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The End of the World (English Topic)

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We're all gonna die, but don't panic, read our new topic))
The End of the World
The apocalypse –
armageddon – the end of time – the
end of days – the final light – the
rapture..........these are all different
names used to describe the end of
life on Earth as we know it.....in other
words, the end of the world. But why
are there so many names? For one
thing, many of the names for this
event are associated with religion,
and different religions and
denominations have different takes
on the end of the world, so they may
use one term instead of the others.
Another reason is because this topic
fascinates people, since nobody
really knows when the end of the world will arrive. (Despite some people's claims!) Do
you take some of these theories seriously, or do you consider the people who say such
things to be crackpots
?
Crackpot
= [NOUN] A crazy and/or extremely illogical person. [Did you hear what Pastor Terri Jones
said? He wants to burn more Korans next week. No, I don't pay attention to him – he's just another
crackpot starving for attention.
]
END OF WORLD SCENARIOS
ANCIENT MAYA PREDICTION
Perhaps the most widely talked about and accepted “End
of the World” scenario is the Mayan theory. This theory is
based on the fact that the ancient Mayan calendar, which was
created around 2600 BC, ends on December 21, 2012. This
fact doesn't seem significant, except that the Mayan calendar
was extremely advanced for its time, and the Mayans calculated
the exact duration of a year to a thousandth of a decimal point.
Their calendar has also correctly predicted all solar and lunar
eclipses to this day. But actually, most Mayans which are alive today do not believe that
December 21
st
will be the end of the world. Mayan shamans and scholars believe that
December 21
st
, 2012 marks a new cycle of life on Earth, and possibly even a positive
cycle. What do you know about the Mayan prediction? Do you think it has merit?
Copyright©2011 English
Republic
.ru All rights reserved
NIBIRU COLLISION
The idea was first put forward in 1995 by Nancy Lieder,
founder of the website ZetaTalk. Lieder describes herself as a
contactee
with the ability to receive messages from extra-
terrestrials from the Zeta Reticuli star system through an
implant in her brain. She states that she was chosen to warn
mankind that the object would sweep through the inner solar
system in May 2003 (though that date was later abandoned)
causing Earth to undergo a pole shift that would destroy most of
humanity. The predicted collision has subsequently spread beyond Lieder's website and
has been embraced by numerous Internet doomsday groups, most of which link the event
to the 2012 Mayan prediction.
SOLAR FLARES
NASA has confirmed that in 2012, the intensity and frequency of
solar flares will be at their peak. Do you think the sun will explode?
CATASTROPHIC NATURAL DISASTERS
An asteroid is theorized to have caused the dinosaurs to
become extinct. Could it happen again? What about increased
volcanic activity or massive world-wide earthquakes?
ALIEN ATTACK
Some people believe that the Mayans were visited by aliens,
and that 2012 marks the time when they return to destroy the earth.
Others think that there could be an attack of microscopic extra-
terrestrial life which would wipe out human life on Earth covertly
.
RAPTURE
The event based on Christian writings in the Bible during
which Christian believers will be drawn up into the air to meet
Christ, leaving non-believers behind to meet an unknown fate.
Contactee = [NOUN] One who has been (or claims to have been)
contacted by aliens.
Covertly
= [ADVERB] Secretly; quietly, without announcement.
[SEAL Team Six covertly descended
upon Osama bin Laden's secret compound in Pakistan and killed him within just a few minutes.]
Copyright©2011 English
Republic
.ru All rights reserved
WHAT WOULD YOU DO? FOR DISCUSSION
Do you worry about the fate of mankind? Why or why not?
If scientists/politicians discovered that the world would soon end, do you think they should
tell everyone? Do you think they WOULD tell everyone?
What would you do if you woke up one morning and you were the only person on the
Earth? What if you were one of a very small number of people on the Earth?
What is more likely to wipe out mankind – an asteroid, a bio-engineered virus, or nuclear
war?
What 3 things would you do if you knew the world would end in 1 week? 1 day?
Do you or have you ever prepared in any way for the end or the world or any kind of
disaster?
PHRASAL VERB OF THE WEEK
To die out
= To become extinct; To cease further existence;
вымереть, исчезнуть
. [The
brontosaurus died out millions of years ago.]
IDIOM OF THE WEEK
To not give a hang = To not give a rip = To not give two pins = To not give a tinker's
toot = To not care; наплевать. [I don't give a hang what she says. I don't give a rip what
you think, Sam, because I know the truth about what happened in the Board Meeting
today. The government doesn't give two pins about old-age pensioners. I don't give a
tinker's toot what your mother told you, I make the rules here, and you will follow them!] QUIZ
Can you get a '5' on today's quiz?
Copyright©2011 English
Republic
.ru All rights reserved
CONVERSATION
Viktor
: Who wants to go
skydiving with me this
weekend?
Varya
: Isn't that a bit
dangerous, Viktor?
Viktor
: Oh come on Varya, the
end of the world is coming next
year, so you might as well live a
little........while you can!
Natasha
: Oh my gosh, you
believe that tall tale
, Viktor?
Wasn't it you who was
criticizing me last week and
calling me crazy because of my
UFO sighting? Clearly a case
of the pot calling the kettle black
!
Viktor
: Well you should have hopped onboard that UFO, because life on planet Earth is
about to end. Just over one year remaining.....
Sergei
: Viktor, you're an engineer. You base everything on logic and substantiated
information. The Mayan myth is preposterous.
Viktor
: Believe me, Seryozha, I had a vision! The end is near!
Sergei
: Oh Viktor, you have gone crazy. Maybe you should go to the funny farm
.
Viktor
: Haters gon' hate. Natasha
: Oh, and now you are speaking like a common thug!
Varya
: I saw this mental break-down coming long ago. Hmmm.....wait a minute.....he just
got that nice, new apartment near Prospekt Bolshevikov, didn't he.....
Natasha
: Varya, how could you think like that?
Varya
: We'll be neighbors. I'll let you come visit Toffee.
Natasha
: I'm in.
Sergei
: Wow, that was easy. You girls are dangerously sly.
Viktor
: Well, you ladies are going to be sorely disappointed. I'm as sane as can be.
Varya
: But can you prove that in court?
Viktor
: Sorry Varya, your evil plan is doomed to fail.
Sergei
: Yeah, I will come to Viktor's defense. Engineers always stick together.
Varya
: Seryozha, you're such a bore! Viktor
: Oh leave him alone, Varya.
Natasha
: It's hard to believe that you all have been friends for so long – all you ever do is
argue and insult each other.
Viktor
: Oh get off your high horse, Natasha! Just moments ago you were planning to
take over my apartment with Varya!
Natasha
: I don't know what you're talking about. You have no proof.
Sergei
: But he does have a witness.....
Tall tale = [NOUN] Fable; A story that is hard to believe; Something so exaggerated or lacking in
evidence that it cannot be easily believed as true. [Artyom told so many tall tales as a child that people
stopped believing anything he said.]
Copyright©2011 English
Republic
.ru All rights reserved
(a case of) the pot calling the kettle black
= [IDIOM] Term used to point out hypocrisy or something
hypocritical in nature. [Viktor is criticizing others for their taste in music?!? Isn't that a bit of the pot
calling the kettle black? His favorite band is Banderos!]
Substantiated = [ADJECTIVE] Proven to be true or verified as credible and authentic. [The witness'
testimony was substantiated by the surveillance camera footage.]
Preposterous
= [ADJECTIVE] Extremely unreasonable or silly; Absurd. [Hugo Chavez's claim that the
United States created the earthquake that devastated Haiti is completely preposterous. The things that
comes out of his mouth often have no basis in reality.]
Funny farm = [NOUN] Crazy house; mental institution; mental hospital.
To get on(one's) high horse
= To act and/or speak as if one is above or more important than everyone
else intellectually, culturally, and/or socially. [Whenever she visits her less successful cousins, she gets
on her high horse and tries to tell them how to live their life.]
To get (down) off (one's) high horse
= to stop acting as if you are better or more intelligent than other
people [It's about time that you got down off your high horse.
Would you get off your high horse and talk to
me?]
[
He never got off his high horse long enough to consider how insulting his words were to many
immigrants.
]
Just Speak!
Written by Bunny Designed by Vadim
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Republic
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