newspapers in Englishкод для вставки
образец спецкурса о английскому языку. 9 класс.
Название курса Newspapers in English Преподаватель Звягинцева Анна Валерьевна Возраст Учащиеся 9 класса Аннотация курса «Я знаю английский. Я читаю Шекспира в оригинале». А возьмите газету, выберете любую статью и посмотрите, как Вы с ней справитесь. Трудно? Конечно, ведь современный язык периодических изданий отличается от языка художественных произведений. Предлагаемый курс Newspapers in English направлен на развитие навыков работы с текстом : чтение, работа с лексикой, навыки анализа и обсуждения прочитанного. Материал подобран таким образом, что учащимся будет интересно и полезно работать со статьями из американских и британских газет и журналов. Курс также предполагает проектную деятельность учащихся. К каждой статье прилагается обязательный лексический и грамматический минимум. При условии успешного прохождения курса, учащиеся получат необходимые начальные знания для работы с печатным материалом. Итоговая форма контроля зачет Ниже приведены примерные конспекты занятий. Содержание уроков будет адаптировано непосредственно под уровень записавшихся участников. WINSTON CHURCHILL 1. Let’s read the following article about Winston Churchill. But before we read it, can anyone tell us something about this person? 2. Here are some words that must be learnt by heart (the marked ones) for the next class. Let’s read them one by one. Words Definitions Translation speaker Someone who makes a speech: He is a good speaker, he always sticks to the point. obvious Easy to notice or understand: When he made this obvious mistake it became clear that he didn’t do his homework. wit The ability to say things that are clever and amusing: Oscar Wilde was famous for his wit. p rodigious (formal) Very large or impressive fa scinating Extremely interesting, especially because you are learning something new: English is a fascinating subject! decline To become weaker, smaller, less important To ry Someone who belongs to or votes for the Conservative Party in Britain quote To repeat exactly what someone else has said or written: His words are often quoted in different books. curiosity The desire to know something or to learn about something: Curiosity is the first step to knowledge. t hirst for learning A great desire and wish to study: His thirst for learning will lead him to success. prod To encourage someone to do something Объяснени е слов – Longman Dictionar y - перевод слов на русский язык даётся лишь при условии, что объяснения на английском недостаточно (так как важным навыком является умение понимать значение слова без прямого перевода на родной язык). 3. If you don’t understand and want to know the meaning of the other words- look them up at home, write out there definitions. One does it will get extra- credits for this work. 4. Here is the list of a few Churchill’s quotes. Let’s read them out. Try to remember one of them. · A joke is a very serious thing. · A lie gets halfway around the world before the truth has a chance to get its pants on. · A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty. · Attitude is a little thing that makes a big difference. · Broadly speaking, the short words are the best, and the old words best of all. 5. Now, look at this picture. How can we describe his appearance, use Past Simple or Present Simple in your answers. Brush up your knowledge: PRESENT SIMPLE + Personal and Possessive pronouns The perso -nal pro- nouns The verb “to be” Examples The auxiliary verbs Examples The possessive pronouns Examples I Am Am I…? I’m not I am (‘m) a student. Am I late? I’m not ready now. Do Do…? Don’t I do love you. Do you know who he is? We don’t want to go there. Do they enjoy going to the cinema? You don’t know anything. My My parrot can speak. My mother is younger than my father. My book is very interesting. YOU You Are Are? Aren’t You are a good student. Are we tired? They aren’t here. Your Your answer is good. Your neck is long. WE Our Our parents love us. Our friends and we go to the museum every weekend. They Their Their house is smaller than our. Their plan is brilliant! He Is Is? Isn’t He is a smart boy. Is she at home? It isn’t a yellow book, it is an orange one. Does Does…? Doesn’t He doesn’t like missing lessons. Does she have a cat at home? It doesn’t smell tasty. His His hat is very old. His brother is a naughty boy. She Her Her smile is charming. Her dress is new. It its Its tail is short. Its color is brown. PAST SIMPLE + Personal and Possessive pronouns The perso -nal pro- nouns The verb “to be” Examples The auxiliary verbs Examples The possessive pronouns Examples I was Was I…? I was not I was a student. Was I late? I was not ready now. Did Did…? Didn’t Did you know who he was? We didn’t want to go there. Did they enjoy going to the cinema? You didn’t know anything. My My parrot could speak. My mother was younger than my father. My book was very interesting. YOU You Were Were? Weren’t You were a good student. Were we tired? They weren’t here. Your Your answer was good. Your neck was long. WE Our Our parents loved us. Our friends and we went to the museum every weekend. They Their Their house was smaller than our. Their plan was brilliant! He Was Was? Wasn’t He was a smart boy. Was she at home? It wasn’t a yellow book, it was an orange one. Did Did…? Didn’t He didn’t like missing lessons. Did she have a cat at home? It didn’t smell tasty. His His hat was very old. His brother was a naughty boy. She Her Her smile was charming. Her dress was new. It its Its tail was short. Its color was brown. 6. Homework: - Learn by heart words and expressions in italics from the vocabulary list; - Make up a small presentation about Winston Churchill using our active vocabulary; - Find out the themes of your classmates’ presentations. Think over a few questions you can ask them. SCHOOL UNIFORM 1. The theme of our today’s class is SCHOOL UNIFORM: for and against issues. Before starting reading this article I’d like to know your personal position about school uniform. Here are the list of expressions that will help you to formulate your answer. Comparing and Contrasting On the negative/positive side… Conversely… By/in contrast… On the one hand…on the other hand… Same as… It is one thing to…but it is another thing to… Expressing your attitude The worst (best)thing is… Fortunately (unfortunately)… It seems that… It looks like… It is no surprise (not surprising) that… Surprising as it may seem… It is hard /easy to predict… There is no such thing as… 2. OK, now let’s work with some words which may cause some troubles. (pronunciation) 3. Let’s read the following article. 4. Now, underline those words that you don’t understand and which prevent you from grasping the main idea of the article. Remember, you mustn’t underline each and every word you don’t know, try to find out exactly those that express the gist of the sentence. 5. Here are the vocabulary list. Look it through and say how many words from it you know or if you underlined more\ other words tell us how many. If you don’t understand and want to know the meaning of the other words- look them up at home, write out there definitions. One does it will get extra-credits for this work. Данный список выступает в качестве образца. Words Definitions Translation F orce smb. To make someone do something they do not want to do: My mother forces me to do my homework everyday! S weetheart deal A process where both sites get profit accuse To say that someone has done something wrong or illegal: You mustn’t accuse him till you have strong evidence. contro versial Causing a lot of disagreement and argument: The subject of school uniform is controversial. 6. Here is the list of a few statements dedicated to our topic. Read them and choose one you are for. Say why you are for it using today’s expressions. · Uniforms will stop other students by being judged on how they look / Uniforms will make it harder for cliques to form. · Uniforms will save families money / Students won't pressure their parents to buy clothes some families can't afford. · Uniforms will make it easier to identify those who are not from the school and therefore increase security/safety. · Save money on clothing · Uniforms will cut down on teasing and cliques · schools will be safe from outsiders · Parents will no longer have to buy designer labels · Uniforms will separate the public schools from the catholic/private schools. · Uniforms ultimately cost more · Uniforms do not teach children how to deal with people who are different then themselves. · It is impossible to prevent all outside intrusion · Children will still ask for designer labels for outside of school clothing. (Uniforms will not make this issue go away.) · Uniforms teach children that in order to get along everyone must conform to the same standards. 7. Homework: - Learn by heart words and expressions in italics from the vocabulary list; - Choose one statement you are against with and motivate your position using our active vocabulary; - You may make up a small presentation about your attitude to school uniform using our active vocabulary; - If someone from your group is going to make up a presentation- find out the themes of your classmates’ presentation. Think over a few questions you can ask them. Brush up you grammar: (для самостоятельной работы) It is said Говорят It is known Известно It is thought Считают It is believed Верят It is felt Чувствуют It is supposed Предполагают It is feared Опасаются It is claimed Утверждают It is reported Сообщают It is understood Понимают It is recognized Признают It is acknowledged Признают Итак, Passive Voice (страдательный залог ) употребляется для того, чтобы описать действие, не называя действующее лицо. В центре внимания находится лицо или предмет, над которым совершается действие. Страдательный залог в английском языке образуется следующим образом: Подлежащее + нужная форма глаголы to be + причастие прошедшего времени ( They + were + arrested. ) Действующее лицо с глаголом в пассиве употребляется с предлогом by, стоящим перед ним . В вопросах этот предлог большей частью стоит в конце предложения: He was reported by a neighbo r. – На него указал сосед./Who were they accompanied by? – Кто их сопровождал? Важно отметить, что пассив не употребляется с некоторыми временными формами. Давайте обратимся к табличке и посмотрим, когда мы можем использовать страдательный залог. Для лучшего освоения темы, следует дать на отработку несколько предложений, например: Я рассказал. Мне рассказали. Я показал. Мы показали. Она привела. Её привели. Мы спросили. Нас спросили. Мы ответили. Нам ответили. Мы послали. Нас послали. Они дали. Им дали. Он помог. Ему помогли. Он посоветовал. Ему посоветовали. Он забыл. Его забыли. Он вспомнил. Его вспомнили. Мы пригласили. Нас пригласили. Мы поправили. Нас поправили. Он вылечил. Его вылечили. Он позвал. Его позвали. Read the rhyme. Point out the sentences with verbs in the Active Voice and sentences with verbs in the Passive Voice: Passive Voice We must learn to use the Passive, The Passive must be learned and used, The wind shook the house. The house was shaken. We took what we could, But not everything was taken. Some men brought boats. When the boats were brought, They went to buy clothing. The clothing was bought. We found all the children. The children were found. But the wind threw the house down; It was thrown to the ground. It was thrown to the ground. Read the English proverbs with the passive voice and match them with their Russian equvalents : What is done cannot be undone. Дерево познаётся по плоду. A tree is known by its fruit. Что сделано, того не воротишь. Lost time is never found again. Потерянного времени никогда не воротишь. Rome was not built in a day. Не сразу Москва строилась. Don’t count your chickens before they are hatched. Кто раз соврёт, тому в другой раз не поверят. Never fry a fish till it is caught. Цыплят по осени считают. A liar is not believed when he speaks the truth. Не дели шкуру неубитого медведя. Передайте следующие предложения в Passive Voice . 1. We received this letter after his departure. 2. Have dogs ever attacked you? 3. Bees gather honey from flowers. 4. The storm drove the ship against a rock. 5. Who discovered the circulation of blood? 6. They are selling delicious fruit ice cream there now. 7. The old man showed us the way out of the wood. 8. They offered her some interesting work. 9. The doctor prescribed her new medicine. 10. They often speak about him. 11. Everybody laughed at this funny animal. 12. We have been looking for you the whole morn ing. 13. We shall insist on strict discipline. 14. They teach three foreign languages at this school. Передайте следующие предложения в Active Voice . Введите любые подходящие подлежащие. 1. This mountain has never been climbed be fore. 2. She told me that those newspapers had been carefully put away where they would not be lost. 3. Why have these cups been put here in this cupboard? 4. Nick was told to go home at once. 5. Invitations have been sent to all the old pupils to be present at the school's thirtieth anniversary. 6. All the passengers in the bus were listening to the story of the boy who had been saved from drowning by the quickness of the driver. 7. The work was finished in time. 8. The child is taken care of. 9. When was it done? 10. What museums were visited last year? 11. Have your compositions been handed in? 12. What has been said is true. 13. After the facts had been thoroughly explained to her, she no longer felt worried. 14. He was fined for crossing the street in the wrong place. 15. The Greeks were attacked by the Persians from the sea . 16. This book must be read by every student. 17. This film can be seen at our cinema. 18. Spar tan children were taught by their parents to en dure all hardships. 19. Which article was translat ed by your brother? 20. They were being taught drawing at that lesson. 21. This name was seldom mentioned in his novels. 22. I am often told about it. 23. This man has been much spoken of.