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Навчально-практичний посібник English Practice in Technical and Vocational Education and Training Практикум з англійської мови для ПТНЗ
Державний професійно-технічний навчальний заклад
"Кам'янець-Подільське вище професійне училище"
Навчально-практичний посібник "English Practice in Technical and Vocational Education and Training"/ "Практикум з англійської мови для ПТНЗ"
Кам'янець-Подільський 2013
ББК 94.3 (4 Англ.)
Методичний посібник ухвалено до друку науково-методичною радою Науково-методичного центру професійно-технічної освіти та підвищення кваліфікації інженерно-педагогічних працівників у Хмельницькій області (протокол № від 2013р._)
Рецензенти:
Яковлєва О.В. - кандидат філологічних наук, доцент кафедри англійської мови Кам'янець-Подільського національного університету ім. І.Огієнко
Миколайчук А.І. - кандидат філологічних наук, доцент, декан факультету іноземної філології Кам'янець-Подільського національного університету ім. І.Огієнко
"English Practice in Technical and Vocational Education and Training"/ "Практикум з англійської мови для ПТНЗ": навчально-практичний посібник/ Упорядн. В.А. Фурман.- Кам'янець-Подільський, 2013.- 97 с.
Навчально-практичний посібник "Практикум з англійської мови для ПТНЗ" акумулював у собі практичну роботу багаторічного досвіду у царині актуалізації та активізації навчальних досягнень учнів при вивченні англійської мови у ПТНЗ. Адресований викладачам іноземних мов та учням ПТНЗ.
(c) Фурман В.А.
(c)ДПТНЗ "К-П ВПУ", 2013
Навчально-практичний посібник "Практикум з англійської мови для ПТНЗ" акумулював у собі практичну роботу багаторічного досвіду у царині актуалізації та активізації навчальних досягнень учнів при вивченні англійської мови у ПТНЗ. Завдання складено з урахуванням навчальної програми з іноземної мови. При відборі завдань враховувались аспекти диференційованого, особистісно-зорієнтованого та фахового аспектів. У посібнику представлені тренувальні вправи з основних граматичних тем англійської мови. Завдання посібника доцільно використовувати як на уроках закріплення матеріалу так і під час проміжного та поточного контролю.
The Article (Артикль)
Завдання 1 Змінити речення, змінюючи артикль, де це необхідно
Е х a m р 1 е: It is a plate, (clean) - It is a clean plate.
It is a clock, (old)
It is a map, (new)
It is an apple, (red)
It is a chicken, (yellow)
It is a day. (fine)
It is a pencil, (orange)
It is a flat, (new)
It is a street, (long)
It is a girl, (young)
Завдання 2. Вписати артиклі, де це необхідно
There is ,., apple on ... plate. ". apple is ... red. ... plate is .,. blue,
It is ... big ... grey ." cat. ," cat has ... little kitten. ... kitten is ," funny.
It is .., little puppy, ... puppy is ... black. I see ... girl, ... girl is ... pretty and ... kind.
I see .., classroom. ,.. classroom is ... large and ... clean. I see ... white ," rabbit, ", rabbit has ... carrot, ," carrot is ... red and ." sweet, I see ... green crocodile in ," cage. ," crocodile is ," big and ... angry.
Завдання 3. Поставити артиклі, де це необхідно
This is ... my ... book. And that is ... your ... book. My ... book is on ... ray ... desk. Your ... book is in ... your ... bag. Take ... book, please, and put it on ... your ... desk!
This is ... her ... copy-book and that is ... his copy-book. Her ... copy-book is ... clean. His ... copy-book is ... dirty.
It is ... pencil. This ... pencil is ... red. And that's ... pen. ... pen is ... blue.
This ... boy is ... little. He is ... seven. He is ... pupil. He has ... bag in ... his ... hand. ... bag is ... big and ... black.
Look! This is ... room. ... window is open, ... door is shut.
... room is ... big and ... clean.
Look at ... this ... picture. What can you see in it? I can see ... house, ... pond and ... duck.
... pond is ... blue. ... duck is ... yellow.
... house is ... white.
Завдання 4. Прочитати текст, заповнюючи пропуски артиклями, де це необхідно
Welcome to vocational school! "Wake up, my sweet! It's time to get up!" my mother says,
Today is ... first of September. I am ... pupil of ... first course. I go to ...vocational school. I am very happy. I have ... flowers in my ... hands. My ... elder ... brother is ... pupil of ... third ... course. He is .., good ... electrical fitter. He is very glad to see ... his ... classmates and ... teachers. For ... first time in ... my ... life I go to ... vocational school with ... my ... brother. He smiles at me, "Hurry up! Come on, kid!"
The Noun (Іменник)
Завдання 1. Поставити іменники в множині
an apple, a mountain, a tree, a penny, a pen, a window, a soap, a man,
a woman, a girl, a dog, an eyebrow, a table, a stool.
Завдання 2. Поставити іменники в множині
this panthis tomato,
that pencilthat book,
this deerthat hill,
this man,that door,
this girl,that team,
this wolf,this leaf.
Завдання 3. Поставити іменники в множині
I.This is a spider. 2. That is a snail. 3. This is a space film. 4. That is a eaftoon. 5. This is a star. 6. This is a boy. 7. This is a baby. 8. That is a plate. 9. That is a flower. 10. That is a bookshelf. 11.Is this a sofa? 12. Is this a bookcase? 13. Is this a man? 14. Is that a ball? 15. Is that a train? 16. Is that a plane? 17. Is the window open? 18. Is the door closed? 19. Is the boy near the window? 20. That is not a king.
Завдання 4. Вибрати правильний варіант, перекласти речення
1 А: І have a Physics exam tomorrow. В: Oh dear. Physics is/are a very difficult subject.
2 A:My office is three miles from my house. B: Three miles is/are a long way to walk to work.
3 A: My little brother has got measles. B: Oh dear. Measles is/are quite a serious illness.
4 A: Jane looked riiee today, didn't she? B: Yes. Her clothes were/was very smart.
5 A: I've got two pounds. I'm going to buy a CD. B: Two pounds is/are not enough to buy a CD.
6. A: The classroom was empty when I walked past. B: Yes. The class was/were all on a school outing.
7. A: Have you just cleaned the stairs?
B: Yes, so be careful. The stairs is/are very slippery.
8. A: Did you ask John to fix your car?
B: Yes. His advice was/were that I take it to a garage.
9. A: Did you enjoy your holiday?
B: Yes, thank you. The weather was/were wonderful.
10. A:These trousers is/are very old. B: You should buy a new pair.
11. A: How is/are the company doing lately? B: Great. We opened up two more branches.
12. A: I am going to travel for two years when I finish school.
B: Two years is/are a long time to be away from home
The degrees of comparison of adjectives (Ступені порівняння прикметників)
Завдання 1. Утворити ступені порівняння прикметників
small; young; thin; thick; tall; fine; new; straight; few; easy; busy; dirty, famous; beautiful; difficult; serious; comfortable; expensive; suitable; charming; good; much; bad; little; many.
Завдання 2. Утворити ступені порівняння прикметників
Hot, long, short, near, clever, silly, great, red, black, famous, white, little, thin, much, thick, expensive, fat, nice, beautiful, warm, cold, practical, merry, small, pretty, sad, tall, high, weak, strong, important, heavy, light, far, ugly, lazy, green, dry, clean, dirty, wide, deep, brave.
Завдання 3. Розкрити дужки використовуючи відповідний ступінь порівняння, перекласти речення українською мовою
1. This man is (tall) than that one. 2. Asia is (large) than Australia. 3. The Volga is (short) than the Mississippi. 4. Which building is the (high) in Moscow? 5. Mary is a (good) student than Lucy. 6, The Alps are (high) than the Urals. 7. This garden is the (beautiful) in our town. 8. She speaks Italian (good) than English. 9. Is the word "newspaper" (long) than the word "book"? 10. The Thames is (short) than the Volga. 11. The Arctic Ocean is (cold) than the Indian Ocean. 12. Chinese is (difficult) than English. 13. Spanish is (easy) than German. 14. She is not so (busy) as t am. IS. tt is as (cotd) today as it was yesterday. 16. She is not so (fond) of sports as my brother is. 17. Today the weather is (cold) than it was yesterday. 18. This book is (interesting) of all I have read this year. 19. January is the (cold) month of the year. 20. My sister speaks English (bad) than I do. 21. Which is the (hot) month of the year? 22. Which is the (beautiful) place in this part of the country? 23. This nice-looking girl is the (good) student in our group.
Завдання 4. Розкрити дужки використовуючи відповідний ступінь порівняння, перекласти речення українською мовою
1. Her eyes are (grey) than mine. 2. He was the (fat) man in the village. 3. As he went on, the box became (heavy) and (heavy). 4. My sister is the (tall) girl in her class. 5. Who is the (attentive) student in your group? 6. It is autumn. Every day the air becomes (cold), the leaves (yellow). 7. This is the (beautiful) view I have seen in my life. 8. Your handwriting is now (good) than it was last year; but still it is not so (good) as Nick's handwriting. Nick has a (good) handwriting than you. Of course Nellie has the (good) handwriting of all. 9. Oil is (light) than water. 10. We will wait for a (dry) day to go on the excursion.
Завдання 5. Перекласти речення українською мовою
1. The new cinema in our district is much bigger than the old one.
2. He was more careful than I.
3. We started eartier than you.
4. I need a warmer coat.
5. Better late than never.
6. It is easier to swim in the sea than in the river.
7. What is his height? He is taller than my son.
8. Oil is lighter than water.
9. A bus is faster than a tram.
10. He was quieter than his sister.
Завдання 6. Розкрити дужки використовуючи відповідний ступінь порівняння, перекласти речення українською мовою
1. The rooms are (clean) than they used to be.
2. This is (big) building in our city.
3. The road becomes (narrow) after some miles.
4. Peter is (old) of them all.
5. He thinks English spelling is (difficult) than Russian.
6. We shall wait for a (dry) day to go on the excursion.
7. The (tall) trees in the world grow in California.
8. My sister speaks English (bad) than I do.
9. We should eat (healthy) food.
10. Her eyes are (grey) than mine.
Завдання 7. Перекласти речення українською мовою 1. The house his uncle lives in is as old as the one his aunt lives in.
2. Jonny is not as rich as Don but he is younger and much happier.
3. The hotel isn't as cheap as we expected.
4. Rome is not as old as Athens.
5. English is as difficult as German.
6. You can't eat as much as you like.
7. This tool is as qualitative as that one.
8. I am as slim as Venus. 9. It isn't as warm today as it was yesterday
The Pronoun (Займенник)
Завдання 1. Заповніть пропуски особовими і присвійними займенниками. Перекладіть українською
1. ... have parents. ... wife also has parents. 2. ... are ... mother-in-law and ... father-in-law. 3. ... parents are in Moscow. 4. ... brother is in the army. 5. ... family is in Moscow. 6. He has a wife. ... name is Mary. 7. ... has a son. 8. ... name is Victor. 9. ... family is large.
Завдання 2. Заповніть пропуски присвійними займенниками. Перекладіть українською
1. This is ... watch, and that is ... (my, yours). 2. This is not ... pencil, ... is red (hers, her). 3. This picture is not ... (our, ours). 4. These are ... notes and those are ... (theirs, our). 5. ... name is Peter, ... is John (my, his). 6. That bag is ... (my, mine). 7. This girl is ... daughter and that is ... (his, hers).
Завдання 3. Замініть виділені слова особовими займенниками. Перекладіть українською
The teacher is helping the students to translate the article.
Mother will send Mary to buy the tickets.
The man gave the book to the boy.
My friend is going to give the book to his wife.
This book is not suitable for young children.
Helen worked hard at history.
Завдання 4. Вставте some, any, no. Перекладіть українською
1. There are ... schools in this street. 2. Are there ...pictures in your book? 3. There are ... flowers here in winter. 4. I can see ... children in the yard. They are playing. 5. Are there ... new buildings in your street? 6. There are ... people in the park because it is cold. 7. I saw ... boys in the garden, but Mike was not among them. 8. They brought ... good books from the library. 9. Give me ... tea, please, I am thirsty. 10. Dinner was not yet ready, so she gave children ... bread and butter because they were hungry. 11. Do you want ... milk in your coffee? 12. Have you got ... time to spare? I'd like to ask you ... questions. 13. Is there ... cheese on the plate? 14. There is ... ham on the plate. 15. There is ... tea in the cup: the cup is empty. Завдання 5. Вставте something, anything, nothing. Перекладіть українською
1. Give me ... to read, please. - With pleasure. 2. I don't know ... about your town. Tell me ... about it. 3. Please give me ... warm: it is cold here. 4. There is ... white in the box. What is it? 5. Is there ... that you want to tell me? 6. Where is the book? - It is on the table. - No, there is ... there. 7. My friend taught his son ... he knows. 8. Her patient has a bad memory. She can't remember ... . 9. I think there is ... wrong with my watch. 10. We've got ... to eat. We've got only ... to drink. 11. The student didn't understand ... because she heard ... . 12. Does he know ... about computers? - Yes, he knows ... because he is the best specialist in computer science at Harvard University. 13. He felt terrible. He couldn't do ... else. 14. ... is all right, the patient is much better today. 15. My new eyeglasses are very good, I can see ... now. Завдання 6. Вставте somebody, anybody, nobody. Перекладіть українською
1. Has ... in this group got a dictionary? 2. ... left a magazine in our classroom yesterday. 3. The question was so difficult that ... could answer it. 4. I am afraid I shan't be able to find ... in the office now: it is too late. 5. There is ...in the next room. I don't know him. 6. Please tell us the story. ... knows it. 7. Has ... here got a red pencil? 8. Don't tell ... about it. It's a secret. 9. I think, ... in our class is honest. That's why we trust ... . 10. I am not a perfectionist. ... is perfect in this world. 11. ... needs good friends. A friend in need is a friend indeed. 12. Is there ... here who knows French? 13. ... knew anything about America before Columbus discovered it. 14. I saw ... in the train yesterday who looked like you. 15. ... can answer this question. It is very easy. Завдання 7. Вставити some, any, no або залишити пропуски незаповненими дивлячись за змістом.
1.There are ... buses today and I can't go shopping. 2. There is ... caviar in the can. I love it. Would you like ...? 3. Please don't offer her ... chips. She doesn't want ... . 4. Can I have ... milk in my tea? I don't like it black. 5. There is ... ink in my pen. 6. Is there ... snow in the street this morning? 7. My mother likes ... music. 8. Are there ... chess players here? 9. There are ... diagrams in the new book. 10. Are there ... newspapers on the table? Завдання 8. Вставити something, anything, nothing або everything.
1. My husband taught his son ... he knows. 2. Her patient has a bad memory. She can't remember ... . 3. I think there is ... wrong with my watch. 4. We've got ... to eat. We've got only ... to drink. 5. The students didn't understand ... because she heard ... . 6. Does he know ... about computers? - Yes, he knows ... because he is the best specialist in computer centre at Harvard University. 7. He felt terrible. He couldn't do ... else. 8. ... is all right, the patient is much better today. 9. Is there ... interesting in the programme of the concert? 10. I could see ...: it was quite dark
Завдання 9. Вставити something, anything, nothing або everything.
1. She has to go to the supermarket. There isn't ... in the fridge. 2. I've had a terrible day. ... went wrong. 3. The young man is very upset. There is ... wrong with his car. 4. His grandparents like doing ...: cooking, playing board games, going to museums, visiting their friends. 5. She never says ... nice about her neighbours. 6. What do you want to drink? - ... . I'm not thirsty. 7. Nobody told me ... about his lung cancer. I could do ... to save his life. 8. Give me ... to read, please. - With pleasure. 9. I don't know ... about your town. Tell me ... about it. 10. Please give me ... warm: it is cold here
Завдання 10. Попросіть передати Вам різні предмети. Запишіть речення за зразком, використовуючи пропоновані словосполучення. Зразок: Give me your pen, please.
Пропоновані словосполучення: his telegram; your dictionary; her exercise book; their forms; our newspapers; my contract. Завдання 11. Вибрати один із присвійних займенників відповідно до другою частини речення (my, your, his, her, its, our, their)
We have a big garden ... garden is young. The book is new ... contents is rather interesting. She is a nice girl. What's ... name? I'm Kathy Brown ... family is large. He has a lot of friends ... friends are also students. The Smirnovs have a car ... car is expensive. You are doing well ... marks are always good. We have a cat ... character is kind. Завдання 12. Заповнити пропуски присвійними займенниками. Зразок: We have our breakfast at 8 o'clock.
She is doing ... homework. We have ... English lesson in the evening. He is putting on ... rain-coat. I often do ... homework with ... friend. This lady's surname is Smith. What's ... first name? Please sit down. Is it ... document? They do ... morning exercises in the open air. This table is too small. What's ... length?
The Numeral (Числівник)
Завдання 1. Написати словами кількісні числівники і перетворити їх у порядкові 1; 2; 3; 4; 5; 11; 12; 14; 15; 21; 25; 28; 30; 52; 67; 74; 83; 99; 100.
Завдання 2. Написати англійською 1. 245; 533; 816. 2. 3,562; 7,324. 3. Сто книг; сотня сторінок; сотні людей. 4. Тисяча машин; тисячі людей; мільйон книг. 5. 2+3=5; 7-4=3; 3х5=15; 10:2=5. 6. 1 січня; 8 березня. 7. Глава 5; автобус 6. 8. 3.45; 8.09. 9. 2/3; 4/5.
Завдання 3. Написати словами кількісні числівники:
3; 9; 11; 12; 14; 15; 19; 33; 44; 60; 99; 100; Завдання 4. Написати словами 13 + 45 = 58 (thirteen plus forty- five is fifty - eight)
50 - 31 = 19 (fifty minus thirty - one is nineteen)
15 * 2 = 30 (fifteen multiplied by two is thirty)
30 : 2 = 15 (thirty divided by two is fifteen)
46 +18 = 64 15 - 8 = 7 5 * 5 = 25 10 : 5 = 2 4 + 40 = 44 80 - 30 = 50 Завдання 5. Написати словами порядкові числівники The 20th The 12th The 30th
The 10th The 41st The 52nd The 4th The 63rd The 15th The 74th The 86th The 101st The 1000th Завдання 6. Написати словами 22.VI.194; 5.V.1881; 10.II.1938; 31.XII.2000; 3.III.2003;
19.IX.1968 2.IV.1713; 16.XI.1814; 15.X. 1814 29.VIII.1996.
Завдання 7. Написати словами a) 5, 15, 3, 13, 30, 51, 18, 11, 12, 20, 74, 112, 201, 946, 698; 10,575; 576,276; 7,000,000; 1,022; 0.85; 5.3; 1/2; 1/4; 2/3; 1 1/2; 2 5/6;
b) 1,005 magazines; 506 students; 4,790 specialists; 5,400,000 books; 6.75 miles; 1,431 kilometres; 627 roubles; on page 733; by bus 9; by tram 27; in room 218; on the 12th day;
c) on the 1st of May; on January 18th, 1967; on November 7th, 1947; at the end of 1789; October 25, 1917; 1903; at the beginning of 1970;
d) 5.3 tons; 2/3 kilometres; 0.2 mile; 2.75 tons.
Завдання 8. Перекладіть англійською мовою.
а) 9 травня 1945 року; 23 лютого 1917 року; 12 лютого 1962; до 31 січня 1971; у листопаді 1957; до 7 листопада 1947; 9 січня 1905; у 1812; 1941;
b) 25 км.; 175 тисяч гривен; 20 мільйонів людей; 3.500 студентів; 8.750 книжок; 375.285 машин; 17 слів; 75 портфелів; 13 коней; 30 годин; 19 кімнат; 90 сторінок; 3.5 милі; 3/4 шляху; 0.5 кг.
There is / There are (Сталі конструкції)
Завдання 1. Розкрити дужки, утворити питальну та заперечну форми, перекласти речення
1 There (is, are) a large table in my room. 2. There (is, are) three windws in my classroom. 3. There (is, are) a table and four chairs in my sister's room. 4. There (is, are) a blackboard, four tables and five chairs in our classroom. 5. There(is,are) a text-book and two exercise-books on my table. 6. There (wasn't, weren't) a school here in 1920.7. There (was, were) verymany children in the park yesterday.
Завдання 2. Утворити питальну та заперечну форми, перекласти речення
1. There's a nice park in our city. 2. There are five chairs in the room. 3. There are some English text-books on my table. 4. There are a lot of mistakes in your exercise-book. 5. There were three mistakes in my dictation. 6. There's a new cinema near my house. 7. Mary teaches her children to play the piano.
Завдання 3. Дайте відповіді на питання звертаючи увагу на переклад звороту there is (there are). Зміст відповідей довільний, речення перекласти
1. What is there on the table? 2. Are there many chairs in the room? 3. How many mistakes where there in your last dictation? 4. Where there many children in the theatre yesterday? 5. How many pages are there in that book? 6. What is there in your classroom?
Завдання 4. Утворити питальну та заперечну форми, перекласти речення
Example: There is picture on the wall. Is there a picture on the wall? There is no picture on the wall.
1. There are three monkeys on the picture.
2. There are a lot of interesting stories in this book.
3. There are fifteen boys and thirteen girls in our class.
4. There is a red bench at the bus stop.
5. There are about fifty-three schools and two gymnasiums in our town.
6. There are many cartoons about snakes and hares, lions and tigers, elephants and giraffes.
7. There is a tape on the shelf.
8. There are a lot of food-shops in our street.
9. There is an elephant's cub on the grass.
10. There are two chairs and four lamps in the room.
11. There are 100 (one hundred) flats in this skyscraper.
12. There is a lot of money in the bag.
Завдання 5. Заповнити пропуски, утворити питальну та заперечну форми, перекласти речення
Example: Therea picture on the wall. There is a picture on the wall
1. Theremany animals in the zoo.
2. Therea snake in the window.
3. Therea zebra in the picture.
4. Therelions in the zoo, too.
5. Theremany baby lions near their parents.
6. Therea bird next to the tree.
7. Theremany monkeys in the trees.
8. Therean elephant in the zoo.
9. Theresome water in the lake near the elephants.
10. Therebirds in the zoo.
11. Theremany people who visit the animals today.
12. Theremany children in the park, too.
13. Therea gorilla in the tree.
14. Theresome grass under the tree.
15. Therebananas in the tree with the gorilla.
16. Theremany birds near the gorilla.
17. Therea rock near the tree.
18. Theremany sharks in the aquarium.
19. Therean eel in the aquarium, too.
20. Therea lot of water for the fish.
21. Theremany animals to see at the zoo.
Завдання 6. Розкрити дужки, утворити питальну та заперечну форми, перекласти речення
There (is, are) a large table in my room.
There (is, are) three windows in my classroom.
There (is, are) a table and four chairs in my living-room.
There (is, are) a blackboard, four desks and five chairs in our class-room.
There (is, are) a text-book and two exercise-books on the table.
Auxiliary verbs (Допоміжні дієслова)
Завдання 1. Розкрити дужки, утворити питальну та заперечну форми, перекласти речення. 1 There (is, are) a large table in my room. 2. There (is, are) three windws in my classroom. 3. There (is, are) a table and four chairs in my sister's room. 4. There (is, are) a blackboard, four tables and five chairs in our classroom. 5. There(is,are) a text-book and two exercise-books on my table. 6. There (wasn't, weren't) a school here in 1920. 7. There (was, were) verymany children in the park yesterday. Завдання 2. Утворити питальну та заперечну форми, перекласти речення. 1. There's a nice park in our city. 2. There are five chairs in the room. 3. There are some English text-books on my table. 4. There are a lot of mistakes in your exercise-book. 5. There were three mistakes in my dictation. 6. There's a new cinema near my house. 7. Mary teaches her children to play the piano. Завдання 3. Дайте відповіді на питання звертаючи увагу на переклад звороту there is (there are). Зміст відповідей довільний, речення перекласти
1. What is there on the table? 2. Are there many chairs in the room? 3. How many mistakes where there in your last dictation? 4. Where there many children in the theatre yesterday? 5. How many pages are there in that book? 6. What is there in your classroom?
Завдання 4. Утворити питальну та заперечну форми, перекласти речення. Example: There is picture on the wall. Is there a picture on the wall? There is no picture on the wall.
1. There are three monkeys on the picture. 2. There are a lot of interesting stories in this book. 3. There are fifteen boys and thirteen girls in our class. 4. There is a red bench at the bus stop. 5. There are about fifty-three schools and two gymnasiums in our town. 6. There are many cartoons about snakes and hares, lions and tigers, elephants and giraffes. 7. There is a tape on the shelf. 8. There are a lot of food-shops in our street. 9. There is an elephant's cub on the grass. 10. There are two chairs and four lamps in the room. 11. There are 100 (one hundred) flats in this skyscraper. 12. There is a lot of money in the bag. Завдання 5. Заповнити пропуски, утворити питальну та заперечну форми, перекласти речення. Example: There ____ a picture on the wall. There is a picture on the wall
1. There _______ many animals in the zoo. 2. There _______ a snake in the window. 3. There _______ a zebra in the picture. 4. There _______ lions in the zoo, too. 5. There _______ many baby lions near their parents. 6. There _______ a bird next to the tree. 7. There _______ many monkeys in the trees. 8. There _______ an elephant in the zoo. 9. There _______ some water in the lake near the elephants. 10. There _______ birds in the zoo. 11. There _______ many people who visit the animals today. 12. There _______ many children in the park, too. 13. There _______ a gorilla in the tree. 14. There _______ some grass under the tree. 15. There _______ bananas in the tree with the gorilla. 16. There _______ many birds near the gorilla. 17. There _______ a rock near the tree. 18. There _______ many sharks in the aquarium. 19. There _______ an eel in the aquarium, too. 20. There _______ a lot of water for the fish. 21. There _______ many animals to see at the zoo.
Завдання 6. Розкрити дужки, утворити питальну та заперечну форми, перекласти речення There (is, are) a large table in my room. There (is, are) three windows in my classroom. There (is, are) a table and four chairs in my living-room. There (is, are) a blackboard, four desks and five chairs in our class-room. There (is, are) a text-book and two exercise-books on the table. There (is, are) two shops and a cinema in my street.
Завдання 7. Поставити дієслово to be в правильній формі. Речення перекласти
1. аm 2. is 3. are
1. My son ... a student.
2. His name ... Nick.
3. We ... teachers.
4. I ... a doctor.
5. My friends ... engineers.
6. She ... a housewife.
7. His daughter ... a little girl.
8. She ... not old.
9. She ... three years old.
10. They ... good friends.
11. I ... from Kamyanets-Podilskiy.
12. What ... you?
13. ... he a teacher or a student?
14. What ... your name?
15. I ... a sociologist.
Завдання 8. Поставити дієслово to be в правильній формі. Речення перекласти
1. am 2. is 3. are 4. have 5. Has
1. The cat ... in the box.
2. Do you ... a cousin?
3. I ... a student.
4. Mr. Brown ... a daughter.
5. Those cars ... red.
6. She ... a large family.
7. Nick ... my good friend.
8. ... she from England?
Завдання 9. Поставити дієслово to have в правильній формі. Речення перекласти
1. have 2. has
1. He ... a large family.
2. He ... two pets at home.
3. They ... a very nice flat in Pskov.
4. Peter ... many friends here.
5. You ... many books at home.
6. Does she ... any brothers?
7. My mother ... three children.
8. I ... two cousins.
9. She ... two brothers and a sister.
Завдання 10. Поставити дієслово to have, to be в правильній формі. Речення перекласти
1. have 2. are 3. is 4. am 5. has
1. You ... welcome.
2. This station ... far from here.
3. It ... 5 o'clock now.
4. She ... a nice flat.
5. We ... a little child.
6. They ... a big car. It ... red.
7. How ... you?
8. How old ... Mary?
9. What country ... she from?
10. We ... well.
11. They ... a small cottage. It ... far away.
12. She ... at home.
13. He ... bad habits.
14. She ... 2 mistakes.
15. Her mistakes ... bad.
Завдання 11. Поставити дієслово to have в правильній формі. Речення перекласти
1. I ... a comfortable flat. 2. Nick ... many friends. 3. They ... a lot of flowers in their garden. 4. She ... long hair. 5. The farm ... two new tractors. 6. You ... a good collection of stamps. 7. We ... a nice house. 8. The cat ... three kittens.
Завдання 12. Вставити is або has got. Перекласти українською
She________ six.
She________ six cats.
She________ an economist.
He________ a horse.
He________ fine.
Завдання 13. Вставити is або has. Задати загальні питання. Перекласти українською
His dog ________got six puppies.
________ six puppies?
Ann ________five.
________five?
Ann ________got five toys.
________five toys?
His kitten ________ little.
________little?
It ________at home.
________at home?
Завдання 14. Вставити is або has got. Перекласти українською
His dog __________ funny.
His dog __________ at home.
His dog __________ five.
His dog __________ five puppies.
My brother __________ nine balls.
The Present Continuous Tense (Теперішній тривалий час)
Завдання 1. Утворити Participle I від поданих дієслів
sing, read, run, help, write, look, stay, eat, take, pick, go, brush, sit, swim, do, clean, play, jump, buy, set, make, begin, sleep, talk, speak, hit, meet, fly, spend, shave, drop, lie, live, die, type, wish, rain, cut, listen, trick.
Завдання 2. Розкрити дужки використовуючи дієслова в PresentContinuous.
(now), утворити питальну й заперечну форму речень
1. The boys (to run) about in the garden. 2. I (to do) my homework. 3. John and his friends (to go) to the library. 4. Ann (to sit) at her desk. She (to study) geography. 5. A young man (to stand) at the window. He (to smoke) a cigarette 6. The old man (to walk) about the room. 7. The dog (to sit) on the floor. 8. You (to have) a break? 9. What language you (to study)? 10. Who (to lie) on the sofa? 11. What they (to talk) about? 12. It still (to rain). Завдання 3. Розкрити дужки використовуючи дієслова в PresentContinuous.
(now), утворити питальну й заперечну форму речень
1. Timothy (to feed) his dog. 2. Mr. Jones (to clean) his yard. 3. Nancy (to paint) her kitchen. 4. Our neighbours (to wash) their car. 5. I (to wash) my hair. 6. Who (to fix) your sink? 7. What she (to do) now? - She (to dance). 8. The children (to brush) their teeth. 9. What he (to do) at the moment? - He (to fix) his bicycle. 10. They (to have) a big dinner together. 11. The boys (to run) about the garden. 12. I (to do) my homework. 13. John and his friends (to go) to the library. 14. Ann (to sit) at her desk. She (to study) geography. 15. A young man (to stand) at the window. He (to smoke) a cigarette. 16. The old man (to walk) about the room. 17. The dog (to lie) on the floor. 18. You (to have) break? 19. What language you (to study)? 20 Who (to lie) on the sofa? 21. What they (to talk) about? 22. It still (to rain). 23. I (to open) an umbrella. 24. John (to play) computer games. Завдання 4. Розкрити дужки використовуючи дієслова в PresentContinuous (now), утворити питальну й заперечну форму речень
1. John (read) a book now.
2. What (you do) tonight?
3. Jack and Peter (work) late today.
4. Silvia (not listen) to music.
5. Maria (sit) next to Paul.
6. How many other students (you study) with?
7. The phone (not ring).
Завдання 5. Розкрити дужки використовуючи дієслова в PresentContinuous (now), утворити питальну й заперечну форму речень
1. I / to read a book - 2. it / to rain - 3. he / to repair his bike - 4. they / to watch a film - 5. the cat /to sleep on the chair - 6. Jane and Emily / to do their homework - 7. Bill / to wait at the bus stop - 8. we / to listen to the radio - 9. the children / to play a game - 10. Laura / to walk the dog -
Завдання 6. Вибрати правильну форму дієслова to be і утворити речення в Present Progressive
1) John and Mandy ____ cleaning the kitchen.
2) I ____ reading a book at the moment.
3) It ___ raining.
4) We_____ singing a new song.
5) The children ___ watching TV.
6) My pets _____ sleeping now.
7) Aunt Helen ______ feeding the ducks.
8) Our friends ______ packing their rucksacks.
9) He ______ buying a magazine.
10) They _______ doing their homework.
The Present Simple Tense (Теперішній неозначений час)
Завдання 1. Розкрийте дужки, вживаючи дієслова у формі Present Simple
1. She (to learn) English.
2. I (to like) music.
3. My brother (to be) a school-boy. He (to go) to school.
4. Michael (to do) his lessons every day.
5. She (to live) in this house.
6. After supper my sister (to go) for a walk.
7. We (to visit) our grandparents very often.
8. The girl (to sing) very well.
9. My father (to work) at school.
10. Usually I (to have) dinner at 3 o'clock.
11. He (to want) to become a doctor.
12. Our mother (to come) home very late.
13. His brother (to go) in for sports.
14. She (to like) reading very much.
15. They often (to take) a bus.
Завдання 2. Утворіть заперечну форму речень 1. He goes to school every day.
2. My sister works here.
3. They eat a lot.
4. We work every day.
5. I come from Ukraine.
6. He comes from Germany.
7. They live in the USA.
8. He plays football every day.
9. I visit my parents very often.
10. His father works at an office.
11. She gets up at seven o'clock.
12. They play tennis very often.
13. We go to the cinema on Saturdays.
14. He wants to become a pilot.
15. My brother watches television every night.
16. I read newspaper every day.
17. Her father finishes his work at six o'clock.
18. Nick goes to bed at nine.
19. He goes to school by bus.
20. We skate once a week in winter.
Завдання 3. Утворіть питальну форму речень
1. He goes to school every day.
2. My sister works here.
3. They eat a lot.
4. We work every day.
5. I come from Ukraine.
6. He comes from Germany.
7. They live in the USA.
8. He plays football every day.
9. I visit my parents very often.
10. His father works at an office.
11. She gets up at seven o'clock.
12. They play tennis very often.
13. We go to the cinema on Saturdays.
14. He wants to become a pilot.
15. My brother watches television every night.
16. I read newspaper every day.
17. Her father finishes his work at six o'clock.
18. Nick goes to bed at nine.
19. He goes to school by bus.
20. We skate once a week in winter.
The Past Continuous Tense (Минулий тривалий час)
Завдання 1. Розкрити дужки вживаючи дієслова в Present Continuous або Past Continuous. 1. I (to read) an English book now. 2. I (to read) an English book at this time yesterday, 3. My daughter (to play) now. 4 My daughter (to play) at this time yesterday. 5. The students (not to do) their homework now. They (to walk) in the park now. 6. The students (not to do) their homework at five pm yesterday. They (to go) to the museum. 7. You (to drink) coffee now? 8. You (to drink) coffee when I came into the cafe yesterday? 9. What you (to do) now? 10. What you (to do) from five till six yesterday? 11. Why Jennifer (to sing) now? 12. Why Jennifer (to sing) when I saw her in the hall yesterday? 13. She (to bake) the whole day yesterday. 14. We (not to write) now. 15. Now the pupil (to go) to school. 16. What you (to do) now? --I (to read) a newspaper. 17. You (to have) breakfast at this time yesterday? - No, I (not to have) breakfast at this time yesterday, I (to go) to the university. 18. Her sister is fond of sport. She (to skate) the whole morning yesterday, and now she (to train) at the gym.
19. Look! My dog (to play) with a toy. 20. When I looked out of the window, the children (to play) football and their parents (to watch).
Завдання 2. Розкрити дужки вживаючи дієслова в Past Simple або Past Continuous. 1. I (to read) a book yesterday. 2. I (to read) a book at five pm yesterday. 3. She (to play) the guitar during three hours yesterday. 4. We (to play) computer games the whole evening yesterday. 5. What Nick (to do) when his sister returned back home? 6. What you (to do) when they rang you up? 7. Mike and Susan (not to sleep) at nine o'clock yesterday. 8. What he (to do) yesterday? - He (to read) a book. 9. What he (to do) the whole evening yesterday? --He (to read) a book. 10. She (to sleep) when you came home? 11. My brother (to play) the guitar on the stage yesterday. 12. My sister (not to play) the piano at four o'clock yesterday. She (to play) the piano the whole evening. 13. When I came into the kitchen, mother (to bake) an apple pie. 14. She (to dance) the whole day in the studio last week. 15. We (to dance) in the club yesterday. 16. John (to wash) the clothes in his bathroom at 4 pm yesterday. 17. They (to do) your homework yesterday? 18. They (to do) your homework from five till six yesterday? 19. Why she (not to want) to meet his friends at nine pm yesterday? 20. I (to do) my homework when she (to come) in.
The Past Indefinite Tense (Минулий неозначений час)
Завдання 1. Розділити подані дієслова на дві групи (правильні та неправильні) Regular Verbs \ Irregular Verbs begin make start write leave lose buy do see visit take enjoy have travel drive speak come stay paint meet
Завдання 2. Утворити форму минулого часу з поданих дієслів
thank, get, look, see, close, live, leave, wait, think, study, go, come, return, walk, bring, fight, discuss, repeat, catch, understand, hear, feel, copy out, read, take, speak.
Завдання 3. Утворити питальну і заперечну форми. 1. My friend wrote to me very often last year. 2. Our students read a very interesting English book 2 weeks ago.3. He took his dog out on Monday evening. 4. Kate spoke to me about her plans for summer the other day. 5. The pupils usually went home after classes. 6. We decided to spend the weekend together.
Завдання 4. Утворити питальну і заперечну форми 1. Mr Brown always opened the windows before classes last year. 2. It took him an hour to get to the Institute yesterday. 3. Tom and Ben walked through the park yesterday. 4. He lived in Kiev five years ago. 5.1 finished work at 5 o'clock the day before yesterday. 6. They returned home in the evening.
Завдання 5. Розкрити дужки, вживаючи дієслова у Past Simple. Задайте загальне запитання. Дайте відповідь "Так"\ "Ні" 1 That boy (break) my window. 2 I (drive) to work every day last year. 3 Laura (hit) that boy. 4 James (keep) the book about films. 5 We (meet) them at the same place every week. 6 You (put) that there. 7 We (sit) at the same desks. 8 An American (win) Wimbledon last year.
Завдання 6. Переписати поданий текст у минулому часі On Monday we have five lessons. The first lesson is Russian. At this lesson we write a dictation and do some exercises. Nick goes to the blackboard. He answers well and gets a "five". Pete does not get a "five" because he does not know his lesson. After the second lesson I go to the canteen. I eat a sandwich and drink a cup of tea. I do not drink milk. After school I do not go home at once. I go to the library and take a book. Then I go home.
1. Yesterday he (to wash) his face at a quarter past seven. 2. I ( to work) at school 3 years ago 3. We ( to study) at university in 1998. 4. My mother (not to like) milk in her childhood. 5. Our children ( to play) football last year 6. You (to like) your school? 7. You ( to work) at the hospital last week? 8. We ( not to rest) yesterday 9. My friend (to live) in America 2 years ago. 10. You (to live) in this house last year? 11. Where you (to study)? 12. Your mother (to cook) supper yesterday? 13. I (not to cook ) my breakfast. 14. You ( to prepare ) your homework? 15.I ( to help) my Granny at the garden.
Завдання 7. Задайте питання і дайте відповідь за зразком Did you stay at home last night? - No, I didn't. Слова для довідки: 1. To receive quests; 2. To watch TV; 3. To live in an old district of Kyiv; 4. To invite friends to your place; 5. To go to bed early; 6. To play a game of chess.
Завдання 8. Розкрийте дужки, вживаючи дієслова в Present або Past Simple, утворити питальну та заперечну форми речень
1. I (to go) to the gym at seven o'clock every day. 2. I (to go) to the gym at seven o'clock yesterday.
3. John (to clean) his teeth every morning at 7.30 o'clock. 4. Yesterday John (to clean) his teeth at a half past seven in the morning. 5. Jane (not to do) English exercises every day. 6. Jane (not to do) English exercises yesterday. 7. His brother (to drink) coffee with milk every day. 8. His brother (to drink) coffee with milk yesterday. 9. Her husband (to like) his job. He (to go) to his office by bus. He (to go) to the office at 9 am every day. 10. Her husband usually (to go) to his office by bus. He (to come) to the office at 9.30 am yesterday.
Завдання 9. Розкрийте дужки, вживаючи дієслова в Present або Past Simple, утворити питальну та заперечну форми речень
1. I (to study) English every day. 2. You (to come) to my place yesterday? 3. He (to live) in Dubai. 4. How long it (to take) you to get to the City Mall?
5. What you (to study) every Friday?
6. We (to have) dinner with my family yesterday. 7. His computer (to be) ready yesterday.
8. My friend (to like) running in the park every morning. 9. Their family (to invite) everybody to the party last week. 10. Jesse always (to come) to work early.
The Future Continuous Tense (Майбутній тривалий час)
Завдання 1. Розкрийте дужки використовуючи дієслова в Future Continuous
1. The boys (to play) football the whole weekends. 2. The adults (to talk) about their project from five till eight pm. 3. Why they (to do) that project? 4. Where you (to be going to do - собираешься делать) today the whole evening?
7. We (to go) to the Dubai for the vacation in a week. 8. When my friend (to come) to my apartment, I (to work) at my project the whole day.
9. When he (to bring) the cake, we (to have) dinner. 10. When he (to get) here? - I (to be going) to play tennis the whole evening. 11. Hallo, he says that he (not to be) late. 12. I (not to stay) at the office during 7 hours. 13. The girls (to go) shopping tomorrow, one of them (to be going) to buy a wedding dress, because she (to get married) next month. 14. It (not to work) in the future for a few years without this thing. 15. You (to be going to visit) your granny in Boston?
The Future Simple Tense (Майбутній неозначений час)
Завдання 1. Розкрити дужки вживаючи дієслова у Future Simple, утворити питальну та заперечну форму, зробити переклад стверджувальної форми речень
1. I and my friends (to go skiing) next Sunday. 2. You (to go) to the cinema next weekend? 3. Her mother (not to cook) in the evening. 4. They (to come) home at ten pm tomorrow. 5. His sister (to draw) a picture next week. 6. When you (to come) home? 7. What you (to prepare) for breakfast tomorrow? 8. Their friends (to invite) us to spend Christmas holidays in their cottage? 9. How you (to create) a sketch for this project next week? 10. I (to send) email to my friend tomorrow. 11. Tomorrow I (to meet) my partner at the airport. 12. My friends (to go) to the club next week. 13. He (not to go) to Paris next Monday. 14. Why he (to go) to Paris next Monday? 15. They (to plant) grapes next summer. 16. What you (to do) tomorrow? 17. He (to run) in the morning in the park every day next week. 18. Where he (to run) in the morning every day next week? 19. You (not to run) in the morning in the park every day next week. 20. We (not to watch) TV in the evening today. 21. Tomorrow we (to read) an interesting book in the class-room. 22. I (to go shopping) next Friday. I(to go shopping) every Friday. 23. I not go shopping next Saturday, because I go shopping every Friday. 24. Where you (to take) pictures next winter? 25. Listen! I (to make) this work next week.
Завдання 2. Розкрити дужки вживаючи дієслова в Present Continuous, Present Simple чи Future Simple
1. My sister (not to like) coffee. 2. When you (to go) to bed every day? 3. What he (to read) now? 4. What he (to read) every day? 5. What he (to read) tomorrow? 6. You (to give) me this book tomorrow? 7. Where she (to be) tomorrow? 8. Where she (to go) tomorrow? 9. She (to go) to the country with us tomorrow? 10. They (to stay) at home tomorrow. 11. What you (to do) now? I (to see) that you (not to read). 12. When you (to finish) your homework? It (to be) very late, it (to be) time to go to bed. 13. How you usually (to spend) evenings? 14. What you (to do) in the country next summer? 15. They (not to drink) tea now. I (to think) they (to watch) TV. 16. What your father (to drink) in the evening? 17. When you (to get) up every day? - I (to get) up at seven o'clock. 18. My brother usually (not to get) up at seven o'clock. As a rule, he (to get) up at six o'clock, but tomorrow he (to get) up at seven o'clock. 19. Why she (to come) home so late tomorrow? 20. We (to go) to the country the day after tomorrow. 21. Our friends always (to go) to the country for the weekend. 22. Look! The kitten (to play) with its tail. 23. Your parents (to watch) TV now? 24. My sister (not to rest) now. She (to help) mother in the kitchen. She (to help) mother in the kitchen every day.
Завдання 3. Розкрити дужки вживаючи дієслова в Present Continuous, Present Simple чи Future Simple
1. It (to be) cold in autumn. It often (to rain). A cold wind often (to blow). 2. The weather (to be) fine today. It (to be) warm, the sun (to shine) brightly. A soft wind (to blow) Small white clouds (to sail) in the sky. 3. Don't go out: it (to rain) heavily. 4. Take your raincoat with you. I am afraid it (to rain) in the evening and you (to get) wet through if you (not to put) on your raincoat. 5. Every spring birds (to come) to our garden and (to sing) in the trees. 6. Listen! Somebody (to sing) in the next room. 7. It usually (not to snow) at this time of the year. 8. What the weather (to be) like now? It (to snow)? - No, it ... . 9. We (to go) out of town to ski on Sunday? - Yes, we ... if it (to snow) this week and if there (to be) a lot of snow everywhere. 10. What you (to do) tomorrow? - We (to go) out of town if the weather (not to change) for the worse. You (to come) with us? - With pleasure, if only I (not to have) too much work to do at home. 11. If we (to have) televisions at our supermarket, they (to inform) customers about things in the store. 12. If we (to play) music, it (to produce) the right atmosphere. 13. If we (to put) in cameras, they (to stop) people stealing things. 14. If we (to employ) more assistants, they (to help) our customers.
Завдання 4. Розкрити дужки вживаючи дієслова в Present Continuous, Present Simple чи Future Simple.
1. He (to turn) on the television to watch cartoons every morning. 2. He (to turn) on the television to watch cartoons yesterday morning. 3. He (to turn) on the television to watch cartoons tomorrow morning. 4. I always (to go) to the Altai Mountains to visit my relatives there. 5. I (to be) very busy last summer and I (not to go) there. 6. I (not to go) there next year because it (to cost) a lot of money and I can't afford it. 7. They (to enjoy) themselves at the symphony yesterday evening? 8. Who (to take) care of the child in the future? 9. How often you (to go) to the dentist's? 10. We (not to have) very good weather, but we still (to have) a good time during our short stay in London. Завдання 5. Розкрити дужки вживаючи дієслова в Present Continuous, Present Simple чи Future Simple.
1. Kate (to cook) dinner every day. 2. Kate (to cook) dinner tomorrow. 3. Kate (to cook) dinner now. 4. Kate (to cook) dinner yesterday. 5. I (not to eat) ice cream every day. 6. I (not to eat) ice cream now. 7. I (not to eat) ice cream tomorrow. 8. I (not to eat) ice cream every day. 9. He (to spend) last summer in the country. 10. He (not to spend) last summer in the country.
Завдання 6. Розкрити дужки вживаючи дієслова в Present Continuous, Present Simple чи Future Simple.
1. Max (not to be) here. He (to wash) his car. He (to wash) it every weekend. 2. He (not to play) the piano tomorrow. 3. We (to see) a very good film last Sunday. 4. Your mother (to cook) every day? 5. We (to make) a fire last summer. 6. I (to spend) last summer at the seaside. 7. Where you (to spend) next summer? 8. Where he (to spend) next summer? 9. What mother (to do) now? - She (to cook) dinner. 10. I (not to play) computer games yesterday. The Present Perfect Tense (Теперішній перфектний час)
Завдання 1. Розкрийте дужки, вживаючи дієслова в Present Perfect або Past Indefinite, з поданих речень утворити питальну та заперечну форми
1. We already (to read) this book. 2. The boys know that their mother never (to be) late. 3. I (to see) my teacher today.
4. She (to meet) her last Sunday. 5. He (to meet) his friend two hours ago. 6. I just (to meet) our teacher. 7. Yesterday John and Mary (to search) for a new house. 8. We already (to have) lunch and now we (to be going) to return back to work. 9. My friend (to receive) the diploma this year. 10. He (to receive) the diploma last year. 11. The rain (to stop) an hour ago. 12. The postman (to bring) the letter in the morning today. 13. The postman (to bring) the letter in the morning yesterday. 14. He (to wed) to the good girl this month. 15. He (to wed) to the good girl last month.
Завдання 2. У даних реченнях змінити форму дієслова на Present Perfect. Утворити питальну та заперечну форму поданих речень 1. The pupils are writing the dictation. 2. My friend is helping me to solve a difficult problem. 3. I am learning a poem 4. She is telling them an interesting story. 5. Kate is sweeping the floor. 6. The waiter is putting a bottle of lemonade in front of him. 7. I am eating my breakfast. 8. We are drinking water. 9. He is bringing them some meat and vegetables. 10 You are putting the dishes on the table.
Завдання 3. Скласти словосполучення, використовуючи since і for. Придумати з ними речення. Утворити питальну та заперечну форму поданих речень 1. last summer. 2. ... 1995. 3. ... a long time; 4. ... last month; 5. ... two weeks; 6. ... 2 March; 7. ... two hours; 8. ... 1975; 9. ... six days; 10. ... a month; 11. two years; 12. ... three days; 13. ... ten minutes; 14. ... three hundred years; 15. ... Wednesday; 16. ... seven days; 17. ...three o'clock. 18. ... 18 September; 19. ... my last birthday; 20. ... a cetury; 21. ... 2001.
Завдання 4. Розкрити дужки і поставити дієслова в Present Perfect. Утворити питальну та заперечну форму поданих речень 1. John (write) his name. 2. I (draw) a picture. 3. Tom (blow out ) the light. 4. The cat (drink) its milk. 5. The tree (fall) across the road. 6. John (give) his bicycle to his brother. 7. You (make) a mistake. 8. We (eat) our dinner. 9. The train just (go). 10. I just (tell) the answer. 11. George never (be) in Australia. 12. John and Richard just (go away). 13. The baker (sell) all his cakes. 14. I (read) this book.
Завдання 5. Утворити питальну та заперечну форму поданих речень. Речення перекласти
1. Jack has washed the dog. 2. Father has already cleaned his car. 3. Mr Snowdon has made a speech at the conference. 4. Granny has bought me some cakes. 5. They have paintedtheir old house. 6. Liz has bought some flowers. 7. My sister has just cooked breakfast for the family. 8. The cat has already eaten fish. 9. Mrs Gracy have gone to London. 10. I have never been to India. 11. She has just broken a vase. 12. We have cleaned the room. 13. Cris has phoned his friend. 14. The train has just arrived. 15. It has just started to rain. 16. Kelly has gone to America. 17. We have left our books to school. 18. The stree has changed a lot. 19. You have worked here for a long time. 20. Mandy has been to Greece.
Завдання 6. Напистаи третю форму поданих дієслів
write, win, sell, try, read, play, find, visit, stop, study, die, do.
Завдання 7. Скласти питання за зразком, використовуючи слова: (you / ever / be / to Italy) - Have you ever been to Italy?
1. You ever / be / to South America?
2. You / read / any English books?
3. You / live / in this town all your life?
4. How many times / you / be / in love?
5. What's / the most beautiful country / you /ever / visit?
6. You ever / speak / to a famous person?
The Past Perfect Tense (Минулий перфектний час)
Завдання 1. Розкрити дужки і поставити дієслова в Past Perfect. Утворити питальну та заперечну форму поданих речень 1. When he (to come) home, his mother already (to cook) dinner. 2. When we (to come) to my friend's house, he just (to leave). 3. When her husband (to enter) her office, she already (to finish) her work for that day. 4. Jennifer (to send) him an email after he (to call). 5. Andy (to ask) his friend before he (to propose) him his help. 6. We (to eat) a cake which I (to bring) an hour before. 7. My sister (to take) my dress which I (to buy) in Morocco. 8. I (to work) on the computer yesterday which I (to buy) a week ago. 9. I (to know) that my friend (not yet to complete) the test in the university. 10. Nick and his wife (to come) home from the theatre at five o'clock. 11. Nick and his wife (to come) home from the theatre by five o'clock. 12. She (to finish) my homework at seven o'clock. 13. She (to finish) my homework by seven o'clock. 14. They (to sell) their house before they (to buy) the new one. 15. He told me that he (to buy) a new car. 16. Yesterday I (to wake up), (to open) my eyes and (to remember) what I (to do) the day before. 17. She said that she (to have) a great vacation trip. 18. You (to complete) the test by Friday? 19. I (not to have) a lunch by the afternoon, so I was very hungry. 20. I (to fix) my car before my daughter (to return) back from school.
The Future Perfect Tense (Майбутній перфектний час)
Завдання 1. Розкрити дужки і поставити дієслова в Future Perfect. Утворити питальну та заперечну форму поданих речень 1. We (to come) home by the evening tomorrow. 2. We (to finish) his project by the end of the next week? 3. She (to do) my homework by five o'clock tomorrow. 4. When I come home tomorrow, my family (to have) lunch. 5. When they (to come) to the party tomorrow, I (to cook) dinner. I (to finish) it by 5 pm. 6. If the weather is fine, we (to go) to the picnic. 7. You (to complete) the project by the end of the week? 8. What you (to do) by the end of the year? 9. What you (to make) by five o'clock tomorrow? 10. You (to finish playing) tennis by 7 pm? 11. You (to do) this project by next Friday? Recapitulation (Повторення)
Дієслово to have
Завдання 1. Вставте форму дієслова to have в the Present Indefinite tense 1. Mary ... a beautiful red dress. 2. My friend ... a nice time in the mountains now. 3. I ... a good friend.4. They ... very many books. 5. Susan... a big breakfast in the morning. 6. Kate ... much homework. 7. We ... two cars. 8. I ... a new computer. 9. Your family ... a big party today. 10. He ... a bath every morning. Завдання 2. Поставте речення в заперечну та питальну форму в теперішньому часі, використовуючи do/does....have? та don`t have / doesn't have
1. They have fish for supper this evening. 2. We have letters from home every week. 3. Tom has got a lot of friends in every town of Ukraine. 4.This building has many big windows. 5. This town has a very nice shopping center. 6. I often have headache in the evening. 7. They have beautiful trees in their garden. 8. I have got a nice dog. 9. This dictionary has many words. 10.They have seminars every month.
Завдання 3. Вставте форму дієслова to have в the Past Simple 1. I ... a tasty breakfast yesterday. 2. That child ... long fair hair. 3.My niece ... a golden watch. 4. Tourists ... a map of that town. 5. My grandmother ... many photos. 6. He ... a good time in the Crimea 5 years ago. 7. She ... your telephone number. 8. They ... a rest after a long trip. 9. His sister ( to have ) a new toy. 10. Our grandfather ... many awards after the World War II.
Завдання 4. Поставте речення в заперечну та питальну форму в минулому часі, вживаючи did....have?/didn`t have
1. I had five textbooks for the first term. 2. They had a nice meal in the restaurant yesterday. 3. Tom had a good flight. 4. We had a chat with Ann in the street yesterday. 5. You had a wonderful look last Monday. 6. She had a party last month. 7. Our friends had a nice time abroad. 8. He had many relatives overseas. 9. My sister had an interesting book at home. 10. Those men had much time to finish this work.
Завдання 5. Вставте форму дієслова to have в the Future Indefinite tense
1. Kate ... exams next week. 2. I ... a lot of books on this subject on Tuesday. 3. We ... time to go there tomorrow. 4. He ... a computer in 2 months. 5. I ... two daughters and one son. 6. In 3 days my sister .... a wedding. 7. They .... dinner at the hotel. 8. Next year my brother ... a chance to go abroad. 9. The students ... a meeting tomorrow. 10. Our faculty ... new departments soon. Завдання 6. Поставте речення в заперечну та питальну форму в the Future Indefinite tense
1. We shall have enough time to visit museum on Wednesday. 2. I shall have a camera next year. 3. Soon he will have a nice job. 4. They will have a drink at the party tomorrow. 5. She will have English next week. 6. You will have coffee in the morning. 7. Peter will have a swim in the pool tomorrow. 8. This plant will have new devices in future. 9. Workers will have a good salary in 2010. 10. This football team will have a new coach soon. Завдання 7. Вставте дієслово to have в Present, Past, Future Indefinite
1. I ... many English books at home. 2. Usually we ... dinner at 2 o'clock. 3. When my father was a little child he ... the same bicycle as I ... now. 4. At the end of the forth term we ... the examination in English. 5. She ... a friend in the USA. 6. Students of our University ... one English period per week. 7. ... your brother the diploma of higher education? No, he ... . He ... it in 5 years. 8. Last summer I ... a very interesting trip to Crimea. 9. Yesterday he ... very important meetings, and was busy the whole day. Now he ...no time to talk to you too, he is in a hurry. Maybe he ... some free time tomorrow. 10. Every country ... its customs.
Завдання 8. Перекладіть англійською мовою вживаючи дієслово to have в Present, Past, Future Indefinite 1. Він має багато друзів за кордоном. 2. Завтра о третій годині в нас буде заняття в лінгафонному кабінеті. 3. Моя сестра має дуже цікаву професію. 4. Вчора я не мав бажання йти на ці збори. 5. В тебе велика родина? 6. В нього не було комп'ютера в минулому році. 7. Всі студенти нашої групи мають англо-українські словники. 8. Через декілька років у нього буде власний автомобіль. 9. Ти маєш вільну хвилину? 10. Наступного місяця цей студент матиме стипендію. 11. У тебе є брат в Полтаві? 12. У нас немає часу піти туди. 13. Скільки часу ти мав для написання статті? 14. Коли вона матиме канікули? 15. Влітку він не мав багато вільного часу. 16. Скільки в неї братів і сестер? 17. В мене немає книг англійською мовою.
Дієслово to be
Завдання 1. Вставте дієслово to be в Present Indefinite
1. Where ... you? - I ... in the kitchen. 2. Where ... Fred? - He ... at the University. 3. We ... interested in classical music. 4. Which sport do you think ... the most dangerous? 5. Chess and aerobics ... not as exciting as skydiving and figure skating. 6. Do you have any idea where he ...? 7. What .... the weather forecast for tomorrow? 8. Art ... long, life ... short. 9. You ... the best friend I've ever had! 10. You ... right. That ... a lot of money! Coffee ... very expensive this week.
Завдання 2. Поставте речення в заперечну та питальну форми
1. Nick is at the table. 2. My grandparents are very old. 3. My desk is very comfortable.4. This house is very expensive. 5. These boxes are empty. 6. I am a witty girl. 7. Her eyes are blue. 8. Those flowers are beautiful. 9.The examination is difficult. 10. Mr. Brown's granddaughter is 5 years old.
Завдання 3. Вставте дієслово to be в Past Indefinite
1. He ..... here ten minutes ago. 2. These texts ....difficult to translate without dictionary. 3. They .... at the cinema yesterday. 4. Nick ... at school at ten o'clock in the morning. 5. I ... hungry last night. 6. This time last year she ... in the Crimea. 7. We ... tired when we arrived home. 8. There ... many people there. 9. My father ... at work last week. 10. Olga got married when she .... 20.
Завдання 4. Поставте речення в заперечну та питальну форму в the Past Indefinite tense
1. I was tired last night. 2. Those books were interesting. 3. That shop was open yesterday. 4. Mike was glad to see them. 5. They were in the hospital last week. 6. That film was dull. 7. The houses in that street were very big. 8. My parents were happy when I was born. 9. I was ill yesterday. 10. Students were ready to write test.
Завдання 5. Розкрийте дужки, вживаючи дієслово to be в the Future Indefinite tense 1. I ... a teacher when I grow up.2. My sister .... at home tomorrow.3. He ... at the University next day. 4. They ... in Kherson next week.5. Next month my father ... a director of this Bank. 6. In two days we ... in Kharkiv. 7.On Sunday she .... at the concert.8. Tomorrow at 3 o'clock Nick and Ivan ... at Oleg's birthday party. 9. Soon my nephew ... in the kindergarten. 10. I ... a good specialist. Завдання 6. Поставте речення в заперечну та питальну форму в in the Future Indefinite tense
1. Her husband will be at home tomorrow. 2.The house will be clean next day. 3.We shall be at the sea next year. 4. The students will be at the exhibition tomorrow. 5. The weather forecast will be terrible for tomorrow. 6. Ivan will be an economist. 7. The theme of this lecture will be interesting.8. It will be cold tomorrow.9.My brother and I will be good tennis players. 10. My parents will be pensioners in 4 years. Завдання 7. Вставте дієслово to be в Present, Past, Future Indefinite
1. My father ... a teacher. 2. He ... a pupil twenty years ago. 3. I ... a doctor when I grow up. 4. My sister ... not ... at home tomorrow. 5. She ... at school tomorrow. 6. ... you ... at home tomorrow? 7. ... your father at work yesterday? 8. My sister ... ill last week. 9. She ... not ill now. 10. Yesterday we ... at the theatre. 11. Where ... your mother now? - She ... in the kitchen. 12. Where ... you yesterday? - I ... at the cinema. 13. When I come home tomorrow, all my family ... at home. 14. ... your little sister in bed now? - Yes, she ... 15. ... you ... at school tomorrow? - Yes I ... 16. When my granny ... young, she ... an actress. 17. My friend ... in Moscow now. 18. He ... in ST. Petersburg tomorrow. 19. Where ... your books now? - They ...in my bag. Завдання 8. Перекладіть англійською мовою, вживаючи дієслово to be в Present, Past, Future Indefinite
1. Мій брат зараз в школі. 2. Мій брат був вчора у кіно. 3. Мій брат буде завтра вдома. 4. Ти будеш завтра вдома? 5. Вона була вчора у парку? 6. Де тато? 7. Де ви були вчора? 8. Моя мати не була вчора на роботі. Вона була вдома. 9. Мої книги були на столі. Де вони зараз? 10. Завтра о третій Микола і Мишко будуть на подвір'ї. 11. Ми не були на півдні минулого літа. Ми були в Москві. 12. Коли твоя сестра буде вдома? 13. Ти будеш льотчиком? - Ні, я буду моряком. 14. Моя сестра була студенткою минулого року, а зараз вона лікар. - Ти теж будеш лікарем? - Ні, я не буду лікарем. Я буду вчителем.
The Sequences of Tenses (Узгодження часів)
Завдання 1. Виберіть правильний варіант 1."We sold our house a few years ago", my friend and his wife said.
My friend and his wife said that they
a. had sold our house a few years ago
b. sold their house a few years ago
c. had sold their house a few years before.
2."I am going to Greece for vacation tomorrow", said her sister.
Her sister said that she.
a. is going to Greece for vacation tomorrow
b. was going to Greece for vacation the next day.
c. was going to Greece for vacation tomorrow.
3."I will see you on Monday", said the he.
He said that he a. would see me on Monday
b. will see you on Monday
c. would see you on Monday 4."You are not reading now", said his friend.
His friend said that he a. are not reading now
b. were not reading at that time.
c. was not reading at this time
5."He was happy to meet her", said his mother.
Mother said that her son
a. was happy to meet her
b. had been happy to meet her.
c. Is happy to meet her. 6."I have been doing the exams since May", said the student.
The student said that he a. had been doing the exams since Monday
b. have been doing the exams since Monday
c. has been doing the exams since Monday
7."We have finished building our house", they said.
They said that they
a. had finished building our house
b. have finished building their house
c. had finished building their house
8." I will have found the document by the end of the day", the employee said.
The employee said that he a. would have found the document by the end of the day
b. will have found the document by the end of the day
c. would had found the document by the end of the day
9. "I had brought the document before he called me", my partner said.
My partner said that she
a. had brought the document before he called her
b. had brought the document before he had called her
c. had brought the document before he called me
10."Don't talk to that guy", father said to his son.
Father said to his son a. had not talk to that guy
b. not to talk to that guy
c. to not talk to that guy Конец формы
Modal verbs (Модальні дієслова)
Завдання 1. Can и Could Виберіть правильний варіант
1. I ____ swim.
can
Can to cans
2. We ______ to watch this performance tomorrow.
will be able
can will can
3. ____ you speak English? Can
Are you able to 4. How ___ you sing?
Cans Can Cans to 5. We ____ read that Spanish text yesterday.
Did can
can could
6. She ____ dance very well, when she was a child.
Could to
Could was able to
7. He ____ make this work better than his partner does.
can not
Cans not
couldn't 8. I ______ play the guitar.
can
cans 9. She ____ cook better than anyone else in the family.
can
could 10. We ____ meet them at the airport last week. could
coulded
Canned
11. ____ you find the key, please? (уважительная форма)
could
can
12. ____ your brother swim across the river? - No, he can't.
Can
Could
13. _____ you bring me another spoon? - Yes, I could.
Can
Could
14. _____ we play volleyball now?
Could
Can 15. The children ______ make different toys by themselves.
can
could
16. He _____ to ski for already ten years.
can
has been able could
17. What ____ you ___ make me for birthday-table? can
will ... able to
18. I ____ change it for you.
Cans Can to Can
19. They _____ sew your dress for this party.
can
will be able to 20. Your teacher ____ find the best way to teach you.
can
can to
could
Завдання 2. May и Might
Виберіть правильний варіант
o ___ I help you?
May
Might
Am allowed
o She ____ find the document.
may
might
o The book ____ lie on the floor.
may
might
o He said that he ___ return back later.
Might
May
o We ____ invite them to the party.
might
May
o She _____ to go the party tomorrow evening.
is allowed
may
o Her husband ______ a new position next week.
Mights get
Might gets
Might get
o ___ I take your pen? - Yes, you may.
Might
May
o Your partner _____ find the way to our new office.
may s not
mights not
may not
o We ____ to swim in this pool.
are allowed
May
Начало формы
Конец формы
Завдання 3. Must / Have to / Be to
Виберіть правильний варіант
You ____ take care of your parents.
must
have to
They ____ meet her at the airport.
are to
have to I must ______ it.
fix
fixs
to fix
She _____ trash the garbage today. has to
is to
We _____ correct our mistakes.
have to
are to They _____ to be at the lesson in time.
has have
are
At what time ____ the meeting to begin?
must
has
have
is
______ he to find a better apartment for his family? Have Is
We must follow our guide, _____ we?
must mustn't
"You _____ forget your nature", - said her father. (отрицание)
mustn't
must
The students ____ pay attention at the lesson.
have to
is to
They _____ take care about the house.
do must
Must
Начало формы
The Gerund (Герундій)
Завдання 1. Перекласти українською звертаючи увагу на герундій 1. Have you finished writing? 2. Taking a cold shower in the morning is very useful. 3. I like skiing, but my sister prefers skating. 4. She likes sitting in the sun. 5. It looks like raining. 6. My watch wants repairing. 7. Thank you for coming. 8. I had no hope of getting an answer before the end of the month. 9. I had the pleasure of dancing with her the whole evening. 10. Let's go boating. 11. He talked without stopping. 12. Some people can walk all day without feeling tired. 13. Living in little stuffy rooms means breathing poisonous air. 14. Iron is found by digging in the earth. 15. There are two ways of getting sugar: one from beet and the other from sugar-cane. 16. Jane Eyre was fond of reading. 17. Miss Trotwood was in the habit of asking Mr. Dick his opinion.
Завдання 2. Перекласти українською звертаючи увагу на герундій 1. Watching football matches may be exciting enough, but of course it is more exciting playing football. 2. She stopped coming to see us, and I wondered what had happened to her. 3. Can you remember having seen the man before? 4. She was terrified of having to speak to anybody, and even more, of being spoken to. 5. He was on the point of leaving the club, as the porter stopped him. 6. After being corrected by the teacher, the students' papers were returned to them. 7. I wondered at my mother's having allowed the journey. 8. I understand perfectly your wishing to start the work at once. 9. Everybody will discuss the event, there is no preventing it. 10. At last he broke the silence by inviting everybody to walk into the dining-room. 11. On being told the news she turned pale. 12. The place is worth visiting.
Завдання 3. Перекласти українською звертаючи увагу на герундій 1. I avoided speaking to them about that matter. 2. She burst out crying. 3. They burst out laughing. 4. She denied having been at home that evening. 5. He enjoyed talking of the pleasures of travelling. 6. Excuse my leaving you at such a moment. 7. Please forgive my interfering. 8. He gave up smoking a few years ago. 9. They went on talking. 10. He keeps insisting on my going to the south. 11. Oh please do stop laughing at him. 12. Do you mind my asking you a difficult question? 13. Would you mind coming again in a day or two? 14. I don't mind wearing this dress. 15. She could not help smiling. 16. I cannot put off doing this translation. 17. Though David was tired, he went on walking in the direction of Dover.
Завдання 4. Перекласти українською звертаючи увагу на герундій 1. They accuse him of having robbed the house. 2. He never agreed to their going on that dangerous voyage. 3. He did not approve of her drinking so much coffee. 4. The teacher of mathematics did not approve of his pupils dreaming. 5. All the happiness of my life depends on your loving me. 6. I don't feel like seeing him. 7. I insist on being told the truth. 8. I object to his borrowing money from you. 9. I stretched out my hand to prevent her from falling. 10. My friend succeeded in translating this difficult text. 11. She suspected him of deceiving her. 12. The poor peasant thanked Robin Hood heartily for having helped him. 13. He gave up the idea of ever hearing from her. 14. We are looking forward to seeing you again. 15. She always complains of feeling unwell. 16. He persisted in trying to solve that difficult problem. 17. The cold weather prevented the girls from going for long walks. 18. Jane thought of leaving Lowood after Miss Temple's marriage.
Завдання 5. Перекласти українською звертаючи увагу на герундій 1 I had no idea of his leaving St. Petersburg so soon. 2. Aunt's coming here gives me much pleasure. 3. The librarian did not object to the reader keeping the book one day longer. 4. She said that she knew nothing about the door having been left open. 5. The mother was surprised at her daughter having tidied up the room so quickly. 6. My trying to convince him is of no use. 7. When asked why she had missed the train, she said something about her watch being slow. 8. She approached without my seeing her. 9. She stayed in town the whole summer because of her daughter being ill.
Навчальне видання
Фурман Василь Антонович
"English Practice in Technical and Vocational Education and Training"/
"Практикум з англійської мови для ПТНЗ"
Навчально-практичний посібник
Відповідальний за випуск:
Чекригіна Г.Б.
Коректор:
Щегельська А.М.
Комп'ютерна верстка: Ковальчук Т.О.
Підписано до друку_______________. Формат 60×84/16. Папір офсетний. Гарнітура Times New Roman Cyr. Друк цифровий. Ум. Друк арк. Тираж ____Зам №_____
Надруковано у Державному професійно-технічному навчальному закладі "Кам'янець-Подільське вище професійне училище"
Пр. Грушевського, 41в, м. Кам'янець-Подільський, 32300 2
Автор
vasfurman
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