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Лещенко В.Ю. Серебро закамское. (Пермь,1974)

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Лещенко В.Ю. Серебро закамское. (Пермь,1974)
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eMy, tITo 3a HI'IMI'I I'IAgr qeJIoBeK' Bor tleroeeK ocraHoBl4Jlcfi
r.r, He cJIbIIla uryMa IIIaroB' sacIIeurItJI B[epeA' XyptuIl4 cge-
JIaJI CnyrHHKa'M SHaK OCTaBaTbcg Ha MgcTe' a caM B HecKoJIb-
Ko MflrKHx rlpblxrKoB Aocrl{r HnIulI B noprane ue;e11, !-1-
NY3T HC3HAKOMIIA BO3HI'IK BCEIO B OAHOM IIIATC OT AYPIIIHAA'
oiqyqasueno cnnsofi renrlo KaMeHHbIx t"91" ry-:rytT:-:i
aelir. XypruLIA MoIqHbIM ABHIKeHIIeM npaBoI'I pyKI'I crpe{)
H$HaKoMIIa II pBaHyJI r ce6e. Tor se ugAar 'HlI sByKa' IIo-
HflB, ITO EIO )KI'I9Hb'BI'ICI'IT HA BOJIOCKE.
Xypuu4.
-'- Aa, - eABa cJIbIIuHo '[oATBepAxn H$HaKoMeq'
- Klo flocJIaJI te6q?
- BeAom'c"rso rafiHono cblcKa'
- tfro ouo sHaer o sac?
- fl eure'He ycIIeJI Hltqero ryAa Aonox<lirb'
- Kax re6a soeYt?
- AxueA cuu MaHcYPa'
2l
F;.
''ial
!: t -
.- Tu, KoHeqHo, KJIgJIcfl Ha KopaHe xpaHI'ITb cBorc TafiHy'
3uaeun JII,I rbl, qro 3a HapyuIeHI'Ie KJIffTBtil re6s xAet MeIIIoK
c Kp acrlbIMI,I nqe.rlauu?
- floaapure rMHe xH3Hb' u
.rrr,rJlcfl Axr,reA.
n craxy te6e,
6ur pyxa xapuA-
ff npHroxycb BaM,-B3MO-
- Aoroxttlllb B BeAoMcrBo ro' qro
u noMHH: HeT MecTa, KyAa He ,U,OTflHynacb
xtuTa.
JI eroHrxo,rloAron KIIyB, H es aAaqJIu Boro Axu eAa., Xypur n'l
BepHyJI'cs K cBoI'IM rooipl'lutartt. Ees npurrrc'Ient,tft oHil Ao-
6p'a.rrucr K ycJIoBneHHoMy BpeMeHI4 Ao KyneqecKofo KBapr&'
ni. Mo.ttttu.nssufl crryrnirr Xycefiua n Xyptuuaa HerpoMKo
flocrvqar B Bopora 6blruroro AoMa' u oHH 6es cxpuna npn-
ffip;;;"-. uy'"ct"oua.tnocb, 1rl!o 3Aecb xAaJIu rocteft-' Clyra
c xuDoBbIM cBerI'IJIbHI'IKoM B pyKe IIpoBen ux no aa6upt'tnry
xousa'r s 6orrluoft 3a.tl' yerJlaHnufi AoporI'IMI'I KoBpaMIt'
C6pocua c ruIeq flJlaulu' ouu^yAo6uo 'pacnonoxrJll{cb Ha
co$e n oxI,IAaHUI,I xosquna. o'H Soruen u upuBercrBoBaJl
BCex [oKnoHOM.
---i(FtI; .;a.nu IIIayuaQgPo*, Ha BuA gnrv 6u'rr91e -6:l:
ure riuauaru rlflrll .ier. llle;rxonufi xatprau JIaAHo cI{A11
Ha ruHpole{x uJleqax. flurnreble rJIaSa BbIAaBaJII'I B HeM
sHnrr{ai€nsHoro co6eceAnura. fl oc.lre rp aAuquosHblx Bonpo-
coB o ceMbe H 3AopoBbe 6.npIgxux lllayua$ap nonHrepeco-
BaJICg IIeJIbIO HOIIHOI0 BI',ISIITa.
--- - iiu* ,r"."tno, roqrenuuft lllaiuraQap, = uaua'rr Xy-
cefin,-qro rbl or,IIpaBI{IIIbcff BcKope c 6onuunu KaparBaHoM
ua Cenep.
- gepes HeAeJIIo KapaBaH ornpaBlTcfl B nyrb'
- Md xoreJII{ 6u npr'rcoe.u,}rHllrbcff x rc6e c HecKoJIbKltMIa
cnyTHUKa'MH.
Kyaa n c raxofi 4eJIbIo'BbI HanpaBJlserecr? t
- H-arua KoHeqHafl IIeJIb' KaK I'l TBog,'croJll{qa ceBepHhlx
BapBapoB - ropoA By.nrap. flo nopyvelnlo Haulero noBeJIIt-
Tetls MbI AOJIX(HbI 3anl{carb BCe yBI',IAeH'IIOe 14 yqnblIIIaHHOe
B nyrr u, BepHyBIuHcb, AoJIoIKI{Tb eMy o5o sceM' t
23
IIo nuqy IllaynrjQap,a Helrbsfi 6H.ro noHsrb, noBepr..rJr
.rrn oH o6rscsenuro Xycerina. Peurarcqunl apryMeHToM Or(a-
sa.rlllcb HecKoJrbKo Kpy[Hbrx py6ttuon, noqBilBuruxcs Ha Jra-
4oHz Xycerisa. BusuareJrbHo ocMorpeB ,lx, Illayrua6;p t;-
MexHyr_c-q n cKasaJr, He cKpblBas r{poHI.rH:
- Moxeub npacoeAuHlrrb,cfl co cBolrMr{ crpaHHr.rKaMH
K MoeMy KapaBany. Ecnz osil K roMy xe rpenxue napHr.r,
TO B AO_p_Ore 3T0 BCerAa Trpr{roAHTcff.
- Msr xoreru 6u, noureuuuli lllayuaQap, ns6exam
ocMorpa Harrrero rpysa Ha raMolKne,_A06aBr.ur Xyceriu, r,r
1_3^-"".9 JrzIoHH cBeprcryJrH HecKo.lrbKo r{syMpyAoB qBera Mop_
cKoH BO.rrHbr. KorAa oHH_ nepeKoqeBaJrl.t rB KO[rgreK IIIaynr-a_
Qapa, ror y)Ke 6es y.nu6xn brserflr:
- 06 sroM MHe HylKHo noAyMart.
XyceftHa c roBapzrrlaua npoauz o6parno K BroporaM,
r4 oHLr co BceMH [peAocropoxHocrqMr.r BepnyJrr.r,cb s Abr,r, He
Koroporo BbrrrrJrn xaxofi-un6yAb rrac HasaA.
Ilogsqxnsaq KofioKorbrlaMlr, 6o.nrurofi KapaBaH noqrr,r H3
TpexcoT Sep6nrcIon BbrrrreJr B COnpoBoxAeHr.t.H orDs.[a oxDa_
Hbr H3 Bopor Vprenua. flpeanpansrue Xvceri,so^f "o."""i"_
poxuocru oKasaJrr.rcb He Ha,npacnuruu. Eue Ao eHxoaa us
IOp OAa Ta MOlKeHHr.rKH TrrIaTeJrbHo ocMoTp eJrE BbrBosr{M bre ro -
Bapbl It He B'cKpbUIll roJIbKo HecKoJIbKo rIoKoB, Ha KoroDbrx
croffJra rreqarb caMoro Besupa xanuQa. Osz c coxa.rreuueu
o6our.nu 3Tn rronu cropoHoft, r.r Xycefin yOearurrca, vro-;;;;
rreqarb B MycyJrbMancroft crpaHe xpaHr4Jra roBapbr or x(aA-
Horo oKa HaACMOTpIIIT,TKoB Jryque oTpqAa MeqHrrKoB.
r\apaBaHy [pencroffJro np^ofirn canrufi rqxenHfi yqacroK
IIyTH rrep$ flecKr.r vcrropra. cnacare.nlHbrx KapaBaH_capaeB
BAec-b He 6Hno coecelr. HeMHoroql4cJrreHHbre r,o.lroAuu 6unr
sacbrnaHbr necKoM. t_u "1",nyrr,r paccrvrilalrr4cb'Oup*u"ll,
cMeHflBlrruecff rJIa,ztKHMu 6enuuu nqrHaMI{ TaKbrpoB. f;p;:
qrft sos,Eyx o6xaran .irerKxe r.{ HccylraJr nce xri"oe. Bday
6eper;rn r(aK senr,rqy ora. Ee "urnr"" *ox(aHbrx Oypalo*fr',
24
npnropoqeHHblx K CeAJIaM Bep6nIoAoB. 6e3 BoAbI I'IX X'E'ata
B nycTbIHe cMeprb.
- kyceftH nopaournca c ra,pasan-6arJrur vt, c rpyAoM lueBe-
Jrff nepeooxtilIlMn ry6auu, cflpocl'IJl: .-
-^ Korla MbI AocrfirHeu pexn? ,IlouraAu AoJIro He npo-
Aepx(arcfl.
Blepe4lr nelerrnti rlyrb' - yKJIoHI'IJIcfl or npsMoro
orBera lllayura$ap u Ao6asIUI: - Eeporu eo4y'
tlepea iua .inn npl4luJlocb ocraBurb xonefr, He noAHflB-
[rrrxcfl locJle rrpI'IBaJIa. Tocxnusoe p)Kanue noKI{HyTbIx }KI{'
BorHbIx AoJIro 3ByqaJIo B yIIrax yxoALBIIrHx noAefi'
IrlsorAa B MapeBe IIy'crbIHH Bo3IrI{KaJIH oaSI'IcbI' [oJIHbIe
nuuruofi pacrure.ltluocru. flpn BHAe 3TI{x KaprIiH npoBoAHI'I-
Kr4 Ka p a B aH a pyr a Ju,r IIp oAeJI KI.I Ut aft taH a' xoTgBIIIelo JII]llII{Tb
"* orsvNna. O,4FIaxaH Ha ropl'I3onTe IIoKa3aJIacb AJII'IHHatI
ro.ny6an JIeHTa PeKI'I.
- Boaa! - paAocrHo 3aKrptlrlafln JIIo,u'il'
Cxopo r<apauan npu6nusu.ncn x uupoxoit peKe c 3apo-
cJrflMx i<arurmurefi no 6eperalt. Bcex oAoJIeBaJIo oAHo xeJla-
HlIe - 6pocnrucr B BoAy Ii rllirb' nfirl 6es KoHtla' OAsaro
Itlayura$ap [pHKa3aJI MeAJleHHo BbIrIIltTb AJIfl yToJIeHvfl cvtJrb-
rroirxa>rAuToJIbKonoHecK,oJIbKy|JIoTKoBBoAbIIltHeAa-
Barb Mnoro BoAbI xI4rBorHbIM. Cxopo nce y6eAu'nlIcb B npa-
"oi" nynuu. oAilH I'I3 BoIlHoB xaAHo rIpH[aJI K BoAe I4
AoJrfo ie iuor or Hee oropBarbcf' 9epes KoporKoe BpeMs
on yna;t Ha 3eMJIIO' cxBaTIIBIUI{cb 3a XI'IBOT I',I Kopqacb
o"r 6onu.
- Sror yp'ox nofiAer re6e Ha noJIbSy' - cKa3aJI IIoAo-
ure,u.rruft HaqaJIbHI'lK oxp aHbI.
Kapaean orAbIxaJI flocJle rffx<eJloro nepexoAa
14 roroBI'IJIcs oAHoBpeMeHHo K rlepenpaBe' BoNsu
uILIKLI pe3aJIlI KaMbIIII vl Llg 6o'nlurux cBfl3oK '
IIJIOTbI.
ABA AH'I
I,I ilofol{-
TOTOB'I'IJIII
B [pI4-
BOI,IHOB
ra6aua
Vrpoirl LI BeqepoM noqrl'I Bce yxoAHJIrH Ha ox'ory
6pexrirre n.naeuu, KI{IileBIII[e AlIqbIo' Hecro'ulro
"'ur*"yn"co Ha craAo AI'IKIIX Cnllueft, I'I ABa MOJIOAbIX
25
f'
I
I
t
,!
,j
naJrJ{ noA yAapaun ronnfi. florpenoxeHHble JIIoAbMI'I' ll3
.maeHefi noannrrranncr 6ecquc.lteinue crall yroK n rycefi'
Vx 6talu HaB3JIer H3 nyKoB. Eonlnre Bcex orJurIHJIcfl xyp-
r"a. noaonultlxn 6unu cBI'IAereJIaMI'I ero crpeJll6t't u c se'
[pr,rKpbITbIM yAI{BneHneM roBopI'lJII{' qro' HaBepHoe' caM uraI,t-
TaH [OMOraer sTOMy noBKoMy BoHHy' He cAenaBIIreMy H]l
oAHoro. IIpoMaxa.
-- Hairy,uuflo BpeMfl 'IlepelparBbl qepee peKy' Tpxn c to'
BapaMI4 [Orpy3Hnlr Ha KaMbIIUOBbIe IIJIOTbil' u Ha HHX ]Ke
ea'6pa.nacs qicm .nro,qeft. Apyras qacrb nepenpaBnflJlacb Ha
IJIOTaX, CBqSaHHbIX I"I3 HaAyrblx BoSAyxo-M KoxaHbrx MegIKOB'
Bsre,4 sa [JloraMt'l "a "tray y ln4eft nJIIIJII{ sep6'rrn4ut
H flOIUAAH. :
Bucrpoe reqeHlte cHocI'IJIo BHus florlTr'I HeynpaBnfleMble
cyAeuuurixn. Asa I'I3 'HI{x rrotraJll,t Ha cepeAI'IHe peKlr B obl-
aip*y fl :nepeBepHyJrtlcb. /Inol" ,IIbIraJI,ucb yAeplKarbcfl Ha
soAe, HO TflXeJIbIe oAelKAbI TsHynI{ BHI',I3' U oHIt cKp}r''Il{cb
noa iroaon. .[,na octa;llHblx flepenpaBa SaKoHrILJIacb 6naro-
uoJIyqHO, I{, coBepuluB MoJIlIrBy' oHn rpoHyJII'ICb B AaJIbHeII-
uruft nym qepes creflu'
Haqa;rtHIEr oxpaHbl npeAynpeAnJl Bcex' rITo a crertgx pbl-
cKaroT B flrotrcKax 4o6nun pas6oftuzul]I ApyxLIHbI [eqeHeroB'
KoropHe HanaAyr Ha KapaBa'H upn uepnoft Bo:Molll9c]]l'
Crain BbI'craBJIf,Tb Ha Hoqb AoSopbI' B Koropblx yqacrBo'
saili u BoI,IHbI XYcefirHa.
Ku*-to nepel, paccBeroM BoHHhI Xyceftna 6ulu pas6y-
)KeHbI lIryMoM, AoHocI'IBIuIlMcfl or 6.nuxatiuero K'HI'IM Ao3o-
pa. Tax'KaK Bce cnaJII{ He paSAeBarcl, oc'na6I'IB roJIbKo
'pertr"n o6ynu, ro qepes MI'IHyry oHL yxe Yqall:l-sco Bcex
iror r aogopy, pa3nl'Iqat rpoMKne cronbl 14 Jlfl3f Meqen'
Bocerrri neqeHeroe 'HaceAanl{ co Bcex cropoH na ABYX
.rlo3opHblx. Te crosnlt Apyr K Apyry cnuuoti It orqaruno
l"t-ti*r"".i. o,u,n" lls AbiopHtilx-6u'n .rff)Kerlo panen' Bpa-
xecxnft BoHH npHroroBHJI apKaH, qto6u krsr,ailfl HaKI'IHyrb
Ha urelo pauenolay, g9 s 9TOT MOMeHT IIOSBI'IJII4Cb XapUAXI',IrLil'
B uuay- cxBarKI{ Bparu He saMerl{'['u l{x' u rpll 'neqeHera
n
6u.nn cpaxeHbr nepBbrMr.r xe yAapauz. OcralrHbre nepemJrr.r
OT HAIA.IICHA'I K 'AIII-HTC. XYCCftHY YAAJIOCb OTTOCHPITb CAMO.O
pocnorc B cTopoHy. He .uasaq Bpary onoMHrrrbcfl, oH resHl,ln
ero no Kpyr.y MoTIIHbTMH BsMaxaMil ueqa. OrqarHr.re npu.[a-
XT9^_T-*"j-.erI cr.rrrbr, r.r oH yMerro orpaxarr yAapbr Xyiefina.
YT-3I? :IBcTBoBarrocb, qro oH Aorrfo He TrpoAepxr.rrcn.
HeAKo'Haxo,4nJrcfi nporr,rB'r{x, p aunufi Xy,ceriny- n fl iryccrse
py6xu MesoM. O6uanyn neqegera .toxuui,r sHnaAor,,r, Xldt;
1j3l"11Tl-g__n_epe6pocr.rr Meq B rreByro pyKy r{ oo cTpaurnoft
cnJroH ony'crnJr ero ,nJrarrrMfl Ha IrrJreM nporroHnra. Orny-
IueHHbrfi, Tor pyxHvJr Ha geMJno.
Xycefin 6pocrur-ca Ha noMorrlb roBapvruaM, n cxopo noqru
Bce neqeHerr,r [oJrerurrr noA yAapaMr] xapr,rAxr{mn.'B cyua_
Toxe cxBarKlr roJrbxo oAr.rH nerreHer npo6pan,c, K croflBrrrr,rM
nooflaJrb JrorxaArM H ycKar(aJr B TeMHOTy.
^ IIIyrur HorrHono 6on pas6yI"n nocr'enurHo Becb JrareDb.
cxopo np'cKaKaJr orprA oxpaHbr, Ho Bce b"i"o v"*u n;;#;.
Ornyrueunnri neceHer ,nocreneHHo npaureJr s ie6s ", ai"u_
TIIBIII?ICb 3A TOJIOBY, NPOTfix<HO 3ABbIJI Or STO6H I.I OTgAflHU'.
rro,4raJrKHBar rynbIM KOHTIOM KOnbff B CnrIHy, ero npLrBeJrH
B Jrarepb.
fleqener 6es crpaxacMorpe,r Ha uepuo6opoAono Kynrla,
CI,IACBIIICTO S ,CgOEfi NAJIATKE BMCCTC c. TOJIMAqOM II3 TIJIC-
MeHH fy3oB.
- Krc rbr ,r.r K Kar{oMy flp].rHaAJrex(nrrrb yJrycy? _ npe_
pBar Moiqanue IIIayruaQai.
- fl-Ea,qxenl, crin'6era yJry,ca rynafinon. 3aarpa
xe Boltgbr Moefo oTrla COTpyr Ba,c B noporuoK, a sa Morl
[o3op Bc:noproT BCeM XHBol.br...
- JaMorqr, _,cypoBo npepBa,r ero lllayura$ap. _
Ilpex,ue geM Balu,r Bor,rHbr nprrKouqar ,Hac, rbr noJrvqurrrb
crofi yaap KLt.HxaJra. 3nali rarxe, cnecunufi ."; 6;;i;;;
Ka,paBaH HaxoAr,rrcfi [roA 3aulrrrofi ruleueuu ry3oB, paBHoro
no ctrJre KoTopoMy HeT B CTenr.r.
DaA)KeM 3Hat, KOHeqiHo, o cuJle rySoB Ir, rroHypI,IB TOJIOBy,
H:IIqefO He OI!B€[X{'.
2E
Vrporvr KapaBaH ABPIJIyJIcfi B [Iyrb' ocraBHB pf,AoM c Me-
crortl nplraaJla MorIrJIy. B seft norpeS-.un no MycyJIbMaHc(oMy
o6uqaro BoI,IHa, yMepmero or paH. K no.rtyltlto npomnfi flo
sHxxeHHoft co.rlHuertl crenu He 6o.nuue Aayx $apcaxon'
Bapyr BAaJII,I paSAanct ryJI' HaKarbleagllrlailcq na nnx' Eou-
Hbr xopolllo sHaJIV, qro TaK ryAur 3eMJIff nOA HeOTBparljMo
Hale'iaeileficn xounofi .rrasofi .
Ka'pasau crpyAllJlcfl s oAHo Mecro, u per,Kaff qenb BoI'IHoB
BcraJra Ha ero saulurY. Cxopo Mox(Ho 6rr.no pasnuqlTb JIHUa
HaTIaAaBIIJI{X il pacKpblTble B npoTff)KHOM KpI{Ke prbl' na pac-
cTorrHIt?I noJreTa cTpeJIbI . oT Ka,paBaIIa JIaBa paSAe_JII4JIaCb
Ha ABa IIoroKa I'I oKpylKlIJIa ero 'co Bcex cropou' Illnpoxo-
cKyJIbIe'BoHHbIcSaIIJIeTeHHbIM}IBKoc}IqKI,IBoJIocaMHorJla-
rrraJlu Bo3Ayx KpI'IKaMU U >r<EAilU TOJIbKO CI',ITHaJIa BoxAq'
qro6u pranymca- Ha nerxyrc .qo6uqy. B soeAyxe cBepxaJII{
nreur rz^xprisl,teca6nu. B pvxax y MHOIHX neqeHeros brtfi_Il
BoJrocrIHbIe apKaHbI, Koropble npn JIoBKoM 6pocre onyrblBa-
nlrcb BoKpyf ropna il sHilru6anl'I BcaAHIIKa I{3 ce,4na'
Vs piriron neqeneroe BbIexaJI 6orato oAetnir seJIoB-eK
e 6necrgilIeft xonluyre n IIrJIeMe, noKpbIToM nosororoft' OH
DC3KI'IM |OJIOCOM 3 AKPI'qAJI :
' - fle uoft cun-Eaaxena? Ecnu eH y6ntu ero' ff npll-
xaxy uepy6mb tscex Ha rYcru!
Co ,ci6ponu KapaBaua pa3AaJlcs rpournft ro'noc IIIay-
rua$apa:
-'Eer rvraftHos! Teoft cHH roJIbKo 'cnyuafino ocraJlcs
xne. He ae,nb xpa6poro BoI4Ha HanaAarb KaK noAJIoMy Pa3-
6ofiunry na uuiHufi KapaBaH. Tu nonyuul'b cBoefo cblua.
tZ ,uno""", 6ei: uu ns 6oun'Icn rBoIIx yrpo3' lysrr nsanu
Hac noA cBoe TIOKpOBI4TeJIbCTBo' I'I OHI',I pa',cTonrlyr KoHffMI{
rnofi ynyc, ecJIlI ocMeJII4IIIbcn HapyilI?Irb saKoH rocrenpn-
t4 M,CTBa.
Pasrrpenurrfi 6er npornorl'IJl o6Hny. OH ana'n, qro rysFn
He npocrflT euy nanaAeHl'Ifl Ha KapaBaH' u s 6ec'cfiarHoit
flDocrtl ng6usan rauqofi fapu,eBaBllrefo noA HI'IM KoHt'
'-' l4 g qestp a Karp aB aH a xoiesrtanfi uu BbIToJIKHyJIU EaAxeMa'
99
F-.
i-
Orrycrun roJroBy, on no6pe.n K cBoeMy otrly. Eer ,cunbHo
Bbrrrrnyjr SaAxeua xauqofi uo srrnHe n i<puxny.n:
- Tu HaBJreK no3op ,Ha cBoro ro.lroeyl B6sHsl ry.uaftuon
npeAnoqr{Taror nJreny cueprs!
flo npnxasy 6era Ba.qxeMy noABeJru Kogfl. 3areu naor_
HOe KOJIbIIO nelleHeroB pa,ccrynr.rJrocb, oTKpbrBas KapaBarry
Aopory.
Kogsuqa crenHflKoB crosJra Ha Mecre Ao rex nop, noKa
KapaBaH He CKpEil.rrcf H3 BHAa.
Ecnu se cqr{Tarb nocrosHuofi yrpo3br HarraAeHufi cremrofi
BOJIbHI{qbr, To nyleuecTBr.re KasaJrocb Tenepb xapilAxHTaM
Iaxe npr-rflrHbrM. CrenHas pacrureltbHocri cra;ia 6oraqe.
Kpyrou paocruJraJrlt,cb BbrcoKr.re KoBbl.rrbHbre rpaBbr, gaxphr-
BaBIItr,te fl€rrrer.o qeJIoBeKa noqru Ao ,rlogca. Hacro na nmi.l
Bcrperrarucb cra,{a cafiraxos H nyrnr,rBbrx r(ocynb. I4s_no,l
caMbrx nor xo,uefi paccblfiaJr.r{cb ts cropoHbr [epeneJrr4Hbre
BbIBoAKI,r,,oIIa,caJI,I,icb 6ercreoM TffxeJrble creIIHble nrlrrrbl
apoQu. He6o;rtru,ue o3epa, y Koropbrx ocraHaBJrr,rBa.tru,cb r{a
npilBaJl, KLTUeJII{ pu6ori. flo cnonau npoBoAHH,Koo, r erori
6naroAarnoft crenu HasuHarucb 3eMJrH 6auxup. .
Metrrue rpynnbr 6aruxtpcrux BcaAHrKoB .noffBJrrJrucb
LIHOTAa B npeAenax ,Br.rALtMOcTLr,KapaBaHa r{, ,nocTofB Ha Me_
cre, Ll,cqesallg aa ropH3oHToM. IIo goqaM KaKHe_To JrIo,(H
nbrraJrr{cb yBecrn xoreft, nogToMy np[u.rrocb ycrurr.r.rb Ao_
sopbr r.r 6rtru sce BpeMfl Hacropoxe.
L.Kopo crena cMsHnJlncb JrecHbrMlt qaulaMrr. lllupoxue
KpoHbr AepeBbeB rycro [epenfleraJrncb sa 6oarurofi sb]core
r{ eABa flponycKanfi coJrfrqe. Bnusy crJraJrcfi noKpoB r{g olaB_
ureft rucrebl, cJIoMaHHbrx BeToK, tuxa. B uoc 6nl oclpsrri
3arrax rHr.rJ[t. Vnasru[e or crapocrr{ n BbrBopotreHnnre 6ypefi
AepeBbfi npefpaxAanr,r KapaBaHy nyTb, K I.r.ls pacrrHcTKr.r
AoporI,I xapr{Axr{TaM npHrrrJrocb He pa3 nycKaTb B xoA To_
nopbr.
3a necou BHoBb HaqaJrHcb crenr.r, H, HaKoHeII, npoBoAHHK
o6rnsnn, qro qepea ABa AHeBHbrx nepexoAa rrosBr,rrcs xe-
JraHHaff stoflr,rrla,
30
TOCTII JIECHOR CTPAH bI
( Ocaoauoe utrgt4ecr6o g 6gnap - ileJca Kguutlbt;
g 6grcap net soaorofr unu cepe6p*nort nonetw' a
pacn4at4uaaturca otlu Kgybutt' ilexorr' ooutt' 'Lex p&'
aen dagn c notoauuort-)upxenan; dupxenot' cre 6e-.
^ble, Kpaenbte npuaosnT lt Hu,4 u3 Iitgcgnbila'llcKux
cTpafl>.
H6n-Pgcre, apa6crcuil' ee.oepa$ Haqar'a X aerea'
<Cocraa ruta)Qa nonasuaaer' uro cepe6pnnbte cocA'
0or, e tottt qucne u 6u'ewue 9 KArbrololt Unorpeo'
refluu' flBrrnnucb ne anopSawn coKpoaut4e'rr' &
npunal aemaau nau6 o te e e nunr eJlbttbur no u'rg ulecr-
\eHfloilA U Co4UanbfloilA noloircequ'O ltuqat4' K 'tucrrg
fioro pblx orHocu.ltucb aa'4aflbl>'
Ot'er oO apxeoJroeuqecrcux pa6otax a Vep1om-
crcon oado*e Ilipncrofr o1aacru a 1968 eodg' Apxue
Hncrurgta aqxeotoeuu AH CCCP'
Ha npurnxruuft ropoA MeAneHHo onycKanncb cyMepKH' [Io
Bepxi BbIcoKI{x AepeBflHHbIx creH' ycraHoBJIeHHbIx Ha 3eMJIfl- '
HElx -sarax, xoAI{JIIt KonefrqlK}I C QaKenaul{ B pyKax' ne-
DeKJTHKaJI[Cb MexAy co6oft. co cxpunou noAHflncff IIOA6eM-
ffi;;;;. aarpulircs rfl>Keilbre ay6ooue Bopora' o6tlrble
MACCI,IBHbIMII TIICTAMI'I XCJIC3A.
Hecxoltr<o BepxoBblx roponnu-Bo npocKaKaJlu K Kapa-
BaH-capap, croflBIIIeMy Ha KbaIO 6o.nluroft nnoqaAlr' oAu-
HoKr.rfi ilpoxoxnfi 6pauulcr c AByMS cTpax(HI'IKaMlI' nbITaB'
ruLIMItcs ysHarb npfiql'IHy ero BeqepHefi llporynKll'
B gro BpeMfl irecro.nlr<o qeJIoBeK co6paJlucb,y-9111"-:
oAr{ofi Irc niocropHblx KoMHar KapaBaH-capafl' lunpoKonne'
uuft, cpeaniro pocra 6ynrapuH, B KoropoM yraAblBanacb
6o.nruris Qusrluecxar cI'IJIa' noBepHyJlcff K cBoeMy coceAy'
ceDno6oooAoMy xop$Ml{fiuy, n npepBan Morrlanne:
'- flbqtennufi lllayulaQap, xoiflr cJlyxu' tlro rbl roro-
Burub KapaBaII K Hapo,iy apra Ha Do'nlurofi p-exe'
-- uaytiruQap ann-rt'rat-e.trlno BsrnfiHyn Ha 6yJlrapilHa' Ho
HUIICTO HE,OTBCTHJI. TOT NPOg,OJIXAJI: .
3l
\
- flycrr noqtensufi 6par nncnymaer uofi paccras.
trrrle Mor.r ,qeA xoAHJr K STOMy HapoAy, He 3HarouleMy Haruero
ff3blKa a o6uqaes. Onu xanyr B TecHbrx 3eMJrsHKax HeAaJIe_
r{o or tuopn Cyir,rp axa. ern JrroAH cltJrbHbr, KaK MeABeAu, H
JToBKII, KaK KoIuKIt. Bo npeufl orracHocrli npffrryrcff Ha Ae_
peBbflx r.r, KaK KaMHr{, ltaAarcT cBepxy Ha BparoB. Onr.l 6es_
xa.JrocTHbr K qyx{eseMrlaM- H npr.rHocqT r.rx B xepTBy OrpoM_
Hori pu6e, B_brcoBbrBarcrueft pas B roA cBoro MopAy us naopr
Cyrvrpaxa. Hexorop_ux qyx(e3eMrleB roABeprani eqe 6o.rie
yxacnoft cMeprn. Hx norz flpuBflsbrBaror K BeprrrnHaM AByx
corHyTbrx AepeBbeB, KOTOpbre, pacflpflMr.rBrrlrcb, paspuearor
qeJroBeKa Ha ABe qacrrr. Mon gpysu 6oRTcr, _ ilpoAoJrlr(?r
6y.nrapuu, noArIepKLIBat KaxAoe cJroBo, - rrro AopoxHble
rrrroTbr 14 \nKile HpaBbr HapoAa apra noBpeAsr rnoerr,ry sAo-
poBbro, IllayruaSap, a otvr He xoreJrr{ Obr rilurrrbcfl croJrb
npeAaHHOrO HM ApYra.
B nocneAuux c.noeax 6y.lrapuua nocJrbrrrraJracb Henpu-
Kpbrrafl yrpo3a. Illayrua$ap MoJrqa.rr, yr.ny6znruncl " cson
Mbrc,rrH. 3arelr JrefKHM HaKJroHoM ronoebr noO.rraroaaprn
6ynrapnna 3a cKasaHHoe u c HanycKHbrM paBnoAyrrrneM or_
BCTIZJI:
- floqreuuuft 6par, nepegaft cBorzM ApysbflM, .rro IIIay_
ua$ap He orrpaBr.rr KapaBaH Ha ceBep u'rie6exur onui"6_
crefi nyreuecrBtrr.
BepHynurucb B orBeAeHHyro eMy KoMHary, [Iayrua$ap
AoJrfo He Mor ycrroKonrbcs. Ero Ayxtnrra sno6a Ha Heqecifi-
BbIx BapBapOB, nocMeBrrrux eMy yrpoxarb.
OH ue Beprur HH oAHoMy -nbny xrrrporo 6y.nrapnna o6
yxacax, ox(rrAaBrrrHx rrpHrxeJrbr.IeB y HapoAa apTa.
<<Cronr Jrr4 onacarbca, - 4yuan -Illayrua$ai, - ecJru Ka_
paBaH co.npoBoxAaer orpqA cnJrbHbrx r -.rroaxui,-rax 6apcu,
xopesunficxnx sor,HoB?> Bo apenrr npounoil noesA*H u
Synrap 3ror orpflA pasrpa6a.n y renuxoft pu^, zr"ii-""-
cKoJrbKo JrecHbrx AepeBeHb, rrJreHrIB 6o.nrrue AecfiTKa cn.rrb_
Hbrx BbrcoKopocJrbrx logoruefi 14 clrHeoKIrx AeBV[reK c
AJTHHHbIMU nbrrIIHbrMr.I KocaMr,r. VIx y!,anocb noroM sHro,u,Ho
32
npoAarb Ha uryMHoM 6aeape 6oraroro ropoAa fepara. flo-
Kynarenu Har[nl{cb cpasy. Craruux MoJIoAbIx pycoB Kynun
npeABoAHTenr rnapAeftcKoro orpffAa, yB[AeB ?Ix KpenKHe,
KaK KopHu ay6a, pyxx. OH noxsacraJlcs, rrro B cKopoM Bpe-
MCHI,I CACJIACT U3 HI,IX NEPBOKNACCHbIX BO}IHOB.
Bocnorrauuauns o6 ylaquoft cAeJIKe HecKoJIbKo orBJIeKiIu
IllayuraQapa, Ho B r.ny6uue Aylxn pocJl?t crpax u 6ecnoxoli-
crso. Os sHaJI, uro 6ylrapcrne KyrIIbI HHKoMy He ycrynanr
B KoBapcrBe n naft4yr cnoco6 yHl{qroxurb Becb ero Kapa-
BaH, ecJrn 6yayt Hapyuleubl Hx roproBble nurepecbl.
IIIayuaQapy orrlerJllIBo BcnoMHItJIocb raI{HcrBeHHoe
r{cqe3HoBeHue 6onruroro Kap aB aH a sH aKoMoro xopesir,tnfi cro-
ro Kynrla, yrueArrrerc Ha ceBep no Eonlruofi pexe. flpourno
ue 6o.nrure MecflIIa c BbIxoAa groro KapaBaua LIs Synrapa,
KaK B rOpOA BepHyncfl oAI,IH Ir3 ero MecTHbIx npoBoAHHKOB.
frasa ero ropenn rlrxopa,u,ortHuu 6.necrou Ha l{cxyAaBrrle}t
nnqe. C nneq csucaJla nopBauuaq B Kfloqbs oAexAa. Fla
Bonpocbr orBesaJl cKyno I{ Heoxorno. On nocrosHHo osl,Ipan-
cff no cropoHaM, KaK 6yaro 6ogcr yBHAerb qbe-To 3HaKoMoe
ulrqo. HaxoHelr, yAaJlocb AonblTarbcfl y Hero o cryrluBureM-
cff.
I(apanan ocraHoBLIJIcfl Ha oqepeAsoft Hoq.ner s He6oat-
ruofr .nouluse, lorrrrl cso6oAHoft or Jleca. To s oAHoM, To B
ApyroM MecTe JIIOAId 3a)KIIranH KOCTpbI, CTaBnJIL nararKll
u crpouJlfi HaBecbI AJIa cropox(eBblx nocroa. Cxopo no JIa-
repn paoHeccf, saflax xapeHoro Mflca, qeKovyurufi HosApI'I
ronoAHblx .ittoAeft. Or xocrpon HecJIHcb sByKLt yublnblx neceH.
B,lpyr co cropoHbl oAHoro cropox(eBoro nocra pA3{ancff
KpuK qeJroBera, o6opnasunftcg Ha sblcoroft uote. Xots c
Apyrnx nocToB He cJIbIIrIaJIocb Hu sByKa, narepb TpeBoxHo
3aMOJrK, r.r TOJTbKO 3BflKHyJIO B pa3HbIX MecTaX opyxue, 3a
KOTOpOe CXBaTn.[I{Cb BOI,IHbI.
flpou.rro He 6onrure MnHyrEil, I,I Bce craJlo ncuo. Ha rpe6-
He JIOUIAHbT, C TpeX ee CTOpoH coMKHynucb KoHHbIe orpsAbl
c rffxeJrbrMrl KonbffMH HarlepeBec, HanpaBneHHbIMI{ B cropo-
Hy KapaBaHa. Konruyru H IIIJIeMrI BcaAHLIKoB ropeJln s 6ar'
2 Jleqenxo B. 0. 33
podrix' ot6aect(ax BaKare, Onyueunlre ea6pana cKpbIBaJI[
r{x JIuIla.
-Jtrnarn HB KapaBana, qyBcrByfl cMepreJlbuylo onacuocrb,
HarraJrg MeAJrer{Ho cMbrKarbcfl, o6pasyn KpyroBylo 3aIIInTy.
flpuuenr[u He MeIIIaJIH groMy, xax 6yAro cAepxnBaeMble
qreft-ro snacrHofi pyxoft. flpotu.tto e[Ie HecronbKo MItHyr,
u orrn B crparuHoM MonqaH[H JlasuHoft ABHHyJII4cb Ha oKpy-
xeHHbrx. B nepnou xe Harnixe nora6ua nolITI'I noJIoBuHa
sarqnrHuKoB KapaBaHa. fipyrne npoAonxaJll ceqy, He ox<s-
Aa.E norqaAbr oT xecroKofo Bpara. cxopo 6uno noxoHqeHo
I{ C HHMH.
B ctnasu[xcfl Ro BeMne cyMepKax rexaJl pa3fpoMneH-
urlft .rarepr xopeeunftqes. Tontxo npoBoAHI{Iq paueunuft a
pyxy, ns6exan cMeprlt. On ynal PflloIra c KoHeM H npnrBo-
pr,rJrcr MepTBbIM.
Bnpyr HeiloAaneKy oH ycnbllrla.n qefi-to gsarouufi ronoc.
Ocropoxuo npuorxpblB rJlasa, oH nocMorpen B Ty cropoHy.
Tau naxollrJtcff Bo BpeMr 6os scaAHHx, na6nroAaauufi sa
rcef, cfsarxofi co cropoHH. OH pacnopffAuJlcs- c6pocnrl
rpynbr B peKy.
flpr,r sn.qe gToro qeroBeKa npoBoAHfiK eABa He norepsJl
cosnaHue or yx(aca. 3to 6u;I tor cauuft ryneuecxnli crap-
mHHa ropoAa 6ynrapa, roropuft ApyxecKu flpoulaJrcfl c xo-
3nHHOM KapaBaHa flepeA ortesAoM Ha ceBep.
Cnerufieruuecr no npLIKa3y crapullrHbl nca4,uuxN c6pa-
cbrBaJr[ y6urux B xoJIoAHbIe BoAbI peKlt. Tyaa xe 6pocn.nlt
panenoro npoBoAHItKa. On norpysltJlcfl B noay. Pyxy o6oxr-
JIo, KaK KaJIeHbIM )I(enegoM. Onacagcr notoHI,I, oH MeAJIeHHo
aarpe6an ro4y o4uofi pyxoit n 6ecuyrrtno npon.[bln oKoJto
corrl{ MerpoB BHI,I3 no pexe. 34ecl oH sHre3'Ha flecqaHylo
orMeJrb H, npncJlyrul{Baflcb x IrtanertureMy 3ByKy co cropoHbl
no6onnla, yr.ny6nncn B JIecHyIo qailly.
tlepee Mfioro 4ueft npoaoAnux Ao6paJlcfi eABa xfisoli Ao
6ynrapa, Ho He ocMeJIuJIcff HasBarb I{Ms rnaBapR ruafixl{,
pa3rpoMnBruefi xapaaan. Cnycrn HeKoropoe BpeMff 6e4Hary
garuJrrr B npnAopox{Hofi raHase co c.IIoMaHHoft ryeeft.
34
-=
f.
E
Tafiua raK rr ue 6una pacrpura, no lllayuraQap noao-
speBan,,. rrbux sro pyx Aeno. floerorray oH He npi:ne6per
crpuroft yrposo,ft 6ynrapnna u, cMr,rpr.rB rpocrb, ocrasur 3a_
reK, c nocu.nrorl KapaBaua B necHyro crpaHy.
Illayuatpap xnonHyn B JraAomu, r,r B KoMHary Bo[reJr
cJryra.
,- Vln r Xycefiny n cKaxlr, rrro ff npurnaruatcl ero K
ceoe.
Xycefiu HaxoAr,rJrcn co cBor.rM ofpr,qoir,r B ToM xte Kapa-
Bau-capae_-tl, He 3acrasfis ce6s xAarb, cKopo 6na yxe n
KoMHare Illayua$apa. Ilocue BsarrMHbrx npraaercrnnft Xy-
cefrn yge.nca noyAo6uee Ha noAyrrrKax r.r cnpocr.rJr: ,
- SaqeM ff HyxeH Te6e, noureuHufi xyneq?
IllayuaQap nocMorpen Hcnbrryroqe na Xyceftna H orBe-
THtrT: i
- f xovy npeAnoxnrb oAHo BbrroAHoe, Ho oqeHb onac-
HOe AeJIO.
- Paone rbr He gHaeIIIb, rITo cKopo Mbr AoJr)t(Hbr BepHyrb-
cn n HpaH? Mofi noeernrelr!-.x,aerHarrrero orqera.
- A AparoueHHan nocy,ti B TBor{x rr,oKax roxe [peA-
HasHarreHa AJrs noBeJrr{rens? - xlrrpo npnIrlypnlcn lllayura-
Qap.
- 3aMoa.ru, Kyneq! Ecnn ery rafiny y3Han or re6n eqe
xro-nn6yAr, re6e He cAo6posarl.
- Vcuoroficn, xpa6puft aouH. fl yuero Morqarb. Tsofi
noBeir&reJrb 6yaer AoBoJreH ro6oft, rai xar Ha npr,rBeeeHHoe
cepe6po rbr Kynnrub s4ecb HeMano MexoB. Ho's necsofi
cJpaue rhr cMor 6u rynnrl Ha oro cepe6po B nffrb pag
6onbqg cauofi or6opnofi nyrrrHr{Hbr.
- Kax sro cleJiam?
- Bor renepb r cJrbrruy roJroc xpa6poro Myx(a. Eyara-
pbr HaHecJIu MHe crparunyK) o6uay. Onn yrpoxaJru MHe
cMeprbro, _ec_Jrrr r nofiay c KapaBauou a aegryro crpaHy.
foaoc lllayruaQapa rpepur,ancr or AyurrBurero ero Bo4-
HeHRr. UnpaBuBIUECb C HRM, OH npoAonxaa:
- Ouu xopomo'gHaxlr Menfi, n MHe He yftru auecre c
36
6onuuuu KapaBaHoM He3aMerIeHHbIM or I'Ix uxreeK' !,pyroe
oano-trr. Tsofl roBap rflxeJl' Ho HeBeJII'IK o6leMoM' TsoLl
MonoAIlbI cnoco6su nponox(HTb ce6e Aopory cpeAl{ corHlr
BDatoB. C Irnuu rbl MoxeIIIb HaAeqrbcs Ha ycflex'
' - tleu ff AoJIII(eH 6y,u,y orn.narurl re6e?
- Hnqeu. Teoft noxoA 6yaer uoefi iuecrllo cBope 4:aA-
HbIX, KaK IIraKaJIbI, KYlqos. 'llopora Ha ceB*ep..onacua' By'n-
rapbr paccr aB:nltrr Ha ueft raftuue fiocrbl. .[,eficrnyft ocMor-
prre.rritto u onacafics noroHI'I. B ceoe BpeMf rbl floMor cna-
Irr,r uoft KapaBaH, nJIeHI'IB cuua. 6era rylaftnor' Troa xpa6-.
pocrb ellre He pas noMo)Ker re6e g-Iytlt.
' flpu npoutanurl c XyceitHou lllayuaQap BApyr qro-ro
BCIIOMHI,IJI n SaAepxan ero eqe Ha HecKoJIbKO MI'IHyT'
-- : Cpeau ropbacxofi crpaxn y MeHfl ecrb-oALIH repuuft
qeJroBeK LIs HapoAa apra. Ou noflaJl B nJIeH r 6ynrapau eue
MaJrbqLIKoM u ne pas roBopl{n MHe o xeJIaHI'II4 6exarl x
cBonM copoAllr{aM. OH snaer sTLI Mecra n 6y.let xopomllM
npoBoAHI,lKOM B nyTI'I.
B ropoae 6Hn saneAeH rlopflAoK' no KoropoMY loutl I1_T_;
4uft -yxoAIlsuilft sa Bopora KapaBaH r[eJI Ao oJII{xaHIIIeI
s ama'BH B coIIpoBoxAeHuH crp axHI'IKa. Co npoeox Aafl' -lr^ap a'
BaH or gacraBbl K sacraBe B Hyx(HoM Ha[paBJIeHull, 6ynra-
pbr oxpaHfnl{ [yrb Ha ceBep' no KoTOpOMy MornH ABI{HyTb-
cff npeAnpnl{MqHBbIe Kynl{bl.
fiocne AoJIrHx pasayrunft XycefiH c Xypunao" M{v-Yl-
.rlllr, KaK I,IX_ OTpflA cMoxeT crputlcri oT Hex(eJIare'ilbHblx
rJras 14 yuleft.
OsrE c HereprleHueM xAanl{ AHs, KoFAa B H,apflA conpo-
Bo)KAeHLIfl ao;lken 6ul eacrynnTb., -gHaKouuft crpaxunr'
Pannrrra yTpoM orpflA BbIIIIeJI BMecre c HHM 3a ropoAcKl{e
Bopora' Ilepeltren poB no nepeKnAHoMy Mocry I{ B3SJI Ha'
rrpaBJIeHI4e Ha 3acTaBy
^ Ke* roJIbKo cKpblnllcb r43 BuAa ropoAcxue t"9!1.-T!"fj
HI{K CAeJIaJI 3HaK' Il OrpfiA noBepHyn B Apyryp cropoHy' Ja
37
cMbrrrrreHoerb H xur_parfi upas_npoBoAHrrK nonyqun y cBor.rx
npex(Hnx ronapuqeli KrHrrKy PHxas [Inca u orsbrearcs Ha
Hee, KaK Ha nMf.
Puxas.Ilnca iro.qtexa.rr K Xyceriny n Ha .rroMaHoM xopes-
uuftcxou . rsbrKe, KoropoMy Hayunaca n Eynrape, cxaiar:
- Cefiqac HaAo exarb KaK Moxuo 6ucrpee, noxa uess
He xBaTuJrr{cr. f sHaro pacnoJrox(eHae 6nnxaftwux K HaM
raftHsrx nocroB. lVIn b6ofiaeM rtx cropouoli. ,{,anuue nce
6y,letr gaBncerb or yAarrfl.
qacm nprHxoAlrJrocb nepeceKarl n6po4 He6olturwe peqvu-
xlr c sa6onoqeuHbrMn 6eperaua. PHxaq ,Ililca o6tncnqr,
rITo 3.q,ecb .[erqe o6ofira gosopsr, croflulne o6uquo " VaoO:
Irblx AJrfl nepeflpaBbr MecTax.
klrytu qepee necHyro qaqy 6u.no Helerro. Horu. xosefi
lpoBaJrr,rBaJrncb B MffrKyro noqBy. Berrn AepeBbeB xJrecraJll
tro nnrly u qennffJrgcb 3a oAe>r(Ay, opyxue H rroKu. Ko sceil,r
6eAau Ao6asr,uroca 6ecqucaenuoe usoxecTBo KoMapoB, He
AaBaBIITHX CBOI.IM XepTBaM OTAbIXa HrI ,4HeM, HH HOrIbrO.
Ptilxaq Jluca ro.ntx6 noclreuearcs. Kagarocb, Ans Hero
He- cyqecrBoBaJro rpyAnocrer?, r.r3M aTbIBaBIuI.rx Bor{Hon Xy_
ceftHa. JIec 6rl.n Anfi Hero poAHbrM AoMoM. OH gnrrHsar
ero uopoxn ll oco6tre 3arraxu lr paAosa.ucfl, KorAa sa-
Merlar c{eAu .nocn, Ka6a[a uilH xogffnHa raftru - MeABeAq.
Puxas ,Ilnca .nerxo HaxoAn.rr npoxoA uepes 6o.noro, Mor
su6_parl cyxoe Mecro AnE Horrnera n pyueri c qucrori soAoft.
_ Xyprur.r,u 6ucrpo noApyxn.ircn c nponoaHnKoM. On'cau
obln xopoultM oxorHr.rxoM l,r Jryque Apyrfix nosnlrra;r Aefr_
erBHfl Puxefi Jln_cu. Ho qacro n Xypiuua He Mor yJroBr.rrb
cBffgn tf exAy ua6.npAeuu r,Mtr vl nocJreAyloqr{Mr.r nocrynKa -
MH cBoefo HoBoro Apyra. Orseqas ua Lonpocu Xypirr.raa,
Pnxag Jluca noxagbrBaJr cnoMaHuyro BereqKy, cJreAbr Kor-
refi na crBoJre cocubr, npaMflryro rryrb-qyrb ipary. Xyp-
IIrnA nonuuar,rrle KHBaJT,roJronoft u o4o6pure.rrino xaondt
trpoBoAHEKa no nneqy. Korla Puxas Jluca ne Mor orBe-
,r
-5
-t
,':l
'3
38
'1
TrrTb Ha Bonpoc, oH BI{HoBaro yJliloaJlcs }l paSBOALIJI pyKa-
mr.r; rax 6u ronopn: <,Ilec-sro Msrt noM. He.lngs o6tnc-
HrlTb, noqeMy t xoxy B HeM TaK, a He [Ha!Ie>
OAsaxnu Puxar Jluca o6rsBI,uI orpflAy, qro Ao3opbl
6y;lrapcrux gacraB ocraJlI,Icb ilo3aAa. Bnepe4u Jle)I(arlt
SeM.rIn oxoTHuqbux nJIeMeH.
- 3Aeci, Toxe HaAo co6.nroAarl ocropoxHocrr, -'o6t-
ffcHnJr Ha [pr,IBaJIe Puxan Jlnca. - Hexoropble BoxAI'I -
corosHriKr,r 6yarapcxux xnnsefr. ,Il,pyrne xe oKax(yr HaM
noMoulb.
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c BbrcoKrrx peqnblx reppac B IuLIpoKyp noftuy, ro npoAI,I'
pancff rrepeg rnyxofr taexHuft tec, Ho reflepb He orxoAHJI
AaJreKo ot. 6epera uonuoBoAHoii pexu, ratusrrteft cBolt
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JIOBe(, OAeTbIX B KOX(aHbIe KypTKI'I, TaKHe Xe IUTaHbI H Mflr'
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;ryxn. tlepnbre npqMble Bo.rlocbl rI IrrHpoKHe cKyJIbI Bbr,{,aBa-
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- Cxaxn qy'(eseMlraM, MbI na6nrcAaau ga HI,IMII He-
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xoqer 3uarb, qro npuBeno I{x B HaIuL 3eMJIu. Os npfirna-
Iuaer qvxe3eM[eB noceTHTb efo.
Pn>icag Jlnca nepeBeJl Xyceftuy cJIoBa oxorl{HKa.
flpur.naueHue noxoAuJlo Ha BexJlunuft npnra3, H orpflAy
Huqero He ocraBaJlocb AeJIarb, KaK cJIeAOBarb 3a rIocJIoM
BoxAE. floceresne BoxAt pacnoJlaraJlocb Ha rncoxou 6e'
pery trpuro(a peK]r Bo.nluroft n 6u.no oKpy]I(eno co Bcex
cropoH BeKoBbIM JIecoM. Xycefin orMerI'IJI npo ce6r, uro
noceJreHne HaxoAlrrcfl a yAo6uotrt 4nn o6oponbl Mecre I{
cHJrbHo yKpenJIeHo.
39
Oanofi cropouoft necsofi noceJroK [pr,rMbrKan r 6epery
peKr.r, Kpyro o6pslnanrreMycfi BHr.t3. C aeyx Apyrr4x cropon
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rrpoxoAtrMoft qaulefi KycrapHr{Kos. C Hano.nluort cropoHbr
noce.negue 6lt.lto garqI,ltr1eHo AByMfl seMJIflHbIMr,r BaJraMr{
pasuoft BeJrnquHbr. bo.nlurofi BaJr coeArrHsr Me)KAy co6ofi
o6a .nora. Ba.n paslaepoM noMeubrxe npr{Kpusar H-au6oree
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cHJIHcb AepeBflnnbre rbrHbr us gaocrpeHHbrx BBepxy 6peneu.
.{ocryn K BaraM sarpyAHflJrr{ pBbr, B Koropbrx'roxe^6urrn
g6urw KoJIbff c gaocrpeHllbrMlr KoHIlaMH.
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IeJrr4 TpH paAa 6peoeHqarbrx AoMoB c ABycKarHbrrvru Kpbr-
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BoxAt*rrpuKasaJr rrpr.rHecrr.r Hanr4roK A[rfl, yroJreH[r
xalrAbr. Asa Aroxfix MoJroAua BHecJrH 6o;rlurort AepeBqH-
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I py*u" y Hr4x 6unn. KoBrrra, Bbrpe3aHHbre rd3 AepeBa.
OHn savepnHyJrn rycroft coer.uo-xopl.lquesorft uanuror n c
IIoKJToHoM lroAaJrr,r ero rocrqM. Or Hero flaxJro JrecHbrMn rpa-
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BHnrzraq BJIara oKaBaJra Ha yroMJreHHbrx xapHAlI(r{ToB
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pasJrnJlacb 6oApocrr. Tonrxo Hofn cJryuaJrncb xyxe o6uq-
40
HOrO, He xeJlafi norleMy-To noBI{HOBaTbcq cBoLM BJIaAeJIb-
uaM..
Box<As ,u,pyxelro6uo yln6ny'ncff, noKa3aB rpenxne 6e-
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or.rtacir.rttl ropHI4uy Apyx(HbIM cMexoM'
O uacrynnennn yrpa xapl'IAxnraM Bo3BecruJIH KpIIKII
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B ropHl'luy B corlpoBoxAeHlal HeBbIcoKOro crapnKa c xIrA-
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41
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nyrrrHnHbr. TeneDr Hacrarra nop, ya"un"io;"_fr;,iffiil1
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42
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arrlM AyxoM,-oH yKasan sa (nrcAo c u3o6paxeuueM BcaA-
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BCe, IITO XOTeJI.
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flora orpaA xapIrA)KIIroB roroBllJlgs K orbesAy' coJIHue
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MOtIb BAM.
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- Xoporuo, - KtrBHyJr ro.rronoli Xyceftn. _ Mu He Mo_
xeM rrsMeHarb xoA co6urnfi, no3roMy 6yleru roroBbr K xyA_
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cyAboa oxr{AaJra MHOX{eCrBo orpoMHbrx coceH, yrpoxanqe
CKJToHLIBIIIHX npgMble cTBOJrbr c nbIrrIHbIMIt KpoHaMIr K BOAe.
44
I;le xsararo ToJlbKo oAHoro ycwfirfl,'Ito6u Hx KopHH noJt'
Hocrblo ocno6oAunucb lI3 SeMJIII'
--- -gapyr crBoJI oAsoft cocHbl noKaqHyflcfl' ll ee Kpona c
rpouxiri,r nJIecKoM yxHyna B BoAy' nperpaAlrB nyrb orpflAy'
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xoxauoit KyprKe' nonputoft xeJIe3HbIMI'I nracrnnKaMu naH-
u;;;::'d;^6pointe ^no naureft seMrle n cnparuI'IBaere' qero
nrt xotuu!
Os noAal sHaK cBoI'IM BoI{HaM' Totcac yrpoxaloqe
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He BIrAIjre, qro MbI MHpnbIe xynqrr? Ec'ltt't souHbl IIJIeMeHU
Ka6ana y6lnnyxeee'luuen, rb He MuHoBarb sofiHst c IIJIe-
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nepb yrpolKaloule noAinru B Bo3Ayx' a MI',IpHo onycrl',IJll',Icb
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*'pui"op"une Puxefi Jlncut'
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6o.nrrue Bcero yroAen iailnrta AyxaM' !'vxn nonepHyT K BaM
flItuo yAar{H, ".,,"'noaapl4rb "* I-Y::t' cBerJloro MeraJIJIa'
Ho 6eperntecb I'IX *e""i', ec'rlt't octiop6nre tex' Kro npI'IBeB
ero cloAa!
C.nosa Pnrxefi Jlucu Bbl3BaJII'I ua 6eoerv 3aMellrarenbcr-
eo. Ao xapl'IA>KIrroB AoHoc-lIJIlIcr cnepxy npfl rnyt[sHr-"-t- :-
roca. Bonu" nna*Jn?-t<uou"u oxec-ro'leuno cnopHJIII Mex-
ry co6ofi, peluafl iviiiov KapaBaHa' Haxoseq crop yrl'Ix' tI
45
Fa. xparc 6epera noKasarcq BouH B nau{r{pe _ npeAtoAr4_
reJrb orpflAa.
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9Haqa.T3 xeprBy. Bu napyuunu ra6y H AoJrx(Hbr 6unu viue-
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- Mu [uIeM oxorHrrKa flaua, _ cKasan pHxaq iluca.
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Tr.rn [peABOAHTenb. ]
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rJraBe c o6eulanHbrMn np_oBoAHHKaMr,r. Tenepr *up",i*rr"
rryBcrBoBafis ce6n cnororiHo, He 6ogcr ueoxz4ariuoro Ha_
naAeHnff I{s sacaAbr. Flopofi oHH BcrpeqaJru B nyrr{ Mecr*brx
oxorHr{KoB, c nrc6onnrcrBoM pasrnx4unaBnrnx qy}KeseM_
IIeB. Ha 4orrKoBarbrx, nopocurux KycrapHnKou nyrax noft-
Mbr_ Brd_AHenacb HHofAa se6o.usrune craAa KopoB r.r Jrorua_
Aefi. Xnre.nn Bocrora c lrc6onurcrBoM BrrurbilBaJrr B ce_
6s HessaxoMbre AJrff Hnx KaprHHu. C oa',raxo;;;';;r;;
ouu o6cyxAanfi Bcrpe.r[ c o-6zrare.rrffMr,r 3AerrrHrrx Mecr, H
cyp,oByro, ueo6uuuyro AJrfl HHx Kpacory neca u ceBepHbrx
peK.
-Ha uecrofi AeHb KapaBaH cBepHyJr BJreBo or peKH Eo.nl-
::l:_:-.ryu:!!:! nnepx no He6balru-"y "e npnror(y, yr_
Il:lllto,," raexHylo qa4Y. Pexa nernsrla cpeAr Hirsxfix
oeperoB. K Berrepy'Ha nporr.rBononox{HoM 6efery noKa3a-
Jracb Bo3BbIIIIeHHOCTb, Sapocular, KaK I{ BCe BOI(pyr, BbICO-
KI{M JICCOM.
- /Vlu nprrrrJra K ueJrn, - cKa3aJr oAHH r{3 RpoBoAHRKoB
H yKa3aJr_Ha nporuBonoloxuuri 6eper. _ Tana' HaxoAnrcs
AepeBHr fIama.
Xapn4xutu nocMoTpeJrr{ B yKagaHHoM HarrpaBfleunn,
46
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uerlY6oxyto ptu^V, otp"A cran -q94l"y"tocfl no orJloroMy
6eoeiv' Hanc'rpeuy noiuno"o secko'rlsxo Pnoulefi' Onn o6-
o,renqrncl " npouol"i*u"" np"""1:"uf"* H yKa3an' rpo-
nHHKy, Koropan ""]iu'u tnv6i 'eca'-Tenepb craJl cJIbrIIreH
'i'i-i toou*, roBoplBlultfi o 6'rtllsocrx- >KtrJrbfl'
Bcrope no"u"nlii-6onotu-" IIorEHa' oxuuyr ee'B3rJIs-
aoM, MolI(Ho 6ulo-"y"r;i;;; 6ollure recsrrl 6peseHqarblx
AoMoB, pae6pocauuJt"*'?- *u"tyu1eMcl, 6ecnopsAre' Pe6s-
rHIIIKI'I, 6uctp o np J&io-""' "tp-l*'" p-o6ocrl' ri p u6'nuslt'rtncn
noqr' BnJIoTHyIo *i"f'uutn"aoiBanl{ HerIpHBbIqHble Anfl HHx
rnqa fi oAexAy "p#t;;;'-xenutln"t ocraBuJlrl A.MaIII'
HI{e Aena " antttn-inpn"o"o yqacrne s Heo6HqHou co6u-
Ttrll' lAe xneet flarvr? - cnpocun IIp.B.AHI'IK'
- 3a ""* notn"n" trerosexa' - orBerltJla oAH? 143
xeHIqI'H' 'nt'nvrrqM nono[reJl xpgxucrufi ceAofr
H axoseq K x a p I'I AxI{r a M rl-oAoluri -:P"Tt' il; ""-;;-
crapl4K. Jlerxas ;t{pfi" noxoAKa st'IAas-ara B HeM oxor
uuxa. flpn "'o no"ulo'"*i"" "nnn" paccrynl{nacb'
- flpnnet t"d;;'ii;;i-eocriurnyn palocruo oAIIH I{3
-o"ltlliJ;.n, n y3Hap re6s. rsr- cH"y"?j: l:llff#"
oura? - nonyy""Jpiittffi;npot"n rlar'a' He Aoxl{Aancb
' o*""u, gar,afl g'PYrofi Bonpoc:
r Kar noxuBaer ullrr " lutuofi r unxnufi rrlnp.
- 3.nue 4Yxu ea6PaJII{ ero-?T-1j
fIaM nu'Iero "J "'iutuJt' ycJIblIIraB neqaJlbgylo HoBocrb'
Ton*o rpnx*yn :";#;;"ioin' *"* 6u omosgg'BnAe'rle'
'"o1*",i":"3;illfi#Ti;BeJl rbl u I"*v o6ur'uv? -cnpo-
cHJI oH HerpoMKuM' no inepAuM-toJlocoM'
- 3T n nroo".liup"lrrunrtitl- "aov cBrrEJI*Ilqa peqgoro Ay-
xa.-rlpu c'none l;;dil-;;"?- ii"Yu ocraJro€b HenoAEHx-
"ii*,_1913i"ltTf ;i:f -tJi"A#"rX".i""'d',trHIffiXJ
nepeHocHqe' - \J
47
npb"EBurucb sroMy. V.unx ecrb sHaK BoxA, nleueun Bu4_
pbr,_nreMgHHLIKa rBoero ng6parnrrna.
_!_1 nocMorpe.fi Ha ral,rry, nporffHyryro enay Xycefiuou,
n no4all orpsAy sHaK ABHraTbcfl-BCJreA 3a HLIM.
llpou.na yxe He oAHa HeAenff c rex nop, KaK uaneulrnft
orptA noceJrrrJrcr .B_AepeByrrrKe. Koporxoe ceBepHoe Jrero
IIIno K r{oHuv. a B TroKax ocra.rrocb errle HeMano cepe6pr_
uoft locyAu.-Orono AecrrKa cocyAoB neperxJro s pvxn na_
ua. cpeau Hax BbrAerrn.,ro* nerp"o . pi;il;ft,:;;;"ii.: O'j;-
uofi na 6o.nruofi KoreJr H saMeHssru6e renepr euy x6an
ailfr. nHBa. !(porrre Hero, Ha croJre B AoMe n""u-,""oi.i,
HecKoJrbKo 6o.nrruux cepe6panux noAHocoB r.I MaJreHbKHe
6lroAa c ueo6paxegui[Mu Ha Hax crIeHKaMu oxorbr.
-_, lrt tenepl qacro npurJrarns4 rocreft, qro6u oHH craJr,
cBzAereJreMrr ero 9"lli:lll, Oro cxparuuBaJro HeorBparu-
MO HaABr{raBrllyrocfl cTapocTb z scer'gro yBepeHHOCTb, rrTo
oxornr{Kn etrle ,[oJrro 6yayr floBrcnoBarbcfl eMy.
Hecro.unro o"o:I1-T-?l -yunn no npn*u.y' flaua Aane-
Ko Ha ceBep K poAcrBeHHoMy nneMeHu jrocn, Harpy3lrB cBoH
MerrrKH AparorleuHoft nocy,uofi. I4x aosrpaulennf c ilyruHn-
uoft-x4a.nn He paHblxe KoHrIa nera.
JrroAH B noceJrKe cKopo n_prBqlna K rryxeseMrlau n o6.
palqaJrucb c HrrMn lpyxe.nro6uo. He pas xapr,rAxprroB 3Ba-
lr:u coBMecrHyro oxory, rAe oHr{ noxasana.cuO" "**r""
H [peAnpprrrMqnBbrMr.r JrroAbMz. Oco6enso orauvunc, Xyp-
IUHA, Koropnft npensomeJr B crpenr6e us nyKa Aax(e ryq_
rrrHx MecTHbIx oxorHr.tKos. oHr.r Aailn eMy npoSBUUIe Mer_
ruft fras.
Apyx6a c Prrxert Jlucoft noMorrra Xypruzay 6ucrpee
cBonx roBapnrqeri ycBor{Tb uecrHur? sgbrK, u aro eqe 6o;rl_
rue c6afiguno ero b oxorHnxarrrr.l. Oco6eHHo oH noApyxuJr_
gj^ .^ l_y-ll"M, BHyKoM naru.- a*,u*"dirn nne.rucrHri rono_
IUA C KPYTJIbIM JIHqOM, qYTb NPI,INN}OCHYTbIM HOCOM I,I BHH-
MareJrbHbrMH KapH-MH r.[asaMr.r noA 6Lnecurraa Opo"rmu.
48
MoroAocm He MeIUaJIa euy 6urr xopoiltlM oxorHHKoM, a B
c[Jre oH He ycryrlan Aa]I(e mpocnblM My](quHaM fi3 CBOeTO
pona. Caepcinirn .nro6nlu eio ea ao6poayurrHtl 6essno6'
nuft npan v csilTailfi cBoHM BoxaKoM.
flo'Iru HepagryqHa c Auruxoru 6u.na ero cectpa--Hen,
He HMeBruafl c HI.IM HHKaKoro BHeuHero cxoAcrBa. Kor,qa
Xypurua yBnAeJI ee BrtepBble, ro cpaBHI{JI npo ce6r c nex-
HbrM JIeCHbIM IIBeTKOM, CKpbITbIM B rAyufi or HecKpoMHbIX
B3r,'rflAoB nrcAefi. flpexpacuu 6ula ee rJla3a Ha npaBHJIb'
HOM IpOAO.IITOBaTOM JIlIqe c nptMblM.HoCHKOM n MaJIeHb-
KHM proM. Cepue, orpoMuble, oHIr' KaSaJIocb' I{3JIyqaJIII
Nrsnxzft cger.
He.n qacro yxoAhna BMecre c 6patou Ha ox-ory' n Xyp-
rrrr,rA BcerAa crapaJlcfl norlacrb BMecre c HuMI{. He.n xoAl'tla
no Jlecy JIetKo, Aaxe rpaqno3Ho' noqTl{ He sHaff ycTaJII{'
Kax r,I oHH, oHa 6nla oAeta B KoporKylo MexoBylo KyprKy I'I
Kox(aHble IIITaHbI, K KoropblM 6u.ttu npncrerHyrbl peMeluKa-
MLr Bbrcoxlte roJIeHHIqa canor' flo4 xyprr<ofi suAHeracb ro-
ny6as. rIoJIorHffHaff py6aurra. fpy6onarufi HapflA He nop-
tz.n xpacoru He;1. Bcsxnfi pa3' KorAa Xypuna BI'IAeJI ee
B9TOMKOCTnMe,Cpa3MeTaBIIII',IMIICffnO[JIeqaMBoJIHaMIt
TeMHo-pycblx BoJIOC' eMy Ka3anocb' qTo oHa noxoxa Ha JIec-
uyro 6ornnro-oxorHLIIrY.
--' gyacrnyq Ha ce6e npucranbHble B3rJIffAbI lottoutu, HeJt
rroAHHMaJIa rJla3a, I{ oHH OKaTbIBaJIH ero raKI{M TeIIJIOM' qro
Xypurn4 repqficfl I'I Ha ero ry6ax sacrbIBaJII{ pBaBllruecff
zi itryoin"ri AyIurI cJIoBa. o,qHixnbl oHI{ BMecre c Anrl*ou
npec.rie4oaanld paHeHof_o .nocn. flepenpblruBaq qepe3 noBa-
.n-ennnfi crBon cocHbl, Xyptuna 3aqennncfi 3a BerKy I4 ynaJl,
paHr.rB JIeBoe nJleqo o6 ocipnft cyxofi cyx. Aulnr 3aAepxaJl-
ba pxaou c HIjM Ha HecKoJIbKo ceKyHA, 3areM pBaHyrcq
AaJrb[Ie, BcJIeA sa JIoceM I'I Ha xoAy K-pI{KHyJI, 'lro6u Xyp-
ruHA ornpaBJlflJlcfl Aouoft BMecre c Hen' [oA6exasuaq
"afrp" Fi"n y""auna Xypurr'r4a cIrAfiIquM Ha seMJIe' Cxnosr
rraJIbIIbI, SalKRManulue paHy' npocaquBanllcb KanJIIr KpOBI'I'
Ona acxpurHyfia 14, orBepHyBIrIlIcb or IoHoIuu' ornJIacrHyJIa
49
HoxoM KycoK roJrorna or csoeri py6aurn. CHqs c Xyprunaa
KyprKy, ona.craJra ryro nepeBff3brBarb pauy. B gror MoMeHT
nurlo Hsr 6ulo tar 6rngxo or Hero, qro oH eABa npeoAo-
JIeJr xe.rraHue flprrKocHyrbcff K ueuy ry6au4. Heocropoxno
uorrreBeJrr{Brrr?rcb, oH BsAporHyn or 6onz, u Hen nacxono
notJraAnJra ero no pyr<e. Ee rfixeJrbre bo.nocu ynaJrn c flJrert,
AocraBafl norrru Ao 3eMJIH, r{ orKpbrnlt uexsurt garbrJroK Lr
ulero, Ha roropoft 6unact roHeflbKafi cltHsfi xr{JrKa. Xypruua
MeAJTeHHO noAHflJr 3AopoByro pyKy n KocHyrcfi ilaJrbrlaMH
atofi xtz.rrxn. He.n eauepra, sai-eu no4HflJra roJroBy I,t ocro-
po>I(HbrM .TracKoBbrM ABr,rlKeHneM flornaAuna ero no qeKe.
florou, BcnbIxHyB, ona npgxaJlacb Ha HecKonbKo rr,rrHose-
Hr,rft x ero rpyAu. Xypruu4, oxsaqeHHHft HeBeAoMbrM paHb[re
lryBcrBoM, 6osJrcq nfeBenbHyrbcfl, uro6u He Bc[yrHyir He.r.
HeoxsAapno oua rcroqu.na u, nlirrascb cKpbrrb cMylrlenr,re,
cKasaJra BecenblM toJlocoM:
- Harrl nopa TopoulrTbcff 4olvrofi, [oKa Hoqb He vnaJra
HA JIEC.
Xypurra4 noAuffJrcff c 3eM.rrn. Os 6u.n cqacrJ,u{r.
Croq.nu xapKr{e AHn-nocneAHue or3ByKu ceBepHoro
Jlera. Or oxotnuKoB, y_Irre.4ur{x Ha ceBep c AparorleHHbru
lpysqna, ue 6uno secrertr- Herosuyrnunfi-flau ycrroKanBan
Xycefina, yBepfls, qro c oxorHHKaMH He cryrrr4rocb Huqero
flJroxoro. :
3areu Hacrynflna paHHfffi_ocenr. He6o 6uao no-npex-
HeMy qucrbrM n npogpaqHbrM. B rennou Bo3Avxe .nerall.r 6e-
nble nyulrHKn, a JrncrBa Ha 6epesax sanunara cKa3oqHo
Kpacr{BbrM 6arpruqeu. fIaM o6rqcHprJr, rrro ecnu KapaBaH He
BepHeTcfl c ceBepa qepes HeAerro, ro xapr.rAxuraM IIpHAercr
saAepx(aTbcq B recHoM [oceJrKe Ao 6yAyUero .rrera, t{ro6u
cMqrqnrb BneqarJIeHIIe, BbIgBaHHoe ero cJroBaMr{, IIau 4o-
6asfiJr:
- Monm oxorHnKaM noHpaBr,rJrHcb rryx$eMrlu. Bu oxa-
gaJrncb rrecrHhlMn ll xpa6pnua nroAbMH. Ey.aere oxoruTbcs
suMofi Buecre co BceMH, a nerom nofiAere i6onruoft uonofi
B CBOIO CrpaHy.
: .-.ii
:'.1
50
'':
Hg scex cnyrHI{KoB Xycefina ro-JIbKo Puxas Jlnca Aa
Xypurua o6pa,ionanncr uyuuoueftcn sa4epxxe. Puxeft
J{llie HpaauJlacb x(H3Hb cpeAn poAcrBenHolo_eMy HapoAa' a
fiypurrEil nonro6u;r scefl .qyuoft xpaearnuy HeI.
- -floxa paHa XypruHAa nonHocrblo He 3ax(HJIa' oH cJIo-
rrffJrcff 6es aera ri6 nepenne. Ona BhIrJIrAena onycreeureli'
Bce xenurnHbl LI Aern qeJIbIMI{ AHqMU IIponaAaJIn B Jlecy'
co6upax rpu6u, Koroptilx ypoAlrnocb B sroM roAy BenI'IKoe
MHOXCCTBO.
OAuaxAu, .Ito6bl cKoporarb oA[HorlecrBo, Xyptut'14 sa-
rrreJr B Aou flaua. To.nxuyr HI'I3Kylo ABepb' oH BoIITeJI B no-
JryreMHyto KoMHary. flpanuft yron KoM-Harn 6ul orropoxeH
BMecro 3aHaBecKll rtleinexreft ruxypoft. Xypuua AaBHO XO--
re.n ysuatn, qro cKpblBaerct B TOM yrny. uH OroFHyn KpaH
ruKvobI Ir vBI{AeJI npIIcJIoHeHHufi x ctese o6py6ox AepeBa.B
poir ue.ttonexa. Hdr BepxHeM KoHqe o6py6xa 6Hla rpy6o
sbrceqeHa rrefloBeqecKafl roJIoBa c AJIHHHLIM gCTptIM HOCOM It
rny6oxutrltt BnaAHHaMI4 r.ras. Ha no6 srofi Qnrypu 6u'na
Ha4ouuyta B BuAe BeHIIa roflcraq cepe6pnna-n nJIacrI'IHa'
PnAou ha c"ese BuceJIo 6o.llruoe cepe6pnnoe 6'ltoAo c u3o-
6paxeuneu KoHn, nacyluerocfl . y^aepena. 6o.nrure lfpy-t+
Hirqero He ycuet paccMorperl. Ceann pasAancs rposnbltl
xpnx flauai
- Ta6v!
Hcnyrailnufi csoefi Aep3ocrbrc' Xypurna orcryflI{il It ttpo-
rrreJr B l3epb Itrurtro cypo-ao MoJIqaBIuero flaua' Ha y;lnue
flaNl sApyr Aornan IoHoIIIy H cKa3aJI:
-----tvt6"*ntl llas, npnxoAl{ BeqepoM s lt'Iofi Aortl' f no-
npouy AyxoB He cepAl'Irbcs sa te6s.
^ Eisa -AoxAasuflcb Beqepa' Xypruu4 cHoBa ornpaBnJlcf,
x llanay. Brafiue oH paccql{rfuna.n yaI'l4eto Hel, Ho oHa AoIr-
Jra BepuyBruylocs c iract6utlta ropooy. Aunxa se 6ulo Ao-
ua yxe-necKoJlbKo anefi. Ou yuen c:,pyruMl'I. MoJIoAbrMx
oxoinuxauu Ha npoMblce.rl pa6uuxos. fIaM cI'IAen B KoMHa-
Te y crona. Konfgqafi IIJIoIIIKa' HanoJIHeHHas- pacronJleH'
HbrM Me,{,BexbuM caJIoM' or6pacunana u4 6penenuatyn
5l
cfeHy orpoMHyrc TeHb naMa c KocMarofi 6opoaoft. flepe4
HHM nexano rra croJre ro caMoe cepe6pnuoe 6nrcg,o, Koropoe
Xypun4 Bu4en ceroAHs Br{cffrrlriM Ha creHe.
- IIpoxoAH croAa, Merxuft l.nas, - upuuracr.rJr llau,
yKa3aB Ha naBKy pffAoM co cro.rroM. O6uqno cypoBoe nnrlo
lIaMa Ka3aJrocb renepb,lpyxenrc6ubrM.-Ayxu cxasa.nu
MHe, qro rbr He npanecerxb BpeAa nJreMeHn Ka6aHa, t,t oHr.r
pa3petuunu orKpbrrb re6e sexoropue raftnu. Haruuu AyxaM
HpaBsrcq cocyAbr us 6enoro MeraJrJra, 6.necx Koroporo Mox{-
Ho cpaBHrcm c 6.necxona conHrla rc JryHbr. Oro 6o.niruoe 6.nn.
Ao, .rrexaqee nepeA ro6ofi, nroArd nneMeuu Ka6ana cqrrralor
nfiqou Harrrero [oKpoBETeJrg - Be.nuxoro Ayxa-xo3ffr,rHa
oxoruuKoB. 6es ero BoJrr.r HH oAnH 3Bepb ge nonaAaer noA
yAap Korlbq uilE B Ka[KaH, nTEIIbr He cflAyT B paccTaBJreH_
HbIC CI,IJIKH, H HAPOA OXOTHUKOB YMPCT C TOJIOAA.
xypur.rA B3flJr B pyxn 6nro4o r,r craJr BHr{Mare.rrbuo pac_
cMaTpr.IBaTb, BnepBble rroHflB, noqeMy TaK BbICOKO IIeHflT
3AeCb AparoqeHHbre cocyAbr, npnB$eHHble c ero poAaHbr.
Bapyr B HepoBHoM MeprlarcrleM cBere oH yBuAen ui 6.nnae
KaKile-To crpaHHbre qeroBeqecKue $urypxu, BpeeaHubre ron-
Knuil, eABa gaMerHbIMH JrHHllgtrlr.t. Ogn croflnu B BoI{Hcr_
seHHoft noge, ruupoKo paccraBltp Horr{, a B noAHflTbrx py_
Kax AepxaJrlr He ro Meqr, ne ro ca6.nu,, psAonr c qeJros"e-
qecKnMa Qzlypxaun Br{AHeJr[cb Qarypu KaKrlx-ro spepeft,
nrnq, pu6. 3aMerns yAnBJIeHHe Xypirzaa, Ilanr rtoscriu.rr:
- Koraa Mbr MoJrr.rM Benuxoro Ayxa-xoanreHa nocJrarb
HaM Ao6brqy unv 6.ilaroAapam efo sa yAavHurl npoMbrceJr,
ro qeprr,rM Ha cocyAe enrypu enepeft, B Koropbrx Mbr Hyx_
AaeMcff, r{JrH Koropbrx Ao6u.nn Ha yAauHori oxore. Haru'no-
KpoBr,rTenb AoJrxeH BHAeTb, qTo Mbt noKJroHfleMcfi eMy n
qecrHo [pHHocr,rM cBorr Aapbr.
Xypruzg xoreJr BaAarb errle oAr.rH Bonpoc, uo flau oue-
PeAu.n ero.
- Tu xoqeurb ygnarb cpasy cJrltrxKoM Mnoro, Metxnft
lras. Orrtpasnsftcfl. x ce6e H xpaHr{ Bce ycJrbrrrraHHoe B
raftse.
52
KorAa llan,t octanctl oAlil{, pa3Hbie MbIcJIl, HaxJlbIHyJlu
fia Hero. He c.rryuafiHo oH orKpbIJI -col(poBeHnue raftHu po-
Aa MoJIoAoMy qyxeseruqy. Merxnfi Inas noHpaBnncfl eMy
csoefi cMeJlocrblo Ir YMoM.
AeA, a 3areM oreq rlaua 6u.rlt soxAflMH poAa I'I oAHoBpe'
iriituo KaMaMIi. florou Bot(AeM II KaMoM cral flai't' B trto-
JroAocrl{ OH HayqI4JICfl Or oTqa Bapl{rb I'I3 JIeCHbIx TpaB oAyp-
MaHr,rBalorqee SeJIbe Ir [pnHrtMaJI ero nepeA HarlaaoM o6pa-
AOB SaKnI{HaIII{s AyXOB.
VAaqa nnxorAa He noKIlAaJIa ero. Teunue, rax 6yAto
sanopoureHsue nerxofi npoce46ro IIIKypKII co6oneti, HexHbIe
uexa xyunq, 6enocuexHble IIIKypKII ropuocraeB I{ IIbIIITHbIe
uexa 6o6poB AocraBaJlucb eMy raK rlacro' llro HI{KTo IIe co-
nanesancii Belnxnft Ayx-xo3fl I'IH noKpoBl{renbcrByer flauy'
OAsaxAst flau ornpaBl{Jlcff c ApysbflMlt Ha BocroK K
pere Eo.nrurofi. Ha ee 6epery HaxoAunocb KpyrHoe ropxfl-
u1e, xopouo 3auuuleHHoe r.ny6oxuu pBoM I{'BbIcoKI'IM 3eM-
JISHbIM BANOM.
B ropxuule creKaJII'Icb yAaqruB_ble oxorHI'IKI{ I'rc pa3Hblx
[JIeMeH c Ao6uroft IIMI] nylxHunofi. Cro.qa xe c HI'IsoBbeB
pexu Bonrurofi noAHnuaJII'Icb-fapaBaHbI KynqoB' BbITJIflAeB-
ruux 3anpaBcKnMn BOr4HaMrr. KoHnqecxlre )KeJre3HbIe uJIeMbI
BaKpbrBaJIH ux roJIoBhI, a I'I3-noA rpy6nx cyKoHHbIx KaQTS-
HoB BIiAHeJILIcb l(oJlbqyr[, HaAex(Ho SalquqaBulre re'no' Ha
JreBoM 6ory y raxAoro noABeueHa K roqcy ca6'ns' B yne-
cHcTbIx TIOKaX JIexaJIh peAKI'Ie I',I3AeJII'Ifl IOX(HbIX CTpaH -
pasHoqBerEue 6ycu I'Is creKJIa' Ilacrbl, I'I3 noJlyAparyl:I-
nrrx rauHeft, xycru [leJIKa, opyx(ue H AparoueHnafl cepeo-
pflHaf, nocyAa.
' Topr cios.n uryuHufi. Kynuu serll ce6q 6ecqepeuouuo'
OnH nonsHBaJII'I Ha JIoMaHoM Mec'THoM fl3blKe oxorHI{KoB'
xBaTaJIr.I I43 HX pyK IIIKypKH nyIIrHbIx 3BepbKoB It noqTH xe
rnflAfl 6poca.rrn o 6ucrpo pacryque 3a cIIilHaMu KyqH' ne
AaBafr. oIIoMHHTbcfi' KynIIbI nOACOBbIBaJIII OXOTHI'IKaM oxe-
ot
=- -: .,
,a
pcnbj 6yc, 6ponsoBDile yKparrJeHnr HJrr.t Kycor,4oporofi Tr(a-
Hr{. JHaqHreJrbHo pexe flepexoAr{nH B pyKH OXOTHHKoB opy_
xlre IrJrH cepe6pflHafl flocyAa.
Taxoft nocyAbr He 6brno in y AeAa, Hr{ y orua [aua.
Ao cHX nop n CaM OH rronbBoBancq ToIbfio rJrLrHffHbrMr,I
rIaIrIKaMIt H roprxKaMH, KOTOpbIe yMeJIO JreIIUJIa ero xeHa
u, BhIcyruHB, g6>Kmana Ha Kocrpe. flau ncnouHnJr cnoBa
orqa o .nto6su Beauroro Ayxa-xossrrua { 6e.nonny MeranJry.
Kaxofi-ro crarsufi .lepno6opo4ufi xyneq nporflHyn py-
Ky K cBsaKe MexoB, csncasureft c [Jreqa flaua. Ho ne ycnen
oH-npLrKO-CHyTbCfl K Hr{M,KaKOXOTHT{KCX(aJr ero pyKy c Ta-
xofi cuaori, qro Jrnqo vepuo6opogoro ilepeKocu.nbtr- or 6o-
au. .(pyrue Kynr{br cxnaru.nuCr sa ca6iu, .no6H ncKpo-
IIIUTb CMeJIbrIaKa Ha MecTe, Ho ToT ycnen noBepHyTbcf r
HUM nItI{oM. IIoa pa3cffpeHnbrM B3rJrsAoM cuJraqa-oxorHg-
Ka Kynrlbr cunpn$u csofi rouucxaft nu.n, raK KaK crblrrKa
o6eulana nepepacrn B cxBarxy c ro.nnoli BosMyrrleHubrx He-
cnpaBeAJrHBbrM TOpIoM oxoTHr{KoB r{ MofJra saKoHrrHTbcfl
Anff KynqoB nJraqeBHo.
flau cusu cBffsKy MexoB c nneqa u 6pocnn nepeA qepHo-
6opo4uu, nporfiHyB pyKy K cepe6panoily 6.nn4y c r.reobpa-
xeHEeM. KoHfi nepeA AepeBoM. tlepHo6opoanli c xpnnoft
yrbroKora, Ho pelrrnrenbHo oroABfiHyJr or ce6s csssxy, fl py-
xa flaua Bacrbr.ra B BosAyxe. floue4ane, llau piinnda'"rr
sanneqHrilfi MeIuoK u 6ucrpuu AEHx(eHHeM Aocran r,rg Hero
rxKypy uepno6ypofi nncnqtil. OHa 6uta croJrb peAxocruoft
KpacoTlrr, rrTo cMoTpeBurHe Ha "opr oxoTHr{KH SarIOKaJrH OT
Bocxurrleufifl fl3brKaMu. CAenxa ryr xe cocros.iracb, u 6.nro-
Ao rtcqegno B ganfierrgoM MeIxKe flairla.
C 1ex nop nporrrJro Mnoro rer. C.[asa o MoryrreM. oxor-
uzxe flaue npoKaraJracb AaneKo sa npeAenbr po4uoro n.ne-
MCHI.I. \OTAA POAHJICfl CbTH, A NOTOM IIOffBUJIHCb BHVK H
BHyqKa, J nay-a 6urno eqe MHoro cu.r. Ho oAHaxAbr'cny-
q[.rracb 6e,qa. Ha .]recuyro AepeBuro HeoxaAanHo HanaJr or-
psA us HapoAa MaHca. Cus 6ur.rr y6ur crpe.rrofi n rpyAr,
a paHeHyro HeBecrKy JrroAr{ MaHca yBenfi B nJreu. C rci nop
:
\
:J
-r- i
54
flau orntt pacrun Autrxa n He.n. Ceft'{ac oIrH craJII'I Kpen-
KHMH r{ cI,IJIbHbIMIi, a He.l HeoxI'IAaHIIo AJIff Hero pacqBena
s; rtot nocleAHnfi roA il Haqana 3arnnAuBarbcg Ha MoJIo-
AOfo qyx$eMqa.
- <tlro x€, - AyMan flalu, - B -cnyqae xar<oft-nu6yAl 6e-
x"t "ror crtle.rruft "IoHorua 6ynet efr naAexsoft onopoft>'
Bus4oponenurr'rfi XypuruA npucoeAnnllncff K oxorHl'lKaM'
HaqaBIIII{M Saroronxy MffCa Ha snrt'ry' KpynHoft 4t',Iuu s recy
6n.no runoro, H oxorHI{KI'l BbICJIe)KI'IBaJIH 'fJIaBHbIM oopa3oM
TaexHblx BeJIIIKaHoB-coxarblx. OAHaxAH.. e noroue 3a
coxarbrli,l npnluJlocb HcKynarbcq s xoroAHO.ft BO'4e peKu' n
oAr.rH nox(ulofi oxotltllK He cMor Bcrarb Ha HorI'I nocre HorI-
uoro npuoa.na. C nn.lanulnM or xapa JII{IIoM ero npI{HecJII{
Ha HOCUnKax u3 BeroK B AepeBHo I'I OCTaBI4JIII'Ha flofleqeHHe
x(eHrrlnri flau nanpacHo crap aJrcs BIrIfHarb 3aKJII.IHaHHfl MI'I
gnblx AyxoB. He norrlomn 6o.nruouy n neKapcrBal Koropble
""ap"n'nuM Hs BbIcyueHHbIx xopeiuen u rpaB' 9eilee 'uae
HeAeJIll oxorH-[lK yMep.
" ^E.; bopaxanin t'no9.tt"n""fi nym raK' KaK 6yato co6u-
DaJrH qeJIoBeKa AJIff 6ya'ynrefi xnsttn B IlHoM l'tnpe' HaAe'rIn
it "u"o lyuutnft xocr-lottl, 6oesofl xoxauuir noqc c MHoxe-
crBoM npnKpenneH"io * nur,ay 6ponaosbrx 6nRuex' K noscy
noABecHJIlI Hox, oceJIoK, a B xoxaguft Kucer noJIo)KltJII'I or-
HHBo c KpecanoM n rPY6xY.
floxofinoro nonechi'l no ysxofr 'lecsofi rporie K poAoBo-
ruy r.traa6uury. 3lecs Bblpblnn nerly6oxyto flMy 1I onycrl{nu
B Hee reJlo, SaBepHyroe B KycoK 6epecru' B ro'rlosax nocra-
;;;; *il;nnfi iofuror c i'IMeHHofi nox'rIe6rofi' uro6-n Ay-
ua yMepluero Morna noAKpenurbcff Ha nyrlt r. nryntlft y1q
C.[eea noJIoxHJIH ca6nro. i(oraa naA uornlofi o6pasonancn
"i"n""oa iorr*"r, xenlrll{Hbr 3anpfiqHTaJls' flau Haqar ilo-
rpficarb HaA roiloBofi 6y6nou u Kpyxl{rb BoKpyr MoTHJIII'
ortoHflf, or reJla yu"ptu"to rpax466utlx AyxoB' 3ateu no-
Iro*uno noBepx seM.rinHoro xonMnKa caHE, nepeBepHyB Hx
55
BBepx noJto3bfiMl{, n MeAJIeHHO noflJreJrncb Ha3a,q. B CBOH He_
Kasficrbre, Ho npoqHbre cpy6br.
LMepTb oAHofo .Ir3 copoAnqefi HeHaAoJIro Bbr6nJra nec.
Hyro AepeBHrO r.r3 06brrrHoft Konefi XH3HH. MHOXeCtso sa60r
JrexaJro Ha fireqax o6ulrnu B oxr{AaHr-ll cyponoft snMbr.
Hpg*A" Bcero HaAo 6n.no cAe.na"o bonor"e 3anacbr Mflca.
qro6u nx xBararro ao 6yayrqero Jrera. go""oifv.;id;',;;
TeprJIr4 HarrpacHo Bper\{eHH, crapaJracb nono.nHarL ganacbr
ooqaHbr. uce xAaru Bo3Bparr{eHlrfl oxoTHrIKOB, y[reAll[tx K
[JreMeHr.t lIocn.
C nepnuun yrpeHHurvrH 3aMopo3KaMH oHH BepHVJrHcb.
UHH npr'rB$.nz c co60rl Ha KOHRX HeCKOJTbKo 60nlrunx iro*o"
c Aparorlenuori nyurHrnofi 4 rpr4 ofpoMr{trx 6rnua, no"o*"*
HA CJIOHOBbIC.
"- 3ro pora noA3eMHoro 6uxa xyry,-o6rflcHfi,r Xv_
cju"y oAr4H r4s npz6unuzx oxorHr{KoB. _ BoxAu nneueri"
Jroct [oAapHIrLr wx BaM B 6.naro4apHocrb sa 6e;luri MeraJrJr.
B AepesHe orqyulaJrocb sceo6qee o*rau-"* *;;;il;
ropx(ecrBeHuoro co6urn"a. Xypur_nA He BbrAep>KaJr fl cnpo-
cHJr oAHax{,u,u o6 groM Aunxa. Tor, noMflBrru4cb a Hepefrn_
TeJrbHocrll, coo6ruu.n Bce xe, qro cKopo cocrourcq npasA_
HaK xeprBonpfiHo_rueHna Be.ruxorr,ry,lyxy_xosnuuy. for,ta
^ypruHA oe3 Kone6aurli uanpaurJrcff K flarrly. Tor ncrperu.n
CTO BOsTJIACOM:
- A, Metxufi fJras!_f c.nuural, rrro yAaqa Ha oxore
ca.r\4a runa re6e g pyxtt. Tu Ao6u.n cro.rrbKo sBepff, qro Aa_
x(e Haru[ oxorHrrKu Moryr [o3aBr{AoBarl. Cxop6 Hacrynur
AeHb npoBoAoB JrerHero flpoMbrcna u Bcrperru dnnrHero. 6y_
*: - -q__ql itu_9 e >K e p rB o np n uo u eu n e B en u xo u y ty xy . Uih,
firerKHI,I I Jra3, H cKax(u cBoHM ToBapLIqaM, qro6tr ouu to_
)K-e roronr,rtrncb K npa3AHrrxy. OHa aacnyxll.lta npaBo npufi-
Tfi HA HCTO.
OAuaxAu rrocJre noryAHq Aunr cr(asaJr xaprrAxfiTaM,
qro6u onn 6or.nn rotosri sbrftru B ny16 H B3ff.rrrr c co6ori
opy)Kne.
Kpacunft Ar,rcK conHr.la cKpbrncs sa MaKyurKaMH AepeBb-
56
eB, KorAa npuIIIJII,I HaKoHeu B Ha3uaceHHoe MecTo. Ha 6onr'
uori no.ngse crosJl 6peneuuatufr cpy6 Ha BblcoKllx cBaflx.
flonacrl B Hefo Mox(Ho 6u.no ro.ituxo no JIecrHI{ue' Ho ee
Hr.rrAe ue 6u.no BI,IAHo. Xypuna SaMerIIJI, qro ABa oxorHI'IKa
npr{BoJIoKJIIt orKyAa-To 6peuuo, Ha KoropoM 6ut,ltIl cAelanrt
sipy6xra, "Ir npn'craruJlll ero x cpy6y' llo 6perHy noAHqrcfl
n cpy6 flau n cKpbIJIcfi 3a ABePbIo.
Ocra.nrsue npnun.nnct pagx(Hrarb Kocrpbl' uto6u paso-
rHarb KpoMeIUHyIO TbMy, oxBaTI{BIXyrO JIeC [OcJIe SaxoAa
coJrHI{a. Cxopo BblcoKI{e flsbIKH rlJlaMeHI4 BgMerHyJIHcb BBepx
B pagHblx Mecrax [oJIflHbI, u JlwALl x(aJII{cb no6.lnxe K HI4M'
III-yu n foBop, pa3uocnBlunecr HaA nonRuoft, crI'IxJII'I B gTor
MoMeHT, ra 6it.n-c.nuueH ToJIbKo rpecx BeroK, noA6pacHsae-
Mbrx B KocTpbI.
Bapyr HaA flo.ilsHofi pas4a.ncfl KpI'IK, HanoMI'IHaIouLI?I
KJreKor paccepx(enHoro opJIa' Jllolu yBI{AeJIn llaua, ctoR-
u{ero c noAHqrH[,IZ pyKaMLI na He6o.nruroti n.noulaAKe nepeA
ABepbIo cpy6a. Ha ueu 6un nnaur c rpeyfoJlbHblMlt pyxa-
BaM[, Koropble HanoMI,IHaJI?I KpbIJIbfl nrllubl. Ha rolose xe-
Jre3Has llanKa, yKpal[eHHag poraMH.
- Jft,o.qu nn-eirrenn Ka6aua!- saKpuqal flau, [I 3xo
ryJrKo paSHecJIo ero cJIoBa no nplITHxIIreMy B HorII'I flecy. -
Cxopo Be.luxttfi Ayx-xosflI'IH cnycrrlTcfl K HaM Ha seMJIP Ha
cBoeM ue6ecsotr,t xone.
flarr4 sanea nporfx{Hylo recHlo, a roropoft Xypruu,a no-
HrJr He sce. B gfoft necne roBopllJlocb, uro flau JIerI'Ir Ha
cBoeM MoryqeM crIyrHLIKe-opJIe HaBcrpeuy Beluxotvly Ayxy
n sa6paacn yxe nilure o6,nhxos. Bot-ou yBHAeJI Beluxoro
Ayxa u 3oBer ero Ha SeMJIlo. Tor sHrrqAur KpacI'IBbIM !oHo-
ruetl c JIHIIOM IIBera ytpenuefi SapH I'I cBepKaIoulnMII' KaK
sBe3Abr, fJIasaMI{. Ou oAet r 6lecrxulyn cepe6pou oAe)KAy
u cHAI,IT ga6enou KpblnaroM xoue.,Il,anrure flan'I neJI o roM'
qro BernKnfi 4yx orxasblBaercff onycrurbcfl Ha 3eMnlo: BeAb
ero He6ecurrfi kour He Moxer croqrb ua ronofi seMJIe.
Ha srou Mecre necHl npepBanacb' llau cfiycruncff IIo'
6penuy Ha seMJIIo u paenoxz.tr na nefi qerblpe cepe6pruue
ot
' : .-::- ::,
tapet*r.'IloAnss roxoBy r HapoxAarcrqeMycr .Mecrqy, oH
ga[eJr, rrro renepb ue6ecuol,ry KoHro Heqero 6oqmcg: on uo_
xeT Bcrarb KolrblTaMll r{a rapenKn tls 6eroro MeraJrJIa.
B uanpxxennofi rururne MHorr.rM nocJrbllrraJrc, ru*ofi-ro
caa6ufi urym. lVloxer 6url, sro npouenecreJr Berep, ilJrLr
HoqHafl nrr.rqa BbuuJra Ha oxory, uo flau saxpnua.lr:
- Bu cJrbrrrrr{re, .npAu na6iuesn Ka6anai Oro cnycr[n-
cr K HaM Benrlrnfi Ayx!
PaAocrnufi ryn roJrocon pasAancr B orBer Ha cnosa na-
ua. A oH cxBarr.rJr B r(alr(Ayrc pyKy no ca6.ne fi Hanpalnilcfl,
B cropouyoxorunxoB.'le croffflH, Aepxa xax,qufi tto Korrbr]
u ca6te. InsAg Ha ocranbHbrx oxorHHKoB, ?o x<e caMoe
cAena.nn,BoI,rHbr Xycefina. OAnaro unxaxofr cxBarKa, KaK
ox(lAan Xyprun4, He nponsoruno.
Kax to.nrxo flau noAollreJr K oxorHr.IraM, oHl 6ucrpo
o_6pasona.nn 6o.nruofr Kpyr. B rleHrpe oxisancs IIalr.
Os noAnrr ca6nn uaa ro.nb-sofi r sacruJr s srofi nor.. O*or-
HnKu ro>I(e rroAHfinn cBoH Konbfi n ca6nn HaA rorosori ]r
x,qaiia clrHaJra. fIaM na'ran Kpyxnrbcs Ha oAHoM rt{ecre,
fls4aBafl, BpeMr or BpeMeHn xpunnEile ropJroBble seyxu. flpu
eroM'oH yAapffn oAnofi ca6.neft o apyryro, H sBoH cdnponoir_
Aan ero BbrKprlKlt.
OxorHuxn HaqaJrrr MeAneHHo floxaqnBarbcfl To B oAHy,
lo B apyryb cropoHy. Bce 6ucrpee KpylKulcq Ha Mecre
lIaM, [r Bce obrcrpee pacKaquBaJlucb oxorHlKr{. Ifocrenenuo
Bee gaKpyxplnncb s 6€ueHorr,r BotrHcrBeHrIoM TaHrIe u ocra_
HoBgJrucb roJrbxo rorAa, KorAa flann ynaa B HgHeMoxeHHH
Ha 3eMJrro. flpn.q" I ce6ff, IIau npl,rrasan 3ape3arb An,
xeprBofipHHorrreHuff KOpOBy u iKoHt, npnBeAeHHblx rr3 Ae-
peBHu.
_ Xypurna, c HHrepe-cou na6lrcAasuufi sa flauou, ynu-
Aen ero c cep:6pnuofi qaueft B pyxax y nora.neuuoft'ua-
seMb KopoBu. S.necHyn ocrpo omoqeHuufi Hox, H flau noA-
:::_"ii_ :35y loA crpyro rennoft rycrofi KpoBH, xnbrHyB-
rgeu EB rtlen xuBorHoro. flana uoAoruefl c .rlaueft r pyriax
x 4epenaHnouy usBaflHxro c rpy6o sb,rceqenuorl ro.rroi6ft n
..
.J
,l
t
i
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.-t
58
rITo-To HerpoMKo cKasaJr. florolvr o6uarnyn nanbrlbr npa-
eoft pyxu B KpoBb u o6Magan ero ry6u, Jrnrlo r4 .ro6 [ssas-
utts. r{aruxy c ocraBurelicr xponlro oH nocraBuJr npflMo Ha
seM.rro. O6epuynruncb K conpoBoxAaBrxl{M ero oxorHr.rKaM,
I laM SaKpurran:
- Bennxnft Ayx-xosflrrH npr.tnfln xeprny! Mu Aonxnu
noKaSaTb eMy, IITO UarUn XOnlfl n ilyKLr He SHanT npoMaxa,
a KanKaHbr BcefAa HaAexHbr. To.nrxo xopouurM oxorHuKaM
oH norrrJrer rtoA yAap cBonx soepeft!
IIo sHaxy llaua oxorHl{Kr.r HaqaJrr{ MoJrqaJrnBbrfi raHerl.
Xypruua c yArrBJreHr.reM y3HaBan B ABHIKeHHqx raHr{opoB no-
BaAKil Jrocfl, MeABeAff, Ka6aHa. Heroropne nso6paxaJrn tto-
BAAKH NTHII.
llporuno He 6ollrtre qaca, KaK )KeprBeHHbre xrrBorHbre
6uJul ocsexeBaHbr H KorJrbr c noAoft Ha6nru 4oeepxy 6o;rr-
rrrr{MH KycKaMr,r Mrca.
Xypura nepeceK noJrflHy r.r ocraHoBnJrcfl pflAoM c xeH-
rIrIHHaMn, cpeln Koropbrx croflJra Hen. OHh He MorJru npu-
HItMarb yqacrnff B coBeprrraBlrlrxcfl e4eco o6pxAax H cMor-
penr,r Ha Hr{x co c?opoubr. Hen sH[ura HaBcrpeqy Xypnrn4y,
H, cxBarnBIIIHcb Ba pyKlt, oHH no6exann K AaJIbHItM Kocr-
paM, Ha KOTOpbIX CTOflJIH KOTJrbr C XepTBeHHbIM MflCOM.
Mex4y reM oxorHr.rKu gaKoHqunfl ceoft Tageu Ia Hatraru
Bbrpe3arb r{3 KycKoB 6epecru Qnrypxu pa3JrrrqHbrx >Kr,rBor-
nux. .Ilonxo opyAoBaJru oHH HolKaMfi, BKJraAbrBaff B 9To Ae-
Jro Bce cBoe yMeHLIe n cTapaHLIe, H CTaBI'!JII,I Ha SeMJrlO OAHy
ea 4pyroft Q'urypxu noceft, MeAseAeft, nyrxHbrx 3BepbKoB;
pa3rI,IqHbIx nTr4u.
Onstl flau noAa;l gHaK, n oxorHr{Ku HaqaJrr{ HoeHfi ra-
seq. To,nrxo renepb oulr llso6pa>Kanrn, KaK BbrcJrexnBaror
3Bepr r.r KaK noAKpaAbrBarorcff K HeMy. Bor yxe Qnryprn
sneperi coBceM 6.nnsro. Oxornnxn BcKaKEBaror Ha Horr,r H
npoHsaror ux cBoHMn KonbsMu. Ilponaaxunarbcs HeJIbgfl -
HHarre aecr 6yayunft npouncaosHft.ce3oH He 6yaer yAarra
B oxore. HeyaauHuxoB He oKasaJrocb, H BogAyx ouracuncfl
y'ruKyroqr{Mrr KpuKaM[.
60
Xesult'tttst nogBaJII{ oxorHnKoB K KorJIaM. Hecxonrxo
nyquux KycKoB MffCa OTHeCJIrI K AepeBflHHOMy H3BaflHnIO
Be.rnroro Ayxa-xosflI4Ha. Ocra.nluoe pa3Aennnn MexAy
BceMH npll6traurartu'I Ha cBfiTI'IJIIruIe. Or.noxuau Mflco u
AJrf Tex, KTO OCTa.IICS B AepeBHe
Aorr,rofi Bo3Bpaqanucb B JIecHofi reusote. To.nlxo MecflII
H sBe3AbI HaA roJloBoft yraeunan[ nyrb. Xypuua n Hea
rrrJrlr no3aAI,I Bcex. I4nl 6uvto xopouo BMecre. Hel xorena
BuAerb IoHoIuy KaK Mox(Ho qaqe- Efr npanu.itocb cJlylxarb
ero qyrb roptannufi noJloc' I{ oHa BeceJIo cMeflJlacb' KorAa
oH HegatHHo nepeBI'IpaJI cJIoBa ee poAHofo ff3blKa. Oua ne
cKpbrBaJla csoefi nplanasauuocrl4 K Xypurzay. flpn nctpe-
qax oHa JIacKoBo rJlaAufla 6poHsonyro or 3arapa Koxy ero
nuqa. O6uqau poAa He npenflTcrBoBaJll{ ux lto6on, noroMy
uro Xypurv4 6n.n qyx($eMqeM.
Xyprunn 6Hr rotos cMorperb Ha KpacaBl'Iuy Hel He,or-
pu"an'cl. OHa, cMexcb, 3aKpbIBaJIa naAoHblo ero rnaga' flo-
iou, eatuxuyB, npocn.rIa Xypruuaa paccKa3arl o roft AaJIe-
xofr oeMae, [s xohopoft oH- npu6u.n c KapaBaHorra. Xypuna
paccKagbrBal o 6o.ntttrnx ropoAax flepcnu, o 3aMKe' B Ko-
ioportr Bblpoc, o csoefi Marepfi. Hen unxar He MorJIa rlpeA-
cTaBI{Tb, KaK B oAHOM MeCTe MorJIo xuTb TaK MHOrO JIIOAeI',I'
- fne xe oHId oxorstcq? - cupaullBaJla oHa. - Be,qu
Ha Bcex cpasy He xBarHT esePeft.
- Oun He oxorrrcr,-cepbe3Ho o6lscus;l |(ypuna'-
B ropo,qax xuByr peMecJIeHHHxu. Ottn I'IsroroBJlflIor oAex-
Ay, yKpaueHHfi, npeAMerbl II3 x(ene3a I'I npoAalor I{x Kpe-
cirsiraru. Kpecrrnne Aanr I{M 3a 9To xle6, Mo.ltoKo' Mrco'
Hau rysHeII Toxe o6MeHnsaer cBoH l{3Aennfl B co-
ceAHeM nJIeMeHrr, - cKa3aJIa He.rr n o6pa4oaanacl uafiAen-
HOMy CpaBHeHI{IO.
HuorAa Xypunn pa3roBapl{Baa c Hen o6 ux 6yAynreu'
He.n se gnani, vro eltry otaerutr. O,sa Aaxe Ayuatl 6oe-
nacb o roM, rITo Hacra[Ier BpeMfl coo6qurs AeAy o xenangr '
yexarb c Xypuu4ou.
6l
it; :' *
'l'3nua cKoBaJra 3eM.rln. Llacrue MereJrr{ cMeHqrucb
peAKlIMr{ SaTnnrbffME, lI CHera BbInaJIO CTO.rrbKo, rITO Heilb3ff
6u.no n uaty cryflxrb 6ee IuflpoKllx oxorHrrqbr.rx Jrblx(, tto4-
6nrr,lx ruxypofr .nocs. IOxaHaM fioHpaBLIJrcfi Hoeb,rfi cnoco6
nepeABrDr(eH*rfr., rr Bcr(ope_oHr.r MorJrn 6erarl Ha paBHbrx c
MecrubrMn oxorurrKaMr{. V ce6s Ha poAHHe Xyprull4 BrrAen
cHer pa3Be qTO Ha ropHbIX nHKaX I{ nepeBaxax, a 3AeCb, K
elo BocxuuleHfiIo, cHeI noKpbtJr Bce: 3eMJIIO, AepeBbg, AoMa.
,(axe perrKy cKoBaJro JrbAoM I{ gaHecno roJrcrbrM croeM
cHera.
Xypurn4 ysgan o qyAecHoM caoficree cgera coxpanarr
c.rreAbr Aaxe caMtrx MaJrsIx SBepbKoB r,I nrnrl u 6ucrpo Ha-
yqn$es, pae6uparucfl B HHx.
Oxornnxn x(HJrIt renepb Ha grMHuKax, pacnoJroxeHHtilx
B Ireglpax oxorHnrrbnx yro4rfi, npr{HaAnor(aBrrrux poAv fla-
Ma. XyprrruA nonan Ha oAHo BHMoBbe c Anrnxou. 3rirrlnne
Awn 6wnn KopoTKH. Kasanocr,'eAea sbrfiAerrrb Hs oxoTgr{rrb-
CII H3OYIIIKH I{, BbICJIEAUB SBCPbKA, HAqHCIIIb NPCCNCAOBATb
ero, KaK HacTynaroT paHHr,re cyMepKn u cqrlfl.ne TeHH Ha CHery
cTaHoBqTCff BCe rvlle.
Oco6enso unoro oxorunKr.r Ao6brBanu 6elor. Ma.neul-
xax aaftxa, BcerAa'conpoBox.4aBrrraff Xypun4a, HaxoA?rJra
ux Heo6urHoBeHHo 6ucrpo. O6Hapyxrab- 6e.nry B BerBsx
eiln uru cocubr, co6ara agapTHo rafrila, npne.nexar x ce6e
BHllMaHae sBepbKa. 6elra c .nrc6onurcrBoM pa3fJrqAbrBara
ee u cepAnro rloKaJra. B sro BpeMfl Xypnrna noAxoAa.n c6o_
xy u, 6ucrpo nlrurleJrr{Brrrrrcb, annycka.n crpeny c rynbrM
HaKoHeqHEKorra. Or.nyueHHar 6e.nra naAana lia cirer. Iiopofi
eMy yAaBaJrocb trpnHecrn 3a AeHb He oAr{H Aecrror -6e_
JrkqbHx ruKypoK.
flpnuyau _cenepuo_fi snMbr ttp rrB o ^rrJrvr B yHbrH r.re BolrHoB
H3 Aa.,reKoro VIpana. Mereln 6yuena.uu HHorAa no HecKoJrb-
Iry cyrol( noApf,A. OHr He Bbr[ycKaJrH .nrc4eft Hs crrMoBbr.
tl TaK[e ,qHH xapHAXHTL[ Ca.4HnHCr no6nnxe K xapKo nbil-
narcqeMy B oqare oruro r.r garfirr{BaJrn npornxunb Me.[o-
AAqHHC NECHIT.
62
t, :' l"'
Osn neru o KpacoTe po,[Hblx rop, 6yfiHblx peKax c ne'
Hflrr{HMHCfl BOAOnaAaMn, o BeceHHI,IX IIBeraX, noKpblBalolllux
ryra ropHbrx AoJIHH. Mectr.ue oxorHHKIt AoraArrBanucb o
roM, qro rBoparcff B Ayue ux Apy3eft, n corlyBcrBoBailu nM'
Cunrnurt xoJIoAaM He 6u.no BI{AHo KoHIla. Xapu4xntau
KA3AJIOCb, IITO XAPKOE CONHqC I,I JICTO HHKOTAA HE BCPHYTCff.
Ho ur.nu AHI,I 3a AHflMI{, I{ gLIMa, HaKoHeII, Harlara orcry-
nam. Coanqe npufpeno, [orIepHeJI cHer' u rocKa no poAH-
He craJla eule cl4nbHee. Xapn4xIlrbl c HerepneHI'IeM BAbIxa-
Jrr,r 3anaxu BeceHHero BeTpa u MeTITaII'I yBnAeTb poAHbre
Aonr,rHbr I,I ropbl
H ece xe npuu;rocb xAarb HacrynJIeHI'Iff nera: c 6onn-
rIrtlM rpy3ou ne npo6epelubcfl no lecuoft qaule,_u caMbIM
nerxnri iytertr 6un- nyri BHI'Io no pexe- Eoaluofi. A.rIs etoro
ua,q,o 6uno AoxAarbcq IIaBoAKa v HanTfi HaAex(HbIe noAKlI.
IIau o6eqan KyIIurb I4x y coceAHero IJIeMeHI'I.
Kor.qa npr.r6nueu.rracb nopa paeeraBaHuR c aecuofi crpa-
nofi u ee roCtenpnnMHblMn xosseBaMu, Xypuuay crano rpy'
ctuo. Os qyBcrBoBar' tlro eMy 6yae1 He xBararb ero HoBbIx
6ecxopucriux r.r xpa6pux apyeeft. 3nrrroft oH oKoHqareJlbHo
AoroBopuncR c He.n, rITo oHa or[paBHTcfl BMecre c HHM B
ero crpany. Hacta.no BpeMff coo6qurr o6 atou flauy.
Bce rx nJIaHbI 6u.nu napyuleHH HeoxHAaHHbIM [ISBecru-
eu. loHeIr coo6urun, rITo BAonb peKH ABuxercn npaxecxuft
orpqa. fl,pyran qacrb Henpnffrenbcxlx cIIJI-Ha AsYI ropa6'
nflx npoABnraJlacb BBepx no peKe Bo.rtltuoft n rpa6ula ox--
pecrHbre noceJleHufl . Brl;ro orpa6;Ieuo HecKoJIbKo noce.neuuft
Ha geMJre nfleMeHH Bu4pu, noABeprnncb HanaAeHI'Irc noce-
JreH?rff nJIeMeHH Ka6ana-
loprxan Becrb sacraeuna naMa npeAflpltHsrb pelllurenb-
HHe Aettctsur. Ctapuxn, >I(eHulHHbI I'I AerI{ He MofJIH ocra-
Barbcs B He3aurnqennofi AepeBHe, n oH npnKagan yBecrII
r{x.BMecre c AoMaIIIHHirt CXap6Ortt n cxotltttofi s norafrHofi
Jror, pacnoJloxenunfi B FJIyxoM .necy. florou flau 3alrler B
AOM, CHflJI CO CTeHbI JIyK H KOJIqaH CO CTpeJIaMfi' B3ffJI CTO-
ffBuree pffAoM JIerKoe Konbe. Ocrasarocb cnpflTarb Ha cny-
63
trafi Heccacrbff cepe6pflHyro nocyAy, Koropofi ou cunruo
AOpoxr{Jr.
flau cJrox(rzJr Bce cocyAbl s xoxaHbrfi sanneqHHft Merlox
H BbrrreJr Hs AoMy, HanpaBrrBrrr?rcb K AJTHHHoMy Herny6oro-
My Jrory HeBAar'reKe or AepeBHH. B rycrou lecy 6uno cupo
I{ cyMpaqHo. iloa HoraMr.r. npyxuHrur mox. He6o saxpura-
JrH BeprrraHtr sexosHx enerl.
3a ao.nryrc JrecHyro xnsHb flau npzinuK xoAr.rrb raK,
qro6u He ocraBJrflrl sa co6or:r cJreAoB, ll gro iraorno cefiqac
eMy rrpufoArlTbcfl. Os noAoru,eJr K pa3Jranucr,ofi eJrH, cKr.rHyJr
c n.rreq yoecucruft MeruoK. Burpnxuyn Hs Hero rpyAy ce-
pe6pruroli nocyAbr, IIau c.noxr.r.n r iepe6pflHoe nbip6 ue-
Tbrpe TapeJrKr.r u [ocTaBHJr ero MexAy KOpHflMr{ eJrn, Ha
cKJroHe ue6o.nsruoft .nox6rlHxl.r. 3arenr oH r.rcKycHo 3aMac-
KapoBaJI BeApo. BerKaMu n cBr{caBrrrHMLI co crBoJra 6opoAa-
MH Mxa-Jrr.ruarlsuxa. ,(ea apyrnx 6.rlrcAa flanr cnpnial n
oAHoM ruare or BeAp.a H rrpnKpbrJr r,rx cBepxy rperruu 6ln-
AoM, rroJroxnB ero BBepx AHoM. tlepes HecKoJrbKo MnHyr
6.upAa [cqe3Jrr{ noA noffpoBoM Mxa.
HerneA.ns flau nourel o6pargo B AepeBHro. Orcro4a ou
HanpaBr,rncff c rpynnoft eopoAnueft B pa3BeAKy HaBcrpeqy
npu6uuxauxeMycff Bpa)KecKoMy orpnay. Bruicre c dunur
orrpaBuncfl Xyprun4.
Becs ocraroK AuR pasBeArrr,rKrd ABr.IraJrr,rcb B[epeA 6ucr-
pbrM lrraroM. _B nytz npnunocb saHoqeBarb, Ho Kocrpa He
pasxlrraJru. Jler.nn cnarb npflMo Ha 3eMJrro, rroAcrenr4B ltoA
ce6q Mexosbre KyprKn. EAsa paccBeJro, cHoBa rpoHynr.rcb
B nyrb. rlepes. H_ecKo.rrbKo rracoB AocrurJrr,r nucoxorl r-eppa-
cbl, c Koropoli 6rrn Br.rAeH 6o.nruofi yrracroK peru c npu-
6pexiuofi nolocoft.
flo peureuzrc flaua oxorHuKr,r paccbrraJrncb B rlenb 14
3aJrer.irn Ha Kparo Teppacbl, HcKycr{o 3aMacKr,rpoBaBrrrtrcb.
B [oJrAeHb oArrH r{3 oxorHHL(oB gaMernJr BAaJrn qepHbte
ABr.r>Kyrrlaecfi roqKri. t{epes HeKoropoe BpeMr uoxuo 6u.no
pa3fiHrrnTb rrerbrpex BcaAHrrKoB, exaBrunx no 6epery pexn.
AaneKo trooaArl sux reuuoft uaccofi ABr,raJrcff orpflA.
:
64
Bca4uuxl,l BHzMareJlbHo ocMarpltBaJru Kpyrbre cKJroHbI,
rycro 3apocrxue HenpoxoAuMbrM KycrapHr.rKonr u necoiu. Oun
oogJrHcb 3acaAbr, Ho oKpyxanqas Tnrur.rHa, HapyuraeMafl
TOJTbKO rreHr{eM nTr{u, nporoHrira cTpax.
IIam gap r.rra3 BnrdMareJrbHo cJreAnjrr{ 3a KaxAbrM ABr.r-
xeHr{eM Bpara. I4x sHeurHocrb 14 Boopy>KeHr{e HanoMHr,rJrr,r
Ilaruy rex xnrrlHbrx BorinoB-KyrrrroB, c KoropbrMu oH croJrK-
HyJIcfl B MoJIoAoc?LI Ha ropxuqe y pera 6o.nturoft.-<<tlro
rpr.rBeJro qyxe3eMqeB croAa - B cepAqe nJreMeHr.r Ka6a-
sa? - pa3AyMbIBa.n flau. - loneq coo6u1vt.rr, rrro oHn npu-
rrrJra c MeqoM uoftHbr, a 3aKoH rrpeAKoB rpe6yer Kaparb ga
3TO CMepTbIO>>.
O4uaro npexAe IIau xoren ysHarb, B KaKoM HalpaB-
ileuuvr co6zparcrcn r{Arr{ AaJrbrrre rpa6nre.nu, n AJrr arofo
eMy HyxeH 6un xnroft rpar.
r{erupe crpeJrbr, oAHoBpeMeHHo BbrJrereB rr3 3acaAbr, ttpo-
cBHcreJrH B BosAyxe. Crpe.ta Xypuruaa BoHsnJracb BcaAHr,rKy
B ropJro, u ero Mr,rHyrn 6unu coqreHbl. flau nonan Bpaxe-
cKoMy Bor.rHy B rJra3, r,r ror c pa3AHparoqr,rM Ayr[y Kpr.rKoM
pyxHyJr Ha seMJrro. l{na 4pyrux BcaAHr,rKa orAeJranilcb Jref-
KrlMu paHeHr{sMH. OAEH us unx 6ucrpo noBepHyJrcfl B ceA-
JIe B cropony BbrcrpenoB r.r floc.iran orBerHyo crpeny. flpo-
cBI{creB B BosAyxe, oHa BoH3rrJracb B rpyAl flaua. Vqeres-
rxr4e Bpaffi He Br4AeJrr{ grofo. flonepHyn xouefr, oHr.l raJro-
noM noMqaJrr{cb K cBoeMy oTpffAy.
Xussr c rpyAoM roKHAaJra BoxAfl. floA6exaeruuM
oxorHr{KaM oH cKagaJr, qro6u poa nu6pan ce6e HoBoro Ao-
crorisoro rp eABoAr,rrens. floAoss as ocna6esrueft pyro ft Xyp -
[rn4a, IIaru c rpyAoM npor,rsHec:
- BHyvry uorc 6eperr...
l.nasa,ero gaKpbrJrr4cb, vr B npeAcMepTHoM rrreilore oxor-
nuxn paso6paJrr{ ToJrbKo HecKoJrbKo cJroB:
' - CorpoBltrrle cBoe Aapro Mareprz-3eMJre...
PaseeAqraxu B Tor x(e AeHh BepHyJrr,rcb B noceJreHue, ilpu-
Hecfl c co6ori re.no lfaua. Myxvruu, cx{aB B pyKax opyxl,te,
rloKJrffJrr{cb oroMcrr.rrb sa cMeprb BoxAff KpoBbro rpa6nre-
3 Jleureaxo B. Io. 65
.re$. He.t ropecrHo pbrAaJra Ha,[ reJroM AeAa, KoTopufi sa-
MeHg.rr eli orqa 14 Marb.
Cefiqac ue 6ulo Aax(e BpeMeHr.r orAarb BoxAro rrorrecrlr,
E ero Hacr(opo norpe6.nu Ha poAoBoM xna46uu1e. Cxopo
floAoruno noAKperrJreHl{e - oxono Tpex - AecflTKoB BOHHOB,
npficnaHgbrx Ha noMourb coceAHnM poAoM. O6ae4nuennuft
g1psa Ha BpeMff BoeHHHx Aericreaft au6pa.n cBor4M BoxAeM
Xycefiua.
On pas6rzn Bcex oxornuxoB Ha ngrepKrr u AecqrKr.r, Bo
rJraBe KoTopbrx nocTaBr.rJr cBotrx BoHHoB. Xapa4xuru sna-
.rrr.r BoHHcKuft crpoft, BJraAenr,r BceMn Br,rAaMH opyxr.rr, u qe-
pe3 HHx 6u.no .nerqe y[paBnflTb ocra.rrbubrMr,r .nro4tun. fle-
pecrpoeHnbrfi raxuu o6pasou orpffA ABflHyncfl HaBcrpeqy
Henpr{ffTeirro.
Or paane4unxon X,ycefin ysHaJr, rrro Bpaxecxre Bor{Hbr
xopouo BoopyxeHbr. V scex LrMenncb rqx(erbre xonlff, 6oe-
Bbre ro[opbr, ca1ilvr [rJrI-I Meqlr. Kporrae roro, Bce ouu 6u.nu
gaIIluuIeHbI xeJregHbrMn ruJreMaMr{ n Kofibrlyraun. tlto uor-
nn cAenaTb c HnMr{ oxoTHHKr.r, BOOpyXeHHbre JrerKLrMI{
KonbqMu u .nyxauu? Onu He HMeJrn 3aullrrnoro Boopyxe-
Hrrs, Kpo\,r_g se6onuurnx AepeBffHHbrx rrltrroB, o6rnuyrux ro-
xeft. Ocrasa.rrocb paccrrnTbrBarb roJrbKo Ha HeoxuAaHHocrb
HanaAeHufl.
PagseAxa, nocJraHHas Xycerinou, AoHecJra, qro Henpr.rfl-
TeJIb pacfloJrox(nncff JlarepeM Ha HorrJrer Ha 6ontruofi no;lg-
He noqrr,r y cauofi pexu. BnnuareJrbHo paccnpocnB nasyr-
qlIKoB r y6e4urmncb B Harnoft 6ecnequocrn npara, Xycefiu
peunncr ua 4epsrnft nnau.
Bperr,ra nepeBanltJro AaneKo sa [oJrHoqb. Tpu .renoaexa,
BoopyxeuHbre roJrbKo Kr{HxanaMr.r, 6ecuryuuo npo6upa.nncr
K^ noJrsHe, Ha xoropofi pacnono)KaJrcfl narepb r,rx BparoB.
ivtexqy AepeBbffMu oHr.r BfiAeJIr{ cser 6ofiruoro Kocrpa, pas-
JroxeHHoro nocpeAaHe noJrf,Hbr. Ha seft pasMeraJrucb B pa3-
Hbrx nogax IIecKoJIbKo AecgrKoB .rtrc4eli, He cHfiBrur.rx Aaxe
AJrfl cHa Korbrryrn r,r ilpr{}KnMaiorrlux x ce6e 6oegHe To[opbt,
Konbq r{ Apyroe opyxne.
66
fJooAalr, c Kpalo noJIflHbI' xoAnn 'Iaeosoft. Ott occauan-
.rrHBaJrcf qepe3 Kax(Able HecKoJIbKO ruaroB H tlyrKo npxc'Ty'
TIII{BAJICfi K AOHOCI,IBIUHMCg AO HCTO JICCHbIM IUOPOXAM' TTE
o6napyxr,ra Hl{qero noAo-3-pureJlbHoro' oH p aBHoMepHo npo-
,qorxiaJ, o6xo,q noJrffHbr. Kor^a qacOsoft-ocTaHoBuJlctt B orle-
peauofi pa3, rpl teHu 6pocnJll'Icb K HeMy c pa3Hblx cropoH'
B ruurnue pa3AaJlcfi SByK ynaBlllero Ha 3eMJIlo reJla'
Ha no.nsue HI{KTo He IIIeBeJIbHylcn' fIoAoxAaB MrHoBe-
Hrre, oAr,rH I{3 oxorHuKoB rlpnno)KITJI pyKy x ry6au, " 19!
JrecoM pasAancff rlp-]rnyuleHnufi xpn( HoqHoR nruubr' ^a--
saJlocb, flec oxl'IJI. Ot a"eperlen orAe'nn'nucl Qurypu 'nIoAeft
B JloxMarblx MexoBblx manxax L KyprKax' 6ecuytt'tno cry-
naBrrrux B MflrKnx caflorax IIs roc[HOfi IIIKypbI. B pyxax oun
AepxanH KLIH>KaJIbI L Konbg' BblrntAeBluHe I',IrpyuKaMu no
. cpaBHeHI,Irc c Boopyx(eHHeM BparoB'
' Ao crlffulux oilroa ocraJlocb HecKonbKo lrtafoB' Kro-ro
H3 Hr,IX CflpocoHbff [oAHflJI TOJIOBy I'I B y]I(ace SaKpnrlan'
Oxoruuxr,r fueany.nucl BnepeA I'I B ABa-rpH npblxKa npeoAo-
JreJIn ocraBllreecfl pacctonnae. Tenepl Ha [oJIffHe IUeJI cMep-
re;lluufi 6oft.
llocreneuso cpalKeHI'Ie crn-xaJlo. Cta'rIo BHAHo, rITo HeMa-
JIo oxorHHKoB no-{erJlo B HeM- Jlnurl HecKonbKo HenpI{flTeJIb-
cKLIx BoI{HoB, BocnoJlb3oBaBulltcb teMuoroft, cyMenl{ yc'
r xonrsHvrt B Jrec. Kor.qa Xyceftu y3HaJI o6 grou, ro IIpuKa-
sa.n cniauy AururY:
- Boslr,,ru ;rroaefi n npecneAyft 6erreqos' Hn oAns ue
Hlrx He AoJrxeH Aocr[qb ieoilx xopa6neft' flounu' qro or
TBOero ycnexa 3aBI',ICItT x(I{3Hb Bc-ero poAa"'
- -- He 6ecuoxofics, BoxAb. 3'ru sonxfl 'ne yfi'u'yr or
Hac, - cnoroftuo cKasaJI Auux' Cropo oH ucqes c rpytrnon
MoJIoAbIx BoI'IHoB r soqgofi tlue'
'-- Xi""f" [puxa3an co6pats Ha IIoJIe 6on opyxlt€' :l r8K'
xe cHffTb c BparoB ronruyrn u IITJIeMII' Bce gaxnaqennoe
Boopyx(eHue oHH pa3Aenunu MaxAy oxorHI{KaMH' Koroibre
crairil qyBcrBoBarl ce6q yBepeHHee' qeM paHbure'
---XV..iA* He 3prnoc.tra"tr Arunxais nordHlo' On y6eaulca
67
3*
B 6eccrpauur,r oxorHtrKoB. Xopouo Boopy)KeHHbre, oHr.r rtpe,q-
craBlrfl,Irrr, reflepb cepbeoHyro*cu.ny. VAaqnuft 6oli nooayrue_
BITJI Bcex BoI,tHoB, Il our{ 6u.nu rotonbr c.rreAoBaTl aanrue
npr.rKasaM {ycelina. OH peun.n Aarb orpg.4y o4uo4uenuuii
Slu_t],:^_.1]o6u norou ycKopeHHbrM naaprirerrr" snrira . p""u
DOJIbIIIOI{.
Pac.rer XycefiHa 6u.n npocr. Orpx4 rpa6nrenefi Ha Ko-
pa6.nrx He oxr,rAaer renepb nana4eina. Vnepennue ;;;;;
caile n 6eeHaraeaHuocrr,l, oHIr BeAyT ce6R,'*o""u"o, -""-a
6o.rrtuefi ocropoxHocrbro, qeM Te, KTo flo.rrer " .rrecy. Ec.rru
xe npnIuenbrlbr 3anoA9opfl_r HeJraAHoe, Ae.no uox6r rpll_
HffTb nJroxoft o6opor. Xyceftny ocraBaJrcfl ToJrbKo oAtrrl Bbr-
XOA _ BHOBb HCOXIIAAHHOC HANAACHHC HA NPOTI,BHIIKA.
..,, [.t_.:_tgb glpnA oxorHHKoB 6u"r yxe HeAarreKo or pe_
KIl boJrbrrrofi. SAecr HM nOnaJIHCb HaBCTpeuy uecro.rrixo
xeHrrlnu c AerbMz z crapuKoB. VsHAes oxorHHKoB, >KeHrrIa-
HU 6pocu;rlrcb K Hul'1, n.naua ggaxle6 H paccKaSblBafl, qTo
:{I...yI" rpa6ar r.r Hacr{rrbnr.rqar,or B uf npz6pexnoii ag-
lllll; fq-10"1 qyx($eMqeB noAorrrrra,N a6peine paHHr.rM
yTpoM. u Hr,rx BbrcbrnaJra ro.nfla JrroAefi n roaluyrax il c
MeqaM[ n pyrax._Koe-Kro us xure.nefi ycnen Opo"cnrucx n
Jrec r{ cKpbrrlrn. .(pyrae lbrraJrncb 3arrl[qarbcfr. H r,anailv.
cpaxeHHbre 6ecnoulaAubrMv yAapauu. Cropo Orrno .norj
JreHo nocJreAnee conporr.rBJreHr,Ie naectuni rtureneft, H
AepeBHfl noABeprJracr rpa6exy. tlyxeseMqbr HcKaJrn Mexa,
nblTatr{ oxorHr.IKoB, qro6u ygHarb pacnoJloxeHrre ux cBgrLI-
JrHrrIa. Tau oHr.r HaAefinr{cb naftrn cilpe6po, roxeprBoBaHHoe
oxorHlrxaMn Beuuxouy ayxy-xosxl,rriy.'
XycefiH HanpaBr4Jr K AepeBHe pasie4vuxoB, rrpuKa3aB aM
BbIf cHr'rrb,4amnefi urze u a uep euna Bp aroB. p a'sneaunxr.r aep -
Hynl{cb K Beqepy. Onr Aosecrfi, 9io, cyAff no BceMV. He-
rpnffrenb co6pancn saHoqeBarb s AepesHe. Besae 'di-i"
l1{"r Kocrpbr, Ha Koropbrx x(apnnr{ ryurn y6urux csaHeri n
KopoB. mHorlte BpaxecKae BonHbI, 4o6paruucb Ao 3anacoB
xMeJrbHbrx HanilTKoB, ene Aepxanncb Ha Horax. flo unegurc
Xyceftna, Bce cKnaAbrsanoci yAaqHo. H; .;ir6;";-;;;;:
68
JIaCb TOJIbKO HeMHOTOqHCJIeHHafl OXpaHa, a nepenliBrunecfl
B AepeBHe BOflKfi AalKe npeAcraBr.rrb ce6e He Mourr4, qro
r.rM MolKer KTo-HE6yAb yrpoxarb.
Xycefru pa3AeJrr.rJr orprA Ha ABe qacrr{, Koropbre AoJrxHbr
6ufllr oAHospeMeHHo Hanacrb Ha AepeBHrc n ropa6rr. ,I[,.rlr
araKfi au6pa.nu npeApaccBersuft qac.
I( xopa6.rrc, 6pocnnureMy qKopb y 6epera, ureJl Bep3I{JIa
c 6onrasrxl4Mcfl Ha 6oxy ueuou. Iloqrn npu KaxAoM HoBoM
uare efo 3aHocI.IJIo n cropony, H oH [3AaBaJI HeBHflTHbIe
npoKJrffrnfl. Harotteq ou ,{o6pa.ilcfl Ao Aolqaroro rpana H
yxBarl{Jrcrl 3a nepliJla, qro6u IIe ynacrb B BoAy. C 6opra
nocJrbIIUaJIcff HeAoBo.rlbuuft ro.noc qacoBoto:
- Koro Hecer B raKylo paHl?
Beparla nso6pa.ncn ua 6opr, n... qaconoft pyxnyr'I noA
MorrIHbrM yAapoM rsxelofi xoporroft Ay6nnxu.
C nlsssrrr.l aepsn.nofr, poJlb l(oroporo yAaqtlo cblrpaJI
Puxas Jlaca, npoll3olxJla MrHoBeHHaf nepeMeHa. Os uax-
Hy.n pyxofi, u zs npu6pex(Hblx KycroB ua xopa6.nt 6ecuytvt-
Ho noAHffJlacb rpynna BoI.IHoB. 9acrl I{s HItx nepe6palacl
no MocrKaM Ha Apyroe cyAHo. flocne xoporxofi, Ho o)Kecro-
qeuuofi cxBarKLI o6a cyAna oKa3aJlltcb B pyKax oxorHLIKoB.
Puxas JIHca npnraoaJl noAHflrb flKopff H orIIJIbIrb or 6e-
pera Ha HecKoJIbKo AecffTKoB MeTpoB.
Eoft n AepeBHe cKJIaAbIBaJIcg. !.;itr oxorHI{KoB Toxe yAarl-
Ho. Orpql XycefiHa IIoAoIxeJI x uefi B reMHore. Oxasanocn,
qTo Ha 9TOT pa3 HenpLIgreJIb He BbIcTaBHJI Aaxe qacoBblx, il
oxorHnrr.r 6es oco6oro rpyAa npoHI,IKJI?I B AoMa, rAe pac[o-
Jroxr,rJllrcb rpa6uteln flocJle o6ut.nlsux sosrnqHuft. Pacnpa-
Ba C Hr.rMr, 6u.na 6ecnoqaAuoft.
fpynne rpa6nreneft yAa,'Iocb BblpBarbcfl H3 oKpylKeHLIs'
H oHIr 6poculacl K peKe, HaAeffcb Haftrn cnaceuue Ha Ko-
pa6nax. Ho rorAa oHfi Aocrl'Irnn 6epera, ro yBI{AeJIv' qro
c[acHTeJIbHbIe cyAa noKaqnBa]orcs BAaJII'I Ha eorHax. OHI'I
6pocxnucl s sody, qro6u Aocr[ub LIx BnJIaBb. KorAa cnace-
uile, xasanocr, 6ulo yxe 6.rttlsxo, na 6optax xopa6.nefi no-
f,BfiJrncb BouHbI; BoopyxeHHble KonbRMI{ H nyKaMH. ne3Ba-
69
. -: .''
Hbre npHlrleJrbqbr SaKoHqHnr.r cBoft 6eccnasHsrft nyrb BAaJIn
or cBoeft cTpaHbr, B xoJroAHbrx BoAax peKr.r EoJrbrrlofi.
flneMs Ka6ana ropx(ecrBeHHo npa3AHoBano no6eAy HaA
crrJrbHbrM r,r x<ecroKnM BparoM. Oco6ue fioqecrn Bo3Aanr.r
Xyceftuy u.ero BolrHaM, BbrAepx(aBrrrlrM BMecre c HHMrr BcK)
rf,xecrb 6opr6sr. B 6naroAapHocrb oxorHr4Kr{ noAapr4Jrfl xa'
prrAxGTaM HecKo JrbKo 6o.nrurux M errrKoB, s a 6ntrx cBfi 3 Ka M r,r
lparoq""troft nyruHunfr, u cua64unr{ }rx BceM ueo6xoAnr'rrttvt
Ans_Aonrofi Aoporn Ha poAHHy.
Xycefin perxuJr HcnoJrb3oBarb AJrr BosBparqeHfifr oAr4H ng
ropa6aeri, saxBarreHHbrx y Helpr4flre.ns. Ha Hero norpysrlJru
- BCn nyIxHItHy, a TaK>ne cT,ecTHbre npunacbr. Haxoseu IrPH-
rrrJra nopa paccraBarbca. Xapn.qxuTbr noAHsJ*rcb Ha Ko-
pa6.nr. Buecre c HHMH ornpaBJrffnr4cl He.rr r-r Puxas Jlnca.
MHoxecrso oxorHr{KoB ToJrrrrrJrocb ua 6epery, npoBoxafl
norn6usunxcq r.rM rryxe3eMqes. CHaqana xopa6nl MeAJreH-
Ho BIIIUeJI Ha cepeAnuy peKn. HaA nnu B3Br.rJrcfl rpeyroJrb-
uuft napyi, H oH JIerKo 3acKoJb3LL'r BHLI3 no BoJrHaM.
- CcacrrfiBoro Berpa! - pas4ancn rpouruft npo?qx-
uufi xpur c BbrcoKoro 6epera, l,t oxorur,rKn yBr{Aenr{ Aruuxa,
pagMaxflBanrqero ruanroft .
ttrto-ro 6e.noe MeJrbKHyJro B BosAyxe Ha 6opry xopa6"rrr,
r.r Aurury noKa3aJrocb, vro Her fiocJraJra euy noc.ne4unfi
npoqa.nlHuri sHaK. tlepes HecKoJrbKo rurnosenufi napyc
ncrres 3a noBopoToM peKr.I.
AOPOFA K MOPIO
<O craronx doxoda xasapcKoeo qapn coo6r4anr, uro
ouu udgr <or railot$eH u ret,ocueflHbtx sacta.a dan
KAnqoB, Koropue (ranomuu.-8. JL) crepeegr ea-
savu *topn u neK_u: asuilanr uatoe 6adcn (ropeoegn
decaruug. - B. JI.)r.
. Hcraxpu', apa6crcud eeoepaQ X aera.
OAunoxnfr $opa6nb JretKo pesaJr rxflpoxyto r.rraAb peKH. CBe-
x<nn Berep cHJrbHo HaAyBan 6o.nrurofi rpeyronbrrrrfi napyc,
.:
i
70
- :::l i
BgMe?HyBru ilircfr Ha BblcoKofi Marrre. flpou.no oKoJro r,Byx
HeAenb c Tex l]op, KaK ocTaJlacb no3aALI cTpaHa JIecHbIx
oxorHrlKoB. Ha ua.ny6e cHAeJII{ HecKoJIbKo BoHHoB H cpeAlr
Hux Xyceftu,'Xypurn4 u Pnxas Jlnca. Puxan Jluca, ycn-
neHHO XeCTIIKynUpyt, pacCKa3bIBaJI CBoIIM ronapnqarrl O6
ondcHocrrfi [oA)Kr{AaBIIIeft ux npI,I Bo3Bpaqeuuu qepee 3eM-
aro 6yarap. flo ceplesnblM .IIHIIaM I,I BHi{MaHI'In, c KoropblM
cJryrrraJrr{ ero BorIHbI, tIyBcTBOBafiOCb yBaXeHHe 9TI,IX CypO-
sux rroAefi K qeJIoBeKy, He pa3 BbIpyqaBIIreMy I{x Irs caMblx
rpyAnbrx nonoxeuufi.
- Cor.naceu c ro6ofi, rrro HaAo npLIHffTb Bce Mepbl npeA-
ocropo)KHocrl{, - npepBan Puxylo Jlucy Xycefin. - Ecan
6yarapu o6napyxar Hac Ha ropa6.ne, to 6es rpyAa noftuyt,
KTo BlrHoBHrEr ru6e.nn I4x orpflAa, nocJlaHHoro B ilecHyro
crpaHy.
- t{ro 6ylervr Ae.nars? - cnpocl{Jl Xypruna.
- f ne Bce paccKa3aJl, - orBerHJI PHxas Jlnca. - B
raBauu 6ynrap, Ha pexe llltwnt, croflr cropoxeBble ropa6.rIn.
Caruoe rpyAHoe - MI,IHoBarb I'IX He3aMeqeHHbIMlI. Eclu cy-
MeeM npopBaTbcs qepes SToT 3ac.IIoH, TO MOX(HO CqI{TaTb,
IITO MbI CNACCHH.
Bcrope orpffA xapaAx(Hroo 6ecnpenarcrBeHHo BoureJI B
3eMJrrr 6y.nrap. Kopa6.nl, KoropbrM oHI'I 3aBJIaAenn s recHofl
crpaHe, cnyx(Hn Hu Ao nopbl Ao BpeMeHI'I cnoeo6pasnblM ulI'I-
ToM or II3JII{IuHero ap6onulctna. Taxne 6ucrpoxo4ttble Ko-
pa6nn 6u.nu gAecr He peAl(ocrl. XapuAxuroB npI'tHsJIIr, oqe-
BuAHo,3a KoMaHAy oflHofo us xopa6neft, nepuyerunxcfl II3
noxoAa Ha Cenep.
Xycefrn 3anperuJl BoI{HaM noKa3blBarbcff Ha na.ny6e 6es
oco6oft HaAo6Hocru. To.nlxo Puxag Jluca, Koroporo roqru
HeJrbsff 6HJIo or.[?t.IHTb no BHeIuHeMy BI{Ay or MecrHblx r(u'
reaefi, nepeKnuKancn c rpe6uaMa lI flaccaxupaMl'I Bcrpe'
qaBlrlaxcff HHoua 6orguax I{erHoB.
Bevepou, xax o6H.IHo, IIpHcTaJII{ K Jlecl{crol,Iy 6epery.
3lecl npeAcrorno rlpoBecr?I Ho.Iu. V Kocrpa BHoBb BepHy-
Jlncb r pa3roBopy o raBaHlI co cropoxeBblMu Kopa6.usnau.
7l
flo pacuerau Puxefi .Ilncu, raBaHb HaxoAHJIacb Bcero B
oAHoM AHe nyra or r.rx croffHxlr, n oHu AoJr)KHu 6u;ul Ao-
cruqb ee K cJreAyrouleMy Beqepy. Erueraq onacHocrb sa_
craBngJla rrdxopaAorlHo HcKaT,b BbIXoAa. Kasanoct, cnacfi-
reJrbHoe perxeHr{e Hr{KoMy He [pnAer B roJroBy, tr TorAa ocTa_
r{ercrr roJrbxo cila6aq, HaAexAa ua yAavuuri ucxoA cxBarKr.r
c MHoforrr4cJrerrHbrM BparcM. Bapyr Xypulz4, x.nonHyn ce6R
or paAocrr.r no n6y, yKasaJr p1'xoft ua flo.tnpuyro snes4y u
BOCKJII,IKHydI:
- 3sesAa nyrHtIKoB noMox{er HaM crracrnct! IIo neft
MOPCXOAbI I{ NYTCIIICCTBCHHHKI{ ONPCACJIflIOT HOTIbIO HA[PAB-
JreHue nyrn. Pasee rrp^r.rAer xouy-un6yab B foJroBy cropo_
xr.rTb Hac B 3TO BpeMfl/
XycefiH Kr{BHyJr B sHaK cofrac[s rorosoir, a puxas. iln-
ca rroJroxnJr rflx{eJryro pyKy Ha n,'reqo Xyprura4a u o1o6pn_
TCJIbHO CKA3AJI:
; Tu MyApo npuAyMarr, ruori rcuufi 4pyr.
^orAa perxeHae o HorrHoM npopblBe 6uno rplruflTo, Bce
B3AoxHyJrn c o6;lerqesueu. PyxonoAcrBo no4roioaxori uoq_
Hofo noxoAa BgflJr ua ce6s fipeAnpr.Ir{M,{rdsufi ceBepflHHH.
On noapo6no o6tscsz.t xaxAorrly o6ngaHuocrn, ox{r.rAaBrurze
ux 6yayueft uo.ltro.
Vrpou r<opa6,rrr ABr.ruyJrcfl B rryrb Heo6Hr{Ho noeAHo. To-
porraTbcfl Tenepb 6u.no ueryAa: Ao Hor{u oHLt Bce DaBHo
AocrzrHyr faBaHH. C nacrynneHr4eM cyMepex puxas'Jluca
[pHKaSaJI CIIyCTI4Tb napyc, H BCe rtJreHbl gKHnaXa. ga Ltc-
KJrIolreHHeM eto caMoro z XyceftHa, croflBruefo 3a KopMoBbrM
pyJreM, BgsJrncb sa BecJra. Orpacra ropa6;lr roqr[ cJrflBa_
racb c cepoft rJraAbto BoAbr, gro AeJraJro ero r.r3raJIH norlTl,t
HC3AMCTHbIM.
- flaqafi! - B[oJrroJroca cKoMaHAosar pHxa s. trIuca, yt
BecJra ApyxHo onycrr.rnficb Ha BoAy.
, Bonsu rpe6;ln c[JrbHo, Ho ocropoxHo, ,He noAHHMaq
6pusr, u [orrrr.r 6ecuryruuo. Hoquar izruasa peKr{ 3acraB_
nflJra Becrr,r ce6g uHaqe, qeM AHeM. llpozsHeceHr{oe B rroJr-
72
HbIfi ronoc cJroBo racJro AHeM B HecKoJIbKr.Ix [rarax, I ceftqac
6u.no 6u cJrbrulHo ga KI,rJIoMerp. B no;rnoM MorqaHfiI{ npo-
ur.no 6o.nure qaca. Puxas Jlt{ca sHa[,IareJIbHo CJIeAI.IJI sa
noJrox(enr,reu flolnpuofi eaes4u, qro6u ue c6utrcs c Kypca.
BApyr c JreBoro 6epera pa3AaJlcfl KpIrK, xJlecrnynurnfi no
yruaM raK, KaK 6yaro KpLIqanH pflAoM c xopa6.neu.
- llpoxoallM MIrMo raBaHIt, - npouenran PHxaq JIfl-
ca, HaKJIoHHBIIIHcb r XycefiHy. - 9ro Ho,ruoft crpaxnltK rle-
peKJrr,rKaercff c Ao3opoM Ha ApyfoM 6epery.
gepes noaropa-ABa qaca Hanpfl)KeHl{e ynaJlo. Srnnax
xopa6nn norIyBcrBoBaJI, qro rJIaBHaff onacnocrb ocraJlacb
nogaArr, r4 Molr{a JII{KoBaJI. flo snaxy Puxeft Jlucu Ha Maq-
re BHoBb noqBl4rcq lapyc, BABoe ycKopnBllrnft ux npo4rNxe-
Hr{e B[epeA. Bcerran BnaAeJIo oAHo xenaHne: KaK Mo)KHo
AaJrbrxe yr:ttu or onacHoro Mecra, qro6u ng6exarl Bo3Mox(-
uoft noroun.
K ytpy xopa6.nr Aocrtlf ycrbff Henrnporofi peqKu c JIe-
cr.IcrbrMlr 6eperaun, Koropafl Morna cram y6exnuleM AiIfl
orAbrxa rocJle tpenoxnofi Houu. XyceftH, nocoseqaBllrLlcb c
Puxeft llncoit, peuLIJI noAHsrbcff BBepx no ee reqeHllrc u
nu6paru Mecro AJIfl croflHKu. B nonyxllJloMerpe or ycrbfl
oxaeanacr ue6orluraR 6yxtoura, Saur[qeHuan c 6eperor
He[poxoAHMbIMI,I sapocnflMil KoJIloqI4x KycrapHnroe. B Heit
Kr{HyJrH ffKopb, rz Xycefin o6tRou.rl, qto Heo6xoAHMo noloJl-
Hr{rb npl{flacbl AJIfl Aa.nnHefiurero nyrelilecrBuq. Ocrasus
AByx qacoBblx, xapHA)KI,ITbI BbtcblnaJln Ha 6eper. 3uofiuufr
BoBAyx 6nl sanoeu 3anaxaMn qBerylllnx rpaB II cMoJII.Icrolr
XBOII.
,IIecHue qaurl He nyraJIH Tenepb BoHHoB Xyceftna, xoro-
pbre MHoroMy HayqI4JII,Icb, xHBff e fiecHoft crpaHe y peKII
Bonuuoft. Ho ralt oHH HaxoAHJII'Icb cpeAu Apy>KecrBeHnofo
trJIeMeHV oxorHHKoB, a sAecl 6u.nn He3HaKoMbIe Mecra.
He.rlsq 6u.no yraAarb, I(aI( o6epuercn cnyuaftuaa Bcrpeqa
c MecrHbrMt't o6uratenflMll, H Xyceiiu [pI'IKa3aJI Aepx(arbcn
ue6o.nluuivtn rpy[[aMLI, He BblnycKan H3 BfiI'a Apyr Apyra.
Bonnu c opyx(I{eM HaroroBc cKpblJl}lcb B Jlecy.
73
a.
_K ne_uepy 6o_rburnHcTBo 'repHy.tocl x xopa6.nn c ne6o.rlr-
ruofi lo6uqeft. He 6Hno sHAHb io.nrxo Xypruu.ua n eqe o.4,-
Horo Bor.IHa, oxornBlrlerocff c HHM BMecre. Hactvnnsuas
reMHora He npr.rHecna Huqero HoBoro. Brafiue noqin Hr.rKTo
He coMHeBaJrcfl, lrro nporagorxJra 6eAa. He;r HenoABH)KHo cr.r-
AeJra Ha na.ny6e H 6esMorsuo cMorpeJra B cropouy reMuoro
neca. Psrxas. Jlnca rpoMKo coKpyruancfi, qro He noureJr B
rec BMecre c Xypuraaou. Cefiqac ocraBaJrocb roJrbKo x{Aa?b
yrpa, u BonHbr sa6urucr KoporKr,rM 6ecuoroftHuM cHoM.
Bce npocuyJrr{cb or rpoMKr{x Kpr.rKoB. Bonuu BcKotrfl.rnr
n yBEAeJrn na 6epery roJrrry B HecKo.nbKo AecffrroB qeJroBeK.
pa3Maxr.rBaroqax KonbrMr{ H 6oesHMH TonopaMr.r. Onz He
[peAc,TaBJrrJrH rroKa cepresnoft onacHocrr{ A.nr ropa6nfi, Ko_
rcpuft uor 6ecnpenffrcrBenHo cHsrbcff c ffKops d ytru. Ho
ryr KpHr( H3yMfleHr.rq B[ilpBancs us rpyAn pnxeft ,Ilncn. Ero
ocTpble rJra3a pa3n}IrrHnH cpeAr{ roJrnbr .tl,Byx [JreHHr,rKoB.
llyprul,rA crofiJr npqMg, r.r 3aJroxeHHb_re sa c[HHy pyrz 6u;rn
cBrsauhr nepenxoft. Ero ronapuq 6un paHen. Os se rr,ror
croqrb 6es nocroponnefi nououln, r{ ero noAAepxr{B alrfi Ba
tIJIerII{.
- r{yxeseuqu! - BaKpuqan_ Ha JroMaHou fynrapcxol,r
fi3blKe npeABoAr.rreJrb roJrflbr. - Ec.nn Bbr peurlre yfiru orcro_
Aa 6ee.BbIKyna, MbI nplIKoHrrLrM Balufix BoLrHoB Ha Mecre.
Ilocae ero cJroB EaA nJreHHbrMr{ xapr.rAxuTaMu B3MerH}i-
nHcb TOnqpbI, roToBbre IIo nepBoMy sHar(y onycrHrbcs Ha Hx
mJroBbr. Puxag trIuca, sHr,rM areriuo npirc.iryrunnanruuficq r
3ByKaM roJroca TrpeABOAnTeJrfl BpaxecKHx BoHHOB, B,4pyr
BbrI(pIIKHyJr He_cKoJrbKo cJroB Ha HeSHaKOMOM AJrfl xapHAx(r.t_
ToB Haperrnra. Onn Bbr3Ban[ ua 6epery gaMerxareJncrso. pbr-
xag. ilvca BocnoJrb3oBaJrcfl grHM u npoaonxaJr AaJrbrlre Ha
6y.rrrapcxorrl fl gbr Ke :
- Heno6e,qnMbre BoHHu 6ypracoa! Mu ne re, sa Koro
rrprrrs.ltri Hac Barrru pasne4vnxil. Bu - HerrpnMupuMbre Bpa_
ru 6yrrap. Mu roxe He npHHaAnexHM K 4x apysoa*. Oior
xopa6.nr Mbr saxBarunn B x(ecroxofi cxsarxe i -6ynrapcrur,,r
'orpEAOM, rpadauunna necHoe_:rneMF Ha ceeepnofr per'e,
74
.r:l ..:U.:_-
,4:
Oao6putenrunfi _ryn,roroeoB Ha 6epery peru 6ua otrc-
ToM Ha cJIoBa Polxefi Jlucu. ' :
- MH AaAI{M BHKyn 3a HaIII}lx tonapntqeft' - npoAon-
xaa Puxas [Iuca.-Bu noJlyqure KaMHE xu3Hu.
BouHcreeHHuft nn.n 6ypracon yrux, fl oAI'IH I'I3 HIlx pa3-
Br3aJr pyxu XyprunAy. PaueHoro yBenl{ ua ropa6'nl'
B eio BpeME Xycefin y)Ke croffn pffAoM c rpeABoArIreJIeI\I
6ypracon, rotopuir I{syMneHHo paccMarpuBan I'IrpaBrune Ha
c6irnqt KpoBaBo-BuuHeBbIM IrBeroM KpynHble py6nuy'
- 3tb u ecrL KaMHH xIl3HlI' - cKaga.II Puxas Jlwca' -
Depn nx. OUE rson.
-HarIo6oeaBtul'Icb, IlpeABoAurenb rcAoxHyJI I{ nporflHyn
KaMHH o6patuo XyceftnY.
- f fe Mory B3flTb IlX, - cKaS,aJI peul'ITeJIbHo BoxAb'
- floueuy? - YAI'rnuacn XYceftH.
- Mu outt6lncl, npuuao Bac 3a BpatoB' - KoporKo or-
BernJI BOXAb.
- - : Xopouro, - HauIeJI BbIxoA Puxas Jlnca. - 9ro6u
tsog cose'ctl 6una qlacra' lrpnKa]I{E cBoHM nIoAqM fipuHecru
s o6N{eH Ha ApafoqeHHble KaMHn xne6 I'I Mflco'
- - gon ao 6yiracon KuBHyn B 3HaK corJlacl4s ro'nonoft, u x
Beqepy ero -sbuHbl AocraBuJIIr ,xapuAxurau seo6xoAuune
npuriacur. Ha ilpoqaHbe oH IIpeAynpeAI'lJI' rtro tto peKe
lritunn pbrcKaror He roJr_bKo xopa6.nn 6y.urap, Ho I{ naAbI'I
BoLIHcrBgHHilx pycoB. I'IHorAa oHlI HaflaAarcr B noilcKax
Ao6uqn Ha HapoA 6ypracon H coceAHue nJIeMeHa'
Kopa6m iHona otnpanu;rcn B [yrb' Cneura Ha lor' oH
renepi peAKo nPncraBaJl x 6ePerY.
I,inoiaa naecrpeuy xapLIAxItraM noIIaAaJIncb Apyrlre 'r
cyAa pagHofi seruquHbl. ^Bcrpeva.nucb cpeAI'I HIIx rpo3lrble
.na.qur u qeJIHbI pycoB. Oco6esno 6ucrpoxo4ublMl'I oKa3a-
JIIIcb I,Ix qeJIHbI. Aluunue lI ySKIte' oHIl' KaK nrI{IlbI' nereJrl!
no BoAe.
--- -Oinu*au Puxas Jluca, orAblxaBllruft Ha nany6e' yBH-
AeJr, KaK Ha sblcoxnll o6puaucruft'6eper, MI{Mo Koropoto
ipo*oa"t ropa6;rr, sbl6;KarleloseK c orpouuofi ay6n-
to
Hoft B pyKax. Orono AnxltHbr Boopyxenuux nrc4efi oxpy-
)KUJIil eIO CO BCeX CTOpOH, nblTaflcb AocTaTb KonbflMr.r u Me_
qaMu, Ho 4y6una B ero pyKax B3JIeraJra, KaK rrepbrlrlxo, o6-
pylrlr4Baflcb Ha foJroBbr u cnr4Hhr rra[aAaBrrux. HecxonlNo
orJryrxeHHbrx BparoB y)Ke Banflnocb y ero Hor, HO Apyrue
He npeKparqalru aranr. lAe-ro BAaJTH pa3AaJlcfl sayr pora,
H cKopo K HanaAaBrxhM npncoeAfiHnnwcb eu{e qerBepo. Ouu
HaqaJru recHltrb xpa6peqa x o6puny, nbrraflcb nH6ltrr ug
ero -pyK crparrrHyro Ay6nuy.
)typ_gr{A He BbrAepxa.n n o6paraJrcfl K Xycefiuy:
- Heyxen-u ^Mbr tto3Bo.iurnr,- vro6u xpa6"peqa 'y6nnu ua
Harrrnx rfiagax? Ou uyx4aercff B noMorrla.
Xyceftn oAo6pnrerbHo Kar{Hyr ro.noroft, u c xopa6nr,
npr,rcraBruero x 6epery, cocKoquJru HecKo.rrbKo qenos;x. He
ycnenrl ouu npo6exarb AecflTKa IIraroB, KaK rpoMxr.te Kpr{_
KIc' B Koropbl-x cJII{JIIlcb rpocrb H H3yMreHIre, ocraHoBHJrtI
. ux. urpoMHbrn Aerr{Ha cyMeJr yJrox{rarb Ha seMJrro eule rpex
rrefloBeK u_, pae6exaBrrrLrcb no ocso6oArrBrxeMycr npox6ay
5_1t_1Y _o_6-Po-1"u, yxHyJr c orpouuofi Bblcorbr npnMo R BoAy.
yBHAeB croaulaft BHrd3y y 6epera xopa6.nr, npecJreAoBarenr4
He peurl{Jlucb c[ycTltTbcfl BHH3 It, IIOrpo3[B UgAaJrr4, BcKope
cKpbrJrr{cb. I4s soAu rroKa3aJracb xyA.narar roJroBa AerI{Hbr,
roropuft, orrlJreBblBaffcb LI co[g, I]JIbIJI K r<opaO.rrro. il6;
ou ncxapa6Kanrcfl, ria na"ny6y H orryrr.racs cpeAr.r xapuAxn_
TOB.
. - 3.9,- yAnBJreHHo lpoH3Hec puxas Jlwca, yBr{Aets
cugava_n6.ntrsn.- .4,a ru HHKaK uacrosuruft pyqrui '
-"- Xopo6p, - cKasaJr rycrbrM 6acou AeruHa H rKHyJr
ceofl naJrbrleM B rpyAb
- Ery so"y. Xopo6p,- rroflcHaJr croqBunM BoKpyr
BoHHaM Puxas trluca. - 3a qro HanaJru ua re6l ," n,L_
Ar4? - Ou nraxuy.rr pyxori B cropoHy 6epera.
JIIIUO ^opoopa rroTeMHeJIO npI1I sTHX CJTOBaX OT rHeBa,
A OIPOMHbIE JIAAOHI' C)KAJIHCb B KVJIAKI.I.
- 3ro KHrxecKne [cbr, - sbrAasrrr oH rrs ce6s. Vcno-
KorrBrrracb, Xopo6p paccKasaJr cBoro rrcropHto.
76
B o6uunu pycoB, pacnoJroxeHHbre r{eAa.nero or pedu,
He pa3 HaBeAbrBaJrr{cb 3a AaHbro B corrpoBoxAeHltl,I ApyxE-
ubr KHt3b I.r ero rIIyHu. flo6opu noxoAI'IJIU ua uacrosulltit
rpa6ex, Ho cMepAbr Huqeto He MoTJIH iloAeJlarb. Ha etot'
pa3 flBrircs rHyH, ycepAcrsosaeilHfi 6ontrue caMofo KHfl3ff.
Err,ry npr.rrnffHyr'racb cecrpa Xopo6pa. Clraepa cnpflraJl cec-
rpy B coceAHefi o6uruue. Tuyu, o6uapyxltnurnfi ucqesHose'
HI,Ie AeByruKa, rlpHIIIer B flpocrb. On npnxasaJl rlpIrBecr-I{- K
nertly Xopo6pa r.r BcbIIIarb 6aroros 3a crporlTllnoctr. He-
cMoTpq Ha cTpax nepeA TI{yHoM, r{eflq.u,b He pelxaJlacb rIoA-
crynr.rrbcfl K cMepAy, BI,IA KOTOpOTO He npeABeulan Hnqero
xopouefo. TorAa rHyH caM pa3MaxHyncff IIJIerbIo,-cnJlereH-
Hofi trs 6H.nux xItJI, Ho Xopo6p, KaK pasbjlp.esuuft ueA'
ne4r, 6pocuJlcff K rnyHy LI yAapoM nyAoBofo KynaKa pa3-
Mo3)KrrJr eMy qepefl. r{e.[qAs pas6exa,rracb, B crpaxe no6po-
caB Ha 3eMJIro [anKLI ]I rIJIeru. Ha rpux c6exarl'Icb Apy-
xHHHr.rKn. Xopo6p, yBuAeB, xaxofi o6opor [pI'IHffJIo AeJIo'
cxBarr{Jt orpoMHylo Ay6uuy, noqrlr l{acrofluree 6penuo, a
nprrroroBuJlcfl K 3aIrrI{Te. Bcd ocraJlbHoe xapl{A)KI{TbI BuAe-
JIU CBOHMI,I TJIA3AMU.
- Boaepaularbcs AoMoft re6e HeJIb3fl, - B pasAyMbe
rporoBopnJr Puxas llnca.
' - f ornpaBJltocb c BaMpI, - cKa3aJI peurnrelluo Xo-
po6p.-Mor.r pyrlr cyMenr Aepxarb__rln6oe opyxue.l-
C siIni\al,I cJIoBaMIl pyc rocMorpeJl Ha XyceftHa, B KoropoM
yraAaJr npeABoALIrerf, .
Xycefrn pasAyMbIBaJI HeAoJIro. Ou npuxaeaJl HaKopMIrb
pyca u BbIAarb eMy cyxylo oAexAy.
tlepeS HeAeJrro rrJraBaHHfl nepeA xapuAX(HTaMu rlofiBufiCq
6o.nrurofi ropoA, pacKliHyBlxlEitcs sa o6onx 6epe_rax peru
V'tutr:.'. 9ro 6u.ra cronaqa uouluoti Aepx{aBbl - Xasapcro-
ro KafaHaTa.
MHox<ecrso pasuoo6paauux rpy3oB flpoxoAl4flo r{epe3
raBaHH u 6asapu ropoAa I4rnns. Onutsue raMox(eHHuKn
He flponycKaJln qepes ropoA HII oAHoto xopa6.nr, He B3bIc"-
KaB C HerO B noJlb3y'xaKaHa orpoMHyro [oIxJIxHy. 9TOI'I
77
cfar6ri He MHHoBaJro cyAno Xycefina. Vsn.qes Ha HeM or-
poMl{oe KonnqecrBo npexpacuoft flyurHr.rHbr, TaMox(eHHr.tKH
CI,I.IIbHO YAHBHNI{Cb N NOCJIC TIIIATCJIbHOTO OCMOTPA TOqHO
BshrcKaJrr.r noJroxeHHoe. Vnrarus norIJnnny, ropa6nr nony-
qr,ur paSpeueHrre saHffrb MecTO y ropoAcKoro npilqaJra.
fopo4 noKasaJrcs xapxAx(r.rraM HeyrorHbrrr{. Hesucorue
caMaHHbre Aolaa 6u.irtr pas6pocaHu B pasHbrx lrecrax 6es
BrrAr.rMoro nopsAKa. Cpeau HHx raM H crM BaAHeJrrrcb rop-
TbI, noKpE[Tue noli.nororu.
B ropo4e npfirryArr4Bo yx(r.rBanficb r,r cranKnBanncb pa3-
JrHrrHbIe peJrr,rru{. Tyt iraoxno 6uno uarirrj Mnox{ecrBo Me-
.retefi c npqMblMu, K_aK crpenbl, Mr.IHaperaMu, xpncrr4aHcKlie
IIepKBr{, cnHarory. Xaxan u ero npn6.nnx(eHnbrg 6u.irn nyAe-
frMU, A OXpaHsBrUas ero orpoMHafi fBapAr,rfl cocTofiJra B
6oaruruncrBe Hg MycyJrbMaH. Boftcxo H rnlHoBnr,rKrr xaKaHa
xr{Jrr{ Ha 3anaAnoru 6epery peKrz; Ky[qbr, peMec.rreHHuKr.r r
npovnfr JrroA-Ha BocrorrHoM. Kauenuufi ABopeq xaKaHa
croflJr rla ocrpoBe, coeAnHeHHorrr c 6eperoM. HanJraBHrirM Mo-
crou. Huxto He Mor nporiru Ha ocrpoe 6es seAol,ra Tairnoft
c;ryx6u.
Ha raasHoru 6aeape Hrlr;rrs crosJr pa3Horonocufi uryu.
Xycefiu z ctasunfi ero renoxpaHrreJreM Xopo6p nporaniru--
Banr,rcb qepes Torny nroAefi, Konbrrxyqybcfl B cBoeM ABuxe_
HrrH H3 _cropoHbr B cropoHy. Bapyr xaxori-ro noApocroK
rpoHyl Xyceftna 3a pyKy:
- locnoAng, uofi xo3ffr.rH npr.rfJrarraer sac safiru cefi-
qac K HeMy.
XyceftH KnBHy_{r B 3HaK corJracur R .HanpaBr.rJrcff BcJreA
sa MaJrbqulrrxori. Xopo6p Iuen Ha ruar iloga/tu. Orrn ocrano-
Br{rrr,rcb noqru B KoHrIe Qgrupl y 6onsruoft JraBKH. I-Ipoftas
Bo BHyrpeHHNft 4nopar, Xyceftu He noBepr{n cBor.rM rnagaM.
V nralenrroro 6acceftHa cnAen Ha KaMeHHoft naere [IIay-
utaQap-n, y.nur6arct, cMorppJr Ha BorueArrrux.
-. A, xpa6pufi roxn! PaA ssAerl re6s xusbrM H HeBpe-
Aumul,r! - BocKJrr{KHy.u lllayruaQap, [oAHHMascb c, JraBKH.
r.;1::
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.n
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78
OHil o6HqrHcb, H IIIayruaSap' npnulypHB-rpoHnuarenb-
Hble rJlag a, [poAoJI]KaJI c' I acxonofi ycueruxofi:
- Beci i/rrnnt rIoJIHIIrcfl cJIyxaMII' 'Ito c Cesepa KpIl-
6u.n raxofi-ro cxa3oqno 6oratnir MycynbMaHun' MHe cpaqy
npHIuJIo B roJIoBy, r{ro 9ro ruori criLpuft Apyr I,I 3liaKoMblfr'
Hv. Daccxaxn o ce6e.
'Illayruatpap ronbKo floKarlilBar loJtoBoft, cnyuaq pae-
cKa3 o flpnxrnqeHl'tflx xapgAlKutos. OH o6pa4oea'ncfl, y3-
HaB. qro'PHxaq Jluca ouyruJlcfl B V^rune BMecre c orpr-
AOlvr.
- Bot nJlyr' - sacMetrrcfl on. - Xorel 6exarl s Pot
Hbre Mecra, a ocyrgilcfl 3a rblcflqu KHJIoMerpoB or Hux' A
r(To gror Aetnnai - cflpocLIJI ou Xyceftua' yKasaB rJIa3aMI'I
na Xopo6pa.
--Py., c6exasuilft or cBoero KHs3r,-"I1:TI- *.:
cefts. - b 'cn.ne u xpa6pocrl'I ff He snalo eMy paBHbIx' uH
oALIH croLIT AIo>KIlHbI xopouo o6yvenHnx BoI{HoB'
-^ lUuy*uQap rcer4a'uyuctnoua'tt cna6ocrl x neo6uqafi-
Ho ctIJIbHbIM u cMeJIbIM JIIoAqM. He pas4ytvtblBafl AoJIro' og
cnpocnn Xyceftna:
- He yroBopultrb JII4 TbI ero nofitu Ko MHe na c'rryx6y?
fl ureao. u ott 6vAer AoBoJIeH MHoH'
- -'H... Mi cralu c Xopo6poM ApysbffMll' lI oH xoqer
rroexaTb B Haluy crpaHy.
Py,c, yc.iluutaB cBoe I{Mq' nocMorpen Ha Xy'ceftua u K}IB'
nv;r inx6^nofr ryA.n a'roti rorosoli'
^'t "'-^ ii;;;*-'fr - non*uelllb' -'co' B3AoxoM cKa3aJI III ay-
ruatliap. .- Bupoueu, r rrlo€BdJr T e6g He roJIbKo 'ILJIfi Toro'
qro6u nepgAarb [pl4Ber' Cxo.nlro BpeMeHI{ tu co6npaerur-
ca npo6uit s Hrfine?
- ,II,na-lPu 4un.
-- flpnAetcs coKparrrb sror cpor' OQnuep Anopuonotl
crpalKlr iafino nepeaa;r M'He' qro Be3Ep xaKana 3areffn npil-
6patr K pyKaM iopa6.rrl 6oraroro MycyJIbMaHIlHa' ro ecrb
ri"i *"pits.uu. flp6a,;loros Arfl sroto oH naftAet Aocrarotl:
Ho._A ec.rlpl oH y3Haer, qro rbr_Topoflr{rubcff orUrbrTb, Ko_
pa6rb c MexaMri xouQrlcxylor oes';s*oro npeArrora. Ay_
Maro, qro urqefirz Be3upa yxe cJreAflT ,a "u*"] no""uput"
BeqepoM HesaMerno nepecraBum ropa6.nl Ha rpyroe ;;;o
y npuqana, no6.nnxe K BbrxoAy as iopo4a. Ecjii ;; ;;;;-
THrrrb Hulrefo [oAo3pzreJrbHofo, cHnl,raricq " "nop" lu"o
y"poM - u B nvrr. BeposrHo, Mbr He cBr.rAHMcq '6oliue.
BeAr rrr aoun, i He ryieq, a re6e He rrpuAercs 6poAllru rio
,ry)K_givr 3eMJrfiM, KaK Mrre. Ilporuaft.
_- ulayuaSap o6Hx.n Xyceliua 14 cMorpeJr eMy B,cJreA, noKa
Tor He BbrrrreJr BMecTe c Xopo6p_om r.r3 Bopor AoMa.
_ Ha [oAcrynax- r npnvdny Ty,ceriu srnrerr.rJr. AByx fioAos-
pl{reJrbHbrx JrroAeft,.xp^y111lunxCa HeAaJreKo or eio xopa6-
nr. Or H.lrx HaAo 6srno orsgearbcff, LIHaqe cyAHo He M.orJIo
cMeurirb He3aMeruo Mecro croffHKr.r. flocne ioporxoro pas-
AyMbff Xyceftn cKasaJr Xopo6py nao*ono*o cJroB, r.r our{ pa_
3OIIIJT_I4Cb B paSHbre cTopoHbI.
-_--T-ln"oHr1 scshpa noAxLrAana y rpuqana npeABoAareJrf,
xap'Ax'Tos. OH' Bep,Ho paocv^a.lrn, ^u"o 6", ;;il";;;;;;;
He rpoHercfl c Mecra. OAuH rEs Hilx saMerr4Jr Xyaaa"r, i,".,r,
ror HanpaBJrflJrcs qepes rrorqaAb K 6epery p"*". XVa"f",
cAenaB BilA, rITo roJIbKo cefi.Iac gaMerI,IJr cnexxy, iapyi
PC3'KO CBCPHVJI I,I NOUICJI B NPOTI{BOIIOJIOX(HOM HA',PABJIEHI4I,I.
?l_o :-61r.i c ronKy nrcaeft s6enp;it;';. xoqer Jrr.r oror My_
cyJrbMaur{H \ncKoJrbsHyrt? V osi 6pocu.nncr co Bcex Hor sa
Xycefiuou. Ao6exas Ao KoHrIa,n.non{aAu, npecJreAoBareJrr.r
yBr,rAerr{ roJrbKo cnnHy xapr.tAxr.rra, r,rcqe3HyBlrero B 3TO
MrHOBeH,ile B n€p-eyJrKe 3a BOpOTaMlr HeB3paqHoro caMaHHO_
ro AoMaIIrKa. O6osnennbre r[flrroHbr BbrxBaruJrn H3_rroA xa_
JraroB Kr{,HxaJrbr u 6pacwnucb K BopoTar. OauH ;; ;;;;;,
.pasAaJIHcb Asa cla6*'rx^-B-cKpr.rKa, r{^qepes MHHyry a, '""opo"
rroKasaJrcff Xopo6n
lt;F;;:-t4.'iil,""u;"#T"f,i"::ilffi #:","';JilTTff ""?',i
rue r.ny6oro Ha rJra3a, npr{AaBaJr14 r4M BHE nepenr.rBrrrrxcfl
MarpocoB, Koropbrx BeAer Ha cyAHo sa6orr;srir?;i,t:'Ii;
ropa6.ne or.ilylu-euuux u[troHoB, noAa"auruax cna6ue npu_
80
gHaKH xusHn, 3arrepJru B rproMe. Xycefin npHKasaJI noAHqrb
flKopb u neperlrz Ha Apyrylo crorHKy.
EAsa ApxAaBIilLIcb paccBera, xopa6ll ocropoxHo BbI-
IIIeJI r.r3 T,OJIqeI,{ KpynHbIX I{ MeJIKLTX CyAOB LI C nOAHgrbIM IIa-
pycoM crpeMurer'IbHo ABrIHyncn x XasapcKoMy Moplo. K se-
rrepy BHcaAuilu Ha 6eper [pHlIeAIItHx n ce6q ltoAefi Be3Hpa,
a Ha Apyfofi Aeun ropa6,nl BbIIIIeJI Ha MopcKlle [pocropbl'
Ao po,quux 6eperon ocraBaJlacb elqe He oAHa HeAeJIfl
nytu. Ho qro oHLI gHaqu,'Ilr ,no cpaBHeHI.Ito c AoJIII4MII Meca-
rIaMH II TbIcfqaMLI KLIJIoMerpoB rgxenoft Aoporu, ocraBJIeH-
HbrMr.r tto3aAu? BssorHosaHHuft Xycefiu o6Hsr sa rlJleqpl
Xvprun,qa.
- -- Harua '6patu, HaBepHo, cql4Talor Hac cfHHyBlxHMlI B
6esAHe BpeMeHLI, - HefpoMKo upolt3Hec XyceriH' - Ho n'Iu
x(I-tBbI, LI pOAI{Ha >KAeT HaC.
Xyceftu BApyn paccMeflJlcff H 3aKpHqaJI rpoMKo 14 npo-
TqltHo. Bo Becb FoJIoc:
- Mu eule no6opeucs!
Berep AaJIeKo yHec ,KpLIK, a MopcKI'Ie BoJIHbI' rax 6yAro
rroAcJryruaB ero cJIoBa, c cu.rroii yAapI'IJIIa a 6opr xopa6nn.
g:
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CXBATKA
B noteeon orqere apxeoJtoea aarepstoco cpedu uu6o
u onucaaufi HecKotboo Koport<ux no co,aepidiifr,
crpot: e KgtbrgpHor. c.noe eopoduu^qa naficieuo r-nu
iloeuru, a Karopux ,ner$anu narc nnipe6enuotx: ebe_
nt noepeaeflull oraocurcn rc rpuaadqaror4u cro.te-
Tuto no rung ,4ecrnbtx gtepawenuil, no.aoieuuux a
, Jiloeutbt, u runV 6oeawx HaKoHeqHuKoa crperr, tlo_
flaueauxcfl a Bocrownil Eepone ailecre c flawecr_
6 ue il Tarapo_ rtoneoaocrcu x o pd,
... Vrpo Jrergero corHeqHoro AHs He o6erqd;ro nroAffM .rrecHo_
ro nocerrKa rureMeHH JIOcq HUqero Heo6brrrHoro. Buecre c
yJ!_uln"ft 3apeft rIoAHIIManHcb BBepx crpyftKu cr.rHer;- aurna.
rtornruBaJrncb H 3eBaJra pxAou c us6au} co6aKg. Koponu,
noSBgKI{Baf KoJroKonbqaMH, IUJTIi Ha nyra.
flocenox pac['oJro>Kr.rJrcr Ha nnuinonr Mbrcy, Koropbrft,
i:I_ry5_u"Has crpera, pacnJracrarr,cff BAorrb p"eru. Oauod
:-l_"J_9191 MbIc o6pblBancfl rlpflMo K BoAe, BosBbrruascb HaA
HeH rroqrl Ha ABa,{r{arb MerpoB. C apyroft cropoHbr Mbrc;
IlIo_{nl.l r.ny6oxufi oBpar, sapocunri rycrbrM iecou. Ka_
KOX-HuOyAb AecflTor( JrroAeft Mof yAepx(arb .c eTilx cropolr
82
He MeHbue cornll araxypull'lx cuusy BpafoB. Tollro cpan-
""run"to ysxilft nepeueeK Meil{Ay oBparoM u O6punorrl 6u'n
uau6oree yasenurtu yqacrKoM. fl.leueuHoe rIpeAaHLIe,pac-
cxasuoa.no, rlro MHoro noxo.nes,uft HaSaA HecKonbKq poAcr-
BeHHbIx poAoB peIxI'tJIIi Hacblflarb [onepeK nepeureilxa nan'
qTo6u npenpatnrr noceJloK B Hacroflulylo Kpenocrs'-- .,, ^--^
3eu.tiro iJrs safla 6pauu ryr x<-e Ha nepetuetKe' \orAa
ou 6un roroB, noArlucrnlu xpan'o6pasoBaBluefocq pBa' Ko-
toprn "auoittie sarpyAHl{n uirypr''r roce'rlenl'Ir' flo 4Hy pna
.sa6anu saocrpeunue KoJIbn' cMorpeBIIIlIe ocrpl'lff MI'I- -1qY;
xy,, e cropony o>KI'IAaeMoro Bpara. Kpeurufi 6penenuarutl
rrin no oepxy seMrlflHoro BaJIa 3aBepuan yKpeY9ll^":j^u
KoropblM o'6uiare.nn noceJlKa rlyBcrB-oBarn ceon B oe3onac-
uoctin. C rex 'trop nIoAI'I IUIeMeHII Jlocs saqaJII'I HasblBarb
csoft nocenoK <Kap>> - <ropoAl{ule>' B orJII'Ique or He3aIqH-
qesuux JI@HbIX AepeBeHb.
-- nn"*" Jlocg xiuo, B ocHoBHoM' rlo AByIvr 6onlurutvr pe-
xau --Bnurepe H Konse. fopolsqe salqfiIqaJlo SeMJII'I
nJIeMeIII{ or Heo)KIaAaHHoro HanaAeHufi c lora' C IIJIo-
uraAKr.r ropoAlrlqa 6u.rto sI'IAHo Buuepy AaneKo BHIls -l
*tip* norleqesuto, v! HvI oAnH rleroBeK He Mor [po[JIbITb no
peKe He3aMeTHO'
' n*tt" ,IIoJIyAHfl Hg Jleca BbIIIren K BaJIyJopoAI'Iula Boxrl
c rur,rpoxofi tplaoto I'I MoryqnMJ'I rIJIeqaMlI' Ero roopyxenle
-irol"no Hs'6oegoro ronbpa I{ Meqa' Huxro fl3,xil'treJleli
ropoAnqa He BuAeJI upexine srono tle'roBeKa' Ou cMe'no
rp'ouleJl qepes pacKpblrEile *!Tuj-lllerIeHue u ronpoctlJl
nba6exasil,ux x Heuy nnAeft npoBecru ero K BoxAIo'
Boxnt u crapeftrunnbl 'nJIeMeHIr BbIcayuaJI'E paccKag BolI-
Ha.
.[I,o nnourecroro Bogpacra oH xI'IJI B oAuofr I43 necHblx
,q"p-;u""o s6rusu Braruepu. oA'HaxAu Ha AepeBIIIo HaIIaJI
iobpyxeHtrufr otpx4, H B q-HcJIe Apyrfix MoJloAbIx MyxtIuH
on 6un yBeAeH " ni,"n n 6y'nrapin'-ylo seMJIIo' Ero ryna'n
raxoft-to xap*u 3atl6crnr s oAHY I.I3 KoHHblx coreH' 3Aecs
raexuufr xnTeJrb nocruf BCIO flpeMyApocrb pyKonallHoro
E3
r.r ;KoHHoro 6ox. rlepes Hecr(oJrbKo Jrer oH [peBpaTlrrc, B Mo_
ryllero'6oriqa, oAlrHaKoBg xopouo BJraAelott1er,o rr>KeJrbrM
MeqoM, xpurofi soctoqHori ca6jreri, JtyKoM lr KoIrbeM.
rto oolbure Bcelg_eMi/ 6uno no Ayilre Apyroe opyxue _
rqxenHfi 6oesori ronop ua g.nuHHoli pyKoflTrr. C uuna ou
vyncraooan ce6a s 6esonacHocru B ijnnori rvrqe ;;6oii
cBaJrKH. Kar nepuuKo, BparqaJr oH efo HaA r.oJroBo it, o6py_
uriBafl HarrpaBo H HaJreBo crpauHbre cM-epreJrbHbr" irarpi,.
flpueuall Bfla4eHHq rorropoM ero ooyqhr rpoMsflH,orr)
pocra puxe6opo4ufi AeruHa, -6Hsnlrri HaqaJrbHHKoM Aecrr_
xa. OH flBHo no,KpoBureJrbcrBoBan roHorue, 6espaccy4Hat
cMeJrocrb u cr4ila Korop,oro BbrsbrBaJrr,r yaaxeunb rouapa-
. IIIeft. Koraa Haqa.l:1TK- AecsrKa rory,rr.rr Bo BpeMff oAsoli
H3 ,CTbIqeK cMepreJrtHyro ,cTpe,ry n rpy,al, Ha ero uecro 6un
Has,HarreH ceBepflHuH, lo^{y,uzrluali- x rorray "peueuu npo-
3BHuIe Measeai. Cxopo oH raK nprrBbrK K sroMy npo3Bnuly,
qTO OTKJTI{KaJrcg Ha Hero, KaK Ha I{Mfl.
-_ Meane4ro npu1.lacb- no HpaBy apyxuHnaa xasHt. Bo_
eHHbIe ua6eru, uarpa6neuuaa iro6;.ra, 111rrsHb, noJrHafi
onacHocrer? u nprrKflroqenilrt, ue oa"u"non" MecTa AJrs pag_
ayuuft. Toalxo lruoraa oH BcnoMaHun 4une*yto necHyro jle_
peBHro Ha ceBepHofi pexe u..cBorix "opoa"o"ii.-i;ril Mil:
BeAb cropoHurrcfl. rosapuqeri, u ,nyxin rocKa oBJraAeBaJra
uw. CuAs Ha seMJre,::-?-n1r*un xpynuyro rorroBy Ha KoJre_
Hu u, o6xnaTuB r{x pyxauiz, noraqana.nc fl BgaA r.r B[epeA,
HAICBAfl I{aKyIo-To,ATIKyIo MenoAalo, BnI.ITaHHyIo HM eilIe B
AercrBe n rarlre. B_ y_N1e Mr.tgyrbr ipy*rn""* n olxolunu
ero ^cropoHofi, 6oacr 3aAerb neocropo'ninbr M cdroBoM.
B 4ecnrxe Mut::Il Ootn" ".url"o"u ..u.p"nnHa. os'
AaBHo saAyMaJrri 6exa"ra B poAHHe- Mecra, Ho [oKa He
:P:{_.-tlun"aocl y4o6Horo cnyuar. IloapyxnBrrrucb c MeA_
BeAeM, ceBepffr{e npeAJroxnnr{ eMy sosrraiurl noo.". rio".ft
AoJrrolo pasAyMts oH OTKa3aJICa, uo ooeqaJr oKa3aTb IrM
cBoro noMorrlb.
tlro6u He BhrsBarb_ noAospeHuri, peuriJrr,r ncrreguyrb, nps_
TBOpHBrrrucs y6rruua a .oAiroft ,r',"o.ou"cJreHHbrx cxBa-
84
ToK. HHaqe AecflrHHKy rposl,Ina /cueprt sa Aegeprl'tpcrBo
[oAqr,rHeHHbIx eMy nloAefr. HeugaecrHo, rax 6H cJIo]KI"IJII{cb
co6utug AaJIbIIIe, Ho xaH orrlpaBltn qerblpe cornl{ BoI'IHoB'
n B lrx q?IcJIe AecflToK MeAeeAg, B floxoA Ha .rlecHoe nJIeMfl'
xl{Buree Ha oAHoM Irs IIpI{ToKoB peKI'I Do.nluroli.
Kor.qa 4o6paancr Ao qeJll{' MeAseAl yBI{AeJI' tlro gTn
.iItoAI.I XnnI4 B TaKItX )Ke JIecHbIX AepeBHflX I'.I yKpenneHHbIX
BaJraMr{ ropoAl{Iqax, KaK I{ ero HapoA' OAexAa us rpy6oro
AoMorKaHoro xoJlcra u sBepI'IHbIx UKYP, 6poueonue yKpa-
ureHufi Ha oAex(Ae, .[erIHbIe TJIHHflHbIe topg]Ku' ge6olrruue
KpenKue cpy6u AoMoB - Bce HanoMI'IHaJIo eMy poAHoe [ne-
Mg. MeAseAIo floKasaJlocb Aaxe, qro oH HeMHoro rloHilMaer
ux perrb.
OAuaxAu HecKo.IIbKo AecgrKoB BoHHoB Bo fJIaBe c ca-
MLIM COTHI{KOM BHeSanHo aTaKoBanI',I JIeCHyIO AepeBHIO Ha
6epery uanesrxofi peqyIxKH. HeMHoro'IucJIeHHbIe BspocJlble
gauu4THI{KI,I naJII'I rIoA yAapaMu xonnti u ca6e;ll, H BoItHbI
paccblrlaJll{cb no AoMaM B rloucKax qeuuoft uyurunuu' Ouu
ire o6pauaJll{ BHI{MaHLrfl Ha saxre6blsagulldxcfl B ulaqe
xeHIIIITH, Ha flepenyraHHblx Aetefi.
gApvi us o;luoio AoMa pasAarcr orqaflHnufi xescrufi
xpnr' Me4oeAb yBuAeJI' tITo corHI'IK BbIHec il3 AoMa AeByIu-
xy. llnarle, pa3opBaHHoe Ha oAHoM rIJIeqe' orKpbIBaJIo HelK'
uyro 6enyn ioxy. .[,lnnHue teruHo-pyclte BoJIocbI pasMera-
JTHCb,CBI{caflnoqrl{Ao3eMJIlI,aorpoMHbleKapl'rerJla3a
MOnUflH O noqaAe.
o6eeyrvree or yxaca, oHa eule IlbITaJIacb BblpBarbcfl I{3
pyx corriurca. Ho cyau6a AeByIuKI{, K-asaJlocb, 6una peurena'
ij uoery MeAseAs uo.lsuefi BcrIbIXHyJIa Apyrar c-qeHa - efo
Marb, I{eflJlflBluascfl 3a Horl{ cblHa' KoropoMy 6y'nrapcrne
BorIHbI cKpyrI'IJII'I ga cnuHofi pyxr'r. O4Lru H3 HIIX 6egxarocr'
uo or6poillJl ee yAapoM Hotu B.cropoHy' I{..oHa ynana 6es
rryBcrB, yAaplrBulzcr roaosofi o6 yenonatufi ropeur cocHbl'
- .Il,peirnanurafl ,u,oJIrI{e foAbl HeHaBl'lcrb BcIIbIxHyJIa B Ayule
MeaeeAs spKI{M QrHeM. On 6ucrpo noAoilJeJI K corHuKy I{'
noJIoIKLIB Ha efo nJleqo TflKenylo pyKy' ulyxo lpopoHuJl:
85
-_t"t
Ornycru AeBKy...
flIlo pisropaveiuoro 6opr6ofi cornHxa nepeKocflnocb
oT sJrOOH. UH paSx(an pyKH, 14 AeByuKa norrTn ynaJra K ero
HoraM. 3areu cAenan urar BIrepeA, BHxBaruJr ils-sa nogca
nnerxy u c cu.nofi xnecrHyn IVleAeeAs no Jrurly, crapaffcb
norracrb lto rJra3€M. Kpoaanuft lupaM uporxu:y.ncn uepea
Hexy Me4ae4r. Brcpori ylap corinr ue ycnea Hanec?u.
: lvleABeAb uonnueuocuo uaiuy.rcn n', cxBaTrirB corHuKa,.BcKH_
Hyn, raK.6penuo, HaA ronoBori. 3areu JrerKo, cJroBHo Hrpa_
roqu, Haqa.[ BpaIIIaTb re.rro, a BoHHbr, xax6yAro gaBopoxeH_
. Hbtre, He AB[raJrr{cb c Mecra. HaxoHerl, Meaneat co crparu-
noli cn.noft 6pocu.r corHuKa Ha yron c1iy6a.'buin"n"" Tpec*
. KOCT€fi, I{ TEJIO COTHTIKA 6CSXHEHCHUO CBAJIUNOCb HA 3EMJII.O.
Hecro.nsxo qeJroBer cxBaruJrucb sa opyxge, Ho psAoM
c MeAseAeM croflJln yxe nroAl,r ero AecrrKa, roroBbre Aarb
ornop. xeaarcruux ymeperr ue uauaocr. 60nlurn"at"o "on-
HOB OCTaJrr{cb Aaxe AoBOnbHbI Heo:Kr.rAaHHOli rs6e.norc cor-
HHKa, HenoMepHo xecToKOrO U X(aAHOIO rre.rloBeKa.
Bossparqaibcs B cnofi aarepr tvteaBearo-6;;; He.rrb3r.
r aM ero xAaJra HeMHHyeMaq KasHb. Muorue crapbre 6oenue
,t ?ojapntqu coBeroBaJrr 6eNam m Annnuoli td; xaHa H
o6eu1a.nv yBecrrr rroroHro no noxHoMy cneAy.
ABoe ceBepflH Lrs'poAcrBeHHbtx lVleAseAlo nJreMeH o6pa-
AOBaJT'nCb cfiyqi{BrtreMyca a 6u.nn roroBbr rorqac xe yftril c
6y. Onz co6pa.uu qrup"x6nlreLr Ha cneAyrorqee yrpo, eABa
: nepBtile nyqfi coJHIIa sa6pesxuau r .raqe .neca, 4nuny.dLtcb
- IIptMo _Ha BOCTOK, no HanpaBJreHnro K noAHnMaIOI4eMycs B
poeo_gofi AhrMKe rpoua4norr,ry u nacKoBoMy cBerrrJrv.
:. -^-9:Jtl: ne'q'e'n-ro 6eraeqir ao6pa.nr'rci it ";;;" B Bep-
' xoBbflx pexn_ Eo.nluofi. Oro 6u.r HapoA, n no.opo*y npu-
. HaAnexarfi.MeAaeAr r{ ero roBapnrq;._}ix palvur'Ho yrou{a_
: Jru u cua6xaJrr,r BceM Heo6xo,qurvrnnn. B olirJfr'"*--i"nu"*"*
oouutH AByx roBapuqeri Me,qseAff yroBopuJrr{ ocrarbcfl Ha_
i BcerAa, r{ oH nonpoqancfi c HHMr{. ,{aairue jVIeAseAr ruer
l- , oAHH, r.rHorAa B ConpoBoxAeur,ru npoBoAHr{KOr, a uuor4a 6ee
: +::
1i
:,jl
:. i
E6
Hnx. OH ynopHo crpeMllJlcff ,qo6parrca, Ao ceBepHofi pexu,
na xoropoft pbauncs- rr Kpacora xoropoft HaBcerAa ocraJlacb
B ero Aylue. tlepes HecKonbxo HeAenb H3HypurenbHoro ra-
e>t<ttoro nyrn oH HaKoHeII Aocrl{r pexn Buuepbl' rI KaKoe-To
HesHaKoMoe eMy npex(Ae qyBcrBo npo6yAlanocb B sarpy-
6esrilelvl cepAqe.
lrasa satyuaunnucb npI'I MIIcJII{ o Bcrpeqe c -6nusrnNII'I
eMy JrIoAbMn. - Eqe se,qelro ou 4o6npalcq K csoefi AepeBHe'
Ho eALIHCTBeHHbIM s Hefi sHaroMbIM eM-y qenoBeKoM oKa3aJI-
cs ap."trnn crapnK, cMorpeBlxuft Ha MeAseAff' KaK na o6o-
porHfi.
- Kor,qa crpax crapllKa yJlercg' oH paccKasaJl, qro Marb
MeAseAs saq-axra n yMepna. Paeopeuuar AepeBHs He onpa-
BHJIacb ot na6era qyx$eMlleB' ocraBulltecff B xrIBbIx no-
ceJIflHe yIxJItI B apyrile o6qnsu. Etvty o4ttouy uexyAa 6uno
nA.]Ll, tll OH OCTaJICfi AOXI{BaTb B CBOeM AOA4e'
Ha npyrofi Aesl MeAneAb ABuHyncff BHH3 no reqeHI'IK)
peKH n rrep$ HeKOTopoe BpgMff AOCTUT Mecra. Ha KoropoM
Lros.no ropoAuule n.neueHn Jlocq' On ue cuor 6n orBerurb'
qro gAecb noHpaBHJIocb eMy 6oJtuIue Bcelo' Moxer 6um'
3 axBarblBaloqee Aylly npI{BoJIbe JIeCOB, nponaAalolllHx BAa-
.rla s cuHefi AHMKe, nrn qro-To HHoe' Ho roJIbKo lvIeABeAb
;;;tA; peullnrl o6ocnonatlcfl Ha eroM BblcoKona 6epery-'
Paccras BoI{Ha BbI3BaJI >I{I'IBoe coqyBcrBne y ctapeftutnn
noaun*t. OAuH tls Hux sHaJI KorAa-To or{8 I{ Matl MeAseAn
H rpycrno onycrun roJIoBy' ysHaB o neqa'IlbHoft cylr6e a'e-
pesnln. flo e,irEnoaylllHoMy peuIeHHIo MeAseAq npl{Hfinn B
66ru""y, u ott c,u,e.tl-aJrcq ee noJIHonpaBHbIM qJIeHoM' Tenepu
ou uoi naxarb 3eMJIIo' oxorltrbcff, nacrl{ cKor Ha 3eMJIe
[JreMeHI{, rI ono 6pa.no ero ngA cBolo 3auII{Ty'
Xurevllt ropoduura 6ucrpo oueHllnu BoeHHbIe cflocooHo'
"r"-1v1s4near il ns6paln e1b BoeHHbIM Bo>xAeM' Buecre c
ApyrI{MHtIrIeHaMno6uluttnMeAseAryulgllg-""uI-"-ff.T"";;-.
o6igaax noKJIoHeHHfl AyxaM-xo3fleBaM JIecHoI'I crpaHbl' \''A-
""i*ao ctap*ft KaM norasan eMy B cBfiIIreHHoM AoMHKe
npiio{e""yit cepe6pmryro rocyAy, yKpaIueHHyK} cqeHaMn
gl
*
,=-- $geiirai;i;ii- r. - -
oxoTbr Ha Ar.rKoBrrHHbrx 3Bepeft, Qarypaua nonyo6HaxeHHbrx
)KeHrrIHH rr cKa3oqHbrx qyAr,rq, pacKpbrBrrrr4x B flpocrH ocKa-
JreHHyro nacrb. Ha nonpoc Meirsea;r o npoucxoxAer{r}r no_
cyAbr KaM paccKa3aJr rrJreMeHHOe flpeAaHr{e.
IJ .qaBHile BpeMeHa r( [peAr(aM -n.[eMeHH Jlocq npnrxnll
oxorHr{Kn u3 ApyxecrBeHnoro nJreMeHL Ka6ana. OHr{ "p;:
Igcirr.r c co6ort cepe6pnHyr,o rocyAy, AocraB,,reHuyro HM Ka-
KrrMr{-ro qyx{e3eMrlannn. oxorHaxa "n.nelresn lo.i .unnu"i-
flr sa ery nocyAy MHoro nyruHr{Hbr. C rex nop oHr.{ nepeAa_
BAJII4 CC NO HACJICACTBY OT OTIIOS K CbIHOBbqM, A MHOrI{C
,qparorlenHbre cocyAbr 6unn no4apeHbr oxorHuxauu- Beunxo-
My Ayxy-xo3fiHHy il xpaH:r.rrucr sAecr, Ha cBrrt4Jrr4,rl".6";ii,i
MeTaJIJI crar npnqnnoft ne roJrbKo ropAocru, Ho H Hectracrbfl
Anq nx _p,oAa. Kro roJrbKo Ha nurafics ao6p'arsca ;;;;;;;:
auula! Muoro He3BaHbrx npnruenbqeu no."6no-; ;;rp"d_
HbIX JIOBYIIKAX fi NOA YAAPAMI{ JIYKOB-CAMOCTPCJIOB, HACTAB.
JreHHbrx sa rafiuux rponai. no cnosailr KaMa, BoxAb AepeB-
HH, B KoTopoft poAancs &leAseAt, roxe BJraAeJr HecKoJrbKH_
un cepe6paHbrMu cocyLanrr. fo"rrrno ,ez3Becrno, yc[eJr oH
cxopoHrrb HX B Jrecy nepeA HanaAeHrreM Ha AepeBHro nJrr4
oHa rronaJru B pyKn rpa6nreleft.
PaCCKaS CTapOrO_KaMa _He OCTaBr.rJr paBHOAyIrIHurr,t MeA_
seAs. Eqe Ha cnyx6e v-ovr"rn.-"" t"u"u o* nopvrlaJr B
r.ny6 nue ayrun rp-a 6exr Oeis a dz;no."o -nr""n"*"r.
- Aeno BouHa _ cpaxarbcs c _noAo6"uru u*y, a He c
xeHrrutnaMa, - He pa3 roBopt4n MeAeeAt cBor4 M roBapr{_
IIIAM.
Ilpnras sacraBJlrJr_ efo He pas nocryflarb HHaqe, H Te_
nepb coBecru uyvuna lVlea-neaq. B ceplU'e ""o npo6yA;;;
HeHaBltcrb x rpa6nre.lfrM n HacilJrcHl.lxatu, npHxoAHBIIItrM c
MeqoM Ha ero poAHym 3eMJrn.
B ror Aelrb, KorAa MeAserr 6exa.il as
AepeBrrHHbre_ xopoMbr, H3yKparxeHHbre
cKoM Korrqe Beenroro Hosiopo,qa "orul,
xalrcKofo softcxa. s
pesr6ofi, Ha Hepen-
yulxyft Hr.rx f a np ll.rr a
E8
flemns. Ero rcrpetur caM xogffHH, TrxeJroBecsufi My>Krrr,rHq
oAerurlr, HecMorpr Hq xapy, B rrreJrKoBbrfi xaeraH c co-
6omeft noA6nsroft. Ha nefiuoft {enu 6onra.naco cepe6pn-
uaR _6.trxa, yKa3bIBaBIIraE Ha BbrcoKyto AoJlxHocrb rblcflqKo-
ro. O pasuepax efo 6orarcrs He 6d.rro r{3Becruo Hrrqefo on-
peAeneHHoro. OAuaxo lanpu.rra He pa3 craHoBuJrcfl cBr{Ae-
reJreM MofyqecrBa gToro qeroBera, 6unuero npaoori pyr<oii
Bcecr,rJrbuoro nocaAHrzKa. Bor u nocJre,rlHee Bennxoe seqe
IIpriHflJro pellleHfie, yroAHoe TbrcquKoMy.
Ha crole s cserrofi npoxna4Hoft ropHr.ue croflJra cepe6-
prubre qapbr, KoBrrr u AepeBrHubrri x6an flaxyqefo xMeJrb-
Hofo MeAa. OrseAas gToro HarrnrKa, Tblcflqrnli nocrasilJr Ha
cro.il rqxeryn qapy u KaK 6H Hessua.raft 6pocu.rr:
- Ocryle;rpr' Mbr cepe6puruxoM, clrJrbHo ocryAe.lu. B
HeMerqHHy nyrb 3aKpbrr, r,t roproBflq crara MaJra. Tarap-
crufi xau rpe6yer fioAarrr o cepe6pe, a KasHa HoBropoAcKHx
cl,rJlbHbrx nnAeil npilrxJra B salycreHl,re.
faapn.na 6ecqepeuouHo npepBaJr rbrcsuKoro:
- Xouy noHflTb, K qeMy rbr KJToHHIIII. He s noxoA JrI{ Ha
rarapcKoro xana co6r.rpaerrrbcfl nolirz? - H sarororaJr, Ao-
eonrHHli co6crseHHoft mvrroft.
Tucsuxnrl no6arponel, KaK 6yaro roryqlur rq)Keryto
onneyxy, Ho cMoJrqaJr. fanpn.rry He BosbMerrrb roJrbrMu pyKa-
ME. JA CTO CNI'HOI{ HCCKOJIbKO ACCflTKOB TOJIOBOPESOB, H KTO-
tutt6yAs Hg Hax Moxer HeHapoKoM noAAerb KonbeM noA 6ox.
- He nyrxyfi, fleurnR, - crapaflcb ocraBarbcs cnoxori-
HbrM, rrporoBopr.rJr rucgqrnft. - Belr Apy>KrrHHr,rKr,r rBor{ no-
Ir3HocHJIr.Icb, xa$rauoa Aa xaJloBaHbfl AaBHo He B?rAeJrI{ or
te6s. A trro, ecJrn oHu saAyMarcr nu6parb HoBoro arauasa?
flo .nnqy lanpantr 6H.[o snAuo, rrro cJroBa rbrcffqKoro
BcrpeBo)ruJlr4 ero HeloBoporJrr,rBble Mogrl{. Sror JII{C, oKa-
SbIBaeTCfi, BCe BbIBeAaJr, npexAe qeM npuuracHTb ero K ce-
6e. Tucsqruft ear4ernr [epeMeHy B cBoeM rocre r] JracKo-
BbIM TOJIOCOM CKA3AJI:
- LIw He npnAercfl MeHsrb cBoefo araMaHa, fleruur,
ecJrn Tbr coBepmurrrb yAaunufi noxoA. Cluuraa Jrr.I Tbr qro-
RO
-. "- -r.i.a-*'4a;iiu: -
nr6ynr o CIropcxnx geulsx? Co6onn raM Bu;luMo-HeBrun-
Mo, Aa r,r cepe6praurKa, roBoptr, HeMa.rro [oJroxeHo npn uc-
TyKaHax, ugAo.n6aeHsbrx H3 AepeBa.
- Onacqo ryAa nArr.r, rucsuxnfi. MHorre BaraxHrrxu
noJroxrrJrrr cBon roJroBbr B rJlyxnx qaulax, He AocrrlrHya 6o-
TATCTBA I,I CJIABbI.
- He ysuaro fl re6n, fleruHr. He onacuo roJrbKo nox-
xoft u{r x.ne6arr, - cbg3Bvn tucnqxuft. - Ho ec.nn 6ourul-
cfl sa cnorc 6yrluyro^ronoBy, ro Mox<no uofiru r.r B Apyroe
Mecro. CoceAsr c lOrpoft ue6o.mure HapoAbr lleuopa u
fleprur. K usu 6u 3ar.nnnyJr... - THcqqxfift gaxe norep or
yAoBoJrbcTBHfi. pyKU, npeABKyrxafl spenuqe orpoMHoro Ko-
rulrecrBa ryruHunDr n rpyA cepe6pa. O6opean paAyxHue
M['ICJII!, OH XeCTKIIM, He TepnflIIIInM BOspa]Keuns rOHou O6-
paT[ncs r fanpu.te:
- CnapaxeHue u npoBr.raHr Ha Barary fionyqnIlrb y rr{y-
na. !,a He saAepxgsaircr, c orbe3AoM. Ceftqac caMafi nopa
BbrcTynaTb.
BocnorraRuauns o6 erofi rcrpeue recHnnncb B roJroBe faepu-
an fleuruu rtoA paBuoMepHbre BcnJrecKn rroAnlrMarourrxcs, r,
onycKaroil{nxcr Becer. flpouno norrrr{ nonropa Mecflrla c
Tex rrop, KaK BaTara ornpaBr{Jracb B Aanbnufi nytt.
^ Vruryfiuuxu nonpo6onanr{ cBoH ca6nn rr Konbf, Ha rlyan
3asonoqxofi r flevope. Ao6u.ra oKasaJracb MeHbrrre, rreM
cyJmn tucnqrnli, H Barara porrrana. fAe no Ma.neHbKHM
necHbrM p€qKaM, lAe no flepeBoJror{y BaraxHHKn 4o6patncl
Ao pexn Eo.nrurofi, n yAaqa HarraJra conyrcrBoBam ril,r. Te-
nepb MerrIKn c .MexaMH JrexaJlr{ B KaxAOM U3 qe.rrHoB, a
Koe-Kro o6sasercg u cepe6poru.
flpan4a, HeoxHAaHHbre gacaAbr Jrecnbrx xurenefi cu.nr-
no y6annnu sonHcxuft nn.n yruryfiHr{KoB. Toro n urr.4ri HaAo
6ulo onacarbcfl BbrJreresuefi us reca crpenu rtnfl na1a-
tou1ero crBoJra AepeBa, noapy6aenuoto na nx nyra. Ec.nu
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HOBfOpoAIIbI nbITaJII{Cb aTaKoBaTD- JIeCHHe ApyxHHbI' Te
MTHOBeHHO paCCbInaJII{Cb I,I ucqe3aJII.I B JIeCHOfI qaqe.
He ycne.rra Barara BTtHyrbcfl B ycrbe , Buurepu, I(aK
Me,usear 6nn yxe ocBeAoMJIeH o KoJnqecrBe H BoopyxeHl'In
ymryfi unxon. Tperoxttble cnyxfi ollepexanu renepb,4,BI'Ixe-
Hrre BaTarn, u xIiTeJIIl MaJIeHbKHX H$auIHIrleHHLlX AepeBeHb
6pocaln cBoI{ AoMa, cKpbIBaJII{cb 3a Barbl yKpenJleHHbrx
ropoAr,rrq.
'MeAseAr noqru He coMneBa.[ct' tITo x(ureJlfiM ero o6uu-
H6r He MLIHOBaTb cXBarKlI c qyxe3eMIIaMU, I{ UCnOABOJIb rO-
ToBr.IJIcff x sefi.
Ha sHcoxoti pasnecncrofi cocne 6u;l yctpoeH sa6nrcAa-
re.nruufi nvHKT. OxotttuK, cu.Eeeruufi HaBepxy' BcMarpI'IBaJI-
cfl BAaJIb. Ho nce 6uno cnoxoftso Ha pere. Bapyr pa3AaJlcs
--ero tpenoxnalft xpur. OH pasnxql'ul Ha BoAe cyAa BparoB'
t{ro onr.l 6yayt AeJlarb Aa.nuue? flponluoyt BBepx ro peKe
unw 6ytyi urypMoBart roPoAnule?
Bce xnte.nu noceJleHnt MoJIqa xAaJII{ petrteHllfl Boxaff'
-Ou npnxagan crlpffTatl Aerefi 3a roJlcrble crenbl cpy6oo'
qro6u c.nyvafiuai crpeJla, He 3aAena xoro-un6yAb H3 HI'Ix'
3areu paicrasnJt HecKoJIbKHx oxorl{I'IKoB B.4onb 6epera, o6-
punandterocr x Buuepe, H y Kpafl Kpyroro Jlora. Onacsoctr
* HanaAeHHq orcroAa 6Hfla Heeerrra' v ecnl{ Bpar[ Bce xe
nonbrranTcfl npopBarbcq no.KpyrbIM eKJIOHaM Ha ropoAll'
rue, ro AocrarQqno 6yaet o6pytunrr Ha HHx sapaHee IIpH-
roroBJIeHHbIe 6penna. -OcHssHbIe culu MeAneAb cocpe'[,oro-
rrHJI v BaJra ropoAlrua.
OH noctagnt B o,4ny llenb ryrIHItKoB, Ha Koropblx- BosJIa-
rar oco6ue HaAex(.lLbI. 3ru oxorsnKl'I, HI'IKorAa He 6HBIIIHe
npodeccuottaJlbgblMH BoI'IHaMH, BocxutrlaJII{ ero uerxoft
cipe.rr6oft. Bropan uenb cocroflJla H3 xonefiuuroB, Aep-
xaBlullxBpyKaxTE}KeJIbIeAeDeBflHHbIeKonbflc.rJII,tHHbIMn
xeJIesHbIMI{ HaKoHeqH uKawr4. Hx saAa'Iefi 6nlo ourenoMllTb
Bpara,,'KorAa oB npopBeTcf, B npocTpaHcTBo Mexny BaJIaMH'
- flo-sluglfoMy, HoBropo.qlrbl sHaJIn or IIJIeHHHX o Mecro-
saxo>rAenuu ropoAuula. Osn npnctaau [ooAanb or Heto [r
9l
B3o6paJrr{cb no r(pyroMy 6epery HaBepx. He roponxcb ABr{_
gyTbcfi Ha lxrypM, oHr{ cTapaJrncb cHaqaJra oflpeAeJrarb npn_
6rusfitenrHoe qucJro 3aIqI,ITHHKoB noceJreHlrs. Ho "u" u"u
3aMepJro B MOJrgaJrrrBoM olKr4AaHilIt, H HOBTOpOAUU He 3aMe_
TI,Jrn Hn oAHoro qeJroBeKa.
Kor42 nx orpsA ocropoxno npn6.nnsu.ncs Ha paccrofi-
Hr.re BbrcTpelra H3 Jryr(a K nepBOMy BaJry, Il3_3a Hero BbrcKo-
qnJra qenb JryqHrrKoB, Bbrnvc?HBrrrilx o.4Hy sa 4pyrofi ue-
cKoJrbKo crpeJr. .{na yrrxyfiHnKa pyxnyJt Ha seMJrn, Kop_
qacb_ or 6o.nu, uecroJrbKo rreJroBer< 6u.nl.r JrefKo parreHbt.
O6oftas paHeHbrx rr 3aKpbrBrrracb rrruTaMrr, ocraJrbHbre
flpo,qoJllxaJrn wlrw BlepeA. Jlyuuuxrr orcrynuJrr{ sa s.ropoft
ean. KorAa HoBropoAubr AocrnrJrn recHoro flpocrpancrBa
MexAy AByMfl BaJIaMn, c 3eMJrH BcKorrura Uent xoneftql.IKoB.
rr rrlreJrbre Konbr noJrereJra B caMyro ryruy yilKyftnil r<oe. Ho
cAepxarb Hx He y,4anocb.
IIoa HarrjcKoM Halnparoqnx c3aArr pnAoB nepeAHne
crapaJrr.rcb flpeoAoJrerb poB r4 nso6parrcn Ha Bar,r. Hexoro_
pbre naAana_npqMo Ha 3aocTpeHHbre KoJrbs, noryrrafi cTparx-
HbIe paHbl. PastrpeuHr,re HeoxHAaHHo cnJrbHbtM conpornB_
"lIeHIreM, ynrryftnnxn np,oAo.nkann pBarbcfl Bnepe.{, ux cra-
HoBnJrocb Ha Baily sce 6onrue. pyronaurnarr cxBarKa Haqa_
fia cKfioHmbcfi B ux floJrbsy. Bor or yAapa Konbq npflMo B
BI,IcoK ynaJr oAr{H rn3 oca}KAeHuux. Vna.tz noA yAapaMn ca_
6^enr n^roropoB en(e ABa oxorHr{Ka ,ls apyxrrri"r'M;t;.A;.
C;ryuafiHoft crpe.nofi 6una y6nra xeHrrlr.rna, rarrlnB[ran Bon_
HaM ABa Konbr. Kasalocr, HoBfopoAueB yxe He ocraHoBr{Tb.
Bapyr c_6epera AoHecJrr.rcb rpoMKrre Kp11r(n u rpeaoxuuft
gByK pora. 3ro uorlo osHaqarb roJrbKo o,qHo: croflHKa no,[_
BepfJracb Ha[aAeHr-ilo. Eee qerHoB HoBropoArIaM rposnJra
ru6enr. He MeAJlq Hr.r MnHyJbr, onn 6pocl,lJrrrcb K ilt.;y;
yno_cs c co6ofi paHeHbrx r,r y6Hrux. -
Honropoauri se.4oouenfiitr crrltbr H My)KecrBo 3auIHrnR_
KoB ropoAr.tqa n npene6pernz oxpauoft seJrHoB. ocrasiis.Hd
HHx Bcero HecKoJrbKo _qeJroBeK. lVleAseAt npe4rnge.lr raroft
o6opor co6uruft. He6oruuaq .pynna--o*oinnKoB c?peMn:
92
I
TeJrbHo Bb[rrJra B TbrJr yluKyfiHr.rKaM n o6pyunilacb Ha He-
MrroroqacJrenHyro oxpaHy rrefi HoB. Hecxo.nu<o HoBropoArreB,
He olruAaBurt,tx HanaAeuut, 6u.no cpa3y y6uro, Ho oAHH I{g
Hlrx ycrreJr nporpy6url B por, 3ByK Koroporo ycnbrrxaJrr.r Ha
ropoAHqe.
Oxorsuxrt py6nnw KaHarbr n craJrKr.rBaJrr{ qeJrHbr BHrr3 lto
Terreur,rrc peru. Fo.nluero oun He ycneJrrr cAeJrarb. Ha uepxy
o6pnaa noKagaJracb ro.[na HoBropoArIeB, ffpocrHo florpffcaB-
rrrHx opyx(neM B Bo3Ayxe r{ ocbrnaBrrrprx cMeJrbqaKoB Konbff-
MH I,I crpeJrauu. K cqacrbro, HIt oArlH I43 oxorHltKoB He nocr-
paAaJr. Helrsn 6u.no repnrb Hrr ceKyHAu. Oxorunxn 6pocu-
IUCb npqMo B OAeXAe B xOJTOAHytO BOAy r{ HanpaBr.rJrr.rcb
BnJraBb K ApyroMy 6epery Buuepu. I4x se npecJreAoBaJrr,r.
VunyriHuru MeAneHHo cnycKaJrn K cyAaM rosapuulefi, no-
crpaAaBrxnx B oxecroqeHuoft cxBarKe.
B gro xe BpeMfl Ha ropoAnlqe xeurur.tHbr onJraKr.rBaJrn
naBr[r,IX rrryxeft, a BoI{Hbt foroBHJIItcb x Hosofr araKe. Ho ee
He nocJreAoeano. HosropoArlrr saJreqnBann paHbr, HaHeceH-
HbIe HM salqnrHuKaMrl ropoAnlrla. lanpn.rra fleurss qyBcr-
BOBaJr, trTO qbg-To orrbrTHafl, yMenaff pyKa ynpaBfiqfla Bo
BpeMff 6og .rrroArtr,ru, Koropbrx oH clllrraJl HeBex(ecrBenHbrMu
BapBapaMu. On ue xoreJr 6o;rlure noABeprarb cBoro Barary
pncKy 6um pasrpou.nennofr s pemr,rJr BosHarpaAr.tm ce6s
3a HeyAaqy B ApyroM Mecre.
Ha ropo4nrrle He srraJrr{ oroto. flonmyncr 3arurubeM,
sAecb roroBr,rJrucb K noxopoHau y6nrux. O6nqari rpe6oea.rr
noxopoHHTb Hx Ha poAoBoM MorrrJrbHlrKe, Ho yrpo3a Ha[a-
AeHr,rE He nosBoJrf,Jra noKlrHyrb ropoA[rqe. TorAa crapuft
KaM AaJI pagpeneHl,Ie IIOxOpoHHTb LIx SAeCb x(e, y BaIIa, 14
yrpoM noA npHquraHr,rfl x(eHrrIHH H cypoBoe MonqaHr,re MylK-
qnn 6nrn Bbrpbrrbr rpn Her.ny6oK?re flMbr, B Koropbre noJro-
>r(IrJrn trorn6rurrx s 6oro xurerefi nocelxa. Kor,qa qepeMo-
HHt floxopon 6ula gaKoHtreua, Bce pagorrrJrncb no cBoIrM Me-
CTaM: BOl4HbI Ha nOCTbI, a X(eHIIIUHbI PI AeTH nO AOtrlaU. V
BaJIa ocraJlucr ge6oarune xoJrMr{KH 3eMJrLr u o6rourn se-
cKoJrbKrrx rurHHqHbrx ropluKoB, pae6nrux Bo BpeMq rpn3Hbl.
93
HosropoAubr raK H He norpeBoxl{Jlu 6o.nlrue 3agII{THx-
KoB ropoAriula. flpocroflB eule oALIH AeHb HeAaneKo or Heto,
oHtr cHflJrtrcb c Mecra H AB[HynI{cb BocBoscu BHI{3 no peKe.
Bonuu MeAseAs [orpqcann or paAocru opy)K]IeM, a oH
MOJrlra cMoTpen c. Bep[II{HbI BaJIa Ha cyAa yAanffBIIIHXCfl
BparoB- fues r.r paAocrb yrernflcb B ero Aylue, H oH AyMaJI,
yc[oxouBrurrcb, qro ero HapoA paAyluHo IIpLIMeT rlyx(e3eM-
rreB u noAelurcq c HnMrl 6orarcrnauu, ecJrn oHpI IIpHAyr c
MlrpHbrMrr qe.rrqMr.r. A rpa6r.rre;ra safiayr 3Aecb He coKpoBH'
rrl2, ? cBoro cMepTb...
1
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K O JI JI EKUHfl AP EB HOCTEN
<llpedcedareao Apxeo.toeuqecuott teotuccuu epa$
A. A. Eo6puncteud nolguun or flepilcKoeo apxeoloea
H. H. Hoeorcpet4eflflw)c .rpesocfrHoe nucbtro. B nex
coo6uqatoeo, qro ierorr. 1896 eoda K oeilcKorrg fla-
qatbnuog e cete Kgdqmcape A. H. Eponcrcoug aeu-
,acb Kotcafl-ro uceflnfiaflq, c tcato6oil fra ropeoa4g,
KOTOp&l OTfiA1AJ,^Cb 1AnlrATUTb .tCiCTb gC4O64eM@1.
uewdg trutru cgtrr*bl sa 6orrouai Ma| sotorotx u
cepe1pntotx ee4ed. H a.exaqeH+oe atacrailu pacc.lre-
doeanie 6oun 1eagcneuflbw, Kaa1 ne gdatoco
pasbrcKarb. Ha sanpoc Apxeoaoe4uecrcod rconuccuu
06 ucunflgeuet raade nepncrcud eg6epnamp cuet
6taeopaegnaw* coo6ulurb, qro crtgx o naxodrce rcta-
. da a deearon gqa.crue Coturancrcoeo gesda ne nod-
' r"'eY;;,f'Jlrnunepad,aeo ordenenua. rlu*urgra
apxeoaoeuu, tbott0 I - Apxeotoeuqecfiafl fiortuccun,
1896, M 197.
B pacxpuroe oKHo HeIIpHMerHoro oco6uffKa Ha rnxofI Moc-
xoscrofi ynoqKe BpbIBanLIcb sanaxH BecHbI. lllen 1898 roa.
aresr qacrHoft cbrctffiofi KoHropH AxunQnfi Eonpcxltx clrAeJI
B yQKOM II'.AJIUHHOM KaoUHeTe CBOeTO HaqaJIbHHKa.
95
- Jlyuruufi cbrrrluK, cnoco6eu rd yMeH, - roBopl{Jr Bnon-
roJroca HarraJrbHr.rK KaKoMy-To Bax{HOMy TTaTCKOMy, CIIAeB_
rueMy pflAoM c HriM Ba croJroM. flo uorxau noqrl{TeJrbnocrr.r,
sByrraBuuM B roJroce HaqaJrbHr{Ka, AxtHQuft [peArronoxuJr,
rrro nrrarcKuft t:l,cur qIiH HI{KaK He MeHbIIIe tartuoro coBer-
HI4KA.
- Bau npeAcrour He.coBceM o6uqHoe AeJro, rocnoAr.rH
Eorpcxllx, -^rrpepBaJr ror ero MbrcJru, B ynop pa3rngAbrBaff
AKr{HeHfl. - seMrfl cJryxaMr{ noJrHurcfl, qro KpecrbqHe Haxo-
.qqr rtpn [axore KaKr,re-To Aparo[eHHbre npeAMerbr. foeo-
pRT, lrro oHn r{x BbrfoAHo c6Hearor. Ho.xyaa? Moxer 6urt,
BaM npllAercfl Ha BpeMff npeBparnrbcx o xopo6eriunxa u
rloxoAl{rb rro AepenHnnr?-noJryyrBepAr,rreJrbHo cnpocriJr
oH.-llpilclyruveafrrecl 6onrrue K pasroBopaM Ha spMap-
xax. CneA Moxer npuBecru K BecbMa cnsreiuHrrrr,r ocb6ao,r,
a _rrooroMy npr{KasbrBan xpaHr.rrb Bce n crpoxafiruefi
raftse.
I4s AartHeftrxefo pa3ronopa AxaHQurl Eoapcxlzx ysHan.
rrro eMy npeAcror{T'ornpaBurbcx no n.lra4euun-rpynuerirur.r>
seMJreBJIaAeJrbrleB Crporauoaux, pacKnHysunecff "no 6epe_
faM peKl.r Kauu u ee npl,rroxoa. Cnycrs HecKoJrbKo HeAeJrb
flocJre orbesAa Arr.ruQnn ralisuft coserHrir quraJr nepnuii
noApo6nufi .pa[opT o co6Hruqx, nponcxoAnBrxr{x HecKoJrbKo
AecrrnJrerr.rfi uasaA.
TeuHofi oceHsefi Hoqbro 1853 roaa rpr{ BcaAH?rKa oc?aHoBn_
rrr{cb y ue6onrruoli zs6u Ha xparo a6pennn nerrnni;t;. H;
c.rregafl c xoHeri, olru Haqartl 6apa6annra xy.naxauu n
BOpora.
lynxo_e HorrHoe oxo pa3Hocr4Jrocb BoKpyr il, Ka3aJrocb,
AgJrx{Ho 6u,ro pas6yAr{"b Bcro AepeBHro, Hb'oua'*a* Oyar-o
BbrMepJra.
Haxogeq B AoMe, y-Koroporo croflJllr BcaAHHKH, rrogBuJr-
cs or6.recr saxxeHHdrt xepocuuonoft .'launJ.,n;;" ;;;;;-
tux neperoBopoB xosffHH Bflycrr,rn He3BaHbrx rocreft. Osu ne
96
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llil
,liiil
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iln
4 Jleqerro B, lo.
tlepeMoHhnficb c HlrM l.I, npHrpoSHB AorlectH lrc[paBHfiKy,
craJrrr paccnparuuBarb o HaftAeHHoM KiIaAe.
Kpectxunn KJrflJrcff n 6oxu.ncr, qro y Hero ocraJrscb or
KJraAa TOJTbKO KpOXU U tITO ABa pa3a npHeSX{aJrLt ilO HOqa}I
paSHbre JrloArr, KoTopbrM oH npoAaJI IIorrTt4 Bce HMeBmr,recfl y
HCTO BCIIIH.
- O6ruanyrb xoqerrrb, napurunrrrl nec? - cxBaru.rr ero sa
rpyAKr4 3AopoBeHHbIfi nryxnx. -klnu xoqerlb orBeAarb Ky-
rysxu?
Kpecrrauuu crpyxHyJr, raK KaK 6o.nlure Bcefo B xra3Hrr
6onncs, no.nnqeftcxux rr topbMbr. He conporrrBJrffrrcb 6o.ltrure,
oH norueJl K cBoeMy [ocJreAHeMy rafinuwy, BbrpbrroMy Bo
ABOpe rroA yrnoM xJreBa, r,r AocTaJr 3aBepHyTbre B qr{cTyro
rpffIIKy rpn cepe6pqHbrx cocyAa, roxo)Knx Ha 6o.nrune
KpyxKH, r cepe6pnnue uefisue rpr{Bnbr, Ka}KAaff fl3 Koro-
pbrx IrMeJra He MeHbrue Qyura neca.
OAzH lls npue3)Kux B3BecriJr Ha 6egN{eHe Bce flpfiHeceH-
Hbre Berqu n ue6pexno npornHyJr KpecrbffHuHy HecxonbKo
MeJrKtrx accuruaqnft. floc.ne gTofo rpoe HengBecrHbrx ceJrrr
Ha xoseri 14 ycKaKairIl.
_ C.nyx o HorrHoM Br.t3r.rre AorrreJr Ao Bonocruoft ynpanu.
Haqa.uocr paccneAoBauue. Bo BpeMfl cJreAcrBlrfl KpecrbfiHnH
Erop 3y6oa paccKasaJr, qro B cepeAnHe Mafi 1853 roaa on
flaxaJr cBoe noJre, pacnonoxeHHoe 3a peroft l4Hlsoft Ha
Hr43KoM noftuesHonr 6epery. Enay nouorann 6opoullrb ABoe
pe6rr, ero nJIeMflHHr.IKoB. OAHH lls Hnx ueJr sa 6opoHori u
BApyr aos6yx4euHo 3aKpnqaJr, noA3brBafi AflAro r ce6e.
Erop 3y6on yBuAeJr, uro 6opoua sarlenuna KaKoe-ro KoJreq-
Ko, nprzAenaHHoe K 6o.nrruoft KpbrrrrKe rig cBerJroro MeraJrJra.
IIosaAu KpbrrxK[ 6ufl sr.rAeH cJreA, ocran.neunufi ero Ha
npo6opoueHsofi serrue.
Kpemrnnuu ttoIrreJr no groMy i.rreay rj HarueJr Mecro, B
KoropoM oua 6una BbrBepHyra u3 seMJru. On paerpe6 sem-
JIIo pyKaMr,r - u nepeA rJra3aMpr norrBt4Jrocb cepe6panoe aeA-
po cpeAHr{x pasMepoB, HanoJrHeHHoe AoBepxy geuaeft. B seA,-
pe Jrex(aJro HecKoJrbKo aKxyparHo ynolr(ennbrx cepe6paHux
98
cocyAoB. Cnepxy HaxoAHJIcfl ysKofopfibll{ KyBIxt'IH c rpane-
uuun 6oxauu.
fIoA nunl crosJlo lxecrb cepe6prnux KpyxeK pa3HbIX
pa3MepoB, c pyqKaMI{ c6oxy. Ha cauou AHe BeApa JIex{aJI
'6o.nsuiot 'cepe"6prnuli Kosru c AnnIrnofi pyuxofi.- B upo-
crpaHcrBe MexAy cocyAaMl4 I{.. creHKaMII BeApa 6u.no no-
craBJIelIo ceur cepe6psHbIX rueftsux rpI{BeH.
lloxa 3y6oB BbIHHMaJI cepe6paune cocyAbl I'I3 BeApa I{
BbITpflxEBan I{s HI{x SeMJIIo, pe6xruurxn, noMoraBruHe eMy
6op6nnt, BocxnureHHo rapauIrJILI Ha HI'IX fJla3a. fpyaa c6-
pe6pauux Beilreil TaK r ctrfl,Jta B Jlyqax yrpeHHero coJIHua'
3y6bn crporo-Hacrporo HaKa3aJI nJIeMfiHHuKaM He 6onrarr
B AepeBHe o HaxoAKe KIIa\aA OTHeC ero AotvtOft'
i gtoro BpeMeHL eto xH3Hb 6una HanoJIHeHa rpenoroil
r{ crpaxoM. On 6os.ucs I'I Bo3MoxHux rpa6nteneft, u uauanl-
crBa, Koropoe MofJIo HaKagarb sa yrafixy KJIaAa. Epar no-
coBeToBaJI CnpflTaTb KJIaA B HeCKOJIbKHX HaAeIKHbIX Tar4Hr4-
Kax, H 3y6on nslpy6n.n ABa H3 HIIX B creHax cBoefo AoMa,
a oAr,rH BbIpbIJI Bo ABope noA yfnoM xJIeBa. C-nyxn o HaxoAKe
Bce x(e pacroJl3aJII'Icrl u 3y6oo, o6xoAI'tsulnft no yrpau cnoft
AOM, saMerIaJI cJIeAbI rlyxnx Hor Ha ofopoAe.
Kax-ro HorIbIo K HeMy npfiexaJll HecKoJIbKo.BeaLHHKoB'
OHu sac'rarn.rru 3y6oBa flpoAarb aM 3a 6ecqegox qacrb
KIrAI,a.
Hounrte BI,IsI4TbI noBropqJllrcb e[le ABa pa3a. Kro 6ulu
efo HoqIIbIe rocrl{, 3y6or He 3HaJI.
ArunQrafi Boxpcrnx npHBoAI4JI B AoHeceHLIfi il Apyfou
c.nyuafr HbpacroponHocrll iy6eprrcxux B.nacteft' OAsaxAu r
3eMcKoMy Haqarbnl4Ky B ceJle Kyaun'rxape -npuluJla flrarly-
ulafl x(eHIIruHa Lr paccKa3aJla o HaxoAKe 6olluroro KJIa,4'a
cepe6prnux neuleft. BecI'IBIrIero He MeHbIIre [ffTHaAIIarI'I KH-
aoipa'rtritro". flo ee cJIoBaM, ona IIpoAaJIa KJIaA uecruoft rop-
roBKe sa ABecrH ceMbAecflT py6.rrefi, Ho ra o6uany'na ee,
ganJrarltB ToJIbKo rlacrb cyMMH. Haqasueecfl cneAcrBue He
npr.rHeeJlo p$ynbraroB.
Beqn ncqesJltl.
99
4.
' nb cJroBa[,r boapcxux, npH[EcaHHbrM B r(oHue,4oneceH[r.
cpeAH MeCTHOTO HaceJreHl{fl noJISJrIt cnyxH o TOM, rITq. K
ixynre ApeBHero cepe6pa npurracrHbr aro4n Crporanosbix.
Ilponepnt orn cJryxa 6u.no doqra HeBosMoxHo. (ro p.*"*
Cg 6tI AATb TIOKA3AHNff NPOTI,IB BCCCN.IIbHbIX SCMJIEBJIAACJIb.
qes?
Canrn CrpotaHoBbr IIe cKpbIBaJrI{, qro nx KoJrJreKrrI{,
ApeBHHx cepe6prnux cocyAoB n nerep6yprcKoM ABopue no-
NOJIHf,JIACb TO OAHI,IM, TO CPASY HCCKOJIbKIIMN IPATOqCgHbIMIT
cocyAaMH.
Bce nasarocr c cepe6prHoro KyBrrrr.rHa.
Becesuuu yrpoM -1750 roaa 'xpenocruofi KpecrbffHnn
rpaQa Crporauona flaxaJr no.ne HenbAaJreKy or ua"rrenrxori
*?:lyqy- C-n{axu, sarepannrefics cpe,4r iecoe ua 6epery
\aMbr. yapy" nnyr [oAcKorrnJr B 3eMJre, BbrBepHyB lls neb
oonbruou KyBrur{H Hg cBerJroro MeraJrJra. OAEH sHnyxrbilri
6or rynmuua 6u.n nlonoMJreH yAapoM nJryra, uo ,ipyrori
yIIeneJI, I{ cUeua, nso6paxeuHaff Ha HeM, Bbr3Bana y 6-eAno_
ro KpecrbffHxHa raKyro oroporrb, rrro oH neperpecrincs. Ha
r{yBrrrzHe 6u"rra uso6paxeHa s nofiunfi pocr MoJroA afl. Kpa_
cHBafl x(eHqHHa B fipo3parrHo! olexAe, c ua6pouenHbrM Ha
lr.equ roHKr.rM rroKpbrBaJrou. V ee Hor BaAHb[ tpnrypxn. 4e-
TeI{. I
Becrr o HaxoAKe AolrrJra Ao ynpaBnsrouero HMeHI,reM, Lr
cepe6pnuufi KyBrrrr{H 6u.u ornpieneH sraAe.lbrl}r- erux 3e_
Merrb B flerep6ypr.
B cepe4rne BoceMuaArlaroro BeKa MHorne orrrpbrcxn
gHarHbrx_pyccKnx ceMeficrs ycrpeMnJrrzcr na o6yqenue s
ttapax(. He MHHoBaJT ero u uo.noAofi 6apon CrpoiaHon, ne
sa6brsuufi n_p'xBarnrb c co6ofi us rlerei6ypru "uooJurriin
rynurilx, saftAenuufi y_ AepeBHH C"try4rn. Elpona Olrna ox:
BaqeHa crpacrbro x co6r.lpauuro ApeBHocreft, oco6euno rIeHI{-
JrHCb npeAMeTbr HcryccTBa aHTagHlrx HapoAoB.
Eapoj pa3MbrunrJr npo ce6R, uto cepe6psnuft xysluRH,
Moxer oHTb, HntreM He xyxe aH?nqHbrx apeeHocre*. Ecnt
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ooecnerreHa cJraBa HacTorlqero 3HaTOKa.
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yAarrHo. KynulnHorrl g a r{HTepecoB a Jrcff cartr npesu4enr @ p an-
uyscxofi aKaAeMHr.r ,{,e Dpocc, conpoBoA}rBrur,lfi cnon crartrc
o saMelrareJrbHoMJrpeAMere rorrHbrM plrcyHr(oM. flpeay-
crrrorpure.nrHocrb Ae Dpocca oKasaJracb ne nanpacuofi, rdr
KaK KyBrrrnH Bcr(ope Hcqeo B 6ype co6nrnfi @panuyecrofr
peBonroqnn.
Cnycrn rpr,r recsrnJrernr nocJre HaxoArilr AparorreHHoro
KyBrrrnHa CrporauoruM BHoBb HanoMHuJur o cyulecrBoBa:rluv
B r{x BJraAenr4flx AepeByrrrKu C.ny4xl,r. Becuoft l7B0 rona
gjryrrrrro_cr 6o.uturoe noJroBoAbe. 3a.rrnto nco noftuy pexa
Kauu. B uaqane Jrera BoAa cxnunyaa, Ho s nofir{6 ocra-
Jrocb MHoro necKa c pa3Mbrroro BblcoKoro 6epera. Mgoxe-
crBo MeJTKI,IX osep rr3p$aJro nocJre noJroBoAbff uoftueugue
Jryra, t,t AepeBeucKr{e pe6muuxu o6.rro6oBaJrr,r sra Mecra
AJrff ,Ky[aHbr, Ta,K KaK COnHrIe 6UCtpO HarpeBaJro B Hrrx
eoAy.
- O,u,HaxAbr oHn BaJrf,Jrucb nocng KynaHr,rg Ha ropsqeM
rrecKe, u BApyr Kro-To saMernJr rpaft 6.necrrrulero npeAMera.
Pe6sra paerpe6.nn necoK pyKaMr{ H yBn.[ena 6ontnroe ce-
pe6panoe 6.nrcAo c uso6paxeur{eM qeJroBesecKnx Qnryp na
rnyrpeunefi cropoHe.
Bcrope B pa3Hbrx Mecrax n6angn AepeBHrr 6uno saftAe-
Ho elqe nam cepe6prubrx cocy,q,oB. Bce ,uparouerrubre Ha-
xoAKu cporrno HanpaBr.rnu n llerep6ypr. OsuaxoMuBrrurcb c
Heo6HrHoseHHbIMI,I BeltlaMa, yrleHble onpeAenI.IJIH, rITo oHll
6urr ugrofoBJreHbr B ApeBHr.rx uMrrepcKr.rx rrracrepcxzx Bn-
gaHTuH n Hpaua, ga rblcqqil Kr,rJroMerpoB or Mecra Ha-
xo,4KI{.
HeoxnAauno AJrfi ce6a CrporaHoBbr craJrn eAnHcrBeH-
rlblMlr B Mrrpe o6.naAatenrMu KoJrJIeKIInn Bu3agTnficxofi n
npaucrofi Apernefi cepe6prnofi nocyAbt. llo,roxenHe o6ssEl-
BaJro, g ylrpaBnffrolqfiM ctpofaHoBcKilMr{ r{MeHnrMn 6nn
.nocJraH crporHfi fiaKeEi ece cepe6pnHHe Beqn H rpoque HH-
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rep6ypr.
Tax o6crosJro Aeno 3aAonfo Ao noflBnennfi Ha 6eperax
Kauu Ar<znSun Soapcxl,rx.
Hsyveuueu nyrefi cKynKr.r ApeBHefo cepe6pa rafiuufi co-
BerHI{K, ornpaBHBIrIuft n nyrt cMbII}IJIeHoro areHTa, gaHflJIcfl
no npocr6e oAHoro npoQeccopa, cBoero npuffreJrf n 6onr-
rrroro sHaroKa BocrotrHbrx ApeBHocreli. Tor noxanoBaJrcfi
KaK-ro, qro 6ecqeuubre ApeBHrae ri3AeJrr{s nonaAaror B pyKr.r
HeBex{ecrBeHHbrx roproBueB n 6eeaosrparno ru6uyr. On
paccKa3aJr, trro B llepucxoft ry6epnnn nporlBeraer cKy[Ka
saftAeunoro KpecrbflHaMn ApeBnero cepe6pa AJrff nepeAeJrKu
ero B conpeMeHHbre yKpalreHrrfl. B pesy.rrrrare MHox{ecrBo
KJraAoB, B ToM qracJre H KpylHbrx, HaBcefAa norn6no 4.na
HayKH.
- A ulo, ec.nn 6y,lyr ycraHoBJreHbr cKy[[rIHKu cepe6-
pa? -cnpocnn raftuuft coBerHHK.
- TorAa cocraBJrro nporxeHr{e HMrreparopcKoMy ABopy c
npeAJloxeHneM BBecrr{ KoHrpoJrb }raA cKynKoft ynuxantuux
npeAMeroB r.r nepeAaBaTb r.rx B My3eH, - ropfrro oTBeTlrJr
npoQeccop.
Taftgult coBerHHK cKenruqecKn Bocfipr{Hqr HaMepeur.re
npo$eccopa, Ho flocJre AoJrrofo pasAyMbfl safl.Brlfi, rrro no-
crapaercfi eMy noMorm. Bcxope oH npHBeJr B AeftcrBlre He-
o6xo4uuue npyx<raHbr: KoMy-To noo6eulal, KoMy-To HanoM-
HUJr O CAenaHHbrx r.rM ycJryfax, r, B p$ynbTaTe BCex 3TI4x
Aeficrsnft qacrHHft cbrrrluK orryrr,urcfi e neiax flpuranaut, ru-
noJrtrf,s Heo6uqnoe 3a,(aHr,re.
Arun$r.rft cxuJrcfl co csoefi poJrbto. C xopo6onn AerrreBbrx
yrpaueunfi,. JreHToqeK, uroJroK, HrrroK H MHo)r(ecrBa pa3-
finrrHbrx no6pxxyureK oH raulrJrcfi pt3 AepeBHr.r B AepeBHro,
He B&lsbrBafi no4ospenuft. Cnnnn carr{HoBafi py6axa n Trnrn-
coBble rrrraHhl npeBparlrnu ero s o6H.rHoro MyxI.IKa, Koro-
poro KpecrbrHe oxorHo npuHnMaJrn Ha Hosrer ga 6otrxuir n
ocrpu* ffgbrt(.
r08
B ouepe4noM AoHeceHI{r,I oH nr.IcaJr, rrro cBoIaMLr uragaMu
BHAeJT Heo6uxnoneuuue cepe6pffHbre npeAMerbr y Kpecrbfl-
Hr,rHa AepeBin Manrqenoft, uro.nexnr ia pexe Kjrne. Cpe,u
HI{x BbrAeJrgJrcr BeJrr.rKo.nennuii KyBltruH c HecKoJIbKo rrpu-
nJrrocHyrbrMl,r creHKaMr4, Ha Koropbrx 6u.nu zeo6paxeHu $n-
rypbr Kpbrnarux rep6.110A08. Ha 6o.nturona 6.nrcAe nso6pa-
xeHa oxora KaKoro-ro rocyAaps n sy6varofi Kopone Ha
rr{rpoB. Ha 4pyrorrr - opeJr c flrHeHKoM B Korrqx. Ha 4nyx
6nrcAax Haneceubr xprrcrnaHcKile Kpecrbr, a Ha nocJreA-
HeM - ToJrcrrK, rauqyrcqnfi c xeHrqr{Hoft. Buecre c cocyAa-
Mr,r KpecrbflHnH HalrreJr oKoJro Aro)KHHbr cepe6pnuux rueftuux
rpuBeH, JrexaBrrrux xyuxofi - oAHa Ha .4pyroft. 3ro 6u.nu
corHyrbre B KoJrbrlo npyrbr 4nzuoft oKoJro ceMnAecflTr.r caH-
Tr,IMerpoB. Ha oAuoru KoHue rpltBnbr 3aKaHqLIBaJrnct ner.neft,
a Ha ApyroM - rrpur(Jrenassoft ronosKoil, noxoxerl Ha orpa-
HeHHyro nyroBlrlly.
CocyAn rorqac Kynr{JI y KpecrbsHuHa ynpan.nnrcqnft
Crporanooa n orocflaJr n flerep6ypr. Cyar6a lrreriuux rpn-
BeH ocraJracl uengnecruofi.
OAHaxAur Axan$nft BHyrpeHH[M qyrbeM floqyBcrBoBafi
trro-To He4o6poe. Ou ue Mor o6sqcnum ce6e, B qeM AeJro,
floxa He BcnoMHHJr: puxe6opo4rrri rvryxnx, c KoropbrM oH
pasMr,rHyJrcfl y AepeBeHcKofo rpaKrEpa, BcrpeqaJrcff eMy B
o4Horl r,r3 AepeBeHb, Ha3BaHua xoropofi oH He [,ror ceft.rac
BCIIOMHI{Tb.
<Haqanacr ilrpa c orHeM, - MeJrbKHyJro y Hero B roJlo-
se. - Mecra ryr rJryxfie. Ilpa6rror raK, rrro He orbr[Iercq
c.rleAa>.
K ronry BpeMeHr4 AxunQr,rft HarrlynaJr cerb cKynrqr.rKoB
cepe6pa, pa36e3xaroqux no AepeBHflM rro4 BHAoM MeJrKux
ToproBueB. Te c6unans cepe6po repeKyrru1nKaM rroKpyflHee,
o6ocHosasuuMcfl Ha HnxeropoAcxofi nprraapre. Or nepe-
KyrIuIuKoB qacrb ApeBHr{x rEsAenuft nocrynaJra B rlacrHble
KoJIJIeKqr,rn, ecJrr.r yAaBanocr uafttu noxynarenfl. A 6orluaq
rracrb rlrna Ha npoAaxy roBenr.rpaM B KaqecrBe cepe6psHofo
.IIOMA.
103
B oAuorrr rrs panopror ArnnQufi coo6qu.n o HaxoAKe
KpecrbffHr{HoM Hg .ceaa BepeaHa HecxoJrbKr,rx Ap-aroqeHHbrx
npeAMeroB. Cp",qu uux 6u.irr,r qaura H Aaa 6rroAa. Ha no-
BepxHocrr.r uaurn uso6-p_ax(eHa crleHa oxecroqeunorl 6opu6nl
BcaAHnKa c JrbBaMr{. Ha oAnou 6.nrcAe ueo6paxeua Cqexa
oxorbr qapcrBeHHoro BcaAHuKa Ha AHKr.rx xa6agos. Ha Apy-
roM-4na 6apana, croffrrlue y crBona AepeBa, o6suroio
gN{eefi.
Kpoue cepe6pruux cocyAoB, B KJraAe oKa3aJrrrcb cepe6-
pgHble It 3oJIOTbre KOJIbIIa, MOHeTbI.
VaHas o6 groM KJraAe, npoQeccop HarrucaJr nucbMo gHa-
KoMoMy yrrnrenro n llepnat c npocs6orl uccJreAoBarb Mecro
HaxoAKrr. Vqure.nl 4o6pa.ncx Ao cena BepenHa, Ho He 3acraJr
yx(e HaxoArruKa B xlrBtilx.-Cuu xpecrbflHr{Ha He 3acraBr,rJr
ce6g Aolro ynpanr{Barb _lr HanpaBr.r4cn BMecre c yqureneM
K Mecry HaxoAKH KlraAa. Jlecsas Aopora xapa6xanicb BBepx
no cx.nouy Kpyroro nora. Es4nJrri tto Heft pe4xo, ll osa r-a-
gaJracb sa6pourennofi. llo.nfl Aocrr{fHyB KoHrIa noA6eMa,
MyxaK ocranoBriJrcfl Ha Kparo aecgofi Aoporu r{ TKHyJT nan-
xofi s caMyro ryuly )KeJlTo-6e.nux poMarrreK Ir cuur{x KoJro-
KO'bTIHKOB.
- 9y,cHaa ryr Bbrrrrna r{croplts, - cKagaJr on. - Mofi
oTeI{ Ilpoesxan 3Aecb neToM Ha TeJrete, a JrolxaAb er.o ocTv_
nunacb. OH paspu.n B groM Mecre 3eMJrro pyKaMH Ha rny6il_
Hy He 6o.nsrue BeprrrKa H yBr,rAen r.iraa. Tapenru cepe6paune
6arq ue xoreJr cHaqana npoAaBarb. ByAy, ronopr.rr, Ir3 ce-
pe6pa ulu x.ne6arl
. V.rfire.rrb ocraBr{n cBoero c[yrH[Ka Ha Aopore, a caM
IpoApancs qep$ rycroft rycrapHnK K BepxHeMy Kpato Jrora.
3aecb oH yBHAen o6uupn-yio ponuyro rrJrorrlaAKy, orpaHsrreg-
, Hyro c nporntsonoho>rsori cropoHrl Apyrr.rM .ndrorvr, a c Ha-
. ., nonrHori cropoHbr sarqyuleHHyn seu.tranhrM BaJroM. llepe.u
JrycorHe MerpoB or 6o.ntru_oro BaJra oH gaMerlrJr apyrofi na.n,
Ho MeHbrrr[x pasMepoB. E*ry ue nepeufr pas "c]pev alrncb
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Eocrn MecraMll o6nr asng' KopeHHofo Hace.IIeHI{t.
<9ro xe 3acraBI{JIo cKpblrb KnaA B onacuofi 6nusoctfi
or ropoAnlrla?> - cnpocN.rl ce6n yqI'IreJIb' croq pflAoM c
rtrorqHbft cocHoft, nycrnoruefi KopHE npffMo Ha BaJIy.
Orser npuxoAun roJIbKo oAHH: HeoxI'IAaHHoe HanaAeHI{e
KaKux-To BpafoB. Ha MrHoeeHHe yrII'ITerIo noqy,u,l,Inl{cb ron-
uH JrroAefi, BoopyxeHHbtx [{erIaMI'I' JIyKaMfi H KoIIbffMH' UHI'I
npeoAoJlenH sarpaxAeHHe nepBoro Baila fi ycrpeMl'IaHcb Ko
aiopotuy, Ha KoropoM ux xAanI'I 3aITIIITHHKI'I fopoAlrl{a' bec-
[oIIIaAHaffcellacKJIoH'JIacbBfloJlbsyocaxAaBIIIHx'acI{JIbI
sauIurHI{KoB ropoAnqa cna6enu- Oauq us HIlx He3aMerHo
cKoJIb3HyJI B luyMe 6on x cpy6y Ha Kpan noceJIeHI'Ifl H B He-
c*ono*o" MrHoe:eHI,Ifi c.tloxr'r.tr i ryec IleHHbIe BeIq[: cepe6-
pEHyIo [ocyAy, MoHerbI I'I yKpaI[eHNs. 3areu oH sH6exar
'"i io"u "'*y6ape* cKarrlJlcff ro cKJIoHy ropu' IIIyrrl 6or
npu6.uuxa.ncs. He reptt Hl't MI'IHyrbI' qeJIoBeK cnprraJl ry-
ei n ryute pacryqero s{ecb KycrapHl{Ka L 3aMacKI{poBaJI
cBepxy BeTKaMI{ I'l trlxotvt._cy4r6a nepnoro BJlaAeJIbua coKpo-
snnla'6Hra rpafuqecKoft, l't otto nponexaJlo s eelure 6onl-
IIIe Tblcflqn neT...
C rex nop KaK AxnnQnfi noqyBcrBoBaJl 3a co6ofr cJIe>K-Ky'
oH cAenaJlcx ocropoxiee. Croilo eMy craJlo Rcuo, 'Ito yfiru
o, '.afr"ur* npec.n6Aonarelefi He yAaJlocb. Boenpaulaficb oA-
HaxAbr K flOCTOqnoMy ABOpy, rAe ocraJIHCb ero BeqH' OH
yBLIAeJI y oKoJII'IIIbI n6pesufi SHaKoMyIo tburypy pnxe6opo-
AOrO.
xc{K 3aropoA}In Aopory. B secxonlKnx IIIarax or HHx croffJl
ntopoft MyxHK, JIeHuBo onnpanurnftcff Ha roJlcrylo cyKoBa-
TVIO NAJIKV.
' Axnntpnfi xoreJl o6ofirn prrxe6opoAoro' Ho ro-r cxaJl Ky-
JraK u 6pocrl.ncn na'ArnnQun. AxnHQnfi yrlottt,I'rlt":-M-
rHyncfl IryAapun nporl'IBHHKa rorosoft B xI'IBor' Pblxeoopo-
{
I
105
{Ti ?:iy-l_u-co,rHyrrcn or 6o;rr.r. Bapyr npaByro pyry Arnn_
Evff oooxrJro, KaK orHeM, H oHa noBr{cJra nnerir6. "Bropori
Ty-T-yI _y"*" saHocr.rrr narrKy AJrs noBropHoro ylapa. Toraa
ffXlA_ll t9rori nHyr MyxnKa B >r(rrBor, u ror yna.,r. Axnn_
er.rH,opocrrJrcff oe)I(aTb...
Bcrope ratluufi coBerHuK noryqur nrrcbMo, noArrricaHHoe
oAHaM BhrcoKonocraBJregHbrM Jur{om. B Heu 6H.[ sbrcxagaH
coBeT flpeKpaTHTb AeffTeJrbHOCTb, yrpoxarouyro qecTH HeKo_
ropbrx sHarHbrx .rmq. IIpoQeccop, npoqr.rraB rrr.tcbMo, AoJrro
MOJI!IAJI.
florou cKasaJr c ropeqbro:
- Tu 6n;l npan, c.rriras yronzefi uofi npoexr. byuarn n
crpsqy s rafiHuxe saropo4ubfi *"aprupu. moxei 6;;,
npuroAfircff e 6yayqeM.
NOC/IECJIOBI,IE
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Eute n cefiqac r flpnxaure HepeAKo o6uapyxnnalor KJIaAbI
BocrorrHoro nponcxo)KAeHllfi.. OAIrH Ils snx naftAes coBceM
HCAABHO.
.tluperrop gepAuncroro My3er I'I.nls A.nexceeBfiq Jlyue-
IloBy3HaJIoHaxoAKez3I]I{cbMaoAHoroHSKoJIXoSHI.IKoB.
He nreans HLI oAHoro AHfl, He o6paulan BHIlMaHflF Ha pac-
rrvrr,r[v. ou Ao6palcs Ha nonyrnoft MaIlnHe Ao AepeBHI'I
AnrExoscxoft. Vanler 6nrcAo I'I axHyn:
- 3uaueunToe eacaHnAcKoe cepe6pol PeAqafiuras A'rIs
tut;: lffiXi""u cropoHe-raperxu 6u.na uso6paxeua gn-
rypa nca.(trllra na xose. BcaIHI{K npnroroBl{Jlcfl MerHyrb
Aporr,rK B pa3bqpeHuoro sgAH6LIBuIerocq MeABeAfl' Tot..yxe
DaHeH LI flpocrHo JIoMaer sy6aur'I AporI'IK' npousurruNft ero
iany. Apyrofi MeAseAl, Ilso6paxennuft y AepeBa' TLT:
pani:n il-nblraercfl BblpBarb sy6auu AporHK' SacrpsBruI{L B
nepe4ueft .nane.
Ha sca,u,HLIKe oAexAa, HaIIoMI{Ha}oqafl xaQran, ruapo-
Bapbl Ir3 nerxoft crpyruleftcn rKaHI{. Ha lrree y Hefo o}Ke-
peirre fls KpynHblx repJIoB' Ha rpyAll aIIe3aK - KpyrJlafi
-6.ns*a, o6oguaqarcqafl npIIHaAJIelKHocrb K 3HarHoMy poAy'
Fi;;"* "cuan"*u xopona, 3aKrloqeuHas s Hnr46' B Heo6-
pax(eHllffx BocroqHblx BJIaAbIK HnIu6 o6osHaqar <<cBsIrleH-
HOCTb> Ilx ocoobl.
Oco6oro BHITMaHI4fi sacJlyxuBaer Kopona BcaAHIiKa' tto-
cKoJIbKv I'IMeHHo no seft oro>KAecrBJlrlor BcaAHI4KoB Ha
<oxotHu,rbl,rx> 6.nroAax c KoHKpeTHbIMII IXaXfiHlIaxaMI{-
rIapfiMI,I cacaH[AcKoro l4pana. EnroAo 6rtno uglotoBJleHo B
VII sere o Hpaue.
107
-^^Wtts Arerceesuq BcHoMHnJr_ cnyvafi, npoficmeAurlf; s
1936 roay. 6pura4up Korrxo3a uoraiu*rr'H";" -a;;u;;";
Mora.nluuxoo o6uepueal scnaxaun:yrc sa AeHb seMJrro Ha
nore, np'nerapqeM K AepeBse 6o.nriue_nnrixoecKoii:'il*;
:T:I: :"yrnyna KoHrroM s raxori-to ,u.pl"n--np"-fiiJr.
DpHraAHp pasphrJr B _3roM Mec?e 3eM.rrro -u ynr.r4l.n 'rpn
cepebpauux 6noo1-9{Lo_-c nro6p"*."ueu Axefipaua;
Ha ApyroM 6una saAua Qurypa oprru, ,n."yulero B Korrrx
nonyo6uaxeuuyro Tenqzriy. tpe"ol oi.Ao coAepxaJro cqe-
Hy saroHHoft oxoru: rrbrruHo o4erurt , qeJoBeK crpenser ug
nyKa B ropHbrx 6apauon.
-"r:ir:^i'#?TIi,1'nn a t{epAutucxzri *f-*.1.:,l!_y u ep:
yqe'Nx.Bd;t-;'f;,".?T##ffi l""1X",ff##f ,""H#XXI:
ll_H-a_lRe"ep ony6.nnxonarra ux yxe qepes ro4 n rHure <Ho_
Bbre cacaHrrAcKae 6nrc4a Opuur-axa>r. ho a"iunil;;;;;
KopoHhr fleuero oxorH-HKa Ha o.(HoM n, o,irn-o"u;;";;:
B'.rra, qro Ha HeM usoopaxeH *u"""*ii ilG. ij; i,;#";
I4pqgorra s 4ST-494 ro.qax.
Jlerou lg67 ro.qa MHe_ rrpflruno nrccbMo or Aorlegra
I^ul5lorg yHuBepcarem e. i.- O6op""u . coo6uresueu o
::l9a_*" Ha ceBepe flpnxauu ."p"Op"ro"" Onrola,- o i
rorqac xe Bbrexar ,ug_ .IleuuH.piau, oroOor--yuii;r; ;
y3narb Bce Ha Mecle. B flepiuu'MHs yAanocb Bcrperurb
fi. A. Jlyueroga. Mbr ronopuau o nu*oai.l-6n-J"n#"^;:;:
se Eo.nlrue-Annxoncx-on _*,irono" "pl"?"o.o K roMy BpeMe_
:lJT_: " r{ep4uncxoM Mysee,_rt ryr Hnra A.rreKceeBuq cKa_
Ba.rr, sro, rro crryxaM, s Cere Eoniruas (;;;6-rE;;-"";:
Kaajo cepe6panat rapeJrxa.
- ,rr orrpaBilrrct. u pojl*ylo &uy, He paccqrrbrBafl B Hry-
onHe Ayrxu Ha ycnex noes,ixu. Cxoarxo. pas yxe npaxoAn-
nocl y6exAarbcfi B nereuAaproar" -Jny*o" o Ha{oAKax
KnaAoB. Vvntearuurla u-cropuu *ua""ou nrxoJrbr [poBena
MeHff B ruxo.nrsryfr uyseri, siurdMasmuli ueoonuuvo" "oivl
Ty"Iro KoMHary. Ha cresax 6unu paeneruaHbr Harlrorrajrb_
Hbre KocrroMbr r(ou[-nepMrKoB. n yirry l"ofira AepeBsuraff
108
!
*::i
coxa. B HecKoJIbKtIx He6onbulux BurpIIHax 6ulu pas.noxe-
uu pasuoo6pasHble 6pousonue yKpaluenl{fi, a rarxe_cr-eK'
JrflHHbre u KaMeHHble 6ycu H3 ApeBHllx MorI{JIbHIlKos Vll-
IX aexos Hosoli epu. B yuly y ABepu crotJl utxo.nluntft cto.n,
a Ha HeM-npucnoueHnoe K creuKe cepe6pnnoe 6.nrcAo
AUaMeTpOM OKOJIO TpnAI{aTH CaHTI'IMeTpoB.
Dnro,qo yKpaIIIeHo c nuqesofi cropoHbl' B qeHTpe' Me-
AaJrboHoM B BHAe .qsoftHofi po3erKll, suucaHuofi oAHa B Apy'
ryro. Kpafr 6.rrroAa oQopu.nen B BHAe $ectouoa, Ha oAHoM
rni rotop"x rpy6o npb6ura se6o.nluras AbIpKa. C sHeluHerl
cropoHbl 6.nn.qa npunasHa KoJlbqeBafl HoxrKa-rloAAoH' D
rrnocKocTn Kpyra, 3aKJIIoqeHHoIl n gtoft Hox(Ke' crosr nflTb
npo6npnux i<.trefiltt. B Hnx HMelorcfl KoporKl{e uadnucu sa
rpeqecKoM flgblKe, coAepxaqfie B ocHoBHoM [MeHa 'nloAeft'
B rpex x.nefiuax uso6paxenbl, KpoMe roro' norpyAHble Myxc-
cru-e Qurypu. Aaxe 6erlufi ocMorp 6lroAa sosBoJluJr ycra-
HoBHrb no $gpue r.neftu n xapaKrepy Hx corleraHnfl Apyr-c
iLDvroM. ut6'ono 6H.[o usroroBJleHo s cronnqe BfisaHrufi-
ci.6fr "nn"pun - KoncraHruHono.Ile. I4ronorpaQun Qnrypu
Ha oAHoM ue xneftM n MoHorpauMa,.orHocsqaqcfl K sTotl
Qurype, Ha ApyroM noMorJII{ n AallueirueM ycranoBttrb
ipenai LIstoroBJIeHnn 6nnAa. Asa.rlornn Qurype HaIITJIHcb B
KaraJlorax sfisaHtuftcxux MoHer. Ee ro'{Hofl ronueft 6ul
rrcprper r.IMfleparopa Koscrauta II ua uoirerax 651-668 ro-
Aos. B MoHorpaMMe ccjAepxa;Iocb I'IMI roro >I(e HMneparopa'
kltat<, 6.nnAo oKa3aJlocb I{3roroBJIeHHHM oxo'lto cepeAI'IHbI
VII sexa.
IIpu BHItMareJIbHoM ocMorpe 6.nn,qa Ha ero eHeurHefl cro-
pone 6nno o6napyxeHo HecKoJIbKo Bpe3aHHbIX 3HaKoB' Ha-
noMrrHaroulnx no xap aKrepy H anHcaH I,Iff ap aMeficxoe [I{CbMO.
,[oxtop Snroaoruv6cxux nayx B. A. JIHsIxuu o6rqcHuJl, qro
IIaA[I,Icb cAeJIaHa o Xopeeue' BepoffTHo' BcKope ilocJle ugro-
ToBJIeHLIs '6.irn,q,a. Tar- sblscHx.nbcl, tITo Bn3auTuftcroe ce'
pe6p*noe-6JItoAor u3roroBJleHnoe s KoHctaHTHHonone npu-
nrepuo B cepeAuHe VIi BeKa Hosoft 3PbI' -npoAenano
,rp6uaArruft Iio npornxeHnocrlr u yAtlBnrenruufi no cnox-
lm
Hocrn nyrb, fionaB B Xope3M, no-Br.rAlrMoMy, qepe3 Llpau, a
ns Xopesua - n Bepxnee flpnraute.
Hs cena Bo.nrruas Koqa rrloft nyrf .nexan n tlepAuncxuli
ptlgu. Iorunuo AaHHbrx o HaxoAKax x.raAoe B 1936 rz
1967 roAax, uHe 6uno r,r3BecrHo o HeoAHoKparHbrx HaxoAKax
AparorleHHhrx seqeft B oKpecrHocrsx AepABHu AHzroacxori
B AopeBonroqr{oHuoe BpeMs. ,{na x.ua4a 6uao ualiaeuo oKo_
no cepeAr.rubr nporrrJroro BeKa: oAzH coAepxar cepe6DqHHe
cpeAHea3r{arcKfie }roHerbr -X nera, apyiofi _ ceie6isnuli
szsaHrr.rftcxHil xosur KoHqa V-Haqa.rra VI nexa. g tgSS"o_
Ay xaxofi-ro KpecrbflHlrH Bbrflaxar s rori >l<e AepeBHe ceMb
cepe6pauux tueftsru rpuBeH r.r__npoAan ux ryrunoroproBrlaM
A.nnuuiw B ropoAe Hapaor"". K coxa.rrennro, rorrHbre Mecra
HaxoAoK 9TI,IX KJraAog He 6brnu ycraHoBneHbl, a coxpaHliB_
urHecq cBeAeHnn o HHX CJrHrrrKoM cKyAHbI.
O6c.[eAogaHae pagnr{qunx apxeofiorr4qecKax naMqrH[_
KoB (KnaAoB, noceJreHnri, Morunluuxa) n paftoHe AepeBHn
AHHxoscxoft nogB-onufio ycraHoBrrrb oqeHb uHrepecusrft
Qaxr: cpeAneBocrorrHbre cepe6panue cocyAbr, a raK>r(e Mo_
Herbr rrocry\ylkr K o6firarenqnt Ha peqKe Vcm-Il{yrop B re_
qeHne IX-XI BeKoB, xorfi MHorr{e u3 srtrx AparoqeHHux
npeAMeroB 6Hr?t nsroroBJreubr Ha HecKoJrbKo BeKoB paHb.
ile-eqe s V-VII BeKax nonofi epu.
He scerAa JrloALI, Koropue HaxoAqr KJraA, coggaror ero
Hacrofirrlyp rleHnocrb. B 1959 roAy n AepeBHe Ma.no_Asn_
xoscxoft 6un HariAeH cepe6pauult xynuruu " "uan"""*"
xyonvecxnrr.r nficbMoM, usrorosneHHHri s XI nere. H;;;;_
II^ p1ll9*urrr.r KyBrur4H Ha qacrr.r u roAerrr.trrr.r MexAy co6oft.
lIo clracrJrr'tBoMy creqeHuro o6croqrerrcrB nosrti sce o6-
JIoMKa sroro KyBrxHHa nocryrrrrJtLr B pa3Hoe BpeMfl o tlep-
Auncxnli uyseft.
llp_u-ocnaorpe cepe6pauoro 6.npAa co crleuorl oxorbr Ha MeA-
BeAeH oKa3aJrocb, r{To efo noBepxHocTb noKpbrTa MHOXtecT_
BoM roHKHx Bp$aHubrx B MeraJrJr ,nuttuft.. flopofi oHu 6nlu
ll0
eABa SaMerHbI AJIfi HeBoopyxeHHOrO rJlasa' tlro6n yJIOBIITb
I anve JIHHIIu, np nxonr'r.troii ltsMeusrl yf oJI H aKJIon a 6ltoAa'
loAcraBJlqff ero IIoA Kocoe coJlHequoe ocBeueHlle' flocte'
neHHo rJI a s a rI p ItB bI KJIII yJI a B JI I'IB arb cT eAH xa oc a -n-ep eceKae-
r*"""" ir^^tt orAe.nlnue I{3 HI{x' Bapyr I'I3 grllx JILIHITH
craJII{ cKJIaAbIBarbcfl KaKI{e-To Qurypst'
CHa,rara yAaJlocb pasruqnrb cxeMarnqHoro qeroBeqKa'
OH croqn n Qac c paccran'T eHHIIMI'I B cropoHbl uolauu,-!-
o6eux noAHflTbIX pyKax oH AepxaJr no KJII{HKy' 3rn rlIEut<-z
He noxoAHJIH Ha KI{HxaJIbI HJII{ trle'Iu' CxocoM pvKoffTll I4 xa-
parrepuoft l4sorHyrocrblo JIesBIas oura uanoml'In anu ca6tu'
Ha ro.none u.nou"nu-b"'tta rpexsy6.uaraf, (rpexporan)-xo--
ffi;. iQ*e eroft Qurypu, na 6'nroae-6rl'Io HaHeceHo nrrb
'r*rnbtt'u"ti eir, oi.trdqarcquxcg B ocHoFHoM pasMepaMl{
r,I MeJIKLIMLI AeTaJIflMI',I n nso6paxeHlalt nosbl I'I JMU'
BpesauHue Ha noBepxHocru 6'rroA] Qgrypu-""*ii:-l:
B pa3Hoe BpeMn t painot*" I-YTTI^ 'II'rq o6ocuoBaul'tn
ororo BbIBoAa "cnono3oBaHa uarpoSororpatpnr' C1lt11o
;;;;;"*;;i" 6o"o.""*KI4, IIorIyqeHHbIe c ee IIoMouIbIo' Ha- *
iffi;il6&rtn " roM' qro rexnnqecxrae oco6esuocrl'I uc-
[oJIHeIII4fl pagrlltlHblx Qntyp no3BoJltlor qerKo orJIIrqHTb
pyKy oAHoro Macrepa or Apyroro'
Bpesauuue p?IcyHKIr HaHeceHbI -ua 6nnAo LI3 AepeBHI'I
Eonrure-Att"*ou.*o'fi,'""";;A;il lx-x crolerufi' Har'l-
6o.rlrurnft I'IHTepec sHsHealor cpeAu HIIX crllJlusoBaHHbIe qe-
JroBerrecKpre q".ypoi. Ko.o "toOpu* ailu srn sara4ounne Qu-
i:ip" " ;vouutoi*" KopoHaMH Ha ro'roBe u ca6nauu n py-
Kax, croflull{e B BolaHcrseHuoft yrpoxarcuefi nose?
B nepooft noJIoBnHe XIX BgKq -nyreruecrBeHHryK
A. M. Kaitpen no6Hsan s 3anaAHoft Cu6npu y xaHroB rli
co cJIoB oqeBI'IAIra' npI'IBeJI 'nrc6onutuoe onncaHl'Ie oAHoro
"6p"n". flo ero c"uALnnsitl, y xaHroB cauuft ropx(ecrBeH-
;;i;'Tp";;;"*- 6""u"" s nepuoa Bo3BpaIIreH"" " l-:1111
il;ffi ;;;.'n p ut,t""* H aquu a'rcq BeqepoM I'I ileory-lx-11::
AaJreKo sa norHorlb. A.rrs ornpaBJleHnn o6pnnoo Bce coou'
panficb K rpeAHasHaqeHHofi-rcpre. no cJroBaM A. M. Kacr_
peHa, KofAa Bce ouJlfi s c6ope, <<...uraMaH HarraI uyneTb
cadlrs,Mn I{ xe.rresubruu ronrsmu, npunecenHbrMk errle [pex_
Ae B rcpTy H noJIOX<eHHbrMn nepeA r.rAo.rroM, noToM xaxaonry
I{3 nprlcyrcrByroqax, Kp,OMe X(eHrrIHH, crofiBrrrEx 3a nepefo_
poAKoro, Aan B pyKr,r ca6np rr Koube, a caM BssJr B Ka)iAyro
pyKy ilo ca6ne u craJr crr'nHoro K CroJry. o"raninne-oarr*n
pacnoJroxrlJrr,rcb co cBouM lpyxuenr B pfiA, oAHH nocepeAH-
He, Apyrue no croponau. floqrn sce oun BMecre nonipry_
Jrr{cb rpr{ pa3a c nporflHyrbrM BBepx opyx(r4eM. Illanaari sa_
6u.tt 4pyr o ApyxKy_ csotMz ca6nanau, floroM no ero snaKy
Bce gaKplrqa.nu <xafi>, npuqeM oHI{ KJraHsJrI4cb ro B oAHy,
ro B Apyryro cropony>. Taueq npoAonxaJrcff oKoJro qaca,
noTOM_Opy)KHe c&ailfi ruaMaHy, pr oH Cnox?tJr ero Ha npe)I(_
Hee MecTo.
B grolvl OnHCaHI{r{ no3a lrraMaua c ca6aqMil B DvKax
BecbMa cxo,r,Ha c nosofi qefioBeqecKnx Suryp "u "pariri"r"
' pucyHKax. floerouy serroBeqecKrre 6rn"ypir c"!u?l"nnr,
.ri Bpe3aHHbIe Ha 6nnAe, Molr(Ho orHecru K a"aoOpuxu""""-ru_
= MaHoB. Mecrune HapoAbr Flpnypa.,rix " Ci-aipi'"iiiii" "*
nocpeAHrrKaMr{ MexAy .nro.qur,ld lr oxpyxaoilIr{M Hx BbrMbrrrr_
JreHHsrM mlloolr,r Ao6pbrx u.3nbrx ayxoi. Tpexpomre ionou"or"
y6opn ua q'eroseqe'crux a;rtt# r.rso6p axaror rrraMaHcK'e
IrlSnKE r,tna KopoHbr, ou"uruebanoi-n. .r"u"ux qacreft ura-
MAHCKOTO KOCTIOMA.
'Ha uerupex AecrrKlx 6.nro4, HafiAeHHnx _B ocHoBHoM n Bepx_
neu tlpuxaure, npo6uru u tiop",iia; ;;^6;r"u-;;; Jr"ip".iur,
e rroMorrlbro Koropblx ern 6.nroAa no4BerullBanl{cb npu coBep_
rrreHfirl KaKHx_ro o6pr4on. pasra4xy srnx o6psabu no*o_
-raror ycraHoBr.rrb _9 a6oru ernorp a@or X Ix _;fi ;; *i.u"_
ra. flo t,lx cBeAenr.rrM, aanaAHbcd6upcrne yrpbr rrcnonbso_
??!" cepe6panyro l9:VaV npn corepriru""" i,Opraou,-n*""-
IrIeFIbrx ,qyxy-xosfiHHy no nuesu r\inp cycHe iy" _ ocuor,
prqfift aa JrroAbMtt rIeJIoBeK>.
lt2
h.-.-
flo cseAenfinrvr H. ,II. lonAamll MHp cycHe xyMa nprr-
sbrBaJrr{ HoqaMrlr, KorAa on 6yAro 6u coreprua.rl csofl o6sesA
norpyr 3eMJII{. Ann uor xoun Mnp cycHe xyMa craBlrnu
rrpeABapl,rrenbHo Ha 3eMJIIo HecKonbKo cepe6pxuux nJIu Bo:
o6qe ueraJln[qecKl{x rapeJloqeK u o6rscus.ttn 3To reM, qro
<...6oxufi KoHb Mol crofirb He Ha ronoft SeMJIe HJIII cHery>>.
Ilouy.nxpHocru Mup cycHe xyMa orpa3I{JIacb B nereHAap-
Hofi reuea.notrlfi, no xoropofi -os 6nn IIJIaAIIIHM' ceAbMbIM
cbrHoM BepxoBHoro 6ora Hynan Topyrrla. Ero cquta.n-u noKpo-
BLrreJreM oxorHlrKoB, nocbIJIaIourI'IM JIloAgM 4uur. Ha oepx-
Hefi Jlostse o HeM roBoplIJII{, KaK o <KHs3e SanacoB uepuofi
Ar.rrrlt, KpacHofi Anqn>. On xe flBJIgJIcfi BecrHuKoM BoJII'I BbIc'
urux 6okecrB, oxpanffJl sAopoBbe u o6ecnequBan ycuex.
flpnuuua ynorpe6.neunn cepe6pa n o6pn4ax noKJIoHeHI{fi
Mup cycre xyMy ocraBanacb AoJIroe BpeMs Heffcua' noKa
uayueune afiuqecKl,Ix npeAaHnfi, cKaSoK I'I neceH He yKaSaJIo
yqeHbrM Ha CBflSb gTOrO Ayxa-xo3qfiHa c KynbToM conHqa'
B cxasrax H IIIaMaHcKux flecHqx ero qaqe Bcero flpeAcraB-
JIflIor B BI4Ae BcaAHHKa Ha 6e.nou KoHe, KoropHfi cxatlet HaA
o6.naxauu. Mascn Ha peKe Cgclne Ha3bIBaJII{ Mrp cycue xy'
Ma cbrHoM <3oJlororo ieerarr, <go.rtotofi pyxofi coJl-Hqajt EJII{
t$qepe3 oKHb naAaloilutM rIyqKoM CoJIHeqHbIx nyqer>' t' ilIa-
MaHcKI{x necnffx ero Ha3blBa.nu: <Tu 3oJloraff conuequar py-
Ka BocxoAtl{ero coJlHqar, uTEil uso6paxeugufi e BI{Ae SoJIo-
Toto rycq>, <Tu SoJloroBonocoe BocXoAtlqee co'IIHqe>'
<KHq3b c Bo.[ocaMI'I BocxoAgqero coJIHIla>.
flpnueuenue nprnobnofi cepe6pnnofi nocyAbl B Blt'u,e
6.[rcAs KyJIbre Mnp cycne xytr'Ia -o6lrcHsercf, orox(AecrBne-'
rIBeM Ayxa-xo3ff I'IHa c -co.rlttq-en'r. H ueHno AHcKu c-epe6pnuux
6rn,s ab.ltxlru 6ulu oJII{IIerBoptrb Ha 3eMJIe lre6ecHoe cee-
TIrJIo, ApyrilMll cJIoBaMI'I - caMoro Mnp cycne xyMa' B clny
cBo'x r$isuuecxlrx KaqecrB - IrBera u 6necxa 6;laropoAtto-
ro MeraJlta H I(pyrJloft $oprvrn. Oueen4Ho, cyurecrBoBaHl'Ie
o6pqAoB noxloiesun coJIHIly BocxoAIIr eule K nocleAuuY
il;A;; i rblcflqeJlerrts nosofi opbl, KorAa npHToK cep99-
pnnofi nocyAbl o flpHraure AocrHr csoefi stilcuefr TortKn' ne
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cnyqafiHo Ha HecKoJr;Knx 6nroAax HapsAy c o6beKraMrt
oxoTH[qberi Marr{u - 3BepflMr.r, rrTr{r{aMrr, pbr6aMrl - Bpe3a-
HbI SHAKI.I HC6CCHbIX CBETHJI - COJIHIIA I.I JIVHbI.
O6paau oxoruuqrefi Mafrlr.r coBepuanncb B onpeAe.rreHHbrx
Mecrax - cBsrLtJurulax. V sexoropbrx sanaAHocu6apcrnx ua_
poAos - xaHToB, MaHclr, ceJlbKyrroB, - 6rHsxux no xosgftcr_
BeHHO-KynbTypHoMy Tr{ny ApeBHHM KOMr{_nepMflKaM, CBflTH_
nuIr1a pacnoJraraJrrrcb B caMbrx pagHbrx ronorpar$auecKrrx
ycJroBltfx: Ha xoJrMax, no [poToKaM UJrr4 yporIH[IaM, B JIeC_
H_bIx pouax, Taftte, s6nuew or xuJrl{q I{JrH AaJreKo or Hr{x.
Ha.uuqne rpynfibr cocyAoB y3Ko KyJrbroBoro HasHarreHr{fl, K
KoropbrM orHocrrcff 6.rrcAa c BpesaHHbrMH pr{cyHKaMH, a
TaKxe orBepcrnffMrr F,tts, noABerrruBaHnff HapfiAy c oco6eu_
HocrsMr{ ronorpaQul HeKoropbrx lrs HaxoAox cepe6pauofi
locyAbr n Bepxneu flpnxaule rro3BoJrffIor yraeair da cy-
IIICCTBOB A HI,IC B HCCKOJIbKI4 X MECTA X AP CBHITX CBfl TI,IJIIZq.
Kro osn - 6Hs[rze BJraAe.rrbrlbr gKsorr{trecKr{x coKpoBr,rrq
e llpuxanrle? B uexoropbrx cJryqaqx oHrr o6taganu h..uil
ql,{Hbryx no roMyi,recry r{ BpeMeHil 6orarcTsar{H. Tai<,
ApeBHHL{ BJI aAeJrerl fleurnuroprcKoro KJraAa cnpfl Tan AeBrrb
cepe6pnuux cocyAoB rc ceMbcepe6pauux ruehHux rpzBeH.
y BJraAeJrbrIa peAaKopcKoro KJraAa 6lr.no cepe6pflHoe BeApo
Ir rpaArlarb qerbrpe BnoxeHHbre B Hero cepe6prnue rueft_
Hbre rpr.rBHbr.
Oco6uft Hurepec npeAcraBJrffror cryqau, KorAa Ha ADa_
TOIICHHbIX HSACJIUflX IIMCIOTCfl TI,IIIHbIC 3HAKI.I CO6CTSCIIHO-
crn - TaMfr.r nx BJraAeJrbqee. Ha cepe6pnHou BeApe us Ty_
pyrrreBcKoro KilaEa Bp$aHa BepTuKaJrbHafr. ilnlLts a.nunoft
oKoJIo urecra caHTr{MerpoB, or Bep_xHero KoHua xoropori or_
xoAlIT B[paBo KoporKafl qepra. HeAa.nexo or sroro gHaKa
pacnoJloxeH lpyroft, or.rrHqaBrrrLtrlcs .nuurt MecroM pacno_
Jro)KeHr,Ifl r{ pa3MepaMlr xoporxoft qeprbr. BpesauHlre 3HaKH
HanoMllHa.[r4 TaMtyI, o6uapyxenHble Ha KocrflHbrx Belrlax u3
pacxoroK ropoAlrrq npeAKoB KoMu_nepMsxos. XorR o6e raM_
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ru Ha cepe6pflHoM BeApe 6u.rtn poAetBenlttilMl'I M?KAy co6ofi
BapuaHraMu, oHI{ or.nllqalucr APyr or apyt3.-!t-{n,-oAT
rai,rra 6H.ra eAsa saMerna HeBoopyxeHHbIM rJIa3oM (Bepo-
qruo, oHa 6una crepta B p$yJlbrare AJInreJIbHoro ynorpeo-
JreHhs neapa) , To nrrr:er4tr apyroft 6H'ltl'I szAHbI coBepIIreHHo
orqetnugo. Otcp.qa BbIBoA: raMrn I'Ic[oJIHeHbI B paaHoe
BpeMg I,I paSHbIMI',I JII'OAbMII. cxopee Bcero sTEMn nIoAbMI'I
oaor.uu 6ml oreq H cbIH' nonyqnBruI{fi ot orqa coKpoBl'Iule
II flocraBnBrunfi sa HeM cBolo raMry'
B prae cryrraeB B cocraBe KrraAoB cepe6pnnoft J31pl
coAepxarcfl cocyAbl C npI'I3HaKaMH KyJlbroBoro ynorpeo-
JreHr{fl. B ponooovr o6urectne, HaxoAflqeMcs Ha craAI{H pa3-
JroxeHus, Bo)KAb qacro 6un u uIaMaHoM' floerouy HeyAI'IBI'I-
t"ni"o,'ito san6olee SHaqldrerbHble no 6orarcrny KJIaAbI
cepe6pnnori yrBapn 6u.nn ux co6ctseHHoctlrc'
B 651 foAy I'13 Mepra 6exa.n 6oraro oAert'rfi qeroeeK' I'Is-
oryuen"otft"yctanocilto, ou ua6pen Ha KaKyro-r9- ":jo":^Y
u-nonpocllJl y xo3flI'IHa pa3peIIIeHHff 3aHolleBarb Ha HeH'
Menrriur npenbcrllJlcn 6oramft oAexAoft nvrHnKa H HorIbIo
ya;.ero. i"* no"""rByer npeAaHlte.o 6eclJrasHoft ru6e'nu
flocJreAHefo uru"r"uru"u Cacannlcxoft Annacrnu H-es4zrep-
a"-iii. rto BbIHyAIlrIa 6exarl us N\epea vrDo3a 6url gu-
AaHHbIM [paBHTeJIeM ropoAa B pyKlr neyruro'tturtno npn6'rtll-
*"3Tli;X.:l;:";;o.HHe cacaHrjAcro fi AepxaBbl npol4,?9-
ruJlo 3a ,qo6pufr AecfiroK ner Ao rI'I6e'nn eto nocJleAHero ua-
;,;:"E;ffi; ;p;' K ^A;;* ?t H t'tx a s,eHAe, nq o ucurerilue r- 637
u 642 roAai, pernl{Jll cyAb6y Vpaua' Apa6n 3aBJIaAeJI-LI
"tonrtl"ft Ia{aia- Ktecll$oHoM I'I saxBaruJll{ qapcKylo co-
"pou"ur""uy. H"ct"""ue 6orarcrBa cacaHLIAoB' HaKonJIeH-
HbIe noqru 3a rlflrb croneruft, repel[JII'I B pyKu a1a69ry11
.u*""u"""erl u s xaxoft-ro Mepe cranl npeAMeroM Kyn{l-
npoAax(Id, nocryilHB KaK Ha pbIHKIl Hpana' TaK u cpeAHe-
aSI,IaTCKI'IX cTpaH.
115
He nncrrueHnbrx trcrorrHnKoB ngBecrno, qro rracrb caca-
HfiAcKofi suaru 6exaaa or apa6or B cpeAHeasuarcKue 3eM-
.rIH, gaxBarus c co6oft uau6onee Aoporae Beuud, B ToM qnc_
ne AparoqeuHyro cronoByro nocyAy. Ha rpynre cocyAoB
urpaucKoro npoucxoNAeuna, uaftgeHnblx n flpnxaute, r{Me-
Iorcfl Bp$aHHbte cpeAueasuarcKr,re HaAnucn-_6eccnopnoe
lBHAereJrbcrBo xoxAeHur 3rr.rx cocyAoB Ha reppHropr.rn
Cpe4uerl Aenu.
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C xouqa VII sexa apa6u HarraJra peruurenbHoe Hacrvrr_
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Krde KHrxecTBa He yorJrn ycToffTb uoA HaTr{cKOM CH.rrbHoto
onbrrHoro lpara. Ha sagoenanue eceri Cpe,qneri Aeuu aoa_
oaM norpeooBaJrocb MeHbrrre oAHoro cronerun. I4cropnx ta_
6apu coo6ulaer, qro npr.r B3flrr{r{ IlaftresAa s 706-;;;t;i;_
6u_ pacnaaBwrfi rpoMaAuoe KorrdqecrBo so.rrorbrx u cepe6_
pffHbrx cocyAoB, r,rAoJroB r{ Apyrfix rpeAMeTOB: cnnaeneHHbui
MeraJrJr Becfi.,I cro nffTbAecffT Tbrcglr tr,rucxaneii (eonorul.r-
xon). Ilocae B3s?r,rff Cauapxau4a s Tl2 i;At-;;il;;;;;
nepenunu Bce ueHH^ocru H3 3o.nora u cepe6pa,'n y nr* nory_
quJrocb MeraJr.rra Ha [ffTbAecflT Tbrcrq nrucianeri.'Xpor" li_
HI{, . c HaceJIeHrIfl B3UMaJTHCb MHoroquc.[eHuue uno4apKu>.
.A,n-AxnaQy, or,HoMy H3 nepBbrx apa6cxux BoeHaqaJrbHaKoB.
BoeBaBrurrx n ToxaprcraHe, no4Heifl'n s 6arxe ;;;; f;;;;:
{y ,t" soJrora u cepe6pa, 3oJrorEre n cepe6pnnr"'*b"""r,,u
rarur(e Apyfne Beulu.
Cpe4neasuarcKrre TgproBbre AoMa HcKaJrrt HoBbre pbilHKr.r
A.ns c6ura roBapoB. Hi. ssrns.(lr o6paru.nrzcb Ha ceBeD K
MHororruc.rreHHErM rrrreMeHa M u u apd4a r,,r B ocro,{Hofi E;6il:
orono cepelunbr VII sexa. ""*i;;-;pyurenr.re saua4nuii
rrcprcrufi KaraHar, u Ha eio o6uouxax Bo3HuK Hosbrft ra-
naHar lor BJracrbro xag-ap. Ero qenrp ner(a.rr B HuaoBbrx
pexn Bo.nru - ocuonupli '"onnofi ' upi"pnn, .o"a"""rrrl;;
ceBep r{ nr Bocmquorl Enponu
_^ B_Jol xe repnoA nponioruao eule oAHo co6urae, HaAoJr-
rc_onpeAennBruee xoA [onrrrlrqecrlrx u sKoHoMnq"c^n* iux_
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Oanl ux qacrb yluna Ha gana4 n floAyuanbe, rAe JIerJIa B
ocHoBy 6o.nrapcxoro HapoAa. flpyran qacrb yIuJIa Ha ceBep
r{ ocraHoBnJlacb B HngoBbgx peru Kauu, craB BcKope rJIaB-
HEilM nocpeAHr,rKoM B ToproBne MexAy Cpennnu Boctoxotu
H BocroqHofi Enponoft.
He.[ugq cKa3arb, ttro roproBble cBflsu cpeAuea3uarcKl{x
KynqoB c Bocro'{Hofi Enponoft 6utu Ans HIIx coBeprueHHo
HoBbrM AeJroM. B pasrap 60pr6u MexAy BHsaHrfieli H ca-
caHr,rAcKHM Hpanom sI,tgaHtuftcxue uMrleparopbl ficralfil
coro3a c BoerorIHhIMIt coceAflMn l4pana - MofyqecrBeHHblM
TIOpKCKITM KaraHaTOM' BJIaAeBIUHM CpeAHeaBI'IaTcKLIMI{ 3eM-
.nsrtrn. Cessu ocyqecrBnflfiI,Icb qepee Hnxnee flogouxle'
Tax, apuancKne Haxapapbl, I{3MeHnBIuue ruaxnuruaxy Xoc-
posy I-u nepefiIeAulug r ircpxaM,_6Hrlt ornpaBnenbl 1a $an-
Kaa Kpyx(HbIIw rlyreM, cenepuee Kacnnftcroro Mopfl. Tofi xe
aoporbft npoItino n 568 ro4y r BnsaHtmo nocoJlbcrBo rlopK-
cKoro KaraHara Bo rJIaBe c corAuftqeu MasuaxoM I{ TeM tre
rlyreM Bo3BparHJIocb BMecre c sneautrflcxnM IIoc.tIaHHu-
KoM - noJrKoBoAIreM Bocrollublx ropoAoB 3euapxol't Knau-
rnfi ueru.'nocaeAosaBmlle Bcr€A 3a gTI'IM HeOAHOKp arHble no-
coirbcrB a Bn g autRtt e trcp xcxuft Ka'raHar [Ip ltaeln, o{€BLIAHoT
K rrocrynneHnro B Cpe,u,srop AsHIo AparoIIeHHoIl yreapu o
KaqecrBe AI{IIJIOMaTUIIeCK}IX noAapKoB.
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KaMbeM. Aa6ancxnft HcropI'IK Moncefi Ka.naurat3rfte-xnft co'
o6uraer o xasapcKl{x ua6erax s 626 H 628 roAax Ha Ka-exag,
B pe3ynbrate rbropux 6unu pasrpa6leuu TnQnuc n An6a-
nns. Karoluroc Bupo, He AoxAaBruI{cb loMoulll or nepcoB'
perrrHn HArH K xasaici<onny qapeBl'Iqy U3"y u npocnrb ero-
npuociaHou{rb paspylueHnfl II rpa6ex' l{.la sroro oH coo'
pan cepe6po, goJloro, B roM ql{c"{e xyAo}I(ecrBeHHylo yrBapb'
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Ee s 6orrruoM KoJIHqecrBe 3aBoSI'IJIH Ha Kanrag u Aapgnu
3l{aTll B cooTbefcTBnra c saHtIMaeMbrM paHroM ,{fiff npnBfieqe-
Hr4fl trorntrtlrrecKux crunaruft K cacanr{Acrorr,ry Hpauy. floc-
rynregr.re AparorreHHbrx reqeft (nocyau t uoner) c Kaexa-
sa a llpnraMbe sacBuAereJrbcrBoBaHo cxoAHbrMn rro cocraBy
MOHCTHO.BCUICBbIMII KJI AAA M I,I.
OcHosHoft rroroK_cepe6pa ue"rr n llpuxaute us Cpe4nefi
Aezu vepee_nJraro Vcrropi, flpuracnulicKyro Hr.raMeruocm
n Hrxnee floeorxte. Xalapcx:uri raranar s HuxueM llo-
BoJr)r(be 6Hn ocHoeHbrM nepeBaJlorrHblM rryHKToM, B KoropoM
cKanJrnBaJrr.rct pa_s_uoo,6pasHbre roBapbr, B ToM trncre Aparo_
qexHafl rrocyAa. He XasapcKoro KafaHara cepe6psnH'e He-
AeJrrrfl nepnoAr,rqecKr.r nocraBJrsJrucb xope3unrlcrrun a Apy_
rHMr{ KynqaMu_s Bonxcxyro Eo.nrapzn, pacrroJroxeHHyro-B
ycrre Kavn. Hg nncrueHHbrx rcroqHuKoB rrgBecrno, qro B
cronr{qe Xaeapcxoro KaraHara 6o.nruyn poJrb r.rrpaJro My-
cyJrbMancKoe HaceJreHr.te. B qacrHocrt, oco6y KaraHa oxpa_
Hqra MHoroqncfieuHas_ rBapAr{ff, cocrofl[Iaq zs xopesuuft-
cKlrx BorrHoB, B ropoAe 6nno nruoro xopeanrnficxux KynrIoB.
.yrxeArxl.te Ha ceBep r.rs-rroA rqxenofi pyKr4 xa3ap 6o.ura_
pbl He ns6exanu BfiaAbrrrecrBa raraHara. floxporllre.rrbcr_
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cxr.rx 6y.nrap. Muccux BocrotrHbrx Kynqos Ha groM 3aKaHqr{-
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peuanl{cb npoHlrKarb. Sruu o6tscuglotcs .nereu4apuue
cBeAeHuq BocrorrHblx aBTopoB o6 onacuocrffx, noAcreperaB_
uux qyx(es€MrleB cpeArr coceAHr{x c BoJrxcKr.tMz 6y.nrapauu
HapoAoB. cnyxr,r pacnpocrpaHflJrHCb il floAAepx<una.nzcs,
g5opge Bcero, MHoroqprcJreHnbrMu 6y.nrapcxurr,rn KynrlaMr{.
I4u 6ttno BbrroAHo ocraBarbcfl eAr,IHcrBeHHbrMr{ flocpeAHr.r-
KaM_LI B TOpIOBJIe CO CBOIiMI] CeBepHbIMU COCeAflMI{, CaMLI OHL
se 6os.nucl 6Heart v Hrrx.
Kax noxasa.nu plcxonxn TanxeencKoro MornJrbHHKa B
'l'arapcxoli ACCP, B cocraBe HaceJreHnfl, H3BecrHoro noA
o6uluu Ha3BaHIteM <<6ynrapnr>>, N<LrJrLr nJreMeHa, "ec""a
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n8
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yclauonneuvu npflMblx KoHTaKroB c Bepxnnu llpzraruneu
i.r nperpanreHflId ero s nocroqHHH[ IrcroqHltK noflyqeHuq
nyIIIHI,IHbI.
" causIlr,t.xerIaHHbIM roBapoM' Ha xotopuft o0319ury111
nvIxHHHv 6y.nrapu I'l Apyrne KYnuu I'I3 BocrotIHoI'I trBporlbl'
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plr. I46ri'-Py'cte, apa6crufi reorpat! Haqana X eexa, npllBo-
,qnr xapamepHoe cBflAereJlbcruo o coAePxaHnl{ TOpToBJII{ B
Dynrafe: <<Be.nue Kpyulble AHpxeMbI rpllxglll *-l:1-:-t
cipau MycyJIbMaHcKI{x, nyreM MeH-bI Ha roBapbl>' I apAI{3?I'
nepcu.uci<nil I{cropI'IK ll forpaQ XI nera, coo6qaer o My-
cynruaucrux Kynqax: <<OHpl te ALIpxeMbI orAalor pycaM l'I
c,flaaRuaru, TaK KaK Te JIIOAI'I He OTAaIOT TOBapoB I4Haqe' KaK
ga qeKaHHbIe AI'IpxeMbI>. B csoto oqepeAb IIyreIIIecrBeHHI{KI4
u reorpaSu HeoAHoKparHo nepequcrqnu BUAbI ToBapoB' BbI-
;";;il-; Eynrapa n Cpeanrcrc^Asun' Hau6o"nee no'nsnft
nx cflIrcoK uplleo,u,ur MaxAvcl't' 9ruuu roBapaMl{' ilo ero
cJIoBaM, 6unlt <<...uexa co6onefi,.. ropHocraeB' xopbKoB' JIa-
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;ft#,';;lu 6.no.o rollorlfl, BbIcoKI'Ie ulanKr' pu6nfi xneft'
pd6lz ey6ll, xacropoBoe MacJlo' au6pa, BbIAeJIaHHbIe Jloura-
iilnue Koxu, MeA, JlyuleHble opexH, coKoJIbI' Meqli' naHlrtipH'
6epesoeas Kopa, craBqHcKl'le pa6ul, QSPaHu' IopoBbI>'
atit-1;;o, n66t"u"*nfi n cepeanne XII BeKa B bymape'
nI{caJI, qro BJIacrb Ey.rrrapa pacnpocrpaHfferqfl Ha HecKoJIb-
xo o6.ttacreft, xoropue nlarsr eMy xapaAlK' <<OAHa us.o6ra-
;;.;-;;;;uLt.o lir'cv (I4cv), nrbpan Apn' -B erofi o6'nactn
oxorqrcfl sa 6o6pou' ropHocraeM Il 6elxola' AeHb Aflnrcr
- raM 22 \aca. Orty.aa BblBo3flr orleHb xopouue il npeKpa-
cnble IIIKypxu 6o6pa>. a^-^^^^^.,^o
-,,Bncliti soctoqHstx aBropoB coorBercrByet 6e;losep-cxoll
<(BecLI>> pyccKux .netonucefi. O6'nactl Ap"l yI-TT-Tyt"
A6y-XartiiaoM, 3ro Apcrar 3eMJIfl pyccKnx JIeronI'IceH -
npeAKI{ coBpeMeHHbIx yAMyproB'
--' -ep"nn"uallarcKne xynulr Bce nporlHee oBJIaAeBalu 6ya'
il9
rapcrffiM pbrHr(oM. 3ro suAHo no pocry KofiHrrecrBa nDtlBos-
uoro cepe6pa n Bepxnee flpnxaure s VII-X "e*a*] E-c.,r"
B cocraBe KraAoB VII-VIII BeKoB 6u.ro naft,reHo oKoJro
Tpex_AecflTKOB AparoueHHbrx cocyAoB, TO B COCTaBe KJTaAOB
r.lt-]t' BeKoB nolrrr{ BrrerBepo 6o.ntrue, B naqane XI sexa
Haqancfi cna.q r{Mnopra cepe6pa n Bocrouuyn Enpony, cnn-
saHHHft c HacrynJreHlreM raK HasbrBaeMorb uceie6p"no"o
Kprsuca> ua Cpe4ueu Bocroxe. gror nepno4 xapaxrepnay-
ercfl oAHrrM cyulecrBeHHutr,r o6crogreJrbcrBoM: npuror aoc_
rotlHoro cepe6pa B ApeBHepyccKHe 3eMnu 6u.l np'ep"an no.ll_
Hocrbro, Ho nneMeHa Bepxuero flpzraurn [poAoJr]KaJrr{ no-
ryqarb AparorleHHyn nocyAy s XI-XII nexax, npaBAa B
snaqrlre.llbHo MeHbrrreM KoJruqecrBe, qeM npexae. Orbr 6axr
::"gp_11, o cfirle rpaAr{rlru, cBnsbrBaroqefi xynqos cpease_
ro bocroKa c nJreMeHaMn BepxHero flpnxaiurx uepe-s noc_
peAHuqecrBo BoflxcKnx 6o.nrap, u o nocrosHHoM cnDoce.
KoroplrM noJrbsoBaJr'Cb y 3Harr,r cpe4uero Bocrora .uiaro-
IIeHHEile Mexa;ocnoeHofi [peAMer BbrBo3a us Bepinero
flprlxau.u.
tlro aacraeJrflJro ApeBFux o6nrare.lerl flDr.rraMbff Dac-
craBaTbcff co cnor{Mr{, CbxpoauulaurE? IIp&Au "."ril
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9ry."p, pacrpocrpansBruero c IX-X-iexoB cBorr npurssa-
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npou[rKuoBeHr.re Be.nnxoro Hoaropo4a B ceBepnoe npn_
ypanbe' B TOM qncne n flpuxaure. Jleronucu "oo6rque", iro
i1996 roAy HosropoAei{ iropnra porosnq nocJraJr <.;.cBoH B
r leqepy JrloAr,r ffx(e cyrb AaHb Aaroqe HosropoAv. u nprrIrren_
rrrro orpoKy MoeMy K Hn H orryAy HAe B lOrbvu. Ha6ern
HoBropoAcKax yuryrln{IgB B flpaypaaue n ni-Vpa.r, npo_
AonxaJll{cb BnJrorb Ao XV sexa.-O-Hux HeoAHoKparHo yno-
MnHaror HonropoAcxne Jreronucu.
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::t"_: lli Tep o6ulecrneHuoro ycrp_oficrn a n&eueH gtpine-
lo rrpuKaMbff nocJreAHnx croJrerrrfi I rucs.reJrernfi riosofi
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Ha6opoB BooptlKeHlrfr' rr opy4nft rpyAa. Eonlnroe qucro Mo'
rnn i norpe6b-suxnlu MyxqlrH-Botrttoo, cua6xeHHblx 6oesb[N{
nogcHblM ua6opottt H opyx(?IeM, cBnAereJlbcrByer o nosBJIe-
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rrocBffTLIBIIIilx cBoIo >KI'IsHb softHe. flpnrosuoe cepe6po ycxo-
oH.lto uens6e)KHoe pa3BI'ITHe coqHaJIbHbIx npoqeccoB B poAo-
Lou o6urecrBe: c oaHoft croponbl-BbIAeJIeHue u o6oraqe-
Hr,re poAoBotl apucroxp arnv!, c 4pyrofi - o6eAuenne pffAo-
BbIX COIIJICMCHHHKOB.
B CKaHAuHasHu enoxn BIrKI{HroB (300-1050 ro.qu)
MO>I(HO Uaftru ptA rlepr' HanoMuHalorqr'rx ycrpoficrso o6qe-
crna Bepxuero flpzxan'Ibfi roro x{e neploAa' flossns cKaJIb-
AoB B CraHAuHaaI{I'I BocneBaJla lqeApocrb KoHyHroB [I Bep-
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HHe HaJIafaJIo Ha lfyxuunnxa o6ssaHHocrl co6nrcAarl
BepHocrb Ao cauofi cMeprn. Ctpeunenn" ""?llllu-:91^t-1?.
xr.r snrnHron noayuntr B cBoll pyKI'I AparoIIeHHbIe MeTaJIJIbI
6Hno csssaHo c ux penflrl{oSublMu Bo3speHnflMI'I' yxoArulu-
un n r.ty6oKyrl ApeBnocm. BeponrHo' Il3-3a I'IcKrIotIureJIb-
nux Snenueci<llx ieoftcte u peArocrlt AparcIreHHbI* y-"TI--'
noB lL CKaHAI'IHaBOB CJIOXHJICfl BsrnflA Ha 3OJIOTO I',I Cepeopo
\ KaK ira raxoft nu4 6oratcrBa' B KoropoM MarepPlaJlllsyl9rcr
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