close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

ГОСТ Р 52102-2003 Шины пневматические. Определение сопротивления качению методом выбега

код для вставкиСкачать
Настоящий стандарт распространяется на пневматические шины для легковых, легких грузовых, грузовых автомобилей, прицепов к ним, автобусов, троллейбусов и устанавливает метод определения сил и коэффициентов сопротивления качению в лабораторных услови
 ! ""# $% ! &! ' ( )*+,-.
/0102"34&56$7"#
22 "2 8 2 "" 2) &9: $;<
")
= ->-//0;0/;0?1/-0=@#=AAB!C
D=BB'
B //0;0/0/E0
F -&-3 8=AAB
#G<( " @"38<
"H !3#(33I#
1<
( "# CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC = CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC B "#(3# CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC J (#" 3 CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC =
9 !"# CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC B
: ""!"2I( CCCCC B
6 ""#@I CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC 9
K ""22CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC 6
5 (("H#3 3 CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC 6
< 123G#3 ""((CCCCCCCC K
< !3((L" 22 CCCCCCC 5
</ 1#H((23 "*". CCCCCCCCCCCC *!+!,!++&
!
"#
$%&'!
()*()+,-./01+1,234
!
#G"##"I#!28!2!3'
28!32(8""8(8(*I.'
"#LHH"#@(2#2
((223"(!C
# LHH "# @ *BC6BC5. "# " 2"I82""#I8223#2
!3!"(IC
! "#$$%
/#G" 3@G4
1 J69J56 7"#!2(8""8!2
!32(((C2#
1 99
B56 7"#!32(8""8(
(C2#
1 6:566= (C&C"#
1 =66AJKK 7 "C "! # "# 2
"
& ' ""()
/#G"#@@G@G"#C
BC
,2345 1(<G@G2#*."'
I832@G""#2G@C
BC= *++/26(7+,2345 8"2(!"2((
3!(!I*((.C
BCB *++/ ,)1- ,2345 /# 32@G! <# (( 3!
C
BCJ 11+ *()+,- ./0 82 *8 в‹….4 &#G 8 @G I"8""<"@G#83@G'
2" I"G((C
BC9 **()+,-./082*8.4 I"#@
I # *8 .8 "3@ !3 I *8 . LHH"#@*.C
"#$%&
BC: .9
+*()+,-./0*.4 1
6:56C&LHH"#@"
H
M =
C
BC6 .9
+*()+,-./0()*.)*+:3.6.70*.4 LHH'
*BC:.(!G@G2#IC
BCK .9
+,*1*+*()+,-./0;<+*.)*+*8N.8"#@"
H
MO8
!LHH3"#@I8NC
BC5 &LHH"#@"32*.4 LHH":A85A
=ANI#!2!2!32(8
KA N# !32 ( ( *(3# LHH "#
@88.C
! " # $%& '#! ()*+,*)- #&"./ (&*0#"! #1,*2-()" &(1-)"03/"&40#"! # 56
BC
A )7* ./- ;: 1<5 8 "2 I 3 ( ( "
(3" 3#C"#2((22#"#@
"H
M
M 8
ПЂ
5
! " 8"I"(!"2((3(" !
(8P
(((8I3(" !(P
((8P
(C
- "# %$".'.'#(/
JC
(#((" !83#!3I
3#32I"1J69J199
BC
JC= -" < (" @ # I "
((8@ "#"3!3
2IC
;"#" "#(! @8KAN8
!3<##"C
JCB ;# 3# (! " 3@ "(3 C55A
C55A
"# @8(<HL8
H@G "2<# 'H8 2 (( ("I8"!I @(A8A
Q"(@23#23#!
969A@ C
JCJ 1(@#3#"<@G!32C
JCJC
; # "! " " I<@G 32
"!@"(33"I8<(
3GG"#!"3#IC#(I
AA
9AC
JC9 1#( #3#"I
""2222(!8<"3!
*(.3"#"#"C
#@ ( H! 3# ! ! (
49"#"2*"3##.(=AC
;"#"# ! *".8
I#C
12 3G# 3 "" (( ""<'
C
* 0"'1""#%%$ 9C
#"#"@@L!<'
#!#C
9C= ! I "#8 @# " @ (8 "# "
1=66AJC
9CB (2"#3"#@"(!"'
#G "##G"2I
<C
2 '#'"1""3'#)%45
""'
:C
"G@G2#I"#
322 2 ( G# ! 2 "G @ !(
#< 8 2@G <@ "2 (!@ < I (<#"<#<#83G<
3*
.C#< <"<=AABAAN*=AB85
BA985!.C
7(-#*)
:C= (@@(""8"#""'
#"C;#"G#" 3# I
< 833II"<( * ( 9 . IHC & (( I 2 < #2
"<@C
:CB <#!(G#("<<( #
"2(!2C/L"<2(3"#@83"
#3"<G#"<"#
( <"G @"("JCB"#@"(П„3#
#"2" @В±9C
#"# 3#238"!"3@
"П„"#@G#*!в‹…."H
5
пЈ« ОіП„
ОЅ пЈ¶пЈ·
пЈ¬
8пЈ¬ $
пЈ·::
пЈ¬ 9ПЂ
пЈ· пЈ­
пЈё
9
!Оі#< 2"<8NP
П„"(G#"<8P
ОЅLHH"<8@G!(#2P
"<8P
8P
R#<8NC
:CJ ;@< "<Оі"#@"G @#!!3"
K*"=.C!3KBA*K8
:
BA895!.C<!3 "<"#@"<#'
!38("<(#"2(!28
" ( C 3 "# ( < "8<G "(2"<8"!"#@"
A("#@< "<"H
9ПЂ(+ОЅ)
Оі=
:
П„
;
!!3#"8P
П„"(#8P
7(-#*)
&LHHОЅ"@"22A8J=C
:C9 , " # " L!#C /
8 2 *8 !N.8 " L!@8
"#@"H
M
в‹…
8
!
#IL!#8P
8C
9
<
:C: ":CB:C9
*!N.((8##
L!# "8#@"*!N."
H
M
O*O.8
=
!""C
! " # $(2*>40*/"#2?*"2*95*?(>-@/"AB + C*)*24A& #*+2*C"3
/( 2/ , ##3 /,"##*"0, > /3!(> #12*0/*,1&(1"/&*"&! ()
:C6 3 3":C
:C:#2C(@"2
33#"G@G2#"2*L"'
."C
:CK "I8(8<"
"!2G@G!#"#"83<:C
:CBC
L@(""8"#""#
"C;#"G#" 3# I<
833II"<( *
(9.IHC
6 '""# %)75
6C
-"#"#"G""<@G!32*=9В±9.S1
""8!"!"C
6C= +@ 328 !3I3@<" (*"!."# @(
C
(@ #8@ (!"JC=88@
"LL!! 8"#I3"(!
I*I.C
D " ? > . " " $
#%&
#%&'%%&(
$)
'*+
,-.
$/
)'0
E>1 > C)*/3' "/&**?F :G:H:I:J:
> +
K:L:M
$N:N5$N:5
E>1 > C)' C-0*/3' H:O::P:
C-0*/3'"/&**?> +
Q:R:S
!
"#
+
#%
$
,
%.
1
$'
-!
2$/
$'!
6N
6N
5N)
N
6;
6N
<N:N
N
6;
<N
<N:N
# *?'*,*(& 2*>-! #1 0->4&"&*/ 2* T#" ,>1 > C)*/3' "/&**?> +: (*2*(&"/3' (
2*>-! ##32*UVWD9=;9:(23&"& >4#* ,"/> # ,*>@#*(**&/ &(&/*/"&4-)"0"##*-/X&*(&"#,"& #">! / (*(&"/ *?*-,*/"#1 (& #," 0 & >1 & 2 "&-3 T#3 ( ? ()*#&")&#3
,"&!)* 9; 2 ,/"& >4#3+ 2*C / T#3 2*/*,1& ,* -(&"#*//T C*(1 0#"! #1 & 2 "&-3: 2
)*&**+0 # # 0#"! #1# 2 /3T" &N:YW/#-&-
6CB 1"@I"#@"G @"(*JCB.8!#
I 2 3 (! " "# *. ∆ (
((<3#23M*.$" #(!)28"BC
;
'("()*+)())*,+-&)( ./01
!3
%
%
(!3
%
%
''#%$!%
%
!%
%
%
%
''#%$ !!%
%##
(%
%
''''' !(%
%##
!
##
%)4,.%(!%
%
7(-#*)5
#*.∆(((<3#23
#"# "(#3C
! " # $(2*>40*/"#2?*"2*95*?(>-@/"AB + C*)*24A& #*+2*C"3
/( 2/ , ##3 /,"##*"0, > 2*. ,-3/3!(> #12*0/*,1&(1"/&*"&! ()
6CJ /2"#@G2#3I!@C
6C9 (2"#3"#@3#'
#!3*"!@<"(3!I."#"#
"<(
"<83(=8" 3
!###G@G#IC
D " ? > . " !
E>1 > C)*/3' "/&**F
?> +
E>1 > C)' C-0*/3' C-0*/3'"/&**?> +
$
#)##
'0
ZN
;N
NN
NN
=;
;N
;
" $#%&
#%&'%%&($)
5#%3%/
)'*+,-.
5#3
%3
%3%)'0
[N:N=[N:=
$N:N5$N:5
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
N
$;
$5N
[N
$5N
E"/> # -(&"#"/>/" &(12 ,#"!">*(23&"#+\2/"B #T#3# )*#&*>- &(1%(
*(&">4#3 0#"! #1:-)"0"##3 /,"##*+)*>*#) :'"")& 0-A&,"/> # :)*#&*>- * 2/"B #
T#3
<
# !# ! # "#
"# "G@G#I""!3(""
I@2#8"I""8
3#"!3C/LI3#@<
38(2((3 !$2)IC
8 '""#/4""".4"'.'
KC
1"# 2! 2 "#@ " G@
((8 ! "8 L!# 2 " " ((8 "2 <((CL(@@(#9C
C
KC= 1"2!223#"#(!'
L! "(("23((I28"'
<(!<((C((3 3" 3@
< LHH8 I@ 3 "# !3 AAA*
A=A!.
MOв‹…8
6
!3(33"8(3@P
LHH##"228NC
KCB 1 (( # 8 "# 2 2
8 8 ( # " I JC=8 @"LL!:CB"3#I3
"(!G@G2#8<32!@#(!!
3 2BC
KCJ 2! G# I "#@8 # I 3 (("3!"KCB8"#8"KCBC
KC9 3 ((@"(<@G" @"'
!"!"<#8#@G28"'
25C
C
KC: -3"#2!2"# 4
'" @( " 3( 8 3 ! 3
"I"((L!#83!#<#2
"83GL!#2"<P
'<"#"#@8<3
=AAA"(!"22C;##L#<
3#"H"(!8" 3##(2
""#2!2332"(
=QC
9 "%#":" (."#(/
5C
;8"!6CB8((@""G" @"!8
(<@G"("JCB8!""<C
3 2((#"# "H"<#/C
5C= 3LHH"#@8"2"32
"2<@G!32((2328"
(("#"1J69J*TC:CJC
.199
B*C9CJ.C
=
7]^V_`a]`b
)* #,- * =1)1>-1)+6(()+7)23)31*+
&()
#!
&(% /
#3#!
%
#!
%6
#%$
%% %
($
%% %
($
#!
$&
7(-#*)b
6
7]^V_`a]`c
*?10"& >4#* 4)+1,+1+),63)3+.9.*()1+2=2=
%">C*& (2*>40*/"#3*?*0#"! #1:2/ , ##3 /59$5N:<<:=5:6:"&")@ (> ,-AB d
Оґ$)*Xee. #&/"B"AB'(1"((\
$-()* # (>3&1@ (&8Z:6N<<;
:$2"" &3(*2*&/> #+/3? C-((& 3f)*> ("((23&3/" 3T#"$?""?"#$2/*,
(& #,"g\
h$'"")& (&! ()* (**&#*T # @,-2"" &":\
Пѓ$(**&#*T # ,>#,/-'(*( ,#'*& 0)*/2-&\
$(>"(*2*&/> #1'*>*(&*-'*,-(& #,":2/ , ##"1)",-(-? C*/*+2*/ '#*(&?""?"#"\
$* #&# .)*> ("(T#*+
! " # $"" &3/,":& (! &*!)*+#",?-)/*+:*?*0#"!"A&"& "&! ()* *@,"# ]#, )(3
$2/*,\
?""?"#\
#* 0#"! #1/ #:0"2("##*C*2/3? C \
$#* \
$*?B !(>*\
(*2*&/> # )"! #A\
$)*> (*(T#*+\
T#"
%*(#*/-">C*&"*?"?*&) 0->4&"&*/0">*@ #3d
F-"/# # /3? C"((& 3(& #,$T#"
C,
Оґ
8[:
c
+
(вЃ„)
Оґ= в‹…
\
N
c
F0"/(*(&42-&/3? C"*&*(&"&*!#*C*/ #/3? C"
8
Оґ
:
h
c5
пЈҐпЈҐпЈҐ
пЈҐ в€љ
пЈҐпЈҐпЈҐ в€љ
9=
Оґ
c9
C,
h=
Оґ
i"/(*(&4c51/>1 &(1/&*3#& C">*-"/# #1c/)**,#"&"'*(&"&*!#3'2-&/ #
/3? C"(. #&*)**,#"&/&*!) (-#*)5*(&"#*/)/"B"& >4#*C*,/@ #1((& 3
"" &3 (*2*&/> #+ )"! #A T#3 *2 , >1A& &*,* #" #4T' )/","&*/ ,>1 C ((
/,"c5>0"2(3/"10"/(*(&4c5,>1! &3 '&*! ))/*+d8(-#*)()**,#"&"
:2! 2#" &0#"! #1d\\
\:)*&*3 /3?"A&0-(>*/12?>0& >4#*C*"/ #(&/"
$8
$
]()>A! # >T#'# 0/ (&#3'," &
Пѓ
h пЈ«пЈ¬ h
пЈ¶пЈ·
пЈ¬
пЈ· =:
h пЈ¬ пЈ·
пЈ­
пЈё
c;
h
h
ПѓОґ
=
:
ПЂ(Пѓ+)в‹…()
h
h
c<
$
Пѓ=
$
c=
Z
]0-"/# #+c;#"'*,1&)* #4%:"(2**B4A0"/(*(&c<$2"" &:2*(> ! C*0c9$
2"" &
"" &3(*2*&/> #+/"B #A'*>*(&*C*'*,"(& #,"/e-#).()**(&/,"62*6
*2 , >1A&((2*>40*/"# /3"@ #+:"#">*C!#3'c$c=:2#1//-"/# #c
8N0" #/
/*(&">4#3'/3"@ #1'#"#"
V2 , >1A& 2"" &3: "#">*C!#3 ,>1 )*> (" ( T#*+ 2* 0->4&"&" (23&"#1 2* 69:
2#"1/e*-> c
8N:8:-/ >!/"A&0#"! #1(-*/"# (*2 , > ##3,>1
)*> ("(T#*+
%0")>A! # *2 , >1A&2"" &3d
8$:
c6
8$
cZ
V. #)-&*!#*(&0 #+/ >!#:(&*1B'/2"/*+!"(&e*->c6cZ:/32*>#1A&"(! &*
"& "&! ()' *@,"#+ : *&#*(& >4#3' *&)>*# #+ Оґ 2*>*/#3 ,*/ & >4#*C* #& /">" Оµ (
2**B4A(> ,-AB'e*->:/)*&*3'2#" &0#"! #1::
8
cN
∑ :
пЈ«
пЈ¶
пЈ¬ пЈ·
Оґ =пЈ¬пЈ¬ _ пЈ·пЈ·в‹…NNj
пЈ­
пЈё
c
_
c
∑( )
_
О¦
Оµ = _ ($)
:
C, О¦/3?"A&0(> ,-AB C*1,"0#"! #+(2 .">4#*+e-#).,>1,*/ & >4#*+/ *1&#*(&N:Z;/
0"/(*(&*&!(>"*23&*/d
5
9
;
<
=
6
Z
N
О¦
:=
9:5N
5:6
:==
:;=
:9;
:5<
:5
:<
:5
:N
i#"! # ,*/ & >4#*C*#& /">"Оµ/ >!#3/3!(>1A&2*e*->
_
_
пЈ«
пЈ¶
_
пЈ¬
пЈ·
Оµ= (Оµ) +пЈ¬пЈ¬ _ ОµпЈ·пЈ· пЈ­
пЈё
c5
i#"! # ,*/ & >4#*C*#& /">"Оµ/ >!#3/3!(>1A&2*e*->
_
_
пЈ«
пЈ¶
_
пЈ¬
пЈ·
Оµ= (Оµ)+пЈ¬пЈ¬ _ ОµпЈ·пЈ· пЈ­
пЈё
c9
% *?"?*&"##3' ,"##3' )* #,- &(1 (>3 (*2*&/> #1 '*>*(&*- '*,- (& #," !: )") (>3
(*2*&/> #+)"! #A!:2/*,&4)*)-@#*(&? C*/*+,**@)?""?"#"2*e*->"d
N
8:
c;
8
c<
7]^V_`a]`%
)* #,- * ,-
)13)3+2=)7++,*(2+6;()1)<
W*2*&/> #1)"! #AT#3
ZNNN;d9=dN
*&*)*>k56
7"(! &k5
E"&"(23&"#1dN5NNN
V2 "&*dc*(*/"
"" &3(& #,"l*, >4d]i$k9
l* #&# .d
8;N<:Z=m)Cв‹…n
7",-(?""?"#"d8N:=Z<Nmn
;6=
8Г—NВ±;<j
8995;в‹…N
В±<j
"" &3T#3#"(& #,
7"0 *, >4d=;o=NH9
l")*/)"dDFZ
*? Cd<N)
a"C-0)"#"T#-d89:=95N:N,"a
l* #&# .#"*?*, (& #,"d
8:9;)Cв‹…
q*Xee. #&3(*2*&/> #1)"! #A
D 2 "&-"T#
D 2 "&-"/*0,-'"
)o!
!,"a
N
N
N
5N
9N
;N
i"/*,()*+#* d59;<=6Z
p(>*T#d8
E"/> # /T# d"8N:l"
7",-()"! #1d8N:=Z9
28N
286N
Г—N
o
N:NN;
N:N99
=:6=;9
_
_
_Yr
8$Yr
9:6
Z:<
_
Yr
5:5
<N
=N
6N
ZN
NN
N
N
N:NN9 N:NN; N:NN; N:NN< N:NN6 N:NN5N N:NN5 N:NN5; N:NN9 N:NN9< N:NN;N N:NN9Z N:NN;;
N:NN; N:NN< N:NN= N:NN N:N; N:NN N:N= N:N5; N:N99 N:N;9 N:N<< N:N=Z N:NZ
9:9
9:;
9:;
9:=
9:6
;:
;:5
;:=
<:
<:;
=:N
=:;
6:
+;& :=5C
JC:CA
=C994AA:CB9J&1 KBC
:AC
AU:5&1+ =9=A
&@4 I"8"@8"8(('
8(#8(!8" (!8#(!
7#
!
83!)
#
"#$%&!' !
9
"(#&) !
9$&
%
*+,%- .
" #:;:<=>??:@::1#%
@::=:+#%!$::=:A:!::':
A!:/ #::':8
?6 :1:B::
CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCC
"+9" #$%#
%'@@*%'9# )
:'?:
DEEFG--HHH:IEJKLJMLI:MNO/PJQRGQKSTUIEJKLJMLI:MN
%" #$%+VW*
X"+9" #$%#
%:Y*%)!Z'>*%'[
:':
+
<
Документ
Категория
ГОСТ Р
Просмотров
9
Размер файла
558 Кб
Теги
гост, 52102, 2003
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа