Boris Pasternak Boris Leonidovich Pasternak Boris Leonidovich Pasternak was a Nobel Prize - winning Russian and Soviet poet . In Russia, Pasternak is most celebrated as a poet. Р asternak was born in Moscow on 10 February, (Gregorian), 1890 (Julian 29 January) . His father was the famous artist, Leonid Pasternak, professor at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture, and his mother was Rosa (Raitza) Kaufman, a concert pianist. Pasternak with family Pasternak was brought up in a highly cosmopolitan and intellectual atmosphere: family friends and regular visitors to his childhood home included pianist and composer Sergei Rachmaninoff, composer and mystic Alexander Scriabin, existentialist Lev Shestov, poet Rainer Maria Rilke, and writer Leo Tolstoy. Pasternak aspired first to be a composer, turned next to philosophy and then eventually to writing as his vocation Boris (left) with his brother During World War I, he taught and worked at a chemical factory in Vsevolodovo - Vilve near Perm. He wrote many poems, such as «My Sister Life», «Second Birth» Pasternak was named the winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1958. Boris Pasternak first accepted the award, but was later caused by the authorities of his country to decline the prize. Pasternak (second from left) with friends Pasternak died of lung cancer on 30 May 1960. Despite only a small notice appearing in the Literary Gazette, thousands of people traveled from Moscow to his funeral in Peredelkino Boris Pasternak's house in Peredelkino, where the poet died. Boris Pasternak's grave in Peredelkino in October 1983.