Olympic Games "Citius, Altius, Fortius" Project Work Dobin Anton 7 B History Of The Olympic Games The Olympic Games are an international sports festival that began in ancient Greece. The Original Greek games took place every fourth year for several hundred years, until they were brought to an end in the early Christian era. The Olympic Games were renewed in 1896, and since then they have been staged every fourth year, except during World War I and World War II. Perhaps the main difference between the ancient and modern Olympics is that for the ancient Greeks the Games were a way of saluting their gods, when the modern Games are a manner of saluting the athletic talents of people of all nations. The original Olympics included competitions in music, oratory, and the theatre performances as well. The modern Games haven't got them, but they represent a lot more sports than before. For two weeks and a half any international conflicts must be stopped and replaced with friendly competitions. This is the noble idea on which the modern Olympic movement is based. The earliest record of the Olympic Games goes back to 776 BC, but historians think that the Games began well before then. The ancient Games were held in honour of Zeus, the most important god for ancient Greeks. According to the earliest records, only one athletic event was held in the ancient Olympics - a footrace of about 183 metres, or the length of the stadium. A cook, Coroibus of Elis was the first recorded winner. Only men were allowed to compete or watch the games. When the Powerful, warlike Spartans began to compete, they changed the programme of the Games. The 18th Olympics already included wrestling and pentathlon and later Games - chariot races and other sports. The winners of the Games were highly praised and honoured for their results. In 394 AD the Games were officially ended by the Roman emperor Theodosius, who felt that they had pagan meaning. Pierre de Coubertin, a young French nobleman, had an idea to bring the Olympic Games back to life. With the help of the people who supported him he managed to organize the first modern Olympic Games in 1896. Baron de Coubertin had planned to hold the Olympic Games in France, but the representatives from the nine countries that supported his idea decided that Greece was the right place to host the first Olympic Games. Summer Olympic Games The Summer Olympic Games or the Games of the Olympiad are an international multi-sport event, occurring every four years, organized by the International Olympic Committee. Medals are awarded in each event, with gold medals for first place, silver for second and bronze for third, a tradition that started in 1904. The Winter Olympics were also created due to the success of the summer Olympics. The olympics have increased from a 42-event competition with fewer than 250 male athletes to a 300-event sporting celebration with over 10,000 competitors from 205 nations. Organizers for the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing expected approximately 10,500 athletes to take part in the 302 events on the program for the games. The United States has hosted four Summer Olympics Games, more than any other nation. The United Kingdom will have hosted three Summer Olympics Games when they return to the British capital in 2012 in London Winter Olympic Games The Winter Olympic Games are a multi-sport event held every four years. The first celebration of the Winter Olympics was held inChamonix, France, in 1924. Some of the original sports were alpine and cross-country skiing, figure skating, ice hockey, Nordic combined,ski jumping, and speed skating. Other events have been added and some of them, such as luge, short track speed skating, and freestyle skiing, have earned a permanent spot on the Olympic programme. Others, such as speed skiing, bandy, and skijoring, were demonstration sports but were never incorporated as Olympic sports. My favorite sportsman My favorite sportsmen is Cristiano Ronaldo. Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro, commonly known as Cristiano Ronaldo, is a Portuguese footballer who plays as a winger or a forward for Spanish La Liga club Real Madrid and is the captain of the Portuguese national team. Ronaldo is the most expensive player in football history. Ronaldo was born in Santo António. His second given name, "Ronaldo", was chosen after then-U.S. presidentRonald Reagan, who was his father's favourite actor. He has one older brother, Hugo, and two older sisters, Elma and Liliana Cátia. Ronaldo joined Sporting's other youth players who trained at the Academia Sporting, the club's football academy, in Alcochete. He became the only player ever to play for Sporting's under-16, under-17, under-18, B-team, and the first team, all within one season.