P r e s e n t i o n New Year Celebrations Around the World Новый год. Презентацию выполнил ученик 7 класса Песенко Роман The chinese New Year ‘Yuan Tan’ takes place between 21 January and 20 February. The exact date is fixed by the lunar celendar, in which a new moon marks the beginning of each new month. For many families, it is a time for feasting and visiting friends and relatives, but in each city a spectacular procession takes place. The celebrations are based on bringing luck, health, wealth and happiness for the comingv year. People clean their houses to rid them of last year’s bad luck before the celebration begin. Thousands of people line the streets to watch the procession of floats as dancing dragons, associated with a long life and wealth, make their way through the crowded streets. The Chinese believe that evil spirits dislike loud noises so they decorate their houses with firecrackers. The loud noises are intended to frighten away evil spirits and any bad luck that the spirits might bring. In Australia They celebrate New Year on 1 January. This day is a public holiday and many people have picnics and camp out on the beach. Most people organise parties that start on 31 December and at midnight they start to make a lot of noise with whistles and rattles and car horns to ring in the new year. In Egypt The new crescent moon must be seen before the new year can be announced. The sighting is carried out at the Muhammed Ali mosque in Cairo. The message is then passed on to the Grand Mufti who proclaims the new Year. Everyone dresses up in special clothes and the children are given sweets. Boys are given a sweet in the shape of a boy on horseback and girls one in the shape of a girl wearing a dress. In Greece 1 January is St. Basil’s Day which is the day for those named Vassilions and Vassiliki. On name- days and St. Basil’s Day people visit their friends and relatives and exchange gifts. The most important dish prepared at New Year is Vassilopitta or St. Basil’s cake. A silver or gold coin is placed inside the cake; the first piece is for St. Basil, the second for the house, the next for the household down to the youngest child. Whoever finds the coin in their piece of cake will be lucky for the next year. In Poland New Year’s Eve is known as St. Sylvester’s Eve. According to legend Pope Sylvester I imprisoned a dragon called Leviathan who, it is said, had escaped on the first day of the year 1000, devoured the land and the people and set fire to the heavens. On New Year’s Day, when the world did not come to an end, there was great rejoicing and from then on this day was called St. Sylvester’s Eve. It is believed that those who wake up early for the rest of the year. Those who touch the floor with the right foot first when getting out of bed can expect good luck for the following year What makes an English Christmas? It appears that each person questioned thus will answer differently. Here is a list of essential elements of Christmas gathered from a poll over two thousand people. Food& Drink Parties Television and the Queen’s Speech A Walk after Dinner Midnight Mass& Carol Services Children’s activities Shopping in the dark, fairylit streets Sending out cards Ghost Stories and Murder parties Getting in touch with old acquaintances and visiting people Playing Games Carol-singing Decorating The Kissing Bough One of the most enduring customs in England, which has been adapted and evolved over hundreds of years is the Kissing Bough. In Britain however, a custom began in the 15th century to create a hoop, or sphere woven from ash, willow or hazel. In the middle was placed a small effigy of the Christchild or the Holy Family, and the whole hung up inside the threshoold of the house. Such items were called “Sacramentals” and were blessed by the local priest. Anyone who called at the house during the Christmas Season showed that they brought only Goodwill with them. The custom of the Holy Bough had turned into a Kiss under the Mistletoe. The Bough became known first as the Holly Bough, then it became a Kissing Bough or Bunch What makes an American Christmas? Nearly every American family has its own unique Christmas observances. Many people are expecially proud of Christmas traditions brought to the United States from their countries of origin. The wonderful diversity of foods, music and songs, players and stories – all make Christmas the holiday of holidays in the United States. Immigrant settlers brought Father Christmas to the United States. Although he has origins in Norse and pre-Christian mythology, Santa Ckaus took shape in the United States. Americans gave Santa Claus a white beard, dressed him in a red suit and made him a cheery old gentleman with red cheeks and a twinkle in his eye. Santa Claus exists only in our imaginations. Several American towns maintain the spirit of Santa Claus. In New York, a small town called the North Pole was designed for Santa Claus. There is a post office, a church and a blacksmith shop, to repair the shoes of the reindeer. One custom in Texas and other parts of the American Southwest warmly welcomes Christmas visitors. People cut designs out of the sides of paper bags. Then they put enough sand in the bottom of the bag to hold a candle. They line their walkways with the bags, and light the candles after dark. Guests can easily find their friend’s walkway and follow the candles up to the door. Wishes May the warmth and goodwill of this wonderful season remain with you throgh the coming year! At this very special time of the year we’ve joined our hands to say, “ We wish you all the magic of a Small World Holiday!” To let you know you are thought about So often through the year, and to wish you world of happiness now Christmas time is here! May your home be filled with happiness and laughter this Christmas season! Wishes It’s time to trim the Christmas Tree And hang the mistletoe, It’s time to wish much happiness To people nice to know! Wishing you a Christmas than is bright with promise, Glad with hope and blessed with peace and joy! Friends are close to our hearts, Memories are more dear, And wishes mean so very much When Christmas is here!