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?????? Ф???????╗
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? (????.аInternational Society for Krishna Consciousness,
ISKCON, ??????, ????) ????? ????????? ??? ???????? ???? ??????, ??? ???????? ????????
??????а? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????????,[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] ?????????? ? 1966 ???? ?
???-????? ?????????????? ????? ???????????[8] ? ????? ????????? ??????-???????????.[9]
?????? ???????? ????? ???????[10] ?????? ???????????????? ??????????? ???????? ??????-???????????.[2]
[5] ????????????? ??????-??????????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ???? ? ???????? ??? ?????????
??? ????????.[11] ????????? ? ?????????? ??????-??????????? ?????????? ?? ????? ????????? ???????
????????, ??? Ф????????-????╗ ? Ф?????????-??????╗.
???????????????? ??????-??????????? ??? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ????????
?????????? (1486?1534), ??????? ????????????, ??? ????????????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ?????,
?????????? ?? ?? ???????????????, ????????????? ? ??????????????, ???????? ??????, Ф???? ????? ?
??????????? ????╗.[8] ???????? ????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ???????????? ????? ??????????
?????? Ф???? ??????╗.[8] ? 1900-? ???? ??????-?????????? ??????? ????? ?? ??????? ????? ? ????????
?????? ?????????????? ?? ??????.[12]
?? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ? ?????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? ? ???? ? 1971 ????.[13] ? 1980-? ???? ????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????,[13] ??????? ??????????? ????????? ???????????????? ????????????? ??????? ? ???????? ?
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
2
????.[13] ????? ??????? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ? ???????? ???????, ? 1988 ???? ??????
??? ??????? ??????????????? ??????????? ???????????? ? ???????????,[13] ???? ?????? ????? ???????????
???????????? ? ????, ?????????? ??????????? ???????????.[14] ? ????????? ????? ? ??????
????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ???????????????? ? ????????? ? ?????? ???????
?????????? ?????????.[15]
?? ??????????? ????, ?????? ????? ????? 400 ?????? ?? ????? ????, ? ????? 60 ????????????????????
?????, 50 ???? ? 60 ?????????????? ??????????. ?? ????????? ??? ???????????, ?????? ???????
?????????? ???? ? ???????? ????? ?????????????? ? ??????? ????????? ?????? ? ? ?????.[16]
?????? ????? ????????? ???????? ????????????? ????????????. ????? ???????????? ?????????????
?????? ??? Ф????? ??????? ??????????? ?? ???? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ?? ??????╗[17] ? ???
Ф????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ??????╗.[18] ????? ???? ??????????, ??? Ф?????? ?
?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????╗.[19] ?????? ????????, ??? ??? ?
?????, ??? ? ?? ?? ?????????, ?????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ????????????
???????????,[13] ??????? ????? ????? ?????? ? ??????????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ??????????
????????.[20] [20]
?????? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????????? ?????.[21] ?? ?????? ???????? ??????????
????? ??????? ???? ?????, ?????? ???? ???????????? ????? ? Ф??????????????? ???????? ?????? ??
????? ????╗,[15] ? Ф???????????? ?????? ????????????? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ?????????
?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????????? ?????????╗[22] ???????? ?.а?.а?????, ??????????
?????? ????????????? ????? ??????????, Ф?????? ??????? ??? ???????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?
???????????? ???????????? ???????? ???? ? ?????????╗[23] ? ??? ???? Ф?????? ????? ????? ? ????? ?????
?????╗.[22] ? 1998 ???? ????????? ???????-??????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???????????
????????????? ????? ?????????? ? 1965 ???? ?? ????? ? ??? ? ????????? ?? ?????? Ф????? ??
?????????? ???????? ??????? XX ????╗.
? ????? 1970-?а? 1980-? ???? ?????? ??? ????? ?? ???????? ???????? ??????? ? ??????? ??????????????
???????? ?? ??????.[24] ????????????? ???????? ?????? ? ???????? ???????? ? ?????????? ??????,
????????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ????? ??????????????????. ? ??????, ? ?????? 1990-? ?????
?????? ????? ??????? ????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ? ???????????? ??????? ???? ???????
?? ??????? ???????? ????????????? ???????????????? ????????.[15] ???, ?.а?.а??????? ? ????? ?????
Ф????????????. ???????????? ?????╗ ???????? ?????? Ф????????????????? ??????????????
???????????????? ????????????????? ???????????? ???????????? ??????╗.[25]
?????????, ?????????? ? ???????? ????????
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3
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2008 ???. ????????? ?????-???? ?????????
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????????? ? ??????????
??. ?????: ?????????, ???????? ??????????, ??????,
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????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ????????
??????-??????????? ??? ???????????? ???????????, ?????? ??
???????? ??????? ???????????.[26] ?????????? (????????)а?
??? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ??????????? ???????? ?????? ?
?????????.[11] ???? ??? ??? ???????? ????????? ?? ?????? ?????,
?????? ?? ??? ????? ??????????? ????????????? ? ?????, ?,
??????????????, ??????????? ?????? ??????????.[11] ??????? ?????
???????????а? ??? ????????? ????? ? ???????? ??????????
??????????? ????.[11] ??????-??????????, ??? ???????????
??????????а? ??? ??????????? ???????? ? ????????????
??????????-??????????? ?????, ?????????????? ????? ?????
???????????, ???????????? ? ?????????? ??????????????
??????????????? ? ????????.[11] ?????????????
??????-???????????, ? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????? ???
???????, ???????? ????????? ????????? ???? ?? ?????, ? ??????,
?????? ????? ????? ?? ?????????? ??????, ??-?? ????
??????-????????? ???????? ????? ???????????.[11] ?????????
????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ????????? ????, ????????,
????????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ?????? ??????????????
????? ??????????? ? ????? ??????. ????????? ???????? ?????
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??? ??????? ? ??????? ?????????.
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? ???????? ???? ? ?? ?????? ????????????????: ????, ?????
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??? ???? ????????????? (???????) ????? ????????, ? ????????????
? ???????? ??? ?????? ? ???????? ?????, ?????? ? ?? ??????
?????????.
?????????????? ???????????? ??????????? ???????? ?????????? (1486?1534), ???????? ?????????
???????? ??? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ? ?????? (?????-??????),[11] ???????????? ????????? ????
????? ????? ????? ? ??????, ??? ????????????? ???????? ????? ??? ???? ?????, ?????????? ?? ?? ?????,
?????????? ? ??????????? ??????????????, ???????? ??????, ???? ????? ? ??????????? ????.[11]
??????-??????????а? ??? ???????????????? ????????, ???????? ?????? ??????? ? ???????????? ????????
???????.[27] ??? ???????? ? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ??????, ??????? ? XIII ????, ?, ??? ?????? ????
????????, ? ?????? ???? ????????? ?????? ?, ? ??????????, ? ??????. ? ??????????? ?????????
??????-?????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????? ?????????? ???????? ? ???????????.[15] ?
??????????-???????????? ????????? ??? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ????? ???????????? ???????,
??????????? ???, ?????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ???????-???????.[28]
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
4
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????╗, Ф??????-??????????╗, ? ????? Ф????????-???????????╗. ? 1960-?а? 1970-? ???? ????????????? ?????
?????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ??????? ? ????????? ? ??????? ?? ?????????? ???? ? ??????? ? ???
???????????.[29] ??? ????? ? ????????? ????? ?????????? ????? ??? ?? 70 ?????? ???? ? ????????? ?
????????? ??????? ? ???? ?? ??????????, ??????? ? ?????? ??????.
?????? Ф???? ??????╗
?????????? ???????? Ф???? ??????╗ ???????? ???????? ??-?? ??????, ??????? ????????? ???? ?????? ?
?????? (???????? ????????, ??????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ?????????) ??? ????????????? ????????? ??
?????? (?????). ?????? Ф???? ??????╗, ????? ????????? ??? ????-?????? (Ф??????? ??????╗), ??????? ?? ????
???? ????, ?????? ? ????:
???? ?????? ???? ??????
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???????? ???????? ??????????? ????????, ??????? ????????? ???????? ??????:
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??? (??????????)
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5
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???? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ????????.
????????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????????
???????? ??????а? ??????????? ????? (???-??-??)а? ???
?????? ?????????????? ????? ??????????? ? 1970 ????.
?????????? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ???????, ???????? ??
????? ????????? ?????. ??????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????
?????? ?? ??????? ?????? ?????????? ? 1977 ????. ?? ??????
?? 2010 ??? ?? ??????? ?? 33 ??????, ??????? ????????? ???????,
??????????? ?? ???????? ???????????.[15] ??????????? ?????
????????? ??????? ???????????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ??
???????? ???????? ?????????, ? ????? ?? ??????? ???????
???????????? ? ???????????????? ????????. ?????? ?? ??????
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??????? ??? ?? ?? ???????????? ????? ???????????? (???????????,
?????????? ???????????? ?а?.а?.).
???????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ???????,
?????????? ? ?????? Ф????????????? ????╗. ??????? ??????
????? ??????? ?? ??? ????, ???, ?? ??? ??????, ????? ??? ??????
???????? ???????????. ????????? ?? ????? ?????? ? 1977 ????,
?????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? ??????????
???????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????. ????? ??????
??????????, ??? ????? ??????? Ф????????????? ????╗
??????. ??? ???? ?????????? ???? ???????, ?????????? ?????,
??????????? ???? ???????, ?????? ?????? ???????, ?????????? ???????, ?????????? ?????, ?????????
?????, ???????? ?????, ???????? ????, ???????????? ????? ? ?????????? ????. ?????? ?????? ??? ?? ??? ?
????????? ????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ???????????? ????. ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ?
?????????????? ? ????? 2002 ????. ????????? ????? ? ???????? ????? ???????? ????? ???????? ??????? ?
1987 ? 1998 ???? ??????????????. ????????? ?????? ???? ???? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ????????
???????????? ?????? ? 1980-? ????.
??????? ? 1982 ????, ??????????? ????? ????? ????????? ????? ???????????? ????, ? ??????? ? 11,
????????? ????? ????? ???????????. ????????????? ???? ????? ????? ????????? ??????????, ??????? ??
???? ????????? ??????????. ??? ??????? ?????? ?????а(?????? ?????????? ?????), ? ???? ???????а?
?????? ??????? ??????? ? ???????? ?????? ????? ???? (??????? ?????????? ????? ? ?????????? ?????
??????????????).
? ??????-???????????, ? ?????????????? ? ??????, ???????? ??????? ?????????? ??? ????? ????. ?? ??????
????????? ? ??????? ???????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ???????. ???? ????????? ??? ???????????
????????? ??????? ???? ??????? ? ????????????? ???????, ?? ??????? ??????? ?? ???? ??????????. ?????
??????? ?? ???? ??????????? ???????????? ???????? ????????? ? ????????? ?????. ???????????? ???????
?????????? ?????? ? ???, ??? ??? ????? ????????? ????????? ? ?????? ????????? ???????, ?????? ??
??????????? ???????????, ???? ??? ?? ???????????? ???????? ?????????.
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6
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XIII ????. ???????? ??????? ????????
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??? ????? ??????????? ??????????? ??
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?????? ? ??????? ?? ???. ???????? ???????
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????? ????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ????? ?
??????.
?? ?????? ??????, ?????????? ???????? ? ???????? ? ?????
?????? ??? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? ??????? ? VI ????.[30] ?
?????? ?????????? ??????-??????????? ? ????? XV ????, ?
???????? ???????????? ???????? ??????????? ????????????
????????, ?? ???????? ?? ??? ?????????? ?? ??????? ???
???????? ???????????????, ??????????? ??????? ?? ????????????
???????? ? ?????????.[31] ??????? ?????????? ?
???????????????? ??????? ???????? ??? ????? ?????????,
???????????? ??? ??????? ?????????. ???????? ???????
????????? ????????? ? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ??????,
????????????? ??????????? ?????????? ??????????? ????.[32]
?????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ? ???????? ???? ???????
??? ???????? ??????, ???????????? ? ?????????? ?? ??????. ?
Ф????????-???????????╗ ?????????? ????????? ??????????????,
??? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ????????? ? ?????????????,
???????? ?????? ? ??????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ? ???, ?????
?? ?????? ?????? ???. ??????? ?? ?? ??????? ???? ?????????? ?
??? ???????? ??????????а? ???????????????
??????-???????????.[33]
???????? ??????? ? 1486 ???? ? ?????????, ? ?????? ???????????
?????.[34] ? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ????? ????????? ? ????
?????? ??????????? ?????, ??? ?????????? ??????, ???????? ? ?????? ????????.[35] ? 1509 ???? ????????
?????????? ? ???, ? ????? ????????? ??? ??????????? ????? ?? ???????? ????. ??? ?? ?????????? ???????
??????????? ????, ?????? ????, ??????????????? ? ????????? ?????????? ??????-????????? ? ??????? ?
???? ???????? ??????????.[36]
????? ????????? ???????? ????? ????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????????? ??????????? ? ???????
???????? ???? ?????????. ???? ??????????? ???????????? ? ??? ???????, ?????? ? ?????? ???????? ??????
?????? ???????????? ??? ??? ?????????? ? ??? ??????. ?????? ? ??? ??? ??????????? ??????????????
??????? (????? ???? ??????), ??? ??????? ???????????? ?????????????? ????????? ????????? ? ?????
??????? ? ????????? ? ?????????????? ????????. ??? ?????????????? ? Ф????????-???????????╗, ????????
???? ?????????? ???, ??? ????????????? ????????? ????????? ???? ?????????????? ???????? ? ????? ????,
??????????? ???-???? ?????????????? ??????? ???????? ? ??? ??????????????.[37] ????? ?????, ????????
?????? ?? ?????? ????????????? ????? ????????????? ?? ???? ????????, ?? ?????????? ????? ? ??????????
????????? ????.
? 1510 ???? ???????? ??????? ???????? ????? ? ?????? ????????. ?? ???????? ????????????? ? ?????
?????, ??? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ? ???????? ????????? ??????????????.[38] ?
???????? ?????????????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????????, ???????? ? ??????????? ??????????????. ?????
???????? ?????????? ? ???????? ?????? ????? ??????????? ? ???????? ?????а? ?????????? ? ???????. ??
???? ???? ?? ?????????? ? ???????? ???????? ????????????? ??????????? ????????? ??????? ? ?????
???????. ???????? ??? ?? ???????????, ??????? ???????????? ????? ? ?????? ???????? ??????-???????????.
? ?????????? ???????? ????????? ? ???? (??????), ??? ?????? ????????? 16 ??? ????? ????? ? ????????? ???????? ? ??????????????, ????? ??????? ???? ????????? ????????-?????? ??????????? ??????????? ?
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
7
????? ?????? ????????????. ????????? ???? ????? ????? ????????, ??????????? ????????????
?????????????, ??????? ?????? ? ????????? ??????? ???????? ??????? ????????. ????????? ?? ????? ??????
?? ??????????? ?? ???? ???????????? ???????????? Ф??????????╗ (Ф???????? ? ?????? ??????╗).[39]
??????????????? ?????????а? ??????????
??????-????? ? ???????? ???????
????????????? ????? ??????????
????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?? ?????? ????????
XIX ????.[11] ????????? ?? ????????? ???????? ????????????
????????????? ??????? ? ????????? ???????????? ???????
(1838?1914), ?????????????? ????????? ??????-??????????? ?
???????? ? ?????? ? ???????????? ??????????? ???????????????
?????? ???????? ?? ????????? ?????.[11] ???????????? ??????? ?
????? ????? ???? ?? ?????????, ??????? ?, ??????? ? ???????
???????????? ???????????, ?? ??????????.[11]
???????? ?????????? ??????????, ??? ?????? ?????, ????? ??????
Ф???? ??????╗ ????? ????????? Ф? ?????? ?????? ? ??????? ????╗.
? 1885 ???? ???????????? ?????? ?????:
???????? ???????? ?? ??? ????, ????? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ????????. ????????, ??? ??????? ????? ???? ????
???????????? ???? ????? ????????? ?? ???? ??????? ?? ???? ?????????, ? ????????????? ?????? ???????
????????-??????? ??? ????????, ??? ???? ????? ????? ????????? ????? ????? ????????????? ????
????????-?????????? (??????????? ????? ??????? ????? ????) ??????????????? ?? ????? ????? ?, ???? ????, ?????
????????? ?????????, ????????, ???????, ????? ? ?????????? ??????? ???????, ???????? ? ???????? (?????? ???????)
? ?????? ??????? ?? ????? ?????? ? ???????! ????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????
??? ????????????, ??????????????? ????????? (1874?1937), ????????? ???? ?????? ????. ???????????? ??
?? ?????? ? ???????? ? ??????, ?? ? ? ?????? ???????? ?????.[11] ? 1918 ???? ?? ?????? ????????????
??????????? ??????????? Ф??????-????╗, ???????, ??????, ????????? ????? ??? ??????, ???????
?????????????? ??? ?????? ???????????.[11] ??? ????? ??????-??????????? ???????? ???????? Ф?????????
??????-???????????╗.[11] ? ??? ? ??????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ??????.
???????? ????????? ??????-??????????? ?? ?????? ??? ?????????? ??????? (1857?1914).[12] 15 ???????
1902 ???? ?? ?????? ? ???-????, ??? ? ??????????? ???? ??? ???????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????
? ??????? ????????? ???????????? ???????????, ??????? ?????? ???? ???????????????? ??????
??????????????.[12] ? 1904 ???? ?? ??????????? ? ???-????? ????? ??? ????????? ФSri Krishna: The Lord of
Love╗ (Ф??? ??????: ??????? ?????╗), ?????????? ? ??? ???????? ? ????????? ??????-???????????. ?
?????? XX ???? ??? ????? ???? ????????? ??????? ???????????? ? ???????????. ???????? ?? ????? ???
??????? ? ??????? ?????. ????? ?????? ?????????? ??????? ? 1914 ????, ??? ??????? ?????? ??????, ?
??????????? ??? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ? ????????? ????? ????????????.[12]
????????? ??????? ????????? ??????-??????????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ? 1933 ???? ???????????????
?????????, ?????? ? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ????????-??????????? ?? ????? ?? ????? ?????.[12] ?
??????????, ??????? ? ???????, ? ????? ? ??????? ???? ??????? ????????? ??????? ??????-?????.[40]
??????? ??????????????? ???????????? ????????? ???? ? ???????? ? ??????-?????????? ????????? ?????? ?
????????.[40] ? 1937 ???? ??? ????????? ????? ? ?????, ????? ???? ??????? ??? ? ?????? ????????????????
?????? ????????????, ???? ???????? ??? ? ??????? ????????? ???? ?????????? ? ?? ??? ????.[40]
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
8
???????, ??? ? 1960-? ????, ????????????? ????? ??????????, ?????? ???????????? ???????????????
?????????, ??????? ?????????? ??????-?????????? ?? ??????а? ??????? ? ???, ? ????? ? ? ?????? ???????
????.[41] ? 1965 ???? ?? ?????? ? ???-???? ? ??? ?????? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ????????
?????? (??????). ? ?????????? ???????????????? ???????????? ????????????? ????? ??????????,
???????? ????? Ф???? ??????╗ ?????? ???????????????? ?? ???? ???????, ? ????? ? ?? ????? ????. ?????
???????, ?? ?????? ??????????, ??????????? ? ????? ???????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ????????????
???????.
????????????? ????? ??????????: 1896?1965 ????
??????????? ????????? ??????? ? ?????????,
? ??????? ????? ?????????? ?????? ? 1916 ??
1920 ???.
???????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? ?
???????, ???????? ????????, ?????,
??????????? ? 1996 ???? ? 100-? ?? ??? ???
????????.
?????????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
????????????? ????? ??????????, ?????????? ????? ????? ??,
??????? ? ????????? 1 ???????? 1896 ????.[42] ?? ?????????? ??
???? ??????????? ??????, ???????????? ?? ????? ???????????
?????????. ????????? ????????? ??????? ????? ????
???????????. ??????????? ???????? ????? ???????? ??? ? ???????
??? ?????? ?????????.[42] ? 1916 ?? 1920 ??? ?? ???????? ?
?????????? ???????????? ??????????? ????????? ????????,
??????? ? ?? ????? ??? ??????? ???????????????? ???????
??????????? ????????.[42] ? 1922 ???? ? ????????? ????? ???????
???????? ?????? ????????? ???????, ??????????????? ?????????
(1874?1937). ??? ?? ?????? ??????? ??????????????? ??? ?????
??????????? ????????????? ??????-?????????? ?? ??????????
?????.
?????????? ??? ?????, ???? ????????? ????? ? ??? ???????????
????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ????????. ??????
???????????? ?????? ????????? ???????, ????? ????? ? ????, ??? ?
1944 ???? ??????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ????? ФBack to Godhead╗
(Ф??????? ? ????╗), ??????????? ???????? ???????????
????????. ?? ???? ??????????? ???????? ? ??? ??????????, ??
?????, ????????????, ?????????????, ??????? ? ?????????????
?????? ? ???????? ?????. ? 1950 ???? ????? ???????? ??
???????? ??? ? ? ???????? 1959 ???? ? ??????? ?????? ????
????????? ???????? ? ??????? ??? Ф?.а?.а????????????? ?????╗.
????? ????? ?? ????????? ? ?????? ????? ?????????????
?????????? ? ????? ?????????? ?? ?????????? ???? ?
?????????????? Ф??????-??????????╗а? ???? ?? ????????
????????? ??????? ???????????. ????????????? ????? ??? ?????,
???????????? ? ??????? ???????? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ?????.
???????? ?????? ???, ?? ??????? ????????? ??????????
???????-???????? ????? ???? ???????? ??????. ? ?????, ??????
???????? ????????????? ????? ???????????????? ??????, ?
???????, ? ?????????, ??????: Ф? ???????, ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????. ???? ?? ??????, ???? ??
??????????????? ?????????? ????????? ??? ????? ??? ????? ?????????╗.[43]
???????? ????? ?????????? ? ??? ? ????????? ??????: 1965?1966 ????
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
9
? ??????? 1965 ????, ????? ????? ?????????? ???? 69 ???, ????????? ?????????? ???????? Ф???????
???????╗ ?????? ???????? ???????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ?? ??? ?? ????? ?????????
????? Ф?????????╗, ??????? ???????? ???? ????????? ? ???????, 13 ??????? 1965 ????. ???????????
????????? ????? ?????? ????????? ??????? ? ????????? ??????-??????????? ?? ??????, ????? ??????????
???? ??? ???? ??? ??????? ? ?????? Ф??????-??????????╗, ???? ??????? (?????? ??????), ?????????
?????????? ?????????? ?????? ??????????, ???? ?????? ? 40 ????????? ????? (????? ???? ???????? ???).
?? ????? ???????????, ??????? ???????????? 40 ????, ?????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ????????. 17
???????? 1965 ???? Ф?????????╗ ??????????????? ? ?????????? ??????.[8] ????? ?? ??? ???? ???????????, ???
????? ?? 12 ??? ??????? ??????????? ????? ?????? ???????? ? ?????????????? ?? ????? ???? ???????????
????????.[8]
?????? ????? ???????? ? ???-????, ????????????? ????? ?????????? ????? ????????????? ??????? ?????
? ?????? ???-?????, ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ? ???????????? ????????? ??????? ????????, ???????
????????? Ф????????? ???╗. ? ???? 1966 ???? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????????? ?????????????
???????? ???????? ??????, ? ? ??????? ???? ?? ???? ??????? ???????? ????????, ??? ??? ??????? ?
????????-?????-????? ? ????? ????????? ??????, ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ? ????????? ??????? ?????
??????????????, ? ????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ???????????? ????-?????? ????? ????????. ??? ???
?????? ????????? ? ??????? ?????? ?? ???????? ??????? ?? ??????, ??????? ??????? ??????
??????????????? ?????? ?? ????? ????.
? ??????????? ????, ?????? ???????? ?????????? ? ????? ?????????????? ?? ??????????? ? ?????????
????????????? ????? ?????? ? ?????? ??? ??????.[44]
??????????????? ?????? ?? ??????: 1967?1977 ????
?????????? ???? Ф???? ??????╗ ?
??????-????-????? ? ???-????????? (???????
1967 ????)
?????? ???????? ? ????????????? ????? ?
???????? ??????? ? ??????? (????????)
????????????? ????????? ? ??????? ?????
???????. ?????????, ?????, 1996 ???.
????? ????????? ??????? ????? ? ???-?????, ?????????? ??????
?????? ????? ???????? ? ???-?????????, ??? ??? ? ??????? ???? ?
1967 ????. ? ??? ?? ???? ?????????? ????? ?????????????? ??
??? ? ?????? ? ????? ????????? ??????-???????????. ?????
????, ??? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????? ??? ????? ??????????
? ???????, ?????????? ?????? ? 1968 ???? ?????? ????? ????????
? ??????. ????? ????????? ??????? ??? ?????? ????? ? ??????? ?
The Beatles. ?????? ????????, ???? ?? ??????? ??????????
????????????? ??????, ??????? ?????????? ???????, ???????
????? ??????? ? ??????? ? ????????? ??????????, ? ????? ? ?
????? ??????????? ?? ????? ??? ?????? ? ?????? ? 1969 ????.
???????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ???? ?????-?????? ?
??????? ? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ? ???????? ??????
???? ??????,а? ?????? ФHare Krishna Mantra╗.[45] ? ??????
?????????? ????? ??????? ??????? ??? ????????? ? ??? ????
?????.[45] ????? ???? ??????? ???????????? ?????, ??????????
?? 12-?? ????? ? ?????????? ???-?????? ? ?? ?????? ??????? ?
?????? ??? ? ????????????.[45] ? ?????????????? ?????????
????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ????????????? ФTop of the
Pops╗а? ????????????? ?????? ??????????? ???-??????. ? 1970
???? ???????? ???????? ???? ??????????? ?????? ФAll Things
Must Pass╗, ??????? ????? ??? ???????, ??? ? ???? ???????
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
10
??????? ????????? ????? ??????????? ?????? ????? ФMy Sweet Lord╗. ? 1973 ???? ???????? ????????
?????? ФLiving in the Material World╗, ??????????? ????? ?? ??????? ???? ????????? ????????
??????-???????????. ??? ??? ??????? ???????? ???? ? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????. ????????
????? ??????????? ?????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????????? ????????? ????? ? ???????????? ???????,
??????? ????? ????? ??? ????. ????????? ??????????????? ??? ? ???? ? ??????? ??? ? ????? ??????????
Ф?????????????-?????╗. ? ??? ??? ???? ???? ???????? ????-????????? ?????? ? ?????????????? ? ?????
?? ????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????? ??????. ????????? ????? ?????????? ? ?????? ? ????????
??????? ? ???????? 1982 ????, ?????? ???????? ??????:
?? ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????, ? ??? ???????. ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????????????? ??????????? ?? ????
???. ??? ??????????? ?? ??????? ????? ????????????, ?? ???????? ??????, ?? ?????? ?????? ????? ??????????,
??????? ????? ????????, ??????? ????????? ???? ? ????? ??? ?????. ??? ?????????? ?????, ? ??? ????????????. ???
??????? ???? ??? ???. ??? ?????? ???? ???????????? ???????, ??? ?????? ??? ????????? ????? ????? ?????????? ?
??, ??? ????? ?? ??? ??.[46]
?? ????? ????? ?????? ? 1977 ????, ?????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ???????????? ???[????????а??а??????а63а],
???????? ????? ?????, ????? ??????, ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????
????????. ? ??????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????? 14 ?????? 1977 ????, ????????????? ???????? ????????
?????? ????? ???????? ????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????????????.[????????а??а??????а63а]
??????? ?????? ????? ?????? ??????????: 1970-?а? 2000-? ????
????????? ????????? ????????? ??????
Ф???? ??????╗ ?? ?????? ??????.
?? ?????? ????????? ???? ?????????? ????????????. ??? ?????,
??????????? ? ????????? ???????? ????????, ??????? ?
???????????? ???? ???????? ?????? ? ???????? ???????
?????????????, ????????? ? ????????? ????????? ???????,
????????? ?? ?????? ? ?????? Ф???? ??????╗, ?????????? ???-??
????????????.[15] ??? ?????? ???????? ????? ??? ?????????? ???
??????????? ? ??????????, ??????????? ? ????????????
??????????? ??????????? ????????.[15] ?? ???? ? ??????
????????, ? 1970-? ????? ?? ????????? ????? ?????? ??????????
???????? ???????? ?????? ??? ????? ??????????? ????????: ???
???? ???? ??? ???????? ???????? ? ?????????, ???????
?????????????? ?????? ???, ????? ???????? ??? ?????????? Ф???????? ????????╗.[15] ?? ??????
??????????, ????????? ????????? ?????????? ???????????? ????????, ???????????? Ф???????╗
??????????, ?????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????? ? ????????.[47] ??? ??????????????
??????????????, ????????? ?????, ?????????????? ?? ????????, ??????????, ???????? ???, ???????????
?????а? ?? ???? ????? ???? ?????????? ?? ???, ??? ???????????? ????? Ф???????? ???????????╗.[15] [47]
? ???????? ?? ???? ??????? ?????? ???? ??????? ?????? Ф???????????????╗ ????????, ??????? ??????
?????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ??????????????????? ?????????????? ?????????????.[15]
??????-????????????? ???????? ?????? ? Ф???????? ????????╗ ? ????? ??????????? ??????? ? ?????????
????????????? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????, ????????? ? ???????
??????????????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????? ?? ??????????????????.[15] ? ?????????? ? 1970-?а? 1980-?
???? ????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????. ????? ?? ?????
?????????? ???? ???? Ф????? ?????? ?????? ??????╗.[48] [49]
? ????? 1980-?а? ?????? 1990-? ????? ?????????? ?????? ??? ???????????? ?? ?????? ???? ???????????? ???????????? ? ?????? ???????, ?? ????? ? ???????? ????? ?????? ????? ?????????? (??????? ????????? ??????? ??????) ?? ???????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ???????????? ????????? ?? ???.[15] ? ???????
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
11
??????-?? ??????? ???????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ???????????????? ? ????????? ??????.[15]
??????? ???????? ? ???????? 1980-? ????? ? ?????? ?????? ??? ????? ? ????? ???? ?????????? ????????
????????????? ?????????? ????????????????? ? ?????????, ?? ?????? ? ????? ??????????? ??? ? ??????????
? ????????? ??????-???????????, ?? ? ? ????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ? ???????
????????????? ????????? ? ????????????????? ?????????.[50] ??????????? ??????????? ? ??????????????
????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ?????????? ? ??? ? ????????? ?????? ???????? ???????, ?? ????,
????????? ? ???????? Ф???????? ?? ???????? ????????╗.[15] ?? ?????? ?.а?.а????????, ?????? ????????
???? ???????, ???? ? ??????? ??????? ?????????????? ????????????? ??????? ????????? ??????????? ???
????? ??????????????.[15] ???????? ??????????: Ф? ?????????? ???? ???????????????? ????? ????? ????????,
??? ?????? ??????????? ? ??????? ???????? ?????????, ??????????? ?? ???????????? ?????????????
???????????? ?????????, ? ???????????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????????? ????????? (????? ?????? ?
??.)╗.[15]
??????? ?????? ? ???? ? ??????: 1970-?а? 2000-? ????
??????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ?????? ???????? ? 1971 ???? ? ?????? ? ??????
????????????? ????? ??????????, ??????? ??????? ???? ?? ??????????? ?????????? ?????.[51] ? ????
?????????? ????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ?????? ????? ? ????? ???? ????????? ?????????????? ??
???? ??????????? ?.а?.а?????????[51] ? ? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ????????, ??????? ?????? ??
?????????? ???????? ??????????, ??????? ?????????? ???????? ??? ??????-????? ????. ????? ???????
??????????, ??????-????? ????? ?????????????? ??????-?????????? ? ?????? ??????? ??????.[52]
? ????? 1970-? ????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???.[53] ? 1980 ????
????????? ???????????? ??? ???? ???????? ??????? ?????? ? ???????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?
???? ? ?????????? ??? ?? ????.[54] ? ??????? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??????????? ???
Ф????? ???????????╗ ?? ???? ??????????? ????????? ????? ?? ??????, ? ????? 1970-? ????? ???????????????
Ф??????? ?? ??????????????? ????? ???? ?? ?????????? ?????????? ?????╗.[55] ????????, ? ?????????,
?????????:
Ф????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????╗ ????????? ????? ????????? ???????????????? ????????? ?
????????????????? ???????????, ?????? ? ???? ?????? ????? ???????????? ?? ??????? ? ???????????-???????????? ?
???????? ???????????? ? ??????? ???????.[56]
? 1981 ???? ?? ????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ??????? Ф?????????╗ ????????? ???????????? ??????????
??????????? ???????????? ??? ?????? ???????:
?????????? ??? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????: ???????? ????????, ???-?-???? ? ???? ??????.[52] [57]
??? ???????????? ????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ????????? ?? ??????? ????????? ???????. ??????
?????????? ????????? ??????????? ??????????: ????? ??????????? ?????????? ???? ??????? ? ??????, ???
???????? ???????.[????????а??а??????а63а] ???????????? ??? ????????? ???? ???? ???????????? ? ????????
????????????????????, ? ??? ?????????? ????????? ???? ??????????????? ? ???????????? ? ??????? Ф?
???????????? ????? ???????????? ?????????╗.[58] ? 1988 ???? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
???? ?????????? ???????????????? ? ???? ??? ??????????? ???????????.[13] ?????? ????
??????[????????а??а??????а63а] ??????????? ????????????, ?????????????????? ? ????????? ??????. ? ???????
?????? ??? ????? ?? ????? ??????? ??? ?????? ????????? ???? ?? ????????????? ??????? ?????
??????????? ???????????.
?? ??????????? ???? ?????? ? ?????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????? ??????????? ? ????????? ? ?????? ??????? ??. ?? ?????? ?????? ?? 2004 ??? ? ???????? ???? 106 ?????????? ?????????????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ?? ???????, ? ?????????????? ????? 100 000 ?????????????? ??
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
12
???? ??????. ?? ??? ????? 25 000 ???, ???? ?????? ??????? ?????? ????????? ???????, ? ??? ????? 100
000 ??????? ??? ??? ????? ??????? ????????? ? ??????.
????????????
?????????
??. ?????: ??????????а? ????????????? ??? ?????.
?????? ????? ???????? ?????????. ????????? ?????????
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?????? ? ???????????? ?????? ? ??????? ????, ? ????????
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??????????. ??? ???? ???????? ???????? ??? ??????????. ?
???????????? ? ??????? ???????? ??????????, ??? ?????????????
???? ??????? ?? ???????? ??? ???????? ???????????. ???
?????????? ???????? ??????-?????????? ?? ????????? ??????
?????? ????????, ??????? ?????? ???? ?? ?????????????? ????? ?
?? ???????? ?????????????????. ? ?????? ??????????? ?????????
??????, ?????????? ???????????? ?????????? ? ?????????
??????????? ? ????????? ? ????????????????? ????????????,
???????? ? 3 ???. ???. ? 1997 ???? ?? 11 ???. ???. ? 2004 ???? (???
????? ??????????? ?????????????? ? 100 ???. ???.).[59]
??????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ???????? ????????????
????????????. ????????????? ???????????? Ф????????????? ???
?????╗ (???), ?????????? ????? ??????????? ? 1972 ????, ????????? ????? ????? ??? ?? 100 ??????. ?
?????????? ????????? ???????????? ??????? ?????? ?? ??????? ???? ?? ?????? ??????? ?????? ? ???. ?
?????? ????? ???????? ??????????? ???????: Ф??????????: ???????? ?????╗, Ф????????╗ ? ??????.
?? ????? ???? ???? ????? ? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????, ??????????? ? ?????????????????????
????????. ?????? ????? ????? ????? ????????? ??? Ф???? ?????? ? ???? ?????╗, ??????????? ???????
??????????.
???? ??????а? ???? ?????
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?????????????? ???? ??????????? ? ????
????????? ???? ?????? ? ???? ?????.
Ф???? ?????? ? ???? ?????╗а? ??? ?????????? ? ????
???????????? ?????? ?? ??????? ?????????????? ????.[60] Ф????
?????╗ ???? ???????? ????????????? ????????? ????????
?????? ? ???????? ???????? ? 1974 ???? ?? ??????? ????????
??????????, ???????????, ????? ? ???????? 10 ???? ?? ??????
?????? ?? ???? ????????.[60] ?????????? ?????? ??????????
ФISKCON Food Relief╗, ??????????? ??????????????? ? ????? ?
??????????????? ????????????? Ф????????????? ??? ?????╗ ??
???????? ???????, ??????????? ?? ??????? ????????????
??????????.[61] ????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???????????
??????? ???? ??????????.[61]
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
13
? 1982 ????[62] ???????? ???????????? ?? ?????? ? ??????????????? ?????? ??????? ??????? ????????
????????? ? ??? ?? ????? ????????а? Ф???? ??????а? ???? ?????╗.[61] ????????? ?????? ????????? ??
???????? ?????????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? ??????? ?????????? ???? (???????)[61] ? ?????????
?????????? ??????? ??????????,[62] ????????????? ? 1980-? ???? ? ?????????? ???? ????????? ? ??????? ??
??????? ?????????????? ????????.[61] ? ?????? ?? ??? Ф???? ?????╗ ?????? ???? ???????????? ? ???,
?????????, ??????, ???????, ????????, ??????? ? ???????.[61] ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????????? ??
??????? ??? ? ????????????? ?????? ? ???.[61]
?? ??????????? ????, ?????? Ф???? ?????╗ ????????? ? ????? ??? 60 ??????? ????,[60] [63] ? ??? ????? ?
?????? ? ?? ???????. ???????? ????? ????????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????????? ???????
??????????? (?????????? ?? ?? ???????????? ? ??????????? ??????????????), ? ????? Ф???????????
??????? ?????????? ???????? ??????????????╗.[60] Ф???? ?????╗ ????????? ?????? ?????????
???????????? ?????????? ??????? (????????, ?????????, ?????????, ??????????? ? ?????), ? ????? ?????,
???????????? ? ?????????? ????????? ????????, ??????????, ???????????? ? ??????????? ??????????.[60] ?
?????? 2000-? ????? Ф???? ?????╗ ??????? ??????????? ?? ???? ???? ????? 85 ?????????[64] ??????????
??????. ??? ????????????????? ???????????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????????? ?
???????????? ????????.[65]
? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????????? ????????? ???????????? ? 1988 ????, ????? ?????? ???????????? ??
?????? ??????? ???? ???????????? ???????? ???????????? ?? ????????????? ? ???????.[66] ? 1990-? ????
?????????? ????????? ?????? Ф???? ?????╗ ????????? ?????????????? ???? ? ??????? ?????? ???????
????а(??????? ? ?????),[66] ? ????? ???????????? ?? ????????????? ? ???????????.[66] ?? ????? ??????
????????? ????? ????????? ??????? ? ????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ??????? ??????.[66] ???? ??
??????????-???????????? ????? ? ??????? ? ?????????? ???????????.[66] ???????????? ???????????? Ф????
?????╗ ? ????? ???????? ????????????? ?????? ?????? ФThe New York Times╗, ??????? ??????, ??? ?
??????? Ф??? ????? ?? ?? ?????????, ??? ???? ?????? ? ?????????: ?? ?????? ????? ?????, ??????????, ???
?????????а? ??????╗.[67]
? ?????? ?????? Ф???? ?????╗ ???????????? ??????? ???????????? ????????? ???????????, ?????? ?
????????.[68] [69] ????????????? ??????, ??? ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? ?????????????? ????,
?????????? Ф???????╗, ???????? ??????????????? ????,[68] ??????? ????????? ??????? ????? ??? ????,
????? ???????? ?? ? ???? ????.[70] ???? ??????? ??????????, ??? ? ????? ?????? ??????????? ????????????? ?
?????????, ?????? ????? ?????????????????? ??? ??????????????? ????, ???????????? ???????
?????????????? ? ????????? ??????? ??? ???? ?? ???? ?????????????.[71] ?.а?.а???????? ?? ????? ??????
?????, ??? ????????????? ? ??????????? ???? ???? ???????? ??? ?????????? ???????????? ??????????
?????????, ???????? ? ??????????? ????????????????? ????.[70] ? ????? ????????? ?????? ???????????? ???
???? ????? ? ????????? ????????? ?????????? ?? ? ???????, ?? ???? ????????? ???????.[70]
??????? ????-???????? ?????? ? ???????,
???????? ????????, ?????.
???????? ?????????????
???????? ????????????? ??? ??????? ?????????????? ?????
??????????? ? 1974 ???? ? ????? ?????????? ????, ??? ?? ???????
Ф??????? ???????? ???????? ??????╗.[72] ?????? ??????????
????????? ???? ??????? ???????? ????а? ???? ?? ????????
??????? ??????, ??????? ?????????? ?????? ???????.[72]
???????? ???????? ????????????? ??? ????????? ????????
?????? ??????.[72] ???????? ????? ????????? ???? ?????????
???????????? ????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ????? ?????????
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
14
???????????? ???????? ? ??????????? ??????????? ???? ???????????? ? ?????????, ???????, ??????????? ?
??????? ???????.[72] ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ??? ?????????????? ?????????????????
?????? ?????? ? ??????????? ????????? ????????????? ??? ??????????? ??? ????????????? ???
????????????.[73] ? ?????? ?? ??? ????????????? ?????????, ??????? ???????? ??????????? ????? Ф???????
?????? ???????? ??????╗, ??????????? ???????????? ??????????? ????? ? ???????.[73] ? 1980-? ????
???????? ????????????? ??????????? ? ???????????????? ????? ?? ???????? ????? ? ??????? ??????
??????.[72]
? 1986 ???? ???????? ????????????? ??????????? ? ?????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? Ф??????
????? ? ???????╗.[74] ? ??? ??????? ??????? ????? 1100 ?????? ? ??????????? ???????? ?? ?????? ?????
????.[75] ???????? ?????? ????????? ??? ?????-????,[75] ? ????????????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ???????
?????? ????.[75] ? ????????? ????? ??????? ??????? ????????? ?????????? ?????? ??????? ?????? ???
?????????, ???????????? ?????? ????? ????, ???????????? ??????? ???? ?????, ?????? ?????????? ?
??.[75] ?????? ???????? ??? ???????? ? 1997 ???? ? ?????????[76] ? ???????? ????? 2000 ?????? ? ???????????
????????.[77] ????????????? ???? ???????? ??????????? ??????? ????? ?????.[77]
????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ???????
??????????? ???? ? ????? ?????? ? ????????
???????? ??????? ? ?????? ? ?????
?????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
? ???-?????????
?????? ????????????? ?????? ??? ??????????? ???????????
??????????? ???????????,[2] [78] [3] [5] [79] [80] ??????????????
????? ????? ???????[10] ????? ??????-???????????[4] [5] а?
?????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ????????
????????????? ??????.[81] ????? ???? ????????????? ??????
??? ??????????? ????????????? ???????? ??????, ??????????
?????????????? ????? ??????????? ? ?????? ???????? ????????
????? ? ????????????? ? ????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????
??????????? ????.[82]
???? ? ?????? ????????, ??? ????, ??????? ????????????
??????????, ?? ???? ?????, ? ?? ???а? ?? ??? ???????????
???????? ??????????.[83] ?????????? ?????? ? ?????
????????????? ????????? ???????? ????????????? ??????,
???????????????? ? XVI ???? ? ???????? ???????????
???????????? ?????????.[83] ? ?????? ?? ???? ????? ????????? ?
???-?????, ?????????? ?????????? ????? ??????? ??????????
Ф????????????, ????? ?? ????????????╗ ?????? ? ????????,
?????????? ?? ??????????????? ???????????? ???????,
?????????????????? ? ???? Ф???????? ???????????? ?????? ????????╗.[83]
???? ? ?????? ????????, ??? ??????, ????????? ??????????, ? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????? ?????? ?
??????????? ???????? ??? ?????????????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????,[83] [84] ???????
Ф????????????? ???????????????, ?????????? ? ???????? ????? ?????? ?????????????? ????????????
????????, ???????????????? ? ????? ??????????? ???????? ? ???????╗.[84] ??????, ? 1970-?а? 1980-? ????
?????? ??????????????? ?????????????? ? ???????? ???????? ? ????????? ????????????? 1960-? ????? ?
? ???????????? ?? ????????????? ???????????? ?????????? (?????????? ? ??????????? ??? ?????).[83]
???? ? ?????? ????????? ??? ???, ??? ? ???????? 1970-? ????? ? ??????? ??????? ??????? ???????????
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
15
????????????? ????????, ? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ??? Ф???? ?? ???? ????????
????????????? ???????╗.[84] ????????????? ??????????, ? ??????? ?? ?????????? ???????, ????? ???????
????? ??????? ?????????, ?????? ???????????? ??????? ?? ???????????? ??????.[84] ??? ???????? ???? ?
??????, ??????????? ????????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????????? ? ?????? ????????? ? Ф?????
?????????????╗ ???????? ??????-????????????, ?????????? ?????? ??? Ф??????????? ?????????????
??????????? ????????╗.[85]
? 1986 ???? ?????? ????? ?????, ??? ???? ?????? ????? ??????????? ??????? ??? ????? ???????????
???????? ? ?????????????? ???????? ????????? ??? ???????, ?????? ???????? ????? ?????? ? ??? ??????,
??? ???????????? ????? ??? ?????? ???????? ??????-???????????.[86] ?????????? ?????????? ? ????????
?????? ???? ? ????? ?????????? Ф?????????????? ???????????????: ??????????????? ????????╗ (2003)
????? ???????, ??? ?????? Ф????? ?? ????, ????? ???? ????? ??????????? ?????????╗.[80] а????????
?????, ?????? ???????????? ????? Ф??????????? ???????????╗ ????????????? ??????-???????????
????????, Ф??????????????? ???? ???????? ?? ??????, ? ?? ?? ???????╗.[80]
????? ???????????? ? ????? ?????????? Ф??????? ??????? ????????╗ ????????????? ?????? ??? Ф?????
??????? ??????????? ?? ???? ?????????????? ????????? ???????? ?? ??????╗[17] ? ??? Ф????? ?????????
??????????? ??????????? ???????? ??????╗.[18] ????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????????? ????? ????
??????????, ??? Ф?????? ? ?????? ?????? ??????? ???? ??????????? ????????? ?????????? ????????╗.[19]
?. ???? ?????, ??? ????? ?? ???????? ?????? ??????? ? ??????????? ???????? Ф??????-??????????, ???
??????????? ??????????, ????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ?????? ????????, ?????? ? ?????????.
??? ??????? ?????? ??? ???????? ? ??????????????? ???? ???????? ????? ?? ?????????? ?????? ? ?????.
?????? ???????? ????? ?? ???????????, ?????????????? ??? ?????????.???????? ?????????? ????????
???????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??????? ??????????????? ? ???????? ????? ? ????????, ??? ????? ????
????????? ? ?????????? ?????????? ??????. ??????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ??????????
??????-????????????. ?????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ? 1965 ???? ?????????? ??????
????????????? ????? ?????????? (1896?1977)╗.[19] ????? ??????? ? ????? ?????????? Ф???????????
??????????? ????????╗ (?????????????? ? 1971 ???? ? ?????? ???????????? ??? ??????? ??????? ??
???????? ? ???????????? ?????????????)[87] ????? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ???????????? ????????
????????.[88] ??????? ?????, ??? ????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? Ф???????? ??????????? ?
?????????? ???????? ???????????? ??????????? ? ???????????? ??????╗ ? ????????? ?????????
?????????????? ? ?????????????, ???????????? ?????????? ?????? Ф???? ??????╗ ??? ????? ?????????.[88]
??? ????????????? ????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ????? ?????? ? ????????? ????????????? ???????,
??????? ??????? ?? ????????? ?????? Ф??????????????╗.[89] ?????????? ??????? ????????????? ?????
Ф???????╗, ???????????? ???????????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ? Ф?????????╗.[90] ?????????? ??????
?????? Ф???????╗ ??????? ? ????????????, ??????????? ??? ??????????? Ф????????-??????╗.[89] ??????????
?????, ??? ????? Ф???????╗ ?????? ????????????? ? ?????????? ??????????????? ? ?? ????? ????????? ???
??-?? ????? Ф?????????????????????╗ ????????.[89] ???????? ?????????, ????? ?????????? ????
??????????????????? ?? Ф??????????????╗ ??? Ф????????????╗ ???????? ????? Ф???????╗ ? ???????????
????????????? ???????? ????????-??????, ?????? ?????? ??????????????? ??? ??????????? ?????
?????.[89] ?????? ??? ????? ????????, ??? ????????? ?????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ?????????
???? ?????????????? ???????.[91] ?????????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????????? ?? ??????????? ?
????????? ????????????????? ??? ????? ???????????????? ?????? ?? ??????, ??? ??? ??? ????? ???? ?????
???????? ????? ????????????? ????????????? ?? ??????????? ???????? ??? ??????????.[91] ????????
?????? ?????????????? ?. ?. ???????, ???????? ???????? ?????????? ????? ? ??, ??? ?????????? ?????????
?????????? ? ???????? ? ?????? ???????, ????? ?????? ?????????????? ? ???? ????????.[92]
????????? ????????, ??? ???????????????? ?????? ? ????????? ???????? ?? ??? ????????????? ??????????.[89] ?????? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ???? ????????? ??? ????, ??????? Ф?????????
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
16
?????????? ????????? ???????, ?? ????????? ? ????????? ?????????????╗.[89] ??? ? ??????????, ??? ???????
??????? ?????????, Ф?????????????╗ ????.[89] ???????? ???????, ??? Ф????? ?????? ????? ?????, ????? ??
????????? ???? ???????╗, ?? ????, ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????????? Ф????????╗.[89]
?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??? ?? ???????а? Ф??а? ?? ????╗.[93]
?????? ????? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ???? Ф??????????? ??????
???????????? ????????╗.[94] ????? ??????? ????? ???????????????? ????????? ????????, ???????? ?? ??, ???
???????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ? ?????? ????
?????????, ? ?? ? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ???????.[94] ????? ????????, ??? ?? ???? ? ??????
????????, ???????? ?? ??, ??? ????????????? ?????? Ф?????????? ????? ??????????? ???????, ????? ?????
??????????? ????? ????? ? ??????????? ????? ???????????? ????╗, ?????? ????? ???????????? ????????
???? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????.[95]
?????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ????????, ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????????, ? ?????? ???????? ???????
???? ???????, ?????????? ???????? Ф????????????╗ ??? Ф??????????╗.[91] ? ?????????? ????? ????????, ?
?????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ???????.[91] ??? ????????, ??? ??? ??????????? ???????
? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????? ? ????? ???????????? ??????????
Ф????????╗,а? ???????, ??????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????????????? ??????.[91] ???
???????????????, ??? ? ??????????, ?????? ??? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? ???? ? ?????????, ? ??
?? ????? ????? ????????? ???????????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ????????.[91]
?????? ? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ? ? ?????
????????? ?????????? ????????????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????????????, ??? ?????? ??? ? ?????
1980-? ????? ????????????? ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ? ???????? ? ????? ?????
??? ???? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????????????? ??????
??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ? ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ???????????.[96]
? ?????, ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ????? ??????? ? ????????? ??????.[59]
? 1996 ???? ??????????? ??????????? Ф???????????? ??????-?????????╗ ???????, ??? ???????? ?????
?????????? ??????? ???????: Ф??????? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ??????? ? ????????? ??? ??? ???
????????, ??????? ???????? ???????? ? ????? ?????? ?????╗,[59] ? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ?
????????: Ф????????? ?? ????????? ?????????, ????? ?? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ???? ??? ?????????╗.[59]
?????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????????????????? ???????????
Ф????? ????? ???????╗ (Ф?????????? ?????? ???????╗): Ф????????????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?
???????????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ??????????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ? ????, ????? ???
????? ??????? ??? ???????? ????? ??????????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?, ? ???????????, ? ??????╗[59] [97]
??????????? ????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ?????? ???????, ??? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????
Ф???????????╗ ?? 20 ??????? 2006 ????, ??????? ?????????, ??? Ф??????, ??? ??????????? ???????????
?????????, ?? ?????? ???? ???????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ???
??????????????╗.[59] ????????? ????????????? ????????? Ф????? ????? ???????╗ ????? ????? ? ?????????
? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?.а?.а??????? ?? 14 ??????? 1995 ???? ??????, ??? Ф???????? ????????
??????, ?????? ????????? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ? ???????????? ???????????а?
????????????? ??????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????╗.[98]
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
17
?????? ? ?????
???? ?????????????? ???????? ????????
?????? ? ?????????.
???? ? ?????????? ?????????? ?????
?????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
? ???-????.
???? ?????????????? ???????? ????????
?????? ? ????????, ??????-??????, ?????
?????.
??????, ???????????? ????????????? ??????, ???????????????
? ???, ??? ?????? ???????, ? ??? ????? ??????????????? ??????
?????, ????????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? ???
????????? ????? ????? ??????, ??????? ?????? ????????? ???
????? ???? ??????? ???????? ???, ? ??????а? ??? ?????
????????? ????????.[15] ???????? ?.а?.а????????, ?????? ????
??????? ? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ????
1996 ???, ????? ? ????? ???? ???????????? ?????????????
100-????? ????????????? ????? ??????????.[15] ????????????
?????????? ????? ? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????
???????? ???? ?????????? ????????? ? ????? ?????????? ? ???
???????? ? ???? ????????? ???????? ?? ???? ????.[15] ??? 31 ???
1997 ???? ?? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?
?????????, ????????? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????
???????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ????? ?????
??????????:
????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ????. ?? ?????? ???? ?????
???????????? ???????? ???? ????? ? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?????, ??????? ? ?? ????? ??? ? ????????. ?????????
???, ??? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????,
??? ?. ?. ????????????? ????? ??????????, ? ???? ???????? ???? ?????????? ???? ???????????? ?????. ??????
??????? ??? ???????? ??????????, ????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? ???? ?
????????, ???????? ????? ?????... ???? ????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ????? ? ???????? ? ????? ????? ?????. ?
????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ?
????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????????? ????????...[99]
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
18
??? ??????, ???????-??????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ?????? ????? ?
??????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ? ???-???? 5 ?????? 1998 ???? ?????? ?????????:
????????? ??????? ???????? ? Ф????????-????╗ ? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?
?????????????? ?? ???? ??????? ????, ? ?? ??? ??????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????????????
???????? ???????? ??????. ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????????
???????? ???????? ?????? ? ????? ??????????. ??????????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? ? 1965 ???? ?
??????????? ????? ? ??????????? ????????????, ??????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ? ?????
?????????? ???, ???????? ????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ??????? XX ????.[100]
? 1997 ???? ? ??? ????????? ???????? ?????? 12 ?????????? ????????? ????????????????
???????-???????? ?????, ? ??????? ??? ????????, ??? ??????????? ???????-?????????????? ??????????????
? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? (??? ???????, ??? ?
30 ???. ????????, ??????? ?????, ???????? ??? ?????? ? ?????? ? ???????? ????? ??????).[101] [59] ??
?????? ??????????? ??????????? ?.а?.а????????, ????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ??????, Ф??? ?????
???????????? ???????????? ????? ????????, ??? ??????? ?? ?????? (???? ?? ? ???, ?????? ??? ???-????
???) ????????? ????????, ???????????? ?????????? ????? ? ????????????? ????????? ??????? ??????
????????? ??? ??????????????? ???? ? ????????? ???????? ? ??????? ?? ??????╗.[59]
? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ????????.[59] ?? ????????? ??????, ?????? ??
??????????? ????????? ????? 500 ???. ???. ?????? ??????????? ? ????? ???????? ? ???????????
????????? ??????????? ? ????, ?????????, ??????, ?????????, ??????????, ????????, ?????????? ?
???????, ??????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????????.[59]
???????
?????????????? ?????? ? Ф????????????? ????????╗
????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????, ????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ? ?
????? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ?????????. ??????????? ??? ?? ??????? ??????,
???????????? ?????? ? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????? ???-????? ? ??????????? ??????????
??????????? ?????????????? ??????, ? ?? ???? ????????? ???????????? ??? ? ??????????????
????????????? ????????? ????.[102] [103] ???? ????? ????????? ????? ? ??????? ?.а?.а????????, ???????,
???????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????, ??? ?????? ? ??? ????????????? ?????? ????? ?????????????? ??
????????? ????? Ф??? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ????????╗.[104]
????????? ??????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????, ??? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????? Ф?????????????
????????╗ ? ??????????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????? ????, ??? ????????? ?? ???????? ????????????????
????????? ??????? ????????. ????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ????????, ??? Ф??????? ???????? ??????
???????????? ???????, ??????????? ????? ? ???????????? ??????????????? ????????. ? ???, ? ?????????,
????????? ? ??????╗.[19]
????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????????? ?? ??, ??? ????????? ???????????? ???????????
????????????? ?? ??????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ????? ? ?????. ????????????? ?????????? ??? ???
????????? ????, ??? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????????.[15] ?.а?.а???????? ????????, ??? ?
????????????????, ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ? ????????? ??????, ??????????? ??? ???????????
Ф????????? ??????????╗а? ???????????? ???????????????? ? ?????????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???????
????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????????????????,[15] ???????????? ???? ???????? ???????, ??????? ??
??????? ????????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ????? ? ????????????? ???????? ? ????? ???
????, ????? ????? ???????.[15] ? ????????? ?? ??? ??????, ???? ?????? ??? ???????????? ????????? ??????
?????????, ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ??????????? ????? ???????????? ???????????
??????? ? ???????? ? ??????.[105]
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
19
?????? ? ????????? ? ???????
??. ?????: ????????? ? ???????.
????????? ??????? ?????? ??????????, ??? ?????????? ?????? ???????, ??? ????????? ? ????????,
???????????? ?????? ?????? Ф?????╗а? ?? ????? ?????? ????????. ? ??????????? ???????? ???? ???
????????????? ????????????? ????????, ??? ????????? ????? ?????? ????????, ?????? ?????? ????? ? ??, ???
?????, ??? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ?????????, ???????? ?????????.[106] ????????, ???????????
?? ????????? ?????, ??? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????. ? ????? ?????
????????? ? ??????? ????? ?????????? ??? ????? ? ????? ?????????. ??????? ? ??????? ???? ???????? ?????
????? ?? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????????.[107]
??? ? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ???????, ??? ? ? ???????? ????????? ???????????????? ???
????????????, ??????????? ?????????????? ? ???????? ? ??????????? ??????????.[15] ???????????
??????????? ???????? ???? ???? ????????? ????? ????? ? 1966 ????.[15] ? ???????????, ?????????? 2 ????
1995 ????, ??? ???????? 7 ???????? ?????????:[15]
1.
Ф???????????? ????????? ? ????? ??? ? ??????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ? ??????????? ????????╗;
2.
??????? ???? ?????????? ?? ????????? ? ???? ????? ??????, ?????????? ?? ????????? ????, ??? ??????
???????????;
3.
????????? ???????????? Ф???????? ???????? ?????╗а? ???????? ???????? ????????, ?????????? ?
?????????? ?????????, ????????? ???? ?? ?????? ? ??????????? ??????????????????, ????????????? ?
??????? ????????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????;
4.
???? ? ???????????? (????????????) ? ?????????? ????????????? ???? (?????????????? ????????
????????);
5.
????????? ????, ??? ???????????? (?? Ф?????? ??????????????╗) ????????? ?????????? ??????;
6.
????????? ? ???????? Ф????????????╗ ???????????? Ф??????????????? ? ????????? ????????? ???????
?????? ?????╗;
7.
????????? ????, ???, ? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????, ??????? ?? ?????? ? ?????????? ????????????? ??????
??????????? ??????????.
?? ? ???????? ?????? ????????, ?? ? ???????? ?????????, ??????? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????????
????????, ????????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???????????-?????????? ?????????.[15] 2 ???? 1995 ????
????????? ??? ????? ???????, ???:
???, ??? ? ??????????? ????????? ????, ????????? ??, ??? ???????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????,
???????? ?? ??????, ??? ????? ??????????? ????????? ?????, ??? ???????? ?????????????? ?????????????
??????????? ???????, ????? ???? ?????? ???????.[15]
? ???? ????????? ?????????? ???????, ????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????????? ????? ????
????????: Ф??, ??? ?????? ???????? ????, ?????????? ????????? ?? ?????????????? ???? ??????????? ?
????????╗.[19]
? ????? XX ???? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ? ???? ????????? ? ??????, ???????? ? ?????
???????, ????????? ? ? ??????, ????????? ?? ????????? ? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????.[15]
????????????? ????????, ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ? ???????
?????????????? ???? ???????.[15] ?.а?.а???????? ? ????? ????? Ф??????????? ???????? ? ??????╗ ??????? ??
???? ?????????:
? ????????? ????? ????? ??????? ????????????? ??????, ??? ? ??????????????? ?????? ?????, ? ????????
??????????? ? ???????????? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?????????????? ???? ??????? ???? ??????????. ? ???
????, ??? ???????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????, ?????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ???????,
????????? ? ?????? ????? ?? ?????????, ????? ?? ??????????????? ? ?????-?? Ф?????????????????╗ ?????????
??????.[15]
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
20
??????????
[1]
?ritannica online Hare Krishna (http:/ / www. britannica. com/ EBchecked/ topic/ 255215/ Hare-Krishna) Ф????????????? ????????
???????? ?????? (??????)а? ????????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ??? ?
1965 ???? ?.а?.а?????????????? ????? ??????????? (1896?1977)╗
[2]
Klostermaier 1998, p.а9
[3]
Edwards 2001, p.а279 ФThis Hindu religious movement is derived from Vaishnavism, or devotion to the Hindu god Vishnu, although
devotees focus on the Hindu god Krishna who is an incarnation of Vishnu╗.
[4]
Nye 2003, p.а190
[5]
Beck 2005, p.а6 ФIn modern times the Gaudiya Sampradaya, linked to Madhva Sampradaya but established by Caitanya and his followers in
sixteenth-century Bengal, includes the recent worldwide movement known as ISKCON (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) in
which Krishna is most clearly declared the ?Supreme Personality of Godhead?, surpassing Vishnu╗.
[6]
Laderman & Leзn 2003, p.а110 ФThe ?Hare Krishna Movement?, registered as the International Society for Krishna Consciousness
(ISKCON), is a branch of what is traditionally known as Gaudiya Vaishnavism, a movement inaugurated in East India by Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu in the sixteenth century. Chaitanya, accepted as an incarnation of Krishna by his followers, established a religious system
featuring the chanting and dancing in public places that remain prominent in Bengal and other parts of India╗.
[7]
Gibson & Wootten 2002, pp.а6-7 ФMany Vaishnavas belong to the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON). The society
was founded in New York in 1966 by A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada to spread the message of Hinduism across the world? The
purpose of ISKCON is to spread the message of Hinduism (Sanatan Dharma) throughout the world╗.
[8]
Rochford 2004, p.а102
[9]
Klostermaier 2007, p.а217
[10]
Bryant & Ekstrand 2004, p.а35 ФThese are also the aims of Gaudiya Vaishnavism, of which ISKCON is the largest and, arguably, most
important branch╗.
[11]
?????? 2005
[12]
Broo 2003, p.а51
[13]
???????? 1998, p.а287
[14]
???????? 1998
[15]
???????? 2008
[16]
Dwyer & Cole 2007, p.а38
[17]
Klostermaier 2000, Intro Фthe most genuinely Hindu of all the many Indian movements in the West╗.
[18]
Klostermaier 2007, p.а183
[19]
???? 1995, pp.а5-15
[20]
Nye 2001, p.а133 ФThe Hare Krishna society is a bona fide Hindu group and well respected amongst all Hindus. Indeed, we prase their
efforts in spreading knowledge of Hindu religion and culture╗.
[21]
???????? 1998, pp.а38-44
[22]
???????? 1998, p.а40
[23]
???????? 1998, p.а39
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Rochford 2007, p.а13
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?????????? ????????, 2000. ? ?.а313. ? 693а?. ? ISBN 58821305060
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2003. ? ISBN 1-57607-238-X
[28]
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[29]
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[30]
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[31]
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[32]
?? ?????? ????, ? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ????, ??????? ????? (??.: Ibid. ?. 17-18, ? ?????: Hardy,
priedhelm. Madhavendra Pun: a link between Bengal Vaisnavism and South Indian Bhakti // Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society. 1974. No.l.
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[33]
CC Adi (Vol. 1) 3.108-110. P.225-226, ? ?????: CC Ant (Vol. 1) 3.223-226. P.323-325.
[34]
??.: CBh Adi 2-3. P.11-35; ? ?????: CC Adi (Vol.3) 13. P.55-128. ????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ? ???????????????
?????????????, ????????? ????? ???????а? Ф????????-???????????╗ ?????????? ?????????, Ф????????-?????????╗ ??????????
????, Ф????????-???????╗ ?????? ????, Ф??????-????????-???????????╗ ?????? ?????, Ф??????-????????-???????????-?????????╗
? Ф????????-?????????-??????╗ ?????????????, Ф?????-???????╗ ??????? ??????? ? ??.
[35]
??.: CBh Adi 10-12. P. 88-121
[36]
CCAdi 17.8-9. P. 260?261.
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
21
[37]
CC Adi (Vol.3) 17.143?226. P. 334?374.
[38]
??.: CC Mdh (Vol. 3) 9. P.289-382; Mdh (Vol.4) 9. P. 1-108.
[39]
?? Ant (Vol. 5) 20. P. 243?318.
[40]
Broo 2003, p.а52
[41]
??., ????????: Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna. Five Distinguished Scholars on the Krishna Movement in the West / Ed. by SJ.Gelberg. New
York, 1983. P. 101?161 (???????? ? ??????? ??. ?????????).
[42]
Zeller 2010, p.а74
[43]
Hayagriva Dasa 1985, p.а34
[44]
Knott 1997
[45]
Kent 2001, p.а21
[46]
Mukunda Goswami & Drutakarma Dasa 1982, pp.а27-28
[47]
Nye 2001, p.а19
[48]
Lewis 2004, p.а194
[49]
Gallagher 2004, pp.а110-111
[50]
Nye 2001, p.а23
[51]
??? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????? (http:/ / www. krishna. org. ua/ old/ vaisnav/ _1/ k1. html)
[52]
???? ???????? Ф????????? ??????? ??????? ? ??????╗ (http:/ / www. index. org. ru/ journal/ 11/ pleshakov. html)
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[61]
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Lovelace & White 1997, p.а24
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grozny-journal-krishnas-cast-bread-on-roiling-waters-in-russia. html?pagewanted=all& src=pm) а(????.), The New York Timesа(December 12,
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Swatos & Kivisto 1998, p.а236
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Bryant & Ekstrand 2004, p.а269
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Hunt 2003, p.а117 ФHence, far from being an NRM, ISKCON is merely a modern version of a 500-year old tradition, concentrating its
attention on the West rather than the East╗.
[81]
Bryant & Ekstrand 2004, p.аxv
[82]
Bryant & Ekstrand 2004, p.аxvi
[83]
Shinn & Bromley 1989, p.а14
[84]
Shinn & Bromley 1989, p.а18
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
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Brzezinski 1998
[90]
? ????? ??????? ? ???????, ??????????, ? ?????????, ?????????: Ф??????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ???????????????
???????? ?????????? ????????, ?????? ???? ????????????? ??? ? ?????????. ?? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????,
????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ????? ??????????? ???????.. ?????? ???????, ??????? ??? ? ????? ?????, ??? ?
?? ?? ?????????, ??????, ??? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ???????, ?? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????
?????? ?? ? ?????????, ?? ? ?????-???? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??????, ??? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??
??????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ???????╗. Brzezinski 1998
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????????? ????????, ??? ??????????? ?????????? ?? ??? ???? ???????? ?????? ??????????? ? ???, ??? ??? ????????? ????????? ??
??????? ????????? ????????????? ???? ?? ?????? ???????????? ?????????????: Ф? ?????. ? ???? ? ???? ??????????? ??????? ?
?????, ??? ??? ???????а? ??? ???? ???. ?????????? ????? ? ????? ????????? ??????? ? ?????? ?? ?? ?????. ??????????? ????? ?
????? ??????? ? ??????, ??? ???? ???а? ??? ??? ???????╗. Brzezinski 1998
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Elst 2002, p.а102 ????? ????????, ??? ? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??????????????? ????????? ?????????. ?? ????????? ?? ??, ???
?????? ????? ???? ?????? ?? ???????, ????? ????, ????????, ???????? ????? ???????? ????????????? ? ???????.
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????????????? ? ????????? ???????? ????????, ???????????? ?? ????? ????????? ??????-???? ?????? ??? ???? ?????????? ?
??????? ??????????, ??????, ???????? ? ?????????. Ф????? ????? ???????╗ ??? ??????????? ?? ????? ??????-???? 1967 ???? ?
?????????? ? ????? ????????? ????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ????????. ??????????, ??? ? ??????
??????????? ???????????, Ф????? ????? ???????╗ ?? ????? ???????????? ?? ????????????????? ???? ???????.
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ru/ site/ index. php?act=lib& id=1622) ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? ? ?? 1996а?. ?????????? ?????? ????????????
??????????? ????????????. Ф???????? ???????? ??????, ?????? ????????? ??? ???????? ????? ???????,а? ????? ?????????
????????????? ????????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????? ????? ? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?.а?.а??????? 14 ???????
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Bryant, Edwin F. & Ekstrand, Maria L. (2004), The Hare Krishna Movement: The Postcharismatic Fate of a
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Dwyer, Graham & Cole, Richard J. (2007), The Hare Krishna Movement: Forty Years of Chant and Change
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????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
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??????
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????????? ??? ?????? (http:/ / www. youtube. com/ watch?v=4XGHBNSKiig)
????? ?? ????? ? ???????? ?? ??????? (http:/ / www. youtube. com/ watch?v=Iv-WmJgQwqg)
?????? ?????????, ? ?? ????????????? (http:/ / www. youtube. com/ watch?v=Jcg-co4sudE)
????? ????? ????? (http:/ / www. youtube. com/ watch?v=-HmlbUb8Cns)
????????? ??????????? ??????? (http:/ / www. youtube. com/ watch?v=-R3blfK6ePw)
?????? ????????? ?????????? ? ????????????? (http:/ / www. youtube. com/ watch?v=iX9feoAyWKQ)
????????????? ????? ?????? ? ?????? (http:/ / www. youtube. com/ watch?v=cJ3pC7YJLXI)а? ???-??? ????????? ?????????
Ф? ???????╗
????? ??????
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??????????? ???? ?????? ? ?????? (http:/ / krishna. ru)
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??????????? ???? ?????? ? ?????-?????????? (http:/ / www. shrikrishna. ru)
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???? ?????? ? ?????? (http:/ / www. newjaipur. narod. ru)
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?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ? ? ???????? (http:/ / www. krishna. org. ua/ world/ )
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???? ?????? ? ??????????????? (http:/ / www. krishna. com. ua/ )
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???????? ?. ?. ???????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ? ????? ?????? ?????????????? (http:/ /
portal-credo. ru/ site/ index. php?act=lib& id=1622)
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?????? ?. ?. ???????????? ? ????????-?????????? ??????? ???????????? ??????????? (http:/ / www.
portal-credo. ru/ site/ index. php?act=lib& id=1928)
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????????? ?. ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ??????? (http:/ / portal-credo. ru/ site/ index. php?act=lib&
id=1631)
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?????? ?. ????? ??? ????? ??????? (http:/ / www. krishna. org. ua/ old/ vaisnav/ _2/ b1. html)
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???????? ?. ?. ??????????, ?????????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??????
(http:/ / www. newjaipur. narod. ru/ expert. htm)
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?????? ????????? ???????? ??????: ??????? ?????? ? ?????? (http:/ / www. krishna. org. ua/ old/
vaisnav/ _1/ d1. html)
??????? ? ??????????
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?????????? ? ?????? (http:/ / www. vaishnavism. ru/ )
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??????????? ?????????????? ?????? (http:/ / vrinda. ru/ )
???????
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
27
?
??????????? ?. ?. ???????? ??? ?????????? (http:/ / korolev. msk. ru/ books/ dc/ 5169. txt) ?.: ???????
??????????-??????????????? ?????? ??????, 1997
?
?????? ?. ?????????? ?? ??????????????, 1982 (http:/ / www. apologetika. ru/ pdfs/ c026. pdf)
?
??????? ?. ????????? ??? ??? ???? (http:/ / www. podvorie-sokolniki. ru/ krishnaity/ krishnaiti. htm)
????????? ?? ??????????? ? ?????????? ????????
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?????????? ????????а? ??????????????? (http:/ / sulo-cana. narod. ru) а(???.)
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?????-?????? ? ??????????? ? ?????????? ????????. ????????????? ?????????? (http:/ / vedamp3. narod.
ru)
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?????? Ф??????????: ???????? ?????╗ (http:/ / www. krishna. org. ua/ old/ vaisnav/ ) а(???.)
?
????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? ? ?????? ??????????? ?????????? (http:/ / vyasa. ru/ books/ ) а(???.)
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?????? Ф????????а? ??????? ???╗ (http:/ / www. sanga. ru/ ) а(???.)
?
???? Ф??????? ???╗ ?????. ????????. ???????. ????????? (http:/ / www. zvek. info/ ) а(???.)
????????? ? ???????? ??????
28
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????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=32480410 а?????????: A.I., Altes, Antonbabich, Antonio Espada, Bashirov Aziz,
Berillium, Bharati Svami, Blackrook, Bunker by, Cheops, Chronicler, Clockwork, Dencher, Eleferen, Exxxxxcel, Gato, GevArt, Ilya Mauter, Ivangricenko, Jack who built the house, Kalan,
Kris.h.Nive, LEMeZza, Loveless, MrRusSel, Mstislavl, Neon, Obersachse, Omtatsat, Roman111, Satiksme, Shbr, Snch, Tempus, Trycatch, VSGI, Van Helsing, Voiger, Wikidas, Wikidasa,
Yaroslav Blanter, ?????????, ????????? ???????, ????????, ????100, ???????, ??????, ???????? ??????, ??????, ?????????, ?????? ????, ?????? ??????, ?????? ???????,
???????10, 93 ????????? ??????
?????????, ???????? ? ?????????
???????????
????:Om.svg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Om.svg а????????: Public Domain а?????????: AnonMoos, BRUTE, Bdk, Davin7, Dbachmann, Editor at Large,
Exact, Gregory Orme, Herbythyme, Marshie, Mystical Sadhu, Nilfanion, Nishkid64, Rugby471, The Evil IP address, Toyboy84, TЩrelio, Wutsje, Xhienne, 52 ????????? ??????
????:HinduSwastika.svg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:HinduSwastika.svg а????????: Public Domain а?????????: User:Masturbius
????:Ratha Yatra Moscow 2008.jpg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Ratha_Yatra_Moscow_2008.jpg а????????: Public Domain а?????????: User:Gaura
????:Russian Hare Krishnas singing on the street.jpg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Russian_Hare_Krishnas_singing_on_the_street.jpg а????????: Public
Domain а?????????: Gaura
????:Aquote1.png а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Aquote1.png а????????: Public Domain а?????????: Paul Pogonyshev, Rhanyeia, Wst
????:Aquote2.png а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Aquote2.png а????????: Public Domain а?????????: Berillium, Paul Pogonyshev, Rhanyeia, Schekinov
Alexey Victorovich, Wst, 5 ????????? ??????
????:Bhakti Vijnana Goswami.jpg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Bhakti_Vijnana_Goswami.jpg а????????: Public Domain а?????????: Gaura
????:JPS35.JPEG а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:JPS35.JPEG а????????: Public Domain а?????????: Ilya Mauter
????:Shri Madhvacharya.jpg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Shri_Madhvacharya.jpg а????????: Public Domain а?????????: Linguisticgeek, Pamri
????:Bhaktisiddhanta.jpg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Bhaktisiddhanta.jpg а????????: Public Domain а?????????: Dedda71, Durga, Gaura, V das
????:Scottishchurchcollege.jpg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Scottishchurchcollege.jpg а????????: Public Domain а?????????: Soumavachowdhury Original
uploader was Soumavachowdhury at en.wikipedia
????:Prabhupada samadhi in Mayapur.JPG а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Prabhupada_samadhi_in_Mayapur.JPG а????????: Attribution а?????????: Ilya
Mauter
????:Bhaktivedanta Swami with Jagannath in Golden Gate Park, February 1967.jpg а????????:
http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Bhaktivedanta_Swami_with_Jagannath_in_Golden_Gate_Park,_February_1967.jpg а????????: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0
а?????????: Mukunda Goswami
????:George Harrison Vrindavan.jpg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:George_Harrison_Vrindavan.jpg а????????: Public Domain а?????????: User:Gaura
????:Russian Hare Krishna devotees on Harinam.jpg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Russian_Hare_Krishna_devotees_on_Harinam.jpg а????????: Public
Domain а?????????: Gaura
????:Russian Hare Krishna book distributor.jpg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Russian_Hare_Krishna_book_distributor.jpg а????????: Public Domain
а?????????: Gaura
????:ISKCON Food for life.jpg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:ISKCON_Food_for_life.jpg а????????: Public Domain а?????????: Gaura
????:Mayapur 2006.jpg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Mayapur_2006.jpg а????????: Public Domain а?????????: Ilya Mauter
????:Rukmini-Dwarakadisa 108.jpg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Rukmini-Dwarakadisa_108.jpg а????????: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 а?????????:
Chopper Dave at en.wikipedia
????:ISKCON Banglaore Temple.jpg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:ISKCON_Banglaore_Temple.jpg а????????: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
а?????????: User:Svpdasa
????:Iskcon Delhi Temple.jpg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Iskcon_Delhi_Temple.jpg а????????: Public Domain а?????????: GourangaUK at en.wikipedia
????:ISKCON Tirupathi.jpg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:ISKCON_Tirupathi.jpg а????????: Public Domain а?????????: User:Gaura
????:Nuvola apps kaboodle.svg а????????: http://ru.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=????:Nuvola_apps_kaboodle.svg а????????: ?????????? а?????????: Tkgd2007, Waldir, 1
????????? ??????
????????
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
http:/ / creativecommons. org/ licenses/ by-sa/ 3. 0/
?? ???????, ?? ????????? ? ????????? ?????????????╗.[89] ??? ? ??????????, ??? ???????
??????? ?????????, Ф?????????????╗ ????.[89] ???????? ???????, ??? Ф????? ?????? ????? ?????, ????? ??
????????? ???? ???????╗, ?? ????, ????? ?? ??????? ?? ??????? ?????? ???????????? Ф????????╗.[89]
?????????? ?????? ????????? ?????? ??? ?? ???????а? Ф??а? ?? ????╗.[93]
?????? ????? ???????? ????????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????????????? ???? Ф??????????? ??????
???????????? ????????╗.[94] ????? ??????? ????? ???????????????? ????????? ????????, ???????? ?? ??, ???
???????? ?? ??????????? ??????? ???????? ???? ??????? ????? ???????????? ?????? ? ?????? ????
?????????, ? ?? ? ???????? ???????? ????????? ? ???????.[94] ????? ????????, ??? ?? ???? ? ??????
????????, ???????? ?? ??, ??? ????????????? ?????? Ф?????????? ????? ??????????? ???????, ????? ?????
??????????? ????? ????? ? ??????????? ????? ???????????? ????╗, ?????? ????? ???????????? ????????
???? ??????????? ??????????? ????????????.[95]
?????? ??? ?? ????? ?????? ????????, ??? ?? ??????? ?????? ??????????, ? ?????? ???????? ???????
???? ???????, ?????????? ???????? Ф????????????╗ ??? Ф??????????╗.[91] ? ?????????? ????? ????????, ?
?????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ???????.[91] ??? ????????, ??? ??? ??????????? ???????
? ?????????? ??????????? ??????? ????? ????????? ?????? ? ????? ???????????? ??????????
Ф????????╗,а? ???????, ??????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????????????? ??????.[91] ???
???????????????, ??? ? ??????????, ?????? ??? ?????? ????????? ???????????????? ???? ? ?????????, ? ??
?? ????? ????? ????????? ???????????? ???????? ????????????? ????? ??????????? ????????.[91]
?????? ? ?????? ??????????? ??????????? ?? ?????? ? ? ?????
????????? ?????????? ????????????????? ??????? ????? ?????? ???????????????, ??? ?????? ??? ? ?????
1980-? ????? ????????????? ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ? ???????? ? ????? ?????
??? ???? ?? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ? ??????? ?????????? ? ?????? ????????????? ??????
??????????? ?????? ?????????????? ? ???????????? ?????? ??????????? ???????????.[96]
? ?????, ?????? ???????????? ??????????? ??????? ? ??????????? ????? ??????? ? ????????? ??????.[59]
? 1996 ???? ??????????? ??????????? Ф???????????? ??????-?????????╗ ???????, ??? ???????? ?????
?????????? ??????? ???????: Ф??????? ??????????, ????????? ?? ??? ??????? ? ????????? ??? ??? ???
????????, ??????? ???????? ???????? ? ????? ?????? ?????╗,[59] ? ?????????? ? ????????? ?????????????? ?
????????: Ф????????? ?? ????????? ?????????, ????? ?? ??? ?? ???????? ??? ???? ??? ?????????╗.[59]
?????? ??? ?????????? ??????? ?? ??????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????????????????? ???????????
Ф????? ????? ???????╗ (Ф?????????? ?????? ???????╗): Ф????????????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?
???????????? ?? ???????? ???????????? ??????????? ?? ??????? ??? ??????? ??????????? ? ????, ????? ???
????? ??????? ??? ???????? ????? ??????????? ???? ?? ????? ???? ?, ? ???????????, ? ??????╗[59] [97]
??????????? ????????? ?????????????? ??????????? ?????? ???????, ??? ?????????? ? ??????? ???????
Ф???????????╗ ?? 20 ??????? 2006 ????, ??????? ?????????, ??? Ф??????, ??? ??????????? ???????????
?????????, ?? ?????? ???? ???????? ? ????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ??????? ????? ????? ???? ???
??????????????╗.[59] ????????? ????????????? ????????? Ф????? ????? ???????╗ ????? ????? ? ?????????
? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?.а?.а??????? ?? 14 ??????? 1995 ???? ??????, ??? Ф???????? ????????
??????, ?????? ????????? ??? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ? ???????????? ???????????а?
????????????? ??????????? ??????? ??????????? ????????╗.[98]
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
17
?????? ? ?????
???? ?????????????? ???????? ????????
?????? ? ?????????.
???? ? ?????????? ?????????? ?????
?????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
? ???-????.
???? ?????????????? ???????? ????????
?????? ? ????????, ??????-??????, ?????
?????.
??????, ???????????? ????????????? ??????, ???????????????
? ???, ??? ?????? ???????, ? ??? ????? ??????????????? ??????
?????, ????????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? ???
????????? ????? ????? ??????, ??????? ?????? ????????? ???
????? ???? ??????? ???????? ???, ? ??????а? ??? ?????
????????? ????????.[15] ???????? ?.а?.а????????, ?????? ????
??????? ? ????? ?????? ????????? ?????????????? ?????? ????
1996 ???, ????? ? ????? ???? ???????????? ?????????????
100-????? ????????????? ????? ??????????.[15] ????????????
?????????? ????? ? ?????? ??????? ??????????? ???????????
???????? ???? ?????????? ????????? ? ????? ?????????? ? ???
???????? ? ???? ????????? ???????? ?? ???? ????.[15] ??? 31 ???
1997 ???? ?? ????????? ???????? ?????? ????? ?????? ?
?????????, ????????? ????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????? ??????
???????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ????? ?????
??????????:
????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????????????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ????. ?? ?????? ???? ?????
???????????? ???????? ???? ????? ? ??????? ?????? ????????? ?????, ??????? ? ?? ????? ??? ? ????????. ?????????
???, ??? ??????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ??? ???????? ?????????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????,
??? ?. ?. ????????????? ????? ??????????, ? ???? ???????? ???? ?????????? ???? ???????????? ?????. ??????
??????? ??? ???????? ??????????, ????? ?????????? ? ?????????? ? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? ???? ?
????????, ???????? ????? ?????... ???? ????? ?????????? ?????? ????? ????? ? ???????? ? ????? ????? ?????. ?
????? ???????????? ?????????????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ????????????? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ?
????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ????????? ? ??????????? ????????...[99]
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
18
??? ??????, ???????-??????? ????? ???? ?????? ??????? ? ????? ???? ?? ???????? ?????? ????? ?
??????????? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ? ???-???? 5 ?????? 1998 ???? ?????? ?????????:
????????? ??????? ???????? ? Ф????????-????╗ ? ???? ?????????? ??????????? ???????? ?? ???????? ?????? ?
?????????????? ?? ???? ??????? ????, ? ?? ??? ??????? ????????? ?????? ????? ?????? ????? ??????????????
???????? ???????? ??????. ?? ??? ??????? ?????? ???? ????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ????? ??????????
???????? ???????? ?????? ? ????? ??????????. ??????????? ????????????? ????? ?????????? ? 1965 ???? ?
??????????? ????? ? ??????????? ????????????, ??????? ?????????? ??? ???????? ?? ????? ???????? ???? ? ?????
?????????? ???, ???????? ????? ?? ?????????? ???????? ??????? XX ????.[100]
? 1997 ???? ? ??? ????????? ???????? ?????? 12 ?????????? ????????? ????????????????
???????-???????? ?????, ? ??????? ??? ????????, ??? ??????????? ???????-?????????????? ??????????????
? ??????? ??????? ?? ??????????? ???? ?? ??????? ??????? ??? ?????????????? ?????? (??? ???????, ??? ?
30 ???. ????????, ??????? ?????, ???????? ??? ?????? ? ?????? ? ???????? ????? ??????).[101] [59] ??
?????? ??????????? ??????????? ?.а?.а????????, ????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ??????, Ф??? ?????
???????????? ???????????? ????? ????????, ??? ??????? ?? ?????? (???? ?? ? ???, ?????? ??? ???-????
???) ????????? ????????, ???????????? ?????????? ????? ? ????????????? ????????? ??????? ??????
????????? ??? ??????????????? ???? ? ????????? ???????? ? ??????? ?? ??????╗.[59]
? ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ?????????? ????????.[59] ?? ????????? ??????, ?????? ??
??????????? ????????? ????? 500 ???. ???. ?????? ??????????? ? ????? ???????? ? ???????????
????????? ??????????? ? ????, ?????????, ??????, ?????????, ??????????, ????????, ?????????? ?
???????, ??????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????????.[59]
???????
?????????????? ?????? ? Ф????????????? ????????╗
????? ???????????? ????????????? ??????, ????????? ?????? ??????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ? ?
????? ???? ?????? ????? ??????? ????? ??????????? ?????????. ??????????? ??? ?? ??????? ??????,
???????????? ?????? ? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ? ????? ???-????? ? ??????????? ??????????
??????????? ?????????????? ??????, ? ?? ???? ????????? ???????????? ??? ? ??????????????
????????????? ????????? ????.[102] [103] ???? ????? ????????? ????? ? ??????? ?.а?.а????????, ???????,
???????? ?? ????? ?????? ?????, ??? ?????? ? ??? ????????????? ?????? ????? ?????????????? ??
????????? ????? Ф??? ???? ?? ????? ???????? ????? ??????????? ????????╗.[104]
????????? ??????? ?????????????? ???????? ??????????, ??? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????? Ф?????????????
????????╗ ? ??????????? ? ??????????? ?? ??????? ????, ??? ????????? ?? ???????? ????????????????
????????? ??????? ????????. ????? ???? ?? ????? ?????? ????????, ??? Ф??????? ???????? ??????
???????????? ???????, ??????????? ????? ? ???????????? ??????????????? ????????. ? ???, ? ?????????,
????????? ? ??????╗.[19]
????????? ??????? ?????? ????? ????????? ?? ??, ??? ????????? ???????????? ???????????
????????????? ?? ??????????? ? ????????? ??????????? ????? ? ?????. ????????????? ?????????? ??? ???
????????? ????, ??? ?????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????????? ?????????.[15] ?.а?.а???????? ????????, ??? ?
????????????????, ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ? ????????? ??????, ??????????? ??? ???????????
Ф????????? ??????????╗а? ???????????? ???????????????? ? ?????????????? ?? ?????? ??????? ???????
????? ????????????? ??????????? ??????????????????,[15] ???????????? ???? ???????? ???????, ??????? ??
??????? ????????????? ? ??????????? ????????? ???????? ????? ? ????????????? ???????? ? ????? ???
????, ????? ????? ???????.[15] ? ????????? ?? ??? ??????, ???? ?????? ??? ???????????? ????????? ??????
?????????, ?????????? ???????????? ????????????? ?? ??????????? ????? ???????????? ???????????
??????? ? ???????? ? ??????.[105]
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
19
?????? ? ????????? ? ???????
??. ?????: ????????? ? ???????.
????????? ??????? ?????? ??????????, ??? ?????????? ?????? ???????, ??? ????????? ? ????????,
???????????? ?????? ?????? Ф?????╗а? ?? ????? ?????? ????????. ? ??????????? ???????? ???? ???
????????????? ????????????? ????????, ??? ????????? ????? ?????? ????????, ?????? ?????? ????? ? ??, ???
?????, ??? ??????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ?????????, ???????? ?????????.[106] ????????, ???????????
?? ????????? ?????, ??? ??????? ????? ????????? ???????? ?????????? ? ???????. ? ????? ?????
????????? ? ??????? ????? ?????????? ??? ????? ? ????? ?????????. ??????? ? ??????? ???? ???????? ?????
????? ?? ??????? ???????? ??????????? ?????????????? ????????.[107]
??? ? ?????? ?????? ???????? ??? ??????????? ???????, ??? ? ? ???????? ????????? ???????????????? ???
????????????, ??????????? ?????????????? ? ???????? ? ??????????? ??????????.[15] ???????????
??????????? ???????? ???? ???? ????????? ????? ????? ? 1966 ????.[15] ? ???????????, ?????????? 2 ????
1995 ????, ??? ???????? 7 ???????? ?????????:[15]
1.
Ф???????????? ????????? ? ????? ??? ? ??????? ?????????? ? ??????????? ? ??????????? ????????╗;
2.
??????? ???? ?????????? ?? ????????? ? ???? ????? ??????, ?????????? ?? ????????? ????, ??? ??????
???????????;
3.
????????? ???????????? Ф???????? ???????? ?????╗а? ???????? ???????? ????????, ?????????? ?
?????????? ?????????, ????????? ???? ?? ?????? ? ??????????? ??????????????????, ????????????? ?
??????? ????????? ??? ????? ???????? ?????? ??????????? ?????????;
4.
???? ? ???????????? (????????????) ? ?????????? ????????????? ???? (?????????????? ????????
????????);
5.
????????? ????, ??? ???????????? (?? Ф?????? ??????????????╗) ????????? ?????????? ??????;
6.
????????? ? ???????? Ф????????????╗ ???????????? Ф??????????????? ? ????????? ????????? ???????
?????? ?????╗;
7.
????????? ????, ???, ? ??????? ?? ?????? ???????, ??????? ?? ?????? ? ?????????? ????????????? ??????
??????????? ??????????.
?? ? ???????? ?????? ????????, ?? ? ???????? ?????????, ??????? ?????? ??????????????? ?????????????
????????, ????????? ??? ????? ?? ??????? ??????? ???????????-?????????? ?????????.[15] 2 ???? 1995 ????
????????? ??? ????? ???????, ???:
???, ??? ? ??????????? ????????? ????, ????????? ??, ??? ???????????? ????? ??????? ?????????? ?????????,
???????? ?? ??????, ??? ????? ??????????? ????????? ?????, ??? ???????? ?????????????? ?????????????
??????????? ???????, ????? ???? ?????? ???????.[15]
? ???? ????????? ?????????? ???????, ????????? ???????? ???????????? ???????????? ????? ????
????????: Ф??, ??? ?????? ???????? ????, ?????????? ????????? ?? ?????????????? ???? ??????????? ?
????????╗.[19]
? ????? XX ???? ??????? ?????????? ???????????? ??????? ? ???? ????????? ? ??????, ???????? ? ?????
???????, ????????? ? ? ??????, ????????? ?? ????????? ? ???????? ????? ?? ??????? ???????.[15]
????????????? ????????, ??? ??????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ????????? ? ???????
?????????????? ???? ???????.[15] ?.а?.а???????? ? ????? ????? Ф??????????? ???????? ? ??????╗ ??????? ??
???? ?????????:
? ????????? ????? ????? ??????? ????????????? ??????, ??? ? ??????????????? ?????? ?????, ? ????????
??????????? ? ???????????? ????? ???????? ???????? ????? ?????????????? ???? ??????? ???? ??????????. ? ???
????, ??? ???????????? ????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????????, ?????????? ? ????????????? ?????? ???????,
????????? ? ?????? ????? ?? ?????????, ????? ?? ??????????????? ? ?????-?? Ф?????????????????╗ ?????????
??????.[15]
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
20
??????????
[1]
?ritannica online Hare Krishna (http:/ / www. britannica. com/ EBchecked/ topic/ 255215/ Hare-Krishna) Ф????????????? ????????
???????? ?????? (??????)а? ????????? ???????? ?????????????? ??????????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????????? ? ??? ?
1965 ???? ?.а?.а?????????????? ????? ??????????? (1896?1977)╗
[2]
Klostermaier 1998, p.а9
[3]
Edwards 2001, p.а279 ФThis Hindu religious movement is derived from Vaishnavism, or devotion to the Hindu god Vishnu, although
devotees focus on the Hindu god Krishna who is an incarnation of Vishnu╗.
[4]
Nye 2003, p.а190
[5]
Beck 2005, p.а6 ФIn modern times the Gaudiya Sampradaya, linked to Madhva Sampradaya but established by Caitanya and his followers in
sixteenth-century Bengal, includes the recent worldwide movement known as ISKCON (International Society for Krishna Consciousness) in
which Krishna is most clearly declared the ?Supreme Personality of Godhead?, surpassing Vishnu╗.
[6]
Laderman & Leзn 2003, p.а110 ФThe ?Hare Krishna Movement?, registered as the International Society for Krishna Consciousness
(ISKCON), is a branch of what is traditionally known as Gaudiya Vaishnavism, a movement inaugurated in East India by Chaitanya
Mahaprabhu in the sixteenth century. Chaitanya, accepted as an incarnation of Krishna by his followers, established a religious system
featuring the chanting and dancing in public places that remain prominent in Bengal and other parts of India╗.
[7]
Gibson & Wootten 2002, pp.а6-7 ФMany Vaishnavas belong to the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON). The society
was founded in New York in 1966 by A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada to spread the message of Hinduism across the world? The
purpose of ISKCON is to spread the message of Hinduism (Sanatan Dharma) throughout the world╗.
[8]
Rochford 2004, p.а102
[9]
Klostermaier 2007, p.а217
[10]
Bryant & Ekstrand 2004, p.а35 ФThese are also the aims of Gaudiya Vaishnavism, of which ISKCON is the largest and, arguably, most
important branch╗.
[11]
?????? 2005
[12]
Broo 2003, p.а51
[13]
???????? 1998, p.а287
[14]
???????? 1998
[15]
???????? 2008
[16]
Dwyer & Cole 2007, p.а38
[17]
Klostermaier 2000, Intro Фthe most genuinely Hindu of all the many Indian movements in the West╗.
[18]
Klostermaier 2007, p.а183
[19]
???? 1995, pp.а5-15
[20]
Nye 2001, p.а133 ФThe Hare Krishna society is a bona fide Hindu group and well respected amongst all Hindus. Indeed, we prase their
efforts in spreading knowledge of Hindu religion and culture╗.
[21]
???????? 1998, pp.а38-44
[22]
???????? 1998, p.а40
[23]
???????? 1998, p.а39
[24]
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[25]
?. ?. ??????? ????????????. ???????????? ?????. ???? ???????????????? ????????????. ? ???????????? ???????? ?? ??? ??. ?????
?????????? ????????, 2000. ? ?.а313. ? 693а?. ? ISBN 58821305060
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[27]
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2003. ? ISBN 1-57607-238-X
[28]
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[29]
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[30]
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[31]
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[32]
?? ?????? ????, ? ????? ?????? ???????? ??????????? ??????????? ????, ??????? ????? (??.: Ibid. ?. 17-18, ? ?????: Hardy,
priedhelm. Madhavendra Pun: a link between Bengal Vaisnavism and South Indian Bhakti // Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society. 1974. No.l.
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[33]
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[34]
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?????????????, ????????? ????? ???????а? Ф????????-???????????╗ ?????????? ?????????, Ф????????-?????????╗ ??????????
????, Ф????????-???????╗ ?????? ????, Ф??????-????????-???????????╗ ?????? ?????, Ф??????-????????-???????????-?????????╗
? Ф????????-?????????-??????╗ ?????????????, Ф?????-???????╗ ??????? ??????? ? ??.
[35]
??.: CBh Adi 10-12. P. 88-121
[36]
CCAdi 17.8-9. P. 260?261.
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
21
[37]
CC Adi (Vol.3) 17.143?226. P. 334?374.
[38]
??.: CC Mdh (Vol. 3) 9. P.289-382; Mdh (Vol.4) 9. P. 1-108.
[39]
?? Ant (Vol. 5) 20. P. 243?318.
[40]
Broo 2003, p.а52
[41]
??., ????????: Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna. Five Distinguished Scholars on the Krishna Movement in the West / Ed. by SJ.Gelberg. New
York, 1983. P. 101?161 (???????? ? ??????? ??. ?????????).
[42]
Zeller 2010, p.а74
[43]
Hayagriva Dasa 1985, p.а34
[44]
Knott 1997
[45]
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[46]
Mukunda Goswami & Drutakarma Dasa 1982, pp.а27-28
[47]
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[48]
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[49]
Gallagher 2004, pp.а110-111
[50]
Nye 2001, p.а23
[51]
??? ??????? ?? ?????? ??????????? (http:/ / www. krishna. org. ua/ old/ vaisnav/ _1/ k1. html)
[52]
???? ???????? Ф????????? ??????? ??????? ? ??????╗ (http:/ / www. index. org. ru/ journal/ 11/ pleshakov. html)
[53]
???????? 2009
[57]
Rashmee Roshan Lall White, Slav and a steadfast Hindu (http:/ / timesofindia. indiatimes. com/ world/ rest-of-world/
White-Slav-and-a-steadfast-Hindu/ articleshow/ 1353212. cms?flstry=1) а(????.). The Times of India (Dec 31, 2005). ????????? 16 x12
2010.
[58]
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[60]
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[61]
Muster 2001, p.а109
[62]
Rochford 1987, p.а272
[63]
Lovelace & White 1997, p.а24
[64]
Rosen 2004, p.а120
[65]
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[66]
?.а?.а????????, ?. ????? ?????? ? ????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???????????: ????????? ??????? ??????????? (http:/ / books. google.
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[67]
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grozny-journal-krishnas-cast-bread-on-roiling-waters-in-russia. html?pagewanted=all& src=pm) а(????.), The New York Timesа(December 12,
1995). ????????? 8 x12 2011.аФHere, they have a reputation like the one Mother Teresa has in Calcutta: it's not hard finding people to swear
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29mar2004/ mus_jew_krish. html) а(???.), NEWSru.comа(29 ????? 2004). ????????? 11 x12 2010.
[69]
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[70]
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[71]
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[72]
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[73]
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[74]
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[78]
Swatos & Kivisto 1998, p.а236
[79]
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[80]
Hunt 2003, p.а117 ФHence, far from being an NRM, ISKCON is merely a modern version of a 500-year old tradition, concentrating its
attention on the West rather than the East╗.
[81]
Bryant & Ekstrand 2004, p.аxv
[82]
Bryant & Ekstrand 2004, p.аxvi
[83]
Shinn & Bromley 1989, p.а14
[84]
Shinn & Bromley 1989, p.а18
????????????? ???????? ???????? ??????
22
[85]
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[89]
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[90]
? ????? ??????? ? ???????, ??????????, ? ?????????, ?????????: Ф??????? ??????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ? ???????????????
???????? ?????????? ????????, ?????? ???? ????????????? ??? ? ?????????. ?? ??? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????,
????? ?? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????????? ????? ??????????? ???????.. ?????? ???????, ??????? ??? ? ????? ?????, ??? ?
?? ?? ?????????, ??????, ??? ?? ??????????? ??????????? ???????, ?? ??? ?? ???? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????? ??????
?????? ?? ? ?????????, ?? ? ?????-???? ?????? ??????????? ????????? ???? ?????? ??????, ??? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??
??????????? ??? ?????????? ??????????? ???????╗. Brzezinski 1998
[91]
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[92]
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[93]
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??????? ????????? ????????????? ???? ?? ?????? ???????????? ?????????????: Ф? ?????. ? ???? ? ???? ??????????? ??????? ?
?????, ??? ??? ???????а? ??? ???? ???. ?????????? ????? ? ????? ????????? ??????? ? ?????? ?? ?? ?????. ??????????? ????? ?
????? ??????? ? ??????, ??? ???? ???а? ??? ??? ???????╗. Brzezinski 1998
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[95]
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??????? ??????????, ??????, ???????? ? ?????????. Ф????? ????? ???????╗ ??? ??????????? ?? ????? ??????-???? 1967 ???? ?
?????????? ? ????? ????????? ????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ?????? ????? ????????? ????????. ??????????, ??? ? ??????
??????????? ???????????, Ф????? ????? ???????╗ ?? ????? ???????????? ?? ????????????????? ???? ???????.
[98]
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??????????? ????????????. Ф???????? ???????? ??????, ?????? ????????? ??? ???????? ????? ???????,а? ????? ?????????
????????????? ????????? ?????? ????? ???????? ????? ????? ? ????????? ? ??????? ?????????? ?????? ?.а?.а??????? 14 ???????
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[99]
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[100]
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????????, ?. ?. (2009), " ???????? ???????? (http:/ / www. kommersant. ru/ doc. aspx?DocsID=1218354&
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?
??????, ?. ?. (2005), ??????????? ?????????? (http:/ / books. google. com/ books?id=wgpDAAAACAAJ),
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??????, ?. ?. (1977), ???????. ??????? ????????????. ????????? ???????? (http:/ / books. google. com/
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23
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????????, ?. ?. (1998), ????????? ? ??????: ?????? ? ??????? (http:/ / books. google. com/
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?
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