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newspapers in English

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образец спецкурса о английскому языку. 9 класс.
Название курса
Newspapers in English
Преподаватель
Звягинцева Анна Валерьевна
Возраст
Учащиеся 9
класса
Аннотация курса
«Я знаю английский. Я читаю
Шекспира в оригинале». А возьмите
газету, выберете любую статью и
посмотрите, как Вы с ней справитесь.
Трудно? Конечно, ведь современный
язык периодических изданий
отличается от языка художественных
произведений. Предлагаемый курс Newspapers in
English
направлен
на развитие
навыков работы с текстом
: чтение,
работа с лексикой, навыки анализа и
обсуждения прочитанного. Материал
подобран таким образом, что
учащимся будет интересно и полезно
работать со статьями из
американских и британских газет и
журналов. Курс также предполагает проектную
деятельность учащихся. К каждой статье прилагается
обязательный лексический и
грамматический минимум. При условии успешного прохождения
курса, учащиеся получат
необходимые начальные знания для
работы с печатным материалом.
Итоговая форма контроля
зачет
Ниже приведены примерные конспекты занятий. Содержание
уроков будет адаптировано непосредственно под уровень
записавшихся участников.
WINSTON CHURCHILL
1.
Let’s read the following article about Winston Churchill. But before we read it, can anyone tell us something about this person?
2. Here are some words that must be learnt by heart (the marked ones) for the
next class. Let’s read them one by one. Words
Definitions
Translation
speaker
Someone who makes a
speech: He is a good
speaker, he always sticks
to the point.
obvious
Easy to notice or
understand: When he
made this obvious mistake
it became clear that he
didn’t do his homework.
wit
The ability to say things
that are clever and
amusing: Oscar Wilde
was famous for his wit. p
rodigious (formal)
Very large or impressive
fa
scinating
Extremely interesting,
especially because you
are learning something
new: English is a
fascinating subject!
decline
To become weaker,
smaller, less important
To
ry
Someone who belongs to
or votes for the
Conservative Party in
Britain
quote
To repeat exactly what
someone else has said or
written: His words are
often quoted in different
books.
curiosity
The desire to know
something or to learn
about something:
Curiosity is the first step
to knowledge. t
hirst for learning A great desire and wish to
study: His thirst for
learning will lead him to
success. prod
To encourage someone to
do something
Объяснени
е слов – Longman Dictionar
y
- перевод слов на русский язык даётся лишь при условии, что объяснения на
английском недостаточно (так как важным навыком является умение
понимать значение слова без прямого перевода на родной язык). 3.
If you don’t understand and want to know the meaning of the other words-
look them up at home, write out there definitions. One does it will get extra-
credits for this work. 4.
Here is the list of a few Churchill’s quotes. Let’s read them out. Try to
remember one of them.
·
A joke is a very serious thing.
·
A lie gets halfway around the world before the truth has a chance to get its
pants on.
·
A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the
opportunity in every difficulty.
·
Attitude is a little thing that makes a big difference.
·
Broadly speaking, the short words are the best, and the old words best of all.
5.
Now, look at this picture. How can we describe his appearance, use Past
Simple or Present Simple in your answers. Brush up your knowledge:
PRESENT SIMPLE + Personal and Possessive pronouns
The
perso
-nal
pro-
nouns
The
verb
“to
be”
Examples
The
auxiliary
verbs
Examples
The
possessive
pronouns
Examples I
Am
Am
I…?
I’m
not
I am (‘m) a
student.
Am I late?
I’m not ready
now.
Do
Do…?
Don’t
I do love you.
Do you know who
he is?
We don’t want to
go there.
Do they enjoy
going to the
cinema?
You don’t know
anything.
My
My parrot can speak.
My mother is younger
than my father.
My book is very
interesting.
YOU
You
Are Are?
Aren’t
You are a good
student.
Are we tired?
They aren’t here.
Your
Your answer is good.
Your neck is long.
WE Our
Our parents love us.
Our friends and we go
to the museum every
weekend. They
Their
Their house is smaller
than our. Their plan is brilliant!
He
Is
Is?
Isn’t
He is a smart boy.
Is she at home?
It isn’t a yellow
book, it is an
orange one.
Does
Does…?
Doesn’t
He doesn’t like
missing lessons.
Does she have a cat
at home?
It doesn’t smell
tasty.
His
His hat is very old.
His brother is a
naughty boy.
She
Her
Her smile is charming.
Her dress is new.
It its
Its tail is short. Its color is brown.
PAST SIMPLE + Personal and Possessive pronouns
The
perso
-nal
pro-
nouns
The verb
“to be”
Examples
The
auxiliary
verbs
Examples
The
possessive
pronouns
Examples I
was
Was
I…?
I was
not
I was a student.
Was I late?
I was not ready
now.
Did
Did…?
Didn’t
Did you know who
he was?
We didn’t want to
go there.
Did they enjoy
going to the
cinema?
You didn’t know
anything.
My
My parrot could
speak.
My mother was
younger than my
father.
My book was very
interesting.
YOU
You
Were Were?
Weren’t
You were a
good student.
Were we tired?
They weren’t
here.
Your
Your answer was
good.
Your neck was long.
WE Our
Our parents loved us.
Our friends and we
went to the museum
every weekend. They
Their
Their house was
smaller than our. Their plan was
brilliant!
He
Was
Was?
Wasn’t
He was a smart
boy.
Was she at
home?
It wasn’t a
yellow book, it
was an orange
one.
Did
Did…?
Didn’t
He didn’t like
missing lessons.
Did she have a cat
at home?
It didn’t smell
tasty.
His
His hat was very old.
His brother was a
naughty boy.
She
Her
Her smile was
charming.
Her dress was new.
It its
Its tail was short. Its color was brown.
6.
Homework:
-
Learn by heart words and expressions in italics from the vocabulary list;
-
Make up a small presentation about Winston Churchill using our active
vocabulary;
-
Find out the themes of your classmates’ presentations. Think over a few
questions you can ask them. SCHOOL UNIFORM 1.
The theme of our today’s class is SCHOOL UNIFORM: for and against
issues. Before starting reading this article I’d like to know your personal
position about school uniform. Here are the list of expressions that will help
you to formulate your answer. Comparing and Contrasting
On the negative/positive side…
Conversely…
By/in contrast…
On the one hand…on the other hand…
Same as…
It is one thing to…but it is another thing
to…
Expressing your attitude
The worst (best)thing is…
Fortunately (unfortunately)…
It seems that…
It looks like…
It is no surprise (not surprising) that…
Surprising as it may seem…
It is hard /easy to predict…
There is no such thing as…
2.
OK, now let’s work with some words which may cause some troubles. (pronunciation)
3.
Let’s read the following article.
4. Now, underline those words that you don’t understand and which prevent
you from grasping the main idea of the article. Remember, you mustn’t
underline each and every word you don’t know, try to find out exactly those
that express the gist of the sentence.
5.
Here are the vocabulary list. Look it through and say how many words from
it you know or if you underlined more\ other words tell us how many. If you don’t understand and want to know the meaning of the other words- look
them up at home, write out there definitions. One does it will get extra-credits
for this work. Данный список выступает в качестве образца. Words
Definitions
Translation
F
orce smb. To make someone do
something they do not
want to do: My mother
forces me to do my
homework everyday!
S
weetheart deal
A process where both
sites get profit
accuse
To say that someone has
done something wrong or
illegal: You mustn’t
accuse him till you have
strong evidence.
contro
versial
Causing a lot of
disagreement and
argument: The subject of
school uniform is
controversial. 6.
Here is the list of a few statements dedicated to our topic. Read them and
choose one you are for. Say why you are for it using today’s expressions.
·
Uniforms will stop other students by being judged on how they look /
Uniforms will make it harder for cliques to form.
·
Uniforms will save families money / Students won't pressure their parents to
buy clothes some families can't afford.
·
Uniforms will make it easier to identify those who are not from the school
and therefore increase security/safety.
·
Save money on clothing
·
Uniforms will cut down on teasing and cliques
·
schools will be safe from outsiders
·
Parents will no longer have to buy designer labels
·
Uniforms will separate the public schools from the catholic/private schools.
·
Uniforms ultimately cost more
·
Uniforms do not teach children how to deal with people who are different
then themselves.
·
It is impossible to prevent all outside intrusion
·
Children will still ask for designer labels for outside of school clothing.
(Uniforms will not make this issue go away.)
·
Uniforms teach children that in order to get along everyone must conform to
the same standards.
7.
Homework:
-
Learn by heart words and expressions in italics from the vocabulary list;
-
Choose one statement you are against with and motivate your position using
our active vocabulary;
-
You may make up a small presentation about your attitude to school uniform
using our active vocabulary;
-
If someone from your group is going to make up a presentation- find out the
themes of your classmates’ presentation. Think over a few questions you can
ask them. Brush up you grammar: (для самостоятельной работы)
It is said
Говорят
It is known
Известно It is thought
Считают It is believed
Верят It is felt
Чувствуют It is supposed
Предполагают It is feared
Опасаются It is claimed
Утверждают It is reported
Сообщают It is understood
Понимают It is recognized
Признают It is acknowledged
Признают Итак, Passive Voice (страдательный залог
) употребляется для
того, чтобы описать действие, не называя действующее лицо.
В
центре внимания находится лицо или предмет, над которым
совершается действие. Страдательный залог в английском языке образуется следующим
образом:
Подлежащее + нужная форма глаголы to be + причастие
прошедшего времени (
They + were + arrested.
)
Действующее лицо с глаголом в пассиве употребляется с
предлогом by, стоящим перед ним
. В вопросах этот предлог
большей частью стоит в конце предложения: He was reported by a
neighbo
r.
– На него указал сосед./Who were they accompanied by? –
Кто их сопровождал?
Важно отметить, что пассив не употребляется с некоторыми
временными формами. Давайте обратимся к табличке и посмотрим,
когда мы можем использовать страдательный залог. Для лучшего освоения темы, следует дать на отработку
несколько предложений, например:
Я рассказал.
Мне рассказали.
Я показал.
Мы показали.
Она привела.
Её привели.
Мы спросили.
Нас спросили.
Мы ответили.
Нам ответили.
Мы послали.
Нас послали.
Они дали.
Им дали.
Он помог.
Ему помогли.
Он посоветовал.
Ему посоветовали.
Он забыл.
Его забыли.
Он вспомнил.
Его вспомнили.
Мы пригласили.
Нас пригласили.
Мы поправили.
Нас поправили.
Он вылечил.
Его вылечили.
Он позвал.
Его позвали. Read the rhyme. Point out the sentences with verbs in the Active Voice and
sentences with verbs in the Passive Voice:
Passive Voice
We must learn to use the Passive,
The Passive must be learned and used,
The wind shook the house.
The house was shaken.
We took what we could,
But not everything was taken.
Some men brought boats.
When the boats were brought,
They went to buy clothing.
The clothing was bought.
We found all the children.
The children were found.
But the wind threw the house down;
It was thrown to the ground.
It was thrown to the ground.
Read the English proverbs with the passive voice
and match them with their
Russian equvalents
:
What is done cannot be undone.
Дерево познаётся по плоду.
A tree is known by its fruit.
Что сделано, того не
воротишь.
Lost time is never found again.
Потерянного времени никогда
не воротишь.
Rome was not built in a day.
Не сразу Москва строилась.
Don’t count your chickens before they
are hatched.
Кто раз соврёт, тому в другой
раз не поверят.
Never fry a fish till it is caught.
Цыплят по осени считают.
A liar is not believed when he speaks the
truth.
Не дели шкуру неубитого
медведя. Передайте следующие предложения в Passive
Voice
.
1. We received this letter after his departure. 2. Have dogs ever attacked you? 3.
Bees gather honey from flowers. 4. The storm drove the ship against a rock. 5.
Who discovered the circulation of blood? 6. They are selling delicious fruit ice
cream there now. 7. The old man showed us the way out of the wood. 8. They
offered her some interesting work. 9. The doctor prescribed her new medicine. 10.
They often speak about him. 11. Everybody laughed at this funny animal. 12. We
have been looking for you the whole morn
ing. 13. We shall insist on strict
discipline. 14. They teach three foreign languages at this school.
Передайте следующие предложения в Active
Voice
.
Введите любые подходящие подлежащие.
1. This mountain has never been climbed be
fore. 2. She told me that those
newspapers had been carefully put away where they would not be lost. 3. Why
have these cups been put here in this cupboard? 4. Nick was told to go home at
once. 5. Invitations have been sent to all the old pupils to be present at the school's
thirtieth anniversary. 6. All the passengers in the bus were listening to the story of
the boy who had been saved from drowning by the quickness of the driver. 7. The
work was finished in time. 8. The child is taken care of. 9. When was it done? 10.
What museums were visited last year? 11. Have your compositions been handed
in? 12. What has been said is true. 13. After the facts had been thoroughly
explained to her, she no longer felt worried. 14. He was fined for crossing the
street in the wrong place. 15. The Greeks were attacked by the Persians from the
sea . 16. This book must be read by every student. 17. This film can be seen at our
cinema. 18. Spar
tan children were taught by their parents to en
dure all hardships.
19. Which article was translat
ed by your brother? 20. They were being taught
drawing at that lesson. 21. This name was seldom mentioned in his novels. 22. I
am often told about it. 23. This man has been much spoken of.
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