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Данный проект посвящен нашей землячке Зое Космодемьянской.
Bondary secondary school
Author: Koshelev Pavel,
Ermakova Anna 10b grade
Teacher: Petrova E. A.
The Motherland, bent over her daughter's ashes,
Sings this tender maternal song About Zoya, the girl, who has become a legend, Who died and was born for eternal life. The native land inspired her with courage, The great nation educated her with pride, And the girl has become fine as a white birch, Like the Russian heart, she was frank and noble.
Object of research:
woman in a war.
Subject of research:
feat of arms of a woman
studying the documents, analysis of facts.
The aim of research:
development of the feeling of patriotism among the youth on the example of Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya
To study the biography of Z. Kosmodemyanskaya;
To visit an exhibition devoted her in a local museum;
To read a book ³Zoya and Shura´;
To tell pupils of our school about Zoya’s life and her feat.
If we remember and kneel before our heroes we’ll grow good persons.
Actuality 450,000 people went to the front from our Tambov oblast. 190,000 were killed. 8,500 people went to the front from Bondary rayon. 3,000 people were killed. More than 260 people from Tambov oblast became the Heroes of the Soviet Union. Among them Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya.
Introduction One of the most enduring tales of heroism from the days of the Grear Patriotic War is the story of the Soviet partisan Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya. Like the millions of workers and soldiers who joined in the fight against Nazi Germany during the USSR’s Great Patriotic War, Zoya’s life began amidst humble surroundings. But her extraordinary bravery and courage would eventually elevate Zoya to the ranks of the most legendary of Soviet heroes. Our country
woman Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya
Zoya was born on September 13, 1923 in the village of Osinoviye Gai (Aspen Woods), situated in the north of the Russia’s Tambov Region
. Zoya’s father, Anatoly Petrovich Kosmodemyansky, was a Red Army veteran who maintained the village library and Zoya’s mother, Lyubov Timofeyevna Kosmodemyanskaya, was a school teacher in the village.
“What Have You Done for the Front?"
Zoya was 17 years old when her homeland was invaded by the German Army on June 22, 1941. She volunteered at the ³labour front,´ working at a state farm to harvest crops to feed Soviet citizens and soldiers. She became determined to join the fight and to stand shoulder to shoulder with her fellow Soviets as a defender of the Soviet motherland.
Zoya’s first missions as a partisan fighter were secret and she did not share any details of her work in her correspondence with her mother. Lyubov was deeply worried for Zoya’s safety, but she knew that her daughter was a sensible and strong young woman. Zoya’s partisan group harassed and tormented the occupiers by cutting phone lines, destroying bridges and with transport and supply lines. The partisans also performed reconnaissance missions for the Red Army.
On a night in early December 1941, Zoya set out for Petrishchevo as part of a small partisan detachment. Zoya’s mission was to set fire to a stable used by the German commanders to house around 200 horses but Zoya was captured. Despite severe torture and abuse, Zoya refused to share any information with her captors, identifying herself only by the enigmatic pseudonym ³Tanya.´ She knew that the fate of her fellow partisans depended on her bravery and perseverance and despite unbelievable pain and misery, she did not betray her comrades to her enemies.
There are two hundred million of us!
The Nazis found they could extract no information from her. After a long night, Zoya was sentenced to execution. Her heavy coat and additional outer garments had been confiscated by her captors and she was taken outside wearing only her blouse, trousers and stockings. She was marched through deep snow in freezing temperatures to the village square where a a newly constructed gallows awaited.
Before she was executed, she spoke bravely to the townspeople who had been rounded up to witness the execution: “Comrades! Why are you looking so downcast? Be brave, fight, smash, burn the fascists!...I am not afraid of dying, Comrades! It is a great thing to die for one's people!” …and to her captors, she leveled a warning:
“There are two hundred million of us! You can’t hang us all!”
Hero of the Soviet Union
Zoya’s body was exhumed from the grave in Petrischevo and she was returned to Moscow for burial. On February 16, 1942, Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya was posthumously awarded the title of ³Hero of the Soviet Union.´ She was the first woman
to receive this distinction. Conclusion The martyrdom of Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya galvanized the Soviet people as they forged ahead in their march to victory against the imperialist juggernaut of Nazi Germany. Her bravery and sacrifice inspired innumerable tributes from all fields and media. The film ³Zoya´ by Lev Arnshtam tells the story of her arrest and execution. The score for the film was composed by Dmitri Shostakovich. The asteroid 1793 Zoya is named in tribute to her. Monuments to Zoya still stand in St. Petersburg, Tambov
, Dorokhov, and Petrischevo.
Informational sources
Алексеев С. П. «Книга для чтения по истории нашей Родины» М. Просвещение, 1991 с. 173.
Дорожкина В., Овсянников И. «Ты осталась в народе живая», Тамбов, 2003.
Дьячков Л. Г. «За Родину», Тамбов, 1995, с. 110.
Космодемьянская Л. Т. «Повесть о Зое и Шуре».
Архивный отдел администрации Тамбовской области «Поколение, опаленное войной» Тамбов, 1995, с. 195, 198, 256, 257.
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