesabamis administraciul
organos. bunebrivia, ismis kiTxva, romelia es Sesabamisi organo.
Sesabamis organos miekuTvneba upirvelesad is organo, romlis mierac aris gacemuli konkre-
tuli sabuTi. swored im organom unda uzrunvelyos mis mier gacemul sabuTSi arsebuli uswo-
robis gasworeba. Tu aRniSnuli SeuZlebeli aRmoCndeba, mxolod amis Semdeg unda mimarTos
pirma sasamarTlos. sabuTis gamcemma organom unda gamoarkvios ris safuZvelze, ramdenad sru-
lad da sworad iqna gacemuli mis mier sabuTi. Tu gamoirkveva, rom sabuTis gacemis safuZveli
Seesabameba sabuTSi aRniSnul monacemebs, igi uars etyvis pirs mis mier gacemuli sabuTis Ses-
worebaze. (magaliTad, miwis nakveTis miReba-Cabarebis aqtis gacemis safuZveli gaxda sakrebu-
los Sesabamisi dadgenileba, sadac piris gvari miTiTebulia `devnozaSvili~. sajaro reestri
uars eubneba pirs uflebis ganxorcielebaze-sakuTrebis uflebis registraciaze, radgan misi
gvari piradobis mowmobis mixedviT aris `devnosaSvili). pirma upirvelesad unda mimarTos Ses-
worebis moTxovniT miReba-Cabarebis aqtis gamcem organos, romelmac unda gamoarkvios ramdenad
Seesabameba mis mier gacemuli sabuTi masSi miTiTebul safuZvels, konkretul SemTxvevaSi unda
moiZios sabuTis gacemis safuZvlad miTiTebuli dadgenileba, Tu gamoarkvevs, rom sworad aqvs
sabuTi gacemuli, uars etyvis pirs. aseT SemTxvevaSi pirma, vidre is sasamarTlos mimarTavs,
unda mimarTos Sesworebis moTxovniT ukve im organos, romlis mier miRebuli dadgenilebac
6. udavo warmoeba
46
daedo safuZvlad Sesabamis sabuTs. Tu is organoc uars etyvis, mxolod amis Semdeg unda mimar-
Tos pirma sasamarTlos. subieqti, anu vinc SeiZleba mimarTos sasamarTlos Sesabamisi faqtis
dadgenis moTxovniT, SeiZleba iyos rogorc fizikuri, ise iuridiuli piri, romelic saproceso
kanonmdeblobiT dadgenili wesiT, aRWurvilia Sesabamisi saproceso uflebaunarianobiTa da
qmedunarianobiT. Tumca, sasamarTlos mier aseve unda iyos dadgenili materialur-samarTleb-
rivad ramdenad warmoSobs Sesabamisi pirisaTvis faqtis dadgena pirad an qonebriv uflebebs.
amasTan, gasaTvaliswinebelia, rom es SeiZleba ar iyos uSualod is piri, vis mimarTac gacemulia
Sesabamisi sabuTi. SeiZleba is piri gardacvlilic ki iyos. aseT SemTxvevaSi, ra Tqma unda, sasa-
marTlosaTvis amosavalia, ramdenad warmoSobs Sesabamisi sabuTi am pirisaTvis pirad an qonebriv
ufleba-movaleobebs. magaliTad, Tu miwis nakveTis miReba-Cabarebis aqtSia Secdoma, misi Seswo-
reba SeiZleba moiTxovos piris memkvidrem, Tu Sesabamisi piri gardacvlilia.
obieqts rac Seexeba, aq sasamarTlos mier aseve ramdenime mniSvnelovani sakiTxi unda iqnes ga-
morkveuli. maT Soris mniSvnelovania, sabuTi, romlis kuTvnilebis dadgenasac iTxovs ganmcxa-
debeli, warmoadgens Tu ara uflebadamdgen sabuTs da konkretulad mas romeli piradi an qo-
nebrivi uflebebis warmoSoba ukavSirdeba. aseTi SeiZleba iyos, magaliTad, miwis nakveTis mi-
Reba-Cabarebis aqti, umaRlesi saswavleblis damTavrebis damadasturebeli diplomi, Sromis wig-
naki da a.S. es unda iqnes gadawyvetili yvela konkretul SemTxvevaSi imis gaTvaliswinebiT, ram-
denad ukavSirdeba misi kuTvnilebis dadgenas pirisaTvis samarTlebrivad mniSvnelovani piradi
an qonebrivi uflebebis warmoSoba.
mniSvnelovani danawesia, rom Sesabamisi sabuTis kuTvnilebis dadgena xdeba mxolod dabadebis
mowmobasTan an pasportTan/piradobis mowmobasTan mimarTebaSi. es ganpirobebulia imiT, rom
dabadebis mowmoba da pasporti/piradobis mowmoba warmoadgens piris pirovnebis damadastu-
rebel ZiriTad dokumentebs. swored amis gamo, yvela sxva sabuTSi miTiTebuli saxeli, gvari,
mamis saxeli unda Seesabamebodes mis dabadebis mowmobaSi an pasportSi/piradobis mowmobaSi
miTiTebul saxels, gvars, mamis saxels.
aq, aseve sayuradReboa ramdenime sakiTxi, kerZod:
1.Tu pirs ar gaaCnia arc dabadebis mowmoba da arc pasporti/piradobis mowmoba, aseT SemTxvevaSi,
ra Tqma unda, jer dadgenil unda iqnes misi dabadebis registraciis an garkveul drosa da
viTarebaSi dabadebis faqti;
2.rodesac piri gardacvlilia da warmodgenilia misi gardacvalebis mowmoba, es aris metad
konkretuli da specifikuri SemTxveva. rodesac piris gardacvalebis mowmobidan aSkaraa,
rom igi gacemulia pasportis/piradobis mowmobis safuZvelze (rogorc wesi piris gardacva-
lebis mowmobis aRebisas bardeba misi pasporti/piradobis damadasturebeli mowmoba), aseT
SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlom Sesabamisi sabuTis kuTvnileba unda daadginos gardacvalebis mow-
mobasTan mimarTebaSi.
sakmaod xSiria SemTxvevebi, rodesac dabadebis mowmobasa da piradobis mowmobaSi/pasportSi
miTiTebuli Sesabamisi monacemebi (saxeli, gvari an mamis saxeli) ar emTxveva erTmaneTs da piri
iTxovs dadgindes, rom dabadebis mowmoba ekuTvnis mas an piriqiT, rom piradobis mowmoba ekuT-
vnis mas.
aseT SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlom uari unda uTxras ganmcxadebels da ar unda daadginos Sesabamisi
faqti. gasaTvaliswinebelia, rom dabadebis mowmoba aris pirveladi dokumenti, romlis safuZ-
47
velzec gaica piradobis mowmoba. maTSi miTiTebuli monacemebi TavisTavad unda iyos urTierT-
SesabamisobaSi. Tu mainc gansxvavdeba erTmaneTisagan, sasamarTlom ki ar unda daadginos doku-
mentis kuTvnilebis faqti, aramed administraciuli warmoebis Sedegad unda dadgindes Sesabamisi
iuridiuli faqti. administraciuli organo valdebulia dabadebis mowmobis safuZvelze gasces
piradobis mowmoba, dabadebis mowmobis Sesabamisi rekvizitebiT, Tu, ra Tqma unda, dabadebis
saaqto CanawerSi aris igive rekvizitebi, rac dabadebis mowmobaSi. sxva SemTxvevaSi, misi uari
iqneba dausabuTebeli. sxva sakiTxia da calke gamosarkvevia, riT aris gamowveuli aRniSnuli
gansxvavebebi, ratom gaica pirze gansxvavebuli monacemebis mqone pasporti/piradobis mowmoba
an dabadebis mowmoba. aRniSnulis garkvevam xeli ar unda SeuSalos piris kanonieri uflebebis
realizacias. masze Sesabamisi dokumentebi unda gaices, imis mixedviT, rac aris aRniSnuli daba-
debis mowmobaSi an, Sesabamisad, dabadebis saaqto CanawerSi (Tu ver xdeba dabadebis saaqto Cana-
weris moZieba, unda dadgindes ara dokumentis kuTvnileba, aramed dabadebis registraciis faqti.
dabadebis mowmobis, piradobis mowmobis arseboba, TavisTavad adasturebs piris dabadebis regis-
tracias, rac gamoricxavs piris garkveul drosa da viTarebaSi dabadebis faqtis dadgenas). amis
Semdeg unda gairkves da sxva sakiTxia, riT aris gamowveuli gansxvaveba, Tu es aris piris brali,
mas calke wesiT unda daekisros Sesabamisi pasuxismgebloba, Tu Secdoma gamowveulia adminis-
traciuli organos braliT, mis mierve unda moxdes Secdomis gasworeba.
Sesabamisi piris mier gancxadeba sabuTis kuTvnilebis Sesaxeb iuridiuli faqtis dadgenasTan
dakavSirebiT Seitaneba sasamarTloSi ganmcxadeblis sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT.
gansjadobis sakiTxis gasarkvevad, gadamwyveti mniSvneloba ar gaaCnia im teritorias/misamarTs,
sadac Sesabamisi sabuTi gaica. ganmcxadebelma unda mimarTos sasamarTlos, misi sacxovrebeli
adgilis mixedviT. es exeba im SemTxvevasac, rodesac ganmcxadebelsa da im pirs, romelTa saxel-
zec sabuTia gacemuli, sxvadasxva misamarTebi gaaCniaT.
ssk-is 315-e muxli gansazRvravs zogad moTxovnebs, rac piris mier Sesabamisi iuridiuli faqtis
dadgenis moTxovniT sasamarTloSi wardgenil gancxadebas exeba. kerZod, masSi unda aRiniSnos,
ra mizniT sWirdeba ganmcxadebels iuridiuli mniSvnelobis faqtis dadgena. aRniSnuli auci-
lebelia, raTa gamoirkves, ukavSirdeba Tu ara Sesabamisi faqtis dadgenas piris piradi an
qonebrivi uflebebis warmoSoba, Secvla an mospoba. amasTan, warmodgenili unda iyos mtkicebu-
lebebi, romlebic adasturebs ganmcxadeblis mier saTanado sabuTebis miRebis an dakarguli
sabuTebis aRdgenis SeuZleblobas.
ssk-is 316-e muxlis Tanaxmad, sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis
dadgenis Sesaxeb, romelic registrirebul unda iqnes moqalaqeobrivi mdgomareobis registraciis
organoSi an sxva organoSi, warmoadgens safuZvels aseTi registraciisa da gaformebisaTvis,
magram ver Secvlis am organoebis mier gasacem dokumentebs. magaliTad, sasamarTlom daadgina,
rom konkretuli sabuTi, vTqvaT diplomi, romelSic miTiTebuli saxeli ar emTxveva piris pira-
dobis mowmobaSi miTiTebul saxels, ekuTvnis konkretul pirs. aseT SemTxvevaSi, aRniSnuli
gadawyvetileba, ra Tqma unda, ver Secvlis Sesabamis diploms, Tumca misi gamcemi organo val-
debulia sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebis safuZvelze gasces axali diplomi.
Tumca, es sakiTxi gansxvavebulad unda mowesrigdes, roca sabuTis gamcemi organo aRar arsebobs
da uflebamonacvlec ar hyavs. am SemTxvevaSi, Sesabamisi gadawyvetileba unda iyos is, ris safuZ-
velzec pirma unda moaxdinos Tavisi piradi an qonebrivi uflebebis realizacia.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-14 muxlis `b~ qvepunqtis Tanaxmad, am tipis davebis ganxilva
warmoadgens magistrati mosamarTlis gansjads.
6. udavo warmoeba
48
gamomdinare iqidan, rom Sesabamisi sakiTxis gadawyveta warmoadgens magistrati mosamarTlis
gansjadobas mikuTvnebul saqmes, samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 39-e muxlis me-2 nawilis Ta-
naxmad, saxelmwifo baJis dadgenili odenoba (aranakleb 50 lari, rac dadgenilia amave muxlis
pirveli nawilis `l~ qvepunqtiT) naxevrdeba da igi gansazRvruli iqneba 25 laris odenobiT.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 217
1
muxlis pirveli nawilis Tanaxmad, `magistrat mosamarTleTa
gansjadi samoqalaqo saqmeebi ganixileba daCqarebuli wesiT. daCqarebuli wesiT saqmis ganxilva
ki, rogorc es amave muxlis me-2 nawiliTaa dadgenili, gulisxmobs: `saqmis arsebiTi ganxilva
iwyeba mosamarTlis mier saqmeze moxsenebiT, rac unda Seexebodes sadavo faqtobriv garemoebebs.
saqmis moxsenebis Semdeg mosamarTles ufleba aqvs mxareebs dausvas SekiTxvebi, romlebic xels
Seuwyoben saqmisaTvis mniSvnelovan faqtobriv garemoebaTa dadgenas da am garemoebebis dama-
dasturebeli mtkicebulebebis gamokvlevas. sasamarTlos nebarTviT TiToeul mxares SeuZlia
SekiTxva dausvas mowinaaRmdege mxares da mis warmomadgenels sadavo faqtobriv garemoebebTan
dakavSirebiT. mtkicebulebaTa gamokvleva ar aris savaldebulo. saqmis ganxilva mTavrdeba
mxareTa paeqrobiT da replikiT~.
6.2.3 piris kmayofaze yofnis faqtis dadgena
kmayofaze yofnis faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb gancxadebebi sakmaod iSviaTad gvxdeba sasamarTlo
praqtikaSi. es garemoeba imiT SeiZleba aixsnas, rom materialuri samarTali metad SezRudul
SemTxvevebSi ukavSirebs kmayofaze yofnis faqtebs garkveul iuridiul Sedegs. Tavad kmayofaze
yofnis faqtis, rogorc iuridiulad mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis, dadgenis aucilebloba ganpi-
robebuli iyo jer kidev sabWouri samoqalaqo samarTlis kodeqsis 547-e muxliT, romliTac
mamkvidreblis rCenaze myofi piri anderZismieri memkvidreebis SemTxvevaSi savaldebulo wilze
acxadebda pretenzias.
dRevandel dRes, imis gamo, rom aRniSnuli norma moqmed samoqalaqo kodeqsSi aRar aris, Semcir-
da im SemTxvevebis odenoba, rodesac SesaZloa, rom kmayofaze yofnis faqts raime iuridiuli
mniSvneloba hqondes. aseT SemTxvevebs SeiZleba mivakuTvnoT samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1006-e muxli,
romliTac dazaralebulis gardacvalebis SemTxvevaSi zianis mimyenebelma sarCos dawesebiT unda
aunazRauros ziani im pirebs, romelTa rCena dazaralebuls evaleboda, agreTve, `samxedro val-
debulebisa da samxedro samsaxuris Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis 30-e muxlis pirveli punqtis
`v~ qvepunqti, romliTac `wvevamdels gawveva gadauvaddeba, Tu igi patronobs Sromisuunaro,
mis kmayofaze myof bebias an papas, Tu mas ara hyavs sxva kanonismieri momvleli, romelsac misi
movla-patronoba SeuZlia~.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `b~ qvepunqtis subieqti SeiZleba iyos
mxolod fizikuri piri, vinaidan warmoudgenelia iuridiul piri vinmes kmayofaze imyofebodes.
amasTan, gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebis etapzeve mosamarTlem unda Seamowmos, Tu ramdenad SesaZ-
lebelia am faqtis dadgeniT ganmcxadeblis mier dasaxelebuli miznis miRweva, magaliTad, sarCos
miReba an gawvevis gadavadeba.
rac Seexeba mtkicebulebebs, romlebic adasturebs ganmcxadeblis mier saTanado sabuTebis miRe-
bis an dakarguli sabuTebis aRdgenis SeuZleblobas, yovel konkretul SemTxvevaSi im organos
uari unda iqnes warmodgenili, romlis kompetenciaSic Sedis am sakiTxis gadawyveta. magaliTad,
Tu pirs am faqtis dadgena samxedro samsaxuris gadavadebisTvis esaWiroeba da Tu igi jer araa
gawveuli samxedro samsaxurSi, man unda warmoadginos gawvevaze pasuxismgebeli adgilobrivi TviT-
49
mmarTvelobis organos pasuxi, xolo Tu igi ukve gawveulia, maSin _ Tavdacvis saministros weri-
lobiTi pasuxi.
kmayofaze yofnis faqtis dadastureba SesaZlebelia sxvadasxva mtkicebulebiT, magaliTad, mow-
meTa CvenebiT, adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis organos mier gacemuli cnobebiT, sxva werilobiTi
mtkicebulebebiT, ganmcxadeblisa da dainteresebuli pirebis Tanmxvedri axsna-ganmartebebiT
da a.S.
rac Seexeba dainteresebul pirebs, unda aRiniSnos, rom dainteresebul pirad Cabmuli unda iqnes
yvela is piri, romlis uflebebsa da valdebulebebzec SeiZleba gavlena iqonios moTxovnili
faqtis dadgenam. magaliTad, Tu pirs kmayofaze yofnis faqtis dadgena esaWiroeba gawvevis gadava-
debisTvis, maSin dainteresebul pirad mowveul unda iqnes Tavdacvis saministro, Tu piri ukve
gawveulia, xolo Tu jer araa gawveuli _ maSin Sesabamisi adgilobrivi TviTmmarTvelobis organo.
sasamarTlom mtkicebulebaTa gamokvlevisas unda Seamowmos namdvilad imyofeboda Tu ara piri
kmayofaze, hyavs Tu ara ganmcxadebels sxva pirebi, romlebic mas gancxadebis Semotanis momentSi
arCenen, arian Tu ara pirebi, romlebsac SesaZloa sasarCelo wesiT moeTxovoT ganmcxadeblis
rCena alimentis gadaxdiT da a.S.
6.2.4 piris garkveul drosa da garkveul viTarebaSi dabadebis an gardacvalebis faqtis
dadgena, Tu saqarTvelos iusticiis saministros mmarTvelobis sferoSi Semaval
sajaro samarTlis iuridiulma pirma _ samoqalaqo reestris saagentom uari ganacxada
dabadebis an gardacvalebis faqtis registraciaze
moqalaqeebma _ dainteresebulma pirebma, sasamarTlos SeiZleba mimarTon gancxadebiT piris gar-
kveul drosa da garkveul viTarebaSi dabadebis an gardacvalebis faqtis dadgenis Taobaze. amas-
Tan, saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `z~ qvepunqtis Sesa-
bamisad, sasamarTlo mxolod im SemTxvevaSia uflebamosili ganixilos gancxadeba, Tu ganmcxade-
beli warmoadgens saqarTvelos iusticiis saministros mmarTvelobis sferoSi Semaval sajaro
samarTlis iuridiuli piris _ samoqalaqo reestris saagentos uars dabadebis an gardacvalebis
faqtis registraciis Taobaze, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, sasamarTlo valdebulia gamoitanos xar-
vezis Sesaxeb ganCineba da ganmcxadebels ganusazRvros vada mis Sesavsebad.
administraciul organos uars dabadebis faqtis registraciis Taobaze, SeiZleba safuZvlad edos
sxvadasxva garemoebebi. xSiria SemTxvevebi, roca bavSvi ibadeba saxlSi ise, rom dabadebis faqti
Sesabamisi samedicino dawesebulebebisaTvis ucnobia. mSoblebi, moqmedi kanonmdeblobis uco-
dinrobis gamo, yuradRebas ar aqceven im garemoebas, rom bavSvis dabadeba saTanado wesiT regis-
trirebuli ar aris. ramdenadac bavSvis skolaSi miRebisas saWiroa dabadebis mowmobis wardgena,
isini mxolod mocemuli problemis wamoWris Semdeg mimarTaven administraciul organoebs da-
badebis mowmobis misaRebad. aRniSnul SemTxvevaSi bavSvis dabadebis dRidan gasulia garkveuli
vada da ramdenadac dabadebis faqti iyo saxlSi, ar arsebobs Sesabamisi samedicino dawesebulebis
cnoba. xolo `samoqalaqo aqtebis registraciis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis 22-e muxlis Sesa-
bamisad, dabadebis registraciis safuZvels warmoadgens janmrTelobis dacvis dawesebulebis
mier gacemuli sabuTi bavSvis dabadebis Taobaze da Sesabamisi werilobiTi gancxadeba. aRniSnuli
normidan gamomdinare, ramdenadac mSoblebs ar gaaCniaT janmrTelobis dacvis dawesebulebis
mier gacemuli sabuTi bavSvis dabadebis Taobaze administraciuli organoebi uars eubnebian maT
dabadebis faqtis registraciis Taobaze.
6. udavo warmoeba
50
mocemuli saxis saqmis ganxilvisas, im garemoebebis gaTvaliswinebiT, rom mxareebs ar gaaCniaT
werilobiTi mtkicebulebebi, sasamarTlo ZiriTadad unda daeyrdnos ganmcxadebelTa da mowmeTa
Cvenebebs. mowmeebad SeiZleba dakiTxul iqnen, rogorc mezoblebi, ise ojaxis wevrebi, magaliTad
ganmcxadeblebis mSoblebi, debi an Zmebi. Tumca, saqmisaTvis mniSvnelovani axsna-ganmartebebi
SeiZleba miRebul iqnes Tavad ganmcxadeblebis da im pirebis mier, romlebic uSualod eswrebodnen
dabadebis faqts.
sasamarTlom Tavis mxriv unda daadginos sad, rodis da ra viTarebaSi moxda bavSvis dabadeba,
daibada Tu ara bavSvi cocxlad, ra mizeziT ar iyo mopovebuli janmrTelobis dacvis dawesebu-
lebis Sesabamisi sabuTi.
amasTan, marTalia, 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `z~ qvepunqtis Sesabamisad, sasamarTlo ganixilavs
saqmeebs garkveul drosa da garkveul viTarebaSi dabadebis faqtis dadgenis Taobaze, magram ramdenadac
sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebis safuZvelze administraciul organoebs warmoeSobaT valdebuleba
ganaxorcielon dabadebis registracia, ganmcxadeblebma gancxadebiT SeiZleba moiTxovon gadawyve-
tilebaSi mSoblebis asaxvac e.i sasamarTlos SeiZleba mouwios mSoblebis vinaobis dadgenac. mocemul
SemTxvevaSi, sasamarTlos winaSe SeiZleba warmoiSvas kidev erTi mniSvnelovani sakiTxi, kerZod,
bavSvis mSoblebi SeiZleba ar iyvnen registrirebul qorwinebaSi. aRniSnuli garemoebis gadawyveta
mniSvnelovania aseve im kuTxiTac, rom sasamarTlos mier miRebul gadawyvetilebaSi unda aisaxos
aramxolod dabadebis dro da adgili, aramed bavSvis samoqalaqo saxelic, Sesabamisad, sasamarTlom
unda gansazRvros, bavSvs miekuTvnos mamis Tu dedis gvari. `samoqalaqo aqtebis registraciis
Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis 27-e muxlis me-4 punqtis Sesabamisad, bavSvis warmoSoba dauqorwinebeli
mSoblebisagan dgindeba samoqalaqo aqtebis registraciis organoSi mSoblebis mier erToblivi
gancxadebis SetaniT. amdenad, Tu sasamarTlos momarTes pirebma, romlebic ar imyofebian qorwinebaSi
da moiTxoves bavSvis dabadebis faqtis dadgena, Tu sasamarTlo procesze pirma aRiara mamoba da
moiTxova sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebaSi bavSvis gvarad misi gvaris miTiTeba, xolo mamis grafa-
Si misi miTiTeba da deda daeTanxma aRniSnul gancxadebas, mocemul SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlo ufleba-
mosili xdeba gadawyvetilebaSi bavSvis gvarad miuTiTos am piris gvari da igi asaxos, rogorc
bavSvis mama.
im SemTxvevaSi, Tu gancxadeba Semotanilia mxolod dedis mier da gancxadebaSi igi moiTxovs bavSvis
dabadebis mowmobaSi mamis grafaSi gardacvlili piris miTiTebas, aseve bavSvze am piris gvaris
mikuTvnebas, aRniSnul SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlo valdebulia, daadginos iyvnen Tu ara ganmcxadebeli
da gardacvlili piri qorwinebaSi, rodis gardaicvala piri da xom ar arsebobs dava mamobis dadgenasTan
dakavSirebiT. aRniSnuli saxis gancxadebis ganxilvisas, mizanSewonilia mowmeebis saxiT dakiTxul
iqnen gardacvlilis axloblebi da dainteresebuli pirebis saxiT saqmeSi Cabmul iqnen gardacvlili
piris mSoblebi, debi da Zmebi, aseve sxva Svilebic (maTi arsebobis SemTxvevaSi). `samoqalaqo aqtebis
registraciis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis 27-e muxlis me-3 punqtis Sesabamisad, mamis gardacvalebis
SemTxvevaSi bavSvi daqorwinebuli mSoblebisagan warmoSobilad CaiTvleba, Tu igi daibada mamis
gardacvalebidan araugvianes 10 Tvisa. Tu saqmeSi Cabmuli dainteresebuli pirebi da mowmeebi
sadavod ar gaxdian piris mamobis sakiTxs da saqmis masalebidan gamomdinareobs, rom mSoblebi
iyvnen qorwinebaSi da bavSvi daibada mamis gardacvalebidan araugvianes 10 TveSi, mocemul SemTxvevaSi
sasamarTlo uflebamosilia daakmayofilos gancxadeba.
im SemTxvevaSi, roca mamobis dadgena da gvaris mikuTvneba dainteresebulma pirma an savaraudo
mamam sadavod gaxada, 311-e muxlis meore nawilis Sesabamisad, sasamarTlo valdebulia Tavisi
ganCinebiT gancxadeba ganuxilvelad datovos.
51
sasamarTlos gancxadebiT SeiZleba mimarTon srulwlovanma pirebma, maTi garkveul drosa da garkveul
viTarebaSi dabadebis faqtis dadgenis Taobaze. aRniSnulis mizezi SeiZleba gaxdes is garemoeba,
rom maT dabadebis mowmobaSi dabadebis TariRi SecdomiTaa miTiTebuli, xolo administraciuli
organo uars eubneba dabadebis mowmobaSi cvlilebis Setanaze. magaliTad, Tbilisis saqalaqo sa-
samarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegias gancxadebiT mimarTa `a~-m, man ganacxada, rom misi da-
badebis weli da Tve dabadebis mowmobaSi sworadaa miTiTebuli, xolo ricxvi ki, SecdomiT. ufro
metic, Tve, romelic miTiTebulia dabadebis mowmobaSi, aRniSnuli ricxviT ar mTavrdeba. moce-
mul SemTxvevaSi, sasamarTlo SeiZleba daeyrdnos mxolod mowmeTa Cvenebebs, ramdenadac, rogorc
wesi, rig sabuTebSi an araswori dabadebis TariRia miTiTebuli, an is TariRi, romelic ganmcxa-
debels Tavad surda, rom yofiliyo miTiTebuli dabadebis mowmobaSi. mowmeebad SeiZleba da-
kiTxul iqnen mSoblebi, debi, Zmebi an sxva is pirebi, romlebic axlo naTesaur urTierTobaSi
imyofebian ganmcxadebelTan, aseve is pirebic, vinc dabadebis faqts moeswrnen.
piris garkveul drosa da garkveul viTarebaSi dabadebis faqtis dadgenis Taobaze gancxadebis
ganxilvisas sasamarTlom samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 315-e muxlis Sesabamisad unda daadginos,
Tu risTvis sWirdeba ganmcxadebels iuridiuli mniSvnelobis faqtis dadgena.
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `z~ qvepunqtis Sesaba-
misad, sasamarTloSi SeiZleba Setanil iqnes gancxadeba aramxolod dabadebis, aramed gardac-
valebis faqtis dadgenis Taobaze. rogorc piris garkveul drosa da garkveul viTarebaSi da-
badebis faqtis ganxilvisas, aseve gardacvalebis faqtis dadgenisas, ganmcxadebelma unda warmo-
adginos saqarTvelos iusticiis saministros mmarTvelobis sferoSi Semaval sajaro samarTlis
iuridiuli piris _ samoqalaqo reestris saagentos uari gardacvalebis faqtis registraciis
Taobaze.
piris garkveul drosa da garkveul viTarebaSi gardacvalebis faqtis dadgenisas mniSvnelovania
im garemoebis dadgena, Tu ra mizniT sWirdeba ganmcxadebels iuridiuli mniSvnelobis faqtis
dadgena.
`a~-m gancxadebiT mimarTa sasamarTlos da moiTxova mamamTilis garkveul drosa da viTarebaSi
gardacvalebis faqtis dadgena. gancxadebaSi man aRniSna, rom aRniSnuli faqtis dadgena sWirdeba
mamamTilis samkvidro qonebis misaRebad, amasTan, gancxadebidan gamomdinareobda, rom misi
meuRle, e.i mamkvidreblis Svili, gardacvlili ar aris. saqarTvelos samoqalaqo kodeqsis
1336-e muxlis Sesabamisad, kanoniT memkvidreobis dros Tanaswori wilis uflebiT memkvidreebad
iTvlebian pirvel rigSi _ gardacvlilis Svilebi, gardacvlilis Svili, romelic misi sikvdilis
Semdeg daibada, meuRle, mSoblebi, (mSvileblebi). amdenad, `a~ misi mamamTilis garkveul drosa
da garkveul viTarebaSi gardacvalebis faqtis dadgenis SemTxvevaSi dasaxul mizans ver miaRwevda,
ramdenadac memkvidres warmoadgenda ara Tavad igi, aramed misi meuRle. mocemul SemTxvevaSi
sasamarTlom gamoitana xarvezis Sesaxeb ganCineba da mxolod imis Semdgom, rac `a~-m warmoadgina
Sesabamisi wesiT misi meuRlis mier gacemuli rwmunebuleba, gancxadeba miRebul iqna warmoebaSi.
ganmcxadeblis mizans SeiZleba warmoadgendes samkvidros miReba, uZravi qonebis privatizeba,
qorwineba da a.S. mniSvnelovania is garemoeba, rom iuridiuli mniSvnelobis faqtis dadgeniT
miRwevadi unda iyos mxaris mier gancxadebaSi miTiTebuli mizani.
piris gardacvalebisas ojaxis wevrebma, rogorc wesi, an moqmedi kanonmdebloba ar ician, an gar-
dacvalebis gamo emociurad imdenad daTrgunulni arian, rom moqmedi samarTlis normebs yurad-
Rebas ar aqceven. amasTan, saqmeSi SeiZleba warmodgenili iyos saswrafo daxmarebis cnoba maszed,
rom binaSi gamocxadebisas daxvdaT gvami. mxareebi, rogorc wesi, aseT cnobebs sakmaris sabuTad
6. udavo warmoeba
52
miiCneven imisaTvis, rom SemdgomSi miiRon gardacvalebis mowmoba. amasTan, maTTvis ucnobia is
garemoeba, rom administraciuli organo mxolod im SemTxvevaSia uflebamosili moaxdinos gar-
dacvalebis registracia, Tu warmodgenilia samedicino dawesebulebis mier Sesabamisi formiT
(forma 106) gacemuli cnoba.
xSir SemTxvevebSi gardacvalebis Semdgom, piris gadasveneba da dakrZalva xorcieldeba mis mSob-
liur kuTxeSi da dainteresebuli pirebis samedicino dawesebulebebs mimarTaven mxolod imis
Semdgom, roca gardacvlili ukve dakrZalulia.
piris garkveul drosa da garkveul viTarebaSi gardacvalebis faqtis dadgenisas sasamarTlom
unda SesTavazos mxareebs Sesabamisi organos mier gacemuli cnobis warmodgena, romliTac dadas-
turdeba garkveul dros piris gardacvalebisa da misi garkveul adgilas dakrZalvis faqti. amas-
Tan, mtkicebulebis saxiT sasamarTlom SeiZleba SesTavazos ganmcxadeblebs fotosuraTebis
warmodgena, sadac dafiqsirebuli iqneba gardacvalebis TariRi.
mowmeebad SeiZleba dakiTxul iqnen rogorc mezoblebi, ise ojaxis wevrebi, magaliTad, ganmcxadeb-
lebis debi an Zmebi, biZaSvilebi, aseve ojaxis axloblebi. Tumca saqmisaTvis mniSvnelovani axsna-
ganmartebebi SeiZleba miRebul iqnes mxolod im pirebis mier, romlebic uSualod eswrebodnen
gardacvalebis faqts an gardacvlili piris dakrZalvas.
sasamarTlom Tavis mxriv unda daadginos sad, rodis da ra viTarebaSi moxda piris gardacvaleba.
6.2.5 memkvidreobis miRebis faqtisa da memkvidreobis gaxsnis adgilis dadgena
6.2.5.1 memk v
idreobis miRebis faqtis dadgena
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `T~ qvepunqti uSvebs sasamarTloebis
mier a) memkvidreobis miRebis faqtisa da b) memkvidreobis gaxsnis adgilis dadgenis SesaZleb-
lobas.
aRniSnuli faqtebis sasamarTlos mier dadgenis aucilebloba gamowveulia im garemoebiT, rom
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1421-e muxlis me-2 nawili samkvidros miRebis erT-erT saSualebad memkvid-
ris mier samkvidros faqtobrivad dauflebas iTvaliswinebs. samwuxarod, amgvari moqmedebis
(anu samkvidros dauflebis) dadgenas sanotaro organo mxolod maSin axdens, roca mamkvidreblis
mier datovebuli uZravi qonebis misamarTi emTxveva memkvidris sacxovrebeli registraciis
adgils. sxva SemTxvevaSi an Tu samkvidroSi moZravi nivTebi (an uflebebi) Sedis, memkvidre iZu-
lebuli xdeba sasamarTlos mimarTos, vinaidan sanotaro organos usafuZvlo uaris gasaCivreba
damatebiT drosTanaa dakavSirebuli.
am muxlis moqmedebis subieqti SeiZleba iyos yvela is piri, romelic aris memkvidre, maT Soris
iuridiuli piric, Tumca praqtikaSi iseTi SemTxveva, rom iuridiul pirs sasamarTlosTvis sam-
kvidros faqtobrivi flobiT miRebis faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb miemarTos, jer ar yofila. amdenad,
gadamwyvetia is, rom piri memkvidre iyos, sxva SemTxvevaSi igi am muxlis moqmedebis subieqti ver
iqneba. Sesabamisad, sasamarTlom es garemoeba warmoebaSi miRebis etapzeve unda gadaamowmos, vi-
naidan Tu piri memkvidre araa, maSin mas, bunebrivia, am faqtis dasadgenad arc 315-e muxliT gan-
sazRvruli iuridiuli mniSvenlobis mqone mizani eqneba. amdenad, aSkaraa rom ganmcxadeblis mizans
53
SeiZleba mxolod samkvidros miReba warmoadgendes (Tumca es mizani ganmcxadebelma SeiZleba
sxvadasxva sityvieri gamoxatulebiT warmoaCinos, magaliTad ganmartos, rom mas esaWiroeba
samkvidro mowmobis aReba, notariusTan sabuTebis Segroveba da a.S.). Tu mizanze cxadad araa mi-
TiTebuli, ganmcxadebels miecema vada xarvezis Sesavsebad. gancxadeba warmoebaSi miiReba mxolod
aRniSnuli xarvezis Sevsebis Semdeg.
vinaidan arcerTi sxva administraciuli organo ar aris aRWurvili uflebamosilebiT, imsjelos
samkvidro mowmobis gacemaze, ganmcxadebelma unda warmoadginos Sesabamisi notariusis uari,
romliTac SesaZloa gairkves, rom notariusma: a) Seamowma misi qmedunarianoba; b) Seamowma, rom
es piri marTlac memkvidrea; g) daadgina, rom yvela garemoeba xels uwyobs pirs, mieRo samkvidro,
garda imisa, rom gaSvebuli aqvs samkvidros miRebis vada. amdenad, sanotaro organos uariT
gansaxilveli sakiTxis irgvliv SeiZleba garkveuli informacia iqnes mopovebuli. amdenad, aseTi
uari dasadgen sakiTxze garkveul mtkicebulebas warmoadgens.
mtkicebulebebTan dakavSirebiT unda aRiniSnos, rom ZiriTad mtkicebulebebs am SemTxvevaSi
warmoadgenen mowmeTa Cvenebebi, im martivi mizezis gamo, rom Zalzed rTulia raime saxis weri-
lobiTi mtkicebulebis Sedgena samkvidros faqtobriv flobasTan dakavSirebiT. amasTan, umjo-
besia, Tu mowmed gamova ganmcxadeblis mezobeli, romelic uSualod, yoveldRiurad akvirde-
boda ganmcxadeblis mier samkvidros miRebas da ara misi megobari an naTesavi.
gansakuTrebiT yuradReba unda mieqces samkvidros miRebis eqvsTviani vadis dacvas. amasTan, es
vada saerToa rogorc sabWouri samoqalaqo samarTlis kodeqsSi, ise dRes moqmedi kodeqsSi.
amdenad, Tu mamkvidrebeli gardaicvala 1995 wlis 18 Tebervals sasamarTlom unda gamoarkvios
misi memkvidreebi faqtobrivad daeuflnen Tu ara samkvidros 1995 wlis 18 Tebervlidan 1995
wlis 18 agvistomde. Tu mowmem uCvena, rom memkvidrem faqtobrivi floba daiwyo mxolod 1995
wlis 19 agvistos, es imas niSnavs, rom mas eqvsi Tvis ganmavlobaSi samkvidro ar miuRia.
samkvidros daufleba sxavadsxva gziT SeiZleba ganxorcieldes. yvelaze gavrcelebul SemTxvevas
warmoadgens, imave uZrav qonebaSi cxovreba, sadac mamkvidrebeli cxovrobda. Tumca SesaZlebelia
aseve gairkves, rom memkvidrem pirveli eqvsi Tvis ganmalobaSi binaSi remonti Caatara, garkveuli
gaumjobesebebi ganaxorciela, bina gaaqirava, binidan mamkvidreblis moZravi nivTebi (magaliTad,
aveji an antikvariati da sxva) gaitana. es sakiTxebi yovel konkretul SemTxvevaSi saqmis
Taviseburebidan gamomdinare unda Sefasdes.
rac Seexeba werilobiT mtkicebulebebs, ZiriTadad mxareebi warmoadgenen komunaluri momsa-
xurebis gadasaxadebis (eleqtroenergiis, wylis, gazis da a.S.) gadaxdis qviTrebs. am qviTrebs
erTi specifika gaaCnia _ rogorc wesi, maTSi gadamxdelad kvlav mamkvidrebeli fiqsirdeba.
amdenad, Znelia gairkves, Tu realurad vin gadaixada es Tanxebi, Sesabamisad, am saxis mtkicebu-
lebebi mxolod irib mtkicebulebebad Tu gamodgeba.
metad mniSvnelovania, rom sasamarTlom am sakiTxiT dainteresebuli sxva pirebi moiZios da
isini saqmeSi dainteresebul pirebad Caabas. dainteresebuli pirebi SeiZleba iyvnen sxva mem-
kvidreebi. xSir SemTxvevebSi, Tavad ganmcxadeblebi miuTiTeben am pirebis vinaobas, magram arcTu
ise iSviaTia SemTxvevebi, roca arakeTilsindisieri ganmcxadeblebi malaven sxva memkvidreebis
arsebobis faqts. am SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlom sxvagvarad unda moaxerxos memkvidreTa arseboba-
ararsebobis gamorkveva. kerZod, yvelaze gavrcelebuli meTodia aseTi informaciis dasakiTxi
mowmeebisagan an/da dainteresebuli pirebisagan gageba. magaliTad, Tu mamkvidrebeli aris gan-
6. udavo warmoeba
54
mcxadeblis mSobeli, maSin yovel mowmes unda daesvas kiTxva: a) hyavT Tu ara ganmcxadebelebs
Zmebi an debi? b) Tu romelime maTgani mamkvidreblis gardacvalebamde gardaicvala, maSin darCaT
Tu ara maT TavianTi sakuTari memkvidreebi? g) xom ar yofila mamkvidrebeli sxva qorwinebaSi
da xom ar hyavda aseTi qorwinebidan kidev sxva Svilebi? d) xom ar hyolia mamkvidrebels vinme
naSvilebi da a.S. praqtikaSi metad xSirad yofila SemTxvevebi, roca aseT kiTxvebze miRebuli
pasuxebiT gamovlenilan dainteresebuli pirebi. magaliTad, erT-erT saqmeze mowmis dakiTxvis
Sedegad gairkva, rom mamkvidrebel xandazmul qals aSS-Si hyavda Svili, maSin roca mamkvidreblis
meore Svili gancxadebaSi amtkicebda, TiTqos igi erTaderTi memkvidre iyo. erT-erT sxva saqmeze
ki gairkva, rom mamkvidrebeli qalbatoni sxva qorwinebaSi imyofeboda, saidanac sxva Svili hyavda
SeZenili.
dainteresebuli piris gamovlenas is mniSvneloba aqvs, rom man SeiZleba sadavo gaxados gancxade-
baSi moyvanili faqti da amdenad, sakiTxi unda gadawydes ara udavo, aramed sasarCelo wesiT.
Sesabamisad, gamoiyeneba samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 311-e muxlis me-2 nawili.
praqtikuli TvalsazrisiT Zalzed sainteresoa samkvidro masaSi Semavali uflebebis miRebis
sakiTxebis gadawyvetis mowesrigeba. magaliTad, mamkvidrebeli qalbatoni 1995 wels gardaicvala
da darCa uZravi qoneba, sacxovrebeli bina, romelic mis saxelze binis orderiT iricxeboda.
amasTan, am periodSi (anu 1992-1995 wlebSi) binis orderis mflobelebi aRWurvilni iyvnen uf-
lebiT, moexdinaT binebis privatizacia. amdenad, gardacvlil qalbatons, faqtobrivad, sam-
kvidro masaSi privatizaciis ufleba darCa. bunebrivia, samkvidro qoneba 1328-e muxliT moicavs
rogorc aqtivebs, ise pasivebs. amdenad, ganmcxadebeli (mamkvidreblis Svili) dainteresebuli
iyo samkvidros faqtobivi flobis faqtis dadasturebiT. aseT SemTxvevebSi, samkvidro masaSi
Semavali sxva raime materialuri qonebis (nivTis, Tundac moZravis) flobis faqti unda dadas-
turdes imave gziT, rogorc sxva SemTxvevebSi.
saintereso sakiTxi warmoiSveba praqtikaSi im SemTxvevebSi, roca samkvidro uZravi qoneba mam-
kvidreblis saxelze aRricxulia ara sajaro reestrSi, aramed mis Seqmnamde arsebul teqbiuroSi.
aseT SemTxvevaSi, samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1514-e muxlis safuZvelze unda CaiTvalos, rom qoneba
mamkvidreblis sakuTrebaSia da Sesabamisad Sedis samkvidro masaSi.
6.2.5.2 samkvidros gaxsnis adgilis dadgena
samkvidros gaxsnis adgils SeiZleba garkveuli iuridiuli mniSvneloba gaaCndes, vinaidan sam-
kvidro mowmobis gacema sanotaro organos mier am adgilis mixedviT xdeba, Tumca samkvidros
gaxsnis adgilis dadgenis Sesaxeb gancxadebebi metad iSviaTia sasamarTlos praqtikaSi. es
garemoeba SeiZleba imiT aixsnas, rom samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1324-e muxliT, samkvidros gaxsnis
adgilad iTvleba mamkvidreblis sacxovrebeli adgili, xolo Tu igi cnobili ar aris _ sam-
kvidros adgilsamyofeli. aqedan gamomdinare samoqalaqo kodeqis me-20 muxlis pirveli nawilis
safuZvelze, mamkvidreblis registraciis adgili (anu misamarTi, romelic mis piradobis mow-
mobaSia aRniSnuli) iTvleba misi samkvidros gaxsnis adgilad, xolo Tu es misamarTi cnobili
araa (rac praqtikaSi TiTqmis ar gvxvdeba), maSin samkvidros adgilsamyofeli. magaliTad, Tu
samkvidro Sedgeba uZravi qonebisagan (miwis nakveTisagan) da es qoneba baTumSi mdebareobs da
mamkvidreblis sacxovrebeli adgili ucnobia, maSin samkvidros gaxsnis adgili iqneba baTumi,
Tundac mamkvidreblis gardacvalebis adgili sxva qalaqi iyos.
am tipis gancxadebis ganxilvisas ganmcxadebelma aucileblad unda aRniSnos, Tu ra konkretuli,
iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone miznis misaRwevad esaWiroeba mas am faqtis dadgena. gancxadebis
55
6. udavo warmoeba
warmoebaSi miRebis etapze sasamarTlom unda Seamowmos, am faqtis dadgeniT marTlac miaRwevs
Tu ara ganmcxadebeli misTvis sasurvel, iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone mizans.
rac Seexeba mtkicebulebebs, samkvidros gaxsnis adgili SeiZleba dadgindes mamkvidreblis
piradobis mowmobis aslidan, sadac aRniSnuli iqneba misi misamarTi. Tu mowmoba ukve Cabarebulia
samoqalaqo reestris saagentoSi gardacvalebis mowmobis aRebis mizniT, maSin SeiZleba warmod-
gnil iqnes, aseve piradobis mowmobis gacemisas gakeTebuli Sesabamisi saaqto Canaweris asli, rasac
gacemuli piradobis mowmoba emyareboda. meore SemTxvevaSi, roca mamkvidreblis sacxovrebeli
adgili ucnobia da samkvidro Sedgeba uZravi qonebisagan, maSin warmodgenili unda iyos mamkvidre-
belze ricxuli qonebis Sesaxeb amonaweri sajaro reestridan an sajaro reestris cnoba, romelic
mamkvidreblis mier uZravi qonebis sakuTrebis uflebiT flobas daadasturebda. swored am
amonawerSi aRniSnuli misamarTi gaxdeba samkvidros gaxsnis adgili.
6.2.6 dabadebis, Svilad ayvanis, qorwinebis, ganqorwinebisa da gardacvalebis
registraciis faqtis dadgena
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `g~ qvepunqtis Tanaxmad,
sasamarTlo ganixilavs saqmeebs dabadebis, Svilad ayvanis, qorwinebis, ganqorwinebisa da gardac-
valebis registraciis faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb.
aRniSnuli punqtis Tanaxmad, sasamarTlo adgens ara TviTon dabadebis, Svilad ayvanis da a.S.
faqts, aramed moqalaqeobrivi mdgomareobis registracis organoebSi maTi registraciis faqts
e.i. dgindeba faqti imis Sesaxeb, rom dabadeba, gardacvaleba, Svilad ayvana da qorwineba iyo
registrirebuli, magram Canawerebi registraciis Sesaxeb ganadgurda omianobis, xanZrisa
Tu raime stiqiuri ubedurebis gamo.
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 315-e muxlSi mocemulia danawesi, romelsac unda
Seesabamebodes iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgenis Taobaze sasamarTloSi wardge-
nili gancxadeba, romelSic unda aRiniSnos, ra mizniT sWirdeba ganmcxadebels iuridiuli mniSv-
nelobis mqone faqtis dadgena. aRniSnuli aucilebelia, raTa gairkves dasadgen faqts ukavSir-
deba Tu ara is Sedegi, romlis dadgomac surs ganmcxadebels. aRniSnuli faqtis dadgena sasamar-
Tlos mier xorcieldeba im SemTxvevaSi, Tu sasamarTlos mier dadgindeba, rom am faqtis dadge-
nazea damokidebuli pirTa piradi an qonebrivi uflebebis warmoSoba, Secvla an mospoba da
amasTan, Tu SeuZlebelia maTi miReba an aRdgena sxva gziT, ris dasadasturebladac warmodgenili
unda iqnas Sesabamisi mtkicebulebebi.
gancxadebis wardgenisas mniSvneloba ara aqvs moqalaqeobrivi mdgomareobis registraciis im
organos adgilmdebareobas, sadac ganxorcielda registracia, gancxadeba iuridiuli mniSvne-
lobis mqone faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb Seitaneba sasamarTloSi ganmcxadeblis sacxovrebeli ad-
gilis mixedviT.
sasamarTlo gadawyvetileba dabadebis, Svilad ayvanis, qorwinebis, ganqorwinebis da gardacva-
lebis registraciis faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb ar cvlis moqalaqeobrivi mdgomareobis registra-
ciis Canawers, igi warmoadgens Sesabamisi Canaweris aRdgenis safuZvels.
Sesabamisi faqtis dadgenis moTxovniT sasamarTlos SeuZlia mimarTos ara mxolod im pirma vis
Sesaxebac ganxorcielda moqalaqeobrivi mdgomareobis organoSi registracia, aramed nebismi-
erma dainteresebulma pirma, visTvisac dasaxelebuli faqtis dadgena warmoSobs, cvlis an wyvets
pirad an qonebriv uflebebs.
56
aRsaniSnavia is garemoebac, rom dabadebis, Svilad ayvanis, qorwinebis, ganqorwinebis da gardac-
valebis registraciis faqtis dadgenis moTxovniT dainteresebuli pirebi gancxadebiT iSviaTad
momarTaven sasamarTlos.
6.3 moqalaqis ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiareba da gardacvlilad gamocxadeba
6.3.1 gancxadebis Setana
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 317-e muxlis Tanaxmad, gancxadeba moqalaqis ugzo-
ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebis an moqalaqis gardacvlilad gamocxadebis Sesaxeb Seitaneba
sasamarTloSi dainteresebuli piris mier ganmcxadeblis sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT.
mocemuli kategoriis saqmeTa mniSvneloba Zalze didia, rameTu mudmiv sacxovrebel adgilze
piris xangrZlivad aryofnam iseT SemTxvevebSi, roca misi adgilsamyofeli ucnobia, SesaZloa
xelyos im pirTa interesebi, romlebic ugzo-ukvlod dakargulTan garkveuli samarTalurTi-
erTobebiT arian dakavSirebuli. swored amitom, aRniSnuli uflebebis (interesebis) dasacavad
kanoni iTvaliswinebs moqalaqis ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebis an gardacvlilad gamoc-
xadebis SesaZleblobas. ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiareba an gardacvlilad gamocxadeba mxo-
lod sasamarTlo wesiTaa SesaZlebeli.
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo kodeqsis 21-e muxlis pirveli nawilis Tanaxmad, dainteresebuli piris
gancxadebis safuZvelze fizikuri piri SeiZleba sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebiT aRiarebul iqnes
ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad, Tu misi adgilsamyofeli ucnobia da ori wlis manZilze igi ar ga-
moCenila Tavis sacxovrebel adgilas.
piris adgilsamyofeli ucnobia
sasamarTloSi Setanil iqna dainteresebuli piris gancxadeba
piri ori wlis manZilze ar gamoCenila Tavis sacxovrebel adgilas
sasamarTlos mier piris ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad
aRiarebis winapirobebi:
amave kodeqsis 22-e muxlis pirveli nawilis Tanaxmad, piri SeiZleba sasamarTlos wesiT gamocxad-
des gardacvlilad, Tu mis sacxovrebel adgilas xuTi wlis ganmavlobaSi ar moipoveba cnobebi
am piris adgilsamyofelis Sesaxeb, agreTve, Tu igi ugzo-ukvlod daikarga iseT garemoebaSi,
romelic mas sikvdils uqadda anda savaraudoa misi daRupva raime ubeduri SemTxvevis gamo da
aseTi cnobebi eqvsi Tvis ganmavlobaSi ar moipoveba. amave muxlis meore nawilis Tanaxmad, sam-
xedro mosamsaxure an sxva piri, romelic ugzo-ukvlod daikarga saomar moqmedebasTan dakavSi-
rebiT, SeiZleba sasamarTlo wesiT gamocxaddes gardacvlilad ara uadres ori wlis gasvlisa
saomari moqmedebis damTavrebis dRidan.
57
6. udavo warmoeba
mocemuli kategoriis saqmeTa warmoebis samarTlebrivi miznebi da Sedegebi iuridiuli mniSvne-
lobis faqtebis dadgenis msgavsia. am kategoriis saqmeTa ganxilvis mizania, iuridiuli mniSvne-
lobis mqone faqtebis dadgena da ara Sesabamisi iuridiuli uflebis Sesaxeb davis gadawyveta.
amitom mocemuli kategoriis saqmeebSi ganmcxadebeli ar acxadebs raime materialur-samarT-
lebriv moTxovnas, ris gamoc ar gvyavs mopasuxe.
fizikuri piris ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebis an fizikuri piris gardacvlilad gamocxa-
debis Sesaxeb gancxadebis Setana SeuZliaT dainteresebul pirebs. amasTan, kanonSi miTiTebuli
araa, Tu vin iTvlebian dainteresebul pirebad. am sakiTxis gasarkvevad sasamarTlom unda gamo-
arkvios ganmcxadeblis iuridiuli interesi.
mis sacxovrebel adgilas 5 wlis ganmavlobaSi ar moipoveba cnobebi
am piris adgilsamyofelis Sesaxeb
sasamarTlos mier piri
SeiZleba gamocxaddes gardacvlilad, Tu:
igi ugzo-ukvlod daikarga iseT garemoebaSi,
romelic mas sikvdils uqadda
aseTi cnobebi eqvsi Tvis ganmavlobaSi ar moipoveba
sasamarTlos mier piri
SeiZleba gamocxaddes gardacvlilad, Tu:
savaraudoa misi daRupva raime ubeduri SemTxvevis gamo
aseTi cnobebi eqvsi Tvis ganmavlobaSi ar moipoveba
sasamarTlos mier piri
SeiZleba gamocxaddes gardacvlilad, Tu:
ugzo-ukvlod daikarga saomar moqmedebasTan dakavSirebiT
saomari moqmedebis damTvarebis dRidan gasulia 2 weli
sasamarTlos mier samxedro mosamsaxure SeiZleba gamocxaddes
gardacvlilad, Tu:
58
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 21-e muxlis pirveli nawilis Tanaxmad, gadawyvetilebis kanonier ZalaSi
Sesvlis Semdeg kanoniT memkvidreebi moipoveben uflebamosilebas, ukvalod dakargulis qoneba
marTon mindobili sakuTrebis saxiT, maT Soris, miiRon misgan sargebeli. am qonebidan miecema
sarCo ugzo-ukvlod dakargulis rCenaze myof pirebs da daifareba valebi.
fizikuri piris gardacvlilad gamocxadeba iwvevs igive samarTlebriv Sedegebs, rasac piris
fizikuri sikvdili.
aRniSnulidan gamomdinare, fizikuri piris ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebis an gardacvli-
lad gamocxadebis iuridiuli interesi SeiZleba hqondeT im pirebs, romlebsac SeuZliaT miiRon
qoneba memkvidreobiT (memkvidreebs), ugzo-ukvlod dakargulis rCenaze myof pirebs, aseve kre-
ditorebs.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1343-e muxlis pirveli nawilis Tanaxmad, Tu arc kanoniT da arc anderZiT
memkvidreebi ar arian, an arc erTma memkvidrem ar miiRo samkvidro, anda, roca yvela memkvidres
CamoerTva memkvidreobis ufleba, umkvidro qoneba gadadis saxelmwifoze; xolo Tu mamkvidrebeli
moxucTa, invalidTa, samkurnalo, aRmzrdelobiT da socialuri dacvis sxva dawesebulebaTa
rCenaze imyofeboda, maSin _ maT sakuTrebaSi. amave muxlis meore nawilis Tanaxmad, umkvidro
qoneba samewarmeo sazogadoebaSi an kooperativSi wilis, aqciis an pais saxiT gadadis maT xelSi,
Tu kanoniT sxva ram ar aris gaTvaliswinebuli.
aqedan gamomdinare, moqalaqis gardacvlilad gamocxadebis iuridiuli interesi SeiZleba hqondeT
da, Sesabamisad, piris gardacvlilad gamocxadebis Sesaxeb gancxadeba sasamarTloSi SeiZleba Se-
itanon saxelmwifom, moxucTa, invalidTa, samkurnalo, aRmzrdelobiTi da socialuri dacvis sxva
dawesebulebebma, iuridiulma pirebma.
memkvidreebi
kreditorebi
ugzo-ukvlod dakargulis rCenaze myofi pirebi
piris ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebis an gardacvlilad
gamocxadebis iuridiuli interesis mqone pirebi
da. a. S.
59
6. udavo warmoeba
saxelmwifos
iuridiul pirebs
moxucTa, invalidTa, samkurnalo, aRmzrdelobiT
da socialuri dacvis sxva dawesebulebebs
moqalaqis gardacvlilad gamocxadebis iuridiuli interesi
aseve SeiZleba hqondes
da. a. S.
ssk-is 317-e muxli gansazRvravs moqalaqis ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebisa an moqalaqis
gardacvlilad gamocxadebis Sesaxeb gancxadebis Setanis adgils. kerZod, am normis Tanaxmad,
gancxadeba sasamarTloSi Seitaneba ganmcxadeblis sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT, Tu gan-
mcxadebeli fizikuri piria, xolo Tu ganmcxadebeli iuridiuli piria, maSin gancxadeba sasa-
marTloSi Seitaneba misi adgilsamyofelis (iuridiuli misamarTis) mixedviT (sk-is 27-e muxli).
6.3.2 gancxadebis Sinaarsi
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 318-e muxlis Tanaxmad, gancxadebaSi unda aRiniS-
nos, ra miznisaTvis sWirdeba ganmcxadebels moqalaqis ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiareba da
misi gardacvlilad gamocxadeba, agreTve garemoebani, romlebiTac dasturdeba moqalaqis ugzo-
ukvlod dakargva, anda romlebic ugzo-ukvlod dakarguls sikvdilis safrTxes uqmnidnen, an
safuZvels iZlevian misi daRupvis varaudisaTvis garkveuli ubeduri SemTxvevis Sedegad.
moqalaqis ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebisa da misi gardacvlilad gamocxadebis Sesaxeb
gancxadebis Sinaarsi unda pasuxobdes, rogorc saerTo moTxovnebs, rac zogadad waeyeneba ne-
bismier gancxadebas, aseve ssk-is 318-e muxliT gansazRvrul specialur moTxovnebs.
piris ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebisa da gardacvlilad gamocxadebis Sesaxeb gancxadebaSi
unda aRiniSnos:
a.sasamarTlos dasaxeleba, romelSic SeaqvT gancxadeba;
b.ganmcxadeblis, warmomadgenlis (Tu gancxadeba Seaqvs warmomadgenels) saxeli, gvari
(saxelwodeba), misamarTi, aseve arsebobis SemTxvevaSi, samuSao adgilis misamarTi,
telefoni, maT Soris, mobiluri, eleqtronuli fosta, faqsi;
g.ganmcxadeblis moTxovna;
d.mizanze miTiTeba, risTvisac sWirdeba ganmcxadebels piris ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad
aRiareba an gardacvlilad gamocxadeba;
e.garemoebani, romlebiTac dasturdeba moqalaqis ugzo-ukvlod dakargva, anda
romlebic ugzo-ukvlod dakarguls sikvdilis safrTxes uqmnidnen, an safuZvels
iZlevian misi daRupvis varaudisaTvis garkveuli ubeduri SemTxvevis Sedegad;
60
v.mtkicebulebebi, romlebic adastureben am garemoebebs;
z.gancxadebisaTvis darTuli sabuTebis nusxa.
ganmcxadeblis mier gadaxdili unda iqnes aseve saxelmwifo baJi.
gancxadebaSi aucileblad unda mieTiTos, Tu ra mizniT (risTvis) aris aucilebeli
ganmcxadeblisaTvis piris ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiareba an gardacvlilad
gamocxadeba.
sasamarTlosadmi mimarTvis miznis miTiTeba, pirvel yovlisa, saSualebas gvaZlevs Semowmdes,
aqvs Tu ara ganmcxadebels iuridiuli interesi; meore mxriv, es gvexmareba ganvsazRvroT dain-
teresebul pirTa wre, romlebic CarTul unda iqnen saqmeSi monawileobis misaRebad.
rogorc wesi, mocemuli kategoriis saqmeebze gancxadeba Seitaneba (saqme aRiZvreba) ganqorwi-
nebis mizniT (ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiareba) an qorwinebis Sewvyetis mizniT (gardacvlilad
gamocxadeba). am saqmeTa aRZvra xdeba agreTve marCenalis dakargvis gamo pensiis miRebis (daniS-
vnis), samkvidros an ugzo-ukvlod dakargulis qonebidan sarCos miRebis, valis gadaxdis moT-
xovnis mizniT da sxv.
gancxadebaSi garda miznisa, miTiTebuli unda iyos iseT garemoebebze, romlebic adastureben
piris ugzo-ukvlod dakargvas an gardacvalebas. gancxadebaSi aRiniSneba (mieTiTeba), aseve ugzo-
ukvlod dakargvis vada, ganmcxadeblis mier miRebuli zomebi piris mosaZebnad.
Tu gancxadeba ar pasuxobs zemoTaRniSnul moTxovnebs an/da saxelmwifo baJi ar aris gadaxdili,
ganmcxadebels eZleva vada am xarvezis gamosasworeblad (ssk-is 185-e muxli). Tu sasamarTlos
mier daniSnul vadaSi xarvezi ar iqneba Sevsebuli sasamarTlo gamoitans ganCinebas gancxadebis
miRebaze uaris Tqmis Sesaxeb (ssk-is 186-e muxlis 1-li nawilis `T~ qvepunqti).
6.3.3 gancxadebis ganxilvis wesi da sasamarTlos mier gadawyvetilebis gamotana
ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebisa da gardacvlilad gamocxadebis pirobebi (safuZvlebi)
gansazRvrulia meterialuri samoqalaqo kodeqsiT (21-22-e muxlebi).
sk-is 21-e muxlis pirveli nawilis Tanaxmad, dainteresebuli piris gancxadebis safuZvelze,
fizikuri piri SeiZleba sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebiT aRiarebul iqnes ugzo-ukvlod dakar-
gulad, Tu misi adgilsamyofeli ucnobia da ori wlis manZilze igi ar gamoCenila Tavis sacxovre-
bel adgilas. gadawyvetilebis kanonier ZalaSi Sesvlis Semdeg kanoniT memkvidreebi moipoveben
uflebamosilebas, ukvalod dakargulis qoneba marTon mindobili sakuTrebis saxiT, maT Soris,
miiRon misgan sargebeli. am qonebidan miecema sarCo ugzo-ukvlod dakargulis rCenaze myof
pirebs da daifareba valebi.
aRniSnuli normis Sesabamisad sasamarTlo gamoitans gadawyvetilebas fizikuri piris ugzo-
ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebis Sesaxeb im SemTxvevaSi, Tu darwmundeba fizikuri piris Zebnis
uSedegobasa da mis Sesaxeb cnobebis ararsebobaSi mis mudmiv sacxovrebel adgilze materialuri
kanoniT dadgenili vadis ganmavlobaSi. am faqts mohyveba mniSvnelovani samarTlebrivi Sedegebi:
ganqorwinebis SesaZlebloba gamartivebuli wesiT, qonebaze meurveobis daweseba, pensiis miRebis
(daniSvnis) ufleba marCenalis dakargvis gamo da sxva.
61
samoqalaqo kodeqsi gansazRvravs, aseve fizikuri piris gardacvlilad gamocxadebis kanonier
safuZvels (sk-is 22-e muxli). piri SeiZleba sasamarTlos wesiT gamocxaddes gardacvlilad, Tu
mis sacxovrebel adgilas xuTi wlis ganmavlobaSi ar moipoveba cnobebi am piris adgilsamyofe-
lis Sesaxeb. eqstremalur garemoebebSi piris gauCinerebis dros, romelic mas sikvdils uqadda
(wyaldidoba, miwisZvra, aviakatastrofa da a.S.), sasamarTlos ufleba aqvs piri gamoacxados
gardacvlilad eqvsi Tvis gasvlis Semdeg. ugzo-ukvlod dakargva samxedro moqmedebebTan dakav-
SirebiT, uflebas aZlevs sasamarTlos piri gardacvlilad gamoacxados mxolod saomari moqme-
debis (omis) damTavrebis dRidan ori wlis gasvlis Semdeg. saWiro ar aris winaswar jer ugzo-
ukvlod dakargulad aRiareba.
fizikuri piris gardacvlilad gamocxadeba iwvevs igive samarTlebriv Sedegebs, rasac iwvevs fi-
zikuri sikvdili e.i. qorwinebis Sewyvetas, samkvidros gaxsnas, warmoSobs sarCenTa uflebas mi-
iRon pensia da sxva.
gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebis Semdeg mosamarTle iwyebs saqmis momzadebas, risTvisac xelmZRva-
nelobs, rogorc ssk-is 319-e muxliT, aseve ssk-is 203-e muxliT dadgenili saerTo (zogadi) nor-
mebiT im zomiT, ra zomiTac isini SeiZleba gamoyenebul iqnen udavo warmoebaSi. saqmis momzadeba
savaldebuloa da Tu es wesi darRveulia, maSin SesaZloa aman gamoiwvios dausabuTebeli da
ukanono gadawyvetilebis gamotana. saqmis momzadebisas mosamarTlem saqmeSi unda Caabas monawi-
leobis misaRebad yvela dainteresebuli piri; miiRos zomebi im mtkicebulebaTa Sesakrebad,
romlebic daadastureben piris aryofnas Tavis mudmiv sacxovrebel adgilas. dainteresebul
pirTa Cabma saqmeSi monawileobis misaRebad imiTaa ganpirobebuli, rom piris aRiareba ugzo-
ukvlod dakargulad an misi gamocxadeba gardacvlilad warmoSobs garkveul ufleba-movale-
obebs ara mxolod ganmcxadeblisaTvis, aramed sxva pirTaTvisac.
ssk-is 319-e muxlis Sesabamisad, mosamarTle saqmis momzadebisas arkvevs, Tu romel pirebs Se-
uZliaT miawodon cnobebi dakargulis Sesaxeb, agreTve gamohkiTxavs saTanado organoebs da-
karguli piris Sesaxeb misi ukanaskneli sacxovrebeli an samuSao adgilis mixedviT. im pirebSi,
romlebsac SeuZliaT sasamarTlos miawodon cnobebi dakargulis Sesaxeb, igulisxmebian na-
Tesavebi, TanamSromlebi da sxva, xolo saTanado organoebSi igulisxmeba adgilobrivi mmarT-
velobisa da TviTmmarTvelobis organoebi, policiis organoebi, romelTac SeuZliaT miawodon
sasamarTlos dakargulis Sesaxeb maT xelT arsebuli cnobebi. manam, sanam mosamarTle ar miiRebs
pasuxs mis yvela SekiTxvaze Sesabamisi organoebidan, ar unda daniSnos sasamarTlo sxdomaze
saqmis ganxilva.
rogorc aRiniSna, ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad piris asaRiareblad sasamarTlom unda daadginos,
rom es piri Tavis mudmiv sacxovrebel adgilas ar imyofeba ori wlis ganmavlobaSi da ar arsebobs
cnobebi misi adgilsamyofelis Sesaxeb. orwliani vada denas iwyebs ugzo-ukvlod dakargulis
Sesaxeb ukanaskneli cnobebis miRebis dRidan.
kanoniT dadgenil SemTxvevebSi piris gardacvlilad gamocxadeba xdeba Semcirebul vadebSi (6
Tvis ganmavlobaSi). vTqvaT, piri ukvalod daikarga (daiRupa) aviakatastrofis dros. aseT Sem-
TxvevebSi sasamarTlos amocanaa, rom miiRos mtkicebulebebi, romlebic adastureben, rom piri,
romelzec aRZrulia saqme gardacvlilad gamocxadebis Sesaxeb, namdvilad imyofeboda im sat-
ransporto saSualebis mgzavrTa Soris, romelmac katastrofa ganicada. eqvsTviani vadis denis
momentad unda CaiTvalos ubeduri SemTxvevis dRe an is dRe, roca moxda is garemoeba, romelic
pirs sikvdils uqadda. aseT garemoebebs sasamarTlo adgens dokumentebis an mowmeTa Cvenebebis
6. udavo warmoeba
62
safuZvelze, rac Seexeba saomari moqmedebebis dros piris ugzo-ukvlod dakargvas da amis sa-
fuZvelze mis gardacvlilad gamocxadebas, saomari moqmedebebis damTvarebis dRe unda dad-
gindes Sesabamisi samxedro an saxelmwifo organoebis cnobiT, xolo Tu es dRe sayovelTaod
cnobilia, sasamarTlos SeuZlia es faqti sayovelTaod cnobilad miiCnios. magaliTad, im fizi-
kur pirTa mimarT, romlebic ugzo-ukvlod daikargnen saomari moqmedebebis dros, maT axlob-
lebs SeuZliaT daayenon sakiTxi dakargulTa gardacvlilad gamocxadebis Sesaxeb mxolod mas
Semdeg, rac saomari moqmedebebis damTavrebis vada oficialurad dadgindeba. im SemTxvevaSi,
Tu piri ugzo-ukvlod daikarga iseT garemoebebSi, rac mas sikvdils uqadda, sasamarTlos SeuZ-
lia sikvdilis dRed aRiaros misi savaraudo daRupvis dRe.
orive kategoriis saqmeTa ganxilva mTavrdeba gadawyvetilebis gamotaniT. gadawyvetilebis sa-
rezolucio nawilSi sasamarTlom unda miuTiTos: fizikuri piris gvari, saxeli, mamis saxeli;
misi dabadebis weli da adgili; ukanaskneli cnobili sacxovrebeli adgili; ugzo-ukvlod da-
kargvisa da fizikuri piris gardacvalebis TariRi, Tu is cnobilia.
sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba, romliTac moqalaqe gamocxadebulia gardacvlilad, warmoadgens
safuZvels imisaTvis, rom samoqalaqo aqtebis registraciis organom Seitanos Canaweri am mo-
qalaqis gardacvalebis Sesaxeb moqalaqeobrivi mdgomareobis registraciis wignSi. kanoniT dad-
genili wesiT gardacvlilad gamocxadebulis gardacvalebis registraciis dros, gardacvalebis
drod gardacvalebis Sesaxeb saaqto CanawerSi mieTiTeba sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebis kanonier
ZalaSi Sesvlis TariRi.
6.3.4 ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebulis an gardacvlilad gamocxadebulis
gamoCenis an misi adgilsamyofelis aRmoCenis Sedegebi
saqarTvelos ssk-is 321-e muxlis Tanaxmad, ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebuli an gardacv-
lilad gamocxadebuli moqalaqis gamoCenis an misi adgilsamyofelis aRmoCenis SemTxvevaSi sasa-
marTlo axali gadawyvetilebiT auqmebs Tavis winandel gadawyvetilebas. axali gadawyvetileba
warmoadgens moqalaqeobrivi mdgomareobis registraciis wignSi gardacvalebis Sesaxeb Canaweris
gauqmebis safuZvels.
moqalaqis ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiareba an misi gardacvlilad gamocxadeba yovelTvis
efuZneba prezumfcias (varauds). amitom aRniSnuli muxli uSvebs am varaudis gaqarwylebis Se-
saZleblobas. gaqarwyleba ki, SesaZlebelia dakargulis an gardacvlilad gamocxadebulis
gamoCeniT an misi adgilsamyofelis aRmoCeniT. aRniSnuli garemoebebi unda dadasturdes utyu-
arad sasamarTlos winaSe TviTon am piris gamocxadebiT an oficialuri cnobiT misi adgilsam-
yofelis Sesaxeb.
sasamarTlos gancxadebiT SeiZleba mimarTos im pirma, visi gancxadebiTac piri gamocxadda ugzo-
ukvlod dakargulad an gardacvlilad, sxva dainteresebulma pirma (ssk-is 317-e muxli) da, cxa-
dia, TviTon im pirma, romelic gamocxadebuli iyo dakargulad an gardacvlilad.
ssk-is 321-e muxlSi ar aris miTiTebuli, Tu ra wesiT, ra konkretuli proceduris dacviT unda
moxdes axali gadawyvetilebis gamotana. cxadia, rom miTiTebul muxlSi aRniSnul `winandel
gadawyvetilebaSi~ igulisxmeba sasamarTlos kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli Sesabamisi gadawyvetileba.
ssk-is 265-e muxlis Tanaxmad, kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli gadawyvetilebis gauqmeba an Secvla da-
saSvebia mxolod im SemTxvevaSi da im wesiT, rac dadgenilia am kodeqsiT.
63
kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli gadawyvetilebis gauqmebis an Secvlis gzaa saqmis warmoebis ganaxleba
gadawyvetilebis baTilad cnobis an axlad aRmoCenil garemoebaTa gamo (ssk-is 421-e muxli).
amasTan, ssk-is 321-e muxli adgens kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli gadawyvetilebis gauqmebis iseT Sem-
Txvevas, rac ssk-is LII TaviT (gancxadeba saqmis warmoebis ganaxlebis Sesaxeb da misi ganxilvis
wesi) ar aris gaTvaliswinebuli. ssk-is 321-e muxlis Tanaxmad, piris gardacvlilad gamocxadebis
an ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebis Sesaxeb kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli gadawyvetilebis axali
gadawyvetilebiT gauqmebis safuZvelia ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebuli an gardacvlilad
gamocxadebuli piris gamoCena mis sacxovrebel adgilas an misi adgilsamyofelis aRmoCena. saqmis
warmoebis ganaxlebis aseT safuZvels ar Seicavs ssk-is 422-423-e muxlebi. garda amisa, ssk-is
430-e muxlis me-3 nawilis Tanaxmad, Tu gamoirkveva, rom saqmis warmoebis ganaxlebis moTxovna
safuZvliania, maSin gasaCivrebul gadawyvetilebas sasamarTlo gaauqmebs Tavisi ganCinebiT, ris
Semdegac saqme Tavidan unda iqnes ganxiluli saqmeTa ganxilvis Sesaxeb am kodeqsiT dadgenili
wesiT. aRniSnulisgan gansxvavebul wess adgens ssk-is 321-e muxli, romlis Tanaxmad, Tu dain-
teresebuli piris gancxadeba safuZvliani aRmoCndeba, sasamarTlo axali gadawyvetlebiT (da
ara ganCinebiT) auqmebs Tavis winandel gadawyvetilebas.
aRniSnulidan gamomdinare, dainteresebuli piris gancxadeba (piris gardacvlilad gamocxadebis
an ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebis Sesaxeb kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli gadawyvetilebis axali
gadawyvetilebiT gauqmebis Taobaze) ganxilul unda iqnes pirveli instanciiT saqmeTa ganxilvis
saerTo wesebis dacviT.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis Tanaxmad, udavo warmoebis saqmeebze gaTvaliswinebulia saxelm-
wifo baJis gadaxda. dakargulad an gardacvlilad gamocxadebuli piris gamoCenis an misi ad-
gilsamyofelis dadgenis Sesaxeb gancxadebaze saxelmwifo baJis gadaxda saWiro araa, vinaidan am
gancxadebiT xdeba ara udavo warmoebiT saqmis aRZvra, aramed adre ukve aRZruli da gadawyvetili
saqmis ganaxleba.
sasamarTlos axali gadawyvetileba, romliTac gauqmda manamde gamotanili gadawyvetileba,
mindobil sakuTrebad gadacemuli qonebis uflebamosili pirisaTvis dabrunebisa da moqalaqe-
obrivi mdgomareobis registraciis wignSi gardacvalebis Sesaxeb Canaweris gauqmebis safuZvelia
(ssk-is 321-e muxli). sxva Sedegebi gaTvaliswinebulia materialuri samoqalaqo kodeqsiT. kerZod,
uflebamosil pirs ufleba aqvs moiTxovos Tavisi im qonebis dabruneba, romelic usasyidlod
gadaecaT sxva pirebs. is qoneba, romelic sasyidliani garigebiT gadavida (gadaeca) sxva pirTa
sakuTrebaSi, brundeba im SemTxvevaSi, Tu SemZenisaTvis cnobili iyo, rom gardacvlilad gamoc-
xadebuli mesakuTre cocxalia. Tu qoneba memkvidreobis uflebiT gadaeca saxelmwifos (xazinas)
da realizebulia, maSin mesakuTres ubrundeba realizaciidan miRebuli Tanxa (sk-is 23-e muxli).
6.4 moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad da qmeduunarod aRiareba
6.4.1 zogadi wesebi moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad da qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb
samoqalaqo kodeqsis me-12 muxlis mixedviT fizikuri piris unari, Tavisi nebiTa da moqmedebiT
sruli moculobiT SeiZinos da ganaxorcielos samoqalaqo uflebebi da movaleobebi (qmedunari-
anoba) warmoiSoba srulwlovanebis miRwevisTanave. srulwlovania piri, romelmac miaRwia
Tvrameti wlis asaks.
samoqalaqo kodeqsi iTvaliswinebs moqalaqis qmedunarianobis (sruli an nawilobrivi) SezRudvis
SemTxvevebs garkveuli garemoebebis arsebobisas.
6. udavo warmoeba
64
1. ojaxis wevrebs;
2. meurveobisa da mzrunvelobis organoebs
1. ojaxis wevrebs; 2. meurveobisa da mzrunvelobis
organoebs; 3.fsiqiatriul-samkurnalo dawesebulebebs
amave kodeqsis me-12 muxlis me-5 nawilis mixedviT, qmeduunarod miiCneva piri, romelic Wkuasustobis
an suliT avadmyofobis gamo sasamarTlos mier aseTad aris aRiarebuli. aRsaniSnavia, rom fizikuri
nakli ar SeiZleba gaxdes piris qmeduunarod an SezRudul qmedunarianad aRiarebis safuZveli
moqalaqis qmeduunarod an SezRudul qmedunarianad aRiareba SesaZlebelia mxolod sasamarTlos
mier.
moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad aRiareba gulisxmobs moqalaqisaTvis kanoniT miniWebuli
uflebebis SezRudvas sxva piris (meurve, mzrunveli, kanonieri warmomadgeneli) Tanxmobis gareSe
ganaxorcielos Semdegi moqmedebebi: qonebis yidva, gayidva, dagiraveba, Txoveba, Cuqeba, anderZiT
sxva pirisaTvis datoveba, gacvla, aseve nebismieri sxva moqmedebis ganxorcieleba, rac dakavSirebulia
qonebis gankargvasTan.
im moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad aRiarebis
Taobaze, romelic mZime materialur mdgomareobaSi
ayenebs ojaxs
sulieri avadmyofobis gamo moqalaqis qmeduunarod
aRiarebis Sesaxeb
gancxadebiT mimarTvis ufleba aqvT:
7-18 w. arasrulwlovani
srulwlovani, romelic alkoholis an narkotikis borotad gamoyenebiT
mZime mater. mdgomareobaSi ayenebs ojaxs
SezRuduli qmedunarianoba
7 wlamde mcirewlovani
emansipirebuli arasrulwlovani
qmeduunaro
srulwlovani, romelic Wkuasus-
tobis an suliTavadmyofobis gamo
sasamarTlom aseTad aRaira
qmeduunaro piri moklebulia SesaZleblobas kanonieri warmomadgenlis Tanxmobis gareSe dados
raime saxis garigebebi.
gancxadebis Setana piris qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb SesaZlebelia srulwlovanis, arasrul-
wlovanis (7-dan 18 wlamde), aseve emansipirebuli arasrulwlovanis mimarT.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis me-16 muxlis pirveli nawilis mixedviT, sasamarTlos mier piri SesaZloa
gamocxaddes SezRudul qmedunarianad, Tu igi borotad iyenebs alkohols an narkotikul nivTiere-
bebs da amis gamo Tavis ojaxs mZime materialur mdgomareobaSi ayenebs.
65
SezRuduli qmedunarianobis mqone piris mier garigebis dadebisaTvis aucilebelia kanonieri
warmomadgenlis Tanxmoba. amasTan, calkeul SemTxvevebSi igi uflebamosilia damoukidebladac
dados garigebebi. magaliTad, samoqalaqo kodeqsis 63-e muxlis Tanaxmad, garigeba, romliTac
SezRuduli qmedunarianobis mqone piri iRebs sargebels, ar moiTxovs kanonieri warmomadgenlis
Tanxmobas. namdvilia, aseve iseTi garigebebi, rodesac SezRuduli qmedunarianobis mqone
pirebi gankargaven im saxsrebs, romlebic mas gadasca kanonierma warmomadgenlebma an kanonieri
warmomadgenlis TanxmobiT _ mesame pirebma (ssk. 65-e muxli). yvela sxva saxis garigebis dadebisaTvis
aucilebelia kanonieri warmomadgenlis Tanxmoba, Tumca aseTi garigebebi warmoadgenen sacilod
baTil garigebebs da Sesabamisad, kanonieri warmomadgenlis mier maTi mowonebis SemTxvevaSi
isini iTvleba namdvilad.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis me-14 muxlis me-2 nawilis mixedviT, SezRuduli qmedunarianobis mqone piri,
Tavis qmedunarianobaSi uTanabrdeba arasrulwlovans.
moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad aRiareba emsaxureba ara marto ojaxis interesebs, aramed
TviT moqalaqis interesebsac da icavs mis uflebebs.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1275-e muxlis me-2 nawilis mixedviT, meurveoba da mzrunveloba wesdeba,
agreTve im srulwlovani piris piradi da qonebrivi uflebebisa da interesebis dasacavad, romelsac
janmrTelobis mdgomareobis gamo ar SeuZlia damoukideblad ganaxorcielos Tavisi uflebebi
da Seasrulos Tavisi movaleobani.
amave kodeqsis 1277-e muxlis mixedviT, mzrunveloba wesdeba srulwlovan qmedunarian pirze
misi TxovniT, Tu mas Tavisi janmrTelobis mdgomareobis gamo ar SeuZlia damoukideblad ganaxor-
cielos Tavisi uflebebi da Seasrulos Tavisi movaleobani. aRniSnuli muxlis mixedviT meurveobisa
da mzrunvelobis organo uflebamosilia dauwesos pirs, janmrTelobis mdgomareobidan gamomdinare,
mzrunveloba misi Txovnis safuZvelze da amisaTvis ar aris saWiro sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba.
qmedunarianobis SezRudva gamoiyeneba 18 wels miRweuli pirebis mimarT, vinaidan 7 wlidan 18
wlamde arasrulwlovnebi kanonis Tanaxmad iTvlebian SezRuduli qmedunarianobis mqoned. Tumca,
arcTu iSviaTad alkoholisa da narkotikebis borotad gamoyenebas adgili aqvs arasrulwlovnebSic.
6. udavo warmoeba
SezRuduli qmedunarianis mier
qmeduunaros mier
garigebis dadeba
gamonaklisi
gankargavs saxsrebs, romlebic mas gadasca kanonierma
warmomadgenelma an misi TanxmobiT, mesame pirma
iRebs sargebels
ucilod baTilia
sacilod baTilia
66
6.4.2 gancxadeba moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad da qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis mixedviT moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad da qmeduunarod
aRiarebis Sesaxeb gancxadebas sasamarTlo ganixilavs udavo warmoebis wesiT. amave kodeqsis me-14
muxlis mixedviT, gancxadebas moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad da qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesa-
xeb ganixilavs magistrati mosamarTle.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 322-e muxlis Tanaxmad, gancxadeba im moqalaqis SezRudul qme-
dunarianad aRiarebis Sesaxeb, romelic eZaleba alkohols an narkotikul nivTierebebs, ris
gamoc Tavis ojaxs mZime materialur mdgomareobaSi ayenebs, SesaZloa Seitanon: moqalaqis ojaxis
wevrebma an meurveobisa da mzrunvelobis organoebma.
gancxadeba moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad da qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb unda Seesabame-
bodes samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 178-e da 323-e muxlebis moTxovnebs.
ojaxis wevrebSi unda vigulisxmoT meuRle, geri, aRmavali xazis, daRmavali xazis an gverdiTi
xazis naTesavebi, aseve is pirebi, romlis srul an nawilobriv kmayofaze imyofeba es piri an piriqiT,
romlebic imyofebian am piris srul an nawilobriv kmayofaze.
ojaxis wevrebi, romlebic cxovroben gancalkevebiT, ar arian uflebamosili mimarTon sasamarTlos
maTi ojaxis wevris SezRudul qmedunarianad aRiarebis Sesaxeb, Tu am ukanasknelTa moqmedebebi
ar ayenebs miTiTebul pirebs mZime materialur mdgomareobaSi.
alkoholis an narkotikuli nivTierebebis gamoyeneba, mxolod im SemTxvevaSi SeiZleba gaxdes sasa-
marTlos mier piris SezRudul qmedunarianad aRiarebis safuZveli, Tu maTi gamoyeneba xdeba
iseTi sistematiurobiT, rom winaaRmdegobaSi modis ojaxis interesebTan da iwvevs ojaxis saxs-
rebis didi odenobiT xarjvas, rac mZime materialur mdgomareobaSi ayenebs mas.
piris qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb gancxadebiT sasamarTlos SesaZloa mimarTos ojaxis wevrebma,
meurveobisa da mzrunvelobis organoebma, agreTve fsiqiatriul-samkurnalo dawesebulebebma.
ojaxis wevrebs moqalaqis qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb gancxadebiT mimarTvis ufleba aqvT
imis miuxedavad, cxovroben Tu ara isini am pirTan.
im moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad aRiarebis
Taobaze, romelic mZime materialur mdgomareobaSi
ayenebs ojaxs
sulieri avadmyofobis gamo moqalaqis qmeduunarod
aRiarebis Sesaxeb
gancxadebiT mimarTvis ufleba aqvT:
1. ojaxis wevrebs;
2. meurveobisa da mzrunvelobis organoebs
1. ojaxis wevrebs;
2. meurveobisa da mzrunvelobis organoebs;
3. fsiqiatriul-samkurnalo dawesebulebebs
67
meurveobisa da mzrunvelobis organoebs ufleba aqvT mimarTon sasamarTlos moqalaqis SezRu-
dul qmedunarianad aRiarebis Sesaxeb, Tu floben informacias am ukanasknelis mier alkoholis
an narkotikuli nivTierebebis gamoyenebis Sesaxeb, rac mZime materialur mdgomareobaSi ayenebs
mis ojaxs an am pirovnebas. informacia moqalaqis zemoaRniSnul qmedebebze SesaZlebelia
miRebul iqnes, rogorc ojaxis wevrebisagan, ise sxva pirebisagan. magaliTad, arasrulwlovanis
interesebis dasacavad, romelsac damoukideblad ar SeuZlia mimarTos sasamarTlos, gancxadeba
SeiZleba waradginos meurveobisa da mzrunvelobis organoebma, Tu arasrulwlovanis ojaxis
wevri etaneba alkoholsa da narkotikul nivTierebebs da amiT mZime materialur mdgomareobaSi
ayenebs mas.
`fsiqiatriuli daxmarebis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis me-7 muxlis Sesabamisad, fsiqiatriuli
dawesebulebis administracia valdebulia mimarTos sasamarTlos pacientis qmeduunarod aRiarebisa
da misTvis kanonieri warmomadgenlis daniSvnis moTxovniT, Tu eqim-fsiqiatrTa komisia miiCnevs,
rom pacients fsiqikuri aSlilobis gamo ar SeuZlia ganagos Tavisi moqmedeba da Seignos misi
mniSvneloba.
amave muxlis me-3 punqtis mixedviT, fsiqiatriuli dawesebulebis administraciis mier sasamar-
TlosaTvis mimarTvis faqtis Sesaxeb dauyonebliv unda ecnobos pacientis kanonier warmomadgenels,
xolo misi ararsebobis SemTxvevaSi _ naTesavs.
zemoaRniSnuli kanonis me-9 muxlis me-2 punqtis Sesabamisad, mxolod samsaxureobrivi an ojaxuri
konfliqti, SeuTavsebloba sazogadoebaSi arsebul moralur, religiul, kulturul an politi-
kur SexedulebebTan ar SeiZleba gaxdes pirisaTvis fsiqikuri aSlilobis diagnozis dadgenis safuZ-
veli.
warsulSi fsiqiatriul dawesebulebaSi mkurnalobis faqti ar CaiTvleba gadamwyvet faqtorad
piris amJamindeli fsiqikuri mdgomareobis Sefasebisas.
kodeqsis mixedviT 7-dan 18 wlamde arasrulwlovnebi iTvlebian SezRuduli qmedunarianobis mqoned,
Sesabamisad maT mimarT SesaZlebelia Setanil iqnes gancxadeba mxolod qmeduunarod aRiarebis
Sesaxeb.
gancxadeba moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad an qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb Setanil unda
iqnes sasamarTloSi am moqalaqis sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT, xolo Tu es piri moTavsebulia
fsiqiatriul-samkurnalo dawesebulebaSi, maSin _ samkurnalo dawesebulebis adgilmdebareobis
mixedviT.
Tu gancxadeba moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad an qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb waradgina
arauflebamosilma pirma, mosamarTle samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 186-e muxlis Sesabamisad
gamoitans ganCinebas gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebaze uaris Sesaxeb. Tu aRniSnuli garemoeba ga-
movlinda saqmis sasamarTlo sxdomaze ganxilvis dros, mosamarTles SeuZlia uflebamosili ganmc-
xadeblis TanxmobiT, saqmis Seuwyvetlad Secvalos Tavdapirveli ganmcxadebeli saTanado ganm-
cxadebliT. Tu zemoaRniSnuli pirebi uars ganacxadeben Secvlaze, maSin dadgeba samoqalaqo sap-
roceso kodeqsis 84-e muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli Sedegebi.
Tu gancxadeba Setanilia aragansjad sasamarTloSi, saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis
186-e muxlis pirveli nawilis `e~ qvepunqtis Tanaxmad, sasamarTlom uari unda uTxras ganmcxadebels
gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebaze da amave kodeqsis 187-e muxlis pirveli nawilis mixedviT, ganCinebaSi
unda miuTiTos gansjadi sasamarTlo.
6. udavo warmoeba
68
Tu aragansjadoba sasamarTlosTvis cnobili gaxdeba gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebis Semdeg, sasamarTlom
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 187-e muxlis me-2 nawilis Sesabamisad, ganuxilvelad unda datovos
gancxadeba, rasac ukavSirdeba amave kodeqsis 278-e muxliT dadgenili Sedegebi.
moqalaqis qmedunarianobis SezRudvisa Tu qmeduunarobis Sesaxeb mtkicebis tvirTi samoqalaqo
saproceso kodeqsis 102-e muxlis Sesabamiasad ekisreba ganmcxadebels.
gancxadeba moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad aRiarebis Sesaxeb unda Seicavdes im garemoebebze
miTiTebas, rom piri etaneba alkohols an narkotikul nivTierebebs da amiT mZime materialur
mdgomareobaSi ayenebs mis ojaxs. amasTan, mtkicebulebebis warudgenloba ar warmoadgens gancxadebis
warmoebaSi miRebaze uaris Tqmis safuZvels. gancxadebis Setanisas aucilebelia mxolod im garemo-
ebebze miTiTeba, romlebsac igi efuZneba.
moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad aRiarebis dros mtkicebulebad SesaZloa warmodgenili iqnes
mowmeTa Cvenebebi, samarTaldamcavi organoebis aqtebi, samedicino dawesebulebis mier gacemuli
cnobebi, administraciis brZaneba piris samsaxuridan gaTavisuflebis Sesaxeb samsaxurSi nasvam
mdgomareobaSi gamocxadebis gamo, dokumentebi ojaxis xarjebis Sesaxeb da sxva mtkicebulebebi.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 323-e muxlis mixedviT, gancxadebaSi moqalaqis SezRudul qmeduna-
rianad aRiarebis Sesaxeb miTiTebuli unda iqnes garemoebebze, romlebic adastureben, rom piri
eZaleba alkohols an narkotikul nivTierebebs, riTac mZime materialur mdgomareobaSi ayenebs
Tavis ojaxs.
gancxadebaSi moqalaqis qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb unda aRiniSnos garemoebani, romlebic
adastureben fsiqikur aSlilobas, ris gamoc mas ar SeuZlia Seignos Tavisi moqmedebis mniSvneloba
an ganagos igi.
moqalaqis qmeduunarod aRiarebis dros mtkicebulebad SesaZloa warmodgenil iqnes avadmyofobis
istoriidan amonaweri, piris fsiqiatriul-samkurnalo dawesebulebaSi yofnis Sesaxeb informacia,
pirveladi fsiqiatriuli gamokvlevis Sesaxeb fsiqiatriuli dawesebulebis daskvnebi, tramvebis
Sesaxeb informacia, romelsac SeeZlo gamoewvia piris suliT avadmyofoba, sasamarTlos ganaCeni
sisxlis samarTlis saqmeze, piris sisxlis samarTlebrivi pasuxismgeblobisagan gaTavisuflebisa
da specialur samedicino dawesebulebaSi moTavsebis Sesaxeb, mowmeTa Cvenebebi, romlebic adastureben,
rom piris qmedebebi ar Seesabameba normaluri, janmrTeli adamianis qcevas.
6.4.3 moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad da qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb gancxadebis
ganxilva
gancxadebis warmoebaSi miReba warmoebs samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 183-e, 185-e, 186-e, muxlebis
Sesabamisad.
gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebis Semdeg mosamarTle amzadebs saqmes sasamarTlo sxdomaze gansaxil-
velad amave kodeqsis 203-e da 324-e muxlebis mixedviT.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 324-e muxlis Tanaxmad, Tu arsebobs sakmao cnobebi moqalaqis
fsiqikuri aSlilobis Sesaxeb, ganmcxadebels ufleba aqvs saqmis momzadebis stadiaze sasamarTlos
warudginos mis mier mowveuli fsiqiatriuli eqspertis daskvna am moqalaqis fsiqikuri mdgomareobis
69
Taobaze. gansakuTrebul SemTxvevebSi, Tu piri romlis mimarTac aRZrulia saqme misi qmeduunarod
aRiarebis Sesaxeb, aSkarad Tavs aridebs saeqsperto Semowmebas, ganmcxadeblis TxovniT, sasamarTlos
Tavis sxdomaze fsiqiatris monawileobiT SeuZlia gamoitanos ganCineba fsiqiatriuli eqsperti-
zisaTvis moqalaqis iZulebiT gagzavnis Sesaxeb.
eqspertiza sasamarlos mier iniSneba samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 162-176-e muxlebis Sesa-
bamisad.
sasamarTlo valdebulia eqspertis winaSe dasvas konkretuli kiTxvebi, kerZod, aris Tu ara pi-
ris fsiqikuri mdgomareoba Seusabamo normaluri adamianis fsiqikasTan? aris Tu ara piris fsi-
qikuri mdgomareoba qronikuli? SeuZlia Tu ara mas ganagos misi moqmedebebi da Seignos maTi
mniSvneloba? aRniSnul kiTxvebze uaryofiTi pasuxis SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlo iRebs gadawyve-
tilebas piris qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb. amasTan, gasaTvaliswinebelia isic, rom dauSve-
belia eqspertisaTvis iseTi kiTxvebis dasma, romlis gadawyvetac sasamarTlos kompetencias ga-
nekuTvneba, magaliTad, kiTxva piris qmeduunarobis da ara misi daavadebis xasiaTisa da xarisxis
Sesaxeb.
Tuki moqalaqe sasamarTlos mier eqspertizis Sesaxeb ganCinebis gamotanis SemTxvevaSic Tavs aari-
debs eqspertizas, Sesabamisad, fsiqiatriuli dawesebulebis personalisa da policiis meSveobiT
moxdeba misi iZuleba.
moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad aRiarebis Sesaxeb saqmis ganxilvisas kodeqsi ar iTvalis-
winebs eqspertizis daniSvnis aucileblobas. Tumca samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 162-e muxli
aZlevs saSualebas mosamarTles, Tu saWirod CaTvlis, nebismier dros daniSnos eqspertiza.
saqmis obieqturad da samarTlianad gadawyvetis mizniT, kodeqsis mixedviT, saqmes moqalaqis
SezRudul qmedunarianad aRiarebis Sesaxeb sasamarTlo ganixilavs am moqalaqis da meurveobisa
da mzrunvelobis organos warmomadgenlis savaldebulo monawileobiT.
sasamarTlom saqmis ganxilvisas unda gamoarkvios Semdegi garemoebebis arseboba:
1.namdvilad iyenebs Tu ara piri alkoholsa da narkotikul nivTierebebs;
2.imyofeba Tu ara misi ojaxi mZime materialur mdgomareobaSi;
3.arsebobs Tu ara mizezobrivi kavSiri piris mier alkoholisa da narkotikuli nivTierebebis
gamoyenebasa da ojaxis mZime materialur mdgomareobas Soris.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 325-e muxlis Tanaxmad, saqmes moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunari-
anad aRiarebis Sesaxeb sasamarTlo ganixilavs am moqalaqis da meurveobisa da mzrunvelobis
organos warmomadgenlis savaldebulo monawileobiT.
sasamarTlom unda uzrunvelyos, rom SesaZleblobis mixedviT yvela ojaxis wevrma miiRos
monawileoba sasamarTlo sxdomaze, vinaidan sakiTxi exeba ojaxis yvela wevris interesebs.
saqmes moqalaqis qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb sasamarTlo ganixilavs meurveobisa da mzrun-
velobis organos warmomadgenlis savaldebulo monawileobiT. moqalaqes, romelic aRiarebuli
unda iqnes qmeduunarod, daibareben sasamarTlo sxdomaze, Tu es SesaZlebelia misi janmrTe-
lobis mdgomareobis mixedviT.
6. udavo warmoeba
70
daskvnas imis Sesaxeb SeuZlia Tu ara moqalaqes sxdomaze daswreba, iZleva eqsperti, moqalaqis
janmrTelobis mdgomareobidan gamomdinare.
dauSvebelia moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad an qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb gancxadebis
gaerTianeba sxva sasarCelo Tu arasasarCelo moTxovnasTan. magaliTad, dauSvebelia moqalaqis
qmeduunarod aRiarebisa da alimentis dakisrebis Sesaxeb davis erTad gadawyveta.
aRsaniSnavia is garemoebac, rom erT-erTi ojaxis wevris winaaRmdegoba, rom moqalaqe gamocxad-
des SezRudul qmedunarianad, im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac gancxadeba Seitana sxva ojaxis wevrma,
ar warmoadgens gancxadebis dakmayofilebaze uaris Tqmis safuZvels.
im SemTxvevaSi, rodesac ganmcxadebeli uars ityvis Tavis moTxovnaze, (moqalaqe gamocxaddes
SezRudul qmedunarianad) sasamarTlom unda Sewyvitos saqmis warmoeba 272-e muxlis `g~ qvepun-
qtis Sesabamisad. Tumca, es ar gamoricxavs piris SesaZleblobas kvlav mimarTos sasamarTlos
gancxadebiT misi ojaxis wevris SezRudul qmedunarianad aRiarebis Sesaxeb, Tu moqalaqe saqmis
warmoebis Sewyvetis Semdeg kvlav gaagrZelebs alkoholisa da narkotikuli nivTierebebis gamo-
yenebas, riTac mZime mdgomareobaSi Caayenebs mis ojaxs.
amasTan, ganmcxadeblis mier Tavis moTxovnaze uaris Tqma, ar arTmevs SesaZleblobas, kodeqsSi
miTiTebul sxva pirebs mimarTon sasamarTlos imave moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad aRi-
arebis Sesaxeb.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 326-e muxlis Sesabamisad, sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba, romli-
Tac moqalaqe aRiarebulia SezRudul qmedunarianad, warmoadgens safuZvels meurveobisa da
mzrunvelobis organosaTvis mzrunvelis dasaniSnad.
sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba, romliTac moqalaqe aRiarebulia qmeduunarod, warmoadgens sa-
fuZvels meurveobisa da mzrunvelobis organosaTvis meurvis dasaniSnad.
aRsaniSnavia, rom udavo warmoebis wesiT sasamarTlo wyvets mxolod piris SezRudul qmeduna-
rianad an qmeduunarod aRiarebis sakiTxs, rac Seexeba mzrunvelisa da meurvis daniSvnas, sasa-
marTlo gadawyvetilebis safuZvelze amas axorcilebs meurveobisa da mzrunvelobis organoebi.
sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis sarezolucio nawili unda Seesabamebodes kodeqsis 243-263-e mux-
lis moTxovnebs, amasTan unda mieTiTos moqalaqis (romelic cxaddeba SezRudul qmedunarianad,
Tu qmeduunarod) monacemebi, kerZod, saxeli, gvari, dabadebis weli, Tve da ricxvi.
sasamarTlo valdebulia kodeqsiT dadgenil vadaSi gadawyvetileba gaugzavnos meurveobisa da
mzrunvelobis organoebs.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1280-e muxlis mixedviT, sasamarTlo, romelmac gamoitana gadawyvetileba
piris qmeduunarod aRiarebis Taobaze, movalea gadawyvetilebis kanonier ZalaSi Sesvlidan ara
ugvianes sami dRisa, acnobos amis Sesaxeb meurveobisa da mzrunvelobis organoebs im piris sac-
xovrebeli adgilis mixedviT, romelic qmeduunarod aRiarebis gamo saWiroebs meurves.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 325-e muxlis me-3 nawilis Tanaxmad, ganmcxadebeli SezRudul
qmedunarianad an qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb ganTavisuflebulia saqmis ganxilvasTan da-
kavSirebuli sasamarTlo xarjebis gadaxdisagan.
71
6.4.4 gadawyvetileba moqalaqis qmedunarianad aRiarebis Sesaxeb
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo kodeqsis me-14 muxlis me-3 nawilis mixedviT, qmedunarianobis Sez-
Rudva uqmdeba maSin, roca aRar aris is safuZveli, romlis gamoc pirs SeezRuda qmedunarianoba.
amave kodeqsis me-16 muxlis me-2 nawilis Sesabamisad, qmedunarianobis srulad aRdgena iwvevs
mzrunvelobis gauqmebas.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis mixedviT, SezRuduli qmedunarianobis mqone piris qmedunarianad aRiare-
bisaTvis aucilebelia misi sruli gamojanmrTeleba.
gancxadebis Setanis ufleba moqalaqis SezRudul qmedunarianad aRiarebis Sesaxeb gadawyveti-
lebis gauqmebis moTxovniT aqvs TviT am moqalaqes, misi ojaxis wevrsa da mzrunvels. am dros
iwyeba damoukidebeli warmoeba da mosamarTle saqmes amzadebs da ganixilavs sasamarTlo
sxdomaze kodeqsiT dadgenili saerTo wesebis Sesabamisad.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis me-12 muxlis me-6 nawilis Sesabamisad, qmeduunarod aRiarebuli piris gan-
kurnebis an janmrTelobis mniSvnelovnad gaumjobesebis SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlo aRiarebs moqa-
laqes qmedunarianad. samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 327-e muxlis me-2 nawilis mixedviT, gancxa-
debis Setanis ufleba aqvT meurves, fsiqiatriul-samkurnalo dawesebulebas, ojaxis wevrebs.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1292-e muxlis mixedviT, suliT avadmyofis meurve sameurveo piris gamo-
janmrTelebis SemTxvevaSi movalea dauyonebliv aRZras Suamdgomloba sameurveo piris qmeduna-
rianad aRiarebisa da misTvis meurveobis moxsnis Sesaxeb.
sasamarTlo fsiqiatriuli eqspertizis daskvnis safuZvelze gamoitans gadawyvetilebas gamo-
janmrTelebuli piris qmedunarianad aRiarebis Sesaxeb.
amasTan, kodeqsis mixedviT piris sruli gamojanmrTeleba ar aris aucilebeli. mTavaria misi
mdgomareoba iZleodes imis saSualebas, rom moxdes masze dawesebuli meurveobis gauqmeba.
sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis safuZvelze uqmdeba aRniSnul pirze dawesebuli meurveoba. mo-
cemul SemTxvevaSic iwyeba damoukidebeli warmoeba da saqme ixileba kodeqsis moTxovnebis Se-
sabamisad.
6.5 dakargul an ganadgurebul sawarmdgenlo fasian qaRaldsa
da saordero fasian qaRaldze uflebis aRdgena (gamowveviTi warmoeba)
6.5.1 gancxadebis Setana
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 328-e muxlis Tanaxmad, pirs, sawarmdgenlo fasiani
qaRaldis an saordero fasiani qaRaldis dakargvis an ganadgurebisas, kanoniT gaTvaliswinebul
SemTxvevebSi SeuZlia sTxovos sasamarTlos dakarguli an ganadgurebuli fasiani qaRaldis
baTilad cnoba da maTze uflebis aRdgena.
am muxlis subieqtebi SeiZleba iyvnen, rogorc fizikuri, aseve iuridiuli pirebi, agreTve orga-
nizaciebi, romlebic ar arian iuridiuli pirebi. ama Tu im piris am muxlis subieqtad miCnevisTvis
6. udavo warmoeba
72
gadamwyveti mniSvneloba aqvs mis mier sawarmdgenlo an saordero fasiani qaRaldis flobasa da
mis Semdeg dakargvas an ganadgurebas.
am muxls ori obieqti gaaCnia 1. sawarmdgenlo fasiani qaRaldi; 2. saordero fasiani qaRaldi.
unda aRiniSnos, rom saqarTvelos kanonmdebloba ori saxis sakanonmdeblo aqtiT _ kanoniT _
awesrigebs fasiani qaRaldebis brunvis sakiTxs: a) samoqalaqo kodeqsis 911-e _ 932-e muxlebiTa
da b) saqarTvelos kanoniT `fasiani qaRaldebis bazris Sesaxeb~. es ukanaskneli miRebulia samo-
qalaqo kodeqsis ZalaSi Sesvlis Semdeg da amdenad, ufro detalurad awesrigebs mTeli rigi
fasiani qaRaldebis brunvis sakiTxebs, maSin roca samoqalaqo kodeqsi gansazRvravs fasian qa-
RaldebTan dakavSirebul zogad principebs.
vinaidan kanonmdebloba ar gansazRvravs sawarmdgenlo an saordero fasiani qaRaldebis amomwu-
rav CamonaTvals, warmoiSoba sakiTxi imis Taobaze, Tu romeli konkretuli fasiani qaRaldebi
SeiZleba moxvdnen samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis XXXIX Tavis moqmedebis reJimSi. am kiTxvaze
pasuxs scems samoqalaqo kodeqsi da saqarTvelos kanoni `fasiani qaRaldebis bazris Sesaxeb~.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 911-e muxlis pirveli punqti ayalibebs sawarmdgenlo fasiani qaRaldis
Semdeg cnebas _ `Tu vinme gascems dokuments, romliTac is dokumentis mflobels gadaxdas
hpirdeba, maSin mflobels SeuZlia moiTxovos gadaxda dapirebis Tanaxmad, garda im SemTxvevisa,
roca mas amis ufleba ar hqonda~. aseTi saxis fasian qaRaldebad SeiZleba miCneul iqnes warmom-
dgenze gacemuli obligacia, Tamasuqi, Ceki, sabanko anabris wignaki an sertifikati, varanti,
konosamenti da sxva. esa Tu is dokumenti warmodgens Tu ara sawarmdgenlo fasian qaRalds,
unda Sefasdes ori ZiriTadi niSnis arsebobiT _ a) fasiani qaRaldiT SesaZlebeli unda iyos
fulis an nivTis gadacema da b) igi gacemuli unda iyos warmomdgenze, anu misi mflobeli ar
unda iyos konkretulad aRniSnuli fasian qaRaldSi.
amdenad, Tu fasian qaRalds gaaCnia zemoaRniSnuli niSnebi, maSin is sawarmdgenlo fasian qaRal-
dad iTvleba da eqceva samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis XXXIX Tavis moqmedebis reJimSi.
rac Seexeba saordero fasian qaRaldebs, samoqalaqo kodeqsis 922-e muxlis pirveli nawiliT
`savalo dokumenti, romliTac emitenti dokumentis wardgenisas gadaxdas hpirdeba dasaxelebul
pirs, SeiZleba gaices saordero fasiani qaRaldis saxiT~. amdenad, cxadia, rom saordero fasian
qaRalds sawarmdgenlo fasian qaRaldTan SedarebiT gaaCnia is Tavisebureba, rom igi konkretuli
piris saxelze gaicema, Tumca, gansxvavebiT piradi fasiani qaRaldebisagan (muxli 928), saordero
fasiani qaRaldi (da Sesabamisad misgan gamomdinare uflebebi) SeiZlebaFgadaeces mesame pirs
indosamentis meSveobiT.
aqve unda aRiniSnos, rom me-4 abzacSi aRniSnuli nebismieri fasiani qaRaldi SeiZleba iyos, ro-
gorc sawarmdgenlo, aseve saordero. fasiani qaRaldis saorderod miCnevisTvis aucilebelia
ori savaldebulo da erTi fakultaturi niSnis arseboba _ a) fasiani qaRaldiT SesaZlebeli
unda iyos fulis an nivTis gadacema da b) igi gacemul unda iyos konkretul fizikur an iuridiul
pirze. rac Seexeba fakultatur niSans, mizanSewonilad unda CaiTvalos fasian qaRaldze imis
miTiTeba, rom misi indosireba daSvebulia.
saqarTvelos kanoni `fasiani qaRaldebis bazris Sesaxeb~ fasiani qaRaldebis sruliad gansxva-
vebul cnebas gvTavazobs. kerZod, me-2 muxlis 32-e punqtiT, `fasiani qaRaldi aris mimoqcevadi
finansuri instrumentebi da uflebebi, romelTa sajaro SeTavazebac SesaZlebelia wilobrivi
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Tu sasesxo fasiani qaRaldebis saxiT, an romlebic SeiZleba gardaiqmnas aseTebad, an romlebic
arian aseTebze xelismowerisa Tu SeZenis uflebis matareblebi, sainvesticio xelSekrulebebi
da fasian qaRaldebTan dakavSirebuli sxva instrumentebi da uflebebi. am kanoniT, Semdegi in-
strumentebi ar ganixileba da ar regulirdeba, rogorc fasiani qaRaldebi _ a) bankebis valde-
bulebebi, dakavSirebuli depozitebTan an sxva fiqsirebul vadian finansirebasTan, romlebsac
warmoqmnis klientTa pirdapiri, Suamavlebis gareSe momsaxureba da romlebisTvisac damaxa-
siaTebeli ar aris sajaro mimoqceva; b) nebismieri sadazRvevo polisi an enuituri kontraqti,
gamoSvebuli dazRvevis Sesaxeb kanonmdeblobis Sesabamisad moqmedi iuridiuli pirebis mier; g)
Cekebi (regulirdeba saqarTvelos kanoniT `Cekebis Sesaxeb~); d) komisiis wesebiT gansazRvruli
gamonaklisi xelSekrulebebi an finansuri instrumentebi, romelTa regulirebac Sesabamisad
xorcieldeba am an sxva kanoniT.
rogorc vxedavT, saqarTvelos kanoni `fasiani qaRaldebis bazris Sesaxeb~ fasiani qaRaldebis
sruliad gansxvavebul cnebas iTvaliswinebs da Zalzed akonkretebs mas, agreTve mohyavs metad
konkretuli gamonaklisebi, romlebic am kanoniT ar iTvlebian fasian qaRaldebad. amdenad,
SeiZleba CavTvaloT, rom fasiani qaRaldi, romelic am kanoniT ar ganixileba aseTad, SeiZleba
CaiTvalos samoqalaqo kodeqsis debulebebiT gansazRvrul fasian qaRaldad da, Sesabamisad,
moeqces samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis XXXIX Tavis moqmedebis reJimSi. magaliTad, warmom-
dgenze gaxsnili sabanko anabaris wignaki an sertifikati. amave dros, `fasiani qaRaldebis bazris
Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanoniT dadgenili cnebis ganxilvisas uciloblad unda gamovideT TviT
`fasiani qaRaldebis bazris Sesaxeb~ kanonis miznidan da gamoyenebis sferodan, romlebic moce-
mulia mis Sesavalsa da pirveli muxlis me-4 punqtSi da aseTad fasiani qaRaldebis sajaro SeTa-
vazebisa da mimoqcevis, fasiani qaRaldebis bazris formirebas miiCnevs. amdenad, saqarTvelos
kanons `fasiani qaRaldebis bazris Sesaxeb~ sruliad sxva daniSnuleba gaaCnia da igi ver Secvlis
samoqalaqo kodeqsiT gansazRvruli fasiani qaRaldebis fuZemdeblur cnebebsa da prinpicebs.
es kanonebi mxolod avseben erTmaneTs, magram maTi koliziis SemTxvevaSi samoqalaqo saproceso
kodeqsis XXXIX TaviT gansazRvruli warmoebisas sasamarTlo unda gamovides samoqalaqo ko-
deqsiT dadgenili cnebebidan.
SeniSvna: fasiani qaRaldebi am saxiT (anu sawarmdgenlo an saordero saxiT) praqtikaSi Zalzed
iSviaTad gaicema, vinaidan ufro mosaxerxebelia maTi saxelobiT gacema an CanaweriT floba,
rac praqtikaSi gacilebiT gavrcelebulia. amasve adasturebs samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis
XXXIX TavTan mimarTebiT sasamarTlo praqtikis ararseboba.
6.5.2 gancxadebis Setanis adgili
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 328-e muxlis me-2 nawilis Tanaxmad, gancxadeba Seta-
nil unda iqnes sasamarTloSi am muxlSi miTiTebuli sabuTis gamcemi dawesebulebis adgilmde-
bareobis mixedviT. aRniSnuli wesi adgens gamowveviTi warmoebis gansajadobis sakiTxs. gansja-
dobis sakiTxi am muxliT metad specifikurad regulirdeba da gansxvavdeba udavo warmoebis
wesiT gansaxilveli sxva saqmeebis gansjadobisagan. imperatiuladaa gansazRvruli, rom ganc-
xadeba Seitaneba sasamarTloSi sabuTis gamcemi dawesebulebis adgilmdebareobis mixedviT. sa-
buTis gamcem dawesebulebaSi uciloblad igulisxmeba emitenti anu dawesebuleba, romelmac
fasiani qaRaldi gamouSva. magaliTad, Tu aqcia gamoSvebul iqna ss `gurjaanis Rvinis qarxnis~
mier da misi mflobelia quTaisSi mdebare Sps `orioni~, gancxadeba Setanil unda iqnes gur-
jaanis raionul sasamarTloSi. kidev erTi magaliTi, ss `foTis portis~ mier gacemuli sawar-
mdgenlo varanti, romelsac flobda baTumSi mcxovrebi daviT diasamiZe, daikarga. aseT SemTxve-
vaSi daviT diasamiZem gancxadebiT unda mimarTos foTis saqalaqo sasamarTlos.
6. udavo warmoeba
74
6.5.3 gancxadebis Sinaarsi
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 329-e muxlis Tanaxmad, gancxadebaSi unda aRiniS-
nos, dakarguli an ganadgurebuli sabuTis ganmasxvavebeli niSnebi, sabuTis gamcemi dawesebu-
lebis saxelwodeba, agreTve sabuTis dakargvis garemoebani. am muxlis Sinaarsis gacnobisas cxadi
xdeba, rom sasamarTloSi wardgenili gancxadeba mTel rig aucilebel rekvizitebs unda Seicav-
des. am rekvizitebis gancxadebaSi miuTiTebloba xarvezis dadgenis safuZvelia. kerZod, auci-
leblad unda aRiniSnos: a) sabuTis ganmasxvavebeli niSnebi (magaliTad, sabuTi Sesrulebulia
A4-is formatis qaRaldze, aqvs Tu ara mas damcavi niSnebi, aqvs Tu ara mas mkacri aRricxvis
nomeri da a.S.); b) sabuTis gamcemi dawesebulebis saxelwodeba, anu unda aRiniSnos emitenti
dawesebuleba; g) sabuTis dakargvis garemoebani. aq SesaZlebelia aRiniSnos, rom dakargva gan-
pirobebuli iyo mflobelisgan misi gatacebiT, qurdobiT, xolo ganadgureba gamoiwvia xanZar-
ma, stiqiurma movlenebma da a.S.
marTalia, zemoxsenebul muxlSi araa miTiTebuli, magram gancxadeba aucilebelad unda Se-
icavdes ganmcxadeblis moTxovnas. es gamomdinareobs samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis ara XXXIX
Tavidan, aramed amave kodeqsis 311-e muxlis pirveli nawilidan da 178-e muxlis pirveli nawilis
`g~ qvepunqtidan. moTxovnaSi unda aisaxos is, Tu ras iTxovs sasamarTlosagan ganmcxadebeli,
anu sawarmdgenlo an saordero fasiani qaRaldis Zaladakargulad gamocxadebas da masze
ganmcxadeblis uflebis aRdgenas. analogiurad unda gadawydes gancxadebaze dasarTavi do-
kumentebis sakiTxi, anu marTalia samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 329-e muxli amis Sesaxeb ara-
fers ambobs, magram amave kodeqsis 311-e da 178-e muxlebidan gamomdinare, gancxadebas unda
daerTos yvela is dokumenti, romliTac ganmcxadebeli cdilobs daamtkicos fasiani qaRaldis
arsebobisa da misi Semdgomi dakargvis an ganadgurebis garemoebebi.
6.5.4 mosamarTlis moqmedeba gancxadebis miRebis Semdeg
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 330-e muxlis Tanaxmad, mosamarTle gancxadebis
miRebis Semdeg gamoitans ganCinebas sabuTis gamcemi dawesebulebisaTvis (pirisaTvis) am sabuTiT
yovelgvari gadaxdisa da gacemis akrZalvis, agreTve ganmcxadeblis xarjze adgilobriv presaSi
publikaciis Sesaxeb. aseTi ganCinebis gamotanaze uari SeiZleba gasaCivrdes kerZo saCivriT.
zemoxsenebuli muxlidan cxadad Cans, rom warmoebaSi miRebis ganCinebis gamotanis Semdeg sasa-
marTlom unda gamosces ganCineba sabuTis gamcemi dawesebulebisaTvis (pirisaTvis) am sabuTiT
yovelgvari gadaxdisa da gacemis akrZalvis, agreTve ganmcxadeblis xarjze adgilobriv presaSi
publikaciis Sesaxeb. Tumca gaurkvevelia, ra vada unda gavides am ori ganCinebis gamotanis
momentebs Soris. amdenad, gaurkvevlobis Tavidan acilebis mizniT, mizanSewonilad unda Ca-
iTvalos warmoebaSi miRebis dResve meore ganCinebis gamotanac, romliTac sabuTis gamcem dawe-
sebulebas aekrZaleba am sabuTiT gadaxdisa da gacemis ganxorcieleba. es akrZalva erTgvarad
waagavs sarCelis uzrunvelyofis RonisZiebas da, aqedan gamomdinare, sarCelis uzrunvelyofis
msgavsad metad SemWidrovebul vadaSi unda iqnes ganxiluli, raTa swrafad da efeqturad moxdes
ganmcxadeblis uflebebis dacva.
rac Seexeba aseTi ganCinebis gamotanaze uaris Tqmis ganCinebas, igi gasaCivrebas eqvemdebareba
kerZo saCivriT, anu zemdgomi sasamarTlo Seamowmebs mis dasaSvebobasa da dasabuTebulobas
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 414-e _ 420-e muxlebis Sesabamisad. aseTi ganCinebis gasaCivrebis
SesaZlebloba gamomdinareobs iqidan, rom SesaZlebelia pirveli instanciis sasamarTlom sworad
75
ver Seafasos saqmisaTvis mniSvnelobis mqone garemoebebi, ris gamoc ganmcxadebels unda mieces
zemdgomi sasamarTlosTvis mimarTvis ufleba.
6.5.5 publikacia
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 331-e muxlis Tanaxmad, publikacia unda Seicavdes:
a) im sasamarTlos dasaxelebas, romelSic Setanilia gancxadeba sabuTis dakargvis
Sesaxeb;
b) ganmcxadeblis dasaxelebasa da mis sacxovrebel adgils;
g) sabuTis dasaxelebasa da ganmasxvavebel niSnebs;
d) winadadebas im sabuTis xelTmqonis mimarT, romlis dakargvis Sesaxebac Setanilia
gancxadeba, rom man publikaciis dRidan sami Tvis ganmavlobaSi Seitanos gancxadeba
sasamarTloSi am sabuTze Tavisi uflebis Sesaxeb.
publikaciis mniSvneloba ganisazRvreba im faqtiT, rom ganmcxadeblisTvis ucnobia sabuTis xel-
Tmqonis vinaoba da am gziT SesaZlebelia garkveul iqnes misi amJamindeli mflobeli. Tumca,
amisda miuxedavad, kanoni mainc uSvebs sami Tvis vadiT saqmeze warmoebis SeCerebas, rac ewina-
aRmdegeba samoqalaqo saqmeTa 2 Tvis vadaSi ganxilvis kanoniT dadgenil wess. amdenad, sasur-
velia, am tipis gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebis ganCinebiTve misi ganxilvis vada 5 Tvemde gag-
rZeldes. Ggancxadebis publikacia xdeba adgilobriv presaSi.
6.5.6 sabuTis xelTmqonis gancxadeba
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 332-e muxlis Tanaxmad, im sabuTis xelTmqone,
romlis dakargvis Sesaxeb gancxadebulia, valdebulia publikaciis dRidan 3 Tvis vadis gas-
vlamde ganCinebis gamomtan sasamarTloSi Seitanos gancxadeba sabuTze Tavisi uflebis Sesaxeb
da amasTan erTad waradginos sabuTis dedanic. gansaxilveli muxlis Sinaarsi metad naTelia.
Tu publikaciam Sedegi gamoiRo da sabuTis xelTmqonem gaigo imis Taobaze, rom mis sabuTze
gamowveviTi warmoeba mimdinareobs, mas warmoeSoba valdebuleba ganCinebis gamoqveynebidan 3
Tvis vadaSi gancxadeba waradginos sasamarTloSi amis Taobaze da amave dros waradginos sabuTis
dedanic. faqtiurad amgvari gancxadebis wardgena erTgvarad uTanabrdeba gadaxdis brZanebaze
protestis Setanas, vinaidan orive maTganis mizani erTia _ dafiqsirebul iqnes im mxaris po-
zicia, romlis mosazrebis gagebac manamde SeuZlebeli iyo.
6.5.7 mosamarTlis moqmedeba sabuTis xelTmqonisagan gancxadebis miRebis Semdeg
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 333-e muxlis Tanaxmad, Tu sabuTis xelTmqonem
publikaciis dRidan 3 Tvis vadis gasvlamde Seitana sasamarTloSi gancxadeba, sasamarTlo ganc-
xadebas sabuTis dakargvis Sesaxeb ganuxilvelad datovebs da daadgens vadas, romlis gan-
mavlobaSic sabuTis gamcem dawesebulebas (pirs) aukrZalavs awarmoos am sabuTiT gadaxda da
gacema. es vada ar SeiZleba aRematebodes 2 Tves. imavdroulad sasamarTlo ganumartavs gan-
mcxadebels mis uflebas, aRZras sarCeli sabuTis gamoTxovis Sesaxeb saerTo wesiT im piris
mimarT, visac xelT aqvs sabuTi, xolo am ukanasknels _ mis uflebas, gadaaxdevinos ganmcxadebels
zarali, rac gamowveulia akrZalvis RonisZiebebiT. sasamarTlos ganCinebaze SeiZleba kerZo
saCivris Setana.
6. udavo warmoeba
76
zemoTmoyvanili debuleba udavo warmoebis wesiT gansaxilveli saqmeebis specifikis klasikur
nimuSTan erTad asaxavs gamowveviTi warmoebis arss. es ukanaskneli imaSi gamoixateba, rom am
saxis warmoebiT moZiebul iqnes sabuTis xelTmqone. aseTi piris moZiebis SemTxvevaSi moqmedebas
iwyebs udavo warmoebis wesiT gansaxilveli saqmeebisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli zogadi wesi, romelic
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 311-e muxlis me-2 punqtSia asaxuli _ `Tu udavo warmoebis wesiT
saqmis ganxilvisas aRiZvris dava iseTi uflebebis Sesaxeb, romlebic sasamarTlos uwyebrivad
eqvemdebareba, sasamarTlo gancxadebas ganuxilvelad datovebs da dainteresebul pirebs ga-
numartavs, rom maT ufleba aqvT warmoadginon sarCeli saerTo safuZvlebze~.
sabuTis xelTmqonis aRmoCenis SemTxvevaSi dgindeba im piris vinaoba, vis mflobelobaSic
imyofeba sabuTi da aseT SemTxvevaSi, udavo warmoebis gagrZeleba safuZvels moklebuli xdeba.
ganmcxadebelma ukve sarCeliT unda mimarTos sasamarTlos, raTa udavo warmoebis nacvlad da-
iwyos sasarCelo warmoeba, romelic ufro ukeT uzrunvelyofs pirTa uflebebis dacvas, vidre
udavo warmoeba. cxadia, rom sasarCelo warmoebis dawyebis SemTxvevaSi sarCeli wardgenil unda
iqnes saerTo gansajadobis wesebis mixedviT. teqnikuri TvalsazrisiT, mizanSewonilad unda
CaiTvalos am uflebis (anu uflebisa, rom mxareebs SeuZliaT idavon sasarCelo wesiT) ganmarteba
imave ganCinebis sarezolucio nawilSi, romliTac gancxadeba ganuxilvelad darCa an imave saoqmo
ganCinebaSi, Tu gancxadeba ganuxilvelad zepiri mosmenisas darCa.
6.5.8 saqmis daniSvna gansaxilvelad
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 334-e muxlis Tanaxmad, saqmes dakarguli sabuTebis
baTilad cnobis Sesaxeb sasamarTlo ganixilavs publikaciis dRidan 3 Tvis gasvlis Semdeg, Tu
sabuTis xelTmqonisagan ar Semovida 332-e muxlSi miTiTebuli gancxadeba. Tu ver moxda ga-
mowveviTi warmoebis miznis miRweva, anu sabuTis xelTmqonis aRmoCena, maSin sasamarTlo ukve
uflebamosili xdeba Seudges saqmis arsebiT ganxilvas, mxolod im aucilebeli pirobis dacviT,
rom unda gavides samTviani vada publikaciis dRidan. rogorc zemoT aRiniSna, pulikaciis dRe
SeiZleba ar daemTxves publikaciis Sesaxeb ganCinebis gamotanis dRes. amisda miuxedavad, yvela
SemTxvevaSi gadamwyvetia swored publikaciis dRe. amdenad, sam Tviani vada publikaciis dRidan
unda aiTvalos.
ra SeiZleba moxdes im SemTxvevaSi, Tu sabuTis xelTmqonisagan gancxadeba Semotanili iqneba
samTviani vadis gasvlis Semdeg, magram sasamarTlos mier gadawyvetilebis gamotanamde? aseT
SemTxvevas kanoni pirdapir ar aregulirebs, Tumca gamowveviTi warmoebis arsidan gamomdinare
(rac imaSi mdgomareobs, rom moZiebul iqnes sabuTis xelTmqone) mizanSewonilad unda CaiTvalos
gancxadebis ganuxilvelad datoveba da sarCelis wardgenis SesaZleblobis ganmarteba mosar-
CelisaTvis samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 333-e muxlis analogiurad.
6.5.9 sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba gancxadebis gamo
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 335-e muxlis Tanaxmad, ganmcxadeblis Txovnis
dakmayofilebis SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlo gamoitans gadawyvetilebas, romliTac baTilad cnobs
dakargul sabuTs. es gadawyvetileba uflebas aZlevs ganmcxadebels miiRos anabari an axali
sabuTi baTilad cnobili sabuTis nacvlad. Tu publikaciis meSveobiT ver iqneba dadgenili
sabuTis xelTmqone, maSin sasamarTlo Tavisi gadawyvetilebiT akmayofilebs gancxadebas da
dakargul sabuTs baTilad cnobs. Tumca es ar niSnavs imas, rom es avtomaturad unda moxdes mas
Semdeg, rac publikacia uSedegod Caivlis. rogorc zogadad xdeba udavo warmoebis dros, sasa-
77
marTlom Tavad unda daadginos da sakuTari inicitiviT moiwvios dainteresebuli pirebi da
miiRos maTgan maqsimalurad meti informacia gansaxilveli sakiTxis Sesaxeb. magaliTad, sabuTis
gamcemi dawesebulebis mowvevam SeiZleba mniSvnelovani faqtebi gaxados cnobili sasamarTlos-
Tvis, iseve rogorc mowmeebis dakiTxvam, saqmeSi arsebuli sxva mtkicebulebebis gamokvlevam da
a.S. Tu yvela am garemoebis gamokvlevis Sedegad sasamarTlo miva im daskvamde, rom sabuTi mar-
Tlac ganmcxadebels ekuTvnoda, maSin igi baTilad cnobs dakargul sabuTs. amasTan, sasurvelia,
rom gadawyvetilebis sarezolucio nawilSi aisaxos 335-e muxlis meore winadadebis Sinaarsic,
vinaidan sabuTis gamcemma dawesebulebam an sxva organom gadawyvetilebis Sinaarsis gacnobisas
zustad aRiqvas Tavisi valdebuleba gasces axali sabuTi dakargulis sanacvlod da ar Seuqmnas
zedmeti xelovnuri dabrkoleba ganmcxadebels.
6.5.10sabuTis xelTmqonis ufleba aRZras sarCeli qonebis usafuZvlod SeZenis Sesaxeb
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 336-e muxlis Tanaxmad, sabuTis xelTmqones, ro-
melsac raime mizeziT droulad ar ganucxadebia Tavisi ufleba am sabuTze, dakarguli sabuTis
baTilad cnobis Sesaxeb sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebis kanonier ZalaSi Sesvlis Semdeg, SeuZlia
aRZras sarCeli qonebis usafuZvlod SeZenis an dazogvis Taobaze im piris mimarT, romelsac
dakargulis nacvlad mieniWa axali sabuTis miRebis ufleba. am muxlSi ganxilulia is SemTxveva,
rodesac sabuTis xelTmqonem samTviani vadis gasvlisa da sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebis kanonier
ZalaSi Sesvlis Semdeg gaigo gadawyvetilebis Sesaxeb. aseT SemTxvevaSi mas ufleba eZleva sasar-
Celo wesiT daicvas Tavisi ufleba da usafuZvlo gamdidrebis Sesaxeb normebiT (samoqalaqo
kodeqsis 976-991 muxlebi) edavos im pirs, romelsac sasamarTlom misca ufleba mieRo axali
sabuTi. am normis mizania SesaZlebloba misces sabuTis xelTqmones, romelmac ver SeZlo sam-
Tvian vadaSi gancxadebis gakeTeba, daicvas Tavisi ufleba da amtkicos sabuTze misi uflebebi.
amasTan, sasarCelo warmoeba, aRWurvili dispoziciurobisa da SejibrebiTobis elementebiT,
saukeTeso saSualebaa misi uflebis dasacavad.
sagulisxmoa is garemoeba, rom ganxiluli warmoeba mTlianad gadmoRebulia Zveli sabWoTa samo-
qalaqo samarTlis saproceso kodeqsidan (1964 w.), rasac adasturebs am saxis warmoebis identu-
roba imdroindel analogiur warmoebasTan, agreTve terminis _ `qonebis usafuZvlod SeZenis an
dazogvis~ _ gamoyeneba, rac damaxasiaTebeli iyo saqarTvelos ssr samoqalaqo samarTlis kodeq-
sisTvis (1964 w., muxlebi 486-487).
6.6 qonebis upatronod cnoba
6.6.1 gancxadeba qonebis upatronod cnobis Sesaxeb
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis mixedviT, qonebis upatronod cnobis Sesaxeb gancxadebas sasa-
marTlo ganixilavs udavo warmoebis wesiT. amave kodeqsis me-14 muxlis mixedviT, qonebis upatro-
nod cnobis saqmeebs, Tu qonebis Rirebuleba ar aRemateba 2000 lars, ganixilavs magistrati
mosamarTle, Sesabamisad, Tu qonebis Rirebuleba aRemateba 2000 lars gancxadebas qonebis upatro-
nod cnobis Sesaxeb ganixilavs raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos mosamarTle.
sakuTrebis ufleba gulisxmobs mesakuTris SesaZleblobas Tavisuflad flobdes, anu realurad
flobdes mas, sargeblobdes (ar isargeblos qonebiT), anu miiRos misgan nayofi _ Semosavali,
namati an upiratesoba da gankargos qoneba, anu gansazRvros misi iuridiuli bedi, kerZod, ga-
asxvisos, gaaCuqos, gaaqiravos, datvirTos, amasTan ar dauSvas sxva piris mier am qonebiT sar-
6. udavo warmoeba
78
gebloba. isic unda aRiniSnos, rom mesakuTris mier qonebis gankargva gulisxmobs mis uflebas,
uari Tqvas masze, anu miatovos igi. amasTan, gansxvavebulia uZrav da moZrav nivTebze sakuTrebis
mitovebis wesi. moZravi qonebis mitovebisaTvis ar aris aucilebeli raime formalobebis dacva,
rac Seexeba uZrav nivTebs, uZrav qonebaze sakuTrebis SeZenis Taviseburebidan gamomdinare,
uZrav qonebaze sakuTrebis an sxva uflebis misatoveblad, aucilebelia uflebamosili piris
gancxadeba am uflebis mitovebis Sesaxeb da am gancxadebis registracia sajaro reestrSi. ganc-
xadeba unda Cahbardes reestris samsaxurs. mxolod amis Semdeg iZens uflebis mitovebis gancxa-
deba savaldebulo Zalas (ssk 184-e muxli).
qonebis upatronod cnoba da misi im piris mflobelobaSi gadacema, romelic daeufla mas, war-
moadgens sakuTrebis SeZenis erT-erT saSualebas. amasTan, udavo warmoebis wesiT SesaZlebelia
mxolod moZravi nivTebis upatronod cnoba, rac Seexeba upatrono uZrav nivTebs, maTze sakuT-
rebis uflebas iZens saxelmwifo.
upatronod iTvleba qoneba, romelsac ar hyavs mesakuTre, an misi mesakuTre ucnobia, an/da nivTi,
romlis mesakuTremac sakuTrebaze uaris Tqmis mizniT miatova nivTis mflobeloba.
ar hyavs mesakuTre
mesakuTrem uari Tqva sakuTrebaze
qoneba upatronod iTvleba Tu:
mesakuTre ucnobia
upatronod iTvleba iseTi moZravi nivTebi, rogoricaa gadagdebuli nivTebi, napovari, umeTval-
yureo cxovelebi, ganZi da sxv.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 190-e muxlis Tanaxmad, Tu piri mflobelobaSi iRebs upatrono moZrav nivTs,
igi iZens sakuTrebas nivTze, Tuki misi miTviseba kanoniT ar aris akrZaluli an, Tu miTvisebiT ar
aris darRveuli im piris uflebebi, romelsac am nivTis miTvisebis ufleba hqonda.
moZravi nivTi upatronod iTvleba, Tuki uwindeli mesakuTre sakuTrebaze uaris Tqmis mizniT
nivTis mflobelobas miatovebs.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 191-e muxlis Tanaxmad, dakarguli nivTis mpovnelma dauyonebliv unda ganuc-
xados amis Sesaxeb nivTis damkargavs, mesakuTres, uflebamosil pirs an Tu maTi vinaoba ucnobia
_ policias an sxva adgilobriv organos da gadasces es nivTi.
gancxadebis gakeTebidan erTi wlis gasvlis Semdeg mpovneli iZens sakuTrebas napovarze, garda im
SemTxvevisa, roca misTvis cnobili gaxda mesakuTre an mesakuTris ufleba nivTze policiaSi ukve
gacxadebuli iyo, sakuTrebis uflebis mopovebasTan erTad qarwyldeba yvela sxva ufleba am nivTze.
amave muxlis me-5 nawilis mixedviT, Tu napovaria cxovelebi, malfuWebadi an iseTi nivTebi, romelTa
Senaxvac did xarjebs moiTxovs, maSin erTwliani vada ar gamoiyeneba, xolo mesakuTres ubrundeba
maTi gasxvisebiT miRebuli Tanxa.
79
amave kodeqsis 192-e muxlis Tanaxmad, Tu aRmoCenilia sagani, romelic ise didxans iyo dafluli,
rom SeuZlebelia misi mesakuTris dadgena (ganZi), maSin sakuTreba sanaxevrod gadadis aRmomCenze
da im mesakuTreze, romlis nivTSic iqna ganZi napovni.
Tu pirs, romelic daeufla moZrav nivTs, aqvs iuridiuli interesi aseTi aRiarebis mimarT, SeuZlia
sasamarTlos mimarTos gancxadebiT qonebis upatronod cnobis Sesaxeb.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 337-e muxlis mixedviT, gancxadeba qonebis upatronod cnobis
Sesaxeb sasamarTloSi Seaqvs im pirs, vinc daeufla qonebas fizikuri piris sacxovrebeli adgilis
an iuridiuli piris adgilsamyofelis mixedviT.
gancxadeba qonebis upatronod cnobis Sesaxeb unda Seesabamebodes samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis
178-e muxlis moTxovnebs da damatebiT unda Seicavdes Semdeg monacemebs:
1.miTiTebas im qonebaze, romlis upatronod cnobasac moiTxovs ganmcxadebeli;
2.qonebis daxasiaTebas, mis ganmasxvavebel niSnebze miTiTebas;
3.mtkicebulebebs, romlebic adastureben mesakuTris mier qonebis mitovebis faqts am qonebaze
sakuTrebis uflebis SenarCunebis ganzraxvis gareSe;
4.mtkicebulebebs, romlebic adastureben, rom ganmcxadebeli daeufla qonebas, romlis miTvisebac
kanoniT ar ikrZaleba da ar irRveva im piris uflebebi, romelsac am nivTis miTvisebis ufleba
hqonda (338-e muxli).
6.6.2 qonebis upatronod cnobis Sesaxeb gancxadebis ganxilva
gancxadebis miRebis Semdeg, sasamarTlo axorcielebs samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsiT gaTvalis-
winebul RonisZiebebs, kerZod, 183-e muxlis Sesabamisad, Tu mosamarTle gamoarkvevs, rom gancxadeba
Setanilia kodeqsis moTxovnebis dacviT, (177-e, 338-e muxlebi) 5 dRis ganmavlobaSi gamoitans
ganCinebas gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebis Sesaxeb. gancxadeba miRebulad CaiTvleba misi miRebis
Sesaxeb ganCinebis gamotanis dRidan, xolo Tu aRniSnul vadaSi ganCineba gamotanili ar iqneba,
maSin _ am vadis gasvlis Semdeg. Sesabamisad, Tu gancxadeba ar akmayofilebs kodeqsiT dadgenil
moTxovnebs an saxelmwifo baJi ar aris gadaxdili, mo-samarTle gamoitans xarvezis Sesaxeb ganCinebas
da dauniSnavs ganmcxadebels vadas mis Sesavsebad. Tu ganmcxadebeli daniSnul vadaSi Seavsebs
ganCinebaSi miTiTebul xarvezs, mosamarTle gamoitans gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebis Sesaxeb
ganCinebas, winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, uars etyvis ganmcxadebels gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebaze,
razedac SeiZleba kerZo saCivris Setana. aseTi gadawyvetilebis miRebis SemTxvevaSi saxelmwifo
baJi eqvemdebareba mTlianad dabrunebas.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis mixedviT, gancxadebis Setanaze uflebamosili piri aris fizikuri
an iuridiuli piri, romelic daeufla qonebas. Sesabamisad, Tu gancxadeba qonebis upatronod
cnobis Sesaxeb waradgina arauflebamosilma pirma, mosamarTle, 186-e muxlis Sesabamisad, gamoitans
ganCinebas gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebaze uaris Sesaxeb. Tu aRniSnuli garemoeba gamovlinda
saqmis sasamarTlo sxdomaze ganxilvis dros, mosamarTles SeuZlia uflebamosili ganmcxadeblis
TanxmobiT, saqmis Seuwyvetlad Secvalos Tavdapirveli ganmcxadebeli saTanado ganmcxadebliT.
Tu zemoaRniSnuli pirebi uars ganacxadeben Secvlaze, maSin dadgeba samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis
84-e muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli Sedegebi.
6. udavo warmoeba
80
Tu gancxadeba Setanilia aragansjad sasamarTloSi, saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis
186-e muxlis pirveli nawilis `e~ qvepunqtis Tanaxmad, sasamarTlom uari unda uTxras ganmcxa-
debels gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebaze da amave kodeqsis 187-e muxlis pirveli nawilis mixedviT,
ganCinebaSi unda miuTiTos gansjadi sasamarTlo.
Tu aragansjadoba sasamarTlosTvis cnobili gaxdeba gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebis Semdeg, sasa-
marTlom samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 187-e muxlis me-2 nawilis Sesabamisad, ganuxilvelad
unda datovos gancxadeba, rasac ukavSirdeba amave kodeqsis 278-e muxliT dadgenili Sedegebi.
gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebis Semdeg mosamarTle amzadebs saqmes sasamarTlo sxdomaze gansa-
xilvelad 203-e da 339-e muxlebis Sesabamisad.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 339-e muxlis Tanaxmad, gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebis Semdeg
sasamarTlo adgilobriv gazeTSi aqveynebs cnobas, romelic unda Seicavdes:
1.sasamarTlos dasaxelebas, romelmac unda miiRos gadawyvetileba qonebis upatronod
cnobis Sesaxeb;
2.ganmcxadeblis vinaobas;
3.qonebis aRweras, romelic unda gamocxaddes upatronod;
4.moTxovnas, im pirTa mimarT, romelTac SeiZleba hqondeT pretenzia qonebaze, romelic
upatronod unda gamocxaddes, raTa maT ganacxadon sasamarTloSi TavianTi uflebebis
Sesaxeb 3 Tvis ganmavlobaSi dRidan publikaciisa.
saqmis momzadebis dros mosamarTlem unda gamoarkvios im pirTa vinaoba, romelTac SeuZliaT
miawodon sasamarTlos informacia qonebis da misi mesakuTris Sesaxeb da gamoiZaxos isini sasa-
marTlo sxdomaze Cvenebis misacemad. mosamarTlem, aseve unda gamoiTxovos cnobebi Sesabamisi
saxelmwifo organoebidan.
qonebis upatronod cnobis Sesaxeb mtkicebis tvirTi saproceso kodeqsis 102-e muxlis Sesabamiasad
ekisreba ganmcxadebels.
mtkicebulebad SesaZlebelia gamoyenebul iqnes mowmeTa Cvenebebi da yvela sxva mtkicebuleba,
romelic daSvebulia samoqalaqo saproceso samarTalSi.
saqmis momzadebis stadiaze sasamarTlom unda gamoarkvios, xom ar ekuTvnis qoneba gardacvlil
an gardacvlilad gamocxadebul pirs, romelsac ar hyavs memkvidreebi, an yvela memkvidrem uari
ganacxada memkvidreobis miRebaze Tu ara, anda yvela memkvidres CamorTmeuli aqvs memkvidreobis
ufleba Tu ara. dauSvebelia aseTi qoneba cnobili iqnes upatronod udavo warmoebis wesiT da
gadaeces sakuTrebaSi ganmcxadebels. samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1343-e muxlis mixedviT, Tu arc ka-
noniT da arc anderZiT memkvidreebi ar arian, an arc erTma memkvidrem ar miiRo samkvidro, an/da,
roca yvela memkvidres CamoerTva memkvidreobis ufleba, umkvidro qoneba gadadis saxelmwifoze;
xolo Tu mamkvidrebeli moxucTa, invalidTa, samkurnalo, aRmzrdelobiT da socialuri dacvis
sxva dawesebulebaTa rCenaze imyofeboda, maSin _ maT sakuTrebaSi.
amave muxlis me-2 nawilis Sesabamisad, umkvidro qoneba samewarmeo sazogadoebaSi an kooperativSi
wilis, aqciis an pais saxiT gadadis maT xelSi, Tu kanoniT sxva ram ar aris gaTvaliswinebuli.
81
dauSvebelia, aseve ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebuli piris qonebis upatronod gamocxadeba.
ugzo-ukvlod dakarguli piris qoneba samoqalaqo kodeqsis mixedviT mindobili sakuTrebis saxiT
samarTavad gadaecemaT mis memkvidreebs.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 21-e muxlis Tanaxmad, piris ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebis Sesaxeb
gadawyvetilebis kanonier ZalaSi Sesvlis Semdeg, kanoniT memkvidreebi moipoveben uflebamosi-
lebas, ukvalod dakargulis qoneba marTon mindobili sakuTrebis saxiT.
Tu kodeqsiT dadgenil vadaSi sasamarTloSi Semova gancxadeba qonebaze uflebis Sesaxeb, maSin
sasamarTlo Tavisi ganCinebiT ganuxilvelad datovebs gancxadebas qonebis upatronod cnobis
Sesaxeb da winadadebiT mimarTavs ganmcxadebels, aRZras aRiarebiTi sarCeli im piris mimarT, ro-
melmac ganacxada Tavisi ufleba qonebaze.
Tu daniSnuli vadis gasvlamde sasamarTloSi ar Semova gancxadeba qonebaze uflebis Sesaxeb, mo-
samarTle 207-e muxlis Tanaxmad, gamoitans ganCinebas sasamarTlos mTavar sxdomaze saqmis arsebiTad
ganxilvis daniSvnis Sesaxeb.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 340-e muxlis me-2 nawilis Tanaxmad, sasamarTlo ganixilavs saqmes,
gamohkiTxavs im pirebs, romelTac SeuZliaT cnobebis miwodeba qonebis kuTvnilebis Sesaxeb, agreT-
ve gamoiTxovs cnobebs Sesabamisi organoebidan.
saqmis ganxilvisas sasamarTlo unda darwmundes, rom ganmcxadebelma yvela zomas mimarTa mesakuT-
ris dasadgenad.
aRsaniSnavia, rom Tuki mesakuTre sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebis kanonier ZalaSi Sesvlis Semdeg
Seityobs misi qonebis Sesaxeb, mas SeuZlia aRZras vindikaciuri sarCeli ukanono mflobelobi-
dan nivTis gamoTxovis Sesaxeb.
6.6.3 gadawyvetileba qonebis upatronod cnobis Sesaxeb
Tu sasamarTlo cnobs, rom qonebas ar hyavs mesakuTre an es qoneba mitovebulia mesakuTris mier
im ganzraxvis gareSe, rom SeinarCunos am qonebaze sakuTrebis ufleba, mas gamoaqvs gadawyvetileba
moZravi qonebis upatronod cnobisa da misi im piris sakuTrebaSi gadacemis Sesaxeb, romelic daeufla
am qonebas (341-e muxli).
Tu saqmeSi arsebuli mtkicebulebebi ar aris sakmarisi imisaTvis, rom qoneba miCneul iqnes upatro-
nod, mosamarTle gadawyvetilebiT uars etyvis ganmcxadebels gancxadebis dakmayofilebaze, romel-
zedac dasaSvebia saapelacio da sakasacio saCivrebis Setana.
6. udavo warmoeba
82
7.1 zogadi debulebebi gamartivebuli warmoebis Sesaxeb
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis pirveli muxliT gansazRvru-
lia samoqalaqo saqmeTa uwyebrivi qvemdebareobis zogadi wesi, romlis mi-
xedviTac, saqarTvelos saerTo sasamarTloebi samoqalaqo saqmeebs ganixi-
laven am kodeqsiT dadgenili wesebis mixedviT. me-2 muxliT ki uzrunvelyo-
filia yoveli piris ufleba _ Tavisi darRveuli, Tu sadavod qceuli uf-
lebis, kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli interesebis dasacavad mimarTos sasa-
marTlos.
samoqalaqo saproceso kanonmdeblobiT dadgenilia sasamarTlosadmi uf-
lebis dasacavad mimarTvis saproceso forma. kerZod, esenia sarCeli da
gancxadeba. dispoziciurobis principidan gamomdinare (ssk-is me-3 muxli),
mxareebi TviTon iReben gadawyvetilebas sarCelis an gancxadebis sasamar-
TloSi Setanis Sesaxeb da Tavad gansazRvraven davis sagans. saqmis sasamar-
TloSi warmoeba ki, mxareebma unda daiwyon samoqalaqo saproceso kodeq-
siT dadgenili wesebis Sesabamisad.
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis mexuTe kariT (292-309
7
-e
muxlebi) reglamentirebulia sasamarTloSi saqmis warmoebis gamartive-
buli wesi, kerZod, gamartivebuli samarTalwarmoebiT magistrati mosa-
marTlis mier SeiZleba ganxilul iqnes sami saxis moTxovna: _ a) Tamasuqisa
da Cekis Taobaze aRZruli sarCelebi; b) garkveuli fuladi Tanxis dava-
lianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb saqmeebi da g) lizingis sagnis gamcemis
mflobelobaSi lizingis sagnis dabrunebis Sesaxeb saqmeebi.
7. gamartivebuli warmoeba
Tamasuqisa da Cekis
Taobaze aRZruli
sarCelebi
lizingis sagnis gamcemis
mflobelobaSi lizingis
sagnis dabrunebis Sesaxeb
saqmeebi
magistrati mosamarTlis mier
gamartivebuli warmoebis wesiT ganixileba:
fuladi Tanxis davali-
anebis gadaxdevinebis
Sesaxeb saqmeebi
83
7.2 davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb saqmis ganxilvis gamartivebuli wesi
7.2.1 gancxadeba fuladi Tanxis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-14 muxlis `b~ qvepunqtis mixedviT, magistrati mosamarTleebi
pirveli instanciiT ganixilaven gamartivebuli warmoebis saqmeebs, Tu moTxovnis an qonebis
Rirebuleba ar aRemateba 2000 lars. fuladi davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb moTxovna war-
moadgens qonebrivi xasiaTis moTxovnas. gamomdinare aRniSnulidan, naTelia, rom gamartivebuli
warmoebiT magistratma mosamarTlem SeiZleba ganixilos piris moTxovna fuladi davalianebis
gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb, Tu misi odenoba (moculoba) ar aRemateba 2000 lars.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-40 muxlis pirveli nawiliT, davis sagnis fass miuTiTebs
mosarCele (ganmcxadebeli). 41-e muxlis pirveli nawiliT ki, dadgenilia davis sagnis fasis gan-
sazRvris zogadi wesi, romlis Tanaxmad, qonebriv davebSi, roca piri garkveuli saxis Tanxis
gadaxdas moiTxovs mopasuxisagan, davis sagnis fasi ganisazRvreba gadasaxdeli TanxiT.
kerZod, miTiTebuli muxlis `a~ qvepunqtis mixedviT, fulis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb moTxovnis
dros davis sagnis fasi ganisazRvreba gadasaxdeli TanxiT; `d~ qvepunqtiT _ vadiani gasacemis
an gadasaxdelis Sesaxeb sarCelisa (moTxovnisa) _ ara umetes sami wlis ganmavlobaSi gasacemi an
gadasaxdeli Tanxebis erTobliobiT; `e~ qvepunqtiT _ uvado an samudamo (gardacvalebamde)
gasacemis an gadasaxdelis Sesaxeb sarCelisa _ sami wlis ganmavlobaSi gasacemi an gadasaxdeli
Tanxebis erTobliobiT, anu kidev erTxel unda aRiniSnos, rom fuladi Tanxis davalianebis
gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb moTxovna magistratma mosamarTlem gamartivebuli wesiT SeiZleba gani-
xilos mxolod maSin, Tu moTxovnis Rirebuleba ar aRemateba 2000 lars.
imisaTvis, rom fizikurma Tu iuridiulma pirma fizikuri Tu iuridiuli pirisagan moiTxovos
garkveuli fuladi davalianebis gadaxdevineba gamartivebuli warmoebis wesiT (ssk-is XXXIV Tavi,
302-309-e muxlebi), saWiroa, rom man sasamarTlos mimarTos saTanado wesiTa da formiT Sedgenili
werilobiTi gancxadebiT. mosamarTle gancxadebas ganixilavs erTpirovnulad da Tuki gancxa-
deba akmayofilebs am kanoniT dadgenil moTxovnebs, mas gamoaqvs gadaxdis brZaneba movalis wi-
naaRmdeg misgan fuladi Tanxis amoRebis Sesaxeb. gadaxdis brZaneba warmoadgens mosamarTlis
aqts, gadawyvetilebis saxes.
7.2.2 fuladi Tanxis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb gancxadebis Setanis adgili
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-15 muxlis 1
I
-li nawiliT dadgenilia, rom magistrat mosa-
marTleTa gansjad saqmeebze sarCeli (gancxadeba) sasamarTloSi Seitaneba magistrati mosamar-
Tlis samoqmedo teritoriis mixedviT, xolo im administraciul-teritoriul erTeulSi, sadac
ar moqmedebs magistrati mosamarTle _ raionul (saqalaqo) sasamarTloSi.
304-e muxlis Tanaxmad, saqmes gamartivebuli wesiT fuladi davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb
ganixilavs sasamarTlo mopasuxis sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT. amdenad, gadaxdis brZanebis
miRebis Sesaxeb gancxadebaze vrceldeba gansjadobis saerTo wesebi da igi Seitaneba sasamarT-
loSi mopasuxis sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT. aqve unda aRiniSnos, rom, marTalia, am normaSi
moxseniebuli ar aris, Tu romeli sasamarTlo ganixilavs saqmes iuridiuli piris mimarT gamar-
tivebuli wesiT davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb, magram gansjadobis saerTo wesebis mixed-
viT, amgvari gancxadeba iuridiuli piris winaaRmdeg sasamarTlos waredgineba iuridiuli piris
7. gamartivebuli warmoeba
84
adgilsamyofelis mixedviT. iuridiuli piris adgilsamyofeli ki gansazRvrulia misi wesdebiT
da dgindeba samewarmeo reestris amonaweriT.
7.2.3 davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb gancxadebis dasaSvebobis winapirobebi
imisaTvis, rom sasamarTlom miiRos da ganixilos gancxadeba gamartivebuli warmoebis wesiT
fuladi davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb, upirvelesad, igi unda pasuxobdes samoqalaqo
saproceso kodeqsis 302-e muxliT gaTvaliswinebul dasaSvebobis winapirobebs, kerZod:
1) ganmcxadebeli mopasuxisagan unda moiTxovdes mxolod fuladi Tanxis davalianebis gadaxde-
vinebas (302-e muxlis 1-li nawili), rac imas niSnavs, rom Tu ganmcxadebeli mopasuxisagan
moiTxovs ara fuladi Tanxis gadaxdevinebas, aramed nivTis (qonebis) gadacemas, maSin am gan-
cxadebis ganxilva ssk-is XXXIV TaviT (302-309-e muxlebiT) gaTvaliswinebuli wesebiT dauS-
vebelia da ganmcxadebels uari unda eTqvas gancxadebis miRebaze. Tumca gamartivebuli war-
moebis wesiT SesaZlebelia ganxiluli iqnes qonebis gadacemis moTxovnac, rogoricaa moT-
xovna lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflobelobaSi lizingis sagnis dabrunebis Sesaxeb, magram es
urTierToba mowesrigebulia ara samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 302-309-e muxlebiT, aramed
309
I
-309
7
-e muxlebiT. amjerad ki, saubari Seexeba fuladi davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb
moTxovnis ganxilvis gamartivebul wess.
2) dasaSvebobis meore winapiroba, rasac unda akmayofilebdes gamartivebuli warmoebis wesiT
fuladi davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb aRZruli moTxovna, aris is, rom moTxovnis
wamoyeneba damokidebuli ar unda iyos ganmcxadeblis mxridan mopasuxis mimarT (mis winaSe)
jer kidev Seusrulebel sapasuxo (sanacvlo) gadaxdaze (302-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `a~ qvepun-
qti). aRniSnuli niSnavs imas, rom SesaZlebelia ganmcxadebelsa da mopasuxes erTmaneTis mi-
marT gaaCndeT ormxrivi valdebulebebi da, Tuki, maT Soris arsebuli urTierTobidan ga-
momdinare, fuladi davalianebis gadaxdis valdebuleba mopasuxes warmoeSoba mas Semdeg,
rac ganmcxadebeli Seasrulebs garkveul valdebulebas mopasuxis winaSe, maSin gancxadebis
gamartivebuli warmoebis wesiT ganxilva am SemTxvevaSic dauSvebelia. saxeldobr:
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 50-e muxlis mixedviT, garigeba aris calmxrivi, ormxrivi da mravalmxrivi
nebis gamovlena, romelic mimarTulia samarTlebrivi urTierTobis warmoSobis, Secvlis an
Sewyvetisaken. 317-e muxlSi mocemulia valdebulebis warmoSobis safuZvlebi, romlebic Se-
iZleba iyos _ xelSekruleba, zianis miyenebis faqti (deliqti), usafuZvlo gamdidreba an
kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli sxva safuZveli. 361-e muxliT dadgenilia valdebulebis arsebobis
prezumfcia _ yoveli Sesruleba gulisxmobs valdebulebis arsebobas. aseve, valdebuleba
unda Sesruldes jerovnad, keTilsindisierad, daTqmul drosa da adgilas.
ormxrivi xelSekrulebis dros xelSekrulebis orive mxares gaaCnia, rogorc uflebebi, ise
movaleobebi, anu TiToeuli maTgani kreditoricaa da movalec. samoqalaqo kodeqsis 369-e
muxliT, im pirs, romelsac valdebuleba akisria ormxrivi xelSekrulebidan gamomdinare,
SeuZlia uari Tqvas valdebulebis Sesrulebaze sapasuxo moqmedebis ganxorcielebamde, garda
im SemTxvevebisa, roca igi valdebuli iyo Tavisi valdebuleba winaswar Seesrulebina. xolo
406-e muxlis pirveli nawiliT, Tu ormxriv xelSekrulebaSi movales ufleba aqvs uari Tqvas
misTvis dakisrebul valdebulebaze, da garemoeba, romelic mas aZlevs amis uflebas, gamow-
veulia kreditoris braliT, maSin igi inarCunebs sapasuxo Sesrulebis miRebis uflebas.
85
SesaZlebelia, rom mxareebi valdebulni iyvnen urTierTSesruleba ganaxorcielon erTdro-
ulad an Sesruleba jer erTma mxarem unda ganaxorcielos da mxolod amis Semdeg warmoeSoba
sapirispiro Sesrulebis valdebuleba meore mxares, magram gamartivebuli wesiT fuladi
davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb aRZruli moTxovnis ganxilvisas mTavaria is, rom pirs,
romelic mimarTavs sasamarTlos gamartivebuli warmoebis wesiT mopasuxisagan fuladi da-
valianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb moTxovniT, mopasuxis mimarT ar unda gaaCndes Seusrule-
beli sapasuxo valdebuleba, romelzec damokidebuli iqneba mopasuxis mimarT fuladi dava-
lianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb moTxovnis wamoyeneba (magaliTad, nardobis xelSekruleba
SeiZleba iTvaliswinebdes, rom damkveTma menardes anazRaureba gadauxados mas Semdeg, rac
menarde Seasrulebs xelSekrulebiT gaTvaliswinebul samuSaos).
3) fuladi davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb aRZruli moTxovnis (gancxadebis) gamartivebuli
warmoebis wesiT ganxilvis dasaSvebobis Semdegi winapirobaa, rom cnobili unda iyos mopasuxis
adgilsamyofeli, raTa mas Cahbardes gadaxdis brZaneba da aucilebeli ar unda iyos, dava-
lianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb mosamarTlis mier gadaxdis brZanebis miRebis SemTxvevaSi
gadaxdis brZanebis Sesaxeb mopasuxes pirvelive SemTxvevaSi ecnobos sajaro (oficialuri)
gamocxadebis gziT (302-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `b~ qvepunqti), anu mopasuxis adgilsamyofeli
cnobili unda iyos.
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 70-78-e muxlebi gansazRvraven mxareTaTvis sasa-
marTlo uwyebis Cabarebis wess, magram aRniSnuli wesebi vrceldeba aseve maTTvis sasamarTlos
gadawyvetilebaTa Cabarebazec. 78-e muxliT dadgenilia, rom Tu mxaris adgilsamyofeli ucnobia
an misTvis sasamarTlo uwyebis Cabareba sxvagvarad ver xerxdeba sasamarTlo uflebamosilia
gamoitanos ganCineba sasamarTlo Setyobinebis sajarod gavrcelebis Sesaxeb. sajaro Setyobineba
xorcieldeba im gazeTis saSualebiT, romelic masobrivadaa gavrcelebuli mxaris sacxovrebeli
adgilis Sesabamis administraciul-teritoriul erTeulSi. mxare uflebamosilia, sasamarTlo
ganCinebis safuZvelze, Tavisi xarjebiT ganaxorcielos sajaro Setyobineba informaciis sxva
saSualebebiT. am muxlis pirveli nawiliT gaTvaliswinebul SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlo uwyeba mxa-
risaTvis Cabarebulad iTvleba gazeTSi gamoqveynebidan me-7 dRes.
amdenad, naTeli unda iyos, rom Tu mopasuxis adgilsamyofeli ucnobia, zogadad mas sasamar-
Tlos gadawyvetilebis Sesaxeb SeiZleba ecnobos sajaro (oficialuri) gamocxadebis gziT,
magram aRniSnuli dasaSvebia sasarCelo warmoebisas, xolo fuladi davalianebis gadaxdevi-
nebis Sesaxeb moTxovnis gamartivebuli wesiT ganxilvisas, Tu mopasuxis adgilsamyofeli uc-
nobia, ganmcxadebels uari unda eTqvas gancxadebis miRebaze.
4) gadaxdis brZanebis miRebis Sesaxeb gancxadeba ar daiSveba, Tu igi ar pasuxobs samoqalaqo
saproceso kodeqsis 303-e muxlis moTxovnebs. am SemTxvevaSi saubaria, Tu ra moTxovnebs unda
pasuxobdes gancxadeba da ra monacemebs unda Seicavdes igi, razec dawvrilebiT saubari iqneba
am muxlis komentirebisas.
5) ssk-is 302-e muxlSi aRniSnuli ar aris im SemTxvevaze, roca ganmcxadebels gadaxdili ar aqvs
saxelmwifo baJi da ise momarTavs sasamarTlos gadxdis brZanebis miRebis moTxovniT. unda
iTqvas, rom gancxadebas Tan unda erTvodes saxelmwifo baJis gadaxdis damadasturebeli
dokumentebi. amasTan, gadaxdis brZanebis miRebis Sesaxeb gancxadeba da TandarTuli masalebi
sasamarTlos unda waredginos imdeni asliT, ramdenic mopasuxea.
7. gamartivebuli warmoeba
86
7.2.4 fuladi Tanxis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb gancxadebasTan dakavSirebiT saxelmwifo
baJis gadaxdis wesi
saxelmwifo baJis sakiTxTan mimarTebaSi unda aRiniSnos Semdegi: samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis
39-e muxlis 1-li nawilis `a~ qvepunqtis Tanaxmad, gadaxdis brZanebis miRebis Sesaxeb gancxadebaze
saxelmwifo baJis odenoba Seadgens davis sagnis Rirebulebis 3 procents, magram aranakleb 100
larisa. amave muxlis me-2 nawilis mixedviT ki, magistrati mosamarTlis gansjad saqmeze saxel-
mwifo baJis odenoba yvela instanciis sasamarTloSi Seadgens am muxlis pirveli nawiliT dad-
genili odenobis naxevars (anu 1,5 procents, magram aranakleb 50 larisa). gamomdinare aRniSnu-
lidan, unda davaskvnaT, rom vinaidan gamartivebuli warmoebiT fuladi davalianebis gadaxde-
vinebis Sesaxeb magistrati mosamarTlis gansjadi saqmis davis sagnis fasi Seadgens ara umetes
2000 larisa, amitom gadasaxdeli baJis odenoba aris 50 lari.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 303-e muxliT gansazRvrulia, Tu ra moTxovnebs unda pasuxobdes
gancxadeba gamartivebuli wesiT fuladi davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb da ra monacemebs
unda Seicavdes igi.
7.2.5 davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb gancxadebis Sinarsi
saqmis gamartivebuli wesiT ganxilvis safuZvels warmoadgens gancxadeba, romelSic mocemuli
unda iyos ganmcxadeblis moTxovna am wesiT saqmis ganxilvis Taobaze da igi miznad unda isaxavdes
sasamarTlos mier gadaxdis brZanebis miRebas (303-e muxlis pirveli nawili). am normis meore
nawiliT gansazRvrulia gancxadebis Sinaarsi _ Tu ra monacemebs unda Seicavdes davalianebis
gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb gancxadeba. kerZod, gancxadebaSi aRniSnuli unda iyos:
1.sasamarTlos dasaxeleba, romelSic SeaqvT gancxadeba;
2.mxareebisa da maTi warmomadgenlebis (Tu gancxadeba Seaqvs warmomadgenels)
dasaxeleba, misamarTi;
3.gancxadebas xels unda awerdes ganmcxadebeli an misi warmomadgeneli (Tu gancxadeba
Seaqvs warmomadgenels).
aqve unda aRiniSnos, rom Tu gancxadeba sasamarTloSi Seaqvs warmomadgenels, gancxadebas unda
erTvodes samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 96-e muxlis Sesabamisad gacemuli warmomadgenlis
uflebamosilebis damadasturebeli sabuTi (mindobiloba), romliTac warmomadgenels ufleba
eqneba marwmuneblis saxeliT mimarTos sasamarTlos (ssk-is 98-e muxli _ specialuri uflebamo-
sileba).
moTxovnis obieqti
unda iyos mxolod
fuladi Tanxa
moTxovna damoki-
debuli ar unda
iyos ganmcxadeblis
mxridan mopasuxis
mimarT (mis winaSe)
jer kidev Seusru-
lebel sapasuxo
gadaxdaze
cnobili unda iyos
mopasuxis
adgilsamyofeli
unda pasuxobdes
sssk-is
303-e muxlis
moTxovnebs
saxelmwifo baJi
unda iyos
gadaxdili
davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb gancxadebis dasaSvebobis winapirobebi
87
unda iTqvas, rom aq CamoTvlili rekvizitebi, saerToa sasamarTlosadmi mimarTuli yvela gan-
cxadebisaTvis, magram gadaxdis brZanebis miRebis Sesaxeb gancxadeba, garda aRniSnulisa, unda
Seicavdes sxva specifikur monacemebsac, kerZod, esenia:
1.monacemebi imis Sesaxeb, Tu romeli ZiriTadi da damatebiTi valdebulebidan
gamomdinare moTxovnebia wamoyenebuli;
2.gadaxdis brZanebis Sesaxeb gancxadeba unda Seicavdes wamoyenebuli pretenziis
dasabuTebas. gancxadebaSi miTiTebuli mtkicebulebebis Sesabamisi dokumentebi
damowmebuli saxiT unda iqnes warmodgenili;
3.gadaxdis brZanebis Sesaxeb gancxadeba unda Seicavdes miTiTebas imis Sesaxeb, rom
aRZruli moTxovna ar aris damokidebuli ganmcxadeblis mxriv raime sapasuxo
(sanacvlo) valdebulebis Sesrulebaze an rom mis mier aseTi valdebulbis Sesruleba
ukve ganxorcielda.
upirvelesad unda aRiniSnos, rom moTxovnas unda gaaCndes faqtobrivi da samarTlebrivi sa-
fuZveli. amitom gancxadebaSi miTiTebuli unda iyos romel faqtobriv da samarTlebriv safuZ-
vlebs emyareba moTxovna. amasTan, mxareTa valdebulebiT-samarTlebrivi urTierToba SeiZleba
Sedgebodes ara marto ZiriTadi, aramed damatebiTi valdebulebisagan, magaliTad, sasesxo ur-
TierTobis dros (samoqalaqo kodeqsis 623-e muxli) sesxis Tanxis moTxovna aris ZiriTadi val-
debulebidan gamomdinare moTxovna, xolo mxareTa SeTanxmebiT sesxisaTvis gaTvaliswinebuli
procentis Sesaxeb moTxovna (samoqalaqo kodeqsis 625-e muxli) aris damatebiTi valdebulebidan
gamomdinare moTxovna. aseve damatebiTi valdebulebidan gamomdinare moTxovnebia fuladi
Tanxis gadaxdis vadis gadacilebisas mxareTa SeTanxmebiT gansazRvruli procentis (samoqalaqo
kodeqsis 403-e muxli) da pirgasamtexlos (samoqalaqo kodeqsis 417-e muxli) gadaxdis moTxov-
nac.
gadaxdis brZaneba SeiZleba gaices mxolod maSin, roca moTxovna damyarebulia saTanado doku-
mentebze (mtkicebulebebze), magram mtkicebulebebze mxolod miTiTeba ar aris sakmarisi, aramed
es mtkicebulebebi gancxadebas Tan unda erTvodes da Tanac, mtkicebulebebi unda iyos mxolod
werilobiTi saxis. amasTan, moTxovnis (pretenziis) dasabuTebisaTvis SeiZleba gamoyenebuli iyos
iseTi werilobiTi mtkicebuleba, romlebic saTanadod gaformebuli da damowmebuli saxiTaa
wardgenili sasamarTloSi, magaliTad, sesxis urTierTobis dros, amgvari dokumenti SeiZleba
iyos sanotaro wesiT dadasturebuli sesxis xelSekruleba an/da sxva dokumenti, romelic adas-
turebs movalis (mopasuxis) mxridan fuladi valdebulebis Seusruleblobas an garigebis arse-
bobas (mag: valis arsebobis aRiarebis xelwerili (samoq. kodeqsis 341-e muxli), uSualod mxareTa
mier an sanotaro wesiT damowmebuli mxareTa Sedarebis aqti davalianebis arsebobis Sesaxeb).
dasaSvebia mxolod saTanadod gaformebuli werilobiTi dokumentebi. magaliTad, Tu ZiriTadi
valdebuleba emyareba sesxis xelSekrulebas, gancxadebas unda erTvodes es xelSekruleba, aseve,
Tu damatebiTi valdebuleba (magaliTad, procentebis saxiT) emyareba mxareTa Soris SeTanxmebas,
es SeTanxmeba werilobiTi saxiT unda iyos warmodgenili.
ganmcxadebelma damajereblad unda miuTiTos, rom mas movalis mimarT raime sanacvlo (sapasuxo)
valdebuleba ar gaaCnia, romelzec damokidebuli iqneba misi moTxovnis Sesruleba an unda mi-
uTiTos, rom mas gaaCnda aseTi valdebuleba, magram igi ukve Sesrulebuli aqvs. xolo Tuki
movales aqvs ufleba ganmcxadeblisagan (kreditorisagan) moiTxovos sapasuxo valdebulebis
Sesruleba, maSin ganmcxadebels ar SeuZlia moiTxovos gamartivebuli wesiT saqmis ganxilva,
anu gamartivebuli warmoeba SeiZleba gamoyenebuli iqnes maSin, Tu ganmcxadebeli moiTxovs
7. gamartivebuli warmoeba
88
ormxrivi xelSekrulebis Sesrulebas, rodesac movalem kanonis an mxareTa SeTanxmebis Tanaxmad,
winaswar unda Seasrulos Tavisi movaleoba an kreditorma ukve Seasrula Tavisi movaleoba.
kreditorma ukve Seasrula
Tavisi movaleoba
gamartivebuli warmoeba gamoiyeneba, Tu ganmcxadebeli moiTxovs
ormxrivi xelSekrulebis Sesrulebas da Tu:
Tuki gancxadeba sasamarTloSi wardgenilia gansjadobis wesebis dacviT (304-e muxli), akmayofi-
lebs dasaSvebobis pirobebs (302-e muxli) da Seicavs mis yvela savaldebulo rekvizits (303-e
muxli), maSin sasamarTlo akmayofilebs gancxadebas da gamoaqvs gadaxdis brZaneba.
7.2.6 davalianebis gadaxdevinebis gancxadebis miRebaze uaris Tqma
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 305-e muxliT gansazRvrulia SemTxvevebi, roca sasamarTlo
ganmcxadebels ganCinebiT uars eubneba gancxadebis miRebaze. sasamarTlos aseTi ganCineba
dasabuTebuli unda iyos da ganCinebaSi aRniSnuli unda iyos safuZveli, Tu ris gamo eTqva uari
ganmcxadebels gancxadebis miRebaze. esenia:
1.gancxadeba ar upasuxebs 302-303-e muxlebiT gaTvaliswinebul moTxovnebs (305-e muxlis
pirveli nawilis `a~ qvepunqti, dasaSveboba, gancxadebis forma da Sinaarsi). am normebze
dawvrilebiT zemoT iyo msjeloba;
2.gancxadebaSi Camoyalibebuli moTxovnis safuZveli (303-e muxlis meore nawilis `d~
qvepunqti) ver asabuTebs am moTxovnas (305-e muxlis pirveli nawilis `b~ qvepunqti).
aRniSnuli niSnavs imas, rom gancxadebaSi moTxovnis faqtobriv safuZvelze mxolod miTiTeba
sakmarisi ar aris. ganmcxadeblis moTxovna dasabuTebuli unda iyos, rogorc faqtobrivad, anu
warmodgenili unda iyos damowmebuli dokumenturi mtkicebulebebi, ise _ iuridiulad (sa-
marTlebrivad), anu gancxadebaSi miTiTebuli moTxovnis safuZveli iuridiulad unda amarT-
lebdes moTxovnas. kanoni am faqtobriv garemoebebs unda ukavSirebdes im Sedegs, risi dadgomac
surs ganmcxadebels. iuridiul marTebulobaSi igulisxmeba is SemTxveva, rodesac samarTliT
daculi materialur-samarTlebrivi moTxovna gancxadebaSi miTiTebuli garemoebebidan gamom-
dinareobs.
gancxadebis miRebaze uaris Tqmis ganCinebis gasaCivrebis SesaZleblobas samoqalaqo saproceso
kanonmdebloba ar iTvaliswinebs. ganmcxadebels, romelsac uari eTqva gadaxdis brZanebis miRe-
bis Sesaxeb gancxadebis miRebaze, SeuZlia sasamarTlos mimarTos saerTo sasarCelo warmoebis
wesiT anda, Tuki igi aRmofxvris im damabrkolebel garemoebebs, ris gamoc uari eTqva gancxa-
debis miRebaze, ganmeorebiT SeuZlia mimarTos sasamarTlos gadaxdis brZanebis miRebis moT-
xovniT.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 305-e muxlis me-2 nawili iTvaliswinebs SesaZleblobas, roca
sasamarTlo uflebamosilia ganmcxadebels dauniSnos vada gancxadebaSi da TandarTul masa-
an
movalem winaswar unda Seasrulos
Tavisi movaleoba
89
lebSi arsebuli xarvezebis Sesavsebad, kerZod, Tuki ganmcxadeblis mier moTxovnis wamoyeneba
damokidebulia misi mxriv jer kidev Seusrulebel sapasuxo gadaxdaze an gadaxdis brZaneba mopa-
suxes unda ecnobos sajaro (oficialuri) gamocxadebis gziT (ssk-is 302-e muxli), maSin sasamar-
Tlom upirobod unda uTxras uari ganmcxadebels gancxadebis miRebaze, xolo Tuki gancxadeba
ar Seicavs ssk-is 303-e muxliT gaTvaliswinebul yvela monacems, maSin sasamarTlos SuZlia ganmc-
xadebels dauniSnos vada xarvezebis Sesavsebad, romelSic ganmcxadeblisaTvis gasagebad unda
iyos aRniSnuli, ra miiCnia sasamarTlom xarvezad.
305-e muxlis me-2 nawilSi araferia naTqvami sxva SemTxvevbze, roca sasamarTlos SeuZlia xarve-
zis gamosasworeblad vada misces ganmcxadebels, magram unda aRiniSnos, rom Tuki saxelmwifo
baJi ar aris gadaxdili (an gadaxdilia arasrulad), an masalebs ar erTvis warmomadgenlis uf-
lebamosilebis damadasturebeli sabuTi, an warmodgenili ar aris mopasuxisaTvis gadasacemi
gancxadebisa da TandarTuli masalebis aslebi, sasamarTlos am SemTxvevaSic SeuZlia dauniSnos
vada ganmcxadebels xarvezis SevsebisaTvis. amasTan, xarvezis Sevsebis ganCinebaSi unda mieTiTos
daniSnul vadaSi xarvezis Seuvseblobis samarTlebriv Sedegebze _ rom am SemTxvevaSi sasamar-
Tlo ar miiRebs gancxadebas da ganmcxadebels daubrundeba sasamarTloSi Semotanili sabuTebi.
amgvari ganCineba ar gasaCivrdeba, xolo Tu ganmcxadebels gadaxdili aqvs saxelmwifo baJi, igi
unda daubrundes srulad.
7. gamartivebuli warmoeba
uars ambobs gancxadebis miRebaze, Tu
xarvezis Sesavsebad aZlevs vadas, Tu
sasamarTlo
moTxovnis wamoyeneba
damokidebulia
Seusrulebel
sapasuxo moTxovnaze
gadaxdis brZaneba
mopasuxes pirvelive
gagzavnisas unda
ecnobos sajaro
gamocxadebis gziT
gancxadeba ar Seicavs 303-e muxliT
gaTvaliswinebul monacemebs
baJi ar aris gadaxdili, ar erTvis warmomadgenlis
mowmoba, gancxadebis aslebi
marTalia, ssk-is 305-e muxlSi saubaria gancxadebis miRebaze uaris Tqmis konkretul safuZv-
lebze, magram mizanSewonilia, rom sasamarTlom im safuZvlebiTac uTxras uari ganmcxadebels
gancxadebis miRebaze, rac gaTvaliswinebulia ssk-is 186-e muxliT.
zemoT iTqva, rom Tuki gancxadeba da TandarTuli sabuTebi akmayofilebs maTTvis wayenebul
kanoniT gaTvaliswinebul moTxovnebs, sasamarTlo akmayofilebs gancxadebas da gamoaqvs gadax-
dis brZaneba mopasuxeze fuladi davalianebis dakisrebis (gadaxdevinebis) Sesaxeb. gadaxdis brZa-
nebas sasamarTlo Rebulobs mopasuxis mosmenisa da misgan axsna-ganmartebis miRebis gareSe, anu
gancxadeba ganixileba mxareTa zepiri mosmenis gareSe da sasamarTlo sxdoma ar moiwveva.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 306-e muxlSi CamoTvlilia savaldebulo rekvizitebi, rasac
unda Seicavdes gadaxdis brZaneba. esenia:
1.gadaxdis brZanebis mimRebi sasamarTlos dasaxeleba;
2.mxareebis da maTi warmomadgenlebis dasaxeleba;
90
3.gadaxdis brZanebaSi unda aRiniSnos, Tu romeli ZiriTadi da damatebiTi
valdebulebebidan gamomdinare moTxovnebi daakmayofila sasamarTlom;
4.romel werilobiT masalebs daeyrdno sasamarTlo gadaxdis brZanebis miRebisas;
5.gadaxdis brZanebaSi unda mieTiTos, rom aRZruli moTxovna ar aris damokidebuli
ganmcxadeblis mxriv raime sapasuxo (sanacvlo) valdebulebis Sesrulebaze, an rom
mis mier aseTi valdebuleba ukve Sesrulebulia. (306-e muxlis 1-li nawili);
6.gadaxdis brZaneba miiReba mxareTa zepiri mosmenis gareSe. amitom sasamarTlo ar
amowmebs aqvs Tu ara ganmcxadebels aRZruli moTxovnis ufleba, ris Sesaxebac aseve
unda mieTiTos gadaxdis brZanebaSi. (306-e muxlis 1-li nawilis `a~ qvepunqti) aq
igulisxmeba moTxovnis ufleba zogadad materialur-samarTlebrivi TvalsazrisiT,
xolo am uflebis dakmayofilebisas sasamarTlo xelmZRvanelobs mxolod gancxadebaSi
miTiTebuli monacemebiT yovelgvari motivaciis gareSe (gansxvavebiT Cveulebrivi
sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebisagan);
7.gadaxdis brZaneba unda Seicavdes miTiTebas sasamarTlo xarjebis ganawilebis Taobaze.
sasamarTlo xarjebi ki mxareTa Soris unda ganawildes samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis
53-55-e muxlebis Sesabamisad;
8.gadaxdis brZanebaSi mopasuxes unda ganemartos, rom, Tuki igi ganmcxadeblis mier
aRZrul moTxovnas (pretenzias) marTebulad (dasabuTebulad) miiCnevs, maSin gadaxdis
brZanebis miRebidan (Cabarebidan) 10 dRis vadaSi unda gadaixados gadaxdis brZanebiT
dakisrebuli davalianeba procentebis da xarjebis CaTvliT, xolo, Tuki ganmcxadeblis
pretenzia ar miaCnia marTebulad (dasabuTebulad), maSin amave vadaSi sasamarTloSi
unda warmoadginos (ufleba aqvs warmoadginos) werilobiTi Sesagebeli gadaxdis
brZanebis winaaRmdeg (306-e muxlis 1-li nawilis `b~ qvepunqti);
9.gadaxdis brZanebaSi unda mieTiTos, rom Tuki mopasuxe gadaxdis brZanebis misTvis
gadacemidan 10 dRis vadaSi sasamarTloSi ar warmoadgens werilobiT Sesagebls, maSin,
ganmcxadeblis moTxovniT, gadaxdis brZanebaze gaicema saaRsrulebo furceli (306-e
muxlis 1-li nawilis `g~ qvepunqti).
aqve unda aRiniSnos, rom samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 63-e muxliT, saproceso moqmedebis
Sesrulebis ufleba qarwyldeba kanoniT dadgenili an sasamarTlos mier daniSnuli vadis gasvlis
Semdeg. saCivari an sabuTebi, romlebic Setanilia saproceso vadis gasvlis Semdeg, ganuxilveli
darCeba.
amdenad, Tu mopasuxe zemoT aRniSnul 10 dRian vadaSi ar warmoadgens Sesagebels, gadaxdis
brZaneba Sedis kanonier ZalaSi da igi aRar gasaCivrdeba (gaprotestdeba), magram samoqalaqo
saproceso kodeqsis 65-e muxlis safuZvelze, SesaZlebelia sasamarTlom aRadginos gaprotes-
tebis vada, razec aRniSnuli iqneba qvemoT.
7.2.7 gadaxdis brZaneba
gadaxdis brZaneba da TandarTuli masalebi mopasuxes gadaecema sasamarTlos iniciativiT (306-e
muxlis me-2 nawili), anu sasamarTlo valdebulia isini gadasces mopasuxes, raTa ar dairRves
misi ufleba da hqondes SesaZlebloba gaecnos mis winaaRmdeg gamotanil gadaxdis brZanebas da
Tuki ar eTanxmeba, gaaprotestos igi. Tu gadaxdis brZaneba mopasuxes ar Cabardeba, igi kanonier
ZalaSi ver Seva da masze saaRsrulebo furceli ver gaicema.
sasamarTlo, amave dros, valdebulia, rom ganmcxadebels Seatyobinos mopasuxisaTvis (movali-
saTvis) gadaxdis brZanebis gadacemis (Cabarebis) Taobaze (306-e muxlis me-3 nawili). aRniSnuli
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ganpirobebulia imiT, rom ganmcxadebels SesaZlebloba hqondes gaigos, rodidan aiTvalos ga-
daxdis brZanebis mopasuxisaTvis Cabarebis aT dRiani vada, vinaidan Tu es ukanaskneli ar gaap-
rotestebs gadaxdis brZanebas, ganmcxadebelma moiTxovos saaRsrulebo furclis gacema da
aRsrulebis dawyeba, xolo gaprotestebis SemTxvevaSi ki, misTvis cnobili iyos, rom misi moTxov-
nis ganxilva gagrZeldeba sasarCelo warmoebis saerTo wesiT.
movales (mopasuxes) SeuZlia ar daeTanxmos, ar cnos gadaxdis brZaneba da mis winaaRmdeg sasa-
marTloSi Semoitanos werilobiTi Sesagebeli (protesti) 10 dRis vadaSi (ssk-is 307-e muxli). am
vadis aTvla iwyeba mopasuxisaTvis gadaxdis brZanebis gadacemidan, risi dasturic warmodgenili
unda iyos saqmeSi. aRsaniSnavia, rom mopasuxes SeuZlia saerTod (mTlianad) ar cnos gadaxdis
brZaneba an igi cnos nawilobriv (magaliTad, SeiZleba cnos ZiriTadi valdebulebis gadaxdis
nawilSi, magram ar cnos damatebiTi valdebulebis gadaxdis nawilSi).
7.2.8 mopasuxis Sesagebeli (protesti)
SesaZloa, rom mopasuxem gadaxdis brZaneba gaaprotestos 10 dRiani vadis gasvlis Semdegac
(307-e muxlis me-2 winadadeba), magram mxolod im SemTxvevaSi, Tu am vadis gaSveba sapatio mizeziT
moxda. aRniSnuli mizezis mtkicebis tvirTi ki ekisreba mopasuxes (ssk-is 102-e muxli). man damaje-
reblad unda amtkicos gaprotesebis vadis gaSvebis sapatiooba. gaprotestebis vadis gaSveba
SeiZleba sapatiod iqnes miCneuli samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 215-e muxlis me-3 nawiliT
gaTvaliswinebuli garemoebebis arsebobisas. am garemoebaTa arseboba ki, rogorc ukve iTqva,
unda daadasturos mopasuxem.
im SemTxvevaSi, Tuki mopasuxis mier gaprotestebis vadis gaSvebas sasamarTlo sapatiod miiCnevs,
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 65-e muxlis safuZvelze, sasamarTlos gamoaqvs ganCineba am va-
dis aRdgenis Sesaxeb, rac ar gasaCivrdeba.
am SemTxvevaSi yuradReba unda gamaxvildes im garemoebaze, rom kanoniT dadgenili vadis aRdgena
sasamarTlos iniciativiT dauSvebelia (gansxvavebiT sasamarTlos mier daniSnuli vadisagan, ro-
desac SesaZlebelia sasamarTlom Tavisi iniciativiTac gaagrZelos es vada). vadis aRdgenis moT-
xovniT mopasuxem unda mimarTos gadaxdis brZanebis gamomtan sasamarTlos (ssk-is 66-e muxli).
gancxadeba wardgenili unda iyos werilobiT da masSi miTiTebuli unda iyos mizezebi, romlebmac
ganapirobes protestis vadaSi warudgenloba, aseve am mizezebis damadasturebeli mtkicebule-
bebi (67-e muxli). vadis aRdgenis Sesaxeb gancxadebas sasamarTlo ganixilavs mxareTaTvis Seutyo-
bineblad da Tu ar akmayofilebs mas, amis Sesaxeb gamoaqvs ganCineba, romelic SeiZleba gasaCivr-
des kerZo saCivriT (68-e muxli).
amdenad, gaprotestebis vadis gasvlis Semdeg protestis wardgenisas mopasuxem gadaxdis brZane-
bis gauqmebasTan erTad unda moiTxovos, gaprotestebis vadis gaSvebis sapatiod miCneva da gap-
rotestebis vadis aRdgenac. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi, vadis aRdgenis sakiTxs sasamarTlo Tavisi
iniciativiT ar ganixilavs.
7.2.9 saqmis ganxilva davis sasarCelo warmoebis wesiT
dadgenil vadaSi mopasuxis mier Sesageblis (protestis) wardgenas Sedegad mosdevs is, rom mosa-
marTle Tavisi ganCinebiT auqmebs (Sesabamisad mTlanad an nawilobriv) gadaxdis brZanebas, ris
Semdegac saqme ganixileba sasarCelo warmoebis saerTo wesiT, anu faqtiurad gamartivebuli
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warmoeba gadaizrdeba sasarCelo warmoebaSi. am SemTxvevaSi saqmis sasarCelo warmoebis wesiT
ganxilvis vadis aTvla iwyeba im dRidan, roca sasamarTlom miiRo ganCineba gadaxdis brZanebis
gauqmebisa da saerTo sasarCelo wesiT ganxilvis Taobaze.
unda aRiniSnos, rom samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 307-e muxlSi miTiTebulia, rom mopasuxis
Sesagebeli (protesti) unda iyos motivirebuli, magram aRniSnuli ar aris im SemTxvevaze, roca
SesaZloa mopasuxem sruliad usafuZvlo (aramotivirebuli) SesagebliT momarTos sasamarTlos
(magaliTad, mopasuxe mxolod miuTiTebs, rom ar cnobs gadaxdis brZanebas da ar aRniSnavs, Tu
ra safuZvliT ar cnobs). ssk-is me-4 muxlis pirveli nawiliT da 102-e muxlis pirveli nawiliT
ki, mxareebi TviTonve gansazRvraven, Tu romeli faqtebi unda daedos safuZvlad maT moTxovnebs
an romeli mtkicebulebebiT unda dadasturdes es faqtebi; aseve, TiToeulma mxarem unda da-
amtkicos garemoebebi, romlebzec amyarebs Tavis moTxovnasa da Sesagebels.
unda aRiniSnos, rom vinaidan 307-e muxli miuTiTebs da aqcents akeTebs mopasuxis motivirebul
Sesagebelze, amitom marTebuli iqneboda, rom amave normiT yofiliyo gansazRvruli, rom Tuki
sasamarTlo mopasuxis Sesagebels (protests) miiCnevda usafuZvlod (aramotivirebulad), Tavisi
ganCinebiT, saTanado dasabuTebiT, uari unda eTqva mopasuxisaTvis gadaxdis brZanebis gauqmebaze
da, amasTan, dadgindeboda am ganCinebis gasaCivrebis wesi, vinaidan praqtikaSi arc Tu iSviaTad
aris SemTxvevebi, roca mopasuxis valdebuleba udavoa, magram mas protesti Semoaqvs gadaxdis
(valdebulebis Sesrulebis) gaWianurebis mizniT, magram ramdenadac moqmedi samoqalaqo sap-
roceso kodeqsi ar iTvaliswinebs wess, Tu rogor unda imoqmedos sasamarTlom mopasuxis mier
e.w. `formaluri~ protestis wardgenis SemTxvevaSic, amitom unda gauqmdes gadaxdis brZaneba
da saqmis ganxilva dainiSnos saerTo sasarCelo wesiT.
amasTan, SesaZloa praqtikaSi iyos iseTi SemTxvevac, roca gamartivebuli warmoebis wesiT fu-
ladi davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb moTxovna mimarTuli iyos erTdroulad ramdenime
solidaruli movalis mimarT (samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 86-e muxli _ Tanamonawileoba,
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 463-e muxli _ solidaruli valdebuleba). am SemTxvevaSi fuladi davali-
anebis gadaxda, gadaxdis brZanebiT, movaleebs unda daekisroT solidarulad, magram SesaZle-
belia, rom gadaxdis brZanebaze Sesagebeli waradginos mxolod erTma (da ara yvela) solida-
rulma movalem (samoqalaqo kodeqsis 466-e muxli). am SemTxvevaSi gadaxdis brZaneba unda gauq-
mdes mTlianad _ yvela solidaruli movalis da ara mxolod im solidaruli movalis mimarT,
romelmac SesagebliT mimarTa sasamarTlos.
praqtikaSi SesaZloa, aseve iyos SemTxveva, roca ganmcxadeblis mier wamoyenebuli pretenzia
(moTxovna) nawilobriv dasturdebodes mis mier warmodgenili dokumentebiT (mtkicebulebebiT).
am dros mizanSewonilia, rom sasamarTlom Tavisi ganCinebiT, saTanado dasabuTebiT, ganmcxade-
bels uari uTxras gadaxdis brZanebis gamotanaze da ganumartos, rom mas ufleba aqvs moTxovnis
dasakmayofileblad sasamarTlos momarTos saerTo sasarCelo wesiT.
7.2.10 gadaxdis brZanebis aRsruleba
gadaxdis brZanebis kanonier ZalaSi Sesvlis SemTxvevaSi, misi aRsrulebis mizniT, ganmcxadeblis
moTxovnis safuZvelze, gaicema saaRsrulebo furceli, ris Sesaxebac sasamarTlom unda Seatyo-
binos mopasuxes (ssk-is 309-e muxli).
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gadaxdis brZaneba aRsruldeba sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebis aRsrulebisaTvis dadgenili wesiT
_ `saaRsrulebo warmoebaTa Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis Sesabamisad (me-2 muxlis `e~ qvepunqti),
magram SesaZlebelia iyos iseTi SemTxveva, roca mopasuxem 10 dRian vadaSi ar Seitana protesti,
sasamarTlom gasca saaRsrulebo furceli da gadaxdis brZaneba mieqca iZulebiT aRsasruleb-
lad, magram Semdgom aRmoCnda, rom mopasuxes sapatiod aqvs gaSvebuli gasaCivrebis vada, ris
gamoc sasamarTlom mas aRudgina es vada, rac aris gadaxdis brZanebis gauqmebis da saqmis saerTo
sasarCelo wesiT ganxilvis safuZveli. am SemTxvevaSi aRsruleba unda Sewydes `saaRsrulebo
warmoebaTa Sesaxeb~ saqarvelos kanonis 34-e muxlis `d~ qvepunqtis safuZvelze.
7.3 Tamasuqisa da Cekis Taobaze aRZruli sarCelebis ganxilva
7.3.1 zogadi debulebebi
gamartivebuli samarTalwarmoebiT sasamarTloebi ganixilaven, aseve, Tamasuqisa da Cekis Taoba-
ze aRZrul sarCelebs (292-301-e muxlebi). amgvar davaSi monawile mxareebi iwodebian mosarCeled
da mopasuxed da moTxovnis uflebis mqone piri sasamarTlos mimarTavs sarCeliT (gansxvavebiT
fuladi davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb aRZruli moTxovnis ganxilvisagan, ra drosac
moTxovnis uflebis mqone piri sasamarTlos mimarTavs gancxadebiT).
saerTod, gamartivebuli warmoebis arsi imaSi mdgomareobs, rom zogierT SemTxvevaSi, forma-
luri TvalsazrisiT _ materialur-samarTlebrivi kuTxiT, udavoa xolme mosarCelis moTxovna,
kerZod, misi moTxovna dasabuTebulia Sesabamisi dokumentaciiT, rac utyuarobis maRali xaris-
xiT adasturebs am moTxovnis udavoobas, xolo mowinaaRmdege mxares _ mopasuxes ki, ar SeuZlia
sarCelis winaaRmdeg wamoayenos Sesagebeli.
samoqalaqo saproceso kanonmdeblobis dispoziciurobis principidan gamomdinare, mxare Tvi-
Ton irCevs sasamarTlosadmi mimarTvis formas, kerZod, saerTo sasarCelo warmoebis wesiT mi-
marTos sasamarTlos, Tu gamartivebuli warmoebiT moiTxovos saqmis ganxilva. gamartivebuli
samarTalwarmoebis buneba da arsi imaSi mdgomareobs, rom am SemTxvevaSi saqme ganixileba daCqa-
rebuli wesiT (swrafad), misi ganxilva gamoirCeva simartiviT, uzrunvelyofilia marTlmsaju-
lebis ekonomiuroba da, amave dros, garantirebulia mxareTa uflebebis dacva.
7.3.2 dasaSveboba
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 292-e muxli awesrigebs Tamasuqidan gamomdinare sarCelis da-
saSvebobis specialur winapirobebs, romlis mixedviTac gamartivebuli warmoebis wesiT SeiZleba
ganxiluli iqnes dava, romelic gamomdinareobs Tamasuqis Sesaxeb saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobi-
dan. aRniSnuli ki aris saqarTvelos kanoni `Tamasuqis Sesaxeb~, romelic awesrigebs Tamasuqis
gacemis, gadaxdis, gamoyenebis, gadacemis wess, agreTve sxva sakanonmdeblo aqtebTan erTad _
Tamasuqidan gamomdinare Sedegebsa da pretenziebs. 292-e muxlis Tanaxmad, gamartivebuli wesiT
sasamarTlo mxolod maSin ganixilavs Tamasuqidan gamomdinare pretenzias, Tu amas iTxovs mo-
sarCele, anu arsebobs dasaSvebobis ori specialuri winapiroba:
a) pretenzia (moTxovna) unda gamomdinareobdes Tamasuqis Sesaxeb saqarTvelos
kanonmdeblobidan;
7. gamartivebuli warmoeba
94
b) mosarCele unda iTxovdes saqmis ganxilvas gamartivebuli wesiT _ da mxolod am SemTxvevaSi
gamoiyeneba samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis XXXIII Tavis (292-301-e muxlebis) wesebi.
aqve unda aRiniSnos, rom Tamasuqidan gamomdinare sarCeli unda akmayofilebdes im zogad moT-
xovnebsac, rac dadgenilia samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 178-e muxliT. amasTan, gadaxdili
unda iyos saxelmwifo baJi. Tuki sarCeli Setanilia samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis moTxovnaTa
darRveviT (gadaxdili ar aris saxelmwifo baJi, sarCelisa da TandarTuli sabuTebis aslebi
warmodgenili ar aris mopasuxeTa raodenobis Sesabamisad, sarCels ar erTvis warmomadgenlis
uflebamosilebis damadasturebeli sabuTi da a.S), sasamarTlom mosarCeles unda misces vada
xarvezis Sesavsebad, romlis Seuvseblobis SemTxvevaSi, sasamarTlo uars etyvis mas sarCelis
warmoebaSi miRebaze (sssk-is 185-186-e muxlebi).
7.3.3 gansjadoba
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 294-e muxliT specialuradaa gansazRvruli gamartivebuli war-
moebis wesiT Tamasuqis Taobaze aRZruli davebis gansjadobis wesebi. kerZod, aRniSnuli norma
uSvebs alternatiul gansjadobas, romlis mixedviTac amgvari sarCeli SeiZleba aRiZras ro-
gorc mopasuxis sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT sasamarTloSi, ise im sasamarTloSi, romlis
samoqmedo teritoriazec unda moxdes gadaxda, xolo Tu Tamasuqvaldebuli (mopasuxe) ramdenime
piria da sarCeli maT mimarT erToblivadaa mimarTuli, maSin sarCeli SeiZleba wardgenili iqnes
rogorc Tamasuqis gadaxdis adgilis mixedviT sasamarTloSi, ise erT-erTi mopasuxis (Tamasuq-
valdebulis) sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT sasamarTloSi. gadaxdis adgilis garkveva sirTu-
les ar warmoadgens, vinaidan, `Tamasuqis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis 1-li muxlis Tanaxmad,
gadaxdis adgili miTiTebuli unda iyos TamasuqSi da is SeiZleba iyos mxolod erTi. amdenad,
sasamarTlos arCeva damokidebulia mosarCelis Sexedulebaze da igi am arCevanSi SezRuduli
ar aris (Tavisufalia).
7.3.4 Tamasuqi da misi saxeebi
Tamasuqi aris fasiani qaRaldi (dokumenti), romliTac misi gamcemi kisrulobs upirobo valde-
bulebas gadaixados TamasuqSi naCvenebi Tanxa piradad, an mis gadaxdas avalebs sxva pirs. Tamasuqi
SeiZleba iyos gadasapirebeli (trata) da martivi (solo Tamasuqi) da igi SeiZleba gasces rogorc
fizikurma, ise iuridiulma pirma. gadasapirebeli TamasuqiT, misi gamcemi piri avalebs sxva pirs
gadauxados TamasuqSi naCvenebi Tanxa TamasuqSi miTiTebul pirs, xolo solo (martivi) Tamasu-
qiT _ misi gamcemi Tavad kisrulobs valdebulebas gadaixados TamasuqSi miTiTebuli Tanxa.
Tamasuqi aris werilobiTi savalo dokumenti garkveuli fuladi Tanxis gadaxdis Taobaze, misi
sagani yovelTvis fulia da adasturebs gansazRvruli fuladi Tanxis gadaxdis valdebulebas.
mis winaaRmdeg ar SeiZleba wamoyenebuli iqnes sxva valdebulebidan gamomdinare Sesagebeli
(`Tamasuqis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis me-14 muxli). Tamasuqis gacemiT misi gamcemi kisrulobs
upirobo valdebulebas gadaixados TamasuqSi miTiTebuli Tanxa piradad an sxvas avalebs mis
gadaxdas. Tamasuqis mflobels (viszedac aris Tamasuqi gamowerili) miniWebuli aqvs udavo uf-
leba movales moTxovos TamasuqSi miTiTebuli Tanxis gadaxda (ganaRdeba) im vadis amowurvis-
Tanave, ra vadiTac Tamasuqia gacemuli. gadaxdis vadebs ki, gansazRvravs `Tamasuqis Sesaxeb~
saqarTvelos kanonis 29-e muxli.
amave kanonis 37-e muxliT gansazRvrulia, Tu vis mimarT da ra SemTxvevebSi SeuZlia waradginos
Tamasuqis mflobelma sarCeli. sarCeli SeiZleba waredginos indosants, Tamasuqis gamcems da
95
sxva valdebul pirebs (avalisti anu Tavdebi), Tu damdgaria gadaxdis vada an Tanxis gadauxde-
lobisas. sarCelis wardgena gadaxdis vadis dadgomamde SesaZlebelia 37-e muxlis me-2 punqtiT
dadgenil SemTxvevebSi. Tumca aRniSnuli garemoebebi warmoadgens Tamasuqidan gamomdinare
sarCelis (moTxovnis) dakmayofilebis safuZvels da ara misi aRZvris an sarCelis warmoebaSi
miRebis winapirobebs.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 293-e muxlis mixedviT, savaldebuloa, rom Tamasuqidan gamom-
dinare sarCels erTvodes Tamasuqis asli, xolo misi dedani ki mosarCelem unda waradginos
sasamarTlo sxdomaze saqmis zepiri ganxilvis dros. SedarebisaTvis unda aRiniSnos, rom saerTo
sasarCelo warmoebis dros sarCelze mtkicebulebis darTva savaldebulo ar aris. 178-e muxlis
mixedviT, sarCelis aRZvris dros mosarCelem mxolod unda miuTiTos garemoebebze, romlebzec
amyarebs moTxovnas da am garemoebaTa damadasturebel mtkicebulebebze. gamartivebuli war-
moebiT Tamasuqidan gamomdinare sarCelis aRZvris dros ki, sarCelze Tamasuqis aslis darTva
warmoadgens sarCelis warmoebaSi miRebis erT-erT winapirobas, anu Tu sarCels ar erTvis
Tamasuqis asli, mosarCeles unda ganesazRvros vada mis warmosadgenad (xarvezis SevsebisaTvis),
xolo Tu igi sasamarTlos mier daniSnul vadaSi ar warmoadgens Tamasuqis asls, sasamarTlo
uars etyvis sarCelis warmoebaSi miRebaze samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 185-e muxlis safuZ-
velze. Tu ra pirobebs unda akmayofilebdes Tamasuqis asli, aRniSnuli mocemulia `Tamasuqis
Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis me-60 muxlSi.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 293-e muxlis danawesidan gamomdinare, SeiZleba paraleli
gakeTdes amave kodeqsis me-4 da 134-135-e muxlebTan mimarTebaSi. me-4 muxlis pirveli nawilis
mixedviT, samoqalaqo saproceso kanonmdeblobis SejibrebiTobis principidan gamomdinare, mxa-
reebi TviTon gansazRvraven, Tu romeli faqtebi unda daedos safuZvlad maT moTxovnebs an
romeli mtkicebulebebiT unda dadasturdes es faqtebi. 134-e muxlis me-2 nawiliT, werilobiT
mtkicebulebebs sasamarTlos warudgenen mxareebi. Tamasuqi ki aris werilobiTi mtkicebuleba
moTxovnis arsebobis Sesaxeb, romlis wardgenis valdebuleba (sarCelis aRZvrisas aslis, xolo
saqmis zepiri ganxilvis dros _ dednis) mosarCeles akisria. 135-e muxliT dadgenilia, rom weri-
lobiTi mtkicebuleba, rogorc wesi, wardgenili unda iqnes dednis saxiT, anu aRniSnuli niSnavs,
rom werilobiTi mtkicebuleba SeiZleba wardgenili iqnes aslis saxiTac, magram amave normis
mixedviT, sasamarTlos Tavisi iniciativiT an mxareTa SuamdgomlobiT, SeuZlia moiTxovos sa-
buTis dednis wardgena. 293-e muxlis Tanaxmad ki, saqmis zepiri ganxilvis dros Tamasuqis dednis
wardgenas kanoni mosarCelisagan imperatiulad moiTxovs.
amdenad, SeiZleba gakeTdes daskvna, rom Tuki mosarCele sasamarTlos ar warudgens Tamasuqis
dedans, aRniSnuli SeiZleba gaxdes sarCelis dakmayofilebaze uaris Tqmis safuZveli. aqve unda
aRiniSnos, rom rogorc gadasapirebeli (trata), ise martivi (solo) Tamasuqi unda Seicavdes
`Tamasuqis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis pirveli da 68-e muxlebiT dadgenil savaldebulo rek-
vizitebs.
7.3.5 vada uwyebis Cabarebidan sasamarTlo sxdomamde
zemoT aRiniSna, rom Tamasuqidan gamomdinare sarCelis gamartivebuli wesiT ganxilvis mizania
sasamarTlo procesis ekonomiuroba da daCqarebuloba. am dros ar arsebobs saqmis winaswari
sasamarTlo ganxilvisaTvis momzadebis (werilobiTi Sejibris) etapi. sarCelis daCqarebuli we-
siT ganxilvis gamovlinebaa, rom am kategoriis saqmeebze kanoniT zustadaa gansazRvruli sasa-
marTlo uwyebis Cabarebidan sasamarTlo sxdomis gamarTvamde dro.
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ukve iTqva, rom samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 294-e muxlis mixedviT, Tamasuqidan gamomdinare
sarCeli gamartivebuli wesiT gansaxilvelad SeiZleba wardgenili iqnes, rogorc gadaxdis ad-
gilis mixedviT sasamarTloSi, ise sasamarTloSi mopasuxis sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT. aR-
niSnulidan gamomdinare, sxvadasxvagvaria uwyebis mxareTaTvis Cabarebidan sxdomis gamarTvamde
droc. kerZod, samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 295-e muxlis Tanaxmad, Tu mxareebi cxovroben
sasamarTlos adgilsamyofelis mixedviT, maT uwyeba unda CahbardeTYsasamarTlos sxdomis daw-
yebamde aranakleb 24 saaTiT adre, xolo Tuki uwyeba bardeba sxva adgilze (roca mxareebi cxov-
roben ara sasamarTlos adgilmbdebareobis mixedviT), maSin maT uwyeba unda CahbardeT sasamar-
Tlos sxdomamde minimum sami dRiT adre. SedarebisaTvis SeiZleba moviyvanoT samoqalaqo sap-
roceso kodeqsis 70-e muxlis me-2 nawili, romlis mixedviTac, saerTo sasarCelo warmoebis dros,
mxareebs sasamarTlo uwyeba unda CahbardeT im varaudiT, rom maT hqondeT sasamarTloSi dro-
ulad gamocxadebisa da saqmis momzadebisaTvis gonivruli vada, anu Tamasuqidan gamomdinare
sarCelis gamartivebuli wesiT ganxilvisas kanoniT mkacradaa reglamentirebuli uwyebis mxare-
TaTvis Cabarebidan sasamarTlo sxdomis gamarTvamde drois monakveTi.
7.3.6 mtkicebulebebi
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 296-e muxli gansazRvravs, Tu ra saxis mtkicebulebebi SeiZleba
iyos daSvebuli Tamasuqidan gamomdinare saqmis gamartivebuli warmoebis procesSi. saerTo sa-
sarCelo warmoebis dros mtkicebulebaTa dasaSvebobas da maT saxeebs gansazRvravs samoqalaqo
saproceso kodeqsis 102-e muxlis me-2 nawili, romlis mixedviTac, saqmis faqtobrivi garemoebebi
SeiZleba dadasturdes mxareTa (mesame pirTa) axsna-ganmartebebiT, mowmeTa CvenebebiT, werilo-
biTi Tu nivTieri mtkicebulebebiTa da eqspertTa daskvnebiT. amave kodeqsis 296-e muxliT ki,
mtkicebulebaTa wre SezRudulia. kerZod, eseni SeiZleba iyos mxolod dokumentebi (werilobiTi
mtkicebulebebi) da mxareTa axsna-ganmartebebi. amasTan, dokumenturi dadastureba SesaZlebe-
lia mxolod Sesabamisi dokumentis wardgeniT. SedarebisaTvis isev SeiZleba moviyvanoT sssk-is
102-e muxlis mesame nawili, romlis Tanaxmad, saqmis garemoebebi, romlebic kanonis Tanaxmad
unda dadasturdes garkveuli saxis mtkicebulebebiT, ar SeiZleba dadasturdes sxva saxis mtki-
cebulebebiT.
amdenad, gamartivebuli warmoebis dros Tamasuqidan gamomdinare moTxovna SeiZleba dadastur-
des mxolod werilobiTi mtkicebulebebiT (dokumentebiT) da mxareTa axsna-ganmartebebiT.
7.3.7 gamartivebuli wesiT saqmis ganxilvaze uaris Tqma
rogorc zemoT aRiniSna, Tamasuqidan gamomdinare moTxovnis gamartivebuli warmoebis wesiT
ganxilvis erT-erTi (da mTavari) winapirobaa, rom saqmis gamartivebuli wesiT ganxilvas unda
iTxovdes Tavad mosarCele, magram, samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis dispoziciurobis princi-
pidan gamomdinare (me-3 muxli), mas SeuZlia saqmis ganxilva Tavidanve moiTxovos ara gamarti-
vebuli, aramed saerTo sasarCelo wesiT. Tumca, samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 297-e muxli
uSvebs SesaZleblobas, rom saqmis gamartivebuli wesiT ganxilvis procesSi, gadawyvetilebis
misaRebad mosamarTlis saTaTbiro oTaxSi gasvlamde, mosarCelem uari Tqvas saqmis gamartive-
buli wesiT ganxilvaze da moiTxovos saerTo sasarCelo wesiT ganxilva. amasTan, aRniSnulSi igi
SezRuduli ar aris, arc mopasuxis poziciiT da, arc sasamarTlos mosazrebiT. igi Tavad Rebu-
lobs aseT gadawyvetilebas, raSic mopasuxis Tanxmoba ar sWirdeba. am SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlom
unda gamoitanos ganCineba gamartivebuli wesiT saqmis warmoebis Sewyvetis (da ara mTlianad
saqmis warmoebis Sewyvetis) da saqmis saerTo sasarCelo wesiT ganxilvis Sesaxeb. amgvar SemTx-
vevaSi saqmis warmoeba gamartivebulidan gadaizrdeba Cveulebriv saerTo sasarCelo warmoeba-
97
Si, romlis winaswari momzadeba da ganxilva unda warimarTos saerTo sasarCelo warmoebis wesebis
Sesabamisad da samarTlom saqme gansaxilvelad unda daniSnos sasamarTlos mTavari sxdomaze.
7.3.8 sarCelebis SeerTebisa da Segebebuli sarCelis aRZvris dauSvebloba
Tamasuqidan gamomdinare sarCelebis gamartivebuli warmoebis wesiT ganxilvis Tavisebureba
imaSic mdgomareobs, rom samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 298-e muxliT, dauSvebelia amgvar
moTxovnasTan erTad sxva saxis pretenziebis (moTxovnis) gamo aRZruli sarCelebis SeerTeba
(gaerTianeba) da, agreTve, Segebebuli sarCelis aRZvra, rogorc es dasaSvebia saerTo sasarCelo
warmoebis dros. magaliTad, samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 182-e muxlis 1-li da me-4 nawilebis
mixedviT, mosarCeles SeuZlia erT sarCelSi gaaerTianos am sasamarTlos gansjadi ramodenime
moTxovna erTi da imave mopasuxis mimarT, imisgan damoukideblad, erTsa da imave safuZvlebs
emyareba Tu ara es moTxovnebi, xolo me-4 nawiliT daSvebulia sasamarTlos warmoebaSi arsebuli
ramodenime erTgvarovani da samarTlebrivad dakavSirebuli saqmeebis gaerTianebis SesaZleb-
loba. 188-e muxliT ki, saerTo sasarCelo warmoebis dros, daiSveba Segebebuli sarCelis aRZvra.
298-e muxliT dadgenili akrZalvis arsi Tamasuqidan gamomdinare sarCelis ganxilvis (procesis)
gamartivebulobaSi mdgomareobs.
7.3.9 saqmis damatebiTi warmoeba
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-3 muxlis me-2 nawilis Tanaxmad, mopasuxes SeuZlia cnos sarCe-
li, rac misi dakmayofilebis safuZvelia. amdenad, Tuki mopasuxe gamartivebuli warmoebis dros
cnobs sarCels da aRiarebs Tamasuqidan gamomdinare moTxovnas, sarCeli dakmayofildeba. SesaZ-
lebelia mopasuxem ar aRiaros moTxovna, magram saqmeSi warmodgenili mtkicebulebebis safuZ-
velze, sasamarTlom mainc daakmayofilos sarCeli, Tumca samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 299-e
muxlis pirveli nawilis mixedviT, am SemTxvevaSi gadawyvetileba gamotanili unda iqnes daTqmiT,
rac gulisxmobs, gadawyvetilebis gamotanis Semdgom, mopasuxis uflebas moiTxovos saqmis da-
matebiTi warmoeba Tavisi uflebis ganxorcielebis mizniT, anu mopasuxes, romelic gamartive-
buli warmoebis dros uaryofs mis winaaRmdeg wayenebul moTxovnas, gadawyvetilebis gamotanis
Semdgom yvela SemTxvevaSi SeuZlia moiTxovos saqmis damatebiTi warmoeba Tavisi uflebis gan-
xorcielebis mizniT, ris Sesaxebac unda aRiniSnos gadawyvetilebaSi.
amdenad, mopasuxe, romelic sasamarTlo sxdomaze uaryofs mis winaaRmdeg aRZrul moTxovnas,
ar eTanxmeba mis sawinaaRmdegod gamotanil gadawyvetilebas da miiCnevs, rom gamartivebuli
warmoebis procesSi man srulad ver SeZlo Tavis dacva, uflebamosilia gadawyvetilebis gamom-
tan sasamarTlos mimarTos werilobiTi SesagebliT (protestiT) da moiTxovos saqmis damatebiTi
warmoeba. am SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlom unda gamoitanos ganCineba saqmis damatebiTi warmoebis
Sesaxeb da ganixilos mopasuxis pretenzia. Tumca aqve unda aRiniSnos, rom samoqalaqo saproceso
kodeqsis 299-e muxlis me-2 nawilis Tanaxmad, daTqmiT gamotanil gadawyvetilebaze mopasuxis
mier Sesageblis (protestis) Setana da damatebiTi warmoebis moTxovna ver SeaCerebs daTqmuli
gadawyvetilebis aRsrulebas da igi ar SeCerdeba, vidre damatebiTi warmoeba ar dasruldeba.
aRiniSnulTan mimarTebaSi unda iTqvas, rom samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 268-e muxlis 1-li
nawilis `v~ qvepunqtis Tanaxmad, Tamasuqisa da Cekis Taobaze gamotanili gadawyvetileba dauyov-
nebliv aRsasrulebel gadawyvetilebaTa kategorias ganekuTvneba.
aseve aRsaniSnavia is garemoeba, rom daTqmuli gadawyvetilebis gasaCivrebis vada kanoniT spe-
cialurad dadgenili ar aris. amitom igi SeiZleba gasaCivrdes saboloo gadawyvetilebis gasaCiv-
rebisaTvis dadgenil vadebSi (14 dRe).
7. gamartivebuli warmoeba
98
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-300 muxli gansazRvravs saqmis damatebiTi warmoebis wess. mas
Semdeg, rac sasamarTlo miiRebs ganCinebas saqmis damatebiTi warmoebis Taobaze, saqme unda
momzaddes da dainiSnos gansaxilvelad saerTo wesebis Sesabamisad. sasamarTlom unda ganixilos
saqme, moisminos mxareTa ganmartebebi da, Tu dadginda, rom mopasuxis protesti usafuZvloa da
gadawyvetileba arsebiTad sworia, maSin sasamarTlos gamoaqvs ganCineba gamartivebuli warmo-
ebis wesiT miRebuli gadawyvetilebis gauqmebaze uaris Tqmisa da gadawyvetilebis ucvlelad
datovebis Sesaxeb, xolo Tuki dadgindeba, rom sarCelis dakmayofilebis Sesaxeb gamartivebuli
warmoebis wesiT miRebuli gadawyvetileba arasworia, maSin sasamarTlom unda gaauqmos mis mierve
miRebuli gadawyvetileba da mosarCeles amave gadawyvetilebiT uari unda uTxras sarCelis
dakmayofilebaze. gadawyvetilebis ucvlelad datovebis Sesaxeb ganCinebac da sarCelis dakmayo-
filebaze uaris Tqmis Sesaxeb gadawyvetilebac saCivrdeba apelaciis wesiT, Tu, ra Tqma unda,
saapelacio saCivris dasSvebobis sxva pirobebTan erTad davis sagnis Rirebuleba aRemateba 1000
lars (samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 264-e da 365-e muxlebi).
Tu mosarCeles uari eTqva sarCelis dakmayofilebaze, maSin sasamarTlo xarjebi unda ganawildes
Cveulebrivad samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 53-55-e muxlebis Sesabamisad. amasTan, me-300 mux-
lis me-2 nawiliT, mosarCeles evaleba im zaralis anazRaureba, romelic miadga mopasuxes gadawy-
vetilebis aRsrulebis an aseTi aRsrulebisaTvis xelisSemSleli qmedebis Sedegad. mopasuxes,
aseve, SeuZlia davis sasamarTlo ganxilvis procesSi wamoayenos moTxovna zaralis anazRaurebis
Taobaze, anu im SemTxvevaSi, Tuki gamartivebuli warmoebis wesiT gamotanili gadawyvetileba
sarCelis dakmayofilebis Sesaxeb ukve aRsrulebulia, xolo damatebiTi warmoebis Sedegad igi
gauqmda da sarCeli ar dakmayofilda, maSin gadawyvetilebis aRsrulebis Sebruneba unda moxdes
(sssk-is 267
2
-e muxli).
niSandoblivia aRiniSnos, rom saqarTvelos samoqalaqo kodeqsis 876-e muxliT, akreditivis gax-
sniT sakredito dawesebuleba (gamxseneli banki) valdebulia, klientis (akreditivis davalebis
mimcemis) TxovniT da gankargulebiT, miTiTebuli dokumentis sanacvlod gaanaRdos remiten-
tisagan gadmopirebuli Tamasuqi, moaxdinos aqcepti. akreditivis dros mxareebi dokumentebis
safuZvelze axdenen angariSsworebas. akreditivis gamxsnel banks misi klientis brZanebiT evale-
ba ara marto gadaixados fuladi Tanxa, aramed Tu saWiroa, gaanaRdos remitentisagan gadmopi-
rebuli Tamasuqi (trata) an moaxdinos ganaRdebisaTvis aucilebeli aqceptis gacema.
aseve sayuradReboa, rom samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1294-e muxlis mixedviT, meurveobisa da mzrunve-
lobis organos winaswari Tanxmobis gareSe, meurves ufleba ar aqvs sameurveo piris saxeliT
dados garigeba, xolo mzrunvels _ samzrunvelo piris saxeliT daTanxmdes garigebis dadebaze,
romelic Seexeba savalo valdebulebaTa gacemas da im garigebaTa dadebis sakiTxs, romelic
exeba TamasuqTan dakavSirebul uflebebs.
7.3.10 Ceki
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 301-e muxliT gansazRvrulia Cekis Taobaze aRZruli sarCelebis
warmoebis wesi, romlis mixedviTac, Cekis Sesaxeb saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobis Sesabamisad wamo-
yenebuli moTxovnebis ganxilvisas gamoiyeneba Tamasuqis Taobaze aRZruli saqmeebis warmoebis
wesi. mxolod unda aRiniSnos, rom Cekis gacemis, moqmedebis, indosirebis, Tavdebobis, gadaxdisa
da aqedan gamomdinare Sedegebis, agreTve masTan dakavSirebuli pretenziebis wardgenis wess
awesrigebs saqarTvelos kanoni `Cekis Sesaxeb~. kanonis mixedviT, Ceki aris dadgenili formis
saxelobiTi fasiani qaRaldi, romelic Seicavs Cekis gamcemis werilobiT davalebas sabanko dawe-
sebulebisadmi gaanaRdos CekSi aRniSnuli Tanxa.
99
Ceki gamoiyeneba, rogorc gadaxdis saSualeba. igi mzaddeba erTiani nimuSis mixedviT da aris
mkacri aRricxvis blanki. `Cekis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis pirveli muxliT dadgenilia Cekis
forma da is savaldebulo rekvizitebi, rasac unda Seicavdes Ceki. CekTan dakavSirebuli urTi-
erTobis monawile aris sami piri:
a) misi gamcemi piri (iuridiuli Tu fizikuri);
b) Cekis mimRebi (vis saxelzec aris Ceki gacemuli);
g) Cekis gamnaRdebeli (sabanko dawesebuleba).
kanonis me-2 muxlis pirveli nawiliT gansazRvrulia, rom Ceki SeiZleba gamowerili iqnes mxolod
im sabanko dawesebulebaze, romelSic inaxeba Cekis gamomweris saxsrebi, rac mas aZlevs uflebas
saerTo wesiT gankargos es saxsrebi Cekis saSualebiT. Cekis gamcemi pasuxismgebelia Cekis ganaRde-
bisaTvis. Ceki SeiZleba gamoiyenon rogorc iuridiulma, ise fizikurma pirebma.
kanonis me-3 muxliT, Ceki SeiZleba gamoiweros gasanaRdeblad konkretuli piris saxelze an
aRniSnulis miTiTebis gareSe, aseve _ warmdgenze. Ceki unda ganaRddes misi wardgenisTanave
(24.1 muxli).
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo kodeqsis 865-e muxlis mixedviT, saTanado SeTanxmebisas sakredito
dawesebuleba movalea aqtivis farglebSi aanazRauris angariSis mflobelis mier xelmowerili
Ceki Cekis Sesaxeb kanonis Sesabamisad. 866-e muxliT, SeiZleba moxdes Cekis inkasirebac, rac
niSnavs angariSis mflbelis mier Tavisi sakredito dawesebulebisadmi micemul davalebas, raTa
man uzrunvelyos Tavisi klientis gaunaRdebeli Cekebis mixedviT sxva pirebisagan am saxsrebis
miReba.
Cekis gaunaRdeblobasTan dakaSvirebuli pretenziebis wardgenis safuZvlebs adgens `Cekis Se-
saxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis 31-e muxli. 35-e muxliT gansazRvrulia Cekis ganaRdebisaTvis pasu-
xismgebloba, romlis mixedviTac, CekiT valdebuli yvela piri solidarulad agebs pasuxs Cekis
mflobelis winaSe. es ukanaskneli uflebamosilia warudginos sarCeli, rogorc yvela am pirs,
aseve erT maTgans an ramodenimes erTdroulad. CekiT valdebuli erT-erTi piris mimarT sar-
Celis wardgena ar aris dabrkoleba sxva pirTagan saxdelis gadaxdevinebisaTvis.
amave kanonis 36-e muxliT dadgenilia Cekis mflobelis ufleba _ sarCelis wardgeniT moiTxovos
misi ganaRdeba. amasTan, 38-e muxliT Cekis gamnaRdebel nebismier valdebul pirs, romlis
mimarTac SeiZleba wardgenili iqnes sarCeli, Cekis ganaRdebis Semdeg ufleba aqvs moiTxovos
Cekis dabruneba protestiT. 43-e muxliT dadgenilia Cekis mflobelis mier sarCelis Setanis
xandazmulobis specialuri vada, rac Seadgens Cekis wardgenis dRidan eqvs Tves.
7.4 lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflobelobaSi lizingis sagnis dabrunebis Taobaze
saqmis ganxilvis gamartivebuli wesi
7.4.1 lizingis cneba
gamartivebuli samarTalwarmoebiT sasamarTlom SesaZloa ganixilos samoqalaqo saqme, romelic
gamomdinareobs lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflobelobaSi lizingis sagnis dabrunebis Taobaze
aRZruli moTxovnidan (saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 309
1
_309
7
-e muxlebi).
7. gamartivebuli warmoeba
100
lizingis cnebas gansazRvravs saqarTvelos samoqalaqo kodeqsis 576-e muxli, rac niSnavs lizin-
gis sagnis mflobelis mier qonebis droebiT, xelSekrulebiT daTqmuli vadiT, meore pirisaTvis
sargeblobaSi sasyidlian gadacemas ise, rom lizingis sagnis mflobeli qonebaze inarCunebs
sakuTrebis uflebas. lizingis xelSekrulebiT lizingis gamcemi valdebulia daamzados an
SeiZinos gansazRvruli qoneba da sasyidlian sargeblobaSi gadasces mis mimRebs xelSekrulebiT
gaTvaliswinebuli vadiT. lizingis xelSekrulebis sagani SeiZleba iyos rogorc moZravi, ise
uZravi qonebac. lizingis xelSekrulebis mxareebi arian lizingis sagnis gamcemi (qonebis
mesakuTre) da lizingis sagnis mimRebi. lizingis xelSekrulebiT lizingis gamcemi valdebulia
daamzados an SeiZinos xelSekrulebiT gaTvaliswinebuli qoneba da gadasces igi lizingis mimRebs
xelSekrulebiT gaTvaliswinebuli vadiT. magaliTad, aris SemTxvevebi, roca pirs (lizingis sava-
raudo mimRebs) sWirdeba garkveuli saxis nivTi, magram ar gaaCnia sakmarisi finansuri saxsrebi
misi SeZenisaTvis, ris gamoc igi ukveTavs salizingo kompanias (lizingis sagnis gamcems), raTa am
ukanasknelma misTvis daamzados an SeiZinos es nivTi da gadasces droebiT sargeblobaSi. ga-
momdinare aRniSnulidan, lizingi SesaZloa iyos, rogorc pirdapiri, ise arapirdapiri. pirda-
piria lizingi, roca misi gamcemi TviTon aris lizingis sagnis mesakuTre an mwarmoebeli (damam-
zadebeli), xolo arapirdapiria lizingi, roca lizingis gamcemi Tavad ki ar amzadebs lizingis
sagans, aramed mas SeiZens da gadascems lizingis mimRebs.
zemoT aRiniSna, rom lizingis sagani unda dabrundes xelSekrulebiT gaTvaliswinebul vadebSi.
amasTan, lizingis mimcemi valdebulia gadaixados lizingis sazRauri xelSekrulebiT dadgenili
periodulobiT. xelSekrulebiT SeiZleba ganisazRvros, aseve, pirgasamtexloc.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 577-e muxlis mixedviT, lizingis xelSekruleba unda daidos werilobiT.
masSi miTiTebuli unda iyos xelSekrulebis mTliani fasi, lizingis sazRauris odenoba da misi
gadaxdis vadebi, saboloo gadaxdis Tanxa, xolo xelSekrulebis vadamde Sesrulebisas, misi ga-
moTvlis wesi. Tu lizingis sagani uZravi nivTia, maSin xelSekruleba aucileblad unda damowmdes
sanotaro wesiT da registraciaSi unda gatardes sajaro reestrSi (lizingis urTierTobasTan
dakavSirebiT sayuradReboa saqarTvelos kanoni `salizingo saqmianobis xelSewyobis Sesaxeb~).
amdenad, lizingis sagani SeiZleba iyos moZravi an uZravi qoneba, romelsac misi mflobeli
(mesakuTre) droebiT sargeblobaSi gadascems mas mimRebs, xolo es ukanaskneli valdebulia qo-
nebis sargeblobisaTvis gadaixados xelSekrulebiT SeTanxmebuli sazRauri da qoneba daabrunos
xelSekrulebiT gaTvaliswinebul vadaSi. lizingis mimarT gamoiyeneba qiravnobis xelSekrulebis
wesebi, romlebic ar ewinaaRmdegebian 576-579-e muxlebs.
naTelia, rom lizingis sagnis mimRebs lizingis sagnis misi mflobelisaTvis dabrunebis valde-
buleba samoqalaqo kodeqsiT (xelSekrulebiT) akisria, magram samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsi
gansazRvravs am moTxovnis ganxilvis gamartivebul wess.
7.4.2 gancxadeba lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflobelobaSi lizingis sagnis dabrunebis
Taobaze
lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflobelobaSi lizingis sagnis dabrunebis Taobaze saqmis gamartive-
buli warmoebis dros piri (ganmcxadebeli) sasamarTlos mimarTavs gancxadebiT (da ara sar-
CeliT), romlis mizani unda iyos sasamarTlos mier brZanebis miReba lizingis sagnis gamcemis
mflobelobaSi lizingis sagnis dabrunebis Taobaze (moTxovna). iseve, rogorc fuladi davali-
anebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb gadaxdis brZanebis miRebis dros, am SemTxvevaSic sasamarTlos
gamoaqvs brZaneba (magram ara gadaxdis brZaneba, aramed brZaneba).
101
saqmis ganxilvis gamartivebuloba mdgomareobs imaSi, rom moTxovna ganixileba daCqarebuli
wesiT, arc am SemTxvevaSi arsebobs saqmis winaswari ganxilvisaTvis momzadebis (werilobiTi Se-
jibris) etapi da, metic, mkacradaa gansazRvruli sasamarTlos mier brZanebis miRebis vada (sami
dRe). mosamarTles brZaneba gamoaqvs erTpirovnulad _ mxareTa zepiri mosmenis gareSe. amasTan,
brZaneba eqvemdebareba dauyovnebliv aRsrulebas.
309
2
-e muxlis me-2 nawiliT dadgenilia, Tu ra moTxovnebs unda akmayofilebdes gancxadebis
Sinaarsi da ra rekvizitebs unda Seicavdes igi. kerZod, masSi aRniSnuli unda iyos sasamarTlos,
aseve mxareTa da warmomadgenelTa dasaxelebebi, ganmcxadeblis moTxovna, valdebuleba, romlis
safuZvelzec wamoyenebulia moTxovna da am moTxovnis damadasturebeli mtkicebuleba. gan-
cxadebas unda erTvodes saxelmwifo baJis gadxdis damadasturebeli dokumentebi (qviTari).
aqve unda aRiniSnos, rom gancxadeba, aseve, unda Seicavdes im monacemebsac, rac miTiTebulia sa-
moqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 178-e muxlSi. kerZod, masSi aRniSnuli unda iyos mxareTa da war-
moamdgenelTa misamarTebi, davis sagnis fasi, gancxadebaze darTuli sabuTebis nusxa, gancxa-
debas xels unda awerdes ganmcxadebeli an misi uflebamosili warmomadgeneli. warmodgenili
unda iyos gancxadebisa da masze darTuli sabuTebis aslebi mowinaaRmdege mxarisaTvis (mopasu-
xisaTvis) gadasacemad.
unda iTqvas, rom lizingis sagnis misi mflobelisaTvis dabrunebis Sesaxeb moTxovnis gamarti-
vebuli wesiT ganxilvis dros, gancxadebaSi miTiTebuli unda iyos ara mxolod wamoyenebuli
moTxovnis damadasturebel mtkicebulebaze, aramed mizanSewonilia, rom es mtkicebuleba (xel-
Sekruleba) gancxadebas Tan erTvodes, vinaidan am moTxovnis gadawyvetisaTvis swored es mtki-
cebulebaa centraluri da gadamwyveti.
gansaxilvel SemTxvevebSi sasamarTlom yuradReba unda miaqcios davis sagnis fasis gansazRvris
wess, kerZod:
SesaZlebelia, rom lizingis sagnis gamcemi lizingis sagnis dabrunebas iTxovdes im safuZvliT,
rom gasulia lizingis xelSekrulebis moqmedebis vada, xolo lizingis sagnis mimRebi ki ar ub-
runebs lizingis sagans, riTac es ukanaskneli arRvevs xelSekrulebiT nakisr valdebulebas (sa-
moqalaqo kodeqsis 559-e muxlis pirveli nawili). am SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlom davis sagnis fasi
unda gansazRvros saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 41-e muxlis pirveli nawilis
`k~ qvepunqtis Sesabamisad. xolo, Tuki ganmcxadebeli (lizingis sagnis gamcemi) lizingis sagnis
dabrunebas (xelSekrulebis moSlas) moiTxovs xelSekrulebis vadis gasvlamde im safuZvliT,
rom lizingis mimRebi mniSvnelovnad azianebs lizingis sagans, an qmnis mniSvnelovani dazianebis
realur saSiSroebas, an ar ixdis lizingis sazRaurs (samoqalaqo kodeqsis 557-558-e muxlebi,
559-e muxlis me-3 nawili), maSin davis sagnis fasi unda ganisazRvros samoqalaqo saproceso
kodeqsis 41-e muxlis pirveli nawilis `z~ qvepunqtis Sesabamisad.
309
2
-e muxlis me-3 nawiliT mkacrad aris dadgenili, rom gancxadebis ganxilvis vada aris sami
dRe, anu gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebidan sasamarTlom sam dReSi unda gamoitanos brZaneba
lizingis sagnis mflobelisaTvis lizingis sagnis dabrunebis Sesaxeb.
7.4.3 gansjadoba
309
3
-e muxliT dadgenilia, rom lizingis sagnis misi mflobelis sargeblobaSi dabrunebis Sesaxeb
gancxadeba sasamarTloSi Seitaneba samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsiT dadgenili wesiT. aRniSnuli
102
niSnavs, rom am SemTxvevaSi gamoyenebuli unda iqnes gansjadobis Sesaxeb saerTo wesebi (me-13-
me-15-e muxlebi), Tumca unda aRiniSnos, rom am kategoriis dava Seexeba lizingis sagnis dabru-
nebas, romelic gamomdinareobs lizingis xelSekrulebidan, romlis pirobebi (vada, Sesrulebis
adgili da a.S) mxareTa mier winaswar aris gansazRvruli. xelSekrulebidan gamomdinare moT-
xovnebis gansjadobis wesi ki gansazRvrulia samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-16 muxlis me-2
nawiliT. amitom, Tuki mosamarTle gamoarkvevs, rom gancxadeba sxva sasamarTlos gansjadia,
maSin ganmcxadebels uari unda eTqvas mis miRebaze _ samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 186-e muxlis
1-li nawilis `e~ qvepunqtis safuZvelze da unda mieTiTos, Tu romel sasamarTlos unda mimarTos
ganmcxadebelma. (sssk-is 187-e muxli)
7.4.4 lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflobelobaSi lizingis sagnis dabrunebis Taobaze
gancxadebis umoZraod datoveba da gancxadebis miRebaze uaris Tqma
iseve, rogorc nebismieri sarCeli Tu gancxadeba, lizingis sagnis misi mflobelisaTvis gamarti-
vebuli wesiT dabrunebis Sesaxeb gancxadebac unda akmayofilebdes samoqalaqo saproceso kanon-
mdeblobis moTxovnebs. 309
4
-e muxliT piradpiraa gansazRvruli, rom, Tuki gancxadeba ar akma-
yofilebs 309
2
-e muxlis moTxovnebs, sasamarTlom Tavisi ganCinebiT ganmcxadebels unda misces
vada xarvezis Sesavsebad, razec kerZo saCivari ar daiSveba. xarvezis Sevsebis SemTxvevaSi sasa-
marTlo gancxadebas miiRebs warmoebaSi, xolo winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi mas datovebs umoZraod
da daubrunebs ganmcxadebels, razec SeiZleba kerZo saCivris Setana. (SedarebisaTvis SeiZleba
movixmoT sssk-is 185-e muxli, ra drosac xarvezis Seuvseblobis SemTxvevaSi sasamarTlo umoZra-
od ki ar tovebs sarCels, aramed mosarCeles uars eubneba mis warmoebaSi miRebaze).
zemoT aRiniSna, rom gancxadebaSi unda aRiniSnos (umjobesia gancxadebas erTvodes) lizingis
sagnis dabrunebis Sesaxeb moTxovnis damadasturebeli mtkicebuleba, romelic unda asabuTebdes
wamoyenebul moTxovnas, xolo, Tuki es mtkicebuleba ver adasturebs moTxovnas, maSin samoqa-
laqo saproceso kodeqsis 309
5
-e muxlis Tanaxmad, mosamarTlem unda gamoitanos ganCineba _
lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflobelobaSi lizingis sagnis dabrunebis Taobaze gancxadebis miReba-
ze uaris Tqmis Sesaxeb, rac SeiZleba gasaCivrdes kerZo saCivriT.
7.4.5 lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflobelobaSi lizingis sagnis dabrunebis Sesaxeb brZaneba
Tuki gancxadeba _ lizingis sagnis dabrunebis Sesaxeb akmayofilebs kanonmdeblobiT dadgenil
winapirobas da, amasTan, moTxovna dasturdeba Sesabamisi mtkicebulebebiT, maSin sasamarTlom
gancxadeba unda miiRos warmoebaSi da gamoitanos _ brZaneba lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflo-
belobaSi lizingis sagnis dabrunebis Sesaxeb (309
6
-e muxli). amgvari brZaneba eqvemdebareba
dauyovnebliv aRsrulebas, ris Sesaxebac unda aRiniSnos brZanebaSi da misi gamotanisTanave
unda gaices saaRsrulebo furceli. brZanebaSi unda mieTiTos, aseve misi gasaCivrebis wesi da
vada. kerZod, 309
7
-e muxliT gansazRvrulia, rom lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflobelobaSi li-
zingis sagnis dabrunebis Sesaxeb brZaneba SeiZleba gasaCivrdes kerZo saCivriT, magram saCivris
Setana ver SeaCerebs brZanebis aRsrulebas. mowinaaRmdege mxares (lizingis sagnis mimRebs) un-
da gadaeces brZaneba, gancxadeba da masze darTuli sabuTebi.
103
8.1 zogadi debulebebi
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-14 muxlis g~ qvepunqtis Tanaxmad,
magistrati mosamarTleebi pirveli instanciiT ganixilaven saojaxo sa-
marTlebrivi urTierTobidan gamomdinare davebs, garda Svilad ayvanis,
mSoblis uflebis CamorTmevis, mamobis dadgenis da ganqorwinebis saq-
meebisa, Tu meuRleebs Soris arsebobs dava bavSvis mikuTvnebis Taobaze.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 354-e muxlis me-2 nawilis Tanaxmad, sa-
ojaxo-samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan warmoSobili saqmeebi ar SeiZleba
ganixilebodes sxva xasiaTis moTxovnebis Sesaxeb aRZrul saqmeebTan er-
Tad. mosarCeles saojaxo-samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan warmoSobili
davebis dros samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 182-e muxlis Sesabamisad,
SeuZlia gaaerTianos ramdenime moTxovna mxolod im pirobiT, Tu es
moTxovnebi saojaxo-samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan warmoiSoba, xolo
sxva kategoriis saqmeebi ar SeiZleba ganixilebodes am saqmeebTan erTad.
Tu arsebobs saojaxo-samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan warmoSobili ram-
denime sasarCelo moTxovna, romelTagan erT-erTi ar ganekuTvneba magis-
trati mosamarTlis gansjad saqmes (magaliTad, ganqorwineba da bavSvis
mikuTvneba), saqmes ganixilavs raionuli (saqalaqo) sasamarTlos sxva mo-
samarTle.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-15 muxlis pirveli nawilis pirveli
winadadebis Tanaxmad, sasamarTlos sarCeli waredgineba mopasuxis sac-
xovrebeli adgilis mixedviT. samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-19 mux-
lis Tanaxmad, sarCeli qorwinebis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb SeiZleba Setanil iq-
nes sasamarTloSi meuRleebis erToblivi sacxovrebeli adgilis mixed-
viT. Tu sarCelis Setanis droisaTvis aseTi adgili ar arsebobs, maSin
sarCeli SeiZleba Setanil iqnes mopasuxis sacxovrebeli adgilis mixed-
viT, xolo Tu mas ar gaaCnia sacxovrebeli adgili saqarTveloSi, maSin
saqmes ganixilavs sasamarTlo mosarCelis sacxovrebeli adgilis mixed-
viT.
8.magistrat mosamarTleTa gansjadi saojaxo-samarTlebrivi
urTierTobidan gamomdinare davebi
104
Tu mosarCelesTan cxovroben arasrulwlovani Svilebi, rac aZnelebs mis gamocxadebas sasamar-
TloSi mopasuxis sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT, saqme SeiZleba mosarCelis TxovniT gairCes
sasamarTloSi misi sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT.
sarCeli alimentis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb SeiZleba wardgenil iqnes sasamarTloSi mosarCelis
sacxovrebeli adgilis mixedviT.
saxelmwifo biujetis sasargeblod sasamarTlo xarjebis gadaxdisagan Tavisufldebian mosar-
Celeebi alimentis gadaxdevinebis sarCelebze (ssk-is 46-e muxli).
saojaxo saqmeTa ganxilvisas sasamarTlos SeuZlia Tavisi iniciativiT gansazRvros dasadgen
garemoebaTa wre da mxareTa axsna-ganmartebis Semdeg TviTon gamoiTxovos mtkicebulebebi, rom-
lebzedac mxareebs ar miuTiTebiaT (samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 354-e muxlis pirveli nawi-
li).
saojaxo-samarTlebrivi davis ganxilvisas sasamarTlos miniWebuli aqvs uflebebi TviTon, Tavisi
iniciativiT miiRos yvela zoma, raTa daadginos saqmis sworad gadawyvetisaTvis mniSvnelobis
mqone garemoebebi, kerZod: a) sasamarTlos SeuZlia TviTon gansazRvros mtkicebis sagani e.i. im
garemoebaTa wre, romelTa dadgenis gareSe SeuZlebelia saqmis sworad gadawyveta. mxareTa mier
miTiTebuli garemoebebiT, sasamarTlo am SemTxvevaSi, SeboWili araa; b) TviTon Tavisi inici-
ativiT gamoiTxovos ara marto is mtkicebulebebi, romlebzec miuTiTeben mxareebi, aramed rom-
lebzec mxareebi ar miuTiTeben, magram, romlebsac mniSvneloba aqvT mtkicebis saganSi Semaval
dasadgen garemoebaTa dasadastureblad.
mxareTa Suamdgomlobis safuZvelze sasamarTlos SeuZlia miiRos droebiTi gankarguleba, raTa
moawesrigos:
a) Svilis mimarT mSobelTa zrunvis sakiTxebi;
b) erT-erTi mSoblis urTierToba bavSvTan;
g) mcirewlovani bavSvis Senaxvis valdebuleba;
d) sakiTxi erT-erTi meuRlis mier meore meuRlisaTvis materialuri daxmarebis gawevis Sesaxeb;
e) saojaxo meurneobisa da biniT sargeblobis Sesaxeb;
v) saojaxo-samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan warmoSobili saqmeebis ganxilvasTan dakavSirebiT
xarjebis avansis saxiT gadaxdevinebis sakiTxi (samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 355-e muxli).
8.2 ganqorwineba
ganqorwinebis saqmeebs sasamarTlo ganixilavs sasarCelo warmoebis wesiT, romelic dadgenilia
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsiT. sasamarTlosadmi mimarTva sasarCelo gancxade-
biT qorwinebis Sewyvetis Sesaxeb SeiZleba, Tu meuRleebs Soris arsebobs dava, sxva SemTxvevaSi
ganqorwineba xdeba saagentos teritoriul samsaxurSi. dava SeiZleba iyos, rogorc qonebrivi,
ise piradi xasiaTisa.
meuRleebs ufleba aqvT aRZran sarCeli ganqorwinebis Sesaxeb nebismier dros. samoqalaqo kodeqsis
1123-e muxli iTvaliswinebs gamonakliss am saerTo wesidan. kerZod, colis orsulobis dros da
bavSvis dabadebidan erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi qmars ufleba ara aqvs colis Tanxmobis gareSe
aRZras sarCeli ganqorwinebaze. amdenad, cols nebismier dros aqvs sarCelis Setanis ufleba,
105
xolo qmars, colis orsulobis dros da bavSvis dabadebidan erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi, mxolod
colis Tanxmobis SemTxvevaSi SeuZlia aRZras sarCeli. Tu coli ar aris Tanaxma da qmarma mainc
aRZra sarCeli, mas uari unda eTqvas sarCelis miRebaze, xolo Tu sarCeli ukve miRebuli iyo,
sasamarTlo samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 187-e muxlis me-2 nawilis Sesabamisad sarCels dato-
vebs ganuxilvelad.
gancxadebaSi ganqorwinebis Sesaxeb aRniSnuli unda iyos ganqorwinebis mizezebi. mizezi SeiZleba
iyos Ralati, loToba, mSoblebis Careva, meuRleTa piradi Rirsebis Selaxva da sxva. ganqorwi-
nebis saqmis ganxilvisas sasamarTlo valdebulia Seiswavlos is mizezebi, romlebsac meuRleebi
ganqorwinebis safuZvlad Tvlian da iRebs zomebs meuRleTa Sesarigeblad. am mizniT sasamarT-
lom unda gadados saqmis ganxilva da meuRleebs dauniSnos vada Sesarigeblad, romelic ar
unda aRematebodes eqvs Tves (sk-is 1127-e muxlis me-2 nawili). Tu sasamarTlos mier dadgenil
vadaSi meuRleebi Serigdebian, maSin saqme warmoebiT wydeba. rodesac yofil meuRleebs faqti-
urad Seqmnili aqvT axali ojaxebi, aseT SemTxvevaSi ar aris aucilebeli Sesarigeblad vadis
micema.
Tu sasamarTlo daadgens, rom ganqorwinebis safuZveli umniSvneloa, mosarCeles uari unda
eTqvas sarCelze.
sasamarTlo meuRleebs Soris Sewyvets qorwinebas, Tu daadgens, rom SeuZlebelia meuRleTa
erTad cxovreba da ojaxis SenarCuneba, miuxedavad Sesarigeblad miRebuli zomebisa. gadawyveti-
lebis gamotanisas sasamarTlo roca aucilebelia, iRebs zomebs mcirewlovani Svilebisa da Sro-
misuunaro meuRlis interesebis dasacavad (sk-is 1127-e mux. me-3 da me-4 naw.). gadawyvetilebis
gamotanisas sasamarTlo gansazRvravs, Tu romelma meuRlem unda gadaixados kanoniT gansazRv-
ruli baJi, aseve Tu saWirod miiCnevs, rom baJi unda gadaxdes orive meuRles, igi gansazRvravs
TiToeuli meuRlis mier gadasaxdel Tanxas(sk-is 1131-e mux.). baJis odenobis gansazRvrisas sasa-
marTlo mxedvelobaSi iRebs or faqtors: mxareTa materialur mdgomareobas da im meuRlis
braleul moqmedebas, ramac ganapiroba ganqorwineba. materialuri mdgomareobis gaTvaliswi-
nebiT, SeiZleba erT-erT meuRles Seumcirdes baJis gadaxda an saerTod gaTavisufldes misgan
meore meuRlis ukeTesi pirobebis xarjze. Tu orive meuRles uWirs materialurad, maSin maT
minimaluri odenobis farglebSi daekisrebaT baJis gadaxda. Tu erT-erTi meuRlisadmi baJis
dakisreba ganpirobebulia ganqorwinebis gamomomwvevi braleuli moqmedebiT, meore meuRle sa-
erTod Tavisufldeba baJis gadaxdisagan.
ganqorwinebis Sesaxeb sasamarTlos kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli gadawyvetileba aRsruldeba erT-
erTi an orive meuRlis moTxovniT, gadawyvetilebis kanonier ZalaSi Sesvlis dRidan ara ugvianes
3 wlisa, saagentos teritoriul samsaxurSi registraciis saSualebiT. qorwineba Sewyvetilad
iTvleba saagentos teritoriul samsaxurSi ganqorwinebis registraciis momentidan (sk-is 1132-e
mux.). samwliani vadis gasvlis gamo, ganqorwinebis registraciis ufleba ispoba da meuRleebs,
Tu adrindeli pozicia ar SeucvliaT, kvlav SeuZliaT mimarTon sasamarTlos ganqorwinebis
Taobaze.
8.3 qorwinebis baTiloba (samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1140-1150 muxlebi)
qorwinebis baTilad cnoba unda ganvasxvavoT qorwinebis Sesaxeb Canaweris baTilad cnobisagan.
es iseTi SemTxvevaa, roca qorwinebis registracia xdeba dadgenili wesebis darRveviT. (magali-
8. magistrat mosamarTleTa gansjadi saojaxo-samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan gamomdinare davebi
106
Tad, dasaqorwinebeli erT-erTi piris nacvlad sxva Rebulobs monawileobas registraciaSi,
xelmoweris gayalbebiT, qorwinebis registracia arauflebamosili piris mier da sxva). aseT
qorwinebaSi gaCenili bavSvi iTvleba qorwinebis gareSe gaCenilad, aqedan gamomdinare samarT-
lebrivi SedegebiT.
qorwinebis gabaTileba, aseve, gansxvavdeba ganqorwinebisagan. ganqorwinebis dros meuRleTa So-
ris samarTlebrivi urTierTobani wydeba momavali droisaTvis. qorwinebis baTiloba warmoad-
gens im iuridiuli Sedegebis gauqmebas, romelsac kanoni namdvil qorwinebasTan akavSirebs. gan-
qorwinebisagan gansxvavebiT, rac momavalSi saqorwino da saojaxo samarTlebriv urTierTobaTa
Sewyvetas edeba safuZvlad, qorwinebis baTilobas ukuqceviTi xasiaTi gaaCnia. baTilad cnobili
qorwineba baTilad iTvleba qorwinebis registraciis dRidan da ar warmoSobs meuRleTa uf-
lebebsa da movaleobebs.
im pirTa qonebrivi urTierTobebi, romelTa qorwinebac baTilad iqna cnobili, wesrigdeba sa-
erTo sakuTrebis Sesaxeb samoqalaqo kodeqsiT dadgenili wesiT (sk-is 173-e muxli).
qorwinebis baTilad cnobis Sesaxeb gadawyvetilebis gamotanisas sasamarTlos ufleba aqvs, im
meuRles, romelmac ar icoda da arc SeeZlo scodnoda qorwinebis damabrkolebeli garemoebebis
arsebobis Sesaxeb, miakuTvnos meore meuRlisagan sarCos miRebis ufleba samoqalaqo kodeqsis
1182-e da 1186-e muxlebis mixedviT, xolo qorwinebis baTilad cnobamde SeZenili qonebis gayo-
fisas gamoiyenos 1158-e da 1171-e muxlebiT gaTvaliswinebuli wesebi. keTilsindisier meuRles,
romelsac qonebrivi ziani miadga im qorwinebis Sedegad, romelic baTilad iqna cnobili, ufleba
aqvs moiTxovos am zianis anazRaureba.
Tu meuRleebma daqorwinebisas ar icodnen qorwinebis damabrkolebeli im garemoebis Sesaxeb,
romelic maTi qorwinebis baTilobis safuZvelia, qorwineba wydeba sasamarTloSi am garemoebis
dadgenis momentidan, magram am dromde qorwineba warmoSobs yvela im samarTlebriv Sedegs,
rasac namdvili qorwineba (sk-is 1141-e muxli).
qorwinebis baTilad cnoba ar xelyofs aseTi qorwinebis Sedegad dabadebul bavSvTa uflebebs.
erT-erT meuRlis gardacvaleba, Cveulebriv, qorwinebis Sewyvetas iwvevs. cocxal meuRles uf-
leba aqvs daayenos qorwinebis gabaTilebis sakiTxi. aseTi qorwinebisaTvis zusti kvalifika-
ciis micema cocxali meuRlis Rirsebis dacvis, an sxva piradi, an qonebrivi interesebiT SeiZleba
iyos nakarnaxevi, xolo orive meuRlis gardacvalebis SemTxvevaSi, mesame pirebis mier ar SeiZ-
leba moTxovnil iqnes qorwinebis gabaTileba, vinaidan qorwineba faqtobrivad da iuridiula-
dac ar arsebobs, ar arseboben saqorwino-samarTlebriv urTierTobaTa subieqtebi, romelTa
interesebTanac unda yofiliyo dakavSirebuli qorwinebis gabaTileba.
qorwineba SeiZleba cnobil iqnes baTilad, Tu darRveulia 1107-e, 1108-e da 1120-e muxlebiT
dawesebuli pirobebi da Tu qorwinebis registracia miznad ar isaxavda ojaxis Seqmnas (fiqciuri
qorwineba).
qorwineba SeiZleba baTilad cnos mxolod sasamarTlom.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1142-e muxlis Tanaxmad, im pirTan qorwineba, romelsac saqorwino asakisaT-
vis ar miuRwevia da arc saqorwino asaki hqonia Semcirebuli, SeiZleba cnobil iqnes baTilad,
Tu amas moiTxovs im meuRlis interesebi, romelic daqorwinda saqorwino asakis miRwevamde.
107
am safuZvliT qorwinebis baTilad cnobis moTxovnis ufleba aqvs arasrulwlovan meuRles, mis
mSoblebs an meurves (mzrunvels), agreTve meurveobisa da mzrunvelobis organos.
Tu saqmis ganxilvis momentisaTvis arasrulwlovanma meuRlem saqorwino asaks miaRwia an orsu-
ladaa, maSin qorwineba SeiZleba cnobil iqnes baTilad mxolod misi moTxovniT.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1108-e muxlis Tanaxmad, saqorwino asakad dawesebulia Tvrameti weli. gamo-
naklis SemTxvevebSi Teqvsmeti wlis asakidan daqorwineba daiSveba mSoblebis an sxva kanonieri
warmomadgenlebis winaswari werilobiTi TanxmobiT. Tanxmobaze mSoblebis an sxva kanonieri
warmomadgenlebis uaris SemTxvevaSi pativsadebi mizezebis arsebobisas dasaqorwinebel pirTa
gancxadebis safuZvelze daqorwinebis nebarTva SeiZleba gasces sasamarTlom. pativsadebi mizezi
SeiZleba iyos faqtobrivi qorwineba, orsuloba, bavSvis gaCena da sxva. sasamarTlos gadawyve-
tileba saagentos teritoriul samsaxurSi qorwinebis registraciis safuZvelia.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1143-e muxlis Tanaxmad, qorwineba, romelic gaformdeba 1120-e muxliT
gaTvaliswinebuli pirobebis darRveviT, sasamarTlom SeiZleba cnos baTilad. kerZod, sasamar-
Tlom SeiZleba baTilad cnos iseTi qorwineba, romelic gaformda:
a) im pirTa Soris, romelTagan Tundac erTi daqorwinebulia sxvasTan. am dros ara aqvs mniSvne-
loba amis Sesaxeb meorem icoda Tu ara. aseT SemTxvevaSi yovelTvis meore qorwineba unda
gabaTildes da ara pirveli;
b) pirdapir aRmavali da damavali Stos naTesavebs Soris, Tundac daqorwinebis dros amis Sesaxeb
maT ar scodnodaT;
g) RviZl da araRviZl da-Zmas Soris, ara aqvs mniSvneloba imas, icodnen Tu ara amis Sesaxeb;
d) mSvileblebsa da naSvilebs Soris;
e) im pirebs Soris, romelTaganac Tundac erT-erTi suliT avadmyofobis an Wkuasustobis gamo
sasamarTlos mier cnobilia qmeduunarod. piris qmeduunarod aRiareba win unda uswrebdes
daqorwinebas.
aRniSnuli safuZvlebiT qorwinebis baTilad cnobis moTxovnis ufleba aqvT meuRleebs da im
pirebs, romelTa uflebebicaa darRveuli am daqorwinebiT (naTesavi, Svilebi, yofili meuRle
da sxva), agreTve meurveobisa da mzrunvelobis organoebs. suliT avadmyofobis an Wkuasustobis
gamo qmeduunarod cnobil pirTan qorwinebis baTilobis saqmis ganxilvisas aucilebelia saqmeSi
monawileobis misaRebad meurvis Cabma.
sasamarTlos ufleba aqvs da araa valdebuli yvela SemTxvevaSi gaabaTilos qorwineba. es unda
gaakeTos, roca darwmundeba gabaTilebis aucileblobaSi. Tu saqmis ganxilvis momentisaTvis
aRar arsebobs daqorwinebis damabrkolebeli garemoebebi, sasamarTlos SeuZlia qorwineba cnos
namdvilad am garemoebaTa mospobis momentidan. magaliTad, Tu pirveli qorwineba Sewyda meore
qorwinebis periodSi, es ukanaskneli unda gabaTildes misi registraciis momentidan, radgan im
momentSi qorwinebis damabrkolebeli garemoeba pirveli qorwinebis saxiT saxeze iyo. meore
qorwineba namdvilad unda CaiTvalos pirveli qorwinebis Sewyvetis momentidan.
qorwinebis gabaTilebis erT-erT safuZvels warmoadgens meqorwineTa nebayoflobis principis
darRveva (sk-is 1144-e muxli). iZulebis Sedegad momxdari daqorwinebis SemTxvevaSi meuRles
(meuRleebs) SeuZlia aRZras sarCeli qorwinebis baTilad cnobis Sesaxeb. iZuleba SeiZleba ga-
moixatos, rogorc pirdapir ZaladobaSi, ise fsiqikaze zemoqmedebaSic. fsiqikaze zemoqmedeba
8. magistrat mosamarTleTa gansjadi saojaxo-samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan gamomdinare davebi
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muqaris gziT, unda iyos kanonsawinaaRmdego xasiaTisa da mimarTuli dasaqorwinebeli piris
anda misi axlo naTesavis sicocxlis, janmrTelobis an pativisa da Rirsebis winaaRmdeg. iZulebiT
daqorwinebis gavrcelebuli formaa qalis motaceba. iZulebiTi daqorwineba ar gulisxmobs
mxolod qalis nebaze kanonsawinaaRmdego zemoqmedebas. SesaZlebelia zemoqmedeba moxdes mama-
kacis nebazec. amitom yvela SemTxvevaSi iZulebiTi qorwinebis faqti unda daadginos sasamar-
Tlom. mxolod im SemTxvevaSi, roca darwmundeba sasamarTlo, rom daqorwineba moxda iZule-
biT, ramac mniSvnelovnad Selaxa erT-erTi an orive meuRlis interesebi da dainteresebuli
mxare moiTxovs qorwinebis gabaTilebas, igi valdebulia gamoitanos gadawyvetileba aseTi qor-
winebis gabaTilebis Sesaxeb.
qorwinebis gabaTilebis erT-erT safuZvels warmoadgens, aseve, iseTi qorwineba, romelic miznad
ar isaxvs ojaxis Seqmnas (fiqciuri qorwineba (sk-is 1145-e muxli). aseT dros qorwinebisaTvis
aucilebeli formaluri moTxovnebi zustadaa Sesrulebuli, oRond meqorwineTa Sinagani neba
da misi garegani gamoxatuleba erTmaneTs ar emTxveva. isini cdiloben daqorwineba gamoiyenon
sul sxva miznebisaTvis, vidre ojaxis Seqmnaa. Tu erT-erT maTgans gulwrfelad hqonda ojaxis
Seqmnis survili da araferi icoda meoris namdvili survilis Sesaxeb, aseT SemTxvevaSi qorwineba
ar SeiZleba CaiTvalos fiqciurad, keTilsindisieri meqorwinis interesi unda iqnes gaTvalis-
winebuli, radgan is momavalma meuRlem moatyua. amasTan, keTilsindisier meuRles SeuZlia mo-
iTxovos qorwinebis baTiloba. roca orive meuRles miznad hqonda ara ojaxis Seqmna, aramed
raime gamorCenis miReba, sasamarTloSi sarCelis Setanis ufleba qorwinebis gabaTilebis Se-
saxeb gaaCnia saagentos teritoriul samsaxurs.
fiqciuri qorwinebis gabaTileba ar SeiZleba im SemTxvevaSi, roca meqorwineebma sasamarTlos
mier saqmis ganxilvamde faqtobrivad ukve Seqmnes ojaxi. am dros qorwinebis gabaTilebis
safuZveli ispoba. ar SeiZleba qorwinebis gabaTileba im SemTxvevaSic, roca qorwineba moxda
ara siyvarulisa da urTierTpativiscemis safuZvelze, aramed angarebiTi mosazrebebiT.
8.4 meuRleTa urTierTrCenis movaleoba
sasamarTlo wesiT sarCos miRebis ufleba aqvs Sromisuunaro meuRles, romelic materialur
daxmarebas saWiroebs, _ aseve cols orsulobis periodSi da bavSvis dabadebidan sami wlis gan-
mavlobaSi. Sromisuunaro meuRle, romelsac daxmareba sWirdeba meuRlisagan, sarCos miRebis
uflebas inarCunebs ganqorwinebis Semdegac, Tu igi Sromisuunaro gaxda ganqorwinebamde an
erTi wlis ganmavlobaSi ganqorwinebis dRidan (sk-is 1182-1183 muxlebi).
meuRleTa cal-calke cxovreba an qorwinebis faqtobrivi Sewyveta ganqorwinebis oficialurad
gaformebamde ar spobs meuRleTa valdebulebas urTierTdaxmarebis Sesaxeb. Tu meuRleebi uars
amboben materialuri daxmarebis gawevaze, materialuri daxmarebis saWiroebis mqone meuRles
ufleba aqvs sasamarTlo wesiT moiTxovos sarCos miReba. sarCos miRebis Sesaxeb moTxovniT sa-
samarTlosadmi mimarTvis ufleba aqvs meuRles, romelic Sromisuunaroa da materialur dax-
marebas saWiroebs. agreTve, cols orsulobis periodSi da bavSvis dabadebidan sami wlis ganmav-
lobaSi. erT-erTi meuRlis Sromisuunaroba da materialuri daxmarebis saWiroeba erTmaneTs
unda emTxveodes. Tu meuRle, marTalia, Sromisuunaroa, magram materialurad ar uWirs an pi-
riqiT, Sromisunariania, magram materialur daxmarebas saWiroebs, igi ver isargeblebs meore
meuRlisagan sarCos moTxovnis uflebiT. Sromisuunarod iTvleba piri, romelmac miaRwia sapen-
sio asaks an invalidia (SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqonea), romelsac janmrTelobis gamo ar
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SeuZlia iSromos da amiT irCinos Tavi. am SemTxvevaSi mniSvneloba ara aqvs imas, Tu rodis dadga
Sromisuunaroba _ daqorwinebamde Tu qorwinebis periodSi. Sromisunarianobis droebiTi dakar-
gva ar warmoadgens sasamarTlo wesiT sarCos miRebis safuZvels. roca meuRles jer kidev ar
miuRwevia sapensio asakisaTvis da janmrTelobis mixedviTac SeuZlia muSaoba, magram ar muSaobs
imitom, rom ar moswons SeTavazebuli samuSao, ufleba ara aqvs oficialurad mosTxovos sarCo
meore meuRles.
Sromisuunaro da materialuri daxmarebis saWiroebis mqone meuRlis sarCelis ganxilvis dros
sasamarTlo gaarkvevs meore meuRlis materialur mdgomareobas da, Tu miva im daskvnamde, rom
SesaZlebelia misgan alimentis gadaxdevineba, maSin daakmayofilebs moTxovnas. Tu alimentis
dakisreba gamoiwvevs meore meuRlis materialuri mdgomareobis iseT gauaresebas, rom saarsebo
minimumic ar darCeba, maSin, bunebrivia, sarCeli ar unda dakmayofildes.
meuRleTa Soris saalimento-samarTlebrivi urTierToba SeiZleba SenarCunebul iqnes maTi
ganqorwinebis Semdegac. sarCos sasamarTlo wesiT misaRebad, am SemTxvevaSi, aucilebelia tradi-
ciuli pirobebi: Sromisuunaroba da materialuri daxmarebis saWiroeba. amasTan erTad, maT ema-
tebaT axali piroba _ Tu Sromisuunaroba dadga ganqorwinebamde an ganqorwinebidan erTi wlis
ganmavlobaSi. sasamarTlom mxedvelobaSi unda miiRos is garemoeba, rom mosarCeles ufleba aqvs
Tavisi srulwlovani Svilebisganac moiTxovos alimentis gadaxda da Tu ar iTxovs, sasamarTlos
SeuZlia CarTos isini saalimento valdebulebaTa SesrulebaSi an gaiTvaliswinos alimentis
odenobis gansazRvris dros.
sasamarTlos SeuZlia gaaTavisuflos meuRle rCenis movaleobisagan an gansazRvruli vadiT
Secvalos es movaleoba, Tu meuRleebi qorwinebaSi imyofebodnen xanmokle vadiT, anda materi-
aluri daxmarebis momTxovnma meuRlem uRirsi saqcieli Caidina sarCos gadamxdelis mimarT, an
Sromisuunaroba gamowveulia alkoholuri sasmelebis an narkotikuli nivTierebebis gamoyene-
biT, an mis mier ganzraxi danaSaulis CadeniT (sk-is 1184-e muxli).
sarCos odenoba ganisazRvreba yovelTviuri gadasaxdeli Tanxis saxiT meuRleTa materialuri
da ojaxuri mdgomareobis gaTvaliswinebiT. erT-erTi meuRlis materialuri an ojaxuri mdgo-
mareobis Secvlisas TiToeul meuRles aqvs ufleba sarCeliT mimarTos sasamarTlos sarCos
odenobis Secvlis Sesaxeb (sk-is 1185-e muxli).
sasamarTlom detalurad unda gamoikvlios saqmesTan dakavSirebuli yvela garemoeba. kerZod,
ra odenobisaa mopasuxe meuRlis xelfasi, pensia an sxva Semosavali; gaaCnia Tu ara mas raime
valdebuleba sxva pirebis mimarT, rogoria misi yofiTi pirobebi; rogoria mosarCele meuRlis
Sromisuunarobis xarisxi, SeuZlia Tu ara damoukideblad mouaros Tavis Tavs; hyavs Tu ara
srulwlovani Svilebi, romlebic valdebulni arian materialuri daxmareba gauwion mas; Semo-
savlis ra realuri wyaroebi gaaCnia da sxva.
meuRlisagan sarCos miRebis ufleba moispoba, Tu aRar arsebobs 1182-e da 1183-e muxlebiT gaTva-
liswinebuli safuZvlebi. agreTve im SemTxvevaSi, Tu sarCos mimRebi meuRle xelaxla daqorwinda
(sk-is 1186-e muxli).
garda aRniSnulisa, saalimento valdebuleba SeiZleba Sewydes alimentis gadamxdeli piris mate-
rialuri da ojaxuri mdgomareobis mniSvnelovani gauaresebisas, ris gamoc mas ara aqvs saSualeba
gadaixados alimenti. saalimento valdebulebis Sewyvetas gamoiwvevs misi monawile erT-erTi
8. magistrat mosamarTleTa gansjadi saojaxo-samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan gamomdinare davebi
110
mxaris gardacvalebac. meuRlisagan sarCos miRebis uflebis mospobis safuZvlebis arsebobisas,
meore meuRlis sarCelis safuZvelze sasamarTlo gamoitans gadawyvetilebas saalimento valde-
bulebaTa Sewyvetis Sesaxeb.
8.5 sarCelebi alimentis gadaxdevinebis Taobaze (sk-is 1212- 1238-e muxlebi)
mSoblebi valdebulni arian arCinon TavianTi arasrulwlovani da Sromisuunaro srulwlovani
Svilebi, romlebic materialur daxmarebas saWiroeben. es valdebuleba ekisreba rogorc dedas,
ise mamas, miuxedavad imisa, isini erTmaneTTan qorwinebaSi imyofebian, Tu maT Soris qorwineba
ukve Sewyvetilia. mSoblebi valdebulni arian aRzardon da arCinon TavianTi Svilebi srul-
wlovanebamde. srulwlovanebis miRwevis Semdeg Svilebi kargaven mSoblebisagan sarCos miRebis
uflebas. am wesidan araviTari gamonaklisi ar arsebobs. sul sxva mdgomareobaa maSin, roca
Svili, marTalia, srulwlovania, magram igi Sromisuunaroa da araviTari saarsebo materialuri
wyaro ar gaaCnia. magaliTad, Tu invalidi (SezRuduli SesaZleblobis mqone) Svili saxelmwifo-
sagan iRebs pensias an daxmarebas im odenobiT, rac sakmarisi ar aris aucilebel moTxovnilebaTa
dasakmayofileblad, mSoblebis valdebuleba Svilis rCenis Taobaze am ukanasknelis srulwlo-
vanebis Semdegac grZeldeba. srulwlovani SvilisaTvis alimentis gadaxdis valdebuleba war-
moiSoba mxolod maSin, rodesac saxeze gvaqvs ori iuridiuli faqtis erToblioba: srulwlovani
Svilis Sromisuunaroba da is, rom igi aucileblad unda saWiroebdes daxmarebas. srulwlovani
Sromisuunaro SvilisaTvis, romelic daxmarebas saWiroebs, mSoblebs alimenti gadaxdebaT
srulwlovani Svilis Sromisunarianobis aRdgenamde, xolo Tu Svili invalidi rCeba _ maSin
samudamod. sakiTxs imis Sesaxeb, srulwlovani Svili saWiroebs Tu ara materialur daxmarebas,
wyvets sasamarTlo yvela konkretuli garemoebis gaTvaliswinebiT.
rCena srulwlovani Sromisuunaro Svilisa, romelic daxmarebas saWiroebs, orive mSoblis Tana-
bari movaleobaa. magram sasamarTlos, TiToeuli mSoblis qonebrivi mdgomareobis gaTvalis-
winebiT, SeuZlia daadginos gadasaxdeli alimentis gansxvavebuli odenoba srulwlovani Sro-
misuunaro SvilisaTvis, romelic daxmarebas saWiroebs.
Svilebis rCenis Taobaze davebi umTavresad warmoiSoba mSobelTa ganqorwinebasTan dakavSire-
biT. Tumca saalimento valdebuleba SeiZleba warmoiSvas meuRleebs Soris qorwinebis arsebobis
SemTxvevaSic, roca erT-erTi meuRle uars ambobs nebayoflobiT aRmouCinos materialuri dax-
mareba Tavis Svilebs. is mSobeli, romelic sarCels aRZravs sasamarTloSi meore mSoblisgan
alimentis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb, gamodis Svilis warmomadgenlad. mas ara aqvs ufleba moiT-
xovos alimentis gadaxda ara Svilis, aramed Tavis sasargeblod.
Tu mSoblebi ver SeTanmxdebian alimentis odenobaze, maSin alimentis odenobas gansazRvravs
sasamarTlo. alimentis odenobas sasamarTlo gansazRvravs gonivruli, samarTliani Sefasebis
safuZvelze. gadamwyveti mniSvneloba eniWeba Svilis normaluri rCena-aRzrdisaTvis aucilebel
moTxovnebs, agreTve mSoblebisa da Svilis realur materialur mdgomareobas (sk-is 1214-e
muxli). gonivruli da samarTliani Sefasebis safuZvlad SeiZleba sxvadasxva garemoeba iqnes
miCneuli. magaliTad, sasamarTlos SeuZlia Cveulebrivze ufro naklebi odenobiT daakisros
alimentis gadaxda im mSobels, romelsac hyavs sxva arasrulwlovani Svilebi, radgan, winaaRmdeg
SemTxvevaSi, isini SeiZleba aRmoCndnen materialurad ufro naklebad uzrunvelyofil mdgoma-
reobaSi, vidre is Svili, vis sasargeblodac unda daekisros mas alimetni. aseve, TuU mSobeli
invalidia da mas ara aqvs sakmao Semosavali an maSin, Tu arasrulwlovani Svili ukve muSaobs da
sakmao Semosavalic gaaCnia.
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mSobels, romelic aliments uxdis arasrulwlovan Svilebs, SeiZleba daekisros monawileoba
damatebiT xarjebSi, romelic gamowveulia gansakuTrebuli garemoebebiT (bavSvis mZime avad-
myofobiT, dasaxiCrebiT da sxva (sk-is 1215- muxli).
damatebiTi xarjebis odenoba unda ganisazRvros faqtobrivad gaweuli xarjebis gaTvaliswi-
nebiT, myari TanxebiT da ar SeiZleba misi wilobrivi dakavSireba xelfasis an sxva Semosavlis
odenobasTan. gasawevi xarjebis odenobis gansazRvris Semdeg, sasamarTlo orive mSoblis ma-
terialuri mdgomareobidan gamomdinare, sazRvravs aucilebel xarjebSi maTi monawileobis xa-
risxs da im saxsrebis odenobas, romelic mopasuxes unda daekisros. damatebiT xarjebSi mopasuxe
mSobeli monawileobs erTjeradi gadasaxdelis saxiT an gansazRvruli droiT gansazRvruli
saxsrebis gadaxdiT. Tu damatebiT xarjebSi meore mSoblis ganmeorebiT CarTvis aucilebloba
warmoiSoba, mosarCeles ufleba aqvs kvlav mimarTos sasamarTlos. Tavis mxriv mopasuxes ufleba
aqvs mimarTos sasamarTlos damatebiTi xarjebisagan gaTavisuflebis moTxovniT, Tu bavSvis
mdgomareoba ukve ar moiTxovs damatebiTi xarjebis gaRebas. sasamarTlos ufleba aqvs mSoblebs
daakisros monawileobis miReba ara marto faqtobrivad gaRebul, aramed momavalSic aucileblad
gasaReb xarjebSi.
sabaSvo dawesebulebaSi moTavsebuli Svilebis Sesanaxi xarjebi SeiZleba gadaxdes mSoblebs (sk-is
1216-e mux.), alimentis odenoba ganisazRvreba TiToeuli mSoblis realuri Semosavlebis gaT-
valiswinebiT. alimentis gadaxdisagan SeiZleba kanoniT gaTavisufldnen mSobelTa garkveuli
kategoriebi. maT SeiZleba miekuTvnon: mravalSviliani mSoblebi, invalidi mSoblebi, agreTve
mSoblebi, romelTa baSvebis moTavseba sabavSvo dawesebulebaSi gamowveulia maTi fizikuri an
fsiqikuri ganviTarebis defeqtebiT da sxva.
sasamarTlos mier gansazRvruli alimentis odenoba ar aris mudmivi xasiaTis. alimentis ode-
nobis dadgenis Semdeg SesaZlebelia arsebiTad Seicvalos alimentis gadamxdeli mSoblis mate-
rialuri da ojaxuri mdgomareoba _ gaumjobesdes an gauaresdes. sasamarTlos SeuZlia Seamci-
ros an gaadidos dadgenili alimentis odenoba dainteresebuli piris sarCelis safuZvelze.
sarCelSi miTiTebuli unda iyos is garemoeba, rac safuZvlad unda daedos alimentis Semcirebas
an gadidebas. alimentis odenobis Secvlas SeiZleba safuZvlad daedos alimentis gadamxdeli
mSoblis materialuri da ojaxuri mdgomareobis Secvla. aseTi garemoeba SeiZleba iyos magali-
Tad, meore qorwinebaSi bavSvis gaCena an kmayofaze myof pirTa odenobis Semcireba, pensiaze
gasvla, invalidoba da sxva. amdenad, alimentis odenobis Secvla sasamarTlos SeuZlia mxolod
maSin, rodesac arsebobs kanoniT gaTvaliswinebuli Semdegi piroba: mSoblis materialuri da
ojaxuri mdgomareobis Secvla. alimentis SesaZlo Secvlis Sesaxeb sakiTxis gadawyvetisas sasa-
marTlom yovel calkeul konkretul SemTxvevaSi unda gaiTvaliswinos ara marto mopasuxis
xelfasi, aramed misi ojaxis saerTo materialuri mdgomareoba.
Tu mSobeli, romelsac aliments axdevineben invalidi gaxda, iZulebulia gaiRos zedmeti xarjebi
(mkurnalobisaTvis, gaZlierebuli kvebisaTvis da sxva), rac invalid mSobels mZime materialur
mdgomareobaSi ayenebs. amasTan, mxedvelobaSia misaRebi isic, rom mSoblis invalidoba TavisTavad
ar warmoadgens iseT gansakuTrebul safuZvels, rom mas aucileblad Seumciron bavSvebis sasar-
geblod gadasaxdeli alimentis odenoba. mSobeli SeiZleba invalidi iyos, magram materialurad
sakmaod uzrunvelyofili. amitom mSoblis invalidoba alimentis Semcirebis safuZveli mxolod
maSin SeiZleba gaxdes, rodesac sasamarTlo daadgens, rom damdgar invalidobasTan dakavSire-
buli xarjebi gadamxdel mxares mZime materialur mdgomareobaSi ayenebs. kanoni ar iTvaliswinebs
invalidobis gamo mSoblis savsebiT ganTavisuflebas alimentis gadaxdisagan.
8. magistrat mosamarTleTa gansjadi saojaxo-samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan gamomdinare davebi
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Svilebis mimarT kanoni adgens valdebulebas izrunon mSoblebisaTvis da daexmaron maT. aseTi
valdebulebis iZulebiT Sesruleba uzrunvelyofilia sasamarTlos meSveobiT. srulwlovan
Sromisunarian Svilebs evalebaT arCinon TavianTi Sromisuunaro mSoblebi, romlebsac daxmareba
sWirdebaT. Svilebis saalimento valdebuleba or garemoebas efuZneba. esenia _ mSoblebis Sro-
misuunaroba da materialuri gaWirveba. erTi romelime maTgani alimentis dakisrebis safuZvlad
ar gamodgeba. Tanac Svili unda iyos srulwlovani da Sromisunariani, romelsac gaaCnia gark-
veuli Semosavali.
Sromisuunarod iTvleba mSobeli, romelmac sapensio asaks miaRwia an invalidia. aseTi mSoblebis
gansazRvrul nawils SromiTi staJis gaTvaliswinebiT eniSnebaT pensia da sxva oficialuri daxma-
rebani. Svilebs alimentis gadaxdevineba ekisrebaT iseT SemTxvevebSi, roca maT cxovrebis mate-
rialuri saSualeba saerTod ar gaaCniaT. materialuri daxmarebis saWiroebis faqtors sasamar-
Tlo gansazRvravs.
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1219-e muxlis Tanaxmad, TiToeuli Svilis monawileobas im Sromisuunaro
mSoblis rCenaSi, romelic daxmarebas saWiroebs, gansazRvravs sasamarTlo yovelTviuri gadasax-
deli Tanxis saxiT, mSoblebisa da Svilebis materialuri da ojaxuri mdgomareobis gaTvaliswi-
nebiT. am Tanxis gansazRvrisas sasamarTlo iTvaliswinebs mSoblebis yvela srulwlovani Svilis
movaleobas, miuxedavad imisa, sarCeli wardgenilia yvela, ramdenime Tu erTi Svilis mimarT.
mSoblebisaTvis gadasaxdeli alimentis odenobas sasamarTlo gansazRvravs myari TanxiT yovel-
Tviuri gadasaxdelis saxiT. misi odenoba damokidebulia mxareTa materialur da ojaxur mdgo-
mareobaze. roca mSoblebi erTi Svilisagan moiTxoven aliments, sasamarTlos SeuZlia sxva srul-
wlovani da Sromisunariani Svilebic CarTos valdebulebaSi an im Svilis mier gadasaxdeli ali-
mentis odenobis gansazRvrisas, romlis mimarTac sarCelia wardgenili, gaiTvaliswinos sxva
Svilebisagan sarCos miRebis SesaZlebloba. arasworad unda CaiTvalos SvilebisaTvis alimentis
gadaxdis dakisreba rigrigobiT gansazRvruli drois ganmavlobaSi. yvela Svilma saalimento
valdebuleba mSoblebis mimarT erTdroulad unda Seasrulos. TiToeuli Svilis saalimento
gadasaxdeli SeiZleba sxvadasxva iyos, radgan igi sasamarTlos mier ganisazRvreba TiToeuli
Svilis materialuri mdgomareobis gaTvaliswinebiT.
Svilebs SeiZleba aseve daekisroT monawileoba damatebiT xarjebSi, romlebic gamowveulia gansa-
kuTrebuli garemoebebiT (mSoblebis mZime avadmyofobiT, dasaxiCrebiT da sxv). damatebiT xar-
jebSi monawileobis valdebulebis safuZvlebi igive SeiZleba iyos, rac 1215-e muxlis gamoyene-
bisas. sasamarTlo damatebiT xarjebis odenobas gansazRvravs myari TanxebiT erTjeradi an yo-
velTviuri gadasaxdelis saxiT.
mSobeli, romelsac CamorTmeuli aqvs mSoblis ufleba, kargavs Svilebisagan alimentis moTxov-
nis uflebas. Svilebi SeiZleba gaTavisufldnen mSoblebis rCenis movaleobisagan, Tu sasamarTlo
daadgens, rom mSoblebi Tavs aridebdnen mSoblis movaleobis Sesrulebas (sk-is 1218-e mux). ma-
galiTad, ar ixdidnen aliments, sastikad epyrobodnen Svilebs, rac safuZveli gaxda maTTvis
mSoblis uflebis CamorTmevisaTvis da sxva. aseT SemTxvevebSi sasamarTlom unda gamoarkvios
mSoblis movaleobaTa Seusrulebloba mSoblebis braleuli moqmedebis Sedegia, Tu obieqturi
mizezebiT iyo ganpirobebuli. magaliTad, SesaZlebelia mZime avadmyofobis an sxva garemoebis
gamo mSobeli ver Rebulobdes monawileobas Tavis Svilis aRzrdasa da rCenaSi. aseT SemTxvevaSi
mSoblebs, Tu isini Sromisuunaroebi da materialurad gaWirvebulebi arian, ufleba aqvT moiT-
xovon alimentis gadaxda TavianTi Svilebisagan.
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rogorc aRiniSna, mSoblebisaTvis gadasaxdeli alimentis odenobas sasamarTlo gansazRvravs
orive mxaris _ Svilebisa da mSoblebis materialuri da ojaxuri mdgomareobis gaTvaliswinebiT.
am mdgomareobis yoveli cvlileba SeiZleba alimentis odenobis momatebis an Semcirebis safuZ-
veli gaxdes momavalSi. alimentis odenobis momatebis an Semcirebis Taobaze sarCelis wardgena
SeuZlia mSobelsac da Svilsac.
ojaxis sxva wevrTa saalimento valdebuleba am SemTxvevaSi atarebs damatebiTi (subsidialuri)
materialuri uzrunvelyofis xasiaTs ojaxis arasrulwlovani bavSvebisa da im srulwlovani
Sromisuunaro wevrebis mimarT, romlebic daxmarebas saWiroeben. igi warmoiSoba mxolod maSin,
Tu maT ar SeuZliaT sarCo miiRon mSoblebisagan, Svilebisagan da meuRlisagan.
ojaxis am sxva wevrebSi igulisxmebian SviliSvilebi, papebi da bebiebi, debi da Zmebi, maminacvali
da dedinacvali, gerebi, faqtiuri aRmzrdelebi da aRsazrdelebi.
ojaxis sxva wevrebisaTvis gadasaxdeli alimentis odenobas, yovel calkeul SemTxvevaSi, gansaz-
Rvravs sasamarTlo yovelTviurad gadasaxdeli TanxiT, alimentis gadamxdelisa da mimRebis
materialuri da ojaxuri mdgomareobis gaTvaliswinebiT.
Tu ojaxis rCena erTdroulad ramdenime piris movaleobaa, sasamarTlo maTi materialuri da
ojaxuri mdgomareobis gaTvaliswinebiT gansazRvravs TiToeulis wilis odenobas am movaleobis
SesrulebaSi, amasTan sasamarTlo mxedvelobaSi iRebs alimentis gadamxdel yvela pirs, imisda
miuxedavad, aliments sTxoven yvela am pirs, Tu mxolod erT an ramdenime maTgans. Tu Seicvala
alimentis gadamxdelis an alimentis mimRebis materialuri an ojaxuri mdgomareoba sasamarTlos
ufleba aqvs, erT-erTi maTganis sarCelis safuZvelze Secvalos dadgenili alimentis odenoba
(sk-is 1223-1231-e muxlebi).
alimentis gadaxdis dakisreba xdeba mxolod momavali droisaTvis sasamarTloSi sarCelis aR-
Zvris momentidan. warsuli drois alimenti SeiZleba gadaxdevinebul iqnas sami wlis farglebSi,
Tu sasamarTlo daadgens, rom sarCelis wardgenamde miRebuli iyo zomebi sarCos misaRebad,
magram alimenti ar iqna miRebuli imis gamo, rom valdebuli piri Tavs aridebda mis gadaxdas.
8.6 Svilisagan gancalkevebiT mcxovrebi mSoblis sarCeli SvilTan urTierTobis
Taobaze. papisa da bebiis sarCelebi SviliSvilTan urTierTobis Taobaze
mSobels, romelic SvilTan erTad ar cxovrobs, ufleba aqvs urTierToba hqondes SvilTan da
valdebulia monawileoba miiRos mis aRzrdaSi. mSobels, romelTanac Svili cxovrobs, ufleba
ara aqvs xeli SeuSalos meore mSobels, urTierToba iqonios SvilTan da monawileoba miiRos
mis aRzrdaSi.
mSoblebs Tanabrad aqvT yvela ufleba da movaleoba TavianTi Svilebis mimarT, miuxedavad imisa,
rom isini ganqorwinebuli arian an cal-calke cxovroben (sk-is 1202-e muxli).
erTi mSoblis mier meorisaTvis SvilTan urTierTobis akrZalva ara marto aseTi mSoblis ufle-
bis darRvevaa, aramed igi mniSvnelovnad laxavs TviT Svilis uflebamovaleobebs calke mcxovreb
mSobelTan urTierTobis sferoSi, rom araferi iTqvas imaze, Tu ramdenad ewinaaRmdegeba es
bavSvis aRzrdis interesebs. amitom darRveuli uflebis aRdgenis mizniT calke mcxovreb
8. magistrat mosamarTleTa gansjadi saojaxo-samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan gamomdinare davebi
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mSobels SeuZlia mimarTos sasamarTlos. bavSvis sworad aRzrdis interesebidan gamomdinare
sasamarTlom unda daakmayofilos misi moTxovna.
saqmis faqtobrivi garemoebaTa Seswavlis safuZvelze sasamarTlom unda gamoitanos gadawyveti-
leba calke mcxovrebi mSoblis SvilTan urTierTobis wessa da mis aRzrdaSi monawileobis Ta-
obaze. gadawyvetilebaSi miTiTebuli unda iyos ra viTarebaSi, ra dros (saaTi, dRe, kvira) da
rogor unda ganxorcieldes calke mcxovrebi mSoblis urTierToba SvilTan. es urTierToba ar
unda Semoifarglos bavSvis xanmokle monaxulebiT. piriqiT, aseTi Sexvedrebi unda iyos xang-
rZlivi, raTa mSobelma namdvilad SeZlos ganaxorcielos bavSvis aRzrdis ufleba. es, ra Tqma
unda, ar niSnavs, rom calke mcxovreb mSobels ufleba aqvs moiTxovos SvilTan urTierToba
ganusazRvrel dros, daarRvios bavSvis normaluri cxovreba.
Tu mSoblebi an meurve/mzrunveli uars eubnebian papasa da bebias SviliSvilebTan urTierTobaze,
sasamarTlos SeuZlia daavaldebulos mSoblebi, saSualeba miscen papasa da bebias, urTierToba
iqonion SviliSvilebTan sasamarTlos mier dadgenili wesiT, Tuki es xels ar SeuSlis bavSvebis
normalur aRzrdas da cud gavlenas ar moaxdens maTze (sk-is 1203-e muxli).
papasa da bebias SviliSvilebTan urTierTobis ufleba gaaCniaT, ara marto im SemTxvevisaTvis,
roca isini mSoblebis TxovniT monawileobas Rebulobdnen SviliSvilebis aRzrdaSi, aramed
maSinac ki _ roca maT aseTi monawileoba ar miuRiaT. Tu am uflebis ganxorcielebaSi mSoblebi
an erT-erTi maTgani xels SeuSlis papasa da bebias, am ukanasknelTa Txovnis safuZvelze sasa-
marTlo uflebamosilia mis mierve dadgenili wesiT daavaldebulos mSoblebi saSualeba miscen
papasa da babias urTierToba iqonion TavianT arasrulwlovan SviliSvilebTan, Tuki, ra Tqma
unda, es xels ar SeuSlis bavSvis sworad aRzrdas. im SemTxvevaSi, Tu papa da bebia cud gavlenas
axdens SviliSvilebze (cdiloben SviliSvilebi ganawyon TavianTi mSoblebis winaaRmdeg da sxva),
sasamarTlom maTi Txovna ar unda daakmayofilos.
SviliSvilebTan urTierTobis ufleba gaaCniaT papasa da bebias, rogorc dedis, ise mamis xaziT.
8.7 meuRleebs Soris qonebrivi davebi, Tu sarCelis fasi ar aRemateba 2000 lars
(sk-is 1158-1171-e muxlebi)
qoneba meuRleebs SeiZleba ekuTvnodeT individualuri an saerTo TanasakuTrebis uflebiT.
TiToeuli meuRlis individualur sakuTrebas warmoadgens qoneba, romelic TiToeul maTgans
ekuTvnoda daqorwinebamde da qoneba, romelic qorwinebis ganmavlobaSi miRebulia memkvidre-
obiT an CuqebiT.
meuRleTa mier qorwinebis ganmavlobaSi SeZenili qoneba warmoadgens maT saerTo qonebas, Tu
maT Soris saqorwino xelSekrulebiT sxva ram ar aris dadgenili. aseT qonebaze meuRleTa Ta-
nasakuTrebis ufleba warmoiSoba maSinac, Tu erT-erTi maTgani eweoda saojaxo saqmianobas,
uvlida Svilebs an sxva sapatio mizezis gamo ar hqonia damoukidebeli Semosavali.
meuRleTa saerTo saxsrebiT SeZenili yvela qoneba ar iTvleba maT TanasakuTrebad. Tu qoneba
SeZenilia meuRleTa saerTo saxsrebiT, magram gankuTvnilia erT-erTi maTganis individualuri
sargeblobisaTvis, unda CaiTvalos individualur sakuTrebad. aseTia, magaliTad, tansacmeli,
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fexsacmeli, sayure, kosmetikuri nivTebi da sxva. kanoni aseTi qonebis kategoriidan gamoricxavs
erTad SeZenil Zvirfaseulobas, Tumca, ar azustebs romeli nivTebi miekuTvneba mas. praqtikaSi
damkvidrebuli gagebiT, Zvirfaseulobas miekuTvneba iseTi nivTebi, romlebic araa aucilebeli
yofiTi moTxovnilebebis dasakmayofileblad. maT miekuTvneba Zvirfasi liTonebisa da iSviaTi
qvebisagan damzadebuli sagnebi, antikvaruli nivTebi, originaluri da faseuli mxatvruli na-
warmoebi da sxva. aseTi nivTi, miuxedavad imisa, rom SeiZleba gankuTvnili iyos erT-erTi maTganis
individualuri sargeblobisaTvis, meuRleTa Tanaziar sakuTrebas warmoadgens. amdenad,
qorwinebis ganmavlobaSi SeZenili individualuri sargeblobis nivTebi, Zvirfaseulobis garda,
im meuRlis sakuTrebaa, romelic sargeblobs am nivTebiT. dava imis Sesaxeb, miekuTvneba esa Tu
is nivTi Zvirfaseulobas Tu ara, unda gadawyvitos sasamarTlom.
TiToeuli meuRlis individualur sakuTreba SeiZleba CaiTvalos meuRleTa TanasakuTrebad,
Tu dadgindeba, rom qorwinebis ganmavlobaSi gaweuli xarjebis Sedegad am qonebis Rirebuleba
mniSvnelovnad gadidda (gadagegmareba, mSeneblobis dasruleba, gadakeTeba da sxva). mimdinare
remonti an xarjebis iseTi raodenobiT gaweva, romelic maT Rirebulebas mniSvnelovnad ar
zrdis, erT-erTi meuRlis individualur sakuTrebaSi arsebuli qonebis samarTlebriv reJims
ar cvlis. mocemuli wesi ar gamoiyeneba, Tu saqorwino xelSekrulebiT sxva ram iqneba gaTva-
liswinebuli.
meuRleTa saerTo qoneba TiToeul meuRles ekuTvnis Tanabrad, wilis winaswar ganusazRvrelad,
Tu maT Soris SeTanxmebiT sxva ram ar aris gaTvaliswinebuli. saerTo qonebis gayofa TiToeuli
meuRlis moTxovniT SeiZleba, rogorc qorwinebis ganmavlobaSi, ise misi Sewyvetis Semdeg.
meuRleTa TanasakuTrebis gayofis dros sasamarTlo gansazRvravs TiToeulil meuRlis wils
saerTo sakuTrebaSi da agreTve imas, Tu romeli nivTi romel meuRles unda miekuTvnos. me-
uRleTa saerTo qonebis gayofisas sasamarTlom jer unda gamoricxos yvela is nivTi, romelic
individualur sakuTrebas warmoadgens. Semdeg ki unda daadginos saerTo qonebis odenoba
sxeulebrivi da Tanxobrivi gamoxatulebiT. TiToeul meuRles wilis Sesabamisad miekuTvnebaT
saerTo sakuTrebis nivTebi naturiT an fuladi gamoxatulebiT. profesiuli daniSnulebis sag-
nebi (musikaluri instrumentebi, saeqimo mowyobiloba, biblioTeka da a. S.), miuxedavad imisa,
rom isini meuRleTa saerTo saxsrebiT iyo SeZenili, gadaecema im meuRles, romelsac isini Tavisi
saqmianobisaTvis sWirdeba. Tanaziari qonebis aseTma gayofam ar unda gamoiwvios meore meuRlis
qonebrivi interesebis Selaxva. qonebis naturiT gayofis dros SesaZlebelia calkeuli nivTebi
Tavisi Rirebulebis mixedviT Tanabrad ar gaiyos da erT-erTi meuRlis wilad aRmoCndes ufro
meti Rirebulebis nivTi, vidre misi wilis Sesabamisi iyo. aseT SemTxvevaSi, zedmetad miRebuli
qonebis fuladi kompensacia unda mieces meore meuRles. SesaZlebelia, agreTve, namati Rirebu-
lebis Sesabamisi sxva nivTis gadacema kompensaciis saxiT.
sasamarTlos SeuZlia gadauxvios meuRleTa wilis Tanabrobis sawyiss arasrulwlovani Svilebis
interesebis an erT-erTi meuRlis yuradsaRebi interesebis gaTvaliswinebiT; kerZod, erT-erTi
meuRlis wili SeiZleba gadiddes imis gaTvaliswinebiT, rom masTan cxovroben arasrulwlovani
Svilebi, rom is Sromisuunaroa, anda _ Tu meore meuRle xarjavda saerTo qonebas ojaxis inte-
resebis sazianod. aRniSnuli safuZvlebi amomwuravia da sasamarTlos ufleba ara aqvs sxva Sem-
TxvevebSic araTanabrad gayos meuRleTa saerTo sakuTreba. aRniSnuli safuZvlebis arsebobisas
sasamarTlos ara marto is SeuZlia, rom araTanabrad gayos meuRleTa saerTo sakuTreba, aramed
isic, rom Tanaziar sakuTrebad ar CaTvalos qoneba, romelic qorwinebis periodSi, magram cal-
calke cxovrebis dros an qorwinebis faqtobrivi Sewyvetis Semdeg aris SeZenili TiToeuli
maTganis mier. aseTi qoneba, rogorc meuRleTa individualur sakuTreba, gayofas ar eqvemdeba-
reba.
8. magistrat mosamarTleTa gansjadi saojaxo-samarTlebrivi urTierTobidan gamomdinare davebi
116
meuRleTa saerTo valebic maT Soris iyofa saerTo qonebaSi TiToeulis kuTvnili wilis Tana-
zomierad, xolo erT-erTi meuRlis valis dasafaravad gadaxdevineba unda moxdes sk-is 1170-e
muxliT dadgenili wesiT.
ganqorwinebul meRleTa TanasakuTrebis qonebis gayofis Taobaze moTxovnebisaTvis dadgenilia
xandazmulobis samwliani vada. am vadis dena iwyeba qorwinebis Sewyvetis momentidan, e. i. ganqor-
winebis registrciis momentidan.
meuRleebs SeuZliaT dadon saqorwino xelSekruleba, romliTac ganisazRvreba maT Soris qo-
nebrivi urTierTobebis warmoSobis, Secvlisa da Sewyvetis safuZvlebi. saqorwino xelSekruleba
meuRleTa Soris qonebrivi uflebebisa da movaleobebis ganawilebis samarTlebrivi safuZvlis
xasiaTs iZens da unda pasuxobdes nebismieri xelSekrulebisaTvis kanoniT wayenebul zogad moT-
xovnebs. saqorwino xelSekrulebiT meuRleebs SeuZliaT Secvalon meuRleTa saerTo sakuTre-
bisaTvis kanoniT dadgenili wesi. meuRleebs SeuZliaT gaaerTianon mTeli TavianTi qoneba,
romelSic Cairicxeba, ara marto individualuri sakuTrebis obieqtebi, aramed qorwinebis ganmav-
lobaSi SeZenili qonebac, anda mTlianad, an nawilobriv Tqvan uari amgvar gaerTianebaze da
daadginon TiToeulis wilobrivi an gancalkevebuli sakuTreba qonebaze.
saqorwino xelSekrulebiT ar SeiZleba iseTi pirobebis gaTvaliswineba, romlebic mZime mdgo-
mareobaSi ayeneben erT-erT meuRles. dainteresebuli meuRlis gancxadebis safuZvelze, pativ-
sadebi mizezebis arsebobisas, sasamarTlos SeuZlia Secvalos saqorwino xelSekrulebis is
pirobebi, romlebic araxelsayrel mdgomareobaSi ayenebs erT-erT meuRles.
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sasamarTlo samarTalwarmoebis ganxorcielebis dros saxelmwifo baJTan
dakavSirebiT adamianis uflebaTa evropulma sasamarTlom SeimuSava zoga-
di xasiaTis saxelmZRvanelo principebi. aRniSnuli principebi safuZvlad
udevs sasamarTlos baJTan dakavSirebiT miRebul yvela gadawyvetilebas.
adamianis uflebaTa evroulma sasamarTlom saxelmwifo baJis gadaxdasTan
dakavSirebiT bevr saqmeze da, maT Soris, saqmeebze: teltroniki polone-
Tis winaaRmdeg (Teltronic-CATV v. Poland), kreuci poloneTis winaaRmdeg (Kreuz
v. Poland), golderi gaerTianebuli samefos winaaRmdeg (Golder v. the United
Kingdom), zeti da sxvebi gaerTianebuli samefos winaaRmdeg (Z and others v.
the United Kingdom), mutatis mutandis irlandiis winaaRmdeg (Mutatis mutan-
dis v. Ireland), bruala gomes de la tore espaneTis winaaRmdeg (Brualla Gomez
de la Torre v. Spain), tolstoi-miloslavski gaerTianebuli samefos winaaR-
mdeg (Tolstoy-Miloslavsky v. the United Kingdom), Sps tineli da sonsi da sxvebi
da makeldafi da sxvebi gaerTianebuli samefos winaaRmdeg (Tinelly & Sons
Ltd and Others and McElduff and Others v. the United Kingdom) da a. S. ganmarta
Semdegi:
adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa evropuli konvenciis me-6
muxlis pirveli nawili uzrunvelyofs yoveli adamianis uflebas sasa-
marTlo wesiT daicvas Tavisi uflebebi da movaleobebi. sasamarTlos xel-
misawvdomobis ufleba `sasamarTlos uflebis~ mxolod erT-erT kompo-
nents warmoadgens. TumcaRa, aRniSnuli komponenti konvenciis zemoxse-
nebuli muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli sxva uflebebiT sargeblobis garantiaa.
`sasamarTlos ufleba~ ar aris absoluturi ufleba, igi SeiZleba saxelm-
wifos mier SeizRudos. adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa
evropuli konvenciis me-6 muxlis pirveli nawili aZlevs ra mxareebs Tavi-
anT uflebaTa da TavisuflebaTa dasacavad `sasamarTlo xelmisawvdo-
mobis uflebas~, saxelmwifos amave dros aRniSnuli uflebis SezRudvis
im saSualebaTa Tavisufali arCevanis gakeTebis SesaZleblobas aniWebs,
romelTa meSveobiTac `sasamarTlo xelmisawvdomobis ufleba~ SeiZleba
SeizRudos, Tumca amave dros sasamarTlo ganmartavs, rom aRniSnuli
9.adamianis uflebaTa evropuli sasamarTlos praqtikis
Sedegad SemuSavebuli ZiriTadi principebi
saxelmwifo baJis Taobaze
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SezRudvebi unda emsaxurebodes legitimur mizans da daculi unda iyos samarTliani balansi
gamoyenebul saSualebebsa da dasaxul miznebs Soris.
adamianis uflebaTa evropulma sasamarTlom zogierT saqmeze dasaSvebad miiCnia fizikur pir-
TaTvis sasamarTlo xelmisawvdomobaze garkveuli saxis, maT Soris, finansuri SezRudvis dawe-
seba. aRniSnuli SesaZlebloba gansakuTrebiT im saqmeebs exeba, sadac saCivris dasaSvebobazea
saubari an sadac marTlmsajuleba momCivanisagan im xarjebis anazRaurebas iTxovs, romlebic
meore mxarem gaswia.
sarCelis an saCivris dasaSvebad cnobis erT-erT winapirobad saxelmwifo baJis gadaxdis val-
debulebis daweseba adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa evropuli konvenciis me-6
muxlis pirveli nawilis Sinaarsidan gamomdinare, ar unda iqnes gagebuli sasamarTlos xelmi-
sawvdomobis uflebis xelyofad. Tumca, sasamarTlos mier gamoyenebulma SezRudvebma ar unda
daamcros sasamarTlo xelmisawvdmobis ufleba im gziT an im farglebSi, rac TviT aRniSnuli
uflebis (sasamarTlo xelmisawvdomobis) arss xelyofs.
sarCelisa Tu saCivris dasaSvebobis Semowmebisas sasamarTlom gansakuTrebuli yuradReba unda
miaqcios Semdeg garemoebebs:
1.sasamarTlo baJis odenoba gamoangariSebul unda iqnes yoveli konkretuli saqmis faqtobrivi
garemoebebis Sesabamisad, momCivanis finansuri mdgomareobis CaTvliT;
2.aseve gaTvaliswinebul unda iqnas samarTalwarmoebis etapi, roca aRniSnuli SezRudva iqna
gamoyenebuli.
adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa evropuli konvenciis me-6 muxlis pirveli nawili
ar avaldebulebs monawile saxelmwifoebs saapelacio an sakasacio instanciis sasamarTloebis
Seqmnas, magram im SemTxvevaSi, Tu monawile saxelmwifos gaaCnia zemdgomi instanciis sasamarTlo,
maSin aRniSnuli konvenciis me-6 muxlis pirveli nawiliT gaTvaliswinebuli uflebebis dacva
uzrunvelyofil unda iqnes zemdgomi instaciis sasamarTloebSic, Tumca mocemul uflebaTa
dacva zemdgomi instanciis sasamarTloebSi aRniSnuli instanciis sasamarTloebis Tavisebure-
bebis gaTvaliswinebiT unda ganxorcieldes.
Semdgomi istanciis sasamarTloSi baJis sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT evropulma sasamarTlom aseve
ganmarta, rom saapelacio wesiT saqmis ganxilvis Taviseburebebisa da aseve imis gaTvaliwinebiT,
rom pirveli instanciis sasamarTloSi saqme arsebiTad ukve ganxilul iqna, monawile saxelmwifo
uflebamosilia saapelacio wesiT saqmis ganxilvis dasaSvebobaze ufro mkacri SezRudvebi
daawesos.
adamianis uflebaTa evropulma sasamarTlom garda zemoaRniSnulisa, sakuTari daniSnuleba gan-
marta da miuTiTa, rom mis funqcias ar warmoadgens erovnul doneze kompetenturi organos
nacvlad marTlmsajulebis xelmisawvdomobis uzrunvelmyofis maqsimalurad efeqturi zomebis
gansazRvra da arc im faqtebis Sefaseba, romlebic sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebas daedo safuZv-
lad. adamianis uflebaTa evropuli sasamarTlos roli mdgomareobs imaSi, rom Seamowmos kompe-
tenturi organoebis mier miRebuli gadawyvetilebiT damdgari Sedegis Sesabamisoba adamianis
uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa evropul konvenciasTan.
119
amasTan, sasamarTlom ganmarta isic, rom mis mier faqtebis kvleva efuZneba konvenciiT gaTva-
liswinebul principebs, daicvas ara Teoriuli, iluziuri uflebebi, aramed uzrunvelyos
praqtikuli da efeqturi uflebebis ganxorcieleba da dacva, swored iseTis, rogoric demokra-
tiul sazogadoebaSi, misi gansakuTrebuli adgilidan gamomdinare, samarTliani sasamarTlos
uflebaa.
konkretul faqtobriv garemoebebTan dakavSirebiT adamianis uflebaTa evropulma sasamarTlom
saqmeze kreuci poloneTis winaaRmdeg (Kreuz v. Poland), aRniSna, rom is baJi rac mocemul saqmeSi
fizikur pirs daekisra, gadaWarbebulia. sasamarTlos mier baJisagan gaTavisuflebaze uarma ki
mosarCele aiZula uari eTqva sarCelze, ris Sedegadac mocemuli saqme sasamarTlo wesiT aRar
ganxilula. amdenad, mocemul SemTxvevaSi, evropulma sasamarTlom daadgina, rom dairRva ada-
mianis uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa Sesaxeb evropuli konvenciis me-6 muxlis pirveli
nawiliT garantirebuli `sasamarTlos xelmisawvdomobis~ arsi.
samarTalwarmoebis etaps gansakuTrebuli yuradReba miaqcia adamianis uflebaTa evropulma
sasamarTlom saqmeSi bruala gomes de la tore espaneTis winaaRmdeg (Brualla Gomez de la Torre v.
Spain). mocemul saqmeSi adamianis uflebaTa evropulma sasamarTlom adamianis uflebaTa ev-
ropuli konvenciis me-6 muxlis pirveli nawili darRveulad ar miiCnia. rogorc saqmis faqtob-
rivi garemoebebidan irkveva, ganmcxadebeli aRniSnul muxls darRveulad miiCnevda imis gamo,
rom misi sakasacio saCivari dauSveblad iqna miCneuli sakasacio instanciis sasamarTloSi. aRniS-
nulTan dakavSirebiT evropulma sasamarTlom ganmarta, rom uzenaesi sasamarTlo, rogorc
sakasacio instanciis sasamarTlo, garkveuli TaviseburebebiT xasiaTdeba, amitom sasamarTlos
aRniSnul instanciaSi ganxorcielebuli samarTalwarmoeba SeiZleba ufro formalur xasiaTs
atarebdes.
yovelive zemoaRniSnulidan gamomdinare, adamianis uflebaTa evropuli sasamarTlos mier sa-
xelmwifo baJTan dakavSirebiT Seqmnili precedentuli samarTlidan SesaZlebelia Semdegi das-
kvnis gakeTeba:
1.adamianis uflebaTa evropuli sasamarTlo sasamarTlo xelmisawvdomobaze garkveuli Sez-
Rudvebis dawesebas dasaSvebad miiCnevs;
2.SezRudvebi SeiZleba atarebdes finansur xasiaTs, rac mosarCelisa an ganmcxadeblisaTvis
baJis dakisrebaSi gamoixateba;
3.sasamarTlo xelmisawvdomobaze dawesebuli SezRudva, maT Soris finansuric, SesaZlebelia
ufro gamkacrdes zemdgomi instanciis sasamarTloSi;
4.sasamarTlo xelmisawvdomobaze dawesebuli SezRudva konvenciis sawinaaRmdego xasiaTs iZens,
Tu aRniSnuli SezRudvis Sedegad samarTalwarmoeba saerTod ar Sedga;
5.Tu saqme ara erTma, aramed orma instanciam arsebiTad ganixila, xolo sakasacio instanciis
sasamarTlom igi dasaSvebobis pirobebis daukmayofileblobis gamo ganuxilvelad datova,
aRniSnuli ar SeiZleba CaiTvalos adamianis uflebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa evropuli
konvenciis me-6 muxlis pirveli nawiliT gaTvaliswinebuli `sasamarTlo xelmisawvdomobis~
uflebis xelyofad;
6.SezRudvebi unda emsaxurebodes legitimur mizans da daculi unda iyos samarTliani balansi
gamoyenebul saSualebebsa da dasaxul miznebs Soris;
7.sasamarTlo xelmisawvdomobaze dawesebuli SezRudva, maT Soris, finansuri, ar unda iyos
gadaWarbebuli da aragonivruli.
9. adamianis uflebaTa evropuli sasamarTlos praqtikis Sedegad SemuSavebuli ZiriTadi principebi saxelmwifo baJis Taobaze
120
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 179-e, 368-e da 396-e muxle-
bis Sesabamisad, sarCelis, saapelacio saCivrisa da sakasacio saCivris da-
saSvebobis erT-erT winapirobas saxelmwifo baJis gadaxda warmoadgens.
saxelmwifo baJis gamoTvlis meqanizmi dawvrilebiT aris gawerili samo-
qalaqo saproceso kodeqssa da `baJis Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonSi.
rac Seexeba saqarTvelos uzenaes sasamarTloSi baJTan dakavSirebiT dam-
kvidrebul praqtikas, unda aRiniSnos, rom sakasacio sasamarTlom, baJis
gadauxdelobis gamo, ganuxilvelad datovebuli saapelacio saCivrebis
safuZvelze, Semotanil kerZo saCivrebTan dakavSirebiT ara erTxel gan-
marta Semdegi:
`samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 47-e muxlis pirveli nawilis Tanaxmad,
sasamarTlos, moqalaqis qonebrivi mdgomareobis gaTvaliswinebiT, SeuZ-
lia mTlianad an nawilobriv gaaTavisuflos igi saxelmwifo biujetis
sasargeblod sasamarTlo xarjebis gadaxdisagan. aRniSnuli muxlis sa-
fuZvelze, fizikuri piris sasamarTlo xarjebis gadaxdisagan ganTavisuf-
lebis sakiTxis gadawyvetisas, sasamarTlom mxedvelobaSi unda miiRos mo-
qalaqis qonebrivi mdgomareoba~.
kerZo saCivris avtorebi saCivarSi ganmartavdnen, rom mopasuxis mxridan
miyenebuli zianis gamo, aRar gaaCndaT araviTari materialuri qoneba da,
Sesabamisad, saqmeSi arsebul masalebze dayrdnobiT, sasamarTlos unda
gaeTavisuflebina saxelmwifo baJis gadaxdisagan. apelantTa pozicia sa-
kasacio sasamarTlom gaiziara, vinaidan dadgenilad da udavod miiCnia,
rom xanZris Sedegad daiwva mosarCeleTa sacxovrebeli saxli da ganad-
gurda maTi qoneba, Sesabamisad, sasamarTlo valdebuli iyo, saxelmwifo
baJis sakiTxis gadawyvetisas, samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 47-e muxlis
pirveli nawilis mixedviT, swori samarTlebrivi Sefaseba mieca saqmeSi
arsebuli masalebisaTvis da gaeTvaliswinebina apelantisa da sxvebis qo-
nebrivi mdgomareoba, miT umetes, rom apelantebi amas saapelacio saCivar-
Sive iTxovdnen, xolo, rogorc gasaCivrebuli ganCinebidan irkveva, ganCi-
nebis gamotanisas, sasamarTlom araTu gaiTvaliswina, aramed saerTod arc
ki imsjela apelantTa finansur mdgomareobaze da, Sesabamisad, ar Seafasa
saqmeSi arsebuli masalebi.
10.dasaSvebobis etapze saxelmwifo baJTan dakavSirebiT
saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos praqtikis analizi
121
aRniSnulidan gamomdinare, sakasacio palatam gasaCivrebuli ganCineba gaauqma da saqme saapelacio
saCivris dasaSvebobis xelaxla Sesamowmeblad saapelacio palatas daubruna
1
.
saapelacio palatam ganixila dava sesxis dabrunebis Taobaze, romelic ganuxilveli darCa fizikuri
piris mier baJis gadauxdelobis gamo. sakasacio palatam mxaris mier warmodgenili masalebis safuZvelze
kerZo saCivris avtori gadaxdisuunarod miiCnia da saqme dasaSvebobis xelaxla Sesamowmeblad
saapelacio sasasamarTloSi daabruna. aRniSnul saqmeze saapelacio palatam ganmarta:
`saqmis masalebiT dadgenilia, rom apelantma saapelacio palatas mimarTa saxelmwifo baJisgan
gaTavisuflebis moTxovniT im safuZvliT, rom aris afxazeTidan devnili, hyavs avadmyofi deda
da ganicdis umZimes qonebriv mdgomareobas. amis dasadastureblad apelantma warmoadgina walen-
jixis raionis devnilTa da ltolvilTa samsaxuris warmomadgenlis mier gacemuli cnoba, agreT-
ve warmoadgina q. jvaris afxazeTidan devnilTa saeqimo ambulatoriis mTavari eqimis mier gace-
muli cnoba, romlis mixedviT apelantis deda imyofeba ambulatoriul mkurnalobaze da walen-
jixis raionuli prokuroris TanaSemwis 2004 wlis 5 aprilis dadgenileba sisxlis samarTlis
saqmis aRZvraze uaris Tqmis Sesaxeb, romlis Tanaxmad, apelanti miekuTvneba umweo fenaTa kate-
gorias~. aseve dadgenilia, saapelacio palatis ganCinebiT saapelacio saCivari saxelmwifo baJis
gadauxdelobis gamo darCa ganuxilvelad, ise, rom saapelacio sasamarTlom ar imsjela apelan-
tis saxelmwifo baJisagan gaTavisuflebis Suamdgomlobaze. aRniSnul Suamdgomlobaze saape-
lacio sasamarTlom imsjela im ganCinebaSi, romliTac saapelacio saCivari ganuxilveli darCa
Suamdgomlobis usafuZvlobisa da mZime ekonomikuri mdgomareobis damadasturebeli sarwmuno
dokumentis warmoudgenlobis motiviT.
sakasacio palatam ganCinebis samotivacio nawilSi ganmarta, rom samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsiT
gansazRvrulia saproceso moqmedebebis Sesrulebis dro da Tanmimdevroba, romlis dacvasac
Sesabamisi samarTlebrivi Sedegebi ukavSirdeba. aRniSnuli kodeqsis 368-e muxlis me-3 nawilis
Tanaxmad, saxelmwifo baJi gadaxdil unda iqnes saapelacio saCivris SetanisTanave. amave kodeqsis
47-e muxlis pirveli nawilis Sesabamisad, sasamarTlos, moqalaqis qonebrivi mdgomareobis gaT-
valiswinebiT, SeuZlia, mTlianad an nawilobriv gaaTavisuflos igi saxelmwifo biujetis sasar-
geblod sasamarTlo xarjebis gadaxdisagan. amave kodeqsis 368-e da 374-e muxlebis Tanaxmad,
Tuki saapelacio saCivris dasaSvebobis esa Tu is piroba ar arsebobs da saapelacio saCivarSi
xarvezi ar aris aRmofxvrili, saapelacio sasamarTlo ganuxilvelad tovebs saCivars. samoqa-
laqo saproceso kodeqsis 64-e muxlis Tanaxmad ki, sasamarTlos mier daniSnuli vada sasamarT-
lom SeiZleba gaagrZelos mxareTa TxovniT an Tavisi iniciativiT.
aqedan gamomdinare, sakasacio sasamarTlom miiCnia, rom apelantis Suamdgomloba saxelmwifo
baJis gadaxdisagan gaTavisuflebis Sesaxeb saapelacio sasamarTlom unda ganixilos saapelacio
saCivris dasaSvebobis sakiTxis Semowmebis stadiaze da ganxilvis Sedegis gaTvaliswinebiT ga-
dawyvitos, gaaTavisuflos apelanti saxelmwifo baJis gadaxdisagan da saapelacio saCivari mi-
iRos gansaxilvelad, Tu ar daakmayofilos Suamdgomloba da apelants gaugrZelos xarvezis
Sevsebis vada, rac unda ecnobos apelants, Sesabamisad, mocemul SemTxvevaSi saapelacio sasamar-
Tlos jer unda emsjela apelantis saxelmwifo baJisagan gaTavisuflebis Suamdgomlobaze da
mxolod mas Semdeg, Tuki ar daakmayofilebda Suamdgomlobas, unda gaegrZelebina apelanti-
saTvis xarvezis Sevsebis vada, xolo saapelacio saCivari ganuxilvelad unda daetovebina mxo-
lod im SemTxvevaSi, Tu apelantisaTvis cnobili gaxdeboda misi Suamdgomlobis ganxilvis Sedegi
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saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba #as-6-361-07
10. dasaSvebobis etapze saxelmwifo baJTan dakavSirebiT saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos praqtikis analizi
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da miuxedavad amisa, daniSnul vadaSi ar Seavsebda xarvezs. sakasacio sasamarTlo miiCnevs, rom
mocemul SemTxvevaSi saxelmwifo baJisagan gaTavisuflebis Sesaxeb Suamdgomlobis mxolod
saapelacio saCivris ganuxilvelad datovebis etapze ganxilvam apelants, faqtobrivad, waarTva
ufleba, saapelacio saCivris dasaSvebobis Semowmebis stadiaze, saCivris ganuxilvelad dato-
vebamde scodnoda Tavisi Suamdgomlobis ganxilvis Sedegi, am etapze gadaexada saxelmwifo baJi
da Tavidan aecilebina saapelacio saCivris ganuxilvelad datoveba.
sakasacio sasamarTlom mocemul saqmeze miiCnia, rom saapelacio saCivris ganuxilvelad dato-
vebis sakiTxi saapelacio sasamarTlom gadawyvita amisaTvis mniSvnelobis mqone winare sakiTxebis
Tanmimdevruli garkvevis gareSe, ramac arsebiTi gavlena moaxdina saapelacio saCivris ganu-
xilvelad datovebaze. amasTan, sakasacio palatam CaTvala, rom saapelacio sasamarTlom ar misca
saTanado samarTlebrivi Sefaseba apelantis mier warmodgenil dokumentebs da arasakmarisad
daasabuTa gadawyvetileba saxelmwifo baJisgan apelantis gaTavisuflebaze uaris Tqmis Sesaxeb.
yovelive zemoxsenebulidan gamomdinare, sakasacio palatam gasaCivrebuli ganCineba gaauqma da
saqme saapelacio saCivris dasaSvebobis xelaxla Sesamowmeblad saapelacio palatas daubruna
2
.
mniSvnelovania saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos samoqalaqo, samewarmeo da gakotrebis saq-
meTa palatis ganmarteba kidev erT kerZo saCivarTan dakavSirebiT. mocemul saqmeSi, rogorc
saqmis masalebiT irkveva, saapelacio palatis ganCinebiT apelants daudginda xarvezi, kerZod,
saxelmwifo baJis gadaxda da ganesazRvra vada mis gamosasworeblad. apelantma xarvezi ar gamo-
aswora sasamarTlos mier daniSnul vadaSi da gancxadebiT moiTxova saxelmwifo baJis gadaxdi-
sagan gaTavisufleba; saapelacio sasamarTlos ganCinebiT apelants ganemarta, rom mis mier miTi-
Tebuli garemoeba, umuSevrobisa da ojaxuri mdgomareobis Sesaxeb, ver gaxdeboda samoqalaqo
saproceso kodeqsis 47-e muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli saxelmwifo baJis gadaxdisagan gaTavisuf-
lebis safuZveli. man ar Seavso xarvezi da ar gadaixada saxelmwifo baJi sasamarTlos mier dadge-
nil vadaSi, amitom saapelacio saCivari darCa ganuxilveli dauSveblobis gamo. aRniSnulTan
dakavSirebiT sakasacio palatam ganmarta Semdegi:
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 47-e muxlis pirveli nawilis Tanaxmad, sasamarTlos, moqalaqis
qonebrivi mdgomareobis gaTvaliswinebiT, SeuZlia mTlianad an nawilobriv gaaTavisuflos igi
saxelmwifo biujetis sasargeblod sasamarTlo xarjebis gadaxdisagan. am normidan gamomdinare,
sasamarTlom moqalaqis saxelmwifo baJis gadaxdisagan gaTavisuflebisas pirvel rigSi mxedve-
lobaSi unda miiRos moqalaqis qonebrivi mdgomareoba. rogorc saqmeSi warmodgenili apelantis
gancxadebebidan irkveva, man moiTxova saxelmwifo baJis gadaxdisagan gaTavisufleba an ganawil-
vadeba im safuZvliT, rom aris umuSevari da hyavs arasrulwlovani Svilebi, Sesabamisad warmo-
adgina umuSevrobis damadasturebeli cnoba. miuxedavad amisa, saapelacio palatis ganCinebiT
misi moTxovna ar dakmayofilda. apelantma kvlav mimarTa sasamarTlos gancxadebiT da moiTxova
saxelmwifo baJis gadaxdisagan gaTavisufleba an saxelmwifo baJis gadadeba im safuZvliT, rom
aris umuSevari, hyavs aseve umuSevari meuRle da ori arasrulwlovani Svili, aranairi qonebrivi
Semosavali ar gaaCnia. saqmeSi warmodgenilia aRniSnulis damadasturebeli cnobebi. sakasacio
palatam mocemul saqmesTan dakavSirebiT miiCnia, rom saapelacio sasamarTlom samoqalaqo sap-
roceso kodeqsis 47-e da 48-e muxlebis Sesabamisad ar ganixila apelantis mier warmodgenili
gancxadebebi, mxedvelobaSi ar miiRo mis mier miTiTebuli garemoebebi. marTalia, apelants saape-
lacio sasamarTlom ganumarta, rom mis mier miTiTebuli garemoebebi, kerZod, misi da misi meuR-
lis umuSevroba, aseve arasrulwlovani Svilebis yola ver gaxdeboda saxelmwifo baJis gadax-
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saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba #as-1350-1576-05
123
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saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba #as -74-521-05
10. dasaSvebobis etapze saxelmwifo baJTan dakavSirebiT saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos praqtikis analizi
disagan gaTavisuflebis safuZveli, magram ar dausabuTebia, Tu ratom ar CaTvala apelantis
mier miTiTebuli garemoebebi samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 47-48-e muxlebiT gaTvaliswinebul
saxelmwifo baJisgan gaTavisuflebis an gadadebis safuZvlad.
sakasacio palatam miiCnia, rom saapelacio sasamarTlos unda daesabuTebina, kerZo saCivris
avtoris mier miTiTebuli garemoebebi ratom ver iqneba miCneuli misi moTxovnis dakmayofilebis
safuZvlad
3
.
saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlo sasamarTlo xelmisawvdomobis uflebis dacvas Tanabrad uz-
runvelyofs, rogorc fizikuri, ise iuridiuli pirebis mimarT. aRniSnuli msjelobis naTeli
magaliTia saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos mier miRebuli ganCineba, romliTac saapelacio
sasamarTlos is ganCineba gauqmda, romliTac erT-erTi iuridiuli piris Suamdgomlobebi ar
iqna gaTvaliswinebuli baJis gadaxdis gadavadebis an ganawilvadebis Taobaze da saapelacio
saCivari ganuxilveli darCa. mocemul saqmeze saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlo daeyrdno ada-
mianis uflebaTa evropuli sasamarTlos praqtikas da ganmarta Semdegi:
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 47-e muxlis pirveli nawilis Tanaxmad, sasamar-
Tlos moqalaqis qonebrivi mdgomareobis gaTvaliswinebiT SeuZlia mTlianad an nawilobriv ga-
aTavisuflos igi saxelmwifo biujetis sasargeblod sasamarTlo xarjebis gadaxdisagan. amave
kodeqsis 48-e muxlis Tanaxmad, sasamarTlos mxareTa qonebrivi mdgomareobis gaTvaliswinebiT,
SeuZlia erT an orive mxares gadaudos saxelmwifo biujetis sasargeblod sasamarTlo xarjebis
gadaxda anda Seamciros am xarjebis odenoba. amdenad, sasamarTlo xarjebis gadaxdisagan sasa-
marTlom SeiZleba gaaTavisuflos mxolod fizikuri da ara iuridiuli piri. iuridiuli piris
mimarT dasaSvebia mxolod sasamarTlo xarjebis gadaxdis gadadeba an maTi odenobis Semcireba.
Tu ar arsebobs samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 49-e muxliT gaTvaliswinebuli mosamarTlis
movaleoba mxareebisaTvis saxelmwifo baJis odenobis Semcirebis Taobaze, maSin sasamarTlo
xarjebis gadaxdis gadadeba da maTi odenobis Semcireba sasamarTlos mixedulebazea damokide-
buli. sasamarTlo mixedulebis Camoyalibebis safuZvels ki mxareTa qonebrivi mdgomareoba war-
moadgens. amdenad, mosamarTles yovel konkretul SemTxvevaSi, saxelmwifo baJis sakiTxis gadaw-
yvetisas, ekisreba mxareTa qonebrivi mdgomareobis amsaxveli faqtobrivi mdgomareobis Seswavla,
raTa mosamarTlem Tavisi uflebis ganxorcielebisas, daakmayofilos an ar daakmayofilos mxaris
moTxovna sasamarTlo xarjebis gadaxdis gadadebis an maTi odenobis Semcirebis Taobaze, ar
xelyos samarTliani balansi saxelmwifos interesebsa (miiRos sasamarTlo baJi) da moqalaqis
interesebs (Seitanos sarCeli sasamarTloSi) Soris. adamianis uflebaTa evropulma sasamarTlom
saqmeSi _ `iedamski da iedamska poloneTis winaaRmdeg~ (Jedamski and Jedamska v. Poland) ganmarta,
rom sasamarTlosaTvis mimarTvis ufleba ar warmoadgens absolutur uflebas, Sesabamisad, sa-
xelmwifos ufleba aqvs daadginos SezRudvebi sarCelis sasamarTlo warmoebaSi miRebasTan da-
kavSirebiT, Tumca, sasamarTlo darwmunebuli unda iyos, rom SezRudvebis ama Tu im konkretuli
gziT an odenobis gamoyenebiT ar moxdeba sasamarTlosaTvis mimarTvis uflebis arsis xelyofa.
garda amisa, sasamarTlom aRniSnul saqmeSi xazi gausva im garemoebas, rom sasamarTlos xelmi-
sawvdomobaze saxelmwifos mier dawesebuli SezRudvebi ar iqneba SesabamisobaSi adamianis uf-
lebaTa da ZiriTad TavisuflebaTa dacvis evropuli konvenciis me-6 muxlis pirvel punqtTan,
Tu sasamarTlo xelmisawvdomobaze dawesebul SezRudvebsa da SezRudvebis ganxorcielebis le-
gitimur mizans Soris ar iqneba daculi samarTliani balansi. sasamarTlom aRniSnul saqmeSi,
aseve, miuTiTa, rom baJis odenobis gansazRvrisas sasamarTlom mxedvelobaSi unda miiRos konk-
retuli saqmis garemoebebi, mxaris gadaxdisunarianoba da sasamarTlo samarTalwamoebis etapi.
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adamianis uflebaTa evropulma sasamarTlom samarTalwarmoebis etapze yuradReba gaamaxvila
saqmeSi `podbielski da ppu poloneTis winaaRmdeg~ (Podbielski and PPU Polpure v. Poland), sadac
sasamarTlom aRniSna, rom adamianis uflebaTa evropuli konvenciis me-6 muxlis pirveli punqtiT
gaTvaliswinebuli fundamenturi garantiebi vrceldeba, aseve saapelacio sasamarTlozec da
konvenciis monawile saxelmwifom, romelsac sasamarTlo sistemis farglebSi saapelacio instan-
cia gaaCnia, unda uzrunvelyos mxareTaTvis me-6 muxlis pirveli punqtiT gaTvaliswinebuli
yvela fundamenturi garantiis dacva.
rogorc saqmis masalebidan irkveva, apelantma gadaixada saxelmwifo baJis nawili, xolo darCe-
nili Tanxis gadaxdis gadadeba iTxova procesis dasrulebamde. aRniSnuli moTxovnis safuZvlad
ki im finansur siZneleebis amsaxvel ara erT dokumentze miuTiTa, rac mtkicebulebebis saxiT,
rogorc saapelacio, ise sakasacio instanciaSi waradgina. sakasacio palatam, baJis gadauxde-
lobis gamo, saapelacio saCivris ganuxilvelad datovebis ganCineba gaauqma im safuZvliT, rom
saapelacio palatas saxelmwifo baJis sakiTxis gadawyvetisas aRniSnuli masalebis yovelmxrivi
samarTlebrivi Sefaseba da mxaris qonebrivi mdgomareobis gaTvaliswineba evaleboda
4
.
yovelive zemoaRniSnulidan gamomdinare, saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlo, romelic saqarT-
veloSi sakasacio instanciis sasamarTloa da romelic saqarTveloSi samarTlis ganviTarebasa
da erTgvarovani praqtikis danergvas emsaxureba, baJis Taobaze mis mier miRebul yvela ganCi-
nebasa Tu gadawyvetilebaSi calsaxad amtkicebs baJis sakiTxis gadawyvetis aucileblobas mxaris
finansuri mdgomareobis yovelmxrivi da obieqturi Sefasebis safuZvelze.
yovelive zemoaRniSnulidan gamomdinare, saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobisa da saqarTvelos uzenaes
sasamarTloSi damkvidrebuli praqtikis Sesabamisad, baJTan dakavSirebuli sakiTxebi ganixileba
Semdeg ZiriTad principebze dayrdnobiT:
1.`sasamarTlo xelmisawvdomobis~ uflebis dacva Tanabrad uzrunvelyofilia, rogorc fizi-
kuri, ise iuridiuli pirebisaTvis;
2.baJisagan gaTavisufleba, baJis gadaxdis gadadeba an misi odenobis Semcireba xdeba mxareTa
Suamdgomlobis safuZvelze;
3.baJisagan gaTavisuflebis, baJis gadaxdis gadadebis an misi odenobis Semcirebis Taobaze mxa-
reTa mier warmodgenili Suamdgomloba unda iyos dasabuTebuli. dasabuTebul Suamdgomlo-
bas Tan unda erTvodes im faqtebis damadasturebeli mtkicebulebebi, romel faqtebsac Suam-
dgomloba efuZneba;
4.sasamarTlos warmodgenili masalebis yovelmxrivi, samarTlebrivi Sefaseba da mxaris qoneb-
rivi mdgomareobis gaTvaliswineba evaleba;
5.mxares ufleba aqvs, xarvezisaTvis micemul vadaSi mtkicebulebaTa warmodgenis SeuZleblo-
bis SemTxvevaSi, SuamdgomlobiT mimarTos sasamarTlos da moiTxovos xarvezis vadis gagr-
Zeleba.
4
saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos ganCineba # as-312-637-07
125
danarTi. sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebaTa nimuSebi
udavo da gamartivebuli warmoebis saqmeebze
saqme # 2/2456 _ 2006
g a d a w y v e t i l e b a
saqarTvelos saxeliT
`5~ ianvari, 2006 w.q. Tbilisi
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa
kolegia
mosamarTle: levan kasraZe
sxdomis mdivani: qeTevan beraZe
ganmcxadebeli _ levan asaniZe
warmomadgeneli _ xaTuna samxaraZe
dainteresebuli pirebi:
1.q. Tbilisis meria
warmomadgeneli _ g. caava
2.q. Tbilisis isani-samgoris raionis gamgeoba
nimuSi 1
126
moTxovna _ iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgena uflebis damdgeni
sabuTis kuTvnilebis Taobaze.
aRwerilobiTi nawili:
levan asaniZis warmomadgenelma x. samxaraZem gancxadebiT mimarTa sasamarTlos imaze miTiTebiT,
rom misi marwmuneblis saxeli da gvari piradobis mowmobis mixedviT aris levan asaniZe. igi
1957 wlidan flobs q. TbilisSi, me-2 gujareTis q. #45-Si mdebare uZrav qonebas, rac aRricxulia
teqinventarizaciis biuroSi, magram saarqivo dokumentaciaSi misi saxeli arasworadaa aRniS-
nuli. kerZod, nacvlad levanisa _ levoni. amitom iTxovda dadgeniliyo, rom levan da levon
asaniZe iyo erTi da igive pirovneba.
sasamarTlos mTavar sxdomaze l. asaniZis warmomadgenelma daazusta moTxovna da ganmarta, rom
iTxovda uflebis damdgeni sabuTebis lev
an asaniZisadmi kuTvnilebis faqtis dadgenas. kerZod,
q. Tbilisis mSromelTa deputatebis saqalaqo sabWos aRmaskomis 1975 wlis 31 ivlisis Senobis
miReba-Cabarebis aqti, q. Tbilisis 26 komisris saxelobis raionis saxalxo deputatTa sabWos
aRmaskomis 1989 wlis 03 maisis #09.60.1123 gadawyvetileba da sajaro reestris erovnuli sa-
agentos Tbilisis saregistracio samsaxuris arqivis sainventarizacio gegma #001881 _ gacemuli
lev
on asaniZis saxelze ekuTvnoda lev
an asaniZes, rac mis marwmunebels esaWiroeboda misi
kuTvnili uZravi qonebis registraciisa da gankargvisaTvis. am faqtis dadgena ki, sxva wesiT
SeuZlebeli iyo.
l. asaniZis warmomadgenelma x. samxarZem sasamarTlos mTavar sxdomaze mxari dauWira Tavis
moTxovnas.
samotivacio nawili:
sasamarTlom ganixila saqmis masalebi, moismina ganmcxadeblisa da dainteresebuli piris _ q.
Tbilisis meriis warmomadgenlis g. caavas ganmartebebi da miaCnia, rom gancxadeba unda dakma-
yofildes Semdeg garemoebaTa gamo:
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `d~ qvepunqtis Tanaxmad,
sasamarTlo udavo warmoebis wesiT ganixilavs saqmes _ uflebis damdgeni sabuTis im pirisadmi
kuTvnilebis faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb, romlis saxeli, mamis saxeli an gvari, rac sabuTebSia
aRniSnuli, ar emTxveva mis pasportSi an dabadebis mowmobaSi aRniSnul saxels, mamis saxels an
gvars. amave kodeqsis 313-e da 315-e muxlebis mixedviT, sasamarTlo iuridiuli mniSvnelobis
mqone faqtebs adgens mxolod am faqtebis damadasturebeli sabuTebis sxva wesiT miRebis SeuZ-
leblobis SemTxvevaSi. amasTan, ganmcxadebelma unda miuTiTos, ra miznisTvis sWirdeba am faqtis
dadgena da unda warmoadginos mtkicebulebebi, romlebic adastureben ganmcxadeblis mier saTa-
nado sabuTebis miRebis SeuZleblobas.
sabuTebi, romlis levan asaniZisadmi kuTvnilebis faqtis dadgenasac iTxovs ganmcxadebeli,
warmoadgenen l. asaniZis uflebis damdgen sabuTebs. kerZod, adgenen l. asaniZis sakuTrebis
uflebas q. TbilisSi, me-2 gujareTis q. #45-Si mdebare uZrav qonebaze.
ganmcxadebels miTiTebuli aqvs mizanze, risTvisac sWirdeba l. asaniZes sabuTebis kuTvnilebis
faqtis dadgena. kerZod, raTa es qoneba man aRricxos Tavis saxelze.
127
saqmeSi arsebuli masalebiT dadgenilia, rom sajaro reestris erovnuli saagentos Tbilisis
saregistracio samsaxurma da q. Tbilisis isani-samgoris raionis gamgeobam uari ganacxades ze-
moT CamoTvlil sabuTebSi cvlilebebis Setanaze.
l. asaniZis warmomadgenlis _ x. samxarZis moTxovnis Taobaze ecnobaT q. Tbilisis merias da q.
Tbilisis isani-samgoris raionis gamgeobas, rogorc dainteresebul pirebs.
q. Tbilisis meriis warmomadgenelma g. caavam sasamarTlos mTavar sxdomaze ganmarta, rom ganm-
cxadeblis moTxovnas _ sabuTebis kuTvnilebis dadgenis Taobaze _ sadavod ar xdida.
dadgenilia, rom q. Tbilisis mSromelTa deputatebis saqalaqo sabWos aRmaskomis 1975 wlis 31
ivlisis Senobis miReba-Cabarebis aqti, q. Tbilisis 26 komisris saxelobis raionis saxalxo
deputatTa sabWos aRmaskomis 1989 wlis 03 maisis #09.60.1123 gadawyvetileba da sajaro rees-
tris erovnuli saagentos Tbilisis saregistracio samsaxuris arqivis sainventarizacio geg-
ma gacemulia levon asaniZis saxelze. maTSi miTiTebulia, rom levon asaniZes gadaeca q. Tbi-
lisSi, me-2 gujareTis q. #45-Si mdebare uZravi qoneba.
saqarTvelos iusticiis saministros Tbilisis isnis raionis sapasporto da mosaxleobis sa-
registracio samsaxuris mier gacemuli cnobiT, l. asaniZis piradobis mowmobisa da sapaspor-
to-saregistracio anketis mixedviT dadgenilia, rom l. asaniZis saxeli aris levani da igi
registrirebulia q. TbilisSi, me-2 gujareTis q. #45-Si.
amdenad, dadgenilia, rom zemoT CamoTvlil sabuTebSi aRniSnuli saxeli lev
oni ar emTxveva
ganmcxadebel x. samxaraZis marwmuneblis piradobis mowmobaSi aRniSnul saxels _ lev
ans, ris
gamoc gancxadeba unda dakmayofildes.
sarezolucio nawili:
sasamarTlom ixelmZRvanela saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 243-244-e, 247-249-e
muxlebiT, 310-e muxlis `a~ qvepunqtiT, 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `d~ qvepunqtiT, 313-316-e
muxlebiT da
gadawyvita:
1.levan asaniZis warmomadgenlis xaTuna samxaraZis gancxadeba dakmayofildes.
2.dadgenili iqnes iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqti imis Sesaxeb, rom a) q. Tbilisis mSro-
melTa deputatebis saqalaqo sabWos aRmaskomis 1975 wlis 31 ivlisis Senobis miReba-Cabarebis
aqti, b) q. Tbilisis 26 komisris saxelobis raionis saxalxo deputatTa sabWos aRmaskomis
1989 wlis 03 maisis #09.60.1123 gadawyvetileba, g) sajaro reestris erovnuli saagentos Tbi-
lisis saregistracio samsaxuris arqivis sainventarizacio gegma #001881 _ gacemuli l e v o n
asaniZis saxelze, ekuTvnis l e v a n asaniZes.
3.gadawyvetileba SeiZleba gasaCivrdes Tbilisis saapelacio sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa
palataSi Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegiis meSveobiT gamocxa-
debidan 14 dRis vadaSi.
mosamarTle: levan kasraZe
nimuSi 1
128
saqme #3/145002 _ 2007
g a d a x d i s b r Z a n e b a
saqarTvelos saxeliT
`25~ marti 2007 w.q. Tbilisi
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegia
mosamarTle: Tamar Jvania
ganmcxaebeli _ s.s. `saxalxo banki~
warmomadgeneli _ levan nemsaZe
movale _ naTia kapanaZe
moTxovna _ fuladi davalianebis gadaxdevinebis Sesaxeb, gadaxdis brZanebis miReba.
aRwerilobiTi nawili:
2006 wlis 23 marts s.s. `saxalxo bankis~ warmomadgenelma levan nemsaZem gancxadebiT mimarTa
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegias naTia kapanaZis mimarT, sadac mi-
uTiTa, rom 2006 wlis 18 ivniss banksa da naTia kapanaZes Soris gaformda xelSekruleba sabaraTe
angariSze kreditiT sargeblobis Sesaxeb, Semdegi pirobebiT: kreditis maqsimaluri Tanxa Sead-
genda 1000 lars, kreditis maqsimaluri vada _ 1 wels, xolo kreditis saprocento ganakveTi _
2%-s yovelTviurad.
ganmcxadebeli miuTiTebs, rom mopasuxe sistematurad arRvevda xelSekrulebis pirobebs. ker-
Zod, igi valdebuli iyo Tvis bolos 30 aSS dolaris eqvivalentis an meti debeturi naSTis ar-
sebobis SemTxvevaSi, kreditis limitis 5% Seetana sabaraTe angariSze, rac mas ar Seusrulebia.
bankma movale araerTxel _ werilobiT da sityvierad gaafrTxila valdebulebebis Seusruleb-
lobiT gamowveuli samarTlebrivi Sedegebis Sesaxeb, Tumca mas kreditoris winaSe arsebuli
valdebuleba ar Seusrulebia.
nimuSi 2
129
ganmcxadebeli miuTiTebs, rom mopasuxis mimarT raime sanacvlo valdebuleba ar gaaCnia da iT-
xovs sasamarTlom daakisros naTia kapanaZes ZiriTadi Tanxa _ 820 lari, procenti _ 60 lari,
saxelwifo baJi _ 100 lari da warmomadgenlis momsaxurebaze gaweuli xarjebi _ 35 lari s.s.
`saxalxo bankis~ sasargeblod.
samotivacio nawili:
sasamarTlom ganixila gancxadeba, masze TandarTuli masalebi da miaCnia, rom gancxadeba unda
dakmayofildes da n. kapanaZis mimarT miRebuli unda iqnes gadaxdis brZaneba s.s. `saxalxo bankis~
sasargeblod fuladi davalianebis dakisrebis Sesaxeb Semdeg garemoebaTa gamo:
gancxadebaSi miTiTebuli mtkicebulebebis Sesabamisi dokumentebi ganmcxadebels warmodgenili
aqvs damowmebuli saxiT. amasTan, samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 306-e muxlis Tanaxmad, sasamar-
Tlos ar Seumowmebia aqvs Tu ara ganmcxadebels aRZruli moTxovnis ufleba.
sarezolucio nawili:
vixelmZRvanele saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 302-304-e, 306-307-e muxlebiT da
vbrZaneb:
1.s.s. `saxalxo banki~-s warmomadgenlis levan nemsaZis gancxadeba dakmayofildes da naTia ka-
panaZis winaaRmdeg miRebuli iqnes gadaxdis brZaneba.
2.naTia kapanaZes s.s. `saxalxo bankis~ sasargeblod gadaxdes kreditis ZiriTadi Tanxa _ 820
(rvaasoci) lari, procenti _ 60 (samoci) lari, saxelmwifo baJi _ 100 (asi) lari da warmomad-
genlis momsaxurebaze gaweuli xarjebi _ 35 (ocdaTxuTmeti) lari.
3.gadaxdis brZaneba gancxadebaze darTul masalebTan erTad gadaegzavnos mopasuxes.
4.ganemartos mopasuxes, rom Tuki aRZrul moTxovnas marTebulad (dasabuTebulad) miiCnevs,
vali procentebianad da xarjebianad, aseve saxelmwifo baJi, gadaixados gadaxdis brZanebis
miRebidan 10 dRis ganmavlobaSi, anda Semoitanos sasamarTloSi motivirebuli werilobiTi
Sesagebeli, Tu mopasuxe mis mimarT aRZrul moTxovnas umarTebulod (dausabuTeblad) miiC-
nevs, ris Sedegadac ganmcxadeblis mier aRZruli moTxovna ganxilul iqneba sasarCelo war-
moebis saerTo wesiT.
5.ganemartos mopasuxes, rom Tu daniSnul vadaSi ar warmoadgens Sesagebels (protests), sasa-
marTlo ganmcxadeblis Suamdgomlobis safuZvelze gascems saaRsruleblo furcels.
6.ganmcxadebels gaegzavnos Setyobineba gadaxdis brZanebis mopasuxisaTis gadacemis Sesaxeb.
mosamarTle: Tamar Jvania
nimuSi 2
130
saqme #2/6535 _ 2006
g a d a w y v e t i l e b a
saqarTvelos saxeliT
`27~ ianvari, 2006 w.q. Tbilisi
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegia
mosamarTle: natalia dadiani
sxdomis mdivani: lela afciauri
ganmcxadebeli _ nugzar gabisonia
moTxovna _ dabadebis registraciis faqtis dadgena.
aRwerilobiTi nawili:
nugzar gabisoniam gancxadebiT mimarTa sasamarTlos da aRniSna, rom daibada 1932 wlis 12
marts gardabnis raionSi. undoda ra dabadebis ganmeorebiTi mowmobis aReba, misi dabadebis
registraciis Canaweri ar aRmoCnda arc gardabnis raionis samoqalaqo aqtebis registraciis
ganyofilebaSi da arc uaxlesi istoriis centralur saxelmwifo arqivSi. amitom moiTxovs
dabadebis registraciis faqtis dadgenas.
n. gabisoniam sasamarTlos sxdomaze ganmarta, rom dabadebis registraciis faqtis dadgena
esaWiroeboda dabadebis mowmobis asaRebad da dedis memkvidreobis misaRebad.
samotivacio nawili:
sasamarTlom ganixila saqmis masalebi, moismina n. gabisonias ganmarteba da miaCnia, rom gancxa-
deba unda dakmayofildes Semdeg garemoebaTa gamo:
nimuSi 3
131
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `g~ qvepunqtis Tanaxmad,
sasamarTlo udavo warmoebis wesiT ganixilavs saqmes _ dabadebis registraciis faqtis dadgenis
Sesaxeb.
amave kodeqsis 313-e da 315-e muxlebis mixedviT, sasamarTlo iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone
faqtebs adgens mxolod am faqtebis damadasturebeli sabuTebis sxva wesiT miRebis an dakar-
guli sabuTebis aRdgenis SeuZleblobis SemTxvevaSi. amasTan, ganmcxadebelma unda miuTi-
Tos, ra miznisTvis sWirdeba am faqtis dadgena da unda warmoadginos mtkicebulebebi, rom-
lebic adastureben ganmcxadeblis mier saTanado sabuTebis miRebis SeuZleblobas.
dabadebis registraciis faqtis dadgena SesaZlebelia im SemTxvevaSi, roca piris dabadeba re-
gistrirebuli iyo, magram Semonaxuli ar aris Sesabamisi Canaweri, xolo mis aRdgenaze pirs uari
eTqva.
n. gabisoniam warmoadgina saqarTvelos iusticiis saministros gardabnis raionis samoqalaqo
aqtebis registraciis ganyofilebisa da saqarTvelos uaxlesi istoriis centraluri saxelm-
wifo arqivis mier gacemuli cnobebi, romelTa mixedviTac dadgenilia, rom misi dabadebis
Sesaxeb saaqto Canaweri ar aRmoCnda.
saqmeSi warmodgenili dokumentaciiT dadgenilia, rom n. gabisonaim 1976 wlis 21 noembers
Secvala Zveli da miiRo axali pasporti. (I I _ ti #596494) masSi n. gabisoniam dabadebis TariRad
miTiTebulia 1932 wlis 12 marti. dabadebis adgilia gardabnis raionis s. norio, xolo sacxov-
rebeli adgili _ q. Tbilisi, salxinos q. #23. mSoblebi arian _ givi da lela gabisoniebi axali
pasportis gacemis safuZvlad miTiTebulia 1970 wlis 26 noembers gacemuli pasporti.
dadgenilia, rom n. gabisoniam 1976 wlis 21 noembers gacemuli pasportis safuZvelze 2005 wlis
20 ianvars miiRo saqarTvelos moqalaqis piradobis mowmoba.
amdenad, dadgenilia, rom n. gabisonias dabadeba registrirebuli iyo, magram amis Sesaxeb amJamad
Canaweri Semonaxuli ar aris.
gamomdinare aRniSnulidan, gancxadeba unda dakmayofildes.
sarezolucio nawili:
sasamarTlom ixelmZRvanela saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 243-244-e, 247-249-e mux-
lebiT, 310-e muxlis `a~ qvepunqtiT, 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `g~ qvepunqtiT, 313-316-e muxle-
biT da
gadawyvita:
1.nugzar gabisonias gancxadeba dakmayofildes.
2.dadgenili iqnes iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqti imis Sesaxeb, rom nugzar givis Ze gabi-
sonia dabadebis resitracia momxdari iyo gardabnis raionis moqalaqeTa mdgomareobis aqtebis
Camweri biuros dabadebis aqtebis saregistracio wignSi.
nimuSi 3
132
3.aRdgenili iqnes dabadebis saaqto Canaweri nugzar gabisonias dabadebis Sesaxeb Semdegi mo-
nacemebiT: _ nugzar givis Ze gabisonia; dabadebis TariRi _ 1932 wlis 12 marti; dabadebis
adgili _ gardabnis raioni, sof. norio. respublika _ saqarTvelos ssr; mSoblebi: mama _ givi
zaqarias Ze gabisonia. erovneba _ qarTveli; deda _ lela giorgis asuli gabisonia. erovneba
_ qarTveli;
4.es gadawyvetileba warmoadgens safuZvels nugzar givs Ze gabisonias dabadebis registraciis
Sesaxeb saaqto Canaweris aRdgenisa da dabadebis mowmobis gacemisaTvis.
5.gadawyvetileba SeiZleba gasaCivrdes Tbilisis saapelacio sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa
palataSi Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegiis meSveobiT gamocxa-
debidan 14 dRis vadaSi.
mosamarTle: natalia dadiani
133
nimuSi 4
saqme # 2/9147 _ 2006
g a d a w y v e t i l e b a
saqarTvelos saxeliT
`10~ ivlisi, 2006 w.q. Tbilisi
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegia
mosamarTle: laSa xurciZe
sxdomis mdivani: naTia mefariZe
ganmcxadebeli _ venediqte baxtaZe
moTxovna _ memkvidreobis miRebis faqtis dadgena.
aRwerilobiTi nawili:
venediqte baxtaZem gancxadebiT mimarTa Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa
kolegias da aRniSna, rom hyavda martoxela deida maro Jvania, romelic gardaicvala 1994 wlis
27 ivliss. man andrZiT dautova sacxovrebeli bina mdebare q. TbilisSi, wyneTis q. #6/42. ganm-
cxadeblis miTiTebiT, igi xsenebul binaSi cxovrobda m. Jvanias gardacvalebamdec da cxovrobs
misi gardacvalebis Semdegac, ixdis yovelgvar gadasaxads, riTac faqtiurad memkvidreoba mi-
Rebuli aqvs, magram notariusma uari uTxra samkvidro mowmobis gacemaze im safuZvliT, rom
gaSvebuli hqonda samkvidros misaRebad dadgenili vada.
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1421-e muxlis me-2 nawilze miTiTebiT, v. baxtaZe iTxovs dad-
gindes iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqti m. Jvanias andreZismieri samkvidros faqtobrivi
flobiT miRebis Sesaxeb.
sasamarTlos mTavar sxdomaze man mxari dauWira Tavis moTxovnas.
samotivacio nawili:
sasamarTlom ganixila saqmis masalebi, moismina ganmcxadeblis axsna-ganmarteba, mowmeTa Cvene-
bebi da miaCnia, rom gancxadeba unda dakmayofildes Semdeg garemoebaTa gamo:
134
sajaro reestridan amonaweriT da sajaro reestris erovnuli saagentos Tbilisis saregistra-
cio samsaxuris mier gacemuli cnobiT dadgenilia, rom 2006 wlis 24 Tebervlis Canawerebis mi-
xedviT, q. TbilisSi, wyneTis q. #6, b. 42-ze, wilobrivi monacemebiT _ 66 registrirebulia aw
gardacvlil m. Jvanias sakuTrebis ufleba.
dadgenilia, rom 1970 wlis 10 aprils m. Jvaniam v. baxtaZes uanderZa mTeli Tavisi qoneba, rac misi
gardacvalebis dRisaTvis misi sakuTreba iqneboda. anderZi damowmebulia sanotaro wesiT da gauq-
mebuli ar aris. (s.f. 4)
dadgenilia, rom m. Jvania gardaicvala 1994 wlis 27 ivliss, riTac gaixsna samkvidro, romlis
gaxsnis adgilia q. Tbilisi, wyneTis q. #6/42. (s.f. 3)
Tavad v. baxtaZem ganmarta, rom igi m. Jvanias gardacvalebamde da mis Semdegac cxovrobs samk-
vidro binaSi.
mowmeebis leila gogias, romelic aris binis mesakuTreTa amxanagoba `vake-105~-is Tavmjdomare,
aseve goCa anTelavas da manana SubiTiZis CvenebebiT dadgenilia, rom isini cxovroben q. TbilisSi,
wyneTis q. #6-Si da arian v. baxtaZis mezoblebi, romelic aris aw gardacvlil m. Jvanias disSvili.
v. baxtaZem. m. Jvanias binaSi cxovrobda m. Jvanias gardacvalebamdec da agrZelebs cxovrebas mis
Semdegac.
dadgenilia, rom notariusma uari uTxra v. baxtaZes samkvidro mowmobis gacemaze, vinaidan gaSve-
buli hqonda samkvidros misaRebad dadgenili vada.
s.s. `Telasi~-s, S.p.s. `sanitaruli dasufTaveba vake~-s da S.p.s. `Tbilwyalkanali~-s mier gacemuli
cnobebiT dadgenilia, rom q. TbilisSi, wyneTis q. #6/42-Si maT abonentad registrirebulia m.
Jvania, romelzec 1995 wlidan davalianeba ar iricxeba. (s.f. 9-11)
amdenad, sasamarTlos dadgenilad miaCnia, rom v. baxtaZe faqtiurad daeufla da Seudga m. Jvanias
anderZismieri samkvidros marTvas misi gardacvalebidan, anu samkvidros gaxsnidan eqvsi Tvis
vadaSi.
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo kodeqsis 1421-e muxlis me-2 nawilisa da 1424-e muxlis Tanaxmad, mem-
kvidris mier samkvidro miRebulad iTvleba, rodesac igi samkvidros gaxsnis dRidan eqvsi Tvis
ganmavlobaSi samkvidros gaxsnis adgilis sanotaro organoSi Seitans gancxadebas samkvidros
miRebis Sesaxeb an faqtobrivad Seudgeba samkvidros flobas an marTvas, rac udavod mowmobs,
rom man samkvidro miiRo.
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `T~ qvepunqtis Tanaxmad,
sasamarTlo udavo warmoebis wesiT adgens iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqts _ memkvidreobis
miRebis Sesaxeb.
gamomdinare aRniSnulidan, gancxadeba unda dakmayofildes.
135
nimuSi 4
sarezolucio nawili:
sasamarTlom ixelmZRvanela saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 243-244-e, 247-249-e
muxlebiT, 310-e muxlis `a~ qvepunqtiT, 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `T~ qvepunqtiT, 313-316-e mux-
lebiT da
gadawyvita:
1.venediqte baxtaZis gancxadeba dakmayofildes.
2.dadgindes iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqti venediqte baxtaZis mier, 1994 wlis 27 ivliss
gardacvlili maro Jvanias anderZismieri samkvidros (memkvidreobis) _ uZravi qonebis, mdebare
q. TbilisSi, wyneTis quCa, me-6 korpusi, bina #42, wilobrivi monacemebiT _ 66, faqtobrivi
flobiT miRebis Sesaxeb.
3.gadawyvetileba SeiZleba gasaCivrdes Tbilisis saapelacio sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa
palataSi, Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegiis meSveobiT, ganmcxa-
deblisaTvis dasabuTebuli gadawyvetilebis gadacemis momentidan 14 dRis vadaSi.
mosamarTle: laSa xurciZe
136
saqme #2/7536 _ 2005
g a d a w y v e t i l e b a
saqarTvelos saxeliT
`25~ oqtomberi, 2005 w.q. Tbilisi
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegia
mosamarTle: giorgi maisuraZe
sxdomis mdivani: aleqsandre cxovrebuli
ganmcxadebeli _ Tamar qoCakiZe
moTxovna _ gardacvalebis faqtis dadgena.
aRwerilobiTi nawili:
T. qoCakiZem gancxadebiT mimarTa Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegias
da ganmarta, rom 1972 wlidan imyofeboda registrirebul qorwinebaSi raul barbaqaZesTan,
romelic gardaicvala q. TbilisSi 2002 wlis 21 ivniss avTvisebiani simsivniT da dakrZalulia q.
WiaTuraSi. avadmyofobis gamo gardacvalebis registracia ar mouxdenia, ris gamoc samoqalaqo
aqtebis saregistracio samsaxurSi aRniSnulis Sesaxeb cnoba ar aris. amJamad surs marCenalis
dakargvis gamo SvilisaTvis pensiis daniSvna, rasac gardacvalebis mowmobis gareSe ar uniSnaven.
gardacvalebis mowmobis miReba sxva wesiT ver SeZlo da moiTxovs sasamarTlom daudginos iuri-
diuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqti imis Sesaxeb, rom misi meuRle _ raul barbaqaZe gardaicvala
2002 wlis 21 ivniss.
sasamarTlos mTavar sxdomaze T. qoCakiZem mxari dauWira Tavis moTxovnas. (ix. sxd. oqmi)
samotivacio nawili:
sasamarTlom ganixila saqmis masalebi, moismina T. qoCakiZis axsna-ganmarteba, mowmeTa Cvenebebi da
miaCnia, rom gancxadeba unda dakmayofildes Semdeg garemoebeTa gamo:
dadgenilia, rom T. qoCakiZe da r. barbaqaZe daqorwindnen 1972 wlis 11 noembers, razec sagarejos
raionis mmaCis biuroSi ganxorcielebulia saTanado Cawera #66 (s.f. 6).
nimuSi 5
137
mowmeebis _ g. beruaSvilis, i. WankotaZis, v. gobozaSvilis CvenebebiT dadgenilia, rom isini
arian T. qoCakiZis mezoblebi. cxovroben erT korpusSi. 2002 wlis ivnisSi T. qoCakiZes gardaec-
vala meuRle _ raul barbaqaZe, romelic dakrZalulia q. WiaTuraSi. isini imyofebodnen mis
dakrZalvaze. (ix. sxd. oqmi)
WiaTuris zonis sarqveleTubnis soflis sakrebulos gamgeobis mier gacemuli cnobiT dadgeni-
lia, rom raul barbaqaZe namdvilad gardaicvala 2002 wlis 21 ivniss (s.f. 4).
saqarTvelos iusticiis saministros q. Tbilisis samoqalaqo aqtebis registraciis arqivis mier
2005 wlis 27 seqtembers gacemuli cnobiT dadgenilia, rom r. barbaqaZis gardacvalebis saaqto
Canaweri arqivSi ar aRmoCnda (s.f. 7).
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-e muxlis 1-li nawilis `z~ qvepunqtis Tanaxmad,
sasamarTlo ganixilavs piris garkveul viTarebaSi gardacvalebis faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb saqmes,
Tu moqalaqeobrivi mdgomareobis registraciis organom uari Tqva gardacvalebis faqtis regis-
traciaze.
amave kodeqsis 313-e muxlis Tanaxmad, sasamarTlo iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtebs adgens
mxolod am faqtebis damadasturebeli sabuTebis sxva wesiT miRebis SeuZleblobis SemTxvevaSi.
315-e muxlis mixedviT, gancxadebaSi miTiTebuli unda iyos, Tu ra miznisTvis sWirdeba ganmcxa-
debels am faqtis dadgena da warmodgenili unda iyos mtkicebulebebi saTanado sabuTis miRebis
SeuZleblobis Sesaxeb.
rogorc aRiniSna, T. qoCakiZes meuRlis gardacvalebis faqtis dadgena sWirdeba SvilisaTvis
pensiis dasaniSnad. xolo is faqti, rom r. barbaqaZis gardacvaleba registrirebuli ar aris,
dadgenilia saqarTvelos iusticiis saministros q. Tbilisis samoqalaqo aqtebis registraciis
arqivis mier gacemuli cnobiT.
amdenad, arsebobs T. qoCakiZis gancxadebis dakmayofilebis samarTlebrivi da faqtobrivi
safuZvlebi.
sarezolucio nawili:
sasamarTlom ixelmZRvanela saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 243-244-e, 247-249-e
muxlebiT, 310-e muxlis `a~ qvepunqtiT, 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `z~ qvepunqtiT, 313-316-e
muxlebiT da
gadawyvita:
1.Tamar qoCakiZis gancxadeba dakmayofildes.
2.dadgenili iqnes iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqti imis Sesaxeb, rom T. qoCakiZis meuRle
_ raul barbaqaZe gardaicvala 2002 wlis 21 ivniss q. TbilisSi.
3.gadawyvetileba SeiZleba gasaCivrdes Tbilisis saolqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo, samewarmeo
da gakotrebis saqmeTa saapelacio palataSi Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo
saqmeTa kolegiis meSveobiT gadawyvetilebis gamocxadebidan 14 dRis vadaSi.
mosamarTle: giorgi maisuraZe
nimuSi 5
138
saqme # 2/9661 _ 2006
g a d a w y v e t i l e b a
saqarTvelos saxeliT
`25~ ivlisi, 2006 w.q. Tbilisi
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegia
mosamarTle: aleqsi maRraZe
sxdomis mdivani: naTia baxtaZe
ganmcxadebeli _ nana xarauli
warmomadgeneli _ z. lazaSvili
moTxovna _ piris gardacvlilad gamocxadeba.
aRwerilobiTi nawili:
nana xaraulma gancxadebiT mimarTa sasamarTlos, romliTac moiTxova babuis _ nikoloz abazovis
gardacvlilad gamocxadeba Semdeg garemoebebze miTiTebiT:
nikoloz abazovi gawveuli iyo samxedro samsaxurSi meore msoflio omis dros, saidanac aRar
dabrunebula. misi gardacvalebis registracia ar momxdara. saxli, sadac ganmcxadebeli cxov-
robs, iricxeba n. abazovis saxelze da ver axerxebs memkvidreobiT mis miRebas.
sasamarTlo sxdomaze n. xaraulma mxari dauWira gancxadebas da moiTxova misi dakmayofileba.
amasTan, ganmarta, rom nikoloz abazovi iyo misi didi babua dedis mxridan.
samotivacio nawili:
sasamarTlom ganixila saqmis masalebi, moismina ganmcxadeblis ganmarteba, mowmeTa Cvenebebi da
miaCnia, rom gancxadeba unda dakmayofildes Semdeg garemoebaTa gamo:
nimuSi 6
139
dadgenilia, rom q. TbilisSi, saakaZis q. #138-Si mdebare sacxovrebeli saxli, farTiT 14,0 kv.m.,
q. Tbilisis yofili teqnikuri aRricxvis samsaxuris saarqivo monacemebis Tanaxmad, iricxeba
nikoloz abazovis saxelze. registraciis safuZvelia Tbilisis leninis raionis sasamarTlos
1981 wlis 16 ivlisis #2/212 gadawyvetileba. (s.f. 5)
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo kodeqsis 22-e muxlis me-2_me-4 muxlebis Tanaxmad, samxedro mosamsaxure
an sxva piri, romelic ugzo-ukvlod daikarga saomar moqmedebasTan dakavSirebiT, SeiZleba sasamarTlo
wesiT gamocxaddes gardacvlilad ara uadres ori wlis gasvlisa saomari moqmedebis damTavrebis
dRidan. piris gardacvalebis dRed miiCneva misi gardacvlilad gamocxadebis Sesaxeb sasamarTlos
gadawyvetilebis kanonier ZalaSi Sesvlis dRe. am muxlis pirveli da me-2 nawilebiT gaTvaliswinebul
SemTxvevebSi sasamarTlos SeuZlia piris sikvdilis dRed aRiaros misi savaraudo daRupvis dRe.
saqarTvelos Tavdacvis saministros erovnuli gvardiis q. Tbilisis gldani-naZaladevis raionis
samobilizacio Stabis ufrosis g. terelaZis mier 2006 wlis 10 marts gacemuli cnobiT dadge-
nilia, rom nikoloz giorgis Ze abazovi, dab. 1904 wels, namdvilad daikarga ugzo-ukvlod did
samamulo omSi 1942 wels. aseve dadgenilia, rom n. abazovis gardacvalebis registraciis Sesaxeb
Canaweri ar moipoveba. (s.f. 2-4)
didi samamulo omi damTavrda 1945 wels da, amdenad, aRniSnuli saomari moqmedebis damTavre-
bidan gasulia 61 weli.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 310-e muxlis `b~ qvepunqtis da 317-320-e muxlebis Tanaxmad,
moqalaqis gardacvlilad gamocxadebis Sesaxeb saqmes sasamarTlo ganixilavs udavo warmoebis
wesiT _ dainteresebuli piris gancxdebiT.
n. xaraulma ganmarta, rom igi cxovrobs n. abazovis saxelze ricxul saxlSi.
saqmis masalebiT dadgenilia, rom ganmcxadebel nana xaraulis mama iyo Teimuraz xarauli, rome-
lic gardaicvala 2002 wlis 30 marts. (s.f. 13-14)
dadgenilia, rom Teimuraz xaraulis deda iyo irine abazovi. (s.f. 13)
evgenia xaraulis CvenebiT dadgenilia, rom igi aris nana xaraulis deda. nikoloz abazovi, romlis
saxelzec iricxeba q. TbilisSi, saakaZis q. #138-Si mdebare bina, iyo misi dedamTilis _ irina
abazovis mama. igi dakargulia did samamulo oSi. aRniSnul binaSi cxovrobs TviTon da Svilebi
_ nana da daviTi. (ix. sxd. oqmi)
q. Tbilisis leninis raionis sasamarTlos 1981 wlis 16 ivlisis #2/212 gadawyvetilebiT, romelic
safuZvlad udevs nikoloz abazovis saxelze q. TbilisSi, saakaZis q. #138-Si mdebare 14 kv.m.
sacxovrebeli farTis teqinventarizaciis samsaxurSi registracias, dadgenilia, rom sasamar-
Tlom ganixila ekaterine xeoSvilisa da sxvaTa sarCeli mopasuxe Teimuraz xaraulisa da sxvaTa
mimarT saxlidan idealuri da realuri wilis gamoyofis Taobaze. (s.f. 18-19)
sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebiT dadgenilad aris miCneuli, rom Teimuraz xarauli aris nikoloz
abazovis SvilisSvili, romelic gadawyvetilebis gamotanis droisaTvis cxovrobda miTiTebul
misamarTze.
nimuSi 6
140
amdenad, dadgenilia, rom ganmcxadebeli nana xarauli aris nikoloz abazovis gardacvlilad
gamocxadebis Taobaze dainteresebuli piri, vinaidan mas aRniSnuliT warmoeSveba memkvidreobis
ufleba.
piris gardacvlilad gamocxadebisaTvis dadgenili vada msvlelobas iwyebs im dRidan, rodesac
miRebuli iqna ukanaskneli cnobebi mis Sesaxeb. Tu am dRis dadgena SeuZlebelia, maSin es vada
iwyeba im Tvis pirveli ricxvidan, romelic momdevnoa im Tvisa, romelSic miRebuli iqna dakar-
gulis Sesaxeb ukanaskneli cnobebi, xolo Tvis dadgenis SeuZleblobis SemTxvevaSi _ Semdegi
wlis pirveli ianvridan.
gamomdinare aRniSnulidan, vinaidan saqmis masalebiT, n. abazovis saomar moqmedebasTan dakav-
SirebiT ugzo-ukvlod dakargulobis mxolod welia cnobili, amitom misi sikvdilis dRed miC-
neuli unda iqnes savaraudo daRupvis dRe _ 1943 wlis 01 ianvari.
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 320-e muxlis me-2 nawilis mixedviT, sasamarTlos
gadawyvetileba, romliTac moqalaqe gamocxadebulia gardacvlilad, warmoadgens safuZvels
imisaTvis, rom samoqalaqo reestris saagentos teritoriulma samsaxurma gardacvalebis regis-
traciis wignSi Seitanos Canaweri moqalaqis gardacvalebis Sesaxeb.
sarezolucio nawili:
sasamarTlom ixelmZRvanela saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 243-244-e, 247-249-e
muxlebiT, 310-e muxlis `b~ qvepunqtiT, 320-e muxliT da
gadawyvita:
1.nana xaraulis gancxadeba dakmayofildes.
2.nikoloz giorgis Ze abazovi, dabadebuli 1904 wels, gamocxaddes gardacvlilad da misi gar-
dacvalebis dRed miCneuli iqnes 1943 wlis 01 ianvari.
3.es gadawyvetileba warmoadgens safuZvels samoqalaqo reestris saagentos teritoriuli sam-
saxuris gardacvalebis registraciis wignSi n. abazovis gardacvalebis Sesaxeb Canaweris Seta-
nisaTvis.
4.gadawyvetileba SeiZleba gasaCivrdes Tbilisis saapelacio sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa
palataSi, Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegiis meSveobiT, ganmcxa-
deblisaTvis dasabuTebuli gadawyvetilebis gadacemis momentidan 14 dRis vadaSi, xolo saq-
mis SedegiT dainteresebulma pirebma sasamarTlos SeiZleba mimarTon gancxadebiT gadawyve-
tilebis baTilad cnobisa da saqmis warmoebis ganaxlebis moTxovniT, saqarTvelos samoqalaqo
saproceso kodeqsis 422-e, 424-427-e muxlebiT dadgenili wesiT, gadawyvetilebis baTilad
cnobisa da saqmis warmoebis ganaxlebis safuZvlebis arsebobis Setyobidan erTi Tvis vadaSi.
mosamarTle: aleqsi maRraZe
141
saqme #2/11380 _ 2006
b r Z a n e b a
lizingis sagnis gamcemis mflobelobaSi
lizingis sagnis dabrunebis Sesaxeb
`24~ ivlisi, 2006 w.q. Tbilisi
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegia
mosamarTle Temur kvaracxelia
ganmcxadebeli _ s.s. `cedani~
warmomadgeneli _ T. janjRava (direqtori)
mowinaaRmdege mxare _ S.p.s. `niuTreveli~
moTxovna _ lizingis sagnis dabruneba.
aRwerilobiTi nawili:
2006 wlis 07 ivliss s.s. `cedanis~ saxeliT sazogadoebis direqtorma T. janjRavam gamartivebuli
wesiT gansaxilvelad gancxadebiT mimarTa Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa
kolegias da moiTxova S.p.s. `niuTrevelisTvis~ lizingiT gadacemuli satransporto saSualebis
mis mflobelobaSi dabruneba Semdegi safuZvlebiT:
2004 wlis 27 Tebervlis #31-73 lizingis xelSekrulebebiT, lizingis mimReb Sps `niuTrevels~
flobisa da sargeblobis uflebiT gadaeca satransporto saSualeba `kamaz-230~, sax. # -140,
riTac mxareebs Soris warmoiSva salizingo-saxelSekrulebo valdebulebiT-samarTlebrivi ur-
TierToba. xelSekrulebiT gansazRvruli valdebulebis srulad Sesrulebisa da lizingis
mTliani fasis gadaxdis SemTxvevaSi, lizingis sagani unda gadasuliyo lizingis mimRebis sakuT-
rebaSi. Sps `niuTrevelma~ daarRvia saxelSekrulebo piroba, romlis mixedviTac, igi valdebuli
iyo lizingis mTliani fasi gadaexada nawil-nawil, yovelTviurad, SeTanxmebuli grafikis
nimuSi 7
142
Sesabamisad, rac xelSekrulebis ganuyofel nawils warmoadgens. 2006 wlis 13 ianvars mas gaeg-
zavna gafrTxilebis werili, sadac mieTiTa davalianebis odenoba da moTxovnac, raTa lizingis
mimRebs Seesrulebina valdebuleba. amasTan, mas daeniSna gonivruli vada, magram valdebuleba
kvlav Seusrulebeli darCa.
ganmcxadeblis miTiTebiT, 2006 wlis ivlisis mdgomareobiT, lizingis mimRebis davalianeba Sead-
gens 5 000 aSS dolars, saidanac ZiriTadi davalianeba aris 3 500 aSS dolari, xolo 1 500 aSS
dolari _ pirgasamtexlo. valdebulebis arseboba dasturdeba amonaweriT sabanko programidan,
sadac dafiqsirebulia davalianebis odenoba. amasTan, aRZruli moTxovna ar aris damokidebuli
s.s. `cedanis~ mxriv raime sapasuxo moqmedebis Sesrulebaze.
ganmcxadebeli moiTxovs sasamarTlom gamoitanos brZaneba, romliTac S.p.s. `niuTrevels~ da-
avaldebulebs lizingis sagnis _ avtomanqanis, misi gamcemis mflobelobaSi dabrunebas maTi
Semdgomi realizaciis mizniT, agreTve daakisrebs xsenebuli sagnebis dabrunebasTan dakavSi-
rebuli xarjebis dafarvas da saqmis warmoebasTan dakavSirebiT gadaxdili saxelmwifo baJis
anazRaurebas.
s.s. `cedanma~ moTxovnis uflebis arsebobisa da misi dasabuTebulobis dasadastureblad war-
moadgina Semdegi mtkicebulebebi:
_ s.s. `cedanis~ amonaweri samewarmeo reestridan;
_ lizingis xelSekruleba da S.p.s. `niuTrevelis~ direqtor r. rogavas mier werilobiTi ganc-
xadeba misi piradi Tavdebobisa da solidaruli pasuximgeblobis Sesaxeb _ S.p.s. `niuTrevelis~
mier lizingis xelSekrulebiT nakisr valdebulebaTa Seusruleblobis SemTxvevaSi;
_ lizingis sagnis miReba-Cabarebis aqtebi;
_ gafrTxilebis werili;
_ amonaweri sabanko programidan davalianebis Sesaxeb;
_ saxelmwifo baJis gadaxdis qviTari;
samotivacio nawili:
sasamarTlom ganixila gancxadeba, warmodgenili mtkicebulebebi da miaCnia, rom saqarTvelos
samoqalaqo kodeqsis 576-580-e muxlebis safuZvelze, isini adastureben ganmcxadeblis moTxov-
nas, ris gamoc gancxadeba unda dakmayofildes da S.p.s. `niuTrevels~ unda daevalos s.s. `cedans~
daubrunos lizingis sagani _ avtomanqana `kamaz-230~, sax. # -140.
sarezolucio nawili:
vixelmZRvanele saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 53-e, 309
1 309
7
-e
muxlebiT
v b r Z a n e b:
1.s.s. `cedanis~ direqtor T. janjRavas gancxadeba dakmayofildes.
2.S.p.s. `niuTrevels~, rogorc lizingis sagnis mimRebs, daevalos daubrunos mflobelobaSi
mis gamcem s.s. `cedans~ lizingis sagani _ avtomanqana `kamaz-230~, sax. #-140.
143
3.brZaneba aRsruldes dauyovnebliv, risTvisac gaices saaRsrulebo furceli.
4.lizingis sagnis dabrunebasTan dakavSirebuli xarjebi gadaxdes lizingis mimReb S.p.s. `niuT-
revels~.
5.S.p.s. `niuTrevels~ s.s. `cedanis~ sasargeblod gadaxdes 150 (asormocdaaTi) lari winaswar
gadaxdili saxelmwifo baJis sakompensaciod.
5.brZaneba SeiZleba gasaCivrdes kerZo saCivriT Tbilisis saapelacio sasamarTlos samoqalaqo
saqmeTa palataSi, Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegiis meSveobiT,
mxareTaTvis brZanebis gadacemidan 12 dRis vadaSi.
6.kerZo saCivris Setana ver SeaCerebs brZanebis aRsrulebas.
mosamarTle: Temur kvaracxelia
nimuSi 7
144
saqme #2/346-07
g a d a w y v e t i l e b a
saqarTvelos saxeliT
`12~ aprili, 2007 w.q. Tbilisi
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegia
mosamarTle: aleqsi maRraZe
sxdomis mdivani: naTia baxtaZe
ganmcxadebeli _ marina axalbedaSvili
warmomadgeneli _ lali axalbedaSvili
moTxovna _ iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgena pirTa naTesauri kavSiris
Sesaxeb.
aRwerilobiTi nawili:
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegias 2007 wlis 1 Tebervals gancxadebiT
mimarTa marina axalbedaSvilma da aRniSna, rom 2000 wlis 9 noembers gardaicvala misi mama giorgi
axalbedaSvili, romelsac darCa samkvidro qoneba sacxovrebeli saxli mdebare q. Tbilisi,
saWilaos q. #44. ganmcxadeblis ganmartebiT, giorgi axalbedaSvils anderZi ar dautovebia,
xolo pirveli rigis memkvidreebidan misi da lali axalbedaSvili samkvidros miRebis moTxovnas
ar ayenebda. ganmcxadebelma aseve aRniSna, rom Tavis dabadebis mowmobaSi misi monacemebi aras-
worad iyo moxseniebuli da mamis saxelad aRniSnuli iyo `grigori~, nacvlad `giorgisa~, xolo
gvari ki `axalbedoSvili~, nacvlad `axalbedaSvilisa~. es garemoeba ki mas aferxebda samkvidros
miRebaSi vinaidan ver dgindeboda naTesauri kavSiri. aqedan gamomdinare, samkvidros miRebis
mizniT, ganmcxadebelma iTxova iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgena pirTa naTesauri
kavSiris Sesaxeb, kerZod, faqtisa, rom marina axalbedaSvili iyo giorgi axalbedaSvilis Svili.
nimuSi 8
145
samotivacio nawili:
sasamarTlom ganixila ra gancxadeba da TandarTuli masalebi, mousmina ra ganmcxadebels, da-
interesebul pirs, mowmeebs, Tvlis, rom gancxadeba safuZvliania da unda dakmayofildes Semdeg
garemoebaTa gamo: saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `a~
qvepunqtiT sasamarTlo ganixilavs saqmeebs pirTa naTesauri kavSiris dadgenis Sesaxeb. saqmeSi
warmodgenili masalebiT (kerZod dabadebis mowmobiT s.f. 8) dgindeba, rom `marina grigoris
asuli axalbedoSvili~ daibada 1954 wlis 23 Tebervals da misi mama iyo `grigol axalbedoSvili~.
dabadebis TariRis Taobaze igive monacemebs Seicavs misi piradobis mowmobac, sadac mis gvarad
ukve `axalbedaSvili~ aris aRniSnuli. amave dros, mTel rig dokumentebSi, kerZod, marina axal-
bedaSvilisa da giorgi axalbedaSvilis dabadebis mowmobebSi emTxveva giorgi axalbedaSvilis
mamis saxeli _ `estate~. amasTan, saqmeze mowmed dakiTxulma mayvala kaxuaSvilma, nargiz dvalaZem
da lia SarvaZem romlebic gafrTxilebulni iyvnen cru Cvenebis micemisas pasuxismgeblobis
Sesaxeb, uCvenes, rom wlebis manZilze icnobdnen marina da giorgi axalbedaSvilebs da rom ma-
rina axalbedaSvilis mama namdvilad iyo giorgi axalbedaSvili. aRniSnuli ki sakmaris safuZvels
warmoadgens, rom sasamarTlom daadginos ganmcxadeblis mier moTxovnili iuridiuli mniSvne-
lobis mqone faqti pirTa naTesauri kavSiris Sesaxeb.
sarezolucio nawili:
sasamarTlom ixelmZRvanela ra samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 243-e, 244-e, 249-e, 257-e, 310-e,
312-e, 313-e, 316-e muxlebiT da
gadawyvita:
1.marina axalbedaSvilis gancxadeba dakmayofildes;
2.dadgenil iqnes iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqti maszed, rom 1954 wlis 2 Tebervals da-
badebuli marina axalbedaSvili aris 2000 wlis 9 noembers gardacvlili giorgi axalbedaSvi-
lis Svili.
3.gadawyvetileba SeiZleba gasaCivrdes Tbilisis saapelacio sasamarTloSi apelaciis wesiT 14
dRis vadaSi mxareze dasabuTebuli gadawyvetilebis gadacemis dRidan Tbilisis saqalaqo
sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegiaSi saapelacio saCivris wardgenis meSveobiT.
mosamarTle: aleqsi maRraZe
nimuSi 8
146
saqme #2/6010-05
g a d a w y v e t i l e b a
saqarTvelos saxeliT
`17~ noemberi, 2005 w.q. Tbilisi
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegia
mosamarTle: aleqsi maRraZe
sxdomis mdivani: naTia baxtaZe
ganmcxadebeli _ nino lobjaniZe
warmomadgenelebi _ dali tuskaZe da aniCka labaZe
dainteresebuli piri _ q. Tbilisis meriis janmrTelobisa da socialuri dacvis saqalaqo
samsaxuri
warmomadgeneli _ SoTa jogliZe
moTxovna _ piris qmeduunarod aRiareba.
aRwerilobiTi nawili:
2005 wlis 13 ivliss Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegias gancxadebiT
mimarTa nino lobJaniZem da aRniSna, rom misi Zma 19.07.1958-Si dabadebuli arCil lobJaniZe aR-
ricxavze imyofeboda qalaqis fsiqonevrologiur dispanserSi. 1987 wlidan arCil lobjaniZe
iyo meore jgufis invalidi. ganmcxadebls surda meurveoba gaewia Tavisi ZmisTvis da vinaidan,
maTi mama Rrmad moxuci iyo, deda da kidev erTi Zma gardaicvalnen, da mis meti arCil lobjaniZes
aravin darCa, nino lobJaniZem iTxova arCil lobJaniZis qmeduunarod cnoba. 2005 wlis 17 noem-
bers gamarTul sasamarTlos mTavar sxdomaze ganmcxadeblis warmomadgenlebma mxari dauWires
gancxadebas da iTxoves misi dakmayofileba. amave moTxovnas mxari dauWira meurveobisa da mzrun-
velobis organos _ q. Tbilisis meriis janmrTelobisa da socialuri dacvis saqalaqo samsaxuris
_ warmomadgenlma.
nimuSi 9
147
samotivacio nawili:
sasamarTlom ganixila gancxadeba, mousmina ganmcxadebels da mis warmomadgenels, gamoikvlia
saqmeSi arsebuli mtkicebulebebi da miaCnia, rom gancxadeba unda dakmayofildes Semdeg garemo-
ebaTa gamo: samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 322-e muxlis me-2 nawiliT saqme suliT avadmyofobis
an Wkuasustobis gamo moqalaqis qmeduunarod aRiarebis Sesaxeb SeiZleba aRZran sasamarTloSi
ojaxis wevrebma. saqmeSi warmodgenili dabadebis mowmobebis aslebiT (s.f. 3 da s.f. 7) dgindeba,
rom ganmcxadebeli arCil lobJaniZis da _ nino lobJaniZe, Sesabamisad ojaxis wevria. aqedan
gamomdinare, mas ufleba aqvs sasamarTlosaTvis gancxadebiT mimarTvisa.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 324-e muxliT, Tu arsebobs sakmao monacemebi piris fsiqikuri
moSlis Sesaxeb, mosamarTle, sasamarTlo ganxilvisaTvis saqmis momzadebis wesiT, daniSnavs
sasamarTlo-fsiqiatriul eqspertizas am moqalaqis fsiqikuri mdgomareobis gansazRvris mizniT.
2005 wlis 31 agvistos ganCinebiT saqmeze dainiSna eqspertiza, romlis ganxorcielebac daevala
saqarTvelos iusticiis saministros sasamarTlo eqspertizis erovnul biuros. 2005 wlis 16
seqtembris ambulatoriuli sasamarTlo-fsiqiatriuli eqspertizis daskvna #73-iT (s.f. 20-22),
romlic Catarebul iqna komisiis mier, dgindeba, rom arCil lobjaniZes daavadebis pirveli
niSnebi 1985 wlidan Seetyo, rodesac igi baTumis sazRvao saswavlebelSi swavlobda (s.f. 20).
06.03.87 w. igi moaTavses qalaqis fsiqiatriul saavadmyofoSi, saidanac gaewera 07.04.87 w. diag-
noziT `Sizofrenia dunedmavali martivi forma~. 12.08.04-dan 13.09.04-mde gadioda stacionarul
mkurnalobas qalaqis fsiqiatriul saavadmyofoSi diagnoziT `rezidualuri Sizofrenia~ (s.f.
20). xolo 20.05.05-idan 04.07.05-mde mkurnalobda gldanis fsiqiatriul saavadmyofoSi diagnoziT
`paranoiduli Sizofrenia~ (s.f. 21).
sabolood, komisia mivida daskvnamde, rom arCil lobJaniZe daavadebulia qronikuli fsiqikuri
daavadebiT _ rezidualuri SizofreniiT (s.f. 22). komisiis daskvniT, amas mowmobs anamnezSi ar-
sebuli monacemebi: Wabukobis asakidan fsiqopaTologiuri gamovlinebis, autizacia, epizoduri
bodviTi azrebisa da halucinaciebis arseboba, socialuri adaptaciis darRveva. zemoaRniSnuli
diagnoziT aRricxva fsiqonevrologiur dispanserSi da mravaljeradi mkurnaloba fsiqiatriul
stacionarSi. agreTve amJamindeli gamokvlevebisas gamovlenili formaluri kontaqti, daukavSi-
rebeli, gaugebari asociaciebi, ambivalentoba, zedapiruli msjeloba, paralogiuri, naklebpro-
duqtiuli azrovneba, emociuri gasadaveba, apaTiuroba, zedapiruloba, fragmentuli bodviTi
gamonaTqvamebi, interesTa sferos SezRudva, pasiuroba da uiniciativoba, ukritikoba. komisiis
daskvniT (s.f. 22) arCil lobJaniZes ar SeuZlia Seignos Tavisi moqmedebis mniSvneloba da ganagos
igi (qmeduunaroba).
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo kodeqsis me-12 muxlis pirveli nawiliT qmedunarianoba aris piris
unari, Tavisi nebiTa da moqmedebiT sruli moculobiT SeiZinos da ganaxorcielos samoqalaqo
uflebebis da movaleobebi, rac warmoiSoba srulwlovanebis miRwevisas. amave muxlis me-5 nawiliT
qmeduunarod miiCneva aseve piri, romelic Wkuasustobis an suliT avadmyofobis gamo sasamar-
Tlos mier aseTad iqneba aRiarebuli. zemoxsnebuli, 2005 wlis 16 seqtembris ambulatoriuli
sasamarTlo-fsiqiatriuli eqspertizis daskvna #73-iT dasturdeba, rom arCil lobJaniZes ar
SeuZlia Seignos Tavisi moqmedebis mniSvneloba da ganagos igi. es ki warmoadgens sakmaris safuZ-
vels misi qmeduunarod aRiarebisTvis. imis gaTvaliswinebiTac, rom meurveobisa da mzrunve-
lobis organoc eTanxmeba warmodgenil saeqsperto daskvnas (ix. sxdomis oqmi).
nimuSi 9
148
sarezolucio nawili:
sasamarTlom ixelmZRvanela samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 243-e, 244-e, 249-e, 322-e, 324-e, 325-
e, 326-e muxlebiT, samoqalaqo kodeqsis me-12 muxliT da
gadawyvita:
1.nino lobJaniZis gancxadeba dakmayofildes;
2.arCil lobjaniZe, dabadebuli 1958 wlis 19 ivliss q. TbilisSi (dabadebis mowmoba gacemuli
Tbilisis 26 komisris mmaCis biuros mier 26.09.1958, saaqto CanaweriT #2453) aRiarebul iqnes
qmeduunarod;
3.sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba, romliTac moqalaqe aRiarebulia qmeduunarod, warmoadgens
safuZvels meurveobisa da mzrunvelobis organoebisaTvis meurvis dasaniSnad;
4.gadawyvetileba SeiZleba gasaCivrdes apelaciis wesiT 14 dRis vadaSi mxareze dasabuTebuli
gadawyvetilebis gadacemis dRidan Tbilisis saapelacio sasamarTloSi Tbilisis saqalaqo
sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegiis meSveobiT.
mosamarTle:aleqsi maRraZe
149
saqme #2/9498-06
g a d a w y v e t i l e b a
saqarTvelos saxeliT
`23~ ivnisi, 2006 w.q. Tbilisi
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegia
mosamarTle: aleqsi maRraZe
sxdomis mdivani: naTia baxtaZe
ganmcxadebeli _ violeta cagareiSvili
warmomadgeneli _ mzia ruxaZe
moTxovna _ piris ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad gamocxadeba.
aRwerilobiTi nawili:
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalqo saqmeTa kolegias 2006 wlis 13 marts gancxadebiT
mimarTa violeta cagareiSvilma da moiTxova misi meuRlis, Teimuraz cagareiSvilis ugzo-ukv-
lod dakargulad gamocxadeba. ganmcxdebelma ganmarta, rom 1987 wlis 16 ivniss qorwinebis re-
gistraciaSi gatarda Teimuraz cagareiSvilTan. erTad cxovrebis periodSi SeeZinaT Svili, Tamar
cagareiSvili, dabadebuli 1989 wlis 1 ivliss. 2003 wlis 25 maiss T. cagareiSvili samsaxuridan
saxlSi aRar dabrunebula. ramdenime wlis Semdeg ojaxma mimarTa Sss organoebs misi ad-
gilsamyofelis dasadgenad, imave wels gamocxadda Zebna, magram uSedegod.
yovelive zemoaRniSnulidan gamomdinare, ganmcxadebeli iTxovs meuRlis, Teimuraz cagareiS-
vilis, dabadebuli 1960 wlis 7 dekembers, ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebas, memkvidreobis
miRebis mizniT.
samotivacio nawili:
sasamarTlom ganixila gancxadeba, moismina ganmcxadebilisa da misi warmomadgenlis axsna-gan-
marteba da miiCnia, rom gancxadeba unda dakmayofildes Semdeg garemoebaTa gamo: saqmis masale-
nimuSi 10
150
biT dadgenilia, rom violeta cagareiSvili da Teimuraz cagareiSvili registrirebul qorwi-
nebaSi imyofebodnen 1987 wlis 16 ivnisidan. erTad cxovrebis periodSi SeeZinaT Svili, Tamar
cagareiSvili, dabadebuli 1989 wlis 1 ivliss.
2003 wlis 25 maiss T. cagareiSvili gavida saxlidan da aRar dabrunebula. imave wels gldanis
raionis Ss sammarTvelos mier gamocxadebul iqna Zebna, magram T. cagareiSvilis adgilsamyofe-
lis dadgena ver moxerxda.
saqarTvelos iusticiis saministros samoqalaqo reestris saagentos sainformacio-samisamarTo
biuros 2005 wlis 20 maisisa da 2006 wlis 22 ivnisis cnobebis Tanaxmad T. cagareiSvili imyofeba
ZebnaSi.
saqarTvelos Sinagan saqmeTa saministros saxelmwifo sazRvris dacvis departamentis sagamoZi-
ebo-operatiuli sammarTvelos informaciiT Teimuraz cagareiSvilis mier 2003 wlis 20 dekemb-
ridan 2006 wlis 21 ivnisamde saxelmwifo sazRvris gadakveTis faqti dafiqsirebuli ar yofila.
ganmcxadeblis axsna-ganmartebis safuZvelze dgindeba, rom T. cagareiSvili dakargvamde muSaob-
da Tbilisis aeroportSi, magram radgan misi dakargvidan gasulia ukve 3 weli, ganmcxadebli-
saTvis ucnobia misi meuRlis TanamSromlebis vinaoba.
v. cagareiSvili aseve, ganmartavs, rom meuRlis mSoblebi gardacvlilebi arian da radgan TviTon
igi droebiT cxovrobs q. cxinvalSi, meuRlis naTesavebTan xSiri urTierToba ar aqvs.
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 310-e muxlis `b~ punqtis Tanaxmad, udavo wrmoebis
wesiT sasamarTlo ganixilavs saqmeebs moqalaqis ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad aRiarebisa da moqa-
laqis gardacvlilad gamocxadebis Sesaxeb.
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo kodeqsis 21-e muxlis Tanaxmad, dainteresebuli piris gancxadebis sa-
fuZvelze fizikuri piri SeiZleba sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebiT aRiarebul iqnes ugzo-ukvlod
dakargulad Tu misi adgilsamyofeli ucnobia da ori wlis manZilze igi ar gamoCenila Tavis
sacxovrebl adgilas.
moceul SemTxvevaSi dadgenilia, rom T. cagareiSvilis adgilsamyofelis Sesaxeb cnobebi ar
moipoveba 2003 wlidan dRemde.
sarezolucio nawili:
sasamarTlom ixelmZRvanela samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis me-8; 243-244-e, 247-248-e, 257-e, 364-
e, 369-e muxlebiT da
gadawyvita:
1.violeta cagareiSvilis gancxadeba dakmayofildes.
2.ganmcxadeblis meuRle Teimuraz cagareiSvili, dabadebuli 1960 wlis 7 dekembers gamocxad-
des ugzo-ukvlod dakargulad.
151
3.ganmcxadebels winaswari saxelmwifo baJi 30 (ocdaaTi) lari saqarTvelos centralur bi-
ujetSi gadaxdilad CaeTvalos;
4.gadawyvetileba saCivrdeba saapelacio wesiT Tbilisis saapelacio sasamarTloSi (mdeb: gr.
robaqiZis #7
a
)
14 dRis vadaSi misi dasabuTebuli aslis mxarisaTvis gadacemis momentidan
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegiis meSveobiT.
mosamarTle: aleqsi maRraZe
nimuSi 10
152
saqme #2/...
g a d a w y v e t i l e b a
saqarTvelos saxeliT
`
24~ agvisto, 2007 w.q. Tbilisi
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegia
mosamarTle: aleqsi maRraZe
sxdomis mdivani: naTia baxtaZe
ganmcxadebeli _ venera gegeSiZe
warmomadgenlis _ mamuka jaSiaSvili
dainteresebuli piri _ saqarTvelos Tavdacvis saministro
warmomadgenli _ lela levaniZe
moTxovna _ piris kmayofaze yofnis faqtis dadgena
aRwerilobiTi nawili:
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegias 2007 wlis 26 marts gancxadebiT
mimarTa venera gegeSiZem da aRniSna, rom aris 80 wlis asakis pensioneri. misive ganmartebiT, igi
cxovrobda SviliSvilTan mamuka loriasTan erTad, romlis kmayofazec imyofeboda. 2006 wlis
6 seqtembers misi SviliSvili mamuka loria gaiwvies savaldebulo samxedro samsaxurSi, ris Se-
degadac darCa umeTvalyureod, umweo mdgomareobaSi. manve miuTiTa, rom misi SviliSvili muSa-
obda Sps `elizi jgufSi~, sadac miRebuli SemosavlebiT arCenda ojaxs. samxedro samsaxuridan
dabrunebis Semdeg mas SeeZlo gaegrZelebina samsaxuri imave sawarmoSi da erCina ojaxi. ganmc-
xadeblis ganmartebiT, misi erTaderTi marCenali da imedi iyo misi SviliSvili, romlis kma-
yofazec imyofeboda jarSi gawvevamde, romlis masTan erTad yofnac mas saSualebas miscemda
Seemsubuqebina mZime socialuri mdgomareoba. `samxedro valdebulebisa da samxedros samsaxuris
Sesaxeb~ saqarTvelos kanonis 30-e muxlis pirveli punqtis `v~ qvepunqtis mixedviT `wvevamdels
gawveva gadauvaddeba Tu igi patronobs Sromisuunaro, mis kmayofaze myof bebias an papas, Tu
nimuSi 11
153
mas ara hyavs sxva kanonieri momvleli, romlsac SeuZlia misi movla-patronoba~. aqedan gamom-
dinare, venera gegeSiZem iTxova iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgena maszed, rom venera
gegeSiZe imyofeba SviliSvilis mamuka lorias kmayofaze.
dainteresebulma pirma saqarTvelos Tavdacvis saministrom warmoadgina mamuka lorias piradi
saqme da Tanxmoba ganacxada aRniSnuli faqtis dadgenaze.
samotivacio nawili:
sasamarTlom ganixila ra saqmis masalebi, mousmina ra ganmcxadeblis warmomadgenels, daintere-
sebuli piris warmomadgenels Tvlis, rom gancxadeba safuZvliania da unda dakmayofildes Sem-
deg garemoebaTa gamo: gancxadebiT, ganmcxadeblis warmomadgenlis axsna-ganmartebiTa da war-
modgenili masalebiT dadgenilia, rom mamuka loria samxedro samsaxurSi gaiwvies 2006 wlis 6
seqtembers (s.f. 9). sasamarTlo mowmeTa Cvenebis safuZvelze aseve dadgenilad miiCnevs im gare-
moebas, rom mamuka lorias samxedro samsaxurSi gawvevamde mxolod igi arCenda Sromisuunaro
bebias. saqmeze dakiTxulma mowmeebma aseve uCvenes, rom mamuka lorias gawvevidan gauaresda
ganmcxadeblis materialuri mdgomareoba da janmrTeloba. amdenad, dadgenili garemoebebiT
dasturdeba, rom ganmcxadebeli mamuka lorias kmayofaze imyofeboda.
saqmeSi Cabmuli Tavdacvis saministros mier warmodgenili piradi saqmidan dgindeba, rom mamuka
lorias ar hyavs da an Zma, agreTve mSoblebi, romelTac SeeZlebodaT ganmcxadeblis rCena.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-e muxlis me-2 nawiliT sasamarTlo ganixilavs saqmeebs piris
kmayofaze yofnis faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb. ganmcxadeblis moTxovnaa dadgenil iqnes faqti rom
v. gegeSiZe imyofeba m. lorias kmayofaze. saqmis masalebiT, kerZod, gamgeobis cnobiT, dastur-
deba, rom v. gegeSiZe imyofeba mZime socialuri mdgomareobaSi, Seryeuli aqvs janmrTeloba,
gamomdinare yovelive zemoTqmulidan, sasamarTlo Tvlis, rom v. gegeSiZe namdvilad imyofeboda
m. lorias kmayofaze, ris gamoc aRniSnuli faqti dadgenil unda iqnes.
sarezolucio nawili:
sasamarTlom ixelmZRvanela ra samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 243-e, 244-e, 249-e, 311-e, 312-e
muxlebiT da
gadawyvita:
1.venera gegeSiZis gancxadeba dakmayofildes
2.dadgenil iqnes venera gegeSiZis mamuka lorias kmayofaze yofnis faqti;
3.ganmcxadebeli gaTavisuflebulia saxelmwifo baJis gadaxdisagan.
4.gadawyvetileba SeiZleba gasaCivrdes Tbilisis saapelacio sasamarTloSi apelaciis wesiT 14
dRis vadaSi mxareze dasabuTebuli gadawyvetilebis gadacemis dRidan Tbilisis saqalaqo
sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegiaSi saapelacio saCivris wardgenis meSveobiT.
mosamarTle: aleqsi maRraZe
nimuSi 11
154
saqme #2/...
g a d a w y v e t i l e b a
saqarTvelos saxeliT
`
31~ agvisto, 2007 w.q. Tbilisi
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegia
mosamarTle: aleqsi maRraZe
sxdomis mdivani: naTia baxtaZe
ganmcxadebeli _ naili gamxuaSvili
warmomadgeneli _ zaza kamkamiZe
moTxovna _ iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone (bavSvis dabadebis) faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb.
aRwerilobiTi nawili:
2007 wlis 7 aprils Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegias gancxadebiT
mimarTa naili gamxuaSvilma da aRniSna, rom 2000 wlidan imyofeboda araregistrirebul qorwi-
nebaSi daviT wiklaurTan, romelTanac 2001 wlis 8 ianvars SeeZina Svili giorgi. misive ganmar-
tebiT bavSvi daibada ojaxSi, vinaidan materialuri mdgomareobis gamo maT ar hqondaT SesaZle-
beloba saavadmyofoSi mSobiarobisa. amJamad bavSvis skolaSi Seyvanis gamo mas esaWiroeboda
dabadebis mowmoba, ris gacemazec saro-m mas uari ganucxada saavadmyofos mier gacemuli cnobis
warudgenlobis gamo. aqedan gamomdinare, n. gamxuaSvilma iTxova iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone
faqtis dadgena Svilis giorgi wiklauris q. TbilisSi 2001 wlis 8 ianvars dabadebis Sesaxeb,
mSoblebi naili gamxuaSvili da daviT wiklauri.
samotivacio nawili:
sasamarTlom ganixila ra saqmis masalebi, mousmina ra ganmcxadebels, mis warmomadgenlebs, mow-
meebs, Tvlis, rom gancxadeba safuZvliania da unda dakmayofildes Semdeg garemoebaTa gamo.
nimuSi 12
155
saqmeSi warmodgenili saqarTvelos iusticiis saministros samoqalaqo reestris erovnuli sa-
agentos Tbilisis saregistracio samsaxuris 2007 wlis 5 Tebervlis #23/01-3625 weriliT dgin-
deba, rom ganmcxadebels uari eTqva dabadebis mowmobis gacemaze.
saqmeze mowmed dakiTxulma pirebma ganacxades, rom isini Tavad eswrebodnen mSobiarobas, da
rom bavSvi namdvilad 2001 wlis 8 ianvars daibada da amJamadac ganmcxadeblTan izrdeba. dain-
teresebul pirad mowveulma daviT wiklaurma daadastura, rom 2000 wlidan igi erT ojaxad
cxovrobs ganmcxadebelTan erTad da rom bavSvi marTlac misi Svilia da igi ojaxSi daibada.
saqmeSi warmodgenili cnobebiT sabavSvo baRidan dgindeba, rom bavSvi baRSi registrirebulia
giorgi wiklauris saxeliT.
saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-e muxlis `z~ qvepunqtiT sasamarTlo ganixi-
lavs saqmeebs piris garkveul drosa da viTarebaSi dabadebis an gardacvalebis faqtis dadgenis
Sesaxeb Tu saqarTvelos iusticiis saministros mmarTvelobis sferoSi Semavali sajaro samarT-
lis iuridiulma pirma _ samoqalaqo reestris saagentom uari ganacxada dabadebis an gardacva-
lebis faqtis registraciaze.
warmodgenili masalebis, mowmeTa Cvenebebis, dainteresebuli pirebis gancxadebebis samoqalaqo
saproceso kodeqis 105-e muxlis safuZvelze Sefasebis Sedegad sasamarTlos dadgenilad miaCnia
arasarulwlovani giorgi wiklauris 2001 wlis 8 inavars dabadebis faqti, ris gamoc gancxadeba
unda dakmayofildes.
sarezolucio nawili:
sasamarTlom ixelmZRvanela ra samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 243-e, 244-e, 249-e, 257-e, 311-e, 312-e
muxlebiT da
gadawyvita:
1.naili gamxuaSvilis gancxadeba dakmayofildes;
2.dadgenil iqnes giorgi wiklauris 2001 wlis 8 ianvars q. TbilisSi dabadebis faqti, deda _
naili gamxuaSvili, mama _ daviT wiklauri.
3.gadawyvetileba SeiZleba gasaCivrdes Tbilisis saapelacio sasamarTloSi apelaciis wesiT 14
dRis vadaSi mxareze dasabuTebuli gadawyvetilebis gadacemis momentidan Tbilisis saqalaqo
sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegiaSi saapelacio saCivris wardgenis meSveobiT.
mosamarTle: aleqsi maRraZe
nimuSi 12
156
saqme #2/...
g a d a w y v e t i l e b a
saqarTvelos saxeliT
`31~ agvisto, 2007 w.q. Tbilisi
Tbilisis saqalaqo sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegia
mosamarTle: aleqsi maRraZe
sxdomis mdivani: naTia baxtaZe
ganmcxadebeli _ Tbilisis satyeo meurneoba
warmomadgeneli _ zeinab korsantia
moTxovna _ qonebis upatronod cnoba.
aRwerilobiTi nawili:
Tbilisis satyeo meurneobam 2007 wlis 12 ianvars gancxadebiT mimarTa Tbilisis saqalaqo sasa-
marTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegias da aRniSna, rom 2006 wlis ivlis-agvistos TveSi Tbilisis
(yofili gardabnis) satyeo meurneobis wyneTis satyeos kvartal #2-sa da kvartal #23-Si adgili
hqonda fiWvis saxeobis saSeSe merqnis ukanono Wris faqts. kerZod kvartal #2
b
-Si moiWra 11
Ziri fiWvis saxeobis saSeSe xe-tye moculobiT 1,365 kbm da kvartal #23
g
-Si 14 Ziri fiWvis
saxeobis saSeSe xe-tye moculobiT 1,921 kbm. aRniSnuli xe-tye Cabarda Sesanaxad satyeo depar-
tamentis sawyobs. miuxedavad gatarebuli RonisZiebebisa, ukanonod mWrelebis vinaoba da-
udgeneli darCa, amasTan aRniSnuli xe-tyis sakuTrebaze pretenzia aravis ganucxadebia, ris
gamoc ganmcxadeblis azriT, mesakuTre SeiZleba iyos mxolod saxelmwifo. ganmcxadebelma sabo-
lood moiTxova zemoaRniSnuli fiWvis saxeobis saSeSe merqnis upatronod cnoba da misTvis
gadacema.
samotivacio nawili:
sasamarTlom ganixila ra zemoxsenebuli gancxadeba, mousmina ra ganmcxadeblis warmomadgenels,
Tvlis, rom gancxadeba safuZvliania da unda dakmayofildes Semdeg garemoebaTa gamo.
nimuSi 13
157
saqmeSi warmodgenili masalebiT, kerZod, daTvalierebis da aRweris oqmebiT dgindeba, rom
kvartal #2
b
-Si moiWra 11 Ziri fiWvis saxeobis saSeSe xe-tye moculobiT 1,365 kbm da kvartal
#23
g
-Si 14 Ziri fiWvis saxeobis saSeSe xe-tye moculobiT 1,921 kbm. Sinagan saqmeTa saministros
cnobiT dadgenilia isic, rom ver iqna gamovlenili xe-tyis mesakuTre an misi ukanono mWreli.
2007 wlis 21 Tebervals gakeTebul sajaro publikacias gazeT `saqarTvelos respublikaSi~
Sedegi ar mohyolia da mas dainteresebuli piri ar gamoxmaurebia.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 340-e muxlis me-2 nawilis safuZvelze dakiTxulma pirebma sat-
yeos ufrosma da morige tyis mcvelma aRniSnes, rom maTTvis ucnobia xe-tyis mesakuTris vinaoba
da daadastures gancxadebaSi aRniSnuli faqtobrivi garemoebebi.
aqedan gamomdinare sasamarTlo midis daskvnamde rom zemoaRniSnul xe-tye mitovebulia.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 341-e muxliT Tu sasamarTlo cnobs, rom qonebas ar hyavs mesa-
kuTre an es qoneba mitovebulia mesakuTris mier im ganzraxvis gareSe, rom SeinarCunos am qone-
baze sakuTrebis ufleba, mas gamoaqvs gadawyvetileba moZravi qonebis upatronod cnobisa da
misi im piris sakuTrebaSi gadacemis Sesaxeb, romelic daeufla qonebas.
sarezolucio nawili:
sasamarTlom ixelmZRvanela ra samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 243-e, 244-e, 249-e, 257-e, 340-e,
341-e muxlebiT da
gadawyvita:
1.Tbilisis satyeo meurneobis gancxadeba dakmayofildes;
2.satyeo meurneobis sawyobSi arsebuli 11 Ziri fiWvis saxeobis saSeSe xe-tye moculobiT 1,365
kbm da 14 Ziri fiWvis saxeobis saSeSe xe-tye moculobiT 1,921 kbm cnobil iqnes upatronod da
gadaeces Tbilisis satyeo meurneobas.
3.gadawyvetileba SeiZleba gasaCivrdes Tbilisis saapelacio sasamarTloSi apelaciis wesiT 14
dRis vadaSi mxareze dasabuTebuli gadawyvetilebis gadacemis momentidan Tbilisis saqalaqo
sasamarTlos samoqalaqo saqmeTa kolegiaSi saapelacio saCivris wardgenis meSveobiT.
mosamarTle:aleqsi maRraZe
nimuSi 13
158
#3g/ad-204-k-02
g a n C i n e b a
saqarTvelos saxeliT
`4~ noemberi, 2002 w.q. Tbilisi
uzenaesi sasamarTlos didi palata
kasatori _ Tbilisis saxelmwifo samedicino universiteti,
warmomadgeneli mariam fridonaSvili.
mowinaaRmdege mxare _ eldar RviniaSvili,
warmomadgeneli niaz javaxiSvili.
davis sagani _ kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebis baTilad cnoba
da saqmis warmoebis ganaxleba.
gasaCivrebuli
ganCineba _ Tbilisis saolqo sasamarTlos administraciuli samarTlisa da
sagadasaxado saqmeTa saapelacio palatis 2002 wlis 26 aprilis ganCineba.
aRwerilobiTi nawili:
2001 wlis 27 marts e. RviniaSvilma gancxadebiT mimarTa vake-saburTalos raionul sasamarTlos
da miuTiTa, rom TbilisSi, delisis q. #1
a
-s mimdebare teritoriaze 1980 wlidan flobs 870 kv.m
miwis nakveTs, magram mis dakanonebaze uars eubnebian arqiteqturisa da miwis marTvis samsaxu-
rebi, ris gamoc ganmcxadebelma moiTxova aRniSnuli teritoriis, 870 kv.m miwis nakveTis flobis,
rogorc iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis, dadgena (s.f. 1 saqme #2/1271.2001 w.).
Tbilisis vake-saburTalos raionuli sasamarTlos 2001 wlis 5 aprilis gadawyvetilebiT dakma-
yofilda e. RviniaSvilis gancxadeba da dadgenili iqna iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqti,
rom e. RviniaSvili q. TbilisSi, delisis q. #1-is mimdebare teritoriaze 1980 wlidan flobs
daaxloebiT 870 kv.m miwis nakveTs (s.f. 15 saqme #2/1271 2001w.).
2001 wlis 1 noembers vake-saburTalos raionul sasamarTlos gancxadebiT mimarTa Tbilisis
saxelmwifo samedicino universitetis reqtorma, romelmac iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faq-
nimuSi 14
159
tis dadgenis Sesaxeb vake-saburTalos raionuli sasamarTlos 2001 wlis 5 aprilis gadawyveti-
lebis baTilad cnoba moiTxova im motiviT, rom sadavo miwis nakveTi 1967 wlis 4 ivnisis Tbilisis
saxalxo deputatTa saqalaqo sabWos aRmaskomis #47 gadawyvetilebiTa da Tbilisis municipa-
litetis kabinetis 1998 wlis 26 oqtombris #19.34.457 dadgenilebiT daumagrda Tbilisis saxelm-
wifo samedicino universitets, ris safuZvelzec Seqmnilia sakadastro ruka da amdenad, miwis
nakveTi mas ekuTvnis (s.f. 1-2, 4-7, saqme #3
b
/767-02).
vake-saburTalos raionuli sasamarTlos 2001 wlis 25 dekembris ganCinebiT samedicino univer-
sitets uari eTqva gancxadebis dakmayofilebaze, rac saapelacio wesiT gaasaCivra saxelmwifo
samedicino universitetma (s.f. 29, 32-33).
Tbilisis saolqo sasamarTlos administraciuli samarTlisa da sagadasaxado saqmeTa saapelacio
palatis 2002 wlis 26 aprilis ganCinebiT ar dakmayofilda saapelacio saCivari da Semdegi moti-
viT ucvlelad darCa vake-saburTalos raionuli sasamarTlos ganCineba:
1.saolqo sasamarTlom dadasturebulad cno, rom Tbilisis municipalitetis kabinetis 1998
wlis 26 oqtombris #19.34.457 dadgenilebiT Tbilisis saxelmwifo samedicino universitets
daumagrda administraciuli Senobis mier dakavebuli daaxloebiT 7,5 ha miwis nakveTi asaTi-
anis q. #7-Si (s.f. 5). vake-saburTalos raionuli sasamarTlos 2001 wlis 5 aprilis gadawyve-
tilebiT ki dadgenil iqna, rom e. RviniaSvili delisis q. #1-is mimdebare teritoriaze flobs
870 kv.m miwis nakveTs. sakadastro rukis mixedviT samedicino universiteti warmoadgens 80
935 kv.m miwis nakveTis mosargebles, nacvlad Tbilisis municipalitetis kabinetis zemoaRniS-
nuli dadgenilebiT damagrebuli 7,5 ha miwis nakveTisa (s.f. 7);
2.saapelacio sasamarTlom yuradReba im garemoebazec gaamaxvila, rom sakadastro ruka ar
aris damowmebuli saxelmwifo registratoris beWdiT. saqmeSi ar moipoveba miwis saregist-
racio baraTi, rac Tbilisis municipalitetis kabinetis #19.34.457 dadgenilebiT samedicino
universitetisaTvis damagrebuli 7,5 ha miwis nakveTis samarTlebrivi mdgomareobis gansazRv-
ris ZiriTadi iuridiuli safuZvelia;
3.saapelacio sasamarTlos ganmartebiT, delisis q. #7-is mimdebare 870 kv.m miwis nakveTi,
romelzec e. RviniaSvils daudginda sargeblobiT flobis faqti, warmoadgens municipali-
tetis dadgenilebiT universitetisaTvis damagrebuli 7,5 ha nakveTis mezobel miwis nakveTs,
ris gamoc kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli gadawyvetileba apelantis kanonier uflebebze gavlenas
ver moaxdens;
4.saapelacio sasamarTlo daeyrdno `saqarTvelos dedaqalaqis _ Tbilisis Sesaxeb~ kanonis 44-e
muxlis 1-li nawilis `a~ qvepunqts, romlis Tanaxmad Tbilisis teritoriis farglebSi ar-
sebuli miwisa da sxva bunebrivi resursebis gamoyenebis, dacvisa da kontrolis wesebis gan-
sazRvra Tbilisis sakrebulos kompetenciaa, xolo amave muxlis me-2 nawilis `a~ qvepunqtis
mixedviT, miwis resursebiT sargeblobis wesebis dacva Tbilisis mmarTvelobiTi organos fun-
qciaa. amdenad, saapelacio palatis azriT, mocemul saqmeze samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis
422-e muxlis `b~ punqtiT gaTvaliswinebul dainteresebul mxares warmoadgens q. Tbilisis
meria da ara Tbilisis saxelmwifo samedicino universiteti (s.f. 48-51).
Tbilisis saapelacio sasamarTlos ganCinebas sakasacio wesiT asaCivrebs saxelmwifo samedicino
universitetis reqtori da Semdegi safuZvliT iTxovs mis gauqmebas:
1.kasators miaCnia, rom Tbilisis saxalxo deputatTa saqalaqo sabWos aRmaskomis 1967 wlis
#47 gadawyvetilebisa da Tbilisis municipalitetis kabinetis 1998 wlis 26 oqtombris
nimuSi 14
160
#19.34.457 dadgenilebis safuZvelze igi warmoadgens dainteresebul mxares, radgan sadavo
nakveTi universitets daumagrda;
2.kasatoris ganmartebiT, samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-313-e muxlebis Tanaxmad sasamar-
Tlo iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqts adgens mxolod am faqtebis damadasturebeli
sabuTebis sxva wesiT miRebis an dakarguli sabuTebis aRdgenis SeuZleblobis SemTxvevaSi,
rasac mocemul SemTxvevaSi adgili ar hqonia;
3.kasatori miuTiTebs, rom sakadastro rukis mixedviT samedicino universiteti warmoadgens
80 935 kv.m miwis nakveTis mosargebles. Tbilisis municipalitetis kabinetis zemoaRniSnuli
dadgenilebiT universitets daumagrda daaxloebiT 7,5 ha miwis nakveTi, sasamarTlom ki ar
gaiTvaliswina arsebuli praqtika, romlis mixedviTac swored sakadastro rukiT xdeba gamo-
yofili miwis nakveTis dazusteba. sakadastro ruka beWdiTaa damowmebuli, rasac aseve ar
miaqcia sasamarTlom yuradReba (s.f. 63-65).
mowinaaRmdege mxarem _ e. RviniaSvilma da misma warmomadgenelma sakasacio saCivari ar cnes,
usafuZvlobisa da dausabuTeblobis motiviT moiTxoves mis dakmayofileebaze uaris Tqma da
Tbilisis saolqo sasamarTlos administraciuli samarTlisa da sagadasaxado saqmeTa saapelacio
palatis 2002 wlis 26 aprilis ganCinebis ucvlelad datoveba. amasTan, mowinaaRmdege mxarem
aRniSna, rom amJamad sadavo 870 kv.m miwis nakveTi ukve privatizebuli aqvs da amdenad, mis kerZo
sakuTrebas warmoadgens.
samotivacio nawili:
saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos didi palata saqmis masalebis gacnobis, mxareTa axsna-
ganmartebebis mosmenis, sakasacio saCivris safuZvlianobis Seswavlisa da gasaCivrebuli ganCi-
nebis kanoniereba-dasabuTebulobis Semowmebis Sedegad miiCnevs, rom Tbilisis samedicino uni-
versitetis sakasacio saCivari da gancxadeba unda dakmayofildes, gauqmdes Tbilisis saolqo
sasamarTlos administraciuli samarTlisa da sagadasaxado saqmeTa saapelacio palatis 2002
wlis 26 aprilis ganCineba, baTilad iqnes cnobili Tbilisis vake-saburTalos raionuli sasamar-
Tlos 2001 wlis 5 aprilis gadawyvetileba iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgenis Sesa-
xeb, ganaxldes saqmis warmoeba da gansaxilvelad daubrundes raionul sasamarTlos Semdeg gare-
moebaTa gamo:
Tbilisis vake-saburTalos raionuli sasamarTlos 2001 wlis aprilis gadawyvetilebiT mxolod
mowmeTa Cvenebebze dayrdnobiT sasamarTlom daakmayofila e. RviniaSvilis gancxadeba iuridiuli
mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb da daadgina 1980 wlidan TbilisSi, delisis q. #1-is
mimdebare teritoriaze, ganmcxadeblis mier daaxloebiT 870 kv.m miwis nakveTis flobis faqti.
gadawyvetilebis kanonier ZalaSi Sesvlis Semdeg sasamarTlos mimarTa da miwis nakveTze pre-
tenzia ganacxada Tbilisis saxelmwifo samedicino universitetma, romelsac Tbilisis saxalxo
deputatTa saqalaqo sabWos aRmaskomis 1967 wlis 4 ivnisis #47 gadawyvetilebiTa da Tbilisis
municipalitetis kabinetis 1998 wlis 26 oqtombris #19.34.457 dadgenilebiT, mimdebare teri-
toriaze _ asaTianis q. #7-Si daumagrda daaxloebiT 7,5 ha miwis nakveTi.
Tbilisis saxelmwifo samedicino universitets miaCnia, rom igi sadavo miwis nakveTis kanonieri
mflobelia da iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgeniT Seilaxa misi ufleba. universi-
teti e. RviniaSvilTan samezoblo samarTalurTierTobis subieqtia, amitom didi palatis azriT,
saxelmwifo samedicino universiteti aris samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 311-e muxlis me-2
161
nawiliT gaTvaliswinebuli dainteresebuli piri, romelsac aqvs e. RviniaSvilTan Sedavebis pro-
cesualuri ufleba (romlis safuZvlianobac Semdgom unda gadawydes) da radgan vake-saburTa-
los raionuli sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgenis
Sesaxeb ukve kanonier ZalaSia Sesuli, universiteti aseve unda CaiTvalos samoqalaqo saproceso
kodeqsis 422-e muxlis pirveli nawilis `b~ punqtiT gaTvaliswinebul dainteresebul pirad;
misi gancxadeba iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb raionuli sasamarTlos
gadawyvetilebis baTilad cnobaze dasaSvebia da unda dakmayofildes; Sesabamisad, unda gauqmdes
Tbilisis saolqo sasamarTlos administraciuli samarTlisa da sagadasaxado saqmeTa saapela-
cio palatis 2002 wlis 26 aprilis ganCineba, radgan saapelacio palatam arasworad ganmarta
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 311-315-e muxlebi da 422-e muxlis `b~ punqti, rac amave kodeqsis
393-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `g~ punqtis mixedviT gadawyvetilebis gauqmebis udavo safuZvelia;
baTilad unda iqnes cnobili Tbilisis vake-saburTalos raionuli sasamarTlos 2001 wlis 5
aprilis gadawyvetileba iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb da saqme, samo-
qalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 311-e muxlis me-2 nawilis Sesabamisad, gansaxilvelad daubrundes
vake-saburTalos raionul sasamarTlos.
amasTan, iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtebis udavo warmoebis wesiT dadgenasTan dakavSi-
rebiT didi palata ganmartavs:
1.samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-e muxlis pirveli nawilis Tanaxmad `sasamarTlo adgens
faqtebs, romlebzec damokidebulia moqalaqeTa da organizaciaTa piradi an qonebrivi uflebebis
warmoSoba, Secvla an mospoba~. amdenad, saproceso kanonmdebloba iTvaliswinebs mxolod iseTi
iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtebis dadgenas, romelTac samarTlebrivad raime iuridiuli
Sedegi, uflebebis warmoSoba, Secvla an mospoba mohyveba da uflebis gareSe mflobelobis
martooden faqtis dadgena dauSvebelia. amitom kodeqsis 315-e muxli imperatiulad miuTiTebs,
rom gancxadebaSi iuridiuli mniSvnelobis faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb unda aRiniSnos, ra miznisaTvis
sWirdeba ganmcxadebels am faqtis dadgena.
iuridiuli faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb gancxadebaSi im mizanze miTiTeba, risTvisac ganmcxadebels
am faqtis dadgena sWirdeba, warmoadgens sasamarTlos mier gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebisa
da ganxilvis erT-erT aucilebel winapirobas. sasamarTlom unda Seamowmos, marTla ukavSirebs
Tu ara kanoni dasadgen faqts im Sedegs, romlis dadgomac ganmcxadebels surs. Tu Semowmebis
Sedegad aRmoCndeba, rom iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgeniT ganmcxadeblis
mizani ver iqneba ganxorcielebuli, samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 187-e muxlis Sesabamisad,
sasamarTlom unda gamoitanos ganCineba gancxadebis miRebaze uaris Tqmis Sesaxeb, xolo Tu
ganmcxadeblis miznis miuRwevloba gancxadebis warmoebaSi miRebis Semdeg gairkveva, da-
tovos igi ganuxilvelad, Tanaxmad amave kodeqsis 275-e muxlisa.
saqmis masalebiT irkveva, rom e. RviniaSvilis gancxadebaSi ar iyo aRniSnuli, Tu ra mizni-
saTvis sWirdeboda mas sadavo miwis nakveTis faqtobrivi flobis dadgena da arc sasamarTlo
dainteresebula, ganmcxadeblis ra mizans emsaxureboda am faqtis dadgena, rac didi palatis
azriT, samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 312-e da 315-e muxlebis ugulebelyofaa. radgan gan-
cxadeba ar pasuxobda kodeqsis 315-e muxlis moTxovnas, sasamarTlos Tavisi ganCinebiT vada
unda daeniSna xarvezis Sesavsebad, xolo Tu xarvezi miTiTebul vadaSi ar iqneboda Sevsebuli,
185-e muxlis mixedviT sasamarTlos unda gamoetana ganCineba iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone
faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb gancxadebis umoZraod datovebis Taobaze.
nimuSi 14
162
2.Tbilisis vake-saburTalos raionuli sasamarTlos gadawyvetilebiT, samoqalaqo saproceso
kodeqsis 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `i~ punqtis safuZvelze dadginda 870 kv.m sadavo miwis
nakveTis flobis faqti, rac, didi palatis azriT, dauSvebelia da kanonis uxeSi darRvevaa,
vinaidan miTiTebuli normis Tanaxmad `sasamarTlo ganixilavs saqmeebs iuridiuli mniSvne-
lobis mqone sxva faqtebis dadgenis Sesaxeb, Tu kanonmdebloba ar iTvaliswinebs maTi dadgenis
sxva wess~. e. RviniaSvili iTxovda uZravi nivTis, 870 kv.m miwis nakveTis, 1980 wlidan flobis
Sesaxeb iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgenas. miwis floba-sargeblobis sakiTxi
regulirebuli iyo rogorc 1980 wlisaTvis moqmedi samoqalaqo samarTlisa (1964 wlis) da
miwis kodeqsebiT (1971 wlis), aseve mkacrad reglamentirebulia amJamad moqmedi miwis kanon-
mdeblobiT: `miwis registraciis Sesaxeb~ 1996 wlis kanoniT, `saxelmwifo sakuTrebaSi arse-
buli arasasoflo-sameurneo daniSnulebis miwis marTvisa da gankargvis Sesaxeb~ 1998 wlis
kanoniT, `fizikuri pirebisa da kerZo samarTlis iuridiuli pirebis sargeblobaSi arsebuli
arasasoflo-sameurneo daniSnulebis miwis kerZo sakuTrebad gamocxadebis Sesaxeb~ 1998 wlis
kanoniT, aseve - saqarTvelos samoqalaqo kodeqsiT (1997 weli). amdenad, samoqalaqo saproceso
kodeqsis 312-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `e~ da `i~ qvepunqtebis safuZvelze iuridiuli mniSvne-
lobis mqone faqtebis dadgenis saxiT miwaze raime uflebis dadgena procesualurad dauSve-
belia.
3.sasamarTlom iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis saxiT, zemoaRniSnuli kanonmdeblobis
ignorirebiT, samarTlebrivi safuZvlebis gareSe, mxolod mowmeTa Cvenebebze dayrdnobiT
daadgina e. RviniaSvilis mier 870 kv.m miwis nakveTis faqtobrivi mflobeloba. samoqalaqo
kodeqsis 155-e muxlis pirveli nawilis mixedviT `mflobeloba warmoiSoba nivTze faqtobrivi
batonobis nebiTi mopovebiT~, xolo amave kodeqsis 156-e muxlis Tanaxmad `mflobeloba Sewy-
deba, Tu mflobeli samudamod Tmobs nivTs an sxva gziT kargavs nivTze faqtobriv batonobas~.
aRniSnulidan gamomdinare, Tu piri faqtobrivad flobs nivTs, igi ukve iTvleba am nivTis
mflobelad da raime dadastureba sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebiT saWiro ar aris, xolo Tu
piri faqtobrivad ar flobs nivTs, sasamarTlo gadawyvetilebiT nivTze faqtobrivi mflo-
beloba aRiarebuli da dadasturebuli ver iqneba.
didi palata yuradRebas amaxvilebs im garemobazec, rom sasamarTlom mxolod mowmeTa zepiri
ganmartebebiT ise daudgina e. RviniaSvils sadavo miwis nakveTis flobis faqti, rom ar gamo-
ukvlevia, samoqalaqo kodeqsis 159-e muxlis Tanaxmad, ganmcxadebeli iyo Tu ara miwis keTil-
sindisieri mflobeli, marTlzomierad flobda Tu ara igi sadavo qonebas da ra iyo misi
flobis samarTlebrivi safuZveli. e. RviniaSvilma ver miuTiTa sadavo miwis nakveTis marTl-
zomierad flobis raime samarTlebriv safuZvelze, amitom palatas miaCnia, rom vake-sabur-
Talos raionuli sasamarTlos kanonier ZalaSi Sesuli gadawyvetilebiT arakeTilsindisier
mflobels _ e. RviniaSvils daudginda aramarTlzomier mflobelobaSi arsebuli miwis nakve-
Tis flobis faqti, rac dauSvebeli da aSkarad kanonsawinaaRmdegoa. zemoaRniSnulidan gamom-
dinare, didi palata ganmartavs, rom iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtebis dadgenis dros,
miuxedavad udavo warmoebisa, sasamarTlom sakuTari iniciativiT unda gamoikvlios da Se-
amowmos ganmcxadeblis keTilsindisieri mflobelobis sakiTxi da valdebulia iuridiuli
mniSvnelobis mqone faqtebis dadgenis Sesaxeb gadawyvetilebaSi miuTiTos mflobelobis
samarTlebriv safuZvelze.
4.udavo warmoebis wesiT sasamarTlos SeuZlia daadginos ara nivTze ganmcxadeblis uSualod
mflobelobis an sakuTrebis (samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 132-e muxlis me-2 nawilis `e~ qve-
punqti) ufleba, aramed faqti, rom ganmcxadebels gaaCnda mflobelobis (sakuTrebis) da-
163
madasturebeli dokumentebi an es dokumentebi sxva pirTan inaxeboda, magram SemdgomSi isini
daikarga an sxvadasxva mizezTa gamo ganadgurda da saWiroa maTi aRdgena. amitom samoqalaqo
saproceso kodeqsis 313-e muxli iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtebis dadgenisaTvis auci-
lebel pirobad iTvaliswinebs am faqtebis damadasturebeli sabuTebis sxva wesiT miRebis an
dakarguli sabuTis aRdgenis SeuZleblobas. amasTan, iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis
dadgenis Sesaxeb gancxadebaSi pirs ar SeuZlia Semoifarglos mxolod dausabuTebeli miTiTe-
biT, rom sxva wesiT ver SeZlo am faqtis dadgena, radgan kodeqsis 315-e muxli imperatiulad
adgens, rom gancxadebasTan erTad `warmodgenili unda iyos mtkicebulebebi, romlebic adas-
tureben ganmcxadeblis mier saTanado sabuTebis miRebis an dakarguli sabuTebis aRdgenis
SeuZleblobas~.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 313-e, 315-e muxlebis moTxovnebs saqarTvelos uzenaesi sa-
samarTlos samoqalaqo, samewarmeo da gakotrebis saqmeTa palatis 2002 wlis 20 Tebervlis
ganCineba ganmartavs (saqme # 3k/271-02), magram didi palata damatebiT miuTiTebs, rom kodeq-
sis 315-e muxliT gaTvaliswinebul mtkicebulebas SeiZleba warmoadgendes sxvadasxva iuri-
diuli pirebis cnobebi, rom maT aseTi faqtis dadasturebis uflebamosileba ar gaaCniaT an
faqts imis gamo ver daadastureben, rom ganadgurda Sesabamisi Canawerebi, saarqivo masalebi,
dokumentebi, romelTa safuZvelzec SesaZlebeli iqneboda faqtis damadasturebeli cnobis
gacema. gansaxilvel SemTxvevaSi e. RviniaSvilis mier ar aris daculi samoqalaqo saproceso
kodeqsis 315-e muxlis moTxovna gancxadebaze saTanado mtkicebulebebis darTvis Sesaxeb,
rac, didi palatis azriT, uxeSi procesualuri darRvevaa da aseTi mtkicebulebebis warmod-
genis gareSe iuridiuli faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb gancxadebis ganxilva dauSvebelia.
5.iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgenis saxiT e. RviniaSvils udavo warmoebis wesiT,
marTlzomieri mflobelobis sakiTxis garkvevis gareSe, sasamarTlom daudgina TbilisSi,
delisis quCaze mdebare 870 kv.m miwis nakveTis 1980 wlidan flobis faqti. imJamad moqmedi
samoqalaqo samarTlis kodeqsis 93-e muxlis pirveli nawiliTa da miwis kodeqsis me-4 muxlis
me-2 nawilis Tanaxmad, miwa warmoadgenda gansakuTrebul saxelmwifo sakuTrebas da igi gaice-
moda mxolod sargeblobisaTvis. amasTan, akrZaluli iyo yovelgvari qmedeba, romelic pirda-
piri Tu faruli formiT arRvevda miwaze saxelmwifo sakuTrebis uflebas.
vinaidan e. RviniaSvilma sasamarTlos ver miuTiTa 1980 wlidan sadavo miwis nakveTis mis mier
marTlzomierad flobis raime samarTlebriv safuZvelze, sadavo miwa warmoadgens saxelmwifo
sakuTrebas da misi flobisa da gankargvis kompetencia aqvT mxolod qalaq Tbilisis mmarTve-
lobiT organoebs. radgan saqmeSi ar moipoveba samoqalaqo kodeqsis 184-e muxlis Sesabamisad,
sajaro reestrSi registrirebuli uflebamosili piris gancxadeba am miwaze sakuTrebis uf-
lebis mitovebis Sesaxeb, romelic savaldebulo Zalas mxolod registraciis Semdeg SeiZenda
da amdenad, saxelmwifos uari ar uTqvams miwis sakuTrebaze, iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone
faqtis dadgenis formiT e. RviniaSvilisaTvis miwis nakveTis flobis dadgena aSkarad kanon-
sawinaaRmdego iyo.
6.`saqarTvelos dedaqalaqis _ Tbilisis Sesaxeb~ kanonis 44-e muxlis pirveli nawilis `a~
punqtis Tanaxmad Tbilisis teritoriis farglebSi arsebuli miwis gamoyeneba, dacva da kon-
troli Tbilisis meriis kompetenciaa, amitom, didi palatis azriT, gancxadebis ganxilvisas
sasamarTlo valdebuli iyo, udavo warmoebis Sesaxeb ecnobebina Tbilisis meriisaTvis, raTa
mas kompetenturi organoebis meSveobiT SeZleboda samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 311-e
muxlis me-2 nawiliT gaTvaliswinebuli uflebis realizacia. miTiTebuli normis Tanaxmad
nimuSi 14
164
`Tu udavo warmoebis wesiT saqmis ganxilvisas aRiZvreba dava iseTi uflebis Sesaxeb, romle-
bic sasamarTlos uwyebrivad eqvemdebareba, sasamarTlo gancxadebas ganuxilvelad datovebs
da dainteresebul pirebs ganumartavs, rom maT ufleba aqvT warmoadginon sarCeli saerTo
safuZvelze~.
samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 311-e muxlis me-2 nawilidan gamomdinare sasamarTlos mova-
leoba da dainteresebul pirTa procesualuri uflebebi saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos
samoqalaqo, samewarmeo da gakotrebis saqmeTa palatis 2002 wlis 5 ivlisis gadawyvetilebiTac
aris ganmartebuli (saqme # 3k/661-02), magram didi palata damatebiT miuTiTebs: iuridiuli
mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb gadawyvetilebis gamotanamde sasamarTlo val-
debulia, udavo warmoebis Sesaxeb Seatyobinos savaraudod dainteresebul yvela pirs da
procesualurad misces maT saSualeba, droulad ganacxadon TavianTi dainteresebisa da saq-
mis sasarCelo wesiT ganxilvis Sesaxeb. am moTxovnis daucvelobis SemTxvevaSi, Tu iuridi-
uli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb dainteresebul pirTaTvis (romlebsac mi-
aCniaT, rom am faqtis dadgeniT maTi ufleba Seilaxa) cnobili gaxda gadawyvetilebis gamo-
tanis Semdeg, maT ufleba aqvT raionuli sasamarTlos gadawyvetileba gaasaCivron saapelacio
wesiT, moiTxovon gadawyvetilebis gauqmeba da saqmis saerTo sasarCelo wesiT ganxilva, xolo,
Tu gadawyvetileba iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb ukve kanonier
ZalaSia Sesuli, dainteresebul pirebs, msgavsad Tbilisis saxelmwifo samedicino universi-
tetisa, SeuZliaT gadawyvetilebis gamomtan sasamarTlos mimarTon samoqalaqo saproceso
kodeqsis 422-e muxlis pirveli nawilis `b~ punqtis safuZvelze da moiTxovon am gadawyveti-
lebis baTilad cnoba.
7.iuridiuli mniSvnelobis faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb gancxadebaSi e. RviniaSvili aRniSnavda,
rom arqiteqturisa da miwis marTvis samsaxurebi uars eubnebodnen miwis dakanonebaze da
radgan miwis sadavoobis Sesaxeb sasamarTlosaTvis imTaviTve gaxda cnobili, udavo warmoebis
wesiT, iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone faqtis dadgenis gziT, sadavo nakveTze e. RviniaSvilis
mflobelobis faqtis dadgena, didi palatis azriT, procesualurad dauSvebeli iyo da ka-
nonis uxeS darRvevas warmoadgens. raionuli sasamarTlo, samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis
187-e muxlis analogiurad, valdebuli iyo ganCineba gamoetana iuridiuli mniSvnelobis mqone
faqtis dadgenis Sesaxeb gancxadebis miRebaze uaris Tqmis Taobaze da e. RviniaSvilisaTvis
ganemarta, rom administraciuli saproceso kodeqsis me-2 muxlis me-2 nawilis g punqtis
Tanaxmad mas SeeZlo gaesaCivrebina arqiteqturisa da miwis marTvis samsaxurebis uari miwis
dakanonebaze.
sarezolucio nawili:
saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlos didma palatam ixelmZRvanela saqarTvelos administraci-
uli saproceso kodeqsis pirveli, saqarTvelos samoqalaqo saproceso kodeqsis 411-e, 430-e
muxlebiT da
daadgina:
1.Tbilisis saxelmwifo samedicino universitetis sakasacio saCivari dakmayofildes;
2.gauqmdes Tbilisis saolqo sasamarTlos administraciuli samarTlisa da sagadasaxado
saqmeTa saapelacio palatis 2002 wlis 26 aprilis ganCineba;
165
3.Tbilisis saxelmwifo samedicino universitetis gancxadeba dakmayofildes;
4.baTilad iqnes cnobili Tbilisis vake-saburTalos raionuli sasamarTlos 2001 wlis 5 aprilis
gadawyvetileba, ganaxldes saqmis warmoeba da saqme gansaxilvelad daubrundes vake-saburTa-
los raionul sasamarTlos;
5.uzenaesi sasamarTlos ganCineba sabolooa da ar saCivrdeba.
nimuSi 14
SeniSvnebisTvis
SeniSvnebisTvis
168
0110 Tbilisi, Zmebi zubalaSvilebis q. N32
tel.: 93 12 62, faqsi: 92 08 76
www.supremecourt.ge
saqarTvelos uzenaesi sasamarTlo
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guliashvilinatia
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