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Reticuloendothelial structure and function. Edited by John H. Heller. x + 43 pages illustated. $12.00. The Roland Press Co. New York. 1960

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THE HUMAN LUNG. By Heinrich von
Hayek. Translated by Vernon E. Krahl.
372 pages, 276 illustrations.
$13.50. Hafner Publishing Company,
Inc., New York. 1960.
The author is Professor and Head of the
Institute of Anatomy at the University of
Vienna. He has published many original
contributions concerning most of the anatomical and functional features of the
lungs. In his Foreword he comments:
“After I had carried out numerous studies
on individual problems in the course of the
last 20 years, beginning with the diaphragm and its vessels, leading to the
structure of the pulmonary vessels and,
finally, to the anatomy of the lung, it became increasingly evident how very truly
the peculiarities of structure in this organ
are comprehensible only in their broader
relationships.” He learned from J. Schaffer
and H. Braus that the chief problem of
histology is the recognition of the “morphogenetic power of physiologic function and
the casual relationship between performance and form.” The translator, a wellknown member of the Anatomists’ Association, has published original work on the
structure of the lung and worked with the
author during the translation itself. His desire to make this translation was prompted
by the skillful, timely, and stimulating
blend of structural and functional approaches to the study of the lung. Several
additions were made to the original work,
among them a new section and bibliography on electron microscopy of the lung
and an account of the bronchopulmonary
The arrangement of material has certain benefits. It begins with a general
statement of forces and structural relationships of the thorax, diaphragm, and
pleura as they influence the lung. The
lung itself is treated in a similar manner
beginning with larger and more general
aspects and following logically to all the
significant smaller points. There are chapters on the trachea, the mesentery of the
lung, the bronchial tree, the lobes, sublobes, segments, and lobules of the lung,
the structure of the bronchial wall, the
terminal bronckdole, the visceral pleura,
the blood vessels of the lung with special
divisions for va-ious parts, the lymphatic
vessels, and the nerves. A final section
presents the contributions of electron
microscopy. Dei.ails concerned with a particular item are carefully segregated and
placed together so that a reader using the
book as a reference need have no concern
lest he has ovcrlooked significant information which might be scattered all
through the book.
The book is profusely illustrated.
Scarcely ever is a part described without
accompanying drawings, diagrams, and
photographs. The quality of reproduction
of the half-tones frequently is disappointing and in a fcw instances actually fails
to represent the necessary details.
The bibliography covers 23 pages and
is arranged by chapters. Full titles and
first and last p ~ g e sare given in the references. The ind3x is adequate but not detailed and has reference pages for illustrations as well as text.
This book should help to dispel the
erroneous idea commonly held by members of our sister disciplines that Anatomy
is a dead subject. Anyone concerned with
any aspect of the lung or respiration
should have this book at hand for ready
AND FUNCTON. Edited by John H.
Heller. x -- 473 pages, illustrated.
$12.00. Thc Ronald Press Co., New
York. 1960.
This volume contains papers presented
at The Third International Symposium of
the International Society for Research on
the Reticuloendothelial System, held in
Rapallo, Italy in 1958. There are 30
chapters covering almost all aspects of
morphology, physiology, chemistry, pharmacology, pathology, and clinical applications which are of interest for this special
Of particular interest to Anatomists is
the first chapter entitled “The Concept and
Importance of the R.E.S. Considered from
the Morphological Aspect.” In the first
paragraph, the Vallery-Radot concept is
given, that it is a physiological entity.
The author goes on to explain that it does
have morphological implications and these
should be mentioned before the main
theme of the Symposium, the functional
pathology, has its full swing. In a summary the author of this chapter, 0. Fresen,
writes : “Synoptically, the R.E.S. consists
of a fibrillary association of reticular cells,
including the endotheloid reticulogenous
lining cells of the sinusoids, and the histiocytes corresponding to them in function
and form.”
It has seemed unfortunate to me that
Aschoff, who originally coined the name,
gave this “system” a morphological term.
He had some felicity with naming, another
example is the “acinus-nodus pthysis.”
The R. E. S. has withstood many attempts
to replace what amounts to a morphological misnomer with a more accurate functional term such as “The Cellular Defense
These remarks are not intended to diminish the importance of this “system.”
On the contrary, the papers here presented
show that its cells have a contributing if
not a key role in almost any attempt of
the organism to throw off noxious influences. Their powers are described in detail through observations with animal experiment and human pathology.
German and English editions. The relationship between the two editions is not
made clear in this volume, but it would
appear that the English edition is original
contribution rather than a translation.
The aim of this book is to consider the
rationale and merits of methods which
have been proposed for demonstrating enzymatic activity in situ in cells and tissues.
This histochemical approach to the enzymes provides another dimension to biochemistry and brings ever closer the
boundaries of morphology and chemistry
along with electron microscopy.
The first chapter gives a succinct and
lucid general statement of the nature of
enzymes, their chemical properties, and
conditions of activity. Chapter two is more
specific in outlining the special procedures
for treating the tissues before they can
be used in order to obtain valid results.
Other chapters and sections deal with:
The Oxidoreductases or so-called respiratory enzymes; Dehydrogenases; Hydrolases, including esterases; Sulfatases;
Phosphatases; Peptidases; Amidases; Glycosidases, and Miscellaneous Enzymes.
The presentation is lucid, well-organized
and clearly stated. Emphasis is continually placed on the care in preparation and
rigid rules for determining the validity of
a particular method.
The list of references contains approximately 700 entries with full titles and first
and last pages. It brings the subject up
to 1957 but the hope is expressed that it
can be kept up to date with future supplements.
Philipp Stohr, Jr. x
678 pages, 501
figures. Handbuch der mikroskopischen
Anatomie des Menschen (von Mollendorff). Vol. 4, Part 5. DM 240.-.
Springer-Verlag, Berlin. 1957.
R. J . Barrnett, and A. M. Seligman. Vol.
7, Part 1 of the Handbuch der Histochemie, English edition. viii
pages, illustrated. DM 65.-.
Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart, 1960.
Part one of volume 7 of the Handbuch
der Histochemie has appeared in both
The beautifully illustrated and exhaustive volumes of this Handbuch continue
to appear at intervals and the same high
standards are preserved. The author of
this one is Professor of Anatomy at the
University of Bonn and has many publications dealing with histology and neuro-
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new, page, john, york, structure, heller, reticuloendothelial, edited, roland, 1960, function, illustated, pres
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