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The Present Perfect Tense
Exercise 1. Раскрой скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect или Past Simple
1. We _______already (to read)______________ this book. 2. Their mother __________never (to eat)_______ fried meat. 3. I _________(to see)__________ my teacher today.
4. She ___________(to meet) ___________her last year. 5. He __________(to meet) ___________his friend two hours ago. 6. I ____________just (to meet) ______________our teacher. 7. Last summer __________they (to sell) _____________ their house. 8. We ___________already (to have) ______________ lunch. 9. My friend ___________ (to get) _____________the diploma this year. 10. He ____________(to get) ____________ the diploma last year. 11. The rain _____________ (to stop)__________ an hour ago. 12. The postman ________(to bring) __________ the letter in the morning today.
13. The postman ________(to bring) __________the letter in the morning yesterday. 14. He __________(to go)_____________ to Russia this week. 15. He __________(to go)_____________ to Russia last month. 16. I ___________ (to forget) ______________ about your Birthday last year. 17. Three years ago we _________ (to travel) ____________ to Italy. 18. I _________ never (to read) ____________ books of this writer. 19. My brother _________ never (to watch) ___________such an interesting movie before. 20. Yesterday John and Mary___________ (to buy) _________a new house. 21. We __________ never (to edit) _____________ films. The Present Perfect Tense
1. Look! Somebody _________ (to break) __________ the window this night.
2. Sam __________ (to break) __________ his knee in 1999.
3. I _______(to play) _____________ dominoes with my friends last week.
4. We ________(find) ___________ an expensive watch today.
5. I __________ already (to finish) ____________ my work. 6. Tolstoy ________(to write) __________ this novel in 19th century (столетие).
7. I _________ never (to write) _____________ poems.
8. Their parents __________ (to die) ____________ in 2003.
9. We __________(to spend) _____________ our holidays in Italy last summer.
10. We ________ recently (to come back) ____________________ from Italy.
11. The weather __________(to be) __________ very cold yesterday.
12. In Ukraine the weather __________ never (to be) __________ hot in winter.
13. The child ___________ just (to wash ) ______________ his hands.
14. I ______(to get up)__________, (to clean) ____________my teeth and (to wash) __________ my face. 15. Alan ____________ (to visit) __________ many countries in 2010. 16. I ________ already (to do) ____________ my homework.
17. I ________ (to do) ___________ my homework yesterday.
18. I ________ just (to answer) _____________ all your questions.
19. Vika ________ (to be)__________ at school today. 20. Mrs Snow ________ (to make) ___________ a fantastic cake yesterday.
21. Their parents ________(to fly) to Berlin this year.
22. I __________ never (to fly) __________ an airplane.
23. Dima ________ (to be) _________ ill last week.
24. Dima ________ (to be) _________ ill recently.
25. I ___________ (to drink) ___________ much tea today.
26. I ___________ never (to drink) ___________ white tea.
2 Debbie a new bike. (buy) 3 I my little dog yet. (not feed) 4 Sally and Jenny a new CD player. (get) 5 Chris wood for a raft. (not find) 6 The pupils their homework. (not do) 7 Nick can't play football today. He an accident with his bike. (have) 8 Liz her homework yet. (not finish) 10 What you for lunch today, Mum? (make) 11 Bill his cage, but he the dishes yet. (tidy up, not wash) 12 Sandra a lot of things for her birthday party, but she the cakes yet. (buy, not make)
1) Peter football yesterday.
2) They the car. It looks new again.
3) Last year we to Italy.
4) John and Peggy the book. Now they can watch the film.
5) I my friend two days ago.
6) We another country before.
7) She a new car in 2005.
8) I'm sorry, but I my homework.
9) the game of chess?
10) The girls their lunch yet.
Exercise 1. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя глаголы в Present Perfect или Present Continuous.
1. Джон только что позавтракал.
2. Он уже закончил работу на сегодня. 3. Мы еще не смотрели телевизор. 4. Я уже сделал свои уроки.
5. Он еще не сделал свои уроки. 6. У нас сегодня был тяжелый день. 7. У меня только что не было встречи. 8. Они еще не читали этой статьи. 9. Она уже прочла. 10. Кто это написал? 11. Что они ему сказали?
The Present Perfect tense
Exercise1. Choose and read out sentences in the Present Perfect tense. Explain your choice.
1. He has a big family.
2. They have translated two texts this morning.
3. She has typed the letter. You may take it.
4. As a rule, I have breakfast at 7 o’clock.
5. – Where is he? – He has gone to the library.
6. Have a nice day!
7. What has happened to you?
8. How often do you have English Grammar lessons?
9. She has just arrived.
10. The lesson is over. Have a break.
11. I haven’t had breakfast this morning.
12. Look, Jack! I hate to tell you this, but I have to.
13. Have you spoken to her yet?
14. I haven’t seen you for ages!
15. I have to get up very early on week-days.
16. Look! They have already built that house.
17. Do you have any questions?
18. Englishmen usually have four meals a day: breakfast, lunch, tea and dinner.
19. She has a nice business suit on.
20. He has never read books by this writer.
Exercise 2. SCRAMBLED SENTENCES. Make up sentences with the correct word order.
1. has, for, years, England, he, lived, in, fifteen.
2. read, they, all, books, have, since, these, year, last.
3. well, exercise, you, have, this, done, very.
4. John, a telegram, brother, has, his, sent, to, already.
5. student, English, the, already, translated, into, Russian, text, has, this, from.
6. for, Mary, seen, I, have, ages, not.
7. not, come, yet, has, the mechanic.
8. they, about, have, not, the accident, informed, me.
9. you, in, Slavgorod, not, for, have, two, lived, months.
10. to, she, been, never, has, New York.
11. you, have, a holiday, this, had, year?
12. a foreigner, spoken, you, have, to, ever?
13. what, since, they, have, the morning, done?
14. the, she, cooked, has, dinner, yet?
15. how, letters, he, written, many, since, has, morning, the?
Exercise 3. Open the brackets (Present Perfect) and guess what profession or hobby these people have. Say “He \ she must be a … “.
1. She (translate) the text, (make) up a dialogue and (write) three exercises.
2. What a wonderful picture you (paint)!
3. He (design) a new clothes collection. It is wonderful!
4. I (buy) a packet of orange juice and a cake.
5. She (sell) all the apples.
6. He (make) a delicious soup.
7. I (collect) a lot of stamps.
8. The man (fix) the broken car.
9. He (finish) a new story.
10. Children, you (do) your home task?
11. She (type) three documents and (post) some letters.
Exercise 4. Match the sentences (the result of the action)
1. I have just had lunch.
A) He is not here.
2. She has already left the house.
B) I am not hungry.
3. Somebody has broken the window in our classroom.
C) It’s too cold in here.
4. I have known her since our childhood.
D) He knows this country very well.
5. We have left all the money at home.
E) She can not write now.
6. Your mistakes have taught you nothing.
F) She must be on her way to college.
7. She has cut her finger.
G) She is my best friend.
8. He hasn’t come yet.
H) We can’t buy anything.
9. David has been to the USA more than once.
I) It is open now.
10. Some fool has left the door unlocked.
J) You are doing the same silly thing again.
11. Grandmother has written a letter.
K) She is going to the post-office now.
12. The boy has fallen ill.
L) His mother is very upset.
Exercise 5. Answer the questions on the pictures (the result of the action).
Exercise 6. LANGUAGE IN USE (choose the proper reply)
1. - Look who has arrived! John, nice to see you. Let me introduce you to some friends. This is Jane and this is Robert.
А) Thank you very much.
B) Nice to meet you.
C) It was really exciting.
2. - You have read it yourself, haven’t you?
A) Yes, I see your point.
B) No, not yet. I plan to.
C) This isn’t my fault.
3. Oh, I have missed the bus!
А) How nice of you!
B) Thank you very much. What a nice present. C) Don’t be so upset. The next one will come in 10 minutes.
4. Have you chosen anything, madam?
А) Yes, I’d like to try on that red jacket.
B) Yes, this is my sister.
C) Yes, you are quite right.
5. Have you done your home task, students?
А) Yes, please.
B) Yes, we are ready with it.
C) No, thank you.
6. She hasn’t found the job so far.
А) My congratulations.
B) She is my best friend.
C) It is really difficult in our small town.
7. He has never been to Italy.
A) His name is Gordon Brown.
B) Really? As for me, I went to Rome last summer. C) How happy he is!
8. He is the most handsome man I have ever seen.
A) May be. But my boy friend is more intelligent.
B) Sure he is. He is at home. C) Our teacher is Mr. Seen.
9. I have learnt this poem by heart.
A) Enjoy your meals.
B) Oh, very good. Could we listen to it?
C) No problems.
10. I have already had lunch.
А) Let’s have lunch together.
B) I am sorry to hear that. What are you going to do now?
C) Have you? And I wanted to ask you to go to the restaurant together.
11. I haven’t ridden a bicycle since my childhood.
A) Don’t be afraid. You will remember how to do it.
B) You are very old.
C) That’s great!
12. Have you ever read books by Tolstoy?
A) What is his surname?
B) I read “Anna Karenina” last year.
C) Yes, I often read English books.
Exercise 7. What would you say in the following situations?
1. It’s very cold. But you have only a light jacket on. (e.g. I haven’t bought a warm coat yet.)
2. Your friend invites you to the cinema to see a good film. You refuse. Why?
3. You try to get to your flat through the window. Why? (e.g. I have lost my key.)
4. Your friend is having his birthday. You think he will like your present.
5. Your soup is very salty. You are sorry.
6. You are very happy to see your former (бывший) class mate.
7. It is 11 o’clock. You are very hungry. Why?
8. You know the grammar rule very well. Why?
9. You don’t have your English book in your bag. Where is it?
10. The teacher gives you a very good mark. Why?
11. You are late for classes. Why?
12. Your purse is empty. Why?
13. You are very tired. Why?
14. That girl is your best friend and you know her very well. Why?
Exercise 8. What are the most unusual things your group-mates have done?
Have you ever …?
Have you ever written a poem?
Have you ever broken a window?
Have you ever seen a ghost?
Have you ever been abroad?
Have you ever spoken to a foreigner?
Have you ever found any money?
Have you ever lost your key?
Have you ever heard an opera?
Have you ever swum in the sea?
Have you ever read novels by Dickens?
Have you ever conducted a lesson in German?
Have you ever eaten avocado?
Have you ever flown by plane?
Have you ever played the guitar?
Who has done the most unusual thing? Who has got the first place? The second? The third?
Exercise 9. Guess why one of your group-mates is surprised \ upset \ happy \ sad \ nervous.
Make up questions using the following verbs:
To buy, to go, to receive, to write, to fall ill, to fall in love, to hear, to lose, to break, to meet, to see, to take, to leave, to eat, to spoil.
If you are right, reply either “My congratulations!” or “I’m sorry to hear that”, “How awful!”,
“What a pity!” If you can’t guess you may ask “What’s happened to you?”
You are surprised. – e.g. Has your friend done all the exercises correctly?
You are upset. – e.g. Have you lost all the money?
You are happy. – e.g. Have you fallen in love?
You are sad. – e.g. Has your friend fallen ill?
You are nervous. – e.g. Have you heard some bad news?
Adjectives or Adverbs?
A. Choose the correct form-adjective or adverb-and fill in the gaps
Example: John walks __________ (slow)
Answer: John walks slowly
1. Every morning Mary gets up (quick)
2. Judith has always been a daughter (good)
3. He plays the guitar (bad)
4. Mom is in the mornings (happy)
4. Eddy sings songs (terrible)
5. I eat (often, rapid)
6. McDonald's is a food restaurant (fast)
7. I hate it when natives speak too to me (fast)
8. Her child gets scared so that she is preoccupied (easy, constant)
9. Mary always studies (hard). That is why she is an student (excellent)
10. They love each other (passionate)
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