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P r e s e n t i o n
New Year Celebrations Around the World
Новый год.
Презентацию выполнил ученик 7 класса
Песенко Роман
The chinese New Year
‘Yuan Tan’ takes place between 21 January and 20
February. The exact date is fixed by the lunar celendar,
in which a new moon marks the beginning of each new
month. For many families, it is a time for feasting and
visiting friends and relatives, but in each city a
spectacular procession takes place. The celebrations
are based on bringing luck, health, wealth and
happiness for the comingv year. People clean their
houses to rid them of last year’s bad luck before the
celebration begin. Thousands of people line the streets
to watch the procession of floats as dancing dragons,
associated with a long life and wealth, make their way
through the crowded streets. The Chinese believe that
evil spirits dislike loud noises so they decorate their
houses with firecrackers. The loud noises are intended
to frighten away evil spirits and any bad luck that the
spirits might bring.
In Australia
They celebrate New Year on 1
January. This day is a public
holiday and many people
have picnics and camp out
on the beach. Most people
organise parties that start
on 31 December and at
midnight they start to make
a lot of noise with whistles
and rattles and car horns to
ring in the new year.
In Egypt
The new crescent moon must be seen before the
new year can be announced. The sighting is
carried out at the Muhammed Ali mosque in Cairo.
The message is then passed on to the Grand Mufti
who proclaims the new Year. Everyone dresses up
in special clothes and the children are given
sweets. Boys are given a sweet in the shape of a
boy on horseback and girls one in the shape of a
girl wearing a dress.
In Greece
1 January is St. Basil’s Day which is the day for those named
Vassilions and Vassiliki. On name- days and St. Basil’s Day
people visit their friends and relatives and exchange gifts.
The most important dish prepared at New Year is
Vassilopitta or St. Basil’s cake. A silver or gold coin is
placed inside the cake; the first piece is for St. Basil, the
second for the house, the next for the household down to
the youngest child. Whoever finds the coin in their piece of
cake will be lucky for the next year.
In Poland
New Year’s Eve is known as St. Sylvester’s Eve. According to
legend Pope Sylvester I imprisoned a dragon called
Leviathan who, it is said, had escaped on the first day of the
year 1000, devoured the land and the people and set fire to
the heavens. On New Year’s Day, when the world did not
come to an end, there was great rejoicing and from then on
this day was called St. Sylvester’s Eve. It is believed that
those who wake up early for the rest of the year. Those who
touch the floor with the right foot first when getting out of
bed can expect good luck for the following year
What makes an English Christmas?
It appears that each person questioned thus will answer differently.
Here is a list of essential elements of Christmas gathered from a poll
over two thousand people.
Food& Drink
Parties
Television and the Queen’s Speech
A Walk after Dinner
Midnight Mass& Carol Services
Children’s activities
Shopping in the dark, fairylit streets
Sending out cards
Ghost Stories and Murder parties
Getting in touch with old acquaintances and visiting people
Playing Games
Carol-singing
Decorating
The Kissing Bough
One of the most enduring customs in
England, which has been adapted and
evolved over hundreds of years is the
Kissing Bough.
In Britain however, a custom began in the
15th century to create a hoop, or sphere
woven from ash, willow or hazel. In the
middle was placed a small effigy of the
Christchild or the Holy Family, and the
whole hung up inside the threshoold of the
house. Such items were called
“Sacramentals” and were blessed by the
local priest. Anyone who called at the
house during the Christmas Season showed
that they brought only Goodwill with them.
The custom of the Holy Bough had turned
into a Kiss under the Mistletoe. The Bough
became known first as the Holly Bough,
then it became a Kissing Bough or Bunch
What makes an American
Christmas?
Nearly every American family has its own unique
Christmas observances. Many people are expecially
proud of Christmas traditions brought to the United
States from their countries of origin. The wonderful
diversity of foods, music and songs, players and stories
– all make Christmas the holiday of holidays in the
United States. Immigrant settlers brought Father
Christmas to the United States. Although he has origins
in Norse and pre-Christian mythology, Santa Ckaus
took shape in the United States. Americans gave Santa
Claus a white beard, dressed him in a red suit and made
him a cheery old gentleman with red cheeks and a
twinkle in his eye. Santa Claus exists only in our
imaginations.
Several American towns maintain the
spirit of Santa Claus. In New York, a
small town called the North Pole was
designed for Santa Claus. There is a
post office, a church and a blacksmith
shop, to repair the shoes of the
reindeer.
One custom in Texas and other parts of
the American Southwest warmly
welcomes Christmas visitors. People
cut designs out of the sides of paper
bags. Then they put enough sand in
the bottom of the bag to hold a candle.
They line their walkways with the bags,
and light the candles after dark. Guests
can easily find their friend’s walkway
and follow the candles up to the door.
Wishes
May the warmth and goodwill of this
wonderful season remain with
you throgh the coming year!
At this very special time of the year
we’ve joined our hands to say, “
We wish you all the magic of a
Small World Holiday!”
To let you know you are thought
about So often through the year,
and to wish you world of
happiness now Christmas time is
here!
May your home be filled with
happiness and laughter this
Christmas season!
Wishes
It’s time to trim the Christmas Tree
And hang the mistletoe,
It’s time to wish much happiness
To people nice to know!
Wishing you a Christmas than is
bright with promise,
Glad with hope and blessed with
peace and joy!
Friends are close to our hearts,
Memories are more dear,
And wishes mean so very much
When Christmas is here!
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