Quantum theory of space-timeкод для вставкиСкачать
Microcosm and space geometry.Physics of space.The description quantized three-dimensional space is given. And as the elementary particles are formed from the space-time. The full version of the theory is offered. 165p.
M M i i c c r r o o c c o o s s m m a a n n d d s s p p a a c c e e g g e e o o m m e e t t r r y y 1 2 3 M M i i c c r r o o c c o o s s m m a a n n d d s s p p a a c c e e g g e e o o m m e e t t r r y y The book about space, time and a matter 4 5 THE CONTENTS 5-9 THE INTRODUCTORY PART 10 Distinction between force and energy 10 Initial concept of weight in space 11 A deformational row of space 12 The proof of geometrical dimensionality of time and weight (mass) 16 THE BASIC PART 18 Space microstructure 18 "Atom" of space 19 Supervacuum 21 Time in three-dimensional space 21 Definition of radiations in space 22 Concept of weight (mass) in space 23 The size of "atom" of space 23 Electron in space e¯ 24 Proton in space p + (calculation of their weights) 25 Charge. Calculation of a charge of particles ( e¯ and p + ) 27 Catalytic synthesis of particles. Virtual particles 28 Electric field action in space 29 "Tunnel" effect 30 6 Magnetic field action in space 31 Specification of "atom" of space (short measurements) 36 Deformational capacity of space 37 Principle of superposition of (in) space 37 Neutron nº 38 Catalytic "tunnel" effect 38 Neutrino υ e (electron) 41 Muon neutrinoυ µ 42 Tau-lepton neutrinoυ τ 42 Graphic explanation (representation) a muon, a tau-lepton, a pion and others particles 44 Superneutron Nº 49 The geometrical equations 50 More accurate definition − weight in space 51 Weight of connection 52 Alpha disintegration 52 Positronic beta disintegration 52 Electronic beta disintegration 53 Electron capture 53 Gamma disintegration 53 About deformational correlations in space 53 Calculation of radius of a proton and electron 54 Specification of the size of "atom" of space 55 7 Paradox of electron 57 Estimation of limiting temperature in space 60 Gravitational field action in space 61 Connection of time with energy and force 63 "Black Hole" 64 Principle of uncertainty of Heisenberg 66 Antiparallelism "spins" of electrons in one orbit 67 Spatial "wind" 68 Bohr orbits 69 Light and substance interaction 72 Substance and space interaction 74 Superconductivity 74 Superfluidity 75 Principle of Supersymmetry of space 77 Space formation 78 Concept specification − supervacuum 81 The information 82 Spatial connection 82 Organic Life from the point of view of space 84 Enantiomers in space 87 Addition to spatial connection 88 Moving on time "arrow" 88 Hyperspatial transitions 91 8 The additional explanation to a row spatial deformations 92 Sense of fundamental constants 94 Constants 95 Number of "π" 100 Constants of condensed space 105 Detailed elaboration (description) of elements of "atom" of space 113 THE APPENDIX AND ADDITIONAL EXPLANATIONS 120 Deduction of a degree’s series ( a row) 121 Rows for multidimensional spaces 122 A full deformational row (series) 123 The explanation to deformations row (constants and a electric current force) 127 Examples of calculations 129 The explanation to a deformations row (temperature) 132 The table of selections of "vector’s" values E and m 134 The explanation to deformational correlations 135 Sizes of spatial deformations at explosion 136 The proof of geometrical dimensionality of time and weight from Kepler's laws and force and energy formulas 136 Addition 137 Constant of weak interaction (coupling) G w 138 Variant of action of nuclear forces 139 9 Calculation of volume of space which containing in weight (mass) 140 The explanation to short measurements 142 "Screw" rule 142 The explanation of slowing down of time at pre’lights velocities 143 Variants heavy meson’s complexes 144 Astronomical calculations for planets of Solar system 145 Coincidence (similarity) of properties of gas and space 146 Possible errors which can arise at the space analysis 147 The short manual on the basic concepts of the theory 148-157 10 THE INTRODUCTORY PART Classification of physical values through properties of space For this purpose, to start to study something, it is necessary to find at first system in isolated objects, sizes (values), the phenomena etc. We will try to be hooked though for something at space studying. Well at least, we will find a difference between force and energy, except that, that force is expressed in newtons, and energy in joules. So, it is necessary to mean (very seriously), as force and energy (as radiation) are transmitted through space. It is easily proved by intervals between atoms and substance molecules. Thus, the main step to finding-out of the reason of their occurrence and existence is already made. Now there are only "trifles", such, as force definition, as deformation (compression-stretching) of one measurement of our three-dimensional space since force operates on one line at a balance in two directions within one measurement (dimension). And energy as it is already simple to guess independently — is only alternate deformation of two measurements of space ("micromeasurements", about it a bit later!), for we define this energy, how an equivalent of radiation of a body in thermal (infra-red), or other ranges (bands) of electromagnetic waves. And they as has quite convincingly shown by Maxwell, are serial transition of variables electric and magnetic fields, under absolutely not clear corner (angle) for us in ninety degrees, only casual coincidence being most likely! Formulas: F=mg also E=mgh differs on one vector h − in this case, one measurement. Too most concerns and the similar: 2 R GMm F = and R GMm E = too most 2 21 r qq RF = and r qq RE 21 = . If do not trust! Then divide the formula expressing Е into the corresponding formula expressing F ! Also be convinced, that I have not deceived you! Still want? Please! F=PS and E=PV! Whether well it is ridiculous, not to notice this constant distinction? Where Р means pressure, S − the area, V − volume. The first formula is too simple, that it in detail to explain, the second is a derivative of the formula: i.e . A=P(V 2 -V 1 ). work (energy of J) made by gas. A difference between volume and the area, just on one measurement (dimension) of space. And always energy Е on one measurement more than force F! Thus, both force and energy (radiation) — it property of our space! Or search for other explanations of the resulted facts! Those who has not found, can read further. And still! We will remember one law from formulas given type: 2 R GMm F = also R GMm E = that if F=a (a − one of space measurements, length R), E=a 2 (the area S – R 2 or two measurements in space) and thus we can receive following equalities: FR 2 =GMm and, ER=GMm or the general for them geometrical equality: a·a 2 =GMm (FR 2 =ER i.e. a·a 2 =a 2 ·a) or the general for two formulas: a 3 =GMm. We will remember it for short time. As you can see mathematics and geometry here the primitive. I and will not represent henceforth great 11 intelligence, there where it is not present, and I will write only as a matter of fact the found out laws so will be read easily. Fortunately, I not the physicist by a trade (already have now understood why) with a heap of ranks and titles (posts), and to me in this sense to value there is nothing and to think it is possible more freely not risking to seem a fool. So, further! And what is weight (or mass)? After all it is a source and force and energy which as we have assumed a bit earlier, only deformations of structure of space. At weight considerable quantities, there is an appreciable force of an attraction. Almost all elementary particles are (has) valid interactions among themselves, and notice, strictly calibrated forces! At annihilation weight (mass), electromagnetic radiation (energy as deformation of space of 2nd degree) is arise. At impact of quanta of electromagnetic radiation of high energy, the weight, in the form (shape) of elementary particles is formed. At theoretical achievement of the velocity of light, one of body measurements is compressed on (by) Lorentz up to zero! Well, have thought?! Or will read further? For such heresy, about twenty years ago from scientific work would expel any who would dare to tell, that weight — it three closed measurements of space! I.e. on (by) one measurement of space more than energy! It is new type of deformation of space-bend, instead of compression-stretching, as in two previous cases. These huge spheres which "hang" in Outer Space round us and are the Nature hint! It is possible to recollect law which we have found recently now: a 3 =GMm. Let's remove (eliminate) one of weights of this formula, thus gravitational interaction of the formula will disappear, as well as the gravitational constant for it has already nothing to express will disappear also! But whether "power" deformation in space (F) round the remained one weight will disappear? Or various distances around it (R 2 )? The distance is too deformation of space. We do not know, it is bent space with this distance, or not. Thus remains the rest: a 3 =m. This proof is true as a matter of fact since GM=1 in a geometrical kind, but it is incorrect under the form. Certainly in such kind it cannot be accepted seriously but as it seems to me graceful enough, therefore I and have resulted it. More serious proofs it is finally ahead! And now we will return to deformation of space of type-bend. This new type of deformation of space, is capable to generation special universal field-gravitation, as deformations of all three measurements (it is not selective!) operating on various objects. One of "micromeasurements" of space compression, other two bend. It is possible to illustrate it on a flexible soft core turning it under corners (angles) in ninety degrees, in three mutually perpendicular directions. If you wish to see selective deformation of "micromeasurements" of space take in hands a magnet. In it there is a lot of not coupled electrons which at the movement, selectively deforms one of measurements of ours space, or for example a generator of electric field "plus" or "minus". These are examples of selectively operating forces. Now stop! Further the good state of health, and not maniacal desire to write graphomaniacal compositions is necessary to be convinced, that at writing these lines, giving out wished for valid, such happens at many people, especially often presently. Again we will designate, that there is a impersonal deformed "micromeasurement" of 12 space (about them in the basic text), then F=a; E=a 2 ; m=a 3 , and it is already enough of it, that through these sizes to express and other physical parametres of space, using various physical formulas. It is the school mathematics which is in detail resulted in the appendix after the basic text. And to receive the following deformations (al) row of space: h − Planck constant; p − impulse; t − time; N − capacity; ρ − density; ν − frequency; m N − specific capacity; a G − gravitational constant, the others in the comment do not require. Minus degree means a finding of number with degree, in a fraction denominator under unit: 6 )6( 1 a G = − etc. Each of space measurements has two degrees of freedom i.e. two directions within one measurement, therefore number degrees are doubled: F=a 2 (a); E=a 4 (a 2 ); and, m=a 6 (a 3 ), further in the basic text it becomes clear why, and also for avoidance of expression of degrees through fractional numbers. If three parametres of this row (F; Е and m) are set as various kinds of deformation of space also other parametres of given row are properties of our space! Other explanation to find it was not possible! In this row all known and unknown formulas in our Universe, with ratios of the resulted parametres of space, "are coded". They thus simply are correlations of various deformations of space (deformational ratios). If to substitute in any known formula of degree of the given values and to make corresponding arithmetic actions: addition of degrees − at multiplication, subtraction − at division, at involution of physical value in degree − multiplication of its geometrical degree to degree number, at extraction of a root – division of its geometrical degree on number of a root of degree etc. Thus it is possible to receive geometrical degree of required physical parametre. Usual numbers and number "π" have zero geometrical degree. At difficulties − for example subtraction of negative numbers use the micro calculator. For example, the impulse is a deformation of five degrees of freedom of space (look a row), can be formed addition of deformation of three degrees of freedom of space (time) with deformation of two degrees of freedom of space (force): )5()5()32()3()2()5( )()( ptFtFtFp =⋅→⋅→⋅= + and also subtraction of deformation from six degrees of freedom (weight) by deformation which is inversely proportional one degree of freedom of space (velocity): )5()5())1(6()1()6()5( )()( pmmmp =⋅→⋅→⋅= −+− υυυ . Still the h (7) m (6) p (5) E (4) t (3) F (2) N (1) ρ (0) )1(− υ )2(2 − υ v (-3) g (-4) )5(− m N G (-6) ħ l 3 e l 2 l P wt π с с 2 f a N A R 3 q R 2 R nπ P V S λ d U ( v ) µ 0 k ε 0 I (A) 1 13 impulse can be received: )5( )1( )4( )5)1(4( p E ==−−= − υ Since this moment, deformation degree of space, is defined only in the doubled kind, as the most perfect and convenient for an explanation of properties of space! It is required for an explanation of formation of a matter from space. Still examples: Pressure (P) can be formed product (multiplication) of frequency of blows of molecules (v) on capacity of these blows (N): )2()2()13()1()3()2( )()( −−+−−− =⋅→⋅→⋅= PNNNP ννν where )1()2()1( − ⋅= υ FN i.e. force for (by) the speed etc. Gravitational force (F) is formed at product of two weights both and gravitational constant and division into a distance square between them: )2( 2 21 )46( 2 21 )4(2 )6( 21 )4(2 )666( 21 )22(2 )6( 2 )6( 1 )6( )2( )( )( )( )( )( → →→→= − ++− ⋅ − R mGM R mGM R mGM R mGM R mMG F where the second degree belongs to force F. Compton’s length of a wave: )2()57( )5( )7( ))1(6( )7( )1()6( )7( )()( → →→→= − −+− mc h mc h mc h mc h cm h λ where the second degree can correspond as force (to the deformed measurement or reactions of measurement to its deformation are more exact), and metre linear, as to a measuring instrument of this measurement (without deformation or is more exact with zero deformation). These examples can be continued still for a long time, but to me is what to write and without them. All it easy for calculating on the micro calculator even not writing out intermediate results. So, any formula submits to these universal degrees (geometrical dimensionality), and it is already possible to design set of other formulas corresponding to this row of degrees, the truth not always clearly enough, that some of them can express: p=mc; E=mc 2 ; t=mc 3 ; F=mc 4 ; N=mc 5 ; ρ (density) or a superficial tension mc 6 ; the same = mc 7 the same = mc 8 (m (6) · c 8(-1) →(mc) (6+(8·(-1))) →(mc) (6+(-8)) →(mc) (-2) where - 2 it is c 2 thus c 2 =mc 8 or ρ=mc 6 ). First two formulas of an explanation do not demand. It is necessary to explain the following: t − possibly it is time equivalent (in the limited volume of space which have (has) been spent for formation of this weight) containing in weight. Numerically, this is time for which ray of light passes an equivalent of length of space containing in weight. F − it an equivalent of force containing in weight, i.e. recalculation of deformation of the sixth degree (weight) in deformation of the second degree (force), and also is an equivalent of length space contained in weight and which compression forms an equivalent of force of this weight. N − it limiting capacity which the weight is capable to emit (give off) at its "destruction". Other formulas without comments. The velocity of light is transformatory factor translating deformation of one degree in deformation of other degree. Geometrical dimensionality (-1). All attempts to receive a similar row at other values F; E and m have not resulted (it is tested nine variants of three-dimensional space). Unsuccessful it has appeared to apply this system and to four-dimensional (geometrically) space, there energy and time coincide, as well as other sizes (values). Successful there were rows for five, six and seven-dimensional spaces, where m − a maximum of the closed measurements of corresponding space, and F and Е the same, as in three-dimensional space. Breaking of a step of quantization between physical 14 values is thus observed. All it is shown in the appendix. Attempts to exclude from a row time having withdrawn it from formulas, and also shift of degrees on any number, does this row not efficient. It was not possible to explain its existence by anything, only existence of the space, in the various deformed (contorted) conditions. So usual for us velocity of movement, it also a space curvature: a a 1 1 = − where a − one degree of freedom of this space. Similar row of degrees exists and for the electric and magnetic values, being selective deformations of measurements of space. For force of a current: I=F=2 since force of a current operates in one measurement and is shown in the form of force (F) interactions between conductors; the capacity C=m=6 that is proportional to weight; inductance L=ρ=0 i.e. proportional to density; a stream magnetic inductance F (mag flux) = F = 2 thus it is proportional to force; electric voltage 1 − = = υ U i.e. is proportional to velocity. All parametres are given in the doubled scale. All physical values and physical constants are not resulted, since "dump" from various selective and not selective deformations of space turns out. After the basic text in the appendix, formation of a row and other computing procedures will be in more details explained, and also a row in fuller kind (form) is resulted. It already on (by) number of components (over 70), comes nearer to Mendeleyev periodic system, and for convenience has a vertical appearance. By the way, this row proves, that time − it one of versions of geometrical deformation of space, and too submits to universal geometrical dimensionality. The increase in some (other) deformations, for example velocity, 1 a or growth of force of gravitation in space a 2 (a − one deformed degree of freedom in space, further it will be shown — semimeasurement, that is more correct), reduces speed of a current of time, for the sake of observance of the Law of Conservation of the total sum of various deformations in space. Strictly speaking, various laws of Conservation of weight, an impulse, a charge, energy (the sequence is chosen not casually), are displays of the general Law of Conservation of Symmetry of "internal" structure of space. I.e. total deformation and symmetry of some deformations of space in the Universe, in sizes (values) are constant and depends on (upon) "internal" structure of space. Now we will disassemble from the point of view of space some formulas. Look attentively! The formula of kinetic energy: 2 2 21 2 υυ υ ⋅⋅ == m m E , where E − deformation of two measurements of space (four degrees of freedom) is equal to product of deformation of three closed measurements (micromeasurements) of space (six degrees of freedom) − weight, on deformation of space caused by the first velocity 1 υ (one degree of freedom) which on (by) Lorentz compresses longitudinal measurement of a moving body, and the second velocity 2 υ compresses longitudinal measurement of space, through which body moves (it and creates inertia of a body), and half of resultant of deformation goes on wave de Broil formation following a moving body ( deformations ratio: )2()57( )5( )7( → →→= − p h p h p h p h λ , where 2 = λ (look a row). Actually the square of velocity means − interaction of substance with space! And the figure 15 "two" in a denominator means − two deformations of substance and space! Thus, the square of a velocity of light as limiting in three-dimensional space, "remove" one measurement (two degrees of freedom) at weight, lowering deformation degree of space from the third (six degrees of freedom) to the second (four degrees of freedom). At velocity of motion of a body of the equal velocity of light, all energy of a body passes in radiation (deformation of four degrees of freedom of space − two measurements, too that an alternate pulsation of two measurements), expenses for a wave de Broil is not present (E=mc 2 ) since already there is no substance with characteristic curved deformation penetrating of space. And still, notice the main thing : energy growth is proportional to a square of speed of motion of a body, instead of is linear, also square front resistance grows in gases on subsonic speeds also!! The increase in speed twice, increases volume of gas interacting with a body for same time twice and force of resistance of environment (one of deformations) grows as square! It is one more of hints of the Nature for any researcher! The space interacting with moving bodies in it, as a matter of fact and being condensed space (condensate). Square-law dependence of energy on (from) velocity, at movement in space is a payment for using space at movement is a payment for its curvature providing inertia, i.e. " force" driving forward (braking ahead of a body is equal to acceleration behind) any material object and formation by that of a wave de Broil. In formulas expressing potential energy in a gravitational field, squares are not present! The space is already bent! (E=mgh). Energy and distance linearly depends from each other. Whereas in the formula: 2 2 υ m E = energy square depends on distance passed by a body, for same time. The same concerns and the formula of energy of the condenser: 2 2 CU E =, where C – charging "weight" of the condenser (capacity), i.e. ability of the condenser bring together and keep on some distance two charges of an opposite signs, and deformation of the sixth degree being (capacity), which is multiplied by deformation a minus of the first degree created positive charge U 1 and still is multiplied by deformation of space a minus of the first degree created by a negative charge U 2 . Half of resultant of deformation Е, leaves (spend) on waves de Broil formation by moving electrons. Compare two formulas: 2 )1(2)6( )4( − ⋅ = υ m E and 2 )1(2)6( )4( − ⋅ = UC E (4 = 6 + (2 ∙ (-1) ) = 6 + (-2) = 4 = E ). In brackets geometrical degrees of physical values are given. U − it pressure created by each electric charge. Certainly, this pressure (selective) "internal" structure of space! It is necessary to analyze simply the elementary formulas, instead of to search for true somewhere away. Velocity of light — it speed of a sound in space, i.e. limiting compression of one of "micromeasurements". Details about it, further in the basic text. And now it is easy, for the sake of self-satisfaction we will deduce E=mc 2 from E=mgh. Both formulas express the "latent" potential deformation of space the fourth degree (energy). Now all values are given in the doubled scale. For some calculations the exception for simplification of their perception makes. If a − one of deformable measurements in space in which there are changes at various processes in it (dimensionality metre linear, in the doubled 16 scale a 2 ), the formula: E=mgh it is easy to transform to a kind: 2 2 222 ; sec t ma ah t ametre g t aam E → ===→ ⋅⋅ = where, 2 2 2 2 2 sec υ == metre t a we take limiting (speed of a sound in space), and it is received E=mc 2 . In chemistry there is a strict classification which allows to understand millions various substances. In the physics unfortunately there was no until now (!) a rigid classification of force, time, energy, an impulse and weight, as system of consecutive accumulation of pressure (deformations) in space. The weight is the strongest steady deformation of the space, capable to make (produce) other deformations in space, more lower degrees. By the way with their very high intensity! (annihilation). Weight thus is the accumulator of the strongest pressure which have arisen in space during "moment" of its formation on early, still pre-explosive a stage of a birth of the Universe. By the way, there would be no harm to notice, as physical and chemical formulas designating molecules of chemical substances, expresses the same ratio of deformations of space, i.e. the resulted row shows, as physical values have a valency, as well as at chemical elements. So the weight has six-valency, energy has four-valency, a constant Planck has seven-valency etc. Becomes already easier to understand, why the majority of Galaxies in Space and cyclones in atmospheres of planets so are similar against each other, together with many other things the phenomena in the Nature (the similarity law). This display of the same curvatures of space at its various scales. Physicists operating with vector values of force, an impulse etc., do not guess at all, that all this display of geometry of space. In this manuscript, I try to explain possibility of existence of "internal" geometry of the space explaining both force and an impulse and then weight, and also formation of fields, radiations, particles, from this point of view, it would be desirable to hope, that at me it will turn out well. Now the proof of geometrical dimensionalities of time and weight. If F we will accept as deformation of one measurement (a), and Е as deformation of two measurements (a 2 ), from formulas: E=mg and E=mgh we can express dimensionality of time and weight. The first formula: == ⋅ = 222 sec ; t ametre g t am a , further at 2 =ma or t 2 =m. The second formula: ( )ah t aam a = ⋅ ⋅ =; 2 2 , further 222 mata = or t 2 =m. From here geometrical dimensionality of weight is equal to a square of geometrical dimensionality of time. We find dimensionality of time from Kepler's second and third Laws. Both as proofs duplicate each other! Kepler's second Law − radius a vector at planet movement (υ) in equal time intervals (t) describes the equal areas (S). So, equality of product of velocity on (by) the area and time is a property of space: tS = ⋅ υ or in a geometrical kind ( t ametre == sec υ ; S=a 2 ) 23 3 2 tat t a ta t a =→=→=⋅ Kepler's third Law − the relation of cubes of the big semi axes of orbits of any two planets, is equal to the relation of squares of their periods: 3 2 3 1 2 2 2 1 a a T T = . Notice in this relation equality of 17 volumes of space and squares of time describing process in this space! a 3 =t 2 i.e. 5.13 aat →= ( 3 a in the doubled degree’s scale) . We already have expression of dimensionality of weight through dimensionality of time, also produplicated twice! (t 2 =m). Thus a 3 =t 2 =m or t=a 1,5 and m=a 3 or in the doubled scale t=a 3 and m=a 6 . Thus still German Johanne Kepler has opened almost everything, that is necessary for creation of the initial theory of space! From the received row we can see, that GM=1 (from the previous proof) has zero geometrical dimensionality: G (-6) · M (6) →(GM) (-6+6) →(GM) (0) . I.e. their dimensionalities compensate each other. The Nature as though has "meaningly gone on the help, it is formal even as though having broken mathematics laws! In any case, this is strange coincidence! So, proofs it is strictly made twice, otherwise the further statement would be imagination of one person! Me the Truth, instead of beautiful theoretical constructions interests only, I an expert and do not love various abstruse theories without proofs. Once again I will add, it not game of symbols! All attempts to construct logical space, and a row of physical sizes in it at other values F; Е and m have not gone right! Try! In what results will lead studying of space you will see further, having read the basic text. Intermediate conclusions Force is deformation of length of space DL Energy is deformation of the area of space DS The weight is deformation of volume of space DV The introductory part end 18 THE BASIC PART Space microstructure So, it was the general scheme. Now we pass to special consideration of space, as some system with special properties. All previous explanation was preliminary installation of certain co-ordinates in a head at those who will be interested by this theme. Some kind of an educational program. By the way, the reason is too spatial deformation (cross), no more that. So, as it has been shown above, between properties of space and gas, there is the general: force's (resistance in gas) and power (in space) deformation, change it, is proportional to the second degree from speed. I will add still! That are similar; whirlwinds in gases of following flying bodies and de Broil waves; expansion of space of the Universe and gas at explosion; compression of water drops moving in a stream of gas and by Lorentz reduction of length in space; cyclones in atmospheres of planets and galaxies in Outer Space etc. And still. It is necessary to remember one simple rule: At reduction (diminishing) of scales, the matter changes: breaks into molecules, atoms, elementary particles, radiation on waves, quanta... But always it is necessary to remember, that scale change, it not property of a matter, but property of space (distance), thus properties of the space vary, and the matter only adapts to change of these properties! After perusal about three times successively, this rule usually already starts to reach consciousness. From the first, somehow not so! The space is considered in the mathematics as set of some points, so let's understand, what it for points? Simple logic course. If at gas and space identical laws (in space there is a speed of a sound) are shown, and gas is not space in that case the space is gas! The iron logic! As at a Winnie-the-Pooh! If I in something understand something, a hole, it is a burrow! And the burrow, is a rabbit! And the rabbit, is the suitable company! It is necessary to study in logic at a Winnie-the-Pooh! (a bear from some fairy-tale written by A.A. Milne and E.H. Shepard) I.e. search of the strongest analogy and its detailed analysis, a finding of distinctions etc. Thus, space is "gas" consisting from six isolated operators with the sizes of an order ≤10 -15 of m (CLWP, the explanation further). It is limiting scale for usual three-dimensional space (3D), the one-dimensional space can have even the smaller size, some kind of a step of quantization of one measurement. Also as the microcosm differs from our usual World, and space measurements in a microcosm differs from to what we have got used. They too, as well as gas molecules become localized at very small scales turning in "micromeasurements" of space and are thus space-forming elements. It is that case when logic and psychology of the person face among themselves. The first speaks I suppose, the second speaks it not present! It seems to the person, that emptiness is always empty! No! In the Nature there are no simple things! Recollect as the atom of substance is "simply" arranged! And too it is necessary to get used to it. That we so easily name emptiness, the Nature should create just! Without shift in the psychology, it is 19 impossible to understand the New! So, measurements and "micromeasurements" in the text − synonyms, and in inverted commas do not put! In a microcosm we deal with the calibrated forces expressed through electric charges "plus" or "minus" at elementary particles, and a magnetic field with southern and northern poles, producing by moving charged particles. These are so-called far-acting fields. Earlier we have assumed, that force in space, there is − a deformation of one measurement of it space. Thus not long thinking we will designate three our measurements of space (look drawing №1); A − "electric plus"; B − "magnetic"; C − "electric minus " ( A + B mag C − ). Drawing № 1 As particles with a magnetic charge are not present, in space it is possibly "magnetic" measurements less, than "electric" ones. Quite logically! These three components of space can transmit selectively only "the" (specific) deformation (being on one axis between corresponding measurements), and in such kind to creation of own power deformation they are not capable, and designations "+"; "magnetic"; "−" are conditional, they will get sense only at a birth of an elementary particle (el-par.). Still it is possible to present them as three simple one-dimensional spaces having the general point of connection (junction) . As in the World all processes are counterbalanced, i.e. symmetric, it is necessary to have a point of connection of micromeasurements in the centre of each measurement, thus we have received "atom" (a cell) of three-dimensional space, (look drawing №2) having 4 semimeasurements (freedom degrees) "electric" and 2 semimeasurements "magnetic". Drawing № 2 Running forward should tell that universal geometrical dimensionality of an electric 20 constant ε 0 in deformations row +4 (four degrees of freedom of space, look a row in fuller structure in the appendix) ε 0 =8,85·10 -12 F/m; F (6) /m (2) =(F/m) (6-2=4) . Geometrical dimensionality of a magnetic constant µ 0 is equal -2 (two degrees of freedom of space under unit 1 a 2 ) µ 0 =12,56·10 -7 Hn/m; Hn (0) /m (2) =(Hn/m) (0-2=-2) . Both these constants define properties of physical vacuum. The total sum of their modules (geometrical dimensionality), gives six degrees of freedom available in three-dimensional space. A difference in signs (dimensionality), it is easy to explain to the following: at compression of "electric" measurement, "magnetic" it is extended, and then return process follows etc. If to take positive roots of corresponding degrees from corresponding constants having resulted (bring) electric and magnetic constants in deformations to of one degree of freedom of space corresponding on a sign (semimeasurement) we will receive figures close: )(1072.1 14/4 4 43 4 0 aaa ==⋅= + − + ε and )(1012.1 12/2 2 23 2 0 −− + −− + ==⋅= aaa µ . From them it is visible that "magnetic" semimeasurement is shorter, or more "rigid" than "electric" one. To physicists well-known the formula: 1 2 00 =⋅⋅ c µε , )0)2()2(4))1(2()2(4;( )1(2 )2( 0 )4( 0 =−+−+=−⋅+−+⋅⋅ − − c µε . And it’s well visible that the square of a velocity of light "remove" one measurement of space ( 00 2 1 µε ⋅ =c ), since "electric" and "magnetic" semimeasurements of a cell of space, form one measurement ( ε 0 (4) · µ 0 (-2) = l (2) ; 4 + (-2) = 2 look a row). Feature and necessity of a coaxial finding of these semimeasurements will be shown further, at an explanation of action electric and magnetic fields. Now for the sake of interest, we will express E=mc 2 through constants ε 0 and µ 0 : 00 µε ⋅ = m E such kind of the formula reflects a reality – subtraction of one measurement of space from weight more visually! ( )2( 0 )4( 0 )6( )4( − = µε m E ; 6 – 2 = 4). And also connection of a velocity of light with properties of elements of a cell of space: 00 1 µε ⋅ =c which are set by these constants. ( )2( 0 )4( 0 )0( )1( 1 − − = µε c ; 1220))2(4(0 )1( −=−=−=−+−= − c where 2− too that a a 11 2 = i.e. roots are taken from degrees!). For neutralization of strong anisotropy of space which arises if we consider "atoms" of space as static, we should attribute an equivalent of rotation of such cell of space (it more correctly) into a zero-dimensional space (it is possible to name supervacuum since in it anything is not present, even measurements), with "velocity" higher speed of a sound (light) in three-dimensional space ("spin" spatial cell). By the way, velocity is only deformation of cells of ours space and consequently "the movement" equivalent in a zero-dimensional space, can be any! "Spin" even an elementary particle already cannot be described only three- 21 dimensional space; it is already not enough of it! The cell of space has no weight (mass) and consequently the plane of equivalent "rotation" can be any! I will add still! That that you see on drawing №2 exist in such kind cannot! It is the scheme: The three-dimensional design being in three-dimensional space if it to imagine, but this design is in a reality in a zero- dimensional space and so cannot look! It is a little not on itself? Get used! A matter too the many-storeyed! Plasma! Gas! Liquid and firm phases! And anything have already got used to it! It is a bit about supervacuum (zero-dimensional, zero-space). If exists three-dimensional space with three measurements should exist and a zero-dimensional space, i.e. space without measurements! After all a zero in the mathematics still nobody has cancelled as number! On the contrary, this number all actively use! It not the point as can seem at once, and the space, only in it are not present usual measurements for us. In it there is no deformation, and there is infinitely big deformation. In it all distances infinitesimal and also are infinitely great. In it there is no time habitual for us. It in general the unique condition (state) which has internal instability, in which result can be formed a set of the different Universes with various multidimensional spaces. Yes it is difficult, but it is important to understand! Any new knowledge demands psychologically itself to overcome! Besides the supervacuum serves as a dividing partition... Well, and about it later! Deeper understanding of this strange "object" is closer to the end of the basic text. Now we will return to the description on structure of our space. "Spin" of a cell of space sounds somehow not so, then we name its as function of time in space. Thus, time as isotropical the factor in space, creates usual (neutral) for us space and hides its structure (anisotropy of micromeasurements). It (time), allows micromeasurements becomes parallel (coaxial) among themselves, and to transmit movement (deformation) on a chain from a cell to a cell of space. And it allows measurements to be bent for formation of elementary particles, at the moment of shock deformation. The effect of "boiling" of vacuum is also action "spin" of "atoms" of space. Now we already know that such time in three- dimensional space! We will need to postulate still "pushing away" of micromeasurements in supervacuum (reactance or reactivity of supervacuum), differently, how to explain such arrangement of measurements under corners (angles) in ninety degrees in such "shaky" design. It not absolutely usual force of pushing away, as in three-dimensional space, this special interaction between supervacuum and to ours space, as well as the moment of "rotation" of a cell in zero- dimensional space. This interaction does not allows measurements to fold(ing) (thickness at them is not present), and thus to keep the total sum of measurements and the total sum of their deformations of the Universe invariable. Besides "pushing away" creates some kind of "pressure" in the space, allowing to explain action of some forces in the Nature. Distinction in properties of measurements can be caused different degree of quantization (look drawing № 3), and other factors, about them in the end of the text. At last the most general parametres of "atom" of space are set. 22 Drawing № 3 Now we pass to the description of its "work" in a microcosm. Force is defined by us as compression − a stretching of one of measurements. At the general (not selective) deformation it is usual forces in our Macrocosm (gravitation and etc.). At special (selective) deformation are electric and magnetic forces. Radiation is defined as alternate compression − stretching (deformation) of two micromeasurements (look drawing № 3), one electromagnetic with two directions of the polarization, the second neutral (neutrino’s). The first is designated as АВ and ВС or graphically and , the second one as AC or graphically (about features neutrino’s radiations a bit further). Now we will give the formulation of motion of electromagnetic waves in space. The electromagnetic wave is an spreading shock compression, along one "electric" measurement with a variable pulsation of two perpendicular measurements ("electric" and "magnetic" components). At compression "electric" component, it starts to be extended "magnetic"one taking away deformation at the first one ("electric") aspiring to establish geometrical balance, then return process follows. The maximum of deformation of two various measurements is necessary at right angle. The more sharply "blow" on "electric" measurement, the is more faster deforming "magnetic" one, the more shortly a wave of redistribution of deformations between components of cells. The leader of a wave is compressed almost up to zero and is not active, therefore conductors of reception wires (antennae) should be turned to perpendicularly direction of a wave, and only after that in them corresponding deformation is directed. "Spin" of cells of space transmitting this running deformation on a chain, it is possibly synchronized with a direction of movement of a wave and for a light beam is thus the zero (t = 0) since cells of space have no weight (mass) and counteractions do not render (create). The velocity of light depends on "rigidity" of "magnetic" and "electric" semimeasurements of a cell of space, and its formula looks like: 0 0 1 µε ⋅ =c or dimensionless expression in the right part: 122 5.39 ⋅= π c. The number of "" reflects the rotary moment in space, by transmitting of this type of interaction into it, as however and in other processes in space. As last formula is deduced, you learn later. Formulas will be a lot! (deformational ratios). Neutrino’s radiation (electron υ=c) has some feature: measurement of a cell along which 23 goes deformation on compression (not actively), is "magnetic", and two "electric" or are compressed, and probably one is shorter than another (neutrino−antineutrino), or alternately pulse. Because of mutual compensation of action of two "electric" measurements opposite on a sign, interaction of such neutral radiation with substance the minimum. About existence of weight (mass) at some kinds of this radiation (υ<c), it will be a question a bit later. Now even before question finding-out – that such weight?, to speak about it too early. Further we go to find out: What is the weight? (mass?) And whence it comes from? In the beginning it has been postulated that the weight is a special kind of deformation of space – closing of three micromeasurements of space. But it is easy for assuming, it is necessary to explain as it occurs! And for this purpose we will try to find the rough sizes of a cell of space. Before finding spatial deformations row, I have tried to express the size of a spatial cell, through a velocity of light using nine variants of space (look the appendix in the end of the basic text), at different vector’s values Е and m (F unequivocally operates within one measurement of space, or two degrees of freedom), at first expressing time in the vector’s form, and then substituting it in a velocity of light (constant), and already through it expressing length of a cell of space. And at me value has turned out 1 c 2 at values E=a 2 and m=a 3 , as was to be shown ( 1 c 2 it is less than size of electron). Other values Е and m have yielded absurd results (look the appendix, the table of selections of vector’s values Е and m). Still the same value of the sizes of a cell has 1 c 2 turned out at Е=a (energy in two- dimensional space) and m=а 2 that has suggested that in the Nature there are two weights (masses) of particles; one heavy – three measurements of space are closed (baris — heavy), another light – two measurements of space are closed (leptos — light), at such particle the basic deformation is in a force field, instead of in weight! As to a cell of space the size m c 17 2 101.1 1 − ⋅≈ min 2)2(0 2 0 laa a a === −− − , too most m 17 00 101.1 − ⋅≈⋅ µε ( min 224 laaa ==⋅ − ) hardly is exact since in this ratio in numerator there is no compensatory coefficient. Unit is dimensionless. (Other foreshortening on this issue (question) look further in the text.) Probably more truly to go from the electron’s size and Compton’s length of a wave of a proton (CLWP) i.e. ≤1,3·10 -15 m ( ; mc h = λ 2 16 7 a a a a = ⋅ − ), that an order of one femtometre, as this size differs from the first one no more than in one hundred times. In any case, all three variants do not differ on sizes more than on two orders (one hundred times). It already proves that there, somewhere in a range 10 -15 m, something is! Or is more exact, the end of usual three-dimensional space! To explain concept of weight (mass), we should enter such concept, as "inductance" of micromeasurements of space. Any bend of any micromeasurement causes occurrence of effects of inertia and a gravitational field, as uniform deformation of not bent measurements of cells of space being around and thus causing effect of action of force. More deeply this question will be considered a little further. At collision of two running (dynamic) deformations of high intensity, in space there is a 24 moment of a bend of measurements. As the additional factor "the rotary" moment of a cell space ("spin") thus serves, about it was told earlier. A cell of space as though "gets jammed" at blow. At enough big length of a wave of radiation (running deformation), the blow zone is necessary on one cell of space that causes closing (short circuit) "electric" component of cell on "magnetic" one. It leads to formation of two particles from one cell, and to rupture a cell of space on two light particles: electron - positron to pair (look drawing № 4). Drawing № 4 Cell rupture occurs that after short circuit two measurement in a ring, there is a pressure inside measurements (because of "pushing away" of measurements in supervacuum, it by the way itself appears under "pressure"), i.e. causing effect of action of inertia. A curvature of other cells of space nearby and inside a particle ring (it increases in diameter, because of "pushing away") and forming thus effect of action of force (centrifugal) in the closed cell. And also, because of direct "pushing away" of two closed rings from each other through supervacuum. Value of this channel of disintegration electron - positron a pair you learn later. As "magnetic" degrees of freedom two, and "electric" four, therefore in the Nature are not observed elementary particles with a magnetic charge. Besides "magnetic" degrees (semimeasurements) are shorter "electric" ones, about it a bit later. Deformations ratio for weight (mass) of an electron-positron: 2 c m e h =, where ħ − Dirac constant 1,05458·10 -34 J·s or π 2 h , accuracy of calculation of weight under this formula of +0,222% m=kg, с=2,9979245·10 8 m/s! From this formula it is well visible that of one strongly deformed cell of space it is formed two particles. Planck-Dirac constant in the pure state, is deformation of seven degrees of freedom in space (six degrees in a cell plus one degree an equivalent of its "movement" in supervacuum i.e. limiting deformation in three-dimensional space). More accurate representation about Planck-Dirac constant, as about value describing property of one spatial cell, it will be given a little further. According to geometrical dimensionality, multiplication of physical value by a velocity of light (for example ħ) reduces its geometrical dimensionality on one degree of freedom of space, and multiplication on (by) a root square of a velocity of light reduces its dimensionality on half-degree of freedom of space. I.e. the 25 electron’s weight has unusual geometrical dimensionality +6,5 (between ħ and usual weight) i.e. on half-degree of freedom of space it is more than usual weight ( , 2 )5.6( )0( )1( )7( e m c = ⋅ − h 7 + (-0,5) = 6,5 ( 1− a too that 5.0 11 − == a a a this is degrees!)). It can be connected with residual deformation of not closed semimeasurement in this particle, or it is a trace "short" measurements, about them it will be a question later. As to quantity of degrees of freedom in these particles after cell rupture it does not decrease since particles as before consist of three diverse measurements of space (semimeasurements) two of which are closed in a ring. So, we already have an light particle with small "inductance" of measurements (weakly loading supervacuum since they are closed round this kind space) and have calculated its weight, having subtracted half-degree of freedom of space from Planck constant "cleared" of number "2" (it forms circular frequency of "rotation" of a cell of space in one plane). By what way are formed baryons? After all they also should be formed of calibrated spatial "material" as well as leptons, after all, all of them are identical! And as we have assumed earlier, should have all three measurements of space the closed! At the big energy of radiation, the length of a wave of electromagnetic deformation very short and also comes nearer to the sizes of a cell of space, and thus each cell of space transmitting the el-mag. a wave is very strongly deformed (loaded) that causes at blow short circuit already not two, and five semimeasurements of a cell (look drawing № 5). The more energy of blow, the more zone of shock deformation. It leads to that the blow zone is necessary already not one cell of space, as in case of an electron - positron, but on two, that leads to formation of two particles with big "inductance" of measurements (weight), in 1836 times more, than in the previous case, i.e. the proton - antiproton pair is formed. Drawing № 5 26 From electrical engineering we know that the increase in number of wire turns in the coil (reel) leads to increase in its inductance already in the second degree (n > in 3 times, inductance > in 9 times (is more) etc.). Thus short circuit of five components of spatial cell leads to sharp increasing in a gravitational-inertial charge of a particle (weight-mass) or deformation of the sixth degree and thus loading on zero space (supervacuum) pushing away the closed measurements sharply increases. Deformations ratio for weight of a proton - antiproton: π 6 c m p h = where ħ − Dirac constant, 1,05458·10 -34 j·s, c = 2.9979245·10 8 m/s, "π" = 3,1415926, m = kg, accuracy of calculation under this formula of +0,275 %. Calculations are given in the appendix. From geometrical dimensionality ( )6( )0( )1()7( )6( p m c = ⋅ − π h , 7 + (-1) = 6) it is visible that the weight of a proton is formed by subtraction of deformation of one degree of freedom of the constant Dirac which sense has been given a bit earlier. A velocity of light having negative geometrical dimensionality (-1), plays a role transformatory factor translating ones deformations of space in others. And still, notice the main thing! We have multiplied J·sec on metre/sec and have received: kgmetreJ metre J =⋅=⋅⋅ sec sec! This is one more acknowledgement of geometrical dimensionality of weight: )6( )2()4( p mmetreE =⋅ 4 + 2 = 6 i.e. the weight has on one measurement (its deformation) more than energy! From these two examples clearly for what I have doubled deformations row. Otherwise long it should to explain fractional numbers of measurements of space. And still, these formulas from (with) Planck constant: sJh ⋅⋅− − 34 1062.6 have more bulky appearance: π 4 ch m e =; 2 12 π hc m p = and consequently for the analysis were not used. The number of "" has zero geometrical dimensionality, as the relation of the bent stable measurement to the compressed linear measurement: 022 2 2 aa a a sedcom bent === − − π ( 2 a - 2 freedom degrees = 1 measurement of space) and does not influence dimensionality of formulas! Look deformations row in the appendix. Ratio of weights of a proton and of electron: 1836,1: 1, or from formulas resulted above: π 3 c that automatically specifies in (on) connection of these weights with space, since in it only a velocity of light and number of "" and more anything is not present! If to take a root of the sixth degree from this number, to take a neutron even more precisely (a ratio of a neutron and of electron on weight − 1838) instead of a proton, we will receive number 6 18385.3 =, thus we can express a velocity of light only through these values: π 3 5.3 6 c = or 122 5.39 ⋅= π c. This formula of a velocity of light was already resulted. A little later we will express a velocity of light only through number of "", in more perfective aspect. Let’s return again to a electron and to a proton. 27 Remained not closed "tail" (semimeasurement) at these particles already generates a field, and also is deformation of space and consequently it is considered among deformations. Force of an electric charge is possibly set only by "throughput" ability of the free (not closed) semimeasurement, and does not depend on number of the closed semimeasurements. This semimeasurement thus becomes charging, letting out a pressure part from within (inside) the closed cell of space (particle) outside in external space. The deformations ratio for a charge of a electron is easy for calculating, knowing that the electric charge has deformation of five degrees of freedom of space (as impulse, look deformations row), therefore for converting of a constant of Planck (Dirac) in a charge, it is necessary to subtract from it, deformation of two degrees of freedom of space (1 measurement), having increased (multiplied) it by a square of a velocity of light: 2 2 6 π c q pe h = − it is the general formula for both particles ( )0(2 )1(2)7( )5( )6( π − ⋅ = c q h 7 + (-2) = 5), accuracy of calculation of a charge under this formula -0,102 %. Still a variant of record of this formula: 00 2 6 µεπ ⋅⋅ = − h pe q (5 = 7 - (4 + (-2) ) ). At use of weights of these particles instead of ħ, it is necessary to subtract one degree of freedom from weight of a proton (6 - 1 = 5), the same what to increase weight of a proton by the relation π c and thus we will receive the formula of a charge of a proton: π cm q p p = (-0,377 %) and to subtract one and a half degree of freedom from weight of electron (6,5 - 1,5 = 5), the same what to increase weight of electron by the relation 2 5.1 3 π c and thus we will receive the formula of electron’s charge: 2 5.1 3 π cm q e e = ( -0,324 %). All values of weight and a charge in standard sizes: kilogram and coulomb! In my opinion, these formulas were not applied yet in the physics. I wish to express gratitude to physicists that they so have well adjusted dimensionalities of physical values that they (sizes) without difficult coordinating factors pass each other! The number of "" in formulas can express the rotary moment of "atoms" of space, and also the ratio of the bent measurement to the linear one. At using of a constant of Planck (considers still circular frequency "rotation" of a cell of space in one plane), the resulted formulas are multiplied on (by) π 2 1 . Certainly, the moment of rotation before and after short circuit of measurements of a cell remains. Therefore electron not "flat" and "spherical", because of "rotation". Pushing away of micromeasurements in supervacuum leads to formation of the "spherical" form of measurements at a proton, and to increase in (by) the sizes of particles in comparison with not closed cell. By the way not only the supervacuum operates on the closed measurements pushing away them, but also the closed measurements operate on supervacuum producing loading on it and causing thus perturbation in it. So, we already have also a heavy particle consisting of three closed diverse measurements (from five closed semimeasurements, three different "grades"). The size of particles about which was a question above, it is probable more than the size 28 of an opened cell of space as because of pushing away in supervacuum of the closed measurements of a cell, and it is probable it (particle) is surrounded by a layer (cloud) from (of) strongly deformed cells of space having also property of resilient dispersion, thus increasing effective diameter of an elementary particle. But all it keeps within scale 10 -15 –10 -17 m. I will notice that micromeasurements of space are closed round zero space, instead of three-dimensional, moreover are in "a rotational" condition (state) in it space, thus particles have no accurate localization in ours space against perturbations made by them in three-dimensional space (electric field). Strong deformation (curvature) cells of space at a short distance round elementary particles as their reaction to supervacuum perturbation — a bend, and on electric field — compression of measurements, leads to decrease power (deformational 4th degrees) a limit for short circuit of elements of cells of space and to formation of other elementary particles. Thus it is carried out catalytic synthesis of new particles from (of) photons (not particles), or accelerated other particles, and a particle deforming round itself space plays a catalyst (agent) role. At incomplete short circuit of measurements of space cells (especially near to heavy particles), we can become witnesses of a birth of pair virtual particles which disappears disconnecting the elements turning into space and waves of deformations in it. It is insulting the truth! Absolutely no any Secret! Wished to find Secret, and has found only "distorted" space! At acceleration elementary particles their measurements and clouds of strongly deformed cells of space round them, are in addition deformed (directly as water drops flying in air, it gas, by the way!), because of interaction with cells usual space, increasing an inertial-gravitational charge ("inductance" grows, because of approchement of the closed measurements, which thus increase loading on zero space), and also cause a short - term bend - compression of cells of space through which the particles are moving (inertia and de Broil wave). At theoretical achievement of a velocity of light (sound in vacuum), measurement of particles without having sustained loading will be opened, parallelism of transitions of measurements each other will disappear (time function), because of compression of longitudinal measurements of a particle, and there will be only an alternate pulsation of two measurements of cells of space which leader of movement will coincide with a movement vector thus compulsorily annihilated particle(s). So. An intermediate result and a conclusion. Studying properties of structural elements of space we have learnt that such a electron and a proton. These are modified "atoms" of space after intensive dynamic influence on them. We have calculated their weights and a charge that did not do earlier. Simply did not want! (The formula gyro magnetic ratio: 2 5.1 )5.6( )5( 6 2 π c m e e = you can check up, it is simple, geometrical dimensionality -1,5) We have received now three independent those proofs that the weight (heavy), is three closed measurements of our space (an exception a electron – at it two measurements are closed). The first proof: from Kepler’s laws plus of the formulas of force and potential energy. The 29 second: existence of geometrical dimensionality (a row). It has been received even before acknowledgement of geometrical dimensionality of weight. The third: weight and charge calculation electron and a proton proceeding from their geometrical dimensionality and using thus the minimum values of numbers "" playing large role in processes occurring in space. We have now a force field source (the closed cell of space), and which (field) it is necessary to explain an essence and action, how however and action of other fields in space. About a neutron and others elementary and not so particles, a bit later, now it is necessary to explain formation and action electric and magnetic fields in space. The space is considered a (as) zero condition (state) of a quantum field, and correctly it is considered! There is no deformation of quanta of space, there is no also a field! A cell of space which has closed measurements (particle), under the influence of supervacuum "pushing away" these measurements, there is under the great pressure (charge), and it comes to outside basically through not closed semimeasurement, causing orientation of measurements of other cells of space (they do not have weight!), i.e. increasing probability and time of a finding of corresponding micromeasurement of space opposite to the similar not closed micromeasurement of a particle (look drawing № 6). Drawing № 6 The rotary moment of a particle ("spin") creates isotropy action of the generator of electric field (charging semimeasurement). Each charge focuses "the" (specific) measurement in cells of space producing only on it "pressure" and to some extent deforming its (compression). At identical charges of particles, measurements of space cells resist to compression and there is a process of pushing away of elementary particles (look drawing more low) Drawing № 7 30 At different charges there is an unusual phenomenon, semimeasurements of cells of space being guided by different charges are turned in a cell on ninety degrees (two semimeasurements "plus" and "minus") causing cell polarization (look drawing №8). Drawing № 8 Such paired combination of two semimeasurements in a cell leads to that, they any more do not resist to "pressure" and are compressed that leads to occurrence of effect of force of an attraction (look drawing № 9). Drawing № 9 Thus electric field − is a residual deformation of the closed cell of space spreading on other cells of space, through "the" (specific) type of measurement. That such space micromeasurements, you learn slightly more, by the text end. I will add still that "inside" the closed cell of space four degrees of freedom of space are deformed at least (2 measurements at electron), and deformation of the fifth degree of freedom is set by not closed semimeasurement which conduct pressure only in one direction (outside) as the diode. After cell rupture of space (electron), the quantity of degrees of freedom in semimeasurements doubles, differently in one cell of space there would be 12 degrees of freedom! Total 4 inside plus 1 degree of freedom coming to outside equals to 5 degrees of freedom (their deformation) and are responsible for an electric charge. You have not fallen asleep yet? Then it is necessary to you to explain "tunnel" effect. If measurement responsible for "electric" deformation and etc., is localized on "surface" of an elementary particle, in the course of fluctuations and the moment of "rotation" of particles there can be a minimum of distance for the same charged particles and the opposite vector (field generators), which has coincided with it minimum between "power" measurements ( look drawing № 10), therefore there is a 31 zero moment of a field. Drawing № 10 The field as though ceases to operate (or strongly weakens), between particles on very short time interval. If this time interval coincides with the maximum amplitude of fluctuations it can cause effect of tunnel transition. The particle passes through Coulomb's a barrier, though to it lack for this purpose energy. Particles with an identical charge can will approach thus on the minimum distance up to the deformation beginning (interactions) "short" measurements (nuclear forces), about it, a bit later. Probability of such process already calculates from deformational ratios (empirical formulas). For particles with different charges there is a distance increase between them, up to disconnection though for this purpose, to it also can lack energy. In my opinion, the "tunnel" effect has received a classical explanation. Further we pass to a magnetic field. It already more difficult variant. And that is why. Particles have no "magnetic" charge, because of surplus of "electric" measurements in space cell, thus transmit of power interaction through "magnetic" measurements of space is possible only by means of "electric" ones. I.e. the magnetic field operates only on the moving charged particles and for their sum (neutron). About the last a bit later. At movement of the charged particle, deformation of "electric" micromeasurements of cells of space changes on length and time that causes redistribution of this deformation on corresponding deformation "magnetic" one, as it occurs by transmitting of electromagnetic waves. As a matter of fact, this deformation, is derivative a charge of a particle and its velocity, thus "movement" cells of space concerning motionless (concerning us) the charged particles does not cause magnetic field occurrence since they ( cells of space ) have no charge and weight though they can have "velocity" concerning the charged particles. At movement of electric charges concerning other bodies there is a magnetic field: q (5) ·υ (-1) =E (4) look a row. Thus energy arising at charge movement is energy of a magnetic field. We will look now that gives "movement" of cells of space near to motionless (for us) a charge. The weight and a charge of cells of space are equal to zero, thus we take a zero in zero degree: 0 (0) ·υ (-1) =0. It is possible to take a charge in zero degree: q (0) ·υ (-1) =υ (-1) . We have received only velocity, energy again is not present! About possible "movement" spatial cells it will be a question a bit later. So, at movement electrons along a conductor, measurements of space along a conductor "is occupied" by accelerating electric field (AEF - EMF). Radial to a circle of a conductor of measurements "are occupied" by electric field moving electrons, 32 thus the most free from transmitting of electric forces there are only measurements of space being at an angle in 90° to first two ones (look drawing № 11), forming thus ring-like power chains round a conductor. At approaching towards to a conductor the quantity of such chains in cells of space increases, at withdraw decreases. Drawing № 11 At movement electrons in perpendicularly located two conductors, their magnetic "rings" are located also perpendicularly and do not interacts among themselves since in this case there is no parallelism of measurements of space transmitting deformation on a chain from one cell to another (look drawing № 12). Drawing № 12 Thus force of magnetic interaction is equal to zero and the magnetic field is homogeneous enough between conductors. At parallel movement of currents in conductors two variants are possible. The first variant: movement of currents in opposite directions (counter-parallel). At this variant of "rings" of "magnetic" measurements are condensed without incorporating among themselves (look drawing № 13, are shown end faces of conductors, by signs accelerating pressure are shown), because of "pushing away" in supervacuum of chains (the explanation further), that leads to local surplus of "magnetic" deformation in space and to its partial return (reflexion) back in "electric" measurement "minus" (e – ) generated this magnetic field and located mainly perpendicular to conductors, that leads to occurrence of effect of force of pushing away, because of occurrence of local negative electric field, near to the charged particles from outside an opposite 33 conductor, or the same that from outside magnetic field consolidations in space. Drawing № 13 At movement of the charged particles in opposite directions, the moment of "rotation" of cells of space ("spin") transmitting interaction is mutually-directed between conductors since their moment of "rotation" depends on movement of the charged particle because strongly deformed cell of space (particle) influences other space cells. Cells of space do not carry away after a particle since they have no weight, and continue to be "directed" the elements on it, it and changes chaotic "spin" of space cells (look drawing № 14). Drawing № 14 "Spin" of cells of space in points of possible connection of chains A and B (look drawing № 13), after turn on 90° each chain already is counter-directed. Thus magnetic chains formed by cells with opposite "spin" and directed towards do not incorporate with each other (in points A and B), and pushing off (away) through supervacuum, because of infringement (breaking) of a randomness (chaotic) of "magnetic" measurement in space, causing thereby consolidation of magnetic deformation in space and effect of occurrence of return electric field with the same sign, which and has caused in the very beginning formation of magnetic deformation, thus conductors start to pushing away from each other. If pushing away of magnetic chains operated on particles directly without occurrence of return local electric field, in this case the magnetic field would operate on all substances without an exception! 34 The second variant: at movement of the charged particles in parallel in one direction, "spin" of cells of space between conductors is counter-directed (look drawing № 15), whereas in points A and B the after of mutual turn of chains on 90° "spin" of cells of space already is mutually-directed. Drawing № 15 It leads to that that rings magnetic chains do not push away and incorporate (unite) with each other (look drawing № 16) since in points of connection A and B cells of space transmitting deformation "rotate" in one direction, (signs "minus" accelerating potentials from one end of conductors are shown). As a result of it the incorporated magnetic field with depression of magnetic deformation between conductors is formed. And also consolidation of deformation of "magnetic" measurements (B) in an external zone that causes occurrence of local electric deformation with a sign "minus" as well as in the first variant, but from an reverse side of particles (conductors), causing thus effect of action of force of an attraction between conductors (pushing away them towards each other). drawing № 16 Thus the moving charged particles aspire to leave areas of space with superfluous magnetic deformations in area with smaller deformations of "magnetic" measurements of space. That in turn also causes effect of action of magnetic forces. Return local electric field is formed and operates only at movement of the charged particles and it can be revealed only in the presence of movement or magnetic field sources (constant or permanent magnets), or material gauges concerning a magnetic field. If you had difficulties with understanding interaction the charged particles with the 35 "spin" moment of cells of space, present cells of space as revolving objects on which ends are beaten by the charged particle moving in this or that direction, and that thus occurs to mutual rotation of these revolving objects at different directions of blow and them mutual turn on 90°. (An axis of revolving objects "magnetic"). From drawings № 13 and № 16 it is visible that at coincidence of accelerating potentials on a sign from one end of conductors we observe effect of an attraction in magnetic fields, and at potentials different in a sign from one end of conductors, effect of pushing away. It is full inversion of action of electric charges (fields) on the motionless charged particles. It is result of transmitting of power deformations through differing on properties two measurements of space cell at an angle in 90° that causes mirror effect of interaction of moving electric charges, i.e. a cell "magnetic" component as though reflects back moving electric deformation as an ideal mirror in space, changing left on right and on the contrary. At a twisting of conductors in spiral structures, we will receive set of conductors with opposite directed currents on diameter of spirals and in parallel directed in one direction on a circle of spirals. Therefore the incorporated (united) magnetic field is formed in which streams from each coil (turn) of a spiral are summarized, and also influence of all spirals on each cell of space conducting magnetic deformation is summarized, that leads to product of these both influences and occurrence of square- law dependence between inductance L and number of coils in a spiral n . On drawing № 17 the directions least "loaded" by electric deformation in space and "occupied", thuse magnetic deformation in system of coils of the reel are shown. Drawing № 17 Thus there is a turn on 180° at poles of the coil (reel) of magnetic chains that can change and mutual "spin"of cells of space transmitting it interaction and to cause either connection of chains, or their pushing away depending on mutual orientations of currents flowing in two coils (reels) and to form thus effect of magnetic poles (N and S). "Magnetic" semimeasurements of a cell of space concerning magnetic poles are possibly neutral. Inserting in the coil of magnetic substances allows to increase sharply number of cells of space transmitting magnetic deformation, because of synchronization of a field created by the coil and fields of currents not coupled electrons in orbits (shells) of atoms of corresponding substances, usually ferromagnetic. And also mutual orientation of micro crystals of similar substances in 36 space lowering thus "magnetic" resistance usual space. ( subs )0( µ – magnetic permeability of substance, has zero geometrical dimensionality, i.e. is dimensionless) Certainly, by transmission of electric and magnetic interactions it is a matter only of increasing in probability of orientation of semimeasurements of cells of space by transmission of corresponding forces. Further in the text it will be shown that in transmission of similar fields (forces) acts only a minute quantity of cells of space (a principle of superposition of space). In space thus the set of chains of the cells deformed on one measurement of space transmitting power interaction is formed. Visually it looks like iron sawdust incorporated in chains in power lines of a magnetic field. By the way, some difficulty in an explanation of transmission of magnetic interaction also "has buried" all similar theories thought up till now. I do not think that I the very first in this area. And still! Not to mix up the given type (of) space with charging space! Though some analogy arises (V. Acosta, C.L. Covan, B.J. Graham of book "The Essentials of modern physics"). Still I will add that in substance sources of a constant (permanent) magnetic field are not coupled electrons, giving ring-like currents homogeneous on a "spin" in shells of atoms. Opposite twirled electrons sharply weaken a resultant deformation on "magnetic" measurement, compensating action each other. The explanation antiparallel "spins" at electrons in shells of atoms will follow a little further, as well as an explanation of generation and distribution gravitational field, annihilation particles, etc. And now one more moment connected with "modernization" of spatial "atom". Something it at us is very simple! We have already two types of space: one with zero number of measurements (protospace), and another with three (0 and 3). But we know that in a microcosm there are no sharp transitions from one condition (state) in another, hence we are compelled to enter (to add) both one-dimensional and two- dimensional buffer’s (intermediate) spaces into our Universe. A number (a row) 0; 1; 2; 3 is more natural to our World. To make it, it is possible (look drawing № 18, half of cell is shown), having entered two short "D" and "Е" and one more shorter "F" measurements in the centre of space cell. Drawing № 18 If the cell is not in the closed condition (state), three additional measurements do not interact with each other, they are too short (passive) and we continue to have 37 three-dimensional space. In case of short circuit of long measurements in elementary particles we can already involve short measurements on short distances between them and receive thus effect of action of nuclear forces. Still notice that about (near) measurement "B" two measurements the longest of three short, it causes displacement of deformation of a cell from the centre (the length of measurement is too a deformation version). For restoration of the geometrical centre, the length of "magnetic" measurement "B" is necessary to reduce a little. Thus one of measurements is exposed to depression from outside by short measurements and gets specific feature more quickly to take away dynamic deformation from "electric" measurements, and also to form the closed connections with other "electric" components of a cell of space and by that differs from other long measurements. Thus our space six-dimensional, three measurements at which are hidden (are passive or underdeveloped somehow!). I have not exhausted you?! Yes the space more difficult thing, than seems in the beginning! If it is interesting, then read further! To write all time to twenty times it is more difficult, than to read. Before returning to elementary particles, we will consider deformational capacity of space from the point of view of capacity of radiation which it (space) is capable to pass through (transmit). If the sizes of space cell (quantum, atom) an order of one femtometre − 10 -15 m (in a reality it is less), number of cells in 1 m 3 of space about 10 45 (10 15 cells in one metre to cube). If on frequency of 1 Hz energy of deformation of one cell of space is equal 6,62·10 -34 J (quantum is only one deformed cell of space transmitting radiation). This value I took from the formula: E=hv ( E (4) =h (7) ∙v (-3) ) which kind obviously specifies in space quantization! Where Е − a portion of energy (deformation of 4th degree) one cell, h – parametre of one cell – its limiting "rigidity" and deformation, v – velocity of deformation of one cell for one cycle (frequency), i.e. shortening of length of a wave of radiation (frequency increase) in 10 times, increases loading by unit of length of space too in 10 times! Unit of length certainly the quantum! Thus on (in) 1 m 3 of space limiting energy on frequency in 1 Hz is possible: 6,62·10 -34 · 10 45 also it is equal 6,62·10 11 J, and as much Watt, since: sec 1 E N = or 662 billion Watt! Almost one Terawatt! And it on such poorly (weakly) radiating frequency (poorly deforming cells) as 1 Hz! At frequency increase in a million times, the limiting density of energy will increase in a million times, and limiting density of capacity in 10¹² times! Thus we see that by transmission of various radiations, fields, forces etc., is used only the part of cells of space (an exception a gravitational field), the others in a reserve, it and is explaining a principle of superposition of space. On enough low powers of radiations, they do not interacts with each other, i.e. cells of space suffice for all. But at excessing of peak capacity, arises powerful "short circuit" — saturation of all cells of space strong deformation, therefore the matter is formed, because of landslide short circuits of cells of space, which already lack for transmission of such huge energy. Capacity of radiations does 38 not grow any more! To this property of space I wish to add what disperse light the closed cells of space can only, but not opened ones! Therefore is useless to define uniformity of space in Universe by optical methods. Now it is a little more about elementary particles. It is necessary to summarize above-stated: Any force, any energy spreads only in space and is generated only by space derivatives! So, a neutron. Its structure can be represented on disintegration products: n → p + + e − + 39 closed measurements, and decreasing thus its action (reactance). Short measurements most likely incorporate (unite) among themselves in pairs: one from one ring incorporates to another on other ring, probably in accordance with "sign" since after short circuit of long measurements all measurements of a cell are energized (charged). Since short measurements a little and they are more short, the radius of their action, also is small, and nuclear forces has property to saturation. The design of a neutron with a proton (look drawing № 21) is steadier. Drawing № 21 Such system of particles reminds a triangle which as we know from geometry and the building mechanics, is a rigid design. The given system of particles is called deuteron (nucleus of deuterium) and time of its existence is not defined. Connection of two similar "triangles" with their geometrical reorganization in space forms the nucleus of helium 4 which is possibly system in which completely all short measurements of particles forming this nucleus are realized. As it is possible to see from the previous drawing (№ 21), in deuteron it is impossible to localize precisely neutron position since electron is general for two protons, and them mutual position can dynamically change. The same phenomenon is known and in chemistry. At molecules of water being in liquid phase hydrogen is general, it can pass from one atom of oxygen to another. At increase in number of protons and neutrons in an atomic nucleus, quantity of free directions for generators of electric field and their mutual corner (angle) in space (its equivalent for 3D space) decreases, that leads to decreasing catalytic "tunnel" effect and to reduction stability the nucleus of atoms (transuranium elements). In the latter case generators of electric field of particles start to "touch" already each other at oscillatory process. The same phenomenon can be observed and at capture of a neutron by a nucleus. The neutron which has got there is no synchronous by a "spin" with a nucleus, and it thus breaks catalytic "tunnel" effect displacing nucleons rather (slightly) each other that finally "breaks" short measurements between them, and causes nucleus disorder (disintegration) on two, three more or less stable groups of nucleons. Energy at this process basically is liberated for the account of electrostatic pushing away of the charges of protons with the same sign since their "spin" is not so synchronous. Disconnection of short measurements and reduction of a bend of spatial cells near nucleons reduces energy-weight (mass) of connection between nucleons. 40 About nuclear disintegrations a bit further, now we will return to a neutron. Existence doubled, trebled and quadrupled neutrons in a free condition (state) is theoretically possible, and is possible with big enough time of a life, and also a hyperneutron as astronomical object (Neutron Star). For formation of first three particles, exact coincidence (synchronization) "spin" of two, three and four neutrons is necessary at their impact that is extremely improbable. Last object is formed by gravitational compression of atoms before (till) coincidence "spins" of electrons and protons in nucleus of atoms. The theory does not forbid also existence of a complex of a proton with a positron in a free condition (state) forming thus a particle with a charge in +2е! Which time of a life hardly is more than time of a life of a neutron in a free condition (state). If the neutron is a compound particle at a neutron should exist and the magnetic moment opposite to the impulse moment since the density of an electric charge is maximum on "an electronic" ring whereas "inductance" (weight) at this ring is minimum. I.e. electron as though rotates round a proton, because of small weight. As to conclusions that electron in a nucleus cannot exist, they are in my opinion insufficiently correct (look of the book named in the beginning or look p.36). First: authors for some reason have summarized "spin" of three particles in deuteron (two protons and one electron) also have received the semi whole value a "spin" of deuteron ( 2 3 2 1 2 1 2 1 =++ ), instead of +1. It is all that to one gramme of sugar to add 3,6 kg of sugar and to consider that we have already 4,6 kg! Quite seriously! It is no more and not less! I.e. the rotation moment (even quantum) a electron have easy equated by the moment of rotation almost in two thousand (!) times of heavier proton! Have forgotten even that at neutron disintegration it is formed three particles (not all of them by the way particles); a electron ("spin" 1 2 ), a proton ( 1 2 ) and antineutrino ( 1 2 ), thus the sum of "spins" gives neutron "spin" too 3 2 , instead of 1 2 as actually! If to consider "spin" only the heaviest particle (proton), neutron "spin" too 1 2 as well as observed on practice. Thus to sum "spin" in a case with deuteron it is possible only at protons 1 2 1 2 1 +=+ , a electron is too small on weight for this purpose, and it is essentially to change the moment of "rotation" of a nucleus cannot. Secondly: too small magnetic moment of a nucleus, according to authors proves impossibility of existence in it nuclear electrons. It I wish to answer, that nuclear magneton has geometrical dimensionality of weight: ( p N m e 2 h = µ ; )6(6 6 75 )6()0( )7()5( 2 ma a aa m e N == ⋅ = ⋅ ⋅ = + ++ h µ look a row), thus the magnetic moment of a nucleus is defined by the heaviest particles in it, as well as "spin" in the previous case: (ħ=7, m=6 i.e. weight and "spin" have close geometrical dimensionalities). To it I will add 41 that the magnetic moments of a neutron and a proton are opposite on a sign: (+2,79µ for a proton, -1,91µ for a neutron) also can compensate each other, i.e. the nucleus contains "rotating" generators of electric field different in a sign ( p + and e – ) directed each in different sides which way and extinguishing magnetic deformation in space. Thirdly: very small energy of electrons taking off from a nucleus at disintegration of astable nucleus. It I wish to answer that firstly, the electrons it is necessary to break nuclear links in a nucleus. Secondly, the electrons are charged negatively and the nucleus is positive that forces the electrons to lose energy at overcoming Coulomb's force of an attraction since their "spin" it is already disbalanced and catalytic the "tunnel" effect is not present. Thirdly, this dispersion the electrons on nucleons at their exit from a nucleus at which "gearing" of short measurements of electrons for (on) short measurements of nucleons is possible. Thus energy taking off (flying away) the electrons, hardly will be considerable as authors have specified. As a matter of fact, there "free" energy from a principle of uncertainty is specified without taking into account of its loss at liberating the electron. It is a little more on this theme. I think that miracles, at least in our Universe do not happens, and the belief in interconversions of particles each other, is irrational! Analyzing space, I do not suppose any magic transformations into it, and I operate only with logic and the dry facts, trusting Laws of Conservation and to Constants. Otherwise in my opinion it is not necessary to pursue science! The Universe is absolute permeable for logic! I am consider, what exactly such approach and will lead in the future to real "miracles"! So, we pass now to consideration generation neutrino’s deformations at the moment of neutron disintegration. In a near zone of space at the moment of scattering of particles with different electric charges, crossing of corresponding electric deformations at a short distance from generators of fields as in the polarized cells of space ("blow" directly towards, that is more probable), and not polarized ("blow" at an angle in 90º), that causes occurrence and distribution of deformation of two "electric" measurements of cells of space along "magnetic", i.e. generation neutrino’s (electron) radiations is possible, which are carrying away superfluous deformations at unhooking of short measurements of particles. At rupture short measurements and measurements of close located cells of space are straightened, scattering thus two particles from each other. The bend of such measurements disappears – the weight of connection of these particles disappears also! (The additive of 1,5 electronic weights to weight of a neutron) Certainly that the pushing away initial stage is set by pushing away of ring- like structures of a neutron in the supervacuum, straightened measurements losing thus weight, increasing an impulse of scattering of particles. While particles (p + and e – ) start to interacts by the fields, because of disbalance synchronous a "spin", velocity and distance between them are already enough considerable for scattering, but it can cause a pulsation of "electric" measurements. Since "blow" on different "electric" measurements is synchronous, it does not cause variable excitation 42 "magnetic" components (effect of compensation) that does impossible generation of electromagnetic radiation. Thus "magnetic" measurement is extended so (at synchronous compression of two "electric") that already along it the leader of such kind of radiation spreads. Asynchronous "blow" on (in) time on "electric" measurements, already causes formation of electromagnetic deformation. Basically, if neutrino (electron) is radiation (υ=c) there are no particles or antiparticles since at them is not present weights, are not present also a charges and there is nothing thus to counterbalance. But it is necessary to be cautious since neutrino’s radiation can have the features of generation and distribution. Namely, a heavy proton with a sign "plus" and light electron with a sign "minus" at neutron disintegration can give asymmetric deformation on (by) force on corresponding measurements of cells of space since speeds of scattering of these particles strongly differs, as well as their weights (masses). And on the contrary, pair an antiproton with a sign "minus" and a positron with a sign "plus" at antineutron disintegration can cause return (inverse) asymmetry of deformations of these measurements. At synthesis of these particles (neutron-antineutron) also can be observed asymmetry of deformations of opposite above stated which arise at disintegration of these particles since electron (capture a electron by a nucleus at neutron synthesis) in this case is not accelerated by nucleus, and (but) brakes. Now about other kinds neutrinos. Muon’s neutrino is formed at disintegration of an astable particle muon − heavy analogue a electron. Thus there is a disconnection (about it just a bit further) one of rings of this particle, formed by "electric" measurements and as already it was mentioned above occurs "blow" on "electric measurements" of cells of space synchronously that causes sharp lengthening "magnetic" components of space cell and distribution along it compression waves. But distinction with electron(ic) neutrino formed at neutron-antineutron disintegration consists that muon turning into electron sharply loses weight with (from) 207 electronic to one electron that is caused by disconnection of "electric" measurements of one of rings of this particle, that in turn creates running deformation on "electric" measurements with their some bend (weight). Because of occurrence thus resistance of supervacuum to the bent measurements, velocity of distribution of such deformation decreases (υ<c). Thus muon’s neutrino can be related to the intermediate kind of the radiation which are between a usual kind radiations (light) and quasiparticles with not closed measurements. A graphic designation muon’s neutrino: The electron neutrino: Tau neutrino (lepton’s) is even more rigid variant running deformation at disconnection measurements of a τ-lepton. During the initial moment at disconnection measurements of a heavy particle "pressure" of supervacuum "pushing 43 away" measurements, of a particle is very great, since closed semimeasurements in one ring of this heavy particle very much, the greatest loss of weight ("inductance") by this particle, is thus observed, and thus a considerable part of energy at disconnection turns into bend-type deformation of "electric" measurements of cells of space being nearby. Not two but four "electric" semimeasurements of a cell of space are thus bent, carrying away with itself (or transmitting) huge energy. A graphic representation tau neutrino (lepton’s): Certainly velocity of distribution of similar deformation decreases even more strongly (υ<<c), because of strong resistance of supervacuum. It even more a quasiparticle, than radiation in the pure state. Thus, all cannot be excluded that in due course there will be a straightening of "electric" measurements, and these two kinds neutrinos will pass in usual electron(ic) neutrino (radiation) with more intensity, than initial, because of loss of weight (bend). However it is not necessary to forget and that especially in the latter case having some weight (<128 electronic), because of a bend, tau-neutrino can have "an internal" electric charge i.e. an attraction between opposite measurements on a sign, because of a charge self-induction the bent measurements, something will prevent straightening process, or strongly it will slow down. Any of kinds neutrino cannot have an external charge, because of mutual compensation "electric" measurements each other. Now we will try to present approximately that can represent "elementary" particles received on accelerators, and which quantity already exceeds three hundred. For this purpose we will enter an approximate scale of weight ("inductance") of the closed semimeasurements of space. We have two stable particles: a electron in which two semimeasurements are closed, which inductance – 1; and a proton in which five semimeasurements are closed, its inductance – 1836,1. From here we give a scale rough estimate, considering strong nonlinearity of these parametres from each other. Thus three closed semimeasurements give an interval of 50−300 electronic weights. Four closed semimeasurements give an interval about 500−1000 electronic weights. With each new measurement in one ring supervacuum pushing away growing, thus "pressure" in a particle grows, grows also its seeming (effective on dispersion) diameter. Force of an electric charge does not increase, since it is defined only by throughput of not closed semimeasurement. A cell of space at collisions with energy received on accelerators we will consider not collapsing (disintegrating), except a case of a birth of pair an electron-positron. Though this restriction can be disputable. Radiations are formed at disconnection of ring-like structures of measurements of space (particles). At connection of rings, the weight of particles – is summarized. Now simply it is necessary to analyse products of disintegration of some particles. So, the most probable combinations of spatial cells: 44 Muon it is possible to present as a complex electron with one spatial cell. "Impulse" at disconnection (disintegration) on two direct "electric" measurements (semi) gives electron(ic) neutrino, disconnection of an "electric" ring gives muon’s neutrino. It is possible to present a tau-lepton as a complex a electron with two cells of space. n – number to (from) 27 or more cells of space transmitting this type of deformation. The difference in effective diameters of particles is not shown. The additional weight of connection arises, because of a curvature near the located cells of space (bend), and short circuits of short measurements (are not shown). 45 Kinds of neutrinos and electromagnetic radiation As -mesons (pions) are formed in very considerable quantities at formation and disintegrations of astable particles it there should be any characteristic group of the closed measurements of a cell of space, suitable on weight. Thus for 0 - meson 46 presumably a structure: Generation γ − radiations or neutrino’s is possibly defined by what of measurements of a particle "electric" or "magnetic" will start to be disconnected by the first, i.e. asynchronous or synchronous "blow" accordingly will take place on "electric" and "magnetic" measurements of cells of space being nearby. Still I will add that, the "magnetic" semimeasurement (it more shortly than "electric" one) is closer to a plane of a ring of "electric" semimeasurements, the weight of the same particle is more, the more strongly loading on supervacuum (muon or pion). At disintegration astable particles, probability of generation the gamma quantum or neutrino’s radiations is defined by what of semimeasurements will start to be disconnected by the first. If this is "electric" semimeasurement, remained "electromagnetic" pair of semimeasurements having opened out, generates γ − quantum, leader which movement goes along "electric" measurement opened out by the first (blow asynchronous). If this is "magnetic" semimeasurement, remained pair of "electric" semimeasurements at disconnection, generates neutrino’s the radiation, which leader of movement goes along "magnetic" measurement opened out by the first (blow synchronous). Let’s consider still a complex of a proton with 0 - meson (pion) 47 In the latter case the space makes electron-positron a pair since energy of synthesis is sharply lowered, because of strong catalytic action of a proton or other heavy particle, because of strong contortion (compression-bend) of cells of space near to such particles. Thus the space solves a problem of conservation of a charge, at it disproportion. It is essential at positronic β + nuclear disintegration. Two more possible variants of disintegration of hyperons (baryons) 48 And others compound baryons breaks up similarly Antiparticles differs from particles only an opposite electric sign. Certainly, it is only approximate scheme of those processes which can occur at interaction of "clouds" of strongly bent cells of space near to heavy particles and from which can be beaten out set (over 300) astable combinations from the closed or semi closed spatial cells. In a zone of such "cloud" energy of synthesis of particles is sharply lowered, because of "a preliminary" bend of measurements of space cells near to the closed cell of space (a heavy particle), because of their reaction to pressure of supervacuum nearby (catalytic synthesis). I.e. one deformation of space reduces level of achievement of other deformation is a sense of work of the catalyst. By the way, this principle is very wide-spreaded in the Nature, without it, occurrence of an organic Life basically would not be possible! The given graphic schemes are simply resulted (are shown) as an approach example in the analysis of a microcosm from the point of view of structural elements of space. If to assume that cells of space at these processes can disintegrate on various even unequal parts, and from them there can be "elementary" particles to form, the number of possible combinations can be even more. As it is easily possible to see from graphic schemes that astable particles consists of several rings pushing away from each other that actually and distinguishes stable particles — a electron, a proton from astable. Attempts to construct various variants of particles using only one ring (spheroid), lead to their small assortment and sharp increase of weight of each subsequent particle. Still I wish to notice that stability of ring-like structures of particles can depend 49 and on a ratio of the closed "electric" and "magnetic" semimeasurements. In electron one "magnetic" and one "electric"; in a proton two "magnetic" and three "electric", i.e. their ratios accordingly 1:1 and 1:1,5. At change of these ratios probably sharp increase in instability, as for example in 0 -meson, where presumably in one ring one "magnetic" and two "electric" semimeasurements, and thus their ratio 1:2. Instability can be thus caused that "magnetic" semimeasurement is shorter "electric" one and plays a role of a collar pulling together a ring (spheroid), it is under stretching pressure. "Electric" semimeasurement is longer, and thus it extends diameter of a ring (spheroid) aspiring to be straightened. At considerable surplus any of semimeasurements in a ring, occurs disbalance forces of compression and a stretching that does a point of connection of measurements unstable. Thus unstable particles are rather ephemeral, than elementary particles, and possibly they are building "dust" of the Nature. Among this "dust" can be and particles with a charge in 2е! The complex of a proton with a positron was already mentioned at the description of a structure of a neutron. Here are shown still (look drawing № 22) to possibility of formation of other combinations with a multiple electric charge. Drawing № 22 Also short circuit not only two pairs semimeasurements in one cell of space (electron-positron) and all three pairs with formation of a superneutron, very heavy neutral particle is possible. Such strong deformation can be formed as a result of collision of three very rigid gamma quanta in one point (a cell) of space. The probability of this process is very small. Weight of this particle calculates from a parity: m N =ħc (m (6) =ħ (7) ·c (-1) ), and now it is visible, whence the number 6π in the formula of weight of a proton comes from. The proton is not yet limiting deformation of spatial cell and its weight ≈ in 19 times of less weight of a superneutron. Such sharp jump of weight ("inductance") can be caused strong increasing in "pressure" of supervacuum as a result of full short circuit of all measurements of a cell of space, and thus there is no not closed semimeasurements through which there is a surplus of pressure in the form of electric field going out. The superneutron probably exists longer than a neutron, since It, is not a compound particle and possesses limiting "rigidity" of the design. Possibly It, as well as a proton can form a complex with a electron or a positron, and it is much easier, since the superneutron has no external electric charge and the "spin", for coupling of short measurements does not demand 50 synchronization. And this complex will react with a proton as well as an antiproton, i.e. with annihilation. By the first, most likely it will be opened electron got stuck between heavy particles, and this impulse will suffice to open strongly strained superneutron, and then and less strained proton. This complex can be good fuel in the future along with an antiproton and a positron, especially if the superneutron is steady (stable) and is easily stored independently or in a complex with other particle, including and with a superneutron! At mixing of superneutrons with usual hydrogen (p + and e − ) operated reaction annihilation these particles should go. The superneutron can be formed at collision of three very rigid gamma quanta in one cell of space that is improbable, and also is possible catalytic synthesis from a proton or an antiproton. Now we will try to represent synthesis – annihilation process stable particles in the geometrical form. 2( A + B mag C − ) – a cell of space ABC − in this case semimeasurements Leptons А + (ВС) + (АВ)С − γВС + γАВ + υАС е + е − 2γ + 1υ (in free space) Baryons (АА´ВВ´С) С´ − +А + (А´ВВ´СС´) υС´А + γА´В + γВ´С + γА´В + γВ´С +υАС´ р − р + 4γ + 2υ (in free space) In the first reaction at annihilation there is a regeneration of one space cell, in the second reaction, regeneration of two cells of space. So, at an annihilation two particles under "pressure" created supervacuum in a particle, and leaving through long "electrical" semimeasurements different in a sign interacting with cells three-dimensional space (polarization), approach, and in case of equality of the masses, two semimeasurements of particles are joined forming neutrino’s deformation (electron neutrino), the closed semimeasurements in each particle thus are unlocked forming gamma-quanta and is possible neutrino (muon neutrino) since in case of a proton-antiproton, in them three are closed "electrical" and two "magnetic" semimeasurements, i.e. for one "electrical" measurement there is no "magnetic" pair for gamma-quanta formation. Though it is possible that the Nature and does not impose so rigid restrictions on generation radiation scale (assortment). The question on preferential formation neutrino or gamma-quanta already has been viewed earlier. The quantity of gamma-quanta can be and more if their energy does annihilation synthesis free annihilation synthesis 51 not appear limiting, i.e. will be more deformed spatial cells. The given quantity of gamma-quanta concerns the limiting frequency of radiation depending from masses annihilated particles: )2( )1( )3( + − − = λ ν c look a series (a row), where λ length of a Compton’s wave of these particles: )1()6( )7( )2( − = c m h λ or h mc 2 = ν . Also cells (of space) participate in generation γ - quanta, because (cells) are squeezed on one "electrical" measurement by an electric field of particles and after which annihilation, the squeezed measurements of cells of space are straightened also, causing alternate oscillations of "magnetic" and "electrical" measurements in space. The energy distribution (spreading) of such gamma-quanta should be broadband, because of a different degree of squeezing of spatial cells on different distance from annihilated charged particles. You can easily note that in the geometrical equations neutrino is strictly necessary component for balance of deformations of all geometrical measurements, otherwise, at synthesis of particles superfluous "magnetic" measurements will be formed a lot: γАВ + γВС → (АВ)C¯ + B mag − the radical, and also is broken a Conservation law of a charge (symmetry). By the way, my opinion that the free measurements (radicals) can quite be formed at a collision of waves of deformations of space very high intensity among themselves and fundamental particles, or at disintegrations of astable particles, but in the absence of "inductance" (mass), a charge and a zero thickness are found out cannot be, since they will transit through any detector known now, without change of its state. Thus for synthesis of fundamental particles it is necessary to have quantization of three-dimensional space, and it is binding neutrino, without this particle-radiation, in space the free "magnetic" measurements (B mag ) will accumulate. Though to term now neutrino and quanta as fundamental particles already it is impossible! These are zones of dynamic deformation of quanta of space (cells). And still! I consider that the mass exists in the form of the incurvated or closed micromeasurements of space cells and is a loading of the incurvated micromeasurements on zero space which aspires to straighten them (repelling them from each other), in passing deforming environmental space cells. Or it (mass) is, or it in general is not present! Presence of an impulse at "particle" yet does not speak about presence the mass at this "particle". The impulse is the intermediate strain (deformation) of space between mass and energy (look a row) in its classical understanding, and possesses partially properties of that and other strain, and not bindingly can belong to a particle. Light has deformation of four degrees of freedom of space, is perpendicular to a motion, plus one degree of deformation of space along which it is spreading. Total sum − five degrees, it means that light possesses an impulse (look a row), but does not possess mass since for this purpose it should have six degrees of deformation of space and at least two of them should be incurvated! (one-dimension). By the way, the previous calculation with light is real only at interaction of light with substance, in free space the leader of a wave is compressed up to zero and is not active. 52 So, the mass is more higher degree of deformation, than an impulse, i.e. the mass can form an impulse in any interval of velocities, an impulse on prelight’s velocities forms mass cannot, if there incurvated measurements of space is not present. The mass magnification at formation of chemical or nuclear connection testifies to magnification of an arcuation of close located cells of space, in the first case in a zone between and round charged particles, because of "gyration" and orientation thus measurements of space cells on two radiants of a field which cause their arcuation, in-second case, magnification of density of "cloud" of the incurvated cells of space round interacting nucleons, plus closure of short measurements in ring-like structures. From this it should be clear that virtual material carriers "making heavier" nuclear connection does not exist! Now it is a little about disintegrations of nucleus of atoms. Alpha disintegration The most stable group of particles consisting of four nucleons (a nucleus of helium 4), has the least deformational level of the fourth degree (energy) as which proof the powerful energy release serves at synthesis of helium 4 of deuterium nucleus. I.e. a part of strongly curved space cells round particles (arcuation), at linking of particles and their regrouping are straightened causing the strong strains (deformations) in exterior space, and reducing thereby a mass of linking of particles, i.e. a few moving away from each other joined particles, as producing a lot of energy. Activity of short measurements in this group of particles is realized peakly (maximum). Probably that four protons are in one plane, plus two electrons on each side of a plane of protons. Thus in case of a geometrical disbalance in a nucleus, this group of nucleons as most inconvertible (strong or stable) flying off (away) from it, stabilizing other groups of nucleons in a nucleus, thereby leveling their geometrical balance. Disintegration on this type is characteristic for heavy nucleus with a considerable quantity of nucleons in which the catalytic "tunnel" effect weakens. Positronic beta disintegration In very dense nucleus containing more often surplus of protons and a deficiency of neutrons (light isotopes), in "cloud" of curved space sells inside and round nucleus, there are the strong strains (fluctuations) including an arcuation, up to formation an electron-positron of pair from one spatial cell (catalytic synthesis). The electron and nearby the located proton form a complex among themselves giving rise to a neutron and neutrino. The positron flying off outside as it should not break a Coulomb barrier, this barrier itself throws out positive charged particle from a nucleus having the same charge on a sign. Thus positronic disintegration is a catalytic conversion of a proton 53 in an atomic nucleus. After that disintegration, level of redundant strain of space cells in an atomic nucleus decreases. Electronic beta disintegration It is sample disintegration of a neutron on a proton, an electron and antineutrino as it is already featured (described) earlier. Arises more often, because of the considerable surplus of neutrons in a nucleus (heavy isotopes), and serves for alignment of balance of nucleons (protons-neutrons). I.e. "superfluous" neutrons start to screen protons in a nucleus (since neutrons composite) that impedes activity of a catalytic "tunnel" effect. In such situation to the Nature to destroy "a superfluous" neutron easier, than an atomic nucleus. Electron capture This type of disintegration is similar to a positronic beta disintegration, with one difference. For transmutation of a proton into a neutron, an electron does not arise together with a positron in bent space, and gets to a nucleus from the nearest electronic shell (K), owing to a "tunnel" effect. A ratio of neutrons and protons in such nucleus intermediate between nucleus with beta positronic and beta electronic disintegrations. This type of disintegration, as well as beta positronic reduces quantity of protons in nucleus of atoms and serves as a principal cause of surplus of neutrons in nucleus with the number of a charge above 16 th (S − sulphur). Gamma disintegration This is absorption (conservation) of electromagnetic strain of space (γ - quanta), by non-linear space between nucleons in a nucleus with the subsequent magnification of an arcuation (bend) of cells of it space and amplification of an oscillative motion of nucleons in it, inappreciably incrementing thus medial distance between them. Then interaction of short measurements of nucleons returns this system in an initial state, causing sharp "shock" on "electrical" and "magnetic" measurements of space, generating thus gamma-quanta of the same energy, as what have got to an atomic nucleus. The chemical charge of a nucleus does not change more often, because of insufficient energy of gamma-quanta. Now a little more on deformational (cor)relations in space. If a stationary value (constant) of Dirac to divide on proton mass according to a deformational series (a row) we will gain strain of one degree of freedom of space: 167 )6( )7( =−= p m h . One measurement (dimension) of space has two degrees of freedom, 54 thus we will square the first formula to gain length in space. It is possible separately (for) numerator and a denominator: 2 2 p m l h = i.e. 21214 )( )( 2 )6( 2)7( =−= p m h . Having made calculations with operating values, we will gain distance of 3,975·10 -15 m that almost three times more the than measured diameter of a proton. Thus we consider this distance incurvated i.e. a proton circle. For transfer of the incurvated distance in linear, we will divide this value on number of "π" to gain diameter of a proton, and we will gain 1,265·10 -15 m, or radius of 0,632·10 -15 m that is very close to measured on practice (r p =R p =0,77±0,1·10 -15 m). In a case with an electron the similar formula (a deformational relation) is necessary to involute in the fourth degree, since the electron mass has geometrical dimensionality +6,5 instead of + 6 as at a proton! Thus the difference at subtraction from seven is equal to half of degree of freedom of space and for its magnification to (for) two (one measurement), it is necessary to quadruple this value, having multiplied four times: 5.05.67 )5.6( )7( =−= e m h i.e. 22628 )( )( 4 )5.6( 4)7( =−= e m h . Having made calculations we will gain: 4 4 e m l h = = 1,796·10 -16 m, after division into number of "π" we will gain 5,716·10 -17 m is diameter of an electron, and its radius of 2,858·10 -17 m that in 22 times there is less than diameter- radius of a proton! Effect unexpected! The calculated radius (it is exact!) an electron it has appeared almost in 100 times less than measured on practice (r е =R е = 2,8179·10 -15 m!) The solution is not so difficult if to recollect, as the proton and an electron is only strains of our space! All matter is probable that the basic strain at an electron not in mass and in a force field round it. We by the way will soon calculate energy of this field (charge), a series (a row) allows to make it also. In advance I will tell, it great! The electron the field so strongly contort round itself a space (compressing the "negative" measurement) that the gravitational-inertial charge of this particle (mass) simply disappears against contortions in space created by an electron. I.e. the electron is more similar to space, than on a substance. I want that it has been correctly understood: it not the electron has such strong charge, it is, its mass is too small in comparison with force of an electrical charge. The electron simply throwing "a dust in eyes" creating the effective or spurious (fictitious) diameter which even is more than diameter of a proton! It simply "avoids" direct interaction already at a great distance to object, reacting to the slightest change of a state of a natural electric field. It is probably ridiculous! But to calculate the real size of an electron from correlations of strains of space there is easier, than really in practice to measure diameter of this particle. The electron is thus inverted a particle, i.e. strain of space round an electron can have even higher intensity, than naturally electron! Any stable particle has two supporting points of "dumping" of the strain: the first point is a loading on zero space (supervacuum) round which its measurements (mass) are closed, the second point is "screw emission" strains on measurements of other cells of space through not closed semimeasurement. (The explanation of this 55 term meaning unilateral (one way) passage of strain on (along) measurement, look in the end of the basic text.) At a proton the basic point of bearing on zero space (supervacuum), i.e. is expressed in mass. At an electron the basic point of bearing on three-dimensional space, i.e. is expressed in a charge. About anomalies of this particle, it will be still written. We go further. If in a denominator of last formula to substitute value in 2m e instead of 1m e , since from one cell of space it is formed two electrons: 4 4 )2( e m l h =, that we will gain 1,1·10 -17 m or too that: 17 00 2 101.1 1 − ⋅=⋅= µε c m! I.e. we have the size of a cell of space calculated already three expedients! It is necessary to recollect that the size of fundamental particles is more, both, because of pushing away of the closed measurements from each other, and round particles there is "cloud" of strongly curved space cells possessing an impulse and in some mass, because of a microarcuation of the measurements reacting to the strong perturbation of supervacuum inside and round the closed space cell (the strong non-linear properties of space). And at a proton this "cloud" much more than at an electron. Now we will subtract half-degree of freedom from a stationary value (constant) of Dirac by means of a root square of a velocity of light (m/s): e mc 2=h , i.e. we will gain mass of two electrons ( 5.6)5.0(7 2 1 7 )1()7( =−+= − +=⋅ − ch ). If to subtract one degree of freedom from a stationary value of Dirac by means of a velocity of light (shifts geometrical dimensionality in row on (by) unity) we will gain mass of extremely closed space cell (a superneutron) with energy of a rest mass in 17,6 GeV! m N =ħc=6πm p or about 19 proton masses! (ħ (7) · c (-1) = 7 + (-1) = 6 ). About this superparticle it has already been written. Now superneutron mass we will substitute in the formula: 2 2 N m h or having expressed it through proton mass: 2 2 2 2 2 36 )6( p p m m π π hh → ⋅ (m p − weight of a proton) to gain two degrees of freedom of space (one measurement (dimension) − length in space), the size again 1,1·10 -17 m = )2( 0 )4( 0 2 1 −+ ⋅= µε c ( 2 )6( 2 2)7( )(36 )( p m l π h = = (7 · 2) - (6 · 2) = 14 – 12 = 2 = l; l c ==−−=−⋅−= − 2)2(0))1(2(0 1 )1(2 )0( ; ε 0 (+4) ·µ 0 (-2) = 4 + (-2) = 2 = l look a series). Well! Have caught space for a tail?! It to us "a brain powders it", being poured in different shapes! Do not know we geometrical dimensionality would count all it is mere coincidences! 1 c 2 – it is a quantum length of three-dimensional space! From formulas of mass of an electron and a proton and which derivatives you now saw, it is 56 impossible to learn that means a correlation 1 c 2 , only geometrical dimensionality could explain that this is such! There can be a reasonable Life as special strain in space, arises only at those correlations of the sizes of these strains when its space is the most easier for understanding! Even I cannot realize this deduction up to the end in any way and I reject the last some months. Why such coincidence is possible? And why our metre the linear any especial? After all the velocity of light including and in a quadrate, makes the correct results at calculations if it to express only in metres in one second! And the relation (ratio) 1 c 2 too in metres in one second; ε 0 − is Farad divided on metre; µ 0 – Henry divided on metre; ħ − joule multiplied by a second; 2m e − it is given in kilogrammes! And as a result, all of them easily give the relation: 1 c 2 =1,1·10 -17 m! Nonsense any! Even my psychology of it does not maintain! Thanks that reasonable inhabitants of other planets will be one growth with us! In this Universe in any case! The relation means π c (where c in kilometres per second!), similar on the module on a stationary value of Faraday’s, it not coincidence! After all, both, the velocity of light and this constant have identical geometrical dimensionality -1! (c = -1; Faraday’s a stationary value: )6( )5( m q mole CL = = 5 – 6 = - 1 look a series (a row) in the appendix). This ratio π c it is less than stationary value of Faraday on 1,096 %. Probably that it is some control size of space ( ≈ 1metre) at which probably peak interaction of great assortment of various spatial strains leading to their plural cross and accumulation, as causes occurrence of such phenomenon in the Universe as Reason. I.e. there is so-called "focusing" of contortions in space at its strictly certain sizes. Thus not we select physical dimensionalities, but space having picked up them, has caused us to a life! And no mysticism any thus! Only a mechanics of space! About it, a little more closer to the text extremity. Now we will return to spatial strains as quantum theory of vacuum. So, dimensionality -1 have (has) not only a velocity of light and a stationary value (constant) of Faraday, and electron volt (eV), in which physicists like to express energy of particles ( )5( )1(2)6( q cm − ⋅ =6 + (2 · (-1)) - 5 = -1 look a series). It means that the number of "" in a state to influence and on correlation of dimensionalities of fundamental particles expressed through this physical quantity (eV). Thus the electron mass is equal 6 π Mega-electron-volt! (an error of +2,47 %), and the proton mass is equal 6 π Mega-electron-volt! (an error too +2,47 %!). Count to check up accuracy! Some more examples: muon ≈ 4 π MeV; - meson ≈ 4 2 π MeV; τ – lepton ≈ 4 18 π МeV; K – meson ≈ 2 50 π МeV or 6 6 π π ⋅ МeV; 20 5050 πη +≈ MeV; 57 υ τ ≈ 3 8 π МeV; D - meson ≈ 3 60 π МeV and so on. With unusual property of electron volt you still will meet in the end of the basic text. The number of "" is a relation of the incurvated measurement of space (circle) to linear being inside this circle. And also reflects the "circumrotatory" moment of elements of space. By the way, it is not necessary to forget that round incurvated "rotating" and any other our measurement of space in its any state is zero space (supervacuum). Thus the number of "" can partially reflect and a state of this type of space. That is still interesting, so this relation 6 π to 6 π the equal e p m m ;6 5 π that in accuracy it is equal 1836,1 and already without any error! Let’s express still a velocity of light through electron and proton masses: 2 2 4 h e m c = and h p m c ⋅ = π 6 ( )7(2 )5,6(2 )1( 4 h e m c = − = (2 · 6,5) - (2 · 7) = 13 - 14 = -1; )7( )6( )0( )1( 6 h p m c π = − = (0 + 6) - 7 = -1). Still the length of space can be gained from following deformational relations, for example: )5( )7( )2( e l h = where е - a charge of 1,6·10 -19 CL; )4( 0 )6( )2( ε p m l = ; )7( )1( )10( )2( h − ⋅ = cG l w ; )6( )1(2 )10( )2( p w m cG l − ⋅ = ; )5( )1(3 )10( )2( e cG l w − ⋅ = ; )4( 0 )1(4 )10( )2( ε − ⋅ = cG l w etc. In brackets degrees of geometrical dimensionality are specified. G w − is constant weak interaction (coupling) and which is equal 1,4·10 -62 J·m³, which geometrical dimensionality +10 since it composite: )6()4( VE ⋅ =6 + 4 = 10. It is not excluded that these deformational relations can express and length of short measurements of a cell of space, or a degree of their quantization (long measurements including). Paradox of an electron How it is possible to see, geometrical dimensionality of mass of an electron +6,5 instead of +6 as at a proton what causes a question why? The electron is result of fracture of a structural element of space at it condensation, thus the electron has one "plane" of the closed measurements that the (look drawing № 23) leads to the full exit from it short measurements owing to their pushing away in supervacuum. Drawing № 23 The terminating standing of short measurements, after their "drift" on a ring is 58 shown. Theoretically, it can influence geometrical dimensionality of an electron, i.e. the electron is closer to multidimensional spaces, than other particles since the number of measurements in space is defined by quantity of measurements of different "grade". But possibly the parent (reason) lies more deeply. If to subtract one and a half degree of freedom of space from electron mass: 2 5.1 3 π cm e , that we will gain an electron charge е, thus dimensionality of an electron is not called (put) into question. Now we can easily calculate and energy of an electrical charge of an electron, for this purpose from five degrees of freedom at an electrical charge of an electron, it is necessary to subtract one degree of freedom set by a velocity of light: E (4) =e (5) ·c (-1) (E=ec), i.e. we convert strain of space 5th degrees (charge) in strain 4th degrees (energy). From here we will easily gain value of 4,8·10 - ¹¹ J that in 587 times more classical energy of rest mass of an electron: 2 cmE e =. That is why I have written in the beginning that strain of this particle in the core in a force field, instead of in mass! Also that is interesting, so it that the electrical charge and a field it created − weigh nothing! They for this purpose do not have one degree of freedom of space to (till) six. They do not cause arcuation cells of space, since the electric field is controlling strain only one measurement ("minus"). The connection energy with other particle causing an arcuation of rotating space cells at one electron, also misses. The mass is a loading of the incurvated measurement on supervacuum, and the squeezed (compressed) direct measurements (channels) of such loading do not create. The analogy − light too has energy, and the mass at it, is not present! The electric field is spread too with a velocity of light! Thus if there is a mass, always there is an energy, and energy presence not always means mass presence! Even if to use numbers of "π" for the coordination of spatial strains among themselves, all the same an electromagnetic energy is higher energy of a rest mass of an electron! For neutralization of this surplus in a denominator of the formula of energy of a charge it is necessary to substitute number 4 6 π ! And all the same remains a small odds (difference) in favour of energy of a charge! But paradox not in it, and that the electron total energy should be: 5,2 cmE e = since odds between mass of an electron and energy in a deformational series (a row) in two and a half a degree of freedom of space! We gain from this formula value of a rest energy of an electron equal 1,416·10 -9 J that in 17 289.37 times more energy of mass under the formula: Е=mc² (8,19·10¯ 14 J). The mass and a charge for an electron are calculated from a series of spatial strains without problems as well as other physical quantities (it still ahead), and energy as the fourth strain gives the strong overestimate (≈ 8800 MeV!) I.e. it is more than at a proton! If certainly in advance to consider that energy of an annihilation of a proton and an electron has an identical degree of strain of space, i.e. on four degrees of freedom everyone, instead of four and a half for an electron. Thus it is possible to assume that if the electron rest energy is equivalent on quality (grade) of a rest energy of a proton the electron can have the latent energy which has been not expressed in mass, and not in a force field round itself, and existing in any other form 59 (sort) and which is not fixed by us and which is not spent for electron synthesis. Mass and an electron charge only insignificant part of this latent energy! Here in it and paradox of this "light" particle! However it is not necessary to forget that the electron is a product of "fracture" of atom of space (two measurements are closed), and thus it can submit to others spatial laws. Besides it is formed at abnormal low energy, on what the small rest mass of an electron specifies. If to accept other variant, and to assign an electron potential energy geometrical dimensionality + 4,5 the potential energy formula will assume a usual form: 2 mcE e m =, (4,5 = 6,5 + (2 · (-1)). Change will be undergone only by the formula of energy of a charge: ceE e = , since between dimensionalities of a charge and energy there will be half-degree of freedom of space only (4,5 = 5 + (-0,5)). And energy of a charge of an electron thus there are 2,77·10 -15 J or 3,38 % from a potential energy of mass of an electron (Е=mc²) that does not change value of influence of an electric field of an electron for its effective diameter, since the relation a charge-weight e m at an electron almost in two thousand times more than at a proton, though at a proton a potential energy of a charge much more, since it is calculated under the former formula: E=q p ∙c or makes 32 % from a potential energy of mass of a proton. However force of an electric field is defined not by a charge potential energy but only throughput capacity of not closed semimeasurement, and it, at both particles is identical, since they were formed of the same "material". What of these two variants is closer to truth, still it is necessary to find out. For the sake of observance of the Law of Conservation of energy I am ready to recognize that there are two energy of different "grade". The electron is light on mass, but is heavy for understanding! About some conformities with law in space The root of the second degree from a velocity of light (m/s) is equal 6 18 π , all velocity of light thus 12 324 π (-0,109 %). Geometrical dimensionality: 5.0−=c , and 1 − = c. Still geometrical dimensionality 5.0 − has ratio two masses: 1.1836 )5.6( )6( = e p m m (6 - 6,5 = -0,5), or 5 6 π or in a minus of the first degree (geometrical): 10252 36)6(1)5.0( ππ =→−=−. One electron volt expressed in Kelvin’s k e = 11604 K has value 6 12 π (-0,58 %), its dimensionality (-1). An difference between them: )(3249363)1(12 122 2 1046 c m m eV e p πππππ →⋅ →⋅ . It is an illustration to that all strains in space are adjusted with each other through system of numbers of "π" (the circumrotatory moment in space) and geometrical dimensionality, and our metre linear is already attuned on some optimum relations in space. I will explain that geometrical dimensionality -1 has two physical values at least and which are the 60 universal coefficients translating one spatial strains in others, i.e. are transformatory coefficients. The first value, is a velocity of light, it transforms constants and other values related to usual space, and you learn the second quantity in the end of the text, since in this case it is necessary to give diagrammes of some spatial dependences and calculations in (to) them. This quantity transforms stationary values (constants) related with condensed space (substance). Now we will express electron and proton mass through number "π" (velocity of light) and a stationary value (constant) of Dirac: 2 18 2 6 π hh == c m e or h ⋅= 6 9 π e m (+0,167%), for a proton we will gain: π π π 6 324 6 12 hh == c m p or h ⋅= 11 54 π p m (+0,16%). An difference between these masses too 5 6 π as well as calculated through dimensionality expressed in electron volts. Dimensionalities in electron volts at deducing of the equations cannot be equated to dimensionality in kilogrammes, since at them different geometrical dimensionality! And here at temperature and a quadrate of the velocity (of light), identical dimensionality (-2), look a series. And thus 2 2 sec 1 meter can be as strain in space, already it is approximately equal to a Kelvin! I.e. c² it can be the limiting temperature which in a state (capable) to withstand our space ≈9·10 16 К! Too concerns and pressure (-2), look a series. The temperature is a density of energy E V− M , also depends on energy, mass and number of particles with this energy (a specific heat capacity). Since velocity of a sound in gases and fluids depends in a root square on a Kelvin temperature, thus )2(2)1(2 21)( −− =⋅−=== aaT υ . So, it is possible to guess seriously already enough that the limiting energy at which a cell of space does not break up yet to "radicals" (the free micromeasurements), makes the order: 1eV=11604K, eV К eV K 12 16 10745.7 11604 109 ⋅= − ⋅ or 7745 GeV! It is already close to energy of the up-to-date accelerators! (1000 − 3000 GeV up to 7000 GeV in one direction in 2010). Thus the limiting magnification of mass for a proton probably approximately in 8000 times, further in a target already cutting into only the rigid gamma-quanta (strains of space), plus "radicals" i.e. a bunch (group) of the one-dimensional spaces not joined among themselves. Probably the number of "π" can interfere with the gained value, but hardly this distinction theoretically will be more than on one or two orders. Thus we can already state an approximate estimate of the order of the limiting temperature and the limiting pressure in space: PаKc −≈ 2 . It is probable that space (long measurements), has three co-ordinate nets of the structure. The first co-ordinate net − geometrical dimensionality, already in general is deciphered. It distribute strains of space by quantity of degrees of freedom in it space. The second net consists of system of numbers of "π" conforming various spatial strains among themselves and probably partially defining properties zero space (supervacuum), or connection with it three-dimensional space. The third net will be 61 possibly found out after decoding second, and it probably indicate properties zero space which version is our three-dimensional space. It is not excluded, as short measurements also have the nets of co-ordinates. After decoding of all co-ordinates (including a "spin" of space), become possible to calculate any phenomenon in space as in the past, present, and in the future. But it still far prospects. Transformations of physical constants each other will be shown more close to the text extremity. Now it is necessary to have a rest from numerals. Now about a gravitational field. It is interesting to note that mass as a product of interaction of strains of two measurements: the gamma and neutrino’s radiations, causes strain already three measurements of space. It also is transition of one strains in space, in others. So, look drawings № 24. Drawings № 24 As it is possible to see from these four drawings, cells of space near to heavy objects have not only squeezing (compressing) of one measurement, but also an arcuation of two measurements of space (in drawings b, and g, arcuation only one measurement is shown). Certainly, space thus gets inappreciable mass near to such objects, and in it: time is slowed down, the ray of light is lead astray, its frequency changes etc. All this consequence of the increased loading on supervacuum by 62 considerable quantity of the closed measurements nearby. Distances in supervacuum does not exist, therefore we use an equivalent of distances in three-dimensional space, at the description of those or other processes. If to straighten micromeasurements of space, weightlessness occurrence in any place in a gravitation operative range (zone) is possible, as it exists at centre of planets, stars, because of a reciprocal (mutual) compensation contortion of space. A simple this expedient will not be, since for holding of mass of 1 kg for example over a surface of the Earth in a static state, in volume of this kilogramme, it is necessary to create spatial strain which is equivalent strains of 4th degrees about 63 MJ ( 2 /112001 2 smkg E ⋅ = ). Such difference in energies have kilogramme on a surface of the Earth, and in Outer Space where the attractive force of our planet is not "felt". For comparison of gasoline of 1 kg at combustion makes (produce) 44 MJ of energy. Last drawings (№ 24) requires the geometrical explanation, look a drawing № 25 (the incurvated measurements are shown only). Drawing № 25 Force of pushing away is directly proportional to the areas of figures ABC and BDC (are shaded), where S (АВС) > S (BDC). Also it is possible to put a circle with radius in 50 mm from below and from above the incurvated measurements (in dimples), and to note, that in a standing from below the circle closely nestles on the incurvated measurement, and from above in a trough there is the small clearance meaning reduction of force of pushing away. That is still interesting, so it that gravitational force as the imbalance of forces of pushing away of measurements and Archimedes force have the same mechanism of activity, only at activity force of Archimedes, it is effect of an odds (difference) of pressure of medium (gas, a fluid) on object from above and from below and only on an object surface, whereas "pressure" of spatial gas is spreading and to object volume, and not just on its surface! Once again I wish to note that force of pushing away in sense habitual for us is not present, since this interaction of measurements of ours space through zero space with each other, and finally we gain additional compressing of one of measurements which we perceive as force activity in space. In brackets these terms do not put, since so it is 63 easier to feature (to describe) and represent these processes by analogy habitual to us. The zero-dimensional space, this is special space. In it there is not a concept squeezing-stretching since it is not measured by our quantities. I think that you still have scepticism concerning this kind of space, but soon it will disappear! Like acetone on air. We go further. The matter and antimatter gravitational attraction is identical, since protons and electrons have inertia of one sign and depending on the module from mass of particles and properties of space. Force of pushing away of each of three measurements most likely is almost identical. And the gravitational attraction as it has been shown above, is effect of an imbalance of forces of pushing away in bent space. So, gravitation causes squeezing of one measurement and an arcuation of two others (all strains not selective). In electrical or magnetic fields measurement is squeezed only intended for transmission of this interaction. Length cutting (diminishing) in space thus will be revealed only in case other spatial measurements are neutral to this action. If is not present, probably compensatory magnification of length any of them, for example "minus" on squeezing of measurement "plus" or "magnetic" in response to squeezing "electrical", and thus final effect for not selective measuring system will appear zero! The moment of "gyration" of space cells, does all directions, thus the equivalent. Gravitational strain of space has one feature: property self-enforcement reducing the volume (the gravitating mass), i.e. to increment density of the strain. Making of Great static pressure (strain a minus of the second degree 1 a 2 ) in a central region (part) of heavy objects (stars), leads to making of various versions of a substance (condensed space), to magnification of its assortment, i.e. to synchronizing of a "spin" of various fundamental particles before (till) their linking (connecting) and formation thus nucleus of atoms of various masses. And as leads to generation during this process of various dynamic strains in space (radiations). Time in space (a "spin" of space) near to heavy objects is undoubtedly slowed down, because of an arcuation of measurements of cells in gravitational fields, and in a limit in general can stop including in space between stars, since the mass of not incurvated cells is equal to zero! And space thus will lose the isotropy. For maintenance of this function of space, the vacuum near to the given objects (stars) "is blown" (ventilated) neutrino’s and electromagnetic radiations, being running strains of cells of space. "Electrical" and "magnetic "measurements have different length that can support "gyration" of space cells after their strain. Note that time is between force (gravitation) and energy (radiation) in a deformations series (a row) (Е 4 t 3 F 2 ), and consequently depends from two these strains. I.e. force brakes, and energy (radiation) accelerates time current, but not energy of rest or moving mass! (D6). Potential or kinetic energies of mass slow down time current, incurvating measurements of cells of space impeding their "gyration", provoking thereby resistance of supervacuum. If measurements cease "to move" in zero space they 64 cannot and be squeezed! Since it too a version of their "motion" in it space. We are returned again to gravitation as to a imbalance of forces of pushing away of micromeasurements about (near) an accumulations (aggregations) of the incurvated (closed) measurements. With one deformed measurement of special problems is not present, squeezing of any measurement is transmitted through consecutive interaction of cells of space and can be the permanent deformation of "electrical" and "magnetic" measurements radiating from a body. This squeezed measurement (any) creates force which is added to pushing away of measurements featured (described) above. With an arcuation matter is more difficult. Probably that the arcuation of measurements is transmitted through the "circumrotatory" moment of cells of space slowing down them, and all it is spreading with a velocity of light. And now explain to me as the gravitational field spreading with a velocity of light, comes to light (out) from... a Black Hole?! Light does not leave, and gravitation leaves! I will add as "gyration" of cells in it is stopped! For some reason nobody has noted this absurdity, or simply nobody wishes to explain! Yes, Black Holes should not have a gravitational field in general! And all conferrings on their detection, this usual fraud! It is a black ball with radius about 1,5 km for mass of our Sun, visible only against a Space dust of enough high density, and be found out on huge distance cannot! Thus the Black Hole locks itself tightly! "Space" in it is blocked! And if all the same the field out of a Black Hole is? We will view this exotic astronomical object from the point of view of space. The "Black Hole" is not only collapsed a star, but also the limiting strain of "three-dimensional" space. If gravitation is a squeezing one and an arcuation of two measurements, in a limit, this disappearance of one and closure of two measurements during that "moment" when the second cosmic velocity (SCV) will reach velocity of a sound in space within Swartzschild’s sphere radius: 2 c GM R = ( )1(2 )6()6( )2( − − = c MG R ). The a cell of space standing (orientation) during this "moment" will be strictly fixed, that measurement which will appear perpendicular to a sphere surface will disappear. In the central zone of sphere, if there in general is a centre, space cells are transmuted into "elements" of supervacuum without any geometrical sizes. Thus usual space inside this sphere is not present. Cells "of space" remind rings of electrons, but without a charge. And substance protons are similar to "a flat" ring from the several closed measurements pressed to each other. Time as a "spin" three-dimensional space misses. Transmission bend-type strains outside also misses. Electromagnetic radiation cannot arise and be spread in general, since one measurement along which it can be spread "compressed up to zero" and thus is not an equivalent of squeezing of measurement at light motion in vacuum, since this measurement "compressed" in a static state and at all has no length. Others two are closed in a ring and there is no possibility of their variable squeezing-stretching. A loading on supervacuum peak, thus measurements can will be joined with each other, since they do not "feel force of pushing away" as however and "attractive forces". Reactance of supervacuum thus is suppressed. But the exchange with not closed cells usual space is quite possible, on 65 sphere boundary at an inlet (entrance) there is a closure of cells and on an exit their disconnection (slowed down). If on an exit from sphere it is unlocked more measurements of cells, because of occurrence of complex combinations of the closed measurements, since pushing away of measurements inside sphere misses or it is minimum, on an inlet the same cells of space, are arriving. And thus, the Black Hole can even "be volatilized" donating the strain in exterior space! I already mentioned that in the course of synthesis and an annihilation various matter can arise "radicals" i.e. the free measurements which cannot be joined in a cell of space, since they are repelled from each other. The best conditions for a recombination of spatial cells, i.e. connecting of short, long measurements in a single whole, exist in Black Holes, since there pushing away of micromeasurements of space misses, because of huge density of the closed measurements and as consequence of it, the strong loading on supervacuum. Thus, the space as though itself repairs itself at centres of Galaxies, where quantity of similar objects (B.H.) the maximum. I.e., the more matter it is formed in the Universe, the more Black Holes in it will appear for repair space from which it has arisen! And what with a gravitational field round Black Holes? Probably that it is. But to be transmitted through three-dimensional space it cannot any more. The closed measurements in a Black Hole do not possess coaxial compatibility with direct measurements of ours space. Is not present at them and a charge, since all "tails" are closed or squeezed. Even if the charge also was, it all the same (anyway) will not come to light (out) as well as light! Connection channels at a Black Hole with exterior space are not present! Too different geometry of spaces in both systems! General at them only zero space. Thus, exterior gravitation can be projection "an interior" voltage of supervacuum inside and out of gravitational object on our three- dimensional space, differently Black Holes remain not found out for ever, or quantity of their gravitational field will strongly depend on the area of surfaces of such objects (looking at them from ours space), instead of from their mass! As interaction with exterior space it is in that case possible only through a surface. And the surface density of energy at all Black Holes is identical (SCV = c). Let’s calculate a relation of the areas of spheres and masses for collapsed the Sun and the Earth. Radius of a collapse for the Earth of 4,42 mm, for the Sun of 1474 m! Mass of the Earth of 5,976·10 24 kg, the Sun of 1,99·10 30 kg, thus, the relation of their masses of 3·10 5 times, i.e. in three hundred thousand times the Sun is heavier than the Earth, and the relation of their areas collapsed spheres of 1,11·10¹¹ times, i.e. the sphere area collapsed the Sun in 111 billion times more similar sphere of the Earth. Thus, the gravitational field of a Black Hole in mass about our Earth will be disproportionate a little in comparison with a similar Hole but already with Sun mass. Let’s calculate now a minimum quantity of substance which is capable collapsed in a Black Hole (stable). If 2 1 c R = it is the minimum size three-dimensional space, that 22 1 c GM c = or G MGM 1 1 =→= thus the mass is equal 1,49·10 10 kg. It is the 66 minimum energy-mass; which is still capable to counter (resist) reactance of supervacuum. The smaller quantity of substance cannot overcome pushing away of micromeasurements of space any more and be squeezed in extremely compact structure, since it (substance) for this purpose should be squeezed till the sizes of less atom of space. Now think: whether you can gain a Black Hole (stable) in the usual accelerator of fundamental particles? If the supervacuum has no geometrical sizes and time in it, in such case it has also no velocity of transmission of "strains" or perturbations inside (It). It is a category our three-dimensional space. Thus round a Black Hole there can be a powerful field of a contortion three-dimensional space, not dependent on "surface area" of a Black Hole. And velocity of spreading (motion) of this field is not restricted by properties of ours space, i.e. it higher velocity of a sound in three-dimensional space. If in zero- dimensional space there are no distances there is no also time for their passing! But it is probable that "velocity" of transmission of a voltage in supervacuum is not unlimited. Such quantity it will reach in "pure" zero-dimensional space "not loaded" by cells three-dimensional space and lack thus interactions with them, i.e. outside of the Universe − in the Hypercontinuum. So, there are two variants of distribution of gravitation. The first − at which all of 100 % of strain (energy) are transmitted with a velocity of light, but there are serious complications at the description of properties of Black Holes. The second variant − at which only third of energy (squeezing of one measurement), is transmitted with this velocity, and two thirds of energy (an arcuation of two measurements) with superlight. Or all of 100 % of energy are transmitted with superlight velocity! Or its equivalent! If last variant is true, for the mankind unique possibility − hypercommunications in the Universe is unclosed in the long term, namely modulation of measurements on squeezing-stretching gives distribution of a signal with light velocity, and modulation on an arcuation already communication with superlight "velocity"! Through supervacuum! Creating thus an alternating voltage (perturbation) in it. I consider that necessity for existence of such exotic space to you became clear. So, the sense of generation and distribution (spreading) of various fields in space in the general is found out. We are continuing the description of the phenomena of a microcosm, as derivatives space microstructure. We still should learn and about that, whence strains in space came from, and why there was a matter, instead of an antimatter in the Universe. So, we go further. An uncertainty principle. The principle of uncertainty of Heisenberg is reflexion of cross influence of ones strains of space on others, i.e. they have no clear boundary among themselves slightly "blurring" in space. Mathematical record of this principle: )6( )7( )1()2( m h x =∆⋅∆ − υ in a 67 geometrical form: 2 + (-1) = 7 - 6. The Planck constant h has an equivalent of the seventh degree of strain (peak strain) which possibly cannot be surpassed within the limits of three-dimensional space and thus expresses limiting "rigidity" of one cell of space. All couples of physical values of geometrical degrees forming in the total sum the seven, submit to this principle: ∆E (4) ·∆t (3) =h (7) , ∆p (5) ·∆F (2) =h (7) instead of ∆F one can to take ∆x or ∆l, as co-ordinates of one measurement in space: ∆p (5) ·∆x (2) =h (7) . And still a pair from a deformations series (a row): ∆N (1) ·∆m (6) =h (7) or ∆N (1) ·∆V (6) =h (7) i.e. or power and mass for one process cannot be measured with the unlimited accuracy, or power and volume of space in which this power functioning. Still it is possible to divide degrees of various quantities from this a series to gain the seven: )7( )1( )6( h m = − υ ; )7( )1(2 )5( h p = − υ ; )7( )3( )4( h E = − ν ; )7( )4( )3( h g t = − ; )7( )1( )6()2( h N mF = ⋅ ; )7( )6( )1( h G N = − In the latter case, it is demonstration operation of a degree’s series. That to it to get used. Possibility such relations of these parametres of space strains to submit to an uncertainty principle still should be proved! In case of difficulties at calculation of degrees, use the micro calculator. One more expression of a principle of uncertainty: The fundamental particle is a cell of space which measurements are closed around zero-dimensional space and for this reason its exact location is detected cannot be! It can be fixed only on plurality of all strains which it (particle) produce in space! Antiparallelism of "spins" of two electrons being in one orbit round an atomic nucleus (a principle of an interdiction of Pauli) it is easy to explain if to guess that an electron, having the rotation moment around an axis, transmits a part of this moment of gyration to cells of space "twisting" them in the one direction, thus, other electron following it on the same trajectory, cannot "rotate" in the same direction, since it is only strain of half of cell of space, and will simply take off from an orbit, since its interaction with space on the given trajectory is thus broken. I.e. the electron as though slides off in the motion through the cells twirled in the same direction of space. Also it is impossible to exclude and existence of inappreciable mass of cells of space near to nucleus of atoms, because of an arcuation of their measurements as their response to supervacuum perturbation created by an accumulation of heavy particles (an atomic nucleus). Therefore the electron following other electron should "twist" cells of space in the opposite direction, and thus, interaction of the closed and not closed space cells is maintained. Antiparallelism of "spins" is designated as ↑↓, and plays large role in chemical link formation (the paired (coupled) electrons). Let’s make the small guess... If to create the device in which "twisting" of cells of space in one direction and their start (letting out) in the form of a narrow stream in a determinate direction (analogue − a gas stream in air), become possible to break antiparallelism of "spins" of electrons in shells of atoms, and thus to destroy chemical links in substances at distance. For example, to slit objects apart where the sufficient density and orderliness of a "spin" of spatial cells in the given stream is still 68 maintained. Unfortunately, new physical theories, practically always give the chance to create any arms on new principles. Probably that the chaotic "spin" of space cells can be broken after passage through space very heavy objects; stars, planets etc., that causes formation of spatial "track" or "wind" and which leads in a case with the Earth to magnification at it of quantity of accidents and human errors on a certain time interval. This "track" or "wind" the Sun and the Moon can create and others objects with great angular diameter in relation to the Earth. After a while the chaotic "spin" of space is recovered or the Earth leaves this "track" in space. An odds (difference) in movement* (*This term makes sense only concerning cells of different types, since in supervacuum of a motion in sense habitual for us is not present!) the closed and not closed cells of space arises because the closed cells of space submit in the motion of gravitation, and not closed is not. The odds arising thus is not reflected in distribution (spreading) of dynamic strains (radiations), and influences only for a direction of spatial "wind" which effect (result) is addition of vectors of velocities of a motion of heavy object and travelling of spatial cells about that "place" in which the object moves. This "wind" does not influence time course, as well as on a velocity of light, and on its frequency, since these parametres can change only in the presence of the closed space cells having mass and bending round themselves three-dimensional space. If the cell of space is not closed, it has no neither mass, nor a charge, and its "motion" cannot be expressed an impulse, energy or force, i.e. any strain which could interreact with other strains of space changing them (light, frequency, time etc.). All formulas with participation of zero mass and a zero charge are giving zero effect! It also has confused many theorists that recon space as absolute and inertial medium. Only strained cells of space can change various strains in space finding out itself, but of unstrained cells (unclosed), are completely inertial! Thus "ether" which once tried to find out, and is a space synonym, instead of any hypothetical thin substance (matter) transmitting various vibrations through space! If we take for an example condensed space (glass) in it and the velocity of light is less than in vacuum and it depends already on frequency of light (dispersion). Occurrence of inappreciable mass (arcuation) of cells of space near to heavy objects (stars, planets), is already capable to change frequency of light and to slow down time. A little more about spatial "wind" or "track". It is probable that velocity of relative "motion" of not closed space cells concerning closed, hardly exceeds some hundreds kilometres per second and is related (connected) with condensation of space in the galactic systems, which motion is defined by their gravitational field, i.e. velocity of gyration round centre. Velocity of scattering of galaxies from centre of explosion of the Universe is possibly proportional for cells of both types and its contribution to spatial "wind" is inappreciable. And thus this "wind" can be found out (on its activity on the paired (coupled) electrons) only if planes of gyration of the Sun, the Moon and the Earth coincide with a plane of gyration of our Galaxy. That is why cyclones in atmosphere and galaxies in Outer Space so are similar against each other, it is an effect of a 69 motion in gases! Ones vortexes arise in usual gas, other vortexes in spatial "gas"! In the latter case the space is considered typically as gas! In any case associated waves (de Broil) following flying bodies and vortexes in gases following flying bodies somehow very much are similar! Further the description of formation of Bohr orbits round nucleus of atoms from the point of view of space. Lack of a usual centrifugal force for electrons moving round nucleus of atoms, can testify to the strong contortion three-dimensional space round nucleus of atoms. Otherwise, electrons would be revolved on strictly ring-like trajectory round a nucleus and as, could radiate electromagnetic radiation, because of a permanent acceleration, and thus soon would be ‘’fallen’’ to an atomic nucleus having spent a kinetic energy of the motion. The contortion of space in a similar way round nucleus, can testify to ring-like "closure" (crossing) of two measurements round a nucleus on some distance from it, forming some sphere with special characteristics. And as can testify to an inappreciable arcuation of measurements of cells of space, because of their response to perturbation of supervacuum near to protons. Any force is postulated as a deformation (squeezing-stretching, the arcuation is more rare) one measurement of a cell of space. This operation is carried out by an electric field of protons and as it is probable also great "inductance" of the closed micromeasurements in them (the strong loading on supervacuum, for the inquiry: density of a proton of 1,45·10 18 kg/m³!). As a result we have (look drawing № 26) space in which considerable time "electrical" measurement "plus" is directed on the plus charge of a nucleus, and "magnetic" and "minus" (are not shown) are directed perpendicularly to a nucleus radius. Drawing № 26 Because of squeezing "plus" measurements in an electric field of a nucleus and which is thus along atom radius, "magnetic" and "negative" ("minus") measurements being perpendicularly to atomic radius appears more long than "plus". As a result about a nucleus there is "overwhelming" (consolidation or packing) of "magnetic" 70 and "minus" measurements, look drawing № 27. Drawing № 27 Electron coming nearer to a nucleus (to a proton at least), the look drawing № 26 runs into this "overwhelming" micromeasurements of space and ricochet(ting) (rebound) along them. Being incurvated outside at "shock" they change an electron trajectory moving it away from a nucleus. Without this effect the electron would come nearer to a nucleus on a twisting spiral. Thus the electron appears in "tunnel" between an attractive force above and force of pushing away arising in a zone of an accumulation of the bent- packed components of space on certain distance from a nucleus. This distance depends on particle mass; the it is heavier, the more deeply it gets into an accumulation of "magnetic" and "electrical" measurements of space owing to more high voltage of supervacuum inside and partly out of this particle. The antiproton this zone will slip free, because of almost in two thousand times more inertia, than at an electron. Because of the natural circumrotatory moment, the electron during the motion round a nucleus, is forced to be biased on an orbit aside (go to aside), because of concussions with "overwhelming" in the bottom of "tunnel" and an attractive force above. Thus the electronic shell (cloud) round a nucleus is formed. Since cells of space round an atomic nucleus are already bent, also necessity for existence of a centrifugal force of bending cells of space at a circular motion misses! If there is no force there is no also an acceleration of electrons, there is no acceleration of electrons there is no also a radiation of electromagnetic waves by them! The electron’s the negative field polarizes space (look an electric field), causing a turn on 90° two semimeasurements of cells of space that leads to their squeezing in an electric field of atom and thus "magnetic" measurement still is in addition extended parrying squeezing already two polarized "electrical" measurements on a Conservation law of the total sum of strains in a cell of space. And thus "overwhelming" measurements round an atomic nucleus consists in the core of "magnetic" measurements of our space, and it can be termed as "magnetic overwhelming". It slows down velocity of electromagnetic strain (light) in substance impeding the coordinated strain of "magnetic" measurement (light refraction) and as absorbing energy of light coming (passing) to an oscillative motion. Thus the medial arcuation of space cells near to a nucleus and in the nucleus inside is a little increased 71 (energy-weight growth). "The paling" such shells with bent space causes signal attenuation (weakening) of light oscillations in condensed space (substance), which else has also resonant character (colour of substance). So, the more diameter of atom, the is stronger absorption of electromagnetic waves by it (amorphous carbon). The first orbit for electrons is remote from a nucleus on distance 40. 000 – 4.700. 000 space cells (the usual size of a cell 1,11·10 -17 m) that can testify to (about) great "pressure" in spatial "gas" round a nucleus, and as consequence of the strong strain of measurements near to nucleus of atoms. After filling of the first shell round polyprotonic nucleus, formation of the second shell is possible as the effect of pushing away of electrons of the second shell from electrons in the first one, where they for the same reason any more cannot will be disposed, and thus second "tunnel" is formed. The inferior boundary of second "tunnel" is restricted by pushing away from electrons of underlaying "tunnel", the upper bound is restricted by force of a Coulomb’s attraction of electrons to a nucleus. Thus the breadth of inferior "tunnel" decreases. It is as though compressed by the negative electric field of upper "tunnel", and thus diameters of heavy atoms not strongly differs from diameters of more light ones. After filling of capacity of second "tunnel" thus the third is formed etc. Transition between "tunnels" strictly limited on energy level, since between them the strong negative electric field (electrons) operates, preventing to a finding there of a charged particle. In case of "shock" on space near to a nucleus electromagnetic strain, energy of quanta is absorbing mainly "magnetic overwhelming" because of its great area, and he (it) shudders being increased in size a little and passing thus in an oscillative motion. These are oscillations and is transmitted on a chain of shells of atom. As a result of it electrons on an exterior shell ("tunnel") the least bound (connected) to (with) a nucleus, "are simply shaken out" from this most remote level from a nucleus, if certainly "shock" rigid (strong) enough, i.e. frequency of light is great enough. At sufficient energy of radiation and time of its action, underlaying electrons can by spring-like will move into higher orbit, since the capacity (breadth) of underlaying "tunnel" as a result of oscillations "magnetic overwhelming" decreases, and "superfluous" electrons "are squeezed out" by the negative electric field of the colleagues, on higher (free) level. Below already it becomes too close. Transition thus sharp, since force of pushing away of a cloud of electrons on short distance exceeds an attractive force of the positive charged a nucleus, because of more great distance to a nucleus. Thus the atom is passing in an excited (stimulated) state. Thus, the electrons which are in higher orbit, try to occupy again the vacancy in an underlaying orbit, to be built in formed "hole" in an underlaying shell, and gradually come nearer to underlaying "tunnel" reducing breadth overlying (in which are), because of reduction of amplitude of own oscillations after a start (flying out) from the inferior orbit. Thus, they as though "pressing" on more strained space inside atom, forcing it to lower the energy (inverse process) that after a while and occurs. The pulsation of shells of atom suddenly weakens, since "magnetic overwhelming" sharply having 72 lowered a microarcuation of the measurements throws out electromagnetic strain in exterior space (click on space cells), and the upper electrons again fill with spring vacancy in underlaying "the tunnel" since the breadth of it of "the tunnel" was again increased, i.e. there was a discharge of superfluous strain of space round an atom nucleus. And thus atom, having let out quantum (quanta) of electromagnetic radiation, ceases to be stimulated. At sharp transitions electrons can undergo acceleration and as to cause vibration of measurements of space, generating quanta of electromagnetic radiation which are added to radiation "magnetic overwhelming". Certainly, as strain (deformation) of electrons at these processes as can vary. "Inductance" (mass) of fundamental particles can depend not only on number of the measurements closed in one ring, but also from the shape of this closure. At squeezing fundamental particle (Lorentz’s length cutting) "pressure" of supervacuum inside particle increases, also increases "inductance" (mass) of a particle. About a cloud of the incurvated cells of space round the closed cells already it has been written, and which makes the contribution to magnification of mass of fundamental particles too. Thus, as we can see from the point of view of the space structure, all processes proceeding round an atomic nucleus do not seems already so mysterious. The microcosm becomes primely a usual set of properties of "atoms" of three-dimensional space. Now it is a little about light refraction in substance. The substance as I have already shown, is to space derivative – it’s condensed a phase. Thus, the substance is more dense, the more condensed a state of space, and, its action on dynamic strain of space (radiation) is stronger, that more the coefficient of a refraction of radiation of one frequency at a motion in the same substance and the is less velocity of a motion of radiation in it. I.e. the glass of one chemical class heavier (more density), the is more strongly slowing down a velocity of light in it. In an organic glass the velocity of light instantaneous decreasing from 300. 000 km/s to 198. 000 km/s (from 1с to 0,66с). Only dynamic strain of space (a sound in it), is capable so promptly to change the velocity of a motion, particles on such are not capable! Light refraction in substance thus is result of interaction of two spatial strains: an arcuation (substance) and linear (radiation), thus, the more any of them or both, the is stronger interaction between them (refraction). I.e. the magnification of strain of type an arcuation (substance density), leads to amplification of a refraction of light, magnification of frequency of radiation which increasing a linear deformation of each cell of space transmitting radiation too strengthens light refraction. Certainly, the line of growth of a refraction can have resonant uprises and wanes characterizing atomic-molecular structure of each substance etc. Absorbing of electromagnetic radiation depends on (from) diameter of atoms and density of their packing in a crystalline lattice (carbon-diamond). The density of packing of atoms increasing oxygen, fluorine, chlorine, i.e. electronegative elements. Therefore melted oxides or fluorides of many elements are transparent or semitransparent. And as crystalline linkings of chlorine with alkaline metals (NaCl; 73 KCl). The magnification of density of packing of atoms increasing breadth of a resonant transparency of substance and reduces absorbing of electromagnetic oscillations of certain frequencies inside condensed space that is possibly related to amplification of resonant connection between atoms and their synchronous (sometimes co-phased) absorbing and a reradiating of electromagnetic waves, since the excitation (stimulation) energy between them is transmitted with a great speed. In polymeric substances the role of the strong connection between atoms plays carbon a chain (less often silicon a chain) in which atoms are rigidly related (connected) with each other by a chemical link. I.e. one atom absorbing electromagnetic strain it is stimulated and transmits almost "mechanical" way the excitation to the next atom which in turn lets out quanta of electromagnetic strain in most cases the same frequency and having the same direction of an impulse, as quanta of initial strain. In fluids an arrangement of atoms is compact and the exchange of energy between atoms occurs as in coordination that in the minimum degree breaks a direction of motion of light’s strain (deformation), and provides thus high permeability for light in a visible frequency band. Impurities in substances strengthen narrow-band resonant properties at absorption of electromagnetic waves and as change their frequency at a reradiating that leads to their resonant absorption and that thus does the majority of bodies opaque in usual for us a light band. Gases are transparent for visible beams, because of low density, i.e. minimum scattering a radiation impulse. At metals the impulse at a reradiating is directed in the opposite direction, because of presence of a considerable quantity of mobile electrons in a crystalline lattice (electronic gas) influencing on interaction with light, i.e. electrons as charged particles have the "magnetic overwhelming" which in state to absorb and radiate (especially at acceleration of electrons) electromagnetic strain and which increases effective diameter of an electron. Existence "magnetic overwhelming" at electrons does not belittle a role nuclear "magnetic overwhelming" since last has the major (more great) sizes and density, because of an accumulation of protons in one place and theirs more strong the "inductance" (mass) importing the additional contribution to a contortion of space round protons (an arcuation including "magnetic" measurement). "Magnetic overwhelming" an electron in addition complicates a mechanics of interaction of spatial strains in atom. For example: increases distance between electrons in shells and as leads to occurrence overheated electrons with abnormal high energy, at absorption by "magnetic overwhelming"of electrons, quanta of electromagnetic radiation. But essentially a mechanics of interactions does not change, since only the pulsation of shells of atom can explain a preferential start (flying out) of the electrons most remote from a nucleus at quantum absorption of light by atoms of substance. At bodies heating, they are dilated (in a great interval of temperatures), their length l, area S, and volume V are increased, and as mass too. Thus energy as strain of space 4th degrees, causes change of other deformational quantities, thus quantity of 74 space cells in an exterior contour of substance is incremented. Thus, temperature growth strengthens influence of space on substance, up to its volatilization (gas) and on the contrary, at bodies cooling, they are squeezed, the quantity of space cells in them becomes less, and substance action on space already grows (superconductivity-superfluidity). Superconductivity At very small oscillations of atoms of some substances, the distance between them decreases (cooling to cryogenic temperatures), and space between atoms gets properties similar to properties of space near to nucleus of atoms. Namely, cells in interatomic space can become closed in ring-like structures by the "magnetic" measurements, being oriented by the "electrical" measurements on nucleus and shells of atoms , look drawing № 28. Drawing № 28 Actually the plane of "gyration" of cells consisting of two polarized "electrical" measurements "aims" at nucleus and shells of the near located atoms, and thus is a little compressed, and thus "magnetic "measurements of cells can be joined in ring- like structure, i.e. the probability of orientation of "magnetic" measurements on this trajectory sharply increases. This ring, is shell imitation (K) in atoms and which is on the minimum distance from an atomic nucleus. Two mobile electrons with opposite directional "spin", can move in such ring without a centrifugal force as in a atomic shell, since bent space compensate this force. And as they moving without interactions with atoms being around, i.e. without resistance. Still the additional mechanism of this process. Electrons as well as protons have the "magnetic overwhelming" (less dense than at protons) which increases their effective diameter and which slows down an annihilation a pair (couple) electron-positron. In case of the superconducting electron’s pair (couple) "magnetic overwhelming " (consolidation of "magnetic" measurements in space) forces electrons to rotate with a different "spin" the one near the one reflecting them from shells of close nestled atoms in addition without allowing to scatter it, since rings of "magnetic" measurements vibrate and 75 can be damaged to (be broken off). As you can see, the considerable proportion of the free "magnetic" measurements of space between atoms in the core is involved in maintenance of trajectories of a motion for mobile electrons (superconducting electron pairs (couples)), and to transmit a magnetic field as strain of space on a chain they cannot any more, and "superfluous" cells of space from substance "are already frozen out". The magnetic field thus as strain is pushed out from a superconductor. At a motion of charges in 2е − in a superconductor, the magnetic field is formed already out of superconductor volume as response of exterior space cells on a motion of charged particles, i.e. "electrical" measurements in a superconductor are free for transmission of the strain (outside including) . Thus, magnetic power lines (chains) deeply get into interatomic gaps of a superconductor cannot, it still hinder also a various "spin" in a direction of the "magnetic" measurements which have joined in rings of cells of space and which are not parallel exterior power lines of a magnetic field, and as possibly and very dense "magnetic overwhelming" round nucleus of atoms. And on the contrary, the strong magnetic strain from the outside can destroy rings and neutralize property of superconductivity. Conditions for occurrence of effect of superconductivity. The first: presence of mobile electrons (metals). Second: ability of a material to be compressed in very compact lattice of atoms (obturates (pack) oxygen and alloying additives). The third: a moderate magnetic field (a current strength in a superconductor). The fourth: the low-temperature or other squeezing of volume of a material including making nanotubes from carbon and other materials, including polymeric ones with injection electrons in their volume etc. Still it is possible to test a motion of electrons along the linear power lines of a magnetic field of a high tension in usual conductors at low temperatures, i.e. without formation of Cooper’s of pairs (couples) of electrons. About that superconductivity is rather property of space, than the substance, the effect of Josephson testifies − existence of a pulsing superconducting current between two superconductors apart up to 10 -7 m! Further disconnection of ring-like structures of space already follows. At current strength magnification through contact of Josephson disconnection of "magnetic" rings is accompanied by generation of electromagnetic strains in space (radiation). The superfluidity is also linking of measurements of cells of space, but only most likely not in ring-like and in the linear structures as a result of which formation, the motion of atoms of liquid helium 3 and helium 4 occurs without friction (without interaction), on the formed channels in space at very low temperatures. Low temperatures reduce oscillations condensed space and reduce volume of space between atoms that possibly restricts freedom of "gyration" of cells of space between shells of these atoms only one plane and which axis of "gyration" "is already strictly 76 aimed" at nucleus of the next atoms creating thus "channel" in space, look drawing № 29. Drawing № 29 In "a gyration" plane one "magnetic" and one polarized "electrical" measurements, in "a gyration" axis polarized "electrical" measurement. Possibly at helium the best relation on (by) the size of a nucleus and one electronic shell completely filled with the paired (coupled) electrons to occupy the dense standing in space. Interaction between shells of atoms of these elements misses, since atoms behave as the unique (single) particle (strain). It is necessary to one atom of helium to move, as all "channels" of the joined space cells in substance become parallel this motion taking up all strain. The proof of that it only property of space is coincidence of length associated waves (de Broil) of a thermal motion of nucleus of atoms of these elements to (with) medial distance between atoms (Bose-Einstein’s condensation). Thus the impulse of all atoms is zeroed, i.e. one strain of space converts into another. The "spin" of cells of space in both processes does not change − time constantly. Electrical and magnetic fields to destroy these "channels" not in a state (not capable), since they linear, and very short. Now we will unmake one absurdity from which physicists are long reconciled. Namely the medial density of substance is equal in the Universe to zero from Einstein's some equations, and as also breaking of the Conservation law of energy- impulse at the moment of a Universe birth! Let’s view a deformational state of our Universe from the point of view zero- dimensional space (supervacuum) , look drawing № 30. 77 Drawing № 30 The measurement length is too strain, but only already supervacuum! As it is possible to see from a drawing № 30 that for maintenance of medial zero deformational level at supervacuum level, we should enter the "mirror" Universe- Antiuniverse! In a counterbalance of our Universe! Certainly and time there with a prefix of anti! All processes there go just as at us, but time vector will developing in an opposite side! If the particles have antiparticles (deformation-counterdeformation) it is probable also and the Universe can have the antipode (counterdeformation). It is the Supersymmetry principle expressing balance of both strains relatively zero- dimensional space. There was an explosion and counterexplosion − the Law of Conservation of energy and an impulse is not broken! The Universe density at an annihilation of its substance is equal to zero, because of the full transition of substance into the radiation, the necessary quantity of antimatter is available in the Antiuniverse, and thus the equations are solved truly! The supervacuum (zero-dimensional space, zero space) is a special state space (protospace) existing inside and probably between cells of usual three-dimensional space as in great "quantity" outside of the Universe − the Hypercontinuum. The supervacuum is a dividing partition between our World and the Antiworld. In it possibly there is not a parallelism of interactions (time), and also concept of distance. The supervacuum is the limiting compressing of all measurements (superstrain), and as also lack of any strain as well as measurements. At modulation somehow it space (≈ an arcuation or pushing away of measurements), the signal at demodulation can be accepted in all Universe simultaneously or with an inappreciable interval and as it is possible and outside of our Universe − Hypercontinuum with other types of the Universes (hypercommunication). The supervacuum can have a state of "interior" instability at which development formation of the various Universes with various multidimensional spaces and various physical laws in them is possible. Probably, the supervacuum has "sleeping" measurements in itself. The Law of Symmetry of any strains is the same that Laws of Conservation of energy, mass, impulse, a charge, etc. Without these Laws to analyze something in the Physics it is impossible! The Universe-Antiuniverse in supervacuum can be figured pictorially as a huge cyclone, look drawing № 31 which left part moves is opposite right part (time- 78 antitime). Drawing № 31 And an explosion point on a time scale for both Universe general, and a time scale − an untwisted spiral for each Universe is individual and they travelling every in different sides (go separate ways). Velocity of a motion at centre is more than on periphery since the quantity of measurements depends on gauge (scale) three- dimensional space, i.e. at microlevel it can be multidimensional (look short measurements). The behaviour of this cyclone can be various, or it at first is dilated (space under great "pressure"), and then... And the devil only knows! Can be and it is dissolved gradually in supervacuum reducing values fundamental "stationary values", it is necessary to explain quasars somehow, so much time has already passed. Measurements of cells of space probably simply "grow thin" without changing for the some time being the strains. But it not for reading for the night. We will simply not trust (believe) in such guess. Paul Dirac is possible was right! "Pressure" of "spatial gas" at Universe expansion is decreasing (micromeasurements keep be removing away from each other), force of a gravitational interaction decreases also (G − decreases). Electrical interaction decreases also, since it as derivative reactivity of supervacuum (pushing away of micromeasurements in a particle’s ring). That increases distance between atoms and molecules of substance and that in turn leads to magnification of the geometrical sizes of objects eventually and time which or too is slowed down, or is accelerated for neutralization of reduction of quantities of the basic constants. Now it is necessary to fulfill the promise and to explain, whence strains in space came from. The space was not formed "instantaneous". That that for us is an empty place it was necessary to create still, thus the space arose "gradually". From a labile zone of supervacuum there was an emission of very short one-dimensional "measurements". In time habitual for us this process did not proceed, time was formed "later", therefore the process description very schematical. Further there was a split of one- dimensional "measurements" on a minimum six components: three long and three short, which being extended have started to be unfolding (starting to be repelled in 79 supervacuum) trying to reach peak (maximum) "distance" (in supervacuum) from each other, and having thus a general point of linking. Their growth and unfolding has been restricted by growth of other measurements and unfolding of the next cells of space, that has given in "a narrow" zone of supervacuum longitudinal strains, because of reciprocal (mutual) intensive pushing away. With the advent of the "circumrotatory" moment of cells of space (time) have arisen and bend-type (incurvative) strains in space. Time has started to accelerate its motion in process of scattering of spatial cells. Growth of length of measurements has started to be slowed down and has almost stopped. At increase of strains between cells, there were arisen dynamic strains: electromagnetic and neutrino’s radiations. At great density of the arisen strains their degree increased, there were arisen and closed cells of space (matter). However their formation proceeded in the space yet not generated up (formed up) to the end, since cells because of their great density could not be unfolded completely! Space thus was (a) unsymmetrical! The corner (angle) between measurements was not equal 90° (a balance equivalent in supervacuum), as well as length of three measurements. About "magnetic" already it was mentioned earlier that it is shorter, because of influence of short measurements. In the beginning of a birth of our Universe equality of "electrical" measurements is probable also was not carried out. The diagramme of growth of strains in space during its formation. Drawing № 32 In the beginning of process of unfolding of cells, their strains were small, and then they grew and after have gone on wane, because of expansion of space in supervacuum , look drawing № 32. If two of three long measurements were shorter, closure owing to bend-type strains took place preferentially these truncated (more short) measurements, since the long makes (made) more great "trajectory" as a result of collisions of dynamic strains in space (mass that it had no). "Minus" was this long measurement in our Universe (in the Antiuniverse this measurement in a 80 counterbalance was shorter), it that appeared not closed and started to generate the negative electric field, at the moment of formation of particles releasing and passing through itself a redundant voltage of the closed cells of space on (towards) other space cells. Better to say at the initial stage of formation of space and substance, the substance birth has gone by the way of preferential formation of electron-electron pairs, look drawing № 33. Drawing № 33 Then in process of magnification of power of dynamic strains (the upper zone on a drawing), more heavier particles have started to be formed, i.e. has started to become closed more quantity of elements of space cells. By this moment in space very many electrons with the negative electrical charge were formed, which force has reached such quantity, that transmitting the electrical strain each other and repelling thus electrons, the "negative" measurement of space it has appeared under a great loading and... it was truncated (shortened), because of the strong strain transmitted through it. On a Conservation law of the total sum of strains in one cell, measurement "plus" become elongated, parried squeezing a "minus" one. "Magnetic" measurement could not make it since the motion of electrons in space has generated the strong magnetic field compressing this measurement. And on a peak point when energy of radiations was on a maximum, closure of measurements has gone under the scheme: "magnetic" on "minus". Thus not closed remains long "plus" measurement that has led to protonization a formed heavy substance (matter). Thus in the course of substance synthesis, space has passed "electronic" and "protonic" sectors. In Antiuniverse these processes went with a inverse sign, i.e. there are passed "positronic" and "antiprotonic" sectors. At passage of an "electronic" sector to our Universe, time flew still slowly and synthesis of electrons was prolonged that has not given space possibility completely to be transformed in electrons. Then in process of scattering of cells and squeezing of two measurements ("a minus" and "magnetic") the facilitated "circumrotatory" moment of cells, time it has started to be accelerated sharply, and "the braked" dynamic strains (radiations) have sharply increased the intensity that has led to closure of already many semimeasurements of cells of space, i.e. by a birth of heavy particles. The sequence of increase of strains of space at an early stage was such: F (2) (force) → t (3) (time) → Е (4) (energy-radiation) → p (5) (impulse) → m (6) (mass). When the quantity of protons was approximately made equal to quantity of electrons, different electrical charges of these particles polarized a considerable proportion of space (have turned two "electrical" semimeasurements in space cells 81 having changed their places, look electric field distribution), and substance synthesis has gone already on the way a particle-antiparticle which annihilating have stopped substance formation, and have prevented quick cooling of the Universe at expansion of volume three-dimensional space. With quick cooling threatened also catalytic synthesis of particles, since near to heavy particles, because of a structure contortion of space the threshold (limit) amount of energy of synthesis of a substance has sharply decreased. We now term the residual cooled radiation relic. Gradually the length of two "electrical" measurements was levelled (including because of polarization), and space thus it was generated (formed). So, energy and others of strains in space is "defect" of formation and growth of our space which has arisen in "a narrow" zone of labile supervacuum. I will remind that the thickness at measurements is not present, therefore and "emission" of set of measurements has occurred in "a narrow" zone of breaking down of zero space. By the way, it is impossible to exclude that corners (angles) between measurements in a cell of space and now are not equal precisely 90°. In our gauges we measure corners (angles) of space being the total sum of "rotating" cells which can quite compensate this flaw at macrolevel. I will add that process of unfolding of space cells finally does not influence sphericity of the Universe, as the shape of the object thrown in water does not influence the shape of circular waves in the water, dispersing extensively in all directions. If to change a situation, and to guess that at first in supervacuum the closed cells were formed: particles-antiparticles and usual space has arisen at their annihilation we as a result will gain space in which all its cells are to some extent deformed, i.e. we will have "superheated" space and the Universe and which hardly can form, planets, stars, galaxies etc. So, the question on formation of energy, a substance and its asymmetry became a bit clearer. A little more on supervacuum from which "has thrown out" measurements. Possibly it consists of "elements" which "fill" this protospace. These "elements" have no sizes and the geometrical shape in our understanding, does not operate there and usual time for us, but from these "elements" there is a formation of strongly anisotropic fields (channels) as which we consider as measurements of our space and which possess a certain set of properties, and are as a matter of fact the one- dimensional spaces. Each such field consists of an intermittent series of such "elements". These "elements" have optimum distance from each other (a balance point), at breaking of this distance in the channel there is a voltage and which we term as strain of measurement (channel). Why these "elements" were built in such channel, and channels are repelled from each other and have a general point to linkings thus do not break up to chaotic accumulations and as can change probability of coaxial orientation, it is necessary to find out in the future. Thus our space and all that occurs to it, there is only a supervacuum conversion, its (his) property to be labile. Instability of supervacuum it is possible effect of "collision" of some processes occurring in it and which have caused to a life the strongest anisotropy in its certain field (zone). Its various fluctuations can form any Universe with any laws in it, i.e. 82 "in" supervacuum the new Universes constantly blows up. Laws operating in supervacuum are possibly describing by other distinct from our logic! But to which understanding it is possible to come, since we are derivatives of this exotic space! And still. Lack of understanding of time as dynamics of measurements of space and presence zero-dimensional space also do not allow many theorists to construct model of this space. It is primely psychological instead of intellectual barrier. The space seems very simple empty place in the Nature. But practice testifies that simple "things" in the World do not happens! Light is not spread in space simply so, this is consecutive alternation of waves electrical and magnetic. The stone flying to (in) air flies not simply so, it interacts not only with air, but also with space changing the shape and mass! All processes have the consecutive stages. Not the understanding of such simple trues also leads to that that physicists seriously do not study neither space, nor interactions in which it participates. All science strictly/highly specialized. Its workers all life rummage in the differential and integral equations, which sense the perpetual division of lengths, the areas, volumes, masses, time transformation of degrees etc., without consideration properties of space in which they are. This theme is simply assigned to various charlatans and pseudo scholars of various "academies" of quasisciences who know only three words; energy, a resonance and a field with various prefixes to them and which only make fools of many credulous people, rather than conduct real research. Now it is a little about the information. The information is an energy being more often the same strain of space (Е classical − is a strain of the area of space), interacting with condensed space (substance as the strong strain), forms strains of already various "grades" (electrical, magnetic, other degrees of freedom of space etc.), under different corners (angles) and on different distances from condensed space. i.e. there is a split of energy (contortions) in non-linear space near to substance structural elements. Thus, the more "different kinds" condensed space, the more collects intercrossed contortions of space near to it, the more there is information, the more complicated an accumulations of geometry condensed space in a local zone of space. Now to understand that such power-informational connection or dependence, becomes already easier. In this light I will try to give the more broad concept of spatial connection. Nuclear or the chemical link is an arcuation-compression of micromeasurements of cells of space induced by the closed space cells being under a great voltage, thus the gravitational-inertial charge (mass) of such system of particles is incremented. The more contortions in space, the more than the incurvated measurements and their arcuation are more, the more energy-weight of such connection. Nuclear connection increments mass at the expense of closure of short measurements of particles in ring- like structures, and as magnifications of density of a cloud of the incurvated cells of space near to particles. The chemical link increments the mass at the expense of an arcuation of measurements of "rotating" space cells oriented on two radiants of a field. Any magnification of mass (energy absorption) thus it is accompanied by space 83 "absorption" too, because of growth of its contortions near condensed space: first, because of closure of measurements of cells at substance formation (during the initiating moment), secondly, because of squeezing of one "electrical" measurement of cells of space near to particles, owing to great density of the electric field, nearby closed space cells (particles). We will illustrate this process: one cell of space at closure is dilated, because of pushing away of measurements inside a ring, and the set of space cells round it is squeezed, because of activity of the arisen electric field and still a loading on zero space made by closed a cell of space (density of a proton of 1,45·10 18 kg/m³). In the total, three-dimensional space appears squeezed round particles, i.e. perturbed, and on the contrary. At an energy releasing, the mass decreases, and the space is liberated, it is well visible at explosive character of process. I.e. the squeezed measurements of cells of space are straightened, impulsing other measurements deforming them (a shock wave and flash-out at explosion). Illustration to it, magnification of volume of bodies at heating and decreasing at cooling in a great interval of temperatures. The atom volume at a quantum absorption the el-mag. of radiation is incremented, at emission decreases (transition of electrons from one orbit for another orbit), i.e. the quantity of the deformed cells of space in atom changes. The more shortly connection, the intensity (energy) of space is higher and connection is stronger. On short distances thus space "does not suffice" and it is absorbed from an exterior zone. The cells of space "move" in a direction of formation of linking of particles, thus the stream of cells "is more intensive" there where particles are not present, since the particle consists of the closed space cell and clouds of cells of space with strongly incurvated measurements at which motion in space there are associated waves (de Broil). As round nucleus of atoms there is a zone of squeezing of two "electrical" measurements of space cells causing so-called "overwhelming magnetic" measurements. As a result interaction these processes, in space preferable directions of synthesis of polyatomic systems (molecules) are formed, because of probable partial "shielding" of this stream by earlier joined particles. At a certain combination of diameters of atoms, there can be the strong unhomogeneities (heterogeneities) of "stream" of spatial cells, because of special "aerodynamics" of atoms, especially with charges of nucleus: 1(Н); 6(С); 7(N); 8(0); 11(Na); 12(Mg); 15(P); 16(S); 17(Cl); 19(K); 20(Ca); 25(Mn); 26(Fe); 29(Cu); 30(Zn), etc. That can create in space the so-called spatial channel with preferable spatial connections in it. Time termed as a chaotic "spin" of space cells, helps to find least "resistance" and for growth of large molecules and for the optimum approach of new spatial cells with least "resistance" is more exact with the least disorientation of a "spin" of cells in relation to formed connection, because of interaction with the closed cells of space, and their charge. I.e. there is an optimum interaction of spatial strains between atoms and their mutual crossing for formation of the linear, ring-like and more complicated groups of atoms and interaction between them. Gyration of the Earth about the axis allows to level activity of spatial "wind" on these processes. The lightning discharge in atmosphere is a motion of electrical strain of space through condensed space with the least resistance and is visualization of the existential 84 (Spatial-Time) channel, and as similarity (likeness) of some objects and the phenomena (a lightning − branches of trees etc.) especially at different scales of space, about it, it has been written earlier. About sense and calculation of physical constants the one through the one, a bit further. Now for rest, it is a little about the Organic Life from the point of view of space. Great accumulations of molecules with very big molecular mass, interreacting among themselves, form all new properties, namely main property: to maintain itself and the standing concerning the neighbouring molecules it is compensatory changing the parametres; the shape, length, a molecular weight, ability to absorb dynamic strains of space cells, retaining the parametres in a certain band (channel), narrow enough. And the volume of such fields of space is incremented in due course. In the course of evolution thus there are only systems of spatial strains with the most developed adaptive properties, i.e. ability as soon as possible to correct the inwardness in reply (response) to change of the exterior. Otherwise labile strain of space will simply disappear! For enhancing of productivity (accuracy) of correction, in the Nature the system of strains of space, using interaction of cross (crossing) strains of space (reason) has developed, at which the reactive response to (for) changing of conditions of medium (environment) goes not on one, and on set of existential (Spatial-Time) channels including intercrossed in different cellular shapes (forms). As a result, total sum (medial arithmetic), a command arrives on living cells of an operating mechanism reacting to change of conditions in space that has sharply strengthened adaptive properties of such spatial strain, and has allowed it to begin not only correction of strains of space in itself, but also to begin correction of exterior strains in space, adapting thus space to the inwardness. To its own internal state. For what such nonsense was necessary to the Nature? All the matter is that a considerable proportion of chemical elements (look above), i.e. various condensed spaces in a certain intervals of temperatures and density, could not lower the reactionary (reactivity) ability, having lowered thus superfluous power level, also have been forced to interreact constantly among themselves, gradually reducing the reactivity ability by gradual shielding by other elements. That is, they simply did not have sufficient temperature and counterparts (some oxygen , chlorine etc.) for formation of very strong chemical link to occupy an inconvertible (stable) standing in space. As oxygen at an early stage of evolution, was very few. Besides water as the strong polarizing solvent, constantly "broke" various intermediate molecules, and thus destroyed simple and unstable linkings of atoms. Water itself by the way disintegrates in a solution on ions (dissociates). Discharges of lightnings in atmosphere constantly destroyed also more stable molecules: СО 2 ; Н 2 О; СН 4 ; H 2 S; N 2 and as did not allow to atoms to occupy an inconvertible (stable) standing. Thus there was one exit: to combine connections in space so that at last the system of chemical links countering (resisting) constant fracture (breaking), or at least slowing down this process was formed, i.e. to translate energy strain in information(al) and thus to stabilize atoms of these elements, having reduced their labile state. Adsorption 85 of large molecules each other and created thus outer surface has sharply reduced destroying activity of environment (medium) (as destabilizing action of exterior spatial strains), and thus has begun the "dropwise" shape (form) of a protolife. Time of existence of such "drops" was restricted to accumulation of various "noises" − a slow oxidizing, mechanical destruction etc. And consequently the expedient in due course was filtered to "preserve" and then and to reproduce similar spatial strains on spiral phosphorus containing molecules, realizing a selection principle: the information only at the survived objects is maintained, at the others it together with objects is erased (destroyed). The Life on a planet became more exact to arise even before formation of organic substances! Many minerals in the Nature are porous and also have chain-like a structure in linking of the atoms which at absorbing of a solution of organic substances, built organic molecules along a chain of the atoms forming proteins of a various structure (elementary). I.e. organic substances could at once start to copy the complicated structure of minerals, using thus a matrix principle which then has been developed and brought to perfection! Thus accumulation of various strains in substance, already went billions years (trees, flowers, birds, butterflies embodied in minerals and visible on them cutted off section). And this process went even at a heat! (at high temperature!) One more example: protein collagen being inside skeleton of bones containing a calcium and penetrating small capillaries all its structure. As skeletons of a similar structure were available and for (at) organisms living millions years ago. As a matter of fact, it is symbiosis of minerals and organic substances! Thus the Nature could not lower deformational (energy) level for all atoms of elements being mainly on a planet surface, having found for them pair for formation of a strong chemical link or having localized them in depth underground. The Nature has found roundabout a way: having shattered energy strain of the same carbon having created a set of labile, feeble (weak) chemical links on (by) force, but resisting to destructive activity of environment, by the adapting to it. It was so effective way to a combination to self-copying of similar systems that the Nature has involved now for self-organizing even those elements which have placed underground and for which decrease reactivity problem, did not exist earlier at all. So, bypass of a problem of a deficit of atoms with a high potential difference among themselves and a deficiency of temperature for reaction between them, has led to making of the Organic Life on the Earth. It even if want, the forced shape (form) of existence of such atoms. I.e. consecutive accumulation of chemical reactions (focusing of spatial strains), stabilizing internal environment in which they proceeds! If the deficit misses also an energy barrier is exceeded, there is a life destruction: a fire − as burning of organic substances with formation enough stable molecules СО 2 ; N 2 ; Н 2 O etc., and thus there is an energy level alignment. So, a life is slow "burning" (oxidizing), sometimes even without atmospheric oxygen (at the expense of interior reserves) with emission of water and carbon dioxide gas, and stabilization (maintenance) of this process for a certain time, reacting to (for) change of conditions of a surrounding medium (environment). Some 86 kind of an organic (chemical) "tunnel" effect − slow burning at very low temperatures in the presence of tens and hundreds catalytic agents in a reaction zone. Energy (deformational 4th degrees (∆S) ) a barrier not so even wall, and reminds a mountain ridge with vertexes between which in gorges streams, the rivers of chemical reactions flow. Thus the total area of this barrier has not changed, gorges were formed at the expense of magnification of vertexes. For one reactions the barrier has decreased, for others has raised, and this relief continues to become complicated. Breaking of drawing of this relief can cause various diseases (disfunctions) in bioobject. For which rectifying the active interaction with an environment for making of compensatory strains and which in turn normalize drawing is necessary. By the way, the compensation effect in rare cases can be and spontaneous, because of reorganization of vertexes and gorges among themselves. The relief is general for the whole groups of people a genetic trunk or a matrix if want. (DNA and reactions which it codes) And now about the pleasant. This relief of spatial strains, it, and only it has been responsible for our perception of space and us in it and our interaction with it, and our sensation of its property − time, as well as any other bioobject in the Universe, since the substance in live organisms is constantly replaced in the course of a life ("dies off"), and DNA is capable to double (doubling) providing all new and new atoms of substance with property of "live" substance. It means only one − we are immortal! The life is a property of geometry of space, as well as gravitation and in general any other phenomenon in the Nature! Such concept as the death conventionally speaking is a technical break in cyclic change condensed space (substance) in a genetic trunk in the course of embodying of a certain geometrical line in space. The structure of this trunk is created in space millions years, and does not disintegrate in the course of evolution, being a part of the existential (Space-Time) channel in space. You for certain saw similar people (exteriorly). They are representatives of one genetic trunk in space. We already now are in "the disintegrated" state (condition) on sites (sectors) genetic material of people living now. Enough to these sites to unite after our "death" having created similar structure in space and death is not present! Criterion for this purpose − time and distance minimum between these two events (spatial "discharge"). Our perception of space and various strains in it will again be recovered. New life cycle will begin. Drawing of chemical reactions will get the former shape. To clone the person for the abstract prolongation of a life it is already unessential! It only the defective (artificial) split of a genetic trunk! Our new parents can give us only some additive signs in the form of some abilities, but they will not change our genetic trunk. Thus in the Nature there is an evolution only geometry of DNA and its active development which leads to better reproduction in new bioobject, i.e. there is a shift of a code of DNA for more successful competition (preservation) in the Nature. In case of malfunctions in operation (function) of DNA or difficulties in realization of other reactions, and impossibility thus to carry out compensatory correction by any expedient (ways), for example "incurable" illnesses, serious traumas, etc. occurs 87 preschedule "transition" bioobject from one life cycle in another, in order to avoid accumulation of errors in genetic material of population, because of their possible transmission to posterity by sick bioobjects. Thus quality control in a genetic trunk is carried out. To us here still to live and live! By the way, reflect on the arrogance over those who are more younger than you! The Nature can laugh over you! Will study still 112 years at school! (in other lives). To perfect itself not late at any age, it leads to activation of corresponding sites (sectors) genetic material the person (its geometry) and to improvement thus its starting possibilities in a new cycle of a life, sharply increasing probability to appear in more perfect bioobject, than without this activation. So read more all your life and be good to the surroundings. By the way, evil is a vector of a motion directed from centre common for all the Space-Time channel, in which limits there is a development of the Organic Life (a vector disorientation), and kindness is a vector of a motion to centre of it Space-Time channel, but without the guaranteed holding of its central axis of gravity. Without interaction of these two vectors, the normal motion on the Spatial-Time channel cannot be carried out now, much to our regret! The Deoxyribonucleic acid is not yet enough perfect at the majority of people. So, being good to surrounding people, you perfect the DNA, and making evil simply worsen its quality, activating aggressive instincts (DNA sites) and by that programming the following life cycle. As inevitable effect in the last case − deterioration of starting possibilities in a new cycle of a life! Our form of existence for certain is the intermediate shape of a reasonable life even because of great free informational capacity of a molecule of DNA, in which else many "clean sheets", i.e. there is a huge reserve for the further development. We move further. Because of properties of our space the maximum multiplicity of a chemical link does not exceeds three (acetylene and its derivatives, cyanogen etc.). Properties of space it is possible to explain influence asymmetrical atom of carbon in biochemical processes. I.e. one optical isomer of organic substance (enantiomer) possesses the positive biological activity, and another is primely poisonous (isomers of wine acid for a mould etc.) . Each of isomers rotates a polarization electric vector in the definite side, the first to the left-hand, second to the right-hand. Most likely the declination of atoms of hydrogen or an organic radical in this or that side of a plane of a molecule, at corresponding atom of carbon, changes electrical polarization of cells of space, including a chaotic "spin" (sets "a gyration" plane), on some distance near this atom, and thus promotes or interferes normal embedding of space cells for formation of the complicated chemical links in biosynthesis of proteins and other processes in a live cell, and as influences the el-mag. of strain distribution in substance (polarization) too. In the second case interfering with embedding of cells, causes narrowing Spatial-Time channel, in which limits biochemical reactions proceeds, and promotes such way to suppression of vital processes. It is probable that in our Universe prevails the left-hand form of organic substances, and in the Antiuniverse the right-hand dominate. I.e. rotating a 88 polarization plane of light passing through a solution of such substances (water, chloroform and others), either in a left-hand side, or in right-hand one (in such cases the corner (angle) in degrees is designated). As you can see the World without studying of properties of space very difficult matter. And without classification of properties of space to understand it hardly it will be possible! Therefore I so have strongly kept away from the basic theme. Though in this theory already all themes the cores! The space cell, is as a telephone exchange which connecting you to any subscriber-phenomenon in the Universe! All sciences disappears, it is already simple sectors of distribution of various strains of general space for all! And a little more on spatial connection. The volume of the majority of bodies is increased at a heating in a great interval of temperatures (absorption of cells), and decreases at cooling. Thus all cells "are not emitted" in an environmental body space, and used for making of new spatial connections (condensation, crystallization, etc.). If for formation of energy of such connection it is spent cells of space less, than "is liberated" from body volume, energy in the form of radiation and the kinetic motion of particles is liberated, being a version of strains, two and one measurements of a cell of space accordingly, as warmth of condensation, of crystallizations, etc. At a heating of bodies there is a radiation, because of interaction strongly bent space near to nucleus of atoms, "magnetic overwhelming" in particular, and exterior space, causing dynamic strains of the last which frequency depends on temperature and resonant properties of shells of atoms including incorporated shells in molecules, and probably degree of a contortion of space round nucleus of atoms and electrons. Turn on an electro bulb and you will see oscillations of space cells round you which allow you to see other strains of it space in its certain volume. Now about the interesting. About "movement" methods on a "arrow" of time from the point of view of a space quantum theory. Time as is termed above, there is a moment of equivalent "gyration" of cells of space in supervacuum in various planes, since it is "gyration" is carried out in zero- dimensional space the concept usual velocity to it is not applicable. "The gyration" equivalent can surpass light velocity in three-dimensional space. Easier to itself to present this process as "glimmering" of micromeasurements of space (reorganization of zones of anisotropy of supervacuum) with huge "frequency": v = c³ Hz, or even a little higher: v = (2π) π ∙c³ Hz! Where (2π) π ∙c³ – volume’s "frequency" of gyration of a cell. Parallelism of interactions in space, is time function in recalculation on any motion in usual space. In the superstrong gravitational fields and near light’s velocities, the length of measurements is reduced, also parallelism of interactions decreases together with "frequency of flickerings". Pushing away of micromeasurements when they are directed coaxially equally to zero and they can move through each other, or lengthways (along) each other, i.e. to slide without being repelled (pushing off), carrying out thus parallelism of interactions, getting off after 89 one from one. I.e. measurements as though "channelling" the one through the one or lengthways each other. The closed measurements of particles "channelling" only partially, bending not closed measurements of cells of space which thus get to a zone of perturbation of supervacuum inside and near this particle, and being bent, create thus an associated waves (de Broil) and effect of inertia. If we squeeze all three long measurements of cells, on a strains Conservation law in one cell of space, three short measurements to be extended, and we will gain consistently 5 and 6 dimensional spaces. At first to be extended two short: 3+2=5 DS, and then and one more shortest: 5+1=6 DS. It is possible to gain theoretically and a zone of 4 dimensional space, but it possibly deadly to bioobjects, since to construct the isolated deformational series (a row) on the basis of 4 dimensions it was not possible! As to 5 and 6 dimensional spaces in them existence of particles of 3 dimensional space is possible, just as there is an electron − a particle with two closed measurements (semimeasurements) in three-dimensional space. As the number of measurements in a cell 5 and 6 dimensional spaces is more than in 3 dimensional one, parallelism of interactions is carried out more often and velocity of current of time is higher, than in three- dimensional space. As at the uniform (even) squeezing and magnification thus numbers of long measurements in one cell, can sharply increase and "frequency of flickering" all measurements, since the energy potential of "atom" such space has increased because of squeezing, and supervacuum can react to it by magnification of "frequency" of reorganization of anisotropic "elements". Thus it is possible to convert theoretically 3 dimensional space into spaces with a more great number of measurements, at least up to 6. Squeezing of all three measurements (long), is not equivalent to squeezing only one measurement in gravitational fields and near light’s velocities which slows down time, because of difficulties in reorganization of "elements" of supervacuum, since the different length of measurements in one cell impedes their "flickering" and besides some measurements at these processes are incurvated, i.e. have some mass. After the termination of squeezing, measurements are returned in an initial (stable) state, and objects which were in the given zone some time, will appear considerably advanced forward on a scale of 3 dimensional time. Usual dynamic deformations (radiations) 3 dimensional space cannot scan object being in space with more number of measurements and it becomes invisible to the exterior observer. And then the zone of this "turbid" space is gradually dissolved for the exterior observer being in 3 dimensional space, because of receding on a scale of our time (forward), since the zone of a local loading of the closed measurements of a body on supervacuum moves in other "region" of this space, there, where there will be the Earth after the lapse of necessary for this three-dimensional time (in the Future). I.e. simply there is a change of a standing of a body concerning two co- ordinates of two types of spaces; three-dimensional and zero, because of great "frequency of flickering" measurements of multidimensional spaces. To put it briefly, to live or reach to «Communism» it is possible if much to work! Now it is necessary to think of those who dreams of the happy childhood, and about the own savings in the past. ( it is more actual for former Soviet people) 90 If centres of cells in space and antispace coincide (some type unity anisotropies of supervacuum in our two Universes, i.e. they "are as though interposed" (inserted) each other, having changed a phase of "gyration" of cells space on 180° (on a scale of ours space), it is theoretically possible to get to antispace with inverse-action time in relation to ours. The point of Explosion (Big Bang) at both Universes is identical on both temporary scales, but then in the course of evolution, both temporary (time’s) scales of both Universes have dispersed in supervacuum every it’s own way (going in different sides), look two untwisted spirals at drawing № 31 (page 78). Theoretically at the strong arcuation, at first having combined measurements of cells of space in one "plane" (our equivalent), it is possible to "turn out" measurements and thus to try to pass through supervacuum, look drawing № 34. Drawing № 34 Probably that the "spin" of space cells before this operation should be synchronized in one plane, and process of "reversing" of measurements should be conducted twice: 90° + 90°. Under the Supersymmetry law, instead of the left strain in the Antiuniverse, from there to our Universe should arrived corresponding (equivalent) strain for maintenance of the total sun of strains in each of the Worlds invariable (counterbalance). So, let us assume that, all it we are there-here have thrown it. Now it is necessary to accelerate a course of the return for us time already above described expedient. After reaching in the local Future in the Antiuniverse, it is necessary to execute return procedure of transition having incurvated measurements and again having exchanged the equivalent strains between the Worlds, look drawing № 35. Drawing № 35 91 It already will be for our Universe Past. Having convinced that having got to the Past we not are younger than at the moment, and we idealized the childhood as well as the sizes of the savings, make reverse procedure − to return nowadays. There is a question, instead of, whether temporary withdrawal from our Past of a part of a substance can at least at transition through supervacuum change structure of the General Space-Time channel, both in our World, and in the Antiworld? (transitions are shown on drawing № 35) Though probably that this problem is solved at realization of transitions on great enough distance from this channel (in Outer Space). The relationship of cause and effect (action) can to try be bypassed having selected or structure of strain of the traveller (does not leave or makes tracks), or to enter compensational action on the Space-Time channel. It is possible to guess and that the Space-Time channel is inconvertible enough against little changes in the Past, and they are probably compensated spontaneously, i.e. the General vector of the channel as the tendency does not vary, because of small fluctuations. If the traveller in time, tries to kill somebody or itself in the Past, most likely will be lost itself without having had time to make it, since the Space-Time channel more inertial, than any of its components. The uncertainty principle can set inertia of the channel, since one strain of space influences others, but to a certain degree! (limits) And Conservation laws as well will justify the name, without having allowed anybody to change the Evolution course sharply! I.e. the stone thrown before an avalanche will not change its trajectory since it is too small! Still a small technical detail. The means of a damping of accelerations are entered into both variants of time machines at squeezing of measurements, and the jack (compensator) of spatial displacements, last controls an invariance of the shape of spatial cells, at their transformations. Now about the machine of hyperspatial transition. If at squeezing of long measurements and creating thus 5 or 6 dimensional spaces to change in one direction the form of cells, or simply having put the engine for a motion in such space, travel is possible with velocities which in relation to 3 dimensional space, can be higher velocity of a sound (light) in it. The object moving in such space "loads" each measurement of a cell of space less, than it deforming at the same velocity, but at a motion in space with three dimensions. Besides "rigidity" of the squeezed measurements should be higher, that in turn, reduces the equivalent action on them, i.e. approaching measurements multidimensional spaces in the (by) sizes to supervacuum we as though reduce all distances in the Universe, since they in supervacuum do not exist at all! And as it is possible, because of effect of more fast course of time, i.e. more higher of "frequency of flickering" measurements in multidimensional spaces and which possibly very non-linearly depends on number of measurements, because of response (reaction) of supervacuum to magnification of their number (long ones) in one cell. In case of great "spending" of time on a travel stage, time it is possible to "wind off" back by means of generators of an arcuation of measurements, in advance having braked and having ungeared the engine or its equivalent. Then "having wound off" time back (above mentioned way), to return 92 back to our Universe having incurvated measurements and to turn off squeezing generators. Probably that in the future other expedients of reorganization of "elements" of supervacuum for rapid travelling in space and time will be discoved, also, especially considering great deformational capacity of usual space. See to what can lead desire to learn a difference between energy and force! So, I gradually terminate this long writing (constants ahead). Our entire World thus appears before us in the form of system of conserved strains of space and their mutual transitions each other. Our consciousness, feelings is too a version of strains in space, and interaction between them and which in turn, too can change too (to be deformed). For example, at get a drug in brain, perception of the World and its geometry changes, since the brain chemical composition (make-up) in this case has changed. In the ancient times this expedient was widely used for Universe "studying". The most ancient means narcotization − smoking. All that we perceive as a motion, light etc., only our perception of various strains of space. And in it there is nothing terrible since the fear is only in us, and carries out only protective function. The death in such Universe misses basically, it not the extremity of the Life and (but) the beginning of its continuation in a new cycle etc. (general recurrence of all processes in the Universe) Thus, the more we learn a reality, the less we than it we are afraid! Still the additional explanation to a series of strains (a row), more full variant in the appendix. h (7) − D 7 is deformation seventh degree, expresses the limiting strain of all measurements: 6 degrees on squeezing and an arcuation plus 1 degree of freedom possibly linear or "circumrotatory" motion of a cells of space. Look constants. m (6) − D 6 is deformation three measurements: 6 degrees of freedom an arcuation or (and) 5 degrees of freedom an arcuation and plus 1 degree of freedom of space (semimeasurement) which is transmitting an electric field (possibly squeezing of this semimeasurement). D 6 proportional to volume of space: m=DV. Basic strain in space. p (5) − D 5 is deformation 5 degrees of freedom of space, not selective D 5 − an impulse, selective D 5 − the elementary electrical charge е, i.e. at least strain of four degrees of freedom in a fundamental particle plus strain of one degree of freedom of space which transmits "an interior" voltage of a particle outside only in one direction: 4+1=5. Not closed semimeasurement of a particle works thus as a point-contact diode, only in one direction. For radiation interacting with substance, it is oscillations of 4 degrees of freedom (electromagnetic) plus a motion vector in space (substance), i.e. plus strain of one degree of freedom of space, for radiation which moving in substance. And as product of strains 6 degrees of freedom (mass) on (by) velocity 93 which is inversely proportional strain of one degree of freedom of space. Е (4) − D 4 is deformation (squeezing-stretching) of 4 degrees of freedom of space (radiation), and as a derivative of strain of "electrical" measurements in space − a permittivity of vacuum m F = 0 ε . D 4 proportional the area of space: E=DS. Basic strain. t (3) − D 3 is deformation 3 degrees of freedom of space, i.e. "displacement" at least one measurement (2 degrees of freedom of space) in any "direction" in supervacuum not coinciding with this measurement, i.e. plus still 1 degree of freedom. The same that "rotational displacement" or reorganization of "elements" of supervacuum round centre of spatial cell. Thus the arcuation or "rotational displacement" measurement of space is sufficient for time existence in space, and measurement squeezing-stretching of space is not enough! F (2) − D 2 is deformation squeezing-stretching of one measurement (2 degrees of freedom), is more rare an arcuation of one measurement (at an arcuation measurement length it is probable too can will change, because of pushing away in zero space). D 2 proportional to length of space: F=Dl. Basic strain. N (1) − D 1 only squeezing and is possible only a stretching of one degree of freedom of space − power. A resultant strain, being an energy and time derivative, and as force and velocity, etc. ρ (0) − D 0 is ratio two strains: the closed and unclosed cells of space. A compensatory degree of strain. Dimensionless quantities. υ (-1) − D -1 is deformation inversely proportional to squeezing of 1 degree of freedom of space: 1 D 1 − velocity. Is a derivative of distance (length) in space and time. υ 2(-2) − D -2 is deformation inversely proportional strains of 2 degrees of freedom of space (1 measurement), and as a derivative of strain of "magnetic" measurement in space − a permeability of vacuum m Hn = 0 µ D -2 deformation inversely proportional length strain of space: l c 1 2 = − a velocity quadrate. Is a derivative of distance and time, volume and energy (energy density E V ), the area and force F S − pressure etc. v (-3) − D -3 is deformation inversely proportional time’s strain − frequency. Is time 94 derivative. g (-4) − D -4 is deformation inversely proportional energy strain and strain of two measurements of space: E DS g 11 == − acceleration. Is a distance derivative in space and time quadrate. )5( )6( )1( − m N − D -5 is deformation inversely proportional impulse strain. Is a power and mass derivative or power and volume. G (-6) − D -6 is deformation inversely proportional mass strain and strain of three measurements of space: m DV G 11 == − a gravitational constant. Look constants. Is a derivative of mass, force and a distance quadrate in space. Now sense of fundamental stationary values (constants) in this light h or h 1 can be coefficient of "rigidity" of all measurements of space on squeezing and an arcuation, plus their ‘’displacement’’ (gyration) to one direction (gyration in any). Coefficient -34 or +34. c or c 1 can be coefficient of "rigidity" of one measurement on squeezing- stretching consisting from one "electrical" and "magnetic" semimeasurements, or two measurements "electrical" and "magnetic". Coefficient of +8 orders or -8. G or G 1 there can be "rigidity" coefficient as one measurement (any) on squeezing, plus two measurements (any) on an arcuation. Coefficient -11 or +11. And as possibly is coefficient reflecting activity supervacuum. Look Constants. µ 0 − a permeability of vacuum − coefficient of "rigidity" of "magnetic" measurement (two semimeasurements) − 1 a 2 . Controls two degrees of freedom in space. Coefficient -7 or if 0 1 µ that +7 orders. ε 0 − a permittivity of vacuum − coefficient of "rigidity" of two "electrical" measurements (four semimeasurements) − а 4 . Controls four degrees of freedom in space. Coefficient -12 or if 0 1 ε that +12 orders. The sum geometrical modules of these of two constant ε 0 and µ 0 give six semimeasurements in a cell of ours space (three measurements). Or in the total they controls six degrees of freedom of ours space. 95 е − the elementary electrical charge. Can be the limiting throughput capacity of one "electrical" measurement (semimeasurement) to conduct through itself electrical strain in one direction. Coefficient -19 or if 1 e that +19 orders. Completely the electrical charge is formed in the presence of "an interior" voltage of a fundamental particle which comes to light (out) through one not closed semimeasurement of a cell of space (particle). To cutting by extraction of a root with the plus corresponding degree is suitable only for electrical and magnetic stationary values since they reflect the same structural components of space (measurements of one "grade"). Other stationary values probably are composite of diverse coefficients (components), and their cutting in a similar way without breaking of a principle of these stationary values (constants) is likely impossible (extraction of roots of corresponding degrees). As a matter of fact, space micromeasurements are universal "springs" which are holding and transmitting various types of strains in the Universe! Thus the space is deformed at least on 15 levels (15th level − an electron with its dimensionality +6,5). Constants Constant Quantity G w (10) 1,4·10 - 62 h (7) 6,62·10 - 34 m e (6,5) 9,1·10 - 31 m p (6) 1,67·10 - 27 e (5) 1,6·10 - 19 ε 0 (4) 8,85·10 - 12 π (0) 3,1415926·10 0 с ( - 1) 2,9979245·10 8 µ 0 ( - 2) 12,56·10 - 7 G ( - 6) 6,67·10 - 11 96 Here a series of physical constants in decreasing order of a degree of their geometrical dimensionality is given. From it, it is possible to see that their values increase from a stationary value of weak coupling (interaction) G w to a velocity of light, then the inverse process to a gravitational constant (look the diagramme №1) follows. (1 sm is across equal to one degree of freedom of space, and 1 mm on a vertical is equal to one order: 10 -62 it is equal 62 mm). Dimensionality of stationary values the standard. A series of strains is restricted by two fundamental stationary values: Planck h and gravitational G (about G w look further in the text). Changes of quantities of stationary values from geometrical dimensionality (conformity with law) it is possible to explain by different number of degrees of freedom of space, which they controlling and as that they are derivatives another (others), a yet not opened stationary value(s), which define properties both three- dimensional space, and properties of supervacuum, to be closer to it most likely a gravitational constant. Look drawing № 36 (diagramme № 1) Drawing № 36 Diagramme № 1 If we express this series of constants through zero geometrical dimensionality, 97 having multiplied or having divided them on a velocity of light in a corresponding degree we will gain a series of values. operation result 10 cG w ⋅ 8,21·10 22 ( 0)10(10)( 10)1( )10( =−+=⋅ − cG w and so on.) 7 ch⋅ 1,44·10 26 5.6 cm e ⋅ 1,14·10 25 6 cm p ⋅ 1,21·10 24 5 ce⋅ 3,88·10 23 4 0 c⋅ ε 7,15·10 22 )0( π 3,14·10 0 c c 1 2 0 c µ 1,39·10 -23 ( 0)2(2 2)1( )2( 0 =−−−= − − c µ ) 6 c G 9,19·10 -62 From it, it is well visible that all quantities of constants with a zero dimensionality and being between Planck constant and gravitational are decreasing continuously, (look the diagramme № 2 more low). The constant of weak coupling (interaction) G w falls outside the limits a series since it composite J·m³ with dimensionality +10 i.e. energy multiplied by volume EV. Deducing of this stationary value is given in the appendix. Besides it is a derivative multidimensional space (5 dimensional) since 10 degrees of freedom in our usual space are not present! From here it is visible that Planck a stationary value (constant) and a gravitational constant − antipodes (are marked by arrows). 98 Drawing № 37 Diagramme № 2 Planck the stationary value h more likely of all expresses a counterreactance state (condition) supervacuum, i.e. resistance of the anisotropic channels (measurements) supervacuum on an arcuation, a disrupture, disconnection, squeezing-stretching ("rigidity") and as probably sets lengthness of a zone of anisotropy zero space, i.e. length of measurements. Gravitational constant G more likely of all expresses a state of reactance (reactivity) of supervacuum, i.e." pushing away" channels (micromeasurements of space) of supervacuum and which define impossibility or improbability finding of zones of anisotropy in supervacuum on "a short distance". All other strains of three-dimensional space are between these parametres of supervacuum. The velocity of light is an equilibrium point between these kinds of activity of supervacuum (a fracture on a curve of physical constants, look 1st diagramme) and consequently it is capable to transform in a wide band (intervals) ones strains of space to others. A permeability of vacuum µ 0 thus more close to reactance of supervacuum (RSV). The permittivity of vacuum ε 0 more close to counterreactance of supervacuum (CSV). "Frequency of flickers" channels of supervacuum (measurements), it is probable as it is, set by reactance of supervacuum, most likely, because of influence of shorter "magnetic" measurement, which most likely fluctuates about centre of spatial cell (precesses), owing to what constantly there is a chaotic imbalance of "forces of pushing away" between measurements of 99 the neighbouring cells that leads to their chaotic "circumrotatory" moment ("spin"− time). Theoretically in such oscillations (precession) any measurement can participate. Thus the strong microanisotropy of space (chaotic asymmetry of cells), generates leveling "gyration" of atoms of space, which forms a space isotropy at macrolevel (vacuum "boilling" − time). This effect can explain light polarization in substance, i.e. directional (directed) shift of centre of a precession "magnetic" and others measurements from centre of spatial cell near to the strong polarizing agents; nucleus of atoms, their shells, "magnetic overwhelming" near to nucleus etc., causing change (rotational displacement) of a vector of an electric field of light at passage through substance (dynamic spatial strain through condensed space). That is, a cell of space becoming directed asymmetrical, creates asymmetrical radiation (strain) transiting through it, orienting light polarization plane, namely orienting pulsations of magnetic and electrical strains in space in a certain position. I will remind that cells of space become sensitive to influence of nucleus of atoms, because of a microarcuation of the measurements near to nucleus, as their response to supervacuum perturbation that gives them inappreciable mass and as at cells one of "electrical" measurements reacting to the strong electric field near charged particles is squeezed. On ‘’gyration velocity’’ of cells of space (time) − these processes do not influence. Time is constant. Now we will view relations between physical constants, for example from last series with zero geometrical dimensionality ( h − G ), i.e. we will find out "distances" between them. From these relations it is visible that conjunctive coefficients between zero- dimensionality stationary values are the number of "π" and two more numbers: 2 and 3. 100 Now we will view calculations from stationary values with usual dimensionality. You already saw calculation of masses of an electron, a proton and their charge. In these formulas for the coordination of spatial strains, combinations of number of "π" and numbers 2 and 3 were used. From calculation of a some quantity of formulas (look further), we can make the diagramme of transitions at corresponding calculations and coefficients necessary for it from (of) numbers of "π". As it is possible it will be convinced, all coefficients are a simple combination only three numbers: 2; 3; "π". And the combination 3π² is repeated most often, and from under a root it is not output specially. Number 2 possibly expresses as a cell of space disrupture on two parts (for an electron-positron), and strain of two measurements. Number 3 expresses strain of three measurements of space. And the number of "π" expresses the relation of the incurvated measurement to linear one at connecting two points incurvated measurement on the maximum distance, (look drawing № 38), i.e. can translate a linear deformation in bend-type deformation and as can possibly convert not selective deformation in selective one and on the contrary. Drawing № 38 tmeasuremen tmeasuremen b a = π the circle is one closed measurement, the exit from it is impossible 101 (at microlevel). Still the number of "π" reflects the circumrotatory moment of measurements of space (in one plane) as a part structure of cells of it space. The system of numbers of "π" operates only at calculations of one physical constants through others! The measurement length is a strain (deformation) zero space. Geometrical dimensionality of number )0( )2( )2( 22 =−== b a b a π i.e. zero, and at calculations it is considered only at division of this number into another (other) physical quantities. For example: 3 2 0 3 ec π µ = (+0,305%) ( ) 2)20( 2 0 35 0 )1(3)5( )0( 2 )2( 0 3 −− −− − === ⋅ = ⋅ = aa a a a a a c e π µ i.e. µ 0 (-2) or ( ) 5 0 2 c h π π µ = (+0,268%) 220 2 0 57 0 )1(5)7( )0( )2( 0 ))2(( −− −− − === ⋅ = ⋅ = aa a a a a a c h π π µ i.e. µ 0 (-2) At use of number of "π" involuted in a great degree, it can have a dimensionality of a velocity of light: 12 324 π =c (-1) or 6 18 π =c (-0,5), as well as any other number with the corresponding module and at use of this number as velocity. Now once again we will remind about rules of calculation of various spatial strains. The velocity of light has dimensionality (-1), a root square of a velocity of light (-0,5), a quadrate of a velocity of light (-2), At multiplication of physical quantities, degrees of their geometrical dimensionality – are added, at division − are subtracted. At an involution − are multiplied by degree number. At root extraction − are divided into number of a degree of a root, even if a degree negative, i.e. 1 2 2 −− = aa or a a 11 2 2 = . The velocity of light transforms one degree of strain of space to other degree of strain of space. Examples known earlier: p=mc (5 = 6 + (-1)), E=mc 2 (4 = 6 + (-1·2)) and others: 2 c m e h = or 6 36 π c m e h = where c= 6 18 π (x2) π 6 c m p h = ; 23 3 ππ µ c m h = (-0,625% muon mass); 2 π τ c m h = (+0,844% tau-lepton mass). Dimensionality of all masses except an electron +6. additionally 4 9 54 0 π c m k h = ; 4 0 18 3 c c m → = π π h Probably that expression by a similar expedient of masses about one and a half hundreds astable particles (antiparticles have the same mass), will allow to construct system of coefficients and numbers 2; 3; and "π" their forming (taking into account a lifetime of corresponding particles). And thus, will give the chance to understand more deeply conformity with law and a role of these numbers in space structure. 102 Now we will express a permittivity of vacuum ε 0 through others, having subtracted corresponding number of degrees of freedom of space. 2 6 0 − ⋅ = π ε cG w (+0,552%) 10+(-6)=4 ε 0 (4) look a series 22 3 0 36 ππ ε ch = (-0,406%) the same π π ε )2( 3 0 ch = (-0,267%) 7+(-3)=4 22 5.2 0 33 ππ ε cm e = (-0,627%) 6,5+(-2,5)=4 2 2 0 3 ππ ε cm p = (-0,679%) 6+(-2)=4 2 0 3 π ε ec = (-0,304%) 5+(-1)=4 The permeability of vacuum µ 0 is expressed through electrical ε 0 and a velocity of light с under the formula: 2 0 0 1 c⋅ = ε µ (0 - (4 + (-2)) = -2). Such formulas in various combinations of tens, and all of them submit to geometrical dimensionality and if constants through other constants are expressed, they submits also to system of coefficients from numbers 2; 3 and "π". At calculations inexactness is found out, it is specified in brackets in percentage. It can be caused three factors. The first: a principle of uncertainty of Heisenberg, i.e. influence of one spatial strains on others in which effect they become less contrast, slightly "blurring" in space as the image in a microscope with very great optical magnification, because of wave-like (undulating) properties of light. Second: probable influence of a gravitational field of the Earth on geometry of space and its strains. The third: influence probably yet not opened conformities with law. Now we will express stationary values of Dirac-Planck and gravitational: 3 0 )2( c επ π ⋅ =h (+0,268%) and 5 0 )2( c⋅ = µ π π h (+0,268%) where 7775.321)2( = π π and approximately (+0,139 %) can be spread out on 22664.32236 22 = ππ , i.e. product of coefficients between ħ (+7) and ε 0 (+4) look the diagramme of numbers of "π" given earlier. Still π π )2( approximately equally: 5 0 )2( c⋅⋅≈ µπ π h (-0,267%) 0 = 7 + (-2) + (-5). The first formula has geometrical dimensionality: 7 = 4 - (-1·3), second one 103 7 = 0 - (-2 + (-1·5) ). At use instead of a stationary value of Dirac, a Planck constant, these formulas look like: 3 0 1 )2( c h επ π ⋅ = + and 5 0 1 )2( c h ⋅ = + µ π π . At use of a stationary value of a weak coupling (interaction): 33 9 cG w ⋅= π h (-0,183%) 7 = 10 + (-1·3) and for 34 18 cGh w ⋅= π (-0,184%). Now we will express a gravitational constant through other stationary values: 3 0 2 0 42 )2( ε µπ π c G h = (-1,436%) ħ=1,05458·10 -34 symbols are written in decreasing order their geometrical dimensionality. With a Planck constant looks like: 3 0 2 0 422 )2( ε µπ π ch G − = (-1,435%) h=6,62617·10 -34 i.e. 34 2241270 6 )( )()()( a aaaa a −− − ⋅⋅⋅ = Low accuracy of this formula can be consequence an impossibility to describe exact a state of reactance of supervacuum, only through its counterreactance (properties of measurements of ours space, look earlier h), and it is probable other reasons, which have been already mentioned. After mathematical cutting of last formula it is had: 3 0 3 )2( µπ π ⋅=G (-0,907%) a -6 =a 0 ·(a -2 ) 3 i.e. -6 = 0 + (-2·3) or a little in other view: 3 0 ))2(( µπ π ⋅=G (-0,907%) a -6 =(a 0 ·a -2 ) 3 i.e. -6 = (0 + (-2)) ·3, from last form of record it is well visible that G − the gravitational constant controls strain of three measurements of space since for this purpose to counterpoise a gravitational constant, a permeability of vacuum µ 0 controlling in space one measurement, it was necessary to involute in the third degree. It has definitively proved that a gravitational field − this field of strain of all three measurements of space! It is interesting to note that only the permeability of vacuum µ 0 could counterpoise in a (as) single, gravitational constant, since it is closer than the others to reactance of supervacuum (-2·3 = -6). I.e., the measurement in a cell is longer, the manifestation of counterreactance of supervacuum is stronger, and on the contrary, the measurement is shorter, the display of counterreactance is more feeble and activity of reactance of supervacuum is more strongly expressed. Almost all stationary values are in the co-ordinate net set by number of "π", expressing in this case the "circumrotatory" moment of space cells. The proof of it, transformation of ones stationary values to others, without use of geometrical dimensionality, only with use of number of "π" and numbers 2 and 3 can serve. For example: 0 23 επ ⋅= ∗ G (-0,206%), 8 0 )(2 π µ = ∗ G (-0,751%), 9 5 0 π µ = ∗ h (-0,317%) etc. Thus it is necessary to note that such calculations are conducted "blindly", i.e. we do not foreknow what physical value we calculate, and values of numbers of "π" have no 104 any system, often they reach the huge values, as in two last formulas. Gaining of results thus testifies only to one: initial and required quantities take positions in space defined by numbers 2; 3 and "π". Thus to learn for how many strain degrees of freedom of space this or that stationary value are responsible it is impossible that does such calculations exclusive. Numbers of values should not only coincide, but also keep within system of geometrical dimensionality of these physical values, only it chooses the correct variants from set of the possible. This "noises" with numbers of "π", also has made impossible a finding of geometrical dimensionality earlier, at studying of physical constants. The temptation was too strong to explain all conformities with law one number of "π" only ( π 2 6 G G w = ∗ ), without understanding that it expresses in this case only "lattice" of the allowed modular values of spatial strains (stationary values), but to arrangement of these strains (constants) has no relation! Still examples of calculation of a gravitational constant with use of geometrical dimensionality: 153 6 )2( c G h π π = (-0,108%) it is the most exact formula, its geometrical dimensionality: -6 = 0 - (7 · 3 + (-1 · 15) ), 6 3 0 3 )2( c G ε π π = (-0,907%), and without number "π": 153 6 0 cG h µ = (-1,7%) since 5 0 )2( c⋅⋅≈ µπ π h (-0,267%), geometrical dimensionality of three last formulas accordingly: - 6 = 0 - (4·3 + (-1·6)), -6 = (-2·6) + (7·3) + (-1·15), 0 = 7 + (-2) + (-1·5) one more: 5.1 0 5.7 0 3 µε h =G (-1,7%) 5,125,74 37 6 ⋅−⋅ ⋅ − ⋅ = a a a a Now we will calculate a charge of an electron-proton and their mass through electrical and magnetic stationary values: 3 0 2 3 c e µ π = (+0,305 %), c e 0 2 3 επ ⋅ = (+0,305%), their geometrical dimensionality: 5 = 0 - (-2 + (-1·3)) and 5 = 0 + 4 - (1), 2 0 2 3 c m p εππ ⋅ = (+0,684 %), 4 0 2 3 c m p µ ππ = (+0,684 %), their geometrical dimensionality: +6 = 0 + 4 - (-1·2) and +6 = 0 - (-2 + (-1·4)) or in more evident view: 21 40 6 )( − ⋅ = a aa a , 412 0 6 )( −− ⋅ = aa a a , 5.2 0 22 33 c m e εππ ⋅ = (+0,631%), 5.4 0 22 33 c m e ⋅ = µ ππ (+0,631%), geometrical dimensionality: 5,21 40 5,6 )( − ⋅ = a aa a , 5,412 0 5,6 )( −− ⋅ = aa a a 105 Now we will express some constants through ε 0 and µ 0 constants As you can see from these equations, system of numbers "π" very simple, but its sense is not deciphered yet. additional: 3 2 0 = ε c G h 3 24 17 6 ⋅ = ⋅ − − a aa a ; 2 0 3 2 ε e =h 24 35 7 ⋅ ⋅ = a a a Now about physical constants responsible for a state condensed space (gas and others). Here a matter is more difficult, than viewed earlier. The substance mass can have two geometrical dimensionalities +6 and zero. Namely in 100 kg, kilogramme has dimensionality +6, and value 100 has zero geometrical dimensionality, as well as other any numbers. The same concerns and the molar mass. The substance mole is a nuclear (atomic) or molecular mass of substance expressed in grammes (more often). Or the substance mass in which contains 6,02·10²³ structural particles. For example one mole of carbon weighs − 12 grammes, lead – 207 grammes etc. Still a mole it is possible to present as mass of superatom or a supermolecule which is heavier usual one in 6,02·10²³ times. A mole as physical dimensionality of a unit of quantity of substance thus has geometrical dimensionality of mass, i.e. +6, and it will be proved a bit later ! But here number of moles including and one mole as the molar mass M (µ), has already zero geometrical 106 dimensionality! As for a finding of the molar mass it is necessary mass in grammes, kilogrammes etc., to divide on number grammes available in one mole of substance. For example: 1 )1(12 12 )0()66( )6( )6( ==== ⋅⋅ ⋅ − + + aa m m СmoleСg Сg g/mole of carbon. Usual dimensionality of the molar mass − gramme/mole. So, the molar mass is a number of quantities of particles equal on the module to an Avogadro number, or quantity of Avogadro numbers in this mass! Similar situation and with the molar volume: mole L Vaa mole V V 41.22 1 )0()0()66( )6( )6( )0( 41.22 ===== − . It is necessary for knowing at calculations on the equation of Clapeyron-Mendeleyev: PV 22,41 =RT. This volume of gas strictly depends on pressure, temperature and quantities of substance in this volume. But it not any volume in space! For the equation of a state of ideal gas ( liquefying at absolute zero): )2()0( )0( )6( )6()2( −− ⋅=⋅ TR M m VP volume usual +6, instead of molar! (M − the molar mass of gas). Constant Avogadro N A − 6,02·10²³, this number of particles in one mole of substance, is a concentration version condensed space (substance) in usual space under normal conditions. Concentration of particles has dimensionality -6, as dimensionality of an Avogadro number mole N A 1 = or )6( 6 1 − = A N a . If we multiply an Avogadro number by mass of atom or a molecule to gain mass in grammes of any substance in this case it is not so constant, and is simple the number of particles which can be any and has zero geometrical dimensionality. If we wish to gain mass in moles (the molar mass) then this number is constant Avogadro with dimensionality -6. For example: number 3·10 8 has geometrical dimensionality -1 if it designates velocity in m/s, if it designates number of particles n or mass in kg its geometrical dimensionality is zero. A point in dimensionality definition mole and Avogadro numbers it will be put more close to the text extremity since for this purpose it is required to give two diagrammes and to make deducing of the formula of a charge of an electron through constant Avogadro and Boltzmann. From a gravitational constant having the same dimensionality -6, the Avogadro number is isolated by modular distance almost precisely equal to the module of a stationary value of Dirac: 34 101079.1 − ⋅=≈ h A N G (105,058 %). The similar pattern is observed and on an opposite side of row spatial strains. Namely, extreme (for condensed space) a Boltzmann constant k − 1,38·10 -23 (dimensionality +6), has modular distance to a Planck constant (extreme) restricting a series (a row) on the other hand on 71,93 % coinciding with the gravitational constant module: 11 107992.4 − ⋅= k h . Similarly, an difference between a gravitational constant and Dirac of a stationary value h G makes 105 % of constant Avogadro. Thus, it is possible to affirm that properties condensed 107 space (substance), are enough the difficult projection of properties of usual space, and the specified dependences (correlations) between stationary values only additional proof of a close connection of space with a substance and its properties, and as the proof of the compounded crossing of various spatial strains at certain scale of space, i.e. Avogadro number fixing at certain relations of the sizes of space. Now we will write out abreast constant controlling properties condensed space in decreasing order of their geometrical dimensionality. k (+6) − 1,38·10 - 23 R (0) − The molar gas constant (MGC) − 8,31 υ ( - 1) − Velocity of a sound in condensed space −3·10 2 − 5·10 3 m/s Stationary value of Faraday − F (-1) F ( - 1) − 9,65·10 4 N A ( - 6) − 6,02·10 23 dimensionality standard From this series it is well visible that as well as at stationary values responsible for properties of usual space, the tendency of growth value of constants with reduction of their geometrical dimensionality is traced. Zero geometrical dimensionality is unity in a zero degree in which limits, in the total sum of degrees of others (different) spatial strains are compensated, i.e. quantities become dimensionless. For comparison we will present this series in a zero dimensionality gained by the same expedient (way), as a series of constants responsible for properties of usual space. 286 1000185.1 ⋅=⋅ ck 0)6(6 )1(6)6( =−+=⋅ − ck The tendency similar to a zero dimensionality of the previous series ( h − G ) − the continuous decrease. I.e. rows both spaces are copying properties each other! 31.8 )0( =− RMGC 56 1066.110 −− ⋅−= c υ )0)1(1(10218.3 3 =−−−⋅= − c F 28 6 1029.8 − ⋅= c N A )0)61(6( = ⋅ − − − Now we will try to establish connection between a Planck-Dirac constant and Boltzmann one which coordinating temperature of gases with a medial kinetic energy of a motion of their molecules, using the same procedure as well as in a case with 108 other stationary values: ck h 4)6( 5.4 π = (+0,374%). More convenient variant at which coordinating the coefficient with number of "" is less, in the formula: 2 5.1 )5.5( 4 π c k h = (+0,429%), for the comparison, the similar formula of a charge of an electron proceeding from its mass: 2 5.1 3 π cm e e = . It is natural that in last formula the Boltzmann constant should have geometrical dimensionality +5,5 (it is marked in brackets), something similar to fractional dimensionality of the electron, thus all thermodynamic quantities in the row should move (shift) on a half-degree of freedom of space, including and temperature (-1,5), and thus and velocity of a sound in gases to (-0,75) that looks strange, after all, velocity in space, it is strain of one degree of freedom of space. Thus such method of expression of stationary values responsible for a state condensed space, through a velocity of light, it is possible to consider as insufficiently proved, as at condensed space (substance) there is the velocity of a sound, which is difficult derivative of strains of "electrical" and partially "magnetic" components of usual space interacting with condensed space. After all, elastic collision between molecules in gases at sound distribution (spreading), is effect of interaction of electric fields of atoms of gas (their shells). If at an establishment of geometrical dimensionality mole substance (N) an accent to make in a word-combination "quantity of substance" on a word the "quantity", instead of on "a substance" word, dimensionality mole in that case it is equal to zero and following physical values thus have dimensionalities: Mole = 0 M − the molar mass = + 6 Boltzmann constant k = + 6 without change The molar gas constant MGC - R = + 6 The molar volume = + 6 Faraday stationary value F = + 5 Electrochemical equivalent = +1 without change Valence Z = 0 without change Avogadro stationary value N A = 0 And at the second variant, the tendency of growth value of constants with decrease of their positive geometrical dimensionality is maintained, look a series. Mole = 0 k (+6) − 1,38·10 - 23 J/K R mgc (+6) − 8,31 J/mole·K 109 F (+5) − 9,65·10 4 CL/mole N A (0) − 6,02·10 23 1/mole Now to find out what variant it is true, it is necessary to draw two diagrammes, one centimetre across which it is equal to one degree of freedom in space and one millimetre on a vertical is equal to one order in the stationary value module. For example: 1,38·10 -23 − 23 millimetres. Diagramme №1 Diagramme №2 110 As we can will be convinced from the first diagramme, values of four constants are on one straight line! And not one of the basic constants does not take of the same geometrical position! Now we will draw the same diagrammes with zero geometrical dimensionality of modules of stationary values gained at multiplication or division into (by) a velocity of light in a corresponding degree, but positions on diagrammes we will leave the former. Diagramme №3 Diagramme №4 111 As it is possible will be convinced, the first variant has maintained the configuration. All stationary values still are on one line having undergone to division and multiplication to a velocity of light in different degrees. The diagramme line has only turned over round a horizontal axis! The geometry of the second diagramme is broken, i.e. corners (angles) of straight lines connecting points on a drawing have changed! Thus, just given second variant is erroneous! Still note that space for stationary values condensed space (substance) three-dimensional! I.e. has six degrees of freedom. The point in a selection from these two variants which directly influence on geometrical dimensionality at least three basic stationary values was put by a finding of a physical value capable to carry out the same function for stationary values condensed space, as a velocity of light for other stationary values. For condensed space it is a value 1,1604·10 4 and it is coefficient a transformer for physical values expressing properties of substance. Still this value has 1 (one) electron volt expressed in Kelvin’s , since division )0( )1( R MGC F − − the same that )6( )5( k e since the stationary value of Faraday and the Molar gas constant − are composite stationary values: )6( )5( )1( −− ⋅= AFar NeF and )6( )6()0( − ⋅=− A NkRMGC i.e. 1 eV-K = A A Nk Ne ⋅ ⋅ . Thus attempt to find "a pure" physical value with geometrical dimensionality -1, i.e. analogue of a velocity of light for transformation of geometrical dimensionality of stationary values condensed space, has led us to the relation e k ! 11604 )0( )1( )1( = − = − − RMGC F k e The stationary value of Faraday has dimensionality -1 and gave the strong understating-overestimating at calculations of Boltzmann and Avogadro constants and it should be divided on MGC-R (0) being in a zero geometrical position, since this procedure does not change a dimensionality sign 31 . 8 96500 )101( −−=−− the gained value also has appeared equally on the module 1 electron volt expressed in a temperature scale − 1,1604·10 4 or 1eV-K where K − a Kelvin. From the point of view of geometrical dimensionality the relation e k (-1) is more correct, since temperature’s eV calculated such way e kU (-2) . Since U = 1V such way modules are equal, and geometrical dimensionality are different. (-1; -2). So, value of a Boltzmann constant: 6 )1( )(4 КeV MGCR k − = (-1,361%) in geometrical dimensionality: )61(06 )1( 4 )1(6 )0( )6( ⋅−−=→ − = − KeV R k Value of constant Avogadro: 4 )1( 6 КeV N A − = (+1,381%) in geometrical 112 dimensionality: 0)61(6 4 )1( )0( )1( 6 )6( −⋅−=−→ − = − − KeV N A More precisely instead of number 4 it is better to take 4,05 (in both cases!). It is probable that this manifestation of a principle of uncertainty (?) 2 2 18 05.4 π = If MGC-R a composite stationary value k·N A , and k e КeV =−1 , that deformation relation (formula) 6 )1( 4 КeV R k − = it will easily be conversed to a relation: 6 6 4 e kNk k A ⋅⋅ = from here A A Nkek e Nk k ⋅=⋅→ ⋅ = 76 6 7 4 4 or 6 4 A Nke ⋅= accuracy of calculation of a charge of an electron under this formula -0,228% and it without number 4,05 only with number 4. Similar result ( 6 1 )4( A Nke ⋅= ) it is possible to gain and from other formula: 4 )1( 6 КeV N A − = , charge calculation: 196 2323 105985318.110022045.6410380662.1 −− ⋅=⋅⋅⋅⋅=e CL, geometrical dimensionality: 6 )6( )6()5( 4 − ⋅= A Nke 5 = 6 + (-6:6) →5 = 6 + (-1). If dimensionality N A instead of -6 to take zero as in the second variant, and such dimensionality cannot express this formula: 6 )0( )6()5( 4 A Nke ⋅= 5 ≠ 6 + (0:6) →5 ≠ 6+0→5 ≠ 6. Dimensionality of a Boltzmann constant k under doubt is not put, it in both variants +6, and does not depends on dimensionality of mole, since its dimensionality J/K i.e. 4- (-2) = 6. Thus the first variant is true only: the mole = +6; the molar mass 0 )6( )6( == mole m M ; k = + 6; MGC-R = 0; the molar volume = 0 ; F = -1 ; N A= -6. This variant is accepted in the text and in the basic deformational series (a row) in the appendix. Now expression of constants Avogadro and Boltzmann through other physical constants any more does not present any difficulty! If to use 1eV-K (is more exact e k , though modules are equal!) as transformatory coefficient for expression of the specified stationary values in zero geometrical dimensionality, instead of a velocity of light (1eV-K) or the relation e k (shifts at multiplication or division into (by) a physical value its geometrical degree on one degree of freedom of space) we will gain the following series of values: 716.33)101604.1(1038.1)1( 64236)6( =⋅⋅⋅=−⋅ −+ КeVk (6+(-1·6)=0) etc. 31441.8 )0( =− RMGC 113 31441.8 )1( )1( )1( = − − − КeV F 24659.0 )1( )1(6 )6( = − − − КeV N A -6-(-1·6)=0 etc. Difference between an Avogadro number and Boltzmann of a stationary value (extreme) in zero geometrical dimensionality (transformatory coefficient 1eV-K=1,1604·10 4 ) makes 137728.136 24659 . 0 716.33 ≈= also it is equal as it is written in above mentioned book "the fine structure constant" 2 0 4 e ch πε or general equality for them: 1411 0 12 12 2 0 12 2 0 4 4 )1( 4 ekcN kN ke e c N КeVk e c A A A =→=→ − = h hh πε πεπε (geometrical dimensionality 70 = 70 or a 0 ·a 4 ·a 7 ·a -1 ·a -6 ·(a 6 ) 11 =(a 5 ) 14 . Cutting of this equality of work does not represent, since formulas is already written more than enough. For example: πε 0 ħck 5 =e 8 (40 = 40), etc. This is one more proof of geometrical dimensionality of stationary values condensed space! I hope that use of geometrical dimensionality, will put an end to "games" in formulas! Two coefficients transforming spatial strains each other are already found. Thus all basic stationary values (constants) are put in a net of geometrical dimensionality that there is a doubtless success of this theory. Now a little more on (about) properties of a cell of space Ability of measurements of space selectively to perceive and transmit strains, it is possible to explain "an interior spin" ("gyration") of channels of anisotropy in supervacuum and presence on their "surface" (it is used our analogies) similarities of the screw with two various directions of "cutting" on "plus" and "minus" channels that can explain their distinction. It is a quantization version, i.e. dividing given channels on (for) "elements" of supervacuum different in quality. "Furrows" of screws thus can move at "gyration" as from centre (we will admit measurement "+"), and to centre (measurement "−") of cells of space, i.e. measurements (semimeasurements) can have different "spin charges" which explains physical sense of one degree of freedom in space. Thus only in one direction there is an exit of an interior voltage from the closed cell of space (particle), forming activity of an electrical charge, i.e. "screw emission" specific to this type of measurement of strain. Micromeasurements of a thickness have no, but can slide lengthways each other or through each other (without pushing away) that can lead to interaction "rotating" screws among themselves. For example, measurements of one sign resist to squeezing by transmission (passing) through them of deformational action of the same sign, since "furrows" their screws go or towards to each other or in opposite 114 directions from each other (‘’plus’’ on "plus" and ‘’minus’’ on "minus"), thus charged particles of one sign are repelled. At a polarized cell of space one measurement consists of two semimeasurements of a different sign and their "furrow" go only to one side, and such polarized measurements do not resist to squeezing at a coaxial finding the one opposite to the one, forcing charged particles of a different signs not to be repelled any more, resisting to squeezing, and are squeezed, forcing particles to approach. Orientation of measurements against each other one "grade" is set by their joint deformational action on supervacuum "elements" that increases or reduces resistance to "their motion" ( "to flickering" ) in this exotic space, changing probability of their coaxial orientation against each other: ‘’plus’’ on "plus", ‘’minus’’ on "minus" and "magnetic" on "magnetic" etc. Sensitivity to a direction of a "spin" of cells, which at coaxial orientation is set by "gyration" of corresponding measurement, and its "gyration" is in turn set by "gyration" cell of space, has been viewed at the description of distribution and activity magnetic field. Then it has been noted that are joined and transmit strain on a chain only "magnetic" measurements of cells of space "rotating" in one direction (coincidence of "spin charges"). Thus "magnetic" measurement possibly has "a motion of furrows" screw in one direction through a cell centre. The pictorial explanation of "atom" of space Drawing № 39 115 Now we will try to explain the following question. Why "magnetic" component of cell is sensitive to strain of "electrical" one? Possibly, because of smaller length among long measurements, which is as also a version of strain zero space, being on the lowest level (concerning three-dimensional space), and this on a Conservation law of the total sum of strains in one cell it should be extended with the first after squeezing of one of more longer "electrical" component of cell of space, thus along second "electrical" component there is "a zone shock" squeezing − the leader of a wave. Process of squeezing-stretching of "electrical" and "magnetic" measurements has equilibrium-vibrational character, forming zones electrical and magnetic fields in space. At "shock" on two "electrical" measurements simultaneously, "magnetic" it is extended so that already along it the "zone shock" squeezing − the leader neutral (neutrino’s) radiation is spreading. At "shock" at an angle in 90° radiation is spreading in one direction, because of a precession of "magnetic" measurement. At "shock" at an angle in 180° on two "electrical" components of a cell (polarized), radiation can will be spread on two opposite directions. So. Almost all physical phenomena observed by us, are already sketched from the point of view of space structure, and all basic physical constants have taken the places, having obeyed to geometrical dimensionality and system from numbers of "". Now it is possible to terminate this manuscript, in confidence, that these conformities with law will not tangle and will simplify a pattern of the real World surrounding us. In the end I will add that all attempts to present space as a set of static diverse elements had no success, they not in a state to explain system of numbers of "" at recalculation of physical constants, time course in space and as they not in a state to explain a "spin" of fundamental particles. Thus, all as a result is again reduced to three one-dimensional spaces "pulsing" with huge "frequency" with various properties, and being on "short distance" the one near the one, and possibly having a general point of linking − that can explain ability of space to form fundamental particles. The extremity of the basic text I hope that from this book it became clear, that to be occupied by theoretical studying of properties of space, it not so bindingly means to be engaged in abstraction. And on the contrary. Occupation by physics without space studying is very difficult abstraction and very an arduous toil which I have tried to facilitate a little. I will not be too lazy to add once again: what is the attempts to bypass property of 116 space at Universe studying, will lead in deadlock! Now the small citation from the book of "Essentials of Modern Physics" written by: Virgilio Acosta, Clyde L.Cowan, B.J.Graham from paragraph in very beginning given book. Substance and space-time p. 15-16 (in Russian edition 1981) Ideas of the general theory of relativity developed by Einstein have well been summarized by Erwin Schrödinger (1950!). "The basic thought and an ultimate goal of the theory is no more and not less, than the following: the four-dimensional continuum provided with a certain geometrical structure − structure which submits to certain purely geometrical laws, − is the correct model of the real World surrounding us developing in space and time, with all that it contains, and with all details of its behaviour, with game of events in it occurring" − the citation extremity. All above-stated is written in the spirit of this statement of the physicist which almost all life was engaged in a wave mechanics, which is now a basis of a quantum theory. Energy quantization is represented from this theory, as space-time quantization, and a "spin" of fundamental particles as a "spin" of "atoms" of space from which they have arisen (time in space). In my opinion, from set of possible solutions, this is most logical and consistent. These are quite simple deductions which arise after the total analysis of this theory (quantum) and to which understanding Schrödinger to the life extremity has come, but possibly has not been understood by many, since has realized it at intuitive-inexplicable level. Or, too early it has made. From a general theory of relativity the thinking person has following questions: if the substance is capable to bend three-dimensional space, why the substance in that case, should not be more stronger contortion of this space in a local zone? If the space in general is capable to be bent under "exterior" action then it has "interior" structure which is bent, i.e. it is discrete. The contortion is after all deformation! (Shape change) But deformation of that? What is not present?! If there is no structure there is nothing and to be bent! But after all the contortion nevertheless is! And velocity of a sound in space too is! And the fixed velocity, means only one − resistance to perturbation distribution (spreading) in some medium! Really this resistance is caused by what is not present?! Time in space depends on velocity of a motion of objects in this space, consequently time is defined by some "velocity" of three- dimensional space structure motion and which is imposed on velocity of a motion in it of other objects! On the General Conservation Law − the total sum of all velocities in space is invariable. Means incrementing one velocity in space, we reduce another and on the contrary. So can be, time, this any "a motion interior" of space structures? You already know answers to these questions. The finding of the universal dimensionality − metre linear, for all physical values, has put an end in these questions. Neither second, nor kilogramme are not the universal measuring instruments in the Universe, only unity of length of space and its strain, can carry out this function for all other values! I think that to you the sense of the statement now became clear: if you wish to 117 devise or discover something, − take an obvious thing and turn it inside out, and the invention or discovery in your hands! By the way, any whom will be interested by this theme, can use both this text, and its separate parts. I consider that in physics should be engaged mainly the physicists core, and my purpose only to connect them to systematic research of space. That is, to try to change a outlook of physicists at this object. Though it is rather already physical geometry, than primely physics. As a matter of fact having done a great trajectory to the development, approximately in 2.000 years, it is necessary to be returned again to Pifagor and Euclid! But already on other coil (turn) of an evolutionary spiral! As you already saw, the text of the theory of a physical vacuum, consists of two components inserted each other. The first, is system of proofs repeatedly checked up, consisting of calculations as all series of spatial strains (in the appendix), and calculations on its basis of various constant physical quantities (values) with error designations. Second, this description of "atom" of space, and an illustration of its "operation" in creating of the various phenomena and effects in a microcosm, i.e. making image in consciousness on the basis of the elementary geometrical scheme, but thus it is not necessary to forget of an evident fact that "atom" of three- dimensional space is inside exotic zero space, and carries out in it its "motion" that complicates a pattern (picture) of real space. Why I the chemist by nature (earlier still was engaged in astronomy, physics, electronics), began to be occupied by the space theory? It because in chemistry the medium in which goes chemical reaction, is the defining factor of this reaction. Dry acid and dry alkali do not react among themselves at mixing, but it is necessary to add a drop of water and reaction will go instantaneous! But not in a gasoline drop! And in others less polarizing solvents, reaction does not go. Thus without the active role of medium there is no also a reaction! Reactions going to alcohol do not go in water! Therefore to me also has come to mind, as physical reactions as go in some medium which properties define their specificity and properties of particles which participate in them. Cannot deceive all analogies in the Nature! After all they too are as a matter of fact property of space! Thus I have presented space as gas (similarity seven signs are given in the appendix), with specific properties, in the form of various on the properties, fixed the one near the one of three local micromeasurements (space-creating elements), being in a dynamic state and which, step by step, have described subsequently properties of a microcosm, having made its not so strange and quite logical. Then geometrical dimensionality of electrical and magnetic stationary values ( ε 0 and µ 0 ) which are responsible for property of vacuum to perceive and transmit corresponding interactions has been calculated, and these values have coincided on the module with the cell of space predicted earlier! Quantity of degrees of freedom in space, controlling by each of these stationary values 4 and 2 accordingly. It has been found already after the description of properties of a microcosm. The total sum of their modules has given numeral 6, i.e. number of all degrees of freedom in usual space! Thus the circle has become closed! The hypothesis has passed in the theory. Last point, this expression of all basic 118 fundamental stationary values the one through the one! Now the Theory, it is possible to write as a word confidently from a capital letter! It (not) any more a hypothesis, and a space atomism − SA, or a space quantum theory − SQT. In it there was already a system from which transition of one strains of space in others is visible. In it is not given refutations of any former physical theory, after all, all of them reflect any (some) properties of space! By the way, at this analysis of space, both, the atomism, old as the World was used and Conservation laws giving and earlier quite good results and as a principle of the limiting clearness and clearness in an enunciating of all phenomena, it is frequent by the way, non-observable measure (principle) in a science. Unfortunately for some (and for me including − all of us learnt in these frameworks), the materialism has appeared already waste stage, on a way of our cognition of the Nature. Without having dumped this stage, which have well worked earlier, we can not move effectively further, in our searches of Truth. All my attempts to adapt a series of strains, putting mass as a zero or individual mark (trying to solve and paradox of an electron including), have led to that that a series has ceased to be simple and did not work at calculations under some formulas, is more exact at calculations of the same values under different formulas, it yielded different results both on a sign and on the module. At the same time, to different values, it was necessary to assign identical dimensionality. A series has appeared rigidly coupled system, and to save thus materialistic views it was not possible. However, the procedure applied in the materialistic doctrine, excellently works and at space studying! And which, idealists always considered incognizable! The materialism has died! Long live materialism! Already in new quality! I will give two more examples, about influence of geometry of space, from chemistry field. From chemistry well-known as strongly differs on properties of substances of the same chemical composition, but with a different arrangement of atoms in a molecule. Still J.Libih in 1823 has found out this phenomenon termed now as an isomerism. Isocyanate argentum (Ag−N=C=O), it is quite safe concerning burning a powder, whereas the having the same chemical composition fulminate argentum (Ag−O−N=C), in the pressed form, at firing, deafeningly blows up! The polyethylene bottle and gasoline poured in it differs only with geometry of an arrangement of atoms, their chemical composition is identical (CH 2 ) n . Thus the space geometry is a defining factor in the Universe! All organic chemistry, are various geometrical arrangements of only several grades of atoms. However, the number of organic substances, has surpassed for a long time already number inorganic, for which making Mendeleyev’s entire table is used! I hope that from these simple examples clearly, why I so was interested by space. After all, it appears thus the active agent! But not the passive! Explosive properties acetylene’s argentum (1) Ag 2 C 2 (Ag−C≡C−Ag) in which composition in general there are no gaseous substances, have led me to a deduction that at explosion the inappreciable quantity of space can be liberated together with energy! Because of reduction of deformational squeezing of cells of space between particles. The higher explosion power (not to mix with an impulse defining destroying activity of explosion), the is more space 119 emitting, in the core, deformed in the form of heat, radiation etc. Which is in turn reserved at a birth of pairs a particle-antiparticle and creating atoms and molecules. And all other manifestations of explosion including scattering substances (explosion products), it too various very dense strains of this space. The selective crystallization sulphurous hydrazine at cooling of a solution of salts, has definitively convinced me that the substance − was in a similar way formed also at space cooling! After all, in the cooling beginning in a solution there was no crystal! The medium at the high temperature was homogeneous! As space! Both a quantum theory and a special theory of relativity, about general and it is not necessary to speak, expressly or by implication specify in properties of space. On such background and eventually all has been written that you probably now have read. Now deductions, but not mine, and from already mentioned book: p.16 §1.5. (the Russian edition 1981) We have shown that in quite concrete physical sense vacuum in space-time it is impossible to represent as hollow, it contains a large quantity of all particles known to us. These particles are transmuted into "detected" objects under the influence of light signals of very great energy or frequency. Besides, we have underlined in our enunciating that there are no reasons to consider space-time perpetually divisible on more and more small and small parts. The space-time can be continuous, and can be and discrete, i.e. probably it consists of any individual "cells". In the interaction with substance the space-time behaves actually as the ideal mirror giving full, but the inversed image of each particle in the Universe. Probably, the space-time is a passive receptacle of all physical World, and can be, essence of all physical phenomena representing its interior geometry − the citation extremity. V.Acosta, Glyde.L. Cowan, B.J.Graham. ’’Essentials of Modern Physics” 1981. What deduction is more true you already know. As have close approached to understanding of an essence of space, and have there, and then departed aside! By the way, it was A.Einstein’s point of view, when he created a general theory of relativity (look in the same place on p.15 in Russian edition). Now the citation which has been given in the beginning. Not I am all began in the physics, and not to me it to finish. Thus, in the physics consider that the space-time is continuous object. It is logically supposed that it is possible to view as much as small intervals in space-time (even infinitesimal). However we should remember always that there is no reason forcing us to view infinitesimal intervals, except that that mathematically to describe the continuous continuum easier. Meanwhile it is not constructed the consecutive physical theory considering step-type behaviour of structure of space-time. Further the appendix with more complete series of spatial strains, calculations and the short manual (reference book). And as last workings out not entered into the basic text. "A screw" rule at disproportion an electrical charge in space and noted astronomical conformities with law. 120 THE APPENDIX AND ADDITIONAL EXPLANATIONS a 1 − force, distance, length − operates in one measurement of space. a 2 (a 1 ·a 1 ) − radiation, energy, the area − operates in two measurements. a 3 (a 1 ·a 1 ·a 1 ) − the mass, volume − operates within three measurements (for mass the closed state of measurements). A deformational series (a row) expressed through measurements a 3,5 a 3 a 2,5 a 2 a 1,5 a 1 a 0,5 a 0 a - 0,5 a - 1 a - 1,5 a - 2 a - 2,5 a - 3 h m p E t F N ρ υ υ 2 v g m N G After doubling the usual view is gained: h 7 − G -6 h 7 m 6 p 5 E 4 t 3 F 2 N 1 ρ 0 υ -1 (υ 2 ) -2 v -3 g -4 5− m N G -6 For individual measurements: cba 2 abc cba ab ba a a 1 a 0 a 1 a 1 ba 1 ab 1 cab 1 abc 1 or c b 2 1 22 c b a h m p E t F N ρ υ υ 2 v g m N G G G 121 Deduction of a degree’s series The metre linear and force in dimensionality of formulas takes as one measurement a i.e. a scale not doubled. Example: velocity t a s metre == υ ; acceleration 22 t a s metre g == etc. If F = a (Da); Е = а² (Da²) and m = a³ (Da³) D − means strain (deformation) it is necessary to find dimensionality of time from formulas: E = mc² or E = mgh. Example: 2 113 2 2 t aaa s metrem E ⋅⋅ = ⋅ = from any of these formulas, further 2 5 2 )( t a Ea = where 32)25(2 2 5 2 atat a a t =→=→= − or t=a 1,5 (for evaluation of dimensionality of time it is possible to use Kepler’s laws, look the extremity of the introductory part and further in the appendix). Still such variant: E metrem tmetremtE t metrem EmcE 2 22 2 2 2 ⋅ =→⋅=⋅→ ⋅ =→= where metre 2 =a 2 ; E=a 2 ; m=a 3 . Further evaluation of dimensionality of other values any more does not make great work. The critical reserve of geometrical values already is. h = Et ( from E=hν where ν= t 1 ) h = a 2 (E)·a 1,5 (t) = a 3,5 doubling (x2 = 7) V = m = a 3 (x2 =6) p = mυ p = 5,1 4 5,1 13 )( )()( a a ta metreama = ⋅ = a (4-1,5 ) = a 2,5 (x2 = 5) S = E = a 2 (x2 = 4) T=a 1.5 (x2=3) E metrem t 2 ⋅ = ( from E=mc 2 ) 5,13 2 223 )( )()( aa Ea metreama t == ⋅ = L = F = a 1 (x2 = 2) t E N = )( )( 5,1 2 ta Ea N = = a (2-1,5) = a 0,5 (x2 = 1) ρ = V m ρ = )( )( 3 3 Va ma = a (3-3) = a 0 (x2 = 0) 122 υ = t metre υ = )( )( 5,1 1 ta metrea = a (1-1,5) = a -0,5 (x2 = -1) υ 2 = 2 2 t metre υ 2 = )( )( 23 22 ta metrea = a (2-3) = a -1 (x2 = -2) ν = t 1 ν = )( )1( 5,1 0 ta a = a (0-1,5) = a -1,5 (x2 = -3) g = 2 t metre g = 3 1 225.1 1 )( )( a a ta metrea x = = a (1-3) = a -2 (x2 = -4) 3 5,0 a a m N = = a (0,5-3 ) = a -2,5 (x2 = -5) 21 2 mM RF G ⋅ = ( from 2 21 R mM GF = ) 6 3 2 3 1 3 221 )()( )()( a a maMa RaFa G = ⋅ ⋅ = = a (3-6) = a -3 (x2 = -6) Certainly, from these values it was necessary to collect still a series (a row) in decreasing order of geometrical dimensionality, that is already made. By the way, I nearly have not thrown out it in a garbage can (dustbin), having decided at first that it is a senseless a set of numerals, that I have forgotten as to carry out operations of division with the negative degrees. The calculator has helped only. Initiatingly a series existed in the vector form as individual a vectors (measurements), and this shape to me seemed more useful in space studying. Now degree’s rows for other spaces (without doubling) For four-dimensional space, where F=a; E=a 2 ; V=m=a 4 h 4 m 4 p 3 E 2 t 2 F 1 N 0 ρ 0 υ -1 (υ 2 ) -2 v -2 g -3 4− m N G -5 (?) Change of values F; E and t within a series does not correct a situation. For five-dimensional space, where F=a; E=a 2 ; V=m=a 5 123 m 5 h 4,5 p 3,5 t 2,5 E 2 F 1 ρ 0 N -0,5 υ -1,5 v -2,5 (υ 2 ) -3 g -4 5.5− m N G -7 (?) For six-dimensional space, where F=a; E=a 2 ; V=m=a 6 m 6 h 5 p 4 t 3 E 2 F 1 ρ 0 N -1 υ -2 v -3 (υ 2 ) -4 g -5 7− m N G -9 (?) From rows for five and six-dimensional spaces it is well visible that their step of quantization is not stable and visible transposition of values in rows, but last two series works! For a four-dimensional space the isolated series is not constructed. Thus this space any exotic! Shift of values of vectors: F=a 2 ; E=a 3 ; m=a 4 as it is unsuccessful. Probably there is more difficult dependence between h; m; Е; t; F in multidimensional spaces, co-coordinating (adjusting) their values among themselves. Further the full variant of a series for three-dimensional space 7 Planck - Dirac a stationary value h − ħ (J·sec ), the "spin", the impulse moment 6,5 Electron mass m e (kg) 6 Mass m including a proton m p (kg) , the mole, the heat capacity C, entropy, Boltzmann a stationary value k K J , the magneton (nuclear) µ N , the capacitance (electro-capacity) C (F), Volume V (metre³), 1 с 6 − quantum volume of space 5,5 Electronic Bohr magneton µ В 124 5 Impulse p ⋅ sec metrekg , a force impulse, the constant an interaction pion- nucleon g, the constant Stefan-Boltzmann σ, the electrical charge q, е (CL,Cl) 4,5 Presumably energy of a rest mass of electron E = m e c² 4 Energy Е (J), the force moment, operation A, quantity of heat Q , radiation, the absolute dielectric permittivity, the permittivity of vacuum − ε 0 metre F , energy of an electron-volt E (1v) = e·U (1v) ; Area S (metre²) 3 Time Т − t (s., sec), the mass rate of flux, the volume rate of flux, electrical conductance (permittance) (Sm) 2 Force F (N), the temperature coefficient, force of an electric current I (A), magnetic flux F (Vb), Length L − R (metre¹) 1 Power Р − N (Wt), power of a stream of energy, dynamic viscosity, the kinematic viscosity, the diffusion constant, the thermal stream, the thermal conduction, electrochemical equivalent R , the surface density of an electrical charge, specific electrical conductance, the electric displacement (shifting) Cou nter react ance SV 0 Substance density ρ 3 metre kg V m , specific volume kg metre m V 3 , an energy surface density 2 metre J S E , rigidity metre N l F , the molar volume V VМ =22,41 mole L , unity − 1, any numbers, number of "", numb er of particles n, the superficial tension, valence Z, the molar mass − number of moles of substance of M (µ), the specific heat capacity C , the molar heat capacity, the molar concentration, the molar gas constant R ⋅ Kmole J , a Wien displacement (shifting) law stationary value, inductance L (Hn ), 125 magnetic intensity (field) H metre A , a substance permittivity ε , magnetic conductivity (permeance) of substance µ , dimensionless quantities, dimensionless electron volt eU mc 2 -1 Velocity υ sec metre including limiting − c, 171226 06.1324)18( πππ == , a heat transmition coefficient, the stationary value of Faraday F mole CL , spatial density of an electrical charge, electrical voltage U (V), the relation e k , specific electrical resistance, electrical potential, electron volt e mc 2 (an electron under an accelerating voltage 1V) eV. Reac tance SV -2 Velocity in a quadrate υ² 2 2 sec metre including a quadrate of limiting − c², pressure Р (Pa), the voltage (strain) mechanical, the Rydberg stationary value, Temperature Т (K), the molar warmth, specific warmth, density of energy of 3 metre J − current 2 metre A , the magnetic induction B (Tl), the absolute magnetic permeability, the permeability of vacuum − µ 0 metre Hn , Temperature electron volt (eV-K) K k eV k Ue 11604 1 == ⋅ -3 Frequency v, f, (Hz) including circular ω , density of a thermal stream, radiation flow density, the stream of particles, the sound- energy flux density (radiation), the electric intensity field metre V , electrical resistance R (Ohm). -4 Acceleration g−а 2 sec metre , the temperature lapse rate, coefficient of proportionality R ⋅ 2 2 CL metreN -5 Specific power m N or m P kg Wt (N,P−power), a power density V N 126 3 metre Wt (N−power, V−volume), ultrasonic resistance (acoustic resistance) -6 Gravitational constant G ⋅ 2 2 kg metreN , constant Avogadro N A mole 1 , constant Loschmidt 3 1 metre , concentration (d ensity of number of particles) − n (molecules), c 6 − concentration of cells of space in 1 metre³ (cubic metre). This series reflects properties condensed and uncondensed (usual) spaces. In it physical values with selective (electromagnetic), and not selective space strains are given. Quantities outside of a series (composite). 10 Moment of inertia kg·metre², i.e. mass product on the area m·S 10 Stationary value of weak coupling (interaction) G w (J·metre 3 ), i.e. energy product on volume E·V (a 4 ·a 6 =a 10 ) or a stationary value of five-dimensional space (plus two short measurements). -6,5 Possibly dimensionality of an electron concentration, as effect of the abnormal dimensionality of mass of an electron. -7 Density of a stream of particles, i.e. velocity product on concentration of particles (a -1 ·a -6 =a -7 ), or acceleration multiplied by a stream of particles (a -4 ·a -3 =a -7 ). At multiplication of physical values − their degrees to add (sum up). At division − degrees are subtracted (to consider dimensionality of 1 − unit and numbers of "" − a zero degree). At an involution − multiplication to degree number. At root extraction − division into number of a degree of a root. Usual numbers in formulas have zero geometrical dimensionality (degree). 127 The explanation to a deformational series Dimensionality of a Boltzmann constant and electron with an electronic Bohr magneton can be accepted as +6, from formulas: ck h 4)6( 5.4 π =; c B h 4 )6( 3 πµ = ; 6 )6( 36 π c m e h = (dimensionality of values is marked in brackets), instead of formulas: 2 5.1 )5.5( 4 π c k h = ; 2 5.1 )5.5( 6 π µ c B h = ; 2 )5.6( c m e h = . An difference between adjusting coefficients consisting of numbers "" in these formulas: k = 11,1 times; µ В = 4,934 times; m e = 17.305 times. Thus, only the electron unconditionally has dimensionality +6,5! And the Boltzmann constant and an electronic Bohr magneton can quite have dimensionality +6. Possibility for difference on half-degree of geometrical dimensionality of joule and Tesla (magneton), because of fractional geometrical dimensionality of an electron is viewed only for an electron rest energy. The difference between values of a nuclear magneton and mass of a proton having identical geometrical dimensionality +6 is equal 3 − to three (+1,435%). Odds (difference) between mass of an electron +6,5 and a Bohr magneton +5,5 2 3 π µ cm e B ⋅ = (-0,545%) +6,5 + (-1) = 5,5 their dimensionality differs on unity. Therefore for an electronic magneton dimensionality is left +5,5. The Boltzmann constant is a stationary value condensed space and for it, it has dimensionality +6. The explanation to a deformational series Dimensionality of a current strength (I) has been equalized to dimensionality of mechanical force (F) since current strength display was revealed and is measured on activity of mechanical force between two parallel conductors with a current. And the current strength is proportional to mechanical force of interaction of these conductors. The electric current in a conductor does not move itself, for overcoming of force of resistance to this current, it is necessary to have electromotive force EMF. The current strength thus is directed in one direction, and force of resistance to this current (R − a heating) in an opposite direction. Thus we to sum 2 degrees of freedom in space, and it is gained one measurement. Similarly, usual force has a force of response (reaction) directed in the opposite direction. At a motion of electrons in vacuum between the cathode and the anode, there is a force of response (reaction) directed to an opposite side. At flight of a group of electrons on great distance enough (in vacuum), there is its defocusing, because of pushing away of electrons from each other and losses by a current of one direction of a motion in space. Thus for maintenance of an inconvertible current in system, it is necessary to be valid resistance to this current (in a superconductor of a usual current strength is not present since space in it is bent). Thus correlation between mechanical force and a current strength 100%-s’. Further calculation of other electromagnetic values does 128 not present difficulty since in their usual dimensionality there are enough references to geometry of space or on energy and power. Calculation of a charge of an electron, a proton and a permittivity of vacuum, proceeding from their mass, stationary values of Dirac and a weak coupling (interaction) has shown that geometrical dimensionality of a charge and a permittivity of vacuum calculated at use of value of a current strength +2 has appeared true! No discrepancy between a series of spatial strains and calculations with use of a velocity of light has appeared! Examples of calculations I = F = +2 (in the doubled scale) Q Q u u a a n n t t i i t t y y o o f f e e l l e e c c t t r r i i c c i i t t y y secsec);()( 3523 ==⋅=⋅=⋅= taAaaaItCLq E E l l e e c c t t r r i i c c a a l l v v o o l l t t a a g g e e ==== −− + + A Wt aa a a I N VU 1)21( 2 1 )( where a +1 = N = Wt E E l l e e c c t t r r i i c c a a l l r r e e s s i i s s t t a a n n c c e e 3)21( 2 1 )( −−− + − ==== aa a a I U OhmR C C a a p p a a c c i i t t a a n n c c e e ( ( e e l l e e c c t t r r o o - - c c a a p p a a c c i i t t y y ) ) 6))1(5( 1 5 )( aa a a U q FC ==== −− − P P e e r r m m i i t t t t i i v v i i t t y y o o f f v v a a c c u u u u m m 4 2 6 0 a a a metre F l C ==== ε where a 2 it is equal to metre to linear in the doubled scale or to two degrees of freedom in space. I I n n d d u u c c t t a a n n c c e e 0)1010( 10 10 46 10 2223 64 22 2 )()( 1 )( aa a a aa a aa aa As kgmetre HnL === ⋅ = ⋅ ⋅ = ⋅ ⋅ = − where 1metre 2 =S=a 4 in the doubled scale kg=m=a 6 ; s 2 = sec 2 = t 2 = (a 3 ) 2 = a 6 ; A 2 = I 2 = (a 2 ) 2 = a 4 P P e e r r m m e e a a b b i i l l i i t t y y o o f f v v a a c c u u u u m m ===== −− 2 2)20( 2 0 0 1 a aa a a metre Hn l L µ M M a a g g n n e e t t i i c c f f l l u u x x F (Vb)=1V·s = a - 1 ·a 3 = a ( - 1+3) = a 2 M M a a g g n n e e t t i i c c i i n n d d u u c c t t i i o o n n 2 4 31 2 1 )( − − = ⋅ = ⋅ = a a aa metre sV TlB (s, sec − second) etc. 129 Examples of calculations Electron mass: 30 434834 10912977.0 2 107314515.11005458.1 2 109979245.21005458.1 2 − −− ⋅= ⋅⋅⋅ = ⋅⋅⋅ == c m e h = 9,12977·10 -31 kg (100,222 %) 7 + (-0,5) = 6,5 )0( )1(5.0)7( )5.6( 2 − ⋅ = c m e h Proton mass: 2726 834 10677255.1101677255.0 849555 . 18 109979245.21005458.1 6 −− − ⋅=⋅= ⋅⋅⋅ == π c m p h kg (100,275 %) 7 + (-1) = 6 )0( )1()7( )6( 6 π − ⋅ = c m p h Now masses of these particles proceeding from a stationary value of weak coupling (interaction) G w . Electron mass: 5.33 5.4 cGm we π = where 33 9 cG w π =h this expression of a stationary value of Dirac through a weak coupling stationary value, look the «Constants» text. m e = 4,5·31,006274 · 1,4 · 10 -62 · 26,944·10 24 · 1,7314515 · 10 4 = 9113,024·10 -34 = 9,113024·10 -31 kg (100,038 %) 0 + (0 · 3) + 10 + (-1 · 3,5) = 6,5 Proton mass: 42 5.1 cGm wp π = m p = 1,5 · 9,869604 · 1,4·10 -62 · 80,776077·10 32 = 1674,1785·10 -30 =1,6741785·10 -27 kg (100,091 %) 0 + (0 · 2) + 10 + (-1 · 4) = 6 130 Electron-proton charge (the general formula): 1918 1634 2 2 ),( 10600552.1101600552.0 217624 . 59 109875513.81005458.1 6 −− − ⋅=⋅= ⋅⋅⋅ == π c q pe h CL (99,897 %) 7 + (-1 · 2) - 0 = 5 Proton charge through its mass: 19 827 )( 105961566.1 1415926 . 3 109979245.2106726485.1 − − ⋅= ⋅⋅⋅ = ⋅ = π cm q p p CL (99,623 %) 6 + (-1) - 0 = 5 Electron charge through its mass: 19 4831 2 5.1 105970047.1 608812 . 29 107314515.1109979245.210109534.9 3 − − ⋅= ⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅ = ⋅ = π cm e e CL (99,676 %) 6,5 + (-1 · 1,5) - 0 = 5 Calculation of a permittivity of vacuum: m Fc 1210 2434 22 3 0 108182.810088182.0 22664.322 10944.261005458.1 36 −− − ⋅=⋅= ⋅⋅⋅ == ππ ε h (99,593 %) 7 + (-1 · 3)-0 = 4 Instead of 22 36 ππ it is possible to use π π )2( = 321,7775. Calculations of other stationary values in the various combinations, have no any features. All calculations are made in standard values. A scale of numbers of "" looks in the text. For calculations micro calculators: electronics MK-37 and SHARP EL-832 and stationary values were used; G w (10) = 1,4·10 - 62 J·m³; h (7) = 6,626176·10 -34 J·s; ħ (7) = 1,05458·10 -34 J·s; m e (6,5) = 9,109534·10 -31 kg; m p (6) = 1,6726485·10 -27 kg; e (5) = 1,6021892·10 - 19 CL; ε 0 (4) = 8,854188·10 -12 F/m; π 0 = 3,1415926; c ( - 1) = 2,9979245·10 8 m/s; µ 0 ( - 2) =12,566371·10 - 7 Hn/m; G ( - 6) = 6,672·10 - 11 N· m²/kg² k (6) = 1,380662·10 - 23 J/K; 131 K mole J RMGC ⋅ =− 31441.8 )0( ; N A (-6) =6,022045·10 23 mole 1 . Now calculation of zero geometrical dimensionality to the diagramme № 2 (p. 98 ) 22846210 102091716.810863694.5104.1 ⋅=⋅⋅⋅=⋅ − cG w dim-lity. +10 + (-1 ·10) = 0 etc. 2659347 104407.110176306.21062.6 ⋅=⋅⋅⋅=⋅ − ch c=2,9979·10 8 2559347 10295.210176306.21005458.1 ⋅=⋅⋅⋅=⋅ − ch 25448315.6 10145.1107314515.11094352.72510109534.9 ⋅=⋅⋅⋅⋅⋅= − cm e 2448276 1021424.11094352.725106726485.1 ⋅=⋅⋅⋅= − cm p 2340195 10879712.31015068.242106021892.1 ⋅=⋅⋅⋅=⋅ − ce 2232124 0 101518317.710773435.8010854188.8 ⋅=⋅⋅⋅=⋅ − c ε 0 101415926.3 ⋅= π 0 101⋅= c c 23 16 7 2 0 103982202.1 10 9874044 . 8 10566371.12 − − ⋅= ⋅ ⋅ = c µ dim-lity. -2 - (-1 · 2) = 0 etc. 62 48 11 6 10190797.9 10 94352 . 725 10672.6 − − ⋅= ⋅ ⋅ = c G For the diagramme the order of numerals has importance only: 10 = 1mm, 10 10 = 10mm. etc. 132 Now we will calculate characteristic frequencies of physical values 1.328 1 7 = ⋅ = cG f w G W Hz dim-lity. 0 - (10 + (-1 · 7) ) = -3 = f look a series (v) 187.0 1 4 = ⋅ = c h f h Hz 17.1 1 4 = ⋅ = c f h h Hz 35.2 1 5.3 = ⋅ = cm f e m e Hz 22.22 1 3 = ⋅ = cm f p m p Hz 4.69 1 2 = ⋅ = c e f e Hz 7.376 1 0 0 = ⋅ = c f ε ε Hz 7.376 0 0 = ⋅ = cf µ µ Hz dim-lity. -2 + (-1) = -3 That can mean these frequencies in a reality while not clearly. They can probably find any application in medicine. If at an electron has fractional dimensionality of time +3,5 that a characteristic frequency of its mass − 40,741 kHz. While for an electron I guess dimensionalities of a following series: m e = 6,5; e = 5; Е e = 4,5 (annihilation); t e = 3; F e = 2,5 i.e. intervals between values from top to down 1,5; 0,5; 1,5 and again 0,5 i.e. odd degrees whole (ħ = 7; e e = 5; t e = 3), and even degrees fractional (m e = 6,5; E e = 4,5; F e = 2,5). It only the guess − proofs are not present! A science about space microgeometry for the present in diapers! The explanatory to a deformational series The temperature has appeared the difficult complex of different factors, i.e. a version of density of energy 2− = a V E (not to confuse with warmth Q=Е!). In the book of Gilzin’s "In the unusual World" (Russian edition) quadratic dependence of 133 temperature on (from) velocity of a sound in gases has been found out, and calculation has shown a split-hair accuracy of this dependence under the formula: T049,20= υ , where Т − absolute temperature of gas. The data of calculations has been compared to the table of velocity of a sound in air at various temperatures in the manual of Enohovich’s (Russian edition), and has shown very much a split-hair accuracy in all intervals of temperatures. Calculations have appeared are close even to velocities of a sound in water up to temperature +74° with above (higher) which, velocity of a sound decreases, because of appearance in water of molecules of gaseous water, and in gases velocity of a sound is less than in fluids. As the law of Marriott shows similar change of pressure on (by) 1/273-th at temperature change on 1 Kelvin at 0°С, thus dimensionality of temperature has been equalized to dimensionality of pressure: 2 2 1 − === a a S F P or through velocity of a sound: 2 2 2 2 11 − == == a a a T υ . And thus, Boltzmann, Avogadro and MGC constants have dispersed every its own way, having stretched on all series (a row), copying change on (by) values of the modules dynamics of change of modules of other stationary values not related directly with properties of substance. The table of selections of the vector’s values Е and m F − unequivocally operates on a line within one measurement. E=mc 2 or 2 2 t ma E = where а − one measurement and also substitute (for) metre linear. At first we will express dimensionality of time in a geometrical view (form) E ma tmaEt 2 22 =→= through variable values Е and m, then we will substitute this value in a velocity of light (stationary value), and we will express thus quantum length of a cell of space: t a s metre c == , where t − substitution of dimensionality of time, c − a velocity of light. 134 1st E=a; m=a aa a aa E ma t == ⋅ == 2 22 ; 1=→== a a t a s metre c that is absurd! 2nd e* E=a; m=a 2 ; 3 22 aaa a aa t == ⋅ = aaa a c 1 == where a c 1 2 = or m c a 17 2 101.1 1 − ⋅≈= 3rd E=a; m=a 3 ; 24 23 aa a aa t == ⋅ = a a a c 1 2 == where m c a 9 103.3 1 − ⋅≈= , that is more than diameter of atoms 4th E=a 2 ; m=a ; 2 2 a a aa t = ⋅ = a a a c == where 2 ca =, that is absurd! 5th E=a 2 ; m=a 2 ; 2 2 22 aa a aa t == ⋅ = 1== a a c that is absurd! 6th p* E=a 2 ; m=a 3 ; 5.13 2 23 aaaa a aa t === ⋅ = aaa a c 1 == where m c a 17 2 101.1 1 − ⋅≈= 7th E=a 3 ; m=a ;1 3 3 3 2 == ⋅ = a a a aa t a a c == 1 that is absurd! 8th E=a 3 ; m=a 2 ; 3 22 a a aa t = ⋅ = a a a c == where 2 ca =, that is absurd! 9th E=a 3 ; m=a 3 ; 2 3 23 aa a aa t == ⋅ = 1== a a c that is absurd! From nine possible variants of dimensionality of energy and mass, have successfully expressed length of one micromeasurement of space and which is less than diameter of the electron, only two variants: 2nd and 6th. Look at their distinction. The mass is more stronger strain of space, than energy, and always has on (by) one measurement more, it is well visible from the given table (control length of a vector − 1 c 2 , i.e. the most small size). 135 The explanation to deformational correlations R GMm E = − it is the formula expressing interaction of strains among themselves, and 22 c R GMm E = − the formula expressing the equivalent of one strain expressed through another: 2 c F E = , where 2 R GMm F = . For example: 7,63·10 28 J are an energy (D − 4 degrees) gravitational potential between the Earth and the Moon (a derivative of their masses and distance between them; М (Earth) = 5,976·10 24 kg, M (moon) = 7,35·10²² kg, G = 6,672·10 -11 2 2 kg mN ⋅ , R = 3,84·10 8 m. I.e. energy with which they will collide if to stop gyration of the Moon round the Earth. And energy in 2206 J gained under the second formula, is an equivalent of an attractive force between the Earth and the Moon 1,98·10 20 Newtons (D − 2 degrees), expressed through strain 4th degree (energy) for the same time (for 1 second, since the velocity of light is given in metres in 1 second! )1(2 )2( )4( − = c F E ( 4 = 2 - (-1·2)). Thus an advanced civilization using strains of space of higher degrees (m and Е), can create huge equivalent strains of lower degrees (t and F). Not feebly! The truth! If to know how, the generator power in 2,2 kWt can tear off the Moon from the Earth having created compensating "power" strain and have neutralized attractive force between them! Similarly E=mc 2 , that is the mass as the strongest strain (D − 6 degrees) being very strong voltage of space, also comprises (containing) an energy in large quantity as strains of 4th degree, as however and strains of other degrees (t and F and N). N=Ec 3 − it is the limiting power, which energy is capable to give off at liberation. Let’s count now "power" (force’s) strain between the Earth and the Moon in "temporary" (in time’s deformation): c R GMm t 2 = ( c F t = look a series), also we will gain value 6,63·10¹¹ sec or 21.000 years. This coincidence can be, but this time almost coincides with a continuance of a precession of the Earth’s axis. For this continuance the Earth’s axis describes a cone in space with a corner (angle) in 47º. Formulas: E=mc 2 ; t=mc 3 ; F=mc 4 ; or F=Ec 2 ; t=ec 2 (e=q) too express conversion of one strain of space into another, but not their interaction as in formulas: F=mg; 2 R GMm F = ; E=mgh or R GMm E = etc. It would be desirable that it has not been mixed! I.e. those formulas which contains a velocity of light and one physical quantity in the right part − express transition ones strains of space in others. 2 mc h t = − it is time for which ray of light transits through space which length is equal to a Compton wave length of a particle with mass m and t=mc 3 is time emitting at "destruction" of mass of a particle in volume of space which has been spent for 136 formation of this particle, at process which to us it is still unknown, i.e. all strain of mass goes on "untwisting" of cells of space ("spin"). Numerically it is time for which ray of light transits length of space which is comprised (containing) in mass and which (length) squeezing forms force F which equivalent it is liberated at mass "destruction" (particles etc.). I.e. the squeezed measurements of cells of space around and inside a particle, at its annihilation are straightened liberating volume and length in the space, spent for its formation. It is naturally that this process is accompanied by powerful redistribution of the arisen new strains in space. Now we will show spatial strains arising at 100 % detonation of 1 kg TNT, in decreasing order of their geometrical degree. m (6) 1 kg V gpv — 730 L (gas) (L − litre) As it is possible will be convinced, the less positive degree of strain of space, the more their especially high level at explosive process. The exception makes time which defines an isotropy of space and processes occurring in it. p (5) 3000 s mkg ⋅ E (4) 4200 000 J t (3) 0,000105 sec F (2) 877 000 000 N (P·S) N (1) 40 000 000 000 Wt ρ (0) 1,6 3 dm kg υ ( - 1) 3000 m/s υ det ( – 1) — 7000 m/s T ( - 2) 3100 ˚С, P ( - 2) — 20 000 000 000 Pa Now once again I will remind about Kepler’s laws Kepler’s second law − radius a planet vector in equal time intervals describes (υ) the equal areas (S). Equality of product of velocity on (by) the area and time is a property of space, as well as the relation of cubes of great semi axes of orbits (R³=V) any two planets (and) to equally relation of quadrates of their periods (Т²) − is Kepler’s third law. Note equality of volumes of space and time quadrates in it space at the same process! Under Kepler’s second law: υ·S=T (a -1 ·a 4 =a 3 look a series in the doubled scale) or 23 3 2 secsec sec sec sec =→=→=⋅ metre metre metre metre or a 3 =t 2 (in the doubled scale a 3·2 =a 6 =t 2 or t=a 3 ). 137 Under Kepler’s third law: T 1 2 T 2 2 = a 1 3 a 2 3 or either T 2 =a 3 or T=t=a 1,5 or in the doubled scale t=a 1,5·2 =a 3 since one measurement consists of two degrees of freedom. Dimensionality of mass it is deducing from formulas: F=mg and E=mgh since F=a it is unequivocal, that from 1st formula: mtmaat t am a =→=→ ⋅ = 22 2 . As a matter of fact, the quadrate of geometrical dimensionality of time is equal to geometrical dimensionality of mass! If E=a 2 , that from 2nd formula: mtmata t aam amghE =→=→ ⋅ ⋅ =→= 2222 2 2 i.e. we have the same result (in not doubled scale ah t a g t a ===;; 2 υ ). As you can see the solution of some secrets of space was too close, but nobody has found it! Thus geometrical dimensionality of mass: t 2 =m→(a 1,5 ) 2 =m→m=a 3 ( in the doubled scale m=a 3·2 =a 6 ). One more variant: 2 R GMm F = where FR 2 =GMm or a 3 =GMm (F=a, R 2 =a 2 ). We will look that such G? It is coefficient expressing properties space at a gravitational interaction. If to clean (remove) one of masses, the gravitational constant will disappear also, since interaction in this equation will disappear, and force and distance remains: a 3 = m. Surprisingly! But it does not break equality since GM = 1 (a 0 ), their vector’s dimensionality cancels (compensate) each other! The Nature as though has meaningly gone on the help formally as though having broken mathematics laws! In any case, this strange coincidence! The same concerns and the formula: R GMm E = . . Addition Quadratic dependence of force on (from) distance ( 2 R GMm F = and 2 21 r qq RF = ) at power (force’s) interactions of all fields (D − length), is reflection property of space, namely, force as strain of one measurement in space depends on (from) change of a state of two remained measurements in space, or is more exact, from product of their lengths (R 2 ). Also the surface density of energy (radiation) in space is similarly depends on (from) the area of sphere with radius equal to distance to a radiation radiant. 138 For a potential energy (D − the area) is a linear relation from distance ( R GMm E = and r qq RE 21 = ), since energy is a strain of two measurements of space, and depends on (from) the remained one measurement in space, is more exact, from its length (R). I.e. product of these two parametres always should give volume of space in which these strains occurs. Weak and strong interactions are carried out most likely in a zone of "small" space by means of the short measurements which properties can be studied after accumulation and comparison of corresponding data about (on) processes in which they participate. The weak coupling (interaction) stationary value has dimensionality: G w =metre 3 ·J=a 6 ·a 4 =a 10 , i.e. quantity composite, and it possibly is a stationary value of five-dimensional space (10/2=5). It can be formed under the formula: 3 2 0 1 )2( ⋅−= c G w πε (-0,549%) where ε 0 − a permittivity of vacuum ("rigidity electrical" measurements), and 3 2 1 c − the minimum (quantum) volume of three- dimensional space, since 1 c 2 − quantum length of space (three-dimensional), 2 − π − possibly coefficient designating "interior" geometry of a cell of space, i.e. less than an exterior contour of a cell. The Dirac constant also composite, it has dimensionality +7 of J · sec i.e. E·t, but in a difference from a weak coupling (interaction) stationary value in which area strain (Е) is increased by volume (V), in it area strain (Е) is increased by time (t) which arises at a dynamic motion of cells of space and reflects geometry space in dynamics. Therefore a series (a row) is formally restricted by stationary values h and G. Besides Planck-Dirac stationary value in zero geometrical dimensionality the greatest, and a gravitational constant the least in this series (from all stationary values). For comparison of the formula of these two stationary values: 6 0 )2( c G w − = πε ; 3 0 )2( c π πε =h the difference between them is equal to geometrical dimensionality of time: G w = J · metre³, ħ = J · sec i.e. ta a ametre J metreJG w ==== ⋅ ⋅ = 3 3 633 sec sec h (in the doubled scale), or the relation of their formulas: 3 0 6 3 0 )2( 2 )2( )2( cc c ⋅ − = ⋅ ⋅− ππ π π πε πε where 1 c 3 − the quantum size of time, more precisely 28 3 1015.1 )2( 1 − ⋅= ⋅ = c t quantum π π sec, where 3 )2( с⋅ π π − volume’s "rotation frequency" of a cell of space ( 3 )2( сf ⋅= π π ), i.e. analogue of a "flat" circular rotation frequency ω=2πf. And probably step of 139 quantization of one measurement: l quantum = t quantum ·c ≈ 3,45·10 -20 m or approximately 321-322 "pieces" ( π π )2( ). The note: in this ratio we do not consider 2 − π since this coefficient expresses properties of short measurements of space, and we express time through properties of long measurements. Though I also do not insist on the correctness. Dimensionality of a constant a pion-nucleon of interaction +5, i.e. is proportional to dimensionality of an impulse and an electrical charge: 2 0 4 2 c M g g s h πε µ = where g s − a 0 i.e. a dimensionless constant, g − a constant of connection (linking) an interaction pion-nucleon, µ − a pion rest mass, M − a nucleon rest mass. Disintegration of nucleus, particles etc. can be carried out by "tunnel" effect occurrence between short measurements (shift of two "planes" of short measurements among themselves, etc.), and as a result of disintegration entering (as part) into nucleus of atoms or particles of the closed ring-like structures as a result of pushing away of measurements from each other. It is possible to guess and other variant of activity of nuclear forces, namely, gravitational field activity in strongly non-linear space between particles owing to what its force appears very great. If round particles there are clouds consisting of the cells bent (arcuation) of space, in case of their cross (because of a "tunnel" effect which is neutralizing electric field activity), space cells between particles are straightened, because of compensating activity of two particles on supervacuum between them, and in that case there is an imbalance of forces of pushing away in two clouds round particles leading to occurrence of effect of an attractive force which will be compensated on some distance between rings of particles, because of pushing away between them in supervacuum. At such scenario of spatial strains, short measurements can appear unnecessary in the description of activity of nuclear forces. But thus there is a difficulty in the description stability of nucleus of atoms. If nuclear forces are transmitted through supervacuum with superlight velocity, stability of nucleus of atoms should not decrease with growth of number of nucleons (mass), and increase! (A superatom nucleus − a neutron star!) Since the imbalance of exterior measurements only grows! Saturation for nuclear forces in that case too should not be, since the screening effect for supervacuum does not exist basically! Necessity for neutron existence also disappears, since gravitation is inertial to an electrical charge. And in case of short measurements the neutral neutron sharply increases probability of occurrence of a catalytic "tunnel" effect and formation of heavy nucleus. Thus again it is necessary to be returned to the description of nuclear forces through activity of short measurements, though their linking in case of a finding of pairs of nucleons the proton-neutron on some distance, remains in doubt. Probably that they only are oriented against each other on short distance, or they (short measurements) are capable to be extended (!) also at a birth of the particles which sizes it is more, because of the strong interior pushing away of the closed measurements from each other. Or being joined and overcoming pushing away of rings of particles and being 140 repelled from each other, short measurements are strongly extended − being stretched approximately in 1.000 and more times! Look drawing № 40 Drawing № 40 Still probably that cells of space in particles and out of them within one diameter of a proton (10 -15 m) are squeezed on long measurements so that become commensurable on (by) length with short measurements and which in turn are probably extended. And in this case short measurements can already transmit on a chain the strain (field) to short distance ≈10 -15 m or ≈100 usual cells which damps (weakens) in process of a lengthening of long measurements of cells of space with their removal (withdrawal) from a particle. The mechanism of squeezing of long measurements can be a miscellaneous. The first variant: response (squeezing) of "electrical" measurements to the strong electric field of particles, but in this case arises a problem with a "tunnel" effect explanation. The second variant: reaction to supervacuum perturbation in a short-range zone near a particle, that squeezes and incurvates measurements of space cells. The third variant: activity of the circumrotatory moment of a particle as a result of forming effect of a centrifugal force in a particle compressing long measurements of space cells which in turn trying to be straightened have breaking off an effect on a particle etc. Thus the gravitational mechanism of nuclear forces can feature (describe) only a neutron star, but for usual atoms it does not applicable. Now we will try to learn: what volume of space is containing (comprised) in mass. If l=mc 4 is length of space containing in mass, and 4 2 2 11 cc = the quantum area in space it is possible to calculate easily length volume of space comprised in mass, 141 having multiplied its length by its traversal area (minimum): mVm c mcSlV =→=⋅=⋅= 4 4 1 1m 3 =1kg! Thus 1,67·10 -27 m³ it is space volume spent on proton formation. The volume of the proton is equal − 1,15·10 -45 m³. Or the first volume of space in 1,45·10 18 times more than second one V 1 V 2 , i.e. the space in the total it was squeezed as a result of the strain (radiation-field) in 1,45·10 18 times on (by) volume to form a proton! Number 1,45·10 18 is dimensionless, the density of substance is dimensionless also i.e. 2 2 1 p p V m V V == ρ (6 – 6 = 0). Thus the substance density is a number of a degree of a compression of three-dimensional space in the given volume. Density of an Earth’s atmosphere at a surface about 1,2 kg/m³, thus it has in 1 metre cubic usual space, volume squeezed space for air formation in it at normal pressure approximately 1,2 m³ (1,2 kg). The volume’s compression of space thus in comparison with usual space (vacuum) makes − 2,2. It too a consequence of coincidence (focusing) of spatial strains! So, because of this focusing of spatial strains we have 1 kg of mass, because in it is squeezed 1 m³ of space! (Space very rigid!) I.e. squeezing space in certain volume, we strengthen its action on (for) not squeezed space, creating thereby mass or density of this mass in space! For squeezing fixing the space, measurements of cells (part of them) in it are necessary have closed! In us, the space is squeezed approximately in 900-950 times! In uranium in 18.950 times! In read difficult to believe, I and itself believe in it hardly. Still I will give the formula of coefficient 4,05 in formulas expressing constant Avogadro and Boltzmann through electron volt, it 0514239.4 2 18 2 = π or the formula of a charge of an electron: 6 1 2 2 18 ⋅⋅= A Nke π and in such view has accuracy -0,015 % addition: 2468268.0 18 2 2 = π ; 59391.33 3 324 3 = π ; 61.13466 75 === ππππ e p m m ; (136.728) look p.113 757.1372 23 = ππ 142 The explanation to short measurements, look drawing № 41 Drawing № 41 "Planes" of long and short measurements do not coincide, DE is closer to B mag because of stronger pushing away from more long A + and C − . As a matter of fact, the space cell has in itself natural mirror reflexion (the second harmonic), doubling number of measurements in a cell. Prospective dimensionalities of quantities in the equations with electron mass: "Screw" rule At closure of measurements in a ring, "furrows" of their "screws" are "moving" in one side. Embodying of this requirement leads to occurrence in space only a pair electron-positron, look the pictorial explanation more low. Drawing № 42 143 Possibly, in the beginning of formation of a space-matter, this rule was not carried out or "furrows of screws" of measurements had no strict direction of "motion", because of supervacuum "overloading". It is the most probable for "magnetic" measurement. "Plus" − "screw furrows" from cell centre "Minus" − towards cell centre "Magnetic" − in one direction through cell centre For a proton, look more low Drawing № 43 Possibly unequality in "motion" of quantity of "screws" to centre and from spatial cell centre does system labile (π − mesons and others) The explanation of deceleration of time at prelight’s velocities At acceleration of particles up to prelight’s velocities, the supervacuum increments the resistance to measurements of particles, deforming them along with measurements usual space, thus the supervacuum as though "gets thick" (being transmuted into similarity of jelly) in which disconnection of measurements (disintegration of astable particles) − goes in a slowed-up way (time deceleration), and the particle lives more longer concerning our time (low "viscosity" of supervacuum). 144 Variants of heavy meson’s complexes Drawing № 44 It is impossible to exclude and "jamming" of one mesons in others at the moment of a birth that quite can sharply strengthen "inductance" of the closed measurements of such formations (non-linear dependence of mass on (from) number of the closed measurements in one ring of a particle). Drawing № 45 145 Astronomical calculations for planets of Solar system The relation of masses of the Sun and planets testifies to the relation of strains of space in this system. The degree of the coordination of these strains can be calculated taking roots of various degrees from the relation of their masses. Curious results from a root of the second degree and its two even harmonics have been noted: 8 42 ;; P S P S P S M M M M M M . The result considers gaining almost an integer number with the minimum deviation (±0,1). It means the good coordination of spatial strains among themselves, and possibility of their effective complication on a surface of the given planet. The quantity of integers from these roots on (for) planets of Solar system is given in table №1 8 42 ;; P S P S P S M M M M M M If to take roots of all degrees from 2nd till 10th and to tot (to sum) the gained whole values we will gain table №2 − 10 2 P S P S M M M M Table №1 Table №2 From both tables it is vi sible that the Earth has the greatest result of coincidence to integers from roots of different degrees taken of the relation of its mass with Sun mass. 06.577 2 = E S M M 022.24 4 = E S М М 901.4 8 = E S М М Mercury 1 Mercury 2 Venus 1 Venus 1 Earth 3 Earth 3 Mars 1 Mars 2 Jupiter 0 Jupiter 2 Saturn 0 Saturn 0 Uranium 0 Uranium 1 Neptune 0 Neptune 2 Pluto 0 Pluto 1 The relation of masses of the Earth and the Moon − 81,3 : 1 146 ;01.9 2 = M E M M 002.3 4 = M E M M The moon is the Earth’s axis stabilizer. For our planet there is one more interesting "coincidence": G g R = i.e. ( )6(42; )6( )4( )2( −−−=== − − R G g R ; look a series), g − acceleration on a surface of the Earth in m/s², G − a gravitational constant 2 2 kg mN ⋅ , and R is distance from the Earth to the Sun in metres! I.e. in standard quantities! And with great accuracy! Any of planets has no such coincidence (!) of spatial strains. This effect of "focusing" of some spatial strains already at Macrolevel! (In Outer Space). One more "coincidence"! g с t = ( )4(13; )4( )1( )3( −−−=== − − t g с t look a series) t = 30,57·10 6 sec i.e., if to divide a velocity of light on a free falling acceleration on a surface of our planet (all quantities are standard) we will gain time of one turn of the Earth round the Sun with a margin error -3,128 %. In the first case having divided free fall acceleration on a surface of the Earth on a gravitational constant we have gained with very great accuracy distance from the Earth to the Sun. In both cases a series (a row) of spatial strains was used! Free fall acceleration at a surface of the Earth with a margin error +0,6 % is to equally quadrate of number of ""! The quantum continuance (period) of time t = ħc 4 = 0,85 second and with accuracy of 0,2 % is equal to a continuance of oscillations of a pendulum with length ππ m1 i.e. g m с ππ π 1 2 4 =h , on a surface of our planet. I consider that you have believed that spatial strains are capable to "be focalized" at certain scales of space! In the future, it will allow to calculate simply the most probable planet, where there can be a Life on its surface, having handled on (by) the computer the information on its physical properties, and their coordination with physical properties of the central Star. Coincidence (simularity) of properties of gas and space 1. Gas and space have velocities of a sound, i.e. speed limits of distribution (spreading) of perturbations in them. 2. Lorentz’s length cutting (decreasing) − for space, and squeezing of 147 water drops flying to an airflow − for gas. 3. Vortexes of following flying bodies in gas remind associated waves (de Broil waves) in space. 4. Quadratic growth of energy at a motion in not curved space and quadratic growth of force of a head resistance at a motion in gas on (at) subsonic speeds. 5. Expansion of space of the Universe and gas at explosion. 6. Cyclones in atmosphere and the majority of galaxies in Space are as like as two peas and have whirl. 7. Condensation of gas and space at cooling. Recollect, what general for cyclones and galaxies? What them unites on such distance from each other? Possible errors which can arise at the space analysis 1. Involuntary attributing to not curved (not incurvated) cells of space mass and effects, usually energy which follow it at "motion" of cells (concerning closed). 2. Erroneous representation that micromeasurements of space are closed round three-dimensional space, and thus, investing (attributing) of a particle with property of a super locality in three-dimensional space (in the form of a point). 3. Attempts to apply standard concepts of three-dimensional space to multidimensional − a right angle, parallelism, a structure of atom and others, (a sample widespread error). And as to supervacuum, in which there is not the degrees standard of corners (angles) of three-dimensional space. Further the short manual containing additional explanations not entered into the basic text. 148 The short manual on the basic concepts of the theory (the reference book) About perception of time − chemical reactions in a brain of the person go very slowly, and for one our second the ray of light has time to transit a trajectory of 300. 000 kilometres. If velocity of reactions in a brain of the person to accelerate in 1.000 times, for one second of "new" time light will have time to transit only 300 kilometres. Annihilation − disconnection of the closed semimeasurements of particles at linking of not closed semimeasurements A + and C − . Leads to regeneration of spatial cell, and transition of strain of 6th degree (mass) in strain of 5th and 4th degrees (impulse-radiation). Antispace − compensatory (equilibrium) anisotropy of "elements" of supervacuum. Atheists − supporters of self-control of spatial strains (decentralism). Balance of "elements" of supervacuum − a lengthening of "electrical" measurement in response to squeezing "magnetic" one, and squeezing of "electrical" measurements of cells of space round the closed a cell (particle) in response to a tension of its closed measurements. Base strain (m, Е, F) − strain strictly localized in space also is not a derivative of current interaction of other strains as for example: an impulse, velocity, acceleration etc. Beauty-harmony − compatibility of two and more strains in the certain band (range), one of which is brain (a brain − exterior object (objects)). Measure of compatibility − prompt adaptation. Believers − supporters of existence of uniform control centre of spatial strains (centralism). "Black Hole" – peak (maximum) "induction" of measurements of space in which zone action reactance of supervacuum is suppressed and possible a recombination spatial cells from "radicals". It is the limiting strain (arcuation) of space zeroing all other strains in a zone of the activity. Catalytic synthesis of particles − a sharp contortion of space cells (squeezing- 149 arcuation) near to particles, especially heavy, that considerably facilitates closure of such cells of space and formation thus particles. The closure threshold (limit) amount of energy is sharply lowered. Squeezing of measurements of cells of space is caused by the strong electric field of particles, its high density, and the arcuation of measurements is caused by perturbation of "elements" of supervacuum near to the closed measurements of particles, and response to this perturbation of measurements of close located space cells. Analogue − crystallization in a solution of salts on a crystal − a seeding agent (priming). Charge − a voltage of supervacuum inside the closed measurements. Counterreactance of supervacuum (CSV) − resistance to an arcuation, squeezing-stretching and a disrupture of the closed and not closed measurements ("rigidity" of channels). It is defined by Planck-Dirac stationary value. Sets existence of such anisotropic fields (channels) in supervacuum, and their length. Deformations − look "Strains in space" Degree of freedom in space − two directions within one measurement of space. Dirac-Planck a stationary value (ħ − h) − possibly limiting coefficient of strain of spatial cell on squeezing-stretching, an arcuation, plus its "movement" ("gyration") concerning other cells without its (a cell) of fracture. h=2πħ, the same, but taking into account its circular frequency of "gyration" in one plane that is important by transmission of radiations in space. Both stationary values are coefficient of counterreactance of supervacuum (CSV). The electrical charge − is a voltage of the closed semimeasurements coming to light (out) through not closed. Deforms round itself corresponding measurements of cells usual space, orienting them on itself. Force of a charge is set only by "throughput" ability of measurements of space, thus the degree of perturbation of supervacuum created by particles does not influence on force of an electrical charge. Electrical and magnetic fields − are fields of selective strain of one of measurement of space on squeezing-stretching: A − electrical "plus", C − electrical "minus", B − a magnetic field. Electromagnetic radiation − running (dynamic) strain of measurements А + and B mag − B mag and С − . Couples can set light polarization in substance. A pictorial designation . Electron − is two closed measurements of half of space cell. In an electron it is closed two semimeasurements of different "grade", the third semimeasurement 150 generates an electric field . Has unusual geometrical dimensionality +6,5. Electron from Greek elektron – amber, resin. Energy − is a strain of two measurements of space (any). Strain of space 4th degree. It is proportional to area of space DS. In a broad sense in general any strain (deformation) of space capable to cause a substance motion in space, or any vibrations in usual space. The Existential channel (Space-Time the channel) − plurality of directions in space at microcosm level at which formation of geometrical shapes (forms) condensed space and processes in it, go with the least resistance. For bioobjects is a travelling of organic substances inside certain volume of space etc. "Focusing" of spatial strains − a high coordination of various strains in space at its certain range, to lead to their intensive interaction and complication. I.e. to sharp magnification of density of its various strains in small volume. Force − strain of one measurement (any) of space. Is strain of 2nd degree. It is proportional to length Dl (length of squeezing-stretching or arcuation length) . Formation of strains in space − is caused by deployment (unfolding) of a great number of measurements of cells of space, and growth of their strains (voltages), because of a great number of space cells ( ≈ 10 130 ) formed thus nearby − in ˝to a narrow˝ zone of instability of supervacuum. Geometrical dimensionality (a coefficient, a degree) − number of degrees of freedom of space deformed in space at formation of this or that physical quantity. The degree of strain of space is "zone" of strain of space in which there is a physical quantity (stationary value), and numbers of "π" defining a position of this quantity in this "zone". Gravitation − a contortion of three measurements of space cells and deceleration of their "gyration" near to the closed measurements. This display as reactivity (pushing away of measurements), and counterreactivity of supervacuum (resistance of measurements to an arcuation, squeezing-stretching and a disrupture). The attractive force between objects arises, because of an imbalance of pushing away of measurements of cells of space which are bent in a zone of perturbation of supervacuum created by the closed (tensed) measurements of particles. Gravitational constant − a supervacuum reactivity coefficient (RSV). Gravitational field − strain of three measurements of the usual space, two of which are incurvated. 151 The human being and animals − inconvertible (stable) systems of a contortion of space, capable promptly to interact with surrounding them space, on set to existential (space-time) channels. Are "focusing" spatial strains. Hypercontinuum − the name of supervacuum outside of our Universe. Idealists − supporters of reactance of supervacuum (G). "Inductance" of measurements − ability of the closed measurements of cells of space (particles) to bend not closed space cells at a motion (particles) − creating thus inertia, an associated waves (de Broil), at magnification of their number − gravitation. It is caused by a loading of the closed measurements on zero space (supervacuum). The more the closed measurements in a particle, the is more ability given particle to bend space cells at a motion, acceleration etc., and the more its mass. Inductance usual − at magnification of number of coils of the reel in 10 times, in as much (the same) times in it is incremented number of magnetic chains, and also in 10 times strain of each chain thus increases, which are forced to transit through in 10 times more number of coils of the reel. Inductance of the reel depends on product of these two strains of space (10 · 10 = 100), and has quadratic dependence on number of coils of the reel (with an equal step of winding). Inertia − impossibility passing of the closed measurements through not closed one without their contortion. On "small" velocities in the core squeezing-stretching of measurements of cells of space, on "great" their already appreciable arcuation (mass growth). The information − split of one strains (low density) in non-linear space which creating by other strains of usually high density, and their interaction (cross(ing) ). Knowledge new (thinking) − process of adaptation (adjustment) of interior spatial strain of structure of a brain to certain structure exterior space before their maximum coincidence. At the first unsuccessful attempt the second follows third, etc., before occurrence of coupling of strains (an enlightenment, overshadow, intuition etc.). Coupling of strains can be both, full and partial (deformational adaptation). The chaotic character linking between neurons and their considerable quantity (some billions), promotes maximum accurate fixing of various spatial strains, and minimum them garbling. The probability of coupling of strains (i.e. formations of logic connections) is incremented at magnification of quantity of spatial strains in a brain, reflecting real structure of exterior strains of space (information), i.e. reflecting the real World. 152 Local electric field − an electric field arising and operating on moving charged particles, as effect of redistribution of strain between "electrical" and "magnetic" measurements of cells of space. "Magnetic overwhelming" − "overloading" of "electrical" measurements near to a nucleus of atom and electrons moving round it and as consequence a compensatory lengthening of "magnetic" measurement in cells of space packing thus the space close (near) nucleus of atoms and not giving to electrons to "fall" on nucleus of atoms. The exception makes a "tunnel" effect at an electron capture by a nucleus, since "magnetic overwhelming" is to derivatives of electric fields of a nucleus and electrons in atom shells. Thus on density "magnetic overwhelming" influence is rendered by orientation of generators of an electric field in a nucleus and electrons in shells. At a certain correlation of the circumrotatory moments of a nucleus and electrons, generators of their fields can appear counterdirected, and in a shell "magnetic overwhelming", especially some isotopes there can be a rarefaction (holes) in which electrons from atom shells, first of all with the nearest (K) can fly into a nucleus. And as the "spin" of a nucleus and the flown electron is synchronous, there can be a linking of an electron with any proton in a nucleus. It is a "tunnel" effect version at an electron capture by atomic nucleus, i.e. auto synchronization of "spins" of protons in a nucleus of atom and the electron grasped from an orbit. Thus "magnetic overwhelming" becomes full of holes in an entrapment place. Still "magnetic overwhelming" increments effective diameter of the electrons interacting with charged particles. Mass (gravitational-inertial charge) − "induction" of the closed and incurvated measurements (look "inductance" of measurements). Is a loading on supervacuum. Has non-linear dependence on number of the closed measurements (semimeasurements) in one contour. Formulas of masses of some particles: 6 36 2 π cc m e hh == (2 semimeasurements are closed), because of "gyration" an electron conglobate i.e. it forms its the volume in dynamics, creating mass as volume strain of space, π 6 c m p h = (5 semimeasurements are closed). At astable particles the mass depends also on compactness of an arrangement of ring-like structures in it (K − a meson, η − a meson, etc.). The connection mass is an amplification of an arcuation of cells of space near to the joined particles. Particles as carriers (vehicles) of power interactions between other particles do not exist! It was necessary to understand at first that such mass! It is strain proportional to volume of space DV. Materialists − supporters of counterreactance of supervacuum (h). Neutrino − running dynamic strain of measurements A + and C − − one or two couples of "electrical" semimeasurements, direct or incurvated . 153 Neutron − a complex of an electron with a proton under the influence of a "tunnel" effect and short measurements . Electric field of both particles is compensated, but the moment of magnet (magnetic moment) exists, because of distinction of their masses. Short measurements probably are not joined among themselves, but only interacts between themselves or through the deformed cells three-dimensional space, or through supervacuum on short distances (for three- dimensional space). Neutron from Latin neuter – neither that one, nor another one. Nuclear forces − interaction of six short semimeasurements at a proton, and three short semimeasurements at an electron possessing in strongly bent space near to particles a charge of short radius of activity, and capable to "drift" on "surface" of particles. Number of "" − the transformer at any processes in space on rotational displacement or an arcuation of measurements. Expresses the circumrotatory moment of space cells (in one plane), and can partially express a state (or their relation) zero and three-dimensional spaces. (2) ·c³ − volume’s circular frequency of "gyration" of cells of space. The particle − is the closed a cell of space which is under a great "interior" voltage, because of reactance of supervacuum and which sizes possibly it is a lot of more than the size of not closed space cell (up to 100 times), since pushing away stretches the closed measurements. The voltage part (share) comes to light (out) through not closed semimeasurement forming an electric field. Other voltage causes breaking of a stable state of supervacuum of repellent measurements that leads to a contortion of cells of space near to a particle on (by) three measurements, forming thus gravitation, at a motion of a particle and effect of inertia-mass. The closed a cell of space is possibly surrounded by strongly curved space cells reacting to an intensive electric field (squeezing of one measurement), space nearby particles thus compressed, and on supervacuum perturbation at a short distance about it (an arcuation of measurements), since density of protons of 1,45·10 18 kg/m³, forming thus non-linear space near closed a cell, possibly possessing some impulse, thereby still incrementing effective diameter of a fundamental particle. Owing to closure of measurements of a cell around zero-dimensional space (supervacuum), the particle has no accurate geometrical localization in space against perturbations makes by it on usual space cells. It is probably difficult for understanding, because it is impossible to present visually it, but it so! As it is impossible to present really and a usual a cell of space since round it (which) there is no three-dimensional space, only zero-space, and channels in supervacuum (measurements) of a thickness in our understanding have no! All graphic representations the given above, are only reconstruction of interactions of measurements among themselves, having given in them to zero space of property three-dimensional, that however, maintains the basic properties of these 154 measurements of space. Physical constants or the inversed to them quantities − expresses coefficients of "rigidity" of various elements of space and their correlations, at various types of interactions of strains in it. And as expresses properties of reactance and counterreactance of supervacuum. Proton − it are three closed measurements of one cell ("atom") of space. In a proton it is closed five semimeasurements, three of which different "grade", the sixth semimeasurement generates an electric field . Proton from Greek protos – first one. ˝Radicals˝ − measurements of space not a part of spatial cells. Are the one- dimensional spaces. Reactance of supervacuum (RSV) − pushing away of channels of supervacuum (measurements) from each other, and deformational "pressure" arising thus in three- dimensional space (spatial "gas"). It is defined by a gravitational constant. Recurrence of processes in the Universe − most energy favourable process in space, i.e. the Nature to copy easier, than to devise each time the new. Space − is three states of supervacuum (levels): high anisotropy (long channels), medial (short channels) and zero. Split on levels occurs at "voltage" increasing at zero level at vibrational process or other instability. The space (the developed variant) − is the active medium in which there is a formation and accumulation of its various strains (tense states), formed as a result of flaw of growth (formation) of spatial "atoms". Three-dimensional space it is formed by various "elements" of supervacuum aligned (channels-measurements). Presence of three long and three short channels in "instantaneous" space, joined in one point and repelled from each other, forming thus “atom” (a cell) of space is postulated. Their interaction and closure (closing) form all processes in the Universe. Presence counterbalance to our space (Antiuniverse-antispace) is postulated. The "spin" ("gyration") of "atoms" of space define strain of space 3 degrees − time, and its isotropy in various directions. Space cell (quantum of space, volume quantum, "atom" of space) − the minimum volume of three-dimensional space having a standard a set of properties of this space and in which limits channels of anisotropy of supervacuum different in properties are joined and localized. Only six one-dimensional spaces counterpoised in one point. The size of a cell makes approximately 1,11·10 -17 m, i.e. the breadth of a line and the size of a point in three-dimensional space cannot be less, than this size! 155 Space measurements (one-dimensional spaces) − the strong anisotropy of "elements" in supervacuum (channels in it). Any of channels in a cell of space does not reproduce another, and they possibly have different "spin" charges. Are space- creating elements. Figuratively being expressed: these are channels of different "grade" punched in supervacuum approximately 13−15 billion years ago and which allow us to move in any direction. Properties of these channels impose restrictions on a motion in three-dimensional space. Space-Time the channel − look "Existential channel" Spatial "discharge" − to each accumulation condensed space (substance), corresponds certain geometrical "loading" (structure), in case of its fracture, in space there is "an interior voltage" which removing (clearing) after formation by other accumulation condensed space a similar geometrical arrangement (structure). I.e. there is a uniform distribution of geometrical "loading" on condensed space and usual space (volatilization 156 unsteady state of "elements" of supervacuum. Substance (condensed space) − are the closed measurements of space, strain of 6th and 6,5th degrees of space. It is the peak density of inconvertible strain in space (arcuation), and there is condensed a space phase, i.e. superimposition of dynamic strains of space on its structure. Substance density − a degree of a compression of space. Superconductivity-superfluidity − is a linking "magnetic" (B mag ) measurements in ring-like structures. In case of a superfluidity − formation of the linear linkings (connections) of polarized "electrical" measurements of space cells between atoms. The supervacuum (zero-dimensional space, zero space, protospace, SV) − space in which is not present specific anisotropy of its "elements", i.e. there are no measurements in sense habitual for us. Concepts: time, distances into it are not applicable. Has no absolute stability. Creates "pressure" forcing the Universe to be expanded. Serves as dividing "partition" between space and antispace (our Universe and the Antiuniverse). At the strong instability can form anisotropic "channels" termed as measurements (micromeasurements) of our space. Plays the considerable role in realization of many physical processes in our Universe, and reminds us that all Universe our hours (clocks) and rulers is not measured. Time − a "spin" of "atoms" of the space, arising because of reorganization of anisotropic "elements" of supervacuum (flickering), and coincidence thus great number of channels of supervacuum (measurements) on one axis. One of manifestations of reactance of supervacuum. The factor of an isotropy of space. In the absence of reorganization of "elements" in supervacuum, there is not also a squeezing or an arcuation of line (channel) from these "elements". Is dynamic strain of space 3 degrees. Time "arrow" − "a gyration direction" cells of space concerning supervacuum. In antispace it is inverse to our "arrow" of time (antitime). The transformatory coefficient − is a strain of space (physical quantity) being between reactance and counterreactance of supervacuum with geometrical dimensionality -1, capable to transformation of ones degrees of strain of space in others in a wide range of various combinations. For usual space is a velocity of a sound in it: c = 2,9979245·10 8 m/s, for condensed space (substance) is one electron volt expressed in Kelvin’s: 1eV = 1,1604·10 4 K. The relation )1(− k e is more exact. "Tunnel" effect − counterorientation generators of an electric field of particles. 157 Catalytic − counterorientation is set by "mechanical" linking of particles. Usual "tunnel" effect depends on probability of a finding of fundamental particles in a standing counterorientation their generators of electric fields. Thus charged particles (their small number), break a Coulomb barrier without having for this purpose sufficient energy. Universe birth − sharp change of a state of supervacuum. Velocity of a sound in space − speed limit of transmission of strains (perturbations) in space. Depends on structure of space. The highest in zero, medial in three-dimensional, small in condensed three-dimensional space (substance). Wave-corpuscle dualism − property of space. Weak coupling (interactions) stationary value G w − controls strain of five measurements of space (10 degrees of freedom) and is the sum up coefficient of "rigidity" or three long and two short measurements, or only five short measurements (less probable variant). At breaking of "plane" of coupling of short measurements there is a "tunnel" effect leading to disintegration of composite particles. (7) on December, 28th 2003 Author: Andrey Polevikov 15 - 4974480 158 Addition to the theory text The most simple expedient of definition of geometrical dimensionality of time and mass. We analyze the velocity formula: )( )2( )1( x t l + ± = υ where the length (l) in space has 2 degrees of freedom with a sign "+". Time is not known. And for existence velocity in space enough only have one direction (one degree of freedom). Value of a degree of freedom can be both, with a sign "+" and with a sign "−". From here geometrical dimensionality of time can have values: +1 and +3. Further from formulas: F=ma; E=mgh it is found that: )(2)2()(2)2( 2 )2()( )2( xx x mtlmtF t lm F =→⋅=⋅→ ⋅ = ++ + + (t² = m) If υ (+1) that t (+1) m = t 2 m (+2) = (t (+1) ) 2 If υ (-1) that t (+3) m = t 2 m (+6) = (t (+3) ) 2 Cases when the mass can exist in one measurement that is without volume is not revealed! Thus dimensionality of time is equal +3, and masses +6. The incurvated measurements of space can have mass only in case of their gyration round zero space. If they are not closed, in such case they become instantly straightened reacting to a voltage in zero space. The degree of freedom in the mechanic is also core gyration about (around) the axis. For micromeasurements not having usual for us a thickness "gyration" round an axis, is more exact its analogue, and be considered as a degree of freedom for three- dimensional space hardly can. This "gyration" can explain a "spin" charge of measurement only. + 6 − 1 c 6 − quantum volume of space − 6 − c 6 − concentration of space cells in 1 m³ Addition 3 5.2 0 5.2 0 2 )2( G µεπ π ⋅⋅ =h 3 G too that 3 1 G 3 5.0 0 5.2 0 G⋅⋅= µε h 9 36 8 e c G h = 0 3 )2( µ π π G = 159 Accuracy of the formula: 3 2 0 = ε c G h , the same 5.1 0 5.7 0 3 µε h =G it is incremented at its multiplication to expression: + 2 6 1 1 π accuracy ( - 0,040 %) Conversion interior − hit γ − quantum reradiated "magnetic overwhelming" by a nucleus in the nearest electron in an atom shell, and a flying out of the last from atom limits. At a birth the pair proton-antiproton, a proton is an inertial point of bearing for closure 5 semimeasurements at an antiproton, and on the contrary. The incurvated "rotating" measurements "sweep up" some volume, creating a loading on supervacuum (mass as strain of volume of space). Improvement and addition to page 59 look of p. 59 → → 2 10 36 p e m m π 4 3 π and 2 9 π 24 33 πππ = ππ 39 2 = and 2224 3393 ππππ =⋅ (dim-lity. + 0,5) 2 3 ππ ; π 3 and 22 33 ππ look the diagramme of transitions and coordinating thus coefficients on p. 100 Magnetic overwhelming" at an electron is not homogeneous for volume, unlike "nuclear magnetic overwhelming", and depends on (from) quantity of charged particles about (near) an electron, and from a direction on them. The arcuation of measurements of space round an electron is minimum, owing to small mass of this particle. Dimensionless quantities − the zero compensatory degree of strain means a dimensionless quantity, i.e. there is no strain of space there is no also a size 160 (dimensionality). Dimensionless quantities are: number of "", number electron volt neV, number of kilogrammes, degrees, unity, etc., any numbers, the molar mass, etc. Measure of instability of fundamental particles: presence of two and more rings of the closed semimeasurements, or two and more not closed semimeasurements (tails). Fulfillment of this criterion, leads to narrow assortment of stable particles in the Universe. Conclusion: The supervacuum "does not tolerate" two identical or diverse zones of anisotropy nearby, rejecting them from each other. Possible explanation of geometrical dimensionality of an electron +6,5. Six degrees of an electron (its mass), are possibly synthesized owing to "gyration" of the closed ring of semimeasurements. And still half-degree of freedom, cause instability of such light construction in one point of space, i.e. the electron is forced to "drift" constantly as a result of "gyration" in various directions, without remaining in one place, (the strong wave-like properties of an electron). If to guess: that the supervacuum is some borderline between strain (light) and its lack (darkness) it is possible to consider it conventionally as "the Grey World". Measurements "are moving" in zero space, and thus, it is possible to guess that they can scan structure "Grey World", mapping it in three-dimensional space. Probably truly and return guess: every instant in ours "the black-and-white World" is mapped "on-shots" in "the Grey World". To understand that occurs to these fixed "shots" in "the Grey World", obviously it is not possible yet... The Universe is dilated, also a zone of a local loading on supervacuum constantly moves. In everyday occurrences synchronously with all environmental objects, in "time machine" asynchronously with objects surrounding it. Cells of spaces of the Universe and the Antiuniverse can have general centre of "gyration" (flickering), but have different phases of this "gyration". Vectors of "gyration" of measurements of cells are naturally opposite. For example, as is shown in drawing № 46 Drawing № 46 161 The quantity of elements of supervacuum in the Universe both, is infinite, and is equal to zero, since from the point of view of three-dimensional space they have no geometrical sizes. Thus, the logic applied (applicable) in three-dimensional space does not work in space with zero number of measurements. And we probably should create "logic zero space". Which contours are now very indistinct. Supervacuum "elements" it is possible to present conventionally in a view "hairspring" with a chaotic "spin" ("gyration"). More precisely chaotically "a directional (directed) spin axis" (we use analogies three-dimensional space). These "hairsprings" with their "gyration" can be synchronized forming chains (measurements multidimensional space) which having a general point of linking form a cell of space. Being inside the closed chain (measurement-particle) and being repelled from it, elements ("hairsprings") are squeezed (give up), and any measurement of a cell of space directed to centre (and at centre) of particle constructed of squeezed "hairsprings" is squeezed and it appears thus more shortly that impedes their reorganization (time slowing down). Paralleled directed measurements of cells of space are undergoing to repellent activity of the incurvated measurements of a particle, become incurvated, reacting on non-uniform on (by) length of direct measurement of a cell of space pushing away from the incurvated measurement of a particle. Look drawing № 47 Drawing № 47 1 − pushing away is more feeble (weak) 2 − pushing away is more stronger f, ν − frequency in one measurement ω = 2π·f − frequency in two measurements (circular or ˝flat˝ frequency) ω v = (2π) π ·f − frequency in three measurements (˝volume’s˝ frequency) 162 2 π − there is a relation of a circumference to its radius. A quantum continuance of time (not time quantum!) it is equal to a continuance of oscillations of a pendulum on a surface of the Earth (g − 9,81 m/s²) which length ππ m1 metre. t = ħc 4 = 0,85 sec 85.0 1 2 == g m t ππ π sec Acceleration 82 41 c m g h π ⋅ = where π 41 ⋅m metre linear (dimensionality) g 2 ħ 4 c 16 =16π where 16π metres square The reason ― one of properties of space, namely resonant magnification of density of geometrical shapes (forms) and interactions in a certain interval of temperatures (magnification of complexity of shapes condensed space), cross (intercrossed) strain of space at which occurs increase of quantity of interactions of various shapes condensed space in a geometrical progression that leads to formation of new properties of space in a local zone and that compensate temperature decrease in the Universe. If the temperature is maximum (the correlated density of energy) the chaos in space also is maximum, and complexity of geometrical shapes is minimum. At temperature decreasing (energy density), in space there compensating strains (the complicated shapes) are arisen, which are compensating decreasing density of energetic strain in space, and reducing chaos in it. Thus influence of zero space is more amplified on processes occurring in anisotropic channels of this space (three- dimensional space), because of falling (decreasing) a deformational voltage in them that leads to that, the space starts "to feel itself in itself", i.e. there is a set of feedbacks influencing against each other. Space measurements still can be viewed as "flaws" in supervacuum arisen in it, because of overstrain, which was arisen billions years ago in this exotic space, and led to its qualitative transformation and evolution. Three-dimensional space as however and any multidimensional it is possible to represent another as a version of curved zero space. 163 Drawing № 48 At time deceleration − the temperature goes down, and consequently influence of substance on space increases. Also time is slowed down at magnification of quantity of substance in one place (gravitation), i.e. dependences coincide. At time acceleration − the temperature rises, and therefore influence of space on substance increases, i.e. the space tries to "resist" to substance influence, warming up it. Synchronous (symmetrical) squeezing of all three measurements − accelerates time course. Asynchronous ( asymmetrical) squeezing − reduces velocity of time. Amplifiers are optical active substances which strengthen strains "electrical" and "magnetic" space components simultaneously. Also the ferromagnetic and ferroelectric substances strengthening accordingly: magnetic and electrical strains in space. Superconductors strengthen magnetic strains, and the superfluidity synchronizes gyration of a part of cells of space in certain planes. And also, temperature decreasing, increments influence of all substances on space between atoms. Photons − transiently deformed quanta (cells) of space-time. 164 The odds in electron and proton masses depends on number of the closed semimeasurements in them and is formed at involution of relation between number of the closed semimeasurements in a degree of the total sum of number of these semimeasurements with subsequent multiplication to number of a difference of these semimeasurements: 25 2 5 )25( + − error - 0,274 % Relations with number "" use: 6π 5 + 0,00096 % π ⋅⋅ + + 2 5 2 5 22 25 -0,0091 %; )32( 2 5 2 5 − π + 0,5489 % (1836,1) 165 The working name of the theory The Gas-Deformational Theory of Space (GDTS) Author: Polevikov Andrey Vladimirovich Edited by Andrey Polevikov 25th September 2010