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Presentation of Mary

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Предмет: английский язык, история религии;
Задачи разработки :познакомить учащихся с новыми лексическими единицами
Автор разработки: Дегтярева Елена Александровна
Областное государственное общеобразовательное учреждение «Верхотурская гимназия» города Верхотурья.
Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010
Presentation of Mary
The Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary
(as it is known in the West), or The Entry of the Most Holy Theotokos
into the Temple
(its name in the East), is a liturgical
feast celebrated by the Roman Catholic
and Orthodox Churches
Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010
The feast is associated with an event recounted not in the New Testament
, but in the apocryphal Infancy Narrative of James
. According to that text, Mary
's parents, Joachim
and Anne
, who had been childless, received a heavenly message that they would bear a child. In thanksgiving for the gift of their daughter, they brought her, when still a child, to the Temple in Jerusalem
to consecrate her to God. Mary remained in the Temple until puberty, at which point she was assigned to Joseph as guardian. Later versions of the story (such as the Gospel of Pseudo
and the Gospel of the Nativity of Mary
) tell us that Mary was taken to the Temple at around the age of three in fulfillment of a vow
. Tradition held that she was to remain there to be educated in preparation for her role as Mother of God
Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010
The feast originated as a result of the dedication of the Basilica of Saint Mary the New, built in the year 543 by the Byzantines
under Emperor Justinian I
near the site of the ruined Temple
in Jerusalem. Although this basilica was destroyed by the Sassanid
under Khosrau II
after the Siege of Jerusalem
(614), the feast continued to be celebrated throughout the East. 5
Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010
The feast was celebrated in the monasteries of Southern Italy
by the ninth century and was later introduced into the Papal Chapel in Avignon
in the year 1372 by a decree of Pope Gregory XI
. It was included in the Roman Missal in 1472. But, as the fact of the "Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary"
is only a pious belief, but not a defined matter of faith, it was suppressed by Pope Pius V
in 1568. As a result, it did not appear in the Tridentine Calendar
. Pope Sixtus V
reintroduced it into the Roman Calendar in 1585.
Pope Clement VIII
made this feast a Greater Double
in 1597. The feast also continued as a memorial in the Roman Calendar of 1969.
Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010
Liturgical celebration
The Eastern Orthodox Church
celebrates it as one of its twelve Great Feasts
on November 21 (for those churches which follow the Julian Calendar
, November 21 falls on December 4 of the modern Gregorian Calendar
). The first documented celebration of the feast in any calendar is the mention of the Ε
ʍοδοʎ ʏ
ʎ Παναγίαʎ Θεοʏόκοʐ
(Entry of the All
Holy Theotokos
i.e. into the Temple) in the 11th
century Menology
of the Eastern Roman
(also known as Byzantine
) emperor Basil II
. In the Orthodox Church the feast always falls during the Nativity Fast
, and on the day of the feast the fasting
rules are lessened somewhat so that fish, wine and oil may be eaten.
For the Roman Catholic Church
, on the day of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, "we celebrate that dedication of herself which Mary made to God from her very childhood under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit who filled her with grace at her Immaculate Conception
November 21 is also a "Pro Orantibus"
Day, a day of prayer for cloistered religious
"totally dedicated to God in prayer, silence and concealment."
Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010
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