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# How to draw the patterns without calculators - Association of

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```MT178-2
5/12/02
10:13 am
Page 43
В© ATM 2009 вЂў No reproduction (including Internet) except for legitimate academic purposes вЂў copyright@atm.org.uk for permissions.
How to draw the patterns without calculators
Lucy Cartwright
When drawing a pattern without calculators,
firstly choose the word you wish to draw.
For example:
Lucy
This word has four letters, then you add 1 to this
total. So now effectively, you have 5 letters.)
Lucy П© 1 П­ 5
Next, make 5 columns, and write out the
alphabet underneath, like this:
1
2
3
4
5
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J
K
L
M
N
O
P
Q
R
S
T
U
V
W
X
Y
Z
Now we can make some co-ordinates using
the letters, numbers and the original word.
Write the word in a vertical line and then go
back to the beginning of the word and add the
first letter again. In this case the extra letter is an
L. Then, directly next to this column, begin
another column starting this time with the second
letter of the word, U for Lucy, and going down to
U again.
LU
Now, using these letters, we can
UC
start making some co-ordinates
CY
to plot the graph.
YL
LU
LU
(2,1) (L in 2nd column, U in1st)
UC
(1,3) (U in 1st column, C in 3rd)
CY
(3,5) (C in 3rd column, Y in 5th)
YL
(5,2) (Y in 5th column, L in 2nd)
LU
(2,1) (Same as 1st set)
We found out all the permutations of the letters of
вЂ�wordвЂ™ you could have. We found there were 24
possible. All of these we tried on a graphical calculator to see what picture they would form when
converted to a picture. We found out that there were
3 different pictures.
However, a number of other pupils also investigated a word with four letters; but found more
pictures.
In groups we have been investigating how many
possible permutations there are for each word, and
then linking our findings to how many pictures there
are for a word. We discovered that for a four letter
For the next column of co-ordinates, you take the
second numbers of the 1st set of co-ordinates. In
this case the numbers copied will be 1,3,5,2,1.
For the 2nd numbers of the 2nd column, do 5,
the total of all the letters, take away the 1st
numbers of the 1st column.
Do the third column in a similar way.
For the 2nd number of the 3rd column, do 5
minus the 1st numbers in the 2nd column.
(2,1) (1,3) (3,4)
(1,3) (3,4) (4,2)
(3,5) (5,2) (2,0)
(5,2) (2,0) (0,3)
(2,1) (1,3) (3,4)
The final column is the 1st, repeated:
(2,1) (1,3) (3,4) (2,1)
(1,3) (3,4) (4,2) (1,3)
(3,5) (5,2) (2,0) (3,5)
(5,2) (2,0) (0,3) (5,2)
(2,1) (1,3) (3,4) (2,1)
And these are the co-ordinates for the graph!
We have found that plotting each of the
columns in a different colour is quite effective.
Also colouring the spaces between the lines looks
good, especially if rotational symmetry is used.
word with different letters in different columns, there
are 24 permutations and 6 pictures. If, for example,
the word вЂ�starвЂ™ was chosen, it could be written like
this:
STAR
RTSA
TRAS
TARS
TSAR
RAST
ARST
SART
ASTR
RSTA
ARTS
STRA
SRTA
ATSR
ATRS
RTAS
TSRA
TRSA
TASR
SRAT
RSAT
ASRT
RATS
SATR
MATHEMATICS TEACHING 178 / MARCH 2002
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