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Культурология песни. Содержание

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Книга(начало). Зделана заявка на новое направление исследовательское направление "Культурология песни", всесторонне изучающее песню. На примере нового содержания "авторская культура песен" народов мира.
ɨɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɨ ɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɟɣ ɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɣ ɚɡɜɢɬɢɹ ɑɟɥɨɜɟɤɚ,
ɧɫɬɢɬɭɬ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ɧɟɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɹ
ɪɥɨɜɫɤɢɣ ..
ɚɱɚɥɚ ɮɭɧɞɚɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɟɫɧɟɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ
ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɨɣ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ɩɟɫɟɧ
ɸɪɧɛɟɪɝ – 2011
3
ɞɪɟɫɧɵɣ ɫɚɦɢɡɞɚɬ:ɢɝɧɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɷɤɡɟɦɩɥɹɪ
ɪɥɨɜɫɤɢɣ ..
21 ɭɥɶɬɭɪɨɥɨɝɢɹ ɩɟɫɧɢ. ɚɱɚɥɚ ɮɭɧɞɚɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɟɫɧɟɜɟɞɟɧɢɹ ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɨɣ
ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ɩɟɫɟɧ (ɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɢɣ ɚɧɢɮɟɫɬ). ɸɪɧɛɟɪɝ, ɚɦɢɡɞɚɬ ɧɫɬɢɬɭɬɚ
ɧɟɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɹ, ɮɨɪɦɚɬ 4, 224 ɫ., 2011 ɝ.
ɪɹɞɥɢ ɤɬɨ-ɬɨ ɧɟ ɫɥɵɯɚɥ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɧɚɡɜɚɧɢɹ ɤɚɤ «ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɚɹ ɩɟɫɧɹ». «ɚ, ɷɬɨ
ɨɫɨɛɟɧɧɵɣ ɩɟɫɟɧɧɵɣ ɠɚɧɪ, ɩɨɥɭɱɢɜɲɢɣ ɧɚɱɚɥɨ ɜ ɪɭɫɫɤɨɣ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɟ ɜɬɨɪɨɣ ɩɨɥɨɜɢɧɵ
20 ɜɟɤɚ» - ɜ ɷɬɨɦ ɭɜɟɪɟɧɨ ɧɟɦɚɥɨ ɥɸɞɟɣ. ɨ, ɷɬɨ ɞɚɥɟɤɨ ɧɟ ɩɨɥɧɚɹ ɨɰɟɧɤɚ ɢ ɜɢɞɟɧɢɟ
ɩɟɫɟɧɧɨɝɨ ɹɜɥɟɧɢɹ. ɥɭɛɨɤɨɟ ɢɡɭɱɟɧɢɟ ɬɟɦɵ ɜɵɜɨɞɢɬ ɧɚ ɰɟɥɵɣ ɪɹɞ ɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɧɵɯ
ɨɬɤɪɵɬɢɣ ɢ ɤ ɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɟɧɧɨɦɭ ɜɨɡɜɵɲɟɧɢɸ ɰɟɧɧɨɫɬɢ «ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɨɣ ɩɟɫɧɢ» ɜ ɩɪɨɫ-
ɬɪɚɧɫɬɜɟ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ.
ɩɟɪɜɵɟ, ɜɧɢɦɚɧɢɸ ɱɢɬɚɬɟɥɹ ɩɪɟɞɥɚɝɚɟɬɫɹ ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚɬɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɣ ɜɡɝɥɹɞ ɧɚ
ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɫɨɡɞɚɧɢɹ ɧɨɜɨɝɨ ɧɚɭɱɧɨ-ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɨɝɨ ɧɚɩɪɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ «ɭɥɶɬɭɪɨ-
ɥɨɝɢɹ ɩɟɫɧɢ». ɚɤɨɣ ɞɢɫɤɭɪɫ ɧɨɫɢɬ ɭɧɢɤɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪ ɢ ɨɪɝɚɧɢɡɭɟɬɫɹ ɜɩɟɪɜɵɟ.
ɬɢɯɢɣɧɵɟ ɢ ɪɚɧɟɟ ɪɚɡɪɨɡɧɟɧɧɵɟ ɬɟɦɵ ɮɭɧɞɚɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɩɨɞɯɨɞɚ ɤ ɬɟɦɟ «ɩɟɫɧɹ»,
ɫɢɫɬɟɦɚɬɢɡɢɪɨɜɚɧɧɵɟ ɢ ɫɨɛɪɚɧɧɵɟ ɩɨɞ ɨɞɧɨɣ ɩɨɧɹɬɢɣɧɨɣ ɤɪɵɲɟɣ, ɩɪɢɨɛɪɟɬɚɸɬ
ɫɨɜɟɪɲɟɧɧɨ ɧɨɜɵɣ ɚɤɰɟɧɬ, ɫɨɡɞɚɸɬ ɮɭɧɞɚɦɟɧɬ ɞɥɹ ɨɛɪɚɡɨɜɚɧɢɹ ɧɨɜɨɣ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɣ
ɬɟɦɵ «ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɨɥɨɝɢɹ ɩɟɫɧɢ» ɢ ɧɨɜɨɣ ɧɚɭɱɧɨɣ ɞɢɫɰɢɩɥɢɧɵ «ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɨɥɨɝɢɹ ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɨɣ
ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ɩɟɫɟɧ». ɸɛɨɣ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶ, ɭɫɬɪɟɦɥɟɧɧɵɣ ɤ ɩɨɡɢɰɢɢ «ɬɟɨɪɟɬɢɤ ɚɜɬɨɪɫ-
ɤɨɣ ɩɟɫɧɢ» ɦɨɠɟɬ ɩɨɡɧɚɤɨɦɢɬɶɫɹ ɫ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɣ ɧɨɪɦɨɣ ɬɚɤɨɝɨ ɫɬɪɟɦɥɟɧɢɹ, ɢɧɬɟɝ-
ɪɚɥɶɧɨ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɧɨɣ ɧɚɲɟɣ ɤɧɢɝɨɣ.
ɩɟɪɜɵɟ ɱɢɬɚɬɟɥɸ ɩɪɟɞɨɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɚ ɜɨɡɦɨɠɧɨɫɬɶ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɬɶ ɬɟɨɪɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɭɸ ɢɧɢ-
ɰɢɚɬɢɜɭ ɧɟ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɩɪɨɮɟɫɫɢɨɧɚɥɶɧɵɯ ɭɱɟɧɵɯ, ɧɨ ɢ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɟɣ-ɥɸɛɢɬɟɥɟɣ
©ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɨɣ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ɩɟɫɟɧ», ɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɦɧɨɝɨ ɥɟɬ ɩɪɟɞɚɧɧɨ ɫɥɭɠɚɬ ɩɟɫɧɟ ɢ ɚɤɬɢɜɧɨ ɟɺ
ɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɭɸɬ. ɨ ɫɭɬɢ, ɜɫɹ ɷɬɚ ɤɧɢɝɚ ɧɚɩɢɫɚɧɚ ɤɚɤ ɢɧɢɰɢɚɬɢɜɚ ɫɧɢɡɭ – ɨɬ ɩɟɫɟɧɧɨɣ
ɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɢ, ɡɚɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɨɜɚɧɧɨɣ ɜ ɨɛɴɹɫɧɟɧɢɢ ɫɚɦɨɟ ɫɟɛɹ ɢ ɧɟ ɧɚɯɨɞɹɳɟɣ ɩɨɥɧɨɰɟɧɧɨɝɨ
ɨɛɴɹɫɧɟɧɢɹ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɫ ɩɨɡɢɰɢɢ «ɫɬɨɪɨɧɧɢɣ ɧɚɛɥɸɞɚɬɟɥɶ». ɺ ɫɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ ɧɨɫɢɬ
ɤɚɪɞɢɧɚɥɶɧɨ ɧɨɜɚɬɨɪɫɤɢɣ ɯɚɪɚɤɬɟɪ, ɟɳɺ ɦɚɥɨ ɢɡɜɟɫɬɧɵɣ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɧɨɣ ɨɛɳɟɫɬɜɟɧ-
ɧɨɫɬɢ ɪɭɫɫɤɨɹɡɵɱɧɨɝɨ ɦɢɪɨɜɨɝɨ ɩɨɥɹ.
ɩɟɪɜɵɟ ɩɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɨ ɧɨɜɨɟ ɬɟɪɦɢɧɨɥɨɝɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɩɨɥɟ, ɫɨɫɬɨɹɳɟɟ ɢɡ ɧɚɫɥɵ-
ɲɚɧɧɵɯ ɢ ɧɨɜɵɯ ɩɨɧɹɬɢɣ, ɧɚɩɪɢɦɟɪ: ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɚɹ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɚ ɩɟɫɟɧ, ɩɟɫɟɧɧɚɹ ɩɪɨɜɨ-
ɞɢɦɨɫɬɶ, ɩɟɫɟɧɧɨɟ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɟ, ɧɚɬɭɪɚɥɶɧɚɹ ɩɟɫɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ, ɜɧɭɬɪɟɧɧɹɹ ɪɟɱɶ ɩɟɫɧɢ,
ɧɚɬɭɪɮɢɥɨɫɨɮɢɹ ɢ ɮɢɥɨɫɨɮɢɹ ɩɟɫɧɢ, ɫɤɜɨɡɧɚɹ ɩɟɫɟɧɧɚɹ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɚ, ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɨɫɬɶ,
ɢɛɚɪɞ, ɢɧɬɨɩɨɷɬɢɤɚ, ɩɟɫɟɧɧɵɟ ɫɨɫɬɨɹɧɢɹ ɢɫɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɹ ɩɟɫɧɢ, ɮɨɪɦɭɥɚ ɞɜɢɠɟɧɢɹ
ɫɨɡɧɚɧɢɹ, ɧɟɨɫɬɚɧɨɜɥɟɧɧɨɟ ɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɟ, ɩɚɪɭɫɧɚɹ ɩɟɫɟɧɧɨɫɬɶ.
ɧɢɝɚ ɨɪɢɟɧɬɢɪɨɜɚɧɚ ɧɚ ɜɫɟɯ ɥɢɰ, ɡɚɢɧɬɟɪɟɫɨɜɚɧɧɵɯ ɜ ɝɥɭɛɨɤɨɦ ɩɨɧɢɦɚɧɢɢ
ɬɟɦɵ. ɬɨɦ ɱɢɫɥɟ: ɧɚɭɱɧɵɟ ɪɚɛɨɬɧɢɤɢ(ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɨɥɨɝɢɹ, ɢɫɤɭɫɫɬɜɨɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ, ɦɭɡɵɤɨ-
ɜɟɞɟɧɢɟ, ɮɢɥɨɫɨɮɢɹ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ, ɮɨɥɶɤɥɨɪɢɫɬɵ ɢ ɪɹɞɨɦ), ɩɪɚɤɬɢɤɢ ɩɟɫɧɢ, ɢɫɫɥɟ-
ɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɢ-ɥɸɛɢɬɟɥɢ, ɮɭɧɞɚɦɟɧɬɚɥɶɧɨ ɢ ɩɪɨɫɬɨ ɥɸɛɨɡɧɚɬɟɥɶɧɵɟ ɥɸɞɢ.
ɨɞɝɨɬɨɜɤɚ ɤɨɦɩɶɸɬɟɪɧɨɝɨ ɦɚɤɟɬɚ ɨɫɭɳɟɫɬɜɥɟɧɚ ɡɚ ɫɱɟɬ ɥɢɱɧɵɯ ɫɪɟɞɫɬɜ ɚɜ-
ɬɨɪɚ ɤɧɢɝɢ. ɒɢɪɨɤɨ ɪɚɫɩɪɨɫɬɪɚɧɹɟɬɫɹ ɬɨɥɶɤɨ ɜ ɷɥɟɤɬɪɨɧɧɨɦ ɮɨɪɦɚɬɟ.
© ɪɥɨɜɫɤɢɣ . ., 2011
4
ɨɞɟɪɠɚɧɢɟ
..........................................................................................................5
ɖə - ɗ ɑ ə.............................7
ɑ ə...............................................................................9
ɨɢɫɤɢ ɬɪɚɞɢɰɢɨɧɧɨɣ ɧɚɭɤɢ.....................................................................................9
ɫɨɛɟɧɧɨɟ ɦɧɟɧɢɟ........................................................................................................15
ɟɡɸɦɟ............................................................................................................................18
ɨɢɫɤɢ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɟɣ-ɥɸɛɢɬɟɥɟɣ.....................................................................18
ɪɟɞɫɬɚɜɥɟɧɢɹ ɘɪɢɹ ɨɪɟɫɚ (ɝ. ɨɫɤɜɚ)................................................................19
ɨɧɰɟɩɬɭɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɦɚɧɢɮɟɫɬ ɥɟɤɫɚɧɞɪɚ ɭɥɨɜɚ....................................................20
ɟɨɪɟɬɢɱɟɫɤɨɟ ɩɨɥɟ ɥɚɞɢɦɢɪɚ ɚɧɰɛɟɪɝɚ............................................................23
ɚɪɞɨɜɫɤɢɟ ɷɲɟɥɨɧɵ ɨɬ ɨɥɚɧɚ ɒɢɩɨɜɚ.................................................................25
ɨɧɹɬɢɣɧɵɣ ɮɢɥɶɬɪ ɟɨɧɢɞɚ ɥɶɬɲɭɥɟɪɚ.............................................................27
ɪɢɬɢɤɚ ɢ ɧɚɩɨɦɢɧɚɧɢɹ ɨɬ ɥɟɤɫɚɧɞɪɚ ɨɫɬɪɨɦɢɧɚ..............................................29
ɢɫɬɟɦɚɬɢɤɚ ɟɨɧɢɞɚ ɟɥɟɧɶɤɨɝɨ............................................................................30
ɛɨɛɳɟɧɢɹ ɧɚɬɨɥɢɹ ɚɝɨɬɚ.....................................................................................31
ɟɤɨɬɨɪɵɟ ɞɪɭɝɢɟ.........................................................................................................32
ɟɡɸɦɟ............................................................................................................................33
ɚɛɨɱɢɟ ɩɨɥɨɠɟɧɢɹ ɩɟɪɜɵɯ ɤɨɧɫɬɪɭɤɬɨɪɨɜ «ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɨɣ ɩɟɫɧɢ ».......................33
ɧɱɚɪɨɜ...........................................................................................................................34
ɚɥɢɱ...............................................................................................................................35
ɐɐ ə ɕ.............................................38
ɢɪɡɚɹɧ ..................................................................................................................39
ɨɯɨɞ ɡɚ ɩɟɫɟɧɧɵɦ əɡɵɤɨɦ.....................................................................................40
ɪɥɨɜɫɤɢɣ .............................................................................................................52
ɨɜɵɣ ɫɥɨɣ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ «ɜɬɨɪɫɤɚɹ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɚ ɩɟɫɟɧ »..........................................53
ɨɜɚɹ ɯɪɨɧɨɥɨɝɢɹ.....................................................................................................62
ɧɟɜɧɢɤ ɢɧɞɢɜɢɞɭɚɥɶɧɨɝɨ ɫɚɦɨɪɚɡɜɢɬɢɹ ɫɤɜɨɡɶ ɩɟɫɧɸ.......................................70
ɨɜɵɣ ɢɫɫɥɟɞɨɜɚɬɟɥɶɫɤɢɣ ɢɧɫɬɪɭɦɟɧɬ «ɢɧɬɨɩɨɷɬɢɤɚ »................................78
ɨɜɚɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ «ɧɢɜɟɪɫɚɥɶɧɵɣ ɢɫɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶ ɩɟɫɟɧ »..........................................95
ɨɜɚɹ ɦɨɞɟɥɶ «ɚɦɨɢɞɟɧɬɢɮɢɤɚɰɢɹ ɢɫɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɹ ɩɟɫɟɧ »..............................110
ɭɥɶɬɭɪɨɥɨɝɢɹ ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɨɣ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɵ ɩɟɫɟɧ........................................................124
ɱɟɧɢɟ ɚɪɞɨɜ........................................................................................................130
ɗɧɰɢɤɥɨɩɟɞɢɹ «ɜɬɨɪɫɤɚɹ ɤɭɥɶɬɭɪɚ ɩɟɫɟɧ ɧɚɪɨɞɨɜ ɦɢɪɚ »..............................145
ɱɟɛɧɢɤ «ɚɦɨɭɱɢɬɟɥɶ ɝɢɬɚɪɧɨɝɨ ɚɤɤɨɦɩɚɧɟɦɟɧɬɚ ɛɚɪɞɨɜ ».........................155
ɜɬɨɪɫɤɚɹ ɩɟɫɧɹ. ɨɡɢɰɢɹ «ɬɟɨɪɟɬɢɤ ɩɟɫɧɢ »...................................................164
ɛɡɨɪ ɫɟɪɢɢ ɚɜɬɨɪɫɤɢɯ ɫɬɚɬɟɣ...........................................................................183
ə...............................................................................................................189
ɟɮɟɪɟɧɬɧɨ-ɢɫɩɨɥɧɢɬɟɥɶɫɤɨɟ ɦɧɨɠɟɫɬɜɨ «ɧɚɲɚ ɩɟɫɧɹ ».................................189
ɩɢɫɨɤ ɡɚɳɢɳɟɧɧɵɯ ɞɢɫɫɟɪɬɚɰɢɣ........................................................................212
ɚɪɢɚɧɬɧɵɣ ɫɩɢɫɨɤ «ɫɨɜɪɟɦɟɧɧɵɣ ɬɟɨɪɟɬɢɤ ɩɟɫɧɢ »........................................215
ɨɦɩɚɤɬɨɝɪɚɦɵ.........................................................................................................217
ɨɦɩɚɤɬɨɝɪɚɦ .ɭɥɨɜɚ. ɯɟɦɚ ʋ0....................................................................217
ɨɦɩɚɤɬɨɝɪɚɦ .ɢɪɡɚɹɧɚ. ɯɟɦɚ ʋ0................................................................218
ɨɦɩɚɤɬɨɝɪɚɦ .ɚɧɰɛɟɪɝɚ. ɯɟɦɚ ʋ0..............................................................219
ɨɦɩɚɤɬɨɝɪɚɦ ɟɥɟɧɶɤɨɝɨ . ɯɟɦɚ ʋ0.............................................................219
ɨɦɩɚɤɬɨɝɪɚɦ ɟɥɟɧɶɤɨɝɨ . ɯɟɦɚ ʋ0.............................................................220
ɨɦɩɚɤɬɨɝɪɚɦ ɪɥɨɜɫɤɨɝɨ .. ɯɟɦɚ ʋ0...........................................................221
ɧɮɨɪɦɚɰɢɨɧɧɚɹ ɤɚɪɬɚ ɚɜɬɨɪɚ ɩɟɫɟɧ(ɩɪɢɦɟɪ )..................................................222
ɨɬɚɠɧɚɹ ɫɯɟɦɚ ɩɟɫɧɢ(ɩɪɢɦɟɪ ).............................................................................223
ɐə ............................................................................224
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