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The Guardian June 23 2017

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Section:GDN BE PaGe:1 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:S
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Friday 23.06.17
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page 30
Frantic race to
test panels on
suspect towers
Thousands of residents face anxious
wait after Grenfell cladding is found
Robert Booth and David Pegg
12A
*
Thousands of tower block residents
around the country have been warned
that their homes are clad with the same
flammable aluminium panels believed to
have fuelled the Grenfell Tower fire.
A day of frantic testing by councils
began to determine how many people
were living in potentially dangerous high
rises after Theresa May had warned that
some of the first tests conducted had
revealed their cladding was combustible.
Some councils announced cladding
would be stripped from buildings and that
round-the-clock fire patrols would start
immediately in suspect blocks.
High-rise residents voiced fears that
they may be living in deathtraps while
contractors abseiled from buildings to
remove panels for testing.
The prime minister said it was unacceptable for people to live in such properties
and that ?landlords have a legal obligation
to provide safe buildings?. Hinting that
people might have to be moved if their
homes were not made safe, she added:
?We cannot and will not ask people to live
in unsafe homes.?
Downing Street subsequently said it
had already identified 11 blocks across
eight local authority areas with aluminium composite cladding similar to that
blamed for spreading the fire at the Kensington tower that claimed at least 79 lives.
Inquiries by the Guardian suggest that
at least 25 towers, including 13 in London,
nine in Salford and three in Plymouth,
use aluminium composite cladding, 12
of which are believed by local authorities
to have a combustible polyethylene core.
Cladding at the other 13 high rises is still
being tested.
Luke Murphy, 33, a resident of a
22- storey block in Tottenham, north
London, clad with the same panels as
Grenfell, said it was ?scary to think it
could be the same?. Bob O?Toole, head of
the residents? association at the Chalcots
estate in the London borough of Camden,
where the cladding on five towers up to 22
storeys high is to be torn down, said: ?A
lot of people are worried because they all
thought it was safe.?
Birmingham city council announced it
would fit sprinklers in all its 213 council
blocks at a cost of �m. The government
indicated that ?cost consideration should
not and cannot get in the way? of making
buildings safe. Salford council said it was
testing the cladding at nine blocks.
About 600 towers across the UK have
been clad using different systems, some
of which are likely to be flammable, the
Department for Communities and Local
Government estimated.
Councils have been asked to conduct
safety checks and send the material
removed to Whitehall to be tested.
In a statement to parliament yesterday,
May also warned the Grenfell death toll
may rise and that entire families were
known to have been killed. She said the
government would fund tests on as many
as 100 towers a day.
Police are carrying out a criminal
investigation into the blaze and, under
pressure from the Labour MPs Hil ary
Benn and Yvette Cooper to say whether
the cladding used was legal or not, May
said the police and the fire service would
make a statement in the next 48 hours.
The government has already said that
?cladding using a composite aluminium
panel with a polyethylene core would
be non-compliant with current building
regulations. This material should not be
used as a cladding on buildings over 18m.?
Camden council said it
5 would strip the cladding 4
Continued on page 2 More than 30 boys beat the heatwave by turning up at Isca academy in Exeter in school skirts yesterday Photograph: BBC/Apex
Boys skirt the issue of school shorts ban
Steven Morris
Some had borrowed from girlfriends, others from sisters. A few had gone the extra
mile and shaved their legs. When the
school gates opened at Isca academy, in
Exeter, yesterday morning, more than 30
boys arrived for lessons in fetching tartanpatterned skirts.
The longest spell of hot weather since
1976 had led to a bare-legged revolution at
the Devon secondary school.
As the temperature soared past 30C
earlier this week teenage boys had asked
their teachers if they could swap their long
trousers for shorts. They were firmly told
no ? that wasn?t school uniform policy.
When they protested that the girls were
allowed bare legs, the school ? no doubt
joking ? said the boys were free to wear
skirts too if they chose.
On Wednesday a handful braved the
giggles and did so. Yesterday the rebellion
increased as their ranks swelled.
?Quite refreshing? was how one of the
boys described the experience, pointing
out that if even Royal Ascot had allowed
racegoers in the royal enclosure to remove
their jackets then the school ought to relax
its dress code.
Another said he rather enjoyed the
?nice breeze? his skirt had afforded him.
A third tall boy claimed when he wore
a short skirt on Wednesday he was told it
exposed too much hairy leg. Some of the
boys visited a shop on their way to Isca to
pick up razors to make sure they did not
fall foul of any beauty police.
Ironically the temperature had dropped
in Exeter yesterday to a more manageable 20C but some boys said they had so
enjoyed the freedom afforded by the skirts
that they might continue.
The school said it was prepared to think
again in the long term. Its headteacher,
Aimee Mitchell, said: ?We recognise that
the last few days have been exceptionally
hot and we are doing our utmost to enable
both students and staff to remain as comfortable as possible.
?Shorts are not currently part of our
uniform for boys and I would not want to
Continued on page 3 Section:GDN BE PaGe:2 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
News
The
TheGuardian,
Guardian,King's
Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU
020 3353 2000
Imagine there?s
no Brexit? Tusk
says he?s not
the only one
Daniel Boffey and Jennifer Rankin
Emmanuel Macron and Angela Merkel talk to Theresa May at a meeting of EU leaders in Brussels yesterday Photograph: Emmanuel Dunand/AFP/Getty Images
May spells out ?fair and serious offer?
over rights of EU citizens in Britain
Rights conferred if citizens
arrive before cutoff date
Status of children among
questions left unanswered
Heather Stewart
Daniel Boffey Brussels
Theresa May has extended what she called
a ?fair and serious offer? to European
Union leaders over the contentious issue
of the future rights of their citizens, offering those who arrive lawfully before Brexit
the chance to build up the same rights to
work, pensions, benefits and healthcare
as British citizens.
Speaking at the end of a dinner at an EU
leaders? summit in Brussels, after formal
Brexit talks began on Monday, May set
out the UK?s opening offer on the rights
of EU citizens ? an issue both sides have
said they would like to be resolved early
in the talks.
She told them the UK is willing to agree
to a ?cutoff point? between 29 March this
year, when May formally triggered article
50 ? and the later date of March 2019 preferred by the European commission.
EU citizens already in the UK ? and
those who arrive lawfully during a subsequent ?grace period?, expected to be up to
two years ? will be given the opportunity
to build up five years? worth of residence.
That will entitle them to a special category of ?settled status?, conferring the
same rights to work, pensions, the NHS
and other public services as British citizens, which they will maintain for life.
The offer, which is contingent on a
Frantic race to
check panels on
suspect towers
continued from page 1
from five towers of between 18 and 22 storeys in Swiss Cottage within weeks after
tests revealed that they were reclad, under
a private finance initiative (PFI) project in
2006, in the same Reynobond aluminium
sandwich panels filled with flammable
polyethylene that were used on Grenfell
Tower. The 700 tenants of Camden council will not be evacuated but the council
is immediately launching 24-hour fire
prevention patrols to ensure the build-
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in 2012 was 78%
reciprocal pledge about the rights of the
1.5 million British citizens living elsewhere in the EU, falls short of the EU?s
demand for its citizens to maintain all EU
rights in perpetuity. But the prime minister told her fellow leaders she did not want
to see anyone already in the UK forced to
leave, or families split up.
?The UK?s position represents a fair and
serious offer, and one aimed at giving as
much certainty as possible to citizens who
have settled in the UK, building careers
and lives and contributing so much to our
society?, May said.
But the UK is not prepared to concede
to the EU?s demand to allow the European court of justice to be the guarantor
of those rights. A government source said:
? The commitment we will make will be
enshrined in UK law, and enforceable
through our highly respected courts.?
The government?s insistence that it
would not guarantee the rights of EU
citizens unilaterally has created uncertainty about the future of those already
living in the UK in the year since the
referendum , and sparked a vociferous campaign from groups such as
The3million.
After the grace period has
elapsed, EU citizens will be subject to whatever immigration
system replaces freedom of
movement after Brexit.
An immigration bill
was among the eight
Brexit-focused pieces
of legislation set out
in Wednesday?s Queens
speech, and Downing Street
has stressed that it remains
committed to the target of
reducing net immigration to the tens of
thousands.
The prime minister also promised
to streamline the administration of the
new system, replacing the current cumbersome application form with simpler
?digital tools?.
May?s account of the broad principles
underlying the government?s offer left a
number of key questions unanswered,
including what would happen to the chil-
ings remain safe. The contractor, Rydon,
and facade subcontractor Harley Facades
that carried out work on Grenfell were
responsible for the works and Camden
council has warned Rydon of potential
legal action. ?The panels that were fitted
were not to the standard that we had commissioned,? said Georgia Gould, leader of
Camden council who added that ?people
are feeling scared?. ?We will be informing the contractor that we will be taking
legal燼dvice.?
HTA Architects, which designed the
Swiss Cottage refurbishment, said in a
statement that Camden had ?certified
that the over-cladding was designed and
constructed in accordance with the building regulations?.
Reece Okezie, 25, who lives on the
10th floor of one of the blocks, said: ?My
family have been very nervous. The lifts
don?t work and in general they have been
worried about their safety, The fire is a big
wake-up call for everyone.?
Residents in one of the Salford blocks
affected said fire officers carried out
checks yesterday. Dozens of residents of
Thorn Court have signed a petition calling
for an urgent meeting with the council?s
housing provider over what it described as
a lack of sprinklers and fire alarms.
?I?m horrified,? said Michael Hinton,
who said he felt especially vulnerable
being disabled and on the 20th floor. ?It?s
a hell of a situation, I?ve been here 14 years
and I?ve been happy here but this business
in London has frightened the life out of
everybody. There?s three disabled people
on this floor ? I?m worried sick.?
Residents in three 16-storey blocks in
Plymouth, Devon, were also told their
homes were covered in cladding made
from aluminium that coated a polyethylene core, rated category three on the fire
Youthful summit
The phrase ?European summit? used
to conjure images of greying men in
dark suits. But much has changed
since Britain joined the European
Economic Community in 1973.
These days the table is a lot bigger: with 28 leaders (for now), though
only four are women: Theresa May
(UK), Angela Merkel (Germany), Dalia
Grybauskait? (Lithuania) and
Beata Szyd?o (Poland).
Three EU leaders are under
40: the new Irish taoiseach
Leo Varadkar is 38, the recently
elected French president, Emmanuel Macron, is 39, as is
n
Estonian PM J黵i Ratas.
Not far behind are
Charles Michel, 41,
Alexis Tsipras, 42,
Joseph Muscat, 43,
and Xavier Bettel, 44,
prime ministers of Belgium, Greece, Malta and
Luxembourg respectively.
Jennifer燫ankin
dren of those granted the new status. Full
details will be published in a paper to be
laid before parliament on Monday.
But May?s emollient tone chimed
with the government?s less adversarial
approach to the talks since the general
election wiped out May?s majority.
Six weeks ago, the prime minister stood
outside 10 Downing Street and accused
unnamed figures in Brussels of issuing
?threats? in a deliberate attempt to affect
the election result, claiming: ?There are
some in Brussels who do not want these
talks to succeed, who do not want Britain
to prosper.?
But with May now forced to govern with
a minority in the House of Commons, she
is under pressure, including from within
the cabinet, to take a less combative
approach. Philip Hammond, the chancellor, has said the government will make
the economy the top priority in talks, and
could agree to transitional arrangements
lasting up to four years, to avoid a ?cliffedge? in the talks.
Meanwhile Labour figures, including
the London mayor, Sadiq Khan, are pressing the government to put the possibility
of Britain remaining a member of the EU
single market back on the agenda.
After outlining her proposals, May left
the dinner, to allow her fellow leaders to
continue discussions over dinner.
Earlier at the summit the German
chancellor, Angela Merkel, indicated
there would be intense negotiations over
citizens? rights. She said: ?My tendency is
to offer the most far-reaching guarantees
for EU citizens as possible, but I cannot
preempt the discussion.?
Timothy Garton Ash, page 31 rating scale with zero the highest safety
score and three the lowest. The towers will
now be monitored around the clock.
In London, three blocks with such panels have been identified in Newham, three
in Barnet and one in Havering. Barnet?s
council leader, Richard Cornelius, said:
?To ensure such a tragedy is not repeated
in Barnet, we have a responsibility to our
community to make sure that safety systems are of the highest standard ? including investigating whether sprinklers
would be appropriate in our high-rise
tower blocks.? In common with several
600
The number of tower
blocks around the
UK that have been
clad using different
systems, some of
which are likely
to be爁lammable
Donald Tusk used the first EU summit
since the general election and the start
of the Brexit negotiations to suggest that
there is a chance Britain could still remain
a member of the union, as leaders called
on Theresa May to provide clarity on her
minority government?s intentions.
Tusk, the president of the European
council quoted the lyrics of John Lennon?s Imagine in expressing his hope that
Britain could change its mind given recent
events.
?We can hear different predictions,
coming from different people, about the
possible outcome of these negotiations:
hard Brexit, soft Brexit or no deal,? he said,
of what he described as a difficult process.
?Some of my British friends have
even asked me whether Brexit could be
reversed, and whether I could imagine an
outcome where the UK stays part of the
EU. I told them that in fact the European
Union was built on dreams that seemed
impossible to achieve. So, who knows?
You may say I?m a dreamer, but I am not
the only one.?
Tusk, a former prime minister of
Poland, who as student was active in the
fight against the Communist regime in
his country, added: ?Some of my political
Donald Tusk, the
president of the
European council,
quoted John Lennon
when talking about
whether Britain could
remain in the EU
dreams have come true. And this is maybe
the best part of politics that everything is
possible but I am at the same time a realist.
?That is why first of all we should start
the negotiations as effectively as possible. The final decision is also a decision
for Britain, UK citizens. But, yes, dreams
are still very nice.?
The Dutch prime minister, Mark Rutte,
said he was hopeful that the UK would
seek a soft Brexit. ?I hope we?ll come to
some form of continued membership or
relationship with internal market.
?I absolutely believe the UK will be hit
in the economy and the pound very hard.
It will have a huge economic impact. I
hope they can stay connected to customs
union which means accepting the four our
freedoms and the court in Luxembourg.
I?m hopeful, but it all depends on what
Theresa May and her team decide.?
Ireland?s new taoiseach, Leo Varadkar,
said: ?The door remains open for the UK
to stay in the European Union.?
A No 10 spokesman said in response:
?Britain voted to leave the EU on 23 June
last year and, as we have been clear all
along, we will be delivering the democratic will of the British people.?
There were signs of irritation at Britain?s
apparent intention to use meetings of EU
leaders to progress their Brexit goals. In
response to Downing Street?s decision to
provide an overview of its offer on EU citizens over dinner at the summit, the European commission president, Jean-Claude
Juncker, said: ?I?m not negotiating here.?
Tusk added: ?It must be clear that the
European council is not a forum for the
Brexit negotiations, We have our negotiations for this. And so leaders will only take
note of this intention.?
other councils, Barnet stressed to residents that while the cladding panels were
similar to Grenfell, the insulation was
mineral wool, which is not combustible.
The London boroughs of Brent, Enfield
and Wandsworth are also carrying out
tests on nine buildings, although they
believe the cladding is not flammable.
The Royal Institute of British Architects
said last night it had repeatedly raised
warnings about delays to the government?s review of fire regulations and the
?highly complicated? regulatory framework for British standards.
In a statement it complained of ?the
introduction of a regime of fire risk selfassessment and the repeal of fire certificate
legislation with oversight by the local fire
authority?, and said architects were too
often no longer responsible for the specification of materials, with decisions left to
contractors or sub-contractors.
Guardian News & Media, Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU. 020 3353 2000. Fax 020 7837 2114. In Manchester: Centurion House, 129 Deansgate, Manchester M3 3WR. Telephone Sales: 020 7611 9000. The Guardian lists links to third-party websites, but does not endorse them or guarantee their authenticity
or accuracy. Missing sections: 0800 839 100. Back issues from Historic Newspapers: 0870 165 1470. guardian.backissuenewspapers.co.uk. The Guardian is published by Guardian News & Media, Kings Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU, and at Centurion House, 129 Deansgate, Manchester M3 3WR. Printed at Guardian Print Centre, Rick Roberts Way, Stratford, London E15 2GN; Guardian Print Centre North, Longbridge Road, Manchester M17 1SN; and at Carn Web, 2 Esky Drive, Carn, Portadown, Craigavon, County Armagh BT63 5YY. No. 53,131, Friday 23 June 2017. Registered as a newspaper at the Post Office ISSN 0261-3077
Section:GDN BE PaGe:3 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
3
News
?The phone hasn?t stopped ringing?: Holocaust
survivor who put sex discrimination to flight
Airline cannot force women
to move seats for religious
reasons, Israeli judge rules
Peter Beaumont Jerusalem
As an 82-year-old Holocaust survivor
and a former lawyer, Renee Rabinowitz
might seem an unlikely figurehead in
Israel?s culture wars.
Rabinowitz has been thrust into the
spotlight over an issue that has become
an increasingly familiar problem for
airlines flying in and out of Israel ? ultraOrthodox men who refuse to take seats
next to women, demanding changes in
seating and sometimes causing delays.
After successfully suing the country?s
national carrier El Al for gender discrimination and winning a landmark ruling,
Rabinowitz?s stand now means that
flight attendants can no longer request
that female passengers move seats to
accommodate ultra-Orthodox men who
do not want to sit next to them.
Describing the practice as ?discriminatory?, Dana Cohen-Lekah, the
Israeli judge who heard Rabinwotz?s
complaint, ruled yesterday that ?under
absolutely no circumstances can a crew
member ask a passenger to move from
their designated seat because the adjacent passenger doesn?t want to sit next
to them due to their gender?.
Cohen-Lekah added that the policy
was a ?direct transgression? of the
Israeli discrimination laws relating to
products and services.
In February, 10 ultra-Orthodox passengers stood in aisles and refused to
take their seats, causing a delay on an
easyJet flight to Britain before female
passengers agreed to move.
Rabinowitz, who has received scores
of emails and phone calls congratulating
her on her stand, explained yesterday
how she had come to sue El Al, in the
process becoming a media celebrity.
?It was 2015. I was flying back from
Newark to Tel Aviv,? she told the Guardian. ?I was seated in business class when
after a while a Haredi-looking [ultraOrthodox] gentleman came and sat
down next to me.
?I said hello, and I guess I thought
that was the end of it until next thing I
knew the flight attendant was talking to
him, and they were whispering. I didn?t
pay too much attention but thought
it was a little strange when the flight
attendant said he had a better seat.
?It wasn?t better, so I asked why did
he suggest moving me. Then I realised
he?d done so because the man sitting
Renee Rabinowitz
sued the Israeli
national carrier
for gender
discrimination
and won. Above
left, an El Al plane
Main photograph:
Uriel Sinai/New
York Times/
Redux/Eyevine
Check mates:
boys beat heat
in tartan skirts
a teacher to ask about shorts and she said
it was school policy [that they could not
be worn]. I did say this was exceptional
weather, but they were having none of
it. If girls can wear skirts, why can?t boys
wear shorts?
?Ryan came up with the idea of wearing a skirt so that evening we borrowed
one. He wore it the next day ? as did five
other boys. This morning there were about
50-60 of them in skirts. I didn?t expect it to
take off like that.
?The school is being silly really ? this is
exceptional weather. I was very proud of
Ryan. I think it was a great idea.? Another
continued from page 1
make any changes without consulting students and their families. However, with
hotter weather becoming more normal,
I would be happy to consider a change.?
The story was picked up by media
organisations across the globe and Devon
county council was forced to help the
school out with inquiries.
A spokesperson said: ?About 30 boys
arrived at school this morning wearing
school skirts. None of the boys have been
penalised ? no one was put in isolation or
detention for wearing a skirt.?
The mother of one of the boys who
began the protest said she was proud of
him ? and suggested a lot more than 30
had worn skirts. Claire Lambeth, 43, said
her son Ryan, 15, came home earlier this
week complaining about the heat.
?He said it was unbearable. I spoke to
?I do not think of
myself as a feminist,
but I do think of
myself as standing
for principle?
Renee Rabinowitz
Ryan Lambeth, left, was among the first
boys to opt to wear a skirt to school
next to me had requested that I move. I
asked him what his problem was and I
said I was 81. He started to tell me about
how the Torah prohibits it.
?I was pretty upset but I also didn?t
want to sit next to this man who didn?t
want me to be there for 11 hours. The
thought was not pleasant so I decided to
move of my own accord.?
Rabinowitz did not give much
thought to the matter, she says, until
she attended a talk by Anat Hoffman of
the Israel Religious Action Center [IRAC]
a fortnight later, who described their
campaign against airlines? practice of
moving women to accommodate ultraOrthodox passengers.
?Afterwards I told her it had happened to me, and when she learned it
was an El Al flight she asked if I would
be willing to sue. Rabinowitz, who as
a lawyer had worked on sexual harassment cases, said: ?I do not think of
myself as a feminist, but I do think of
myself as standing for principle.?
She places the issue of the ultraOrthodox and airline seating within a
wider context of ultra-Orthodox atti-
mother said: ?My 14-year-old son wanted
to wear shorts. The headteacher told
them: ?Well, you can wear a skirt if you
like? ? but I think she was being sarcastic.
?However, children tend to take you
literally, and because she told them it was
OK, there was nothing she could do as long
as they are school skirts.?
The boys were not the only ones making controversial dress choices because of
the heat. Michael Wood, a porter at Watford general hospital, claimed he was facing disciplinary action from his employers
Medirest for rolling up his trousers to cool
down. The company declined to comment on the case but said: ?The health
and safety of our colleagues is always our
number one priority.?
Male French bus drivers angry at a ban
on wearing shorts in the heatwave have
turned up to work in skirts. The drivers in
Nantes had asked to be allowed to dress
more casually as temperatures reached
38C. When the request was refused, six
of the men donned skirts in protest. ?We
asked to be able to wear clothing suitable
for the temperatures, but were told we
couldn?t wear shorts. Because skirts are
authorised, we are wearing them,? Didier
Sauvetre, a driver and union representative, told the local paper Press Ocean.
tudes towards women in Israel?s public
spaces ? a situation she believes has
become more problematic recently.
?I think it is related to the fact that
the ultra-Orthodox have a lot of political power so they feel freer to make
demands they don?t make in the US.?
The speed of the judgment, during
the preliminary hearings ? and after
negotiation ? has delighted her. ?I?m so
happy. And my phone has not stopped
ringing. Since yesterday I?ve had more
than 100 emails congratulating me.?
But she admits that when she brought
the case not everyone was complimentary. ?Some people did not like the idea
that I was suing El Al. They said: ?Oh
well, she?s just doing it for the money.?
?I do hope El Al takes this verdict seriously. I look forward to my future flights
with El Al, and I hope I could witness
a moment in which an ultra-Orthodox
man says: ?I won?t sit until you move
this woman,? and the El Al flight attendant tells him the law prevents her from
doing so.?
Welcoming the judgment, IRAC,
which is linked to the liberal Jewish
Reform Movement, said the court?s decision set a precedent. ?With the implementation of this ruling, a passenger
asked to move their seat because of their
gender will qualify as discrimination,
and as such prohibited,? it said. It had
approached El Al last year offering to
help write guidelines to prevent in-flight
gender discrimination but the offer was
turned down, leading to the hearing.
Hoffman, IRAC?s executive director,
said: ?Renee Rabinowitz, an 82-year-old
Holocaust survivor, set out to fight El Al
because she wanted to prevent humiliation and discrimination of other women
on flights.?
The ruling requires El Al to define its
procedures and explain them to all inflight staff in writing and through training. El Al was told to pay Rabinowitz
6,500 shekels (�450) in damages. Her
lawyer had asked for 50,000 shekels.
Commenting on the ruling, the airline
said: ?The sides reached an agreement
that the airline?s procedures on the matter would be clarified to its employees.
The court validated this agreement and
the company will respect the verdict.?
Taboo no more Gender fluid fashion
Fashion reflects the times we live in,
said Coco Chanel. The Exeter schoolboys prove her right. We are
e more
relaxed about gender rules, these
days. A century after women
n
started wearing trousers and
d 19
years after David Beckham was
ridiculed for wearing a sarong,
ng,
the last taboo of fashion ? men
in skirts ? is being swept away.
ay.
Zara has capitalised on the
he
market for clothes that can be
worn by men or women, off
ering
ffering
a gender-neutral fashion range.
nge.
The further up the fashion food
chain you go, the more the
boundaries between menswear
wear
and womenswear evaporate.
e.
At the menswear catwalk
k
shows in London less than
a fortnight ago, skirts
appeared almost everywhere. Men wore silk
dresses at Vivienne Westwood?s show, right, puff
sleeved gowns at Charles
Jeffrey Loverboy, and
hooped floorlength skirts at Edward
Crutchley?s.
Among
Amon the more commercial
brands, too, the rules are increasbrand
ingly fluid. Louis Vuitton, the
world?s biggest luxury brand, last
world
Jaden Smith,
year photographed
ph
the rapper/model son of actor
Will, in a leather kilt for a
W
womenswear advertising
w
campaign.
ca
Co-ed catwalk shows are
becoming
a badge of honour
be
for brands with agenda-setting
ambitions. Calvin Klein in New
am
York, Burberry in London, Paul
Yo
Smith in Paris, and Gucci in
Sm
Milan all combined clothing
Mi
for men and women on their
catwalks during the last fashca
ion show season.
io
The Gucci designer Alesssandro Michele has said that
blending the two collections
?seems only natural ? it?s
the way I see the world?.
Jess Cartner-Morley
Section:GDN BE PaGe:4 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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*
National
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
Grenfell Tower fire
May promises to
stand up for social
tenants in future
Confusion at No 10 over
cladding on tower blocks
Why had local politicians
not resigned, Corbyn asks
Peter Walker
Political correspondent
Successive governments had neglected
the welfare of social tenants, Theresa May
said in a response to the Grenfell Tower
fire, promising that she would listen to
their needs and ?stand up for them? in
the future.
Revealing in the Commons that a series
of other high-rise blocks had been clad in
similar materials to what is suspected
as having caused the rapid spread of
the blaze in west London last week, the
prime minister said: ?We cannot and will
not allow people to live in unsafe homes.?
Responding to her, Jeremy Corbyn
welcomed the government?s beefed-up
response to the disaster, which killed at
least 79 people, but the leader of the opposition questioned why the Conservative
leadership of Kensington and Chelsea
council had not stepped down.
The Labour leader argued the fire
showed a pattern of poorer people?s
needs being routinely neglected, saying:
?From Hillsborough to the child sex abuse
scandal to Grenfell Tower, the pattern is
consistent: working-class people?s voices
are ignored, their concerns dismissed by
those in power.?
Amid a day of frenzied activity in a government stung by criticism that it could
have reacted far more quickly after the
fire, which has seen particular condemnation of the prime minister, May used her
statement to list a series of measures helping those made homeless or bereaved.
In all, 151 homes were destroyed,
including some in adjoining buildings,
May said, promising that all those affected
were now in hotels and would be rehoused
in weeks.
In a statement after the first positive
tests for flammable cladding were given
to the Department for Communities and
Local Government (DCLG), May talked
about 600 other blocks having ?similar
cladding?. However, this was hastily clari-
Across the UK
High-rise
residents tell of
their fears as
inspectors
search for
rogue cladding
Josh Halliday
Lisa O?Carroll
Jamie Grierson
Frances Perraudin
Camden said yesterday that it would
remove cladding similar to the one on
Grenfell Tower from five of its blocks
and accused a contractor of fitting
flammable materials below the
standard requested.
The London borough was the first
to say it will remove aluminium cladding from a high-rise yesterday after
Theresa May warned that ?a number?
of buildings around the country may be
clad in combustible materials. By the
end of the day councils reported that
at least 25 buildings were fitted with
aluminium composite cladding.
Nine blocks with similar material
were discovered in Salford. A block in
Havering, east London, is also having
its cladding removed while another in
Single heads for No 1
Simon Cowell?s Grenfell Tower charity single was last night heading for
number one in the charts after just 24
hours on sale.
Performed by Artists for Grenfell ?
made up of more than 50 of Britain?s
biggest musicians ? it has been downloaded and streamed at least 120,000
times since its release on Wednesday.
The figure marks a 10-year record
for sales on an opening day.
According to the Official Charts
Company, the emotional rendition
of Bridge Over Troubled Water has
already overtaken rival Despacito, by
Luis Fonsi, Daddy Yankee and Justin
Bieber, which had enjoyed a six-week
run at the top.
The Simon & Garfunkel cover was
recorded over the weekend at west
London?s Sarm studios, half a mile
from the devastating tower block fire
that killed at least 79 people.
Organised by Cowell, the track
featuring Leona Lewis, above, made
its debut across radio stations in the
morning and the full video, including
footage from the fire aftermath, was
broadcast later in the evening.
Robbie Williams, Liam Payne and
Jessie J were among the celebrities
who also lent their voices to the single, which begins with a rap verse by
Stormzy. Money raised by song sales
and extra donations will go to those
affected by the disaster and will be
distributed by the London Community
Foundation. PA
Plymouth will be under 24-hour fire
safety checks, all against a backdrop
of protests in London (pictured below
right). In Birmingham, Liverpool, Leeds
and Newcastle, councils have started
reviews of privately owned blocks.
Camden
Georgia Gould, the leader of the council,
said the outer cladding panels on five
blocks in the borough were made up of
aluminium panels with a polyethylene
core of the kind believed to have helped
the fire at Grenfell Tower spreading
across the building.
They were fitted in 2006 as part of a
�0m PFI deal by the same contractors
who refurbished Grenfell: Rydon, the
main contractor, and Harley Facades,
the subcontractor. The architect was
HTA Architects, whose chairman, Ben
Derbyshire, will take over as president
of the Royal Institute of British
Architects in September.
Camden said: ?We will be informing
the contractor that we will be taking
urgent legal advice.?
The move to strip the cladding
from the buildings on Camden?s
Chalcots estate came after they were
independently tested by the Building
Research Establishment following last
week?s disaster, which is believed to
have killed at least 79 people.
The council also pledged fire safety
patrols round-the-clock on the estate?s
corridors ?to reassure residents and
carry out enhanced fire safety checks?
until the cladding had been removed.
Tenants confronted with the news
yesterday said safety fears had been
?very stressful?. David Tusk, who had
lived in one of the blocks since 1968,
said: ?When there was a fire here a few
The Chalcots
estate in
Swiss Cottage,
north London.
Camden council
said it would
be removing
cladding from
five tower blocks
as it was similar
to that used on
Grenfell Tower
Photograph: Ben
Cawthra/LNP
fied by No 10 and the DCLG, which said
this was the total number of blocks with
cladding, not necessarily the aluminium
composite panels used at Grenfell Tower.
May said a wider lesson of the fire was
to ?recognise that for too long in this country, under governments of both colours,
we simply haven?t given enough attention
to social housing?.
She said: ?So, long after the TV cameras
have gone and the world has moved on, let
the legacy of this awful tragedy be that we
resolve never to forget these people and
instead gear our policies and our thinking towards making their lives better and
bringing them into the political process.
?It is our job as a government and as a
parliament to show that we are listening
and that we will stand up for them. That
is what I am determined we should do.?
Referring to possible criminal charges,
May said of the coming public inquiry:
?No stone will be left unturned in this
inquiry, and there will be nowhere for any
guilty parties to hide.?
She said it was correct that the chief
executive of Kensington and Chelsea
council, Nicholas Holgate, had resigned.
But Corbyn asked why the council?s
political leaders were not ?taking responsibility for this terrible event?. He said the
government must do more to assist ?overstretched and understaffed? fire services,
and asked whether cuts to councils meant
many did not have the staff to carry out
proper fire checks.
He also called for a wider change to
attitudes: ?We have to learn the lessons
to make sure that this tragedy is a turning point in our whole attitude, and that
never again people die needlessly in a
towering inferno, while living in poverty
surrounded by a sea of prosperity.?
Following the cladding tests, MPs in
affected areas sought to reassure locals
that everything possible was being done
to protect them.
The Conservative leader of the Lords,
Natalie Evans, said ?cost consideration
should not and cannot get in the way? of
safety.
She said: ?We will be looking at how we
can provide support and we will obviously
also be working with local authorities
where they identify issues to ensure that
they have the resources that they need to
deal with issues that they may find.?
years ago it didn?t spread. But with
the refurbishment they changed the
windows and they don?t open fully they
just tilt out so I don?t know how you
could even jump out if you had to.?
Rosie Closier, 23, who is seven-anda-half-months pregnant, said: ?I live on
the 12th floor and after Grenfell me and
my partner worked out how we were
going to get out of there was a fire.
?I have been very worried ever
since the fire and I feel better now the
cladding is coming off.?
Bob O?Toole, head of the residents?
association, told BBC Radio 4?s World at
One: ?There are about 20 to 30 council
staff here on the estate and they are
being sent to all parts of the estate to
inform residents. A lot of people are
worried, because they all thought it was
all safe. A lot of the residents are calling
for thorough sprinkler system to be put
in, and fire alarms.?
Gould said: ?The panels that were
fitted were not to the standard that we
had commissioned. In light of this, we
will be informing the contractor that we
will be taking urgent legal advice.
?Camden council has decided it will
immediately begin preparing to remove
these external cladding panels from the
five tower blocks on the Chalcots estate.
Camden council will do whatever it
takes to ensure our residents are reassured about the safety of their homes.?
Residents were told the works were
likely to start in about six weeks? time.
However, the council said the
insulation used ?significantly differs?
from that on Grenfell Tower because it
included ?fire-resistant Rockwool insulation designed to prevent the spread of
fire and fire-resistant sealant between
floors?. The council said this arrangement had contained a fire in Taplow
Camden council announced it
would immediately remove
cladding from five tower blocks
on the Chalcots estate
Hampstead
Heath
Finchley Road
Camden
Kentish Town
Burnham
Dorney
Bray
St. John's
Wood
Westway
Highbury
Blashford
Camden Town
Taplow
The
Regent's
Park
King's Cross
St Pancras
Euston
Paddington
Grenfell Tower
Hyde Park
1 km
1 mile
Nine tower blocks in Pendleton
use the same cladding as that
on Grenfell tower. They were
recently-refurbished
M602
Salford
Manchester
Salford Lads Club
Council workers in Camden removing
cladding for testing yesterday
Old Trafford
1 km
1 mile
Section:GDN BE PaGe:5 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
5
John Crace?s
sketch
Step in the right
direction ? and
then a stonewall
T
his was a Theresa May
that had been kept well
hidden of late. A prime
minister in control of
her brief, taking some
responsibility for her
own actions and talking
in meaningful sentences.
Giving a statement on the Grenfell
Tower fire, she updated the Commons
on the investigation so far, insisted
there would be nowhere to hide for any
guilty parties and reminded herself of
the commitment she had made when
she first assumed office to govern on
behalf of those who feel left out of the
political process.
In the gallery above, 10 survivors of
the blaze looked on. Their expressions
gave little away. Most feel that the government went awol in the immediate
aftermath of the blaze, so they may not
yet be inclined to give the prime minister the benefit of the doubt. But at least
May?s statement was a step in the right
direction. Better late than never.
Jeremy Corbyn wanted her to
acknowledge that Conservative cuts to
local government had led to councils
being less than rigorous in enforcing
health and safety regulations and to
explain why the recommendations from
the 2013 report into the Lakanal House
fire had not been taken up. This was a
step too far for the prime minister. She
ignored the Labour leader?s observations on austerity, while insisting that all
the recommendations from the Lakanal
fire had been acted on. All the coroner
had said was that landlords should be
encouraged to retrofit sprinkler systems,
not that it was mandatory.
So as long as someone from the council?s health and safety department had
said to the council?s building services
division ?it might be a good idea to fit
a sprinkler system?, everything was
The sound of backs
being covered was
audible. May had
been responsible
for fire safety
block in 2012. Rydon, Harley Facades
and HTA Architects have yet to respond
to requests for comment.
Salford
Nine tower blocks in Salford use similar cladding as that on Grenfell tower,
Salford City council has confirmed. The
recently-refurbished buildings near the
Salford Lads Club in Pendleton use aluminium composite material (ACM).
A council spokesman said samples of
the cladding had been sent to Department for Communities and Local Government (DCLG) to check whether they
were combustable.
The buildings are owned by the council but managed by Pendleton Together,
which said it had commissioned independent experts to review the cladding.
Extended patrols of the buildings would
be introduced as a ?precautionary safety
measure?. Pendleton Together said in a
statement: ?We are aware our residents
are asking a number of questions about
the cladding used to refurbish the Pendleton blocks. We appreciate that this
is obviously a matter of real concern to
Pendleton residents and their families.
?The cladding used in Pendleton is
Aluminium Composite Material (ACM).
This was fitted correctly to the manufacturer?s specification and certified by
an independent expert. We can confirm
that all fire risk assessments for the Pendleton blocks are up to date and to reassure our residents on Friday of last week
we announced an independent review.?
Barnet
Further north in London, Barnet council
has written to residents in three towers
which inspections on Monday revealed
were clad in the same aluminium sandwich panels believed to have been used
at Grenfell Tower.
Granville Point, Harpenmead Point
and Templemead Point all have the Reynobond PE panels that were supplied to
Grenfell Tower. The council has sought
to reassure residents in a letter that
while the panels are the same, ?crucially
it uses different insulation materials,
which are made from a non-combustible
mineral fibre material?.
A Granville Point resident, Ron Ekundayo, 60, said the letter sent from the
council did not ?alleviate fears?.
?I?m more concerned now with them
making sure the cladding will not result
in another Grenfell,? he said.
He was also concerned by the lack of a
sprinkler system in communal areas.
A 63-year-old man, who asked not to
be named, said: ?Now I?ve heard Camden is removing the cladding, I would
expect Barnet to do no less.?
The council leader, Richard Cornelius, said: ?To ensure such a tragedy
is not repeated in Barnet, we have a
responsibility to our community to
make sure that safety systems are of
the highest standard. We will be calling
on our housing committee to oversee
a programme of investment, based on
advice from the London fire brigade, to
provide added safety and reassurance to
residents. If sprinklers are needed, they
will be fitted.?
Haringey
In Tottenham, north London, Newlon
Housing Trust has discovered that the
same panels used on Grenfell Tower
were used on its Rivers Apartments
complex and is carrying out tests.
A notice to residents from the trust
in the entrance to the block said: ?We
are carrying out an immediate review
of the exterior cladding at Rivers Apartments, including an assessment by an
independent fire safety expert. In the
meantime we will have an extra concierge on patrol at all times.?
Newham
In the east London borough the council
identified three residential towers using
an aluminium composite material in
their cladding, which has been sent for
testing. They include Ferrier Point.
?We will take every action necessary,?
a spokeswoman said.
Wandsworth
In the south London borough samples of
cladding from three tower blocks were
being sent to the DCLG for testing. ACM
cladding was used on Sudbury House
and Weybridge Point, as well as on Castlemaine Tower. The council said fires
had occurred at Castlemaine and Sudbury, but both had been
successfully contained
ned
and had not spread.
Plymouth
Three residential
tower blocks have
been found to be clad
ad
in a similar material to that used on
Grenfell Tower. The
Lynher, Tamar and
Tavy buildings ?
collectively known
as the Mount Wise
Towers ? were clad in
n aluminium with a polyethylene
ylene core.
John Clark, chief executive of Plymouth Community Homes, said in a statement that panels from the buildings had
been tested earlier this week and were
found to have the lowest possible fire
safety rating. He said security teams
would provide 24/7 monitoring of the
blocks in light of the discovery.
Elsewhere in the UK
Manchester city council said it was still
working to establish whether any of its
tower blocks used flammable cladding.
Liverpool, which does not own any
tower blocks, said it was still investigating whether privately owned high-rises
in the city had the cladding.
Birmingham, Leeds, Sheffield, Newcastle upon Tyne, Sunderland and
Nottingham city councils confirmed
that none of their high-rise blocks had
cladding like that on Grenfell Tower. All
five said they did not yet know about
privately owned buildings in their areas.
Both Birmingham and Nottingham
said that while none of their own tower
blocks used similar cladding, it would be up to private b
block owners to carry
out their
th own checks.
Oxford
council said it
Oxf
had five tower blocks
but was satisfied they
were
wer safe, having been
recently
refurbished
rece
with improved fire
safety
and with fire
sa
retardant
cladding.
r
The Scottish government has said
no publicly owned
blocks
in Scotland use
blo
the aluminium
composite
alum
cladding
claddin used at Grenfell.
just hunky-dory. Then the building services division was free to think about
the advice for a couple of nanoseconds
before legally ignoring it.
Here the sound of backs being covered
was all too audible. As home secretary,
May had been responsible for fire safety,
and it had been on her watch that successive housing ministers had sat on a
review urging the guidance to be made
binding. Legally she was in the right.
Morally she was found wanting.
Labour?s Emma Dent Coad, the newly
elected MP for Kensington, used her first
parliamentary intervention to suggest
the government might want to rethink
its cuts to the fire services. The prime
minister was adamant that all the fire
crews she had spoken to had had all the
resources they required. This wasn?t the
way it had looked to everyone who had
watched events unfold on TV.
A consensus was reached that something must be done about any tower
blocks found to have been clad in flammable panels. But while hinting the government was willing to stump up some
money, May was unwilling to underwrite the full costs. Expect more cuts to
council services to pay for retrofitting of
buildings done up on the cheap because
of cuts to council services.
Some Labour MPs began to suspect a
slight shiftiness in her responses. Hilary
Benn opted for the direct approach: was
the cladding on Grenfell Tower compliant with fire regulations when the retrofitting was done? Yes or no? May couldn?t
quite answer that, so Yvette Cooper had
a go. Still May stonewalled, suggesting
she didn?t want to say anything that
might be prejudicial to a police investigation. Labour, reluctantly, backed off.
But if some collars aren?t felt in the next
couple of days, May is likely to find herself back for further questioning soon.
Section:GDN BE PaGe:6 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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cYanmaGentaYellowblack
Section:GDN BE PaGe:7 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 22/6/2017 20:22
cYanmaGentaYellowblack
*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
7
National
Hinkley Point ?risky
and expensive?, says
spending watchdog
Inside Hinkley
Point B nuclear
power station.
The total cost
of the Hinkley
Point C project
is now expected
to be �bn
Photograph:
Adrian Sherratt
for the Guardian
Damning report from NAO
criticises project financing
Deal for new nuclear plant
offers ?uncertain benefits?
for the 35-year deal have ballooned from
�n in 2013 to �bn now.
That number may rise even higher
after new figures on power price expectations are released by the Department for
Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy
(BEIS) next month.
Brexit could make matters worse still,
the spending watchdog warned. In January, the government said it would quit
the Euratom nuclear cooperation treaty
as part of the process of leaving the EU.
That withdrawal, the NAO said, ?might
be interpreted as a change of law? that
could result in an adjustment to the �.50
price promised to EDF, or even trigger a
one-off payment for EDF through a compensation clause in the contract.
Nina Schrank, an energy campaigner at
Greenpeace UK, called the report a damning indictment of the government?s agreement. ?This year?s school leavers will still
be paying for Hinkley when they approach
their pension age, so it is concerning that
the National Audit Office is suggesting it
may not be worth their money,? she said.
An EDF spokesman said: ?Today?s
report shows that Hinkley Point C remains
good value for consumers compared with
alternative choices.?
A Business Department spokesman
said: ?Hinkley Point C will be the first
new nuclear plant in a generation. This
was an important strategic decision to
ensure that nuclear is part of a diverse
energy mix. Consumers won?t pay a penny
until Hinkley is built; it will provide clean,
reliable electricity powering homes and
creating more than 26,000 jobs.?
Adam Vaughan
Generations of British consumers have
been locked into a ?risky and expensive?
project by Britain?s subsidy deal for a new
nuclear power station at Hinkley Point in
Somerset, according to a damning report
by the government spending watchdog.
The National Audit Office (NAO) said
the contract sealed by ministers last September with EDF to construct the country?s first new atomic reactors in two decades would provide ?uncertain strategic
and economic benefits?.
Further, Brexit and Theresa May?s decision to quit an EU nuclear treaty could
make the situation even worse, by triggering taxpayer compensation for EDF or
a more generous deal for the French statecontrolled company.
The watchdog condemned the past two
governments for failing to look at alternative ways of financing the power station,
such as taking a stake in the construction.
Observers labelled the report ?concerning? and described the NAO?s conclusions
as a vindication of Hinkley Point C?s critics, who had argued it was too costly and
had advocated alternatives such as wind
and solar power.
Under the terms of the 35-year contract, EDF is guaranteed a price of
�.50 per megawatt hour it generates,
twice the wholesale price. The subsidy
is paid through energy bills, which the
government estimates will translate into
a �-� chunk of the average household
bill by 2030.
At the heart of the NAO?s criticism is
the coalition government?s failure to look
at any alternative financing model, such
as taking an upfront stake in the �bn
project. Instead, the Lib Dems and Tories
decided all the construction risk for the
plant must lie with EDF and its partner,
the Chinese state-owned CGN, to keep the
project off the government?s books.
Taking a stake would have posed its
own risks because of delays to projects
featuring the same reactor design in
Finland and France, the NAO admitted.
?But our analysis suggests alternative
approaches could have reduced the total
project cost,? it added.
If the government had taken a 50%
equity stake in the construction, it could
have almost halved the guaranteed power
price to as low as �.50 per megawatt
hour, according to the NAO.
The auditors were critical of ministers?
decision to negotiate bilaterally with
EDF, rather than wait for other newbuild
nuclear consortiums to compete ? an
approach that the NAO noted had brought
prices down on similar subsidy deals for
windfarms.
The government?s case for the contract
also weakened after the commercial terms
of the deal were agreed by the then prime
minister, David Cameron, in 2013, the
watchdog said.
Delays to Hinkley and falling wholesale prices, caused by a two-year oil price
slump, means the total costs to consumers
Nils Pratley, page 29 Section:GDN BE PaGe:8 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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*
cYanmaGentaYellowblack
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
National
All the fun
of the
festival
Glastonbury
festivalgoers at
a peace event by
the stone circle
at Worthy Farm.
Glastonbury
special preview, g2
Photograph: Dylan
Martinez/Reuters
Scientists see chance of ending Aids epidemic in UK
HIV diagnoses plunge by a
third after shift in protocol
Preventative use of drugs
and frequent tests is key
Sarah Boseley
Health editor
A big drop in the numbers of gay men
becoming infected with HIV in London
may signal that the Aids epidemic in
Britain could be brought to a close, public
health experts believe.
A new report from Public Health England (PHE) discusses the potential elimination of HIV, revealing the first downturn
in the epidemic among gay and bisexual
men since it began, thanks to a combination of rapid treatment and frequent testing of people at high risk of infection.
In the year from October 2015, HIV diagnoses among men who have sex with men
(MSM) attending five of the biggest London sexual health clinics fell by 32% compared with the same period a year earlier.
The reasons for the fall are thought to
be the big increase in testing ? meaning
that gay men at high risk because their
partner has HIV are being offered testing
every three months ? and offering immediate anti retroviral drug treatment to
those who test positive, which suppresses
the爒irus.
At the same time, significant numbers
of gay men in London have been taking
pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), using
one of the same drugs prescribed for treatment, which can prevent them becoming
infected in the first place. Some have
been involved in trials to establish how
effective PrEP is, while others have bought
the drug online following successful trials
in the US.
Valerie Delpech, head of HIV surveillance for Public Health England, said the
five big clinics had seen a substantial fall
in the number of men becoming infected
with HIV and that the success could be
replicated across the country.
? We are witnessing a phenomenal
experiment ,? said Delpech. ?We are
observing it. What we are seeing is the first
downturn of the HIV epidemic in gay men.
?There is absolutely no reason why we
cannot scale that up to further reduce
new infections in gay men ? and also in
all people who may be at risk of HIV in
the UK, regardless of gender, ethnicity or
sexuality.?
Gay, bisexual and other men who have
sex with men account for half of all people living with HIV in England and are
the group most at risk of acquiring HIV,
according to a ?rapid communication?
paper by Public Health England in the
journal Eurosurveillance, which tracks
major diseases.
There was a drop in infections among
gay and bisexual men of 17% in England
as a whole and a drop of 25% in London.
The five clinics that saw a 32% drop in new
diagnoses, from 880 to 595, had stepped
up testing to the point that they were
responsible for 41% of all the tests carried
out on MSM in England over the year, and
were quicker than others to get those who
tested positive on to treatment.
Sheena McCormack, of the UK Medical
Research Council and University College
London, coordinated research known as
the Proud study in 2014, which showed
an 86% fall in new infections among MSM
taking the drugs. She believes the drop in
new diagnoses in the second half of 2015
Clinical progress
17%
Decline in cases of HIV seen in gay and
bisexual men across the whole of England
between October 2015 and October 2016
25%
Fall in HIV diagnoses over the same period
recorded in gay and bisexual men in
London, Public Health England reported
32%
Fall in diagnoses at five big London clinics
prioritising fast treatment and frequent
tests. They conducted 41% of all HIV tests
through to 2016 fits the PrEP timeline well,
suggesting it may play a substantial role.
?The high effect sizes reported by the
Proud and [another study] accelerated
rollout in the US, with knock-on effects in
the UK and Australia, where people were
already familiar with the use of online
pharmacies to purchase drugs that were
not available in their health system.
?This took off in the UK from the last
quarter of 2015, when community websites and clinics came together to promote, validate and endorse online pharmacies,? said McCormack.
NHS England initially resisted offering
PrEP because of the potential cost, but was
challenged in the courts by HIV organisations and lost. In December it announced
that it would provide PrEP through an
extended large-scale trial involving
10,000 people.
PHE suggests that all these measures
combined could point the way to ending
the epidemic. ?Intensified testing of highrisk populations, combined with immediately received anti-retroviral therapy
and a pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)
programme, may make elimination of HIV
achievable,? says the paper.
Benefit cap court victory for lone parents British man dies in desert heat
during mountain hike in UAE
Patrick Butler
Social policy editor
The government?s policy of imposing the
benefit cap on tens of thousands of lone
parents with children under the age of
two is unlawful, discriminatory and has
resulted in ?real damage? to the families
affected, the high court has ruled.
The benefit cap, which limits the total
amount households can receive in benefits to �,000 a year, or �,000 in Greater
London, was envisaged as an ?incentive?
for unemployed people to move into work.
However, Mr Justice Collins said in his
judgment that the policy visited ?real
misery to no good purpose? on lone parents with very young children who were
subject to the cap despite there being no
official requirement for them to find work.
Lone parents with children under two
did not qualify for free childcare and so
would find it difficult and often impossible to juggle working the minimum 16
hours a week required to evade the cap
while finding means to care for the child.
He said: ?The evidence shows that the
cap is capable of real damage to individuals such as the claimants. They are not
workshy but find it, because of the care
difficulties, impossible to comply with the
work requirement.?
Most lone parents with children aged
under two were not the sort of households
the cap was intended to cover and it was
?obvious? that it would exacerbate pov-
50k
The estimated number
of low-income families
caring for children at
risk of serious hardship because of the
benefits cap, according to official figures
erty. ?Real misery is being caused to no
good purpose,? he added.
The Department for Work and Pensions
has been given leave to appeal. It said: ?We
are disappointed with the decision and
intend to appeal. Work is the best way to
raise living standards, and many parents
with young children are employed.
?The benefit cap incentivises work,
even if it?s part-time, as anyone eligible
for working tax credits or the equivalent under universal credit is exempt.
Even with the cap, lone parents can still
receive benefits up to the equivalent salary of �,000, or �,000 in London, and
we have made discretionary housing payments available.?
Campaigners said they hoped the ruling would lead to the abolition of the
benefit cap. Although the principle of
a cap is popular with the public, critics
have argued it is a powerful driver of poverty. Official estimates this year showed
50,000 low-income families caring for an
estimated 126,000 children were at risk of
serious financial hardship from the cap.
Rebekah Carrier, the solicitor acting on
behalf of the families, said: ?Single mothers like my clients have been forced into
homelessness and reliance on food banks
as a result of the benefit cap.?
The challenge was brought by four
lone parent families with children under
the age of two. Two of the families had
become homeless because of domestic
violence.
Press Association
A British man has died while hiking up a
mountain in desert heat in the United Arab
Emirates.
Alex Underhill was walking with a
friend on the 1,800m (6,000ft) Jebel Jais
mountain in the Ras Al Khaimah region
when he fell and hit his head.
The 25-year-old, originally from Fareham in Hampshire but who lived in the
UAE, had started to feel faint while walking in temperatures that peaked at 45C.
A senior manager for the Al Khayyat
Investment Group, Underhill died at the
scene before rescuers could reach him,
according to his friend, George Crewe.
Crewe, from Leicester but living in
Dubai, described the events as the worst
day of his life. He posted on Facebook:
?This guy next to me was not only my best
friend but he was like my brother, my right
arm, my right leg ? we literally did everything together.
?Not many people know what has hap-
pened, but me and Alex Underhill went
hiking at Jebel Jais mountain in RAK. We
both got to a certain height and made the
decision to turn back as it was so hot and
we didn?t think we would make it on the
water we had left. On the way back down
we both felt very faint and exhausted.
?As I was going ahead looking for
shaded spots for us to cool down Alex was
taking his time, sensibly making his way
down 10 to 20 metres [30-60ft] behind me.
?After a while I could not hear him ? I
went back to search for him, to find that it
looked like he had slipped and hit his head
and he was unconscious.
?I ran to get help and called for a helicopter, went with them to find him, but
before we got there it was too late.
?I am so sorry for everyone?s loss, Alex
was everyone?s favourite person.?
A Foreign and Commonwealth Office
spokesman said: ?We are in contact with
UAE authorities and providing support to
the family of a British man who died in the
UAE on 20 June.?
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The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
9
National
Southern
tried to run
too many
trains with
few staff
Legal fight over
school term
holiday cost
DfE �0,000
Sally Weale
Education correspondent
The government spent almost �0,000
of taxpayers? money on a prolonged legal
battle against a father who took his daughter out of school for a holiday during term,
according to new figures.
The case, in which Isle of Wight father
Jon Platt took on his local council and the
Department for Education (DfE), began in
2015 when he refused to pay a � fine for
taking his daughter on a week-long family
trip to Florida.
As of 10 May, the DfE bill had reached
�9,891.93, according to a freedom of
information request by the Press Association ? money that would have been better
spent on education, said Platt.
The businessman became a thorn in
the side of the DfE and was regarded as a
hero by some parents as he challenged the
government ban on term-time holidays,
winning the backing first of magistrates
and then the high court.
In April the supreme court, ruled
against him and in favour of the council
? backed by the DfE ? upholding the fine
and the term-time holiday ban.
Today Platt?s case is due to return to
the Isle of Wight magistrates court where
it began. After his supreme court defeat he
said he would continue his fight against
the penalty notice imposed by the council.
A breakdown of the legal bill shows that
costs incurred by the DfE were �,655 for
the high court and supreme court cases;
in addition it reimbursed Isle of Wight
council �,237, including �,631 to cover
Platt?s high court costs, which the council
had been ordered to cover.
The total costs would cover the salaries of about six new teachers at a time of
growing concern about a funding crisis in
English education.
Platt said: ?I have always maintained
that I thought the costs of this have been
a disgrace and the money would be much
better spent on education.?
The case followed the 2013 introduction of rules to curtail the discretionary
powers of headteachers at state schools in
England to grant up to two weeks? termtime holiday for pupils with good attendance. It led to a surge in fines for unauthorised absences imposed on parents by local
authorities, and complaints from families
seeking to avoid the higher cost of travel
during school holidays.
A DfE spokeswoman said: ?We are
pleased that the supreme court unanimously agreed with our position and
removed any uncertainty for schools and
local authorities: no child should be taken
out of school without good reason.
?As before, headteachers have the ability to decide when exceptional circumstances allow for a child to be absent.?
Jon Platt and his wife, Sally, outside the
supreme court, which ruled against him
Gwyn Topham
Transport correspondent
Southern Rail was attempting to run
too many trains on poor and unreliable
infrastructure, a delayed report into the
crisis on Britain?s worst-performing rail
network shows.
The government- commissioned
report by the Network Rail director Chris
Gibb pins strike action by unions as ?the
primary cause for system integrity to fail?
in 2016.
It also said, however, that ?all the
elements of the system have been under
strain?, including unreliable infrastructure, a complicated timetable and
overcrowded stations and services.
The report suggested the promises
of Govia Thameslink Railway, which
won the franchise with the cheapest
offer, were unlikely to succeed given an
?exceptionally high number of committed
obligations? and a lack of staff to do the
job during a period of major upheaval on
other parts of the network. ?The system
cannot possibly work to passengers?
satisfaction with these components in
this state.,? it said.
Ministers have kept the report by Gibb,
an experienced railway professional
brought in to resolve the problems on
Southern, under wraps for six months.
Gibb endorsed government criticism of
union action, which he said was ?difficult
to comprehend?. He added: ?Before this
formal action, there were clearly unusually high levels of short-term sickness.?
He also highlighted flaws in the government?s franchising process, noting that
GTR won with the cheapest offer after the
Department for Transport told rivals their
bids had ?too many drivers?.
At parliamentary hearings last year,
GTR bosses said they were surprised by
how few drivers they had when they took
over Southern. Gibb wrote: ?It may have
been the case that the bidder with the
fewest drivers won, and the process failed
to accurately evaluate the risks of this.?
The report urged ministers to find an
immediate extra �0m to replace wornout infrastructure or face an embarrassing
end to one of its flagship rail programmes.
Gibb said that unless money was spent
immediately the Thameslink upgrade
would only be able to deliver 12 instead
of the promised 24 trains an hour on
completion in 2018. The DfT subsequently
found the money in January.
Gibb also suggested that parts of
The Network Rail
director Chris Gibb
said the impact of
strikes on a system
already under strain
caused the Southern
Rail network to fail
Southern would be better operated by
Transport for London ? an anathema to
the transport secretary, Chris Grayling,
who blocked plans by his predecessor for
parts of national rail franchises to come
under Labour-run London control.
Campaigners have accused the D fT
of suppress ing the report, which was
submitted in December and was believed
to be ready for publication in early April.
A DfT spokesman said the report was very
technical, had needed to be assessed by a
number of bodies and had been published
?as soon as practically possible? after the
general election.
Gibb catalogued a list of the ?bestintentioned? factors that, coupled with
industrial action, combined to make GTR?s
franchise unworkable. The report recommends that the Gatwick Express system
be overhauled to free up space, saying: ?It
is debatable whether a premium fare can
be justified for Gatwick Express services.?
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cYanmaGentaYellowblack
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
National
Home delivery
now on menu
at McDonald?s
Gormley wants his iron
men stripped of paint
Nadia Khomami
Antony Gormley has asked for paint to be
removed from his iron men sculptures on
Crosby beach after they were embellished
with colourful outfits in an act that some
have branded vandalism.
At least nine of the famous group of
statues, which face out to sea and have
been standing naked on the Merseyside
beach for more than a decade, have been
brightly decorated in the past week.
One statue now has a pink polka dot
bikini and another has bright orange
shorts. Some are marked with the name
Mokie and one has ?I am art? written on
the back of a newly painted blue shirt.
Gormley, who is best known for his
Angel of the North sculpture that stands
outside Gateshead, has complained to the
council, and many locals and visitors have
condemned the act as vandalism.
A spokesman for Sefton council said:
?We want everyone to enjoy and interact
with the impressive Antony Gormley statues on Crosby beach, which are synonymous with Sefton.
?However, following this incident,
we have been contacted directly by Mr
Gormley with a view to removing these
permanent decorations, which we will
now look in to.?
The spokesman added that he knew
of nine of the 100 statues that have been
?decorated?.
The life-size figures, erected as part
of an artwork called Another Place, were
installed in 2005 and were modelled on
Gormley. They were meant to be moved
to New York the following year but have
become a permanent fixture on the beach.
The author Jeanette Winterson recently
wrote of Gormley?s iron men: ?Standing
modestly at their posts, the Gormley bodies are guides. They have something of
ancient Earth about them ? these metal
men, as though they have erupted out of
the iron core of the world, uncertain of
human form, not smoothed by millennia
of natural selection, but only now cooled
from molten.
?They could be an older life-form
pushed up, tectonically, by a shift in the
Earth?s plates, or returned from a past too
old to imagine, through some yawn in
time.? While the figures are often adorned
Want a Big Mac but just cannot be bothered getting up off the sofa? McDonald?s
has finally answered ? if you live in parts
of London, Nottingham and Leeds at least.
The fast food firm has launched a
?McDelivery? trial in parts of the UK,
teaming up with Uber?s food delivery
service, UberEats.
McDonald?s will offer the service from
22 outlets across the capital and another
10 restaurants in Leeds and Nottingham
? although customers will have to live
within a 1.5 mile radius of a store. Custom-
?The Gormley bodies
are guides. They have
something of ancient
Earth about them?
Coming to a home
near you ? if you
live in Nottingham,
London or Leeds.
McDonald?s is teaming up with Uber for
a delivery service
with items of clothing by visitors, this is
the first longer-lasting addition.
In September Gormley opened his
first White Cube exhibition in four years,
in which he transformed the gallery in
London into a labyrinth of 15 chambers
containing a series of human figures, all
of different materials, sizes and postures.
?We are living in a really strange time,?
he said then. ?Yet we are all sleepwalking
through it.
?And it is urgent we wake up. We are
sort of aware the centre cannot hold, that
250 years of industrial activity has undermined and fundamentally disturbed
our world ? yet we feel somehow not
responsible.?
ers can place orders through the UberEats
app between 7am and 2am.
Claude Abi-Gerges, a McDonald?s
franchisee who has five London stores
taking part in the trial, said the service
would offer a ?new level of convenience?
to fit around customers? busy lives.
McDonald?s said it would be monitoring
the trial to see whether it proved popular.
The launch comes after chicken chain
KFC launched home deliveries from 30
outlets in greater London via the Just Eat
platform earlier this year.
Growth in the number of ready-to-eat
food deliveries was stronger than that for
the broader eating out market last year,
according to analysts at NPD Group.
Staff and agencies
One of the painted Gormley beach statues Photograph: MediaWorldImages/Alamy
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The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
11
National
Welby urges Carey to resign over abuse report
Archbishop?s predecessor
?should consider position?
Church?s collusion in case
of ex-bishop ?shocking?
Harriet Sherwood
Religion correspondent
The archbishop of Canterbury has asked
his predecessor George Carey to step
down as an honorary assistant bishop
after a damning independent report found
that senior figures in the Church of England had colluded over a 20-year period
with a disgraced former bishop who sexually abused boys and men.
Justin Welby said the report on the
church?s handling of former bishop Peter
Ball made harrowing reading. ?The church
colluded and concealed rather than seeking to help those who were brave enough
to come forward. This is inexcusable and
shocking behaviour,? he said. ?To the survivors who were brave enough to share
their story and bring Peter Ball to justice,
I again offer an unreserved apology. There
are no excuses whatsoever for what took
place and the systemic abuse of trust perpetrated by Peter Ball over decades.?
In a statement, Steven Croft, the bishop
of Oxford, said Welby had written to Carey
asking him to ?carefully consider his position? and that Croft and Carey would meet
?in the coming days for that conversation?. Croft added: ?In the meantime he
has voluntarily agreed to step back from
public ministry.?
Carey and Rowan Williams, another
former archbishop of Canterbury, apologised to the victims of Ball after being criticised for their failures in relation to him.
Ball, a former bishop of both Gloucester and Lewes, was jailed in October 2015
for the grooming, sexual exploitation and
abuse of 18 vulnerable young men aged
17-25 who had sought guidance from him
between 1977 and 1992. He was released in
February after serving 16 months.
His trial heard that after Ball was first
accused in 1992, a string of senior establishment figures ? including Carey, cabinet
ministers and a high court judge ? came
forward in his support, writing letters to
the police and Crown Prosecution Service.
Ball was cautioned by police. He
resigned his post as bishop and retired to
a rented cottage on the Prince of Wales?s
Duchy of Cornwall estate, but continued
to officiate in 17 public schools until 2007.
A fresh investigation was opened in 2012
which led to his conviction.
One of Ball?s victims, Neil Todd ? the
first to come forward with allegations of
abuse ? attempted suicide three times
before killing himself in 2012.
Welby ordered an independent review
of the church?s handling of the case,
chaired by Dame Moira Gibb, a former
chief executive of Camden council.
The report, An Abuse of Faith, which
was published yesterday, said Ball?s case
had been dealt with at the highest levels
within the church. He ?was seen by the
church as the man in trouble who the
church needed to help?.
Ball was portrayed as a victim, and the
review found ?little evidence of compassion for Neil Todd even though from the
outset it was clear that he was a vulnerable
young man who had come to harm?.
It added: ?The church appears to have
been most interested in protecting itself.?
Gibb said the serious sexual wrongdoing of Ball ?is shocking in itself but is
compounded by the failure of the church
to respond appropriately to his misconduct, again over a period of many years?.
She said: ?Ball?s priority was to protect
and promote himself and he maligned the
abused. The church colluded. The church
colluded with that rather than seeking to
help those he had harmed, or assuring
itself of the safety of others.?
George Carey, left, and Peter Ball
Gibb acknowledged that the Church of
England had made significant progress in
recent years in its understanding of abuse,
and had a genuine commitment to meeting its responsibilities towards the victims
of abuse. However, her report added,
?progress has been slow and continuing,
faster improvement is still required?.
Peter Hancock, the C of E?s lead bishop
on safeguarding, who received the report
on behalf, said the church had failed Ball?s
survivors. ?Having read the report I am
appalled and disturbed by its contents ?
As a church we colluded, we failed to act
and protect those who came forward for
help. There are no excuses. We accept all
the recommendations and are working to
action them.? He added: ?For the survivors, it may feel this is all too late.?
Carey was criticised in the report,
which said he ?set the tone for the church?s
response to Ball?s crimes and gave the
steer which allowed Ball?s assertions that
he was innocent to gain credence?.
Seven letters were sent to Carey after
Ball was arrested in 1992, raising concerns
about his activities. Only one, which was
of least concern, was given to police. ?The
failure to pass six of the letters to police ?
must give rise to a perception of deliberate
concealment,? the report said.
In 1993, Carey wrote to Ball?s identical
twin brother, Bishop Michael Ball, saying:
?I believe him to be basically innocent.?
In a statement , Carey said it made
?uncomfortable reading? and he accepted
its criticisms of him. ?I apologise to the
victims of Peter Ball. I believed Peter Ball?s
protestations and gave too little credence
to the vulnerable young men and boys
behind those allegations.?
Carey said he regretted not putting
Ball?s name on the ?Lambeth list? ? names
of people whose suitability for ministry is
under question ? after he was cautioned.
The Samaritans can be contacted on
116 123.
Sandals worn with
socks? blame it on
the Parisian heat
The Louis Vuitton menswear show in
Paris took itself outdoors yesterday ?
into the 17th-century courtyard of the
Domaine National du Palais-Royal, to
be precise, where guests including rapper Tyga, Naomi Campbell and Vogue?s
new editor, Edward Enninful, endured
temperatures in the mid-30s. Not
surprisingly, fans and bottles of water
were the accessories of choice.
It was all in keeping with the collection?s Archipelago title and its themes
which concentrated around the big
outdoors and clothes that work with
the elements.
The collection inspired Drake to
produce a song called Signs, and the
R&B superstar, who partnered with
Vuitton?s artistic director Kim Jones,
put the track out live on Instagram,
alongside a stream of the show.
The first look consisted of cycling
shorts worn with a poplin shirt. Others
followed wearing transparent organza
shirts printed with exotic blooms and
surf style T-shirts with Louis Vuitton
written in a neon rainbow font that will
doubtless prove covetable come spring.
There were backpacks (Louis Vuitton
started as a luggage brand after all) and
most models also wore what the show
notes referred to as ?technical
ca clogs? ?
a cross between Crocs and
hiking sandals.
Most surprisingly perhaps, these were paired
with socks featuring the
Louis Vuitton logo. Sockss
and sandals? In the big oututdoors, it seems, anything can happen.
Lauren Cochrane
Photograph:
Bertrand Guay/Getty
Population rises at fastest rate for 70 years ?Corrupt? mayor?s appeal barred
Jamie Grierson
The UK population has risen at its sharpest rate in nearly 70 years, official figures
show, with London accounting for a
significant chunk of the increase.
Demographers? latest calculations
show an estimated 65,648,000 people
living in the country at the end of June
last year, up 538,000 on the year before,
which is the largest increase in 12 months
since mid-1947.
But at 0.8%, the growth rate is in line
with the average since 2005, the Office for
National Statistics said. Net international
migration continued to be the main driver.
The population growth was not evenly
distributed, statisticians said, with London?s growth rate more than twice that
of Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and
three northern English regions.
Neil Park, the head of the population
estimates unit at the ONS, said: ?The
population of the UK continued to grow
in the year to mid-2016 at a similar rate to
that seen over recent years.
?Net international migration continued
to be the main driver, but there was also an
increase in births and fewer deaths than
last year.?
The population of England grew fastest, exceeding 55 million for the first time.
Population growth at the regional level
varied from 1.3% in London to 0.5% in
the north-east.
The total population rose in 364 local
65.6
The latest estimate
of the UK population,
in millions, at the
end of June 2016,
up 538,000 on
2015, largely driven
by net immigration
authorities, compared with 350 in the 12
months to mid-2015.
While the 26 local authorities showing
population decreases to mid-2016 were
spread throughout England, Wales and
Scotland, 17 were in coastal areas.
Of the 14 authorities showing population increases of 2% or above, eight were
in London and five in inner London.
Net international migration to the UK
for the period was 336,000, over one-third
of which (126,079) was to London.
According to a recent UN study, populations in Europe are expected to inexorably
decline without large-scale immigration,
due to fertility rates in all European countries languishing below replacement level.
Eastern Europe is likely to be particularly badly affected, with numbers
expected to fall by more than 15% in Bulgaria, Croatia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland,
Moldova, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine.
Press Association
A former mayor barred from running for
office for five years after a specialist court
hearing found him guilty of corrupt and
illegal practices has lost the latest stage of
his appeal. Lutfur Rahman, who was the
directly elected mayor of Tower Hamlets
in London, asked two senior judges to
reconsider his case at a high court hearing in London in May.
Lord Justice Lloyd Jones and Mr Justice
Supperstone dismissed his application in
a ruling published yesterday.
Lawyers for Rahman said the application was made after a decision not to prosecute because, according to prosecutors,
there was insufficient evidence. Lawyers
suggested it would be wrong for some of
election commissioner Richard Mawrey?s
findings to stand in light of that decision.
Rahman failed in an attempt to chal-
Lutfur Rahman has
had his application to
appeal against a fiveyear ban for ?corrupt
and illegal? election
practices rejected
by the high court
lenge rulings Mawrey made two years
ago after an election court trial in London.
A group of four voters took legal action
in 2015 against Rahman under the Representation of the People Act.
The voters? lawyers made allegations,
including personation in postal voting
and at polling stations, and ballot paper
tampering. Rahman said there was little,
if any evidence of wrongdoing.
Mawrey, however, said that evidence
revealed an ?alarming state of affairs? in
Tower Hamlets. The election was rerun
and won by Labour?s John Biggs.
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cYanmaGentaYellowblack
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
National
Law may have been broken by Conservative cold call centre
Staff employed by party
targeted marginal seats
Investigation claims illegal
canvassing was carried out
Holly Watt
The Conservative party allegedly operated a secret call centre during the election campaign that may have broken data
protection and election law.
According to an undercover investigation by Channel 4 News, the party used a
market-research firm to make thousands
of cold calls to voters in marginal seats in
the weeks before the election.
Call centre employees are said to have
repeatedly called numbers on the telephone preference service (TPS), a list of
people who have specifically asked not to
be contacted for direct marketing.
It is suggested they used a script that
appeared to canvass for support rather
than conduct market research. On the day
of the ballot, call centre employees contacted voters to promote individual candidates, which may be a breach of electoral
law, the investigation claimed.
At the start of the election campaign,
the Information Commissioner, Elizabeth
Denham, wrote to all the major political
parties reminding them of the law around
telephone calls and data protection. She
said that calling voters to promote a political party was ?direct marketing? and was
regulated by law.
A bill to help reduce nuisance calls was
included in Wednesday?s Queen?s speech.
Channel 4 News?s investigation found
that the call centre staff in Neath, south
Wales, carried out calls for ?market
research? and ?polling?. Evidence suggests that on election day, the centre
called voters in 10 marginal seats, including Bridgend, Wrexham and Gower.
On 8 June, undecided voters were told
that ?the election result in your marginal
constituency is going to be very close
between Theresa May?s Conservatives
and Jeremy Corbyn?s Labour party.?
But at an earlier stage in the campaign,
the callers said they were from a company called Axe Research, which does not
appear to exist.
According to the Representation of the
People Act, it is illegal to employ someone
?for payment or promise of payment as a
canvasser for the purpose of promoting or
procuring a candidate?s election?.
The Conservative party said the call
centre was conducting market research,
and was not canvassing for votes. A
spokesman said: ?Political parties of all
colours pay for market research and direct
marketing calls. All the scripts supplied by
the party for these calls are compliant with
data protection and information law.?
The call centre confirmed they were
employed by the party, but denied canvassing on their behalf.
An undercover reporter for Channel 4
was recruited by ?Blue Telecoms?, run by
Sascha Lopez, who stood as a Tory local
council candidate.
Lopez said: ?At no time were we engaged
to conduct any form of marketing or canvassing by the party or its candidates. We
followed the regulations given by the TPS,
ICO [Information Commissioner?s Office]
and Ofcom in regards to identifying who
was calling, the reason for calling, as well
as operating an opt-out list.?
Triple lock on
pensions will
be rethought in
2020 ? minister
Rajeev Syal
The new work and pensions secretary said
the government would have to reform the
?triple lock? on pensions within his lifetime, despite concerns that it could lose
votes for the Conservatives.
David Gauke said the mechanism
by which recipients receive an annual
increase of whichever is the highest of
rises in average earnings, rises in inflation
or 2.5% would have to end.
?If you look at what the triple lock does,
it has a ratchet effect because pensions go
up by the higher of inflation or earnings,
and in some years it will be one, in some
years it will be the other,? he told journalists in Westminster.
?But over a period of time, it will mean
that a greater and greater share of GDP
goes to paying the state pension, even
without any increases in pensioner numbers, because that?s just the way it works.
?Do I think that in 10, 20, 30 years? time,
we will still have a triple lock? I cannot see
in all honesty how we can.? He said the
triple lock would remain until 2020, but
would then be ?reflected? on.
The Conservative manifesto pledged
to reduce it to a double lock by removing
the minimum 2.5% rise, a pledge seized
on by opposition parties as a betrayal of
pensioners. Labour claimed the plan to
scrap it was part of an attack on elderly
people. Tory MPs said that, when coupled
with the ?dementia tax?, it proved to be
unacceptable to core Conservative voters.
Asked if the Tories could introduce
manifesto pledges that were left out of the
Queen?s speech, including abolishing the
triple lock, within two years, Gauke said:
?We will reflect on those measures and we
haven?t ruled anything out.?
Gauke, who has been in the cabinet post
for 11 days, said the benefits freeze would
remain despite call since the general
election for an end to austerity. At a lobby
lunch with reporters, he acknowledged
that food banks were now more widely
used but claimed part of the reason for
this was a rise in public awareness.
?It is sometimes scoffed at, but the fact
is there is much greater awareness of food
banks than was the case previously.
?If we want to reduce poverty, if we
want to reduce the need for people to use
food banks, we have got to have a strong
economy that creates jobs.?
Gauke appeared to agree with critics of
the Conservative election campaign that
the chancellor, Philip Hammond, should
have been used more to attack Labour?s
spending plans.
?Obviously, Philip was chancellor, he
would have been well placed to do that.
So, yes, I think with the benefit of hindsight we clearly needed to make that argument more than we did. We needed to
make more of the economic case,? he said.
David Gauke said maintaining a triple
lock was not tenable in the long term
Section:GDN BE PaGe:13 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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cYanmaGentaYellowblack
*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
13
National
Victim of Finsbury
Park attack died of
multiple injuries,
test results show
Police await final findings
on death?s links to incident
Sister of suspect says he
was ?angry at whole world?
Vikram Dodd and Steven Morris
Tests ordered by detectives investigating
the Finsbury Park terror attack have found
that a man who lost his life died from
multiple injuries.
Makram Ali, 51, had been taken ill in the
street outside the mosque just before the
attack, and people had rushed to help him.
A van then ploughed into the crowd.
Police were waiting to find out whether
Ali?s death was linked to the van attack.
The Metropolitan police said yesterday: ?A
special postmortem examination was carried out on Monday... Preliminary findings
are that Mr Ali died of multiple injuries.?
Detectives continue to question Darren
Osborne, 47, who has been arrested on
suspicion of murder, attempted murder
and terrorism offences. His sister has told
the Guardian she is ?broken-hearted? for
the family of Ali and all those injured.
Eleven people were hurt when a van
ploughed into worshippers as they left the
mosque in north London in the early hours
of Monday. The Met said four patients
remained in hospital, two of whom were
receiving critical care. Ali was pronounced
Makram Ali, 51, had been taken ill just
before the attack and died at the scene
dead at the scene at 1am. Nicola Osborne
said she believed her brother, the suspect,
was ?angry at the whole world?.
While admitting he had been in trouble
since he was a teenager, she said she had
never heard him express anti-Muslim sentiments or racist views. About two months
ago her brother, who lives in Cardiff, asked
to be sectioned, she said, but this did not
happen. ?He was trying to get the help he
needed,? said Osborne.
He asked if he could stay with her for
the weekend but she told him she was
busy ? which she regrets. She said: ?I just
hope that he finds some peace in his soul
one day. I?m not going to start hating him.
I can?t hate. But I am so sorry to all those
who were hurt. I wish there was something we could do for them.?
She is an artist and has contemplated
trying to sell some of her work to raise
money for those caught up in the attack.
She and her son have also considered if
they should visit Finsbury Park. ?I would
like to apologise in person. I?m brokenhearted for the people affected.?
Osborne was born in Singapore where
his father was stationed with the RAF, his
sister said. The family also lived in Cyprus.
They were living in the north of England
when the parents? marriage broke down.
After moving back to Weston-super-Mare,
Somerset, his mother ran a sandwich business and a hat hire shop. Osborne said her
brother worked in bars but had never had
a long-term, full-time job. He also had a
caravan in Wales, she said.
On the Saturday evening, Osborne was
thrown out of a pub in Cardiff after angrily
talking about a pro-Palestinian march.
Over the weekend he was heard calling the
son of his Muslim neighbour an ?inbred?.
Cardiff police were called early on Sunday to a report that Osborne was sleeping
in a van, but took no action after deciding
no offence had been committed. The van
was later allegedly used in the attack.
There is no immediate evidence that
Osborne was a member of a far-right
organisation. He appears to have a Twitter account, which he never uses to tweet,
instead monitoring 32 other users, including Paul Golding and Jayda Fransen, the
leaders of the far-right party Britain First.
Health officials in Cardiff are understood to be working with police investigating the Finsbury Park attack to help
establish the suspect?s mental state.
Scotland Yard?s counter-terrorism
command on Tuesday obtained a warrant
for Osborne?s continued detention until
just before 1am on Saturday. They can
then either release him, apply for a further
extension, or charge him.
Police standing guard at the scene of the attack in Finsbury Park, London, on Monday Photograph: IBL/Rex/Shutterstock
Rudd admits police left stretched by terror
Alan Travis
Home affairs editor
The home secretary, Amber Rudd, has
acknowledged for the first time that
stretched police resources in the face of
four attacks in three months mean counter-terrorism operations cannot continue
at an emergency level indefinitely.
Rudd has told MPs that police resources
?have been pulled very tightly? as they
try to tackle ?a new phase? in the terror
threat, but has ordered a rapid review of
the handling of the recent attacks ?before
rushing in with additional money?.
The home secretary?s explicit recognition of the police?s stretched resources
came in the House of Commons in
response to a question from former
Labour police spokesman Jack Dromey.
He had pressed Rudd over a leaked
letter from Britain?s four most senior
police officers expressing concerns that
the three-month emergency plan they
have in place was unsustainable and was
diverting officers from child abuse and
serious and organised crime inquiries.
Rudd insisted that the emergency plan,
Operation Roset, was exactly what had
been foreseen for the situation, but she
recognised the concerns of the four officers, who included the Metropolitan police
commissioner, Cressida Dick, and the
head of counter-terrorism, Mark Rowley.
Dromey said the legacy of previous
cuts had led to neighbourhood policing ?
a crucial source of intelligence gathering
? being hollowed out, while officers were
pulled away from other critical areas.
He said: ?In the aftermath of the four
horrific attacks we have seen this year,
Theresa May must accept responsibility
for her legacy as home secretary. Now that
her government has acknowledged the
unsustainable situation the police face,
they must act to reverse their damaging
police cuts.?
Rudd announced the appointment of
David Anderson QC, the former official
reviewer of the terrorism laws, to carry
out a review of the handling of the recent
terror attacks to look at what lessons could
be learned from the official response.
The home secretary said a second
review of Britain?s counter-terrorism laws
would also be carried out ?to make sure
the police and security services have what
they need to keep us safe? now that the
country appeared to have entered a new
phase of terrorist threat.
Prevent anti-extremism scheme
is axed in Greater Manchester
Josh Halliday
North of England correspondent
The much-criticised Prevent programme
is to be replaced in Greater Manchester
as part of a broad review of the region?s
counter-terror strategy in the wake of the
Manchester Arena bombing.
Andy Burnham, the mayor of the
region, said the deradicalisation scheme
had achieved some success but was ?too
top-down?. He said: ?Prevent, as it?s currently configured, will only take you so far.
There has been a feeling of disengagement
because of the way it goes about its work.
We?re saying that can?t be allowed to carry
on. It will only succeed if there?s true community buy-in at grassroots level and the
information comes that way.?
The programme is to be reviewed and
replaced by a ?distinctive? Greater Manchester approach that commands the confidence of the region?s Muslim communities, the former Labour MP said.
Burnham was announcing a wideranging independent review following
the bombing on 22 May at the Ariana
Grande concert, which killed 22 people
and injured more than 250. The review
will examine the region?s ?preparedness
and response? to the attack and identify
any lessons learned for the emergency
services.
Led by an independent panel of experts,
it will publish an interim report by the end
of the year and a final one next year.
Burnham said a ?difficult conversation? was needed about rising extremism
in Britain?s communities.
?One of the most difficult aspects of
this attack was the fact that the perpetrator grew up here,? he said. ?In my view,
tackling extremism has got to begin with
families and communities. We all need to
ask what more we can do to identify those
that pose a risk to others.
?While the national Prevent programme has achieved some success, there
is a feeling that it has become more and
more top-down in recent years and has
lost community buy-in.?
Police said that Islamophobic attacks
soared more than 500% in Greater Manchester after the bombing last month.
There were 224 reports of anti-Muslim
hate crimes in the month after the attack
against 37 in the same period in 2016,
official figures show. Police said the true
number of incidents could be even higher
because of under-reporting.
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130 day SIM-only contract prices subject to credit check and minimum term of 30 days on selected networks and tariffs. 212 months SIM-only contract prices subject to credit
check and minimum term of 12 months on selected networks and tariffs. EE SIM only deal ends 27th June 2017. 3Currys PC World Gift Card available to customers who take out
a new connection on selected Vodafone SIM only 12 month contracts. Gift Card to be redeemed in Currys PC World stores only. Conditions apply. 4Availability and use of free
roaming is subject to your chosen network?s terms and conditions. All information is accurate at time of going to print. Due to the fast moving nature of this market, all offers,
prices and availability are subject to change. Networks may increase monthly price in line with Retail Price Index (RPI).
Section:GDN BE PaGe:14 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
National
Bye-bye
flutter-bye:
paving and
pesticides
kill off city
butterflies
Patrick Barkham
Butterflies are vanishing from Britain?s cities much more quickly than in rural areas,
a study has warned.
The disappearance of butterflies from
the countryside is well documented, but
when researchers examined 28 common
British species over the 20 years to 2014,
they found numbers had fallen by 69% in
urban areas, compared with a 45% decline
outside towns and cities.
Butterflies are an ?indicator species?
because they are so well studied: when
they are declining, so too will thousands
of less visible ? but equally important ?
pollinators and other insects.
Some species are disappearing alarmingly quickly: small heath butterfly numbers fell by 78% in urban areas and by 17%
in rural areas; the small copper declined
by 75% in urban areas and 23% in rural
areas. The red admiral has been rela-
tively fortunate: its urban decline is less
pronounced. A combination of industrial
agriculture, neglect of forests and climate
change are to blame for the decline in the
countryside, scientists say.
In cities, habitat loss is also a big problem, although there is no single cause for
their decline, according to the co-author
of the joint study by Butterfly Conservation, Kent University and the Centre for
Ecology and Hydrology.
?There are a lot of different factors. Paving over gardens is definitely a problem
but it?s not the only one, and probably not
the biggest, either,? says Prof Tom Brereton of Butterfly Conservation.
The number of front gardens totally
paved over tripled, from 1.5m to 4.59m,
between 2005 and 2015, according to the
Royal Horticultural Society. Many gardens
have also been divided up and built on,
further reducing habitats.
? There?s more artificial space now in
your average garden, with decking and
barbecue areas,? says Brereton, who
points out that gardeners also use more
pesticides per area than farmers.
Brownfield sites ? some of the best
insect habitats ? are increasingly targeted
for development. Austerity has meant
council contractors scalp verges and green
areas fiercely, destroying wild flowers and
the insects that depend on them.
?Riverbanks and roadsides are just cut
down to a bowling green as efficiently as
possible to save money,? says Brereton.
He cites two other key factors behind
the urban butterfly?s disappearance. Climate change appears to be exacerbated by
the ?urban heat island? effect in cities and
butterflies struggle to adapt.
Additionally, the impact of diesel vehicle pollution may be more significant than
previously thought. The sheer volume of
traffic leads to higher nitrogen deposits, which have been linked to butterfly
Paving urban gardens harms butterflies
such as the small heath, left, and small
copper, below. The common blue and
red admiral, above, are faring better
Photograph: Nicola Stocken/Gardenpix
?81%
of the
public
agree with
g verges
cutting
rks
and parks
en?
less often?
declines in the Netherlands. There, it led
to a fall in numbers of plants that prefer
less fertile soils. Butterflies suffering the
biggest UK declines, the small copper and
small heath, both prefer plants that grow
in low-fertility soil.
Butterfly Conservation wants the
Department
for Environment, Food and
p
Rural Affairs (Defra) to adopt the annual
Rur
urban butterfly data as an indicator of
urb
environmental health and do more to
env
stem declines.
Some councils are getting the message:
So
Dorset, Devon, Cornwall, East Sussex and
Dors
Bristol are among those to have adopted
Brist
?pollinator action plans?. Burnley council
?poll
estimates it saves �,000 a year by reducestim
grass-cutting.
ing gr
Such policies are popular, too; accordSu
ing to a recent survey for Friends of the
Earth, 81% of the public agree with cutting
Earth
verges and parkland less often to help wild
verge
owers and bees.
flowe
Section:GDN BE PaGe:15 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
15
National
Facebook launches
scheme to tackle
online extremism
Technology firm will help
to train NGOs and charities
Dedicated support desk to
deal with public concerns
Graham Ruddick
Facebook is to step up its attempts to
tackle extremist material on the internet
by educating charities and other non-government organisations [NGOs] about how
to counter hate speech.
The technology company will today
launch the Online Civil Courage Initiative
in the UK, which includes training organisations on how to monitor and respond
to extremist content and the creation of
a dedicated support desk at Facebook
where concerns can be flagged up.
The launch of the initiative follows
growing criticism of Facebook, Google,
Twitter and other technology companies about the proliferation of extremist
material online.
Earlier this month, Theresa May, the
prime minister, called on technology
companies to do more to curb the ?poisonous propaganda? that fuels terror
attacks such as the recent atrocities in
Manchester and London. May made the
comments after talks with the French
president, Emmanuel Macron, in which
they agreed to explore creating a new legal
liability for technology companies if they
fail to remove extremist content.
Facebook is working on the initiative
with the Institute for Strategic Dialogue,
a counter-extremism campaign group.
Sheryl Sandberg, chief operating officer of
Facebook, will reveal details of the plan in
London alongside Brendan Cox, the husband of the murdered MP Jo Cox.
Sandberg said the attacks in London
and Manchester had been ?absolutely
heartbreaking? and that ?we all have a
part to play in stopping violent extremism from spreading?.
Sandberg added: ?There is no place
for hate or violence on Facebook. We use
technology like AI to find and remove
terrorist propaganda, and we have teams
of counter-terrorism experts and reviewers around the world working to keep
extremist content off our platform. Partnerships with others ? including tech
companies, civil society, researchers and
governments ? are also a crucial piece of
the puzzle.
?Some of our most important partnerships are focused on counterspeech,
which means encouraging people to speak
out against violence and extremism. The
UK Online Civil Courage Initiative will
support NGOs and community groups
who work across the UK to challenge
the extremist narratives that cause such
harm. We know we have more to do ? but
through our platform, our partners and
Brendan Cox, widow of the murdered
MP Jo, said: ?This is a valuable initiative?
our community we will continue to learn
to keep violence and extremism off Facebook,? she said.
As well as providing training and a dedicated support desk, Facebook will offer
organisations the opportunity to promote
campaigns against extremism through its
own platforms and provide financial support for academic research into online and
offline patterns of extremism and how to
respond to it.
Facebook has already launched the initiative in Germany and France. The company declined to say how much funding it
was committing to the initiative.
The Jo Cox Foundation, set up in
memory of the murdered MP, is a founding member of the initiative in the UK, as
are other anti-hate groups from the Jewish
and Muslim communities.
Brendan Cox said: ?This is a valuable
and much-needed initiative from Facebook in helping to tackle extremism. Anything that helps push the extremists even
further to the margins is greatly welcome.
?Social media platforms have a particular responsibility to address hate
speech that has too often been allowed
to flourish online. It is critical that efforts
are taken by all online service providers
and social networks to bring our communities closer together and to further crack
down on those that spread violence and
hatred online.?
Last month the Guardian reported that
Facebook moderators had identified more
than 1,300 posts on the site as ?credible
terrorist threats? in a single month. One
source familiar with Facebook?s counterterrorism policies warned it faced a ?mission impossible? to control the amount of
content proliferated by extremists.
Pilots angry as
planned laser
crackdown
is abandoned
Staff and agencies
Pilots have expressed anger after a
planned crackdown on the use of lasers
being shone into aircraft cockpits was
dropped by the government.
In February, the Department for Transport announced its intention to strengthen
legislation so that people who shine lasers
at aeroplanes could be jailed for up to five
years or face hefty fines. However, it has
not been included in the government?s
legislative plans for the next two years.
It is already an offence to endanger
aircraft by shining lasers at pilots, and
offenders can be fined. But police have
to prove a person endangered the aircraft
when committing the offence of shining a
laser. Under the proposed plans to bolster
the law, police would have had to prove
only the offence of shining the laser.
Some 1,258 laser attacks were reported
on aircraft in the UK last year, according
to the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), but
that was down from 1,439 in 2015.
Brian Strutton, general secretary of the
pilot?s union Balpa, said it was infuriating to see the idea ditched. ?Not having
this legislation is dangerous and puts the
lives of passengers and crew at risk. The
tougher laws received cross-party support
so it?s baffling they have been dropped.
1,258
The number of laser attacks reported
on UK aircraft last year, according to the
CAA, down from 1,439 the previous year
?When a laser pen is pointed at an aircraft it can dazzle and distract the pilot,
and has the potential to cause a crash. Last
year?s figures remain dangerously high,
with the equivalent of more than three
attacks a day across the UK,? he said.
A government spokeswoman said:
?Safety is our top priority. Shining a laser
at an aircraft in flight could pose a serious safety risk and it is already a criminal
offence. Anyone found guilty could be liable to a fine, up to a maximum of �500.?
Laser attacks on aircraft using Heathrow airport rose by a quarter last year,
according to the CAA.
There were 151 incidents affecting
pilots taking off or landing at the west
London hub in 2016, the aviation regulator said earlier this year. That was up from
121 during the previous year and was more
than any other UK airport.
The number of laser attacks at Glasgow airport almost doubled to 83 last
year, making it the second most targeted
airport. Birmingham was third at 73, followed by Manchester (72), London City
(62) and London Gatwick (55).
In November 2015, a British Airways
pilot was left with significant damage to
his eyesight after a ?military strength?
laser was shone into his plane while he
was landing at Heathrow. The pilot suffered a burned retina in his right eye.
At the time, Balpa claimed that half of
all pilots had been in a plane targeted with
lasers in the previous 12 months.
Messing about with notes
Rufus Hound, left, as Mr Toad, Simon Lipkin (Ratty), top, and Craig Mather (Mole) sing in Downton Abbey creator Julian Fellowes? adaptation of Kenneth Grahame?s The
Wind in the Willows. The musical opens at the London Palladium on Thursday and runs in the West End until September Photograph: Tristram Kenton for the Guardian
Loophole may lead to expansion of grammars by stealth, despite ban
Richard Adams
Education editor
Wealthy parts of London could be allowed
to open grammar schools despite the government?s U-turn on its manifesto promise to expand selective schooling, education campaigners have warned.
Kingston ? one of the capital?s wealthiest boroughs ? is among several areas able
to exploit a loophole that bypasses the ban
on any new school in England selecting
pupils based on entrance exams. It allows
existing grammars to open ?satellite?
campuses or annexes miles from their
original site ? as has happened in Kent ?
or even in neighbouring authorities.
The Tiffin boys and girls grammar
schools in Kingston-upon-Thames are
among 17 selective schools that applied
for permission to open annexes, according to freedom of information requests
obtained by the Comprehensive Future
?We know that many
schools have explored
using this shady
route to avoid the law?
campaign group. ?We worry that annexe
grammar school expansions will permit a
slow but steady expansion of selection by
other means. We know many schools have
already explored using this shady route
to avoid the law,? said Melissa Benn of
Comprehensive Future.
Benn said her organisation had been
?thrilled? by the disappearance from the
Queen?s speech this week of policies to
promote selective schools, adding: ?This
scheme was widely criticised by headteachers, teaching unions, and academic
experts, and most parents and teachers
are relieved this will not happen.?
The first such annexe is due to open in
September in Sevenoaks as a satellite of
the Weald of Kent grammar school in Tonbridge, more than 10 miles away.
The campaigners fear that the annexes
could be built in or near neighbouring local authorities without grammar
schools, which could destabilise an area?s
existing comprehensive system and may
even lead to school closures.
?Any comprehensive area bordering
a selective one is still under threat from
this form of expansion,? said Benn. ?We
would like to see this loophole closed so
that grammar schools cannot be built by
legally dubious means.?
The Conservative election manifesto
had included plans to build new grammar
schools. But voters showed little enthusiasm for the policy.
Graeme Brady, the Tory MP and a vocal
supporter of the policy, conceded yesterday that the case for new grammar schools
was ?off the table? .
The FoI requests revealed applications from Kent and Essex, which have
maintained grammar schools. An annexe
grammar school has also been proposed in
Maidenhead, the Berkshire constituency
of Theresa May, the prime minister, which
currently has no grammar schools.
Section:GDN BE PaGe:16 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
16
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cYanmaGentaYellowblack
*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
News
Guardian Brexit watch
Squeeze on
standard of
living as UK
faces growth
slowdown
Sterling markets
Dollar v �
Euro v �
1.5
Katie Allen
Britain?s vote to leave the EU has
squeezed living standards, hit consumer
spending and dampened the country?s
growth prospects, a Guardian analysis
of economic news over the year since the
referendum shows.
The Guardian?s monthly tracker of
economic news paints a gloomy picture,
with households facing rising costs and
firms fretting over falling demand and
political uncertainty.
The economy has so far avoided the
recession predicted by some at the time of
the referendum, and in the months immediately after the Brexit vote the UK outperformed most other advanced economies.
But at the turn of the year the economy
slowed markedly and the UK slipped
to the bottom of the European growth
league. It was also left trailing behind the
world?s advanced economies.
As the pound?s sharp drop since the
referendum works its way through the
economy into higher prices in the shops,
the pressures on consumer spending
threaten to keep growth in the doldrums.
Now that complex Brexit talks are
getting under way, business groups are
also warning of headwinds from fraught
domestic politics and uncertainty around
the UK?s future trading and immigration
arrangements. To gauge the impact of the
?As Philip Hammond
grapples with spending
demands, the deficit
is expected to widen?
Brexit vote on a monthly basis, the Guardian has been tracking eight economic indicators, along with the value of the pound
and the performance of the stock market.
The dashboard for June shows retail
sales have dropped, inflation is at a fouryear high, wage growth has slowed and the
housing market is losing momentum . The
pound has weakened again after Theresa
May?s election gamble backfired and she
failed to secure a majority in parliament.
Wages are now falling in real terms ?
adjusting for inflation ? and the squeeze
on household budgets has hurt consumerfacing businesses.
But unemployment remains at a
42-year low, a drop in imports has narrowed Britain?s trade deficit and the
pound?s renewed weakness has boosted
the FTSE 100 by flattering the performance of companies that operate overseas
and report their earnings in dollars.
The deficit on public finances narrowed
in May but is expected to widen this year
as the chancellor, Philip Hammond,
grapples with spending demands in the
aftermath of the election shock.
Compared with economists? forecasts,
there was a worse-than-expected performance in four of the eight categories. Two
were as expected and one ? the trade deficit ? was better. Inflation was higher than
commentators had been expecting.
Writing in the Guardian, the former
FTSE 100 index
Consumer price index
Trade balance
Activity levels
Price index
% change
n, goods and services, seasonally adjusted
8000
3.0
All sector PMI, output index. Values above
50 indicate growth, below 50, contraction
58
2.5
1.4
7000
-2
2.0
54
1.3
1.5
1.2
6000
-4
1.0
1.1
50
0.5
5000
1
Apr
1
23 Jun
Oct
Jan 2017
Apr
SOURCE: BANK OF ENGLAND
The pound slumped to threedecade lows against the dollar
after the Brexit vote in response
to worries about the UK
economy?s long-term prospects
outside the EU. This month,
sterling has come under fresh
pressure from the inconclusive
general election result. Investors had
expected Theresa May to secure a
decisive victory and stronger hand in
Brexit negotiations. In the event, the
Conservatives failed to get an outright
majority. Compared with the night of
last June?s EU referendum, the pound
is down 15% against the dollar and 13%
against the euro.
Apr
2
Oct
Jan
Apr
SOURCE: THOMSON REUTERS
The FTSE 100 index of
shares in big companies
plunged the day after the
referendum but quickly
recovered and ended 2016
at an all-time peak. That rise
was driven in part by the
pound?s weakness, which
helps the many companies in the index
that report in dollars and those that export from Britain. The FTSE 100 hit another record high in early June and was
boosted again by the pound?s weakness
after the election result. But UK-focused
companies have been hit by concerns
about a further squeeze on consumer
spending and the fallout from the election. The FTSE 100 is now about 17%
above its level on the night of the Brexit
vote. The FTSE 250 index of midcaps is
up about 13% from its level on 23燡une
last year.
Andrew Sentance
Apr
Jun
Aug
Oct
Dec
Feb
Apr
SOURCE: ONS
B
rexit discussions have
started this week, but
the impact of the EU
referendum result on
most UK households has
been to squeeze their
incomes and their spending. Inflation has risen
because of the weakness of the pound,
which has turned real wage growth from
positive to negative. That, in turn, is
squeezing consumer spending ? which
we are seeing reflected in sluggish retail
sales growth. However, employment
growth continues to be quite robust,
so that offers a countervailing positive
influence on the prospects for consumer
spending.
The world economy looks very resilient, though, and that will help the UK
economy avoid the worst effects of the
Jun
2015
Jan
2016
Jun
2016
46
Jan
2017
SOURCE: ONS
Shoppers at the Bull Ring Open Market, Birmingham. In May inflation rose to 2.9%,
significantly higher than before the EU referendum Photograph: Mike Kemp/Getty
3
4
squeeze on consumers. The three main
regions of the world economy ? North
America, Europe and Asia ? are growing at a reasonably healthy rate. That
will support export growth and help the
financial position of the many international businesses that operate in Britain,
giving them a breathing space to
assess the full consequences
of the Brexit outcome.
The net impact of these
forces will be to create a
modest slowdown in UK
economic growth ? to 0.2%
to 0.3% a quarter.
That will drag the
average GDP growth
rate for 2017 down
to about 1.5%.
In 2018, we
should see a
?In 2018, we should
see a similar
consumer-driven
squeeze, offset by
reasonably healthy
world growth?
Inflation has risen since the
Brexit vote as the pound?s
sharp drop makes imports
to Britain more expensive.
Higher oil prices have added
to the upward pressure. Last
month inflation hit 2.9%,
higher than economists
were expecting. That is relatively moderate compared with some of the spikes
in inflation seen during past decades.
But it will be noticeable to households
who were enjoying a period of virtually
no inflation before the referendum.
A net balance of
17% of surveyors
saw house prices
rise rather than
fall in May, down
from 22% in April
Analysis
GDP may be on
the wane but
the UK interest
rate climate is
now hotting up
-6
0
23 Jun
Apr
Jun
5
Aug
Oct
Dec
Feb
Apr
SOURCE: IHS MARKIT
The pressure on consumerfacing firms signals slow
GDP growth. Barometers of
companies? sentiment about
business activity were mixed
in May. Construction and
manufacturing beat forecasts but Britain?s biggest
sector, services, missed expectations as
a squeeze on household incomes began
to make itself felt at consumer-facing
businesses. The Markit/Cips purchasing
managers? indices (PMIs) are tracked for
early clues on official GDP figures. The
reports? compilers said the latest batch
pointed to GDP growth accelerating in
the second quarter after the economy
slowed markedly in the
first quarter.
There has been some
evidence of a boost to
exports from the weaker
pound, raising hopes
that a stronger trade
performance can offset
a downturn in consumer
spending. But the latest
trade figures showed export volumes
fell 0.1% in April while import volumes
dropped 5.1%. That helped narrow
the deficit on Britain?s goods trade to
�.38bn from �.05bn in March, better
than forecasts for a �bn trade gap.
Adding in the services sector, which
includes activities such as banking and
legal services, the deficit narrowed to
�1bn from �9bn in March.
similar consumer-driven squeeze, offset
by reasonably healthy world growth,
with average economic growth also close
to 1.5%.
With inflation pushing up towards 3%,
however, it is reasonable for members
of the MPC to question whether they
should follow the US Federal Reserve
and start pushing up interest rates.
Three MPC members voted for a rate
rise in June, the highest number since
2011. The Bank?s chief economist, Andy
Haldane, has suggested he might be
sympathetic to a rise. So the interest rate
climate in Britain may now be shifting
to the upside, despite the slowdown in
economic growth.
Andrew Sentance is senior economic
adviser at PwC and was a member of the
Bank?s MPC from 2006 to 2011
Section:GDN BE PaGe:17 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 22/6/2017 19:39
cYanmaGentaYellowblack
Bank of England policymaker Andrew
Sentance said the squeeze on consumers
was being reflected in weaker retail sales.
?Brexit discussions have started
this week, but the impact of the EU
referendum result on most households in the UK has been to squeeze
both their incomes and spending,? said
Sentance, a senior economic adviser at
PricewaterhouseCoopers.
?Employment growth continues to be
quite robust, however, so that offers a
countervailing positive influence on the
prospects for consumer spending.?
The squeeze on consumers was clear in
a poll of services firms ? the biggest part
of the UK economy. The construction and
manufacturing sectors beat City economists? forecasts last month, according to
the Markit/Cips purchasing managers?
indices. But the services industry disappointed, losing momentum as firms cited
a drop in demand.
Last week the sofa chain DFS became
the latest business to complain of tough
trading conditions when it blamed a sharp
drop in orders on the upheaval created by
the general election and a general air of
uncertainty hanging over the economy.
Other firms say they have been hit by
the loss of key workers, as staff from other
parts of the EU return home in advance of
a potential clampdown on immigration.
Surveys suggest vacancies were
becoming harder to fill, with one poll by
the Recruitment and Employment Confederation flagging skills shortages across
a range of more than 60 roles.
Other figures showed a 96% drop in the
number of nurses from the EU registering
to work in the UK since the referendum.
For individuals, the clearest economic
impact of the vote so far has been higher
prices, stemming from the pound?s sharp
fall against other currencies.
The UK imports almost half of its food
from overseas and a weaker pound raises
the price of those imports and the cost
of all the raw materials brought in by
manufacturers.
Those higher import costs and the rise
in global oil prices have been gradually
passed on to consumers. Inflation, as
measured on the consumer price index
(CPI), hit 2.9% in May, well above the
Bank?s 2% target. It marks a rude awakening for households after virtually no inflation in the months before the Brexit vote.
Wages have failed to keep pace with
price rises, resulting in the biggest squeeze
on living standards since 2014.
But the weaker pound has had some
positive side-effects. It has attracted
record numbers of tourists and made
exports from the UK more competitive
in overseas markets. Some economists
believe that will help offset some of the
domestic pressures on growth.
Manufacturing
Government borrowing
Wages growth
Retail sales
Rics house price indicator
Car sales are down
Cumulative public sector net borrowing by month.
UK, all data excluding public sector banks. n
Average earnings annual growth, three
months ending in month shown, %
Month-on-month change, %, seasonally adjusted
Proportion of respondents reporting a rise
in prices minus those reporting a fall, %
New car registrations in May, thousands
2
40
200
30
150
20
100
10
50
2015-16
2016-17
17
*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
2017-18
Strongest demand for UK products in three decades
Larry Elliott
UK manufacturers are enjoying the
strongest demand for their products in
almost 30 years as a recovering global
economy and a weaker pound boost
order books. The monthly snapshot
from the CBI found export and total
order books were at their highest for
decades ? offering hope that stronger
manufacturing would cushion the effect
of higher inflation on consumers.
The employers? organisation said
particularly strong performances by
the food, drink, tobacco and chemicals
industries had spearheaded a pick-up
in orders in 13 of the 17 industrial subsectors tracked each month.
The balance of companies reporting
that order books were above normal
rose from +9 percentage points in May
to +16 points in June ? the highest since
the height of the late 1980s boom in
August 1988. The balance for export
orders rose from +10 points to +13 points
? the joint highest in 22 years.
But the CBI said manufacturers were
still being affected by rising prices. The
balance of firms expecting prices to rise
in the coming months was unchanged at
+23 points between May and June, but
was up from +1 point a year ago.
Rain Newton-Smith, CBI chief economist, said: ?Total and export order
books are at highs not seen for decades,
and output growth remains robust.
The balance of companies that have
reported their order
books are above
normal, the highest
since the height of the
late 1980s boom
+16
?Nevertheless, with cost pressures
remaining elevated, it?s no surprise to
see manufacturers continue to have
high expectations for the prices they
plan to charge. To build the right future
for Britain?s economy, manufacturers
and workers, the government must put
the economy first as it negotiates departure from the EU. This approach will
deliver a deal that supports growth and
raises living standards.?
Howard Archer, chief economic
adviser to the forecasting body EY
Item Club, said the poll?s results looked
encouraging and pointed to healthy
domestic demand. ?However, there is
the concern that survey evidence for
the manufacturing sector has tended
to be markedly more upbeat than the
official data from the Office for National
Statistics so far in 2017.?
Andrew Wishart, a UK economist at
Capital Economics, said UK manufacturing was poised to record a strong performance in the second quarter of 2017.
The poll added fuel to the debate over
interest rates. George Buckley, economist at the financial firm Nomura, said
the rise in orders and buoyant expectations supported Nomura?s forecast for
the Bank to raise rates to 0.5% from
0.25% in August. ?It has begun to feel
that weaker data would now be needed
to prove the case for keeping policy on
hold, rather than stronger data being
required to justify higher rates.?
1.5
80
2.5
60
40
1
2
0.5
1.5
0
-0.5
1
-1
20
0
Apr
Jun
Aug
Oct
Dec
6
Feb
SOURCE: ONS
Public borrowing was
narrowly lower in May
than the same month last
year, helped by better VAT
receipts. Public sector net
borrowing was �7bn,
down from �1bn a year
earlier, coming down in
line with forecasts. But economists say
the deficit is on course to worsen this
year as the economic slowdown begins
to take a toll on Britain?s public finances
and as ministers struggle with demands
for higher spending.
0.5
-1.5
0
-2
A
M Jun J
7
A
S
O
N
D
J
F
M
A
SOURCE: ONS
Weaker wage growth has
compounded the pressure
on household finances
from rising prices. The
latest slowdown in earnings growth was sharper
than expected and resulted
in the biggest squeeze on
workers? pay since 2014. In the three
months to April, average earnings including bonuses were up 2.1% on the
year, below forecasts for 2.4%. Adjusting
that to account for the impact of inflation, pay was down 0.4% on the year.
The sluggishness of pay growth is all the
more striking given the drop in Britain?s
unemployment rate to 4.6%, a 42-year
low.
0
A M Jun J
8
A
S
O N
D
J
F
M A M
SOURCE: ONS
0
Apr
Jun
Aug
Oct
Dec
Feb
Apr
SOURCE: RICS
2002
2007
2012
2017
SOURCE: SMMT
Retail sales are worse
than forecast. As rising
prices forced consumers
to tighten their belts, retail
sales volumes dropped
1.2% in May, a deeper fall
than the 0.8% forecast by
economists. That followed
a jump in sales in April, which many
economists put down to the effect of
Easter. The latest fall meant sales were
only 0.9% higher than a year ago, the
weakest rise since April 2013.
Public sector net borrowing was �7bn in May, �1bn lower than a year earlier,
coming down in line with forecasts Photograph: Ben Stansall/AFP/Getty Images
9
Analysis
Markets don?t
like chaos ?
thankfully
inflation is set
to moderate
David Blanchflower
I
t was a surprise that the vote
on the MPC was 5-3 to keep
rates constant. Markets had not
expected so many votes for rate
rises. On the same day as the vote
was published we had very weak
data on retail sales,
which
les, wh
w
hic
ich
suggests that rising
ing
prices, which were higher
gher
than expected, are continuntinuing to reduce living standandards. Retail sales volumes
mes
dropped by 1.2% in May
ay, a
deeper fall than the 0.8%
8%
forecast by economists.
tss.
Oops!
It seems to me that
the three votes for
a rise were in error.
Indeed, it is clear that
every vote for a rise
?It is clear every vote
for a rise since 2008
has been a mistake
tthe
he economy
econ
could
not havee handled?
10
The latest monthly
snapshot from the Royal
Institution of Chartered
Surveyors (Rics) showed
house price growth
slowed last month. A
net balance of 17% of
surveyors saw prices
rise rather than fall in May, down from
22% in April. That missed forecasts
for a 20% balance. Rics爏aid a lack of
supply continued to support prices but
that the latest reading was the softest
since August 2016, when sentiment was
recovering from a post-referendum fall.
Surveyors around the country, and in
London in particular,爂rew gloomier
about the outlook for prices.
Figures from the
car industry have
added to signs
of consumer
caution. The
number of new
cars registered
in May fell by
8.5% year on year to 186,265, according
to the Society of Motor Manufacturers
and Traders. Sales to private individuals alone ? so excluding businesses
buying new cars ? were down an even
sharper 14%. It was the second month
in a row that total sales were down
after a爎ecord March when there was
a爎ush for new cars before tax changes
on vehicle emissions. The SMMT
suggested the looming election was
prompting customers to hold off from
buying new cars but that the market
remained strong overall.
since 2008 has been a mistake the economy could not have handled. Chances
are the next move will have to be a cut.
It matters to the central bank and all of
us that there is no credible government
and no dependable fiscal authority. We
have no clue what economic policies
the government will implement and
whether failed austerity is dead and buried. It should be.
Other post-election economic data
have not been strong. The pound weakened on the election news. The Markit/
Cips UK purchasing managers? index
for services missed expectations as a
squeeze on household incomes began
to make itself felt at consumer-facing
businesses. Sales of new cars to private
individuals were down 14%. It was the
second month in a row that total sales
fell after a record March when there was
a rush for new cars before tax changes
on vehicle emissions. Plus, the Bank of
England?s agents? summary of conditions suggested ?heightened uncertainty
remained a drag on some businesses?
willingness to invest?. They found that
growth in labour costs had remained
subdued across sectors. Steady as she
goes is not what is happening.
It will help that oil prices are tumbling
again and have entered a bear market,
which will lower inflation. Brent crude
on Thursday had fallen below $45 (�)
a barrel, compared with less than $43
for West Texas Intermediate crude so,
thankfully, inflation is set to moderate,
and quickly. Markets don?t like chaos.
David Blanchflower, professor of economics at Dartmouth College, New Hampshire, was an MPC member 2006-2009
Section:GDN BE PaGe:18 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
18
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*
cYanmaGentaYellowblack
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
National
Harry: no
one in the
family is
hankering
for top job
Alexandra Topping
Being the monarch is a tough job, but
someone has to do it, even if reluctantly.
In a magazine interview, Prince Harry has
suggested that no one in the royal family
actually wants the throne.
?We are involved in modernising the
British monarchy. We are not doing this
for ourselves but for the greater good of
the people,? he said. ?Is there any one of
the royal family who wants to be king or
queen? I don?t think so, but we will carry
out our duties at the right time.?
In an interview with Newsweek magazine about his life and the future of the
monarchy, the 32-year-old said several
times that he longed to be something
other than Prince Harry. But he was also
conscious of the ability of his status to
help him make a difference, he said.
?I feel there is just a smallish window
when people are interested in me before
[Prince William?s children, Prince George
and Princess Charlotte] take over, and I?ve
got to make the most of it,? he said in the
interview at Kensington Palace.
Harry, who also spoke about walking
behind his mother?s coffin as a 12-yearold, said no child ?should be asked to do
that, under any circumstances?.
In 1997 he joined his father, the Prince
of Wales; his grandfather, the Duke of
Edinburgh; his 15-year-old brother, William ; and his uncle Earl Spencer, in a
funeral procession through the streets of
London for Diana, Princess of Wales.
?My mother had just died, and I had
to walk a long way behind her coffin, surrounded by thousands of people watching
me while millions more did on television,?
he said. ?I don?t think any child should be
asked to do that, under any circumstances.
I don?t think it would happen爐oday.?
He praised his mother for helping to
show him an ?ordinary life? and added
?I had to walk a long
way behind her coffin,
with thousands of
people watching me ?
that he did his own shopping. ?People
would be amazed by the ordinary life
William and I live?
The prince, who is dating the US actor
Meghan Markle, said that if he were to
have children they would have an ordinary life: ?Even if I was king, I would do
my own shopping. But it?s a tricky balancing act. We don?t want to dilute the magic?
Harry spoke frankly of his desire ?
shared with his brother William, and
William?s wife, Catherine ? to bring the
monarchy into the 21st century. ?The
monarchy is a force for good and we want
to carry on the positive atmosphere that
the Queen has achieved for over 60 years.?
Harry has been praised by mental
health charities for revealing he went for
counselling, admitting that he did not deal
with his grief over his mother?s death until
he was in his late 20s.
Gaby Hinsliff, page 33 UK and Thai
police crack
down on stolen
supercar scam
Agence France-Presse Bangkok
Dozens of supercars such as Porsches,
Lamborghinis and BMWs have been stolen
from Britain and shipped to Thailand in
a complex scam that police from both
countries are trying to dismantle.
After a British request to retrieve the
vehicles, detectives in Bangkok have
launched a series of raids against dealers.
More than 120 top-of-the-range sports
cars have since been seized, including
some identified as stolen from Britain.
Thai investigators say they have also
uncovered an array of scams and loopholes that dealers and corrupt customs
officials exploit to circumvent the eyewatering taxes Thailand places on supercars ? usually about 328%.
?More than 1,000 supercars are implicated in the undervaluing scam,? Lt Col
Korawat Panprapakorn, the officer leading
the investigation, told AFP. ?This practice
has been going on for a long time.?
Britain is the most popular source for
luxury car imports to Thailand because
both countries drive on the left.
While Thailand?s economy has been
slumping in recent years, its billionaire
class is doing just fine, and gleaming
supercars remain a common sight on the
streets of Bangkok ? even if they spend
much of their time crawling along the
city?s gridlocked streets.
Lamborghinis appear to have been a
top choice, making up 32 of the 122 seized
vehicles, according to Thailand?s Department for Special Investigations (DSI).
The tax evasion scams ranged from
impressively creative to bizarrely simple.
At least two vehicles were allegedly
shipped over from the UK in parts and
then assembled in Thailand to avoid the
triple tax rate.
Eight Lamborghinis were simply
declared as being the cheaper Gallardo
model when they were in fact the much
more expensive Aventador. Customs
officers either did not notice or deliberately turned a blind eye.
In the majority of cases dealers underdeclared the true value of the cars ? often
by tens of thousands of dollars ? to pay
less tax, the DSI said, adding that about
30 businesses were being investigated.
The vehicles stolen outright were
whisked abroad through a different scam.
Sources with knowledge of the investigation in Britain say most of the cars were
bought on finance and shipped to Thailand. Once the vehicles were at sea, the
owners reported them stolen and stopped
making the monthly repayments.
Britain?s National Vehicle Crime Intelligence Service confirmed it was working
with Thai police to track the vehicles.
?To date 38 [stolen] UK vehicles, identified by their engine and chassis numbers and valued at over �3m, have been
imported into Thailand,? the agency said.
Lamborghini Aventadors were declared
as cheaper the Gallardo model (above)
Section:GDN BE PaGe:19 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
19
National
Cyclotron offers cutting-edge therapy for NHS cancer patients
Hospital takes delivery of
proton beam machine
Health service previously
paid for treatment abroad
Frances Perraudin
North of England reporter
A 90-tonne machine that will allow cancer
patients to receive state-of-the-art highenergy proton beam therapy on the NHS
for the first time has been installed at a
hospital in Manchester.
The cyclotron will offer a type of radio-
NHS could train
6,500 doctors
for same cost as
settling claims
Owen Bowcott
Legal affairs correspondent
The annual cost to the NHS in England
of settling clinical negligence claims is
equivalent to training 6,500 doctors and
is expected to double by 2023, according
to the Medical Protection Society.
Further increases in the �5bn bill will
render such payments unsustainable
and divert significant amounts of funding away from frontline patient care, the
organisation has warned in a report.
The MPS, which supports doctors, dentists and medical professionals, argues
that the situation has reached a tipping
point and urgent reform is needed.
Its study ? The Rising Costs of Clinical
Negligence: Who Pays the Price? ? said
there should be reasonable compensation for those harmed because of medical
error, but that compensation must be balanced against society?s ability to afford it.
At the present rate of increase of about
11.5% a year, the study argued that the balance would tip too far in the near future.
A decision in February by the then justice secretary, Liz Truss, to reduce the
personal injury discount rate could
increase the cost of settling claims by an
extra �2bn a year.
NHS Resolution, formerly known as
the NHS Litigation Authority, estimates
the total liability for medical negligence
56bn
�
The possible cost of
medical negligence
cases already being
dealt with by NHS
Resolution; the annual
cost is �5bn, but is
expected to double
cases it is already dealing with could be
as much as �.1bn.
The MPS proposes nine legal reforms
that could cut spiralling bills, including:
? Limit care costs based on a tariff agreed
by experts;
? Use national average weekly earnings
rather than individual patient earnings to
calculate damages;
? Introduce a 10-year limit on claims;
? Put a cap on the number of experts in
each case;
? Impose a fixed recoverable costs scheme
for claims up to �0,000 to ?stop lawyers
charging disproportionate legal fees?.
Emma Hallinan, director of claims at
the society, said: ?It is important that there
is reasonable compensation for patients
harmed following clinical negligence, but
a balance must be struck against society?s
ability to pay. If the current trend continues the balance will tip too far and the cost
risks becoming unsustainable for the NHS
and, ultimately, for society.
?This is without doubt a difficult debate
to have, but difficult decisions are made
about spending in healthcare every day
and we have reached a point where the
amount society pays for clinical negligence must be one of them.?
There is growing public and government acceptance of the need for reform,
she said. A recent YouGov survey found
73% of respondents supported changes to
the legal system that could reduce the cost
of clinical negligence to the NHS.
Among examples given by the MPS of
what it implied were excessive costs was
a case involving delayed diagnosis that
settled for �000, but during which costs
of �,263 were sought, subsequently
reduced to �,000.
The cost of training one doctor is
�0,000.
therapy currently available only overseas.
The NHS has been paying for patients to
travel abroad for the treatment since 2008.
A 90-metre (300ft) crane was used to
lower the machine into position at the
Christie hospital yesterday.
Proton beam therapy targets certain
cancers very precisely, increasing success
rates and reducing side-effects. It causes
less damage to healthy tissue surrounding
the tumour and is particularly appropriate for some cancers in children, who are
more at risk of lasting damage because
their organs are still growing.
The treatment came to national attention in 2014 when a police search was
mounted after the parents of five-year-
old Ashya King took him out of hospital
against doctors? wishes and travelled to
the continent. The couple hoped to secure
proton beam therapy to treat their son?s
brain tumour, but doctors argued the
treatment would not increase the boy?s
chances of recovery.
The proton beam centre in Manchester
aims to admit its first patients in August
2018 and is expected to treat 750 patients
a year. University College hospital in
London will open a second proton beam
centre in the summer of 2020. The government has invested �0m in establishing
the two centres.
The cyclotron, which was built in Germany and is the 14th machine of its kind,
accelerates a proton stream of ionised
hydrogen gas to two-thirds the speed of
light, or more than 100,000 miles a second. The Manchester machine has been
nicknamed Emmeline, after Emmeline
Pankhurst, the leader of the suffragette
movement, who was born nearby.
In 1989, Clatterbridge cancer centre
became the first hospital-based proton
750
Number of people
the proton beam
centre at the Christie
hospital, Manchester,
expects to treat
each year after it
opens in燗ugust 2018
treatment centre in the world, when it
introduced a low-energy proton beam
machine, which is used for eye treatment.
The Christie hospital will become the first
in Britain to use a high-energy proton
beam, which is used for a wider variety
of cancers.
The mayor of Greater Manchester,
Andy Burnham, said the Christie centre
was a beacon of hope for people with cancer and their families: ?This new facility
is another crucial step forward in beating
this disease, and to have it here in Greater
Manchester, the first of its kind in the UK,
is just fantastic ? This will make a huge
difference to people receiving treatment,
and their loved ones.?
Section:GDN BE PaGe:20 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
20
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Eyewitness
Sent at 22/6/2017 17:19
cYanmaGentaYellowblack
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
London
Galleries
A world of photography online
theguardian.com/inpictures
After a day of
record high
temperatures,
the Guardian
photographer
Sarah Lee made
a midsummer
journey across
London on the
shortest night
of the year,
capturing images
of the city and
its爄nhabitants
as爏he went
21
*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
Section:GDN BE PaGe:20 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
20
*
Eyewitness
Sent at 22/6/2017 17:19
cYanmaGentaYellowblack
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
London
Galleries
A world of photography online
theguardian.com/inpictures
After a day of
record high
temperatures,
the Guardian
photographer
Sarah Lee made
a midsummer
journey across
London on the
shortest night
of the year,
capturing images
of the city and
its爄nhabitants
as爏he went
21
*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
Section:GDN BE PaGe:22 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
22
Sent at 22/6/2017 20:25
cYanmaGentaYellowblack
*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
National
Pumping
station
that defied
Thatcher
gets a grade
II* listing
Oliver Wainwright
Standing on the banks of the Isle of Dogs
like a toy temple washed up from some
colourful cartoon, John Outram?s strikingly postmodern storm water pumping
station has been grade II* listed, as part
of a new wave of listings that recognise
an era of wit and fun in architecture.
Built between 1986 and 1988, the
pumping station is a playful collage of
references: classical Greek temples,
riverine mythology and even jet
engines, all fused in a uniquely colourful vision. ?It?s one of the most exciting buildings of the 1980s,? says Roger
Bowdler, Historic England?s director of
listing. ?Outram exulted in the panache
and exuberance of classicism ? and gave
this utterly functional structure an exterior that is unforgettable.?
The Temple of Storms, as Outram
christened the building, was one of
three pumping stations commissioned
by Ted Hollamby, chief architect of the
Docklands Development Corporation in
London. Margaret Thatcher, then prime
minister, had decreed that all buildings
above ground in the docklands had to
be developed by the private sector. But
there was one exception: utilities.
So, in a pointed rebuke to her policy,
Hollamby commissioned three leading
architects of the day ? Outram, Richard
Rogers and Nicholas Grimshaw ? to
design beautiful temples to water treat-
London Docklands
chief architect Ted
Hollamby wanted
to commission
beautiful temples
to water treatment
ment that were as far from utilitarian
as possible. ?I had been doing a series
of classical warehouse sheds, which
caught Hollamby?s eye,? recalls Outram,
83. ?When I met the engineers, they had
already built a model of the waterworks
interior. It looked like a little cathedral,
with a nave with two aisles, so I simply
threw a shed roof over it. The client
rather left us to get on with it, so we had
a lot of fun and games.?
The listing describes how the building
?can be read as a classical temple or ark
rising from a primeval sea or river?. The
wavy patterned paving of the surrounding courtyard stands for the water, while
the short, fat columns make the building look half-submerged. This theme
is echoed in the riverside door, which
appears to have floated up between its
white jambs, while the red paved circles
in the ground suggest more columns yet
to emerge from the waters.
On the front, a great jet engine turbine bulges through the pediment
like the eye of a cyclops, a feature the
engineers said could be decorative
(fixed blades with a smaller working fan
behind), but Outram insisted its every
part be operational. Similarly, the curling latticework confections that top the
columns in a riot of red, yellow, green
and blue house ventilation ducts.
Born in Malaysia in 1934, Outram was
set for a military career but, dissuaded
by national service, he studied architecture at the Regent Street Polytechnic
(now the University of Westminster)
and the Architectural Association in the
1950s. His plural approach was at odds
with the prevailing orthodoxy of modernism, and he remained a self-styled
outsider, his work once described as
?architectural terrorism?.
?Modern British architecture has
always had a terrible taboo on myth and
storytelling,? he says. ?But I think buildings should be cultured and have layers
of meaning. My project has always been
to modernise architecture, as found
over the last 9,000 years, rather than to
produce modern architecture. This has
made me an object of interest, because I
worry my colleagues.?
Eschewing the variously hi-tech and
John Outram?s
pumping station
on the Isle of
Dogs combines
references from
classicism and
modernity, such
as a jet engine
in the pediment
Photographs:
James Davies/
Historic England
?The client
rather left
us to get on
with it, so
we had a
lot of fun
and games?
minimalist habits of his contemporaries,
Outram turned to history for inspiration,
building a library of over 2,000 antiquarian books on ancient civilisations. ?The
oldest architecture I ever visited was
the painted caves of 20,000-year-old
Lascaux,? he says. ?Decoration is the
origin and essence of architecture. It can
mediate, in the theatre of a built room or
a built city, the epiphany of a meaning.?
Many of his works have been demolished, but seven remain in the UK, most
of which are worthy of listing, from an
Egyptian-themed house in Oxfordshire
to some handsome warehouses in
Slough. His Judge Institute of Management Studies in Cambridge, built in
1995, is a glorious eyeful of polychromatic mouldings, its interior surfaces
writhing with classical references and
faintly aboriginal patterns.
It also exhibits Outram?s trademark
techniques of ?doodlecrete? (concrete
made with rubber moulds) and ?blitzcrete? (concrete made with colourful
brick aggregate, ground and polished to
look like beautiful sticks of nougat).
The pumping station listing follows
that of two other postmodern icons,
No�Poultry in the City of London by
James Stirling, and Comyn Ching Triangle in Covent Garden, London, by
Terry燜arrell.
Historic England is considering a
longlist of 30 other postmodern buildings for listing, with an announcement
to be made next year.
Illicit drug trade thriving with rise
in heroin and cocaine, UN reports
Damien Gayle
The world?s illicit drug economy is ?thriving? as a result of large increases in heroin
and cocaine production and a wider range
of synthetic substances on the market, the
UN?s drugs watchdog warns.
Global seizures of amphetamine-type
stimulants (ATS) ? which include methamphetamine, amphetamine and MDMA
? reached a five-year high of 191 tonnes in
2015, according to a report from the UN
office on drugs and crime (UNODC), based
on the latest figures available.
At the same time, coca bush cultivation increased by 30% from 2013 to 2015
as demand increased in Europe and North
America, while opium production rose by
a third, bringing it back into line with longterm averages.
The report says: ?Overall, drug trafficking seems to have increased slightly in
2015 and some drug markets, particularly
the cocaine and synthetic drugs markets,
appear to be thriving.?
Niamh Eastwood, executive director of
the drugs charity Release, said the report
showed business was booming for cartels.
?Despite decades of global prohibition
and tens of billions of dollars invested
annually in anti-trafficking measures,
governments have consistently failed in
their attempts to eradicate or even suppress the market,? she said.
?Yet, drug harms are increasing with
record levels of drug-related deaths in
the US, Canada and the UK, and significant
increases in blood-borne viruses related
to injecting drug use. This report shows
29.5m
Number of people
worldwide with a
drug use disorder
such as addiction ?
0.6% of the global
adult population
the current global framework for tackling
drugs has failed and new approaches,
such as decriminalisation of possession
offences and regulation of the market,
must be pursued,? she said.
The report says 250 million people used
drugs in 2015, and 29.5 million of those ?
0.6% of the global adult population ? had
a drug use disorder, including addiction.
Opioids remained the most harmful
drug type, accounting for 70% of drug use
disorders worldwide. Second was methamphetamine, or crystal meth, which is
spreading far beyond poor white communities in the US, with seizures in east and
south-east Asia exceeding those in North
America for the first time in 2015.
The report notes a marked increase in
harm from cocaine use, with the overall
disease burden caused by the drug rising
by 37% in the 10 years to 2015.
The amount of ATS drugs seized has
more than doubled from 93 tonnes in 2010
to 191 tonnes in 2015. Methamphetamine
accounted for 61-80% of seizures during
the period. Western Europe remains the
biggest global supplier of MDMA , with
the Netherlands and Belgium the largest
manufacturers of the drug.
Martin Powell, head of campaigns at
the drugs thinktank Transform, said: ?We
welcome that the report acknowledges ?
for the first time without condemning ?
the growing legalisation and regulation
of cannabis around the world, that is protecting people by taking the market out of
the hands of criminals.
?We call on the UN and governments
to explore regulation of other drugs too.?
Section:GDN BE PaGe:23 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 22/6/2017 21:26
*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
Head of international news: Jamie Wilson
cYanmaGentaYellowblack
international@theguardian.com
020 3353 3577
23
International
@guardianworld
Sabotage of Mosul?s ancient mosque seen
as sign that Isis is facing imminent defeat
Eight-month battle to
retake city nears climax
Russia, Iran and US jostle
to hold balance of power
Martin Chulov and Cengiz Yar
Iraqi forces advanced to the base of the
toppled minaret of Mosul?s Great Mosque
of al-Nuri yesterday, hours after it was
destroyed by Islamic State militants, as
the bitter eight-month battle to recapture
the city reached a tipping point.
The destruction of the mosque marked
a pivotal moment in the war against Isis,
which declared its now-withered caliphate from there three years ago. The
terror group?s act of sabotage was widely
seen as a harbinger of its imminent defeat.
Across northern Iraq, only a portion
of Mosul?s old city and a small adjoining
neighbourhood remain under Isis control.
The nearby towns of Tal Afar and Hweija,
both of which are surrounded, make up
the remainder of the group?s territory ?
a mere slither of the lands it held at the
height of its powers in mid-2014.
As its fortunes have turned, the group?s
members have fled Iraq for the deserts of
Syria. So rapid has been their capitulation
that plans are being drafted for a decisive
battle later this year, somewhere between
the Syrian and Jordanian borders ? areas
far from those that Isis had coveted.
Lined up in pursuit are a range of players who have staked claims throughout
the fight with Isis, as well as parallel
regional conflicts, and waited for the time
to consolidate. As the organisation crumbled, all sides started to compete for an
edge ? who gets to define what emerges
from the collapse of Isis is a prize bigger
than winning the war itself.
Russia, Iran and the US are scrambling
for supremacy, eschewing the brinkmanship that has peppered the war for direct
clashes that are unprecedented in the
region in recent years.
As Mosul and Raqqa, Isis?s Syrian capital, have teetered, Iranian proxies and the
US have squared off at least three times on
the Syrian side of border.
Last week, the risk of escalation
increased when a US jet downed a Syrian
warplane over the north of the country,
drawing a warning from Russia that coalition fighter planes should stay out of its
radar range.
Washington said its fighter jet acted
to defend its proxies, who were moving
through Isis-held areas around Raqqa.
Raised over the past year ? to the chagrin
of Syria, the anti-Assad opposition, Turkey and increasingly Russia ? the mainly
Kurdish force has been trying to retake
Raqqa and nearby towns.
As it has edged ahead, Russian and
Syrian forces have taken a more aggressive stance. ?They are running interference there,? said a senior western official.
?They do not want anyone but the Syrian
army, which is nearly all Iranian-backed
Shia militias, taking that city. As the campaign has changed from talk to reality,
they have started to act against it.?
Iran, too, has taken an unusually direct
stance, firing ballistic missiles from its
territory, across Iraq, to the Syrian town
of Mayadin, where scattered Isis leaders
have regrouped. This was the first time
Tehran had launched ballistic missiles in
combat since the Iran-Iraq war nearly 30
years ago.
The missiles were revenge for attacks
claimed by Isis earlier this month in the
From the top,
Mosul?s Great
Mosque of
al-Nuri before its
destruction; after
and before aerial
views of the holy
site; the remains
of the leaning
minaret; and the
leader of Isis, Abu
Bakr al-Baghdadi
Main photograph:
Ahmad
al-Rubaye/
AFP/Getty
Iranian parliament and near the tomb
of Ayatollah Khomenei, founder of the
Islamic republic.
Regional officials say they also served
another purpose: Iran was setting aside
its preferred use of proxies for a direct
stake in the conflict, just as the US had
done weeks before by attacking Hezbollah
members who had advanced towards their
own proxies near the border area of Tanf.
Since then, US forces protecting Syrian
opposition groups have twice shot down
approaching drones. That has not stopped
Iranian-backed forces from moving east
towards the Iraqi border to the north of
Tanf, stopping the US and its allies from
advancing north towards Raqqa and preventing the Kurds from moving south.
The bewildering movements of five
state militaries ? Syria, Iraq, Iran, Russia,
and the US ? as well as their proxies seems
likely to increase the number of conflicts.
Each side faces a series of calculations
that have little to do with how to defeat
Isis, or to deal with the hundreds of thousands of refugees who are fleeing the latest fighting ? the death throes of Mosul
and Raqqa ? and the looming campaign in
Deir ez-Zor and Mayadin, where Isis looks
set to make its last stand.
The human toll continued to emerge
from the ruins of Mosul yesterday.
More than 860,000 people have fled
Mosul since the war to recapture it began
on 17 October last year. While thousands
of residents have returned to the liberated east, an estimated 100,000 more are
thought to remain in the old city, where
vengeful, cornered members of Isis have
been using residents as human shields.
?Three more weeks and we?re done
with them,? an Iraqi special operations
officer said yesterday. ?We will push them
into the Tigris river.?
Earlier in the week, hundreds of civilians streamed past destroyed buildings
and into Iraqi-controlled territory, their
clothes tattered and bodies covered in
dust. Mothers clutched malnourished
infants across their chests while men
City limits
2014
The year when
Isis declared its
caliphate from the
Great Mosque of
al-Nuri, which it
blew up yesterday
Mosul
Nineveh
ruins
Contested
areas
Grand
Mosque
Airport
860k
The number of
people who have
fled from Mosul
since the battle to
retake it from Isis
began last October
Tigris
Iraq
5 km
5 miles
SOURCE: I
carried the elderly on their backs. Some
were dragged on makeshift stretchers and
others on carts. They collapsed in exhaustion and relief when they reached safety
behind Iraqi lines.
As smoke from a recent airstrike rose
in the distance, an old woman ran with
hands outstretched towards two young
Iraqi soldiers standing alongside an army
Humvee, kissing them on their cheeks. A
few metres away a man stood in the middle of the street and cried while holding
his young daughter. Tears flowed down
his gaunt face and through his beard.
?We are seeing these stories of suffering
with our own eyes every day,? said the Iraqi
officer. ?These people have been through
hell. And after [the end of Ramadan] we
hope to give them their lives back. God
willing this curse will soon leave Mosul.?
Ali Akbar Salehi, page 32 Leader comments, page 32 Trump accused of intimidation after saying he never had Comey tapes
Reuters Washington
Donald Trump has said he did not make
or possess tapes of his conversations with
James Comey, after suggesting last month
he might have recordings that could damage the former FBI director.
?With all of the recently reported electronic surveillance, intercepts, unmasking and illegal leaking of information,
I have no idea whether there are ?tapes?
or recordings of my conversations with
James Comey, but I did not make, and do
not have, any such recordings,? Trump
wrote on Twitter.
Lawmakers investigating allegations of
Russian meddling in the US election last
year had asked the White House for any
such recordings of Comey, whom Trump
fired on 9 May. Shortly after dismissing
him, Trump mentioned the possibility
of tapes in a tweet. ?James Comey better
hope that there are no ?tapes? of our conversations before he starts leaking to the
press!? Trump wrote on 12 May.
Allegations of ties to Russia have cast a
James Comey,
former FBI chief,
whom Trump said
last month may have
been recorded during
his White House
conversations
shadow over Trump?s first five months in
office, distracting from attempts by his fellow Republicans in Congress to overhaul
the healthcare and tax systems.
Comey?s firing prompted a political
storm. The former FBI head testified
before a Senate committee that Trump
had asked him to drop an investigation
into the alleged ties to Russia of former
national security adviser Michael Flynn.
Trump has privately told aides that
the threat of the existence of tapes forced
Comey to tell the truth in his recent testimony, a source familiar with the situation
said. The White House had said Trump
would be likely to clarify whether he had
tapes of Comey by the end of this week.
Adam Schiff, the top Democrat on the
House of Representatives? intelligence
committee, said Trump still had questions
to answer about possible tapes.
?If the president had no tapes, why
did he suggest otherwise? Did he seek
to mislead the public? Was he trying to
intimidate or silence James Comey? And
if so, did he take other steps to discourage
potential witnesses from speaking out??
Schiff said in a statement.
Earlier yesterday, CNN reported that
two top intelligence officials told investigators that Trump suggested they publicly
deny any collusion between his campaign
and Russia, but they did not feel he had
ordered them to do so. Director of National
Intelligence Dan Coats and National Security Agency director Admiral Mike Rogers
separately had meetings last week with
investigators for special counsel Robert
Mueller and the Senate intelligence committee, according to CNN.
The two officials said they were surprised at Trump?s suggestion and found
their interactions with him odd and
uncomfortable, but they did not act on
the president?s requests, CNN reported.
The Kremlin has denied US intelligence
agencies? conclusion that Moscow tried
to tilt the election campaign in Trump?s
favour. Trump has denied any collusion,
and continued to cast doubt on the investigations yesterday.
Section:GDN BE PaGe:24 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
24
Sent at 22/6/2017 20:13
*
cYanmaGentaYellowblack
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
International
Dispatch Budapest
Soros: from Orb醤 sponsor
to his political punchbag
Shaun Walker
I
n 1989 the American-Hungarian
financier George Soros paid for
Viktor Orb醤 to study in Britain.
Two decades later, he donated
$1m to Orb醤?s government to
help clean up an environmental
disaster. Over the years, the billionaire has spent hundreds of
millions of dollars on education and
civil society projects in Hungary, the
country of his birth, through his Open
Society Foundations (OSF).
But now Soros has become the Hungarian prime minister?s No 1 political
target.
On billboards across Budapest Soros
stands accused of being a political puppet master. Last week, in a move seen
as targeting him, Hungary?s parliament
passed a law requiring NGOs to declare
themselves as ?foreign agents? on websites and documentation if they receive
funding from political sources abroad.
How did it get to this? Soros?s reputation in Hungary took a hit during
the 2015 migration crisis, when his
advocacy for the humane treatment of
refugees ran up against the ultra-conservative government of Orb醤.
In recent months, the dispute has
intensified. Orb醤 described the billionaire as someone who had ?ruined
the lives of tens of millions of people?
with currency speculation.
Soros hit back with a speech in Brussels this month in which he referred to
the Hungarian government as a ?mafia
state? and said: ?He [Orb醤] sought to
frame his policies as a personal conflict
between the two of us and has made
me the target of his unrelenting propaganda campaign.? Orb醤?s spokesman,
Zolt醤 Kov醕s, told the Guardian the
Brussels speech was a ?declaration
of political war on Hungary?. Sorosfunded organisations, Kov醕s said,
were engaged in ?political activism
camouflaged as NGO work?.
Goran Buldioski, director of the
OSF?s Budapest-based Europe office,
said Soros?s funding for Hungary had
been scaled back since the country
joined the EU in 2004. Much of the previous funding was for development and
education, with Orb醤 the recipient of
a scholarship to study at the University
of Oxford. Soros also set up the Cen-
He?s both the insider
and the outsider,
the meddling
foreigner and the
Hungarian Jew
tral European University, in Budapest,
which has been targeted by Orb醤?s
government of late.
Soros?s foundations spent $3.6m
(�8m) in Hungary in 2016, said Buldioski, a fraction of what the government spent on promoting a referendum
last October aimed at barring refugees.
At the OSF offices in Budapest,
Buldioski keeps a recent edition of a
popular newspaper with a full-page
photograph of Soros on page two,
accompanied by the caption ?Outrageous?. A video produced by Orb醤?s
ruling Fidesz alliance also uses the
?Outrageous? slogan and complains
that the EU wants to change Hungary?s
tough migration policy, and then says:
?An organisation funded by George
Soros is launching lawsuits against our
homeland in support of Brussels.?
The video refers to the Hungarian
Helsinki Committee, partially funded
by OSF, which provided free legal assistance to about 3,000 people last year,
including asylum seekers, taking 70
cases to the European court of human
rights. The organisation said it would
not comply with the new demands to
brand itself a ?foreign agent?, calling
the law unconstitutional.
S
ome government critics
said the attacks on Soros
were merely an exploitative method of harnessing
popular support before
elections next spring. ?He?s
a very useful punching
bag, because he?s both the
insider and the outsider, the meddling
foreigner and the Hungarian Jew,? said
Heather Grabbe, director of the Open
Society European Policy Institute, the
EU policy arm of the OSF. She added
that there were ?clear antisemitic overtones? to the campaign by Fidesz.
Soros was born to a family of Hungarian Jews in 1930, and as a young boy
lived on Budapest?s Kossuth Lajos t閞,
the square overlooking the parliament
building. The family was forced to split
up and live under assumed identities to
escape the Holocaust. He left in 1947 to
study in London, and later emigrated to
the United States, making billions as an
investor and hedge fund manager.
Hungary?s Jewish community is split
on whether antisemitism plays a role
in Orb醤?s grievance with Soros. Adam
Schonberger, the director of a Jewish
organisation that runs the Aurora community centre in Budapest, believed
the government campaign was not
antisemitic, but had the potential to
empower others who were. Some of the
centre?s initial funds came from Soros.
Last month, far-right activists
defaced the building, spray-painting
?Stop Operation Soros? and pasting up
photographs of his face with a red cross
through it. ?One of the reasons they?re
behaving more brazenly now is that
they have a sense that their time has
come. Their mission to ?save Hungary?
has become mainstream political ideology,? said Schonberger.
PUBLIC NOTICE
The Petroleum Act 1998
GREATER DUNLIN AREA SUBSEA DECOMMISSIONING PROGRAMMES
Fair?eld Betula Limited and Fair?eld Fagus Limited have submitted, for
the consideration of the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and
Industrial Strategy, consultation draft Decommissioning Programmes for
the Dunlin Area subsea satellite ?elds infrastructure and associated ?eld
utility lines in accordance with the provisions of the Petroleum Act 1998.
It is a requirement of the Act that interested parties be consulted on such
decommissioning proposals.
The facilities covered by the subsea infrastructure Decommissioning
Programmes in the Greater Dunlin Area (Blocks 211/18a, 211/23a and
211/23b), Northern North Sea, are:
1.
2.
3.
Merlin subsea manifold and associated infrastructure
Osprey subsea manifolds and associated infrastructure
Dunlin Fuel Gas Import (DFGI) and Dunlin Power Import (DPI) lines
Fair?eld Betula Limited and Fair?eld Fagus Limited hereby give notice that
the Decommissioning Programmes above can be viewed online at www.
fair?eld-energy.com/public-consultation for 30 days from today?s date.
Alternatively a digital copy of the Decommissioning Programmes can be
requested from, or hard copies inspected at:
Reception
Fair?eld Energy Limited
19 Abercrombie Court
Prospect Road
Arnhall Business Park
Westhill, Aberdeen AB32 6FE
Tel: 01224 320500
Representations regarding the Greater Dunlin Area Subsea
Decommissioning Programmes should be submitted to stakeholder.
mailbox@fair?eld-energy.com before the consultation closing date (23rd
July 2017) and should state the grounds upon which any representations
are being made. Representations can also be made in writing to Peter
Lee, Environment, Health, Safety and Asset Integrity Manager, at the above
address.
23rd June 2017
Rebecca Burger,
33, who wrote
about fitness and
travel on social
media, died after
a cream siphon
exploded into her
chest, causing
a heart attack
Whale would you believe it?
Tourists in Australia were left stunned when a 45-tonne humpback whale performed a ?headstand? beside their boat. The
15-metre-long beast breached then pointed its tail skywards just outside Sydney harbour Photograph: Peter Chai/Caters
Portugal
Wildfires under control
but questions remain
Wildfires in Portugal that killed 64
people have finally been brought under
control, firefighters said yesterday, as
the government insisted it was too early
to say whether the disaster could have
been handled better.
Portugal?s worst forest fire broke out
on Saturday in the central municipality
of Pedr骻鉶 Grande before spreading,
Many of those who died were in their
cars trying to flee the flames, which also
injured more than 250 people.
The inferno, which ravaged 30,000
hectares (74,000 acres) as firefighters
contended with searing heat and rapidly
shifting winds, was only doused late
on燱ednesday.
?Higher humidity levels and lower
temperatures allowed the firefighters
to contain the fire and extinguish the
remaining hotspots which had briefly
broken out,? Antonio Ribeiro, who led
the Pedr骻鉶 operations, said.
The government and emergency
services have been criticised over their
response, but the interior minister, Constan鏰 Urbano de Sousa, said it would be
premature to talk about possible failings
while the fires were still burning.
?At the moment we can?t say for sure
whether the catastrophic consequences
of this fire could have been prevented,?
she told the state broadcaster RTP.
Portugal?s prime minister, Ant髇io
Costa, has asked the head of the
National Republican Guard why officers did not close the road where many
victims burned to death. He also asked if
rescuers? communications systems had
been
by the fire, and whether
b
een affected b
the high death toll was the result
of problems
problem with the response.
Sam燡ones Madrid and agencies
France
Fitnes blogger killed
Fitness
by cre
cream dispenser
A popu
popular French fitness blogger
has died after a whipped cream
dispenser exploded into her chest.
Rebecca Burger, 33, who wrote
tness and travel on social
about fitnes
media, where
wher she had 55,000 FaceInstagram followers,
book and 154,000
154,
weekend in what her family
died last week
described as a ?domestic accident?
at her home
hom in Mulhouse, eastern
France. Her family said the siphon she
was using exploded, hitting her chest
and causing a heart attack. She was
taken to hospital but died the next day.
The local prosecutor?s office has opened
an investigation.
Burger?s relatives warned: ?Tens of
thousands of defective siphons are still
out there.? On her Instagram page, they
wrote: ?It?s with great sadness that we
announce the death of Rebecca on Sunday 18 June 2017 following an accident
in the home.? It was signed ?her grieving
family, friends and husband?.
The French consumer magazine 60
Millions de Consommateurs said it had
long warned readers about the gas capsules in cream dispensers, after about
60 reports of exploding siphons causing
injuries. Ard?Time, the maker of the
dispenser used by Burger, has recalled
suspect models, urging customers not to
use them. Kim Willsher燩aris
North America
Pyrosome invasion has
scientists in a pickle
A rare, tiny marine creature known as
the ?unicorn of the sea? has swarmed
in its millions on the west coast of
America, ruining fishermen?s nets and
baffling scientists.
Fishermen have told researchers that
in some places they are unable to catch
anything because the pyrosome clusters
are so dense and tightly packed. Their
hooks, when pulled from the ocean,
wriggle with the odd-looking creatures,
sometimes referred to as ?sea pickles?
or ?fire bodies?. The animals ? which are
only a few millimetres long but gather
in huge colonies ? have washed up on
beaches, bemusing residents.
University of Oregon student Hilarie
Sorensen, who is part of a research team
set up to study the bloom, said: ?We are
scrambling to learn as much as possible
while we have the opportunity.
?If we continue to see this many,
what impact will it have on the ecosystems here, and what economic impact
on the fisheries? There are so many
unknowns at this point, it really is a
remarkable bloom.?
Pyrosomes are tubular, gelatinous
creatures that are moving colonies of
tiny organisms, usually found in warm,
tropical seas far from the coast. They
are asexual and reproduce by cloning
themselves.
Sorenson said no one knows how
much surface area the pyrosome bloom
covers. She added that every time she or
a fisherman had seen them the swarm
stretched ?as far as the eye can see?.
Eleanor Ainge Roy
Turkey
Evolution banned from
all school syllabuses
Evolution will no longer be taught in
Turkish schools, a senior education
official has said, in a move likely to
anger the country?s secular opposition.
Alpaslan Durmu?, who is the chair of
Turkey?s board of education, said
evolution was debatable, controversial
and too complicated for students.
?We believe that these subjects are
beyond their comprehension,? said
Durmu? in a video posted on the
education ministry?s website.
Durmu? said a chapter on evolution
was being removed from year-10 biology
textbooks, and the subject restricted to
undergraduates. Another change to the
curriculum may reduce the amount of
time spent studying secularism.
Critics of the government believe
public life is being increasingly stripped
of the secular traditions instilled by the
founder of modern Turkey, Mustafa
Kemal Atat黵k. The opposition has long
argued that President Recep Tayyip
Erdo?an is pursuing a covert Islamist
agenda contrary to the republic?s
founding values.
Few mainstream Muslim clerics in
the Middle East accept evolution as a
concept, believing it contradicts the
story of creation in Islamic scripture.
However, evolution is briefly taught in
many high schools in the region.
Earlier this year, Numan Kurtulmu?,
the deputy prime minister, claimed
evolution was a ?theory? that was both
archaic and lacked sufficient evidence.
Recent reports in Turkish media,
based on apparent leaks of education
authorities? meetings, also predicted a
diminished role in the curriculum for
the study of Atat黵k, and an increase in
the hours devoted to studying religion.
Kareem Shaheen and G鰖de Hatuno?lu
Istanbul
Section:GDN BE PaGe:25 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
25
International
New Zealand
paper shames
drink-drivers
The good,
the bad,
the ugly ?
and the
resurrected
graveyard
Eleanor Ainge Roy Dunedin
A newspaper in New Zealand has printed
the names of 100 drink-drivers on its front
page in response to what it describes as an
epidemic of the crime.
The Mountain Scene is a weekly newspaper for the small but booming South
Island town of Queenstown, which has
about 30,000 permanent residents and
up to 2 million tourists every year.
Yesterday it filled its front page with
the names of 100 people convicted of
drink-driving in the first six months of
the year, in the hope that naming and
shaming offenders would help to reduce
the problem.
?Around New Zealand drink-driving
rates have been declining, but in Queenstown they are still going up,? said Mountain Scene?s editor, David Williams .
?There are horrendous levels of drink-
Sam Jones Madrid
After more than 50 years, several fistfuls of euros and countless wheelbarrow
journeys, one of the most famous
graveyards in cinema history has been
rescued from oblivion and is to be
honoured in a new documentary.
Sad Hill cemetery is the setting for
the climax of The Good, the Bad and
the Ugly, when Clint Eastwood, Lee Van
Cleef and Eli Wallach face off against
each other to the strains of Ennio
Morricone?s soundtrack.
Having dispatched the Bad and left
the Ugly defenceless and furious, the
Good lays out his simple credo: ?You
see, in this world, there?s two kinds of
people, my friend. Those with loaded
guns and those who dig. You dig.?
Inspired by Eastwood?s words, a
group of film fans have spent two years
restoring the cemetery to its former
glory. The set, which was built by soldiers in the northern Spanish province
of Burgos for Sergio Leone?s classic 1966
spaghetti western, had been forgotten
and reclaimed by nature until the Sad
Hill Cultural Association stepped in.
With the help of crowdfunding and
volunteers from France, Germany,
Turkey, Italy and the US, its members
slowly, and backbreakingly, cleared the
site to reveal the famous stone circle
and its hidden graves.
Their labours have been recorded in
Sad Hill Unearthed, a documentary by
the Spanish film-maker Guillermo de
Oliveira, who was told about restoration
by a friend.
Although he hadn?t originally
planned to shoot a documentary,
Oliveira was moved by the volunteers?
dedication and perseverance. ?I was just
struck by the beautiful notion of fans of
Concern grows
over ?toothpick
crossbow? toys
Agence France-Presse
Handheld mini-crossbows that can fire
needles and nails are the latest must-have
toy in China, but anxious parents want
them banned before a child gets blinded
or worse.
Selling online and in shops for as little as seven yuan (about 80p), so-called
toothpick crossbows were originally
designed to shoot just that ? toothpicks.
But if they are loaded with needles, they
are potent enough to crack glass, said the
Shanghai Daily newspaper, quoting shop
owners as saying they were selling out
of the gadgets fast. Other Chinese state
media said the mini-crossbows could fire
projectiles more than 20 metres and shoot
iron nails as well as toothpicks.
The Shanghai Daily said: ?The toothpick crossbow toy has spread across China
like wildfire among the nation?s primary
and middle school children.
?The unusual shooting toy may be very
small but it is powerful enough to puncture a balloon and pierce cardboard. And
when the toothpick is swapped for a metal
needle it becomes a dangerous weapon.?
Police in Chengdu, in south-west China,
have reportedly stopped sales of the product, and concerned parents across the
country want the government to introduce a nationwide ban.
Parents in China are worried that the
weapons can be used to shoot needles
?If the front page deters
one drunk person from
getting in their car then
we have had a win?
Above, Eli
Wallach and Clint
Eastwood at Sad
Hill cemetery
in a scene from
the film; below, a
volunteer at work
Main photograph:
Everett/Rex
the film wanting to bring it back to the
way it was ? It may have been a beautifully crazy idea, but it was still a crazy
one. It was a dream.? He was also taken
with their ingenious, if morbid, crowdfunding strategy for restoring the graveyard?s 5,000 wooden crosses: for ?15,
anyone can have their name, nickname
or initials inscribed on a cross.
He and his team also interviewed
Morricone and famous fans of the film,
including the director of Gremlins, Joe
Dante, and James Hetfield, the lead
singer of Metallica.
One particular interviewee proved
elusive. But after 10 months of phone
calls, emails and faxes, the film-makers
finally got to Eastwood himself. The
actor and director sent a message of
thanks to all those who had worked to
recover Sad Hill.
Just before the film was screened
at the site last year, Oliveira played
the audience Eastwood?s video. ?He
suddenly appeared on the screen to say
thanks and some people started crying,?
said Oliveira. ?It was a very emotional
moment.?
David Alba, one of the local
volunteers, said that when Eastwood?s
message was played, ?no one was
really taking in what he was saying
because we were so surprised. I had to
watch it afterwards to find out what he
actually爏aid.?
Today Sad Hill is a popular draw and
a燽oon to the local economy, said Alba,
36, who owns a bar that is named in
Leone?s honour.
Oliveira has finished his documentary and is trying to raise the money to
pay for the rights to the clips and music
it uses, so that he can show the film
at爁estivals.
He said the film was both a testament to the enduring appeal of Leone?s
masterpiece and an attempt to explain
the motivations of the many people who
laboured to bring a dilapidated film set
back from the dead.
?There?s something almost religious
about all this. Why would someone
who?s been working all week spend
eight hours in a cemetery at the weekend for nothing in return? It?s altruism
in its purest form.?
driving here and it is something that has
always been in the background. We need
to talk about this problem, so our paper
has said ?enough is enough? and decided
to take a stand.?
Williams plans to publish the names of
convicted drunk-drivers on the front page
for the rest of the year, even though he has
had irate phone calls and there is a mixed
response on the paper?s Facebook page.
?We have been lambasted as thoughtless and arrogant, that we should be
thinking about the children of these people ? on the other side there have been
a lot of strong comments in favour,? said
the爀ditor.
?If it deters one drunk person from getting in their car because they don?t want
to be on the front page then we have had
a win,? he said.
Williams said multiple issues fed into
Queenstown?s high rate of drink-drinking
but significant factors included the growing population (with a high proportion
of young people), expensive taxis - it
costs between NZ$50-100 (�-�) for
a 15-minute trip ? and the perception of
Queenstown as a hedonistic party town.
Section:GDN BE PaGe:26 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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Section:GDN BE PaGe:27 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
27
International
Afghan police wage a sleepy war at Ramadan
The thoughts of a unit of
young officers turn to food
and family, not the Taliban
Sune Engel Rasmussen Otmanzay
For most of his adult life Juma Khan,
a burly Afghan policeman, enjoyed
breaking the Ramadan fast with his
family after returning home from duty.
The evening Ramadan meal, or iftar,
is a moment shared by the country: at
sunset, people gather for dinner, always
made with extra care. But, for two years,
Juma Khan has been unable to enjoy his
mother?s and wife?s iftar. Instead, his
family is cooking for the Taliban.
When Taliban militants seized swaths
of Kunduz province, in north-east
Afghanistan, they took Khan?s village in
Gul Tepa, near Kunduz city. As in other
areas they control, the Taliban tax the
civilian population and demand food.
Khan can call his family by phone,
but as a known policeman, he cannot go
home. He is now stationed at Otmanzay
just a few miles from his home. The
separation ? especially during Ramadan
? is painful. ?I miss my family, but what
can I do?? Khan says with a shrug.
Kunduz fell to the Taliban twice in 13
months, in 2015 and 2016, but in recent
months, US and Afghan forces have won
ground, and killed the Taliban?s ?shadow
governor?, Mullah Salam, in February.
Heavily supported by US special
forces and airstrikes, government troops
began Ramadan by stepping up attacks,
clawing back territory around Kunduz,
just short of Juma Khan?s village.
The frontline now runs through
Otmanzay, a hamlet near Kunduz.
Nearly four weeks into Ramadan,
fasting in 40C heat and dust has taken
the fight out of the young policemen
camped in a shady grove by a small river.
Except for young boys herding sheep
and occasional lorries taking melons
to market, the area is deserted. The
only attempt at building a base is three
wooden beams bridging the stream.
In the late afternoon, some of the
policemen strip down to shorts and wash
in the brook, to prepare for prayer and
iftar. War is said to be 90% boredom and
that remains true here, but it is coupled
with hunger and thirst. Even smoking
1,245
The US airstrikes in
Afghanistan until May
? nearly three times
as many as the same
period last year. The
US is also deploying
more troops
is banned during Ramadan. Lounging
in the shade, those men who have not
dozed off take turns at complaining.
Mohammad Nadir, a father of five from
Kunduz, has been home for only two
hours in 10 days. Some men take more
advantage of officers turning a blind eye
? or never visiting the frontline.
?Sometimes I escape for one or two
days to be with my family,? says Abdul.
The area north-west of Kunduz city,
called Talawka, bears signs of heavy
fighting. Empty dirt streets are lined
with brick houses destroyed by US
airstrikes. A scorched patch on the road
shows where local forces say a US
Humvee was hit by a rocket-propelled
grenade, injuring three Americans. (The
US military would not confirm this.)
The US push in Kunduz includes some
170 American soldiers, two attack
helicopters, and fighter planes deployed
from Bagram airbase, western sources
said. Across the country, US airstrikes
until May nearly tripled compared with
the same period last year ? to 1,245.
But ? in a perfect example of the
fragility of military gains in Afghanistan
? after concerted efforts to regain
territory near Kunduz, the frontline in
Otmanzay was then left to a few dozen
undertrained police without vehicles
armed with eight rocket launchers and
two boxes of machine-gun bullets.
?If the Taliban attack, we will spend
all our ammunition in 10 minutes. You
think we?re going to stay here?? says
Alem, the unit?s 19-year-old commander.
The Kunduz offensive was a rare step
forward in war plagued by setbacks. The
US is expected to deploy an extra 4,000
troops in Afghanistan. Alem welcomes
the prospect, saying bluntly: ?Without
foreign forces, there are no operations.?
While many Muslims see Ramadan as
a time of peace, the past month has been
violent for Afghans. Early in Ramadan,
Kabul, the capital, saw one of the largest
bombings ever and a triple suicide attack
at a funeral. Many jihadis see martyrdom
at Ramadan as especially holy.
?Jihad is the highest form of worship
of Allah,? said one Taliban fighter. ?If
someone wants to do jihad, it is better to
do it during this month.?
In the last hour before sunset, the
policemen gravitate towards the seating
area ? which doubles as their sleeping
space and prayer ground. Nadir, the
oldest man, boils well water for tea, puts
a bag of watermelons in the river to cool,
and wets the ground to damp down dust.
The men find a camaraderie in
reminiscing. At home, they would feast
on dried fruit, cakes and pilaf with meat.
Here, they expect an iftar of tasteless
rice, reheated for their breakfast at 2am.
?The food isn?t great here. The big
men eat it all,? says Alem, laughing
and patting an imaginary fat belly in
reference to far-off senior commanders.
Afghan police
near Kunduz
city pick plums
to eat after the
Ramadan fast
ends at sunset,
above, and rest
in the shade, top
right, until their
evening meal is
delivered, below
Photograph:
Andrew Quilty
for the Guardian
?Jihad is the highest form
of worship. If someone
wants to do jihad, it is
better during Ramadan?
Taliban fighter
Helmand blast Dozens killed in bank queue
At least 30 people have been killed in
Afghanistan?s Helmand province after a
car bomb targeted soldiers, government
employees and other civilians who
were queueing to collect pay cheques
from a bank in the provincial capital.
The blast, outside New Kabul Bank
in Lashkar Gah, is the latest in a series
of brazen attacks in the country during
the holy month of Ramadan.
The Taliban claimed responsibility
for the bomb, which follows similar
attacks against the bank, where most
civil servants have their pay deposited.
Omar Zawak, speaking for the Helmand
governor, said 30 people were killed,
most of them soldiers, and more than
60 were injured, many critically.
Afghanistan?s president, Ashraf
Ghani, condemned the attack, saying
the perpetrators had ?no respect for
any religion or faith. They are enemies
of humanity.?
It is the third time in three years
that militants have targeted crowds
collecting salaries at the bank.
Sune Engel Rasmussen Kabul
As the sun sets, food has yet to arrive.
The men turn at every sound, waiting for
the Humvee bringing rice ? or the call to
prayer allowing them to drink.
A sound echoes across the fields. ?Is
that the mullah?? asks one. ?No!?
another replies, grinning. ?It?s a donkey.?
Just before sunset, a mine explodes in
the distance. Then the Humvee arrives.
The road had been blocked by another
army vehicle that steered into a ditch.
Digging their hands into Styrofoam
boxes filled with bland, greasy rice, and
tomatoes washed in the river, the men
devour their first meal in 17 hours. They
stop talking. After rinsing hands, they
take turns at praying. A stillness sets in.
?It feels like family,? admits Alem.
Section:GDN BE PaGe:28 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
28
Sent at 22/6/2017 20:45
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*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
Financial
-8.50
-4.17
7439.29
4069.07
+21.69
+4.86
FTSE 100
FTSE All Share
Early Dow Indl
Early S&P 500
21431.72
2440.47
-28.28
20110.51
+0.01
Nikkei 225
UK 10-year gilt
109.40
-0.20
45.54
+6.12
Oil ($ per barrel)
Gold ($ Troy oz)
1250.41
�� $
Rate �
1.1347
Change -0.0018
Rate �
1.2661
Change -0.0003
Shoppers and UK-facing firms are Brexit losers
Analysis looks at financial
impact of vote one year on
Slide in pound helps those
who make earnings abroad
Angela Monaghan
Britain?s consumers and UK-focused firms
are among the biggest losers one year on
from the shock Brexit vote that drove the
value of the pound to its lowest level in
more than 30 years.
On the first anniversary of the EU referendum, the financial firm Hargreaves
Lansdown says clear winners and losers
have emerged, with the pound taking
the biggest hit on the financial markets.
Blue-chip companies with a large proportion of foreign earnings are among the
biggest gainers.
The pound fell sharply when the
result of the referendum became clear on
24燡une and 12 months on the currency is
still down 15% against the dollar at just
above $1.26. It is also down 14% against
the euro, at about ?1.13.
A weaker pound has reduced the
spending power of British holidaymakers
abroad, and put pressure on consumer
finances by pushing up inflation to a fouryear high of 2.9%.
?The main financial effect of Brexit has
been felt in the pound,? said Laith Khalaf,
senior analyst at Hargreaves Lansdown.
?Holidaymakers have probably been the
most obvious losers from Brexit so far,
though inflation is also ratcheting up the
pressure on consumers more broadly.?
The fall in the pound and tougher backdrop for household finances has also hurt
the fortunes of some UK-focused companies. Hargreaves Lansdown said that
although the FTSE 100 had risen 18% over
the past year, UK-focused retailers Dixons
Carphone and Next had suffered big falls,
with their shares values down 29.5% and
27.3% respectively.
Cash savers were also cited in the report
as losers from the Brexit vote, because of
a combination of low interest rates and
higher inflation.
?The resurgence of inflation makes the
low interest rate environment even more
punitive for cash savers because their
money is losing its buying power even
faster,? Khalaf said.
The Brexit vote appeared to scupper the
idea that the Bank of England was moving close to raising borrowing costs, with
market expectations of a rate rise by 2018
falling from 86% on the day of the referendum to 20% now.
As Brexit negotiations finally got under
way this week, the Trades Union Congress
said that 12 months after the referendum
the government had failed to come up
with a plan to make Brexit a success for
workers.
?We have spent the last year fighting for
the best Brexit deal for working people ?
one that protects their jobs and their rights
at work,? said Frances O?Grady, the TUC?s
general secretary.
?A no-deal Brexit would be devastating
for jobs and the UK economy ? and after
the election result, the prime minister has
no mandate for it.
?A good Brexit deal for working people
Changing fortunes
FTSE 100?s biggest risers
Glencore +80.8%
Antofagasta +71.6%
Coca-Cola HBC
+69.4%
3i Group +60.4%
Intercontinental
Hotels Group +55%
FTSE 100?s biggest fallers
Capita -38.4%
BT Group -34.9%
Dixons Carphone*
-29.5%
Hikma Pharmaceuticals -27.8%
Next -27.3%
*Dixons Carphone dropped out of the
FTSE 100 in March
means tariff-free and barrier-free trade
with Europe. And it means a level playing
field for workers? rights written into the
Brexit deal.?
Multinationals listed on the FTSE 100
but with significant foreign earnings have
been among the biggest winners from the
vote, benefiting from a weaker pound.
?All of the top 10 performing stocks
have significant international earnings
which have helped propel their stock price
performance thanks to weaker sterling,?
Khalaf said. ?There are other factors at
play too, however. For instance commodity producers Glencore and Antofagasta
have benefited from price rises in the stuff
they dig out of the ground.?
The biggest 10 companies listed on the
FTSE 100 have become more dominant
since the Brexit vote and account for 46%
of the leading index.
Stock markets elsewhere in the world
have performed well over the past year.
For example, the value of every �0
invested a year ago in Germany?s Dax is
now �4, compared with �3 for the
FTSE 100.
Striking Greek
workers in new
protests at cuts
Angela Monaghan
Greece has been hit by fresh strike action as thousands of public sector workers marched through Athens to protest
against the debt-ridden country?s austerity programme.
About 5,000 people took part in the
demonstration yesterday, the latest in a
series of protests that have hindered rubbish collection in major cities.
Unions are calling on the left-led government to grant workers better employment rights, moving those on short-term
contracts that have expired or are about
to expire into full-time, permanent roles.
Some demonstrators dumped rubbish
outside the interior ministry building, and
protesters briefly clashed with police who
used teargas to prevent them entering the
parliament complex.
A government attempt to extend
municipal refuse collectors? contracts was
ruled unconstitutional, and officials say
they are seeking an alternative solution.
Householders in Athens and other cities
have been asked to keep rubbish at home.
Greece has been forced by its lenders
to agree to further spending cuts, pension
reductions and tax rises to unlock emergency funds. Last week, a fresh crisis was
averted when creditors agreed to release
?8.5bn (�4bn) of bailout funds aimed
at putting the country back on the road
to爎ecovery.
Greece will initially receive about
?7.4bn, enabling the government to repay
debts mainly owed to the European Central Bank. The remaining funds will be
handed over once creditors are satisfied that Greece has made the changes
demanded.
Central Athens yesterday during a strike by refuse collectors. Householders have been asked to keep rubbish at home Photograph: Eleftherios Elis/AFP/Getty Images
Purchases of buy-to-let homes halve in a year after changes to tax rules
Rupert Jones
The numbers of properties being bought
by landlords has almost halved in a year
in the wake of a tax and regulatory clampdown, prompting a leading banking body
to downgrade its forecasts for buy-to-let
lending in 2017 and 2018.
The Council of Mortgage Lenders (CML)
said buy-to-let had experienced a ?weak
start? to 2017, with lending falling faster
than expected as landlords withdrew
from the market in response to significant
tax changes and tighter lending rules.
The data follows a series of surveys and
indices suggesting the housing market is
running out of steam. However, the crackdown on buy-to-let may have provided a
boost to young people trying to get a foot
on the property ladder.
The CML, which represents banks and
building societies, said house purchase
activity was being driven predominantly
by first-time buyers, with their numbers
up 8% in the 12 months to April.
Buy-to-let homebuying activity was
?nearly half what it was a year ago? and
had averaged about 6,000 purchases a
month over the past 12 months, it said.
The number of landlord purchases involving a mortgage was 5,300 in April this year.
This compared with 10,300 in February
2016 and 11,800 in July 2015.
As a result, the CML has cut its forecast
for buy-to-let lending. It had expected
that �bn would be lent in both 2017 and
2018, but is now forecasting �bn for 2017
and �bn for 2018.
The organisation suggested that landlords should not be hit with any further
changes to taxation and lending rules;
the figures ?re-emphasise the case for
avoiding further changes to the tax and
regulatory framework until the effect of
these already in train have been properly
assessed,? it said.
Some landlords have claimed the big
tax changes being phased in between April
2017 and April 2020 mean that the maths
no longer stacks up and that some will end
up making a net loss.
At present, landlords can deduct mortgage interest and other finance-related
costs from their rental income before calculating their tax liability. But this interest relief is being slashed from the current
100% to zero.
Instead, the income tax on someone?s
property profits and any other sources of
income will be added up, and landlords
will then be granted a ?tax credit? worth
20% of the mortgage interest cost to offset
against income tax.
Fresh rates warning
A policymaker at the Bank of England
has warned that colleagues have failed
to spot an inflationary spiral that
needs to be choked off with an immediate increase in interest rates.
The outgoing monetary policy committee member Kristin Forbes used her
valedictory speech to say the governor,
Mark Carney, and a majority of other
MPC ratesetters were wrong to believe
inflation would peak soon and then
fall back, allowing rates to stay low.
The US academic told London Business School: ?This is not an economy
that is too weak to support an increase
in interest rates. Instead, it appears to
be ?overstimulated?.? Phillip Inman
Meanwhile, since January the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA) has
required lenders to apply stress tests to
new lending, putting further pressure on
landlords? finances.
A CML spokesman said: ?For the time
being, regulators and policymakers have
not registered concern with regards to
buy-to-let sluggishness. We expect to see
the market continuing to be soft, as the
implemented measures work through.?
Mark Harris, chief executive of the
mortgage broker SPF Private Clients, said
it was no surprise that buy-to-let lending
had been subdued, as the sector was still
coming to terms with changes such as the
reduction in mortgage interest tax relief,
tougher lender criteria and the 3% rise in
stamp duty that took effect in April 2016.
He said landlords were being more
cautious about expanding portfolios.
Section:GDN BE PaGe:29 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 22/6/2017 20:35
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*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
Business editor: Julia Finch
financial@theguardian.com
020 3353 3795
29
Financial
@businessdesk
The Hinkley vanity
project is exposed as
an utter shambles
Nils Pratley
T
Ban on EU pickers
risks strawberry
yields forever
The price of British strawberries could
rise by more than a third if the UK cannot ensure access to European workers
after Brexit, farmers have warned.
Producers have called on the government to introduce permits for seasonal
workers to ensure the soft fruit production business is not brought to a halt.
Farmers say the number of seasonal
workers coming to Britain has already
dropped by 17% this year as a result of
the weak pound and concerns about
the future for EU workers in post-Brexit
Britain.
The National Farmers Union said
there were more than 1,500 unfilled
vacancies in May.
Its concerns come as a report commissioned by the British Summer Fruits
trade body estimates that if UK-based
producers are forced to move operations
to countries within the EU to ensure
access to labour, the price of strawberries will rise from around �per 400g
punnet to �75 ? a jump of 37%.
Farmers say access to EU workers is
vital to sustain the industry. More than
nine out of 10 seasonal pickers and
packers of British soft fruit currently
come from other EU countries, primarily Poland, Bulgaria and Romania.
The industry is worth more than
�2bn, up 131% in 20 years, largely
because of a rise in strawberry production. In 1996 we ate 67,000 tonnes of
strawberries, and by 2015 this had leapt
to 168,000 tonnes.
Laurence Olins, chairman of British
Summer Fruits, which accounts for
97% of berries in UK supermarkets,
said: ?This is as extreme as it gets. If we
do not have the pickers, we do not have
a soft fruit industry.?
Sarah Butler
Photograph: Graeme Robertson
Chip maker in fight with Apple up for sale
Julia Kollewe
Shares in the British chip designer Imagination Technologies climbed 16% after the
company, which is in dispute with Apple,
put itself up for sale.
The Hertfordshire firm, which designs
the graphics processors used in smartphones and other electronic devices, suffered a big blow this year when Apple, its
largest customer, pulled the plug on its
chip supply deal, with effect from 2019.
Apple accounts for half of Imagination?s
revenues, and the latter?s shares slumped
70% on the day of the news.
Over the past few weeks Imagination had ?received interest from a number of parties for a potential acquisition
of the whole group,? it said yesterday.
?The board of Imagination has therefore
decided to initiate a formal sale process for
McDonald to
miss bonuses
in Halfords exit
Sarah Butler
Jill McDonald, the boss of Halfords, is
missing out on �7m of bonuses from the
bikes and car parts retailer as she jumps
ship to Marks & Spencer.
But she is unlikely to lose out, as M&S?s
policy is to offer payments or buyout
awards to new recruits to make up for
bonuses forgone at their former employer.
McDonald, who is to join M&S as managing director of its clothing, home and
beauty division in October, saw her total
pay slide by just over �0,000 to �1,412
as she missed out on her annual bonus
after resigning from Halfords in May.
She was in line to receive an annual
bonus of about �5,000, equivalent to
half her base salary, this year.
She also loses out on about �0,000
of payments related to compensation for
bonuses missed out on at her previous
employer, McDonald?s; �16m in potential long term bonus share awards that
stretched to 2019; and a third of last year?s
bonus, which had been deferred in shares
worth �,130.
the group and is engaged in preliminary
discussions with potential bidders.?
The shares jumped 20% in early trading and closed up 16% at 143.75p, valuing
Imagination at just over �0m.
Before the shock news about Apple on
3 April, Imagination shares were changing
hands at 268p.
The firm said it was still in dispute with
Apple, which it accuses of infringing its
intellectual property rights. The huge US
tech company came close to buying the
UK firm just over a year ago.
70%
The amount by which
Imagination?s share
price plummeted on
3燗pril, the day Apple
announced it would be
ending its chip supply
deal with the UK firm
Neil Wilson, senior market analyst at
ETX Capital, said buyers were seeking to
capitalise on the 60% slump in the Imagination share price since early April.
He described their situation as ?a pretty
ignominious end to what was a great British tech success story.?
Imagination has been trying to sell its
MIPS and Ensigma businesses since early
May to shore up its finances, and the
company it had received indicative proposals for both of them.
Wilson said: ?These were both strong
potential growth areas that could have
delivered lasting revenue accretion to
offset the loss of Apple.
?That was a pretty dire scenario, akin
to selling off the family silver to keep
the estate going a little longer. Now the
shutters are up and a buyer sought [for
the entire company].?
he National Audit Office
does not use excitable
phrases like ?utter shambles?. But the spending
watchdog?s verdict on
Hinkley Point C, the
nuclear power plant
in Somerset that is
supposedly now inevitable, amounts
to the same thing. The government
?has locked consumers into a risky
and expensive project with uncertain
strategic and economic benefits?.
The 80-page report confirms one?s
worst fears about how ministers fell in
love with Hinkley. First, they wedded
themselves to an inflexible financial
model. Then they agreed commercial
terms with developer EDF in 2013,
when energy prices were sky-high,
and ploughed on regardless when
the爀conomic case for Hinkley started
to燾rumble.
The first error is the easier to
understand. Ministers followed a
standard model in which the developer
bears the construction risks in return
for a state guarantee on the price of the
electricity eventually produced.
But Hinkley, scheduled to provide
7% of the nation?s electricity, was
never a normal project. It is bigger than
anything ever seen before and the price
guarantee ? to be funded via consumers?
bills ? extends over 35 years.
Could the government have saved
money for consumers in the long-run
by shouldering some of the up-front
costs? The NAO suggests so. ?Alternative
approaches could have reduced the total
project cost,? it says.
The scandalous part is that sums
were never done. Thus we are locked
into paying �.50 per megawatt hour,
index-linked to 2012 prices, when the
market price is half that level.
The second failing is worse. When
the deal was finally signed by Theresa
May?s administration last September,
the energy landscape had been
transformed.
The economic case for Hinkley
was ?marginal?, says the NAO, and
?less favourable, but reasonable,
assumptions? about energy prices and
renewables would have meant the deal
was not value for money even on the
business department?s own model.
The document tells a depressing tale
of inadequate scrutiny and successive
governments ignoring the energy
revolution taking place beyond their
spreadsheets.
?Time will tell whether the deal
represents value for money,? says the
NAO generously, before adding the
killer clause: ?but we cannot say the
department has maximised the chances
that it will be.?
The rest of us call that a politician?s
vanity project.
Apple, we?re waiting
Soon we will discover if Apple really is
engaged in a cunning plan to undermine
the stock market value of Imagination
Technologies and then buy the UK
designer of graphics processors on the
cheap.
Imagination has put itself up for sale,
a decision that has looked inevitable for
weeks. Life changed overnight for the
Hertfordshire firm when Apple said in
April that in 15 months? time it would no
longer require Imagination?s clever kit,
which is used in smartphones, tablets,
iPods, TVs and watches.
Apple represents about half of
Imagination?s revenues, which is why
the share price crashed 60%. The
two companies were immediately at
legal loggerheads. Imagination wants
evidence that its patents won?t be
infringed if Apple tries to design its
own graphics architecture. The dispute
continues unhappily.
But waging a long legal war with a
giant like Apple would be an impossibly
expensive strategy for Imagination,
worth �0m. Finding a buyer is the
more sober course, especially as it
has now received approaches from ?a
number of parties?.
Is Apple one? You can?t blame
conspiracy theorists for wondering.
Apple owns 8% of Imagination and
contemplated a bid last year. But one
can say this: a bid from Apple in these
circumstances would stink. An early
statement from California that the
speculation is wrong, and that it is not in
the running, would be welcome.
What price loyalty?
Halfords chairman Dennis Millard says
it is ?disappointing? that chief executive
Jill McDonald resigned last month to try
her hand at selling clothes at Marks
& Spencer. Disappointed, in this
context, means seriously annoyed. It
shows. McDonald has been awarded
zero bonus and her long-term incentive
and retention awards are cancelled.
That?s entirely fair: she?s leaving a job
half-done at Halfords by quitting 18
months into a three-year plan.
But the episode also demonstrates
the nonsense of companies? claims that
they need to pay all-singing, all-dancing
remuneration packages to ?recruit and
retain? top executives. The retention
bit is meaningless because the new
employer just picks up the tab.
In McDonald?s case, the bill for
M&S could run to �6m and may even
include sums that Halfords agreed to
pay to buy her out of her previous job
at McDonald?s. M&S, no doubt, will
then add its own incentives on top and
whistle the same empty tune about the
need to pay for loyalty.
Section:GDN BE PaGe:30 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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cYanmaGentaYellowblack
Section:GDN BE PaGe:31 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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cYanmaGentaYellowblack
journal
*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
31
opinion | letters | reviews
Divided, confused
? and facing the
worst of both worlds
Timothy Garton Ash
A year after voting to leave the European Union,
the British people are already in uncharted waters
?T
? Illustration
by燘en Jennings
he Brits don?t know
what they want?,
explained a front-page
headline in that great
Swiss newspaper, the
Neue Z黵cher Zeitung.
Exactly so. Or爐o put
it another way, the
Brits can?t agree what they want and
don?t know how to get it. On the first
anniversary of the Brexit referendum
vote, it?s painful to see Britain in
such燼爏hambolic mess.
The rest of the EU, by contrast, is
making a credible stab at pulling itself
together. Ever since French presidentelect Emmanuel Macron marched out
in front of the Louvre to the strains of
the European anthem, on the night of
his presidential election victory over
Marine le Pen, and even more since
his success in the legislative elections,
there has been renewed optimism about
the Franco-German couple getting the
European project back on the road.
The eurozone economy grew
faster than Brexit Britain?s in the first
quarter of this year. Following the
Brexit vote and the election of Donald
Trump, popular support for the EU
has increased in many member states.
Leaders in Paris, Berlin and Brussels
are now completely focused on their
own tough challenges. For most of
them, Brexit is an irritating sideshow.
One well-informed German source
says爐hat爓hen Macron and Angela
Merkel met for the first time, they
spent燼bout 60 seconds on the subject.
The EU27, as they are now familiarly
called, will discuss Brexit briefly at the
EU summit in Brussels this morning,
while May drinks her strong and stable
tea back in Downing Street.
They may haggle a bit about who
gets the EU agencies relocated from
London, but all agree on the EU?s
basic negotiating message to the
May爂overnment: ?no, you can?t
have爕our cake and eat it?.
Meanwhile, Britain?s election
has produced a political shift
towards a softer Brexit. The swing
from Conservative to Labour came
predominantly in constituencies that,
in the referendum on 23 June 2016, had
voted for Britain to remain in the EU.
Whatever the exact mix of causes,
the result is a parliament in which there
is clearly no majority for a hard Brexit,
let alone for May?s mantra ?no deal is
better than a bad deal?. Labour, Liberal
Democrats and the Scottish National
Party want either a softer Brexit
or燘ritain to stay in the EU.
Even the Northern Irish pro-Brexit
Democratic Unionist Party, on whose
10 votes in a hung parliament the Tory
government must now rely, wants to
keep an open border between Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic.
Most importantly, the election result
has galvanised Conservative MPs who
voted remain and seek a softer Brexit
prioritising the economy and jobs.
Instead of being sacked by May, as was
credibly predicted, chancellor Philip
Hammond is now openly articulating a
vision of Brexit very different from the
one which May asked the British people
to vote for. In his keynote speech on
Tuesday at Mansion House, in the heart
of the City of London, he again put the
economy at the top of the Brexit agenda.
But there is something odd and incoherent about this position. For if your
priority is the economy and jobs, then
it?s crystal clear that Britain should
remain in the EU. That?s why the government of David Cameron fought the
referendum mainly (indeed too exclusively) on the likely economic consequences. The fears may have been exaggerated for political effect, but they were
fundamentally justified. Also speaking
at Mansion House, the Bank of燛ngland
governor, Mark Carney, made a direct
link between the country?s ?weaker real
income growth? and negotiating Brexit.
In other words, the negative economic
consequences are already becoming
apparent. And we ain?t seen nothing yet.
Cameron lost the referendum because
enough voters put limiting immigration
and restoring formal legal sovereignty
and democratic self-government ? in
a phrase, ?take back control? ? before
the爀conomics, which they were misled
to believe would not be so bad anyway.
If your priority really is the economics,
then you must logically argue that
Britain should stay in the EU. This is,
of course, what Hammond and many
others on the Conservative and Labour
benches privately believe. But it?s the
truth that dare not speak its name,
silenced by the veto claim that ?the
people have spoken? and the fear of
splitting your own party.
O
n Wednesday it was
sad爄ndeed to see that
personally admirable
old lady, the Queen,
wearily reading out
the爂overnment?s
delusional promises
from her throne in the
House of Lords. Alas, poor country!
Almost afraid to know itself.
If the last year in European and
American politics has taught us
anything, it is that we really don?t
know what will happen tomorrow ?
witness Brexit, Trump and Macron.
Nonetheless, my hunch is that Britain
will probably end up, after a transition
period keeping current single market
arrangements, with some novel variant
of Norway?s European Economic Area
deal, Switzerland?s customised freetrade package with the EU or Turkey?s
membership in the customs union.
It may be dressed up in Union Jack
bunting, but it will effectively mean
that we have second-class membership
of the common market, that we must
abide by rules we have no say in making,
that we will continue to pay into the EU
coffers, that immigration from the EU is
only slightly reduced, and that we have
to accept legally binding arrangements
in which the European court of justice
still plays a significant role (along with a
British court, and perhaps a third party
court or tribunal ? believe it or not, the
UK is looking to Ukraine?s relationship with the EU as one model for this
arrangement). A majority in parliament
will probably swallow all this, in a very
British game of muddling through.
Although there is no consensus of
the燘ritish people on Brexit (May?s
rhetoric of ?the country coming
together? is transparently ridiculous),
this may represent a kind of median
position on the spectrum between the
extremes of leave and remain.
I was talking to a Swiss student
recently, on the way to St Gallen,
who said that while he realises that
Switzerland is largely dependent on
the EU, he does not want it to join the
EU because ?I爏till have the feeling that
we are governing ourselves?. A lot of
British people want to get that feeling
back, even if they know, in their rational
minds, that formal sovereignty is very
different from effective power.
As things are at the moment, that?s
where I suspect we?ll end up ? there
or thereabouts. But it?s not inevitable.
So we British Europeans should gather
all our strength to say, at the moment
when爐he half-baked negotiation result
is presented to parliament: ?This is
the爓orst of both worlds, neither having
our cake nor eating it. Why settle for
second-best, associate membership,
with many clear disadvantages and
few燼dvantages, when you could just
stay and have the real thing??
After all, as Brexit secretary David
Davis observed a few years ago, ?if a
democracy cannot change its mind,
it燾eases to be a democracy?.
Section:GDN BE PaGe:32 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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Sent at 22/6/2017 20:38
*
The Guardian
n | Friday 23 June 2017
opinion
Founded 1821
Owned by the Scott Trust
Number 53,131
UK economy
Don?t upset the
balance of power
in爐he Middle East
Ali Akbar Salehi
Working life in 21st-century
Britain harks back 300 years
Life is getting interesting at the Bank of
England. Next month will mark the 10th
anniversary of the last time the technocrats of
Threadneedle Street raised the official cost of
borrowing, but the chances of an interest rate
rise are higher than they have been for some
while. Mark Carney, the Bank?s governor,
thinks the time is not yet ripe for a tightening
of policy. He used his delayed Mansion
House speech in the City of London this
week to voice concerns about the negative
impact of higher inflation on consumer
spending and the uncertain effects of Brexit
negotiations on the economy. But three of
the eight members of the Bank?s monetary
policy committee took a different view, and
they were almost joined by a fourth, the Old
Lady?s chief economist, Andy Haldane, who
said the time was fast approaching when he
would vote for an increase. Mr Haldane?s
intervention was significant, not just because
he has hitherto been seen as one of the MPC?s
most prominent ?doves?, nor because his
intervention came little more than 24 hours
after that of his boss. Rather, it was because
the bombshell was dropped at the end of a
speech that seemed to argue the opposite.
For years, the Bank of England has been
trying to find the answer to a puzzle: why
is wage growth so weak even though
unemployment keeps coming down? Britain
currently has its lowest jobless rate since the
mid-1970s, but there has been no sign of an
acceleration in earnings growth. Quite the
contrary, in fact. At least part of the answer,
according to Haldane?s analysis, stems from
structural changes in the labour market: a
decline in union membership; more selfemployment; more zero-hours contracts and
more part-time and temporary work. The
clock has been turned back not one century
but three, so that the world of work in 2017
bears more than a passing resemblance
to Britain as it was before the Industrial
Revolution. There were no trade unions.
Most people were self-employed or worked
in a small business. The Uber drivers of that
era were the agricultural workers hired only
when there were cows to be milked or crops
to be harvested. In those pre-industrial
days, the relationship between wages and
unemployment was strikingly similar to the
one seen since the recession of 2008.
The thrust of Mr Haldane?s argument is
that workers in an increasingly casualised,
de-unionised and atomised labour market
find it hard to chisel more money out of their
employers even when unemployment is
falling and their living standards are being
eroded by inflation. If all this is true ? which it
is ? then Mr Carney?s wait-and-see approach
to interest rate rises makes sense. The only
genuine reason for the Bank to be alarmed
about inflation running at 2.9% would be if
there was the prospect of workers securing
compensatory pay awards and setting off
a good old-fashioned wage-price spiral.
Not only is there no sign of this happening,
tightening policy now could hit the economy
when it looks vulnerable on three fronts:
from a slowdown in consumption; from
political turmoil; and from Brexit uncertainty.
It would be a different story were
the government prepared to boost the
economy with higher public spending or
lower taxes, and there is a strong case for
changing the mix爋f macroeconomic policy
so that monetary policy (interest rates and
quantitative easing) takes less of the strain
and fiscal policy (taxes and spending) plays
a bigger role. There is plenty of evidence to
suggest that the current mix of ultra-loose
monetary policy and over-tight fiscal policy
needs to be changed. Chucking copious
amounts of cheap money at the UK economy
has not led to strong and sustainable
growth: rather, it has boosted asset prices,
exacerbated the structural weaknesses of
the economy by setting off a housing boom,
and led to greater inequality. But until the
chancellor decides it爄s time to add substance
to the government?s end-to-austerity rhetoric,
the Bank of England is the only game in town.
Mr燙arney is right to be cautious.
I helped broker the Iran nuclear deal. Its survival
depends on engagement, not interference
Ali Akbar Salehi
is燼爒ice-president
of Iran and head of
its Atomic Energy
Organization
Saudi Arabia
A crown prince?s age of ambition
will be felt far beyond Riyadh
Everyone knew Saudi Arabia?s Mohammed
bin Salman was a young man in a hurry. Every
step necessary for his advancement had
been made in the two years since his father
assumed the kingdom?s throne. Some judged
him to be already the country?s de facto ruler.
But at 31 his public triumph has come perhaps
a little more quickly than anticipated. This
week King Salman made him crown prince,
supplanting his vastly more experienced
cousin Mohammed bin Nayef. The new heir?s
elevation has erased the kingdom?s image
as a cautious, rather dull gerontocracy (the
horizontal system of succession has passed
rule from brother to brother; even his former
rival looked young at 57).
Change is long overdue, and some have
applauded the new crown prince as an
energetic reformer. But it is clear he has no
plans to meddle with the country?s nature
as an absolute monarchy intolerant of
dissent, let alone challenge the foundational
partnership between the House of Saud
and conservative Wahhabi clerics. Saudi?s
religious leadership ? according to reports
? has been vocal in recent days about
protecting autocracy from democracy. And
the dramatic economic and foreign initiatives
he has spearheaded have had dismal results.
His ?Vision 2030? plan to overhaul
the Saudi economy, end its dangerous
dependence on oil and embrace the potential
of its youth was in large part a package of
wishful thinking and hype underpinned by
privatisation and above all austerity. The
kingdom?s plan to slash public spending was
an invitation for social unrest; subsidies have
been plentiful and most working Saudis are
employed by the government. It undermined
the House of Saud?s deal with ordinary
Saudis: rigid political control in exchange for
a guaranteed living. He has offered circuses
rather than bread; opening cinemas and
allowing all-male concerts is unlikely to
prove adequate compensation. Suggestions
of a very modest increase in some personal
freedoms, including for women, are more
cYanmaGentaYellowblack
appealing but also unlikely to be sufficient.
In April, the government suddenly reversed
course by restoring bonuses and allowances
it had slashed. This week, the news of his
promotion was sweetened by backdating
those restorations and extending the public
holiday for Eid al-Fitr by a week.
But there is a renewed decline in oil
prices. Analysts have also pointed to the
sharp drop in foreign reserves ? $36bn in the
first four months of this year. The conflict
in Yemen has killed thousands of civilians,
created a famine and is going nowhere,
while reportedly draining Riyadh?s coffers of
billions of dollars a month. The new crown
prince (then defence minister) led that
rush to war, baited by the country?s intense
rivalry爓ith Iran. His hawkishness has
manifested itself again in his public remarks
on Iran ? suggesting further escalation is
likely ? and this month?s startling blockade
of燪atar: the biggest diplomatic crisis to
hit the Gulf for years. Regional jockeying
for power and his closeness to Mohammed
bin燴ayed, the crown prince of Abu Dhabi,
are爇ey. But so too, one suspects, are
impatience and inexperience.
Now his father has proved impatient too.
At 81, he could not wait long to engineer his
son?s installation and needed to ensure his
son?s succession was secured. The king also
made sure younger sons were rewarded:
another got the key post of Saudi ambassador
in Washington. In the past the US might
have encouraged the monarch to hold back.
The ousted heir was considered a friend
of America, and as an effective interior
minister led anti-terror efforts for years. But
the White House has embraced his younger
replacement as it goes all-in on its backing for
Riyadh ? whether from its own imprudence
or because it is accepting a fait accompli.
The Saudi people, of course, get what they
are given. Young men in a hurry are often
regarded warily by those ahead of them. But
plenty of other people, in the kingdom and
beyond, have cause to worry too.
Ideas
such as
?Sunni-Shia
conflict?
and
?PersianArab
enmity? are
fabricated
for ulterior
purposes
Voters in the
2017 presidential
election, Tehran�
Abedin
Taherkenareh/
EPA
W
orking to
negotiate
agreements
with the
west has
been a mixed
experience
for Iran.
Often, following some hard-won
engagement, some western nations,
whether distracted by shortsighted
political motivations or the lucrative
inducements of other regional actors,
walk away and allow the whole situation
to return to the status quo ante.
Quite a number of such reversals have
befallen Iran when engaging with the
US, in particular. The latest case of hardwon progress at risk ? which I believe
can still be saved from failure ? is the
historic nuclear deal known as the joint
comprehensive plan of action (JCPOA).
This was agreed in 2015 between Iran
and the permanent members of the
UN security council, plus Germany ?
the P5+1. The critical question at the
present juncture is: how can we rescue
this engagement and move out of the
familiar vicious circle?
I believe that concentrating on three
guiding principles would allow all actors
to stay the course. They are as follows.
The first serious stumbling block
to engagement between Iran and the
west has its roots in the ?security
dilemma?. The actors need to clarify,
for themselves and for others, whether
they seek power for security or merely
pursue power for its own sake. The
interests of engagement are certainly
better served by the former principle.
Pursuing military power beyond what
is called for by actual security needs
raises suspicions among others and risks
destabilisation. For example, US arms
sales to some traditional regional clients
in the Middle East, and ostentatious,
lavish arms purchases by the same
regional actors just because of the abundance of oil wealth, are provocative.
This is especially the case if the
national defence efforts of Iran ? which
are partly induced by this process
? are simultaneously opposed and
undermined. It would be unrealistic to
expect Iran to remain indifferent to the
destabilising impact of such conduct.
The second principle concerns objective reality versus what are nowadays
called ?alternative facts?. Establishing the objective reality on the ground
bolsters the likelihood of positive
engagement. Realistic recognition of
the political, economic and cultural
capabilities of countries, their regional
stature, and a proper consideration
of their particular needs and threat
perceptions helps promote and
strengthen an accurate understanding
of the players and their conduct.
Conversely, alternative facts are
bound to create unnecessary crises,
and they also render positive, effective
engagement impossible. Ideas such
as the ?clash of civilisations?, ?SunniShia conflict?, ?Persian-Arab enmity?
and the ?Arab-Israeli axis against Iran?
are all examples of alternative realities
fabricated for ulterior purposes.
A panoramic view of the unfortunate
global situation, and particularly our
violence- and crisis-ridden region, tells
us that we all need to foster a culture of
adherence to commitments. This is the
third principle. In the absence of effective global governance, relying on this
kind of culture would provide a workable basis for genuine engagement.
Neglect of or deliberate disregard
for these principles will lead to chaotic
behaviour by various actors and further
tension and conflict, with everybody
ultimately losing.
H
aving, on behalf of
Iran, conducted the
technical part of the
JCPOA with the P5+1
countries, I can say
with certainty that
the fate of this hardwon deal depends, in
the final analysis, on western resolve
and adherence to the principles just
mentioned. Disregard for Iran?s genuine security concerns, either through
deliberate changing of the militarysecurity balance in the region, or by
stoking Iranophobia in the region and
beyond, would jeopardise engagement.
So would a failure to honour the specific
commitments set out in the JCPOA. We
would all end up back at square one.
Unfortunately, as things stand at the
moment in the region, reaching a new
state of equilibrium may simply be
beyond reach for the foreseeable future.
If our partners in the nuclear deal
had燼 serious commitment to the three
principles I have set out, we would
certainly see the expansion, deepening and institutionalisation of mutually
beneficial engagement. This would
help promote the cause of regional and
international peace and security.
The outcome of the recent presidential elections in Iran reflects the clear
wish and will of the Iranian people
to this end. It is, therefore, time that
all our爄nterlocutors appreciated the
message as intended and acted accordingly. Engagement is not a one-way
street and we cannot go it alone.
We have, so far, taken a number
of solid steps towards a constructive
engagement aiming at common goals
and objectives. Those steps could
be strengthened further by genuine
reciprocal gestures and actions. The
moment of truth has arrived.
Section:GDN BE PaGe:33 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
opinion@theguardian.com
facebook.com/guardianopinion
journal
opinion
@guardianopinion
33
Notebook
This woman is
a real wonder
Emma
Brockes
The work ethic is changing,
and that applies to royals too
Gaby Hinsliff
Prince Harry is entitled to question his role in life ?
but shouldn?t be surprised if sympathy is limited
O
nce upon a time,
brother would happily
have murdered brother
to wear the crown.
Families were ripped
asunder in pursuit of
it, pretenders to the
throne routinely met
grisly ends, and even marrying into the
proximity of royalty could be lethal.
How puzzled Prince Harry?s ancestors
would be, then, by the interview he
has just given in America explaining
that nobody really wants to be king any
more. The royals are, he explained, only
still in business now ?for the greater
good of the people?, not because they
actually enjoy the gig. ?Is there any one
of the royal family who wants to be king
or queen? I don?t think so, but we will
carry out our duties at the right time,?
he told the US edition of Newsweek.
Like celebrities who tire of fame,
or titled families moaning about the
cost of maintaining the ancestral pile,
princes gloomy about one day having
to be king do not exactly invite instant
sympathy. After all, if the burden of all
that unearned wealth and privilege is so
terrible then they could always give it
up. Renounce the throne, hand back the
keys to Kensington Palace, and see if the
life of a commoner ? forced to earn your
own living but free to wander down the
street on a sunny day without trailing
clouds of close protection officers and
paparazzi ? really is as appealing from
the inside as it must sometimes look.
Hell, why not go the whole hog
and come out for an elected president
instead of a monarchy? Let the cursed
burden fall to someone who actively
wants it ? although, as ever, the glaring
flaw in this argument is imagining the
sort of person who might want it. (President Blair? President Richard Branson?
God help us, President燜arage?)
But constitutional implications
aside, there is a human story here that
will be recognisable to many distinctly
un-regal families, and that?s the creeping renunciation of what previous generations have unquestioningly assumed
work should be. William and Harry
are certainly not alone among millennials in not wanting to slog their guts
out as their parents did, and choosing
to allow more space for relationships
and families. And instead of dismissing
them as spoilt brats, older generations
might usefully reflect on what it could
possibly be about their burnt-out,
grumpy, professionally insecure parents
that they don?t wish to爀mulate.
It?s true that the vast majority of
young people can?t afford to be so picky.
Thousands would be grateful for a
job full stop, let alone a crown; others
are busy stringing together several
precarious half-livings to make the rent,
and the great whoosh of twentysomething rage unleashed at the last election
is testament to how very far from
professionally secure they feel.
But it?s precisely that insecurity
and燼nxiety, rather than laziness,
that seems to be increasingly shaping
attitudes to work. If the payoff for
doing爓ell at school and slogging
through a good degree is a pile of debt,
a starter job that could have been done
by a school leaver and zero chance of
ever having a mortgage, then why pour
every爋unce of� energy into work that
seems to offer so little back?
Even among those lucky enough to
be爋n relatively secure career paths,
something is clearly changing.
Only a third of trainee GPs, according to a survey carried out recently for
the King?s Fund, plan to be working
full-time even straight after qualifying.
They?ve seen the stress older doctors
are working under, taking life or death
decisions, back to back, all day and
then燾atching up with paperwork late
into the night, and they?re afraid of
burning out if they do the same.
Further up the career ladder, the
NHS is struggling in some parts of the
country to find hospital chief executives because of the pressure that comes
with the top job; the knowledge that
you?ll be held very publicly accountable
if anything goes wrong, in a funding
climate where things may be increasingly likely to go wrong. Stay one rung
below the top, and at least you?ll sleep
at nights. Governors looking to recruit
headteachers, especially in challenging neighbourhoods, report similar
problems in getting junior teachers to
step up. Why take the professional risk
of trying to turn schools with deeply
Public
scrutiny
does have
an impact;
it changes
the nature
of any job,
and who is
likely to be
attracted
to it
entrenched problems around, when it
will be your head on the block if Ofsted
deems you to have failed?
All this may be horrifying to older
doctors and headteachers, driven
by a strong sense of public service
and self-sacrifice and a desire to
put something back. But younger
professionals who want to work like this
aren?t necessarily shirking their duty to
those they serve, so much as interpreting that duty differently; wanting to be
rested enough to take good decisions
rather than lurching into sleep-deprived
mistakes for which they could find
themselves in court. It?s failure they
may fear, more than hard work.
O
bviously, the job the
young royals are so
gloomily contemplating
? a bit of ribbon-cutting,
plaque-unveiling and
Christmas messagefilming, rather than
anything life or death
? is infinitely less demanding by comparison. But again it?s the intense public
scrutiny to which the princes seem to
object, rather than the workload; the
daily intrusion into their private lives
that is the price now paid for privilege,
but which didn?t apply in the same way
to a previous generation of royal babies.
And before dismissing that as whingeing, it?s worth remembering that their
mother blamed anxiety for fuelling her
bulimia, that she died in a car crash while
being chased by paparazzi, and that as
bereaved children they were expected to
walk behind her coffin under the open
gaze of millions of strangers. It would
be more alarming in the circumstances
if William hadn?t chosen to hide his
children away in rural Norfolk, if Harry
hadn?t grown up with deeply conflicting
feelings about the family business.
There?s no going back to a time
before爌ublic servants were held
publicly accountable for their mistakes,
any more than it is possible for the
royals to retreat to an era when all
we expected them to do was smile
and wave. But exposure does have
consequences; it changes the nature of
any job, and who is likely to be attracted
to it. Princes William and Harry have
a perfect right to grapple with these
questions, publicly as well as privately.
Even if they would be wise爐o expect
precious little sympathy for燿oing so.
For weeks I have been gearing up to
be disappointed by Wonder Woman.
I thought The Handmaid?s Tale was
overrated; the new Netflix show
Girlboss is a disaster of fake feminism.
And I?d assumed Wonder Woman,
in spite of the accounts I?ve read of
women seeing the movie and being
taken aback by their own emotional
reaction, would be a let down, too.
Not a single man appears on screen
for the first 20 minutes, which is very
odd. Odder still is the origin story,
which the writers locate in Greek
myth and illustrate with a montage
of classic warrior-in-training scenes
of the kind that the male hero movie
relies on, and which, with women in
every principal role, gave me the outof-body feeling of seeing something
I?d never seen on screen before.
And whereas in most female-led
Hollywood movies ? from Working
Girl to Million Dollar Baby to Cars 3,
the Pixar movie released this month
in which a girl car beats the odds
to conquer the boys ? the heroine?s
triumph is a question of weakness
overcome, in Wonder Woman, the
heroine?s triumph is one of strength
pure and simple, no condition, no
caveat. Wonder Woman doesn?t overcome the odds, she blasts through
them and it?s the assumptions of the
modern world that look ludicrous.
Everything is held up to ridicule
? fashion (?how do women fight in
these?? she says, of the Edwardian
dress she is asked to try on), men-only
clubs, and Chris Pine?s courtly ?stay
here?, an invitation to sit out a fight
for which she is supremely better
qualified than he.
And the effect is very weird. It
brought home the extent to which
disparity in physical strength is the
basis of so much inequality. And it
was bizarrely moving, too, a cornball
Hollywood movie over which, for the
sheer novelty of the action on screen,
I found myself welling up. Afterwards,
I walked out into the bright New
York爏unshine ready to defeat the
God爋f War.
The Queen and I
First it was Helen Mirren in The
Queen. Then it was the sympathetic
depiction of Elizabeth R in The
Crown. Finally, I suppose, it has been
year after year of disastrous prime
ministers, against whom the monarch
looks increasingly dignified and
stable. My mother couldn?t stand the
Queen, and for many years that was
my feeling too. So cold, so inflexible,
such an embodiment of everything
people hate about the English. Then,
somewhat to my horror, I clocked my
own reaction to the Queen?s speech
this week, and while it wasn?t quite
?God bless you, ma?am?, it was along
the lines of ?Bravo, oh she really
does do a good job doesn?t she, so
dignified, so consistent, such sterling
public service after so many years ? ?
It?s the beginning of the end.
Call that a heatwave?
All the noise about the heatwave
in Britain is baffling to Americans,
for爓hom a puny 31C barely registers
as hot. In Arizona at the moment,
people are experiencing temperatures of 48C, at which point simply
touching the pavement will give you
a burn and you can cook frozen pizza
on the爃ood of your car. Flights into
Phoenix have been cancelled and
drivers have been spotting wearing
oven gloves because the steering
wheel is so hot. In New York, meanwhile, it is 28C and sunny. I stepped
into a subway car where
the air conditioning wasn?t working
yesterday, and rode
for two stops, enjoying the spectacle of
successive waves of
New Yorkers entering
the carriage, registering the sheer absurdity of non-temperature controlled
air, and stepping
heroically back on
to the platform to
join the next car.
Section:GDN BE PaGe:34 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
34
Sent at 22/6/2017 19:16
cYanmaGentaYellowblack
*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
journal
letters
Council outsourcing
leads to expertise loss
Health and safety is no laughing matter
Corrections and
clarifications
The missing implementation of the Civil
Contingencies Act 2004 by Kensington
and Chelsea council is hard to understand
without context (Letters, 21 June). Outsourcing in this borough has not been
restricted to property management. The
much-lauded money-saving ?tri-borough
agreement? included Kensington and
Chelsea, Hammersmith and Fulham and
Westminster councils. This was planned
to start in October 2013 and extended the
existing shared services partnership to
include ?total facilities management?.
This involved awarding Amey the 10-year
�0m contract. It included building management and security, cleaning, repairs
and maintenance ? and, crucially, ?statutory compliance, including health and
safety and environmental legislation?.
This fitted in well with the philosophy
of making councils service commissioners rather than providers and, as
the leader of Kensington and Chelsea
predicted at the time, ?we will be
able to save money, protect frontline
services and keep taxes low?. Even if
these燾ontracts are worth the money ?
and the jury is still out on this ? one of
the most important of the unintended
consequences of outsourcing is the
total燼nnihilation of expertise among
those commissioning the contract.
Without appropriate in-house expertise, contracts cannot be effectively
monitored or even understood.
Judy Downey
London
Steven Poole rightly points out the
dangers of deregulation, and how new
rules are so often only introduced
following disasters (The deregulation
game, G2, 21 June). This is a very real
and poignant matter for me, given the
deaths of my daughter and her friend on
a level crossing in December 2005. After
years of lobbying about the dangers
? and Network Rail?s (and its predecessors?) failures to act on them ? change
took place and a major programme
began to improve safety at crossings.
Poole points out that ?the very phrase
?health and safety? has become a joke?.
People roll their eyes and shrug and
the jokey ?elf and safety? has become
part of the language. It has enabled
those with power in government and
the private sector to cut corners and
get away with it, on the basis that
extra爎ules will not go down well.
We need a major change in attitudes
to health and safety. It must become
ingrained as a serious matter. Joking
about it should become as unacceptable
as joking about racism, sexuality and
disability.
Chris Bazlinton
Farnham, Essex
? In an article about an increase in the
number of Welsh-language schools, the
headline and text referred to Welshonly teaching. To clarify, this is Welshfirst teaching. Children in the schools
mentioned are taught in Welsh first
and are initially assessed in Welsh. A
quote attributed to Save the Children
came from a guide by Save the Children
UK?s education team for use in multilingual settings around the world, and
not exclusively for Wales (Welsh-only
teaching ? a political tool that harms
children?, 20 June, page 37).
? I was pleased to read that many Grenfell families will be rehoused in a luxury
block nearby (Report, 22 June). But in
the same article it was suggested that
the facilities ? swimming pool, sauna,
gym and private cinema ? may be ?out
of bounds?. I would be devastated on
their behalf were this to be the case ?
more social injustice; akin to making
these new residents wear orange suits?
Paul Garrod
Portsmouth
guardian.letters@theguardian.com
? The elephant in the room not mentioned in Steven Poole?s excellent article
on deregulation was the de facto deregulation facilitated by the government?s
savage cuts in local authority spending. Councils were inevitably going to
respond to these cuts by reducing the
resources available for statutory duties
where cuts would be less likely to create
an immediate outcry, such as regulation enforcement. It would be naive to
think that a government obsessed with
deregulation would not have been fully
aware of this. This week?s news of tower
block cladding investigations provides
grim evidence of the effects of this
strategy, if any were needed.
Jim Hooker
Chichester, West Sussex
? As long ago as 1840, when rapid
expansion forced government at least to
consider some degree of regulation of
buildings, Thomas Cubitt gave evidence
to the select committee on the health of
towns. He warned that, without rules
and regulations, builders would put up
houses crammed into smaller and smaller
spaces. ?I am afraid a house would
become like a slave ship, with the decks
too close for the people to stand upright.?
Polly Toynbee was right to insist on
the need for regulation (They call it useless red tape, but without it people die,
20 June). And they couldn?t, in 1840,
even imagine 24 storeys high.
Enid Gauldie
Invergowrie, Perthshire
? Steven Poole provides an excellent
account of the right?s professed hatred
of regulation and red tape, but this ideological hostility only seems to apply to
big business and the private sector.
By contrast, the last three decades
have seen the public sector crushed
under regulatory burdens and tied up
in red tape, often in a bizarre attempt at
making schools, hospitals, the police,
social services and universities more
efficient, business-like and accountable. Talk to most doctors, nurses,
police officers, probation officers, social
workers and university lecturers, and
one of their biggest complaints will be
the relentless increase in bureaucracy
The jokey ?elf and safety? has
become part of the language,
enabling government and
the private sector to cut
corners and get away with it
Chris Bazlinton
First flush of summer
as swallows close loos
burst爋ut爈aughing and nobody got a
severe talking-to.
Margaret Squires
St Andrew, Fife
Inspiring girls to fall in
love with engineering
In light of the negotiating skills shown
by the DUP in securing a very favourable outcome for Northern Ireland in the
ongoing ?confidence and supply? talks
(Report, 22 May), should the Tories not
send the DUP to Europe for the Brexit
talks instead of their current team.
They爉ight fare a lot better.
Fiona Doherty
Bray, Co Wicklow, Ireland
? In reply to Ian Garner?s letter (22 June)
re the numbers of fat/plump people
pictured in Blackpool, versus Brighton,
London and the south, up here in Blackpool we?ve always assumed that the fat/
plump people were sent here a?purpose.
Danny Tanzey
Thornton Cleveleys, Lancashire
Today is International Women in Engineering Day (Inwed). And on this day the
UK desperately needs more engineers
? 20,000 annually, according to Engineering UK figures. Equally worrying is
that the UK has the lowest percentage
of female engineering professionals in
Europe ? a mere 9%. Parents and teachers
can encourage their children, especially
girls, to take up and stick with Stem subjects (science, technology, engineering
and maths), right through school to university. Projects and practical workshops
will give young people hands-on experience, increase confidence and show that
engineering can be fun. Our experience
on engaging with school-age children is
that they often see engineering as being
confined to jobs in construction, transport or manufacturing. Let?s not forget
that engineering can be about developing
products useful to society, as well as roles
? Thanks to Lucy Mangan for revealing that not only did Brian Cant appear
to be a good guy, he really was one (Mr
Play School, G2, 21 June). A terrifying
memory from my daughter?s childhood
was when she disappeared among the
sand dunes. I commandeered a search
party from local students and one
shouted at me: ?I?m not sure if it?s her,
but it could be. She says her name?s
Cuthbert.? Thanks to Brian Cant we all
? I have never read a more beautiful
eulogy to a butterfly than in Derek Niemann?s Country diary (22 June). Please
make this a set piece for schoolchildren.
Ian Garner
Keighley, West Yorkshire
? Summer at last. A chalk notice at
Langwathby railway station warns us
passengers that the station toilets are
out of order due to swallows nesting.
Irvine Hunt
Penrith, Cumbria
imposed by Conservative (and New
Labour) governments since the 1980s.
Instead of focusing on their core activities and providing a good professional
service, many frontline public sector
workers are compelled to devote much
of their time and energy to countless
strategies, statutory frameworks, regulations, codes of practice, quality assurance procedures, government targets,
action plans, form-filling, box-ticking,
monitoring exercises, and preparations
for the next external inspection.
A major reason for public sector
workers quitting their profession, taking early retirement or suffering from
stress-related illnesses is the sheer volume of bureaucracy that Conservatives
(and New Labour) have imposed during the last 35 years. This bureaucracy,
almost as much as underfunding, is
destroying the public sector, impeding
efficiency and innovation, and driving
frontline staff to despair.
Pete Dorey
Bath, Somerset
? Your article on red tape is correct ?
rules and regulations have enhanced
safety and health, and stopped many an
exploitative practice. However, the most
dangerous ?red tape? is wrapped around
our tax laws. The incomprehensible
density and technicality of the UK tax
system allows the rich and well advised
to dance around inside a baffling box of
reliefs and avoidance measures. If we
want a fair, balanced and more equal
tax system, then we should rewrite tax
law to make it much simpler and as
transparent as possible. Industry and
the wealthy will moan for a while, but
they?ll adapt quickly. Advisers will complain bitterly, but the tax system should
not be used as an employment-generation machine. Ultimately, we would see
lower tax rates and higher tax takes ?
surely the objective of all governments?
Chris Parr
Fribourg, Switzerland
in industry, computing, healthcare, medicine and protecting the environment.
So as well as calling on the government
to do more, I?m calling on parents and
teachers to seek out and present these
role models in schools, through networking and in the home over the dinner
table. Reach out to an engineering company near you and find an inspirational
speaker. Or focus one lesson or homework assignment per week on female
engineers. There?s a list of the top 50 on
the Women?s Engineering Society site
(www.wes.org.uk/we50). Here are just six
of my favourites to get you started: Ada
Lovelace, creator of the first computer
program; Grace Hopper, who created the
first compiler for a computer language;
Avni Shah, Google?s head of Chrome
development; Gwynne Shotwell, president of SpaceX; Debbie Sterling, creator
of the GoldieBlox toy company; Sylvia
Todd, a most creative and inspirational
teenager. For more on Inwed activities
near you, go to www.inwed.org.uk.
Marianne Culver
President, RS Components, Oxford
@guardianletters
? The results of a placebo-controlled
trial of the most common form of
shoulder surgery are not due to be
published next month as we said in
an article about the possibility that
people could be undergoing unnecessary procedures. The study is still under
review by a journal and does not yet
have a publication date (Many common
operations may be unnecessary, say
researchers, 12 June, page 12).
The readers? editor?s office looks at
queries燼bout accuracy and standards.
Email guardian.readers@theguardian.com
or find us on Twitter @GdnReadersEd. You
can also write to The readers? editor, King?s
Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU; or call
020 3353 4736 between 10am and 1pm
Monday to Friday. The Guardian?s policy is
to correct significant errors as soon as possible. For more information on the readers?
editor?s office and the Guardian?s editorial
code, see gu.com/readers-editor. Contacts
for other Guardian departments and staff
can be found at gu.com/help/contact-us
Open-minded view of
Daily Mail v Guardian
Virginia Cumming (Letters, 21 June)
implies that millions who read the
Daily Mail are complicit in hate speech
as they consume ?rightwing? extremism by making the choice to read the
newspaper, and by implication should
therefore be in the same dock as the
publisher. Small in number we may
be, but I am (probably) one of the few
Guardian subscribers who occasionally
reads the Mail newspaper, for balance,
and with an open mind. Martin Rowson?s Sun and Daily Mail white van
cartoon really plumbed the depths of
leftwing hatred ? and blinkered ignorance ? towards the ?ordinary? people
who choose to read the Mail (and other
tabloids) and the Mail has quite rightly
responded with both barrels.
The exceptional Martin is entitled to
draw and castigate as he wishes, and
Virginia can huff and puff about the
Mail, but it is entitled to its opinions as
much as the Guardian, whose snobby
metropolitan-left editorials, op-ed
articles and letters may offend the
many爉ore who read the Mail.
Charles Foster
Chalfont St Peter, Buckinghamshire
We do not publish letters where only an email address is supplied; please include a full postal address, a reference to the article and a daytime telephone number. We may edit letters. Submission and publication of all
letters is subject to our terms and conditions: see http://gu.com/letters-terms
Loose canon
In Kensington,
the church got it
right where the
council failed
Giles Fraser
W
e are an ?unsuccessful church?,
the exhausted
Rev Alan Everett told me, as
I persuaded
him to take
a break and
have some lunch. He meant that they
only get 30 to 60 people in the pews on
a Sunday morning and that it wasn?t one
of those whizzy Alpha course churches
beloved by London bishops and their
growth spreadsheets. Next to us in the
church?s sunny courtyard, an extended
Muslim family talked openly about their
escape from the fire. ?Our lungs are full
of smoke but at least, thank God, we are
all alive.? A church worker told them
where to find new shoes and clothes. It
felt like a refugee camp. Perhaps it was
a refugee camp. And hanging over the
whole scene, Grenfell Tower, black and
enormous. It stands as a biblical-scale
condemnation to a whole society.
In the days after the fire, the church
of St Clement?s, Notting Dale, became a
hub for grieving families, generous donations of clothes and food ? and cameraready politicians. First Jeremy Corbyn
came. Then a furtive Theresa May met a
few residents in the church. Then Sadiq
Khan was at mass on Sunday morning.
I wanted to know from Everett how the
church was able to respond so quickly
in a way that the council didn?t. ?I was
woken up at 3am by a priest who lives
in the tower, and so I came down to the
church, opened the doors and turned the
lights on,? he said. It all began from there.
People started coming in out of the dark ?
often passersby looking to help. First they
sorted out tea and coffee. By 7am, they
had a fully stocked breakfast bar, with
volunteers organising themselves into
teams. Within hours, local restaurants
were delivering food; clothes began to
pile high in the church sanctuary ? about
40 Transit vans? worth, the vicar estimates. The place looked like a warehouse.
Listening to Everett, it struck me that
?opening the doors and turning the
lights on? was precisely the difference
between the church and a local authority that had become arms? length from
its residents, continually dealing with
local people only through intermediary
organisations such as the locally muchhated Kensington and Chelsea Tenant
Management Organisation. The nicest
thing I heard about the royal borough
from local people was that it had outsourced its care for the poor as a cost
efficiency. The worst, that it was
deliberately running down its
stock of social housing so that
they could eventually bring in
the developers.
In his Sunday morning sermon,
Fr Robert Thompson, an
assistant priest in the
parish and also a local
Labour councillor,
channelled his anger.
Contrasting the good
communication of the
local volunteers with
the bad communication
of the authorities, he said:
?The people on the lowest incomes of this parish
simply do not feel listened
to, either this week or in
?This parish
is going to
be needed as
we enter the
post-welfare
state,?
the priest
told me,
chillingly
previous years, by those in power. Worse
than that, what the whole issue of the
cladding and the lack of sprinklers may
well highlight is that some people in our
society have simply become excess and
debris on our neoliberal, unregulated,
individualistic, capitalist and consumerist society.? The churchy way of saying
?I agree? with all this is ?amen?. The
church of St Clement was built and paid
for in 1867 by Alfred Dalgarno, a philanthropist vicar with deep pockets and a
compassion for the poor. Thompson is a
councillor for the Dalgarno ward, named
after him. ?This parish was built prewelfare state and it is going to be needed
as we now enter the post-welfare state,?
he told me, chillingly.
Of course, parishes like St Clement
are only superficially unsuccessful.
Its secularised charity arm, the Clement James centre, helps thousands of
local people every year, into work, into
university. That?s why the parish is so
trusted locally. ?We are called to share
in the brokenness and the forgottenness of the people we serve,? the vicar
explained. In poor parishes, the job is
to keep the doors open and the lights
on. And this being permanently present
is no small thing. Not least because, as
Christians believe, the light will always
beckon people out of the darkness.
Section:GDN BE PaGe:35 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
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cYanmaGentaYellowblack
*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
opinion
35
journal
Corbyn?s Labour has done well. To
win power, it needs to do far better
Martin Kettle
June?s election didn?t prove that voters long for a
leftwing programme. The truth is far more complex
A
Jeremy Corbyn
at a rally in
Runcorn on the
eve of the election
Christopher
Furlong/Getty
t a memorial event
yesterday for the
political scientist
Anthony King, John
Bercow recalled one
of the things that
always made King
such an illuminating
commentator on British elections. The
House of Commons Speaker ? a student
of King?s at Essex University ? observed
that, while party politicians reflexively
respond to election results with exaggerated claims and pitiful denials, King
had a simple motto that cut through the
spin: ?Focus on the evidence.?
Tony King would have loved the 2017
general election. His absence from it is
one of the lesser reasons why he is so
much missed. King would certainly have
been withering about Theresa May?s
multiple misjudgments of the past few
months. She is indeed fortunate that
Tony did not live to write about her
in his uncompleted book on Britain?s
postwar prime ministers.
But he would surely have cast a
critical eye over some of Labour?s
responses to the 8 June results too.
Focusing on the evidence, he would
rightly have been impressed at Labour?s
nearly 13 million votes, its 40% vote
share, its 30 more seats, and the way
Jeremy Corbyn confounded the experts
with his campaign and style. Yet he
would, I suspect, be cautious about
claims that a Labour government is
today just ?one more heave? away.
That is not to say that Corbyn has
no爃ope of being prime minister in
a few months? time. He plainly has
such a燾hance. If there is another snap
election ? a possibility, though not
an easy one to bring about ? Labour
is extremely well placed to oust the
Conservatives at the polls. There is
even爐he (more remote) possibility
that, as happened under Ramsay
MacDonald back in 1924, events could
evolve in such a way that a minority
Labour government replaces the current
Tory爉inority administration.
But the evidence of 8 June contains
warnings for Labour, as well as the many
encouragements. The most obvious is
simply that Labour did not win the 2017
election; it lost. Labour?s seat total of
262 today is merely back to about what
it was ? 258 ? when Gordon Brown lost
power in 2010. Labour remains 64 seats
short of an overall majority. And 18 of
Labour?s most statistically winnable
seats are in Scotland, where the SNP
remains a formidable rival.
Labour recorded a 2% swing from
the Tories on 8 June. But the Tory vote
increased too. For Labour to win 64
more seats from them requires a further
swing of 6%. To capture its 64th most
winnable seat from the Conservatives
means defeating Graham Brady, who
chairs the Conservative 1922 committee,
in Altrincham and Sale West ? a seat that
Brady won in the Labour landslide of
1997, and in every contest since.
All these things are, in principle,
possible. But it has to be faced that
they are also difficult. It is not enough
to say that what worked in June 2017
will work again. That is why it is so
important for Labour to be openminded rather than dogmatic about
addressing the next phase. Labour
should face the truth that it had a lot
of luck in 2017, as well as its hard-won
successes. Some of that爈uck was made
by Corbyn. A lot of爄t, however, was
gifted unintentionally by燤ay, not least
in her failure to challenge the Labour
manifesto on the economy. But it has to
be possible for Corbyn enthusiasts and
Corbyn sceptics爐o talk to each other
respectfully, on the basis of evidence.
Both sides will have things to learn.
So it ought not to be considered a
thought crime, as it has sometimes
felt爐o be in the past two weeks in
certain circles and with certain critics,
to say that Labour still has a very
steep slope to climb. To argue that
Labour still爊eeds to win votes, seats
and arguments in the centre ground
of British politics, among voters who
consider themselves as moderates must
not be treated as a sign of disloyalty.
The 2017 election result doesn?t prove
to me that voters are yearning for a
leftwing programme. It suggests that
they turned against Theresa May. When
asked, three-quarters of the population
still consider themselves centrists, or
on爐he燾entre-left or centre-right.
In a presentation on the election for
the Policy Network organisation this
week, the former YouGov chief Peter
Kellner pointed up some of the issues.
Mid-20th-century social class loyalties
To argue
Labour still
needs to
win votes in
the centre
ground
must not
be treated
as a sign of
disloyalty
no longer apply. On 8 June Labour?s
voters instead comprised a coalition of
groups rather than traditional blocs.
Regional differences were very marked.
As a result, Kellner argued, Labour
may be moving away from being a
?whole nation? party towards being a
?coalition爋f interests? party.
If that?s right, which of course it
may not be, then it makes sense to
examine whether such a coalition can
hold together, and whether it provides
electoral rock or sand for building
the new support Labour requires to
win. For it can be argued that each of
the coalition groups defines Labour
in ways that make centrist-inclined
voters爃arder to capture.
Labour?s coalition is particularly
strong among what have been called the
exam-passing classes (students, voters
with degrees), the young, public sector
workers (white collar as well as blue),
voters who rely on in-work benefits,
and some minority-ethnic groups. Yet
young voters are a declining part of an
ageing society, public sector workers are
a declining part of the workforce, and
minority-ethnic voting patterns are less
settled now than in the past.
Political allegiances are also more
volatile. Look at the dramatic rise and
fall of Ukip support in the 2010s. Look
at the changes in Scotland between 2011
and 2017. The 2017 election was also
one of the most volatile for decades.
Manifestos and the campaign itself
both mattered more than in the past.
The electorate?s views before the Tory
manifesto launch on 19 May were quite
different from their views afterwards.
A further factor, according to the
strategist Deborah Mattinson, is that
after 19 May many voters decided to
support Labour in spite of Corbyn,
not because of Corbyn. None of this
means that the move to Labour won?t
last, or that Corbyn did not have a good
campaign from which he has emerged as
a more credible leader. Equally, though,
it could mean that the Labour surge is
contingent, and may dissolve again.
These are fascinating political times.
But they are also very uncertain times.
In France, a radical centrist experiment
contrasts with Britain?s apparently
deep爌ost-referendum division.
Those who affect certainty about
everything are false prophets. In such
circumstances, it makes better sense
than ever to focus on the evidence.
Men, we need to talk about sperm
Geeta Nargund
Stories about older male celebrities having babies
belie the truth that men too have biological clocks
Geeta Nargund
is the medical
director of Create
Fertility, which runs
fertility燾linics
I
nfertility has for far too long been
treated as an all-female issue. Yet
in about half of the cases for the
one in six couples in this country
who are experiencing problems
conceiving, it is the man?s
infertility that is the problem.
So why is it in my fertility clinic
practices ? both NHS and private ? I
meet men every week who have no idea
of the vital role their age and lifestyle
choices will play in whether they and
their partner can have a healthy baby.
Reports about celebrity fathers in
their 50s, 60s and older, have blinded
many men to the reality that they, too,
have a biological clock. For every Ronnie
Wood or Rupert Murdoch fathering a
child in their 60s or 70s, there are many,
many more men like the barrister who
came to me, a widower with grownup
children who was desperate to start a
new chapter in life.
He and his new partner were very
much in love and planned to have a
baby, but after trying unsuccessfully,
fertility tests revealed that his sperm
quality and quantity had already
declined and that it was too late for
natural conception. As a result, his wife
had to undergo IVF treatment, despite
the fact that she did not have a fertility
issue herself. Having tried treatment,
the couple eventually gave up on the
idea of having a child together.
The headlines don?t tell the real
story:爐he likelihood that fertility
treatment may have played a role.
The燾oncept of the ticking biological
clock is a well-worn cliche when
applied爐o women, but men need to
wake up to their own燾lock.
Advancing paternal age is linked with
an increased risk of psychiatric and
academic morbidity. Scientific papers
underline that, from the age of 40,
and especially from the age of 45, the
quantity and quality of a man?s sperm
decline. In this age range we see an
increasing number of genetic mutations
in sperm. This means it takes longer for
a man and his partner to conceive, and
there is a higher chance of miscarriage.
The actual figures come as a great shock
to many men. It can take five times as
long to conceive where a woman has
a male partner over 45, and the risk of
miscarriage is twice as high in women
with male partners over 45 compared
to爐hose with partners under 25.
There is also a greater risk of
conditions that include dwarfism, while
children born to men over 45 are five
times more likely to have an autism
spectrum disorder and 13 times more
likely to be diagnosed with ADHD.
We need to break down the silence,
improve education and give men the
opportunity to open up and discuss a
topic that can be as painful for them as
it爄s for their female partners.
Outside of the effect of age on
fertility, men must understand the
role played by lifestyle choices.
Smoking, excessive alcohol intake,
using recreational drugs, poor diet,
a sedentary lifestyle and being
overweight燼ll have a bearing on
sperm爍uality and quantity. And while
many men attempt to live a healthier
lifestyle once they and a partner start
trying for a baby, it takes the body three
months to create new sperm, so to
guarantee their efforts are worthwhile
they should be making changes many
months ahead of time.
When it occurs, infertility is as
devastating for men as it is for women.
What do we need to do to make sure
those men get early advice and to try to
reduce the number of men who have to
go through this heartbreak?
I?ve long campaigned for better fertility education for both men and women.
What do
we need to
do to make
sure men
get early
advice and
reduce the
number
who go
through
heartbreak?
I have pushed for fertility to be added
to the secondary school curriculum so
that young people ? men and women ?
understand the factors that affect their
future fertility and will be in a position
to make informed choices to protect it.
We know sex education works,
we?ve seen levels of teenage pregnancy
plummet as a result of good sex education. Now we need to apply the same
principle to fertility. So we must keep
challenging government and educators
to also include information on fertility ?
female and male ? in the curriculum.
We also have to remove the stigma
attached to male infertility. High profile,
global campaigns like Movember have
done stellar work in raising awareness
of prostate cancer, testicular cancer and
mental health problems. Men?s fertility
issues need the same attention.
We have to open up the conversation
? provide information and normalise
the爐opic as one that men can talk
to each other about, devoid of
embarrassment or shame. There?s still
a misguided macho kudos attached to
the idea of the�-year-old new father
?who?s still got it in him? ? we need
men爐o know that this is not the norm,
and the risks that late fatherhood
can bring. The impact of a man?s age
at conception on the health of the
offspring cannot be爄gnored.
Section:GDN BE PaGe:36 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
36
Sent at 22/6/2017 17:53
*
journal
cYanmaGentaYellowblack
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
the critics
@guardianculture
If you thought Liza Minnelli in Cabaret was the
height of Weimar decadence, think again
Art
Portraying a Nation:
Germany 1919-1933
Tate Liverpool
?????
W
hen Hana
Koch died in
2006, she left
her family
a modern
German
treasure
hidden in an
old altarpiece in her Bavaria home. Koch
had survived the violence of Germany in
the previous century and through it all
kept with her an extraordinary artistic
document of innocence and love. Koch
was the stepdaughter of the great artist
Otto Dix and, in 1925, when she was
five years old, he made her a beautiful,
handpainted picture book of his joyously
original visions of German folktales,
biblical stories and comical monsters.
The Bremen Town Musicians ?
from the Brothers Grimm ? and Saint
Christopher carrying Christ are among
the traditional German childhood images
Dix reinvents in his Bilderbuch f黵 Hana
(Picture Book for Hana). It went on
public view in Germany for the first time
last year and is now at Tate Liverpool.
This is an exhibition about the
doomed Weimar republic, the attempt
at German democracy born out of defeat
in the first world war and effectively
ended, in the voting booth, when the
Nazis were elected in 1933. The Weimar
years were socially and politically
chaotic ? and artistically brilliant.
No artist embodies Weimar more
pungently than Dix. If you think this
era?s reputation for decadence is a
stereotype created by the musical
Cabaret, think again. Liza Minnelli
had nothing on the original Weimar
characters portrayed by Dix, from his
flamboyant art dealer Johanna Ey to
a rich gallery of sexual experimenters
and prostitutes. One 1922 watercolour,
in which a woman poses in a corset and
stockings flourishing a whip in front of a
bloodstained cross, is called Dedicated
to Sadists. In a small, intense oil
painting that pays homage to the kinky
Erotic mayhem ? Reclining Woman on a Leopard Skin, by Otto Dix, 1927 Photograph: Tate
German Renaissance master Lucas
Cranach, the goddess Venus is naked
except for long, black leather gloves.
What kind of society is Dix painting?
How are we meant to respond? One
answer lies in his terrifying series of
prints, Der Krieg, exhibited here in its
chilling entirety. Dix had been in the
first world war as a machine gunner, and
his memories flash back as nightmare
glimpses of rotting bodies and wormeaten skulls in this masterpiece of antiwar art, first published in 1924. Yet even
his friends on the left advised him to
leave out one shocking scene. It shows a
German soldier assaulting a nun.
Dix came back from the hell of the
trenches and plunged into a vision
of the Weimar years that is totally
cynical and deliberately obscene. Yet
is it pessimistic? Is he prophesying
disaster or celebrating freedom? For
me, this art is not at all depressing. As
the wonderful picture book he made
for his stepdaughter shows, Dix is a
happy artist. He has a huge, Hogarthian
appetite for humanity. His art asks us to
question what decadence means, for the
outrageous erotic mayhem he depicts
expresses a belief in social progress
and liberation. The woman gazing at
us as she rests amid furs and silks in
his 1927 painting Reclining Woman on
a Leopard Skin is bold, intellectual and
challenging, like his art dealer Ey.
The world of Weimar nightlife
that explodes in Dix?s frenzied dada
paintings is apocalyptic yet subversive
and looks forward in its freedoms to
our own age. It is not a bleak catalogue
of the damned. He probably thought
Germany was headed for a communist
revolution, not nazism.
This is two exhibitions in one. Parallel
with Dix, in a separate gallery, the
photographs of August Sander take a
cooler, more distanced, and perhaps,
tragically, more accurate view of
Dix has a Hogarthian
appetite for humanity, and
expresses a belief in social
progress and liberation
Germany society in the 1920s.
The glamorously fierce Dix appears
in one of Sander?s monochrome
portraits. He is just one face among
many, no more or less important than
the pastry chef, children, blind people,
industrialists, communists and students
who are also in this apparently endless
array of Weimar Germans. Sander?s
sharp focus on faces and clothes, against
evocatively blurred landscapes or
rooms, makes us see people who lived
almost a century ago with undimmed
immediacy. Yet their formal, unsmiling
poses and inclusion in a vast series
make it clear that, far from romantic
celebrations of the individual, these
portraits aspire to a scientific analysis of
the whole of German society.
The most telling difference with Dix
is that, while the painter sees sex and
rebellion everywhere, Sander sees a
profoundly conservative society. His
photographs take in urban creative
types ? as he classes them ? such as Dix
or the composer Paul Hindemith. Yet
he also dwells on rural Germans who
look stiff and archaic in their formal
habit. Farmers and their children, a rural
teacher posing in hunting gear ? we look
into their eyes and wonder what they
were doing a few years later when the
Nazis came to power.
Sander reveals a Germany in which
such Weimar sophisticates as Dix were
very much in a minority. The formal
tone of his pictures is not a mere style.
It suggests that far from debauching
at Berlin clubs, most Germans were
still stuck in formal and hierarchical
social燾ustoms. In other words, this is
the rigid, regimented society Dix and
other dadaists rebelled against. Which
vision is true? We know, of course.
The social and sexual experiments of
Weimar would be swept away by the
Nazis. The爋bsession with order that
underlies Sander?s Germany would
make the people in his pictures follow
orders to the end. Dix and Sander
survived to bear witness ? there are
pictures here in which Sander records
victims of the Holocaust ? and many
years later, Hana燢och?s album would
come to light, with its vibrant vision
of a better Germany, in a land that had
finally fulfilled its爌romise.
Jonathan Jones
Until 15 October. Details: 0151-702 7400.
Kaufmann thrills in his role debut,
as a charismatic, troubled outsider
Merciless hatchet job on
modern American journalism
Opera
Theatre
Otello
Royal Opera House, London
?????
D
irected by Keith Warner,
the Royal Opera?s
new production of
Verdi?s Otello marks
Jonas Kaufmann?s
long-awaited debut
in the title role, one
frequently regarded
as a turning point in the careers of
tenors. His interpretation will doubtless
deepen over time, but this is already an
accomplished portrayal, sung and acted
with considerable intelligence.
Avoiding black makeup, his Otello
is essentially a charismatic outsider,
as much Byronic as Shakespearean,
whose public and private personae are
fatally at odds. We first see him hoisted
over the crowd on the Cyprus dockside,
glamorous in leathers, fearlessly commanding. In the love duet, however, he
approaches Maria Agresta?s Desdemona
with shy, almost naive adoration. As
Marco Vratogna?s Iago plies his psychological poison, Kaufmann cracks slowly,
revealing both lonely introversion and
dark sexual obsessions. The scene in
which he calls Desdemona a whore is
disturbingly done as he pins her to a
wall, forcing kisses upon her.
He sings most arrestingly. His voice
rings comfortably through the opening
Esultate. Elsewhere, we find hushed
pianissimos and careful dynamic control.
Dio Mi Potevi is beautifully contained,
the emotional agony suggested by
the ebb and flow of inflections rather
than melodramatic declamation. In
moments of fury, however, his tone can
lack menace. The cries of ?sangue? in
the second act don?t bite as they might,
though there?s no mistaking the thrill
and power with which he launches the
subsequent duet with Iago.
What surrounds him is variable. The
staging is essentially expressionistic.
Black walls open to reveal filigree
screens that create patterns suggesting
the occlusion of Otello?s mind. Chorus
gestures are stylised. Mindful, perhaps,
that Verdi?s original working title for
the work was ?Iago?, Warner makes
Vratogna a malign prime mover, who
sets in motion the opening storm and
sings his Credo as if to infernal spirits
beneath the stage?s floor. In the second
half, the symbolism turns heavy-handed,
as graffitied walls reveal what?s going on
in Otello?s head, and the white-on-white
design for Desdemona?s bedroom too
obviously emphasises her innocence.
Vratogna impresses, but is inclined to
snarl in places. Desdemona suits Agresta
more than some of the other roles she
has sung in London recently, though
dramatically she can be disengaged.
Antonio Pappano drives the score hard,
without attaining anything like the
cogency he achieved in 2012, in the final
revival of the previous production. The
choral singing is electric throughout.
Tim Ashley
Until 15 July. Box office: 020-7304 4000.
Gloria
Hampstead theatre, London
?????
Nothing can quite match the pulsating,
postmodernist brio of Branden JacobsJenkins?s An Octoroon currently at
the Orange Tree theatre. But, even if
his later play Gloria tackles the more
familiar topic of the rancid joylessness
of the modern media and the urge to
commodify personal tragedy, it is still
sharp, witty and inventive and hinges
on a coup it would be criminal to reveal.
Jacobs-Jenkins sets his play in the
offices of a smart Manhattan magazine.
Although he denies it is a likeness of the
New Yorker, where he worked for three
years, it is significant he names one of his
characters Shawn, after the legendary
Kaufmann cracks
slowly, revealing lonely
introversion and dark
sexual obsessions
Jonas Kaufmann as Otello and Marco Vratogna as Iago Photo: Tristram Kenton
Bayo Gbadamosi and Colin Morgan
editor William Shawn. But what hits one
is the competitive rancour of the young
editorial assistants. Dean is a boozing
schmoozer, Ani is a nerdy computer geek
and Kendra is a waspish shopaholic who
specialises in lacerating put-downs. Even
the older staffers don?t exactly radiate
happiness. In Lorin we have a funny
portrait of the harassed fact-checker;
Gloria is the classic loner who has
dedicated her life to the magazine.
The play takes time to exert its grip,
and there are echoes of other works:
the ruthless office politics reminded
me of Neil LaBute?s In the Company
of Men and the media satire evokes
Martin Crimp?s recently revived The
Treatment. But the longer the play goes
on, the deeper Jacobs-Jenkins digs,
and in the extraordinary second act he
shows the reverberations of the first-act
crisis. It also becomes clear what he is
writing about: not just the memory of
a lost golden age that haunts American
journalism, but also the soullessness of
the present in which any crisis is open
to爄nstant exploitation.
Michael Longhurst?s production
keeps the action whizzing along: too
much so in the first half where vital
words get lost. But Lizzie Clachan?s
design transports us from cluttered
magazine cubicles to hideously stylish
TV offices, and the performances are
uniformly good. Colin Morgan is all
haggard desperation as the ambitious
Dean, Kae Alexander exudes venom as
the sharp-tongued Kendra and Bayo
Gbadamosi morphs beautifully from
an exploited intern into a shiny-suited
exec. The title refers not just to a pivotal
character but to Bach?s Mass in B Minor.
That, however, is the only spirituality on
display in this merciless modern satire.
Michael Billington
Until 22 July. Box office: 020-7722 9301.
Section:GDN BE PaGe:37 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 22/6/2017 18:28
cYanmaGentaYellowblack
*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
obituaries@theguardian.com
other.lives@theguardian.com
37
Obituaries
@guardianobits
Robin Murray
Economist who
promoted fair trade,
recycling and a more
equitable society
R
obin Murray, who has
died aged 76, advocated
and implemented new
forms of social and economic organisation by
applying humanist principles to practical experience. In Britain and
internationally, he sought to tease out of
today?s structures clues for a more equitable tomorrow.
He saw beyond Fordism ? industrialised mass production and mass
consumption ? and neoliberalism, with
its emphasis on the private sector and
free trade. As chief economic adviser to
the Greater London council (1981-86),
Robin led a team working for an inclusive, democratic economy. Their London Industrial Strategy involved trade
unionists and user groups in economic
planning, invested in childcare and
adult education, developed cultural and
creative industries, gave a boost to cooperatives and other social enterprises,
and helped set up the London Food
Commission, whose work included the
study of additives and the effects of
food poverty.
Learning from the small-scale enterprises of Emilia-Romagna, the region of
Italy with Bologna at its centre, his team
encouraged networks of decentralised
production units with an emphasis on
flexible specialisation, particularly in
the furniture industry. This was the enabling state in action.
The influence of this approach went
far beyond London and outlived the
GLC, led by Ken Livingstone and abolished by Margaret Thatcher?s government in 1986. Ever enthusiastic about
local democracy, Robin advised a consortium of local authorities producing
the South East Economic Development
Strategy, which contributed to the 1997
Labour government setting up regional
development agencies.
Drawing on his GLC experience,
Robin wrote for Marxism Today on Benetton Britain (1985) and Life After Henry
(Ford) (1988) ? explaining the transformation of the production process.
Aware of the widening gap between
the market?s winners and losers, Robin
argued that the new technological and
organisational forms of production
could facilitate democratic self-management and collaborative creativity, and
help the transition to democratic socialism. Guided by Bertolt Brecht?s maxim
that ?truth is in the concrete?, he organised a series of initiatives ?in the interests of labour rather than of capital?.
Self-realisation for the marginalised and
exploited, for women, for the young,
was at the heart of his mission.
In 1985, with Michael Barratt Brown,
Robin founded the Third World Information Network (Twin), a trading
organisation designed to ensure economic equity for producers in a global
market, and of which he was a director for 20 years. It all began with Twin
importing cigars from Cuba and rocking
chairs from Nicaragua. The trailblazing fair trade brands Caf閐irect and
Murray helped establish the London
Climate Change Agency in 2005
Divine Chocolate emerged from the
organisation. In 2008, in Kerala, southwest India, at a global assembly of the
farmer-owned nut company Liberation,
and in defiance of the company?s perilous financial condition, Robin?s voice
boomed out to 3,000 producers: ?We are
about people and community.?
Liberation lives on, the Twin group
of companies now acts as a trading and
marketing arm for more than 300,000
small farmers, and fair trade sales in the
UK in 2016 totalled �65bn.
From 1994 Robin worked for two
years with the province of Ontario. He
brought Canadian expertise in sustainability back to England, founding the
London Pride Waste Action Programme,
which started pilot schemes showing
how cost-effective and popular recycling can be with new methods and
technologies. Across England recycling
rates soared.
His book Creating Wealth from Waste
(1999) was followed by the Greenpeace
report Zero Waste (2002), in which he
argued that product design for repeated
use was as important as recycling. His
achievements in redirecting UK waste
policy led the Guardian to identify him
in 2008 as one of the ?50 people who
could save the planet?.
With the deputy mayor of London he
worked to establish the London Climate
Change Agency in 2005, and two years
later a green homes advice service. For
the Young Foundation he co-authored
The Open Book of Social Innovation
(2010), a worldwide survey and investigation into ways new technology could
reduce carbon footprints, sustain health
and alleviate poverty ? work premised
on the belief that only globally equitable approaches would avoid the catastrophic impacts of climate change.
His teaching at Schumacher College in
Dartington, south Devon, deepened his
connection to ecology through economics, combining his knowledge and love
of farming and his faith in a sustainable
future. More recently he focused on
work with co-operatives, believing that
they were the appropriate institutional
form for a human-centred 21st-century
economy.
Born in Westmorland (now part
of Cumbria), Robin was the son of
William Hjortsberg
Robin Murray, industrial and
environmental economist, born
14燬eptember 1940; died 29 May 2017
Letter Lord Thomas of
Swynnerton
Andrew Kemp writes: Lord Thomas
of Swynnerton (obituary, 10 May) was
?never comfortable with the demands of
academic life?. In October 1966 he began
his first weekly lecture on European history at Reading University. He told us
that if he had known when he left Oxford
that this tradition would still exist 10
years later he would never have entered
academic life. He further announced
that he knew little about the subject and
was only standing before us as the specialist was on sabbatical. His suggestion
was that we could more usefully spend
the hour each week in the university
library working our way through the
reading list instead.
I took him at his word and did not
attend his, or any other, lectures during the next two years. Although I now
regret not listening to this ?thoroughly
entertaining and popular teacher?, I did
read lots of books.
Writer behind the
cult movies Legend
and Angel Heart
W
illiam Hjortsberg, who has
died aged 76,
was a brilliantly inventive writer
whose books
fell into a category sometimes called ?slipstream?, a
creative mix of genres often characterised by darkness lightened with playful
humour. His best-known novel, Falling
Angel (1978), is a mix of hard-boiled
detective fiction and horror, a metaphysical noir that became Alan Parker?s
classic movie Angel Heart (1987). Two
years earlier, Hjortsberg had written
the screenplay for another dark fantasy
by a British director, Ridley Scott?s cult
movie Legend (1985).
There was a haphazard karma to
Hjortsberg?s career, much of it linked
to his friend and fellow writer Thomas
McGuane, whom he met at Yale drama
school. Hjortsberg was born in New York
City, where his father, Helge, a Swedish merchant sailor who had jumped
ship there, ran a successful Swedish
restaurant. When he was 10, his father
died and the family lost everything. His
Swiss-born mother, Ida, worked as a
maid to support the family. Hjortsberg
took a degree in English at Dartmouth
College in New Hampshire, and worked
nights in a pizza parlour.
He started at Yale in 1962, but then
he and McGuane both won fellowships
at Stanford University; before starting
the programme Hjortsberg and his wife,
Marian, travelled in Europe and Central
America. Hjortsberg wrote two novels,
which were rejected widely, and was
working as a shelf-stacker in Bolinas,
California, when McGuane stepped in.
He paid the copying and postage costs
to send one of Hjortsberg?s manuscripts
to his own editor at Simon & Schuster.
A comedy set in a fairytale Switzerland,
it was published as Alp in 1969, and followed by Gray Matters (1971), a brilliant
piece of what was becoming known
as speculative fiction, set in a postapocalyptic world where only the brains
of a select few had survived.
He wrote for magazines including
Sports Illustrated, and sold stories to
Playboy, from which he won a ?best new
writer? prize. Symbiography, rejected
by Playboy, was eventually published in
Penthouse and in 1973 became a small-
Stephen Murray and his wife, Margaret
(nee Gillett), who had a strong Quaker
background and in the 1930s were communists. In 1951, his father dropped his
legal career and moved his family from
Hampstead, north London, to a hill farm
in Cumberland, where his sons worked
in the school holidays. At Bedales
school, Hampshire, he met Frances
Herdman, later an artist; together they
went to Oxford, where Robin studied
history at Balliol College, and married
in 1965.
After postgraduate studies at the
College of Europe in Bruges, and at the
London School of Economics (LSE),
Robin taught at the London Business
School. For the May Day Manifesto
(1968), edited by Raymond Williams, he
drafted an alternative economic strategy
that became a central issue for the left in
Britain in the 1970s.
From 1972 to 1993 Robin worked at
the Institute for Development Studies
at Sussex University, and subsequently
at the LSE. He advised governments
and civil associations in Jamaica, Ethiopia, Honduras, and most recently the
Syriza government in Greece. In 1980 he
helped establish a new educational system for the then socialist government
in the Seychelles. To all his activities he
brought optimism, warmth, curiosity
and good humour.
He is survived by Frances, their
daughters, Marika and Bethany, grandson, Joseph, and his brothers, Alexander
and Hubert.
Robert Hutchison
Birthdays
Lisa Bonet and Mickey Rourke in Angel
Heart, 1987, based on Hjortsberg?s book
Falling Angel. Below, Hjortsberg with
his daughter, Lorca, in 1969
The Life Images Collection/Getty
press novel and then an unproduced
screenplay, Nomad. His fourth novel,
Toro! Toro! Toro! (1974), was a comic
take on bullfighting.
By now Hjortsberg had followed
McGuane to live in Livingston, Montana,
where he became the centre of the socalled Montana Gang, which included
the writers Jim Harrison, Tim Cahill and
Richard Brautigan, as well as the musician Jimmy Buffett and the actors Peter
Fonda and Warren Oates. McGuane was
by now an in-demand screenwriter, and
advised Hjortsberg to try it.
When Hjortsberg pitched him an idea
inspired by Stephen Vincent Ben閠?s
short story The Devil and Daniel Webster, McGuane said: ?That?s too good for
Hollywood, write it as a novel.? Before
publication, Falling Angel was serialised
in Playboy and won the magazine?s
annual best major work award. In the
novel, set in 1959, New York private eye
Harry Angel is hired by the mysterious
Louis Cyphre to find Johnny Favorite,
who disappeared after being wounded
in a Nazi air raid in Tunisia in 1943.
What starts as a Raymond Chandler-like
detective story soon melds tropes of
supernatural horror into a feverish tale
of murder, voodoo and incest.
Hjortsberg would not publish another
novel for many years. His only film cred-
its came on screenplays for the B-movie
king Roger Corman, but when Ridley
Scott had the idea for a movie version of
Tristan and Isolde, which became Legend, and came across some of Hjortsberg?s unproduced low-budget fare, he
sought him out for the job.
In 1994 Hjortsberg published Nevermore, a mystery starring Harry Houdini,
Arthur Conan Doyle and the ghost of
Edgar Allan Poe. By then he had begun
work on a biography of Brautigan, which
would take 20 years to research and
write. Hjortsberg joked that Brautigan
was laughing at him from beyond: ?That
poor old Hjortsberg spent years chasing
me down.? Jubilee Hitchhiker was eventually published in 2012.
A new novel, Ma馻na (2015), drawing
on his experiences in Mexico in the 60s,
is a tale of hippies, drugs and murder.
He finished a sequel to Falling Angel,
due to be published later this year.
Hjortsberg?s first marriage, and a brief
second marriage, ended in divorce. He
is survived by his third wife, the painter
Janie Camp, whom he married in 2007,
and a daughter, Lorca, and son, Max,
from his first marriage.
Michael Carlson
William Reinhold Hjortsberg, writer,
born 23 February 1941; died 22 April 2017
Deborah Arnott, chief executive, Action
on Smoking and Health, 62; Kim Begley,
tenor, 65; Selma Blair, actor, 45; Vint
Cerf, vice-president and chief internet
evangelist, Google, 74; The Most Rev
David Chillingworth, primus of the
Scottish Episcopal Church and bishop
of St Andrews, 66; Nicholas Cleobury,
conductor, 67; Joel Edgerton, actor, 43;
Sir John Elliott, historian, 87; Helen
Geake, archaeologist and broadcaster,
50; John Hannett, general secretary,
Union of Shop, Distributive and Allied
Workers, 64; John Hayes, Conservative
MP, minister of state for transport,
59; Lord (Derry) Irvine of Lairg, QC,
former lord chancellor, 77; James
Levine, conductor and pianist, 74;
Frances McDormand, actor, 60; Colin
Montgomerie, golfer, 54; Lady (Sheila)
Noakes of Goudhurst, accountant,
Conservative politician, 68; Jesse
Norman, Conservative MP, 55; Dame
Anne Owers, chair, Independent Police
Complaints Commission, 70; Maggie
Philbin, broadcaster, 62; Lord (Martin)
Rees of Ludlow, astronomer royal, 75;
Giles Scott, sailor, 30; Paola Su醨ez,
tennis player, 41; Anthony Thwaite,
poet, 87; KT Tunstall, singer and
songwriter, 42; Patrick Vieira, footballer
and coach, 41; Helen Whately,
Conservative MP, 41; Zinedine Zidane,
footballer and manager, 45.
theguardian.com
Reread all our obituaries theguardian.com/obituaries
Section:GDN BE PaGe:38 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
38
Sent at 22/6/2017 17:45
cYanmaGentaYellowblack
*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
Weather
Today
London
Manchester
Newcastle
Southampton
Aberdeen
Glasgow
Cardiff
Belfast
High 24 | Low 16
Precip: 0%
Sunny spells
High 18 | Low 13
Precip: 60%
Scattered showers
High 19 | Low 11
Precip: 60%
Scattered showers
High 22 | Low 13
Precip: 0%
Sunny spells
High 19 | Low 9
Precip: 55%
Isolated showers
High 17 | Low 11
Precip: 55%
Isolated showers
High 20 | Low 14
Precip: 55%
Isolated showers
High 18 | Low 10
Precip: 65%
Scattered showers
Weather view
ILLUSTRATION: CLIFFORD HARPER
Country Diary Fermyn Woods, Northamptonshire
As the morning sun heats the still woodland air the rides fizz with the sounds
of flying insects: bumblebees buzz
between bramble blossom and clover
heads, a myriad small flies zip through
the air, and longhorn beetles whir and
clatter around the dog roses. Each species has its own habits and lifecycle that
together constitute the intricate web of
life in this ancient wood.
The lord of the flies is the pellucid
hoverfly (Volucella pellucens). He hovers eight feet off the ground, squarely
in the centre of the clearing, turning his
chrome-yellow face and big brick-red
eyes towards any intruder.
His bulky jet-black body is bisected
by a broad white belt circling the front of
his abdomen. The milky band ensnares
the sun?s rays and blazes with lucidity. In a bold assertion of his virility he
buzzes after and harangues every flying
insect that passes. It must be hard work.
His offspring will also have a tough job;
they live in wasp nests feeding on detritus and dead wasps.
A sallow bush at the edge of the wood
is home to a great many variegated
willow froghoppers (Aphrophora pectoralis). Like their more familiar smaller
relative, the common froghopper
(Philaenus spumarius), their soft young
live in ?cuckoo-spit?, though these feed
only on willows.
The adults are among the jumping
champions of the animal world. Their
ghostly grey last nymphal skins cling,
empty, in little groups on the underside of the sallow leaves and are easier
to spot than the adults themselves,
which sit tight on the twigs, head pointing up燼nd shaded by a leaf; a posture
entirely reminiscent of their bigger
cousin, the cicada.
Unfortunately, our four species of
big arboreal froghoppers do not add a
cicada song to the insect symphony;
indeed it is now 17 years since the last
cicada was heard anywhere in the UK.
It?s not that froghoppers don?t sing,
they do. Their medium, however, is not
the air but the tree on which they sit
and through which they transmit their
romantic vibrations.
Matt Shardlow @MattEAShardlow
Share your pictures of this
week?s weather at theguardian.
com/weather-view
Brighter skies over the Sound of Mull as the ferry to Oban
moors at Lochaline
Photograph: Alan Chape/GuardianWitness
Follow Country diary@gdncountrydiary
Weather forecast
UK and Ireland Noon
Shetland Islands
Temperature(�) X
1000
14
Wind (mph) X
Mist
Fog
Sunny
1004
Summary
Around the world
Channel Is, Cent S England, SW England,
W Midlands, Wales Broken cloud today with
scattered showers in Wales. A moderate to fresh
south-westerly wind. Max 15-21C (59-70F).
Overcast tonight with a few showers. Min 12-15C
(54-59F).
癈 癋
Ajaccio
28 84
Algiers
30 87
Alicante 31 89
Ams?dam 21 71
Athens
32 90
Auckland 17 64
B Aires
22 72
Bangkok 34 94
Barcelona 30 87
Basra
42109
Beijing
24 76
Belgrade 35 95
Berlin
23 74
Bermuda 28 83
Bordeaux 25 78
Boston
28 84
Brussels 26 79
Budapest 32 90
C?blanca 32 91
C?hagen 18 66
Cairo
33 92
Cape Town15 60
Chicago 26 80
Christ?rch 8 48
Corfu
31 88
Sunny intervals
15
Mostly cloudy
Overcast/dull
Sunny showers
Sunny and heavy showers
1008
Light showers
17
Rain
Sleet
Light snow
20
Snow showers
18
Moderate
Thundery showers
22
18
19
Lincolnshire, Yorkshire, NW England Broken
cloud today with a few showers. A moderate
westerly wind. Max 16-20C (61-68F). Overcast
tonight with a few showers. Min 8-14C (46-55F).
Heavy snow
Thundery rain
1012
SE England, London, E Anglia, E Midlands
Mainly dry today with broken cloud and sunny
spells. A moderate westerly wind. Max 21-24C
(70-75F). Overcast tonight with a few showers.
Min 13-16C (55-61F).
NE England, SE Scotland, SW Scotland, NE
Scotland Broken cloud today with a few showers,
early in the morning, late in the south. A moderate
westerly wind. Max 9-20C (48-68F). Overcast and
mainly dry tonight. Min 2-15C (36-59F).
35�
Moderate
30�
25�
20�
15�
10�
1016
24
5�
Channel Islands
0�
19
22
Slight
-5�
-10�
-15�
UK and Ireland Five day forecast
Saturday
Sunday
Monday
W Isles, N Isles, NW Scotland Broken cloud today
with a few showers in the morning. A moderate
to fresh westerly wind. Max 6-17C (43-63F).
Overcast tonight with scattered showers. Min
1-11C (34-52F).
Northern Ireland, Ireland Broken cloud today
with scattered showers. A moderate westerly
wind. Max 12-20C (54-68F). Overcast tonight
with scattered showers. Min 4-12C (39-54F).
Atlantic front Noon today
Tuesday
Wednesday
1000
992
1008
L
H
L
1008
984
1016
L
Cold front
H
Low 11 High 17
Low 12 High 20
Low 13 High 19
Low 13 High 19
Low 11
Air pollution
London
North East
NW & Mersey
York & Humber
East Midlands
West Midlands
Eastern
South East
South West
South Wales
North Wales
Borders
Cent Scotland
NE Scotland
Highland
N Ireland
Occluded front
Trough
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
low
Today?s forecast in towns and cities
by busy roads. Low (1-3); moderate
(4-6); high (7-9); very high (10).
Source Defra.
Lighting up
A cold front will move southward in England.
Spacewatch
Belfast
Birmingham
Bristol
Dublin
Glasgow
London
Manchester
Newcastle
2206 to 0449
2134 to 0445
2131 to 0455
2158 to 0457
2207 to 0433
2123 to 0446
2141 to 0442
2150 to 0428
Sun & Moon
The European Space Agency (ESA)
has formally embarked on a mission
to search for gravitational waves from
space. The Lisa (laser interferometer
space antenna mission) will use three
spacecraft to detect these minute ripples in the fabric of spacetime. The
spacecraft, stationed millions of kilometres apart, will be linked via laser beams.
Gravitational waves propagate outwards from any accelerating object, but
they are so small that only the collision
of truly massive things such as large
black holes are capable of producing
signals big enough to be detected at
present. The first gravitational wave
detection, by the ground-based Ligo
instrument in the US, was announced
on 11 February 2016.
The wave was created by the collision of two black holes, each containing
around 30 times the Sun?s mass. Yet
it produced a ripple only 1,000th the
width of an atomic nucleus of hydrogen.
In space, Lisa will be sensitive to
different frequencies of gravitational
waves and so should be able to detect
the merger of much larger, more distant
black holes. This will reveal the way in
which galaxies like our own formed in
the early universe.
The technology needed to build
Lisa has been partly demonstrated by
ESA with the mission Lisa-Pathfinder.
Launched in December 2015, this single
spacecraft showed that the measurement precision needed for the full Lisa
mission could be achieved in orbit.
Lisa, which is cost-capped at ?1.05bn
(�9bn), is scheduled to be launched in
the mid-2030s.
Stuart Clark @DrStuClark
Sun rises
Sun sets
Moon rises
Moon sets
New Moon
Dakar
Dallas
Denver
Dhaka
Dublin
Faro
Florence
Frankfurt
Funchal
Geneva
Gibraltar
H Kong
Harare
Helsinki
Innsbruck
Istanbul
Jo?burg
K Lumpur
K?mandu
Kabul
Karachi
Kingston
Kolkata
L Angeles
Lagos
癈 癋 Weather
28 84 Showers
36 98
23 74
33 93
18 66
29 85
33 92
30 86
24 76
32 91
29 85
31 89
21 71
15 60
31 89
28 84
18 65
31 88
26 80
37100
33 92
31 88
32 90
27 81
27 82
Fair
Fair
Cloudy
Showers
Sunny
Fair
Fair
Fair
Storms
Sunny
Storms
Sunny
Fair
Storms
Sunny
Sunny
Cloudy
Storms
Sunny
Fair
Storms
Storms
Fair
Cloudy
癈
Larnaca 30
Lima
21
Lisbon
28
Lux?bourg 26
Madrid
36
Majorca 29
Malaga
31
Malta
29
Melb?rne 15
Mexico C 28
Miami
32
Milan
36
Mombasa 30
Montreal 22
Moscow 17
Mumbai 32
Munich 28
N Orleans 30
Nairobi 24
Naples
30
New Delhi 33
New York 28
Nice
27
Oporto
22
Oslo
17
癋
87
71
84
79
98
85
88
85
59
84
90
97
86
73
64
91
83
87
76
86
93
84
82
72
64
Weather
Sunny
Fair
Sunny
Fair
Sunny
Sunny
Sunny
Sunny
Fair
Fair
Fair
Fair
Fair
Rain
Fair
Storms
Storms
Storms
Cloudy
Fair
Fair
Storms
Fair
Sunny
Rain
癈
Paris
27
Perth
17
Prague
27
Reykjavik 12
Rhodes 30
Rio de J 25
Rome
28
Shanghai 28
Singapore 30
St P?burg 15
Stockh?m 19
Strasb?g 31
Sydney
18
Tel Aviv 28
Tenerife 28
Tokyo
26
Toronto 25
Tunis
31
Vancouv?r 22
Venice
31
Vienna
31
Warsaw 22
Wash?ton 31
Well?ton 13
Zurich
31
癋
81
64
81
54
87
77
84
84
87
59
67
89
66
83
83
80
78
89
72
89
89
72
88
57
89
Weather
Sunny
Fair
Fair
Rain
Sunny
Fair
Fair
Storms
Cloudy
Showers
Cloudy
Fair
Sunny
Sunny
Sunny
Fair
Rain
Sunny
Sunny
Fair
Storms
Storms
Storms
Rain
Storms
High tides
Warm front
1024
High 16
Weather
Fair
Sunny
Sunny
Fair
Sunny
Rain
Cloudy
Storms
Sunny
Sunny
Showers
Storms
Fair
Cloudy
Fair
Storms
Fair
Storms
Sunny
Showers
Sunny
Fair
Storms
Rain
Sunny
0445
2123
0430
2028
24 June
Forecasts and
graphics
provided by
AccuWeather, Inc �17
Aberdeen
Avonmouth
Belfast
Dover
Galway
Greenock
Harwich
Holyhead
0107 4.2m 1327 4.3m
0709 13.1m 1934 13.4m
1101 3.5m 2326 3.6m
1101 6.6m 2323 6.8m
0500 5.2m 1723 5.4m
0000 3.3m 1232 3.4m
-- -1146 4.1m
1016 5.6m 2243 5.7m
Hull
0609 7.4m
Leith
0220 5.5m
Liverpool
1102 9.4m
London Bridge 0125 7.2m
Penzance
0428 5.5m
Southport
-- -Weymouth
0634 1.9m
Whitby
0347 5.5m
1833
1442
2330
1358
1655
1143
1903
1608
7.6m
5.7m
9.5m
7.1m
5.6m
9.1m
2.2m
5.6m
Source: � Crown Copyright. All rights reserved. Times are GMT
Around the UK and Ireland Yesterday
Sun Rain Temp (癈) Weather
hrs mm High/Low
Aberdeen
Aberporth
Aberystwyth
Alnwick
Aviemore
Barrow/Furness
Basingstoke
Belfast
Belmullet
Beverley
Birmingham
Bournemouth
Bradford
Brecon
Bristol
Brize Norton
Camborne
Carlow
Channel Isles
Chester
Coleraine
Cork
Crawley
Cromer
Dublin
Edinburgh
Enniskillen
Eskdalemuir
Glasgow
Herstmonceux
Holyhead
Ipswich
0.8
0.0
*
0.8
0.6
*
0.9
0.9
*
0.0
*
0.6
*
*
1.3
0.0
0.2
*
4.7
*
0.0
*
*
*
*
1.3
0.1
*
2.9
2.4
0.3
4.1
24 hours to 5pm yesterday.
9.9
2.0
0.5
0.0
0.5
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.5
0.0
7.1
0.5
0.0
0.8
0.0
0.8
0.0
17 13
26 13
30 15
19 13
19 13
25 14
31 16
24 13
14 11
22 14
29 17
24 17
26 14
26 13
32 16
32 17
21 14
25 14
23 16
28 16
17 11
23 12
27 16
26 18
25 14
19 14
21 11
22 15
19 13
31 16
19 14
25 18
Cloudy
Showers
Showers
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Showers
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Showers
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Showers
Cloudy
Sun
hrs
Isle of Man
Isle of Wight
Keswick
Kinloss
Kirkwall
Lerwick
Leuchars
Lincoln
Liverpool
London
Manchester
Margate
Milford Haven
Morecambe
Newcastle/Tyne
Northallerton
Nottingham
Okehampton
Peterborough
Plymouth
Portland
Portsmouth
Prestwick
Shannon
Shrewsbury
Southend
St Athan
Stornoway
Stranraer
Tiree
Tulloch Bridge
Yeovil
*
*
*
0.1
1.5
5.2
0.7
0.8
0.1
1.0
0.0
5.6
*
1.0
*
*
1.8
*
0.3
*
*
*
0.3
*
0.1
*
1.5
0.7
*
1.3
*
*
Rain Temp (癈) Weather
mm High/Low
1.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
1.0
3.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
2.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.5
2.0
0.0
21 14
23 15
26 14
22 13
16 12
14 11
17 14
26 17
28 16
34 18
26 15
27 18
22 14
28 16
23 16
23 16
26 17
22 16
29 18
22 16
19 16
24 16
23 13
18 12
28 15
24 19
29 15
16 10
19 13
14 11
17 12
29 17
Cloudy
Cloudy
Showers
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Showers
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
Cloudy
P/cloudy
Drizzle
Cloudy
Cloudy
Showers
Cloudy
Cloudy
* Information not supplied by nearest weather station
Section:GDN BE PaGe:39 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 22/6/2017 17:46
cYanmaGentaYellowblack
*
The Guardian | Friday 23 June 2017
39
Puzzles & Crossword
Codeword
Killer Sudoku
Easy
Medium
Each letter of the alphabet makes at least one appearance in the grid, and is
represented by the same number wherever it appears. The letters decoded
should help you to identify other letters and words in the grid.
The normal rules of Sudoku
apply: fill each row, column and
3x3 box with all the numbers
from 1 to 9. In addition, the
digits in each inner shape
(marked by dots) must add up
to the number in the top corner
of that box. No digit can be
repeated within an inner shape.
Pieceword
Use the jigsaw pieces to recreate this
completed crossword. We?ve listed only
clues for the Across words, but the pattern
of the grid should help you.
1
2
3
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
4
5
6
7
8
Travelling show ? Filthy air
Looked over ? Discharge or radiate
Female lead
As much as a cart will hold
Keep going over
Recorded on cassette film
Hard part of a toe ? Attempt
River deposit ? Amend proofs
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Suguru�
Wordsearch
Fill the grid so that each square in an
outlined block contains a digit. A block of
two squares contains the digits 1 and 2, a
block of three squares contains the digits 1,
2 and 3, and so on. No same digit appears in
neighbouring squares, not even diagonally.
Can you find 13 musical terms in the grid?
Words can run forwards, backwards or
diagonally, but always in a straight, unbroken
line.
Guardian cryptic crossword
1
2
3
4
5
9
6
7
10
11
12
13
14
16
15
17
18
19
21
Cell Block
22
20
23
24
25
26
27
Wordwheel
Divide the grid into blocks that are either
square or rectangular. Each block must frame
a single number, and each block must contain
the same number of cells as the number it
frames.
Find as many words as possible using the
letters in the wheel. Each must use the
central letter and at least two others. Letters
may be used only once. You may not use
plurals, foreign words or proper nouns.
There is at least one nine-letter word to
be found. TARGET: Excellent-42. Good-38.
Average-30.
Across
8
No 27,231 set by Bonxie
1 Angry porter right to
provide a warning (3,5)
5 Crowd around unfinished cream puddings
(6)
9 The very best church?
Hey, it?s in Paris! (8)
10 Look into crash at
downhill race (6)
12 Wild bird called out (5)
13 Irregular hours working
with a mop (9)
14 Applied force, popping
the most noticeable
spot (5,2,5)
18 One hesitates to revive
English leader after
knockout (12)
21 Marked transformation
in main coins carried
(3,6)
23 Seconds left to postpone trip (5)
24 Send back dessert, a hot
sort of sponge (6)
25 Spy network endlessly
stifling triumphant
outburst (4,4)
26 Cultivated fellow with
battery (6)
27 A shoe lined with light
threads (8)
Down
Stuck? For help call 0906 200 83 83 or text GUARDIANC followed by a space, the day and date the crossword
appeared, another space and the CLUE reference (e.g GUARDIANC Monday12 Across1) to 88010. Calls cost
�10 per minute, plus your phone company?s access charge. Texts cost �per clue plus standard network
charges. Service supplied by ATS. Call 0330 333 6946 for customer service (charged at standard rate).
Want more? Access over 4,000 archive puzzles at theguardian.com/crossword. Buy the Guardian
Cryptic燬etters series (4 books) for only � including UK p&p (save �96). Visit guardianbooks.co.uk
or燾all 0330 333 6846.
Yesterday?s
solutions
Codeword
Suguru
Cell Block
Wordsearch
1 Minute button on some
devices (6)
2 Parachute initially
deployed by villain (6)
3 Struggle to drape hair
over a growth on the
head? (4,5)
Pieceword
Wordwheel
Solution No. 27,230
F
R
O
M
L
E
F
T
T
O
R
I
G
H
T
O
E P
E
A N
W
D I
D
H E
S C
O
N S
I
A N
E
M
T I
N
GO
R
T
B
L I
L
U L
O
I D
D
O I
E
D
E
S
I
P E N
L I A N
S
I
I
T
GON DO
E S
O M N
T
P L E A S E HO
V
R
N E
F R E S H
L
T
A
A T I ON U R
U
P
L
B
P U L L O
E R
N
I
E
T
T H E S A U R
O R
K
Y
Killer Sudoku
Easy
LUBRICATE
4 Reforms inside NHS are
a wake up call (4,3,5)
6 Plant kiss on cheek after
presenting ring (5)
7 Workshop knocked up
decent hat (8)
8 Term for odd steamy
compound (8)
11 Tackle, with gravity,
O Flower of Scotland at
key social event (2,3,3,4)
15 Candidate to put up first
part of capital on time
(9)
16 Scored symbol on fish
caught by port, mainly
(4,4)
17 Soldier has written
understanding to meet
royal mistress (8)
19 Write up on the greatest
Asian (6)
20 Lacking head protection, though putting
two and two together?
(6)
22 Ambassador has a very
English fling (5)
Medium
B
C E
D
L A
N
L D
B
E R
E
S A
K
F F
A
U S
T
Section:GDN BE PaGe:40 Edition Date:170623 Edition:01 Zone:
Sent at 22/6/2017 17:24
cYanmaGentaYellowblack
cashire
Today is International Women in Engineering Day (Inwed). And on this day the
UK desperately needs more engineers
? 20,000 annually, according to Engineering UK figures. Equally worrying is
that the UK has the lowest percentage
of female engineering professionals in
Europe ? a mere 9%. Parents and teachers
can encourage their children, especially
girls, to take up and stick with Stem subjects (science, technology, engineering
and maths), right through school to university. Projects and practical workshops
will give young people hands-on experience, increase confidence and show that
engineering can be fun. Our experience
on engaging with school-age children is
that they often see engineering as being
confined to jobs in construction, transport or manufacturing. Let?s not forget
that engineering can be about developing
products useful to society, as well as roles
? Thanks to Lucy Mangan for revealing that not only did Brian Cant appear
to be a good guy, he really was one (Mr
Play School, G2, 21 June). A terrifying
memory from my daughter?s childhood
was when she disappeared among the
sand dunes. I commandeered a search
party from local students and one
shouted at me: ?I?m not sure if it?s her,
but it could be. She says her name?s
Cuthbert.? Thanks to Brian Cant we all
? I have never read a more beautiful
eulogy to a butterfly than in Derek Niemann?s Country diary (22 June). Please
make this a set piece for schoolchildren.
Ian Garner
Keighley, West Yorkshire
? Summer at last. A chalk notice at
Langwathby railway station warns us
passengers that the station toilets are
out of order due to swallows nesting.
Irvine Hunt
Penrith, Cumbria
imposed by Conservative (and New
Labour) governments since the 1980s.
Instead of focusing on their core activities and providing a good professional
service, many frontline public sector
workers are compelled to devote much
of their time and energy to countless
strategies, statutory frameworks, regulations, codes of practice, quality assurance procedures, government targets,
action plans, form-filling, box-ticking,
monitoring exercises, and preparations
for the next external inspection.
A major reason for public sector
workers quitting their profession, taking early retirement or suffering from
stress-related illnesses is the sheer volume of bureaucracy that Conservatives
(and New Labour) have imposed during the last 35 years. This bureaucracy,
almost as much as underfunding, is
destroying the public sector, impeding
efficiency and innovation, and driving
frontline staff to despair.
Pete Dorey
Bath, Somerset
? Your article on red tape is correct ?
rules and regulations have enhanced
safety and health, and stopped many an
exploitative practice. However, the most
dangerous ?red tape? is wrapped around
our tax laws. The incomprehensible
density and technicality of the UK tax
system allows the rich and well advised
to dance around inside a baffling box of
reliefs and avoidance measures. If we
want a fair, balanced and more equal
tax system, then we should rewrite tax
law to make it much simpler and as
transparent as possible. Industry and
the wealthy will moan for a while, but
they?ll adapt quickly. Advisers will complain bitterly, but the tax system should
not be used as an employment-generation machine. Ultimately, we would see
lower tax rates and higher tax takes ?
surely the objective of all governments?
Chris Parr
Fribourg, Switzerland
in industry, computing, healthcare, medicine and protecting the environment.
So as well as calling on the government
to do more, I?m calling on parents and
teachers to seek out and present these
role models in schools, through networking and in the home over the dinner
table. Reach out to an engineering company near you and find an inspirational
speaker. Or focus one lesson or homework assignment per week on female
engineers. There?s a list of the top 50 on
the Women?s Engineering Society site
(www.wes.org.uk/we50). Here are just six
of my favourites to get you started: Ada
Lovelace, creator of the first computer
program; Grace Hopper, who created the
first compiler for a computer language;
Avni Shah, Google?s head of Chrome
development; Gwynne Shotwell, president of SpaceX; Debbie Sterling, creator
of the GoldieBlox toy company; Sylvia
Todd, a most creative and inspirational
teenager. For more on Inwed activities
near you, go to www.inwed.org.uk.
Marianne Culver
President, RS Components, Oxford
@guardianletters
? The results of a placebo-controlled
trial of the most common form of
shoulder surgery are not due to be
published next month as we said in
an article about the possibility that
people could be undergoing unnecessary procedures. The study is still under
review by a journal and does not yet
have a publication date (Many common
operations may be unnecessary, say
researchers, 12 June, page 12).
The readers? editor?s office looks at
queries燼bout accuracy and standards.
Email guardian.readers@theguardian.com
or find us on Twitter @GdnReadersEd. You
can also write to The readers? editor, King?s
Place, 90 York Way, London N1 9GU; or call
020 3353 4736 between 10am and 1pm
Monday to Friday. The Guardian?s policy is
to correct significant errors as soon as possible. For more information on the readers?
editor?s office and the Guardian?s editorial
code, see gu.com/readers-editor. Contacts
for other Guardian departments and staff
can be found at gu.com/help/contact-us
Open-minded view of
Daily Mail v Guardian
Virginia Cumming (Letters, 21 June)
implies that millions who read the
Daily Mail are complicit in hate speech
as they consume ?rightwing? extremism by making the choice to read the
newspaper, and by implication should
therefore be in the same dock as the
publisher. Small in number we may
be, but I am (probably) one of the few
Guardian subscribers who occasionally
reads the Mail newspaper, for balance,
and with an open mind. Martin Rowson?s Sun and Daily Mail white van
cartoon really plumbed the depths of
leftwing hatred ? and blinkered ignorance ? towards the ?ordinary? people
who choose to read the Mail (and other
tabloids) and the Mail has quite rightly
responded with both barrels.
The exceptional Mar
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