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 T&T industry GDP growth forecast Absolute value Percent of total (2013–2022)
Note:For further details and explanation, please refer to the section “How to Read the Country/Economy Profiles” on page 83.
2.1: Country/Economy Profiles
298 | The Travel & Toursim Competitiveness Report 2013
Rank Score
(out of 140) (1–7)
International tourist arrivals (thousands)
International tourism receipts (US$ millions)
International tourist arrivals (thousands)
International tourism receipts (US$ millions)
2,000
4,000
6,000
8,000
10,000
12,000
15,000
20,000
25,000
1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Russian Federation
Travel & Tourism indicators
T&T industry, 2012 estimates
T&T industry GDP (US$ millions) .....................................................27,071.0 ................1.5 ....................3.9
T&T industry employment (1,000 jobs) ................................................981.3 ................1.4 ....................0.4
T&T economy, 2012 estimates
T&T economy GDP (US$ millions) ...................................................110,623 ................5.9 ....................3.8
T&T economy employment (1,000 jobs) ..............................................3,933 ................5.5 ....................0.1
International tourist arrivals (thousands), 2011 ................................22,685.9
International tourism receipts (US$, millions), 2011 .........................11,398.4
The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index
2013 Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index .............63 .....4.2
2011 Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index ..............................59 ......4.2
2009 Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index ..............................59 ......4.1
T&T regulatory framework .........................................................92 ......4.2
Policy rules and regulations ........................................................123 ......3.7
Environmental sustainability ........................................................134 ......3.5
Safety and security .....................................................................113 ......3.9
Health and hygiene .......................................................................14 ......6.4
Prioritization of Travel & Tourism .................................................111 ......3.6
Business environment and infrastructure .................................46 ......4.2
Air transport infrastructure ............................................................33 ......4.3
Ground transport infrastructure.....................................................93 ......3.1
Tourism infrastructure ...................................................................40 ......4.9
ICT infrastructure ..........................................................................37 ......4.2
Price competitiveness in the T&T industry ....................................72 ......4.5
T&T human, cultural, and natural resources .............................58 ......4.0
Human resources .........................................................................92 ......4.6
Education and training ............................................................................71 ........4.7
Availability of qualified labor ..................................................................107 ........4.6
Affinity for Travel & Tourism ........................................................138 ......3.7
Natural resources .........................................................................37 ......4.3
Cultural resources.........................................................................39 ......3.5
Key indicators
Population (millions), 2011 ...................................................................................................................147.1
Surface area (1,000 square kilometers), 2011 ................................................................................17,098.2
Gross domestic product (current US$ billions), 2011 ........................................................................1,850.4
Gross domestic product (current PPP, $) per capita, 2011 .............................................................16,735.8
Real GDP growth (percent), 2011 ............................................................................................................4.3
Environmental Performance Index 2012, rank (out of 132 economies), 2011 .........................................106
© 2013 World Economic Forum
The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index in detail
The Travel & Toursim Competitiveness Report 2013 | 299 2.1: Country/Economy Profiles
INDICATOR SCORE RANK
8th pillar: Tourism infrastructure .........................4.9 ............40
8.01 Hotel rooms/100 pop.* ........................................0.2 ............89
8.02 Presence of major car rental co. (1–7)* ...................6 ............32
8.03 ATMs accepting Visa cards/million pop.* .........812.8 ............12
9th pillar: ICT infrastructure ................................4.2 ............37
9.01 ICT use for B-to-B transactions ...........................4.4 ..........106
9.02 ICT use for B-to-C transactions ...........................4.6 ............63
9.03 Individuals using the Internet, %* .......................49.0 ............57
9.04 Fixed telephone lines/100 pop.* ........................30.9 ............40
9.05 Broadband Internet subscribers/100 pop.* ........13.1 ............46
9.06 Mobile telephone subscriptions/100 pop.* .......179.3 ..............5
9.07 Mobile broadband subscriptions/100 pop.* .......47.9 ............20
10th pillar: Price competitiveness in T&T ind. .....4.5 ............72
10.01 Ticket taxes and airport charges (0–100)* ..........75.7 ............81
10.02 Purchasing power parity* .....................................0.6 ............64
10.04 Fuel price, US$ cents/liter* ................................72.0 ............22
10.03 Extent and effect of taxation ................................2.9 ..........117
10.05 Hotel price index, US$* ...................................166.0 ............90
11th pillar: Human resources ..............................4.6 ............92
Education and training .........................................4.7 ............71
11.01 Primary education enrollment, net %* ................93.4 ............73
11.02 Secondary education enrollment, gross %* .......88.6 ............71
11.03 Quality of the educational system ........................3.4 ............85
11.04 Local availability specialized research & training ...4.0 ............79
11.05 Extent of staff training ..........................................3.7 ............88
Availability of qualified labor .................................4.6 ..........107
11.06 Hiring and firing practices ....................................3.7 ............87
11.07 Ease of hiring foreign labor ..................................3.4 ..........122
11.08 HIV prevalence, % adult pop.* .............................1.0 ..........103
11.09 Business impact of HIV/AIDS ...............................5.5 ............56
11.10 Life expectancy, years* ......................................68.8 ..........100
12th pillar: Affinity for Travel & Tourism .............3.7 ..........138
12.01 Tourism openness, % of GDP* ............................2.4 ..........110
12.02 Attitude of population toward foreign visitors .......5.0 ..........138
12.03 Extension of business trips recommended ..........4.4 ..........129
12.04 Degree of customer orientation ............................3.7 ..........130
13th pillar: Natural resources ..............................4.3 ............37
13.01 No. of World Heritage natural sites* ......................10 ..............4
13.02 Quality of the natural environment ........................3.4 ..........120
13.03 Total known species* ..........................................332 ..........119
13.04 Terrestrial biome protection (0–17%)* ...................9.1 ............81
13.05 Marine protected areas, %* .................................2.9 ............18
14th pillar: Cultural resources .............................3.5 ............39
14.01 No. of World Heritage cultural sites* .....................17 ............16
14.02 Sports stadiums, seats/million pop.* ...........14,841.8 ............98
14.03 No. of int’l fairs and exhibitions* .........................62.7 ............39
14.04 Creative industries exports, % of world total* .......0.3 ............33
INDICATOR SCORE RANK
1st pillar: Policy rules and regulations ................3.7 ..........123
1.01 Prevalence of foreign ownership ..........................3.4 ..........130
1.02 Property rights .....................................................2.8 ..........130
1.03 Business impact of rules on FDI ..........................3.5 ..........124
1.04 Visa requirements, no. of countries* ..................26.0 ..........119
1.05 Openness bilateral ASAs (0–38)* .........................5.7 ..........125
1.06 Transparency of government policymaking ..........3.6 ..........120
1.07 No. of days to start a business* ............................18 ............76
1.08 Cost to start a business, % GNI/capita* ..............2.0 ............30
1.09 GATS commitment restrictiveness (0–100)* .........n/a ...........n/a
2nd pillar: Environmental sustainability ..............3.5 ..........134
2.01 Stringency of environmental regulation.................3.3 ..........103
2.02 Enforcement of environmental regulation .............2.8 ..........115
2.03 Sustainability of T&T industry development ..........3.2 ..........126
2.04 Carbon dioxide emission, million tons/capita* ....12.0 ..........125
2.05 Particulate matter concentration, µg/m³* ...........15.6 ............20
2.06 Threatened species, %* .....................................34.3 ..........140
2.07 Environm. treaty ratification (0–25)* .......................19 ............71
3rd pillar: Safety and security .............................3.9 ..........113
3.01 Business costs of crime and violence ..................4.5 ............87
3.02 Reliability of police services ..................................2.8 ..........129
3.03 Road traffic accidents/100,000 pop.* ................25.2 ..........100
3.04 Business costs of terrorism .................................4.7 ..........114
4th pillar: Health and hygiene .............................6.4 ............14
4.01 Physician density/1,000 pop.* .............................4.3 ..............4
4.02 Access to improved sanitation, % pop.* ............70.0 ............95
4.03 Access to improved drinking water, % pop.* .....97.0 ............59
4.04 Hospital beds/10,000 pop.* ...............................97.0 ..............3
5th pillar: Prioritization of Travel & Tourism ........3.6 ..........111
5.01 Government prioritization of the T&T industry ......4.1 ..........124
5.02 T&T gov’t expenditure, % gov’t budget* ..............2.7 ............89
5.03 Effectiveness of marketing to attract tourists .......3.2 ..........126
5.04 Comprehensiveness of T&T data (0–120)* .........62.0 ............81
5.05 Timeliness of T&T data (0–18)* ..........................13.5 ............71
6th pillar: Air transport infrastructure..................4.3 ............33
6.01 Quality of air transport infrastructure ....................3.8 ..........103
6.02 Airline seat kms/week, dom., millions* ..........1,790.9 ..............5
6.03 Airline seat kms/week, int’l, millions* .............1,315.3 ............18
6.04 Departures/1,000 pop.* .......................................4.7 ............58
6.05 Airport density/million pop.* .................................0.7 ............60
6.06 No. of operating airlines* ..................................123.5 ..............6
6.07 International air transport network .......................4.1 ..........103
7th pillar: Ground transport infrastructure ..........3.1 ............93
7.01 Quality of roads ...................................................2.3 ..........134
7.02 Quality of railroad infrastructure ...........................4.2 ............30
7.03 Quality of port infrastructure.................................3.7 ............92
7.04
Quality of ground transport network ....................4.2 ............86
7.05 Road density/million pop.* ...................................6.0 ..........125
Russian Federation
© 2013 World Economic Forum
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