(November 30 1874 – January 24 1965 ) Created by Valentina Radnaeva, Khorinsk Secondary School № 2 “History will be kind to me for I intend to write it.” A noted statesman and orator, Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, a historian, a writer, and an artist. He is the only British prime minister to have received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1953 Sir Winston Leonard Spencer - Churchill The grandson of the 7 th Duke of Marlborough. His father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was a charismatic politician who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer; his mother, Jennie Jerome, was an American socialite. As a young army officer, he saw action in British India, the Sudan, and the Second Boer War. He gained fame as a war correspondent and wrote books about his campaigns. Churchill met his future wife, Clementine Hozier, in 1904 at a ball in Crewe House, home of the Earl of Crewe and Crewe's wife Margaret Primrose He was Prime Minister of the UK from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955 . A noted statesman and orator, Churchill was also an officer in the British Arm The Nobel Prize in Literature 1953 was awarded to Winston Churchill "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values". Winston Churchill giving his famous 'V' sign — on 20 May 1940, just ten days after Churchill became Prime Minister, German troops reached the English Channel.