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Единая геометрическая теория классических полей

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Aвтор: Дзякович Дмитрий Март/2007г., Днепропетровск, Днепропетровский национальный университет
 пЂЃпЂ‚пЂѓпЂ„пЂ…пЂ† пЂ‡пЂЃпЂ€пЂЃ
пЂ‹пЂѓпЂЊпЂЃпЂЋпЂ…пЂ† пЂЃпЂ€пЂ‹пЂѓпЂ† пЂЋпЂЏпЂ…пЂѓпЂЊпЂЃпЂЋпЂѓпЂђ пЂ‘пЂ€пЂЏпЂЃпЂ’ пЂЃ.пЂ‚. пЂЃпЂѓпЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ€ (dimstein@list.ru) пЂЃпЂ‚пЂѓпЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ„пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂ€
пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ†пЂ‚пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ’пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ€пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂЃпЂ‚пЂѓпЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ„пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂ€
, пЂ“
пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚. пЂ”пЂ…пЂ‡, 2007 пЂ•. пЂЃпЂ‚пЂѓпЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ„пЂѓ
пЂ‹
пЂЊпЂ€пЂ‹
пЂЋ пЂЏпЂЊпЂѓпЂ…пЂЊпЂђпЂ„пЂ€пЂ‘пЂЊпЂ’пЂ“
пЂЋ пЂђпЂЊпЂѓпЂ„пЂ€пЂЋ пЂЏпЂ„
пЂ€пЂђ
пЂ”пЂ€пЂ€ пЂ€ пЂ•пЂ‡пЂЊпЂ“пЂђпЂ„пЂѓпЂ…
пЂЏпЂ‹пЂЊпЂђпЂ€пЂ–пЂ…
. пЂ— пЂѓпЂ’пЂ‹пЂѓпЂ† пЂђпЂЊпЂѓпЂ„пЂ€пЂ€ пЂ�пЂѓпЂ‡пЂѓпЂ™пЂЊпЂ‹
пЂЏпЂЊпЂѓпЂ…пЂЊпЂђпЂ„пЂ€пЂЋ пЂљпЂ€пЂ…
пЂ‹
-пЂ›
пЂ„пЂђ
пЂ‹
пЂ’ пЂ�пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂѓпЂ’пЂђпЂњпЂќ пЂ‹пЂђпЂ€пЂ’пЂ€пЂ…пЂ…пЂЊпЂђпЂ„пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ‹пЂћпЂ… пЂ“пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‘пЂЊпЂ‹пЂ€пЂЊпЂ…, пЂ“пЂѓпЂђпЂѓпЂ„
пЂЋ пЂ€пЂ’пЂ�пЂѓпЂ‡пЂњпЂ–пЂ†пЂЊпЂђпЂ’пЂЋ пЂ“
пЂ‘пЂЊпЂ’пЂђпЂЊ пЂЏпЂЊпЂѓпЂ…пЂЊпЂђпЂ„пЂ€пЂ€ пЂ‘пЂЊпЂђпЂћпЂ„пЂџ пЂ…пЂЊпЂ„пЂ‹пЂѓпЂЏпЂѓ пЂ�пЂ„пЂѓпЂ’пЂђпЂ„
пЂ‹пЂ’пЂђпЂЊпЂ‹пЂ‹пЂѓ-пЂ„пЂЊпЂ…пЂЊпЂ‹пЂ‹пЂѓпЂЏпЂѓ пЂ“пЂѓпЂ‹пЂђпЂ€пЂ‹пЂ†пЂ†пЂ…
. пЂ— пЂ„
пЂ…пЂ“
пЂЏпЂЊпЂѓпЂ…пЂЊпЂђпЂ„пЂ€-
пЂ‘пЂЊпЂ’пЂ“пЂѓпЂЏпЂѓ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ„пЂ…
пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ–пЂ…
пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂѓ! пЂђпЂЊпЂѓпЂ„пЂ€пЂ€ пЂ†
пЂџпЂђпЂ’пЂЋ пЂ‹
!пЂђпЂ€ пЂ€пЂЊ
пЂ‡пЂњпЂ‹пЂ†пЂќ пЂЏпЂЊпЂѓпЂ…пЂЊпЂђпЂ„пЂ€пЂ‘пЂЊпЂ’пЂ“пЂ†пЂќ пЂ€пЂ‹пЂђпЂЊпЂ„пЂ�пЂ„пЂЊпЂђ
пЂ”пЂ€пЂќ пЂ“пЂ‡
пЂ’пЂ’пЂ€пЂ‘пЂЊпЂ’пЂ“пЂѓпЂЏпЂѓ пЂ•пЂ‡пЂЊпЂ“пЂђпЂ„пЂѓпЂ…
пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ€пЂђпЂ‹пЂѓпЂЏпЂѓ пЂ�пЂѓпЂ‡пЂЋ пЂ€ пЂ’пЂѓпЂ’пЂђ
пЂ€пЂђпЂњ пЂЊпЂ€пЂ‹пЂћ! пЂЏпЂЊпЂѓпЂ…пЂЊпЂђпЂ„пЂ€пЂ‘пЂЊпЂ’пЂ“пЂ€! пЂ‡
пЂЏпЂ„
пЂ‹пЂ™пЂ€
пЂ‹. "пЂ‡пЂЋ пЂ�пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‘пЂЊпЂ‹пЂ€пЂЋ пЂ†пЂ„
пЂ‹пЂЊпЂ‹пЂ€! пЂ�пЂѓпЂ‡пЂЋ пЂ�пЂ„пЂ€пЂ…пЂЊпЂ‹пЂЋпЂЊпЂђпЂ’пЂЋ пЂ„пЂ€
пЂ”пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‹пЂ‹пЂћ! пЂ�пЂ„пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ”пЂ€пЂ�, пЂ�пЂ„пЂ€ пЂ�пЂѓпЂ…пЂѓ#пЂ€ пЂ“пЂѓпЂђпЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂЏпЂѓ пЂћпЂѓпЂЋпЂђпЂ’пЂЋ пЂѓ$пЂѓ$#пЂџпЂ‹пЂ‹пЂћпЂЊ пЂ�пЂѓпЂ‡пЂЊпЂћпЂЊ пЂ†пЂ„
пЂ‹пЂЊпЂ‹пЂ€пЂЋ пЂ‡пЂЋ пЂЏпЂ„
пЂ€пЂђ
пЂ”пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‹пЂ‹пЂѓпЂЏпЂѓ пЂ€ пЂ•пЂ‡пЂЊпЂ“пЂђпЂ„пЂѓпЂ…
пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ€пЂђпЂ‹пЂѓпЂЏпЂѓ пЂ�пЂѓпЂ‡пЂЊ!. %пЂѓпЂћпЂЊ пЂ†пЂ„
пЂ‹пЂЊпЂ‹пЂ€пЂЋ пЂ�пЂѓпЂ‡пЂЋ пЂѓпЂ‘пЂЊпЂ‹пЂњ пЂѓпЂ„пЂѓ&пЂѓ пЂ’пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‡
пЂ’пЂ†пЂќпЂђпЂ’пЂЋ пЂ’ пЂ€пЂ–пЂЊпЂ’пЂђпЂ‹пЂћпЂ…пЂ€ пЂ‚пЂ€пЂ–пЂ€пЂ‘пЂЊпЂ’пЂ“пЂ€пЂ…пЂ€ пЂ–
пЂ“пЂѓпЂ‹
пЂ…пЂ€, пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ�пЂ„пЂЊпЂ�пЂѓпЂ‡
пЂЏ
пЂќпЂђ пЂ‹
пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ€пЂЊ пЂ† пЂ‚пЂѓпЂђпЂѓпЂ‹
пЂ‹пЂЊпЂ‹пЂ†пЂ‡пЂЊпЂѓ! пЂ…
пЂ’пЂ’пЂћ пЂ�пЂѓпЂ“пЂѓпЂЋ, пЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ€пЂ‹
пЂ“пЂѓпЂђпЂѓпЂ„пЂѓ! пЂЏпЂѓпЂ„
пЂ–пЂѓ пЂ…пЂЊпЂ‹пЂњ&пЂЊ пЂЊпЂ„ пЂ‹пЂЊпЂЏпЂѓ пЂ•пЂ“пЂ’пЂ�пЂЊпЂ„пЂ€пЂ…пЂЊпЂ‹пЂђ
пЂ‡пЂњпЂ‹пЂѓпЂЏпЂѓ пЂ�пЂ„пЂЊпЂЊпЂ‡
. - 2 - 1. пЂ“пЂ”пЂ•пЂ–пЂ•пЂ—пЂ�пЂ• пЂ–пЂ—пЂѓпЂ…пЂ„пЂ‘пЂ€пЂ�пЂ™пЂѓпЂѓ пЂ…пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ†пЂ‚пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ†пЂљпЂ›пЂњпЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂќпЂ‹пЂћпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ…пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ€пЂ†пЂћпЂџпЂ† пЂ‚пЂ† пЂЏпЂ‹!пЂђ пЂ„пЂ’пЂ‡"пЂџ пЂ€пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ•пЂ† пЂџпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ†пЂ†пЂљпЂ…пЂћпЂ‹пЂњ пЂњпЂ€пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂѓ#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂѓ. $ пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓ#пЂ‚пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂљпЂ†пЂЏпЂѓпЂѓ пЂ…пЂћпЂ’пЂџпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ€пЂ‘пЂљпЂ…пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ� пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†-пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџ, пЂ„пЂ†
пЂ†пЂЏпЂђ
    –  # . %
пЂ‹пЂћпЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†, пЂ€ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ…пЂ†#пЂѓ пЂ’пЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ’пЂѓпЂ‡ #пЂ€ пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹& пЂќпЂ‹пЂћпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
&  –   '
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ. (пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂњпЂ€пЂЏпЂњпЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‘пЂџпЂ‹ (пЂ€пЂЏпЂ‹пЂњпЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ‚ #пЂ€пЂ‹ пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ‚&пЂ†#пЂњпЂ™пЂ‹&пЂњ пЂ€ пЂ‚пЂ‹& пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂЋ пЂџпЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹) пЂ‹ #пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ’пЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ‚ пЂџ
пЂ…пЂ†
пЂ†пЂ„пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂџ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓ. )пЂѓ пЂџпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂњ пЂ‚ пЂ„пЂѓпЂЋпЂ‹пЂќпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ†пЂљпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ #пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ‹пЂћ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓпЂЊ, пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ‹ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂњпЂ€пЂЏпЂњпЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ†#пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ„пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџпЂ‹ пЂќпЂ‹пЂћпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‹ пЂ†пЂљпЂ›пЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂџпЂ‹. пЂЃпЂ† пЂ‹& пЂ„пЂ†пЂ… пЂ€ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂ’#пЂЏпЂ†пЂђ пЂ’#пЂ†пЂ€пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ†пЂљпЂ›пЂњпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ—
пЂ‹ пЂћпЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂЏпЂђ
пЂ† пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ�, пЂ€ пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂњ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂњпЂ€пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ‡
пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ†пЂљпЂ›пЂњпЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ‚пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ‹ пЂ‹ пЂ…пЂџпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ†пЂ‡#пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘&. *пЂ…пЂ‹ 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓ пЂ€пЂ€пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ€ пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ‡#пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂќпЂ‹пЂћпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ…пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹, пЂћпЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂњпЂ�пЂ™пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†-пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџ, пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓ пЂ…пЂџпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ€пЂ†пЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ† пЂџпЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџ. *пЂ…пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ„пЂ‹пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ…пЂћпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ„пЂ†#&пЂ†#пЂ†пЂ€ #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ†пЂ„пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ†#пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ„пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂќпЂ‹пЂћпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹& пЂ†пЂљпЂ›пЂѓ
 – 
& &  – #  !"   #   " 
пЂ†пЂџ (#пЂ†
пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ€пЂ†пЂџ) пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂѓ. +#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ† пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ…пЂ†#пЂ‘ пЂ‡пЂ…пЂѓпЂљпЂ’пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂѓ#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ†пЂљпЂ…пЂћпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ†пЂ„пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹& пЂ€пЂћпЂ‹пЂџпЂ†#пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂЊ, #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ†пЂ’пЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂњ пЂ‹ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂћпЂџ #пЂ†пЂЏ пЂ‚пЂ‘ пЂљпЂ‘пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ€пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‘ пЂѓ#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂѓ. (пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ€пЂћпЂ‹пЂџпЂ†#пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ€ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ‚пЂѓ пЂ’пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ€пЂѓпЂ…пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ† ('пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓ #пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ’пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ‚ пЂ€пЂѓ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂЋпЂ‘ пЂ„пЂ†-пЂ…пЂћпЂ‚пЂ†пЂџпЂ’, пЂ€ пЂћпЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂћпЂ…пЂњ# пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂЋпЂ‘). (пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ„пЂ‹пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ…пЂћпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ€ &пЂ…
пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂѓ #пЂ€пЂ’& пЂ€пЂћпЂ‹пЂџпЂ†#пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ’
   #& &  –   '
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ†. ,#пЂ‚
пЂ†, пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ‚пЂ‹
пЂ‹& пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ•пЂ‡пЂђ, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† 'пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ #пЂ†пЂЏ пЂ‚пЂ‘ пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂђ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ„пЂ‹пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ…пЂћпЂ‚пЂ’пЂ� пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ…пЂ†#пЂ’. )пЂ‹ пЂѓ пЂљпЂ’#пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ„пЂ†
пЂћпЂ‚пЂ†, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ†пЂљ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂџпЂ†пЂ•пЂ’пЂ‡ пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂђ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ’пЂ� пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ…пЂ†#пЂ’ пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ„пЂ‹пЂ‘пЂ€пЂ‡пЂђпЂњ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹ 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂ…пЂћпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџпЂ‹ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‹ пЂ€пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂџпЂ‹, пЂ„пЂ†пЂћпЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂњпЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‹ пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡пЂђ пЂ†пЂ†пЂљпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ #пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ‹пЂћ пЂ€пЂћпЂ‹пЂџпЂ†#пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂЊ. *пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂ‡пЂ€пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ‚пЂ‹ пЂѓ пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡ пЂѓ#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂњпЂ€пЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂљпЂ†пЂЏпЂѓпЂѓ пЂѓпЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ†пЂљпЂ†пЂљпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓпЂџ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ‹ (пЂЊпЂ‚!пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‚ (пЂ‹ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂџпЂ‹
пЂ‹ пЂ”
пЂ€пЂѓпЂЏпЂЏ), пЂ…пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‹пЂћпЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂѓ пЂѓ#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ† пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ‹ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂћпЂџ. $ пЂ…пЂѓпЂћпЂ’пЂЏпЂђпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂѓ 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ†пЂљпЂ†пЂљпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ€пЂћпЂ‹пЂџпЂ†#пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ†пЂ„пЂ‹пЂ‘пЂ€пЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ€ пЂ…пЂџ
& пЂ†#пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹. 2. пЂ€пЂ™пЂ—пЂљпЂ”пЂ—пЂ›пЂ• пЂњпЂљпЂќпЂљпЂћпЂ•пЂ—пЂ�пЂџ пЂЃпЂЏпЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂѓ#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ†пЂљ&пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂџпЂ† пЂ†пЂљпЂ†пЂљпЂ™пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‘ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ‹ (пЂЊпЂ‚!пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‚ пЂ‡
пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ†пЂљпЂ…пЂћпЂ†пЂџ, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ†пЂљпЂ‘ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‹ пЂ€
пЂЏпЂ�пЂ—пЂЏпЂ‹ пЂ‡
пЂѓ пЂ‹ &пЂ…
пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‹
пЂ‹ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ. )пЂ‹пЂљпЂ†пЂЏпЂѓпЂѓ пЂѓпЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ†пЂљ пЂ‡
  –   --%    "& -  [14]. * '   
пЂ† пЂ‹пЂћпЂљпЂѓпЂ•пЂѓпЂџ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ†пЂљ&пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂџпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ€пЂ€пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ #пЂ†пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ‹ пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓпЂџ пЂ‚пЂѓ пЂ†пЂљпЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹& пЂ•пЂ‹пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂѓпЂћ пЂ‹
пЂ’пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† &пЂ…
пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…, пЂ‚пЂ† пЂ‹ пЂ‹пЂћпЂљпЂ€пЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂџпЂњ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ†#пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‹пЂћ пЂ‚пЂ‹&: пЂџпЂ‘ пЂ’ пЂѓ пЂ‚пЂѓ пЂљпЂ’#пЂѓпЂџ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‹пЂћпЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ•пЂ‡пЂђ, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ€ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓ пЂ†пЂљпЂ‘пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ•# пЂџпЂ† пЂ‚пЂ† пЂ€пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ•пЂ†пЂЏпЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ†пЂ…#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‘ (пЂ‡пЂ† пЂѓпЂ‡пЂђ, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‚ пЂ„пЂ† пЂ‚пЂ‹ пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ‹пЂ‚#пЂѓ
пЂџ). - 3 - ,пЂ‡пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ†пЂ†пЂљпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђпЂ� пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ -пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‚-%пЂ…пЂ‡пЂ‚ пЂњпЂ€пЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ‚пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ…пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ, пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ€ пЂ†пЂљпЂ™пЂѓпЂџ пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂѓ пЂџпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂђ 24 пЂ‚пЂѓпЂћпЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ†пЂџпЂ„пЂ†пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‘. пЂЃпЂЏпЂњ пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂџпЂ‡пЂѓпЂџпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ’
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пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ #пЂ†пЂЏ пЂѓпЂ‚ пЂљпЂ‘пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ†пЂџпЂљпЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ…пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚ пЂ‹пЂћ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹& пЂ€пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‚. %
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пЂ† пЂ„пЂ’пЂ‡"пЂџ пЂ†пЂљпЂ…пЂћпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂЏпЂњпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚пЂ‘). .пЂЏпЂѓ#пЂ’пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂђ, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ€ пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂњпЂ™пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ‡пЂ‡пЂђпЂѓ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂљпЂ…пЂ‚ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ„пЂ†#пЂ†пЂљпЂ‚пЂњ пЂ‹пЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ’пЂ…, пЂ„пЂ†'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџпЂ’ пЂ€пЂѓ пЂќпЂ†пЂ…пЂџпЂ’пЂЏпЂ‘ пЂ‹ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ, пЂћпЂ€пЂ‹пЂњпЂ™пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹
пЂ‹, пЂ„пЂ…пЂ€пЂѓ#пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‘ #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ‹пЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ’пЂ…пЂ‘ (в€’,+,+,+). %пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂѓ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ€пЂ‘!пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ†пЂљпЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ€ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂЏпЂ•пЂѓпЂџпЂ†пЂЊ пЂѓ#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂЏпЂѓ пЂ‡ пЂЏпЂѓ#пЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ. A) *пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†-пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџ пЂ€ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
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пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†-пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџ пЂ†пЂ€пЂ„#пЂ�пЂ‡ пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњпЂџпЂ‹ '
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ #пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‘. C) *пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓпЂ€пЂ†пЂЊ пЂЏпЂ•пЂ…пЂ‚ пЂ‹пЂ‚ пЂ€#пЂ…пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚ пЂ„пЂ† пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ…пЂ’ -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹ пЂ‹ пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ€пЂ‹#, пЂ„пЂ†#пЂ†пЂљпЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ� #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ€#пЂ…пЂ‡. *пЂ†пЂЏпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ A пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‘пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓ пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‘пЂџ пЂ…пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓпЂџ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†-
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пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂћпЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ‚пЂЊпЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ’пЂ� пЂ‹ пЂѓпЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ� пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
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пЂЅпЋ” K
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пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ†пЂћпЂ‚пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚ пЂ‡
пЂѓ пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓ#пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџ #пЂ€пЂ’пЂџ пЂ‹пЂ‚#пЂѓ
пЂџ. пЂЃпЂ…пЂ’пЂ•пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‹ пЂЏпЂ†пЂ€пЂџпЂ‹, пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ #пЂ†пЂЏ пЂѓпЂ‚ пЂљпЂ‘пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђпЂ� пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚ пЂЁ
пЂ©
][пЋ±п‚µпЋЅпЋ±п‚µпЋЅ
KK пЂЅ. .пЂ†пЂ•пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњпЂџ (1) пЂ‹ (6) пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ…пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ€ 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂѓ пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂџ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†!пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓпЂџ (7) пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ п‹…п‹…
пЂЅпЋ© K2 пЂ‹, пЂЏпЂѓ#пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†, пЂ‡пЂ† пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђпЂ� пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚ пЂЁ
пЂ©
][пЋ±п‚µпЋЅпЋ±п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ©пЂЅпЋ©. 1
пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ†пЂљпЂ…пЂћпЂ†пЂџ, пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ $ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂ‡ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ…пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ. %пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂѓ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ•пЂ†, пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ #пЂЏпЂњ пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ…пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ (7) пЂ†пЂћпЂ‚пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ‡
пЂѓ пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹. *пЂ†'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџпЂ’ пЂ€пЂѓ пЂ†пЂџпЂ„пЂ†пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‘ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‘пЂѓ. 3. пЂ‡пЂ•пЂљ пЂ•!"пЂ�пЂџ пЂњ"пЂљпЂ™!"#пЂ—пЂ™!пЂ”пЂ•пЂ—пЂ—пЂљ-пЂ”"пЂ• пЂ•пЂ—пЂ—пЂљ$пЂљ %пЂљпЂ—!пЂ�пЂ—&& # ,пЂ„пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹& пЂ€пЂ†пЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†-пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџ пЂ€ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ -пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‚-%пЂ…пЂ‡пЂ‚ пЂ†пЂ’пЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂџпЂ†пЂ™пЂ‹ пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ…, пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ€пЂћпЂ‹пЂџпЂ†#пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂѓ, пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ…пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ (пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹), пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‘пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ€пЂћпЂ‹пЂџпЂ†#пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂѓ, пЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚пЂ‘, пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ‹пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂђпЂћпЂ’пЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ. 1) пЂ”пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹
.
(пЂЏпЂѓпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡ #пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‘ пЂ€ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†-пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂџ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџпЂѓ пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓпЂџ: (8) пЋЅп‚µ
п‚µпЋЅ
dxdxgds пЂЅ
2
- 5 - пЂ”пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… п‚µпЋЅ
g # �   0
п‚µпЋЅпЋ±
g, пЂ•#пЂѓ пЋ±
 –   #  # 
x (пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ, пЂ„. 4-5). 2) .пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ.
0пЂќпЂќпЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ пЂћпЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂ‡ пЂ‚пЂѓ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂЏпЂђ
пЂ† пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ…, пЂ‚пЂ† пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹, пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‹пЂћпЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚ пЂ€пЂ† пЂ€"пЂџ, пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂѓ пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ† пЂЏпЂ�пЂљпЂ†пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ пЂ‹пЂ‚#пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂ€ пЂ‹ пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ€пЂѓ& пЂ†пЂџпЂ„пЂ†пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡. ,пЂљпЂ†пЂћпЂ‚пЂ—пЂ‹пЂџ пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ’пЂ� пЂ—пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђпЂ� пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ—пЂѓпЂ…пЂѓпЂћ пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅп‹…
A, пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ•# пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ (2) пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ€пЂ‹#: (9) пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ п‹…
пЂ«пЋ“пЂЅпЋ” Ai пЂ•#пЂѓ ][пЋ±п‚µпЋЅпЋЅп‚µпЋ±пЋ±пЋЅп‚µп‚µпЋ±пЋЅпЋ±п‚µпЋЅ
AAAAA пЂЅп€’пЂЅп€’пЂЅп€’пЂЅ. .пЂ‹пЂџпЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‘ %пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ†пЂќпЂќпЂѓпЂЏпЂњ пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂњпЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓпЂџ: (10) пЂЁ
пЂ©
п‚µпЋЅпЏѓп‚µпЏѓпЋЅпЋЅпЏѓп‚µ
пЋ±пЏѓпЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
gggg 
2
1
$пЂЏпЂѓ#пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂњ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅп‹…
A пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ•пЂ† пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‘пЂ…пЂѓ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂћпЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ†пЂџпЂ„пЂ†пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‘ пЂ‹ пЂџпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂљпЂ‘пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂ‡пЂ€пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚ пЂ€ пЂ€пЂ‹#пЂѓ: (11) пЏѓ
пЋ±п‚µпЋЅпЏѓпЋ±п‚µпЋЅ
пЋµ Aп€’пЂЅA пЂ•#пЂѓ п‚µ
A
– # 
пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ… пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ†пЂЊ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹, пЋ±пЋІп‚µпЋЅ
 –  2 3.  
пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ… п‚µ
A
пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂЏпЂѓ#пЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ†пЂљпЂ…пЂћпЂ†пЂџ: (12) пЋ±пЋІпЋі
п‚µпЋ±пЋІпЋіп‚µ
пЋµ A
6
1
п€’пЂЅA (пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ€пЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ… пЂџпЂ† пЂ‚пЂ† пЂ‹пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂђпЂћпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‡пЂђ #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ‹ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ, пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ† #пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ€ пЂѓпЂ•пЂ† пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђпЂ� #пЂ† пЂ…пЂћпЂџпЂѓпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂџпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂњ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ€пЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂЏпЂ†пЂџ п‚µ
a: (13) пЂЅ
п‚µ
a
п‚µ
Aqˆ # q
Л†
–   � '
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂћпЂ…пЂњ#. .пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†!пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ (13) пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂџпЂ‘пЂЏ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂЏ. %пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‡ q
Л†
#пЂ†пЂЏ пЂ‚ пЂљпЂ‘пЂ‡пЂђ #пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ† пЂљпЂ†пЂЏпЂђ!пЂ†пЂЊ #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ•пЂ†, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† пЂљпЂ‘ пЂ†пЂљпЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂђ пЂџпЂЏпЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂ€пЂ†
, пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂџ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ ( qA
Л†
/1~~
п‚µпЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
A
п‹…
). 1пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ…пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ’пЂ—"пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ (9) пЂљпЂ’#пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ…пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚: (14) пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ п‹…п‹…
пЂЅпЋ”пЂЅпЋ© Ai22
][
$пЂЏпЂѓ#пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂЏпЂ�пЂљпЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ€"пЂ…пЂ‡
пЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ…пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‘ пЂ‚пЂ’пЂЏпЂ�. *пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂњ пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂ‡ пЂ‡
пЂѓ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџпЂ’, - 6 - пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ†пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂњ #пЂ‹пЂ€пЂѓпЂ…пЂ•пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂњ пЂЏпЂ�пЂљпЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ€пЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ‹ пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ€пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ• пЂ€ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓ пЂ†пЂљпЂ™пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђпЂ� пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ” пЂ†пЂ€пЂ„#пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ†пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ #пЂ‹пЂ€пЂѓпЂ…пЂ•пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ…пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹, пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ—пЂ‹пЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂџпЂ†пЂЊ #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ“ (пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ, пЂ„. 6). 3) %пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚.
1пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚пЂ‘ -пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‚ #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ” пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓпЂџ (пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ, пЂ„. 7): (15) пЏ„
п‚µпЋІ
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пЏ„пЋЅ
пЏ„
п‚µпЋЅ
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пЏ„пЋІ
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п‚µпЋІпЋЅ
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п‚µпЋЅпЋІ
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п‚µпЋІпЋЅ

п‹…
R 1пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚пЂ‘ -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹ пЂ‚&пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ€"пЂ…пЂ‡
пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… -пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‚ пЏѓ
п‚µпЏѓпЋЅп‹…
R: (16) пЏ„
п‚µпЏѓ
пЏѓ
пЏ„пЋЅ
пЏ„
п‚µпЋЅ
пЏѓ
пЏ„пЏѓ
пЏѓ
п‚µпЏѓпЋЅ
пЏѓ
п‚µпЋЅпЏѓп‚µпЋЅ
R . "   (9)   -   #  #� # ( , . 8): (17) 
RRR
Л†
~
пЂ«пЂЅ (18) пЏ„
п‚µпЏѓ
пЏѓ
пЏ„пЋЅ
пЏ„
п‚µпЋЅ
пЏѓ
пЏ„пЏѓ
пЏѓ
п‚µпЏѓпЋЅ
пЏѓ
п‚µпЋЅпЏѓп‚µпЋЅ
R
~
(19) пЏѓ
пЏ„пЋЅ
пЏ„
пЏѓп‚µ
пЏѓ
п‚µпЋЅпЏѓп‚µпЋЅ п‹…п‹…п‹…
 AAAiR
~
Л†
4#пЂѓпЂђ п‚µпЋЅ
R
~
–  -   ; 
R
Л†
– 
пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ…пЂ’ -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹, пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ…пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓпЂџ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџ (пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂ€
). .пЂ‹пЂџпЂ€пЂ†пЂЏ пЋ±

~
пЂ†пЂљпЂ†пЂћпЂ‚пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ� пЂ†пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ� пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‹пЂћпЂ€пЂ†#пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ� (#пЂЏпЂњ пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ“ ). пЂ–пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂђпЂћпЂ’пЂњ пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†!пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ (11) пЂџпЂ† пЂ‚пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†
пЂћпЂ‡пЂђ, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† (20) пЂЁ
пЂ©
пЋ±
пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅпЋЅп‚µ
пЏѓ
пЏ„пЋЅ
пЏ„
пЏѓп‚µ
AAAA gAA п€’п€’пЂЅ
п‹…п‹…
2 .пЂ†пЂ•пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњпЂџ (17), (18), (19) пЂ‹ (20) пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚пЂ‘ -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹ пЂ…пЂћпЂљпЂ‹пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ‚ пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ� пЂ‹ пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ� пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹, пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ€пЂ‹#: (21) пЂЁ
пЂ©
пЋ±
пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅпЋЅп‚µп‚µпЋЅп‚µпЋЅ
AAAA gRR п€’пЂ«пЂЅ 2
~
)(
(22) пЏѓ
п‚µпЋЅпЏѓп‚µпЋЅ п‹…
 AiR
~
][
%
пЂ€пЂ‹#пЂ‚пЂ† пЂ‹пЂћ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ (21) пЂ‹ (22), пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђпЂ� #пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂњ, пЂ€ пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂњ пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‚пЂњ пЂѓпЂ•пЂ† пЂ—пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђпЂ� пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂњ. ,пЂљпЂ†пЂћпЂ‚пЂ—пЂ‹пЂџ пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ’пЂ� пЂ—пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹ п‚µпЋЅ
F, пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ•# пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹ пЂџпЂ† пЂ‚пЂ† пЂћпЂ„пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂђ пЂЏпЂѓ#пЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ†пЂљпЂ…пЂћпЂ†пЂџ: (23) п‚µпЋЅп‚µпЋЅп‚µпЋЅ
FiRR пЂ«пЂЅ
)(
(24) пЏѓ
п‚µпЋЅпЏѓп‚µпЋЅ п‹…
 AF
~
- 7 - 1
пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… п‚µпЋЅ
F пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚, пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ’пЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ’пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂѓпЂџпЂ’ #пЂ’пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… п‚µпЋЅ
F
: (25) пЋ±пЋІ
п‚µпЋЅпЋ±пЋІп‚µпЋЅ
пЋµ F
2
1
пЂЅF *пЂ…пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂџпЂ†пЂ™пЂ‹ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ (24) пЂ‹ (11), пЂ‡
пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹& пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓпЂ†пЂљпЂ…пЂћпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ‚&пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂџ, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† #пЂ’пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ†пЂЊ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚пЂ‘ -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹ (25) пЂ…пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚: (26) п‚µпЋЅпЋЅп‚µп‚µпЋЅ
A
A
F
 ,�# 
пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂњ пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂњ пЂ‚пЂ„пЂ…пЂњ "пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ. .пЂ†пЂ•пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњпЂџ (13) пЂ‹ (26) пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ‚пЂ„пЂ…пЂњ "пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ п‚µпЋЅ
f пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђпЂ� #пЂ† пЂ…пЂћпЂџпЂѓпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂџпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂњ пЂ†пЂ€пЂ„#пЂѓпЂ‡ #пЂ’пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂџ пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ†пЂЊ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚пЂ‘ -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹: (27) п‚µпЋЅп‚µпЋЅпЋЅп‚µп‚µпЋЅ
F
qaaf
Л†
 .
пЂЏпЂњпЂ…пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚ пЂћпЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂ‡ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂЏпЂђ
пЂ† пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹ (21) пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓпЂџ: (28) пЋ±
пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
п‚µпЋЅ
AA6
~
)(
п€’пЂЅпЂЅ RRgR пЂ•#пЂѓ п‚µ
п‚µп‹…
пЂЅ RR
~
~
–     . 1
пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ†пЂљпЂ…пЂћпЂ†пЂџ, пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂЏпЂ•пЂѓпЂџпЂњ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂћпЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂђ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓ пЂ‹пЂћ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹, пЂ†пЂљпЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ—пЂ‹пЂ€пЂњ пЂ‹#пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂџпЂ‡пЂѓпЂџпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂџпЂѓ #пЂ’ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‹ пЂ€пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂџпЂ‹ пЂ‹ &пЂ…
пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‹
пЂџпЂ‹ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ. *пЂ…пЂ‹ 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂЏ пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ’пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ…пЂ’ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ (пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ…пЂ’ пЂ…пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ), пЂ‚пЂ„пЂ…пЂњ "пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
  –     -.  
пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ… пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ†пЂЊ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ п‚µ
A
пЂ‹ #пЂ’пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ†пЂЊ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚пЂ‘ -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹ п‚µпЋЅ
F
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пЂ‹& '
пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ€пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ€ пЂ€пЂѓ
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a пЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ‚пЂ„пЂ…пЂњ "пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ п‚µпЋЅ
f, &пЂ…
пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂћпЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹& 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓ. 4. пЂЃпЂ–пЂ�пЂ—пЂ›' $пЂ•пЂљ пЂ•!"пЂ�(пЂ•пЂ™%пЂ�' пЂќ#$"#пЂ—пЂћпЂ�#пЂ— 4
пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‘, пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ„пЂ†#пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂњпЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ„пЂ’пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†-пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџ, пЂџпЂ†пЂ•пЂ’пЂ‡ пЂљпЂ‘пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‘ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂџпЂ†пЂ™пЂ‹ пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ„, пЂ†пЂ•пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ’: (29) 0
4
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пЋґ пЂ•#пЂѓ G
L – # 
пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂЏпЂ•пЂ…пЂ‚ пЂ‹пЂ‚. 2пЂ�пЂљпЂ†пЂѓ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ†, пЂћпЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂњпЂ�пЂ™пЂѓпЂѓ пЂ†пЂљпЂ†пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†-пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџ, пЂљпЂ’#пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ€пЂЏпЂ‹пЂњпЂ‡пЂђ пЂ‚ пЂѓпЂ•пЂ† пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ�, пЂ€пЂ‘пЂћпЂ‘пЂ€пЂњ - 8 - пЂ†пЂ‡
пЂЏпЂ†пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ’пЂЏпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‹пЂњ (29). 2пЂ•пЂ…пЂ‚ пЂ‹пЂ‚ G
L, пЂ‹ пЂ€ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ (пЂЊпЂ‚!пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‚, пЂџпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂљпЂ‘пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ€пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚ пЂ‹пЂћ пЂ†пЂџпЂ„пЂ†пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚пЂ‘ -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹. *пЂ…пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂџпЂ†пЂ™пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ†пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ‘& '-пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂ€ (пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ, пЂ„. 9-10) пЂџпЂ† пЂ‚пЂ† пЂ†пЂљпЂ…пЂћпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‘пЂ…пЂѓ пЂЏпЂњпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹: (30.1) п‚µ
пЋ±
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п‰Ў R
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Rc (30.2) пЋ±пЋІ
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Rc (30.3) пЏѓ
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Rc (30.4) пЋ»пЋі
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п‹…п‹…п‹…п‹…
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)4(
Rc *пЂ…пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂљпЂ…пЂћпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ—"пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ‚пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹ пЂѓпЂ•пЂ† пЂ‹пЂ‚#пЂѓ
пЂ‘ пЂ€пЂ†пЂ…пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ„пЂ† пЂ†пЂ‡#пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹, пЂ€ пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂњ, пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂљпЂ…пЂћпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ—"пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ‚пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ‹пЂ‚#пЂѓ
пЂ‘ пЂ€пЂ†пЂ…пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ„пЂ…пЂџпЂ‹. пЂ–пЂћ пЂ€пЂѓ& пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‘пЂ…"& пЂЏпЂњпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ‚пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹ (30) пЂ„пЂ…
пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂ‡пЂ€пЂЏпЂњпЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂЏпЂђ
пЂ† пЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂ€пЂ‘пЂѓ #пЂ€пЂѓ. *пЂѓпЂ…пЂ€пЂњ пЂЏпЂњпЂ…пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ‚пЂђ )1(
Rc пЂ†пЂ•пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ† (30.1) пЂ†пЂ€пЂ„#пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ† пЂЏпЂњпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ R
. пЂ“пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‘пЂ€пЂњ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ (28) пЂ‹ (13) пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂџ: (31) пЋ±
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q
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п€’пЂЅп€’пЂЅпЂЅ AARc $пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂњ пЂЏпЂњпЂ…пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ‚пЂђ )2(
Rc (30.2) пЂ€ пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ’ пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЋ±пЋІ
п‚µпЋЅ
пЋґ
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пЂџ пЂћпЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂ‡ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂЏпЂђ
пЂ† пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹, пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂњ пЂ†пЂ•пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ† (22) пЂ‹ (24) пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚ пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ†пЂЊ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂђпЂ� 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂѓ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†!пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓпЂџ п‚µпЋЅп‚µпЋЅ
iFR пЂЅ
][
. пЂ“пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‘пЂ€пЂњ 'пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†!пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ, пЂ‡
пЂѓ (25) пЂ‹ (27), пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹&пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ�: (32) пЋ±пЋІ
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q
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Rc пЂ‹ )2(
Rc пЂ†#пЂѓпЂ… пЂ‡ пЂ€пЂѓ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ†пЂљ&пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‘пЂѓ пЂЏпЂ•пЂѓпЂџпЂ‘пЂѓ #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ€пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂќпЂ‹пЂћпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹ #пЂѓ
пЂ€пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓпЂ€пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂЏпЂ•пЂ…пЂ‚ пЂ‹пЂ‚. $ пЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂ€пЂ’пЂ� пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ‚пЂђ пЂ€ пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂЏпЂ•пЂѓпЂџпЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ€&пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂ‡ пЂЏпЂњпЂ…пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџ пЂљпЂѓпЂћ пЂ…пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ R
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, пЂ‹пЂ‚#пЂ’пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ…пЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂњ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ‹ (пЂЊпЂ‚!пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‚, пЂ€пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂњ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ‚пЂђ пЂ†#пЂѓпЂ… пЂ‹пЂ‡ пЂ€"пЂ…пЂ‡
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ff, пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂњ пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ’пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂЏпЂ•пЂ…пЂ‚ пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂ€ пЂ†пЂљпЂ™пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹. 1
пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ†пЂљпЂ…пЂћпЂ†пЂџ пЂѓ#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂЏпЂ•пЂ…пЂ‚ пЂ‹пЂ‚ пЂџпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂљпЂ‘пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ€пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚ пЂ‹пЂћ пЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂ€пЂ‘& #пЂ€пЂ’& пЂЏпЂњпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ‚пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹ )1(
Rc пЂ‹ )2(
Rc, пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ’пЂ—"пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂ‚пЂ†пЂџпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ…!пЂ‹пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ€пЂѓпЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ #пЂ†пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂњпЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ†пЂџпЂ†пЂЏпЂ†пЂ•пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂњпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ. 3пЂ‡пЂ†пЂљпЂ‘ пЂћпЂ„пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂђ пЂЏпЂ…пЂ‚ пЂ‹пЂ‚ G
L пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂљпЂ†пЂЏпЂѓпЂѓ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ‹ пЂѓпЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ†пЂљпЂ†пЂџ пЂ€пЂ†пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂђпЂћпЂ’пЂѓпЂџпЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓпЂџ . (В§ 2). .пЂ†пЂ•пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ† 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџпЂ’ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ� пЂЏпЂ•пЂ…пЂ‚ пЂ‹пЂ‚ #пЂ†пЂЏ пЂѓпЂ‚ пЂљпЂ‘пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ„пЂ†#пЂ†пЂљпЂѓпЂ‚ пЂЏпЂњпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂќпЂ’пЂ‚
пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ‹ )(
2
RL, пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂњ пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓпЂџ: (33) пЂЁ
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2
00
22
0
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2 RRRRRRL пЂ«п€’пЂЅп€’пЂЅ - 9 - пЂ•#пЂѓ 0
R –  . 2  G
L пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ‹пЂћ пЂќпЂ’пЂ‚
пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ‹ 2
L
пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹ пЂћпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂѓ пЂЏпЂ•пЂѓпЂљпЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹& пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ‚пЂѓпЂЊ пЂЏпЂњпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚пЂ‘ пЂ‚ пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂЏпЂњпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹: (34) 2
0
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0
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2)( RRRLL
nn
G
пЂ«п€’пЂЅп†’пЂЅ RcRcRc $пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ (34) пЂ„пЂ† пЂ€пЂ†пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ’
пЂ‡пЂ’пЂ…пЂѓ пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ…пЂ†#пЂѓ пЂ†#пЂѓпЂ… пЂ™пЂ‹&пЂњ пЂ€ пЂ‚"пЂџ пЂ€пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‚ пЂ„пЂ†#пЂ†пЂљпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ� (33). *пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂњпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ€пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‚ 0
R, пЂ€&пЂ†#пЂњпЂ™пЂњ пЂ€ пЂЏпЂ•пЂ…пЂ‚ пЂ‹пЂ‚ G
L, пЂ‹пЂ•пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ…пЂ†пЂЏпЂђ пЂќпЂ’пЂ‚#пЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‘, пЂџпЂ‘пЂЏ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‚пЂњпЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂЏпЂђ
пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓ пЂ‚пЂЏпЂ‹пЂћ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ. . пЂ’пЂ—"пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ (31) пЂ‹ (32) пЂѓ#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂЏпЂ•пЂ…пЂ‚ пЂ‹пЂ‚ пЂџпЂ† пЂ‚пЂ† пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓпЂ†пЂљпЂ…пЂћпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ€пЂ‹#пЂ’: (35) 2
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6
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8
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R
q
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– 
пЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂњпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂњ пЂЁ
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256
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п€’п€’
пЋ› пЂ’пЂ…, пЋє
–  (!. . " ! (36)   #   G
L пЂћпЂ„пЂ‹!пЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ€ пЂ€пЂ‹#пЂѓ: (38) пЂЁ
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пЂ† пЂ†#пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџ #пЂ†пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂЏпЂ•пЂѓпЂџпЂ‘пЂџ, пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ†#пЂѓпЂ… пЂ‹пЂ‡ пЂЏпЂњпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ€#пЂ…пЂ‡ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂЏ пЂ‹ пЂџпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂђ 0
R. ,#пЂ‚
пЂ†, пЂ†пЂ•пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†!пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ� (37), пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‡ 0
R пЂ…пЂЊпЂ‚пЂѓ пЂџпЂЏ пЂ‹ #пЂ†пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂЏпЂ•пЂѓпЂџпЂ‘пЂџ пЂ€ пЂЏпЂ•пЂ…пЂ‚ пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂѓ (38) пЂџпЂ† пЂ‚пЂ† пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂѓпЂљпЂ…пЂѓпЂ—пЂђ. 5. )"#пЂ”пЂ—пЂ•пЂ—пЂ�пЂџ пЂњпЂљпЂќпЂџ пЂ“пЂЏпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‹пЂѓ (29) пЂ€ пЂ†пЂ€пЂ†
пЂ’пЂ„пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ (34) пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ„, пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂњпЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ� пЂ„пЂ’пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†-пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџ пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ‹, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† '
пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ€пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†, пЂџпЂ‡пЂѓпЂџпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ’пЂ� пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ’
пЂ‡пЂ’пЂ…пЂ’ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‹пЂ…пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‘& пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓпЂЊ пЂ€ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ’пЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€. . пЂ’пЂ—"пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ (38) пЂџпЂ‡пЂѓпЂџпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂњ пЂќпЂ†пЂ…пЂџпЂ’пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ…пЂ†пЂ€
пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ„ (29) пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ€пЂ‹#: (39) пЂЁ
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g, пЋ±
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a (пЂ‚пЂѓпЂћпЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂ†) пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂџ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂ€ пЂ„пЂ’пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‡пЂѓ (пЂ‹ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ (10)): (40) п‚µпЋЅп‚µпЋЅп‚µпЋЅ
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G –  (!, 
T
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– "  '- '
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†-
пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ. пЂ“пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ (40) пЂ‹ (41), пЂќпЂ†пЂ…пЂџпЂ’пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ…пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ€ пЂ…пЂџ
& пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
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пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓпЂЊ пЂ€ пЂ€пЂ†пЂљпЂ†#пЂ‚пЂ†пЂџ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓ. .пЂ†пЂ•пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњпЂџ пЂ€ пЂ…пЂѓпЂћпЂ’пЂЏпЂђпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂњпЂ‡пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
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пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ—пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚. пЂ“пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
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пЂ† 'пЂЏпЂѓ
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пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ. *пЂ…пЂ‹ 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂ‹пЂћпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ‹пЂђ пЂ†пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂђ пЂЏпЂљпЂ†. $ пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ’ пЂџпЂЏпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂџпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂњ 0
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, пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ…
пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
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пЂ‹пЂЊ &пЂ…
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f 'пЂЏпЂѓ
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a, пЂљпЂ’#пЂ’пЂ‡ пЂ’пЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂЏпЂђ
пЂ† пЂ€пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџпЂ‹ пЂЏпЂ•пЂѓпЂџпЂ‘пЂџпЂ‹, пЂ†#пЂѓпЂ… пЂ™пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‹ п‚µпЋЅ
f, пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂѓпЂљпЂ…пЂѓ пЂ‹пЂџпЂ† пЂџпЂЏпЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂ€
пЂ‹ 'пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂџ пЂЏпЂ•пЂѓпЂџпЂ‘пЂџ. -пЂџпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… п‚µпЋЅ
T
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пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ. %пЂ†пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂњ #пЂ‹пЂ€пЂѓпЂ…пЂ•пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂњ 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚: (44) пЂЁ
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aa
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& пЂ€ пЂ„пЂ’пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓ пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ† пЂ‚пЂ’пЂЏпЂ�. *пЂ†#пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ†пЂ€пЂ€ пЂ‚ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ (41) пЂ†пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ #пЂ‹пЂ€пЂѓпЂ…пЂ•пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ‚&пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂџ, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† 0
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пЂ†пЂ‚пЂџ пЂ†&пЂ…пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ, пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЋпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… 'пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ…пЂ•пЂ‹пЂ‹-пЂ‹пЂџпЂ„пЂ’пЂЏпЂђ: (45) 0
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пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€ пЂ†&пЂ…пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ (45) пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ (40) пЂ†#пЂѓпЂ… пЂ‡ пЂ€"пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ‡пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ‡пЂ† #пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€ 5пЂ‹пЂ‚
пЂ‹ пЂ‹пЂћ пЂ…пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹, пЂ†пЂљпЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ—пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ‹& пЂ†пЂ€пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ. пЂ“пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂ€ пЂ„пЂ’пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‡пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂћпЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂњпЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂџпЂ‘пЂЏ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‘ 0
R. .пЂ€пЂ†пЂ…пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ€пЂњ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ‹ (40) пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂџ: (46) пЋ±
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пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ, пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ†пЂџ. $ пЂ…пЂѓпЂћпЂ’пЂЏпЂђпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂ€ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓ: (48) п‚µпЋЅп‚µпЋЅп‚µпЋЅ
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j – 
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пЋѕ
пЂЅ
). пЂЃпЂЏпЂњ пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘& &пЂ…
пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‹
пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ€пЂѓ#пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‘ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ„пЂ…пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‘пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹, пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ†&пЂ…пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂџпЂ‘ пЂ‹ пЂћпЂ…пЂњ# пЂ€ пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂџпЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†
пЂ†пЂњ: (50) 0
~

п‚µ
п‚µ
п‚µ
п‚µ
пЏЂпЏЂ (51) 0
~

п‚µ
п‚µ
п‚µ
п‚µ
jj пЂ•#пЂѓ п‚µп‚µ
п‚µпЏЂ uпЂЅ (пЂ„пЂЏпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†
пЂџпЂ‘), п‚µп‚µ
пЏЃuj пЂЅ (пЂ„пЂЏпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†
пЂћпЂ…пЂњ#), п‚µ
–   , 
–  # , 
u – 
пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ… пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ #пЂ€пЂ‹ пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€ пЂЁ
пЂ©
пЏ„
п‚µ
ddx. $пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‘ п‚µ
пЂ‹ пЏЃ
пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂњпЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ€ пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂџпЂѓ пЂ„пЂ†
пЂ†пЂњ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€, пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—"пЂџ пЂ„пЂЏпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ пЂџпЂ‘ пЂ€
пЂЏпЂ�пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂЏпЂђ
пЂ† пЂџпЂ’ пЂ„пЂ†
пЂ†пЂњ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂЋ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€. $ пЂћпЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂЏпЂ† пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂќпЂ‹пЂћпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂџпЂ‘ пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂѓ
пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹& пЂ€ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂЋпЂѓпЂ†пЂ€ пЂ€пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‘ п‚µ
, пЏЃ
пЂ‹ п‚µ
u пЂџпЂ†пЂ•пЂ’пЂ‡ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂђпЂњ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ’ пЂ€ пЂЋпЂѓпЂЏпЂ†пЂџ, пЂ‡
пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ‡#пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂѓпЂ•пЂ† пЂ†пЂџпЂ„пЂ†пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡пЂџ. - 12 - -пЂџпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂђ пЂ‚пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ€ пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂЏпЂѓ#пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂ€ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓ пЂ‹ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ„пЂ…пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‘пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹. *пЂ†#пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ†пЂ€пЂ€ пЂ‚ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ (49) пЂ†пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ #пЂ‹пЂ€пЂѓпЂ…пЂ•пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ‹ пЂ’пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‘пЂ€пЂњ пЂћ
пЂ†пЂ‚ пЂ†&пЂ…пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂћпЂ…пЂњ# (51) пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂџ пЂ†пЂљпЂ™пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ’пЂЏпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‹пЂѓ 2пЂ†пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋ #пЂЏпЂњ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂЏ: (52) 0
~

п‚µ
п‚µ
п‚µ
п‚µ
aa (пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ’пЂЏпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ’ пЂѓ пЂ‚пЂѓ пЂњпЂ€пЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‹пЂћпЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂЏпЂ‹пЂљпЂ…пЂ†пЂ€пЂ†пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ’пЂЏпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‹пЂѓпЂџ пЂ‹ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂњпЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ€пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹. (пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ† пЂЏпЂ‹пЂљпЂ…пЂ†пЂ€пЂ†пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђпЂ� пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ (49), пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂњпЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ†пЂџпЂ„пЂ†пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‘ пЂ€пЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂЏ п‚µ
a пЂ†#пЂ‚пЂ†пЂћпЂ‚пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ†. *пЂ†#пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ†пЂ€пЂ€ пЂ†пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ #пЂ‹пЂ€пЂѓпЂ…пЂ•пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ‚ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ (48) пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂџ пЂћ
пЂ†пЂ‚ пЂ†&пЂ…пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… 'пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ…пЂ•пЂ‹пЂ‹-пЂ‹пЂџпЂ„пЂ’пЂЏпЂђ: (53) 0
~

п‚µпЋЅ
п‚µ
п‚µпЋЅ
п‚µ
TT .пЂ†пЂ•пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ† 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџпЂ’ пЂћ
пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ’ пЂ‹пЂћпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ†пЂџпЂ„пЂ†пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… 'пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ…пЂ•пЂ‹пЂ‹-пЂ‹пЂџпЂ„пЂ’пЂЏпЂђ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€ пЂ†пЂ„пЂ‹пЂ‘пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњпЂџпЂ‹: (54) п‚µпЋЅ
п‚µ
п‚µпЋЅ
п‚µ
TT
Л†
~
~
~
 . "   (44)   (49)  (52) 
пЂ†пЂ‚ пЂ‹пЂћпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ†пЂџпЂ„пЂ†пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡ п‚µпЋЅ
T
~
(54) пЂћпЂ„пЂ‹!пЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ€ пЂ€пЂ‹#пЂѓ: (55) п‚µпЋЅ
п‚µ
п‚µпЋЅ
п‚µ
jf
c
T
п‹…

1~~
пЂ“пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ (55) пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ‡пЂ’пЂ„пЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ€ пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ #пЂ€пЂ‹ пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€ пЂ‹ пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓпЂџ пЂ‚пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ пЂ‚пЂ‹& пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ. 1
пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ #пЂ€пЂ‹ пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€ пЂ‚пЂѓ пЂ‹пЂћпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ‹пЂђ, пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ‹ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ #пЂ€пЂ‹ пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ†пЂ‡#пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂЋпЂ‘ пЂ‡пЂ† пЂѓ пЂ‚пЂѓ пЂ‹пЂћпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂњпЂ‡пЂњ. 1пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… 'пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ…пЂ•пЂ‹пЂ‹-пЂ‹пЂџпЂ„пЂ’пЂЏпЂђ #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ„пЂЏпЂ†!пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂ‘, пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂњпЂ™пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ‹пЂћ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ„пЂ†#пЂ€пЂ‹ пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ€пЂћпЂ‹пЂџпЂ†#пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹& пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂЋ, пЂ…пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚ пЋЅп‚µпЋЅп‚µп‚µпЋЅ
пЏЂп‚µ uuuT пЂЅпЂЅ
~
, пЂ•#пЂѓ п‚µ
–   
пЂ†пЂњ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂЋ пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂ‘, п‚µ
u –  #   #  #.  #   (55) # '   # " 
пЂ†пЂ‚ пЂ†&пЂ…пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂџпЂ‘ пЂ„пЂ†
пЂ†пЂњ (50) пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ€пЂ‹#: (56) п‚µпЋЅ
п‚µ
пЋЅ
п‚µ
п‚µ
пЏЂ jf
c
u
п‹…

1
~
+пЂЏпЂ‹ пЂ…пЂѓ# пЂ†#пЂѓпЂ… пЂ‹пЂ‡ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂЏпЂђ
пЂ† пЂ†#пЂ‚пЂ’ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂЋпЂ’, пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ…пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂћпЂ…пЂњ# пЂ‹ пЂџпЂ‘ пЂџпЂ† пЂ‚пЂ† пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂџпЂ†пЂ™пЂ‹ '-пЂќпЂ’пЂ‚
пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ‹. $ 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂѓ п‚µп‚µп‚µ
пЋґп‚µпЏЂ uxxmu )(
0
п€’пЂЅпЂЅ пЂ‹ п‚µп‚µп‚µ
пЋґпЏЃ uxxquj )(
0
п€’пЂЅпЂЅ, пЂ•#пЂѓ m
пЂ‹ q
–   #    
пЂ†пЂњ. $ пЂ…пЂѓпЂћпЂ’пЂЏпЂђпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂѓ пЂ‹пЂћ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ (56) пЂ’пЂ—"пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ•пЂ†, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† пЋІпЋ±пЋЅ
пЋ±пЋІ
пЋЅпЋЅ
пЋІ
пЋІ
 uudduuu 
~
, пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂџ: (57) пЋІпЋЅ
пЋІ
пЋІпЋ±пЋЅ
пЋ±пЋІ
пЋЅ
пЏ„
uf
mc
q
uu
d
du
п‹…
пЂЅпЋ“пЂ« - 13 - (пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ #пЂ€пЂ‹ пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ†пЂ‡#пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂЋпЂ‘. ,пЂ—пЂѓпЂ€пЂ‹#пЂ‚пЂ†, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ (57) пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓпЂџ пЂ‚пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ пЂ‚пЂ‹& пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ #пЂ€пЂ‹ пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ. $пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ€ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ€пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђпЂ� пЂ†пЂ€пЂ„#пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ‹пЂћпЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓпЂџ #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ‘ 2пЂ†пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋ, пЂ€пЂ‘пЂћпЂ‘пЂ€пЂ�пЂ™пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ†пЂ‡
пЂЏпЂ†пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂџпЂ‹пЂ…пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‘& пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂћпЂ…пЂњ пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂЋ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†#пЂѓпЂћпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹&. 1
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пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‹, пЂ‚пЂѓ пЂџпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂњ пЂ‚ пЂ‡пЂ†, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂњпЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ #пЂ…пЂ’пЂ•пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‹ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњпЂџпЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ. 6. пЂ„пЂљпЂ”пЂ›пЂ• *++пЂ•%!пЂ› .пЂќпЂ†пЂ…пЂџпЂ’пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ…пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ€пЂ‘!пЂѓ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ†пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂђ &пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†!пЂ† пЂ†пЂ•пЂЏпЂ’пЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ’пЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂ‡пЂ€пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњпЂџпЂ‹ пЂ† пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
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пЂ† пЂћ
пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂњпЂџ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ. пЂ“пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ (48) пЂ‹ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ #пЂ€пЂ‹ пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ (55) пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ‹ (57) пЂ†пЂ€пЂ„#пЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ†пЂљпЂ™пЂѓпЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂњпЂ‡пЂ‘пЂџпЂ‹ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњпЂџпЂ‹, пЂ€ пЂ…пЂѓпЂћпЂ’пЂЏпЂђпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂѓ пЂ—пЂѓпЂ•пЂ† пЂ†пЂљпЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ—пЂ‹пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ€пЂѓ& пЂ‹пЂћпЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂћ
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пЂ’пЂЏпЂњпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂџпЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹. ,пЂ‡пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ†пЂљпЂ™пЂѓпЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂњпЂ‡пЂ‘& пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂЏпЂђ
пЂ† пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
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пЂ†, пЂ€пЂЏпЂѓ#пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂџпЂЏпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂџпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂњ 0
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пЂ‡пЂ‘, пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњпЂџпЂ‹ (49), пЂљпЂ’#пЂ’пЂ‡ пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂѓпЂљпЂ…пЂѓ пЂ‹пЂџпЂ† пЂџпЂЏпЂ‘. пЂ“пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ (49) пЂ†пЂљпЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ—пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ†пЂљпЂ‘пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ†пЂљпЂ™пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ”
пЂ€пЂѓпЂЏпЂЏ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂћпЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂ† пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ€пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‘ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ. 1пЂѓпЂџ пЂ‚пЂѓ пЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂѓпЂѓ, пЂ†пЂљпЂ†пЂљпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂџпЂ‹
пЂ‹ пЂ€пЂ‹#пЂ’ (49) пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂ‡ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ€пЂ†#пЂџ, пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ„пЂ‹пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂћпЂ‚пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ. $ пЂ„пЂ’пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†-пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂџ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџпЂѓ пЂ„пЂѓпЂ€#пЂ†пЂѓпЂ€
пЂЏпЂ‹#пЂ†пЂ€пЂ†пЂЊ пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹
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( ’0). (  #   #  � #   - ,  #&  
пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџ пЂ†пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂђ пЂљпЂЏпЂ‹пЂћ
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пЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ…пЂѓ!пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ, &пЂ…
пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂѓ #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ„пЂЏпЂ†
пЂ‹& пЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚. $ #пЂѓ
пЂ…пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‘& пЂ†пЂ†пЂ…#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡& 'пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ…пЂѓ!пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂџпЂ† пЂ‚пЂ† пЂћпЂ„пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ€ пЂЏпЂѓ#пЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂѓпЂџ пЂ€пЂ‹#пЂѓ: (59) )sin(
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пЂ‹& пЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚. *пЂ…пЂ‹ 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂЋпЂ‹
пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂњ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‡ пЏ‰
пЂ‹ пЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ—пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ† k пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ‘ пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†!пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓпЂџ: (60) пЂЁ
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– #  #  &    #. . !� (60)   '
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂџпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓпЂ€пЂ‘!пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ’пЂ� пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ…пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ€пЂћпЂ‹пЂџпЂ†#пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂЊ, пЂ€ пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂњ пЂ•пЂ…пЂ’пЂ„пЂ„пЂ†пЂ€пЂњ пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ, пЂ†пЂ€пЂ„#пЂ�пЂ™пЂњ пЂ† пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђпЂ� пЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ† 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ 'пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ…пЂ•пЂ‹пЂ‹, пЂ‚пЂѓ #пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ•пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂћпЂ‚пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ: - 14 - (61) c
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пЂѓ, пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‚ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ& (58), пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ…пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ‹пЂћпЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ•# пЂљпЂ’#пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂђ!пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ c
(62). %
пЂ€пЂ‹#пЂ‚пЂ† пЂ‹пЂћ пЂќпЂ†пЂ…пЂџпЂ’пЂЏ (61) пЂ‹ (62) пЂќпЂћпЂ†пЂ€пЂњ пЂ‹ пЂ•пЂ…пЂ’пЂ„пЂ„пЂ†пЂ€пЂњ пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂћпЂ€пЂ‹пЂњпЂ‡ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‘ пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓпЂљпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ€ пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ‹
пЂѓ (пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ‡ #пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‘ пЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ‘). пЂЃпЂЏпЂњ пЂ†пЂљпЂ‘пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ†пЂљпЂѓ пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ…
пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ†пЂ‡пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‘ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ c
. ,пЂ‡
пЂЏпЂ†пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂћпЂ‚пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ c
пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ’пЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂЏпЂђ
пЂ† #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ…пЂЊпЂ‚пЂѓ пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂћ
пЂ‹& пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‡, пЂ‚пЂ† 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ‘ пЂ† пЂ‡пЂ†пЂЏпЂђ пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂћ
пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‹ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‡пЂџпЂ‹ пЂЏпЂ‹!
пЂ†пЂџ пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ’#пЂ‚пЂ† пЂћпЂ…пЂѓпЂ•пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ…пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‡пЂђ. $ пЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂџ пЂќпЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹-пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ†пЂџ пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂѓ пЂ…пЂѓ!пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ (58) пЂ†пЂ„пЂ‹пЂ‘пЂ€пЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ—пЂѓпЂ—пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂћпЂ…пЂњ#. .пЂ†пЂ•пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњпЂџ (58) 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂЏ 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂ€ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ†пЂ†пЂ…#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡& пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓпЂџ: (64) r
e
r
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aпЂЅпЏ• ('пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂЏ), q
– '
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂћпЂ…пЂњ#, пЂЃ/3
0
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– # #   #. -   
пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂЏ (64) В«пЂ†пЂљпЂ…пЂѓпЂћпЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂџВ» '
пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂџпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂѓпЂџ пЂ„пЂ…
пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ†пЂ‡пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ’пЂЏпЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€
пЂ†пЂ•пЂ†. . пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ—
пЂ‹ пЂћпЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ€пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹, пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ†пЂѓ пЂЏпЂ•пЂѓпЂџпЂ†пЂѓ пЂ€ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ& 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ (58) пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ…пЂ’пЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂџпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ—пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚, пЂ€пЂѓ пЂ…пЂѓпЂћпЂ’пЂЏпЂђпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ‘, пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹ пЂ…пЂѓ!пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‹ 'пЂ‡пЂ‹& пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ, пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ’пЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ‚пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ� пЂ’ пЂќпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‚ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ’пЂЏпЂѓпЂ€пЂ†пЂЊ пЂџпЂ‘ пЂ„пЂ†
пЂ†пЂњ пЋі
m: (63) c
R
m
0
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пЂЅ
пЋі
*пЂ…пЂ‹ 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ #пЂ€пЂ‹ пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂќпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€ пЂ†пЂ€пЂ„#пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ•пЂ…пЂ’пЂ„пЂ„пЂ†пЂ€пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђпЂ� (62). .пЂ†пЂ•пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ� (63) пЂџ пЂ„пЂ†
пЂ†пЂњ пЂќпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‚ пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚ пЂ†пЂљпЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ’пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџ. пЂ” пЂќпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‚ (63) пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ‚пЂ† пЂџпЂЏ пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹ '
пЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ€пЂѓпЂ…
пЂѓ пЂџпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂљпЂ‘пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ†пЂ‡пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ‚пЂ’пЂЏпЂѓпЂ€пЂ†пЂЊ. *пЂ…пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂџпЂ†пЂ™пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†!пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ (37) пЂџпЂ† пЂ‚пЂ† пЂ†пЂЋпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ€пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‡, пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ—пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹& пЂћ пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‘пЂѓ 'пЂќпЂќпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ‘: (64) 255
0
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п€’п€’
пЂ’пЂ…R (65) пЂЏm
65
10~
п€’
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пЂћпЂ‘пЂ€пЂѓпЂџпЂ†пЂѓ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂѓпЂЊ пЂћпЂ‚пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂџпЂ‘ пЂќпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‚ пЂ„пЂ†пЂћпЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ†пЂЋпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ•пЂ†#пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ #пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ—
пЂ‹ пЂћпЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ '
пЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡. .пЂ’пЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂѓ '
пЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ‹ пЂ‚пЂљпЂЏпЂ�#пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ‘пЂѓ #пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ‚
пЂЏ#пЂ‘пЂ€пЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ‚ пЂџпЂ’ пЂ„пЂ†
пЂ†пЂњ пЂќпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‚ пЂЏпЂѓ#пЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂѓпЂѓ пЂ†пЂ•пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ: - 15 - (66) пЂЏm
60
103
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1пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂѓ пЂћпЂ‚пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂџпЂ‘ пЂќпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‚ (65) пЂ’#пЂ†пЂ€пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ†пЂ…пЂњпЂѓпЂ‡ 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџпЂ’ пЂ’пЂЏпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ�. (пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ†пЂћпЂ‚пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† #пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ€пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂѓпЂџпЂЏпЂѓпЂџ '
пЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ—
пЂ‹ пЂћпЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ, пЂ‚пЂ† #пЂЏпЂњ пЂѓ" пЂ„пЂ†#пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ… #пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ‚пЂ’ пЂ‚ пЂ‡пЂ™пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂњ '
пЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂњ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ€пЂѓпЂ…
, пЂ„пЂ†пЂћпЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂњпЂ�пЂ™пЂњ пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ‡пЂђ '
пЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂћпЂ‚пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂџпЂ‘ пЂќпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‚ пЂљпЂ†пЂЏпЂѓпЂѓ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ†. 7. ,#%пЂќ-(пЂ•пЂ—пЂ�пЂ• .пЂќпЂ†пЂ…пЂџпЂ’пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ…пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂњ пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹& пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓпЂЊ пЂ„пЂ†пЂћпЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ†пЂљпЂ›пЂњпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂђ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂњпЂ€пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ—
пЂ‹ пЂћпЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ, пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹ 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂњ пЂ‹ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂћпЂџ пЂ…пЂџпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ€ пЂ…пЂџ
& пЂѓ#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹. *пЂ…пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ‹пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂђпЂћпЂ†пЂ€пЂЏпЂњ пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂљпЂ†пЂЏпЂѓпЂѓ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‹ пЂѓпЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ†#&пЂ†#, пЂ…пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‹пЂћпЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂѓ пЂѓ#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ† пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ‹ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂћпЂџ. $ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ’ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‚ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂњ -пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‚-%пЂ…пЂ‡пЂ‚ пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‘пЂџ пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђпЂ� пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂџ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ (пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ‹ пЂ…пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ). *пЂ…пЂ‹ 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂ’ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… -пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ—пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ†пЂњпЂ€пЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂњ пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂђ. .пЂ†пЂ•пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ† пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂЏпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ€пЂћпЂ‹пЂџпЂ†#пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ† пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹
пЂ†пЂЊ, 'пЂЏпЂѓ
 –  ( ),    #   
пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‹ &пЂ…
пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‹
пЂџпЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†-
пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџ. /пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂњ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ…пЂ†# 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ€пЂћпЂ‹пЂџпЂ†#пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ… пЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ€ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‘& &пЂ…
пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‹
'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ. (пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ€пЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂЏ пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ…пЂ’пЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ #пЂ’пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ€пЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ… пЂџпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂџпЂ†пЂЊ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹, пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ‚пЂ„пЂ…пЂњ "пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
  – #     -. * '  # 
пЂ†пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂџпЂѓ #пЂ’ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‹ пЂ€пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂџпЂ‹ пЂ‹ &пЂ…
пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‹
пЂџпЂ‹ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ. $ пЂ…пЂѓпЂћпЂ’пЂЏпЂђпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂћпЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‘& пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹& &пЂ…
пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‹
(пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹
пЂ‹ пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹) пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ„пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‹ #пЂ€пЂ’& пЂ…пЂћпЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ€пЂћпЂ‹пЂџпЂ†#пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓ#пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ†&пЂ…пЂ‚пЂњпЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ€пЂ†пЂ� пЂ‹пЂ‚#пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹#пЂ’пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂћпЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂњпЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡пЂђ пЂ†пЂ†пЂљпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ #пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ€пЂћпЂ‹пЂџпЂ†#пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂњ. пЂ“пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ, пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂњпЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂћ
пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ‹ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓпЂЊ пЂ€ пЂ„пЂ’пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓ, пЂ’#"пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ’пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ‹пЂћ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђпЂ� пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ„. 3пЂ‡пЂ†пЂљпЂ‘ пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‡пЂђ пЂ€пЂЏпЂ‹пЂњпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€ пЂ€ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ€пЂ’пЂ� пЂ—пЂ‡пЂђ 'пЂ‡пЂ‹& пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ€пЂ€пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ‹
пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ, пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂЊ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂ†пЂџ (пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… 'пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ…пЂ•пЂ‹пЂ‹-пЂ‹пЂџпЂ„пЂ’пЂЏпЂђ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€ пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ‹ пЂ€пЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ… пЂ„пЂЏпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂ†
). )пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ†пЂљпЂ™пЂѓпЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂњпЂ‡пЂ‘& пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ•пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ‹ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂџпЂ‹
пЂ‹ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ’пЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†, пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—"пЂџ пЂ†пЂљпЂ†пЂљпЂ™пЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂЏпЂђ
пЂ† пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂџпЂ‹
пЂ‹ пЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… 'пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ…пЂ•пЂ‹пЂ‹-пЂ‹пЂџпЂ„пЂ’пЂЏпЂђ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ. $пЂ†пЂћпЂ‚пЂ‹
пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ€ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ& пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂЏпЂ•пЂѓпЂџпЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ‹пЂ•пЂ…пЂ�пЂ‡ пЂ…пЂ†пЂЏпЂђ пЂџпЂЏпЂ‘& пЂ„пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂ€пЂ†
пЂ‚пЂѓпЂћпЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‹пЂџпЂ† пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ€пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‘ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂѓпЂЊ. *пЂ†пЂ„пЂ…пЂ€
, пЂ†#пЂѓпЂ… пЂ™пЂњпЂњ пЂ€ пЂ†пЂљпЂ†пЂљпЂ™"пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ& 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ, пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂ‡ пЂ‚пЂ…пЂ’!пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ� пЂЏпЂ‹пЂљпЂ…пЂ†пЂ€пЂ†пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂ‹ пЂ€пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂџпЂ’ пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ� пЂ†пЂљпЂ™пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ’пЂЏпЂ†пЂ€пЂ‹пЂњ 2пЂ†пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋ. $пЂѓ пЂћ
пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‘ пЂ†&пЂ…пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ, пЂ‡
пЂѓ пЂћ
пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‘ #пЂ€пЂ‹ пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ™пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ€ пЂ‹ пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂЋ, пЂќпЂ†пЂ…пЂџпЂ’пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ…пЂ’пЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ† пЂ‡
пЂѓ, пЂ‹ пЂ€ пЂ†пЂљпЂ™пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ (пЂЊпЂ‚!пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЊпЂ‚ (пЂ‡пЂ† пЂѓпЂ‡пЂђ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ’пЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ…пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ). . пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ—
пЂ‹ пЂћпЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ€пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ€пЂѓ пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‘пЂѓ 'пЂќпЂќпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ‘, пЂ†пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‡пЂ€пЂ’пЂ�пЂ™пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ†пЂљпЂ†пЂљпЂ™"пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ’пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњпЂџ 'пЂЏпЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂџпЂ•пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ, пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ…пЂ’пЂ�пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂњпЂ€пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂџпЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЂќпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€. *пЂ…пЂ‹ 'пЂ‡пЂ†пЂџ пЂџ пЂ„пЂ†
пЂ†пЂњ пЂќпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‚ пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚ пЂ† пЂЏпЂњпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ’пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ•пЂ† пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ’пЂџ, пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂ‚пЂњпЂ�пЂ™пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ‡
пЂѓ пЂќпЂ’пЂ‚
пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂџпЂ†пЂЏпЂ†пЂ•пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ†пЂЊ пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂњпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ. *пЂ…пЂѓ#
пЂћпЂ‘пЂ€пЂѓпЂџпЂњ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂѓпЂЊ пЂ€пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ—пЂ‹пЂ‚ пЂџпЂ‘ пЂќпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‚ пЂ‚&пЂ†#пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂњ пЂ€ пЂ†пЂ•пЂЏпЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ‹пЂћпЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџпЂ‹ '
пЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџпЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ•пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњпЂџпЂ‹. - 16 - $ пЂћ
пЂЏпЂ�пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂџ, пЂ—пЂ‡пЂ† пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂЏпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ‚пЂѓ пЂ„пЂѓпЂЏпЂЏпЂ‹пЂ…пЂ’пЂѓпЂ‡ пЂ‹
пЂ’пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂџ пЂ•пЂ‹пЂ„пЂ†пЂ‡пЂѓпЂћпЂџ, пЂ€пЂ†пЂљпЂ†#пЂ‚ пЂ†пЂ‡ пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ‡пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ‹& пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹& пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂљпЂЏпЂѓпЂџ пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂђ &пЂ†пЂ…пЂ†!пЂ† пЂ†пЂ•пЂЏпЂ’пЂѓпЂ‡пЂњ пЂ‹пЂћпЂ€пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂџпЂ‹ пЂќпЂ‹пЂћпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‹ пЂћ
пЂ†пЂ‚пЂџпЂ‹. _____________________ пЂ‘"пЂ�пЂќпЂљпЂћпЂ•пЂ—пЂ�пЂ• 1. 0пЂќпЂќпЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ€ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ -пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‚-%пЂ…пЂ‡пЂ‚: пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
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п‚µпЋЅ п‹…
пЂ«пЋ“пЂЅпЋ” K пЂЁ
пЂ©
п‚µпЋЅпЏѓп‚µпЏѓпЋЅпЋЅпЏѓп‚µ
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п‚µпЋЅ
gggg 
2
1
п‚µпЋ±пЋЅпЋ±п‚µпЋЅ
KK п€’пЂЅ 2. .пЂ€"пЂ…пЂ‡
пЂ‹пЂџпЂ€пЂ†пЂЏпЂ†пЂ€ %пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ†пЂќпЂќпЂѓпЂЏпЂњ: g
g
2
п‚µ
пЏѓ
п‚µпЏѓ

пЂЅпЋ“, пЂ•#пЂѓ п‚µпЋЅ
gg detпЂЅ 3. $пЂћпЂ‹пЂџпЂ†пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂђ пЂџпЂѓ #пЂ’ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂџ пЂ…пЂ’пЂ—пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ‹ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ…пЂ†пЂџ пЂ†пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹: пЋ±пЋЅп‚µпЋ±п‚µпЋЅпЋ±пЋЅп‚µпЋ±п‚µпЋЅпЋ±п‚µпЋЅ
KK п€’пЂЅпЋ”п€’пЋ”пЂЅпЋ© пЂЁ
пЂ©
пЋЅпЋ±п‚µп‚µпЋ±пЋЅпЋ±п‚µпЋЅпЋ±п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ©п€’пЋ©п€’пЋ©пЂЅ
2
1
K 4. пЂ–пЂћпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ†пЂџпЂ„пЂ†пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‡ пЂ€пЂѓ
пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ… пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ…пЂЏпЂЏпЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂџ пЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ: пЋІпЋ±п‚µ
пЋ±пЋІ
п‚µ
пЋґ dxuu пЋ”п€’пЂЅ, пЋІ
пЋ±
пЋ±
п‚µпЋІп‚µ
пЋґ dxuu пЋ”пЂЅ 5. %пЂ†пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂѓ #пЂ‹пЂќпЂќпЂѓпЂ…пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂ…пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ: пЏѓпЋЅ
пЏѓп‚µ
пЋЅ
п‚µ
пЋЅ
п‚µ
uuu , 
пЏѓп‚µ
пЋЅ
п‚µ
пЋЅ
п‚µ
uuu 
~
пЏѓ
пЏѓ
пЋЅп‚µпЋЅп‚µпЋЅп‚µ
uuu , 
пЏѓ
пЋЅп‚µпЋЅп‚µпЋЅп‚µ
uuu 
~
- 17 - 6. %пЂ†пЂ€пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂњ #пЂ‹пЂ€пЂѓпЂ…пЂ•пЂѓпЂ‚пЂЋпЂ‹пЂњ #пЂЏпЂњ пЂ€пЂњпЂћпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹ пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
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п‚µпЋЅ п‹…
пЂ«пЋ“пЂЅпЋ” Ai: 0
)(
пЂЅпЂЅ
п‹…п‹…
пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ±
п‚µпЋ±
AA, пЋ±
п‚µпЋ±
пЋ±
п‚µпЋ±
пЋ“пЂЅпЋ”, пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ“пЂЅпЋ”
)(
пЏѓп‚µ
пЏѓп‚µ
п‚µ
п‚µ
пЏѓп‚µ
пЏѓп‚µ
п‚µ
п‚µ
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п‚µ
uuuuu  )()()(
)(
)()()( п‚µпЏѓпЋЅ
пЏѓп‚µ
пЏѓпЋЅп‚µ
пЏѓп‚µ
п‚µпЋЅ
п‚µ
п‚µпЏѓпЋЅ
пЏѓп‚µ
пЏѓпЋЅп‚µ
пЏѓп‚µ
п‚µпЋЅ
п‚µ
п‚µпЋЅ
п‚µ
TTTTTTT  7. 1  -   : 
пЂ©
пЋ»
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пЏѓ
п‚µпЋЅ
пЏѓпЋ»
пЏѓп‚µпЋЅ
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п‚µпЋЅпЋЅп‚µ
uuRu 
п‹…п‹…
пЏ„
пЋІп‚µ
пЋ±
пЏ„пЋЅ
пЏ„
пЋІпЋЅ
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пЋІп‚µпЋЅ
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пЋІпЋЅп‚µ
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пЋІп‚µпЋЅ

п‹…
R пЋ±
пЋЅп‚µ
пЋ±
п‚µпЋЅ
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п‚µпЋЅ
пЋ”п€’пЋ”пЂЅпЋ©
п‹…
8. -пЂћпЂЏпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂћпЂ‚пЂ‘ -пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‚: пЏ„
пЋІп‚µ
пЋ±
пЏ„пЋЅ
пЏ„
пЋІпЋЅ
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пЋІп‚µпЋЅ
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пЋІпЋЅп‚µ
пЏ„
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пЏ„пЋЅ
пЏ„
пЋІпЋЅ
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пЋІп‚µпЋЅ
пЋ±
пЋІпЋЅп‚µ
пЋ±
пЋІп‚µпЋЅ
п‹…п‹…п‹…п‹…п‹…п‹…
п‹…


KKKKKK
R
~~
9. 1пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ… 2пЂѓпЂ€пЂ‹ 3пЂ‹пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ‘: пЃ›
пЃќ
пЋ±пЋІпЋіпЋ»пЋµ
пЋ±пЋІпЋіпЋ»
gпЂЅ, пЃ› пЃќпЋ±пЋІпЋіпЋ»пЋµ
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g
1
п€’пЂЅ пЃ› пЃќ
пЂЋпЂЏ
пЂЋпЂђ
пЂ‘
п€’
пЂ«
пЂЅ
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0123 пЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€ пЂ‚пЂѓпЂ—"пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂњ - ,1
0123 пЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€ пЂ—"пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂњ - ,1
пЋ±пЋІпЋіпЋ»
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пЋ±пЋІпЋіпЋ» 10. *пЂѓпЂ…пЂѓпЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€пЂ†пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ‘пЂѓ '-пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ‚пЂћпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‘: п‚µпЋЅпЏѓпЏ„
пЋ»пЋ±пЋІпЋіпЋ»пЋ±пЋІпЋі
п‚µпЋЅпЏѓпЏ„
пЋµпЋµпЋґ п€’п‰Ў
п‹…п‹…п‹…п‹…
п‚µпЋЅпЏѓпЏ„
пЏ„пЋ±пЋІпЋіпЋ±пЋІпЋі
п‚µпЋЅпЏѓ
пЋµпЋµпЋґ п€’п‰Ў
п‹…п‹…п‹…
пЋІ
п‚µ
пЋ±
пЋЅ
пЋІ
пЋЅ
пЋ±
п‚µп‚µпЋЅпЏѓпЏ„
пЋ±пЋІпЏѓпЏ„пЋ±пЋІ
п‚µпЋЅ
пЋґпЋґпЋґпЋґпЋµпЋµпЋґ п€’пЂЅп€’п‰Ў
п‹…п‹…
2
1
п‚µпЋЅпЏѓпЏ„
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п‚µ
пЋ±
п‚µ
пЋµпЋµпЋґпЋґ
6
1
п€’п‰Ўп‰Ў
п‹…
- 18 - пЂЏпЂ�!пЂ•"#!&"# 1. Einstein A., The Meaning of Relativity, Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, N.Y, 1950 (*пЂѓпЂ…пЂѓпЂ€пЂ†#: (!пЂ‹&пЂђпЂЊ!пЂ‹ )., .пЂ’пЂ™пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂђ пЂ‡пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂѓпЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ‹, пЂ–2, пЂ”., 1955). 2. ). (!пЂ‹&пЂђпЂЊ!пЂ‹, .пЂ†пЂљпЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ‚пЂ’пЂ—пЂ‚пЂ‘& пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ’#пЂ†пЂ€, 1. 1-2, пЂ‹пЂћ#-пЂ€пЂ† В«)пЂ’
В», пЂ”., 1966. 3. E. Schrodinger, Space-Time Structure, Cambridge University Press, 1960 (*пЂѓпЂ…пЂѓпЂ€пЂ†#: (. 6пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂ‹пЂ‚пЂ•пЂѓпЂ…, *пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†-пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ’
пЂ‡пЂ’пЂ… пЂ€пЂѓпЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂ†пЂЊ, пЂ–, )7пЂ”пЂ–, 2000). 4. *
пЂ‹
пЂ† *."., *пЂ€пЂ‚&пЂ€пЂ” +.,., 1пЂѓпЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ„пЂ†пЂЏпЂњ, пЂ‹пЂћ#-пЂ€пЂ† В«)пЂ’
В», пЂ”., 1973. 5. C. W. Misner, K. S. Thorne, and J. A. Wheeler, Gravitation, Freeman, San Francisco, 1973 (*пЂѓпЂ…пЂѓпЂ€пЂ†#: -. ,пЂ€пЂ–пЂ‹пЂЊпЂ„, пЂ›. .пЂѓпЂ„пЂ‹, "пЂ™. /пЂ€пЂ‡пЂЊпЂ„, /пЂ…пЂ€пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂЋпЂ‹пЂњ, пЂ‹пЂћ#-пЂ€пЂ† В«пЂ”пЂ‹пЂ…В», пЂ”., 1977). 6. 0.). "пЂ†$пЂ„пЂѓпЂ€пЂ‹, пЂЃ.1. %пЂѓпЂ€пЂ“пЂѓ, )... 2пЂѓпЂ…пЂЊпЂ‹пЂ“пЂѓ, .пЂ†пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‚пЂњ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂњ: пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ†#пЂ‘ пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ‹пЂЏпЂ† пЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ, пЂ‹пЂћ#-пЂ€пЂ† В«)пЂ’
В», пЂ”., 1986. 7. E. Cartan, Lecons sur la Geometrie des Espaces de Riemann, Gauthier-Villars, Paris, 1928 and 1946 (*пЂѓпЂ…пЂѓпЂ€пЂ†#: %пЂ…пЂ‡пЂ‚ (., -пЂ‹пЂџпЂ‚пЂ†пЂ€ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ€ пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ•пЂ†пЂ‚пЂЏпЂђпЂ‚пЂ†пЂџ пЂ…пЂѓпЂ„пЂѓпЂ…пЂѓ, пЂ‹пЂћ#-пЂ€пЂ† пЂ”/пЂ“, пЂ”., 1960). 8. +. Cartan, On Manifolds with an Affine Connection and the Theory of General Relativity, translated by A. Magnon and A. Ashtekar (Bibliopolis, Naples, 1986). 9. %.%. 1пЂѓпЂ�пЂѓ, )пЂ†пЂ€пЂ‘пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂ‡пЂ€пЂЏпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹пЂњ пЂ† пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ’
пЂ‡пЂ’пЂ…пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‚пЂ‡пЂ€-пЂ€пЂ…пЂѓпЂџпЂѓпЂ‚пЂ‹ пЂ‹ пЂ„пЂ…пЂ†пЂљпЂЏпЂѓпЂџ пЂ•пЂѓпЂ†пЂџпЂѓпЂ‡пЂ…пЂ‹пЂћпЂЋпЂ‹пЂ‹ пЂџпЂ‡пЂѓпЂ…пЂ‹пЂ‹, пЂ‹пЂћ#-пЂ€пЂ† В«+#пЂ‹пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ…пЂ‹пЂЏ пЂ“-..В», 2002 пЂ•. 10. 3.пЂ—. -пЂ€$пЂ€пЂ’пЂѓ, 0пЂ‡пЂ…пЂ†пЂќпЂ‹пЂћпЂ‹пЂ—пЂѓ
пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ€пЂѓпЂ…&пЂ‚пЂ‹пЂѓ пЂ„пЂ…пЂѓ#пЂѓпЂЏпЂ‘ пЂ‚ пЂџпЂ’ пЂ„пЂ†
пЂ†пЂњ пЂќпЂ†пЂ‡пЂ†пЂ‚, пЂ“7), 1пЂ†пЂџ 119. пЂ€пЂ‘пЂ„. 3, 1976. 11. Alberto Saa, Einstein-Cartan theory of gravity revisited, gr-qc/9309027
(1993). 12. Hong-jun Xie and Takeshi Shirafuji, Dynamical torsion and torsion potential, gr-qc/9603006
(1996). 13. V.C. de Andrade and J.G. Pereira, Torsion and the Electromagnetic Field, gr-qc/9708051
(1999). 14. Yuyiu Lam
, Totally Asymmetric Torsion on Riemann-Cartan Manifold, gr-qc/0211009
(2002). 
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