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Cajal on the cerebral cortexЧan annotated translation of the complete writings By Javier DeFelipe and Edward G. Jones New York Oxford University Press 1988 654 pp illustrated. $65

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about the neuropathology of parkinsonism. Criteria for the
diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease is a very important topic. As
is often the case when each chapter is written by a different
individual, there is a certain amount of redundancy. This
repetition is especially true in the chapter introductions.
The second half of the book is devoted to various hyperkinetic movement disorders such as myoclonus; tics, dystonic
syndromes, tremor disorders, and akathesia. These discussions provide a fine start for those who are unfamiliar with
these disorders. Information on clinical features, classification, and treatment of these conditions is clearly presented.
The chapter on akathesia by Lang is unique and contains
logically categorized data not found in other sources. Chapters at the end of the book deal with several topics that are
somewhat unrelated to movement disorders, such as spasticity, cramps, and gait disorders. Nonetheless, these chapters
provide a thorough overview of these subjects. The last
chapter deals with neural transplantation in Parkinson’s disease, but it is a very brief discussion of a very complex area.
In general, the chapters have up-to-date references. The
editors state that this book is not intended to be a textbook
of movement disorders, and some areas are not covered adequately to be such a handbook. There is, however, an immense amount of useful clinical and basic science information in the book, and the authors are experts in movement
disorders who share their many insights. Anyone who reads
this book to increase their knowledge of parkinsonism and
other movement disorders will not be disappointed.
William C. Koller, MD, PhD
Cajal on the Cerebral Cortex-An Annotated
Translation of the Complete Writings
By Javier DeFelipe and Edward G. Jones
New York, Oxford University Press, 1988
654 pp, illustrated, $65 .OO
This volume represents a happy occasion for neurobiology.
All the writings of Santiago Ramdn y Cajal on the cerebral
cortex have been collected and translated from the original
Spanish. Cajal occupies a unique place in the history of
neuroscience: H e is perhaps the only person whose scientific
contributions are still quoted 100 years after they were written, and his has surely been the most durable of all contributions to the neuroanatomical literature. Cajal‘s modification
of the Golgi silver impregnation technique allowed him to
see detail far beyond what was previously possible. From his
seminal observations came the neuron doctrine, which stated
that communication in the nervous system was between separate nerve cells that were connected at discreet and discontinuous points of contact. This observation laid the foundation for our understanding of development and synaptic
transmission in the nervous system. His elegant camera
lucida drawings have not been improved on and are still
reproduced regularly in text books and monographs.
It is always exciting when part of Cajal’s work is made
available again in an English translation. The present volume
does it excellently. The work is annotated and the sentences
are clarified by bracketed insertions that make the book
more readable to English-speaking audiences. It is organized
chronologically so that the development of Cajal’s ideas on
particular points of interpretation can be readily traced. Each
section contains a brief introduction by the editors that explains the concepts described and puts them in historical
perspective. The introductory material often contains illustrations, including serial photographs of Cajal himself. The
book concludes with a 64-page section on the functional
histology of the cerebral cortex and the continuing relevance
of Cajal’s observations; the editors have included photomicrographs taken from Cajal’s original preparations, which are
still extant in the Museum of the Instituto Cajal. It is a treat
to see how well preserved these preparations are and how
well they compare with modern Golgi preparations from the
laboratories of one of the editors, D r Jones, and others also
included in this chapter. It was one of the stated purposes of
the editors to demonstrate that Cajal’s preparations were
every bit as good as Cajal’s drawings suggest.
This volume will be of interest to all neuroanatomists and
to many others with an interest in the history of neuroscience. As with Cajal’s other work, it will prove an invaluable
source of relevant scientific information for those working
on the histology of the cerebral cortex.
Michael E . Selzer, MD, PhD
Neurological and Neurosurgical Intensive Care, ed 2
Edited by Alan H. Ropper and Sean Kennedy
Rockville, MD, Aspen, 1988
364 pp, illustrated, $63.00
In the second edition of their expertly written text, Roppei
and Kennedy review the current state of this new and increasingly complicated area. The book is cogent, well referenced, and generously supplemented by numerous figures,
tables, graphs, and radiographs. It is divided into 25 chapters,
6 of which are written completely or in part by Drs Ropper
and Kennedy. Their expertise in critical care neurology
stems from more than a dozen years of experience in a 14bed neuro-intensive care unit at the Massachusetts General
Hospital. The early chapters on intracranial pressure and the
sections on management of cerebrovascular disease (Fisher),
subarachnoid hemorrhage ( K d e r and Heros), and coma following cardiac arrest (Maiese and Caronna) are particularly
useful. This well-organized synopsis will have strong appeal
to neurologists, neurosurgeons, anesthesiologists, and intensivists, although there is relevant information here for most
subspecialists. There is even a thoughtful and timely review
of legal aspects of neurosurgical decision making. Overall, it
is a very readable and informative book.
Eric C. Raps, MD
Autonomic Failure, ed 2
Edited by Sir Roger Bannister
Oxford, Oxford Medical Publications, 1988
783 pp, illustrated, $98.00
Neurologists have taken an increasing interest in the autonomic nervous system in recent years and are becoming
Annals of Neurology Vol 27 No 4
April 1990 453
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complete, edward, illustrated, university, 1988, cajal, new, 654, cerebral, annotated, york, javier, writing, jones, cortexчan, pres, defelipe, translation, oxford
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