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Christmas Symbols - Społeczne Gimnazjum im. SF Klonowica w

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Christmas
Symbols
On 25 December Great
Britain and many
other countries
celebrate X-mas.
Christmas Symbols
are the most
important part of
Christmas.
Santa Claus
Santa Claus is
mostly shown as
a fat and happy
man wearing a red
suit with white fur.
Santa, as he is often
known, lives in the
North Pole with his
wife, Mrs. Claus,
some elves who
build his toys, and
reindeer who pull
his sled.
Santa Claus was originally seen as
wearing a green coat to symbolise peace.
but sometime in the 1920's it was changed
by the Coca Cola company for advertising
reasons.
Children write letters to Father Christmas
to tell him what they would like for
Christmas. Some children will send their
letters by post or e-mail but the more
traditional way is to throw the letters into
the back of the fireplace. The draught then
carries the letters up the chimney to Father
Christmas.
Different names for Father Christmas around
the world
• Austria: Christkind
• Belgium: Sinterklaas
• Canada: Santa Claus; Père
NoГ«l
• Denmark: Julemanden
• Estonia: Jõuluvana
• Finland: Joulupukki
• France: Père Noël
• Germany:
Weihnachtsmann;
• Hungary: Mikulás; Jézuska or Kis Jézus
• Italy: Babbo Natale; La Befana
• Netherlands & Flanders: Sinterklaas (not at
Christmas but on December 6th)
• Norway: Julenissen
• Portugal: Pai Natal
• Poland: Święty Mikołaj (not at Christmas but
on December 6th)
• Russia: Ded Moroz, �Grandfather Frost’
• Spain: Los Reyes Magos
• Sweden: Jultomten
• Switzerland: Christkind
• United Kingdom: Father Christmas; Santa
Claus
• United States: Santa Claus
Christmas Tree
The traditional
Christmas tree is
evergreen, because
green is the colour of
life. The Christmas
Tree came from
Germany in the 16th
century. It was
brought to America
by the Pennsylvania
Germans in the
1820's.
Mistletoe and Poinsettia
Two hundred years
before the birth of Christ,
the Druids used mistletoe
and poinsettia to
celebrate the coming of
winter. They believed the
plants had special power
for everything.
Scandinavians also
thought of mistletoe as
a plant of peace and
harmony. The custom of
kissing under the
mistletoe probably
derived from this belief.
Candy Cane
Candy canes have
been around for
centuries, but it
wasn't until around
1900 that they were
decorated with red
stripes and bent into
the shape of a cane.
They were sometimes
handed out during
church services to
keep the children
quiet.
Christmas Crackers
A Christmas cracker
is a tube of brightly
coloured paper. When
pulled apart, it makes
a sound like
an explosion, but it
does not hurt people.
It usually contains
a small gift and
a joke. It is used at
Christmas parties or
Christmas dinner.
Reindeer
Reindeer were the
animals chosen by St.
Nicholas to pull his
sleigh. His reindeers'
names are Dasher,
Dancer, Prancer,
Vixen, Comet, Cupid,
Donner and Blitzen.
Rudolph the Rednosed Reindeer is the
most famous.
Stocking
A Christmas stocking is
an empty sock or sockshaped bag that children
hang on Christmas Eve so
that Santa Claus can fill it
with small toys, candy,
fruit, coins, or other small
gifts when he arrives.
Other presents are
wrapped up in wrapping
paper and placed under
the Christmas tree.
A child who behaves
badly during the year
will receive only a piece
of coal.
Christmas star
The Christmas star
announced the
birth of Christ.
Many songs were
written about it.
The star appeared
on many of the
first Christmas
cards in the 1840s.
Stars were placed
on the tops of
Christmas Trees.
Gifts
The day of gift-giving
varies in different
countries .... Dec.6th
(St.Nicholas day) ;
Dec. 24th ; Dec. 25th ;
Dec. 26th (Boxing
day) ; January 6th
(Epiphany, Feast of
the Wise Men, or the
three Kings).
Carols
In Britain many
children go from
house to house
with an adult and
sing carols. They
usually receive
money for their
singing.
Natalia Moskal
&
Natalia Mackiewicz
SpoЕ‚eczne Gimnazjum im.S.F. Klonowica
2007
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