The placenta and fetal membranes. Edited by Claude A. Villee. xi + 404 pages 87 figures. $10.00. The Williams and Wilkins Company Baltimore. 1960код для вставкиСкачать
Books Chapter 5, by Albert Lansing, deals with elastic tissue and introduces interesting experimental approaches to the study of that important property of the arterial wall, its elasticity, by the use of elastase. An interesting circumstance in the backOther chapters are concerned with musground of this book is that it is a develop- cle, collagen, mucopolysaccharides, enment of the intense curiosity evidenced by zymes, lipid, and metabolism. The chapa layman, the late Forest D. Dorn, in the ters are well documented, the lists of refnature and problems associated with the erences have titles but only first pages, and biology of the arterial wall. Regardless of there is an index. its ultimate value, the publication of this In his final resum6, Abraham Dury monograph is a notable event. For the first makes this comment: “Although this structime the arterial wall has been placed in ture has been the object of biologic investithe center of the stage and submitted to gations, it is evident from several chapters scrutiny. in this volume that the accumulated inforThe result is rather disappointing be- mation on its finer structure, physiology, cause it resembles a report of elaborate and biochemical processes is fragmentary, experiments which gave negative results. indeed.” Arterial walls have not been the subject of much basic research and consequently most of the questions are unanswered. Of THE PLACENTA AND FETAL MEMthe 10 chapters, three are concerned with BR4NES. Edited by Claude A. Villee. subjects which seem to be more particux i -I- 404 pages, 87 figures. $10.00. The larly related to the problem. The chapter Williams and Wilkins Company, Baltiby Charles A. Woerner, on the vasa more. 1960. vasurum makes a specific contribution. This volume, very fittingly, is dedicated “It was found that vascularization develops in arteriosclerotic arteries, but only when to George L. Streeter and George B. Wisthe arteriosclerotic thickening has pro- locki because of their leadership in regressed for some time. Where intimal cap- search concerned with these organs. It illaries were found, arteriosclerotic thick- was fostered by the Association for the ening was found also. It appears that the Aid of Crippled Children, with a commitvascularization of the intima and inner tee whose Chairman is Louis M. Hellman. The first of 4 parts, 125 pages, contains third of the media, when present, is a result of the developing arteriosclerotic proc- 8 “Reviews.” They are excellent concise ess. The intima and inner third of the essays on their respective subjects by wellmedia appear to obtain their oxygen and known authorities, carefully documented, nutrition by diffusion through the intima but the lists of references are without from the blood in the lumen of the artery.” titles: Comparative Aspects of the HorThe second chapter, on Endothelium by monal Functions by Emmanuel C. AmoBenjamin Zweifach, also is directly appli- roso, M.D.; Histophysical Considerations cable dealing with a structure which is by Edward W. Dempsey, Ph.D.; The Placharacteristic of blood bessels. Besides cental Circulation by Elizabeth M. Ramcontributing a comprehensive review on sey, M.D.; The Placenta as the Fetal Lung the vascular endothelium, Doctor Zweifach by Donald H. Barron, Ph.D.; The Transhas presented an interesting attempt to mission of Antibodies from Mother to Fetus weld the information obtained from stud- by F. W. R. Brambell, D.Sc., and W. A. ies on the finer structure of endothelial Hemmings; Placental Function and Fetal Nutrition by Joseph Dancis, M.D.; Biocells with their function. THE ARTERIAL WALL. Edited by Albert I. Lansing. ix -I- 259 pages, illustrated. $7.50. The Williams and Wilkins Company, Baltimore. 1959. 451 452 BOOKS chemical Aspects by Claude A. Villee, Ph.D.; Pathological Aspects by Authur T. Hertig, M.D. Part 2, 130 pages, is a report of a conference held at Princeton, N. J., in November, 1958, with some 40 participants. Anatomical, embryological, physiological, biochemical, and clinical aspects are all discussed in detail. The report, edited by ViUee, is well-organized, well-balanced and easy to read. It contains a wealth of facts, opinions, and theories which are too extensive to review. Part 3 contains a survey of the literature from 1946 to 1958 by Dwain D. and JoAnne S. Hagerman and Claude Villee. It covers 124 pages and an estimated 2,000 individual items. They are classified according to disciplines and species in a way that makes finding a particular subject quite easy. Part 4 is an unusual compilation of the names of 80 American and 19 foreign investigators with their associated investigators, the address of their laboratory, and a brief statement of the problems under investigation. The index contains important subject references and the names of authors including those in the survey of the literature. This book is a model of its kind and the Editor, Committee, and Authors deserve high praise. but it serves a good purpose because the general and theoretical considerations in the reviews are helpful to the reader in comprehending the highly specialized papers. The titles of the symposium presentations are: The Fine Structure of Arterioles and Small Arteries, by Don W. Fawcett; Capillary Permeability and Transcapillary Exchange in Relation to Molecular Size, by Eugene M. Renkin; Macromolecular Exchanges in Capillaries, by Leo Sapirstein; and Properties of Artificial Membranes with Microscopic Pores, by John Arnold. The success of the symposium is expressed in the Preface: “The recorded text of the symposium and the comments and questions elicited bear testimony to the fact that there is as yet no common basis upon which the anatomist and physiologist may explain the mechanism or mechanisms by which substances pass into or out of blood capillaries. If, in defining the limits of their respective positions, the discussants have drawn their lines clearly for all to see, they will have served a most useful purpose.” The original presentations are 7 in number of wide-ranging interest. There is a list of references with titles at the end of each chapter and there are some excellent reproductions of electron micrographs and instructive drawings and diagrams. A list of members of the Conference and an adequate index appear at the end. THE MICROCIRCULATION, SYMPOSIUM ON FACTORS INFLUENCING EXCHANGE OF SUBSTANCES ACROSS CAPILLARY WALL. Edited by S. R. M. Reynolds and Benjamin W. Zweifach. viii 170 pages, 72 figures. The University of Illinois Press, Urbana. 1959. ANATOMY REGIONAL AND APPLIED. By R. J. Last. xvi 741 pages, 372 figures. $15.00. Little, Brown and Company, Boston. 1959. + The Fifth Microcirculatory Conference was held on the first of April, 1958 in Buffalo in conjunction with the 71st Annual Meeting of the American Association of Anatomists, with Samuel R. M. Reynolds as Chairman. The morning session was occupied by the presentation of scientific papers, the afternoon session was a planned symposium. It is a little confusing to find the symposium in the first part of the book and the papers in the last part, + The purpose of the first edition of this book was to provide a guide for postgraduate students in “revising their anatomy” for their examinations at the Royal College of Surgeons. It was intended to be used with a dissection or specimen. Its popularity among students and practicing surgeons has caused the author to expand this edition and add illustrations with the result that it has been lifted from the category of a guide to a genuine regional and applied anatomy.