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Annunciationк

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Предмет: английский язык, история религии;
Задачи разработки :познакомить учащихся с новыми лексическими единицами
Автор разработки: Дегтярева Елена Александровна
Областное государственное общеобразовательное учреждение «Верхотурская гимназия» города Верхотурья.
Annunciation
ʥлаговещенье
•
The Annunciation
is the Christian
celebration of the announcement by the angel
Gabriel
to Mary
that she would become the Theotokos
(God
-
bearer). Despite being a virgin
, Mary would miraculously conceive
a child who would be called the Son of God
. Gabriel told Mary to name her son Jesus
, meaning "
YHWH
delivers". Most of Christianity observes this event with the Feast
of the Annunciation on 25 March, nine full months
before Christmas
. According to the Bible
(Luke 1:26), the Annunciation occurred in "the sixth month" of Elizabeth's
pregnancy with the child who would later become known as John the Baptist
.
3
егтярева ʤ ʦерхотурье 2010
•
Approximating the Vernal equinox
, the date of the Annunciation also marked the New Year
in many places, including England, where it is called Lady Day
. Both the Roman Catholic
and Eastern Orthodox
Churches hold that the Annunciation took place at Nazareth
, but differ as to the precise location. •
The Church of the Annunciation
marks the site preferred by the former, while the Greek Orthodox Church of the Annunciation
marks that preferred by the latter.
•
The Annunciation has been a key topic in Christian art
in general, as well as in Roman Catholic Marian art
, particularly during the Middle Ages
and Renaissance
.
4
егтярева ʤ ʦерхотурье 2010
•
In the Bible, the Annunciation is narrated in the book of Luke, Chapter 1, verses 26
-
38 (
WEB
):
•
26
Now in the sixth month, the archangel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee, named Nazareth, 27
to a virgin pledged to be married to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David. The virgin's name was Mary. 28
Having come in, the angel said to her, "Rejoice, you highly favored one! The Lord is with you. Blessed are you among women!" 29
But when she saw him, she was greatly troubled at the saying, and considered what kind of salutation this might be. 30
The angel said to her, "Don’t be afraid, Mary, for you have found favor with God. 31
Behold, you will conceive in your womb, and bring forth a son, and will call his name ‘Jesus.’ 32
He will be great, and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father, David, 33
and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever. There will be no end to his Kingdom." 34
Mary said to the angel, "How can this be, seeing I am a virgin?" 35
The angel answered her, "The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. Therefore also the holy one who is born from you will be called the Son of God. 36
Behold, Elizabeth, your relative, also has conceived a son in her old age; and this is the sixth month with her who was called barren. 37
For everything spoken by God is possible." 38
Mary said, "Behold, the handmaid of the Lord; be it to me according to your word." The angel departed from her.
5
егтярева ʤ ʦерхотурье 2010
Eastern traditions
•
In Eastern Christianity
Mary is referred to as Theotokos
(
Θεοʏόκοʎ
="God
-
bearer"). The traditional Troparion
(hymn for the day) of the Annunciation is:
Today is the beginning of our salvation, And the revelation of the eternal mystery! The Son of God becomes the Son of the Virgin As Gabriel announces the coming of Grace. Together with him let us cry to the Theotokos: "Rejoice, O Full of Grace, the Lord is with you!" 6
егтярева ʤ ʦерхотурье 2010
The Feast of the Annunciation is one of the twelve Great Feasts
of the church year. As the action initiating the Incarnation of Christ
, Annunciation has such an important place in Eastern theology that the Festal Divine Liturgy
of St. John Chrysostom
is always celebrated on March 25, regardless of what day it falls on
—
even if it falls on Pascha
(Easter Sunday) itself, a coincidence which is called Kyriopascha
. The only time the Divine Liturgy may be celebrated on Great and Holy Friday
is if it falls on March 25. Due to this, the rubrics regarding the celebration of the feast are the most complicated of all in Eastern liturgics. The Annunciation is called Euangelismos
(Evangelism) in Greek
, literally meaning "spreading the Good News".
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егтярева ʤ ʦерхотурье 2010
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