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Формирование картины мира талышского этноса как предмет философского анализа

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erO
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B3ar4MoAeficTBt4t. TOnbKo B KOIJIeKTHBHon xl43Hx gTHoCa, HapoAa npotB,'lflIoTct
ycJroBrrr ux 6br"tvffi, xapalcep, Ayx, STHI4qecKat MeHTaiIbHocrLT.
C cepeguurr XIX sexa pa3rt'1qH[,Ie cropoHbl erH 'Iecxofi xl'I3HI'i,
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8
cyurecrBeHnbrfi srraA B LI3yqeHI4e t3L,IKa, Izcropr4l4
I4
l(yJrbrypt't Hapo.qoB Pocczu, a
qacrHocru, Ta.,'IbIIIrcKoro HapoAa.
B cosercxofi $u,roco$cxofi Jrureparype eropoii noroBr4Hbl XX eera Bonpocbl
gTHuqecKofo co3HaHH.s 3arparLlBaJlrlcb B TpyAax B.@. fenHusra,
u
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acrreKTbr pa3Bu'rvfr.3THI'IqecKoro c03HaHI,It 14ccJreAoBaHbl
A.H. lleonrlenuu, E.@. flopuueatrlr, C.,r1. Py6unurrefiHou
Eorrr aq pa6ora no
Ia
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uccJIeAoBaHLIIo 3THoreHe3a, 3THLIqecKofo co3HaHuq
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rpyAax IO.B. Bpor'arerr0, C.A. Apyrrcuoaa u 4p.rl
B pa6orax JI.H. fyuu,resa 3THoc H 3THllr{ecKoe co3HaHue paccMarpl4Barorct
KaK qBJ'reHue reorpa$uvecxoe, Bcen,qa cBt3aHHoe
c BMeuraloultv
:raH4uraQrou,
roroorrfr. ro MHeH[Io MbIcJ]I4TeJIt, Ir KopML{T aIanTI4poBaHHbIIl 3THOC.
nopoxlaeT )Tll u qecKoe
CoornercrnenHo, pa:uoo6pa:ne laH4ua$roa
pa:noo6pa:uel2.
<Kocruocoduqecxuii> noAxoA
eAr4HcrBo
-
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rera (uecrHoii npupogu), Ayrxu
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B
TpyAax
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(HaqlzoHaJlbHoro xapaKrepa)
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Pe.,rlrruosHbrfi KoMnoHeHT 3THl4qecKoro co3HaHI4t t'tccJle.qoBaH
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u 3Halavl 3HaqarerbHoe
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I4cropux, I(yJlbrypa
accJreAoBaHa
Crpa6onorra,
v pe
^rr4fl,
HapoAoB 3arasKa3sq
u
tr4paua 6una
- fepo4ororl, Krecuev, llnyrapxou,
cpeAHeBeKoBbtuu apa6cxunal4 reofpa$aMa - l46u Xayrcats' MacyAll,
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aHTr{ltHtlMIr aBTopaMI4
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C XIX n. cra"nl4 notBJltrrcr pa6oru pyccxrlx
cBg.4eTeJrbcTByer
o6
u:
Bbrrrre.(trrar
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onpeAeJleHHbtx AocTr4xeHr,rrx
KynrrypHr,rx oco6eHnocrei raJlbluefi
OAHoft
14
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u3yqeHr{14 HeKoTopbrx
ux 6r,tra' o6pr4on, o6pa:a
xI'13HI4 I'I
r'4.
nepBblx pa6or, nocellueHHl'Ix ra,rsturcroil Ky,'lbrype' fl'Bnflercr
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lloHAoHe pa6ora pyccl(oro upaHl4cra A.nexcangpa Xo.q:r,xo,
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Tanbluc6l4x
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na'Ia,'Ie
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BO
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Becr,va noJIe3HbIMI'I AJIq llccJlenoBaHut paHHHx neponaunfi ra.,rstlteii u
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npoaHaJru3npoBaHbl pa3JIItqHbIe gTanI'I pa3BIlTHt STHHqeCKO|O CO3HaHI,Iq HapoAoB
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KoH+epeHur{fi
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orer{ecrBeHHofi
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c
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KocuorosuqecKl4e npeAcraBJIeHIIt ralttruefr, KaK BbtflBrter AHccepraHT,
ocHoBbrBaJracr
ua <{peee xIr3HIt)),
I'rMeloureM, KaK
Il Bo MHorl{x Apyrnx
r-rH4oeeponeicKrlx KyJri,rypax, Sopvy sfiua. Liruo Aaer Beprul(a!'Isustff cper uupa
cBepxy BHn3 - Xaoc npenpaqaerct B Kocuoc. .flfiqo cuMsorl43rlpyer floBrope]Irle
axra TnopeHur. fipeao
Bce, r{To HMeer opeoJr
)r<113tt1, cBqu]eHHoe
Mecro, cBtueHHoe BeurecrBo (soo6qe
cemocru) oxpaHtercq,
KaK npaBl{no, LIyAoBHIreM, 3MeeM I'I
npoquMrr crlJraMu gla. Ha,raqnena aoouopQHoro cyurecrBa B IIeHTpe, KaK crllzTaer
aBrop, npeAcraBJreH 3oofor{xqecKl4fr xounoseur caKpilnbHo-cI'lMBoJlLILIecKOfO
Ta-,'rbrrrrcKoM 3THI4qecKoM co3HaHI{LI,
llyrl
B
nupaxarorquii aHTponoMop(bHsli o6pa: vllpa.
xo BceMy 3ToMy caKpanl,Ho 3Haq MoMy rexxr qepe3 acnbrraHat. FIyNHo
nporBnsrb fepoH3M. fepofi 4o,,rxeu
6url
I4cnL,ITaH, npHqeM
cnofi repou:u ou
Moxer nporBJrrrb He roJIr,Ko Su:r.rvecrofi Mourbro, llo rI yMoM. Taxuu o6parou,
<lpeno
xI43HLt
)), ro
MHeHI4Io aBTopa,
crano
ocHoBHbIM crepxHeM rnq
3l
Qopuuponauur raJtr,rlrcKofo 3THuqecKofo co3HaHi,It, 3aHtB IIet{TpaJIhtIoe Mecro
B
Maoojrofu.{ecKoi Kaprnrre Mupa 3Toro HapoAa.
Xapamepuofi oco6ennocrrrc I{yJ'Ibrypbl oce.qJlbIX 3eMneAenbqecKLIX HapoAoB
rBrrercq ynolo6reHue penpoAyKTr4BHoii rpyuxqau xeHLIIUHLI nnoAopo.qulo
3eMJIti.
B gr.rccepraquu aBTop IIoKa3bIBaer, .Iro 3el{,rs e nauSo:roru.tecKoM co3HaHItLt
ralr,ruefi npeAcraer n o6pase Mareplr, T.e. cyuecTBa nJIoAoHocHol-o,
c eoe ii co6crneHHoii
nopoxAaloulefo Bce xHByuee, corBoprroulero Bce
'.r3
cy6craHquu. 3eMrs <xuea> npexAe Bcero rroroMy, r{To nJloAoHocHa. Bce, uto
flopoxAeHo 3euneil, HaAe,reHo xI{3HbIo,
HoByro xh3Hb. [,'r
qro
Bce'
LI
cMeprr',
cyulecrBoBaHuu Marepa-3eunx: xl43Hb
3eulu, orAeJleHue or Ilee, a cMeprb
-
cMbIcJIe qacro BbrpaxaeMoe JIIoAsMI{ xeJIaHrIe
no,'ryqaer
B Hee Bo3Bpaulae'rct,
r ura$onoro-peJllrruo3Horo co3HaHuq xn3Hb
.qBa MoMeHTa B rreJrocrHoM
aa yrpo6sr
LI
-
3To BbIXo/l
Bo3BpauleHne <Aouoii>.
6nrr
npocro
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14
e:roNl
noxopoHeHHbrMr{ Ha poAtrHe
ecrb Bcefo :rnrnr npo@aHHar $opva eroil tlrucruqecr<oii .nrc6ul r
cgoefi
co6crseHHofi 3eure, norpe6Hocra BepHyrscq s ceofi co6crneHHuii 4oru.
Bo4a
ceMeHlr;
e
xorr
14
ra,.r lr ItJc ro
B 3eMne
i{
uuQo,roruuecKofi rpaAl{uuu cquTaJlacb HocxrereM
coAepxl4Tct ceMt, Ho oHo 6rrcrpo llopacraer. Ho nHyrplr
BoAbr xu3Hb ceMeHIi IIIrKJIuqHa, B
orruque or
poxrarorueil tt
3eMJrH, Henpepr'IBHo
Hagel*orqefi $opnaoil Bce, qro B rree Bo3Bpaulaerct Hext4BbIM u 6ecnlonrrrtu.
Haqa,ro H KoHeq KaxAofo KocMHqecKoI'o III4KJIa ocyulecrBJitercq B BoAe, a c:levreti
cB{3aHa orAeJrbHafl xLI3Hb HaqiuoM
Lt Ko}llJoM. llocKorbKy
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c
cocrorHr4e o3Haqaer nepexoA
BoAbl B xx3H6. BoAa,
n
KaK
oqHlqalolqaq,
H KaK
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co3ljAalou]at xu3Hb
6ecSoprraenuoe
n
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raxnv o6pa:ou, Bbtcry[ae'r
cHJIa.
Tperul'r naparpa$ <Yrnepxgenue unQoloruvecrcoii TpaAttqtlll
B
HapoAHoM rrofTlrqecKoM TBopqecTBe) aHaJII'l3MpyeT ponb HapoAHbIX cKa3oK u
So,lrxropa n nau$ororo-peluruo:uoi KaprLIHe Mupa 31'Hl4qecroro co:HaHUq. B
TaJlblllrcKlix HaDonHbrx cKa3Kax ,tttueunlui Maruqecrot cl4nbt fepou HaAeJ'IeH
yMoM, cMeKaJlKoil., n03Bo,'rtlouluuu no6eAzrr' caMblx MofyulecrBeHHbIx 3JIoleeB.
)L
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ue,.Iblo ralrbrrxcKux cKa3oK, KaK IIoKa3a,'I AHccepraltr, tBJlqerct
- repoi.r xeHurcq
Ha .qoqepz naAHlxaxa, a
cr,rH naAr4[laxa HeperKo xeHLITcq Ha npocroJllogltrxc.
flpn 3loM AuccepraHT
rroBbrrrreHue couuaJlr,Hofo craryca fepog
OOPA IAET BHI,IMAHUC HA TO, TITO BO MHO|I,IX TA!'IbIIIICKI{X CKA3KAX HCT TOqHOTO
npeAcraB!'rerxq o
rofr ulu unoit cranuv KyJlbrypbl 3THoca; 3Aec[' cMeull-]Barorct
pa3nHqHbre EcTopI{qecKHe 3noxl4,, oTpaxa}oxIIle xapaKTepHbIe qeprbl MeHT€L'I'ITera
TaJrbrrrrcKofo HapoAa.
Baxnoft oco6esuocrtrc Ta,'Ir'IUcKllx
flBJrflercr
M
r..i
Hopar. xaparrepnurI H
HapoAHbIX cKa3oK, KaK BrIIBLIJI aBTop,
rnt .qpyruX HHAoeBponcfrcrux
HapoAoB.
M,ragllai 6par uac:re4yer orlloBcKoe IjMyrlecrBo, u oH qaure xAeanl43upyerct
cxagoqsr,rfi
repoii. On AoJIxeH 6urs yMHee craplxxx 6parr'en,
KaK
qro6st
pacnopsAr.rrr,cr oruoBcKHM r4MyulecrBoM. M,ra4urufi 6par aa6orurct o poAe, oH xpaHuTeJrb KyJrbra npeAKoB.
Tor Qaxr, vro v,ra4uu
n :a6orulcn o Htlx Ao caMoi cuepru' Mof
nprauuHoii
Bo3H
14
KHoBe
H
l.{fl
M
I.'r
I
cbnl ocraaarct c poAurentMx
IlocJIyxHTI" no MHeHHio aBTopa,
Hopara y ra,r ultttefi.
CrpeNHenofi ugeeii ra,rsturct(nx uapoAHblx cKa3oK, BecbMa pasuoo6parustx
no cloxeraM u reMaM, Ar4ccepraHT Ha3blBaer 6opr6y go6pa u 3Jra, oxBarblBalouryrc
KaK rreJroBerrecxoe o6ulecrBo, TaK
u
npnpo4ur,rfi MLip. cl,Inbl go6pa ncerAa
no6exgarcr nporr4BonoJloxHylo cropoHy 6narogapa HaxoAqfiBocrn,
yMy,
cMeKaJrKe feooeB.
Baxnofi qacrbro ra,'Ibtxcxofr
aBTop,
HaquoHa!'tr,Hoii
rBnrercr r€LrrbnxcKllil r|o:rrxrop, rcoropttfi
Tparur\Lrv
6rrn B[,rrecHeH npuBHeceHHbrM
rylr'ryplt,
I43-3a
KaK noxa3blBaer
orcyrcrBnt [HcbMeHIIot
H3Brrc rtopKcKHM Qolux,ropou,
nper.rMyrlecrBertHo pa3BnBaqcb B paMKax cyry6o ra,'tbllrlcKoro ((reo3THI4LIecKofo
3arIoBeAHHKa)).
'fperr,r r,rana
<(DopMHpoBaIrue sopoaclpnficmofi KaprnHt
t
Mt-rpa),
cocrorurar u:l 5 naparpaSoB, nocBqtueHa aHaJlu3y ropoacrpuficxofi pcluruo:Hofr
KaprHHbr Mhpa. cbrrpaBulefi BaxHyto ponb
B
MHpoBo33peHHH
H
KynbrypHoil
TpaAxr\uvt TaJrbnrcKofo 3THoca Ha npoT{xeHvu !.rllTe bHofo I4cTopuqecKofo
nepr{ona.
33
B nepeov naparpa$e <BolH[rHoseH e 3opoacrpuiicroro peJrHrno3loro
co3HarrHq)) aBTop paccMaTpuBaeT Bo3Hr.rKHoBeHI,Ie
I,I
yTBepxAeHHe 3OpOaCTpr,r3Ma
B
I,Ipaue n qenoM, a e Tanrrrtle B qacrHocrn, rrepe3 npu3My oHToJrorurrecKux ncxanuii
npopoKa, HaxoAfiuHX cBoe oTpaxeHr.re
Marepr.raJrbHr,rx
6rar,
B
crrpaBeAnuBoM pacnpeAereHur.r
HacraBJreHHH r{eroBeKa Ha
.f,Brrercr rpuap.a - Io6pas,
Bepcurc Bo3Hr4KHOBeHHr
x
flyrb !,o6pa,
MbrcJrb, .4o6poe cJroBo
BeHuoM Koroporo
H Ao6poe !eno. llpuHuMat
pac[pocTpaHeHr4r 3opoacTpri3Ma flepBoHaqa!'rbHo Ha
BocroKe l4paua, aBTop AonycKaer, qro carra 3aparyurpa BnoJlHe Mor npor4cxo.qurb
poAoM r.r3 Muguu, u6o nacr6uu1Har Kynbrypa,
r
xoropoii AlrccepraHr orHocur
Bocro.rHrlfi l4pan u rplrrefaloulu e reppr.rropnlr A$rauucraHa
eIBa
Jrr4
6stJra
s cocrorHux nopoArlrb
reHn.s,
IlcTopr,IH r{eJIoBeqecTBa penHrHr,r oTKpoBeHHfl
AI4CCepTaHT nOAqepKIZBaeT,
r.r
CpegHei A:ulr,
crotBrrefo y rlcroKon nepnofi
.
rITO nnOAOM OrrrorOfHqecKr.iX
3aparyurprr crzlflo
HaAe;reHr4e BepxoBHoro
6ora Axypa-Ma:4u
qxcroro 6strus, u
HpaBcrBeHHoro Ao6pa.
3ro
coBepueHHo rlHofo orHorrreHur K npupoAe
iIacTHocrH,
TaK
KO
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npuaeno
npeAuKaraMu
K Bo3HlrKHoBeHr.rrc
n ZpaHe B uenoM, u s
Ta,'rr,rrrre s
BceMy r(oHKperHo-npeAMerHoMy 6urlrrc,
BOCnprrHr4MaeMoMy r{epe3 Ar4xoroMr4ro Ao6pa r4
tTCKaHVpl
orHbrHe
3ra. 3aparyrxrpa BepHr e no6egy
cu:r [o6pa, B To, qro npaBeAHbre Bo3bMyr Bepx Har rperxFrHKaMH. 3ra no6eAa
AoJrxHa o6Houurr rnrr.rp, rz 3aparyurpa cnpauruBaer BepxoBHoe 6oNecreo Axypa-
Ma:gy <npenoAarb eMy ro, qro 3Haer caM Myapufi B,ragura: <O flpeuyTrpsrfi,
no6e4rr
ru
Aocroiiusre HeAocrofiHblx e le Ao roro, KaK HaqHyr ucnorHtrbct
3aMbrcrenHble
ro6oii xapsr? Z6o uvenno B 3ToM,
KaK Mbr 3HaeM,
u
cocrorlT
npeo6paxeHue cyuecrBoBaHv r))tt.
Aanee I[ccepTaHT npuxoAHT K BaxHoMy BbrBoAy o ToM, qTo BHeAperr]re
Tir.JrbrrrrcKoe grHr4qecxoe
K
co3HaH[e HpaBcrBeHHbrx u4eli ropoacrpu3Ma He np[BcJro
3nrrMr4Hauu r{3 Hero go:opoacrpnficKux KoMnoHeHToB, a, }ranporr.rB, o6ofa'r'uno
efo
2s
B
HoBbIM pe,'IHfxo3Ho-3Tr4qecKHM co.4epxaHlieM, oTpaxatoulHM HpaacTBeHHbIe
-ficHa (48.2).
J.+
3anoBeAu Ta-rrbl[IcKofo HapoAa, B qacT]rocTH KynbT 3opoacTplt i{c r(ofo Ilbtna|o[iefo
orHt.
Oco6oe 3HarreHr,re ,qtrq raru,rrxcroro 3THI,IrIecKoro co3HaHI4t, no MHeHulo
aBTopa, HMeer rroHrrae <Arua>>.
B asecrzficroM
s3brKe cJroBo ((a[ra)) rroMHMo
:Haqenuii <<ucrvna>>, (floptAoK) B KaqecrBe nueuu co6crBcHHoro o6osHa.raer
Har.rMeHoBaHr{e
6oxecrBa, To ecrb Axypa-Ma:4y. Kpoue roro, B 6olee paHuue
BpeMeHa, B 3noxy o6rqerlpaucxoii o6ulHocru, cyulecrBoBa!'ra Bepa B Helr3MerrHbre
3aKoHbr Mr{po3.qaHl,rt, o6llr,rrra o6o:naqenuev Koropbtx BbrcrylraJlo cJIoBo
panHuii aHa,rof cJroBa ((atrra). Ilpegxn BepuJrH, Lrro HX
((pra) -
MoJrHTBr,r
Ll
xeprBolpr.rHorxeHur cnoco6crryrcr coxpaHeHuro ecrecrBeHHoro nopr.qKa geuefi.
llorNe <aua>)
HaqHHaer npno6perars H HpaBcrBeHHt'rir cvr,rc.n: ecrecreeHHsrfi
loprAoK nerqeii, npr4poAHbre 3aKoHoMepHocru caMu no ce6e npe4craeuror co6ofi
4o6po,
a
HapyueHr.re Bcero 3Tofo ecrr, 3rro. tr4
HpaBcTBeHHOe Haqaro
-
s
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cnpaBeAJrrrBocTbl, 14cKpeHHocrb|' BepHocTb, cMeJrocTb
14
r.A.
B yuennr.r 3aparyurrpu cJloBo ((atrra)) HaAeJreHo l.rcKJlloqureJrbHr,rM crarycoM: <Ecrr,
'[oJlbKo oAHa Aopol'a
ra.,rsrrueii
-
AOpOfa
Arulr. Bce Apyfrle Aopofr4 - 6erlopoNre>2o. y
Ao cr{x nop coxpaHanacl ApeBHtt Qopva xllre* 60 Xaatt
(<xlxHycr Conuqernl>), onI4l1erBoptIorqeii yxa:auHufi nopa4ox
,raw
KaK I,IcrI4Hy 6bIrHq.
Ana-,rus aopoacrpuficxofi Mopaulr,r., ocyuecre,leHrrsrfi AnccepraHToM,
rro3BoJrHJr BLr.flBr,rrb poJlb 3eMneAenr.rr B QopMr.rpoBaHr4u ,4yxoBHo-HpaBcTBeHHr'IX
KoMnoHeHToB T€urbnrrcKoro grHriqecKoro c03HaHi.rt. B
Bonpoc 3aparyurrplr
B r{r{cJre
Axypa-Ma-:ga
npu3HaBaJrocb
rperrefi r,rase BuAenAara Ha
o roM., rAe Ha srofi gevre Hau6oree npl4trHo rrenoBeKy,
npoqux yK:Bbrtsaer Ha 3eMnererue27. 3aHqrue
3eMneAeJIHeNI
rraeneiiurllv .qoJIroM Tit-,'Ibtlxa - fJraBbr ceMbu: oH o6t:bteancq
oporltarb x Bo3,qe,'It IBaTb 3eMJrlo., caxarb rrnoAoBbre AepeBbr, o6eo4rurs 6e3BoIrlbIe
uecra, :a6orurbcr o rrxcrore BoAHbrx rlcrorrHr4KoB n r.,4. 3err,tleAelr,recxlrfi rpy.u,
c roqKr,r 3peHuq Anecrrt, ecrr, BbIcIrlat
,qo6por1ererr,. Asecra rpe6yer
r.rcKJrroqnrerbuo 6epeNuoro orHorxeHur K 3eMJre: ee HyxHo
26
f.cua (72, 11).
27
BalesIar, III,
4.
,rrc6urr, o6epcrarr,,
J)
KaK 3To.qenaer
ee Marepbro.
6ratoqectuesrfi qe:ronex c geeynxofi
Kar Nena oAapqer
-
onJroAorBoprer ee, Aenaer
rr,ryxa pe6euxoM, TaK H 3eMnr npr{Hocar 6ora'rufi
ypoNafi ToMy, KTo ee so3Ae,'t rsaer28.
,{uccepranr ucxoAt4T r43 Toro, qro yKa3aHHr,re peJrufHo3Hbre qeHHocru,
BHeCeHHbte B T€LIIbIIIICKOe 3TH14qeCKOC C03rraHr,re H 3aHOBO frepeOCMr,rCJreHrrbrC qepe3
nplr3My 3opoacrpnicr<oii Mopauu, np]rAaror xeHulrlHe MarepuHcKyro caKp:urbHocrb
r.r cBr3brBaror Boe.qr4Ho rafiuy pox4eHHr, cMeprr.r
3aKIIOqaeT aBTOp, eAT4HCTBO OHTOJrOfr,rqeCKOfO
H
u
o6noereHr.rq. OrctoAa,
aKCUOi.rOfUqeCKOfO aC eKTOB
asecruficroi peJrurlru: nocxoJrbKy xrr3Hr, r{eJroBexa u Mnp BoKpyr
Hero
ocMbrcJrr.rBalorcr B TepMr{Hax pacrure,rsnoii xr.r3HH.' nocronbKy xocunqecrufi uux,r
oco3Haercq
rax
6ecKoHe.rHoe noBTopeHr,re oAHofo r,I Toro
xe prrrMa:
poxAeHHe,
cMepTb|' Bo3poxAeHr.re.
BHegpeuuoe
oJrv
B T€L'rblrrcKoe 3THI4qecKoe
co3HaHue HoBoe noHUMaHue
uerBoproruee co6ofi rprle4aurtfi HpancreeuHufi I{.qeaJI
-
!o6pa,
go6pat MrlcJIt
.,
AOopOe CIOBO 14 AOopOe AeIO, nO MHeHLIT A[ICCepTaHTa, BbICTynaUO OCHOBHI'IM
ncHxoJroruqecKHM H HpaBcrBeHHuM opHeHTHpoM uacras,'reH fi u HpanoyleHnfr Ha
rrpoTrxeHrrr{ ecefi noc,regyroqefr ucroptII{ Tar6luJcKofo HapoAa, cblrpaB BaxHyro
pollt,
B
AyxoBHo-HpaBcrBeHHoM BocnItraHI4l4 MHorltx noro,renafi ra",rrtruei.
Vxa:assui rpue4uusrfi
upascraeHHstfi fl.qea,r, KaK troK€t:aJl aBTop, oKa3a[ct
cBoefo poAa MocroM, coeAnnrlB[laM uNaesurHfrcq pe,'ruruo:nstfi cuv6uo: c
yrnepgrlerueficr
Ha
raJrbnrcKofi 3eMre ruuurcrofi BerBbro
r,rcJraMa H 3aBepIIrIlBIxHM,
TaKr4M o6pa3oM, npouecc Soprrlr,rponauut penl{ruo3Horo cIrHKperIr3Ma
3TI{14I{CCKOTO C03TIAHI,I' TAJIbIIIICKOTO HADO,4A.
Bo aroporrr naparpa$e <Honpys KaK cHMBo.,'r ropoacrpnficKoro co3HaHHq))
Auccepralrr aHaru 3upyer :opoacrpnfrcxr.re 3TurrecKue Kareropurl H HpaBcrBeHHI'Ie
3anoBeAr4, oKa3aBrrrlle 6onr,uroe BruflH:u'e Ha KyJlbrypHbre rpaAuut{r4
TaJrr,rurcKoro HapoAa, HeI43MeHHbrM arpn6yrorr,t Koropblx
3opoacrpr{3Ma
28
crar Honpyr.
Buaesaar, III, 25.
tl
o6stqatl
c np xoAoM
Jt)
Aerop orueu?er,
t11'6
npeAKu t'a-nurtlefi H Apyfux upaHor3r,rrtHbrx HapoAoB
orMerr€uu Hoapy: eIIe c He3aIIaMrTHbIX BpeMeH KaK npa3AHnK
DpobyxAeHrrq npapoAbl
paBHoAeHcTBr.u|'
or
BeCeHHefO
3HMHefr cr.sr{Kr.i, Har{aro
ce,trcxoxogricrBeHHblx pa6or. OAHaKo c yrBepxAeHHeM 3opoacrpv3Ma rrpeAKrl
raluurei u Apyrr4x
upaHor3brr*rbrx HapoAoB crarrfi orMeqars Honpy: l.r KaK AeHb
poxAeHur 3aparyurrpsl, o6ofarr.rBruefo r€LlrbnrrcKoe 3eMrcAenr,qecKoe co3Har{He
3rlrqecr(HMrr KareropurMu Ao6pa
x
cnera. 3opoacrpn3M BHec B npa3AHoBarrue
Hoapy:a 3TuqecKylo crrny, Kynbr orHr KaK oJruqerBopeHnl /{o6pa, KoropoMy
[peAK]r ralsrlrefr roKroHqJ'lHcb KaK xr43HeHHou cusrc.
Cor:racso npe.qaHrrro, coxpaHr.rBrxeMycr y rarrbruefi,
e 4eHs
Honpy:a Axypa-
Ma:4a nocxpecuJr MeprBr,rx, BepHyJr nM r,rx Ayrrr[ u noBe;re;r He6y, '{To6br npoJrr.rJ]ct
AOXAb, r4 nOTOMy T,Urbrrxr,r 3aBeJrH O6l,rqafi
rax4stii foll B Haqane Honpyaa
e
:ror
.ueHb JruTb BoAy.
C Tcx nop
B TaJ'rblrcxr{x ceMbqx ceror 3epHa B fnxHtHlti{
KyBlrHH, uanorneunui 3eMnefi. @Il,rocoQcruii cMr,rcJr 3Toro o6br.raq, no MHeHI{}o
Ar,rccepraHTa, cocTouT
B ToM, rrTo noBTopreTcfl aKT Teopeur.rr. flpopocU-ruu
ceMeHaM AHCCepraHr npfiAaer rprae4u
Hsui cMr,rcJr, cnMBorlr3r4pyroqr4ii
K oceAnoil 3eMneAenbqecKoii Kynbrype; 2)
npr4poAbr; 3) nobeay olr [o6pa ua4 curanau 3:ra.
[puHaAJ]exHocrb 3r]roca
o6HoBneHr4r
1)
agelo
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XIX
xapaKTep. OrueqeHusil
aexa xapaKTep rulnbllrlcKoro
<(I]O,'IHOM nOAqr'lHeHUU penI4|IIO3HOMy
aBTopuTery, roKJqoHeH[ro o6pr1y
cefoAHr, no,qqepKrrBa{
14
cr{,.rbHoM rtorJuraH14 H Br'lacru)), coxpaHqercq
KoHcepBarHBHbre ycTpeMJreHur sTHoca
HA
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Xapaxrepuoe Arq Aeecrrr rpexq!'reHHoe SyHxqrzourzpoeaHr.re o6qecrea
(Npequ., BorrHbl, 3eMreAe,'rr,rlbr-cxoroeo4r,r), KaK cq14Taer aBTop, B ycJroBr4rx
Tarrrua flperepneno
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q: B
TaJrbrrrrcxoM o6rqecrse
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flo
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BblAenHnACFr
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T{Her qeJroBeKa BHr{3. B coorsercrn}rr4 c yqeHueM 3aparyrurpu sopoacrpuiicr<al
penufuo3Hzur Tpar'IHrlr4fl frpuAaBana pHTyany noBt3bIBaH
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.{auuui I]orc,
cBtuleHHoro noflca
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((t{ttcroc))
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Eaxuscxofi ry6epnrlu // Malepr.ra:rsr no [3yqerruro ]KorroMr.{qecKoro 6sna rocy,4apcrBeHltblx
KpecrbrH 3a(asKa3cxoro xpar. T. Vll, Tutb,qrc. 1887. C. 549.
38
cocrorHae. O4Har<o c np[xoAoM r.tcraMa yra:auutrii o6prg nocreneHHo reprer
cBoe nepBoHaqar'rbHoe 3HaqeHI{e, I{ B Hacrorulee BpeMt B 'ra,rtrucrofi
pellrruo:nofi
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HECOCTO'TEJII'HOCTb.
39
B
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np[3Haercr Ay€rrucrrir{ecKot perzruo:nofr KoHUenuuei, nocKonbKy
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u6o <.rucrbrfi cBer Hr.rqero He orKpl,rBaer, JrHUr, npu Haruw4r4 3Toro Apyroro
Bblcryflaer onpeAeneHHoe npo.sBreHue, r.r reM caMbrM go6po ncrynaer
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oH AoJrxeH oco3Harb ce6s srHN{ cyxlecrBoM, qro6bl
B HeM
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Tarcas
n
3-5.
fere:rs f.B.<D. Ounocorf vs pertruu
B
llByx roMax. T.2. M.: Mucls, 1977. C. 14-15.
40
luccepranr y6egurelrHo
u AHxpa-Manbro
noKa3hrBaer,
qro nporr.rBocrorHue Axypa-Maaltr
He noHr4MaJrocb rrpeAr(aMu r4paHrleB KaK copeBHoBaHr4e AByx
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Nelanufi. Huqero rto.{o6Horo y Auxpa-Masbro Her.
Aerop noxa3brBaer. qro peJrurur raruuefi ne 6ura ayaJrucruqecKoii,
Axypa-Mas.qe He nporlrBocroar panurrfi
nlrlxr, MexAy ero AByMq nopoxAeHl4tMa
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12
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Bepxoeuoe 6oxecrso Axypa-Marga - Taopeq uupa. OH ecrb uenoe. Ho noqsreHne
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c[oco6crBoBaBuue r4cnaMy [lnr,rrcKofo roJrKa npoHlrKHyrb B Tanr,lxcKtiii perxoH
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