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Russian national

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Russian national costume
Diyakova
Katya
,
the 3
rd
year student of the Department of Education in the sphere of Chinese and English languages, The Teachers Training School of Far Eastern Federal University
Contents
•
Menswear
•
Outerwear
•
Headwear
•
Women's Clothing
•
Headwear
•
Ornamentation
Russian national costume The distinctive feature of the Russian national costume -
a lot of clothing. Clothing collar and swing. Union clothing worn over the head, swing was cut from top to bottom and is fastened to the neck hooks or buttons.
Costumes nobility made of expensive fabrics, using gold, silver, pearls, expensive buttons
.
Style of clothing has not changed in centuries. The concepts of fashion did not exist.
Menswear
In traditional dress shirt was outerwear, and in a suit nobility -
the bottom. House maid nobles wore a shirt -
it has always been silky.
Different colors of shirts, most often white, blue and red
.
On his back and chest shirt sewn lining, called background.
shirt
trousers
sandals
belt
Outerwear
To coat -
cloth, probably lined. Suite was equipped with color fringing at the edges of the sleeves, as usual at the hem, collar.
On a cut is generally corresponds shirt (undershirt).
Located on the side of his coat around 8
-
12 buttons or ties, to talk.
Terlik
Coats worn by all strat
of society: peasants wore coats of sheepskin, rabbit, and to know -
from the marten, sable, black burqa
. Coat with fur sewn inside, top coat covered with cloth.
Fur has always been lined.
Top coat covered with different fabrics: cloth, brocade and velvet.
In the main case coat worn in the summer and indoors.
Headwear
At the head of the king tafya
in ornate hand stick to the shoulder, gloves, embroidered, morocco cheboty
, coat with 6 clasps.
Tafya
-
a small round cap. Over tafi
wore hats: the common people -
of felt Poyarkov
, people rich -
of fine cloth and velvet.
Women's Clothing
The basis of women's costume was a long shirt. Shirt decorated with fringe or embroidery, sometimes embroidered with pearls. Shirts were made of bright silk, often red. These shirts had long, narrow sleeves with slits for the arms and called dolgorukavnymi
.
Hose length can reach up to 8 -
10 cubits. Headwear
Married women were required to cover their hair and because the house was worn on the head and tied another scarf, on leaving the house wearing ornate kiku
or kokoshnik
. The girls wore on his head a broad embroidered dressing (whisk), with wide ribbons behind. Fabric used bright colors: green, crimson, purple, blue, pink and variegated. Most often: white, blue and red. Ornamentation
Clothing rich is rich fabrics, embroidery, jewelry. Decorated with: buttons, badges, detachable collars…
Buttons made of different materials, different shapes and sizes. Metal buttons decorated with enamel and precious stones, and gold. Form metal buttons: round, welt, half, senchatye
, twisted, pear
-
shaped in the form of cones, a lion's head, carp, and others.
Список литературы
1.
Древняя одежда народов Восточной Европы. М.,1996 2.
Пушкарева Н. Л. Женщины древней Руси. М., «Мысль», I999 3.
Древняя Русь. Быт и культура. Археология. М.,"Наука",1997 4.
Кудь
Л. Н. Костюмъ
И украшенія
древнерусской женщины. Кіевъ
, 1994 5.
Брайчевская Е. А. Летописные данные о древнерусском мужском костюме X
–
XIII вв.// В кн. Земли Южной Руси в IX
–
XIV вв. Киев, «
Наукова
думка»,1995 6.
Гиляровская Н. Русский исторический костюм для сцены. М.,
-
Л., «Искусство»,1945 7.
На путях из Земли Пермской в Сибирь: очерки этнографии североуральского
крестьянства XVII
–
XX вв. М.: Наука, 1989. 8.
Этнография русского крестьянства Сибири. XVII
-
середина XIX в. М.: Наука, 1981. 9.
Иван Забелин. «Домашний быт русских царей в XVI и XVII столетиях». Издательство Транзиткнига
. Москва. 2005#РУССКАЯ НАРОДНАЯ ОДЕЖДА в рисунках B. Гордеевой. М., 1974 
Автор
mar_tina91
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