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The System of Education in Great Britain

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Done by Alina Aitanaititi, a pupil of the 7 th “A”
The UK educational system
The educational system of Great
Britain developed for over a hundred
years. It is a complicated system with
wide variations between one part of
the country and another. Education
in Great Britain is compulsory for all
citizens at the age from 5 till 16 years.
There are two sectors of education:
state (free education) and private
(paid education). In Great Britain
there are two education systems
which easily get on together: the first
is in England, the Wales and Northern
Ireland, the second — in Scotland.
The most typical kind of school in Great
Britain is Boarding School in which
pupils both study and live.The first
Boarding Schools appeared in Britain in
the early Middle Ages at monasteries. In
the РҐII th century the Pope obliged all
Benedictine monasteries to open
charitable schools at monasteries. A little
later they began to take a payment for
training at such schools. British
aristocratic families prefer their children
to study at such schools.The other types
of schools are Day Schools Combination
of Boarding and Day Schools.
stages of
education
types of schools
Professional
Scools, Colleges,
Technical Schools
13
17
12
11
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
16
15 Grammar
14 Schools Modern Comprehensive
Schools
Schools
13
12
11
10
9
Junior School
8
Primary
Schools
7
6
Infant School
5
4
nursery school
3
Private
Schools
Secondary
Education
Primary
Education
Pre-school
Education
Compulsory Education
year of
age
education
1814-18
23
п‚— All-Through Schools are schools where children are trained of the age
п‚—
п‚—
п‚—
п‚—
п‚—
п‚—
from 2 till 18 years.
Pre-Preparatory Schools are both a day nursery and kindergartens,
for children from 2 till 7 years. Here they learn to read, to write, to
count, to develop themselves through games. Usually such schools are
organized with schools for younger schoolboys.
Junior Schools are for children from 7 till 13 years. Here children have
a special general cycle of training in various subjects and pass
Common Entrance Examination. Successful passing of such
examination is a must to entering the senior school.
Primary schools are for pupils at the age from 4 till 11 years.
Senior Schools are for teenagers from 13 till 18 years. Here children
pass GCSE and A-Level examinations.
Secondary school is for children at the age from 11 years.
Grammar school is for children at the age from 11 years under the
profound program. At the same schools it is possible to get preparation
for university (Sixth Form)
Classification of schools by a sex of
the pupils:
п‚—Co-educational schools are the
schools where both boys and girls are
trained.
п‚—Girls only Schools are schools
where only girls are trained.
п‚—Boys only Schools are schools
where only boys are trained.
Secondary school education
Secondary education is compulsory for children till 16 years. At all state and private
schools children study from 11 till 16 years and prepare for GCSE (General
Certificate of Secondary Education) — the general certificate on secondary
education, or GNVQ (General National Vocational Qualification) — the national
certificate on professional qualification.
Secondary education at private schools of England means studying of compulsory
subjects and disciplines for choice. For each child the training program is made
individually, proceeding from its abilities and interests in relation to the future trade.
Compulsory secondary education (with 11 till 16 years) is divided into two basic
levels - Key Stage 3 and Key stage 4/GCSE. Children pass a special general cycle of
training in various subjects which comes to an end with passing Common Entrance.
General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE)
General Certificate of Secondary Education
(GCSE) are the basic examinations which
schoolchildren pass at the end of the first
step of secondary education in England.
In each subject, the schoolboy can receive
marks from A (the highest mark) to G (the
lowest mark). The final result of GCSE will
depend on the received marks for course
and practical works during the year and
results of some examinations which are
checked by special examination boards.
The marks for GCSE subjects are taken into
consideration at getting schoolchildren to
the following educational level - A Level or
its equivalent
Training at high school in England after 16
years is called as the Sixth form (Sixth
Form or A–level – from 16 till 18,
sometimes till 19 years). The Educational
program of the Sixth form is completely
based on preparation of pupils for entering
higher educational institutions. In 16 years,
after the end of compulsory education,
students can both leave school and start
working and continue education to enter
the university. A-level course is offered to
enter the university. After the first year of
training A-level examinations, and after
the second year A2-levels are passed. The
first year of training means compulsory
studying of 4-5 subjects, the second – of 34. The student choose individual subjects
from 15-20 offered by school, thereby
defining the specialization to of training at
university.
Education since 16 years
п‚— England is the country of
conservatives, a school uniform is
always approached to classical
fashion there though lately
English stylists created the most
liberated and scandalous
collections.
п‚— For a long time the uniform for
boys in Great Britain was
consisted from a jacket-blazer, a
gray flannel shirt which was
replaced by white in summer or
on holidays), dark grey trousers or
shorts, grey long socks, a dark
blue raincoat, black boots, and in
cold weather – a pullover with
triangular cut. Also a suit had a
cap with a logo of school and a
firm tie.
п‚— Great Britain is the birthplace of a
school uniform, and for many
years and centuries schoolboys
wore various uniforms.
Traditionally English schoolboy is
dressed in a blazer, a cap and short
trousers-shorts, and carries an
obligatory leather satchel. To some
extent this form is a past echo though
the image lives in films and cartoon
films. The blazer with a school badge
on a breast pocket still rushes many
pupils, but caps, short trousers and
satchels tribute to the old form now
there is more. There can be scarves of
corresponding color of school.
Eton
Eton is a highly-exclusive private
school for boys where children only
from the richest families of Great
Britain or princes from royal family
study, because a tuition fee is very
high. The suit of the pupil of school
Eton looked so: the wide white
starched collar, a vest and a short
black jacket that was usual clothes at
many paid schools of the first half of
the 20th century. In the late sixties
the form of the Eton college was
cancelled, but today this school
uniform is worn at specialized
choral schools for boys.
п‚— After passing A-levels students can receive either professional, or
higher education. As a rule, universities in England demand good
marks in 3-4 subjects from the general A-level program.
п‚— Vocational training (Further education - FE) includes courses of
vocational training and some courses for higher education (Degree of
the Bachelor). The term "vocational training" is used to designate
courses for those who left school at the age of 16 years. In Great Britain
there are more than 600 state and private colleges of further
education. These educational institutions offer various programs of
training, including English language courses, programmes of
preparation for getting the general certificate on secondary education
and A-levels, professional courses.
п‚— Higher education includes programs on getting Degree of the
Bachelor, a Magistracy, Doctor's degree. The term "higher education"
means training at universities, colleges and institutes which offer
getting scientific or doctor's degree. In the majority of Universities of
Great Britain higher education is received within 3-4 years and all
marks for examination, scientific and other creative works are exposed
on 100 mark scale. On each course, as a rule, 4 subjects are compulsory.
п‚— The most famous and the oldest universities in Britain are Oxford and
Cambridge.
п‚— Higher education is paid. Students study on credit
which they must repay only after getting the diploma
and employment with the minimum salary at a rate of
21 thousand pounds a year. If it doesn't occur, to repay
a debt is not necessary.
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