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Book Review Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics. Vol. 4. Decomposition of Inorganic and Organometallic Compounds. By C. H. Bamford and C. F. Tipper

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This book will assist those for whom the transition from
the earlier, mainly experimentally oriented mode of thinking
to the current, more abstract approach is too abrupt.
The didactic arrangement and flowing style make the book
a pleasure to read. The descriptions of experimental results
and the theoretical discussion are well balanced. Even the
untrained reader will find little difficulty in understanding
the material and will not have to resort to additional reading
(only in the application of the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog rules to
multiple bond systems would some additional remarks have
been useful). Exercises (with answers) round off the positive
impression made by the book.
The book is recommended not only to all students after their
preliminary examinations but to all who want to brush up
their knowledge and would like a readable introduction to
modern stereochemistry.
Giinther Maier [NB 224 IE]
Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics. Vol. 4. Decomposition of
Inorganic and Organometallic Compounds. By C . H . Bamford and C . F. Tipper. Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam-London-New
York 1972. 1st edit., xii, 272 pp.,
numerous figures and tables, bound, $ 27.25.
This volume, together with volume 5, constitutes Section 2
“Homogeneous Decomposition and Isomerization Reactions”
of the above work. As suggested by the title, all those reactions
are discussed which proceed, if not necessarily unimolecularly,
at least in the absence of a foreign reactant. Major attention
is always paid to the primary reaction (in the true sense),
and secondary reactions between reactant molecules and
decomposition products are in general only dealt with when
they have been shown to contribute significantly to reactant
consumption. Photolytic and radiolytic processes are only
raised in special cases.
The subdivision of the volume into chapters is substanceoriented, which occasionally results in apparently arbitrary
sections ;this procedure does, however, ensure maximal clarity
and fits in well with the reference nature of the work.
The first chapter ( K . H . Homann and A. Haas) deals with
the homogeneous decomposition of hydrides of oxygen, sulfur,
nitrogen, silicon, germanium, and boron; -The subject of the
second ( K . F. Preston and R. J . Cvetanovic‘) is the kinetics
of the decomposition of inorganic oxides (especially those
of carbon, nitrogen, sulfur, fluorine, and chlorine), of sulfides
and selenides(or carbon), of ozone, of certain acids of nitrogen,
and of perchloric acid. The following section (D. A. Armstrong
and J . L. Homes) merits particular attention; this is devoted
to the decomposition of halogen compounds, especially hydrogen halides, and commendably takes account of the recent
findings so important in this field. The concluding chapter
( S . J . W Price) deals with the decomposition of alkyl, aryl,
carbonyl, and nitrosyl metal compounds. The decomposition
of homonuclear diatomic molecules will be discussed in one
of the subsequent volumes.
All sections are provided with extensive and instructive tables
and figures, and do ample justice to the rigorous demands
that may be made on the work.
0.F. Olaj [NB 225a IE]
Comprehensive Chemical Kinetics. Vol. 5. Decomposition and
Isomerization of Organic Compounds. By C . H. Barnford
and C . F. Tipper. Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam-London-New
York 1972. 1st edit., xvi, 779 pp.,
numerous figures, bound $ 65.75.
Angew. Chem inrmnat. Edit. 1 Vol. 13 (1974) / No. 10
This volume completes Section 2 of the above work. Subdivision according to chemical classes has again been adopted
throughout, which allows rapid orientation and almost entirely
eliminates overlap.
Many of the homogeneous gas reactions dealt with are considered as models of unimolecular processes ; the associated
experimental data were (and still are) of the greatest significance for the theory of these reactions. Furthermore, reactions
in homogeneous solutions as well as pyrolytic, photolytic,
photosensitized, and radiolytic processes are extensively discussed, even where the reaction course is determined by
secondary reactions.
The first chapter ( K . J . Laidter and L. F. Loucks) is devoted
to the decomposition and isomerization reactions of hydrocarbons, the second ( E . S. Swinbourne) to the thermal and radiation- and particle-induced decomposition of halogen compounds. The following sections deal with the thermal and
photochemical decomposition of aldehydes and ketones (7:
Be‘rces), as well as the decomposition and isomerization reactions of other oxygen-containing compounds such as esters,
anhydrides, ethers, alcohols, carboxylic acids, and especially
peroxides ( W H . Richardson and H . E. O N e a l ) . The next
chapter is concerned with the unimolecular reactions of
nitrogen compounds (0. P . Strausz, H . E. Gunning, and J .
W Lown); apart from diazo compounds and azides, most
attention is understandably paid to azo compounds. These
last two chapters thus also contain all the important information on the two major groups of radical formers, namely
peroxides and aliphatic azo compounds. The volume concludes
with a chapter on the unimolecular reactions of sulfur compounds (0. P. Strausz, H . E . Gunning, and J . W Lown).
The positive aspects of the book again include the uniformly
liberal provision of cleartables and figures and an abundance
of numerical data; the delayed publication in one case deserves
criticism, however. All in all, each chapter indicates that the
volume is a worthy member of the series.
0. F. Olaj [NB 225 b]
Analysis of Triglycerides. By C . Litchfield. Academic Press,
New York-London 1972. xvii, 395 pp., numerous figures
and tables, bound, $ 19.50.
Until 1955 the only methods available tor the analysis of
triglycerides were essentially fractional crystakation (Cheur e d , 1815) and oxidative degradation (Hilditch, 1927-1950).
Bearing in mind the number of triglyceride isomers which
occur in natural fats (approximately 4O-lOOO in vegetable
fats), these methods were quite inadequate; it was only in
simple cases that the triglyceride composition could be elucidated. After 1955a burst ofactivity resulted in the development
of new chemical and physical methods; this subsequently
drew to a close in certain areas, but some methods, e.g.
the application of mass spectrometry to the analysis of triglycerides, are still in their infancy. It is therefore highly welcome
that Litchfield, who has personally contributed much to the
development ofanalytical techniques in this field, has produced
a review in which the current state of knowledge is summarized
in concise but unusually informative manner.
Following a brief introduction to the stereochemistry and
nomenclature of triglycerides and a short historical review,
the extraction of lipids and isolation of triglycerides are first
described; in this context the identification of fatty acids by
gas chromatography is also touched upon. The following
chapters deal with methods of preparation of glyceride derivatives and with the chemical and physical processes currently
available for the separation and structure elucidation of triglycerides (chromatography on Ag +-containing carrier material;
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