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2.TEACHING GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY 2 KALININA (1)

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TEACHING GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY
Калинина Е.А.,
К.п.н., доцент кафедры филологического образования
It Takes Two to Tango…
English Idiom
Grammar
-
Translation
The Direct Method
Audiolingualism
Communicative Language Teaching (CLT)
“PRESENT
-
PRACTISE CYCLE”
1.
LEAD
-
IN
2.
TEACHER CLARIFICATION
3.
RESTRICTED OUTPUT (oral and written practice)
4.
AUTHENTIC OUTPUT (communicative activities)
Basic Principles for Grammar Teaching: Efficiency
=
economy +ease
Appropriacy
TWO MAIN APPROACHES:
A Deductive approach
-
rule
-
driven learning
An inductive approach
-
discovery learning
SITUATIONAL PRESENTATION
1.
ESTABLISH THE CONTEXT
2.
ESTABLISH THE MEANING OF THE TARGET ITEM
3.
INTRODUCE AND PRCTISE THE TARGET LANGUAGE
4.
GENERATE MORE SENTENCES FROM THE CONTEXT
CATEGORIES OF CLARIFICATION:
TEACHER EXPLANATION(T tells the learner)
GUIDED DISCOVERY (T helps the learner to tell himself)
SELF
-
DIRECTED DISCOVERY (the learner tells himself)
GUIDED DISCOVERY. THE TEACHER’S ROLE:
1.
TO SELECT APPROPRIATE TASKS
2.
TO OFFER GOOD
INSTRUCTIONS, QUESTIONS
, HELP, FEEDBACK
3.
MANAGE AND STRUCTURE THE LESSON SO THAT ALL THE LEARNERS ARE INVOLVED AND DRAW THE MOST POSSIBLE FROM THE ACTIVITY
GUIDED DISCOVERY.
TYPICAL QUESTIONS:
QUESTIONS ABOUT FORM:
What word goes in this space?
How many words are there in the sentence?
How do you spell that?
Is that a verb?
QUESTIONS ABOUT FUNCTION:
Do they know each other?
Is this formal or informal?
Where do you think they are speaking?
How does he feel?
PROBLEMS AND PUZZLES:
Put these words in the right order.
Fill in the spaces.
Change this into the past simple tense.
Write this sentence again, with exactly the same meaning, but only using seven words.
REFLECTING ON USE:
Write down some of the sentences you heard.
Why did you use that tense?
Which of those two sentences is correct?
SENTENCE ANALYSIS:
Mark all the prepositions.
Mark the main stress in the sentence.
How many auxiliary verbs are there?
Cross out any unnecessary words.
CONTEXTS AND SITUATIONS:
This is Paul. Where does he work? Tell me what he does every day.
Look at this picture. What is going to happen?
If I throw this pen at the picture on the wall, what will happen?
RESTRICTED OUTPUT:
Drills.(substitution drills, transformation drills, true sentences)
Elicited dialogues.
GRAMMAR PRACTICE ACTIVITIES AND GAMES.
SPLIT SENTENCES,
GRAMMAR QUIZ,
MEMORY TEST,
PICTURE DICTATION,
MIMING AN ACTION,
GROWING STORIES.
HOW TO INTEGRATE GRAMMAR
The PPP model
PRESENTATION
---
PRACTICE
----
PRODUCTION
TASK
-
BASED MODEL TASK
---
TEACH
---
TASK
ESA
ENGAGE
STUDY
ACTIVATE
Indicate steps of teaching grammar. What do you start with?
What do you do next?
COMMUNICATIVE GRAMMAR.
WHAT IS IT?
Lexis include:
SINGLE WORDS,
COLLOCATIONS,
CHUNKS= MULTIWORD ITEMS (
SOMEONE YOU CAN TALK TO, ON
-
THE –
SPOT DECISIONS)
STAGES OF LEARNING LEXIS:
Meeting new lexical items and understanding them and their use,
Practising using them,
Memorising them,
Recalling and using them.
Memory in Language Acquisition:
Encoding
Storage
Retrieval
PRESENTATION TECHNIQUES FOR LEXIS:
Gloves mime putting them on
Disgusting mime and make a facial expression
Swimming translate it
Café draw or show a flashcard or a picture Frightened tell a personal anecdote
Window –
sill point to the object
Hope read out a dictionary definition
LEXICAL PRACTICE ACTIVITIES:
1.
Matching pictures to lexical items,
2.
Matching lexical items to others (collocations, synonyms, opposites)
3.
Using prefixes or suffixes to build new lexical items from given words,
4.
Classifying items into lists
5.
Filling in crosswords, grids or diagrams,
6.
Filling in gaps in sentences,
7.
Memory games.
ACTIVITIES FOR TEACHING VOCABULARY
MEANING INTERPRETATION: pictures, gestures, context, synonyms, antonyms, descriptions, guessing, translation.
WORD REINFORCEMENT: associations, rating, recalling, transformation, combination
COMMUNICATIVE USE: context, drama, imaging, prose(cloze), poetry (cloze), story
-
telling, games.
MNEMONIC EXECISES: paired associates,rhyme, rhythm, location.
THANKS FOR ATTENTION!
Автор
Voclair
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