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??????? ?????. ???. 9. 2016. ???. 1
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???????? ????? ???????? ?а???????? ?.??.????????? л????╗
??????????? ??????????????? ???????????, ?????????? ?????????, 650043, ????????, ??????? ??., 6
? ?????? ??????????????? ??????? ?.??.????????? л????╗ ??а????? л??????????? ???????????╗, ?????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ?а??????????? ????? ?а?? ???? ?а?????? ??????,
???? ????????????????? ?????????????? ????????. ???????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?а?????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ??????? ????????, ????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????
?а?????????? ?а?????? ??. ???????? ????????? ????????????????? ????? ?? ?????? ???????,
???????, ????????????? ??????, ???????????? ???????, ?а??? ????? ?а?? ?????? ??????????,
??????? ??????????? ?а??????? ??????? ?.???????? л?????? ?? ????????╗. ????????. 16 ????.
???????? ?????: ??????????, ?????, ?.????????, л????╗, л??????????? ???????????╗.
Literary ideals and the absurdity of reality as a TEST of a person?s spiritual
foundations in the STORY ?The pain? by V.?T.?Shalamov
L.?S.?Starikova
Kemerovo State University, 6, Krasnaya ul., Kemerovo, 650043, Russian Federation
The article discusses the story by V.?T.?Shalamov ?The pain? from the cycle лThe resurrection of the
larch╗ with a specific focus on the relationship of oral and written words and their role in the fate of the
characters. It also gives an intertextual account of the story. It reveals the interaction of literature and
reality as the main event of the story, when the literary themes penetrate into the reality and change
it. It also shows intertextual relations at the level of images, motives, characteristics of the characters,
literary allusions, including those corresponding to the characters in the comedy Cyrano de Bergerac
by E.?Rostand. Refs 16.
Keywords: intertext, word, Varlam Shalamov, ?The Pain?, ?The Resurrection of the Larch?.
DOI: 10.21638/11701/spbu09.2016.104
??????? л????╗, ?????????? ?.?????????? ?а1967а?. (??????? ????????? ?а?????? л??????╗ ?а1988а?.), ?????? ?а???????????? ???? л??????????? ???????????╗
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?а????????? ?????, ?????????? ??а30а??????. ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ??????
л????? ?????╗ (???????? ?????????? ?? ?а ???? л? ?????╗, ??????? ??????????
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?а1930?1950-?а????, ??? ???????? ?.???????????? ?а??????????? ?а???????? л????╗
[???????, ?.а2, ?.?505]. ?а?????? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ????? ?а?????????????? ???????? ???????????? (?а?????????????? ???????? ?а????? ????????, ?а????? ?.????????, ?а????? ???????? ????? ?.??.????????????), ??????????? ? ?? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ?а??????? ????? ??????? ????????.
й? ?????-????????????? ??????????????? ???????????, 2016
DOI: 10.21638/11701/spbu09.2016.10433
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?????????? ??????. ???????? ?? ?????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ?а?????????? ?????. ?? ?? ?????? ??????????, ?а????????? ????? ??????? ?????? ??????, ?а?? ?? ????????? ?а??????? ????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????????????? ??????. ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?а??? л??????????╗
(?.?????), ???????? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????????? ??????? ????????.
??????? ?а??????????? ?????????? ?а?????? ?? ??????? ????????, ?а??????????
л????????????╗ ??????, ????? ???????? ?????????? л???????╗ ?????? ???? ?а??????????????? ???????????? ????????????? ????? ????????????. ?????? ?????????????а? ????????? ???????? ??????? ??????: л? ?? ??????? ????? ??????,
????? ?????????, ????????, ?????? ?? ??? ??? ????? ??????а? ????????? ??????,
????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?? ??? ?а??? ?????? ???? ?????????.а? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????. ??? ??? ??? ??? ???, ??? ????!а? ? ????? ??????? ??????????????
???????? ???? ??? ????? ?????? ????╗ [???????, ?.а2, ?.?172]. ?а???????? ????
???????????? ???????а? ???, ?а??? ????? ?????, ??а???????? ???????? ?? ?????
??????? ??????? ????: л???????? ????????. ????? ?? ?????? ?????? ????, ???
?????╗ [??? ??], ?????? ?а?????? ??? ???????? ?? ?????????? ????: л?????????? ????????? ????? ???? ?а???? ???? ??????╗, ???????????? л???? ?????? ?????а? ??????????-??????????╗ [??? ??, ?.?171]. ??? ?????????? ?а??? ??????????
?????? ???????? ????? ????????, ??????????; ?????? ????? ?????, ??????? ??,
?? ?????? ???????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????. ??? ?а???????? ??????????
??? ???? ??????????, ????????? ?а???????????? ??????????-??????????, ??????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??????? ?? ?????? ?????????. ?а?????? ???????????????
?????????????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ?????, ????????? ??????, ?а?????
?????? ?????????? ?????, ??? ?????? ???? ?????????? ????????. ????????? ?????
?????????? ????????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????, ????? ???????????? ??? ??????.
??????? ??????, ????? ??????? ???? ?????????, ??а??? ????? ???????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????????. ????? ???????, ?????????? ????????? ????? ????????
(??????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?а??????????) ?а??????? ???????? ?а???????
???? ????????? ?????, ???????? ?? ?????? ?????. ?? ????????, ?а??????? ??
??????, ?? ???????? ?????????, ??????????, ????????? ????. ??????????-?????
?????? ?а??? ?? ??????а? ???????????? ????????, ?????????? ??? ???? ??????.
??????????, ???, ?????????? ??а ??? ?????? ?а ??????? ??????, ????????
?а??? ????????? ????? ?????????? ??????????????, ?? ??????? ?????? ????????????: л?????????? ??а???????? ????? ??????? ?????, ???????? ???????? ?а?????,
??????? ?????? ???? ??? ???? ???????, ???????? ????????? ??а ??????????? ??????? ?????, ??а ??????????????? ?а ?????а ? ??????????? ??? ?????????????
?а???? ?????? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ?а????? ???????? ?????? ????
?а???, ??? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???, ??а?а?????? ?????????? ?????, ???????? ???????????? ??????????????а? ????????? ??????, ???????? XXа????╗ [????????, ?.?70].
? ??????, ??????????? ???????? л????╗, ?.??.????????? ?????? ?????????
?????: л????? ???????, ?а ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ???? ?а ??????????,
??????? ?????. ???. 9. ?????????. ??????????????. ????????????. 2016. ???. 1
39
??????????? ???????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ?????
?а??? ????????????? ?а???╗ [??? ??, ?.?71]. ??????????, ??? ?.???????? ?????????? ????????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? XIXа???? ?а?? ???????,
??а????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ????????, ???????? ???? ??????????
?а??? ????????.
?? ?????? ?.??.???????????, л????????? ???? ??? ??????? ????????????, ???
?а?????????? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ?а????????? ?а????? ???????
(????????, ?а???????? ?????????? ?????????)╗ [?????????, 2013, ?.?12]. ???? ???????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?а???????????? ???? ????????? ????????
?а???????????? ??????? ??????? ?????????. ??????? ??????? ????????? ?а????
?а?????????? ?? ????????, ??????? ??????????? ?а????????? ????????. л???? ???????? ?????????, ?а??? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????????????. ??????? ?????
???????? ?а???, ????? ????????? ?а?????? ??????????? ????????, ??????????? ?????????? ?а????????????╗ [??? ??. ?.а34]. ???????-????? ???????? ???????? ?а????
?а ??? ????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?а ?????????? ????, ???????,
?а???? ???????, ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ?а???????.
?.??.?????????? ?????: л????????? ???? ?а??????????? ???????? ??????? ?а?????????????, ?а ???????????? ?а ?????, ?а ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????,
???? ???????? ??????????? ????????? ??????: ???????????? ??????? ???????
?а????????? ??????, ??????????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ? ????? ????????????? ?????? ???? ????????? ??? ??????????? ?а????????/??????.
?а???????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ?????????? ????? ????????????? ??????????, ????? ??????? ???????? ?а???? ?????????. ??????? ?а?????а? ??? ??????? ?а????? ????? ??? ???????????? ?а??????? ?а???????? ????? ??????????????, ?а?????? ???? ????????: ??? ???? ?????? ????, ??????? ????╗ [?????????, 2011, ?.?90].
? ????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?а ?????????? ?? ????, ????????? ??????? ????????????? (л?????а ? ??? ???? ?а ?????? ?? ????╗а ? ??????? ??а ????????????? ?????? ?.????????? [???????, ?.а 3,
?.?432]). ????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?????, ?????? ????????????? ?????:
л? ???????? ????? ??? ???????????? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ??????, ?????????? ??????????? ??????????? (????, ????????,
?????????? ?а???????????? ???????, ??????), ?????????????? ??????????? ?????
(?.???????, ?.???????)╗ [???????]. ??????? ???????, ?? ????????? ?.?????????,
??????????? ?????????? ?.?????????? л??? ?????????????? ?????????????????
????? ???? ?а???????????? ???? ??????????? ?? ???? ???????????? ?????????╗
[???????].
??????? ???? ?а ?? ?????????????? ?????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ????????, ??а ?а ????????? ??????????????. ?а ?????????, ?.??.?????????? ???????????
?????? ???? ?а?????? ??????????? ????? ??????? ???????. ??? ?????????? ?????
????????? ???? ????????? (л????????? ???????╗): л?????? ??????, ??????????,
???????? ??????? ???? ?????. ??? ??????????? ????? ???а? ???????? ???, ?а??????? ??? ?????????, ???????? ????????????, ???? ????????, ????? ?????? ??????
????????????? ?а ?????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ???: ??????????? ?????
??????? ?а?????????????????а? ?????? ????а? ????а? ??? ???? ?а???????╗ [?????????, ?.?59]. ?????????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ????????
?а ??? ???????? л????╗. ??????????? ????? ??????????? (????????????? ?????,
40
??????? ?????. ???. 9. ?????????. ??????????????. ????????????. 2016. ???. 1
????????? ???????? ?????) ?а?????? (???????? ???, ?????????? ???) ????????
?а?????? ????, ???????????? ??????? ???????? ?а???????????? ?????????? ??????. ?а?????? ???????, ?а??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ????,
????????? ?а????????? ???????????? ????? ?????? ?а???????????. ?????? ????
?? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????, ??? ???????? ??? ?.????????: л??а[????????? ????????]а? ???????? ??????????????? ?а????????? ????????????????? ?????????????? ????? ??? ?? ????????????, ?????? ??????????
????, ??????? ???? ??????╗ (???. ??: [???????????]). ????? ???????, ?а????????
???????? ?? ?????? ???????, ???????????? ??????? ??????, ??а?а????????? ??????????? ?????? ??????, ?а????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ????.
???????? ?а??????? ????? ??????. ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ????????????? (??????? ?а?????????), ??????????? ????? ????????, ??? ?а????? ??????????? ?а????? ??????????, ???????????
??????? ????? ????????. ?????????????? ?????????? ?а?????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????, ??? ?? ????? ???????????? ?????, ??????????? ?а??????????, ??а?а??????, ??? ??????? ?????? ?а???????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ?а???????? ?????????? ?а?????. ?????????? ???????????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ?а?????? ????????????
?????, ???????????? ??????. ?????????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ??
?????, ?????? ?? ???????????? ???????? ?а?????, ??? ????????? ??? ????????? ?
?а???????? ????? ??????????. ?????????? ?????? ???????? ?????: ?а???????? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ?а????? ?????? ?? ?????, ?а??????, ??????? ?а?????????, ???
???? ?????? ?а????? ??????. ?????? ?????? ??????? ?а????????????? ?а????????
?????.
????????, ?????????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????,
??а?? ?????? ??????, ?.?????????, ??????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ????? ???????. ?.??.?????????? ?????: л? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??
[???????], ?а ????????, ?????????? ?????? ?а ????????: ??????? ?? ?????????
????????, ??а ?а ?????? ?? ????????? ?????????╗ [?????????, ?.?143]. ?а ????? ??
?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ????????, ??? ??? ????? ???????????? ?????????
??????????.
??????? ??? ???????: л???????а ? ????а ? ????????????? ?????, ???? ???
???????? ?а??? ??????а? ??? ??? ?????????. ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ??? ?а?? ??? ????╗ [???????, ?.а4, ?.?626]; л??????а? ??? ??? ?????╗ [???????, ?.а 2, ?.?166]. ?? ??? ???????? ??? ????: л?????????? ???а ? ???
?? ??? ???. ??? ??????, ?????? ??????, ??????????????╗ [??? ??]. ? ?а ???? ????
?????? ???????????? ?а??? ???????????? ?????????, ??????????? ??????? ????????? XIXа???? (??????? ?а???????? ????? ???? ??????????????), ???? ???????,
??? ???? ?????????, ???????? ?а??????. ??????????? ?а?????????? ?? ????????
????????????? ?а???????? ???????? ????? ? ?а???????????? ???: л???? ?? ????
??????? ?????????? ????????, ?????????? ?а??????,а? ???? ?? ???? ??????????
?а??????? ????????а? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????, ????????, ??????, ??????????? ??????????? ???? ?а??. ?? ?????? ??????? ?а??. ?? ?????? ???? ?????
?????????????? ?????????????? ???????????????, ?а?? ???????? ???????? ??????а? ????????? ?? ????????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ???????????, ??? ?????????? ???╗ [???????, ?.а5, ?.?154]. ?????????? ?а???????? ?????? ????????? ?????
??????? ?????. ???. 9. ?????????. ??????????????. ????????????. 2016. ???. 1
41
?? ??? ?????? ???????? ??????. ???? ???? ????, ???????? ?а?????????? ??????
????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????????????, ??а?? ?? ??? ??????? ????????????????.
??? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ?а???????????? ?????? ????????: ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ????????????, ??? ?а??? ????? ????? ???????? ????, ???? ?? ???
???????? ??? ????????? ??????. ?? ?а ?????????? ???? ???? ??????, ?а ????????
л????╗ ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????????: ??? ?????? ???????????, ??????
?????????? ?? ?????. ????????????????? ????? ?а?????? ???????? ?????? ???????
??? ????????? ??????? ??????, ?????????? ?????. ?????? ?а???????????? ???????? ?????????? ???? ?а????????? ???????? ?????????, ???????????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ??????????; ?а??? ?????????? ?а????????? ?????? ?а??????????,
??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ?а ??????, ? ?а ??? ??????????, ???????
??????? ???? ?????????????? ???????. ??????? ??????: ?????????? ?????? (??????????? ????? ?а??????????? ????? ????) ??? ????????? ?????? ?????, ?????
??? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????????, ?а???????????? ???????? ???? XIXа????
?а???, ??? ??????? ????, ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????. ???? ?????а? ??????? ?а???????????а? ?а??????? ??? ???????????? ????????? л????╗, ???? ??????
????? ???????????? ???????????? ?.???????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??? ???? ?????
?а??? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????????.
??????????
???????а?.??. ???????????????? ??????? л????????? ?????????╗ ?.??.?????????: ???????. ???. ?
????. ?????. ????. ???????, 2006. 21а?.
???????а?.?????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? //а??????? ?????????. 1996. ?а11. ?.?43?56.
?????????а ?.??. ??????? л????╗ ?а ????????? ?а ??? ???????? ??????? ?а ??????????? ??????????
?????? (?? ????????? ?????? ??????? ???????) //а ?????????????? ?????. ??????? ??????
?а????????. 2013. ?а5-2а(23). ?.?56?60. URL: http://elibrary.ru/download/41427438.pdf (????
?????????: 23.10.2013).
???????????а?. ??????????? ???????? //а??????????? ???????. ???.?1. ???????, 1994. ?.?176?182.
????????а?.??. ??????? ???????????? ???????? ?ал????????? ?????????╗ ?.????????? (?? ???????
???????? л????╗) //а??????? ??????? ?????? ?а???????????? ?????????? ???. ??-??. 2013. ?а3.
?.?67?71. URL: http://www.samsu.ru/sites/default/files/main_docs/3_2013.pdf (???? ?????????:
28.01.2015).
?????????а ?.??. л? ????????? ????????? ???╗ (?.????????. л????????? ????????╗) //а ?????????а?.??.????????????: ????????????? ?????. ????????????, 2005. ?.?139?174.
??????а?.??. ????????? ?а???????????? ????? //а??????а?.??. ?????? ?а??????? ????????: ???
?а ???????? ???????? ?????????? (XVIIIа ? ?????? XIXа ????). 2-? ???., ???. ???.: ????????????, 1994. 415а?.
??????а ?. 36а ????????????? ????????. ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????. URL:
www.kinocafe.ru/theory/?tid=51701 (???? ?????????: 10.09.2014).
?????????а ?.??. ??????? ???? ?а ??????????? ?а ??????? ????????? //а ?????? ??????? ???????.
2011. ?а 4а (99). ?.?88?91. URL: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/fenomen-boli-v-evropeyskoy-irusskoy-filosofii (???? ?????????: 16.02.2015).
?????????а?.??. ??????? ???? ?а????????: ???????. ???. ? ?-?? ?????. ????. ???., 2013. 41а?. URL:
http://spbu.ru/disser/%7Bzashiti_disser___id%7D/khaydarova.pdf (???? ?????????: 16.02.2015).
???????а?.??. ???? //а???????а?.??. ???????? ?????????: ?а6а?. + ?.а7, ???. ?.?2. ?.: ??????? ????
????????, 2013. 512а?.
???????а?.??. ?а????? //а???????а?.??. ???????? ?????????: ?а6а?. + ?.а7, ???. ?.?5. ?.: ??????? ????
????????, 2013. 384а?.
???????а?.??. ?????а? ??? ???? ?а?????? ?? ????? //а???????а?.??. ???????? ?????????: ?а6а?. +
?.а7, ???. ?.?3. ?.: ??????? ???? ????????, 2013. 512а?.
42
??????? ?????. ???. 9. ?????????. ??????????????. ????????????. 2016. ???. 1
???????а?.??. ??? ? ????? ?а????? ?а?????? //а???????а?.??. ???????? ?????????: ?а6а?. + ?.а7, ???.
?.?4. ?.: ??????? ???? ????????, 2013. 640а?.
???????а ?. ??????????? ????? ??????? ???????? //а ??????? ????? (?????). 1991. 14а ????.
?а3883. URL: http://shalamov.ru/research/235/ (???? ?????????: 24.02.2015).
??????а?., ??????а?. ???????????? ???????? ?а?????????????? ?????????? //а??????? ??????????.
1979. ?.а8. ?.?4?27.
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?????? ????????? ? ???????? 25 ?????? 2014 ?.
?????????? ??????????
????????? ??????? ?????????а? ??????????; lyudvig.star@yandex.ru
Starikova Lyudmila S.а? post graduate student; lyudvig.star@yandex.ru
44
??????? ?????. ???. 9. ?????????. ??????????????. ????????????. 2016. ???. 1
??╗
?а ???????? ????? ??а ??????????????? ?а ???: ????? ???????????, ??????????
?а????????? ?????, ?????????? ??а30а??????. ??????? ?? ??????? ?? ????? ??????
л????? ?????╗ (???????? ?????????? ?? ?а ???? л? ?????╗, ??????? ??????????
????????????? ?????????? ????????????? ??? ????????? ?????), ? ??????????
???????? ????????, ?????? ??а ?????. ????????, ?? ?????? ?.?????????, ?????
????? ??????????? ????????? ?????????, ?а?????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????.
???????? ????????? ????????????? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ???????,
?????????????, ?????? ??????? ????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????
????????????. ?а?????? ???????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ???? ????????, ?а???????? ???? ?.??.?????????????, ????????, ??????????? ????????? ???????? ?????
?а1930?1950-?а????, ??? ???????? ?.???????????? ?а??????????? ?а???????? л????╗
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й? ?????-????????????? ??????????????? ???????????, 2016
DOI: 10.21638/11701/spbu09.2016.10433
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?а???? ?????? ???? ?????????? ????????????? ?а????? ???????? ?????? ????
?а???, ??? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???, ??а?а?????? ?????????? ?????, ???????? ???????????? ??????????????а? ????????? ??????, ???????? XXа????╗ [????????, ?.?70].
? ??????, ??????????? ???????? л????╗, ?.??.????????? ?????? ?????????
?????: л????? ???????, ?а ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????? ??? ??????????? ????????? ???? ?а ??????????,
??????? ?????. ???. 9. ?????????. ??????????????. ????????????. 2016. ???. 1
39
??????????? ???????????? ???????? ??? ???????? ???????? ??????????? ?????
?а??? ????????????? ?а???╗ [??? ??, ?.?71]. ??????????, ??? ?.???????? ?????????? ????????????????? ?????????????? ??????? ?????????? XIXа???? ?а?? ???????,
??а????? ???????? ??????? ??? ??????? ????? ????????, ???????? ???? ??????????
?а??? ????????.
?? ?????? ?.??.???????????, л????????? ???? ??? ??????? ????????????, ???
?а?????????? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ????? ?а????????? ?а????? ???????
(????????, ?а???????? ?????????? ?????????)╗ [?????????, 2013, ?.?12]. ???? ???????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ?а???????????? ???? ????????? ????????
?а???????????? ??????? ??????? ?????????. ??????? ??????? ????????? ?а????
?а?????????? ?? ????????, ??????? ??????????? ?а????????? ????????. л???? ???????? ?????????, ?а??? ??????? ??? ?????????? ????????????. ??????? ?????
???????? ?а???, ????? ????????? ?а?????? ??????????? ????????, ??????????? ?????????? ?а????????????╗ [??? ??. ?.а34]. ???????-????? ???????? ???????? ?а????
?а ??? ????? ?????????? ????????? ?????????????? ?а ?????????? ????, ???????,
?а???? ???????, ????? ????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ?а???????.
?.??.?????????? ?????: л????????? ???? ?а??????????? ???????? ??????? ?а?????????????, ?а ???????????? ?а ?????, ?а ?????????? ???????? ??????? ??????,
???? ???????? ??????????? ????????? ??????: ???????????? ??????? ???????
?а????????? ??????, ??????????????? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ? ????? ????????????? ?????? ???? ????????? ??? ??????????? ?а????????/??????.
?а???????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ??? ?????????? ????? ????????????? ??????????, ????? ??????? ???????? ?а???? ?????????. ??????? ?а?????а? ??? ??????? ?а????? ????? ??? ???????????? ?а??????? ?а???????? ????? ??????????????, ?а?????? ???? ????????: ??? ???? ?????? ????, ??????? ????╗ [?????????, 2011, ?.?90].
? ????? ??????? ??? ?????????? ???????? ????? ??????? ???????? ?а ?????????? ?? ????, ????????? ??????? ????????????? (л?????а ? ??? ???? ?а ?????? ?? ????╗а ? ??????? ??а ????????????? ?????? ?.????????? [???????, ?.а 3,
?.?432]). ????? ??????? ????????? ???????? ?????, ?????? ????????????? ?????:
л? ???????? ????? ??? ???????????? ???? ??????????????? ?????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ??????, ?????????? ??????????? ??????????? (????, ????????,
?????????? ?а???????????? ???????, ??????), ?????????????? ??????????? ?????
(?.???????, ?.???????)╗ [???????]. ??????? ???????, ?? ????????? ?.?????????,
??????????? ?????????? ?.?????????? л??? ?????????????? ?????????????????
????? ???? ?а???????????? ???? ??????????? ?? ???? ???????????? ?????????╗
[???????].
??????? ???? ?а ?? ?????????????? ?????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ????????, ??а ?а ????????? ??????????????. ?а ?????????, ?.??.?????????? ???????????
?????? ???? ?а?????? ??????????? ????? ??????? ???????. ??? ?????????? ?????
????????? ???? ????????? (л????????? ???????╗): л?????? ??????, ??????????,
???????? ??????? ???? ?????. ??? ??????????? ????? ???а? ???????? ???, ?а??????? ??? ?????????, ???????? ????????????, ???? ????????, ????? ?????? ??????
????????????? ?а ?????????? ???? ????? ??????????? ???: ??????????? ?????
??????? ?а?????????????????а? ?????? ????а? ????а? ??? ???? ?а???????╗ [?????????, ?.?59]. ?????????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????? ???? ????????
?а ??? ???????? л????╗. ??????????? ????? ??????????? (????????????? ?????,
40
??????? ?????. ???. 9. ?????????. ??????????????. ????????????. 2016. ???. 1
????????? ???????? ?????) ?а?????? (???????? ???, ?????????? ???) ????????
?а?????? ????, ???????????? ??????? ???????? ?а???????????? ?????????? ??????. ?а?????? ???????, ?а??????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ????,
????????? ?а????????? ???????????? ????? ?????? ?а???????????. ?????? ????
?? ?????????? ?????????? ?????????? ??? ??????????, ??? ???????? ??? ?.????????: л??а[????????? ????????]а? ???????? ??????????????? ?а????????? ????????????????? ?????????????? ????? ??? ?? ????????????, ?????? ??????????
????, ??????? ???? ??????╗ (???. ??: [???????????]). ????? ???????, ?а????????
???????? ?? ?????? ???????, ???????????? ??????? ??????, ??а?а????????? ??????????? ?????? ??????, ?а????? ?????????????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ????.
???????? ?а??????? ????? ??????. ?????? ??????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ????????????? (??????? ?а?????????), ??????????? ????? ????????, ??? ?а????? ??????????? ?а????? ??????????, ???????????
??????? ????? ????????. ?????????????? ?????????? ?а?????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????? ??????, ??? ?? ????? ???????????? ?????, ??????????? ?а??????????, ??а?а??????, ??? ??????? ?????? ?а???????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ?а???????? ?????????? ?а?????. ?????????? ???????????? ??? ????????? ??????????? ???????? ?а?????? ????????????
?????, ???????????? ??????. ?????????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????? ????? ??
?????, ?????? ?? ???????????? ???????? ?а?????, ??? ????????? ??? ????????? ?
?а???????? ????? ??????????. ?????????? ?????? ???????? ?????: ?а???????? ???????? ???? ?? ????? ?а????? ?????? ?? ?????, ?а??????, ??????? ?а?????????, ???
???? ?????? ?а????? ??????. ?????? ?????? ??????? ?а????????????? ?а????????
?????.
????????, ?????????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ???????????? ??????????,
??а?? ?????? ??????, ?.?????????, ??????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ????? ???????. ?.??.?????????? ?????: л? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ??
[???????], ?а ????????, ?????????? ?????? ?а ????????: ??????? ?? ?????????
????????, ??а ?а ?????? ?? ????????? ?????????╗ [?????????, ?.?143]. ?а ????? ??
?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ????????, ??? ??? ????? ???????????? ?????????
??????????.
??????? ??? ???????: л???????а ? ????а ? ????????????? ?????, ???? ???
???????? ?а??? ??????а? ??? ??? ?????????. ?????? ??????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ?? ??? ?а?? ??? ????╗ [???????, ?.а4, ?.?626]; л??????а? ??? ??? ?????╗ [???????, ?.а 2, ?.?166]. ?? ??? ???????? ??? ????: л?????????? ???а ? ???
?? ??? ???. ??? ??????, ?????? ??????, ??????????????╗ [??? ??]. ? ?а ???? ????
?????? ???????????? ?а??? ???????????? ?????????, ??????????? ??????? ????????? XIXа???? (??????? ?а???????? ????? ???? ??????????????), ???? ???????,
??? ???? ?????????, ???????? ?а??????. ??????????? ?а?????????? ?? ????????
????????????? ?а???????? ???????? ????? ? ?а???????????? ???: л???? ?? ????
??????? ?????????? ????????, ?????????? ?а??????,а? ???? ?? ???? ??????????
?а??????? ????????а? ????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????, ????????, ??????, ??????????? ??????????? ???? ?а??. ?? ?????? ??????? ?а??. ?? ?????? ???? ?????
?????????????? ?????????????? ???????????????, ?а?? ???????? ???????? ??????а? ????????? ?? ????????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ???????????, ??? ?????????? ???╗ [???????, ?.а5, ?.?154]. ?????????? ?а???????? ?????? ????????? ?????
??????? ?????. ???. 9. ?????????. ??????????????. ????????????. 2016. ???. 1
41
?? ??? ?????? ???????? ??????. ???? ???? ????, ???????? ?а?????????? ??????
????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????????????, ??а?? ?? ??? ??????? ????????????????.
??? ??????????? ??????????? ??????? ?а???????????? ?????? ????????: ???????? ?????? ?? ??? ????????????, ??? ?а??? ????? ????? ???????? ????, ???? ?? ???
???????? ??? ????????? ??????. ?? ?а ?????????? ???? ???? ??????, ?а ????????
л????╗ ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ??????????: ??? ?????? ???????????, ??????
?????????? ?? ?????. ????????????????? ????? ?а?????? ???????? ?????? ???????
??? ????????? ??????? ??????, ?????????? ?????. ?????? ?а???????????? ???????? ?????????? ???? ?а????????? ???????? ?????????, ???????????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ??????????; ?а??? ?????????? ?а????????? ?????? ?а??????????,
??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????????? ?а ??????, ? ?а ??? ??????????, ???????
??????? ???? ?????????????? ???????. ??????? ??????: ?????????? ?????? (??????????? ????? ?а??????????? ????? ????) ??? ????????? ?????? ?????, ?????
??? ??????? ??????? ?? ???????? ????????, ?а???????????? ???????? ???? XIXа????
?а???, ??? ??????? ????, ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??????????. ???? ?????а? ??????? ?а???????????а? ?а??????? ??? ???????????? ????????? л????╗, ???? ??????
????? ???????????? ???????????? ?.???????? ??????? ?? ????????? ??? ???? ?????
?а??? ????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?????????.
??????????
???????а?.??. ???????????????? ??????? л????????? ?????????╗ ?.??.?????????: ???????. ???. ?
????. ?????. ????. ???????, 2006. 21а?.
???????а?.?????????? ????????? ??????? ???????? //а??????? ?????????. 1996. ?а11. ?.?43?56.
?????????а ?.??. ??????? л????╗ ?а ????????? ?а ??? ???????? ??????? ?а ??????????? ??????????
?????? (?? ????????? ?????? ??????? ???????) //а ?????????????? ?????. ??????? ??????
?а????????. 2013. ?а5-2а(23). ?.?56?60. URL: http://elibrary.ru/download/41427438.pdf (????
?????????: 23.10.2013).
???????????а?. ??????????? ???????? //а??????????? ???????. ???.?1. ???????, 1994. ?.?176?182.
????????а?.??. ??????? ???????????? ???????? ?ал????????? ?????????╗ ?.????????? (?? ???????
???????? л????╗) //а??????? ??????? ?????? ?а???????????? ?????????? ???. ??-??. 2013. ?а3.
?.?67?71. URL: http://www.samsu.ru/sites/default/files/main_docs/3_2013.pdf (???? ?????????:
28.01.2015).
?????????а ?.??. л? ????????? ????????? ???╗ (?.????????. л????????? ????????╗) //а ?????????а?.??.????????????: ????????????? ?????. ????????????, 2005. ?.?139?174.
??????а?.??. ????????? ?а???????????? ????? //а??????а?.??. ?????? ?а??????? ????????: ???
?а ???????? ???????? ?????????? (XVIIIа ? ?????? XIXа ????). 2-? ???., ???. ???.: ????????????, 1994. 415а?.
??????а ?. 36а ????????????? ????????. ???????? ????????? ??????? ?????????? ???????. URL:
www.kinocafe.ru/theory/?tid=51701 (???? ?????????: 10.09.2014).
?????????а ?.??. ??????? ???? ?а ??????????? ?а ??????? ????????? //а ?????? ??????? ???????.
2011. ?а 4а (99). ?.?88?91. URL: http://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/fenomen-boli-v-evropeyskoy-irusskoy-filosofii (???? ?????????: 16.02.2015).
?????????а?.??. ??????? ???? ?а????????: ???????. ???. ? ?-?? ?????. ????. ???., 2013. 41а?. URL:
http://spbu.ru/disser/%7Bzashiti_disser___id%7D/khaydarova.pdf (???? ?????????: 16.02.2015).
???????а?.??. ???? //а???????а?.??. ???????? ?????????: ?а6а?. + ?.а7, ???. ?.?2. ?.: ??????? ????
????????, 2013. 512а?.
???????а?.??. ?а????? //а???????а?.??. ???????? ?????????: ?а6а?. + ?.а7, ???. ?.?5. ?.: ??????? ????
????????, 2013. 384а?.
???????а?.??. ?????а? ??? ???? ?а?????? ?? ????? //а???????а?.??. ???????? ?????????: ?а6а?. +
?.а7, ???. ?.?3. ?.: ??????? ???? ????????, 2013. 512а?.
42
??????? ?????. ???. 9. ?????????. ??????????????. ????????????. 2016. ???. 1
???????а?.??. ??? ? ????? ?а????? ?а?????? //а???????а?.??. ???????? ?????????: ?а6а?. + ?.а7, ???.
?.?4. ?.: ??????? ???? ????????, 2013. 640а?.
???????а ?. ??????????? ????? ??????? ???????? //а ??????? ????? (?????). 1991. 14а ????.
?а3883. URL: http://shalamov.ru/research/235/ (???? ?????????: 24.02.2015).
??????а?., ??????а?. ???????????? ???????? ?а?????????????? ?????????? //а??????? ??????????.
1979. ?.а8. ?.?4?27.
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Lotman Iu.?M. [Decembr
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