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Lecture 8
Representatives of the Rosidae subclasses
(the Rose, Legume and other Families)
Authors
as. Kernychna I.Z.
.
The Rose Family - Rosaceae
? GROWTH FORMS: in family of Rosaceae is large: there are glassy
plants, bushes, lianas, trees, shrubs
? Stems: there are straight (apple tree), creeping (strawberries).
? Leaves are simple or compound.
? Flowers are actinomorphous, bisexual, from 5-, rarer by a 4membership double perianth. A bowl is sometimes with a subbowl
(strawberries are forest). Stamens much. Ginecey is differenf The
?owers also have 5-4 sepals, usually four nectar glands, and many
stamens. Ovary: epigynous or hypogynous
? FLORAL FORMULA * Ca (5) Co 5,4 A? G?,(2-5), 1
? Inflorescences: raceme (European bird cherry), umbrel (hawthorn,
cherry), corymb (apple-tree), compound corymb (rowan-tree) and
other.
? Fruit: fleshy fruits, for example, drupe (cherry, apricot, olive),
aggregation of drupes (raspberry), pome (apple, hawthorn),
pseudocarp (strawberry)
Dog rose
(Rosa canina)
? It is the shrub with
small thorns. The
leavers are pinnate,
with 5-7 leaflets.
Usually the flowers
are white. They
have five petals,
and mature into an
oval red-orange
fruit, or hip.
? The fruit has a fiveangle space on the
apex
There is a round
hole on the apex
of fruit
Uses: hip as
vitamin,
atherosclerosis,
hypertensive
illness, anemia
Cinnamon rose
(Ro?sa maja?lis)
Redhaw Hawthorn Crataegus sanguinea
They are shrubs and
small trees growing to 515 m tall, characterized
by their small pome fruit
and thorny branches.
Uses: leaves, flowers
and fruit show
cardioactive,
desensitizing activity,
spasmolytic and sedative
effect.
Strawberries are forest ?
? ve?sca
Fraga?ria
is a herbaceous perennial
plants that have
compound leaves with
three hairy. The flowers
are white, bisexual, on
long thin peduncles, have
for 5 white petals. Fruit
is pseudocarp
(strawberry). Uses: The
leaves and the fruit diuretic, tonic,
cholagogum means.
RASPBERRY ? (Rubus
idaeus L) It has a
perrennial plant which
bears biennial stems
("canes") from the
perennial root system.
Plant has large pinnate
leavers with five or seven
leaflets. Inflorescence
is the сorymb-recame. The
fruit is red, or yellow edible,
sweet, aggregation of drupes
Uses: The fruit ? vitamin,
diaphoretic means in
influenza, high temperature
It is deciduous shrub
with simple pinnate
leaves. The flowers
are borne in
corymbs; each
flower is white with
five petals. The fruit
is a small nigra
pome
Black
chokeberry
(ARONIA ? Aronia
melanocarpa
Uses: The fruit ?
hypotension,
antisclerotic, vitamin
means
Rowans or mountain ashes
(So?rbus aucupa?ria )
There is small trees or
shrubs with compound
pinnate leaves and
compound corymbs
inflorescens. The fruit
is a small red pome.
Uses: fruit as vitamin,
diuretic and tonic
means.
European bird cherry ?
Pa?dus a?vium
Prunus is a trees and
shrurs. Leaves are simple
and usually lanceolate.
The flowers are usually
white to pink, with five
petals and five sepals.
Inflorescences - racemes.
The fruit is a drupe.
Uses: fruit as astringent
means.
Tormentil cinquefoil - (Potenti?lla
ere?cta)
? The grassy perennial
with woody rhizome.
Most of its flowers have
4 petals. Other Potentilla
species have 5. Other
features: A low-growing
plant. Most leaves have
three leaflets plus two
large stipules at base
looking like leaflets.
? Uses: Rhizomes as
astringent, haemostatic
means.
Garden
burnet
(Sanguiso?rba officina?lis)
? It is a herbaceous
perennial plant growing
to 1 m tall with
compound pinnate
leaves. The fruit is nut.
? Uses: Rhizomes and
roots as astringents,
haemostatic haemostatic
means.
Pear
Apple tree
? Ma?lus dome?stica
Legume family
GROWTH FORMS: grassy plants, rarer bushes, lianas or trees.
Underground organs: The taproot system with bacteriorhiza (large
range of other organisms including bacteria also closely associate with
roots) (1). Leaves: mainly various compound. Inflorescence: more
raceme (6), rarely head or umbrella. Flowers: papillionaceous, bisexual,
zygomorphic with a double perianth. A bowl is 5-membership. Androcey
(9) consists of 10 stamens: one it is outweighed free, other accrete to the
half. Ginecey is monocarpous (10). Fruit: Legume is dry dehiscens pod
that splists on two sides on sides (11).
Кас?я гостролиста (сена) Ca?ssia acutifo?lia
Senna (Casia
angustifolia) is a
small bush with
pinnately compound
leaves and yellow
flowers.
Active ingredients:
sedasen.
USES: Leaves and
fruit of plant as a
laxative meants.
Spiny restharrow (Ononis arvensis)
? Spiny restharrow (Ononis
arvensis) is a perennial glassy
plant or low shrub with a thick
rhizome and root. Leaves are
tree compound. Flowers are
rose, located single in bosoms
leaves.
? Active ingredients:
flavonoid-glycosides, essential
oils and tannins.
? USES: root are diuretic,
cholagogum, desinticiues
means.
Termopsis lanceolate (Thermopsis
lanceolata)
Termopsis lanceolate
(Thermopsis lanceolata) is a
perennial grassy plant with a
long rhizome and tree
compound leaves. Flowers
are yellow.
Active ingredients: alkaloid
USES: herb as expectorant
means and seed use for
poisonings, shock states.
Liqurice or sweet Liqurice or sweet root (Glycyrrhiza
glabra) is a grassy perennial with
root (Glycyrrhiza pinnately compound leaves,
covered by grandular hairs. Has
the well developed rhizome and
glabra)
roots. Flowers are violet,
collected in raceme. The fruit is
an oblong pod, 2?3 centimetres
(about 1 inch) long, containing
several seeds
Active ingredients: root and
rhizome contain flavonoid,
saponine.
USES: root and rhizome as a
expectorans, spasmolyticum
mean.
Yellow sweet
clover (Melilotus
officinalis)
Yellow sweet clover
(Melilotus officinalis) ? is
biennial glassy plant with
tree compound leaves.
Flowers are yellow,
shallow, collected in a
raceme. The above-ground
organs (grass) of melilot
apply as a coughing up,
sedative mean.
Active ingredients:
coumarin, protein, organic
acid.
USES: herb ? expectorants,
anticoagulans, sedativum,
analgeticum means.
Common bean -
Phaseolus
vulgaris
Plant contain
protein, vitamin
B6, folic acad
and etc.
Other plants subclassis Rosidae
The Crassulaceae family
Snowdon rose (Rhodiola
rosea) is the grassy
perennial plant brought to
the ?Red book of Ukraine?.
Active ingredients:
flavonoids, tannins, essential
oils.
Uses: The underground
organs of plant called a
?gold root? and used as
tonicum mean.
The Gooseberry family (Grossulariaceae)
Currant black (Ribes nigrum) is small bush with simple 3-5-blade
sheets. Flowers are rose-greenish, collected in inflorescence raceme.
Fruit - black berry.
Active ingredients: contain many vitamins C, organic acids, mineral
matters.
Uses: fruit and leaves - antiscorbuticum means.
The Saxifrage family
(Saxifragaceae)
Leather bergenia (Bergenia
crassifolia) is grassy
perennial with the lengthened
horizontal rhizome. Leaves
are oval, coriaceous,
collected, in a rosette.
Flowers are whiter-rose. In
Ukraine cultivate for the
purveyance of rhizome which
contains the tannic matters
Active ingredients: tannins.
Uses: rhizome as astringents
means.
Linen family (Linaceae)
Flax (Linum usitatissimum) is
annual grassy plant with the
simple lanceolate leaves located
by turns. Flowers are
actinomorphic, bisexual, with a
blue 5-membership chaplet. A
fruit is a small сapsule with
brilliant brown seed which
accumulate butters and mucus.
Active ingredients: mucilage.
Uses: seed as
protectivum,emollins and
laxans means.
Eucal?ptus (Eucal?ptus
globulus) is high
evergreen tree from family
to Myrtaceae.
Two types of leaves: 1 ?
older lanceolate or falcate,
2 ? young egg-shaped.
Active ingredients:
essential oils.
Uses: leaf ? gesinficiens,
expectorans,
antiphlogisticum.
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