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2012?
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???????? ??????........................................................................2
??????-???????????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ???????............2
??????????? ????????, ?????????, ??????? ??????? ? ????? ??????? ?????.......................................................................................3
??????? ??????? ????????? ? ???????...........................................6
?????? ???????? ????..................................................................7
????????????? ???????? ????.......................................................7
????? ???????? ???????????? ????? ? ?????????? ??????????-???????????? ?????..................................................................10
???????? ?????.....................................................................10
?????? ???? ????????? ?????????? ?????.................................10
???????-????????????? ????????? ????????? ???????????..................12
???????????????? ???????????.....................................................15
?????????? ??????????????? ???? ???????????? ???????? ?????:..........16
?????? ?????????? ??????????????......................................16
??? ?????? ?????? ????????? ? ???????.......................16
??? ?????? ?????? ????????????? ??????....................16
?????? ????????? ??????...................................................16
?????? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????..............................17
??????????? ??????????????? ????:....................................18
?????????? ?????????...............................................18
?????????? ????????...............................................19
???????? ?? ???????????? ?????........................................20
??????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????........................................21
???????? ?? ?????? ????? ? ??????? ????????????.............................22
???????-????????????? ?????????? ???????....................................23
???????? ??????
??????? ? 21.
??????? ????? ????????: 1-4-38-35.
??????? ????????????:
123456781051041031021011009998
??????? ?????????: ??1-1= 100,1 ?.
??????? ??? ?????????: 96 ?.
???????, ?:
abcDA702003075
????????? ?????? ????????:?? = +0.006
?? = +0.002.
?????? - ???????? ???????.
?????????? ?????? ????????:?? = 0.9
?? = 1.0
?????? - ?????????.
????????? ??????????????? ??????? 10 ??.
????? ????????????? - ?.???????.
??????-???????????? ?????????????? ??????????????? ??????? (???????? ???????):
????????? ??????: 1750 ??/?3;
?????????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????????: 18-24%;
?????????? ??????????? ??????: 3-6%
???? ????????????? ?????? 30� (1:m=1:1.75);
?????????? ???????? ??????? ????????? ??????????: 53� (1:m=1:0.75);
????????????? ???????? ?????? ? ??????????? ?? ????????? ?? ?????????? ???????????????? ????????:
????????????? ????????????? - II
?????????? - II
???????????? - II
??????????? ????????, ?????????, ??????? ???????, ????????? ????? ??????? ?????, ????????? ???????.
?
???????? ???????
HH=?_1+a(?_2-?_1 )/(a+b), ?????????? ???????
??=????_(i-1,j-1)�l_? ?_?�l_? ?_?, ???????? ???????
??=??-??, ?????????? ???????
a=m*??, ?1-1??11=101+19,56/126,11=101,16??11=100,1??11=100,1-101,16=-1,060,9*1,06=0,9541-2??12=100+51,76/92,87=100,56??12=100,1+0,006*75=100,55??12=100,55-100,56=-0,010,9*0,01=0,0091-3??13=99+79,36/85,16=99,93??13=100,55+0,006*75=101,0??13=101-99,93=1,071,0*1,07=1,071-4??14=99+10,55/81,21=99,13??14=101+0,006*75=101,45??14=101,45-99,13=2,321,0*2,32=2,322-1??21=101+59,71/100,78=101,59??21=100,1+0,002*75=100,25??21=100,25-101,59=-1,340,9*1,34=1,2062-2??22=100+97,19/106,45=100,91??22=100,25+0,006*75=100,7??22=100,7-100,91=-0,21-2-3??23=100+23,18/95,09=100,24??23=100,7+0,006*75=101,15??23=101,15-100,24=0,91-2-4??24=99+36,06/85,17=99,42??24=101,15+0,006*75=101,6??24=101,6-99,42=2,181,0*2,18=2,183-1??31=102+10,71/64,27=102,17??31=100,25+0,002*75=100,4??31=100,4-102,17=-1,770,9*1,77=1,5933-2??32=101+34,04/84,66=101,4??32=100,4+0,006*75=100,85??32=100,85-101,4=-0,55-3-3??33=100+49,74/70,75=100,7??33=100,85+0,006*75=101,3??33=101,3-100,7=0,6-3-4??34=99+54,73/65,91=99,83??34=101,3+0,006*75=101,75??34=101,75-99,83=1,921,0*1,92=1,924-1??41=103+10,57/77,61=103,14??41=100,4+0,002*75=100,55??41=100,55-103,14=-2,590,9*2,59=2,3314-2??42=101+87,72/86,28=101,96??42=100,55+0,006*75=101,0??42=101-101,96= -0,96-4-3??43=101+12,29/86,27=101,14??43=101,0+0,006*75=101,45??43=101,45-101,14=0,31-4-4??44=100+23,06/76,88=100,3??44=101,45+0,006*75=101,90??44=101,9-100,3=1,61,0*1,60=1,605-1??51=103+53,67/85,14=103,63??51=100,55+0,002*75=100,70??51=100,7-103,63=-2,930,9*2,93=2,6375-2??52=102+20,18/39,38=102,51??52=100,7+0,006*75=101,15??52=101,15-102,51=-1,36-5-3??53=101+49,42/88,83=101,56??53=101,15+0,006*75=101,6??53=101,6-101,56=0,04-5-4??54=100+52,33/63,03=100,83??54=101,6+0,006*75=102,05??54=102,05-100,83=1,221,0*1,22=1,226-1??61=103+81,58/88,21=103,92??61=100,7+0,002*75=100,85??61=100,85-103,92=-3,070,9*3,07=2,7636-2??62=103+30,74/76,91=103,4??62=100,85+0,006*75=101,3??62=101,3-103,4= -2,10,9*2,1=1,896-3??63=102+16,35/45,21=102,36??63=101,3+0,006*75=101,75??63=101,75-102,36=-0,610,9*0,61=0,5496-4??64=101+18,79/58,97=101,32??64=101,75+0,006*75=102,20??64=102,2-101,32=0,881,0*0,88=0,88???:?? - ????????; ?? - ?????????; ?? - ??????? ???????;
a ? b - ?????????? ?????????? ?? ??????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ???????????? ?? ????????;
l? ? l? - ?????????? ?? ????? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????????? ????? ??????? ????? ?????? ? ?????? ???? ?? ???????, ?;
?? - ??????????????, ?? - ???????????? ???? ?????? ????????;
m - ?????????? ??????????? ??????.
???????: ???????
??????: 321
?????????? ????????? ? ??????? M: 6
?????????? ????????? ? ?????? N: 4
????????? ????? ???????? ?? ??????????? ??: 0.006
????????? ????? ???????? ?? ????????? ??: 0.002
???????? ??????? ???????? A: 75
????????? ??????? ? ????? ??????? ???? ???????? H1: 100.1
?????????? ?????? ???????? MB: 0.9
?????????? ?????? ???????? MH: 1
???????? ???????
101.16100.5699.9399.13101.59100.91100.2499.42102.17101.4100.799.83103.14101.96101.14100.3103.63102.51101.56100.83103.92103.4102.36101.32
????????? ???????
100.1100.55101101.45100.25100.7101.15101.6100.4100.85101.3101.75100.55101101.45101.9100.7101.15101.6102.05100.85101.3101.75102.2
??????? ???????
-1.06-0.011.072.32-1.34-0.210.912.18-1.77-0.550.61.92-2.59-0.960.311.6-2.93-1.360.041.22-3.07-2.1-0.610.88
?????? ?????
????? ??????????????????????. ?? ?????????????. ?? ?????????1-3715.420 0.000 26.911 39.8322 -38.7562546.952 3.414; 52.347 55.228; 35.2623 -0.0009438.451 42.394 36.9174-5483.168 0.000 29.791 40.0265-376.9621445.712 9.201; 57.841 47.979; 32.2986 -0.0008070.728 43.299 36.2247-8228.566 0.000 31.239 40.2028-1308.283 520.783 15.635; 64.586 43.788; 29.5739 -0.0006332.745 44.939 35.76210-11311.194 0.000 32.371 38.68611-2790.645 81.270 21.545; 70.515 41.273; 21.45012 -0.0004482.158 47.430 34.88713-14129.566 0.000 34.187 38.64814-5705.764 0.066 28.399; 74.551 41.877; 1.12215-229.1732590.795 7.583; 53.639 57.430; 32.297?????-53317.49735509.656 --- --- ??????? ??????? ????????? ? ???????
?????? ?????????:
?????=?? - ???? ????;
??? ?? - ????????? ??????? ? ?????? ?????????, ?.
???? ???? - ??????? ??? ?????????, ?
??=100,85+0,006*20/2+0,002*(30+75/2)=101,045 ?
?_????=101,045-96=5,05;
????? ?????????:
V=H/6 (a*b+c*d+(a+c)*(b+c));
???: a, b - ??????? ????????? ?? ???, ?;
c, d - ??????? ????????? ? ?????? ???????? ???????, ?;
? - ??????? ?????????.
a=20 ?;b=50 ?;m=0.75;
c=a+2mH=20+2*0.75*5.045=27.57 ?;
d=b+2mH=70+2*0.75*5.045=77.57 ?;
V=5.05/6 (20*70+27.57*77.57+(20+27.57)*(70+77.57))=
=8877.947 ?^3
????? ???????: V_??=H^2/6 (3*b+2*m*h*(8m^'-m)/m^' )*(m^'-m);
???: m - ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????;
m' - ?????????? ?????? ???????? ???????, ??????????? ?????? 1:8 - 1:12;
V_??=?5,05?^2/6 (3*4+2*0.75*5.05*(8*10-0.75)/10)*(10-0.75)=2832.031 ?^3.
V_???=V+V_??=8877,947+2832,031=11709,978 ?^3
?????? ???????? ????
?????? ???????? ???????????????? ????? ? ?????????????????????????????1231. ?????????? ??????????, ? ?.?. ?????? ????????????? ????29591,3853317,4972. ????????, ??????? 11709,978?????:29591,3865027,475?????????? (???????) ?????35436,095 ??????65027,47565027,475
????????????? ???????? ????
l_??=(?_(k=1)^n�?V_k*l_k ?)/(?�V_k )
???: V_k - ?????? ???????? ????, ???????????? ?? ????????? ????????? ?????? ? ??????, ?3;
l_k - ?????????? ???????????, ?;
l_??=4397567,81/29591,38=148,61 ?;
l'?? - ??????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ???????????, ?;
?l^'?_??=229271.18/2699.518=84.93, ?;
l''?? - ??????? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ?????????, ?;
l^''_??=4168295.6/26891.867=155.0 ?.
? ????.
??????23568911121415??????????? ????. ??????13715,423715,42157,77238,75638,75652,4242083,7043399,4645483,168125,2181,595376,962376,962138,57373,531204,766650,2768228,566223,52131,56180,24875,331433,986798,9661308,283131,8751,43104,54101714,64759596,546511311,194180,5310000112763,67426,9712790,645127,6350,941314129,56614129,566100001440,7543735,1320,0551929,8235705,76498,2121,9158,2797,2615229,173229,17351,69????????11709,97811709,97810000?????2122,467865,3761204,766725,607433,9865277,287567,7253735,1320,0552158,99635436,09565027,475
????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ??????????-???????????? ?????.
???????? ?????
?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ? ?????? ?? ?????????? l??=84,93 ?;
?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ? ??????????? ? ?????? ?? ?????????? l??=155 ?;
?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ? ????????? ? ???????????? ????????
?????????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ? ????????? ? ???????????? ????????
??????????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ?????????? ? ????? ?? ?????????? l=10 ??
??????????????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ? ????? ?? ?????????? l=10 ??
?????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? 8 ????????
?????? ???? ????????? ?????????? ?????.
??????????? ????????????????????? 1??????? 2 ?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ? ?????? ?? ?????????? l??=84,93 ?;?????
??? ??????
????? ??????, ?
?????? ??????, ?
??????????
???????? ??? (?.?.)
????? ????????
?????. ???-27?
????????????
3,2
1,3
??????????????
118(160)
?-130
1,91??-25
??????????
4,43
1,2
??????????????
132(180)
?-180
2,85 ?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ? ??????????? ? ?????? ?? ?????????? l??=155 ?;?????
??????????? ?????, ?3
?????? ???????, ?
??????? ???????, ?
??????? ??????????? ????, ?
???????? ??? (?.?.)
????? ????????
????? ????????, ???-30
3
1,9
0,2
0,3
55(75)
??-75
2,75??-26
10
2,8
0,3
0,5
132(180)
?-180
9,2 ?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ? ????????? ? ???????????? ?????????????
??????????? ?????, ?3
?????????? ?????? ???????, ?
?????????? ?????? ????????, ?
???????????? ?????? ???????, ?
???????? ????????? ??? (?.?.)
?????, ??-504
0,65
6,6
4,6
7,9
59(80)
20,5?-801
1,5
7,4
5
8,6
76(100)
27,6 ?????????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ? ????????? ? ???????????? ?????????????
??????????? ?????, ?3
?????????? ??????? ???????, ?
?????????? ?????? ????????, ?
???????????? ?????? ???????, ?
???????? ????????? ??? (?.?.)
?????, ???-4321
0,65
5,5
5,6
9
59(80)
19,2??-5122
1,25
6
5
9,4
125(170)
35,8 ??????????????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?? ??????????
????????????????, ?
??????????? ??????, ?3
?????? ????????, ?
???????????? ????????, ??/??????-5511
10
7,2
9
80 ?????????? ?????? ?????? ????????????
??? ?????
?????? ??????????? ??????, ?
?????? ???????????? ????, ?
???????? ????????? ??? (?.?.)
?????, ???-39?
??????????????, ?????????
2,6
0,35
79(108)
25??-16?
??????????????,
??????????,
?????????????
2,6
0,35
177(24)
25
???????-????????????? ????????? ????????? ???????????
??????? 1??????? 2 ?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ? ?????? ?? ?????????? l??=84,93 ?;?????
H_(?.??)=?H^'?_??+(l-l_1)/l_2 *?H^''?_??,
???-???
?_???=(t*W)/H_(?.??) ,?^3/?????
T=V/?_??? ,????
?_(?/????),?/?????;
?=?_(?/????)*?,?
??-27?
0,41+(84,93-10)/10*0,33=2,88
8*100/2,88=277,78
6573,746/277,78=23,67
2045,36
23,67*2045,36=48413,67??-25
0,38+(84,93-10)/10*0,3=2,63
(8*100)/2,63=304,18
6573,746/304,18=21,61
1890,16
21,61*1890,16=40846,36 ?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ? ??????????? ? ?????? ?? ?????????? l??=155 ?;?????
H_(?.??)=?H^'?_??+(l-l_1)/l_2 *?H^''?_??,
???-???
?_???=(t*W)/H_(?.??) ,?^3/?????
T=V/?_??? ,????
?_(?/????),?/?????;
?=?_(?/????)*?,???-30
2,8+(155-100)/10*0,15=3,63
8*100/3,63=220,38
26899,9/220,38=122,06
1074,56
1074,56*122,06=131096,32??-26
1,1+(155-100)/10*0,06=1,43
8*100/1,43=559,444
26899,9/559,44=48,07
2049,6
2049,62*48,07=98524,27 ?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ? ????????? ? ???????????? ?????????????
H_(?.??), ???-???
?_???=(t*W)/H_(?.??) ,?^3/?????
T=V/?_??? ,????
?_(?/????),?/?????;
?=?_(?/????)*?,??-504
2,3
8*100/2,3=347,823
23726,112/347,823=68,21
1497,52
68,21*1497,52=102145,84?-801
0,97
8*100/0,97=824,74
23726,112/824,74=28,77
1624,96
28,77*1624,96=46750,09 ?????????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ? ????????? ? ???????????? ?????????????
H_(?.??), ???-???
?_???=(t*W)/H_(?.??) ,?^3/?????
T=V/?_??? ,????
?_(?/????),?/?????;
?=?_(?/????)*?,???-4321
2,6
8*100/2,6=307,69
14311,61/307,69=46,513
1497,52
46,513*1497,52=69654,148??-5122
1,5
8*100/1,5=533,33
14311,61/533,33=26,834
1624,96
26,834*1624,96=43604,8867. ?????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ?? 8 ?????????????
H_(?.??)=?H'?_(?.??)+4*?H''?_(?.??), ???-???
?_???=(t*W)/H_(?.??) ,?^3/?????
T=V/?_??? ,????
?_(?/????),?/?????;
?=?_(?/????)*?,???-39?
0.29+4*0.05=0.49
8*100/0.49=1632.65
66565,486/1632.65=40,77
369,36
40,77*369,36=15059,34??-16?
0.29+4*0.05=0.49
8*100/0.49=1632.65
66565,486/1632.65=40,77
369,36
40,77*369,36=15059,34???: ??.?? ????? ??????? ??????;
?'?? - ????? ??????? ?? ?????? 10? - ??? ???????????, 100? - ??? ????????? ?????????, 4 ???????? ??? ?????;
?''?? - ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????? 10? - ??? ??????????? ? ????????? ?????????, 1 ???????? - ??? ??????;
l - ????????? ??????????????? ??????;
l1 - ????????? ??????????? ??????, 10? - ??? ???????????, 100? - ??? ????????? ?????????;
l2 - 10? ??? ??????????? ? ????????? ?????????;
???? - ??????? ??????????? ??????????????????
t - ?????????? ????? ? ????? (8 ?????);
T - ????? ??????, ????;
??/???? - ????????? ????? ??????-?????;
? - ????? ?????????, ?.
???????????
???? ? ?????????????? ????? ? ??????????? ???????. ???.?????????? ?????????? ????????????????????????? ? ??????????????? ??????-?????????????1 ??????-???????????2-1-221.?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??-27? ? ??????????? ? ?????? ?? ?????????? l??=84,93 ?;?326,99,5182,88277,789,722045,3619880,89?2-1-212.?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??-30 ? ??????????? ? ?????? ?? ?????????? l??=155 ?;?326891,8673,63220,381221074,56131096,32?2-1-83.?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ?-504 ? ????????? ? ???????????? ?????????323723,1122,3347,82368,211497,52102145,84?2-1-114.?????????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ??-4321 ? ????????? ? ???????????? ?????????311709,9782,6307,6938,061497,5256995,61?2-1-297.?????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??-39? 9? 8 ?????????329591,3850,491623,6518,12369,366692,80???? ?? ??????? ????????256,11316813,2??? (??????? 1)
???????????
???? ? ?????????????? ????? ? ??????????? ???????. ???.?????????? ?????????? ????????????????????????? ? ??????????????? ??????-?????????????1 ??????-???????????2-1-221.?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??-25 ? ??????????? ? ?????? ?? ?????????? l??=84,93 ?;?326,99,5182,63304,188,891890,1616765,72?2-1-212.?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??-26 ? ??????????? ? ?????? ?? ?????????? l??=155 ?;?326891,8671,43559,44448,072049,698524,27?2-1-83.?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ?-801 ? ????????? ? ???????????? ?????????323723,1120,97824,7428,771624,9646750,09?2-1-114.?????????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ??-5122 ? ????????? ? ???????????? ?????????311709,9781,5533,3321,961624,9635684,12?2-1-297.?????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??-16? ?? 8 ?????????329591,3850,491623,6518,12369,366692,80???? ?? ??????? ????????125,81204417??? (??????? 2)
?????: ??? ??? ?????? ??????? ????????? ????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ? ??????? ??????????? ??????????? ? ??? ????, ????????? ??????? ? ?????? ??????? ????????.
???????????????? ???????????
?????.
???? ? ??????????????? ?????,
???????? ???????
???????????? ???????.
?????.???-??
??????????? ?????????? ?????????????????-??????
?????? ?????. ????????????????????? ??????????????? ???????????????123456789101112131415?2-1-221. ?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??-25 ? ??????????? ? ?????? ?? ?????????? l??=84,93 ?;100 ?326,99????????
6?-1-2,63-146,50-385,28-70,98-10398,83?2-1-212.?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ??-26 ? ??????????? ? ?????? ?? ?????????? l??=155 ?;100 ?3268,92??????????
6?-1-1,43-146,50-209,49-384,56-56335,86?2-1-83.?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ???????????? ?-801 ? ????????? ? ???????????? ????????100 ?3237,23????????
6?-1
???????? ?.
5?-10,970,97125,28271,68121,52263,53230,11230,1128828,5762517,13?2-1-114.?????????? ?????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ??-5122 ? ????????? ? ???????????? ????????100 ?3117,1????????
6?-1
???????? ?.
5?-11,51,5125,28271,68187,92407,52175,65175,6522005,4347720,59?2-1-355.??????????????? ??????????
???????? ??????????? ??-251000 ?284,375????????
6?-1-0,11-146,50-16,11-9,28-1359,67?2-1-366.????????????? ??????????
???????? ??????????? ??-251000 ?284,375????????
6?-1-0,17-146,50-24,90-14,34-2101,30?2-1-297.?????????? ?????? ?????? ??????? ??-16? ?? 8 ????????100 ?3295,91????????
6?-1-0,49-146,50-71,78-145,00-21241,32?????:405,761029,950834,0201674,69
?????????? ??????????????? ???? ???????????? ???????? ?????:
?????? ?????????? ??????????????
??? ?????? ?????? ????????? ? ???????
N_a=(T_?+T_(???.?)+T_??+T_?+T_(???.?)+T_?)/(T_?+T_(???.?) ) ???: ?? - ????????????????? ???????? ?????????, ???;
????.? - ????????????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ????????, ??? (????? 0,4);
??? - ????????????????? ??????? ????????? ? ??? ?????, ???;
????.? - ????????????????? ????????? ????????? ??? ?????????, ??? (????? 0,4)
?? - ????????????????? ????????? ?????????, ??? (????? 0,6);
?? - ????????????????? ??????????????? ?????????, ??? (????? 1,2);
T_??=(2*l)/V_?? *60
???:V?? - ??????? ???????? ?????????;
l - ????????? ???????????????
T_??=(2*10 ??)/(30 ??/?)*60 ???/?=40 ???
T_?=Q/(?*q*k_E*?)=12000/(1750*1,5*0,82*1,96)=2,84 ???
N_a=(2,84+0,4+40+0,6+0,4+1,2)/(2,84+0,4)=14,02 (????????? 14 ?????)
??? ?????? ?????? ????????????? ??????
T_?=12000/(1750*1,25*0,82*1,83)=3,66 ???
N_a=(3,66+0,4+40+0,6+0,4+1,2)/(3,66+0,4)=11,39 (????????? 11 ?????)
?????? ?????????? ?????? ??16-?
N_???=(?_?+?_(?.?))/?_??? =(304,18+559,444)/1623,65=0,53 (????????? 1 ?????)
?????? ?????????? ?????????????? ?????
a=53�
R_??=3?;
R_??=0,93*R_max=0.9*9.4=8.46�8.5 ?
R_?=R_??+m*H=3+0.75*5.05=6.78�6.5 ?
l_n=R_??-R_?=8,5-6,5=2 ?
B=1.7*R_op=1.7*8.5=14.45 �14 ?
???Rmax - ?????????? ?????? ??????? ???????????;
Rop - ?????? ??????? ??????????? ????????????;
R?? - ?????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????? ??????;
R? - ?????? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????;
ln - ??????? ??????????.
10.5. ???????? ?? ???????????? ?????
?????????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ??-25 ?? ?????????? ?????? 100? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??-26 ?? ?????????? ????? 100?.
?????????? ?????? ?????? ? ??????????? ? ?????? ??????????? ??-25 ??????? ???????? ?? ????? ?????? 4,43?, ???????????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ??????.
??? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ? ??????????? ? ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ??-26 ??????????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ???????? ?? ????????? ???? ???????? 0,3? ? ??????? 2,8?.
??????? ?????? ????????????? ?????? ??????????????? ???????????? "?????? ??????" ?-801 ? ??????? ????? 1,5 ?3, ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ? ??????????? ? ????????? ?????????. ???????? ?????? ???????????? ? ???????????? ????-256?1 ????????????????? 12?. ??? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? 11 ??????????????, ??????? ?????????? ????? ? ????? ?? ?????????? 10??.
???????? ??????????????? ???????????? "???????? ??????" ??-5122 ? ??????? ????? 1,25 ?3. ?????????? ?????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ? ????? ??????????? ??????????? ?? 2? ? ??????? 14?. ???????? ?????? ???????????? ? ???????????? ????-256?1 ????????????????? 12?. ??? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????? 14 ??????????????, ??????? ?????????? ????? ? ????? ?? ?????????? 10??.
?? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????????? ????????????? ?????? ??-16?. ????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?? ????????? ????? ???????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ???? 0,35 ? ? ?????? 2,6 ? ? ????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? 0,2-0,3 ?. ????? ?????????? ???? ???????? ?????????? ? ????????? ????????. ??????? 8 ???????? ?? ?????? ?????.
????? ?????????? ???? ????????????? ?????, ???????????? ?????????? ????????, ??????? ???????? ? ????: ???????? ??? ?????????, ??????????????? ?????????? ????????, ????????????? ?????????? ???????? ? ?????????? ???????. ??? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ??-25, ? ??? ?????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????.
12. ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ? ??????? ????????????:
???????????, ????????? ? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????
(??????????, ???????, ????? ? ?.?.) ? ?????????????? ???????? ???????????
?????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??????????,
????????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????.
?? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ????? ? ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ????????? ???????????? ?????? ???? ??????????? ? ??????????? ? ?????????????, ???????????????? ??? ????????????, ??????????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ?????, ? ???????????? ????????? ???????????? ?? ????????? ?????????? ???????????????? ??????? ??? ?????????.
?????, ??????????? ?? ????????? ??? ???????, ??????? ????????? ?? ?????????? ?? ????? 0,5 ? ?? ?????? ??????.
???????????? ????? ? ?????????? ? ???????? ? ????????,
????????????? ??????????, ??????????? ?????? ????? ???????????
??????? ?????????????? ????? (????????) ????????? ?????? ??????? ?
????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ??????, ??? ?????????? "????????" ???
??????? (?????????).
????? ???????? ??????? ? ????????? ??? ??????? ???????? ????? 1,3 ? ?????? ???? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ????.
?????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ? ????, ??? ??????????? ?????-???? ??????, ?????? ????????????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???, ??????????? ? ???? ???????.
??????????-????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????????. ?? ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????? ??????????-????????? ? ???????? ??????? ??? ????????? ????? ??????. ???????? ???????????-?????????? ? ???????? ??????? ???????????.
???????? ?????? ?? ????????????? ?????? ????????????? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????.
??? ??????????, ?????????????????, ?????????, ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ??????????? ??? ?????????? ???????? (??????????, ??????????, ???????, ???????????? ? ??.), ??????? ???? ?? ??????, ?????????? ????? ???? ?????? ???? ?? ????? 10 ?.
????? ?????? ????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ???, ????? ???? ?????????? ????????????, ??????????? ??? ?????? ??????? ???? ? ??????????????. ? ??????, ????? ???????? ??? ????????, ??????????? ???????, ?? ????? ??????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ??? ?? ????? ???????? (?????????? ??????????? ???????????), ????????? ??? ???????, ????? ?????????? ? ???????????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??? ?????????? ?????. ????????????? ????????????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ????????? ?? ???????????.
???????????, ????????? ? ?????? ????? ?????? ?????? (??????????, ???????, ????? ? ?.?.) ? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ????????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??????????, ????????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????.
13. ???????-????????????? ?????????? ???????:
1. ????? ???????? ????? - 65027,475 ?3
2. ??????? ?? ???????????? ?????, ???????? ???????
3. ???????????? ?????, ???-??.
???????? - 261,5
??????????? - 279,45
4. ???????? ??????? ?????????? ???? - 106,86%
5. ????? ?????????? ????? - 1328195,72 ?
6. ???????? ?? ??????? ?????? - 20,43 ???/?3
7. ???????? ????????? ?? ???? - 231,29 ?3/???.-??
8. ????????????? 1?3 ?????? ? ???? - ???/?3
??????? ?????? ?? ???????????? ?????:
???????????? ???????????????
??????-
?????????????, ?.1 ??????-???????????????????10,511930,69125272,24????????? ???????4812937,08620979,61?????????? ?-8015310256,75543607,62?????????? ??-51224010256,75410269,90????????????11431290,681475244,68?????172331,4039633,81????:1311,549003,343215007,86
14. ?????? ??????????:
1. ????? ?.?. - ???????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ????????-??????????? ?????? "?????????????? ?????????? ???????????? ???????? ?????". ???????????: 1998.
2. ?????? ????? ? ???????? ?? ????????????, ????????? ? ????????-???????????? ??????. ??.2. ???.1. ?., 2000.
3. ????????? ?.?., ??????? ?.?. - ???????????? ???????? ? ????????? ? ?????????? ?????????????? "???????-????????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ?????????". ???????????:2007,
4. ???? III-4-80. ??????? ???????????? ? ?????????????.-?.,1960.
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