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Transfiguration of Jesus

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Предмет: английский язык, история религии;
Задачи разработки :познакомить учащихся с новыми лексическими единицами
Автор разработки: Дегтярева Елена Александровна
Областное государственное общеобразовательное учреждение «Верхотурская гимназия» города Верхотурья.
Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010
Transfiguration of Jesus
The Transfiguration of Jesus
is an event reported by the
Synoptic Gospels
in which Jesus
is transfigured
upon a mountain . Jesus became radiant, spoke with Moses
and Elijah
, and was called "Son" by God
. It is one of the miracles of Jesus
mentioned in the Gospels.
This miracle is unique among others that appear in the
Gospels, in that the miracle happens to Jesus himself.
Thomas Aquinas
considered the Transfiguration "the greatest miracle" in that it complemented baptism and showed the perfection of life in Heaven.
According to the Gospels, Peter
, James, son of Zebedee
and John the Apostle
were with Jesus upon the mountain. The transfiguration put Jesus above Moses and Elijah, the two preeminent figures of Judaism
. It also supports his identity as the Son of God
. In keeping with the Messianic Secret
, Jesus tells the witnesses not to tell others what they saw until he has risen on the third day after his death on the cross.
The principal account is that in the Synoptic Gospels; 2 Peter
and the Gospel of John
may also briefly allude to the event (
Peter 1:16
, John 1:14
). Peter describes himself as an eyewitness "of his sovereign majesty." None of the accounts identifies the "high mountain" of the scene by name. Since the 3rd century Christians have identified Mount Tabor
as the site of the Transfiguration.
Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010
Eastern Orthodox practices
In the Eastern Orthodox Church
, the Transfiguration falls during the Dormition Fast
, but in recognition of the feast the fast is relaxed somewhat and the consumption of fish, wine and oil is allowed on this day.
In the Orthodox view the Transfiguration is not only a feast in honor of Jesus, but a feast of the Holy Trinity
, for all three Persons of the Trinity are interpreted as being present at that moment: God the Father
spoke from heaven; God the Son
was the one being transfigured, and God the Holy Spirit
was present in the form of a cloud. In this sense, the transfiguration is also considered the "Small Epiphany
" (the "Great Epiphany" being the Baptism of Jesus
, when the Holy Trinity appeared in a similar pattern).
Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010
The Tranfiguration is ranked as one of the Twelve Great Feasts
of the Orthodox liturgical calendar
, and is celebrated with an All
Night Vigil
beginning on the eve of the Feast.
Grapes are traditionally brought to church to be blessed after the Divine Liturgy
on the day of the Transfiguration. If grapes are not available in the area, apples or some other fruit may be brought. This begins the "Blessing of First Fruits
" for the year.
The Transfiguration is the second of the "Three Feasts of the Saviour in August", the other two being the Procession of the Cross
on August 1 and the Icon
of Christ Not Made by Hand
on August 16. The Transfiguration is preceded by a one
day Forefeast
and is followed by an Afterfeast
of eight days, ending the day before the Forefeast of the Dormition.
Roman Catholic church
In the Roman Catholic Church
, the Transfiguration was once celebrated locally in various parts of the Catholic world on different days, including August 6, but was not universally recognized. In 1456, the Kingdom of Hungary
repulsed an Ottoman
invasion of the Balkans by breaking the Siege of Belgrade
. News of the victory arrived in Rome on August 6.
Given the importance to international politics at that time of such battles between Christian and Muslim nations, in celebration of the victory Pope Callixtus III
elevated the Transfiguration to a Feast day to be celebrated in the entire Roman rite
In 2002, Pope John Paul II
selected the Transfiguration as one of the five Luminous Mysteries
of the rosary.
Дегтярева Е А Верхотурье 2010
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