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The similarity of magical worlds of Great Britain and Russia.
Table of contents
1.
Introduction 2.
Ivan the Fool and Jack
"How Ivan the Fool went for a miraclen
"The Tale about Jackm
The final compression
3.
Tales twins
4.
Shameless copying
5.
From fairy tales to mythology
Zmey
Gorynych
The Dragons
Hobgoblins
6.
The spirits of the water
Mermaids
Vodyanoy
Kelpie
Mermaids
7.
Conclusion
INTRODUCTION
In this project we would like to compare fairy tails and mythology of Great Britain and Russia. Cultures of these countries are very similar and this similarity can be easily seen. If a man well accustomed you can see that the basic ideas are the same. For example, stories about animals are one of the main reasons for bringing up children. Fairy tales are based on a simple scheme, where partnership is the main character feature due to weak people always defeat evil and more powerful characters. The idea of ​​witness and cunning helps a weak character to come to a victory. It reveals in almost every fairy tale. To begin with, we would like to compare the following characters: Ivan the Fool and Jack (in many fairy tales known as Jack Bummer). These two characters can be found in many tales. They are both lazy and fool. In all fairy tales they become the winners only because of their kindness and witness.
Ivan the Fool and Jack For example, we would like to recount two passages which show the witness of these characters.
In the film "How Ivan the Fool went for a miracle", the king gave challenge to Ivan. Ivan had to cross the pond, but there was one condition he had to go dry out of the water. If he fails, the royal soldiers will kill him, but if he can do it the king will give him a purse. At the shore of the pond Ivan cooked fish soup which is called "
uha
". He returned, and remained with "
uha
"*, but absolutely wet.
"+2w ,va1 t+e F22/ we1t F2r a 0,rac/e”
*In Russian the word "
dry
" sounds like -
suhoy
and the expression "with uha
" sounds like -
"s uhoy
"
. These words sound exactly the same. In the very interesting Irish tale called "The Tale (legend)
about Jack", Jack was a drunkard, slob, and a lover of games of chance. One day at a bar, he met the devil, and almost sold his soul to him. Jack asked the Devil to buy a drink to him for his soul. The devil, after Jack’s proposal immediately turned into a handful of coins. Jack had to spend those coins on the drink, but he took them and put them in his purse. A silver cross was lying in this purse. The devil could not get out of the bag because the Holy Cross would not let him use the devil's power. After that, the devil promised Jack that he wouldn’t touch him within 10 years in exchange for his freedom.
"The Tale about Jack"
Both heroes solely because of their witness could save. The main difference in the nature of Jack and Ivan does not think like everyone and solve problems in unique special tricks. Jack was simply just a clever and witty man.
The final compression.
There are two stories in the UK and Russia. They are so similar that it seems as if they copied one from another.
In Britain there is the tale of Johnny Donuts, which is nearly the same with the well
-
known from childhood, m
Kolobok
n. The only difference in the story is that Kolobok
meets a rabbit and Johnny meets two workers.
Tales twins
Two tales are very similar: a Russian fairy tale "The Wolf and the Seven Little Goat Kids" and English "The Wolf and the three kittens". In these tales, the only difference is the set of animals.
Shameless copying
From fairy tales to mythology
Throughout the world there are myths, tales and legends of dragons. Russia and Britain are no exceptions.
Zmey gorynych
In Russia there is a dragon whose name is "
Zmey
Gorynych
". Zmey
Gorynych
is a many
-
headed (in different tales different the number of head: it is their 3, 5, 6, 7, 9, 12), fire
-
breathing dragon, a representative of the evil principle in Russian folk tales and bylines.
Many people erroneously believe that the dragon's name belongs to snakes, but it is not true, Zmey
is an ancient Slavonic, pre
-
Christian name. The same name is in such well
-
known fairy tales. They are Zmeyulan
, Zmey
Tugarin
etc.
There are many dragons can be found in myths and fairy tales in the UK. Even the flag of Wales depicts a dragon. In England, extremely ancient dragon images left by the ancient Celts are registered. In Celtic mythology, the dragon was a symbol of greatness and power, Celtic kings bore the title of Dragon. Such a number of dragons in British history and heraldry is not accidental because the saint patron of Britain is George, but as we all know this saint defeats the dragon.
THE Dragons
hobgoblins
In Britain they are called Brownie. Outwardly, they look like little elves with brown hair, about 90 centimeters tall. They have blue eyes and light skin. In the houses they live rare, they usually live in small groups in holes within 5 km from a house. As our hobgoblins, they are active at night and they perform the work unfinished by a man. Brownie can hurt and do mischief to a man. Russian hobgoblins looks very different from brownies. Usually they are quite large, very hairy creatures growth about 1.20 m. They are evil spirits of course, but they offend when they are called so. Hobgoblins are the only manifestation of evil spirits who are not afraid of sacred image. They lived behind the stove or in the storeroom.
We wanted to talk about hobgoblins as well.
The spirits of the water
In addition to the hobgoblins, we would like to talk about the spirits of the water.
Mermaids
In Russia mermaids are named differently: shutiha
, kupalka
, vodyanoy
, loskotuha
and this is just the beginning of the list of their nicknames. It was very bad to mention mermaids in ancient Russia because then they drowned husbands and children. People were saying, "If you see Mermaids -
KILL HER!". Russian mermaids had fish tails, and had girlish appearance. Beside the girlish appearances they could turn into a squirrels, rats, frogs. Russian mermaids are quick rapid scamper, so that "the horse does not over take them."
Vodyanoy
Vodyanoy
in Slavic mythology is described as a naked flabby old man, goggle
-
eyed, with a fish tail. He is entangled with mud, has a large bushy beard and green mustache.
He could turn into a big fish, log, drowned, child or a horse. He is powerful in the water and he has great power over the mermaids and other sea creatures. If people do not show respect to his land (the pond), he drowns them. He can test a man, but for no reason he rarely goes out of the water.
Kelpie
The ancient Celts had no vodyanoy
but the Celts had a magical horses Kelpie. Kelpie was extremely hostile to people.
They were presented to people in the form of a grazing horse. If a man comes up to the horse, he drags him into water and drowns. It is also believed to Kelpi
could turn into a young naked boy with tousled hair or a beautiful girl in the green dress worn inside out.
Mermaids
Mermaids in Celtic mythology were more good characters. According to a legend, they were creatures without a souls! They wanted to find them. Mermaids had a fish tail and helped people if they were in a ship wreck. There is a legend dating from the 5th century. In this legend, a mermaid, wanting to find the soul, daily visited the monk on a small island near Scotland and prayed about it. The Mermaid could not leave the sea and stayed in it forever. H.C. Andersen told us about "The Little Mermaid" in 1836.
CONCLUSION
Adding to all the facts, it is impossible not to notice that the culture of these countries and people follow some general ideas and canons, which brings us to the idea, that people all over the world originate from a single person, and therefore all people on Earth are familiar and they have common traditions.
Presentation
is made
by 11
-
A:
Tomilov
Ivan
Gavrilov
Victor
Chaiko
Roman
Автор
nimfa2007
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