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7.TEACHING RECEPTIVE SKILLS KALININA (1)

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TEACHING RECEPTIVE SKILLS: LISTENING AND READING.
Калинина Е.А.
доцент кафедры филологического образования СарИПКиПРО
PROBLEMS IN LISTENING:
People speak too fast to follow
They can not tell where the words start and stop
People pronounce the words they just do not recognise
They can not work out details
They can not even get the general message
They do not know what attitudes people are expressing
They can not pick out the most important parts for understanding
THE TASK –
FEEDBACK CIRCLE
Lead
-
in
Pre
-
task work (optional)
Set clear task
Play the recording or students read the text
Feedback on task
conclude
THREE GUIDELINES:
1.
GRADE THE TASK, NOT THE MATERIAL
2.
TASK FIRST
-
THEN RECORDING
3.
PROCESS RATHER THAN PRODUCT
Examples of listening tasks:
LISTEN AND…
ARGUE AGAINST THE PROPOSITION
CHOOSE THE CORRECT PICTURE
LISTEN AGAIN UNTIL YOU HAVE LEARNED THE POEM BY HEART
SAY A REPLY TO EACH COMMENT YOU HEAR
CHOOSE THE BEST ANSWER
DECIDE WHICH PERSON IS SAYING WHICH SENTENCE
FOLLOW THE ROUTE ON THE MAP
WALK/SIT/MOVE ACCORDING TO THE INSTRUCTIONS
DRAW A PICTURE
TAKE DOWN THE MESSAGE, ADDRESS AND PHONE NUMBERS
PICK UP AND SHOW A CORRECT PICTURE
GUIDELINES FOR LISTENING SKILLS WORK IN CLASS:
Keep the recording short
Play it 2 times at least
Let students discuss their answers together
Do not be led by one strong student
Give help only if they are completely stuck
(DVD
-
feedback after an exercise)
TYPES OF LISTENING:
1.
GIST LISTENING (EXTENSIVE LISTENING) (BOTTOM
-
UP)
-
GETTING THE GENERAL MEANING
2.
LISTENING FOR DETAIL (TOP
-
DOWN)
POSSIBLE ROUTE MAP FOR A LISTENING LESSON:
Discuss the general topic
Predict the specific content
Predict the structure (who speaks? What kind of questions)
Gist listening for overview
Gist listening for attitudes
More careful listening for complex meanings
Listening for small details
LISTENING IDEAS:
News headlines
Jigsaw listening
Home recordings
Live listening
Guest stars.
PROBLEMS IN READING:
Lack of vocabulary
I need the dictionary all the time
It is very slow
Because it is slow the pleasure or interest is soon lost
READING FOR DETAIL (INTENSIVE)
skimming
=read quickly to get the gist of the passage
scanning
= move eyes quickly over the text to locate a specific piece of information.
Skimming and scanning are both “top
-
down skills”.
POSSIBLE ROUTE MAP FOR A READING LESSON:
1.
Pre
-
text
Introduction and lead
-
in
First task (pre
-
reading)
-
prediction from from illustrations, key
-
words, headlines), reading questions about the text.
2. Text
Skimming tasks (check text against predictions, guess the title from the choice of 3 options, put events in the right order)
Scanning tasks
Tasks to focus on general meaning (answer the questions, make a sketch, fill out a form, find out which picture is being described, compare viewpoints)
Tasks to focus on detailed meaning
Vocabulary or grammar exercises, use of dictionaries)
POSSIBLE ROUTE MAP FOR A READING LESSON:
3. Post
-
text
Follow
-
on task (role
-
play, debate, writing task, personalisation)
Closing (reflection).
POSSIBLE ROUTE MAP FOR A READING LESSON:
Specific ideas for reading tasks:
Put these illustrations of the text in the correct order
Put these cut
-
up paragraphs in the correct order
Find words in the text that mean the same as the words in the list
Read the text and find mistakes in the illustration
Read the text and make a list of particular items
Give a headline to each section of the article
Insert the sentences into the text
Discuss or write the missing last paragraph of the text
Specific ideas for reading tasks:
EXTENSIVE READING
READERS
-
books published specifically for learners. They are graded and have grammar and vocabulary exercises.
Extensive reading activities:
Do not always start at the beginning! Try jumping in at the middle and reading one page. Predict what happened before
Create a situation totally different from the book and allow students to improvise
Review the book for a TV programme. Meet the author, discuss and argue.
Автор
Voclair
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