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Черенёв Б. Издано в Санкт-Петербурге. (Пермь,1995)

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Черенёв Б. Издано в Санкт-Петербурге. (Пермь,1995)
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cllnfbrx -- 4 x Ayxorllrofo BBannfl -- 2. Ito oAnoMy rreroBetty B Bo-
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l'pex r{raccax. flln .rerneproro r{racca rroAxoAntrgrx HanA}rAaryp
nc nAfit.no(:t,, rl1'n ctta3oJlocl, ua ot{raAax Ilaaaper,ctcot.o il IIoiloga,
l[o.n?rrrrnx Bccrrr yporrrr n li - 4 rtlaccax: Br\recro 400 py6treii s noA
nr\{ olrpollcJru.rrrr 225 1ly6,ncii. Vqt{rc,rno 2-ro rlacca lpe,ralnnroocrro-
wrv 6r,rLro noJlo?uclto 20(), a Xperrony lra rrepul,rii t{Jtacc -- 150 pvfr-
lrcii.
V,tpc11trrr r'ocvlliq)c1'nclnvro clrcreMy tfpaaonarrnfl , q)tnrancnl)o-
lx)rtaililc cc l)rtirTcllilrra uollJlolr(IlIa rra MccTfl()e caNloytrpaBJlcuile,
'to,nrco riI npll(itilt,l o6ttlcr:Tneilnoto upuupenntt, ll 6e:r roro eJIe-
cJI() (:n(Ulnltnnc ilo rtAc'l'lt /[clot tiolilU,t c ItonIlaMIt. Ec.lttt ttrl ry-
6cllrrcrrrrnr vrlrJurn(a[{ xyAo-6c/lno f(at(-1'o, nce-Tarut, ycrpaltBaroch
(:tit t:oct'ttlttttte trx ry(rellrrrtrol)bl recJru Julrntyto orllerc'r'Bcnnocrb),
'r'o c voil/(til,lMil vrillJIlilt(arillr iloJtyrtltJlcrt lroil{rylt. llottaualy oTttpbl-
.rl()(:h nx .tloBoJIl,lIo 60JIt,ilt0e r{HcJIo, il() IIocJlc Tol)}ltecTI}cfiilblx oT-
tillt,t't'trii lit,taJIoc:n l'nxoe :t:lt{pt)t't'lte. I'ragttan ltl)nrIlilta 3Aecr, ile
'r'().rtl)lio lI llOIll,raX, llo ll l] lle?lte.llatlilil y(lltl't, II ytitlTl)CJt. Ilafnltq-
r r rr ii'r'ontv t.tJritrocrpatprc ii clyltar IU{eltrHrllbte lutchMa oirusate.rteii
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yt:ul1rroii I)occ:lrrr liyllrta lr:| ropoAa lto:rlona, Hyparopa Mecrttoro
lrp()cricrr\eililil oT Aylrtr)t, SaflBIltilltero, rITo B(x)6lrl(] Bce vrllfJlllll(a
lilXl/[ll)l ll llol'oMy <<OlIbfll IlOJlCl]llO llOllCeMeCTIl() llfll{pbl'l'1r,..>>.
l)ali.ynrcctr:Ir, oSttlcpot:oriictrrc ttpo6,nemu rtc MIntouaJIlt tt [IepM'
crtyxr ly6eprrx-r. lltrlc rc pa:lBenJICr rraA l{arrroii lopoxoBoii /tbtlt o'r
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7
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Slei'r n roA ocraJrucb rra 6ymare, 116o u rrprrr{a3e npni}pclnrn i)l.ux
Aeltct tre Ua6trpaloctr, il yrlltl'cJIfl[f tibiltJtilrfilBa.ryl oT cJlvrlart r( (:Jlv-
,lilx) cJtvqaiirtr,tc py6lrr, a ilo/{rtac ll rrolrciitcrr.
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ll lUllx!li'fol) vttlt.rllllt[a oc'fatlll.rt llcltttt,, 6.rlilro nolil'ol) tlrtt.lror:o-
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ilc illvtoJilt -- cy11t,6a orrpeAoJil.rita ltx vrntTcJtfiMlt rra Rcro il(ltllrrr, lf
peAtio t('t'o ilcttilJt Iiltono IIpoMt,l('Jta ;1lUt 6t,t.t.tUt (:Boet.o. 'ftlti ll (rr(l)1-
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Oco6etltto xvlo craJlo noc,rre ilaripr)r'r'nfl flrottruxrrucriot'o :]at]oilil ,
D pellyJlLTilTo tIOlO MIIOfIIC nepNrcliile ttfibtEAre"rilt nttrutt.ttnCr, paSo-
ru. IJro orpit:ilrJtocb cpaSy ?lrc Ua ropfollilc, a 3ilitrltt.t,il lra lrocl.vil-
Jrcilrre Aelrcr B ropo,r[cHyto rfa3rry.
llpclrtunlr corufl yqernn(oB TairJra r(At{ r\.{aproBcrrrii cllcr or r}o-
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ai
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cocToflJl Hllrllta CassH.r B AyureBHbtx KoHTaHTax H c yqelrHr(aMH,
crporo cnpauuBaJl sa HeBbryrreunbre yponn, a B Mnrryrbr xpaiineli
paSApail(HTeJIbllocrH Mor 3a caMyro MaJrosilaqtrreJrb[yro MeJroqb lr0
ll€ TOJIITHO Cbes[]lTb no llaTblJlHy, llo H IIoCJI&Tlr rloA po3rll. Pcfinra
OoR.nltcs eto n B To fl(e BpeMn - noquTarr: ytt( oqerrh rrrrrepecuo
paccl(aSbtBaJl yrIltTeJIb o pa3ilblx AaJIeIux ,rtaprtfix il xoJloAllr,rx
CTpallAX - l(al(lle TaM JlI,OAll ,l(llByT, fia||He sBepll B TeX JleCaX BO-
ItflTCR rr rtaHne nTril(br 11 roilr lle6e Jleralot..A 6o;lt'ule Bcero Jlto6ll-
JrH CnyuaTb rpo pycfi(Hx qapeii, Aa npo llerpa-qapa, Aa npo ApeB-
trK)Io SeMJlro cBon - Ilepuu Be.nultyto. Ilototrly H lle Aepx(aJIlI rny-
6oxnx o6HA ua cBoero yyHTeJIl Ba lteoacJlymettltbte ryMaHH H po3-
nr (nogymaeub - narasalIHel Orett ttoclr.rlr,tleii 4eper!), c ynoeHII'
eM nepecKa3blBafl B AJIHHIIbIe sHMlIIle Beqepa AoMaUIHHM ypot(H
Ilurnru Casuu.ta. [pan4a, 6rtl oglttl yqetllllt, K KoropoMy llonou
orHocnJlcfl c BerrrHHM 6laroronenueM, xorfl BlleuHe cBonx rlyBcrlr
lle BfrIKaAbIBaJI.
Aleua Mepolnlton* nu;1erRrcfl cpeAn Apyrux yqellHroB lle
ToJrtrl{O nOBbtUIegHOii lttagttOcrtrn H ypoftaM llonosa, lto ell(e ll co-
ruutflJl CTnXIt, O tteM SttaJI JIttlUb TOJIITKO Httnttra CaSsH'I, tl0qyflB'
rrruii s A.terCee - [JIeMflllllure ry6epltCKoro rlllnoBtlHKa, lle ToJIh-
r(o poAcTBeHHyr,o Ayruy, IIO H qeroBeHa c 6orbrlHM AapoM.
l{axuu on, HltHHTa llonos, cblH porlloto nncapfl - BHAeJI cBoe
,{eTcTBO? oAtttt lls HeMIlorHx rpaMoTttblx cryrfinBblx JInAeH raplllr'
sotra Opeu6yprg6oii xpenoQrll, Cassa llonos He HcnblrblBaJl HeAoc-
Tarra B rlo6oqHoM 3apa6orfte, ToJIbHo nJlarHJIH nltcapn 3a ero rpy-
Abl, ftaft IlpaBltJIO, - CaMOTOIIOM, IITO lle MOtJIo tte OCTaBHTI) t;1yf)o-
ftoro cJreAa B Ayule H Ha xapaHrepe cbllla.
IIo nporexllHll BollllcKofo llarlarbtlHKa Flnruty flonosa, liaK
yqeilnfta BeJIo cnoco6ttoro, nocJle oltollqaltllfl rapllllsoHlloii rurolr,t
or,upaulllll n tlerep6ypr, B yqllreJlbcgylo CeMltllaptllo fltt6oStl'Iit.
Ilpem4e qeM Hasart, peQopMbl B o6JIacrH npocBeu(ellHtI, Elta-
Tep11ila II s re.IeuHH ,{JIHT€JlbHoro BpeMe[H SHaKOMHJIaCT, C nocTa-
go'sltoii ofipasoBattHfl B eBponeiicxltx crpallax. BHtlualttle p6ccgil-
cgoii HMne'paTpHtlbt npHBn'eKJIa Anctpxri, rAe pa6oraJl llsBecrtlHft
n Erpone yvelrr,rii-ne1-arol tD. H. flttttonit't Ae MHpueuo (qep6 no
rrporrbxoHttiettnn). Enareplttla npHrJIacHJIa flunosHqa n P<tcctllo
l1jrl pa6o,r6 B cocTaBc <<ltomltccltll tl6 y,tpelttAellilH llapo11lbIX yrlll-
'r' ,\,,errunnon ,\.lcr<ccr"r <DcAopontt't (1778 - 1830), ctltt ttc6orltroro Kylllla ll3 ye3ll'
,,oro i. 'Aorrrarosa flcpucxofr'ry6eprrurr - nporleccop Mocxoncxoro ylttlBepcnTeTa'
nur1arorrri,ii.n n cnoe up'eun xpurilr-i<yprlaJtltcr, ll3BecTtlllft ncpeno,lqtlr c rpeqecxor')
1 Jtitllttlctiot () ttil,ttioR, aurop i'excron pil3Jrll'llllll poi\lllllcoll ll flecclt, cilMitl nonyntlp-
iil n t,,, ,,n,,,p,,s1 .-- <(ipc.'ru Ao.'rrrll,r poult,ttt> -- cf itJtrt o6ttlcttapo/tttoti.
I
Jltilt( >>, RoiIt.JlARJIflentoii rl)a(lx)t\l 3itrrrt;loa.cltrr lrf .
fllttitrrlr,r palpa6o'la.n ircriru,rtLrlr yi1,,r,,,,r1, y1Beprt(Aerrrrtrii Drra_
rcpttt'toii, il'naKiHe ilanl(raJr rrr)t:Xo.'lr,6() t\lc,t,o/(lrtCctltx n6(:661ii. Ilrl
ilpocr,6c ilr\ilrcl)aTpfiru,r cocralrtt.rl <cPaurttt.t,cirr,urtii cjr{)litl)rr lrc(}X
,nbru{oB rr nal)ornrii> n ,jc,r.brpcx l,oj\rAX. ttart y,reHiiii-leliror, qre-
,r10p Ilairrr0rlrrrr r\,ilroro cil.rt ol'llillrilJl cuocN.y l{errtt{y -- yvrrre.rtr,cx0ii
ce[{llllal)llll' llllpeli'fol)ttttt tlrlTollrlii tlll cr'a,rt utt()cJle/lct,rJr1.r. JIrltosrr,r
llc llllaJl o'l liilllil B l[Clll,l'ilX tta ltltttrl6pc't'etlltc tilrrtf - llgcctl:ictgtx rr
crrll0rrciit:riil..( /urfl. cclunralx:riilii 6rr5.nrroTerilr, c,nrraJr co rJrilBrroii
N'l(l'tolllltlcclioii 6it:ttlii lt l(cit() lt(Ull'(,'r'olnilr rlr,lc{)t(r)il1){)tpccr:t.t11ttil.ltr,-
llhl X .!tlll'1'('.rt('ii,
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rtorurrarrrtii c(rMilrraDrrcroB: BC() Cr;Oe cBo()oArroe BpeMfl Oil or/tarJa.4
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ila (lro llaltalll)tBaJIl.l B ceMIIIlttl'ltttt. C yB.[erlelttey (Iqt.art Itoyt.lrlcc-
ff-rle rpy/lbr .Ilorroilocona n Apyrrrx llyicrilrx curxorBoDrlco, I{rrrirrrn
llonr' rr (:ar\r rrArrarr rrornrcrrrnar.r, erirxu. iro;;;;;;;rl,l'iitl',i.rpo.r,,r,
('rl oll Ii rl)yraNt ttcToPttlecKrnr u lr onrcarrnflvr nyL.ertreilnrtii, var,l_
Nllr ltopileJt ilaA rpotvrzlAHbn,tr{ Jil.rcl.altrr ., llolsiirorO Ar,lacn pirt:_
cillr)>' yrilriaJrt)rrbtM pvccKrrM rrilitalrrcNr n nrtrpouoii Hap.rol.pa(rtrrr.
llepnrrc 'r',n'ra <pociiriicxoii rciolrrrri '" c_annu,,. Apeurrrx rrpeNrcr,)
llaclrrrrR I{rrxurHqa Tarrrrrleea r-tirxrrra Ilorron '}i,iil'.;;,;ryi-ror{>>,
rf'ro llo llpoulJlo MIIMo BllllMaIlHfl CeMilHapcrtoro ttarIaJIhcl.tjil, ttoly)-
poc re l'oJrbrfo orpeAeJrr.rJl. npr Bbrrycr(e ce[lrraap'cr,v llorroRv .r.,
vrllrr€JrrrcKlro clrellHaJlbrtocrb -- Hcrripillo rt reorllaclrilro, ||o il [tccl.o
clo cJtylr(rrr -- l'raBnoe trapo4rroe y,ilrllrrrle n ficplrlr...
B 94Irt rr:l cyrvrepeqrbrx, xoJro/(rr,rx Rrril,rrrrrx RerropoB IInarr I.lna-
ttoBllr Ilallacn -- uonr,rii /ltrpettrop I'JraBrroro yrllJrlu(il, ucp()/t yxo_
4ont 4onnoii rfpaur.n BrrrMarrrre rra crro'r, n reoipnrfllr.recHumirra6nne_
're yrnrrerfl fIonona fr BafJrflrryJr r{ rrcMy. Ilarrabn i,,i,ir,, ii,;ii I,Illrlpir
cannlr.r Bere'f Banrr(:rr rro ncr"oprnr l'[r,ilrvrcrtolo r{pill n citmoii ilr,Jr-
Mt1, || iloi)1'oMV ilCilOJilrl]Ot]0ilt1(! ilit ,to t(ili10ililt,tx c|t(r,t0ji i)1'tilt{ ||(\
orlolltr !?rililtrlililrrtM yrtilTerclr crilr1'AJl AeJloM onl)arjj(a1r1,1\I. [j6,lfr,_
Illc roro --- /(llpeltr()p ttllorAa RTlx()MoJliiy lrt,r.rroila,lt llorrguy r,u eii.,
AOMAruHile rrrrcar[rfl cBerrrr H3 cBoero Auperrropcrirlro rra6rtrie,ra. oc-
TarblrbIM yqrITeJIffM CBeqlr n.ttx y,toSHl,te tta6l|tteTt,t Ir0rI1,I rte Bl,r-
AaBaJIu, r16o nortynHa cne.rcii ;1ln qr,rpnnofo yrrnJl,ttllloro 6ro,l11rc,rir
6r,t.rtit n rrlrocrt,.
-- [IttHan crlIXIl co'tttllltctc? -" rirtt]nyJI Ilaritt'll tt;,t .lcltltttlrrii
nepeA.flonogr,rrra Ha cTole JrlrcTor{ co cTtrxaMrr.
- [Ie crlrxrr, rocroArrr Arrpcrirop. iiiin, ] (),r'errrJr torr.r,
BCTaBatr co cTyJIa.
- II O rreM ltre Balilil oltil,/
IO
IIa nropo! AeHr * nocJle ayAnurqrnr y nMneparpnqlr - rpurlr
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rr{cNy cro SaBoAotrt u ouepe c nplll(aSarlHeM nepeAaTl oSilaqeuilyro
n ililcr)rYrc cyMMy reuepaJl-ry6eprraropy Borrony ila ily)il/lbt ilcpM-
crroro npocBerrdeuHa. Ilpnnaepy rpaQa uocneAoBaJlI{ H Apynte Crpo-
tanoBbr, H Ile ToJIbfto oHII.
AXI DTOT MI{JIENIIIIIH EBTEHI{H NETPOBUq...
ll rl,tproii nany6.nunaqufi onepBoM lleptrrcnorrl u To6tuscuolr l'c-
rlepan-ry6epHarope, reHepaJl-nopytlnre H rcaBaJrepe, npenrrep-lraiio-
1lc .neii6-rnapAun CenaeHoBc$oro noJlfta EereHHe flerpoauue l{aururr-
rre nucaHo, qro ceii Myril oqeub paAeJI o Ilepun - MHoro crpor.rJt,
orr{pr,rJr ilapoAHoe yqr,rrHule, u soo6ude 6ul gononrrro HeSaypaAubrM
rrcroBeKoM - Bnopy naMflTHHK cTaBHTb.
EsreHlrfi Ilerponuu n AeficrsureJlbHo 6lrrreloseKoM HeaayprrA-
lrbrM: Bbrcoxlttrr, crpoftHblM, cIlM[aTHqHblM Ha Iuqo, npeAynpeA[-
reJrblrbrM rr npn cnyqae (nurognon gla uero) pacroponrrbtM, Aa
eule u BtraJI HecKoJlbtto HHocrpaHHbIx lBbtHoB. Rce urrr HatlecrBa
ue npourJlrr MHMo BItHMaHufl nMneparpHtlri, H l{aunsn Jrerxo H lre-
t{prttrylcAelnto 6rtcrpo BoueJI B rIHcJIo JrHtIubIx nrc6uM.Iutcos Eftare-
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:lurrerrrroli Hapbepbr.
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llotteiictulx oco6. Bor o4rnl rta npnMepou clyrte6nblx o6urarrroc:-
reii ltauttnHa, Banncalrnbtx B JIHrlroM pacnoprr.il(elrHu Exareprrnur ll
Iro c,ruyrrato nptreaAa n Pocctuo nplrrrqa l'enpuxa flpyccxaro s1770
loAy u cocroflu(lrx r.lo 13 nyrrnToB:
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2. lla rux ilocaAurr, r{an [plrABopuyn KyxHlo, rar lr norpe6 rr
lrccrtoJtbr{o cJry}ttrrreJreii; u rra nt,tx noe1er rBapAarr rrlaitop l{artrurr
ilpllHr(y ua BcTpeqy.
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ti. 1'plr Kaperbt ABopqoBbre H TpH noJrncnH nocJrarr, orceJrc /lo
l)cscJtlt rr rto cro loua4eii rta cratttpilI llocroBnrtr...
13. Cttu AJrrr npnrrrta ua uecrtraAr[al'b lr Ao ABaAt(itrl nyBeprou,
llpyroii AJrrr HaMepAHuepoB, cenpetapefi n np.>>
3a pacropnr{eHlreM creAyer Yxae, B NoropoM loBoptrrcl: <(l-Ia-
tueii .neii6-rBapAnlr nperubep-rvlaiiopy l{auruuuy. Ecrr,.nn BaM AJrl
Bcrpeqt{ elylqaro cn4a llpycc}caro [pt{ur(a feuplrxa qro norpciirrr
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Il
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il oT BOIiltCttItx TaMo r{oMauflttpoB, o treM nepnofi oT ilac tt()lteJfcllll(!
y)tfc ItMceT, a tlocJIe/(ililM rtpc:J (:lle l'l)c6oDallllrl liilllllt li(:!loJtllitl'1,
iloBereBaeM >.
Bot neAr naxt H nalnlem He ilaAo ueBeJIHrL - Bce g;tlt tc6rl
loroBo, rr Bce 6y/(er roruac c1e.rtallo, e?KcJIlI y 1e6lt ltoflIrlTctl I{a-
r{lte-To lieJlallllfi, ilatJ 't'0 --- B()Jlrl l'ocy/[apblllll.
A lalr,tue - tlenpeMellrldb y'racrrle ' nil nc'ex 4noprlollblx llplto-
Max il cttcrcltttx 6alax lt rr0c'r'rr rrt,lcorinx cullottciicttttx tlctl6; lt l\t()(:-
ro rBapAtlr Maiiopa lfatuHlltta prlAolvl c ee BeJlllsecrBoM, ll Ilo3BOJtc-
lrHe B nay3ax [pofirlr Hpyr MeHyora c oAIIOii H3 MOJIoAbIx npHABOp-
uux 4am. B rraipagy Ba npllABoptloe crapanl{e EBreHHii llerponn't
noryqaer reIIepaJlbcKllit quu II IIa3llaqaercn Brt6oprcnI{M reHepaJl-
ry6epuaropolvt.
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noA flerep6vptoM, IIa rpallnqe co lllset{Heii, Tena 6olee - IIpsBllrI,
rt,r1ecb rrago co6crsettttoii I]JIocrlIo, a tte soreit llMneparplll(bl, tre
roBopfl ylrte 0 cnel(naJll)llblx sllaltllflx u tprtpru$llltal(Htl II Boo6ttlc
l| Boetrr()M AcJIc. IIo rattttx :tttatlttit ttc rrlltrt16pc1elltl, tl& ttplll(Bol)-
ubrx payrilx, teu 6tt.nee - ctt1n n ilerep6ypre, 6usalt tl Bu6opre
Jlllllll, llaeilnAMll.
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cl'nra IlprrcBoeurreM eMy 3l]eltillil rellepar-Ilol)ytlltKa.
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MCCTHHTIECTBA IIPIIEACT X()3flIIII OIPOMTIbIX IIPI.IKAMCHHX 3CN{EJII,
rpa$ H reucpaJl-auttre{l A.llencatlAp Ceptecntt't C,tponattor c lal{c-
pel|leM /\al'r'r, 6a.n Me(:TnoMy /(Boplllcrlly, I{allttttnt peltlllJt tto'l'traTt'-
r.tt t:o Cr'porillrotlr,rM tto lrtoii ,rir(:1'I tt ltpilrt(,il tr l'ft'pmr, itttaM0un'ror'(]
u lle'r'elfiyplc no ltpoBe/lelrro cBerct{ux 6a;lou 1'aut(Mcilcrol)a
I ll'reiir lt'c"tut.
tleii 6an rtoJryrlltJrcrt Jrv,rrrle - - ncpMcl{lrr} JtcrouHctl ue cltagblBa-
mr. Ilocrre fipoBeAeuarr rop]trecrB Itaurnurr r,ra3rrarrnJl LUreiirrrers
rrrutrt$lreiicTepoM B ]e3/\ilbtii ropoA O6nttilcti*. flprrnte,late;lt'rro,
rtro lrpoMe rarir(onll(rlr{a Illreiittre;ls fiHblx cficrlr{aJilrc'roB, (]'roJrr,
ilerl6xo4rrnnr,rx IUrl crauouJlelrufi naMcclrurrecrnit, l,lHrertrrii ller'1lo-
Hlr.l c co(roii lr llcprvrr' rre lrprrBt:u.
l)asvlleetc:lt, llepllr, crlX)rJtacrr, 'l'o.nr,tto crl)on,rt co ltc lcrtc-
pa.n-ry6epuarop ltaurrurr, a ry6cprra'rop IIcpmn Huarr l3aprfo-
+ B 06srrrrcre, r'te [Ireftnre,lu upo6r,r.n oKoJIo r'o/(a, y nero po.'(nJrcu cr,ttt [J.railtt-
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t{
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cr.o .nruClun11a IIyt$ttbtM itey1osettOM). CAenau cnoe 4e_.no n llcptutl,
ilepen ro4 H, R. Jtann6 nepcBoAtrrcrr ltaMecrilHt{oM B HpttytcH.
l'JtatrrtOr-. lilpoAlOC yrtttJllltl[C lr IlCpni1rr, l(alf tl Ro BCCX t'y6tt1ltt-
ctutX t.olXU(ax PttCCttlt, yrIpC)l(l{aJIoCn llo yl{A3y,llM-nCpaTplll(Ll , il llo
1o 111t(1a1.l1le tcnepari-rv6eprra'ropa, I(or()pblii o6fiilittt6t'tLt (rlttltt't'
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iipert,tn rt llctell6ypre. llrrowrylpytoMy l)1'O ll(r llp(x:rllJlo(:t' f)ltl, lto
l{arnHrrrt -' cBoii rteJtodel( y l'ocy^apl,ltlll.
llpa urlr.l, BJracrbro, /(ar l toii eM y, trepMc t(1 ii retrepal-ry_crept latop
Irc yMgJI, 1l)c1uoqtrTafl CII[e lll,lo B llcp1ltl lloe3[l(Il u Catttt't-lle-
'rcpbypr; ry6eplrarop ropoAa lleplrtt nellepaJl-l]opyqlrH I'Irlr'n Ba-
cuJrr,eBlrrI ItolroscXltii carrl Ilo cBOeii IItll{l(l{aTIIBe tlllqero lIe ilpeA-
npnunMaJI, oltn{Aatl yraaatltlii Itatttttlltta; tl1'o I(acaeTgrI ropoACl(oro
yagtgTpa, TO, He IIMen e11[e Olll,lTA pa6tl1t,t, ll Oll Tall\tlJl1:rt l] XIIOC-
Te y cBoux rellepaJl-IIopyrIllltoB.
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r(uly tiaBolta lBttJIoct, ,r1,lrR llclltvll rtvTt, Jtl lte Hal'acTporlltlii , ,t1it
ltartrxttu ocBilItBaJIcfl ylt(() lt /lpyroM Nle(lTe, lIoJlVtlllll rto/( rlatlaJlo
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ril|a (:oBceM pflAoM.
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Tep6ypr, H BCl{ope Enretltlt Ilerponttva IIepcD6,(tlT llaMcC'l'llllli()Nrl B
'l'yny.
I{art nllrrrcr 3 cBorrx Banncrtr.rx coirpeN,rennntt ltatttriltla ryJIl)clttlii
noMerqqr{ A. Bo1oros, nptl EBIell}Ill lleTpoB6rle TyJlbc6oc HaMecT-
iltlrtec,fBo IaBaJIuJIo IIocTaBttt.I [poAoBoJIbcTBIltl B aprt,ttrrc tl rtYTl 6l't-
JIO ne ocTaBHJlg Tyly 6es I'lannortl llapoAtl()to ytlll;1ltqa, Il Ttl?lie-
IeiilleNl nOJIol(etIIItt oltaua,[ctt 'fylt,cXt.lii Opy]ltCfilIbIii :tittttt;1, rlh]l
lpo1ytg(1rt Ii t.o1ty ?tre tsblXgAtlla c (lrl11t,tIIItM 6paHOM: <.ilanrt1 cgii
llaxqgt1gfl tl Car\tolvt l\CJIe B l)accTpoiicTlto ll ll0(:bMa xy/(oll{ co(:'l'otl-
ltrIl. llOttoiittt,tii IlarrleCTtllttt llperlc'rlllll(ol, X()'l'rt ll lll)oBeJl ll lleM l)C-
r[loprrtv, tto ,lttofiltrutlbt tI q)aBol)ln'rrr ct'o rtcttol)'l'ttJltt tt(:(] llo.rl(). 'ltl ;tt('
caMoe rlponcxoAltJlo H nptl ilocJleAilcM ttalrecrllnre l{alttttttttc: tltt
gMeJI Taxl(e cJla6ocrl) oIrpcI[erlITr, It uettort)pbrM Ba]I1IILIM AoJl]ltlloc-
1.flM O.trlacTil lI€to/Uurlx pojlcTBelililtltoll, 0'l'tlacTtt .llttlclnull(:t] cBotlx;
u CIilI XOllfliiCl'BoBaJItl 1'aKlttO (lO,llt,ttttl cCa)e B I(apMall, llCllteJIll l(JIrl
ItoJIL3l,l 3aBOI(Cfioii... >>
CarvrOe nplIMeqaTeJlbtlt)e 3,(OC5 B 1'OM, rlTo O'rBerla'l'1, 3a l)a3DAJ1
llaBoAa lpnrrrJrocl, nulle-ry(n-.1lta'r'opv Iio6rtltt,tttttny, a llBletlllii IIct'-
lx)Bnq, RO3BeAelutrtii n patlr t'ettt:pilfl-altttle{la, oTnpaltllJlgrt ll l'lt:-
TOp6ypl' ila Jrerleililc...
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cHoe, or <<aa6or> o lgM EnneHHs lleiponHua, 'e noflBHcr, n nepurr
orporr Alerua Mepa.nnron
HSAAHO B CAIIITT-nETEPByPTE
csar'surrecfl rreoilutAa'llo, ftaK MaHHa lle6ecrrar, B pyrrrr
nepMcr(oro reHepaJr-ry6epHaropa onpoMHbre AeHbrrr ua npocBeu{e-
ilrrc, TroilrltraJry fioBepr.lrtt 6rt.rto ero B ruOK. Ho g.llrrocr aio He40.,r-
r'o. Irlox cuernrJrcn.lreorftrrAanublM BocroproM: onJrara yqnTerflM
coc'raBrrJr.a or o6qeii cyMMbr raftyrc_HuqrorfiHyro roJrtrxy py6leii,
'rro o neii rr roBopHrb-ro rre crou.nb. He 6rr.no ireooxonlriaocrrr rtfr-
rrurb rr AepeBflnHbrii yvH.rtuuliluft gonr c recHbrMH ltflaccilbmrH r{oM-
naraMlr - rqe4prrft Aap nepMcrnx BeMJre- r.r BaBoAoBJraAenbqeB Aa_
BaJr BOSMOlr{HOCrb nocrpottrb gnR |Jlanuoro lrapoAHoro yqunuula
luonrrii Aor\{ - nalresstrft, n He npocro AoM _ ABopeq uafi t{arr,roii,
r{arroro iler }r}r n ExarepHu6ypre, HH B CaMOM t'OoO"trr,cHb, r(yAa
Arexceii Au4peenHv .rrro6nn- iaeaxcHearr, rc cBoeMy uurle-ryoeprii-
'r',py Arn6reny (orqy aBropa anaMeHrrroro por*,r arrcd n coiron"eii o ; rra
;tt,t6nt re ttnporrr c Mo.renoii l'roporuxoii Aa rra rearparbrrbre cilcrl,ar{-
Jlll c HonI(epTaMlr.
N'lecto__no4 uoBoe BAaurre yquJtttu{a Bonftoa uu6par B car\ror\r
Ilelrrpe [lepr'rn - Ha yrJry .{nopaucrroii* ll cu6upcftoii yllrrl. itpo-
errr 3AailHfl cMorpeJr u ogo6pn.n cam Alemcarrlp cepre-cHlr.r crilo-
raItolJ.
It uerlrn'ii paAocr' yvlrreneii (eqe 6rr rre paAorarr,cr! rroJro-
lrenubre cnox py6.lrrr H Honeiiru ontr renepb noryrrarrr ar(Hyparn()
rr iloJilrocrr,m) crpoureJrbcrBo AoMa rrtJro xoAHo, elileAileBrro croAa
ilaBeAbrBaJrcfl rr caM BOnXOs, OTrrero ilapoAa BCffr(OrO or rrrafla Ao
BCJIIIITA TOJIKAJIOCb MHOrO *_ II HAI( CTPOST NOTJIffACTb, II CAMOTO IC.
r rcpar-ry6repnaropa yBr{Aerb.
c 6olr'rrrunn nerepnerr*eM rKAaJr Alexceii Au4peenn.r Arrn, rior-
ra flocJre rop?ttecrBetrttoro r{oJle6na H ocBflrl(eililn pacnaxtrer eBorr
/lBeplr Bo3BeAeutrbrii lrrvr ran,tellrruii xpacaneri __ xparr na-
yKil il ilpocBerr(eHur{ B AaJreHoM Or rlerep6ypra ry6epHcHbm rlerrr-
pe, Mecro Hoero eu\e rr Ha Hapre poccniicnoii rie o60alla.rerro. I{
r{ar 3Ha'r'r, - Ire npocrflTcfi ln llapcHoft MHJIOCTbn 3a ro |IeAoHMKIr
no ry6eprilrlr.B^rocyAapeay xaaHy, HaHonJreHHbre roAaMfi ero ilpar-
lelrl|R? Ynu! Cygr,6a paclropnAuJracb no-nHoMy -_ u'Alexcero Alr-
l(peellilrly lre npr{BeJrocb yBrtAerb cBoero AerHnla B Aellb ero orHpbr-
'nrr. Becrroii ceureor AeB"srrocro rrrecroro roAa cKoilqaflcfl ropoA-
i llerp-onas,loncxoft - Korr,ruyuucrrruecrofi. Hurne s.qecr l-u[ y,re6nurI Kopnyc 11e.
'1iltillrcli0ii aKa.{erill|H.
l0
t:rcoii rv6epuarolr llelturr r'ouopaJI'ropyrlrlc [Ilr,ll llaettJrl'oBnrI l(o-
"rtrouctttrii , lta Mecre Horopot'o [) urr.ltlr 1'()to ]t(e logzr ttlltt6t,tJt Int-
lreuep-rtoJrr{or}rntt( Mogepax.
rlepeR r\irecflt( Ilocre lrprrcsAa Molepaxa, rto Aopolc il:l 'fo60Jll'-
ctta n llcpmr, arlltorJrettcrt,rcctttrii ylltrp cparlr"rr A.ltcrtcelr Art,t1;lutrutr-
!la, a IlCKopC lll)ltl{a3aJtit /{oJIl'o }lill'l'lt ll ('A[4a llMllel)i11'pnllrl .
Ilclyrnrnunrii ua Irpec'r'oJl ItocJIc cMepru [,)ttarcputtt't ll cc ct,ttl
l'lasel I .nrrrnrlnpoBaJI feuepal-ry6epttaropcrtlo BIIy'rpr Ptlcctttt,
rrpeo6pasonaB rral,recrrrrrrlecrr]a n ry6eptttttt. Ilepmcttat ly6eptlttlt
6lrna o6panoBalra ynasor\{ ot 2 mapta 1797 roga, ee llepB},lM l'y-
6epllaroporr,r craJl ItapJI (DeAopostt,t MoAepax, Bo3BeAettttbtii ltt'llte-
paTopoM n,rleiicrrrttt€Jllrlltrl0 c'ttll'cliltc (loBeTlIHl{ll.
I{ y Mo^epaxa yttuJlntl\e craJIO o4ltrtii Il3 TJIaBIILIX eto e?l(eAlleB-
rrt rx rra6rlr" ilo lloflrlJlflJlcfl olt 3l[ecb lle l(at( ry6epHa'rrlp, u ltar llll-
?r(cnep-crponrcJlb, Itoropoyv 6lt.no ;1e,rtrl Ao llcero: Ao Karlecrlla
rrrpnu,reii H nsBccru, Ao HlaAHH cret{ H pacxola MarepnaJtou. Itax
lydepuatop -- Moqepax sltaltoMI{JlctI c yql{reilflMu, ypolllleM I'tx
:tniurrrii, ftaK Ont,t BeAyT ypotttt, tt CII(C --- O6eCtte.retIo JIll yrlllJlllll(e
nt'clt rttto(lx(UIltt\4],tt\'t /(JIrt /(o.rl]ltllot'o lfiltt('(:'l'lttl o6v'l('lltlrl.
l{ap.rr NIolcpax ltotntMaJt: rmrnel)a1'l)nlla loctrtJtite'l' eto u lltlptttt,
10 AJrl crr1eugl B l[oJlltttocrtl, llo qlrt pa6tltr,t. l] To BpeMtI, l{illi
yprlJlt,cl{1lc 3el\'l JlcuJIaAeJtbl(bl ll t'opllo3aB04r1l4ntt KyllarcT(:fi B llpll-
alr,r.'urx l.r copl'r I(euI)raMH R IIae3Aax no Eapone, HeAouMttH w^0gP'
lnrr{ B r{a3Hy uoc'r'onrlHo pacryr. Mtlrruo JIH Ml'IpHTbcf c gTnM? He
oq€Itrr lonaTHa CHTyaI\Hfl II ,C caMOii llepmt'rc - ftaH CTpol{TCn Io-
poA, rr clponrcl lllt notl6ule? A reAr, B aBropHrere ry6epttcxoro
r(enrpa - aBTopHl'et tt t'y6e1)ll(ll(oii BJIacfll'
Molepax 6l'll tte 'roJtt'lio Illltl(ellcpoM-crpotll'crcM, ll() 0lllc " ll
i)trOuoMlCl'OM, oTCIOAa II Haqaflo CB(X)ro ry6epttarttpcTBA olt BIIAOJI
B 'r1(0T0JI6rtoM IloyrlelgH xolliicrB()nuoto ttoJlotltelllltt i)'loro orpoM-
trOfO t(pafl, 11O TOppIIrOpHlt B lteCHOJILtto pa3 6OJILIIIe1O, tl()M lllloe
enponetiicnoe ltoprineacrBo.'l'oJlr)r{o ny?rn tbtx cne;lcttH ii n tttt:rett ttrlii
/loltyMo||Tatliltt He oKilr]aJr()ct,, ttol'oMy, ttporltt't'iltt lttlrlllcl(ll Illtlttlt't,l
Cannltqit o [(x)tl)ad)tllt l'lepnn<:ttoi'i t'yfreptlttll, o ce tp.nope tt tflaytttt'
Molepax (trull,tue VIUBIIJ]Ctl csoeii llilX(U[t(t', 'tCnr ofiPa;loltaJlCrl: ()
,rat(OM rlOJIoBOt(c... 't'OJlt)It() MCrl'l'il'l'1,, il 1'y1'- Btyl Oll, B ^eiiCtBlt-
,l.OJthlOcTtr, pIAOM 1()A pyt{a[1tt. D'rtll yull'fOJIl, /UIfl ltelo liJttyl!
Ct{OIt,Ho BpeMet{tl tlpllIIIJIOCl, 6t't yntltpe6lt'tl, ltil. 1'O, tITtl 6t,l.rlO
cAeJrarro llono-nrrrrr? H n napy JIST ;te yJIOH1HIIIL. A rlanttoc -- tltt
IIllcalo c():]ltaltttcM AeJIa lt Jll(tdrlltt,ttt l( ltt:Nly.'l'att Iltttttlt'a Cannlttt
ilonos cTaJr nepBr)tM noMotr(tilrttoM nel)Nlcfioro ry6epttaropa lrt
i)trotroluil(e, oCTOBilflCu IIO-tlpc)l(ltc[,ty yrJll'rc.ltCIl rcolpaq)ltlt tl CCTCc-
TBCtiltOii lrcropllll 11 l'JraBlloM llap(u\lloM ytlllJlt'lll\e.
'17
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vl{asallltft Bcenr yenAubtM ua{aJtbtlftKaM noAarb crar}rcTprreixne 4alr-
ilr,re o noJr()?r(errrflr B cBorx yesAax. tto iyoepucxoii-'i,u,ir{unop,,,,
i)lrr cBeAerrilIr r€ileprr r.Trrae r(e HanpaBJlrnrrcr, x noiiouv lro ,naau-
lltr rx B eto sanrrcn o Hpae. Hacronrro trnoAorBoprtrtm 6rtlo cor-
l)yAtHqecr'o ry6epHarofa lr ruKoJrbHoro yvriienn l- ,ouop,," ,,nu-
/(ynt1(nii gaxr.
B rtorrle g0-x ro4oa XVIrt-ro croJler'fl feorparrlrrvecrcuii Aenap-
f ilMerr /urrr cocraB.rlglrn reorpa.$uvec*oro aTfaci poccrur 3afipo-
(:uJr ila'!raJrbnlrKoB ncex rydeprrirli-sr,tcrarb r{aprbr cBorx ryoeliilirti.
I.lcplrcxnii ry6eprraro_p s-ecr'rr,ra flpeycflen B sa*aae Aenaprarrerra:
H Kapre rydepHuu, _6.n'ecrnqe ncrio.riseHHoit rrm, -aJe;i;;,#,,,,n,un.-
t,,,T1:T:::lpl-t^qy,-IVlosepax np'Jro,n'Jr err{e H nospoOuoe ,,i,,,ca'r,o
rr'p^rcrr,lr ryoep''Hln, CngqHaJIbHO COqHtteHHoe grir ceii xaprrr [Io-
IIoBbrn' ll sce ato 6u.ro cAenaHo n yxisaHUue cporrH. 1'o-ro rroAu-
:n]lrgo n Ilerep6ypre-! A 1ry npuine.no,u nncor,ro AnercaH4pa I
Iteptcro'ry ty6epnaropy or l0 anpera rg02 rori,-s-;oro;oM IvIo-
Aepaxy npeArlaralrocb cocranrtrb 4ra BoruHoio bnoiinu,i,ru"nnrn
o.ulecrRa^ xosRiictsen'oe onHcar*ie nepr,ncili'i ;fi;.p;;,;;,
<Xoaniicrserltroe onucatruo llepucnoit ry6eplunr coodpaauo rrn-
u e t)ra r r rr ro c a r r rr- U ere q6J^prc noro- Bo.nuronb .dn";;;;;i;i noro oo_
lllecrBa coiuluouuoe n 1Bo2 u l80B roAy B r.Ilepnnn>, - ri,rro*,u,
lla TlrryJrb[oM nflcTQ nepDoro roMa, Han-eqaraHH6no n.nepun n lB04
roAy, rr Aaree - <no ttpHffaoanrrlo Ilepmcroro rpaurgducxoro ry-
6eprraropa, rocn-oA*Ha Tiirirroro conernuxa ,n pa.rbrx opleHon Ha-
.'llrt9!a Itapra <De4oponuua Mogepaxa co.rHnrir [;t;;i;,;i;,rroJrrrr
rcToprrrrecHrx rrayrr yqrrrerb rnry.niprrHli coserrruH riui,rira nnno,,o.
Tpy4 eror FH.'.JT B AByx Ao'oJrbtro Erryul[Tenbrrbrx rr y'ec'c-
lli)"l9TiL:.....y1^H'19!t, AaHo re cosopqarenblloe oturcarure Hpal, a
::j]I:,,:.^1]3]/jril-o-e or(oHorurr{ecftoe ucc{eAoBaHHe, Br(rroqarcu(ee B
cc()Jl reorpaQHlo potHolta, ero [poMhIlIIJIQllttQCTb, ToptoBJtto, ttoM-
rlylllll(al(ttlt .-- ffar B qenoM no ry6opnn[, TaK H orAld.nuHo rro r(a]t(_
,ltoMy ropolly lr ye3Ay,--?Knnqal MecrHyn ncrcnrrrc rr elrrorpasun,
il Bce pasAenbr [oAHpenJrerrbr 60naruu- ctarHcril.{ecftrrM n quttrpo:
r|r,tNt MaTepilaJIOM.
I'l cHoua AHBrrJrcl carrosHuril rlerep6ypri cor/rflTr, rarioe rror.e
uoM 3a '_lna ro4a?l Dto me uacronulaa oHquHrone4nn ltameuHoro
nrxca! Il perrrerro 6ur.ro rrslarr cry ariqnxaohgAnro a riirepoypre..,
......1 99nuu* (Huneparopcroe) -EroHouttqscxoe o6qecr3o-nepgoe r poccnu n
o.'(ro u3 c.raperluru.x n Eopone,'cosjlano B lZ65 roay nb uunurrarrr.uc- hrarepnrrr,r ll.
.. *+ l-lcprrcxlle lr llerepdyprirrrc'(u 5-;-;rdxi-' r3rarurr qorurcnrruu> riucror*r rr
I lt,prrrexoir o6rrcrrrofi 6ri6jnbrexe "iiuni-M.'iop'"*o*.
t8
C lll)0/(ltCJI()tJtleM B ttoTol)Ol\l llll(:itJtocl,: <(... Ilt,t tlo o(il\('(:'t'tro trl)(:l(-
Jliu'ao'f il0106ltoe r, lto tol)atulo 06ililt J)lto(' otilt(:it ililc l lt'1rnrt'rr0ii r.\,
ilellttttl.t, l{ol'opoe xo1'rt IIo MccrouoJtolt((lnuo cnoctvly u(, lrl)cll1,fi1;-
'JlrlCl' 1'(!X llplf rl'l'lll)lX, nJIOIoll(X:lll,lX ll llC0fl(tllltltCto li()('ttoto .yt{l)tr-
Illolllll)lx [1ec'I ll llpeAMe'roB, I{illt()lrt,t ItltAttt,t B otttrlX tto,rtVlloillll,t x
l'v6eprrrrrx; ()^rrarro rto 60far(:1'RV (:lrolrx uporraBe/(cnrii, H ro rrillli-
llo(:1'll (:13(x)ii tl[x)MblltlJleltltocTtt t'ol)a:U(o 60.ltce uilililNrit1,('./tt,trA, a
llo lloJlllrl(lO'l'l|('llllblM llllXO/lillt (lltollX ()/(liil lllX)llttl(il()ntl,tX ('{)t{l)r).
lilllll, llClll)Cl)blttllblMII I{Clltll\4ll fol) llall(llll\0llltltX, tt tlO (:t}ottt\t o6-
lllllpllLl[{ JlccaM, Il3oOIIJlyIoulllM IIoJIeUilbil\iltr t}ljcpjtr\flr, ltc(]i)atiilotr,
rro lopa3trTeJrblree, HaK AJrrr yMa, TaH H lurrr Booopa?fieHilfl...)>
l{otte'nto ?r{e, rtc 3a rloJrropa roAa c():l/laBoJlocrr i)'r.o vlrliaJn,r(}o
<,Xo3fliicrscHtroe onHcauHe llepMcxoii ry6epuurr>>, Taltoe n tJil f.l-
ttOii c:pott u lault{ AItu HeJIL3fI Col},(itrtr, a yilr ul)o ?o tll)ct\rr)tri.I tr l'(}-
lit)[)lI'l'1, Iletlero: AaJIeIto JllI ycltatlellll, lla Jtolltallt{c o t'Vctttlbttl Itc-
l)()n't l? Co:t,tlaurte <(OntIcarIlll> narlaJroctr Tpf{aNnr llrurrrll,r Carrun,ri.r
llorrouit c cro ilepBbrx BaItuceii o rrcprr,rcrtot\r tip:to lro trpnc;r,(o lr
llellnnr,. 'I'pyqtto npeAcftaoarl cyAb6y i)Trrx Banucolc - ltc norrBltcti
B IIcl)Mtr Moqcpax (6unluuii H ToMy )lre etqe rr Hcrol)tnroM), rrocmorr,-
Ity ltcl)Mcl(lle llaMecTtlttl{l{ IlliTcl)cca l( 3alilIcriitM ilcy?tilltt,ililJol'o,
crlx)ilTufjor'o yrrrtTeJlfl lte npoaBJrflJlt{. }IonHii ry6eJluarol) cAM ltil-
llleJl Ilollolta eqe SaAoJIro /lo BaAanltl lJo,rr r,rroru l)rrolromrr,lccr{()l'o
oOlqecrrra, n6o ct{ortolvu.tqect{oe olt.tcatilto Itpelcllc uccl'o uy?rulo 6r,l-
.ro caMoMy MoAepaxy.
Paaymee'rcl, Mo4clrax 6.lrarosorrrr rt IlorroBy, rrc .6parrlurr tJlrr-
[rilililir tru crpautrocrlr efo xaparrrcpa. I] IB0B r()Ay lt l'lellmrr o,r.li.
pt,rJract' r'ilr'illaittlfi, II Moflepax lral]ilarilIJr I-Iltrrrry caur:rilia oo /1il-
l)crtropoM. l{ COlrranettuto, JutpeHTopcruo l)To.rrprr ilorjblx r.y6cllrrir-
Topax llc cJlolltllJtocb, ll IlolloB 6rtl yno.rterr co cJrVlr6t,r 69ll rrt'tr
(tlt1t.
Ilc 6y,l1ctu crporl,t, Aora/Uttr u() lolr(U[v n(,rtilJt t,uoii (].y/lt,6t,t ,t(.
.rloll0l(a' 0(:TaBIIBIIIeIO IIMJI CBOCI ll0 ToJttrt(0 /UIrl llCl'o[)tlll llilllt(.1'o
llol)[tcltoro l(pafl: <<XrlgltiicTuoul(x) (]rtlcunnc Ilclltrrr:rcoii t,y6cl)
lllllt)>, cortililclItloe yrlttrcJleM Htttttttrlii canHlt'lenn Ilolt0Bt,rttr, tr (:o-
roAlltl llc yrparllJlo cBoero SllaqetIllu, u IlpeAcraBJtrtcr ttc roJtt,tto
l rclopr rrio-6r r6.rrtrorpa(tn.recr{rr ii rrlrepec.
l0
* no ()|llolllclllllo t( ,(l))'llli\r tl6cpttt'tittlt )ir.rrttiit Itrcttttr,tll ollil(iililllrl
llpnaoxerrc
( l'lrana ur rXorrlcrRerrorr, r)nlrc$liln
Ilepmcxoii ry6eplrxxr llnxnru Carrlt,ra
llonona)
ry 6EPHCT{ntrr ro Po/t rrEPMb
ITPATHOE O HEM HSBECTHE.
g 2tl. l'y6eprrcrurii ropor( Ilepmn orltpblr IIoII cHM rrMeueM rt 1[]
I[€Hb OnTr6pn 1781 r'oAa; rlpe3 tlro Bo3o6Jlello ApeBilee ila3-
rualrne lle.rurxoit lleprrrurr, lrprlItaAJlel{allee neKorAa r. tlep/(bnIu tl
tr Bceii BaBHcru(eli or rtero crpaue, rl6nraennoii llepulnarult. /[a
noll<l6rrosrn'crt lJ ueM lr /(peBufll el croJth tl6ltttpllalt roproBJltl, t(
o(xlrarlerrutt) ero ltrteneii. Caruuu crapunttbn\{ ceJleltHeM tla tlbt-
lrt:uucM efo rvrecre 6ltla Bapottrtn Ctpol'atloBblx* .r1epeBllfl Bpmxa-
rroBa, rpl{ r(or'opol:i ttoctpoelt s 1722 roAy lil petlttc Eromttxe, lto
o'l'rtpbtTilr{ B llAelxufix Mecl'ax MeAlllrlx pyA, lt llapcTlj()l}altlle IIc'rl)a
Ilc;lrrrrartl, MeAenJraBII.ltcuttoii Erotuttxltttcttoii ua,uo;1, Aprtt,ll;teJllttt
l'crtcpa.ll-Maiiopom ,qc l'etntttt ttrt, lJ cHJty ,tlatlttrlii cMy ltllcl'pytctlltlt 21)
oltrR6plr 1721 roga (crnr.$ 278 nepnoti {acrH Xos. orltc.Ilepu. ry6.).
lftr Hrrmrtttolvty Bsrco.taiiuteMy I4rutteparplltlrt Elltcanerrt IIer'-
I)orlrrbr norreJrennn or/\au 6lrut l l7lt7 ro71y l'parlty l\{uxaii.rty JIaptt-
()llollrt'ry l]opolltlony,or lto't'ol)ot'o ttatftt t o3Bpatl{ctl B l(a3clllloe Bo-
l1)[rc1'tro lto l]brco,raiirrrcrvry l'ocy,qallunrr Ilrrlucpalplttlt t Etta'rcptttlt,l
llc,rrrruoii yltaay, AanuoMy IIpautt'lell,cruytoll(cMy Cettary u2l ,4cttt,
,rlcrta6prr 1780 roAa; a B cJle/(ytotlleM, ytlpe?l(Aell B tleM, ltAlt c$a3a-
rro, ry6epucnoii ropo4.
MECTO, rAE HAXOAI,ITCfl I,I nOJIOiltEHHE OHATO.
$:19. l'. llcpmr, Jrelrn'l' nil JIcuoM 6epcly liamlt lto,lt 5[]c't'cltolt,to
urnporbr rr 73qorrorbr, orAeJllflcrr I{ Booro}ty or noropol'o uoaBbultc-
'i'll.ruectlt-r u3 ut,lucctiil:tiuiltot'o R $ 220, ,rro :J(,Ir.rttt cln ttorti:tJtonirlt,t 6tl.rtt lltttlnl'
Arrrrxeeey cutty Ctpolatrosy u 1563 roay; Ho ttell3BecrtlJ, Kot'Aa BocnputJra cBoc
HaqaJro Aepeurtn BpnxaHoaa u.nu DporurruxttHa; loJrbKo cxa3uuaol', uro oHa 6usaaa
rrcr(or/la np[cra$uqev apAeli oruaRuttux.
20
lrrrrl, no/{ rrlteIIeM ropf ltsBecr[oro, perlttorc Elotul.txolo, rI orl)ailn-
'iililla,tcl, r{ t()ro-tsoc1'olty t.r mry Bo-ttepBbtx rJly6otiltM 6y(]palroM, ilo
riocrlr\' ile 6()rbujeii pyrteii nporefiaer, H trocraBJteiltlblr\r rro fopo/t-
(:lioMy cl'o f)opery IloJltlcaAIIIu(oNI, rloroM ileMJrtrrrbrM tsaJtol\,t tr l)lJom;
r{ l}ailaAy ila:}rraqeua ero rrpeAeJroM peril{a ,(aHn.nlrxa, Tertyr;tarr lr
lianry.
. /[.nlrlla [ol]o/{a MextAy pertt{aMI.I Erorrrrrxoro u ,(anlrlrrxo() or{(),1o
"l rrcpcr; (rravlulaR or BaBoAcftoro npyAa u cJreAyr rlo Ilepllcrroii
v;rrrr10); o/{rraKoltt rlacrr, cerO rrpocrparrc.rua, rrprtual(Jle}r(ail(cfo rr
rrot:.rrc/(rrcji l)eril(e, ctl(e lte aacrpoerta rr lottpbrra MCJu(rrM xrtoiiru,rnr
.rc(lor\,r..llIrr1lulla ropoAa or lfamcxrlro 6cperi /{o BaJly l. irelicra 15t)
calri0lr*-. o'r ycrlR Eroruuxlr s 550 cameugx rie.ter H HaMy rro l,Jrv-
6ortonry 6yeparcy pyveii, Me4ne4nolo nagbrBaeMr,lii; ou or,i*,r,11,,r, ,,,,
rir,r r;ilrcro 60Jrr)Ta, o6cyureHHoro KaIIaJIaMT{ Ir cocratsJrfl mlrtt:ro ill,il rc
il.norr(ir4b, rprr noropoii nocrpoerrnr s lTgB lr 17gg foAy B ABa prr-
Aa 'Ici'brpe r(o_pflyca AepeBsHHbIx JraBo]c H yrrpe]t{Aerr rojruyvgii pr,l_
rrort. IIUlre MeAneAxlr u ft ceBepy Haft or Hee, Taft H 0T yrroMrilry-
L'0r'0 6r).lrora IIaxoAurcfl BOSBbtIreHIIe, IIaSI,IBaeM0c rlo rtpt.li10pe.lru,
Clrc,l1lttltt-t, IIo.ITII HerIpI-IMerlIo cltJrolltlrcu{cecfl Iro rerlormn I{arvrur rc
l)culic ,(arrUl_rrxe. oIIo coctoHT ll3 troJlyrBepAoro llecrraulrKa, cocTa-
trJtjilorrlero o6r,rHuonesllylo sAeurrrHx tvreAtrr,rx pyA ropuyto rropol(y;
ll llolfplrl't'ol'o cBepxy rJIuIIorc II MeJtK[M tlect(oM, yttorpc6rtflcmr,tnn
ill[octr ill)tr I(a3eIlItoM cTpoeIIItH.
rlrtr:1'r' ropol{a, Jreilfalr{arI Irbture Megne,(rttr, rrarrruirr o1, rrnilior.o
'r'itnt liitrrtt:tttxo 6epet'a, Bottllbtlllaercflt** uoc,leltelluo tt to?tiltt,r\t r,ot)o.
Air ill)cAe.rraN{, or rtoropblx crtJloflflercrr rtalc Ic Aep.r(ailu.[rrxe, laN rr
rr yiloMfilryronry 60lory, orAeJrflnqeMy ciln qacir,'o,r crroilurr, r,ari,
rno Becb lopon pacrroiromeu rra AByx xoJIMax uJrH yBaJrax, Hl] uorx
rr0c"rrc4rttrii cocroltr u3 BecLMa roJlcroro cJroII rJIIIIItrt, lrortprrTl,rii
cucl)xy rra apIu,rIII HJIMI 6o.nee rlecl(oM, JIetrauUIM norrrrr rro/( ca-
Nl,tr\{ /(rrf)ilotrl. Ilecuattarl norlBa II nol(aroe MecrofioJloil(elille rc p. Ita-
l\lc ill)ilrlilUoto, rITo yJlutlbl B ropore norITII BO BCrutOc BpeMrr fo/lit
(:yxrr il rlrrcrbl, ft qeMy o/urarcolrt rilIoro cflOcrleuccrr]ynr ycrP()_
()ililr,tc lr() o6ettrw cropotlalt yxIilI tI AeptroM o6loHeuilue'HarraJrbttbr,
* Crrlr loPrras BogBt{uetrlocrb, rraquttan or cauofi Eroutxn, cocrolrr u3 noJtvl,-
lucl),(olo nc(''raruKa, ll3 Koroporo cAenana rt nJtorlrra 6nrsuclo tyt Er.on-rttxttrrcrir.o
:railo/l:r, il rp[Beprbe ottort [oKpl,t'r'o roJlcl.ltu cnoeu Kpacltolt r.,ir1tu; c ccncprr.lii
('Lol)(,ilt,l t'opu ecrb [IToJtHtt, no l|pu{ur|e oKasarufixcn a trefi npttrrrarou ucArrsii
3OJtot | | t,
i'+ Ol p. I(aur,l nuepx no pern(e Enorurrxc ,lo nl)eAcnou t.ol)oAa c,llt.ae.rgr b00 no
l)\'rll,lo ll olt|;l y, o't.,t('.rtllOn(('itv o.l. l(,t.o t.nl!t(ltttti;r 551) ilo tlltrot.u na.,tr, t\o1.{)t)t,r,l
rrplj-ro-I)ticil ony.,(il ,'(() l)c'il(rr /[arrtrillxtt ,rpc.r 1300, rro ccii pc,rric .rt r I(irur,r l!0{}.
:):::.'':l,i,l'".]:fl:r o.il. Bllopx ,(o ycl.r,,r Erourrrxrr 1600 t.alicrr, .r.ar( ,no rrecr o 61..,1cr l()
',"1,:;1, t,?u..::,lfe r]. !!lVrort I'opoAa, Kor'lla. Bcc rirlal)'ra.il,r 3a(:1.pocilrn 6)'/t),1'.
'' It lll,lcv. llll lir)!(,1)()M llocfl)r)t'll:t (,rr6ttptt:rtt tl(.1)ti(]nb. ('octl)]1ll('MV tt:r 1r.c,t;p!1t..it.
nol(pl'rr0"o .cl'op\v f.rlllll0lo, ccl l' 'l llli)l(c ()("til'tKil ilt'fo,ril,ilil ,,l.rlrr l|(.tiaililI trrcjtioii trt _
.(r,r, rir)rol)oti ill)il ilritKil l rilr,rlc :tc,rtclilt lt0.Jl(c ila (.cir Kaultc n0t(ir3r,ilrirt01.(.r.
2l
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ileperrilbtx yJlIlt( BblpblTblc c IioJloAI(aMlt, l(eplloN{ yltpellJlellllble ll
cBepxy t{pblTble Ha}laJlbl, llpoBeAellllbtc It ltaMy, lI_eflteroAllo lloll-
l)aBJItreNitbte 1 Bbrllttt(aeMbte, fiaK Il Ctl[lble VJlllllbl. HeCu<lrpn OAlla-
Itom lra cyxoe BO3BbluellHoe eto illecTolloJlolfteHlle, tse3Ae uax(xrlT
,utcTyro uoAy, clloc06llylo lc 5rt11l1no6tlellllltl tta 4, 5r tl 6 Carl{etlll
1OA CJTOSM rJlllllbt, llg?lte l{(vl'opoii Jle?l{l',lT tlJl' a llepeAXO ll xprlll(;
il0rtcNty tr{llo}t{ecTtso 3/\€cb t}il/llro rtoJl0I(l(ol}; lt lloYTtt nce Jlyrllllllo
cila6?Keilbt ||MII lloMa; cuel)x cero llpH ol{otFlatlllll lJol}llbllll(!llllrl
ilr,nr tattlte ItB ttet\,IJtH,tHt:rtiii B(Ulbl l{JllOull , t{itlt'l'o ol(oJlO l)' Itr()-
|Intxlt, .Il,alttuuxlt H l{amtl , H Aa}lte lla caMoii Cllo;1xe.
yJIHUbI, qAcTH TOPOAA I{ [POq.
$ 30. Vnrrrlbr ropoAcHlle paclloJlo][ellbl llo Holl(pHpMoBatlltoMy lt
l7B4 roqy [flalty TaI{, qTO rJIaBHbIe ltll llllx llpogTgparcTcrl llo Bclo
AJtnly ropola IlpffMoJll{lleiittrl 4o IIlItpoHoi'i ltyrrrypcxtlii nottepe't-
ilOt:i yJilil(t t, or l{oTopoii tt,lyr llo ApytoMy tltlIlpaBJIelllI}o' llpllllil-
paBJlllBalCt, TCrt€ttlltO I{amlt, Ao CaMOto JteCA; OllrrlC C}Tb, Ilittlllllil}l
ilr. ceii pelcrr: I ) Ha6epelnrral, yKpelJlelltal co cropottbt 6epera
pemoM, c lleMaJlblM TpyI(oltl , no nplltlHlle yroptlcT0ro llecTonoJlo]ltc-
1lt1 Bt,tlx)t1tellta1 l (4eJtalnatl ttportttoK) tl()cpe1c'tlloM d)allltllltlll-
Ira, ltJtar(4, xpgxty lr 1ecKy. 2) 'I'Oprora1, 'Ial(ltM lltc oa)l)a3ol\l llc:-
npiltJleluarl tt tto ttpltrlltu(; cr,lpoii -nil'Inbt l{pr,lTblM HallaJlolvl clla6-
iiietrrian. l)) Ilerpolr'aBroBcHal, 4) Polnecrnelrcltafl, or r\eprtBeii rari
1a3Ba11aH. l-l) Iiepnncxiltl. (i) Exatepnttttllc6a,l' 7) BtlltleCellct{atl'
iiignninirr. gi Hy'.,ru,1rafl, rroArle caMofo Barla. l0) Metttly tla6c-
pellglrlro rr TOprguorc Jletfialqag lla CJInAt(e, llatlaltaflCh OT MeItseA-
Hlr Haer,rsaeTcfl MoHacTbtpc6oru, a HaA 6blsutltM 3aBOAOI\{ llaxoAtl-
uaficfl lte6(u|l,uatr yJr]illa uMecTe c t|Jloll{allKon I{ AOMaMI{, llocTpo-
o1xioitu lto o6e crobottbl Et1rtlttlxlt, HMcllyercrl SacoAcltttru. Ilce trc
unr nepecegarcrctt tlotlepettllblMll , llpocTltparulllllMII(:rl oT l-la6epcllt-
HOii A61CaMoro BaJra, HoTopbrx crtHTaeTctl I l-Tb, ll3 tlllx IIpl{ ol{oll-
qalKri Cu6rrpcxoii, r. e. co crgpoltbl Ctt6uptl, ycrpoell IIa Bble3A III]
ropoAa x Hvlrrypy lurar6ayM, a Apyroii npu B'be3Ae B oHoii' c()
crbpouu ItaCaHg, 6.nlrar AepeBgH AaHlIJInxlI, rAe AJItt oc*torpy BH-
AOB rrpoesll{a}ou{Hx 6ecrlpeputnHor{ coAep}fi ltrcfl fi apayJl l{Baprllpy-
rrulux'3AeCb por El{aTepllll6yplcl{oro ll()Jll{il l\lyllllteTepaMll; AJltl
qetoycTpoel|blIlplttII'|xHopAerapAulI,i}llpI,Illp()ltIIxtsblc3/lax'l{ali-
To npjl H.nag6lluleHcltoM H MOrosuI'xHItCKOM, OT noJltll(ltll.
Becr rHe ropoA B paccylHAerilrn 6JlaroqHllllff pa3AeJletl lla ABe
qacTll, H3 HoHx nepBa'I 3alIllMaeT B()cTotl|tyl0' a BT()pafl sanaAHyIo
nolronnuy. Hs 128-rraxoAfl[lHxcfl ts llHx HBapTaJl()B i]acrpoello o6bl-
22
BareJrbcrnM crpoeHneM 6i2, Ha.Iaro 1 l, nesacrpoeHnttx 55r.
Boo6qex npaB[JlbHoe ero pacfioJlo]fteHr{e, AoBoJIbHo HpacnBbre
n uanueiiruax ynuqax AoMa, HaMeHHbre ua Ha6epertnofi, It B Apy-
n-rx Mecrax Boorlbtrualort{Hecfl ny6llluttue }r ttacrnbte SAattHr, ttpeA-
c'raBJltuol' ceii ropo/t ,t(oBoJtrrut) IIptfflTubtM, no B ryqtunx BItAax tto-
IrilSbtBacrcfl c fopbt, rrr0 Br,rIIre ltrroluHxlr, x c l]araltcxoro 6epeta,
$ltpautilflcrr oco(lJlHg0 Ila6epeltcilrtxl tt tty6ltltlllblMll SAalllltlMll.
NYBJII,IIIHbIE 3AATIHff, ,qOMA II NPOq.
$ 31. Ho ny6nnruux eAauuil snarlteiinrrre: 1) xa{re4pa.nrrrnrii co-
6op c r(aMenur,rM Apxuepeiict{nM AoMoM n I{pyruMII lpnna1Jlel(a-
u(HMn ft neMy crpoerrngMu, ocrloBarruuii no4 nMeIteM Monacrbtpfl B
l79l) rony na Cnrc4xe, B yJlr{r\e, or rreto na:ruaHHoii.
Belsxoe Mlror+(ecrBo MarepEaJIoB, ApatotteHHan pH3rIIItla, Ilfto-
uocracbr H npoq. nepeBeaeHbr croAa ltauorc AJIfl coaHAaHHfl orloto
ua flrrcnopcxoro MoHacrblpfl, 6usurero s Cornfian,rcuoM yeaAe ua
pcrrxe JIrrcxe.
Ceii 6orarlrir u lpesrreiirulrii s a4eurrreii ry6eprrna rvronacrr,rpl'
ocuoBan 6r,r.rt u ll-160 rogy (lt.lllr cnycrlt l5(i JIer nocJle BBeAettlttt tl
Ilc.nrilroii lleprvrlr or Cn. Crerfarta Ettrtcxrxla ISellllcctttcpMcl(oto
Xpttcrrrartcttoii neprt) cttepBa tta ltpanoi.i cropoue I{aut'l ttt }(:'l'ro
pertxrl Ilrrcxopror, ltrrAnBenneM rrMeuurot() rreJloBexa Hoatluttlutrt
(Aurrrun) Oegopoua cbnra CrpotauoBa (u rrlottalttectnc Lltlcadr lla-
:trrnarcl) ua rolraJlonauuoii eMy B l55B roqy lleMJIe. B 1750 roly
flxoe, l'pnropltii rr Ceuelt CrporattoRr,r, t.to cMeprt{ cBoero orl(a
upocr{Jr}t racronrcJrr cero Mottacrsrpn l}ap.lraaMa c (rparwen, qto6bl
ilopettecT[ 0rrt,rli s llo(:Tpooilill'til trnttt l'opo/[o]t.liatlxap lla l)etll{y
'r'or'o?lr uMonu, lre r{aJtee Bcpctbt or [epBot'() BBepx nrl ltarvtc, qro tt
'l'oM tltc fOAy Il C{)B€ptltttJtOcb' oAllaKO?l( MOllitCTblpb yAep)ltaJl Ilpll
<'c6e ratsaltue Ilr,lcxopct(ofo, I( l{oropoMy rorAa llplIJIo?I(llJllI olltl
lreMaJtoc trpocrpaucruo BeMJlt{, celutbtx not(ocoB It paStlbtx yro4llii,
trro llnAuo rra Aarlrbrx r. CtptlrattoBbtMH Moltacrblpto cnllcl{ott, oco-
Currsou( nB lraJroBauHbrx ouoMy or l'ocyqapei,i l{apeii Oeqopit
Hoattrronlrqa, MHxaura ()eloponu,la, Alcttcelr Mttxaii.lltlnll'li] ll I'tl'
(:yAapr Hmneparopa Ilerpa Be.nltttotrt rpaMor. lla ceu Mecre cr()-
rr.rr ccii Mouilcrbrprr /(o l75l-r roAa, KorAa ApxnltaugptlroM otlan()
l'lyctona pagJtoMau Ao ocnoBallill, n 6stl BtloBL llocrpoetl tta roii
rrtc croporte l{aunt uaA pexoto JIttct,uttto. Ilo ttpegctannettttn Ap-
+ B xort{rttpuoRarut)M nrartc lla3rta.rctto 6t,t,tto rolt'ro $6 KBapranol, rto xaK yKa-
:rolr I lpanlr:c.riucruyxlrlcro Ccrrara 1784 r'o.,tu Mau l0 lllll lrolteJrcllo 6uno trLtlcctt' tl
toPojlaM ll,l'oltr,t, l lpcjlnoJlara'fl, Moitiuo 6t,t.lo, ,lro c'tl)ocuuo pactlpocl'l]allllrcf ro-
pa3/to,'tancc lit3lta'te1t1Ix I n.rtaltc npeAcJton; JtJttr t'or(), Ite llapylllafl e1o t[ttt'ypt'l'
nptt6an"lrcro cu{e K npexiutn 92 l(BaplaJra.
23
xrtr\tarirplrra crrMor{a, B lroropoM onHcalt ft naAetrnto dllrgt{lrrnr, rto_
rleJle||o lJr,lco,raiill-|rru l,ltreflutllvr . yHasoM s 1755 roAy ilepetrecrrr
0rr0ii B r. crurrxarucr{ B :laurrariluii Bo:rnecerrcrrr.ri.i morr-ac,rripr,, v,r,r
lraA p. vcoJrrcoxr, n 10 uepc.rax ()r I{auu. ognaxom clre }re }rc-
IloJItlllJIocb; Ilo BMecro roro IIo npeAcTaBJIeHHm npaBtilt(ero AoJI]r(-
l t()crb l'errepan-I'y6epuaropa rlep_ucnoro N To60.nr,cxnro, I.u,,"par,-
Ilopv'rrrua rr ltanarepa EsreHr.IR-Ilerponn.la l{auxHlra Bbrco,raiinrc
rrorrcprrpnroBalilrbil\,r cesreiil[ero cnrroqa AoHJTaAOM U mapre lTBl
l'ol{?r ilotreJrerro tsce MarepHaJILI, ilo paadopHe ocraBJleililOrO ilA
.llr,r(:r'nc nrrycr r\{oracl'r,rpr lrepeBecrrt a_r. 116pwu,, rAe rtpclnrfciuro
llocl'Polt'ft, rrOsrrii iloAtrpeililHIrr rraSBaHHeM cranpolrririlaJlr,ilofo
llpeo6pautencrroro rr c npemHHM rrrraroM 6usruero flrrcxopcnoro;
oAr{aHo}rr Jro orHpbrrHrr sAecb EnapxHn s 17.97 rony cgenalcn trrr
ltecronpe6rrBar r rreM Enrrc_xona .fleprrrcnoro u Enareprill6ypncxoro, n
rJ'laBila' B ilet\r qepHoBb llpe<l6paxreunR rocnoAnn ttao-elpaJrr,Hbrilir
co60porr,r; orr eule flenocrpoerr; no qeMy c.nym6a'Bornun coiepruaer-
(:tI r'lbrue B lcpecroBoii^ prlApxuepeficKoM AByxgraffiHoM Aor\re rlep(-
nrr, Bo lMfl cBffroro Creeaua Enacxona llepnrcroro.
Ha npuHa4JremarqHx r{ lreMy crpoeHaft BaMerHTr, r\to]t{rro ItBa
tiaNlcilHbtx o AByx lt{HJtbflX fiopnyca, c MoHatuecHItMlt ltcJthrrMil il
ill)orr., Taltilre llecHoJlbt(o AepeBflHHbIX AOMOB. cuelrrto c caAolrr, tc
ouoMy AoMy npaHaAJteffiarqnM na Mbrcy C.rlroAxr.r, cocranJlfleMoM
lirmoro lr lVlcAneAxoro, HaxoArrrca gyxonag cemnnapnrr B Tpex Ae-
peBflilltbtx oonuuux.FoMa]r, HynJIeHHbIX AJls Cero rraMepetrHrr y
Itrrlrrrurr I-onullr'ruo-ii. 3geruuflfl ceMnHaprlfl orr{pbrra noiioi'rlrrrrr,r
ll;lcot'nrlrleuur)rM lloaurror't nepBbrM, Enucxonoir llepucrurru rr
llrialcgrru6yplcftr{rrr, 1t rroa6pn lB00 roga B AByx rre6onr,rrrrrx
/\cpeBflrilrbrx /(oMax rra roif me c.riloAre, H3 r{oilx B 6.nntraiiurenr
ri r:6011y ilo-Merj\ena llltrte ltoucHcropHfl, HO Hbilrcullillrvr llpeocnl-
lr(clilrbrM Hycrl{Holvr, ero_,npeeMlrHHoM, Arff flyqueii y;1o6[oc'rrr ltc-
l)crlcl[eila n cerrrn6pe 1802 roAa rra renepeurree ee Mecro. ouir
nM(ro'r yllre Bce I(Jtaccbt, ttpoMe BolocloncHoro, B ttoropux crIlITa-
("t'cfl llt)ilt(} I00 xaaerrrrbrx H 237 csoeHorrrrrrbrx ceMHilap[c,ros. orill
,riv'raro'lcl , KpoMe o6rilxgoseHur,rx ceMuHapcnnx uayr il .Ilauluqro-
r'o ,r:]r'r(a, crrlc l'peuec[oMy, TaHrKe Marerrrarnne, Hi,roprur, pl.rcoBa-
1ililo, lr, uro BecbMa rroJresrro AJrfl AyxoBeHcrBa, Melrr11lrile. Meurly
('cMt'iltapct{HMtr crpoeHHflMrr BOSABHTHyT n lB03 r.o4y 0co6lllnr,rii
lloNl c llpocrpatlHolo SaJIolo, Ha3llageHllolo AJIfi llcnrtratlltii.
Itrrr1t: n l7B7 rogy acn clngHa norprrra 6r,rla ryeu,rru xnoiinl,nr
JlccoM, rrcf(Jrroqafl lre6onnuloii nJrouaAH, pacqHil(elilroii 4llt ilattlil 1.r ;
ilo u cJrclyrorr(eM roAy npopy6neulr B rreM yJrHr(br, 3acrpoctrr,r crco-
lx) /{oMaN{tr rr cocraBrrJlH B trecr{oJrbtto Jrer o6urrrprtoe ceJIeHHe, r(o-
topoc reilepr, (tnflcarrrrr,re ftaMelilrbre BAailHfI yxpalualor. HtaH, r4e
:rir l7 ilpc/( crrM Jrer 6r,ur qllftrrfi Jrec, TaM yn(e npenol(anrcfl ilayt{lt;
'r'iu\t 'ltf iltor Onlrpa rr {cmoc$erra, BeprHlrtn tr l{rrrleporra.
2.t
2) llllorrrurr crfiopttafl I[opttor]t, r]o rMl Ctut'n,tx Atlocto.nrlrt
llerpa rr llasla n rtepnoii uacrrr l'opoAa lIaA pertfiolo Etoutttxoto
lra Mbfcy; eu\e r 1724 royy llocrpoerta (lt,tla a;1ecl, ceto ltMelltl Ae-
I)eBlllnafl r{epxoub, BMecro ttoropoii v 1757 BosABHrHyra Kaltetl-
ltill (: /[uvMJt ll)lUl(]JrilMu, rrB rroeii lJrilrtur'lii "rtc't'rttrii , it ltoltrlii ltrt
unur ll. Nry,rerllrU)t lt)na'repnttt,r llntttttii; u lTfll nattMettoBanA (:o-
6o1rorrr, a lt lt)0 1 t'ogy lr cJrc/[vror(crlr, vl(l)arronir riM(!c1'o o;1ttoii,
llll'l'lrlO tJlAllaI{ll ll flOltpblTil ?lt(iJl(}lloM.
l)) llplrxrylcr(itl 'l'at{lt((! r(ilr\r('nrilr rl(}pr(orrr o /(rryx lttItJlr,Itx, lll
t(()ttx t1opxilflfi tro illltfl l)olrulOc't'sir ll0tttrrt'ii Ma'rOprr, il l|il)til1flfl IX)
rrul il'1rex Crrrrrrle.lteii, ocrrosana u l Tttf) ro/(y rtoA lrMereM l3laqtt-
Mrrpcttafl, Ro nr0poii rrac'fil r'opoAa rr B yJlrrr(e, ItoJIv,fllBllleii ot lleii
cr:oc ila3Ballllc.
4) [epennurtar r{ep}conr, Bo rrMrl scex Csnmtx Ita IIraA6HIt(ei,
cocAHilfl tou{eMcn c ropoAollr llocpeAcTr}orrr /lepeBfllllloto l'locTa; Ilpll
lleii rraxo4nrcfl raKure coAepmr.rMar ot IIpuxa:ta 06111. llplt:t. lepe-
Btilutat{ 6rlra,qelr'un, cocrolu(al lr:t AByx AoMoB, tt3 ltottx B oAIlot\l
noMelrlan'fclr 6ota4erl'lr\nt{lr MVrrecHa, a rt ApyroM lt(ertcl{a tloJly:
rrprr rrcii rraxo/lrl'clr rr nl)yfrc lpnna/Utoll(irn\lto tt ttttii t:'t'potttttttt .
5) Rr,rultnrii I'etlc1la.n-l'y6eptra'rrtpcttnii o6ttlttJlttt,tii ,r1ont, ll l{o(tt\l
ll{)l\loll\0nu nl,lll0: I'y6cpttctioc lll)alt.rlellllc c lttllll[cJlrlpllclo ll lllx]'
r(ypopcrr(x); ilaJraTr,r I{agcttttalt , I'llaurAaUcttall lt Yrolttnttalt, l'y-
{-rcprrr:tfot-' rt Vellqtroc r{ar:}rra,lciiclno, Vcltllrrt,rii rt lllntitntii 3cntt:ltoii
clJ[1,[, l'1la;1r:xalr ll0tttrtlt|,t, Ii1ta'lc6ilall Vttlluuit, l-Jt 'lttc1't, rol)ollil.
It l'y6cptlcriouy Ifaltta,lttiic't'tty Itpltcl'poolta ttaN{ttttltafl liJIiUloBatl:
rice lric Itporrec cl'poculre, ttati n,tlonra l'y6eptlartlpcttltii c ca,llotlt tt
llrule-ry6epua'lollcrtttii , Tatot(c coJtAarclitte l{allapMt,l, }c'l'})ocllllllt'
B Arlyx ttopnycax, B H{)Toptrtx IIOMOII(ellbI llpe?ltAe fil,lltt ttllttcyrcr''
rx)rt|brc MccTa, o /(Byx ?rgIJlhttx, Aepellrllllll,te, tl6ltlnt cllal)ylltbt 1'(''
('oNr, rr Bco llocrpoenbt rtpl't ol'I{pblrtltt 3Aettttteii rv6eptttrlr s 17[]l
r.r4y. llJllr l'y6cprrcliov IlpauJtelnnr ltax(Ulnl'cr 11tt6ttJlt,tuitl 'l'ttllt)l'-
lrarfxu o5 oqttoru craue, 3alreAenttau v 1792 fo/lv lultl cttopeiittlet'rr
'r'Cnc r(JraAf)uu(c rtaxo1tt'rctr rla Mt{cy, coclAlrJtneMoM perlKolo Iit'outttxoto, 6ytTa-
r<ou (no Kocrty nporeKaer n lleM py'tcii)' cJcrauJlRloutllM to)Kllo-Bocro'tlllrc ropo,(ll
ilpcjlcJl,t, il Apyt'ilM lltcllt,illltM (: ilttM'coc,/tilltfltoiltilMc'I, n0 KoeMy IrpoJlox(ella Jtopol'il.
(irro ocettRc'r'ritl uucolcrtrur cJlnMu, ocraRrruMilcl o'L fiuntrtclo ry'l' ctllc n 1786 r'oltv
6o.4t,rrrolo,'rcca. B t'eir-'r'o pcAlioii'r'cttepr, eltonoii pottlc ttot'pc6ntol'cn ycottttttttl. llero'
1ol)l'lc o't,rllltlillol'('tl ll03/lltllrllyl'l,lMll tlA/t llllMll KaMellllhlillt Man:tOJletlMlr' TAKX(C rl)''
r')'ru,rMu, (' ur,rJrtt'r'r,lMrt ila rux ral(nu('run l irpaMopnbrMu tta4t lto6ttt'tult. l'l:r stttt'[a-
drrrii rra illlx traxo/uiltutxcfl 3acJly)tfltBaer 6nru :]Accb nJMc'tclilro() c.lellynltlatt, tll,lcL'-
'rcnuitl tut 6c.rroru flolcncKoM MpaMopc:
<Cnacrrrelr,! B Be'tltocrg nper*ryltpoir n Cnn'roii,
,IlcNarrlelo 3Aecr, Ayx MJlaAelrtla ynoroii.
M.traAetttten Ilap(:Tntlc He6cctto: Ttt ttapeK;
rlo,t'r'ox )t(aJterb, ,ttn 6ul cfo croJtb Kpar'oK BeK.>
25
llcllll)aBJlclllltl lltlcl,l\{cllllLlx I('Jl ll l(JIrl yl{etlt,tltettttfl rtltcjta npttt(aB-
Ill,lx (lJl)'ll{11'l(}Jlt'ii. OTlttatttlttt ttalle'ta1'allo u leii 5t,tJlr) ilect{oJurt{o tt
tiillil'. IIl,rrrc rraxtl,run'cJr B ilcii rlrrel) l(o /10 rryfl. IIar50ltrtUrrt}t rr:t
'lllcJra ilpllxa3tlbtx cJty]trfi'l'eJteii, a repeAepqHrt rr clarltp[lHl{ t.r3
lioJil,iloHael\{llttx; cMoTpltl.eJIcitl ilaA lta[{tt oIIpeAeJteil oIlilt }tit cJty.
]lialllux rJtIHoBllHltoB.
(i) llplrroii rrte il.florr{aArr, oltpvlrraeMoii r1nug61111rtr{tr BAanrrflutr,
ilil\(ulil'f('fl l'avr|rsax'ra n 0,qrroii cBff3tt c ly6eprrclioK) sepre)tiltoto,
r).rl ll:l lio'l'opoii tt 'I'rlpt'()ttoil yJillt(L' l(oc'l'oillt IlpttNterlellilln l0po4r)|r0ii
riiruclrtoii () lluvx ]tinJltrltx j\taI'uc.tl)al' c loABaJtaI\,tn, ocnoBaunblii lt
l7i)5 r'rlltv, n lJ lcAaJn,ltcm o'l' lct.o l)accrotrnt.lu ttaMelntbrii Itorrro-
ur,rri ;1or.r ralillro l{uyxi)Ta?t{ur,rii, rryrr.llcrrrrr,rii 4lrr cero ltauepelrnfl y
:lJ[('illlt('t'() ?tiil'I('Jlit.
7) li llrirlt'l)nnlltctioii vtltr(e ll)(x:t,l)alubr ii ,t1r:llcsrrrltr,rii uocltrr-
'l'it'l'('.rltrltl>lii I()rt, lr lio'rol)olr il tIa lroJlhiloM BoctIIrralilllt ilaxoAHTcrl
'r'r'rtol)t, .lt] llcTt'ii l\,ryrrocrra lr (j(j lrterrt.t{a IroJry. oillr ceepx tliltt(H,
()l(()llrl(t,t il lrotioto, /laBa(]Mr,tx lil\t or lllrrrttaoa 06trlccTuerilloro IIprl-
:rl)onnl, ofryq;111;1'1.51 t.j tre[I u B rJIaBnoru :]AelilileM ]tapo/l[oM yrilt-
.:lllll\o llV?lillblM /Ultl llltx llltaltlltlM, llJllt oTAalorcfl peMecJleHtlllltaM
Vrlll'l'ho,l (llllloillllo['ly ll llop'flloMy peMecJIy, Tal(?lte Mv3blHe BoltaJIb'
iloil il ilil(:1'I)yri(IlraJrr,rroii; a lteilcHoMy IloJIy Aerlt Ilfl3arb, ilptlcrb;
ilril'l'r,, 'r'rf it't't, tr Ipvtrtl\t ilptlJItIrIiltrtM ceMy noJly yilpit]t{Itcililflt\t,
('ir(lI)\ rlil("IaBJl(,1|I1fl IpaItoT() il Inlct,MV, yrlaTcfl tr eil[,tot\,t ecM JIOM(!
l)'j'lll)ll('f ill|.rt()llllhl l( lt ililN lJ lttctrtrlttil. Cncpx ctrx llaxoAttTefl flptl
ililx ('r\ro'l'l)il't('.u, |, (:M()1.l)tt'l'cJlt)ilUt(a 1 il lptt ttcii I iloMotttllnt(a,
It1ilt 6o.nt,ltttt1r' l, il B Irpil()t\,Itroii Tar{}t{e I lnerrrtUrUa. Orr 0clr()rrail n
f '/f1,1 r'o11y, no tr cJre4yrorr(rre vMrlolretr il B lTgB KVrrJtorr ,r(rfl u()ro
rrr.rrrrrrrrrrrrii Aor!1 tt pacnpocTparrelr ilpHcTpoiit{om.
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l)()x\/f{)Jltrilillt n,le}t{Ay lllllilecettcttoto yJIHqem, ()ttailrilttJitroil(yftx:rl
lrl)lt ilcNI ilJt()lt\iu(t,ro, lt viloMflilyTbtNr Bbt[te 6yeltattorr,r, oTAeJIfltO-
il\ilr\l t'olx)^ 01' lrJtal[6il1t(a, ()rpa]rrAeilllhlii 3a[JIoTtilil(()M, uptr BXoI(e
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j\rlt 6(,.rrc:ilrflMil, I ,qlfl trretrcHoro rroJly tr tr Aln cTpalHAyloulrrx 13il-
t roi)tr (r(rc:lfi ti\4 rr 60.lletrrUtnnlr, lt oAltoii KoMItare noMeu{eila JIa6opa,ro.
l)rrr rr B Apvroii I{yxrrfl. R rreit nprrur{Maercfl Ao 25 6om,ubrx oc)oero
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lr()r\t /[ot{(,, ilir;(i}ilparc.rrrr l, 0r() iloltoil\ililtt 1, (?) rorvrolt( I, cttAeJIb-
tlorr 2, v,rornn(olt or ropoAa 2.
ll;1ct'r,, t{itrr t{ r} ti()cltlrrarert)uoM /(oMe, IIoJIt,tyr]T n/[orrnteii Rpa-
,rcirrroii )1rr1lirur,r I lrrcrrclttop, nlvtou ttpn trcii I0 y'1p1rrrnaB, or/[aBa-
t'['ll,lX Ol\lY /l.rtfl llaCTaR.,]elIllfl OT I. SaBOI{[I|.II{OB lI nOMellll{ItOB. 3a
il('r() rrrrltill,i llolr cvNrailrclurntx, rAe ]tilttsyT TaHtr{e n cMtrprrerlrbte pil-
rir;r,;lr\ril; B trctu ot:06alt t(ol\,iltil,t'a l(Jrfl ililAgltparc,rItI.
26
I.r,, r
ir lf'l iri
/(aree uopcMtrrilii ocrpor, HB Bbrcoftoro noJrHca/(ut{t(a coerofl-
tturii c Ka3apMaMt.r orryrpir, il3 t{oilx I q.nll tr{euctroro, i};1lr nryur-
(:rroro noJry, I ,r1lR nollnoiittutx lt xal)ayrhilbrx prAoBr,rx. 3a lirrnr
Becbt\la,arrarrruii c rrlrcroru BoAoro ltofloqeaut H HeAareKo or trero
Hy:]t[rr(a () 2 roprrax co cJrecaptren. Itpyrorvr Bcex cux tane4crrHii ,
lraril{Hafl or carrloii apxHBr,r, IIpocrHparorcfl noIUIe Hapy][iltoro salr-
llJloTlililia TpH HrrptutrrHbre capafl, hpbrrbre recoM rr l(oxorrrr oKoJro
lJcex 4 cren Ao 6olr'Hl.rqtr. E.lrlreno cretrbr, x 6yepany o6paulerrrroii,
ilax(ulrlTcfl 2 06lrtrrra.nuilbl€ tr€rilt, H3 lroltx n o,l1rr0i.i lloMetrlaercl
2().000, a B Apyroii .10.000 Ktrptruqa; Bcefo rrre Br,rj(eJrbrBae,l.ol
:]/{ecb R fol( Ao 200.000, ua rrr() I\poB ynorllc6llelcl l.pcxtroJretr-
nblx 100 caxelt; rrpoAaercn uinreJrflM B/\eruHero fopoAa.
9) He4anero or pa6o.rero AoMa s flricrcoii yJrnr\e BHAua Kaaap-
Nra Arn l'y6epHcnoli porbt, a B 6r,lsureM AepeBrnnroM rJraBtroM na-
p()AlfoM yqturltule, lr nocJre n I'y6epucr(yto rrepreutuyro o6paulelr-
llolvt, iloMelqetr ilbrHe AJrrr Bolilrclil.rx cJrylrilrreleii Myrrrrrercpcfiofo
rrorffa Jraoaper. Orr Haxoqnrcg n Porrrecrserrcxoil yJtHr\e rra3aArl
l'y6eprraropcxoro AoMa; rroAJre Jlaoapera traxoAnrcfl trprrBnJtenrpo-
rlanrlarr arrrcxa; lra uecro ceii eaneletra Apyfarr B AoMy c trnpni(-
rrbrs{ caAoM, HaxoAsrr{HMcfi tra llrbrcy, cocTaBJret{ilou 6yepaxaulro
ua/{ caMon nJrorr{Hoa 6lrnruero ErouHxnrrcnoro 3aBoAa; rtrnHe Ha{
(iepernroii yJlntbt tra I(attcrtoM ueMll()to BonBrrntrennorrl 6epery
uoclpoeu npocrpatnrblii lcpernnnr,rii coltuoii uara:lrn, c peurorvr
r)'l' c'r'of)r)iltrr l(arrllr; (lLtrrc Itytrr.ypcl(ox) trr,uar6ayrrla Iponlratrrcttoii ,
oixtToii recoi\,t tr BbtKpauterrrroii , n n Ertarellrrulrucrroii yJutr(c, trptr
lrpocrpauloii ru,nrelrruRro orl(ytttrU{tra r(aMettrroii nlrrrrroii rroltrop c
cirl()i\,t, ABa t(aMeliltbtx BHtlilt,rx Mafa3ilila o ilpriltaAJl0]trailutM I( iltil\I
c1'pocltileM.
l0) Iir,rnrnnii rocrnrroii I[epeBfluuoii gnop 6rrrg vc'r'r,lr Ilrorrrrrxrr
(:o viltonrMtt 6Jtttst{tllril K tteMy - ApyntMlt JIaBrraMlt lt att6apalrrr n
lB02 roqy BCCrr paalroMoni lto tryle,recr{He ,r,ouapr,r npoAaBaJruct,
yrr(e npcuiAc B rlocrpoelnr,tx n l79B lr 1799 ro,r1y npn ,rofir{y,tell
ptJrrrre AepeBflnubrx JraBl(ax (crrr. ru,lrue rro,r1 6yrtuolo a), t({)'r,optrlx
BMccTC c lrtflcltbtrrtlr, lxr6ttltrulr rr xle6ilr,tlilt c,IllTaetclt 64, c Hpbt-
'u,IMIr otroJlo t.tx tlepexo/laMn. [Ia ttlortla4rr, ol{oJro oltr)rx naxo4rr-
rrlci.icn, Katr(Aoe Bocxpeceln'c 6r,rBator MuoroJlroAnsre, oco(r.nrll() lll-
rltot(), c'r,e3Alt c xne6olt, c'r,ccTllbtMr.t rtprrilacaMtr rr /lpyrr.rMlt rlporr]-
rlcActutrt\,ut BeMJIcI(eJIHl , ct(otoBoAcrltil n 1pyroii t:eJrr,(:r(oii rrpo-
r\'rbrrrrJrettltoctlr, IIo Apolla, cetro, AepeBlllllarr uocyAa n uporr. Itpn-
uo3trrcfl ua npo[a)r(y na ceunoii lll,tuolt, yrrpc]trAelrut,rii tra lJlon{il-
i,ii
* [Iptt ronarnrr ottaro ttatu.lul tte6o.nl,uloc t{oJlnrrecrBo Becl,Ma tortxori xenro-Kpac-
rtorarofo ltncry rniltu{, no't'l'u nn'teM trc orJuttraroutcitcl o'r 6oitl'ca, tto ocrantr.ntt 6cr
rcnr(ArJ ynorpe6,letntr, no xpaitucii ucpc orra uollra 6r,1 3acr),nnrt, Mccro raJtflJtb-
rroii r,rrrrrrr,r (4,[arSa Lnlionunt).
27
l[tr, Jrc]r(ilrr\eii n Il0:rrrc'ccrrt:r(oii yJllilt(] ilollrc BocIlrrareJlrrilot{) /[{l-
My.
IItt nranroii ure flJrorr(a/[lt, Me]t(Iy Polrrectnelrcltoro lr Topro-
Bon yJIrr(amrr leutauleii, ocltolJau n lt|00 roly Aerycra 15 grrl
rrArrrcrrrr()ii l.oc'r'rrilrr0ii ;1nrl1l tr Bltllc ,ro't,trtpcxc'ropoliltflto 3iltut(ir (:
(UlililNltt B riairr4oii cr1'olte Bol)(ylaMll, rtotiptrtl'btii ]t(eJreaoM tt til\,teto-
rrlrii ltce(re (i0JraBol{, orrJol)llolr(ltxcrr nauapylinyto cropouy, ct(o-
lrlpoii yc1'l)oclrr)t tra apr{ax trl)trl'r't,lo t{l)yl.oM Bcelo ABopa ltepexoAt,l;
lillvTpelilrflfl ]t(c rtcTltolx)c'l'ol)oilil,ljl ltJloil(a\r, ilt.trleM eil(e lle SacTpo-
clta. lIaltt/U,tii ttvttctl (:uolr\r n]r{/[rlicnreM l]r,rcrpalnrilJl croJlt)tto Jlrl-
Itot(, clioJll,l{o i-)t,t.rl tt coc't'otlillttt, ttott(lllalt(ilftCb CBoCtlty l(ailil'fAJtV tl
lraMepeulrr() n pa:JcylrAeltnlt cBotrx l'onapots, KouMu o6bn{noBclno
'roplye'r; rro rtcMy Milorile tlbtcTpollJilt ToJILtto rto ()AUoii JIaBHe.
Cnepx cero B l{a6eperrruoii ynurle, 6lHe pelrlr Erotrrtrxrr, noc-
rpoen B 1799 roAy AJlutrnbtii pflA HaMeur{brx MaraBHHoB HJrr{ arr6a-
poB lla OAllolvl oclloBallllll , o AByX ll(IlJlbflX, lt3 H()l{X HH}tiltee OIIpC-
AeJrerro AJ|rl cri.rraAHn pa3ilbtx ToBapoB; rro rleMy H cAeJIaHbt It3 Kailt-
;1oro au6apa Bopora, o6parrleulltrn x Itanre; a B BepxneM traguarre-
rrbr ilflrJrr,rc rrorcofi /urfl rrocTocu rtJlrr Apyfoto yrrotpe6letrun. R lBO3
l'oAy tloc.[e cttx CulDtte rt ltrr'orrrrrxe lta Ntccre rlacrilHx AJttI lloKflalr{rt
[)iil]ilrrtX (:ylloBhlx r1pililac()B lt /(pyl'ilx trclrlcii ila3ilartcilttbIX oil6a-
pol,, ocll()ltail ,t1py|oii t(ot)ily(: t{trNt()rililnx rrvilerrccrtr.tx ail6apoB, t(o-
'ropbtx tilvrc(:'l'c c il€ptsbil\il1 c'til'l'acr(:fl 14, HpoMc IiltJll,tx ttBcl)xy
ilor(oeB, lra lrepBoM r{opilycc.
Rltuttto t{it:tcunor(} (:()Jtflrofo r\lirralnrta ililx(U(nrcfi ltccl(oJilrlto
It ltyllc(t(Jclillx AepcBflilllblx ail6apolr, 3alntMaeMbtx Tatt?t(c coJltrroi
riol'ol)blx llNrcclo c llax(Ulrrr(rlMu(:rr rJ Apynrx Mecrax c,rrrttrctcfl 12.
I I ) flce onucarnrbre :]aBeAenrrl raxoArrrcrr n nepnoii rracrlr ropo-
/(a, ncrrJrnrral r{ad)eAparl,rrr,rii crl(r<lp c Apxuepeiicrclrnn AoMoM, tr
nport., 'tatr)r(c Polrtecrsellcr{vro r(eprtoBt,, onrrcatnrbte rroA lJonr 1. rr
i] lr c.ltttarouUrncfl Bo BTopoii rrilcrrr, B rroropoii trany6lu,trtbtx nAa-
nuii eulo ililMorn'r'rr /U)Jrulro r(itMcluroc llcprr,rcttoc traBnoc rtapo/(-
rroe yrrlrJurn\c. Ono oclloBano B l7i)5 roAy Mafl 28 ;1nlr, I(otArt tt(l
oKorrqaililil AyxoBiloii rlepeMoiltilr lrpaullrllrii A0Jr]riltocTb I'errcltal-
l'y6eprraropa Ileprucxoro r 'l'r)6oJtr)cr{oro, l'ettepar-llopytruK rr lta-
BaJrep Arrerrceii Arrlpcenn,r ll<l.nnos..B,[o]r{rrJI n llepooii KAr\tcrn, oc-
iloBaililfl MeIilyto Ao(:l(y, ilil ltoTopoil ollrraiterl for(, MecflI[ lt rltt(:Jto
(:eto nponcnrccrBnr, c:o nceMu copraMrr l)rtcclriicrtoii nrolrert,t l'oro
IOAa, Ail llocJrylltaT iloTot\rcTBy llaMrrTrnnloM, rrTo B l(apcTBolrailile rl
lleApora]rrr llellnroii ltrrrarcptrttu BoBABnnrvro clte lrocBfln{elnroo
nayrcaM BAauHe. Orro rrasrruM r{oplycou o6paulerro na llerp<lrran-
JroBcnyro (vtrl lpelH,rle ABopnnct(ox) na3brBalacs) ylHqy, a ftpbrJlovr
cBonM (tprnre.nevr) x naueuuoMy rocrl{uoMy ABopy (ctw. Hou. 10),
ltMefl c orx cropou (r. e. c socro.luoi.i Ir ceBepuoii) npenpacrtrtii nu,t1
1'3tt, 111'11 il llCCrlry IOp(uly lreMaJllil\,r cJly?rilrr yHpalueillreM, RllI(Il[,]()
28
6vAV'ltl tt3 llccx ,tac'rcii ottoto. ll ttrttttucru cto )rurJlr,0 pilcrroJlou(crn,t
Ytlll'l'eJll,Cl{tle IIot{OIl; B tsepXtrCM tJIaBUorO ItOpilyca, 4 XlaCCa, A n
ript,rJrc 6r16ltrorexa, MutrepaJtl,urrrii rr clru:rrr,re-ttirii xa6ulrerrr. Mc-
rrlly ilMil ll ttJraccaMtr ila yrJty traxollrrrcrr 06rrllrpHat HpyrJrarr 3a-
Jla' ol{al|IIIBaloll(arlcJt tincl)x.y ttl)}r'Jil,ilw lrytroJr(}Nr, rraA BccM ilpo-
rililvr illlilltlIeM, ropallAo lioi|tJl)iltrctilltrllt|, c ,rltoiitu,rnr plAoM ottotlIeK,
ilil tioltx il(ul, rryilOJloill , llall xopaN{1r cocrpoeltbl lr0JrytrpytJlbte. c
I{eJle3HOro 6a.liltoua, rrro y ilil}tillero pfr/ly orrotuet(, BtrAt|a Jryqruarr
rlil(:Tl) ropolit lt llPorcltftlotllafl ll(tAJte onat'o Itarua c Jtecncrt)tMn oti-
p('(11'llo()'l'fl1\lll. Cttlt lla.rtit ()ttpo/loJtr)lta ,l1,rut lly6lltt.ntblx ycltttr':tttlii
y'!toillil;orr B ililytrax, lrM llpeiloAaBaeMr,tx. orilt ooyvatorcrl :tAecr,,
lialf ll IJO IJceX IJIaBIIbIX tIaI)OAltf,lX y{HJllilqax, TIHTATb, ItItCaTh, Il
rrAcrtr itprrcpue,lnxrr B AByx rrHauluxl a s 2 nrtunIIHX HJIaccax aat{o_
rv lio?rurr), .rrrcroii Mareuartrtte, neftoropbriu rracrrrM cMetrreulroii,
trar-ro.,Apxrrrerrrype lr Mexannxe, rarure @ueHxe, ECrecreelilroii,
l)occlriicrtoii ll Rceurrprroii llcroptnr; MareMarH,lecrrofi , Bceo6lrleii
rr l)occuiicrioii l'colparlurrr, pocbuiicxoi'ry, JlarnncnoMy H Iiu;i,ri-
tir)Nrj fr:|r,iliatvt, TaHurc prrcoBarnrro, noA pyKoBo/[cTr]oM 6 yvltr.eleii.
I'lanrloc crrc llapolrroc Y,lrrrr.ul(e c IrarraJlir o'u{prrrro 6l,tn<l n ,11c-
lxlll,|lllt()t\t lu)t\r(!, tr l{oot,I. 1'clltopt) rroMctrtelt ra3al)el, (ctu. nl,lttc lto,t1
llonr.. !)), 22 currul6grlr lTtt(j l.oAa B rlpncytclBurr noneyrrreJrn orra-
ltr llcllnrcrrofo l'y6eprrlropa, I'crrcllaii-llopyrlrNa,, itiuali,p,r
il;lru llacrrJrhct,rrrro Ito.rri'oucrror.o _ (n -o,r.cyrciiulr l.errepal-l.y6ep-
ttaTttlla) llpll l\tllox)rlttcJtenttot\r co6patuttt t]/lcilnntx qnnoBlIItHoB, tl
/tl)ynlx tlrarrrrii l(xlrr1'n,l.cJtrlii (cru. SS 2Z). Ilo cmcprrr l'-ga Itonr.oll_
('tior'o rrlrrrrUtrrrilttii ct'o,tloLDttno(:,t,t, uolto,ltl.cJlt, i..'l'aiittoii conel-
iltil( rt ltiluir.rrc-.11 ltap.lr <llrt,t1r)lx)Bilrr Mrry1c1lax oltoUrrilJt tr yrcpacltJt
lillMclllloc yrfllJlllll\lto() 3/(nttruo, yMIto?tulJl 6tl(l,rrttorctiy tto,liciltttn,1tr
r(illlraMIl., rrynJlcfilrrilMrr ila rrler' [[pr.rraaa'06111. rlplln., a MHtrc_
ltirltt'trr'tii tta(lt.rttcr: co6clBerrrrbrMu orJlurltrr,tMtr Mllepinarrln. B te.lc_
illrrr 1[] JIc',r, (: ilarlaJta ()Ttrl)ttrl.trfl llcpucltol.o l.lanilono Ilapo4nolrr
V,ltt,ltttnla, lrl,lutrtr nl| ortaro Nlttoute yileltlrrrrr, IrcttpaBJrrrrttt(ne c nox-
lrilJlot() pilliltrrtr) l(o.nt{tt()cl'rr; (:BCpx .ror0 o6pattoBilJlo oilo yvlrrcleii
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l)ilncr{oro, II116rrTcltilro, f lcpxorvpcrroro, - rlep4tflrcrom, colrrranr_
cl{oro, IlJlr,trrrcrtolo tt rol)lloro lra l-iotocJloBCttoM :}aRoAe, lroeJry?tilrB
llNl fJlilBlll,lIl oCtlOt]attttONr, ti:lt( nAMerIeilo Rl,IIttC.
_l 2) lloo6rr\c B r'opo/lc rril(,,r.nbrx /loMoB: (rrcrr.llroran onncarnrr,re
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nJtaly {}OI , craporo ct,lx)ellulr ll}0; Hroro Bcex'g5g; uu rrolrx 2{l
litlNlellltblX lt 465r /{epor3}iltrrrrrx n I rracTil; B Tor\,r rJrrCIe HVnerfecx}tX
It]6, ttll rionx Ir()r{o'to})bre !rocl,lx)eubI ua rraMenlrbrx uo/(RaJIax, Nrc-
ttlirrrt:ttrlr (i55.
}IT I,I T E JI H.
$ 112. ltporue cJryiuautrrx crarcnux, Boet{ttbtx H Apyrux, (cm. $ l4 tt
creAyrontlre) rracelnxlr ceii ropo4 tte n clyut6e cocrottuUle qHttoB-
llltl{lt, t{yllltl,l , Mcll(alle, :}aB(U(Cfitle MacTepollble' llOMelt$lrllH JII'OAIl
rr rrlx)v. l'ls rtttx vullollltntoB ue B c.ltyllt6e cocrottll{Hx o6oero ttruy
l2J, cBln\ernro u IlepHoBtlocJlylt*treJIcii:15, y tlltx tt(etlcI(a IIOJIv
2l); rryrrrlou Lro I70il to1 ctntf aJlr)ch ttoptloii nttlt,Atttt l, nropoii lt),
'rllcruii ll|5, ncex ll-rl-r, v unx ]t(ellcl(tl ItoJIy 255; rrtelrtarr 1026, na-
rroAcr$tx nrac'ttrpoRt'tx .1 l, IIoMCII(llrlhllx ltpecrbttll 48, ABOpOBbIX
rrrAeii lll(j, tnctanultx coJl/[o'r l]l]; ncex ilrc 1474 Aylutt Myffiecl(a
rroJry, ue c,nrrarr B ceM rlucre cJlyl(alI{Hx tt ttecJty}l(all(llx Crarcl(Hx
tr lJoettttt,lx Bt,ItIttutIx II t{ltttttlttx qttttoB.
a) B roru rurcJlc ctlllTaercl r\Iel(ltuttoB 12, cepe6pellllt(oB 2, nop-
rrrrtx 4, ryottetlon lB, leqtluKoB (i, canolmttllxos 6, HoroBIIlHItoB
(rtoH nnaec'r'e rr ltolneBuntttt) 20, rr,tnctttlHos 6, croJttlpoB 2, pelqnn
1, nnoruHrros 30, crecapefi 2, 6y,lotuuan 1.
6) Ho r(ari cne rrrrcJro MacrepoBblx ueAocraroqHo AJItr yAoBJIer-
Bopernrl rlceM rry]r{.r1arrt o6t,luarcleii, t'tl 3ilttHMalorcft cHMtI npoMblc-
JraMu, rrpoMo r\rt:tt(art u /q)yntx lsattNii JIto/ltI, oco6rueotlt callolnllll-
rleCTBOM, Ilt)p'l'llbll\l NIaCTepCTBol\'l, CToJIflpllOn lI nJIoTltt-tVtlorc pa6tl-
1'OIO, MaJlrllXll'ltoM ll lllx)tl ., t]O(!llll(X:Jlyll{all(llC' toCyAApC'fnelllll'IC ll
tlOltCll(lltlhll l(p0(1'l'l,Illl0, /llt()pottl,lC Jll(Ulll, :rlilll(UICI(lle MaC:TCpOBl,te ll
Apvnre tt6l,lna'le.llt iul('|uutlto ropoJ(il lt tlilcrl,K) yeilAllble' lrpllxoAtl-
lt(nc ctoAil ,l1.lur lta(lo'rr,r. llerto'r'o1x,lo npoMenlto saltHMatorctl Jlerot\t
tt pt't6tt0to JIortJlcH).
n) /[.rur fopronJtn Itl)ttcl]]t(ator clo/(a Ittlorlla Hra.lr,ntll1t,t, I[ecap-
t1t,l , llcfrrtll,t , It)rltett c l'aJtalt'tCI)eiittUtrult llClllaMll, lllCJlliolJblMtl ll
l(pytlttuil t\loJllll,lMll ll l\lcJlo(Illl,lrvlll ToBapaMll, Ttll()lte c qacaMtI, l(ap-
Tlln(AM1 1 1lx)Y.; ttlt l)tlcCltiiClillx I(llllrOllpoAaBl(bl C lllllllaMll 1l
riapTliltHat\til, lta:taltctttlc 'l'aTilpa 1l TOprolllll c paltllblMll lll{SOBbll\lll
Ir Martapr,t'UCliuMlt 'foBal)aNttt, C ll6Jtottault, opeXaMll , pbt6olo lt tlli-
poto; lJfl'l'ttillle c oBtlttltaMlt Il ApytllM ttty(ltlltrrl 'l'oBapOM, Tat{}lte Cyt(-
lloM CcpMtllltlll,lM, lltCpcTtlllLlMll (IyJlltalull II /lepeBfllttlolo nocyAolo;
VCr.loltartC 11pltBo3rtT caXap, ttlllla, nJIoAbl ll llel(OTopble Apyrll3 lll|
ApXallrelt,Cttit Rt,tBo3ttl\.Il,te IINItI rOIlapbl. []Ce ctltr ?ltllByT 3[€Cu lle-
lioTopoe IlpcMtl oCellbK) ll 3ltMon, tsll0ctl B ropoAcxylo AyMy lle-
(lOntUylo cy[ttly t]a llOl]BOJI(Illlle 'rOp[OBitTl llpllB€3ellllblMH TOBa-
[)aM il.
Itporyre cltX 3g[{olo lttttBcT tleCHoJl],Ko XrltttpeHtltVHKOB H_ 36IIT3II-
IrlHt(oB, npllcSlltamlltltx IIJITI cero IIpoMLlcJIa ll3 Mocxgll, Jlpoclau-
Jttr H ApyrrrX MeCl', a JIel'oM AJlrl cTpoellltfl I(aMellllblX A,qatlUii or{oJto
iX) rr Cig.rrec l{aMell(nllltoB ttll tlpocJlaBl(eB tt Illl]l{elopg/ltloB, ll lte-
I{OTOpoe rIllcJl0 Ilottllllltoll Il lllTyl{aTypoR.
30
IIPOI{3I1O/ICTI]9 PEryECJI, MAxI{}It I,
HHCTPYMEHTbI.
$ 1)3. tlro ltacaercl Ao upon3Il(ulcrRa peMeccJl !lt{)l\unt}Tl,ll\,ttt p(t-
lrocJleilllliaMu, To Hll ilHx a) copeopelllilill llNteK)'t B Tex llie llorlax,
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32
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33
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f 50.000 go 900.000 py6.rreii, ctlllran B 'l'oM rIHcre I{ ynorpe6Jlrle-
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o 2 lrtgJIbqX, g3 HOIIX lllt)fillee COCTaBJIgJIa cTpflIIyUlaS H36a IIJIH
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30
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s) lJAecr, ryqutue fiyttqbl ttocflT Hemetlltoe, a npoqne 6ont'tttc
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38
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pcl)Jlfltor f)orec l'()poAoltbtc (:alttt c mc/ltjt:?r(r,ltMtt lto.rt(:1,lMtt, iraJl()_
?l(e lliltrtll ilapoto t|Jllt onlloii Jtotua/lt,ro, Jl(]l'oJ\t .lnrrgiilttr 1 /tpo]t{xlr;
lioll cr;lpiltol'crt ilMc1'1, Jty{llililfl, tit,ililrcl)tuatt /l.nl .t gfo (] Mal(apt,ctr-
(:l(oii ,lflMitpltll, Icatt tt u('I() l(oncrtvt() ylll)lltu{v, nl\t(}1 ol',rt111tytg,
yoparrry'l ruelbro rr rporr. ,l3or6rrienr .nvrru'rc :lAerrrre xyrqbl B
o6x0trtgcut'Ir, craparcTcrl rro 6o.lturcii ,racrn llo/(po]r{ttrrr vrr}IoBsrr-
liaM, tIj\{efl c lilrMn rlacroe o6palqelttte; rrpoque?ti, ttOllx 60J[,lualt
rlocrf:, HaK H Meulatle, 3a][IMaIOlt{llecfl TopfoBJrem H npl.tSttlsrrulllt
llpoNILlcJIaA{lI, ltNterl Aocrarol{, orJutrta()TCfl ()T I(pyfltx 'roJtbtto Jryrl-
llUtnt /lo[{olt, xoporltili\,t ItJtarr,oM, yrror,pc6.rtcillteM rlax) tr 8cfit{ltx
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.rto ilo rro/(pa?Kafl trbillelilrreNry Bttvcy, rr0 6oncc yno4o6.uncr, (-cnr. $ 20)
It rt6hl'tatlx cBoIf M rtpeAttilt\{ oco6.ntinollr ctn.tct(nBatorr(uc ilpofl gralt]to
l)a6oron crloux pyr{ n rraiilronr B cnJlaB[(rtttrr tr pa6onrt,rrir ,,a cvAa.
lf3 l(ollx l\'tllortle lllltfcro ne ilM(!to't t(poNto tilx)cl.t,fltt(:ti;lt.o xy/lill.o
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tta llrtlnv, llo ll cill\ILIJI /lortiunrltl ncu(n. IIti lrirrlrrrr''rriI ctt\ 136.rira-
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t(otr iloJtyrtttfl ltit ceii ltv'rr, I{illt il ill)orllto l! (u(il().rict,o ()r.50 no 60
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lra l{oroPbr.\a nepeBo3r'r Hrrolra rra MaKapbcBcr{yn flpi\raprrv. I-3 1py-
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BOAbI; HllorAa 3aKynalor ollec AJIfl oTnpaBJre}t[r{ otraro B iltr3or]ble ro-
poAa, ecrhJlI.I y3Haltor, (rr() Aopo?t(L! f.iu,r rrpoAael,cl. IIe )/nyclti1lor (:.[)r_
rlatl Salty[art' rr flytliltblx'r()BilpoB, 1t ol'npflBJtftIO,r oHbte Ita Mattapt,ori_
39
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cBOero KaI|nTara.,(pyrne SaHrtMafl cb rroApflAar\fl r, coAep]r(aT Tar{}ric
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rtpe3 cile BbrroAy tror{ynanuurM. ll nporreM TopnyrcT oilbrMH t(a,t(Aoii
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ro/(orc no Bocl(peceHbnM, ltorAa 6unarcr c'bc3/lbl, Ito Bpcl\iltl flpl\la-
por( lr npeA npa3AilfiHaMrI, oco6nilBo npc/( flacxolo selllynJlellllblc
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B Clte BpeMg, lle ocraBJIflIoT SaHHMaTbCfl rlepeToplltKorc cel{4, ollca
n Toruy nOIo6ttaro. Camrte cTOJIflpbt I.t IcyBHeqLl, sallllN{atlcr CB()llIl
l)cnrccJtoM, csArIT raKllte ll lla l\{al{apheBc}ty}o flpMapky 3a roBapa-
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ilpovlre tlte N[eu(alte, :]attttMagcb BttMoto, Becltorc tt gcellblg .lIl16t;
nepeTop'trcnorc pasttblx MeJIOrIttbtx ToBapOB, nH6O nJlOTllHqecTBol\l,
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nrrro rop(u(o Ir0 o98ll6 Dallqla tt ltpollSnollttTcrl ooJlee lla Kpo/{llr
(ct'r. $ 20). Cto.ttrt{o }tte MaJloBa]ttltbt l{yneqecrllc saBoAbl.
SABOAbI H nPOrI.
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rrue rr 4 ronteseilHble, Aa B Bblrotle ropoAcKoM I canoronelllroii, I
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:ir|Ax" rr,fic-'rrry; Bce.x.lrro 'rioirrllou 6rrlarc.r, r crx c1,cl/{ax rorrrrlil
ii'(,'u(' -- 'lr'(x)o Pvri;teii. Catlttt rtte rtlx)crr,Jlrro nor(vrraJo.r. nu ropro-
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uo(t't'n rra l.(XX) - - 2.000 py6"rrtrii.
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$ 3B. Iio.nr,'rafl /(opofa,.rrly[(afi .lpea ceii ropoA roJrHftoe qHcno
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45
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46
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47
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< Vf h.rruci<oro rtonih ur,oief irord Ab r'r i r :
r-na B. B. Eobnroilte.
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