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Урок-презентация Научно-технический прогресс. Закрепление лексики. "Space Exploration" Одной из тем, которую изучают учащиеся, является "Science and Technology", где обсуждается развитие науки и техники. Данный урок предоставляет основные сведения, которые должны знать ученики об исследовании космоса, помогает закрепить полученные знания и уметь рассуждать на эту тему на английском языке. Использование компьютерной программы Power Point помогает сделать урок более красочным и интересным, является хорошей мотивацией к изучению данной темы.
ЦЕЛЬ: Закрепление изученной лексики по теме "SPACE EXPLORATION"
Воспитательный аспект: Привить интерес к достижениям современной науки в освоении космоса. Развивающий аспект: Развитие познавательного интереса, развитие способностей к догадке, логическому изложению, способность работать с различными видами упражнений.
Учебный аспект: закрепление изученной лексики
Задачи урока: 1. активизировать лексику по теме
2. развить познавательный интерес к теме
3. развивать навыки чтения
4. провести практику речевой деятельности
5. уместно использовать современные информационные технологии на уроке (Презентация)
Урок направлен на формирование следующих общих компетенций:
1. ОК 1 - понимать сущность и социальную значимость своей будущей профессии, проявлять к ней устойчивый интерес;
2. ОК 2 - организовывать собственную деятельность, выбирать типовые методы и способы выполнения профессиональных задач, оценивать их эффективность и качество;
3. ОК 3 - принимать решения в стандартных и нестандартных ситуациях и нести за них ответственность;
4. ОК 4 - осуществлять поиски и использование информации, необходимой для эффективного выполнения профессиональных задач, профессионального и личностного развития;
5. ОК 6 - работать в коллективе и в команде, эффективно общаться с коллегами.
Оснащение урока: 1) проектор, экран, ноутбук 2) раздаточный материал 3) презентация в Power Point
LESSON "SPACE EXPLORATION"
I. Начало урока.
T: Good Morning, students! I am very glad to see you today. How are you? 2. Сообщение темы и цели урока. 1-й слайд - тема урок "Space Exploration"
T: The theme of the lesson is "Science and technology" but science has got many branches. One of them is astronomy or space exploration. Lately we celebrated Y.Gagarin's birthday and International Day of Human Space Flight and Cosmonautics Day. So, the theme of the lesson is "Space Exploration". The epigraph of our lesson is Per aspera ad astra.
II. Основной этап урока. 1.Today we are going to discuss the text "Space exploration" that you read at home and speak on the subject of Space Exploration.
2. Речевая разминка. Before you start:
1. Are you interested in Space exploration?
2. Who was the founder of astronautics in Russia and put forward several ideas about space travel?
3. Who was the first woman-cosmonaut in the world?
4. Can you name the leading countries in space exploration?
5. Who wanted to be an astronaut when he was a child?
Далее в ходе урока демонстрируется презентация "Space Exploration"
3. Работа над темой
3.1Работа с лексикой Vocabulary:
1. Read and say what it means:
• Technology
• Billion
• Galaxy
• Planet
• Rocket
• Orbit
• Cosmonaut
• Astronaut • Mission
• Robot
• Risk
• Parachute
• Experiment
• Shuttle
• • Exploration • Zero gravity • Space
• Spaceship, spacecraft
• Spacesuit • Probe • Science
• Scientist
• Satellite
• Landing
• Launch
• Universe
• Star
• Moon
• Earth • Исследование • Отсутствие гравитации • Космос • Космический корабль • Скафандр • Зонд • Наука
• Ученый
• Спутник
• Приземление, посадка
• Взлет, пуск
• Вселенная
• Звезда
• Луна
• Земля
3.2Развитие навыков аудирования. Listening:
T.: Answer the questions. Then listen to the record and check your answers
3.3Чтение с полным пониманием Reading:
Домашнее задание к данному уроку было - прочитать и перевести текст "Space exploration" (Приложение 1)
T.: Your homework was to read and translate the text "Space exploration"
Let's check
Reading the text try to get the most interesting facts for you
(слайды 12-23)
3.4Развитие познавательного интереса.
Т.: Now thanks to scientists we know much about our universe.
Many discoveries were made and else many will be made.
But the most significant and impressive event was the first man's step in space
(слайды 7, 8, 9) Let's watch how it was.
Watching video
4. PRACTICE
4.1 Complete the sentences using the verbs from the table:
competed, explored, orbited, was based, launched, are transported.
1. On that day, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics ______Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite to circle the earth. 2. As a result, the Soviet Union and the United States______ with one another in developing their space programmes.
3. For about two hours Armsrong and Aldrin______ surface near the module and set up experiments.
4. Today, American astronauts ______ into space by the Space Shuttle and Russian Souyz.
5. The first manned space flight was made on April 12, 1961, when Yuri Gagarin, a Soviet cosmonaut, ______ the Earth in a spaceship.
6. Tsiolkovsky's idea of spaceship_____ on the use of liquid fuels.
Key: 1- launched, 2 - competed, 3 - explored, 4 - are transported, 5 - orbited, 6- was based.
4.2 Put the sentences in a chronological correct order (work in groups): 1. U.S. astronaut Neil A.Amstrong stepped out of the Apollo 11 lunar module, "Eagle".
2. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics launched Sputnik 1, the first artificial satellite to circle the earth
3. Valentina Tereshkova was the first woman-cosmonaut to make a space flight.
4. A Soviet cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin, orbited the earth in a spaceship.
5. The probe was sent for exploring the Mars
6. Tsiolkovsky put forward several ideas about space travel
7. The first space station was built Key: 1- 6, 2- 2, 3- 4, 4- 3, 5- 1, 6- 5, 7-7.
4.3 Answer the questions:
1. 1. True or False? Gagarin received so much fan mail the Russian authorities gave him his own zip code.
2. Yuri was born in March of what year? 1936
1929
1934
1933 3. Yuri became the first man in space on what date? April 7, 1961
October 4, 1957
April 12, 1961
March 26, 1957
4. What was the name of the capsule that carried Yuri into space?
5. What year did Yuri Gagarin die?
6. How many orbits did American astronaut Alan B. Shephard make when he traveled into space in May of 1961? • 6
• 1
• 0
• 3
7. How many men have walked on the moon? • 14
• 10
• 8
• 12 8. Who is regarded as the 'Father of Astronautics'. His most famous quote was: "The earth is the cradle of humanity, but man cannot stay in the cradle forever".
• Vladimir Chelomei • Sergei Korolev • Valentin Glushko • Konstantin Tsiolkovsky 4.4 Watching video
Many years have passed since the first human flight to space. Now since autumn of 2000, there has been a constant human presence in space with the crew on the international space station We are watching a video about docking space shuttle with ISS
NASA astronaut on the International Space Station T.J. Creamer said:
"Together we are responsible for our future.Together is the future."
Do you agree with this statement? 5. Speaking Discuss : 1. Can exploring space be dangerous for people on Earth? 2. Can Star War become a reality? 3. Imagine NASA or Roscosmos is looking for volunteers to live aboard the International Space Station for four months. Would you volunteer?
4. Do you think people like you will reach other stars before the year 2100?
5. Do you think people will be living on Mars and Moon before the year 2050?
6. If you had to live in space, would you rather live on a space station orbiting Earth or on another planet?
7. If you could live on the space station, how long would you want to stay? a) for a day b) for a month c) for a year
8. What would be the best thing about living in space?
a)weightlessness b)space view c)space explorations and experiments
9. If you lived in space, what do you think you'd miss most about Earth?
a) the sky b)relatives and friends c)countryside
10. What information about space exploration was the most exciting for you? 6. Puzzle (work in groups): Now solve the word search puzzle
III. Заключительный этап
1. Объяснение домашнего задания. Home work: Make your own crossword puzzles on the theme "Space exploration" 2. Подведение итогов урока.
T: So, our lesson is going to finish. Did you like it? Which activity was the most interesting/ boring/ useful/ complicated for you? Why?
3. Итог работы группы.
T: I like the way you have been working today. I'm pleased with ... and a bit disappointed with .... Your marks for the lesson are ...
Вся информация сопровождается слайдами из Power Point "Space exploration"
Раздаточный материал: Приложение 2
Приложение 1
Слайд 5
In 1942 the German V2 was the first rocket to reach 100km from the Earth's surface (the boundary of space).
The rocket was designed by Wernher Von Braun, who later worked with NASA as the creator of the rockets that were launched to the moon. The first animals sent into space were fruit flies aboard a U.S.-launched V-2 rocket on February 20, 1947 from White Sands Missile Range, New Mexico. They were chosen because of their similarity to humans. Just fancy!
Слайд 6
The first ever monkey astronaut was Albert, a rhesus monkey, who on June 11, 1948 rode to over 63 km (39 mi) on a V2 rocket. Albert died of suffocation during the flight
On 4th October 1957 Russia launched Sputnik 1 and the space age had begun!
Sputnik was the first satellite to orbit the Earth. Today there are over 500 working satellites in space. Слайд 7
In November 1957, the Russian space dog Laika became the first animal to orbit the Earth.
Laika travelled in a spacecraft known as Sputnik 2 and her mission helped scientists understand whether people could survive in space. Space-probe Luna 2 was the first spacecraft to reach the surface of the Moon and was also the first man-made object to land on another celestial body. On September 14, 1959 it successfully impacted with the lunar surface east of Mare Imbrium. Слайд 9
On 12 April 1961, aboard the Vostok 3KA-3 (Vostok 1), Gagarin became both the first human to travel into space, and the first to orbit the Earth. His call sign was Kedr (Cedar). As planned, Gagarin landed separately from his spacecraft, having ejected with a parachute 7 km (23,000 ft) above ground.
The first woman in space was Russian cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova. Tereshkova became the first woman in space. Her call sign in this flight was Chaika (English: Seagull)
A crater on the far side of the Moon was named after her. In 2013 she offered to go on a one-way trip to Mars if the opportunity arose. At the opening ceremony of the 2014 Winter Olympics she was a flag-carrier of the Olympic flag. Слайд 10
On May 5, 1961, Shepard piloted the Freedom 7 mission and became the second person, and the first American, to travel into space. He was launched by a Redstone rocket, and unlike Gagarin's 108-minute orbital flight, Shepard stayed on a ballistic trajectory-a 15-minute suborbital flight which carried him to an altitude of 116 statute miles (187 km). Unlike Gagarin, whose flight was strictly automatic, Shepard had some control of Freedom 7. Слайд 12
The Soviet Union performed the first hard (unpowered) Moon landing in 1959 with the Luna 2 spacecraft, a feat the U.S. duplicated in 1962 with Ranger 4. Since then, twelve Soviet and U.S. spacecraft have used braking rockets to make soft landings and perform scientific operations on the lunar surface, between 1966 and 1976. The USSR accomplished the first soft landings and took the first pictures from the lunar surface on the Luna 9 and Luna 13 missions. The U.S. followed with five unmanned Surveyor soft landings. Слайд 13
On 20th July 1969 Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin took "one small step" and became the first men on the Moon. The first words said on the Moon were "the Eagle has landed". Their spaceship Apollo 11 worked perfectly flying them 250,000 miles to the Moon and bringing them safely back to Earth. On 13th April 1970 after 2 days journey to the Moon Apollo 13 was damaged with explosion caused by a wiring fault. NASA scientists and the astronauts were able to repair and bring the broken spaceship home.
Слайд 14
In 1973 Russian space probe Mars 2 explored the fourth planet of the solar system.
The probe was made of two parts. One part, orbiter, had been staying in orbit for a year sending pictures of Mars back to Earth. The other was to land and explore the surface of Mars but the lander entered the Martian atmosphere incorrectly, which resulted in a crash. The descent module became the first man-made object to impact the surface of Mars. Слайд 15
Until 12th April 1981 all spacecraft were designed to be used only once. The Space Shuttle was designed to be reused for up to 100 visits to space. It was an attempt to make space travel less expensive.
The MIR space station was built in sections, each piece was launched by a rocket and then they were joined together in orbit. Construction started in 1986 and the last part was attached ten years later!
MIR was the first consistently inhabited long-term space station. MIR was destroyed and crashed back to Earth in 2001. Слайд 17
The International Space Station (ISS) is a space station, or a habitable artificial satellite, in low Earth orbit. It is a modular structure whose first component was launched in 1998. Now the largest artificial body in orbit, it can often be seen at the appropriate time with the naked eye from Earth. The ISS serves as a microgravity and space environment research laboratory in which crew members conduct experiments .
On June 21st, 2004 SpaceShipOne made the first privately funded manned space flight. This space plane was built by a private aviation firm to win the 10 million dollar Ansari X Prize.
The Spaceship Company has been set up to offer private tourist flights into space using a new version of this space plane. Tickets are available and flights will start around 2014. Приложение 2
Words to remember
• Exploration • Zero gravity • Space
• Spaceship, spacecraft
• Spacesuit • Probe • Science
• Scientist
• Satellite
• Landing
• Launch
• Universe
• Star
• Moon
• Earth • Исследование • Отсутствие гравитации
• Космос • Космический корабль • Скафандр • Зонд • Наука
• Ученый
• Спутник
• Приземление, посадка
• Взлет, пуск
• Вселенная
• Звезда
• Луна
• Земля
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