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The placenta and fetal membranes. Edited by Claude A. Villee. xi + 404 pages 87 figures. $10.00. The Williams and Wilkins Company Baltimore. 1960

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Chapter 5, by Albert Lansing, deals with
elastic tissue and introduces interesting experimental approaches to the study of that
important property of the arterial wall, its
elasticity, by the use of elastase.
An interesting circumstance in the backOther chapters are concerned with musground of this book is that it is a develop- cle, collagen, mucopolysaccharides, enment of the intense curiosity evidenced by zymes, lipid, and metabolism. The chapa layman, the late Forest D. Dorn, in the ters are well documented, the lists of refnature and problems associated with the erences have titles but only first pages, and
biology of the arterial wall. Regardless of there is an index.
its ultimate value, the publication of this
In his final resum6, Abraham Dury
monograph is a notable event. For the first makes this comment: “Although this structime the arterial wall has been placed in ture has been the object of biologic investithe center of the stage and submitted to gations, it is evident from several chapters
scrutiny.
in this volume that the accumulated inforThe result is rather disappointing be- mation on its finer structure, physiology,
cause it resembles a report of elaborate and biochemical processes is fragmentary,
experiments which gave negative results. indeed.”
Arterial walls have not been the subject of
much basic research and consequently
most of the questions are unanswered. Of THE PLACENTA AND FETAL MEMthe 10 chapters, three are concerned with
BR4NES. Edited by Claude A. Villee.
subjects which seem to be more particux i -I- 404 pages, 87 figures. $10.00. The
larly related to the problem. The chapter
Williams and Wilkins Company, Baltiby Charles A. Woerner, on the vasa
more. 1960.
vasurum makes a specific contribution.
This volume, very fittingly, is dedicated
“It was found that vascularization develops
in arteriosclerotic arteries, but only when to George L. Streeter and George B. Wisthe arteriosclerotic thickening has pro- locki because of their leadership in regressed for some time. Where intimal cap- search concerned with these organs. It
illaries were found, arteriosclerotic thick- was fostered by the Association for the
ening was found also. It appears that the Aid of Crippled Children, with a commitvascularization of the intima and inner tee whose Chairman is Louis M. Hellman.
The first of 4 parts, 125 pages, contains
third of the media, when present, is a result of the developing arteriosclerotic proc- 8 “Reviews.” They are excellent concise
ess. The intima and inner third of the essays on their respective subjects by wellmedia appear to obtain their oxygen and known authorities, carefully documented,
nutrition by diffusion through the intima but the lists of references are without
from the blood in the lumen of the artery.” titles: Comparative Aspects of the HorThe second chapter, on Endothelium by monal Functions by Emmanuel C. AmoBenjamin Zweifach, also is directly appli- roso, M.D.; Histophysical Considerations
cable dealing with a structure which is by Edward W. Dempsey, Ph.D.; The Placharacteristic of blood bessels. Besides cental Circulation by Elizabeth M. Ramcontributing a comprehensive review on sey, M.D.; The Placenta as the Fetal Lung
the vascular endothelium, Doctor Zweifach by Donald H. Barron, Ph.D.; The Transhas presented an interesting attempt to mission of Antibodies from Mother to Fetus
weld the information obtained from stud- by F. W. R. Brambell, D.Sc., and W. A.
ies on the finer structure of endothelial Hemmings; Placental Function and Fetal
Nutrition by Joseph Dancis, M.D.; Biocells with their function.
THE ARTERIAL WALL. Edited by Albert
I. Lansing. ix -I- 259 pages, illustrated.
$7.50. The Williams and Wilkins Company, Baltimore. 1959.
451
452
BOOKS
chemical Aspects by Claude A. Villee,
Ph.D.; Pathological Aspects by Authur T.
Hertig, M.D.
Part 2, 130 pages, is a report of a conference held at Princeton, N. J., in November, 1958, with some 40 participants. Anatomical, embryological, physiological, biochemical, and clinical aspects are all discussed in detail. The report, edited by
ViUee, is well-organized, well-balanced and
easy to read. It contains a wealth of facts,
opinions, and theories which are too extensive to review.
Part 3 contains a survey of the literature from 1946 to 1958 by Dwain D. and
JoAnne S. Hagerman and Claude Villee. It
covers 124 pages and an estimated 2,000
individual items. They are classified according to disciplines and species in a way
that makes finding a particular subject
quite easy.
Part 4 is an unusual compilation of the
names of 80 American and 19 foreign investigators with their associated investigators, the address of their laboratory, and a
brief statement of the problems under investigation.
The index contains important subject
references and the names of authors including those in the survey of the literature.
This book is a model of its kind and the
Editor, Committee, and Authors deserve
high praise.
but it serves a good purpose because the
general and theoretical considerations in
the reviews are helpful to the reader in
comprehending the highly specialized
papers.
The titles of the symposium presentations are: The Fine Structure of Arterioles
and Small Arteries, by Don W. Fawcett;
Capillary Permeability and Transcapillary
Exchange in Relation to Molecular Size,
by Eugene M. Renkin; Macromolecular Exchanges in Capillaries, by Leo Sapirstein;
and Properties of Artificial Membranes
with Microscopic Pores, by John Arnold.
The success of the symposium is expressed
in the Preface: “The recorded text of the
symposium and the comments and questions elicited bear testimony to the fact
that there is as yet no common basis upon
which the anatomist and physiologist may
explain the mechanism or mechanisms by
which substances pass into or out of blood
capillaries. If, in defining the limits of
their respective positions, the discussants
have drawn their lines clearly for all to see,
they will have served a most useful purpose.” The original presentations are 7
in number of wide-ranging interest. There
is a list of references with titles at the end
of each chapter and there are some excellent reproductions of electron micrographs
and instructive drawings and diagrams. A
list of members of the Conference and an
adequate index appear at the end.
THE MICROCIRCULATION, SYMPOSIUM
ON FACTORS INFLUENCING EXCHANGE OF SUBSTANCES ACROSS
CAPILLARY WALL. Edited by S. R. M.
Reynolds and Benjamin W. Zweifach.
viii
170 pages, 72 figures. The University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 1959.
ANATOMY REGIONAL AND APPLIED.
By R. J. Last. xvi
741 pages, 372
figures. $15.00. Little, Brown and Company, Boston. 1959.
+
The Fifth Microcirculatory Conference
was held on the first of April, 1958 in Buffalo in conjunction with the 71st Annual
Meeting of the American Association of
Anatomists, with Samuel R. M. Reynolds
as Chairman. The morning session was
occupied by the presentation of scientific
papers, the afternoon session was a
planned symposium. It is a little confusing
to find the symposium in the first part of
the book and the papers in the last part,
+
The purpose of the first edition of this
book was to provide a guide for postgraduate students in “revising their anatomy”
for their examinations at the Royal College
of Surgeons. It was intended to be used
with a dissection or specimen. Its popularity among students and practicing surgeons has caused the author to expand
this edition and add illustrations with the
result that it has been lifted from the category of a guide to a genuine regional and
applied anatomy.
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