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HOW TO PERFORM WUDH AND PRAYER AND ITS - Islamicbook

код для вставки
OW TO PERFORM
WUDHAND PRAYER
AND ITS PROOF
by Sheikh:
AbdullahsolaimanAl-Manooq
frrC.q-rrC.foCaf
тАв
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HOW
TO тАвтАвтАв
HOWTO+r.
(Wudrtl
A) PERFORM
ABLUTION
PERFORM
ABLUTION(WudLi)
(Sa/af)
B)
PERFORMPRAYER
PRAYER(Sa/at)
B) PERFORM
Written by
Written
AbdullahSulaiman
Abdullah
SulaimanAI-Marzuk
Al-Marzuk
DarAI-Muslim
Al-Muslimfor
Dar
for Publishing
Publiehing&
& Distribution
Distribution
CONTENTS
CONTENTS
ABLUTION (Wudu\
(Wudu)
ABLUTION
.тАв How
How to Per{orm
Perform Ablution
Ablution
(Tayammom)
Ablution (Tayammom)
тАв. Sand Ablution
Boots
Socksor Boots
тАв. Rubbing Over Socks
(Ghost)
тАв. Total Ablution (Ghost)
PRAYER
(Salaf)
PRAYER (Sa/at)
Prayer
Per{orm Prayer
тАв. How
to Perform
How to
CONCLUSION
CONCLUSION
In lhe
the Nme
Name of
ofAIJJlh,
The Mos
Most Grociora,
Gracious, The
The MN
Most M*tifal
Merciful
AlM, The
In
Praise be
be to Allah, The Lord of
of the
the Worlds,
Worlds, and
and
Praise
peace and
and blessings
blessings be
be upon
upon His Messenger,
Messenger, our
His peace
Prophet Muhammad,
Muhammad, upon
upon all the
the Messengers
Messengers and
and
Prophet
his
Prophets
of
Allah,
upon
our
Prophet's
family,
our
Prophet's
Prophets of Allatr, upon
companions
those who followed
his guidance
guidance
followed his
and those
companions and
till the
the Day of
Judgement.
of Judgement.
till
perform
The
is on:
on: How to perform
report is
The following report
ablution
perform prayers.
prayers.
and how to perform
ablution and
guide me
and I
I pray
pray to
this work,
work, and
me in this
to guide
to Allah to
from
it.
beseech
to
Him
that
all
readers
may
benefit
from
it.
may
benefit
all
readers
to
that
beseech
Praise
the Worlds.
Worlds.
Allah. The
Lord of the
to Allah,
The Lord
Praisebe
be to
S.A1-Marzuk
AI-lVIaEuk
Abdullah
AMullah S.
Arabia
SaudiArabia
Saudi
Qaseem-Buraidah
Qaseem-Buaidah
(14r6A.H.)
(14]6
A.H.)
3
ABLUTION (llludu)
(Wudu)
ABLUTION
Every Muslim is ordered
ordered to make
make ablution
ablution
Every
before performing
performing prayer.
prayer. Without ablution,
ablution, prayer
prayer
before
unaccepted by
by Allah
Allah (to
(to Him
Him belongs
belongs all
all
is invalid
invalid and
and unaccepted
Dignity and
and Glory).
Glory).
Dignity
In the
says:
the Holy Qur'an
Allatt says:
Qur'an Allah
youinteni
tooffer
oftr payer,
(0
Wlxn
(O you
you\\h>
irrild to
Whenyou
uiln relieve!
believe!
V(ayil,
yu.n anns
yourfa:es
~
(fon>anns) up to the
mrs(fmmrs)Wtodre
fu aOO
wffih your
rrd your
(by ~
\rrcthadsover)yourtrcads'
elOOws,
rub
elbor,rn,
rub (by
Fssing \\ethaB3sover)yourheads,
in asfiate
ae ina~
ycnrftd up
qpto
lheankles.
arkles.Ifyou
Ifycnrare
am
tothe
ad ~ yourfee1:
"\6h
(- grave
gtaveimpnity)
after
ie. one's
cnres state
$aE after
of .Jamba'
inryxity) ie.
ljunfu' (=
your
having
~
~ora\\et-<Jream),~your
bdre
havingsilal irhtunr uauddean),
\\h>le
5:7]
uilnlelxxly.)
body)[HolyQur'an:
[FlolyQtrr'au5:7]
verse,no
importantverse,
no
With the
revelation of this
this important
the revelation
performedwithout ablution.
ablution.
prayer
prayer could
could be
be performed
you
If
impossible,or difficult, you
wateris
is impossible,
If using
usingthe
the water
(asitit will be
performtayammom,
laterexplained).
can
(as
belater
explained).
ttryammom,
canperform
4
to Make Ablution:
How to
l.
1.
Havethe
heartintention
theheart
Have
for
ablution.
intention
performing
for performing
ablution.
Do
pronounce
not
Do not pronounce the
the intention.
intention.The
The Prophet
Prophet
(peacebe
be upon
(peace
upon him)
him) used
not to
usednot
to utter
utter words
words
expressing
hisintention
expressing
his
for
intention
for ablution.
ablution.
'ln the
(Bismillaft).This
2. Say:
Say: (Bismillah).
This means
2.
means'In
the Name
Name of
Allah.
Allah.
Wash your
your hands
and wrists
3. Wash
hands and
wrists three
three times,
times,
inter-rubbing
inter-rubbing between
between the
the fingers
fingers of
of both
both
hands.
hands.
4.
4.
Take a palm-fuI
Take
palm-ful of
water in your right hand.
hand.
of water
Put
Put the
the water
water in your mouth
mouth and
rinse your
and rinse
mouth.
mouth. Do this
this three
three times.
times.
5.
5. Take
Take water
water in your right hand.
hand. Sniffup
Sniff up water
water
through
your
through your nostrils,
nostrils, then,
then, blow it out.
out. Do
this
this three
three times.
times.
5
6.
Wash your
your face
6 . Wash
facethree
threetimes
timeswith both
both hands.
hands.
Make
Make sure
waterhas
sure that
that the
thewater
all the
the
hasreached
reachedall
parts of
your face
parts
of your
face from
from the
the forehead
foreheadto
to the
the
chin,
the
other.
chin,and
andfrom
from one
oneear
earlobe
lobeto
to the other.
Wash your
your right
7 . Wash
7.
right hand,
hand,arm,
arrn,and
andelbow
elbow three
three
times.
times.
Wash your
your left
8 . Wash
8.
left hand,
hand, arm,
arm, and
andelbow
elbow three
three
times.
times.
9 . Wet
Wet your
your hands,
hands,then
your head
9.
then rub
rub over
over your
head
with them,
them, starting
with
starting from
from front
front to
to back,
back,and
and
thenfrom
from back
backto
then
to front.
front. Do
Do this
this once
onceonly.
only.
Wipe the
1 0 .Wipe
the inner
inner side
your
10.
side of your
your ears
earswith your
fore-fingers,
and their
forefingers, and
with your
your
their outer
outer side
side with
thumbs.
thumbs.
Wash your
l l . Wash
your right
right foot
11.
up to
to the
the ankle
ankle three
three
foot up
times.
times.
t 2 . Then
Thenwash
12.
wash your
your left
left foot
foot up
up to the
the ankle
ankle three
three
times.
times.
6
At this stage,
stage, the ablution is completed,
completed, and
and
At
are ready
ready to perform prayers.
prayers.
now, you are
Your are
are not obliged to wash
wash your organs
organs three
three
times. You can
can wash
wash them
them once
once or twice,
twice., but it is
times,
preferable to wash
wash them
them three
three times.
times.
preferable
You are
are advised
advised to
to recite
recite the
the following
following supplication
supplication
You
after
your ablution:
ablution:
afterfinalizing
finalizingyour
(Ash-hado
Ash-hado
(,4sh-hado alla ilaha illallah, wa Ash-hado
Rasoolah.
anna
Mohammadan Abdoho
Abdoho wa Rasoolah.
anna Mohammadan
waidlni
Allahomma
ijdlni
minattawwabeen,
Allahomma ij dlni minattawwabeen, wajdlni
minal-mottatahhireen.)
minal-mottatahhireen.)
This
This means:
means:
god, but
He is
(I
but Allah, He
is no
no god,
(l bear
that there
thereis
witnessthat
bear witness
witness
that
one,
He
has
no
partner,
and
I
bear
witness
that
partner,
and
bear
one, He has no
Messenger.0O
Mohammad
and His Messenger.
is His
His servant
servant and
Mohammad is
for their
their sins,
sins,
Allah,
who repent
repentfor
me of those
thosewho
Allah, make
make me
pure.)
and
who keep
keepthemselves
themselvespure.)
thosewho
andof those
7
You can
can perforrn
perform more
more than
than one
one prayer
prayer with
with one
one
You
itit
unless
ablution
to
renew
ablution.
You
do
not
need
to
renew
ablution
unless
need
not
ablution.You
the
of any
any of
of the
invalidated by
by the
the happening
happening of
is invalidated
following:
following:
1.
l.
Natural discharges;
discharges; i.e.
i.e. urine,
urine, stools,
stools, gas
gas ...
'"
Natural
etc.
etc.
2. Falling
Falling asleep.
asleep.
2.
for
3.
Losing sense;
sense~ i.e.
becoming unconscious
unconscious for
i.e. becoming
3. Losing
or
drunkenness
sickness,
or
any
reason
such
as:
madness,
sickness,
drunkenness
any reasonsuchas: madness,
by
drugs.
takingdrugs.
by taking
4.
meat.
camelmeat.
Eatingcamel
4. Eating
Sand-Ablution
(Tayammom):
Sand-Ablution (Tayammom):
useitit
you cannot
cannotuse
or you
water,or
If
have water,
you do
do not
not have
If you
harm
may
will
or
water
because
you
are
ill
and
using
water
will
or
may
harm
becauseyou are ill and using
as aa
make TTayammom
ayammom as
you,
to make
you are
allowed to
are allowed
you, you
Allah
Holy
the
Qur'an
Allah
substitute
for
ablution.
In
the
Holy
In
substitute for ablution.
Qur'an
says:
says:
8
journey,or one
(...
( ... If
If you
you are
are ill or on aajoumey,
one of
of
comes from the
the offices
offices of
of nature,
nature, or
you comes
(i.e. a
have been
been in contact
contact with women
women (i.e.
you have
water,
you
find
no
sexual
intercourse)
and
water,
and
sexual intercourse)
then take
take for yourselves
yourselves clean
clean earth
earth and
and rub
then
does
your
Allah
therewith
your
faces
and
hands.
does
and
hands.
faces
therewith
not wish
wish to place
place you
you in difficulty,
difficulty, but He
He
not
His
you
complete
wants
to
and
complete
purify
and
to
wants
you that
you may
thankful.F
favor
upon you
be thankful.)
may be
that you
favor upon
[Holy
5:7]
Qur'an,5:7]
[Holy Qur'an,
Tayammom
as follows:
follows:
performedas
is performed
Tayammomis
heart of
of
1.
intention within your heart
the intention
Have the
1. Have
performing
performing Tayammom.
Tayammom.
pure earth
2.
earthor sand.
sand.
both hands
handson
on pure
Strike both
2. Strike
the clinging
clinging dust
dustby
3.
off the
both hands
hands off
Shake both
3. Shake
your face
andwipe
wipe your
face
striking
other,and
eachother,
striking them
them against
againsteach
with them
wipe the
the
then wipe
the right
right hand
handwith the
once, then
them once,
left hand,
handwith the
the right
right one.
one.
andthen
thenthe
the left hand
hand,and
99
At
and
thisstage
stageTayammom
At this
Tayammomis
is completed,
completed,
andnow
now you
),ou
performprayer.
areready
readyto
to perform
prayer.
are
You
perforrnmore
You can
canperform
prayerwith one
morethan
thanone
oneprayer
one
Tayammom.
Tayammom.
Tayammomis
Tayammom
is invalidated
invalidatedby
by finding
finding water
waterand
and
by the
thehappening
happeningof any
by
anyof the
the following:
following:
l.
1.
Naturaldischarges.
discharges.
Natural
Fallingasleep.
2. Falling
asleep.
2.
Losingsense.
3. Losing
sense.
3.
4.
4.
Eatingcamel
camelmeat.
meat.
Eating
Tayammomshows
showsone
of the
the facilities
facilities of
of Islam.
Islam.
Tayammom
one of
Rubbing Over Socks
Socks or Boots:
Boots:
It is permissible
permissible for a Muslim to perform
perform
ablution,
ankle-lengthed
ablution, then
then to put on his socks
socks or ankle-lengthed
boots
place
boots with having
having to take
take either
either 24 hours
hours ifif in place
of
residence,
of residence, or 3 days
days when
when travelling.
travelling. ItIt is enough
enough
l10
0
within
to just rub over them
them when
when renewing
renewing ablution within
the
allowed time mentioned.
mentioned.
the allowed
facilities of
This
also shows
of the
the facilities
of Islam.
Islam.
This also
showsone
ene of
(Ghust):
Total Ablution
Ablutio n (Ghus/):
One
shouldbathe
caseof
the state
stateof
of
One should
bathein case
of being
being in the
(i.e.: having
major
major impurity (i.e.:
sexualintercourse,
having sexual
intercourse,wet
-with womenwomen- finishing menstruation
dream
dream or -with
menstruationor
period).
having
having finished
finishedchild birth period).
(Satal)
PRAYER (Salat)
prayer is
Performing prayer
is the
Performing
the second
secondpillar of
of Islam.
Islam.
prophet, Mohammad
(peace
Our prophet,
Mohammad (peace and
and blessings
blessings of
of
Allah be
be upon
upon him said:
said:
"Islam is
is built upon
(pillars)i.e.:
"Islam
upon five
five (pillars)
Bearing
i.e.: Bearing
witness that
god but Allah, and
that there
witness
there is no
no god
and that
that
performing
Mohammad
Mohammad is
is the
the messenger
messengerof
of Allah,
Allatr, performing
prayers, giving poor-due,
poor-due,fasting
(the month of)
the prayers,
the
fasting (the
11
ll
Ramadhan, and
and making pilgrimage
pilgrimage to the
the Sacred
Sacred
Ramadhan,
House by those
those who can
the journey thereto,
thereto,
can afford the
House
and
physically fit.
and physically
perform five obligatory
obligatory
orderedto perform
A Muslim is ordered
prayers every
prayers are:
Theseprayers
are:
prayers
day. These
every day.
a)
prayer (Fajr prayer)
prayer)
a) Early morning prayer
prayer(two raka
rakn'at).
'at).
It consists
of two units
units of prayer
consists of
(about 1'l2
hours
I % hours
Its time begins
the true
true dawn
dawn (about
begins at the
rises.
strnrises.
before
extendsuntil the
the sun
sunrise)and
and extends
beforesunrise)
prayer):
prayer (Dohr prayer):
b) The
noon prayer
The noon
prayer.Its
Its time
begins
time begins
It consists
four units
consistsof
of four
units of prayer.
passedthe
and
aa little after
the meridian
meridianand
sun has
after the
the sun
has passed
the
the time
time of the
extends
beginning of the
extends until the
the beginning
prayer.
afternoon
afternoonprayer.
(Asr prayer):
prayer):
prayer (Asr
c) The
afternoonprayer
The afternoon
prayer. Its
Its time
units of prayer.
time
It consists
consists of four
four units
its
object is
is equal
equalto
enjoined
when the
to its
the shadow
shadowof an
an object
enjoined when
plus the
time shadow,
shadow,
own
length plus
the length
lengthof its
its noon
noon time
own length
yellow. In necessity,
and
turnsyellow.
necessity,
and extends
extends until the
the sun
sunturns
it lasts
lastsuntil the
the sunset.
sunset.
12
t2
d) The
The sunset
sunset prayer
prayer (MaghriD
(Maghrib prayer)
prayer)
d)
consists of
of three
three units
units of
ofprayer.
prayer. Its
Its time
time begins
begins
ItIt consists
of
disappearance
soon
after
sunset
and
lasts
until
the
disappearance
ofthe
the
the
until
lasts
and
sunset
soon after
twilight.
trvilight.
i
e) The nifht
ni~ht Prayer:
prayer: (Isha
(Isha PraYer):
prayer):
It consists
consists of
of four units of
of prayer.
prayer. Its time begins
begins
It
of the
the twilight, and
and lasts
lasts
soon after
after the
the disappearance
disappearance of
soon
until
midnight.
until midnight.
A Muslim must
must perform
perform each
each prayer
prayer in its due
due
A
says:
time.
Holy Qur'an
the HolY
time. In the
Qut'an Allah says:
enjoined
is enjoined
time is
(Verily
fixed time
prayerat
at fixed
the prayer
{Verily the
on
an, 5:
5:103]
103]
on believers.)
believers.)[Holy
Qur'an,
[Holy Qur'
its
prayersuntil its
the prayers
It
one of the
delays one
It aa Muslim delays
punishable
grievousand
andpunishable
time
commit aa grievous
he will commit
ends,he
time ends,
repent
shouldrepent
He should
sin
excuse.He
reasonableexcuse.
no reasonable
is no
if there
thereis
sin if
should
also
He
to
Allah
and
ask
for
forgiveness.
He
also
should
to Atlah and ask for forgiveness.
refrain
it.
recommittingit.
from recommitting
refrainfrom
prayers
their prayers
delay their
who delay
Allah
those who
threatensthose
Allah threatens
from
their
fixed
times.
He
states:
from their fixed times. He states:
13
l3
(So Woe
Woe unto
(So
unto those
thoseworshippers
worshippers who
who delay
delay
prayer
their
from its
its stated
their prayer from
statedfixed
fixed time.)
time.)
107:4-5]
[Holy
Qur'an,
107:4-5]
[Holy Qur'an,
Any one who
who does
does not
Anyone
perform prayers
not perform
prayers is
is not
not aa
Muslim. Our
prophet,Mohammad
Our prophet,
Muslim.
blessings
Mohammad(Peace
(Peaceand
and blessings
of Allah
Allah be
be upon
upon him)
of
him) clarifies:
clarifies:"There
"There is
is nothing
nothing
between man
man and
and Polytheism
between
Polytheism and
and Blasphemy
Blasphemy but
but
abandoningprayers."
prayers." He
abandoning
He also
also says:
says:"The
"The obligation
obligation
which distinguishes
distinguishesbetween
which
betweenus
us and
and the
the unbelievers
unbelieversis
is
prayer, therefore
therefore whosoever
whosoever desists
prayer,
prayer
desists prayerbecomes
becomesan
an
unbeliever."
unbeliever."
How to perform prayer:
l.
1. Perform
Perfonn the
the ablution
ablution to cleanse
cleanse your
your body.
body.
Your clothes
clothes and
and the
the place
place you want
want to pray
pray in
should
should be
be clean
clean as
as well.
well.
2. Turn your face
face towards
towards the Holy Kaaba
Kaaba at
Makkah, intending
intending by heart
heart to perform
perfonn the prayer
prayer
which
which you
you want
want to
to fulfiI.
fulfil. You
You do not need
need to
pronounce
pronounce the
the intention.
intention.
l14
4
3. Raise
Raise your
your hands
hands up to the
the level
level of
of the
the
3.
shoulders saying:
saying: (Allaho
(Allaho Akbur)
Akbur) which
which means:
means:
slroulders
is the
the greatest).
greatest).
(Allah is
(Allah
4. Lower your hands
hands and
and put your right hand
hand
4.
over the
the left one,
one, and
and put them
them both
both on your
your chest.
chest.
over
(Sobhanak
5. Recite
invocation: (Sobhanak
Recite the following invocation:
wataala
Allahomma wa-bi-hamdik,
tabaraka'smok, wataala
wa-bi-hamdik, wa tabaraka-smok,
Allahomma
jaddok,
jaddok, wala
ghairok.)
ilaha ghairok.)
wala ilaha
(Doda Al
Istifta).It
This
AIIstifta).
It
called: (Doda
This invokation
is called:
invokation is
means:
means:
(Praiseand
be Your
Blessedbe
(Praise
be to
to Allah.
Allah. Blessed
and Glory
Glory be
god but
no god
but
is no
esty. There
name.
Thereis
name. Exalted
be Your
Majesty.
Exaltedbe
Your Maj
you.)
you.)
(A'outho
'outho billahi minash-shaitanir6.
minash-shaitanir6. Say:
Say: (A
rajeern).
raj eem).
the
This means:
means: (I seek
refuge in Allah from the
seek refuge
accursed
accursedSatan.)
Satan.)
(Bismillah Ar-Rahman
Then
Then say:
say: (Bismillah
Ar-RahmanAr-Raheem),
Ar-Raheem),
which
translates:
which translates:
15
15
(In the
the name
name of
(In
of Allah,
Allah, the
theMost
MostGracious,
Gracious,the
the
MostMerciful.)
Mercitul.)
Most
7. Recite
Recite the
the opening
7.
opening Surah
Surah of
of the
the Holy
Holy
whichis
(Al-Fatihah).Here
is called
Qur'an
called(Al-Fatihah).
Hereitit is:
is:
Qur'anwhich
(Al-hamdoLillahi
Liltahi Rabbi!
(Al-hamdo
RabbilAalameen.
ialsmeen. ArrahmanirArrshmanirRaheem. Maliki
Maliki yawmiddeen. Iyyaka na'bado
Raheem.
na'bado wa iyyaka
nastaeen. Ihdinas-siratal
Ihdinas-siratal
nastaeen.
mostakeem.
mostakeem. Siratal-latheena
Siratal-lqtheena
ghairil maghdoobi alaihim
aa'na'mtq
'na 'mta alaihim, ghairil
alaihim waladdhalleen).
Ameen
dhalleen).
This Surah
Surahmeans:
means:
This
(Praisebe
be to
to Allah the
the Lord
(Praise
Lord of the
the Worlds.
Worlds.The
The
Most Gracious
Graciousthe
the Most
Most Merciful.
Most
the day
Merciful. Master
Masterof the
day
of Judgment.
of
Judgment. We
We worship
worship You alone,
we seek
alone,and
and we
seek
Your
Your help.
help. Guide
Guide us
us along
along the
the straight
straight path.
path. The
The
path
path of
of those
those on whom
whom You have
have bestowed
bestowed your
Your
favours.
favours. Those
Those whose
whose (portion)
(portion) is not wrath,
wrath, and
and
those
those who
who go
go not
not astray).
astray). Amen.
Amen.
8.
8. You are
are advised
advised to recite
recite some
some verses
verses from
from
the
Holy
the
Qur' an, or to recite
recite a complete
complete Surah
Surah (if
(if
Qur'an,
possible).
possible). Here
Here are
are some
some short
short Surahs:
Surahs:
l16
6
a) (Qot
(Qol howallaho
howallaho Ahad.
Ahad Allahos-Samad.
Allahos-Samad. Lam
Lam
a)
lwfowan
lahoo
yakon
yalid
walam
yoo/ad
Walam
yakon
lahoo
kofowan
yoolad.
Walam
yalid walam
ahad)
ahad.)
This Surah means:
means:
This
(Say he
he is Allah the
the One
One and
and Only'
Only. The self Existing
Existing
(Say
and besought
besought of
of All.
All. He begets
begets not nor is he
he begotten.
begotten.
and
And there
there is none
none like
like unto
unto him.)
him.)
Fasalli lirakbbika
aatainakal KawtharKawthar. Fasalii
lirakbbika
b) (Inna ddtainakal
wanhar.
Inna
shanniaka
abler.)
abter.)
howal
shannidkn
wanhar.
This Surah means:
means:
(Mohammad)
(Surely
upon you (Mohammad)
bestowedupon
have bestowed
(Surely we have
is the
the
(one
which is
good
the
abundance
of
every
kind
of
good
(one
of
which
kind
every
abundance
the
pray
So,
Rivekr
of
AI-Kawthar
in
the
Hereafter).
So,
pray
to
your
Hereafter).
the
in
Al-Kawthar
Rivekr
whose
your enemy
enemywhose
is your
Lord
It is
sacrifice. It
Hirn sacrifice.
and offer Him
Lord and
line
off).
cut off).
becut
linewill be
of
level of
9)
hands up to the level
Then, raising your hands
9) Then,
bend
(Allaho Akbur),
Akhur), bend
your
and saying
saying (Allaho
your shoulders
shoulders and
one
on
back on one
your head
and back
head and
down
your trunk-making
trunk-making your
down your
spread
the fingers
fingers spread
with the
level,
your hands
handswith
putting your
and putting
level, and
on
your knees.
knees.
on your
17
t7
(Sobhana Rabbiyal
10)
l0) Say:
Say: (Sobhana
Rabbiyal Adeem.)
Adeem.) which
which
means:
means:
(Glorified is
(Glorified
is my Lord.
Lord. The
The Great).
Great). You are
are
say it three
advised
advisedto
to say
threetimes.
times.
your head
11)
I I ) Raise
Raise your
head up
up from
from bowing,
bowing, raising
raising
your hands
your shoulders
your
handsup
up to the
the level
level of your
shouldersand
and say:
say:
(Sami-Allaholiman
liman hamidah.)
hamidah.)Which
(Sami-Allaho
Which means:
means:
hearshim who
praisesHim.)
(Allah hears
who praises
(Rabbanawalakal
12) Say:
Say:(Rabbana
12)
walakalhamd).
hamd).This
This means:
means:
(Our Lord!
you.)
(OUf
Lord! Praise
Praisebe
be for you.)
(AllahoAkbur).
13) Prostrate
Prostratesaying:
saying:(Allaho
13)
Akbur).
prostration, the
the following organs
In prostration,
organs should
should
ground: The
touch the
the ground:
touch
The forehead,
forehead,the
the nose,
nose, both
both
hands,both
both knees,
knees,and
and the
partsof
hands,
the internal
internalparts
of the
the toes.
toes.
14) Say
Say the
the following
following while
prostrating:
14)
while prostrating:
(Sobhana
RabbiyalAdla).It
(Glorified is
(Sobhana Rabbiyal
Ad/a). It means:
means:(Glorified
is my
Lord,
Lord, the
the Exalted.)
Exalted.) You are
three
are advised
advisedto say
say it three
times.
times.
18
l8
15)
Raise your
your head
head saying:
saying: (Allaho
(Allaho Akhur).
Akbur).
15) Raise
Seat yourself on your left
left foot and
and straighten
straighten up your
Seat
right foot in a vertical
vertical position.
position. Pur your hands
hands on
thighs and
knees.
your thighs
and knees.
(Rabbighfir lee,
16)
warhamny, wahdinee,
wahdinee,
lee, warhamny,
l6) Say:
Say: (Rabbighfir
warzoknee,
waafinee,
wajborny.)
borny.)
knee, wdafine
e, waj
warzo
(O my Lord,
forgive ffiтВм,
This
means: (0
Lord, forgive
me, have
have
This means:
provide
guide
me
mercy
on
me,
guide
me,
provide
me
with
Your
ffie,
ffie,
mercy on
andconsole
consoleme.)
me.)
blessings,
heal
healme
me and
blessings,
(Rabbighfir lee),
lee),which
which
You
can suffice
suffice with:
with: (Rabbighfir
Yotr can
(O
means:
(0
my
Lord
forgive
me).
forgive
me).
my
Lord
means:
(Allaho Akbur).
Akbur).
17)
17) Prostrate
Prostrate again
again saying:
saying: (Allaho
Repeat
prostrationwhat
what you did and
and said
said
during this
this prostration
Repeat during
prostration.
in the
the first
first prostration.
(AlluhoAkbur).
18)
Akbur). Recite
Recitethe
the
18) Stand
Stand up
up saying:
saying:(Allaho
(Fatihah) and
(Fatihah)
versesof the
the Holy Qur'an,
andsome
someother
otherverses
Qur'an,
(Ralaih).
prayer(Raktih).
you did
and
unit of prayer
do as
as you
did in the
the first
first unit
and do
prayer consists
19)
19) If
the prayer
units of
If the
consists of two units
prayer- sit
prayer-as
the morning
morning prayersit after
after the
the second
prayer-as the
second
(?"ashahhod).
prostration
prostrationand
Here
andrecite
the (Tashahhod).
is:
recitethe
Hereit is:
19
l9
(,4ttahiyato lillahi
(Attahiyato
lillahi wassalawato
wassalawato wattayibat.
wattayibat.
Assalamo
Assalamo alaika
dlaika ayyahannabiyo
ayyahannabiyowarahmatol
warahmatol lahi
lahi
wabaralmtoh. Assalamo
wabarakatoh.
Assalamo alaina
alaina wa
we ala
ala ibadill
ihadill
ahissaliheen.Ash-hado
ahissaliheen.
Ash-hado alIa
alla ilaha
ilaha illallaho,
illallaho, wa
wd ashashhadoanna
anns Mohammadan
Mohammadanabdoho
hado
abdohowa
wa rasooloh.
rasooloh.
Allahomma sail;
Allahomma
salli ala
ala Mohammad,
Mohammad, wa
wa ala
ala aali
Mohammad,kama
Mohammad,
lmma sallaita
sallaita allbraheem,
al lbraheem,wa
wil al dali
dati
Ibraheem,innaka
innakaHameedon
Ibraheem,
HameedonMajeed.
Majeed.
Wabarik ala
Wabarik
Mohammad,
Mahammad, wa
wa ala aali
Mohammad. Kama
Kama barakta
Mohammad.
barakta ala Ibraheem,
lbraheem, wa
wa ala
aal
lbraheem,
innaknHameedon
aal Ibraheem, innaka
HameedonMajeed.)
Majeed.)
The meaning
meaningof this
(Zashahhod)is:
The
this (Tashahhod)
is
(Greetings,prayers
prayers and
(Greetings,
the good
good things
things of
of life
and the
belong to
to Allah.
Allah. Peace,
belong
Peace, Mercy
Mercy and
and blessing
blessing of
of Allah
Allah
be
you
upon
O
Prophet.
be upon you 0 Prophet. Peace
Peace be
be upon
upon us
us and
and upon
upon
the
of Allah.
Allah. I bear
bear witness
witness that
that there
there
the devout
devout slaves
slaves of
is
and I bear
bear witness
witness that
that
is no
no god
god but
but Allah,
Allah, and
Mohammad
Mohammad is
is is
is His
His slave
slave and
and Messenger.
Messenger.
O
o Lord!
Lord! Bless
Bless Mohammad
Mohammad and
and his
his family
family as
as
You blessed
blessed Abraham
Abrahanl and
and his
his family.
family. you
You are
are the
the
Most
Most Praised,
Praised, The
The Most
Most Glorious.
Glorious.
2200
Bestow Your
Your Grace
Grace on
on Mohammad
Mohammad and
and his
his family
family
Bestow
as You
You bestowed
bestowed it on Abraham
Abraham and
and his
his family.
family. You
You are
are
as
the Most
Most Praised,
Praised, The
The Most
Most Glorious.)
Glorious.)
the
After reciting the (Tashahhod),
(Tashahhod), You
you are
are advised
advised
After
Allah's, protection
protection from torment
torment of
of Hell,
to ask
ask Allah's
of the grave,
grave, the trials in life-time
life-time and after
torment of
death, and
and from the
the imposter
imposter Anti-Christ, and
and also
also to
death,
ask Allah
Allah for whatever
whatever you wish in this life
life and
and the
ask
come.
life to come.
(Assalamo
saying:(Assalamo
20) Tum
your face
to the
the right
right saying:
face to
Turn your
20)
left
the left
to the
alaikom
turn it to
and then
then turn
rahmatollah),and
wa rahmatollah),
alaikom wa
saying:
rahmatollah.)
wa rahmatollah.)
(Assalamoalaikom
alaikomwa
saying:(Assalamo
means:
prayer, and
and it means:
This salutation
the prayer,
ends the
salutation ends
you).
of
Allah
be
on
you).
(Peace
Mercy
on
be
(Peaceand
Mercy
and
prayer
unitsof prayer
threeunits
21)
prayerconsists
consistsof three
If the
the prayer
2l) If
prayer),
(Maghribprayer),
(three
prayer(Maghrib
Sunsetprayer
asthat
thatof
of Sunset
(three rakaat)
ralmat)as
(AIIaho
saying:(Allaho
stand
tashahhodsaying:
the tashahhod
reciting the
up after
after reciting
stand up
your
of your
level
to
the
up
Akbur),
and
raising
your
hands
up
to
the
level
of
your
hands
raising
Akbur), and
put
and
yourleft
leftone,
one,and put
shoulders.
Put
yourright
handover
overyour
righthand
Putyour
shoulders.
them
yourchest.
chest.
bothon
onyour
themboth
21
2l
Ar-Raheem),
(Bismillah Ar-Rahman
22)
Ar-Rahman Ar-Raheem),
22) Say:
Say: (Bismillah
the third unit of
then
andperform the
of
recite (Al-Fatihah) and
then recite
Tashahhod
prayer
the Tashahhod and
and
prayer as
Recite the
the second
secondone.
one. Recite
as the
prayer
ask
wish. Finish your prayer
whateveryou wish.
ask Allah for whatever
yoru face
the left
by turning your
then to the
face to the
the right, then
('4ssalamo alaikom
while saying:
saying: (Assalamo
wa rahmatollah)
alaikom wa
as
hasbeen
beenexplained
explainedbefore.
before.
as it has
prayer consists
prayer
23)
lt the
the prayer
consistsof
of four units
units of
23) If
of prayer
prayer
prayer),
of
the
noon
prayer
(Dohr
prayer),
the
as
that
the
as that of the noon
prayer
prayer) or the
prayer ('Asr prayer)
afternoon
the Night prayer
afternoon prayer
(Tashahhod),
('Isha prayer),
prayer), stand
('lsha
stand up
up "after
after the
the first (Tashahhod),
prayer as
perform two units
and
ones.
units of
of prayer
the first two ones.
as the
and perform
prayer by the
Finish your prayer
the salutation
salutation which is
(Assalamo alaikom
(Assalamo
wa rahmatollah.)
r ahmatoll ah.)
alailwm wa
prayer,you are
are advised
When
advisedto
When you finish your prayer,
ask
forgivenesssaying
times:
ask Allah's forgiveness
sayingthree
threetimes:
(Astaghfirollah).
(Astaghfirollah).
Then
Then say:
say:
22
22
(Allahoma antas-salamo
antas-Salam 0 wa
wa minkassalam.
minkassalam.
(Attahoma
Tabarakta
ya
Jhal
Jalali
wal
Ikram.)
wal
llram.)
ya
Jalali
JhaI
Tabaraha
This means:
means:
(0 Allah, You are
are the
the Peace
Peace and
and peace
peace comes
comes
(O
Blessed be the possessor
possessor of
of Majesty and
and
from You. Blessed
Reverence).
Reverence).
Then ask
ask Allah-your
Allah-your Lord-whatever you wish
and the
the life to come.
come.
in this life and
Then you are
the following:
say the
advisedto say
are advised
be to
means: (Glory be
1.
(sobhanallah) which means:
l. (Sobhanallah)
Allah).
Allah).
(Thanks be
be
means:(Thanks
2.
Lillah) which means:
hamdo Lillah)
2. (AI hamdo
to Allah).
Allatt).
the
is the
means: (Allah is
which means:
3.
(Allaho Akbur)
Akbur) which
3. (Allaho
greatest).
greatest).
once:
Then say
sayonce:
Say
times. Then
thirty three
threetimes.
onethirty
Sayeach
eachone
laho,
shareekalaho.
la shareeka
(La
wahdaho la
(La ilaha
illallaho wahdaho
ilaha illallaho
kolli
shai-in
ala kolli shai-in
lahol
wahwaala
hamdowahwa
walahol hamdo
molko walahol
lahol molko
qadeer.)
qadeer.)
23
23
Thismeans:
means:
This
(Thereisis no
god but
no god
(There
but Allah.
Allah. He
Heisisthe
theone.
one.He
He
has no
partner.His
no partner.
His isis the
has
Him
the Dominant,
Dominant,and
and to
to Him
aloneisisthe
praise.He
thepraise.
Hehas
haspower
powerover
alone
overall
all things.)
things.)
In conclusion
conclusion of this
In
thisreport,
report,I ask
askAllah-againAllah-againthat all
all readers
readersmake
make use
that
and
I
use of it,
it, and ask
askHim the
the
rewardin the
the hereafter.
hereafter.
reward
Praisebe
be to
to Allah
Allah and
Praise
and peace
peaceand
andblessings
blessingsbe
be
upon our
Prophet Mohammad,
our Prophet
upon
Mohammad, his
his family,
family, his
his
companions and
and upon
upon those
companions
those who
who follow their
their
guidance
guidance until the
the day
day of
of Judgment.
Judgment.
24
24
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