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Defect energy of material bodies, generating gravitational radiation, is the determining factor in understanding: gravity, stellar structure and the formation of supernovae in cosmology, the structure of elementary particles, atomic structure, and a
Phantoms of gravitational radiation (P GR ) and P lanetary S eismology. Ra f ael Ibragimov . VAO Manley Mountains, fort True (Alma - Ata). Defect energy of material bodies, generating gravitational radiation, is the determining factor in understanding: gravity, stellar structure and the formation of supernovae in cosmology, the structure of elementary particles, atomic structure, and as it t urned out, the study of the processes of transformation terra firma lead to earthquakes. R. Model of planetary earthquake. We will consider the process of formation of earthquake on the e xample of destruction of tectonic flag. Итак, to the certain moment energy of connection, qualificatory configuration of flag, compensates the forces of environment attached on her and takes place equilibrium. At an unbalance integrity of flag is violated, what results in the selection of energy to connection as gravishok . This is the initial impulse of event. Further a process develops on two directions: foremost is this distribution of energy of gravishok as a gravitational wave with speed near to speed of AMY and immediately - seismic waves form forces of gravitation at destruction of flag, with speed ~ 1000 км/сек. Logically to suppose that the selection of energy in both cases is approximately identical. Last event and there is the article of research of seismology, but we are interested by an initial impulse, id est is education, distribut ion and detection of gravishok as a package PGR . Decision of equalization of Schr?dinger for a harmonic oscillator! Actually, a quantum theory is surprisingly productive, and it is once again possible herein to make sure, below. The conducted experiments set discrete and ekvidistsentny character of change of frequency and energy of swings of the pendulum, that is analo gical to properties of quantum harmonic oscillator. And a harmonic oscillator is name a particle accomplishing unidimensional motion under the action of quasi - elastic force - F = ? k*R . Thus , potential energy of particle is equal U = m * ? ? ? R 2 /2 = k * R 2 /2, where ??? ? ? k / m ) 1/2 . Potential energy and force are constrained so F = ? grad U. And is a gradient of force a vector - thirl of k is is work on moving? The decision of equalization of Schr?dinger for complete energy of oscillator has such kind: En = ( n + ?) * h * ??? The conditions imposed on the change in the quantum numbers of the transitions from one state to another, called the selection rules. For a harmonic oscillator a rule is expressed by a formula: ? n = ? 1 . If to examine a harmonic oscillator in area of negative energy, then decision of En = - (n + ?) * h ? ? ?? U stly, subject to condition the use of imaginary coordinate of i*R ?i*c*t, in form Henri Poincare . ? From a decision for En flows out, that energy of quantum oscillator has both positive and negative value and changes only portions, i.e. quantized. Thus, positive energy is limited to from below the minimum value of e 0 = ? h* ? 0 is energy of zero vibrations (direct investigation of correlation of uncertainties ). It means that a particle can not be on the day of potential pit, but, in case of her negative value, this fact, undoubtedly, takes place because - the bottom of such potential pit is absent! Thus, w e postulate, that energy of vacuum can be both positive E and minus ? , quantity here, the rules of addition and deduction of energy are just: (1) ? = E + i* ?? ? ? 0 и ???? E ? i* ?? ? ?????? , (on the accepted conception [ Theories of Tronov ]), therefore, for the closeness of energy an identity is just: E 2 + ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?? . And at the harmonic swing of the flat pendulum, in the field of gravitation of earth, takes place both minimum (at rejection) and maximal (at vertical her position ) values of energy of connection of plate. Synchronously with oscillation of plate there is a process radiation and absorption of energy of c onnection as gravitational waves with frequency of pendulum. And further, on stream of time in the process of progressive approximation energy of connection is distributed and taken in by the thrones of vacuum and there is deceleration of swings of the pen dulum, but a complete stop does not take place, because ?white noise? takes place, and it is quantum effects already! Experiments. Gravitational Alpha of resonance pendulum (Ga RP ). At the harmonic swing of the flat pendulum due to the change of energy of connection of plate there is a spherical harmonic source of gravitational waves that can rectifying in resonance the s ame pendulum. Thus, a pendulum can be both a source and resonant detector of spherical gravitational waves. Construction of pendulum. A plate from instrumental steel is hardly envisaged on the massive steel founding. In basis of indication of sw ings of the pendulum the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction is used is E.M.F. On the overhead edge of plate a small magnet that at the swing of the pendulum co - operates with a spool from a copper wire is set, by resistance ~ 100 Ом, on the edges of th at, as a result of oscillation, and appears E.M.F. by tension in some Мв. This tension is fully enough for registration on the computer of vibrations of pendulum and analysis of the obtained data the package of Power Graf. Further, on the plate of resonant pendulum a massive magnet is set by moving that upwards or downward, and frequency of swings of the pendulum is regulated. The results of measuring of ultra - low frequencies of pendulum are presented in a table 1. It is necessary to mark that these frequencies are fixed and even slow moving of magnet of regulator of frequency - frequency of swings of the pendulum changes saltatory. Thus, the levels of energy of pendulum are d iscrete эквидистанты, and energy of corresponding levels is given by the formula of quantum harmonic oscillator : e n =h 0 ? ? ? ?? n+1/2) , where h 0 is a single element of energy of vacuum, and frequency ? 0 =,244 Hertzs. This spectrum of values of frequencies des erves attention on two reasons: in the first - formalism of quantum theory, in part of quantum harmonic oscillator Throne формализуется that, allows quantizing the macrolevels of energy of flat pendulum, as functions of ultra - low frequencies of gravitational radiation. Secondly, there is fundamental possibility of measuring of parameter of h 0 , that links frequency and energy of radiation. Actually, on a dimension (an erg*cut) this parameter analogue permanent Планка, but here as far as he differs from her value is an interesting question. Deceleration of swings of the pendulum depending on time! Enigmatic from property of vibrations of different pendulums is their short life, id est - on stream of time energy of vibrations disappears incomprehensible character to nowhere. A masking effect is a transmission of this energy to the massive founding o f pendulum and further in soil of earth. But, there always is possibility, decreasing these losses of energy of pendulum and question the special constructing at disappearances of this energy remains open. On graphic arts dependence of duration of swings of the resonant pendulum described higher is presented, from his frequency. It is possible to see that with reduction of frequency duration of fading of pendulum substantially increases what be more, in area of 3,4 hertz there is a resonant increase of los ses of energy of pendulum. And if time of oscillation we will increase on frequency, then within the limits of errors we have a dimensionless constant equal to the number of swings of the pendulum to his complete stop ~ (100 - 150)! And resonance 3 ,4 Hz p resented on graphic arts 1 corresponds to the enigmatic radius round earth in 21959,45 kilometres, as original of halo! Hz ? Hz 1,465 0,244 1,709 0,244 1,953 0,244 2,197 0,244 2,441 0,245 2,686 0,244 2,93 0,244 3,174 0,244 3,418 0,244 3,662 0,244 3,906 0,244 4,15 0,245 4,395 0,244 4,639 0,244 4,883 0,244 5,127 0,244 5,371 0,244 5,615 0,244 5,859 0,244 6,103 0,244 6,347 0,244 6,591 0,244 6,835 0,244 7,079 0,244 7,323 0,244 7,567 0,244 7,811 0,244 8,055 0,244 8,299 ????.. White noise and fluctuations of gravitational radiation! Further, if to fix gravigrammu without the swings of the pendulum, then ?white noise? of fig. 1 takes place, thus, screening of pendulum different metallic screens on the structure of gravigrammu influence does not render. It specifies, foremost, on high permeability of gravitational ra diation, and similarly on his similarity with the radiation of neutrino! The frequency spectrum of ?white noise? is presented on a fig. 2 and has a range from a minimum, of 244 Hertzs and to the maximum in ~500 Hertzs. Set of frequencies includes frequen cies on a formula for a quantum harmonic oscillator: (2) e n =h 0 ? ? ? ? ?? n+1/2), and the presented frequencies in a table 1. Determination minimum of possible frequency results in the value, of 122 Hertzs, that perfectly comports with the value of en at n=0. It is necessary to mark that size of tension E.M.F., in an experiment ?white noise?, similarly quantized and his levels are discrete and эквидистанты to the level: ? U 0 = 10 - 5 volt. Thus, the spectrum of ?white noise? can be presented by a formula: (3) e n, m =h 0 ? ? ? ? ? U m * ? ( n+1/2), where integers of m = ?0, 1, 2, - peak, and n = 0, 1, 2 , - frequency indexes of impulses PGR . G ravigrammy . On the third sliding seat presented gravigramma PGR of Ultra nizkik frequency of LFS ( ≥ 0,122 Hz), that self on itself phenomenally! And on fourth gravigrammy gravishok is presented by fundamental frequency 11,748 Hz from an earthquake by magnitude 4,1 point in ~200 kilometres from Alma - Ata. Such data a generous amount is fixed, but from o ne the stations GaRP it is difficult to judge about the place of most events. Organization of network of the stations is needed carried in space and working in real time. P.S. With the urgent need to get an array gravigramm volume of ~ 100 Mbps. Analysis of frequency spectrum during registration of gravishok . In obedience to the accepted conception about the resonant structure of detection of phantoms GUI frequency of eigentones of pendulum is accepted by equal ~ 11,5 Hz (probably alpha resonance of planet Earth), that ensues from the diameter of planet and speed of distribution of G R , postulated near to speed of EMR . On the other hand gravishok similarly must have resonance with a planet near to base frequency of pendulum. By confi rmation higher expounded one of great number of photos of гравиграмм Power Graph 2.1 can serve. under a number 4. These suppositions found delightful confirmation in the results of cerouss of experiments on measuring the гравишоков station of the real time GaRP ( gravitational alpha by a resonant pendulum). Actually, if the middle radius of Earth is equal 6371,032 kilometres the that measured value of frequency alpha of resonance of planet, equal 11,719 Hz results in such value of speed to distribution of gravitational radiation in the bowels of the earth of planet equal Сg =298648,5 kilometres/ s , that some less velocity of light in a vacuum (it is not blank space) C = 299792 , 458 kilometre s / s . An analysis over of frequency spectrum of гравишоков Harem broug ht to establishment of basic values of resonant frequencies(таб. 2). And if basic resonance is equal 11,719 Hz we suppose investigation of diameter of planet, then more high - frequencies specify on existence of optical borders into a planet. Morally, optica l borders form the heterogeneous structure of planet (chart 2). It is necessary to mark that at some гравишоках there are another frequencies that lie on a basic sequence and what be more, on intensity these frequencies exceed basic resonance now and then. The fixed facts allow to assert that looked after гравишоки are investigation of both superficial processes of transformations of energy of connection of the breeds named earthquakes (basic resonance - 11,719 Hz) and planetary (deep) processes of transfor mation Earth that result in formation of gravitational radiations of other resonant frequencies. For the last processes makes sense to enter denotation - the planetary earthquakes, that, morally, are reason of superficial, classic! U ltra - low frequencies can appear other precursors of superficial earthquakes - <~1 Hz, but in this case it is necessary to collect statistics . Modern ideas about the structure of planet Earth (review). From a низлежащей mantle the earth's crust is separated in a great deal yet by enigmatic Layer of Мохо ( named so after the Serbian seismologist of Мохоровичича opening him in 1909), in that speed of distribution of seismic waves increases saltatory. On the stake of Mantle is about 67% of general mass of planet. Hard layer of overhead mantle, spreading to the different depths under oceans and conti nents, together with the earth's crust name a sial - hardest shell of Earth. Under her a layer is marked, where some reduction of speed of distribution of seismic waves is, that talks about the original state of substance. This layer less viscid and more p lastic in relation to higher and to the below lying layers is named an astenosphere. It is considered that a substance of mantle is in continuous motion, and supposition speaks out, that in the relatively deep layers of mantle with the height of temperatur e and pressure there is passing of substance to more dense modifications. Such transition is confirmed by experimental researches. Hz km 11,719 6371,032 14,648 5097,087 17,882 4175,267 35,4 2109,1 41,504 1798,914 44,189 1689,609 47,363 1576,381 71,045 1050,913 111,085 672,1171 In a lower mantle on a depth 2900 kilometres a sharp jump is marked not only in speed of longitudinal waves but also in a cl oseness, and transversal waves here disappear quite, that specifies on changing of material composition of breeds. It is an external border of kernel of Earth. An earthly kernel is open in 1936 . To get his image it was extraordinarily difficult from the sm all number of seismic waves arriving at him and going back to a surface. In addition, extreme temperatures and pressures of kernel long time it was difficult to reproduce in a laboratory. An earthly kernel is divided into 2 separate areas: liquid(EXTERNAL KERNEL) and hard( internally ), a transition between them lies on a depth a 5156 km Iron is an element that corresponds to seismic properties of kernel and abundantly widespread in Universe, to present in a kernel planets approximately 35% of her mass. From modern data, an external ke rnel is running around streams of molten iron and nickel, well installing electrical an equipment. Exactly with him link the origin of earthly magnetic - field, considering that, electric currents current in a liquid kernel create the global magnetic field. The layer of mantle, being in contiguity with an external kernel, tests his influence, as temperatures in a kernel are higher, than in a mantle. Placed this layer generates enormous, directed to the surface Earth of heat and mass flows plasma. INTERNAL HARD KERNEL is unconnected with a mantle. Suppose that his hard state, in spite of high temperature, is provided by giant pressure in a center Earth. Suppositions speak out that in a kernel besides железоникелевых alloys more easy elements must be present , such as silicon and sulphur, and maybe, silicon and oxygen. A question about the state of kernel of 3емли until now remains debatable. As far as moving away a compression that a substance is exposed to increases from a surface. Calculations show that in an earthly kernel pressure can arrive at 3 million атм. At зтом many substances as though are metallized - pass to the metallic state. There was even a hypothesis, that the kernel of Earth consists of metallic hydrogen. Adjustment of structure of planet i s Earth. A kernel of planet is Earth. From the analysis of data of таб. 2 it is necessary that frequencies 71,045Hz and 111,085 Hz determine size as kernels 1050 kilometres, and similarly internal kernel a 672 km But appeared, that intensive planetary ear thquakes expose more high - frequencies, up to maximal 444 Hz(166,6491км), and only 25 levels with a equipotential difference in 11,71857 Hz. The fixed fact allows to suppose about the structure of internal kernel of earth (< 672 kilometres) like a bulb! O ther levels of phase transitions similarly must be analysed on next reason: planetary earthquakes by frequency 11, 17, 71 and 111 Hz not always result in the generation of other frequencies, and it specifies on uncontinuous character of another levels. Mor ally, deep arrays of planet are in the slow and permanent moving of the enormous masses, what results in planetary and as a result, to the superficial earthquakes. Phantoms of gravitational radiation ( P GR ). Fixed Facts : A pendulum can be both a source (by an emitter) and detector of spherical gravitational waves, with frequency of oscillation of М. Experiments the confirmative existence of gravitational radiation of gravitation of the gravitational masses are presented in [ 11 ]. Frequency of pendulum is discrete to the frequencies presented in a table. 1 and multiple ? ?? =,244 Hertzs. The least value of energy of swing of the pendulum equal to the value of e 0 =h 0 * ? ? ?? . Size of tension E.M.F., in an experiment ?white noise?, similarly quantized and his levels are discrete and эквидистанты to the level: ? U 0 = ?10 - 5 volt. From the obtained data and parameters of highway of electromagnetic induction GR the estimation of parameter of relating frequency and energy PGR is conducted, that results in such his value - h 0 Hypotheses : Frequency of pendulum is certain his physical properties, and discreteness, both on frequency and conditioned intensity by fundamental properties of gravitational radiation and structure of thrones of vacuum. Process of radiation or detection of discrete portion of gravitational energy ? e n,m we will designate a phantom , as an analogue of photon for an electromagnetic radiation, and simila rly by his elusiveness by reason of disguise EMR . It is possible to assume that the large value of constant of h 0 specifies on collective character of transfer of energy GUI, id est is energy Phages crushed on gravitons(elements of energy of vacuum) and ha s a large array of thrones of vacuum(one graviton and one throne) in end address. Thus, discrete energy Phages certain both frequency and intensity of processes of radiation or detection : e n, m = ? h 0 ? ? ? ? m * ? n+1/2) , where U 0 is taken into account by the value of h 0 , and n, m are quantum indexes of frequency and amplitude Phages. Sign of energy ?e n, m takes into account the fact of radiation or absorption of phantom G R that is accompanied by the processes of cooperation of the gravitational masses. Further, Ultra - low frequencies PGR are identical super to the long waves of radiation, what stipulates their ?absolute? permeability, id est are stars, galaxies, fogs for this radiation are not obstacles because of their ?hollowness ?. And detection Phages maybe only by frequency resonances of detector - pendulum. What be more, explosions of supernew and processes what be going on into our star of G2V a sun, as a rule, there are gravitational packages Phages in form with the selection of energy and, similarly can also be fixed groavitatsionnym sensor GaRP . In this connection and there are questions : As far as lasting and stable Phages and whether he is not subject to the process of redshift, on stream of world time. How in this case to be with discreteness of energy and frequency Phages? Frequencies of radiation Pha ges are fixed and the process of scan - out of these frequencies is possible for the purpose determination of informative constituent. White noise - is this izotropic суперпозиция of frequencies of radiation from , 122 Hertzs and to ~ 1,5 КГц, but, intere st presents development of this process of the fixed frequency in time? If difficult structure Phages possesses energy much more photons, whether he does not can, in turn, to contain an informative constituent, on the rules of Boole algebra. What be more , if to follow a postulate about reality of existence ?stranger?, and it fully probably, then there is a question about the of communication channels of their communications. In this sense Phages of Ultra - low frequencies is an ideal range that, besides, provides and closed from the aborigines of planet Earth. Further, facts the foresights of future events, conditioned by existence of world informative matrix, specify into place of storage of information - it in the thrones of vacuum! And reading and rec ord of information possible by means of PGR , but an instrument is here needed for a man - it is possible that it is an epiphysis with his retorts of different dimension. Thus, drawing on the complex of the stations of the real time of GaRP (set about on a surface planets), will allow to get the objective picture of processes what be going on in the bowels of the earth of our planet, on her surface and, maybe, explosions of supernovae, formation of sunny spots and another processes in Universe! P.S. With the urgent need to get an array gravigramm volume of ~ 100 Mbps [ Untitled ] . Village ?Wine State Farm?, fort True, 21.05.2013.