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Russian Federation Facts and Figures JUNE
2012
1
Longest rivers
2
, km:
Lena 4,337
Yenisei (with Angara) 3,844
Volga 3,694
Ob 3,676
Amur 2,824
Largest islands, thousand km
2
:
Novaya Zemlya Archipelago 82.6
Sakhalin 76.4
Novosibirskaya Archipelago 38
Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago 37
Largest lakes
3
, thousand km
2
:
Baikal 31.5
Ladoga 17.7
Onega 9.7
Highest elevation, m:
Elbrus 5,642
2
MOSCOW Central Federal Area North-Western Federal Area Volga Federal Area Ural Federal Area Far East Federal Area Southern Federal Area Siberian Federal Area North Caucasus Federal Area 3
Industrial and production zones Technology and innovation zones Tourist and recreational zones Port zones 4
EXECUTIVE BRANCH
President
Elected for 6 years by citizens of the Russian Rederation
Head of State; determines the guidelines of domestic and foreign policies Government
Exercises the executive power in Russia
Consists of the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Ministers and Federal Ministers
5
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Production Indicators GDP change (%), year-on-year 8.2 8.5 5.2 -7.8 4.3 4.3
Industrial output, change (%), year-on-year 6.3 6.8 0.6 -9.3 8.2 4.7
Manufacturing, change (%), year-on-year 8.4 10.5 0.5 -15.2 11.8 6.5
Extraction of mineral resources, change (%), year-on-year 2.8 3.3 0.4 -0.6 3.6 1.9
Fixed capital investment, change (%),year-
on-year 16.7 22.7 9.9 -15.7 6.0 8.3
Fiscal and Monetary Indicators (% of GDP) 7.4 5.4 4.1 -5.9 -4.0 0.8
M2, change (%), end year/end year 48.7 43.5 0.8 17.7 31.1 22.6
9.0 11.9 13.3 8.8 8.8 6.1
! 15.1 13.9 18.0 2.0 11.6 15.8
Producer price index (PPI), (%), at year-end 10.4 25.1 -7.0 13.9 16.7 12.0
Nominal exchange rate, average, RUB/USD 27.19 25.58 24.85 31.75 30.37 29.39
Real effective exchange rate, change (%), year-on-year 9.4 4.2 5.1 -5.6 9.6 4.7
Reserve Fund, USD Bn, at the end of period 137.1 60.5 25.4 25.2
National Wealth Fund, USD Bn, at the end of the period 88.0 91.6 88.4 86.8
Reserves (including gold), USD Bn, at the end of the period 303.7 478.8 426.3 439.5 479.4 498.6
6
2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Balance of Payment Indicators Trade balance, USD Bn 139.3 130.9 179.7 111.6 152.0 198.2
Share of energy resources in export of goods, % 65.4 64.2 68.8 66.7 67.6 69.2
Current account, USD Bn 94.7 77.8 103.5 48.6 71.1 98.8
Export of goods, USD Bn 303.6 354.4 471.6 303.4 400.6 522.0
Import of goods, USD Bn 164.3 223.5 291.9 191.8 248.7 323.8
Gross foreign direct investments, US Bn 29.7 55.1 75.0 36.5 43.3 52.9
Average export price of Russian crude oil, USD/bbl 61.1 69.3 94.4 61.1 78.2 109.3
Financial Markets Indicators Weighted average corporate loan rate, % 9.6 10.0 12.2 15.3 10.8 8.5
"# at the end of the period 11.0 10.0 13.0 8.75 7.75 8.0
Stock market index (RTS, in RUB, at the end of the period)
1.922 2.291 632 1,445 1,770 1,382
Income, Poverty, and Labour Market Real disposable income, change (%), year-on-year 13.5 12.1 2.4 3.1 5,1 0.8
Average wages in USD 391.1 531.4 695.8 586.7 689.9 806.2
Unemployment rate, % 7.3 6.3 6.5 8.7 7.7 6.8
7
10.3
10.0
7.5
4.2
4.1
3.3
3.0
2.8
2.5 2.5
Russia Saudi
Arabia
USA Iran China Canada Mexico UAE Kuwait Venezuela
611 589
160
139
117
106
97
84
82
80
USA Russia Canada Iran Qatar Norway China Saudi
Arabia
Indonesia Algeria
3,240
985
570
424
317
306
254
182
133
111
China USA India Australia Russia Indonesia RSA Germany Poland Kazakhstan
18%
9%
11%
9%
4%
Iron ore PGM Gold Nickel Copper
Russia's ranking
1
2
3
3
9
Source: BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2011
8
135.7
115.2
80.8
60.1
41.5
27.9
23.9
23.2
16.9
9.7
EU-27 China India USA Russia Australia Pakistan Canada Ukraine Kazakhstan
35.8
28.3
16.7
11.8
10.2
7.2
5.7
4.2 4.2
4.8
Brazil India EU027 China Thailand USA Mexico Pakistan Australia Russia
137.8
52.5
31.8
30.7
30.6
18.7
12.0
10.9
10.8
EU-27 India Russia China Brazil New
Zealand
Argentina Mexico Ukraine
13.2
12.9
9.4
2.9 2.9
2.6
1.8
1.6
1.5
1.4
China Brazil EU-27 India Mexico Russia Argentia Turkey Indonesia Thailand
EU-27
Argentina
9
10
11
Total Men Women
Employed — total 100 100 100
Including people aged, years:
Less than 20 0.9 1.1 0.7
20 — 24 9.4 10.3 8.4
25 — 29 14.1 15.0 13.1
30 — 34 12.8 13.1 12.6
35 — 39 12.3 12.2 12.4
40 — 44 11.4 11.0 11.9
45 — 49 13.8 12.8 14.7
50 — 54 12.9 11.8 14.0
55 — 59 8.2 8.6 7.9
60 — 72 4.2 4.1 4.3
Average age of employed population, years 40.0 39.5 40.5
12
As percent of the total
1
1992 1995 2000 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Economically Active Population — total
100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Including:
Employed 94.8 90.5 89.4 92.8 92.8 93.9 93.7 91.6 92.5 93.4
Unemployed 5.2 9.5 10.6 7.2 7.2 6.1 6.3 8.4 7.5 6.6
Men 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Including:
Employed 94.8 90.3 89.2 92.7 92.5 93.6 93.4 91.0 92.0 93.0
Unemployed 5.2 9.7 10.8 7.3 7.5 6.4 6.6 9.0 8.0 7.0
Women 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Including:
Employed 94.8 90.8 89.6 93.0 93.2 94.2 93.9 92.2 93.1 93.8
Unemployed 5.2 9.2 10.4 7.0 6.8 5.8 6.1 7.8 6.9 6.2
13
140
16
10
166
-
50
100
150
200
Russia Kazakhstan Belarus Total
1,850
179
59
2,088
-
500
1,000
1,500
2,000
2,500
Russia Kazakhstan Belarus Total
527
34
22
583
-
200
400
600
800
Russia Kazakhstan Belarus Total
14
15
0
50
100
150
0%
2%
4%
6%
8%
1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011
Infrastructure investment, % of GDP
Infrastructure investment, bn USD (rhs)
Completed
Project Name Sector
Project Budget, US$ Bn
Short Description
North Stream O&G midstream 9.6 Two line 1224 km 55 bcma pipelines from Russia (Vyborg) to Germany (Greifswald)
Sakhalin-Khabarovsk- Vladivostok pipeline
O&G midstream 7.4 Construction of 1800 km Sakhalin — Khabarovsk — Vladivostok gas transmission system
BPS-2 O&G midstream 3.1 Construction of 1000 km pipeline from Unechka on Belarus border to Ust Luga port near St. Petersburg
In Progress
Project Name Sector
Project Budget, US$ Bn
Short Description
Bovanenko O&G E&P 15.0 Construction of 572 km railway Obskaya-Bovanenko (almost complete) and 2400 km gas pipeline Bovanenko — Ukhta, Uhkta-Torzhok
Moscow — St. Petersburg toll road
Roads 18.9 $*$+<=>?
@X[\
@@
=]
Petersburg toll road West km has been contracted
Boguchansk hydro power and aluminium plant
Energy 8.2 Boguchansk Dam in the middle of Siberia on the Angara River is one of the \
]^^^?_\`j
*\q+<+
will cover 2,326 km2
Development of Sochi region (Sochi 2014)
Transport 6.5 Besides sport venues and supporting facilities construction, development of Sochi area will also include gas pipeline construction, creating of area transport infrastructure (widening of existing rail road, construction of roads on the shore and in the mountains). More than half of the funds come from the private sector.
Ust-Luga port Water transport 5.0 Harbour deepening, construction of quays, rain connections, and road con-
nections from Novgorod. Is one of the largest infrastructure projects in Russia. Construction is planned to be completed in 2013.
Source: Broker reports
16
2011 GDP Breakdown
17
Main Objectives
Reduce Russia’s energy intensity to GDP ratio by 40% through energy saving, improving energy efficiency and eliminating regulatory gaps by 2020
Energy Efficiency
Source: Enerdata
0.34
0.32
0.30
0.28
0.23
0.21
0.19
0.19
0.
1
0.00
0.10
0.20
0.30
0.40
Russia Saudi South China Indonesia Canada India South Uni
Russia Saudi Arabia
South Africa
China Indonesia Canada India South Korea
United States
Australia
0.17 0.17
18
Russia USA China Europe India Japan South Korea
Israel
40
20
0
Main Objectives
Space Technologies and Telecommunications
Increase the efficiency and quality of information services
Develop a modern information infrastructure in all sectors of the national economy
32
25
7
6
3
2
1
1 1 1
0
25
50
Russia USA Europe China Japan IndiaSea Launch projectNorth KoreaSouth Korea Iran
2009
Russia USA Europe China Japan India Sea Launch project
North Korea
South Korea
Iran
2010
Russia USA China Europe India Japan South Korea
Israel
40
20
0
19
Main Objectives
Medical Technologies and Pharmaceuticals
Production of most medications and medical equipment in Russia
Development and production of innovative medical products, expansion of Russian manufacturers into new markets
48
192
208
362
512
823
823
880
3,311
3,364
3,807
4,354
4,649
8,548
0 2,000 4,000 6,000 8,000 10,000
India
Ukraine
China
Kazakhstan
Russia
Brazil
Lithuania
Turkey
Spain
Italy
United Kingdom
France
Germany
USA
5.0%
5.5%
5.7%
6.0%
7.4%
7.6%
8.0%
8.7%
12.0%
14.5%
16.9%
18.2%
18.4%
21.7%
0% 10% 20% 30%
Italy
France
Germany
USA
Turkey
United Kingdom
Spain
India
Brazil
Lithuania
China
Russia
Ukraine
Kazakhstan
20
Develop a high-performance, application-oriented computing systems
Improve the efficiency and quality of information services
Develop a modern social and industrial information infrastructure
Information Technologies and Software
Main Objectives
Source: Gartner, Global Insight, IDC
25
4
5
9
4
5
9
19
16
11
26
43
0
17
34
51
2010 12 2015
Hardware
Software
Services
17.4
18.1
19.0
CAGR %
World Market Growth
in 2010–15: 6%
18% p.a.
5.0
4.2
3.8
3.8
1.7
3.6
4.8
5.9
7.6
0 2 4 6 8
UK
US
Finland
Japan
Sweden
Denmark
Germany
France
Russia
21
Ensure overall and consistent development of the national nuclear power potential
Guarantee long-term supply of cheap energy
Maintain Russia’s leadership on the global nuclear market
Substantially reduce uranium consumption
Mitigate environmental impact and nuclear proliferation risk
Nuclear Technologies
Main Objectives
2 1 3 4 22
23
24
25
26
Date Target Acquirer
Value, $ Bn
% Ac-
quired
Feb-11
1.4 23.0
Apr-11
4.0 12.1
Aug-11
1.2 43.1
Jan-12
Lagus
Management
Limited
1.3 100
Jan-12
1.1 100
27
Date Target Value, $ Bn
Jan-12
250
Jul-11
565
Jun-11
588
May-11
1.435
Apr-11
375
Apr-11
782
Apr-11
575
Feb-11
360
Nov-10
400
Nov-10
1003
Nov-10
428
Oct-10
241
Jan-10
2239
28
Pharmstandard
Bayer AG
Novartis
[}_
136
170
318
372
3.1%
2.8%
3.7%
2.9%
416
376
496
389
1
2
3
4
25
17
9
1
2005 2010 CAGR, % Market share 2010, %
29
77
78
57
0
25
50
75
100
China India Russia
13
11
8
6
0
5
10
15
20
Russia Brazil India China
477
108
3
0
250
500
India Brazil Russia
30
Income Tax
1
Country
Corporate Income Tax
Personal Income Tax
VAT
China 25% 45% 17%
Brazil 25% 27.5% 20%
India 33.99% 3% 12.5%
Russia 20% 13% 18%
Taxes in Different Countries in 2012, as % of GDP
2
Belarus 24.9% Italy 43.5%
Brazil 34.3% Japan 28.1%
Canada 31.1% Kazakhstan 21.5%
China 17.5% South Korea 25.6%
France 41.9% United Kingdom 34.3%
Germany 37.0% USA 24.0%
India 16.8% Russia 34.4%
31
32
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atner
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