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P. M. T{YMHqEBA
AOIIIKOJTbHTTKAM
O )KVIBONIy{CW
Mocxea .<flDoceeuter{Hc> 1992
66K 74.I 00.5
q-90
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flpocneqeuue, 1992.-- 126 c., l6 .,r. u.n ISIIN ir-09-(X)3275 0.
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103(03) -92
tsBN 5-09-003275-0
4305000000-346
E6K 7-1.r00.5
@ I{yunueua P M., 1992
l8l-92 (saxae no KE-34-1901)
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peq, ri ABHlKeptrii- COcTaBtt;t!t rlilC'lb 'drUcfi KyJItlTypbl LIe'rl{)RcKa' C oAuoff c'rO-
porrbr, pe6eHoK tlepe:r yllpalKHeHHtl II[]t4y'lzlt*fctl K BI)lpa3i.iT'€:Jlbrloil peI{H' c Apyrofi --
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eM, IloctrH.riiTe.nb H3y(li.t'c.r.{]f() (rre rrpocT.o pilccMall)l1uafl), orrpelleJltleT, o qeM Kap-
TI,IHa,ycTaIIaBJIHBaeTcB'I3bMe}XAycoAep}KaHHeMHcI]eACT.LJ?lMHt]1,lpa3I-I'I.eIbHocTH'
rlBeTorvl g KOMIIO3Httfleii, nOcTpOeHHeiu H llacTpOeHliCM llpol43BtrAellnfl' pe[IaeT' qTO B
KapTI{He 3ByrrH'r.HaH6O'1ee lpt<o, naxona poJlb B Hefi IIel'i3a}{a. flocJle aeTa"IbHofc)
H3yqeHHf KaprHHbr B()Crrrlril're'lr) ol6ljprlNT CJIOtlil. tieo6xoll.uMt,te AJtl -La::::i].'l:-(],T]"
AeTrrM o npo63ReAeHrll.l. Kt 1't)pbl0 IlLrMO.t'Vr co:jjl.?l'lt' H llpo/lc]'arl'/lt'llrlflx peot{T' HaHoo-
n"" np*"li il 3pnMt)tijr l.yaolKdcTRcfiilbll,i o6l)a3, i] 't it](xic llblrtilt'tltlo'l'c,rlollit, Iiol'ol)bl('
soiiavl B aKTttElIl)lii tt -ttitt't:lttttJt,li'i ('l'n{rltill)l) /1.(''i'('ii' ll;rtt1;urt'tt'1.t: l{l)acliti tlpKHe' cotl-
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paccMa'IpHrJanT. KapTHHbl B Bblc.r.i,iBOrrtrLrx 3itJIax) ;
Kpyf, Tpeyfo,rrbrrHK, n() /IUafoHil Jtv, J.tHfiHfl, /,tBHX(e_
tlro6u Ae'H IIoJtb3oRaJ'tHCb ,,HMu cJloBzrMH, te./rL3tt o.p;rlr,LrHIrarrrl-fl HX zKTr.r-
nHsauueti To,'IbKo Ha cneuua,TbHLtx 3a
ra xyxr ;;, ;;;;;.rb H aro Ha xoAHrb, :J'ilIff j',l r'il?i;i".; #'i;#J (i::Ir#:il
no pa3BHTHrc peqH, MareMarr{Ke H ,xp.). Ocyulecrn,ilrrn'aHa,trt3, cKa}xeM, AercKHX
pHcyHKOB' cflpocHrb, KaK rr0c,'poeH pHcyH0K, KurKoB B rreM pr.{.rM rlBe.fa. ranr,?n.ruo
,'I'T'I MTIO)KCCTBO H:I IUCCTH EN.HHHI.t, IIPCA,IO)I<HTr, II:O6PAEUTb H:J HHX PA:}HbIE KOM-
rr():lr'rrlHH' - rro Kpyfy, 'rpeyf0r'rbrrHKoM, rro rir.raforra,'rir. Bci BpeMfi o,r,{e}rarrHrr Ha
rlp0fy,Tl{y MOX(Ho CIlpOCtlTb, t{aKafl OCfioBilafl rlBeT()Uilrr fuiMe,ra B o/le;,r{/le, KaKHe
B fpyn[e npKHe r{BeTOBhte rrflrHa H r. I.
Bocttpultrlte npoll3lle/{e}lraii x<nnonncu 't'llc6ye' ()'r' /iorlr(o-'rr)rrrK()' yMerrl' He
TO,'rbKo n()rr,3()Barbcfl oIpeAeJIeHrJblM n:o6paeHre,.rbHbrM cJroBapeM (anlrrerauu,
cpaBHeHHqMl)' uurouaqHoHHo Bblpa:JhreJlbHo llpott3tloct,t'rl cfrpasur, rro H Jrorar1Ho,
cBff3HO Bl,rcKa3brBa.tb cBOH B[eqaTJreHHfi () I(apTHric.
OcuogHum ilp.HeMoM s pa3BHTHH mosonc,roruecxoii pcurr r] rr[)ortccce rrpor]eAe]tufl
llpeABapfiTe,rt Hctir pf,69rur fln,.lflercFr pactcKa3, ricltoJlb3ycMr,,ri 'r, pa,rri,r.ii i,i^'irrV
auHtlx no-pa3HoMy: KaK Mero4 ua $poura.rtl,ttbtx 3annrHrrx, KaK lpse1r s pa3,rrr4rr-
ttutx (iopuax HHAHBl"lAyaar,Holi H rpyfirroBofi pa6oru, oco6erruo c /(e.r.br\,ru 3acrerr-
rrlrrlblMH, MafloaKTHBHbtMH, C rrlt3Kr,rM ypoBHeM pauBHTHrI peLrH.
Tax, rcpe4 paccMarpHBlHHjry 5api,u <crrr,,bq> *y7-1,i*,ir^o I-. [1. coporurr;r,
<<B cy66orv>) xvloxunxa Io. Ir Kyraqa, *Ha uo.riifnu-o.'rnlt,.t'(l> xyAoxruKa
T t4' 'll14si''t't," otpu*aouftx 6r,l'our,re BuauMoorrroruertr.rfl B ceN,rrJr. (npoan.aenHe
fyMaHHblx tlyBcrB, sa6orbt H yB€)KeHHs), Llt.r,re:lHci lpogeclll r{ocr(oJI6Ko zattsrttit
ro paccKa3brBzHHK) Ha reMr)r: <<Kax r uoMofaKl rllzrMc rol{a)), <<5f u roti rruaulr,i
6par>>, <<Haua ceMbfl BeqepoM>), <<Bux,Arroli /lerb B uirrrcli ceMbe>, <1Vloq MaMa
rra pa6ore>> H 4p.
Paccxag HCnoJ'll):lye'rctt IJ R HltAuBr4AyaJlbur'rx 3allalrHrx /ler.rrr\4. llanDtrneu
nepeA paccN{arpHBafrHeM KapruH})r <cbrrrour,'>) xyAox{r{HKa lo A M;;;ilJ;
M0)KH0 narb 3ana1ze: <KorAa npnAere Aouori, rroinotpute .ia Bbrpax(eHHe ,,rHua
MaMbl' 3anoMHHTe, xaKoe otro 6lt.lto. l]orotr cKa]KfiTe ell, qro Bbr xorgTe eli lorr.roql
BbITCPCTb NbIJIF,, A KOTIA 3TO CAEJIAETE, CU(C PA3 NOCMOTPHTE HA BbIPAX(CHI{C MAMI,I-
Hofo JIHua, BeAb oHa o.qeHb o6paAoga,racr alorrty.3artouuure, KaK Ha r,rHIle MaMbr
Bblpa3HJIacb paAocrb. A yrpor,,t paccKax(Hre noApo6Ho o6 er<lu B AercKoM ca/Xy>).
Taxue 3anaHuA no3Bo.rrflrcT neilarory re T'JIr,Ko uayqHTb pe6ertxa nor{HMarb
Hac'rpoeHHe nfrrleti, pa3nHBaTb ua-6"rruoAar.c,,rbuoc1h, yMerrHg zlrrzl"rlH3HpoRa.r.b
)Kfi3HeHl{ble f B'[eHHtlJ.l_cl]'l3Ho o6 arou paccKa3trlBarb, Ho r.r BocuHr.rrrt]zt1.tr ] 11o11Ko,rrb-
Hr'rKoB AeftcrseuHoe ilponB'rreHue ga6clr' o 6,rnx<HHx ; "";;;, )KeJraFrHe AocraBHrb
paAocTb, npao6uarl K Bbtno,THeHHK) xogqfictBeHr{r,tx A"n, po*""aTb vr\,reHHe BHAerb
Kpac0ry cBoero nocryrrKa, cp€BHrrBarb cB0H rlyBC.fsa, AeircreHn c yRHJler{HrrrMH
B llpoH3BeAeHHH )xHBonucH' 3ro co3raer B03l\ltox{}rocru A".lH HHAHBH/IVaJrbHoro
o6ueHHq Bocn'Tarer.rh c pe6euxo'r. rrr r{'i
Taxae 3aAaHHtt co3AaoT Bo3Moxlroc'fb AorrrKoJrb'HK! caMoc'foHTeJrF,Ho ,pH-
MeHflTb rpaQuuecxne yMeHHrr, ycraHitB./rHRarb B3arir,,rocRrr3b Nt€x/ly cpe,lICTBaMH Bbr-
paxeHHfl H nso6paxeHHrr Hacrpoer{Hn B pHcyHKe, pa3BHBaK)r rBopqecKHe Cnoco6_
Ho(:TH, HHTepec x Hso6paeutenslrofi /lerr.eJrblrocrlj.
3aAaHHe <IloHet6''tl'oAall u Hapucyii, qrup*,rpya,. y l{orr,Korrr,HuKo' rorr,,Malrr.ie
20
ribr€, pa3rubr.fbre, trpo:3p3rililrloi
MeJ.rKHe, KpyrrHbrc (ecnu Aern
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HHe, pHrM.
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crBe, KaK Ao6po H Kpacora, noAroraBJruBaer K BoctlpHtlrrilo HX B )KHBollHcl{, xpoMe
Toro, opneHrupyer pe6eHKa Ha ycBoeHue ryMaHHblx UeHHocretl - lo6poxe,'la-
TeJrbHocTH, 3a6oTbt, BHHMaHHfl, no3BoJIfleT rleAaroty KoppeKTHpoBarb npeAcTaBJIeHHfl
Aereri 06 3THX qyBcrBax.
HeCxo,rr,xo HHaqe rro coAep]KaHHIo opraHH3yeTcf npeABapHred'lbllaf pa6ora
rBa, rpe6yer onpeAeJleHHoli floAroroBKH
teJlbHbrM gTanOM K 6eCeAaM c AotlIKoJIF,-
l3Hbte BllAbl AeflTeJlbHocrl.l.
: ApyroM u co B3pocJIblMH co3Aaer yc,'lo-
BAfl nilfl rroAroroBK1 Aerefr K BocnprflTnlo noprpera. AertlM npeAJlaraJrocb IIocMo-
Tperb Apyr Ha Apyfa I{JIH BcnoMHHTb, KaKHM 6un ero Apyf ceroAHf --' BeCeJIblM
r,rd,tH rpycTHbIM, KaK oH y3HaJt 06 3ToM, a l]oqeMy oH 6bul raKUM, a qTo 6bl'']o cAe"laHo
A,tr AbypgX. Taxofi KoporKafi pa3roBop craBHJI pe6eHKa B ct4ryallHrc nopa3Mbllx,'lRrr)
o cBoeM Apyre H 6strn eHI'{NaareJIbHblM K HeMy-
nerqNa^Aaearg 3aAaHHe : (<BHHMareJrbHo nocMOTpH B JIIluo cBoefi MaMbt (nanu)
H paccKax{u I{aM 3aBrpa o Heli>>. ,llern paccxa3blBaJlln Hayrpo Apyf Apyfy H BocnHra-
T€TTIO:
- g u4H x fl.f saMerar,r{ToMaMarrpHIxJIacpa6orbtycra,'laq,oHa Hey,'lbl6a"lacb
u rroqrn He pa3toBapuBaJla CO MHOft. I'I q nOluor efi 3aHecTI4 cyMKH B AOM'
I p u nr a A. Y flanbr Bqepa BeqepoM 6uno xopouee HacrpoeHue, oH qacro
ruyTHJr, H Mbl C HHM AeraJIH KOpa6JIb. .' x e n s Ni. fI 3aMerHJr, qro MaMa 6u.la rpycrHafl, fl perIHJl ell IOMoqb y6parn
B KBaprHpe, Ho, HaBepHoe, y MeHfl He noJlyqHJlocb, noroMy tlTo y MaMbl cTaJIO ne-
qarbHoe ,rlnuo.
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6,raronpNnrHaq Bo3MolKHocrb AJrfl BocnaTareJlefi y3Harb ceMblo, KoppeKTHpoBarll
orHoureHI.rq Mex(Ay 83pocJIbIMH H MaJIeHbKHMH ee qJIeHaMI'i. Ae'I'14 npHHocHJlH cBoH
sororpaQuH H BMeCTe C BOCrrHTaTeJreM HX paccMaTpflBaJIH, oTMeqatl 3aneqaTJIeHllpe
Ha HHX HacTpOeHHe, CoCToflHI{e, SMOUI'|H, qyBcTBa. Aua.luanpyf orBeTbl AeTefi' Nlr']r
o6Hapyx{r4,'rH, qTo AeTr.r o[peAeJrfloT HaCTpOeHHe rIO OAHOMy IlpH3HaKy: BeCe"Ioe
HacTpoeHue - y Heto ylbl6Ka Ha JIfiUe; fpycrHoe - He ylbl6aeTcq I'l BblAeInxl'l
,'IHIXb ABA TIPOTHBOITOJIO)KHbIX HACTPOCHHfl - BECEJIOC H TPYCTHOC.
A"rq roro qro6H HaKonHTb npeAcraBJIeHHfl Aerefi 06 3MoUHoliaJIbFIblx cocrotll{Htlx
qeJIoBeKa, efo BHeUHHX npofB.IeHHflX, T. e. HayqHTb ltoHl',lMaTb <<tl3blK 9r\ilol(Hil>,
Mbl Hcno,,tb3oBarH cxeMF,t gMottuIi qeJloBeKa. BHaqale Mbt paccKa3blBa,'lli H o6-bflc'
Hq,,rH AeTnM, a 3aTeM AeTr.{ oTraAbtBaJtH <<TaiiHy> cxeMbl: <<3ror cMeXoM 3aJlHBaeTctl
TaK, qTo rla3a cTaJtH y3KHMH-y3KHMH. A 3ToT 3JlHTctl, BoH KaK qTo-To KpHrlHT u 6po-
BH xMypHr...>>, <<3TOT rpycTHT, y Hero ry6H HapHcoBaHbl ayrofr BHH3>)'
Iinaro4apn paccMarpnBaHHro cxeM !.€TH !3HaJH, t{To iloAtlfl'l'bl€ Clptlttil, lllHpoKo
pacKpbtTble fJla3a coOTBeTcTByloT BHHMaHHn, HHTepecy' yAHB,leHHru; 6poan cAnu-
iryril, ry6u c)Karbt - 3To rHeB, HeAoBoJlbcTBo; BeKH I'l ry6u ouyureHbl --- lleqa"lb;
sexH Ll yroJIKH ry6 OnyUeHbl, a Ha .tt6y flonepeqHbte I!{oplUrlHbl -- Tnx(e"loe nope'
cKop6b; por pacuHpeH, r-y6u roHKHe, yro.txn nepeMerueHbl BBepx - 3ro y,nu6xa,
a ecJIH 3ar'tHBaeTcti cMexoM - 3TO rIa3a cTaHOBqTCf y)Iie u BoKpyr Ilof IlJltlloTcf
MopulHHKH.
'3HaxoMcrso co cXeMaMH LI3MeHHJIo xapaKTep oTBeToB AeTeli npu paccMaTpH-
BaHVH QororpaQufi, a 3ateu floprperoB, a raK)Ke noBJll'lflJlo Ha xapaK'Iep H3o6paxe-
2l
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HagepHoe, KoMy-lo qro_ro KpfiqHT. Tax rpouxo H paAocrHo KpaqHr, rrro AalKe rJra3a
oT yAotso"[L,cTBHfl 3axMypa,l. V Hefo oqellb Becer,roe Jlut\o H r.,1a3a>).
Bocnpuarne noprpera recHbIM o6pasorrl cBfl3aHo c pa3Br4rHena oopasuoii peva.
or Aerefi rpe6yerca yMe,roe a roqHoe onep,poBaHHe onpeAer.reHfiflMr.r, crHoHr.rMa_
Mtr, cpaBHerrHtlMH"
Eorarefiuruii urarepza,r AJrfl 3roro Aaer HaM xyAolKecrBeHHarr Jlfireparypa,
pacKpblBal'oqan DepeA pe6euxotrl ..Mrtp qeJloBer{ecKr.rx uyacrn H B3apMoorsomeHl.rii.
Kuura o6orau.(aer-sMoiIHl.t aerefi, rflop
o6pasuu pyccKofo,'rgreparyprrofo fl3r,rri
BlefAa npeABapsr'ro BocnpH rrrHe rroprpera.
r _B. M. -Bacse[ona <Anenyrlxarr'ali"*
6parerl Hnauyruxa>>.
Macrepurr,, He)Kr{o lacxarl.) <<Kaxurvu.r i
BopHbrMH, yMHbrMH, 4o6pr,rvru.) <<Kax 6u
aa6ouunore.) <<A xaxne pyKH y naureri
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oAsaxo AerH cpa3y noc,te qreH,f caMocroflTe,TbHo He [epeHocflT B axtr4gHltfi
c,'r0Bapb rrHrepecHbre cpaBHeHHrr, 3rrr.rrerbr, croB0coqeranlrq. gio6n ,ro nporrorro,
, fAe Aeru 3aKperrJrritn B peqr4 o6pasuue
, <<LKa)KH rro-Apyr.oMy>, <<Cxaxa rrilo6o_
o Ka.pTHHe, KOTOpafl ilM rIpeACTaB.rrfeTCrr.
cerufi, 4o6purft r.l r. a.) . O6pasr,r, Bbr3BaH_
LrHafl, leMHaa, HAer ocesuntli AolKAb.
(oroporo cJ'ryqHrrrocb rope. Bce reMrr,IMH
I p a ur a B. A n flpeAcraBan ce6e, qro Ha cxanrefixe cl0ul Ma,TbrrHK, Ha yJllqe
Te['lo' ttpKo cBerl'IT coJIHbllrIKo I't u].e6eqyr IITHIlbr. A ua"rsqnxy FIe c KeM l1rparb.
Er',ry cxyvHo l{ rpycrHo.
bofarbre BO3Mo)KHOCTA AarcT I]OC,rroBHl{bl r4 frofoBopKr.r: <<-&ra.r ,refioM, Aa BeJ.rHK
AeJroM>), <<34opoa Ha eAy, Aa xr4rr ua pa6ory>, .AoOp"i,i .noi"" Ae,TO cAeJlaer, qeM
cepAHruri>>, <{epenun cMorpH a n.no4ax, _a ,rrcAeri'_ u A"jru^r, <<AeHu MepKHer
Hor{t,Io, a qeJ'roBeK : rleqaJlbro>), <<lleua.nt 6es pa4ocru, HH'paAocrt 6eg ne.ra,,IH He
6ntnaer>>, <<V cr.paxa r.,1a3a BedTHKI.t>).
3uaxotrcrso c 6orarcrnoM poAHoro ,r3brKa orKpbrBaer rrepeA pe6eHxonn nyrt
K co3Hare'[bHoMy ynorpe6,reulIo cJIoBa, TorrHoMy, npKoMy BLrpa)KeHuro cnoeli
MbICJIU.
co4epxauue [oAroror]HTeJrbHofo 3Tana K Bocnp]rflT,'o nop.rpeT,a pearr,r3oBr,I_
BaJrocb HaMk KaK B n.oBceAHeeHo[4 o6ueHuH, TaK fi Ha 3aHqTr.tflx rro pa3Br,trrlto
peu n, uso6pastren uuofi Aerrer.r rrHocrlr, My3brKaJ,r r,Hbrx.
oAunru H3 BalKHr'lx lleAarofur{ecxax yc.ronufi lo4roroBKu Aereri r( Bocnp,qrflro
22
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re.ttnoti, 3MotlnoHaJIbHo-noflolKni o,ru,Hoii itrMoc(f epbl. Ilr:lt' IJocllplltll-fie I4cKyc-
CTBa --- 3T0 TBOpqecKUii npOltecc, it 'l'BOpt'lTt,, n0 (:llpa.Be,n,illttloMy 3aMeqaHHK)
l(. C. CraHHc,raBcKoro, MolKilo 'r'oJrbKiJ IJ coofBercTtsyIoillefi o6(:raHoBKe: <(...He.nb3fl
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c Mer'tKHM14 3a60raMH, Apff:lfaMU H HeilpHflTIIOCTflMH, Kol'opble orIIJIeKaruT BHHMiI-
HHe OT HCKyCCTBa)>.
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rpedyercfl coorBercrByK)rr{ee u;tc'rp{){trrue. IIo:rolty Ro Bpei\4tl raKllx 6eceA se,t(o-
nycTHM txyM, oKI)l.1rl.r, fpoM[lJe] pr!:]r'oBol)hl, :JaMeLlatlfitl. l{c,'tt,rtl tlcpexHBaTb npo-
H3BeAeHHe HcKyccrs:r cpe,l1u cyerbr. 6ecttoptt4na, B ilrr4oc(Fepe HCIIpr4n3rlH, _HepBo3-
Hocr;, rpyfiocrln. p1.{lfjxLr4HNao co:lAaFa'rb ueupr'tH}x{AeHttyr} a'rurocdrepy o6ureHHfl,
Bg3blBaf tKTHtlgtlcl'tr Ae'letfi lpnMcpolvt codcruettHOfo ?Mtllll'l{.rll3"rlbH{.lfo orHouleHHfl.
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)KnBaHHIo. OcraR"rsl'r, B (<rrepe,rlHeli>, xax follopu.n It..,C. C'rarlr4cJIaBCKHli, Bce cBol'l
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6orr,recl od o6tUept HtlCl'poellH14, H l'ot'Azl ,'lefKo 6yAel' lla6orarr,, y']YJI B€JIHKHIZ
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aro ocraBJlqer Aypuoil cJIe,4. CritHucJraRCKtifi'I'aKX{e roEollH.[ o roN'l, tl'lo rocropoHHHe
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' Kax noArol.o3L1r'rr K nc'fpc!{e c r.rcKycc'fuoM Ae}Teii I'} A€:l'cK(lM caAy? OItur Haueii
pa6oTbr r.roKa3aJr, rrT0 rrepc"il r(ax{0fi B{:rpeqel.i c HCKyCC'fBt)M t{er)6xO/IHM0 Bbl3Ra'Ib
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caAy, ftpufJaCtHB XyAg)KIJttKa, ilJti4 B et'0 MaCTepCKofi. B 3TnX 6cce/l.aX AoulKoJlb-
HHKH y3Haror ()6 opyAHrrx Tpy.Aa )KHtsonucrla, Ilpotlccce co3AarlHfl HM IIpoH3BeAeHur.
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r,r B (e,'I0M K l'{Ct{yccl'lly.
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o6qgare,'Ibtto o6p3Tr1l Il[{gMititHe llolt]KoJI}rnii}tou tta :tAzllIHe, B I(oropoM pacilo'/lafaer-
cfl My3efi, ilpoBeAcr pc6nr no efo:lar;.1M. FIo ecri' /lel'cKHe cail.l,l, Kol'opble He uMeK)1'
BO3MO)XHOCTH IIOKzt3zt'tb l{e'I'flM rIOllJrr'ililllrK14, npHf,rlaCH'l't, xyA0)KHllKil (Ce,rlCXHe
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il HMe11;ulgXog v rrelo 6py"ruii lpv,4il xyJl{)x(HLII(:l 3HaKoMl-t'r llel'eti c 3'loii y]tHBHrc,rlll
Hoii npoQeccneii.
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lilecrBa, opy/luflMH rpyAa, oco6errHocrRnan.
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";r;;. iK;p;;;;''ro. n. Kyri,ra .C"rJ;yj;"re' KaKl to Kaprnrrv Mbr paccMarpn-
u cpeocr9ax BbtpasurenbHocru. <<B cosAannH KaprlrH IyASIKHHKy rroMofaror efo
BepHble Apy3bfl; KpacKH, KI4crH, 6yuara, KapaHAa'rH Oa"n xyloxrr'r{ Bo3bMer
reMHbre KpacKH _ noJrysHTcn xaprHHa rpr
penpo/ryKr{Hfl Kaprnrrr,r A. A. lVllr",isHHKoBa
pa3l{oro tlBera - H KaprHHa Hrpaer BccMI
xoqercl cMeflrbcn. (iloxaa penpoAyKrlHH
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oun pa6oraror xopouro , au6or".rc" o ,,
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a3 perrpollyKrlHH KaprHur,r Vl. A. flolro_
My /laHo, irltur, TeM, K.l.o yN{eeT BHl.{Ma_
rc', Io6poe, Bax(noe H HyxHoe rrcr1qM>.
24
Bocn utate;lb rlPeA,rl araer
Hyro, cnoKoiinyru). B xonrte
HacTpoeHHe)>.
AerflM co3Aarb paAocl'Hylo raMMy uBeroB (H,'IH rpycr-
3aHrrrltt IIpoBoAlr HI'poBoe yflpax{HeflHe <<VraAali
gTANbI O3HAKOMJIE,HH' C XH BONHCbIO
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c rgo6Dagu.r€JrbHblM HCKyCCI'BoM Ha IIepBOM s"filne t{IJJItlercfl ucKaccroosedqecrcult
paccKu3 neoat\rL. or,r6op HC:KyCCTUOBeAtltlcKofo paccKa3a KaK IIpHeMa 03HaKOMJIe-
gt{q AoItKOJtbHHKOB a xltnclttttcoxl o6yc.non'le'l{ coAep)Ka}l}ieM H nOCTpoeHHeM fipoH3-
BeAeHHfl, B Ko]'opoM oTpaxeflbl B JI0lHqecK0!i 83auMOCIlff3h erO 3'rleMeHTF'}l'
Cr.pyxrypaucKyCc]TI}ot]el((lecK()f()paccKa3aM())KeT6nruIIphMepH0raxcri,l:
coOOrqcgHc Ha3B?tHHtl KapTlllltl u tpauu,lrtt't XyAO)KIIHKa; 0 qeM HanHCaHa KapTHlla;
rrro caMoe ,,,raBsoe g xaiirurre (nriAe",rurn KoMno3HtluottHbtfi ueHrp), KaK olto l"t3o-
6paNerro (user, nocrpoellue, pacno"Iox{eHHe); r{ro. H3o6pa)KeHo BoKpyr r"laBHoI'o
B npoH3BeACHHH h KaK c HHM COeAnHeHbl AeTaJIH (rax uAer yuy6,renue B Co/lep-
x(altHe KapT14Hbl, IIpH 3TOM ycTaHaBrrHRaeTcH cBfl3t' MelKAy coAepx{aHheM npoH3-
BeAeHHg H cpeAcrBaMH epo Bbrpaxeunn); qTO KpacflBofo loKa3aJI CBOHM tlpoH3BeAe-
r{ueM Xyll0)KHhK; o tleM AyMaeTCiI, 1116 IJCI]OMtlHaeTcfl, KOI"{a cMoTpl4tllb Ha sTy Kap-
i"*iy. li.no,rb3oBaHr.re raxor.i c'rplKrlpbt pztccKa3a BO3MO)Ktlo Ao rex nop' noKa Ae'rH
HeHaqHyl.aAeKI]aTHoo,rBeqaTFJHanocTatsJleHHblenocflepaccKa3aBonpocblnoco-
AepxaHHIo KapTHHbI H IlpHO6peTyT }IaBblK MoHo,,lofHqecKoli peqH ilpH oTBeTe Ha
BOIlpoc, o qeM KapTHlla.
[|pnr,repHuiio6pasetlHcKyccTBoBeAqecKotopaccxa3anoKapT[HeA.A.[|flacrosa<CeHoxoc>.
t.Iepe,rrrravrlKil|)Ll|||aAplialtrtrrAltct<cittt7tprlntt.|al-l./tac1.0ua<(
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IBC,t.Hb1i KoBCI), t]cC - 0l MaJlil /t0 l]cJlHl(a BblXolttl'l Ila IloKOC 3/leCl tl tlO}XIl'Ilbl0 /lloltH' ]l MyMtlHllt'}l'
H XeHUlHHr,t, H nollpocrKh. I]:rusunTc Ila 3'lrlx.rtrc,lt',li Kat<ettr cula H xaxoli pallM'{x B HX llBIxeHHHXl
Otrn C,rOflr n,leqoM K nJletly, TaK, qlO6t,l ttC nponyCTH'lb ptlAKoB C HexOuteHtltl rpaSOfi' KOCnT SHepfut{H0'
To,lbKo 3lloH clol.r, 6yarrr Kqczl noc't': </[surtr,, /tl]Hilt, l\l]nlrt,)). i)'rlr ,rnAr KpcllKHe H My)'Kec'IBelIllble' oHH
nooeaNnn B BOHle, a relepb:l:lHqTr'r MhptlblM TPyIOM. Ila,l11uax;truileii paAocru, ynul6xa ilfpaeT Ha
r^y6ax.hxpaAyeTBoceJ,I00pa3HoIlfJcTHc,IllrlIItltO0lt'lpKooIlBc,I.eHHerpatl'XyAcINHHK'lpX[lMHKpacKaMH
ran6o,.oroprr'<cr,,torpu.rc,paAyirrecbilpeKpaclloMycoJIHUy,il3yl\'lpyAyhapoMaryrpaBrlqBeloB'
KpacrBbrM 6eJrrcr'Bo./lbtlb;lr 6epelau Jlroan, '1ru6r|rc r 6epern're ory xpacoTy!>
Ilpncrr.rorpnrccu Bsr y3ilaCTt'flZl:JLOI\,1 pa3llotllJcTtlol\4 xoope xaxaltli tlBcToK: IJOT [leX{J'|}rI}blc foJI)'-
6uteroloxo.ltr,L|ltKH,0tIht<ax6t,tKJIaIl'IK)Tc'lllaN|,atsOTIIyLullc1.ble,Il:}oItlyTbIcpo3oBblc<paKoBt,Io
uleEKll>, IltrltulltJl(' xc'l1ble KlllilJltrHlil(bl' 3/lecr x0 llBerbl co clKzl3oqHblMll Ilil:lBatlHttlvll - HIJltll-qaH H
t{BaH-Aa-Mapb']Kaxxttt}steuBeTbI,l|epe,reT.anTcoc,re6ensrauacre6e;tex6a6clqxn:xeJ'lTa'I''IlIMoH-
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Hbl MH Kpanh tll(aMI't IIep!'laMyTpotsKa
cmo'r.plrurr, Ha KaprIHy,6ya'rcl uyocrnyelub, KaK Bet]"| o1'He0:JallaxoM ivle,rloBblx'rpaR' Tetl"lblM
cBe){{HNlI]cTcpK0|V,CJItllLllHl.Cflf()JlocKyKyluKHBAa,IbtleMJrecy,c,lpeKol.aHueKy3t|eqHKan0AHofaMH
xocapefi XyAoxHnx lloKa3a,l Kpacory Jlerllero 4ttn, rpyAoaofr rlopbtB l.l a:Japr 'nnAeli Kpacola qeJloBeqe'
cK0ro.rpyaa n ilphpo.ltbt rJcc cJrrlJlocf, BocAlltto tttlll Bo'[ruc6rtHNtH KpilcKaNlil A A I[''tac'rona o npe-
Kpacllott Kzlptlltlo, r,Ilc MIlofo (lo.iltlltil, ltBclot|' Jlru6trtt x llPllPollt'
25
F{a saHrr.rnu r.r
c a M o cr o'r.r'e, ",, " n : i l;;:;;ffi,:il ;:;ll i ^ H ;
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H Cpe/lcT Ra M H C f () r"t lr p a3 r.tr.e,,t r, tr(]c.f r{.
3aAanatl rro4po6rir,rc Ronpocrrr ur)c:"rre pac{rKa3a ueo6xo.riHvo, T.Ar{ Kax ,I{erH ertle
He I{N'lelor HaBhlK:l (<LITel'lHtr'l)> KapTtlHbl, lte }/pteilT CaMoc'for.{1'tJlt:uo 3I{?"r[J3t{poBarb
rlpoH3Be/{ettltc. I kt:y'l'rtvy, rpex{/lr: qeM copa [r HBa.rLt ltt:(),tr, o irei!,t KapTHHa, HaAo
H a yrJ HTt, 1l X /i OTdJr rrrrO [i a CCM a.r.p H Bi.l.l.b r I pOH3 rJe,4et.tHe.
flomuur.r (lopruup.r:aHr*r t;r''Ka (r{T$Jr11r> Ka})THfrbr} rrcKycc'Bo' e*ecxuii
H C{)lJrr;Ilfiu /lerefi r'artlte lroHrrT}tfl, KaK
rc> 1u ro lr:lo0;l;txcrro) , <<[.]brpa:lr.tre,lbHbte
rC'fC't'14tttCr(l/tO I.(OHHOCTT, KapTt1Hbr, a TaK]Ke
t:ttrt:l ttol.i pcq 1i /lo[r !lio,rt bl.gtKoB.
H3BeAeHHl. I'larrpnruep: <<Ll.ro uso6pa;rlcFt(
)KeHHr,le-lia KapTHt{e itpt';tMe.tr,r,,nxr/lu?
xaprnue? Kax :;ro n:ro6pasr;r xv;lr_,xiux,
cae'rcR Ir r.rtaga? rlto.yL.l.tn,t ir,tr,,t .:x;r3lr.r
xy4oxttttx? I(ar rr,r 4or.aAa,rt{(:b, ,11.o HM
3To xyAo;*GIHKy y,r{aJlo('t, cl1e,talr? O ntrln u:-lM r.IVMaet.cri Hni.f ijcltoMIrHaercfl, KotAa
tsbr cMOTpr{Te u;r :tl.y xlrp.luriy?>
B a'rux BoIll)()ci.lx lr't't tlblrdJlHCt, yrrrflrtl;rT'h 'Dr'r{HrI rioc.fcrrr}IOc.r, frilpacraHH'
c,,rolKilocTH. l.{a itepn,ru gTaIte 03ltri!{{}M.it+:'in4rI /{(}utxr);muHl({)i:r r: xcil}onHch,to noLITI4
o1'cy]'(:-fllyK)T rlollpocl'1, c(),llcpxiaIltHe it6't,,qcHetttte cgq:le*i fvrc.>K,1\y coAep)KaHHeM H
cpeACTBaMit IJLIpa:ll'lr{-'Jl}']il(rcr}i. i Ici<:ae.i(uaii )r.e BOt.t[]oc (r:-r rrepe,ur..:Jrerrrrbrx errure)
HaIIPaBJIeHttu npoT:l:.tlI-r(] /t(l'l'bMI'l orlpe/le"nell]ll:lX f)tuI{}t{rlottfliihrlrx peaxunr?, ax-
THRil3auHru ac{:otlnatiul:r Lt qyR{:.rB,1lil.rcli.
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c"IIeAyer olpalJt{tllfBarbCfl 1'oJlLlio 14(:Kycc'l'tror}r\/l(Jirct{1.1M p[1CCKa30M HrH aila,lH3()M
coAepr{aHHn l.{ Blrll}a3}J.reJtbfitnx cpe,ACT.B np(}u3Bcr.(ilil.rfl" KapTurrr,r xyAo.}KHtrKoB
'Ilo"1x(IIi)l rJhl3bIEit'r'1' 71<l'rt'fi oilpeAcitet!Flt)rt (rylier{ii:t, )K{rJlauri{-) TIJop!.{.rt, Kpacorv
H 4ct6po' rlrierorr'l-y lr llpottecc(] ():uJilK(.ir\4Jrr'lrdri Jrcrcii c x{riBor{.{cbK}, oc'6crHo Ha
tt:*t << e.ttrtwd{aft{Lrt> s td{tpruH!.1, aocr:o:tduHurt
' tp)t{;gftur7 Ku.p,t'uHbr to6trn tu1. <llcoetre_
ltl)tiirt'ttil h( l(y(.(.t't,r rr ,(.t(,.t iixr. l,irci.uart_
ll H J{'l t,Tilrl(.i.KllX h t,t("Clti Jrlo;1Cfi llt,n
ilp{l r1j11;1141,F,{,_4(.ilfi 1t {. xHrJOlt!tct,ru uc)te-
c onpeAereHHofo poAa vclaHorJKaM,, "" o::l:ilr?J,'.!:,?"H:i#:;::tof*flXt"?#
ryHe Hanpulrep, npr paccMarpuBaHHu,Kap'rr.irrr,l <<l-lostrr? ltariorr JIenHurpa4a>>
(xy/lox{HI.lK E. A- I-alryrlou) ripueu <<BXox{/{err,,,11>> Mo)r{ro ircrio,rlc'sarb rsKr.rM
26
o6pa3oM: (<Pe6flra, BbI Bce BHHMareJIbHo I
ne, o qeu osa. A renepb Aanaftre MbIcJIeH
r{a KaprHHy) u ac.nyuraeltcn a pa6ovuft,rp
Hro nau c,rttuturcn? C qeul Mox(Ho cpaB
AerH orgeqailu, Ltro c.ttbllrlar cl(pexer
uyu le6e4Ku, )KyX{XaHHe rrpa cBapKe, uyM M3TOpOB MauHH, rpoMKHe ,.foIoca
crpOnrenefi. 3ror'ruylt cpaBHHBaFoT c xy)l()KaHHeM nr{el B yJlbe, c pa6orofi rpax-
top, "n" c ruyMoM 6o.nsruoro 3aBoAa. Taxue orBerbl Aerefi co3Aalor o6u,ee sMot{ll-
oHaJrbHoe HacrpoeHHe H olKHBJreHr.re. floc.ne aroro BocflilTareJlb l-oBopnr: <<A renepu
Bce 3aMpHTe, Saxpofire fJla3a H IIpeACTaBbTe, r{TO xe 6u.lO Ha 3ToM Mecre Ao npH-
xOLa crt'onre.'reri. OrXpofire UIa3a. PaCcxaxure, qTo 6sl.no sa 3ToM Mecre, H KTo
rrepBbrM HapytlIHJI rloKofi H THurHHy oKpecTHbIX JIeCOB.
Tax uanpaB,IIflK)T MbrcJlb pe6euxa Ha co3AaHHe cBfl3Horo Bllpa3HreJlbHoro pac-
"nu=u nnp"i*n""ngfi crpynrypu. Hanpurvlep, KaK sro AeJIaer pe6euox: <<Mue xa-
xercrr, qro 3Aecb croflJrH BbrcoKne cocHbr. OHu 6u.nn ApeMyque, roxMarrle, rrHyrTHcb
BBepx. V oAHttx cTBoJIbt TeMHbIe, a y Apyrfix cBerJlble, KaK Ha KaprxHe LUuutxuua,
KoTopyto Mbt y)Ke BnAeJI14. MexAy Hnrtra ry.iln.n BeTep, cocHbl cKpHneJII'{, xax 6yArO
cepAurHcb. I-lo nor rrpuexaJr rpy3oBHK, [pI,IBe3 JIloAefr c ILIJIaMu, l't oHH craJIH rl]'lJ'lHTb
cocHtr. Bce cpasy H3MeHI.IJIocb: rpy3oBnKH pbIqaJIH - <p-p-p-p>>, lr]lJ'lbl 3BeHer'lH -
(<3-3-3-3)>. Olriy cocHy orBe3JrH AJrr Bcrpequ Hoeoro foAa B Aercxnti caA, a ll3 ocraJl[,-
HbtX IIOCTpOlt,'tH KpaCLIBble ;1OMa, r{TO6bI JIIOAnM paAOCTHO )KI4JIOCb>'
B sroM paccKa3e pe6eHox He roJrbKo rrpr.rAep)KllBaercq [peAJIo]KeHHol? ycra-
HOBK|4, HO H IIHOCHT 3JIeMeHTbI TBOpqecTBa: 3ByKOIIOAp,aX(aHI4e, CCbl"lKy Ha npolu"lblH
orrbtr puiccMarp4BaHllq KaprHHbI Vl. V|- LflHurxusa <<l(opa6eluuafl poqa>>.
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Sof lrlr poearb Hpa RCTBeH Ho -3crergr{ecKHe Il peAcra BJISHHq o Ao6pe u 3,'le, Kpacu BoM
lu 6eao6pasHoM B HcKYccrBe.
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27
try KaplHHy. 3ro n-pnMepHar crpyKrypa oueHo,{Horo paccKa3a rreAarora.
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28
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29
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30
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r\,lerri.rn rrau6o.rree Kpacatsoe coqeraHue uBera H o6'bflcHflf , KaKHe rryBcTua Bo3HtrKat<lr'
oT pa3J[rr{Horo coqeTa}rHfl KpacoK B HaTOpMopTe.
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llorlrKo"rtrrHrrKoB rroHHMaTL, B3aHMocBf3b Me)KAy coAepx{aHHeM H cpeAc'r'BaMH Bbt-
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c xy/10)KHHxonr. 3ro aKrHBH3r.rpyeT 3MouHoHar'rbHyr,o H HHTeJ'tJreKTya.rrbHyro cQepy
pe6eHXzt, o6clrau{aer efo otlbtr a noo6paxeHue. .&1brc,'reHHo H3MeHflq uBeroBoe
perIIeHHe xrpTHHbr rj",rH ee KoMno3HtIHoHHoe nocTpoeHHe, pe6eHoK [o-cBoeMy rroBro-
prrcr Iryrb rryBcrR H Mh,rcr'tefi xyitoxltHKa B npoqecce co3AaH14fl rpofi3BeAelil4q, IpH-
o6Derar{ Tc'M caMr,rM co6crBeHHbn? acreruqecxafi onttr.
'[Iporlecc nct3rraHHfl AoruKo,'rbHHKoM HcKyccrBa He,'rb3fl crpoHTb ro,'tbKo Ha o6y-
qeilllr4 L'fo l]ocilpHHTHIO coAepxaHHfl KapTHHbt HJrI.l ee Bbtpa3t{TeJlbHbtx cpeAcTB,
yMcilt1rc BHr'(eTb, qTo H3O6pa)KeHO B npOH3BeAeHHH, flOHHMaTb, O qeM KapTHHa.
Ilaxuo, ,tro6n ttpoH3BeAeHHe r{cKyccrBa npuo6pe,ro 4nn pe6eHxa ,rH,-rHocrHurri
cMrltcJr, .1106r,r oH Mot BucKa3arb cBoe orHouIeHHe K tlpou3BeneHHIo.
[{a oropou 3rane o3HaKoMd'reHnfl Aereri c )KHBorrncbro H3MeHflercrr u uerod
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o6pa:r1a JrHrrnocrlror-o orHoueHHR neAafofa K iloHpaBHIlueficr KapruHe Hcno,rtb3yoT-
cfi pactlJlelJC}{}rrrrc Bonpocbl. flpaxruxa IoKa3btBaeT, qTo AJIHTe/TbHoe npHMeHeHHe
pacr:xa:ra-o6pa3ua neAafofa rro KaprHHe Moxer npuBecrH K rraccr.rBHoMy Bocnpu-
flrr.ircl upou3BeAerrfirr. lloororvry Ha BTopoM sratte hcr]o,,rb3ylor npreMr,r, aKTHBH-
3HpylorrtHe MblcJrHTer'tbilyK) aKTHBHocru pe6eHKa. Taxr.rM flpHeMOM flBJrrrroTCfl KoH-
KperHbre Rorrpocbr.
tlro6u Hayqurb pe6euxa orBeqarb Ha Bonpoc o6o6u{euuofo xapaKTepa, loqeMy
loHpaBuJracb Kaprr.rHa, seo6xoAuuo cQopnuponarb yMeHr.re orBer{arb npe)KAe Ha
6o"nee KoHKperHbre Bonpocbr: rlro [oHpaBaJ'rocb R KaprxHe, qeM oHa noHpaBH,'Iacb?
flocraHrrexa BorrpocoB ,aro? u aeu?, npegBaprrourr4x Bonpoc noqertA?, o6ycroB-
,.reHa oc06et{HocTflMH I{afJrflAHo-o6pasuoro Mb[uJIeHHf H BocnpHflTr.{ff AouIKor'lbHH-
KoB, Koropl,re cnoco6Hr,r BbrrrJIeHt{Tb orAer'rbHbre o6pa:lt, Aera/,ru, 3r'reMeHTbr B frpoH3-
BeAeHfiH. Bonpoc <<LIro noHpaBHrocr, a xapruHe?>) Ir03BorTrer pe6eHxy BbIAeJlltrb
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rJHKa Ha BoclrpHrrrHe Ipou3BeAeltHfl KaK ue,tocrHofo xyAoxecrBeHHofo o6pasa.
Kax rclar,xo AerH Hayqarcfl Bbtr{JleHqrr H o6rgcHnTb noHpaer4srul.rficq B KaprHHe
o6pas [pe/lMera, qeJIoBeKa, MoxHo craBHTb Borrpoc ,<LIeu ona noHpaBaJracr?>> 3ro
rro3Borrrer yrlr.rrb Aerefi BbrqJreHrrb yx{e He eAHHHqHuft o6pas, a AericrBr.re, ycraHaB-
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lI,aHHr,rfi Bonpoc xax 6lt noAforaBJ'rHnaer pe6euKa K roHHrlraHHto, nolreMy rroHpa-
BI{"TI3Cb KADTfiHA.
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n <<LIev rlpaBHTCq xapluHa?>>, TaK KaKAerH, orBe'rag Ha HHx, B ocHoBHoM BbrAe,/tntor'
BlreulHrre cBfl3H, Bocnpflr{HMar KaprnHy Ha ypoBHe no3HaBare/rtr,Holi Aeqre,'rbHocra,
6es npoaureHufl gMorlHoHa,'rbHbrx tlyBCTB. flosrortay rreAaror Hcno,'rb3yer pa3,,rHr{Hofo
poAa 3Mour-roHa,,rbHbre ycraHoBKH: <<9ro re6e BcfloMflHaercrr, KorAa rbr cMorparlb Ha
3Ty KaprHHy? O qem AyMaercfl, r{To flpeAcrasnflercq?> Taxne ycTaHOBKH Bbr3brBaror
y Aereri onpeAer'reHHbre qyBCrBa, conepelt{HBaHHe, no6yx4arcr pe6eHxa Hcrror'rb-
3oBarb nHAHBVnyarntrutfi onur rrpu BoclpHtrruH KaprHHu. ,rlurur Ha ocHoBe tro-
C"IICAOBATCTb}IOTO NPHMCHETIH'I KOHKPETHbIX BONPOCOB H SMOUHOHAJIbHbIX VCTA-
:12
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[1pOc,reAum, KaK peaJ'lH:]ynTCu MeTOAuqecKHe npHeMbl, hCnO,'lb3yeMble Ha BTOpOM
gTATIC O3HAKOMJII]TJhH /ICTCii C x{HBOIIHCbIO I{A OAHOM Vg 3AHflTVil'
PACC,ryIATP 14 BA H L] Fl P E II POAy KlfI4VI KAP]'I4 H hl < HA no/'ltl x
qYBAIIII,I14> XYAOXHI4KA H. II. KAPAqAPCKOBA
llporpamruuoe coAep)r(aHHe. vqurs Aereii caMocroflre,rlbHo paccMarpHBarb
Kaprugy, yMerb aAeKBarHo noHHMarb 3aMblCe,T xyAolKHHKa (o ueu Kaprulla), Bbl-
pa3r4re,'rbHble cpeAcrBa (user, KoMno3HUHfl)' ycraHaeaHBarb Y9*ry :lti::lT.Y:
cBrr3b. Pagensarn 3crerHqecrKoe BocrrpHflrHe, BHAeHlle Kpacorbl rpy43, qopMl'lpo-
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3HTer'l bHoMy licKyccrlly.
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rrpil;.',loruou.*o" none>, fl. Inryrnre. ,itvlo,ro116a>, <Pyxu r{eroBeKa>)' EeceAa
o'rroc,ronHrtax: X,,Le6 - BCelilA ?.o,'Ioaa. Ha nautue norpgd,u'acn, TaK u x'xe6AueK
x'1e6a' xpaotuxa' ) rnraMLr R^cnur:ro.r - ftoc/,toB ur\eil: IIe ror
MeroA[qecxxe flpneMbl. BocnHrare,rb 3HaKoMHT AereH c
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3arelr AerH BttHMare,,Ibllo pacCMarputsalor KaprilI{y xyAo)KHI'rxa H' fI' Kapauap-
CKoBa <[-la tto,ruX gyeauruu>>. IlexorOpoe BpeMa OHH Ae,1aIoT 3To MoJIqa' a 3aTeM
OTBeqatOT lla Rottpgibt IIeAarora: <<O'qelt xapluHa? floveuy Bbl TaK AylvlaeTe?)>
Ec,rH AOUTXO,'rbHuKH :taTpy/IFrnrorcrr oTBeTHTb, BOCnHTaTeJ'lt' Hcllor'lb3yeT ycTaHoIlKy
(rouHoe rrpeAflHcaHHe K tsbrno,,TucHHK) Mbtclr.{re,'tbt{btx AeticrBuli) : <flpexa: :"_*
oTBeTHTt, Ha BOIIpOC, O qeM Kap'l'HHa, BHHMaTeJ'lbHo nocMoTpllTe u noAyMaHTe' I{TO
n306pa3H,'l Ha Heti XyAOIKHLTK, qTo B u3()6palKeHHOM CaMOe r,'laBHOe, KaK XyAO)KHI'lK
3TO 11OKa3a,1, a floToM y)r{e Bc,'tyx orBeqaiiTe, o qeM KapTHHa>. tr4HOrAa TaKafl ycTa-
1roBKa He rroMofaer AerflM Haurll HylKHbte c,'IoBa. 'IorAa rleAafor Aaer co6cTBerlHblli
o6pase[ MbtcJeHHofo pacCyXAeHHf Bc,'lyx, O qeM KaprHHa: <<f s]r)Ky Jl]OAeii, Cn-
Aqrrlyx B rIy6HHe, KaK 661 Ha BrOpoM IL'lal{e KapTHHbl. Xt-utqIlHa H AeRg'tKa tlo-
au,or crOel ire6opo6au. A aoxpyi' 3o,rrorr4croe IIoJIe cKot.uellHofo x,'Ie6a. Cauoe
f,,raBHoe 3Aecb, MHe Ka)Kerctl, 3ro-xou6atiuepu, KOropble ilpepBaJIH pa6orv fi npr'
ce"rrr4, rtro6br noo6eAarb. XyAoxnnN HX H3o6pa3r.t,'t BnepeAH, Kpyntlo. 3rz: t<aprHtta
o rpyAe x,le6opo6oB Ha Ilorttx>
-[]ocn6tare,rb ct.peMHTCrr goBJleqb Ae'reH B 6ece4y no KapruHe H 3aAacr HM
uon[oait, <.A xax 6st abt Ha3Ra,lu xaprnuy? Ilo']eN{V HMeHtlo raK?>> !,aer auropcxoe
Ha3BaHHe IpOil:JtseAeHHtl, a AeTH CpaBHI4BatclT, KTo HaH6oJee TOqHO OnpeAe"II.{J'l,
o.r"* ^uprrHa. (Ec,rn fiorlKo"rtbHHKH eule He Hayqh,'rHCL CaMoc'tourer'lbtlo 6ea npeA-
BapHTe,lbHofo aHaJIH3a OIIpeAe,ItlTb :laMblce,r] xyAo)KliHKa, 3TIj ABa Bonpoca Mo)Ktlo
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Horo 3oJrorucTofo florfl?> Ha sror Bonpoc
3I.:IJIO, OTBeTI{Tr, He MOryT, IOSTOMy CJIeAyeT
'y rpyAa 3rr.rx ,'rroAer?, ux cr4Jty H Apyx(6y.
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)aHHepoB Ha rlepeAHel\r flflaHe, oHtr KaK 6br
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Ko,rlbllo, el-o rpyAHo pa30pBarb. Bor n ern ,'tIoAn Bce BMecre, IrJ'reqoM K nreqy cn/:gr,
o6eAanr, raK )Ke nceri 6puraAofi ApyxiHo r pa6oram. flocuorpure BAa,,rb, KaKoe
ofpoMHOe cKouleHo IIo,le - B3l/rlfAoM He oKHHetrtb. A renepl nOcMoTpr,rTe Ha ,'rHI{a,
cnuHbr, Qnryplr xona6arluepoB, onr4urare, KaKue ouz>. /]eiu orBerraor.
Bocnatare,rl npa Heo6xoAuMocrt4 Aorro,THfler HX paccKa3bt nptrMepHo rax: <<pq_
AoM c ervMl1. cHJIbHbIMH, KpeflKHMr4 xou6afiuepaMH, tsHAHo, HeMHoro ycraBul,tMlt,
cocpeAoroqeHHo AyMaloIJ\LrMu r4JtH o)KHBJIeHHo 6eceAyxr-qzMr.i, xyAox(H nx uzo6pazun
KoHTpacrHble flpKI4e LI coJIHeqHbre Mecra. I(axoe HacrpoeHrle Bo3HHKaer, KorAa
cMorputxb Ha ary xaprnHy? Orqero craHoBnrcfl paAocrHo na 4yue? Kax xy4oxul.rx
nepeAaJ'I 3To HacrpoeHl'le u ABHxeHIle n xapruHe?>> Orneru Aerefi ueo6xoAtrMo
YTOI{HHTb, NOAI{EPKUBAf CBf3b MCMAY COACP)KAHHCM I,I CPEACTBAMH BbIPA3HTE,,IbHO-
CTU: <<OUIYUICHHC PAAOCTU H ABH)KEHHfl B KAPTHHC BO3HHKAET Y I{E,']OBCKA, KOIAA
oH cMo-fpHT Ha cKoueHHoe no!'re, cKHpAbr, flpKHe oAexAbr )KeHUrHH, 6enrsHy cxa_
Teprrl. B xapruHe Bce B ABtrx{eHHH: H xon6al'rHepu, cJtyuarcu{He, qro-To foBoprurHe,
AyMaloulfie' H I'lAyulfie orKyAa-To us r,ly6uHst JIIoAH, v xeHuluHbr, rroAaro[IHe o6eA,
H noAoueAurHfi s 3To BpeMq ,trc6onslrHurfi xepe6eHoK, 14 ,rouaAb, foroBafl Be3TLt
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6pura4e, a cJIeAoM noAHnMyrcr4roau H nofi4yr K cBorzM MarlHHaM, qro6u npbhor-
xzrs y6opxy 3or'rororo x,re6a. Bpeun He 'r.epnHT>>.
t{ro6u 3aKpenuTb e npeaclan,TeHnflx Aeiefi rroHuMaHhe cBfl3u Me)Kny coAep-
)XaHHeM npol'I3BeAeHHq H CpeACTBaMH Bbtpa3HTe/'tbHocrfi, BocIIHTare,lb Hcno,Tb3yer
npHeMbt Kod',ropxcrHqecKono H KoMno3r.tULIOHHOrO BapHaHToB. o6pallanct x AerqM,
oH I'oBopr.tr: <<!,eru, npeAcraBbre, qfo xyAolKHHK uio6pasu,'r no,Te He 3od,r016crbtM,
3::ppt*,npnI',ry[reHHbrM r],BeroM.9ro usueHu,ryocn 6u rorAa B HacrpoeHuu Rap_
TI,I HbI / )>
MeHqq KoMrlo3HI-lHIo KapraHbr, neAafof 3aKpbrBaer ocuonHofi xoMnosaLluoHHnrfi
(eHrp (cuAqurlix xou6at?nepoa) 6yirraroli B rorr cKorreHHofo nonq: <<O qeM cerl-
qac HaM paccKa3blBaer KapTHHa? A xax 6ut zgueHn,rocb rrpou3BeAeHr.{e. eclu 6rr
xyAox{HHK Hanuca,t o6eAanutrx xour6afiuepoB He cHrilnruuX pnAoM, a nooAuHoqxe?
Ho xy4o_xHrx H. fI.-KapaqapcKoB Ha[Hca,T KaprHHy r]MeHHo raK u Ha3Ba"q ee <<Ha
rtod'tflx 9ynaruan>. Vro xore,r cKa3arb xyAolKrruK B cBoeM rrpor.r3BeAeHuz?>> !,eru
orBeqaror. oAuaxo rx orBerbr seo6xoAuuo ,rr.ono,lHHrb, iloAqepKHyrb Bocn14Ta-
re,rbHyrc $ynxUtru Kaprr.rHbr: <<XyAoNHnxy oqeHb xore,'rocb,qro6ti laui a uurr.rpo-
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Ad'rfl Hac c BaMr4 x,re6. Paccxa3arb, KaK rpyAFro Ao6brBaercr xne6 u xan uaAb e.o
6epeul. BeAl e xalKAoM KycorIKe xne6a rpyA H cu,rra qe.rroBexa. Xo,rercfl HH3K6
rroK,'roHrzrbcr 3rHM .[roAq[4 za v.x ueycraHHufi rpyA H raKx{e 6epexHo Aep}Karb
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He)KHO, XaX 6tr ilorr'talKaBaf 14 foBopf : <Xre6yrueK - BCeMy rbr ro,,roBa)).
C qe,rln BocflfiraHHn y Aeleli yBa]KeHHrr K KpecrbflHcKoMy rpyAy qerecooO-
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Haunefi BbrcKa3arb H cBoe orHorreHHe K HeMy.3aren-eue pa3 3aAarb BonDocbr:
34
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TPernfi eran
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KapTHHbr rro Ha3BaHHro KapTHHbr xyAo)KHI4Ka, pa3IHrrHble AhAaKTHtlecKI.Je i',lfl'lbl.
B bcHoee yKa3aHHbtX IIpueMoB ,'le)KI'lT conocTaB'IeHtle ltpoH3BeAennri pa3Hbl\ X)]-
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roM, pea.IIbHofi AefiireHreIbHocTblo. 9ro conocTaB''leHI'Ie Aaer Bo3MOXHocTb
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npeAcTaBJ'leHnf v nepex(I'lBaHHg.
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c HeKoropblMr.r ycJro)KHeHr.rnMtr. Buaqare AerflM Aalor A,'Ifl cpaBlleHHn ABe Kaprlll'lbl
pa3Hbrx XyAO)KHHKOB, OAHOTO )KaHpa, Ho OTpa)Kal,OUIue^KOHTpaCTHOC Ha_Crp{)t'lll'Ie.
ilulprrep, KaprflHbI <<CttHosbf>)^(xy4oxnux n. n. Occoecxnri) H <<llprtapna>>
(xy4oxuHx A. A. flnacroB), a 3areM KaprHHbI oAx-oro xyAolKHLrKa, Ho pa3H0ro
Ko,ropr{crnqecKoro peIUeHHtl: <<3olotaq OCeHb>> a <<-&lapr> 11. 14.,rleeHraHa ,lhln
cpaBHeHHf Mox(Ho Ha3btBarb Kap'THHbr pa3Hbtx xyAo)KHHKoe,. uo oAuori TeMarllKli.
ABe KapraHbt IIOA Ha3BaHLIeM <Jlero>> n. O. HlrxoHoea u A' A. Ilnacrotla, n"ltl
,,n"puJ" BecHa>> A. fl. KpacHoBa H <Xarea> A. A. fl,qacroea, <Xre6> T Il tl6-
J'roHcKoti a <<X"te6uoe noJle>> H. fl. Epuueea, <TporiKa> B f. flepona n <iit'pustt.i
cHer> IZ. A flonoea.
PenpoAyxUur4 KapTr.rH BHaqaJre cpaBHr4BaroT no Kotlrpacrv Hacrl)ocHrlxl'
tlBery, KoMgo3l.irIHH, BbrAe,'rqfl JILIIUb oAI,tH npI{3HaK. KorAa Ae'l'H Hayrla'fcfl ollilojlo-
,/rr{Tb oAHH KoHTpacrHblri np143HaK, npfl cpaBHeHLlLr AByx KaprHH oHll cMofyr riilrllli}l-tr
pa3"[HqHbre oT,rHqHTe"IbHbre npH3HaKH - I]O UBeTy, pacllor'lo]KeHHKl, OCBet(CII]Jofr.ll,
Afl HA MHKC.
Hayuurt cpaBHr,rBarb KaprHHbr no Kot{rpacry MolKHo IIpH IIoMolllH Ill)fl('\l il
KJ.lacct4dHKaUI,il4 KapTl.tH IIO TeMe, ()6UeMy IIBeTOBOMy peUIetlHIO' HaC'lp(X'ljHlo,
)KaHpy.'3ror lpneM HCnorb3yercfl TaKHM o6pasont: Ha cre.He pa3BCltlclll,l pillilll,l('
peilpoAyKUHr{ KapTr.rH, BocIIhTaTe,'lb npeAr'lafaeT AeTtlM oroopaTb Te H3 HHX. B l{t)
ropbrx paccKa3btBaerctt o6 o4Holl BpeMeHH roAa (HanpHMep-:.<Mapr> tr4. L4..,ilenH-
,o"u, u'PrAocrHbtli Mapr> B. I{. fanilu,'IoBa, <<Nlapl'B recv> n' n' K.vlautr, 1:R.Inp
r."r, <<g fopxax. Haqa,ro Mapra> H. i4. Eapuenxoea, <tVlaproncxuereHH> B H. lOxu-
rrzr), u CpaBHL{Tb, tlTO O6UIerO Iz3o6pa)KeHO B 3THX npou3BeAeHHflX, qeM OtllJ o'f'Ill-
,raorcfl, rrro Kpacutsofo 3aMerlr,ttl B HHX, KaKI4M il3o6pa)KeH ts KaprHHax lvlaf)r' FJ
,/tplrroM c,'ryqae Bocrrnrare,'rb npeA,tafaer oro6parb penpoAyKul4n KaprHH llofli'lpLlo:
loKOii u ABHlKeHI.te, BeCer'Ibe, paAOcTb H 3aAyMq14BOcTb,, rpycTb, a TaKlKe Kaplr'lllt'l'
I}I,IIIO,'IHEHHbIE UBCTOBbIMI.I IIflTHAMH H fPKHM, COI{HbIM, "I]OKS"TIbHbIM UBCTOM (<X"'iC6
loe rro,le)> H. n. Epltutena u <<nllecqU X,'Ie6Hblli> A B. Vqaeea, <Pa3;10,,tt,e'
,,\ A Aerisexu, ucHuoelq> fI. fl. occoscxoro, <<NlaproecKfie renH>> B. fl. K)xrrHa
rr <(lt'Nttu)) IO. n. Kyraua).
OrrraxovleHr.{e c npoH3BeAeHHeM xr4BolrHcu r{epe3 cpaBHe}IHe IIo3BoiIflel jlo
)-
nlKO'''I['HI4Ky rr'Iy6)Ke BHHKxylFr B coAep)KaHae paHee BocnpuHrrrbrx rrporr3BeAeHr,rri,
rro-HoBoMy yBr.tAerb ux. Bosnpa[teHHe K 3HaKoMr,rM KaprHHaM Ha ypoBHe Kr.rac_
curpuxaquu 14 cpaBHeHlrfl npnBoAHr K pa3BfirHr,o y aereri yaroduruo.o vH-
TepeCa K ){{HBOIHca, BJIl]fleT Ha CTZHoBaleHHe llX acTet'HqeCKOrO BKVca. CDae-
HeHHe pellpoAyKl{ati xaprHn oAHttii reMarrlKl4 Me}r{Ay co6ofi H c peatbHb,r, "ura""-
trNau ,'IeficreurerrlbHocrl], ycraHoB,,TeHrze B Hrzx cxorxcrBa u pazn'uuufr anoaoOaruy16.1
IIpotlB/'teHI.{Io y Aereli CLlr.tbHbtx 3MOUuoHaJ'tbHbtx rlyBCTB, r{.1.() orleHL, Ba)KHO A,,tfl
r Bopqec Ko fo Boc flprr rrrr4fl AOurKOr'rbHH KaM H n por43BeAeHrfi HCr<.yccrna.
Ha rperbeM arane pa6orbr c AerbMr.{ Hcno,,rb3yercrr npue.M ,MbLC,leHHoeo cosda-
uurt co1creeunort KapruHbr no Has,aHurc, dauuoig xgdot+cnurcot. 5;";;tr;;";;
TepeceH 4,rn pe6euxa reM, r{To KaK 6H craeHr efo B nogrrqri() <<corBopqecrBa>) c
xyAox(HllKol't. CogAaeaq Mblc"IeHHo Kaprr.rHy, HAeHTr.rqHyro Ha3BaHHrc [por43BeAeHr,ttr
xyAox{HI4Ka, pe6euox yr{HTcf caMocToflTerrtbHo TBoprtecKH MbrcJrHTb, rroHrlMaTb 3a_
BI4cl4Mocrb Mex{Ay coAepx{aHHelu u Qopuoti lpoasne4eHHr, Ae,'rarb cBorr yMo3aKr.rro-
qeHHtl, npuo6peraer yMeHae BbtHa[IuBarb 3aMbrce"r], norpe6nocrb Bbtpa3[Tb efo B
co6creeHuori reopvecxori Aeqre,'rlHocru. oAuaxo yKa3aHHbui nprerra ue,recoo6pasuee
ficIo,'rb3oBarb IOC,rre npao6pereHnn pe6eHxou orrblTa paccMarpr,rBaHufl xaprrzH
Ha ocHoBe HcKyccrBoBeAr{ecKofo paccKa3a Boclrr{Tare,rq u noApo6Hbrx ero uonpo-
coB rofAa' KorAa y 4ereli aaxpelll4Jlocb yMeHHe onpeAe,.rrrb cpeACrBa Rbrpa3urer,rb-
HocrH, 'foqHo a o6pasHo paccKa3brBarb o rrpoa3BeAeHHr.r.
naAO OTMeTHTb, qTO npHeM MblCr'leHHO|O Co3naHHtl KapTHHbt tlo Ha3BaH1416 npO-
a3BeneHHr. naHHoMy xyAoxHHKorv, rpe6yer or pe6eHxa sF,rcoxor:i ivsrc,rnre,rtHo1i
Aeflre"IbHocru' r{ro6sl Aauu.;-ir tlpueM cra,T pe3yr,rbrarr.rBHbrM B npoqecce Bocrrpg-
flrHfl npor.l3eeAeHur;, ueo6xoAl.rua 6o,rluas ilpeABapHreJ,rbHafl pa6ora. B npouecce
sa6'rrcAesuq sa o6urecrBeHHbIMH H npupoAHbrMt4 flB,,reHr.rqMH, a raK)Ke B cr,roBecHbrx
Hrpax 14 ynpaxHeHlrrrx BocrruTare,rl o6orauraer peqb Aereri snureravu, o6pa3HbtMu
CPABHEHH'IMI,I, HA 3AHflTHqX NO PA3BHTHIO PCUI,t O6YUACT IIX NPABI,I,'IbHOMY NOCTPO-
eHHro npeA,'ioxeuzri, ,'rorHqecKoMy H3,roxeHr1ro nalrc,reli, Qopmupyer yMeHHe ror{Ho
onepupoBart uso6pasure'rrbHbrMH repMHHaMr.r (qner, cuerot"no, prrM, uBeroBbre
nflrHa, rrocrpoeHue Kaprr..rHbr, ilnar Kapruulr lz r. 4.).
Buaqa,re Aerrz 3arpyAHfrorcg rocJ,reAoBare,lbr{o x pa3BepHy.r.o H3rrararb cBou
y_":jl !gr]:ty Ha nepBbrx nopax Bocrrnrarerrb r.rcro,,rb3yer rorrHbre ycraHoBKr4
(flpeAnr'rcaHHe o BbtrroJrHeHr,rH HeKOTOpbtx oneoaqHfi n onpe4e,reuHou nopa4xe):
<<Paccxaxz, o qeM 6yaer Kaprr.{Ha, qro B uefi rlr uor4"riro rraBHoe. Kax aro
6yaer uso6paxeHo? I{ro 6y4er Harr,caHo Bor{pyr DlaBHoro, KaKHMH KpacKaMr4,
Ha KaKoM QoHe? vro 6y4er oco6eHuo xpacuelim? floven,'y rbr 3aAyMarrr s cnoefi
KapTr,rHe BF,tAe,TflTb IIMeHHO 3TO KaK CaMOe Xpacueoe?>>
Ilpueu rottHblx acraHo'oK Hctro,rrb3otsailcfl u Ha BTopoM 3Tarre o3HaKoM,.reHHfl
AereLr c xHBoIIucL,rc. O4uaxo rerlepb BocrlTared,rb HecKo,.rbKo yc,.ro)KHtrer Bonpocbr,
'lro6ul He To,'lbKo yrtHTb 4ereli Hs"rafarb ctsou Mbrcr.u.r n onp-e4eneHlofi loc,re4ol
Barer'lbHocrl'1, Ho H Qopnrnponarb y HHX yMeHHe Mbrcr'reHHo co3naBarb KaDTT4HV rro 3a-
KoHaM x{HBonI'lcH, foroBl,lrb HX K caMocroqreauHofi reopvecxoi;i nso6pasure,'ruHori u
c,ronecuoti Aefre/'lbHocrH, a raKx{e pa3Bl{Barb TaKI,re Mbrcr'rurerbHbre AeircrBr4fl, KaK
aHailu3, ctrHTe3, cpaBHeHr,re, o6o6uleuue.
B xa'le_crse npr.{Mepa :sQexrueuocr' raHH_o_fo MeroAa cpaBHHM ABa paccKa3a
AeBoqKH (Ie.nr_O.) : nepaufi no Kaprr{He IO. n. Kyraua uB .y6Oory, _ O"J "p"a"r:
pure,rluori pa6orur (Ao npaueneHrzq MeroAa Mbrc,,reHHoro co3AaHnfl KaprtrHbr no
Ha3BaHHro, AaHHoMy xyno)KHHKona), eropori no KapraHe A. A. flaacroea .i,tleror, _
ttoc,le [peARapurer'rr,Hofi pa6ortr.
36
<$1 6tt HaDHCoIlar'Ia KapTLIHV 11 CeMbe. TaM q 6ot uapltcona,'Ia AoM B AepeBHe C
:la6opoM rz xgcx6fi Bo Auope. Marry Ha nepeAHeM IL'laHe, KpacHByIo, a AoqKy -
IIA BTODOM)>.
<<f '6nr HapgcoBa,ra KaprHgy o ,'rere. [la 6o,rnuroM, Heor,'lfAHoM /'Iyfy nocepe-
Ar.tHe rrac,,rHCb 6bl KOpoBbt- oun pasutre: 6e,1bte, qepHble, 6ypue, a HeKoropble
c rrflTllaMH pbtlKHMH Ii tlepHblMH, tsCflKHe. A n,1exly KopoBaMH 6era,ru 6ot AeeOqxu
B pa3HOUBC'I'HbtX IIJlil'fI.rttX: KIlaCHblX, CIIHLIX, )Ke,TTblx, KaK t1BeTbl. OUa-urpa'ru 6st
n ,iouytun", BceM 6btJI0 6r,l nece.,ro, 14 AeHr, 6ua 6lt Bece"rlblil, coJIHeqHblii' fl 6u locra-
pa,,raCb HapuCoBaTb KOpOB KpacutsblMH, noroMy tl'fo Otlil AaK)T MHoro MOr'IOKa' fl 6bl
XoTeJta, qio6ul B Kap'fhHe BCe tlotlpaB7./loc6 - h KOpoBbl, 14 pa;1ocTHble AeBoqKH'
H 3cr"'leHafl TpaBa>.
Kax snAuo, B'fopori paCCKa3 6o"rrec paSnepHyl'blii, npoCJlex<llBaeTcq r'lOrhKa B
coorBercrrJpg c 3aAarrHofi y,,','unuunorii, B IIeM HMeorctt tIpH,IIafareJlbHble. Pe6eHKoM
6u,ra CAenaHa IlonbtTKa nepeAa'I'b IlaC'rpOeHHt. CBOeI'i KapTHHbl qepe3 OIIHCaHfle
rr.BeTa a :)MOIIH()liaJlbtlocTb co6crTBcHHOfi peqfi .
Ha rpeloeu 3raile o:lllaKoMiletlhtl Aereii c )KHBolll4cbrcl QopMxpyerc" 1:II",I
JIHqHOCTtloeSMouh0Ha,lbHoeO'I.H0il.IeHHeKBOCItpHHHMaeMoIVIynpoH3BeJIeHllto.L
9TOr,i llej]bK) ]ra npellbrAy[tHX 3Tallax IcIIO"lb3oBaJIHCb paccKa3-o6pa3e[ /'lHqHocT-
HOfo OTgOtUeHufl lleAalofa K nollpaBuBgeiicfl KapTHHe H pagq,leHeHHble ROnpOCbl'
OAHaxo /te'rH H Ha rpc'rbeM :j'r'arre BCe )Ke ficIIblrtlBalol' HeKoropble rpyll.Ilocrl'{
B o6.bflcHesqy cBoefo 3MorllroHaJlbrro-JrHqHocrHofo orHoIUeHHn K KaprHHe. 9ro6m
rroMoqb AotIrKo,,tblutKy, BocrrHt'areJ'lb HcnoJIb3yer ycraHoexr'r: <<IIpexAe qeivl a6't"1c-
HHTb, rroqeMy Te6e noHpaBnJtacF, r(ap'rnHa, HaAO CKa3aTb,rl qeM 3TO npoH3BeAeHHe,
KaK OHO Ha3blB:lrlTcltl, KaK xyAolKllllK IIOKa3a'l B HeM rIaBHOe, o qeM Tbl AyMaelxb'
f,,rflAtr Ha 3Ty KapThHy, ii 11OT'r1]\,1 paCCKa3aTb, norleMy OHa Te6e noHpaBH"laCb>)' TaKHM
o6pa30M AeTflM AaeTcfl ycTalroBK?l Ha COCTaBJTeI{He MI,lHI4-pac(:Ka3a.
'B npoUecce rpopruHpOBaHt.rfl ,'rHr{HoCTHofO 0THOLIIeHHt{ /IOluKoJIbtlHK(]R K COIep-
xaHHn I]pox3BeAeHnfl 14 CItO"r'll)3ytol'l(:.fi LtepoqbLe 3'\e.MeH'Ibr, cTIlMy'rIHpylouIHe >Ker'IaHHe
pe6eHKa paccKa3arb o rlotlpiiBl4Rlllel.icfl eMy KapraHe: <(Kro paccKa)KeT 'Tyqlxe,
r.{trTepeCHee, IIOqeMy tlOHpaBH,lOCb IIpOH3BeAeHHe?)) - rrpeA"r]araeT BOCiltlTaTeJIb'
Eiuaqa,re, Ao clrcreMHoii pa60rr'r ilo 03HaKoMJIetlHKl AolllKOJIbHHKorJ c )KI'1Bo-
rr HobK), Ae.t.H BbtcKa:JbrBa,1H cBoe oruouteHHe KparKo, Herlo,'lI{o: <l-lpanHTcu, rloroMy
,t"t:n nfini"uau>, (<HpaRu'rctl, IIoloMy LI'lo raK KopoBr,l HapHcoBaHbt>>, <I{panurcR,
iloToMy r{'lo 0Ha tlpKaH>.
paiurenrurrr o'r.Berhl Aercti B Kouue yqe6uoro roAa: <<lUHe IIoHpaBH,rlacb Kaprn_Ha
<Ceuoxoc>> il"fiacrc-rea. Xy/t0>xHrzx rroKa3a.Il oqeHL KpacHByIo I]pHpoAy: IIBerbl' oe-
pe3br crpoHt.l6le, BilaJlH ,ncC, MoJIo,ll1'l{bKH€ COCC}IKll. XyAoxHHK rIOAo6paJ'l 'II'r'ltl SToro
'lpKHe rpacr<H. A eule B STOii Kap.r.Hrre MHe nollpaRtlJtt4cb Kpacl.IRble JIIoAl4 --" cH'Tbl{ble,
K()c'I,|ApyiKHo----3l.oC0Mb'i.Xy,'loxrtHx,|aI{HafIHca,'I,qTo6bIn0Ka3aTbKpacoTy
rrpHpoAbr, /rrK)Ael"t)) 1 (rurn K') .
^ <&lue ToXe flOl{paBll,'lacb KapTHHa <Cetloxoc>>, nOTOMy qTg oHa paCCKa:lbIBaeT
o ToM, KaK KpeC't'trttrte JteTOM KOCfll TpaBy. I3 Heti oqeHb MHOro CO,lHt1a, pa3Hblx
t(BerOts, oAyBarrlry6ou, Ko,,loKoitbttHKoB. t)ua taxaq paAocTHafl t4 coJlHeqHafl. Bu.nure,
r{irK 6TeCTHT COJIHI{g FIU1 oIe}KAe H TpaBe. Ha ttepe4ue['I ll'laHe UBeTbl flpxHe, a rla
ItzlAHeM 6.lerlltee, tlaBCplt6e, TaN{ BCe CKOCHJII'1, UtseTbl ytla,rlH H 33Bf1'I14, TaK Xy-
l(OXHI4K t{ [OKa:JaJl, pAcCKa3aJl HaNI 0 KpaCOTe JIeTa. A f Ha Aaqe r'leTOM TO]Ke 6e-
t.,./ra 6ocHKoM 'o 'ral<'ii rpzlR€t, MHo orl€lrb Hpatsr,rJlocb> (Oxcaua E.).
<<A use 11Ottpaf]u,raCb Ktlp'rulla Crparlea i'na'lestlX <[la pOAnOfi geHt'ne>>' XY-
,rtolKHHKr..t H:Jo6pa3l,(x rct'to, Koropatl HaAeRaer AeBottKe rla fo,ToBy BeHoK, a lleBoqKa
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oynro rrpficrvruilBarorcfl [Io nceuy ,1yry )Ke,'rrbre rlBeroqKr.r pacryr, nr" oaononr.
Kpacreo. A -eure [oHpaBr4,qacl xapruua r]oroMy, qro n sefi MHor-o pa3Hbrx rpKux
KpacoK H .npocr,opa, xoqercfl 6erarl. XyAoxHnx froKa3ar.r, KaK Kpacr.iBo Ha uaureli
3eMrre)> (Auaperl @.).
Kpacora poanofi'npapoAbt, Kpzcor{Hocrb aso6paxeHa fr sL,tzsalru y Aerelr :cre-
TI'lqecKHe 3MouI'lH I{ accouuaqun- Eclll pe6euox B npouecce BocrrpHflTr,rfl )KHBorrHCr.r
ont4paercq Ha ceoll xzgseuHr,tfi olutr, :ro oAHH r3 r-roKa3arer'reri^sotcot<oio tp;;;"
I]OHHMAHI,Ifl I{M NPOI43BCACHHfl I,{CKYCCTBA H AACKBATHOTO OTHOIXCHil'- K "",Y.'A*O-
Il'l4oHaJlbHocrb "lllqHocrHblx ol{eHoK' Ha,ll4rjue e uux o6pa3]tbrx cpaBHettuft i 3nr4Te-
TOB rOBOpqr o 6,raronpHqrHoM BJTHUHHU t.rCKyccrBa Ha HltreJlJleKTyar,rbHoe pa3Br,rrHe
pe6euxa, ero MoHoJroraqecxofi peqH H 3MorIHoHa,,rbuori c$epu. Iloeronay orleHb
Ba)KHO npa 03HaKOMJleHHI'l AOIIIKO,'ll,HI'IKOB C )KIiBoIIucbto Ha tsceX 3TaIIaX neAaf6r-
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AETbMH IIPOA3BCACHUA, NO6YX4ATb I4X K IIOCTAHOBKE BONPOCOB O NPOCMOTPEHHOM
npor'r3BeAeHau. 3rouy yMeHrlrc AoluKorlbHuKoB HaAO yu"ro. rtpu aroril .ro;;;;r;;;;"
)c K fiCKyCCTBy; BocnHTaTeJ,rIo npeAocTaB_
aer pe6euox, KaK oH troHq,T npofl3BeneHHe,
tpocbL, BoCIil4TaTe,'lb Mo)KeT HCIIOr.Ib3oBaTb
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HaAO 3aAars, qro6ur BblscHr4Tb, KaK XyAOXHHKy yAa,l'cb rloKa3arb Berrep Ha yJra(e
;:g:i3"#iK'e eure Bo'pocbr Mox{'o saAarb, qro6ur 6o,rrrue y3.rarb o6':rou npo_
3$Qexraeuori 6yaer pa6o-ra, ecafi AerH 3allanr Apyr Apyr y rrorpocbr o npo-
cMorpeHHOM npoH3BeAeHna. 3ro froBbrn.raer Hnrepec x xaeorll4cu, cnoco6crnyer
EocnHraHHro qyBCrBa roBapHrrlecrna. Hanpunaep: ,,.[.era, narraure 3aAaBarb Apyf
npyry Bonpocbr o6 rronr rpo,3BeAeHuu. Kio xoqer saAar; nonpoc? K;;;; ;";;;.
rbr xoqeub saAarl? o qeu 6r,r rur xore.n crrpocurb roBapa,rrul, Ecrir-;;6";;;";;
orBerl'i'l, orBellaer ror' KTo 3aLaJI Botlpoc, vIJrLr ror, KTo 3Haer, KaK orBerHTb.
Eo,rluofi BocroDf y Aerefi Bbr3brBacr KoHKypc <Kro saaacr..uurepecurrr.r Bonpoc
o6 arour nponsue4bnnz?>. 3are, ^oirnypa yc,.ro)Krrflercfl: (<Kro 3aAacr ooalue
BOrrpocoB o aaHHOr\4 npoH:AeAeHrH?>
floxagarena rrH'epecHofo Borlpoca - oplrfHHaJIbHocrb, Boflpoc, HfiKeM erte
HE 3AAAHHbIiI UNU rr KOTOPOM OTPA3H,TOCb JTHqHOCTHOC BI{ACH,C KAPTHHbI.
flo6yx4aror Aereli ^' noctanouKe Borrpoc-oi t4 rpoBbre 3JreMeHrbr. I{arrpHucp,
np, paccMarpuBaHr.tr. Kaprr4 Hbr <<Ha4 seu,reri> tO. M. Ar.qaHosa Bocrrr.rarerb npeA_
Jrafaer AerflM B3flrr_,^Ha X:6n po"ro Kopl)ec[oHAeHra, BeAyu{efo penoprax c re,le_
cryAHr'r o KOCMOHaBrax. <<o qeNr cllpocHa'6u y uux xoppecnouAeur? u1,", np"aaruui
Te' Lrro KTO-TO H3 Bac xyAoX{Hr.rK, paccuarpuaaruulufi n_porru"4a"r" rjcxyccrna. gro
6ut ell xore']H y3Harb y Hefo o6:rou,npolrsse/IenzH? I4,rr erue' Bbr rroila,rH e nayserz,
fl Bau 3KCKypcoBoA, a Bbr 3ptrrer,rlt. Kaxue tsonpocbr Bbr 3aAa"[H obr 3KCKypcoBoAy/>
venr 6o"rlue BorrpocoB Bo3HHKaer y a"rafi u npnuaal"'"u.np"orrfl npo,3Be_
AerrHf x{uBorrHCI4, TeM Bbtue Bo3pacTaer r.lx HHTepec K 3TOMy tsHAy HCKyCCTBa, TeM
Bblue IIpOflBrtferct{ 14x 3crerHqecxau, HpaBCTBeHHaf, IIo3HaBa.r.eJtbHafl, couHar.tb-
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lftrn upanullultfi orBer. TorAa 6ltr saAaH
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43
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asoopaxeuo, nrOrfO"'a"lH BblBoA: rloprperaMH lla3hlBaOrcfl KapruIIbr, Ha Koropbrx
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44
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45
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49
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OyHxqnu (3aJ'ra acKvccrB> B AerrcKol\,r caAy,N9 258 runpe, ,u,, non il 3TOM 3a,!e rrpoBoAfiTcfl
BCe taHgTHn. KOTOPbI('CBfl.tAHhl c npu06uteilrIrr .tcroir K p;t.rHr,t\] riltrlJ\4 tr(.h](.( tBa. J IitKX(e opiaHu,ynr-
cfl 3aHqrhfl no uso6pasur.e.luttori ;1elle;tt,rrocrH
50
frpocJly rru BaH He My3bl Ka,.rlbHof o II poH3BeAeHHt{,
-- o6u,eHHe [ella|oroB H AeTeir o xapaKTepe Mv3brKaJbrlofo npol43BeAeHHfl,
npocMorp )KuBoIHcHoro npoH3BeAeHHtI,
-- o6rIeHHe neAafora a Aereii o xapaKTepe )KHr3oilucHofo npoH3BeAeHHfl,
cpaBHeHHe cxoAcrBa My3brKa,,rbHofo H )KHBOnHCHOTO npOH3BeAeHIzll IIO
irbrpa)KeHHoMy B trHX 3MOUUOHa,lbHONry HzlcTpoelrHK), XapaKTepy xyAo)KecTBeHHOfO
o6pasa.
B pes1,"'rr,rare HcrroJ-rb3oBasHrr AauHor'o tsapaaHret rulr o6Hapyxt'tJlH, r{To 3Mouhl.'l
ycH,'rr.rBarorcfl n MoMeH'r peqeBofo 06rr(eHila lro nolloAy fipou3BeAeHnlt HCKyccrBa.
l)ro roArBeplKAaer nal,rc,nr,,rVl tr4.,r1 Hcuttttti o saeHcl'lMocrt'l pa3BHl'Htl luoultl y
pe6eHxa or iapaxrepa ero Aerrrr',irr,rr()c'rli ()6tuc'rtHe 3ro ro)Ke csoeo6pasultfi etiA
jtefi1'e,'rbHocrn, It noA B,'IHrrrueN4 rrpoH:iBeAenHii ttcrxyccrea oHo craHoBHrcq HaH6o,ree
irpKHM rroKa3al'e,IeM BOCIIpHfl'ftit IIpeKpacHofo
' B Aauuou Bapnaure acp{ien'ruerrulN{ cqu'faeM Mercul IlonpocoB: "O qeu xore,rl HaN{
('Ka3arb xyAolKr-rHK (xourrosH'rop) cnouu ilpoH3Be/reuucur? Kaxoe rtacrpoeHue 6bt,'to
y xyAox{HHKa (KoMrto3rtropa ) , xolAzr OH co3,i{aBaJI CROc npou3Bei1eHnel>
3rO cnoCO6CTBoBaJIO H Ltt{'Ie.,Ita'leKTyaJlbHOMy pa3BHTaKl (onepaUHu aHA'r,Y3a,
CHHTe3a A,,rrr nOHLIMat-t nfl r'oAeplKaunn). H TpeHI4pOBKe alla,'IH:laropOB, H 3MOUHO-
It AJ'I bHOIi OT3bIBq H BOCTI4,
H a r a u a fl. Ou (xyaoxHllx) paccxa3a,r, qlo BAa,'lLl 6e,llrti fopoA, KaK cKa-
:lct.runii. A eute y Hefo 6r,r,ro npa:71rln(tHoe HacrpoeHl.te, H oH HapHCoBar 3To Kpa-
c{.iBoe He6O. KorAa u Bux{y o6.ryaxa, Mtle xollercu l{a HHX llo,'Ierarb (B ,Vt Kycro-
llneB. <,Nl,aclel'rH qa>> ) .
3HaqHre,llHo yBeJilqHJrHCb peqeBbre BbrcKa3brttaHHR 4erei.i, B peqH LicfioJlb3oBa-
,,uJcb srrlTerrrl, cpaBr{€Hr4q. lUHNluqecKue Aeiic'rBnq ua6,roAa,'IHCb lte ro,'lbKo B MoMeHT
6eceAm, no a Bo BpeMn caMocroflTeJ'rbrroro BOCnpHrrr,rn npotrraeAeuttti (ounma-
're,rlunfi, cnoxoiiurrfi esrrqA) .
B a p a a H r Il. IlonapHoe BK,'trcqeHHe ilpou3Be/leHuti pa:uux BHAoB IzcKyccrBa.
IJe,m: ycgJrrzrrr - eo3AericrsHe pa3Hbrx BgltoB ucKyccrBa qepe3 cpaRHeHxe.
Crpqrcrgpa 6ecedot: rtpoclyrxfiBarrHe rrccKOJIbKHx My3brKa"''lbHbtx r]pou3BeAeHl.rt,
- o6veu NrHeHHrrMu rre/lafof a u Aeren, cpa BHeHHe, qeM [oxo]KI4 u qeM or,'tH-
qaK)TCfl IrO XapaKTepy My:lr,lKa,'IbHble npoI'[3BeAeHIIfl ,
- npocr\1oTp HecK0.'1bKHX >xHUofll'lCllblx llpou:ee,terra*,
cpaBHeHue cxoAcrBa I.i oTrHqHfl )KHBOIIHCHbIX llpoH3Bef.eHl'tu,
cpaBrreHHe IIoxo]Kr.tx rro 3MouHoHa,,rbHoMy HacTpoeHUn ]KI4BOflHCHblX A My-
rbr KaJr brrbrx npor:neacHH ii.
[Ipu ucno"rb3oBarrHr.t AaHHofo Bap14aHTa nponB,'renHe :ntoutti 6tt.lo pasuoo6-
I)a3Hee (AerH ceo6onuce aurcxa3brBa,rHcb no ttoBony IIpoH3BeAeltns ). rar KaK AaH-
rrtrri napuaHT IpeA,rrara,T AerflM 6o,rr,ule o6a,eKToB AJII tsocnptItrrl4rr, a c,'leAoBare,'lb-
rro, 66.nluryn na,rHrpy SMotluoHa,'ibttbtx COCroflutth, ua KoTopble AerH peafzpoBa,'IH.
A,r e u a [.3ra Nly,']brK?r fpyclHafl, a 3ra Bece.Ilafl, rloloMY tlro oHa 6ucrpan
IJ IDOMKAff.
Hau6ci.ltee at|(rexrHnuulM t] JlitttttoNl Ral)HaH-re arbl,t
rlHll MbrcJIr.trcJlbttofr AeHTe,Tbuocru Bt t3bluil,'I xHl'epec y
H CKyCCTBa
,{er r.r o n peAe,'l f ,'I H 3 M o ur.r o H a,'t b H y Io H a n p a B,'t e H H ocr L
9'r'o yAaBa,locb qepe3 <pacKpblrHe>) I{Bera.
MeroA cpaBHeHHn. Taxor?
Aereii K npoH3BeAeHurM
npoH3BeAeHzfi , oco6esuo
X e n q O. 3Aecl Mope MpaqHoe, TeMHoe. BorHu Kpyrble, qepHble, rpfl3Hble
3'ro uropnr (14. K. Aiieasoscxufi. <<t{epuoc uope>>).
51
Taxxe cnoco6creoea,,r 6o,,ree qyrKOMy Bocrrpnflrnro npHeM o6pauleuuq K ,,rllq_
HoMy onbrry aererz.
A H q K. fl 6ama Ha Mope. Ouo 6o,rluroe, Apyrofo 6epera He Br.rAHo. Tax u ua
aroa.xaprtHe Hapr.rcoBaHo (A. A. fleftHexa. uEyayurue .n'eruzxrar)
1Vleroa noa6op a-nay3 br Kar'r bHbr x rrpo H3BeAe H u R,i n po"aueAeHrzrr M aeo6p astre,r l_
HOfO acKyccroa (<[IeceHKy KaKoro Mopfl ror yanorarn^7rr.'1 gana,,r Bo3Mo]KHOCrr,
cooTHecrt4 pa3Hbte BHIbr HCKyccrBa rro 3Mollqorrar.rbnoli uanpaa,,reHHocTH, rlTo HaXo_
AH'IO 3MOIrl4 oHa,rnuuti orKJ'lHK y Aereti. Xerrn O. npu ttpocryrxaBaH].rz My3brKa,.rbHbrx
npoH3BeAeHaii HaxoAu"lctl KaK 6ot n gacruBrrleM, [ofpy)KeHHoM s ce6fl cocrorHHg,
c PaAocrullr\4 Bbrpax{eHLieM ,lfirla, rul,ipoKo pacKpbrTbtMH f,.ra3aMH, IrO3a, xapar{Te_
p r.i3yroua fl Herep t]eHHe.
BapuaHr AaHHofo Meror:Ia, KorAa pe6errxy HaAo 6br,,io nu6part aa Ha6opa uy_
3blKaJlbHblx IIpol'l3BeAeHuit ttutttt- oAHo K yKa3ar'rHoMy xr,rBorrHcHoMy npoH3BeAeHHIo
::?."i.i ero B cHryall,llrc, rAe rpe6oaa,rcn aHaJlLr3 roqHOro coo'r'HorrreHgr rrpog3BeAe-
Ht4U U3 rrpeAcraB,'reHHoro ua60pa. fiauHan 3aAar]a aKrr.rBr436pona,ra 4breft, vro
orpa)Ka"Iocb B 3MollHflx: cocpeAoroqeuuolt'i 83fJ'tflrx, Iro3a, Bbrpax{arcxlafl npzcra,,Ib-
Hoe BHIIMaHue. Vl xax pe3yJrbrar - co3Byrllbrfi eir6op nponsee4eunfi.
CnuAere,nncrBoM BJIHflHHfl AaHHoro coqeraHHfl HCKyccrB ua Aereti TBHJTHCb Ha11rH
Ha6,rnAesurr 3a AerbMr.{ B rroBceAueeuori ll""r"r,*,r,ui., nn" k. ;un;;;;;fi;
uaHHyro Me,'roAHlo. luxura fl. nepe4 cr,re^yrorril.r\r 3aHflrr.{eM rro pHCoBaHrrro b6pa_
AoBaHHo peruu,rr: <<,&lur n,tope 6yaerv phcoBarb)>.
B peeynrrare npuMeHeHHt AaHHofo BapfiaH'ra 3MorruoHaJlr-,Hbre peaKuHH H3Me-
Hfl"lHcb: MHMuqecKHe AelicrsHq HocH.IIH orrpc/le.lreHHnrfi eMoltHoHa"rogufi xapaKTep
yAoBo"lbcrB,q' uHTepeca; II.,3a, ABHlKcr'irr pyKaMr.r rax)Ke HMerrrH 3MouHoHa,irrr-
HyIo oKpaueHHocrb, peqeBble BbrcKa3br Barll,rrr ua6"{roAa,'lHCb y 6o,ruutero Ko,tuqecrBa
Aerefi. V Aereii, Koropble paHbtrre He nporrr],,lrJrH HHKaKrx peaxquii, ua6,rrc4a,rscl
KparKoBpeMeHHble 3MolrlloHaJlbnbte_ IIporiB,'reHHfl (cocpe4oroueHHocrb B3t,rtflAa,
MHfr43telH?rr? Hlrepec^x xaxouy-,ru6o MoMeHry oOureulra; .
tJapHaHr B. o4HoepeMeHHoe BK.rrroqeHr.re B Bocnpuqrlre pa3Hbrx BHASB Hc-
KyccTBa.
Qena: IloKa3arb_fapMoHnro My3brKH H )KHBonHCH.
crpyrcrgpa 6ecedtt: 3Byr{HT lryauxa,rruoe npoa3BeAeHne rz Ha efo soue aocnu-
Tare/'rb quraer r,rcKyccrBoBeAqecxuri paccKa3,
- BOCtlHTareJIh IIOKa3blBaer oAHo )KHBOnr4CHOe rrpoH3BeAeHUe r{ npeA,rrataer
AerflM rrpoc,'ryuarb HecKo,'rbKo My3brKad.rbHbrx [por.r3BeAenuft u oro6pais roJrbKo
OAHO tr3 HHX, CO3ByrrHoe AaHHOMy X{HBO|THCHOMy npoH3BeAcHfiru,
- 3Byr{Hr oAHo My3brKar'rbHoe rrpoH3BeAeHve, n rerv no46rzpaff K HeMy H3
H€CKOT'IbKHX X{I{BOIIHCHbIX IIOJIOTeH OAHO, CO3Byr{HOe IIO HaCTpOeHLtrc.
flpuueuna AauHsrfi Bap14aHr, rurr'r o6uapy*;r, y;;;;druo.ro 3MouroHa,Tb-
Hblx peaKl-(fifi aereri I'i AHHaMHKy 3MouHoHaJrbHbrx nponn,reuzfi Bnuuune a"tl
Ipocro cMorpe,'ra Ha Kaprr.lHbr, c,Tyruafl My3brKy - sosAeficrBr]e cu,,rbHbrx pa3Apa)Kr.r_
re'refi, Bbl3blBaloqee ropMo)Kesue. 3aren BbtpalKeHHe ,rrHrla n3MeHt,rtocb, noflBa,Tacb
3afiHTepecoBaHHocrb, rlpHcra,'rF,Hoe BHHMaHxe K rrpoH3BeAeHHrM l.rcxyccraa. |lllr
ua6,rnAa,ra u peaKqHro Aerefi Ha onpeAe,'reHHbre yAaqHHe KoMrrosuur.roHHbre Mo-
MCHTbI.
flo uaurenay MHeHHro, gro o6tqcuflercq eosAer?crsHeM Aono,,rHrIoulix Apyr
Apyra oopasoa _My3brKa,rrbHoro , x(HBorrrrcHoro npo'3BeAeH"i H;;;"A;;;;; ffi,o-
H3BeAeHI'ltl uso6paaare,'lbHoro ltcKyccrBa I4 3MounoHaJ'rbHocrb My3bIKH ).Br,reKar,or
pe6euxa, co3AaBafl MI.rp co3BytIl4r, B ocHoBe Koroporo r,re)Ka'r. crrrrrereHr.ie KDacoK
52
H 3ByKoB, HacrpoeHiln H TeMbr. Oco6eHuo peafapoBaJrfi Ha rapMoHurrHoe eAuHe-
HHe qyBcrBrzre,rbHbre Aeru. Tax, HarIpHMep, iloc,'re Boctrpunrtfl, npo143BeAeHuit uc-
KyccrB XeHq O. cxasan, Lrro oH [oLryBcrBoBa,'r 3anax uBeroB (n n KoHqa,roecxfiri.
<Cvt peHo>>).
Hau6o,ree a$QexrHouurM, Ha Hau B3rJrflA, flB,,rr,'rocb B 3roM BapnaHre raKoe
coqeraHr.re, KorAa My3brKaJIbHoe ttpor,r3BeAeHHe Bbrcryna,ro tpouou Ar'rff >xr4BonHc-
Horo rporr3BeAeHur. 3lroquroHa,lbHbre peaKur.tr Bo3Hr4KaJrH y MHorrzx Aerefi, qro
BbtpalKa,'rocb B M HMuqecKHx AeHcrBHfl x, HocttBruHX xapa KTep 3ar.rHTepecoBa HHocrH,
,rrc6onauflq. Mur 4ynraeM, qro aro o6rqcHrercn cBoeo6paslerta xyAo)KecrBeHHbrx
o6pason npou3BeAeHari paauux Br.rAoB HcKyccrBa n oco6eHnocrrMu Bocflpurrr.rr
Aerefi.
B AagHou BapHaHTe rroKa3arer'reH H MeroA Bbl3brBaHrlfl accouHarnBuux o6pason.
O6pasHnre accouuaur4r.r Bo3HHKa,,rH y MHoTHX Aerefi. OrMe.ranacb a/leKBarHocrr,
3THX aCCOqUat\nU XyAO)KeCTBeHHbtf4 ilpOH3BeAeHHf M
O6u{eur.re neAafora u Aereti 6u,ro 6o,ree HHTeHcHBHoe no 3MouuoHa,'rbHocrn
u coAep)KaHurc. Aera paccKa3brBaJ'ra o KaprnHe, Ae,,rHJrHcb cBoHMh BneqarrrleHr.r-
flMI..t.
H u w u r a fl. 3Aecl oqeHb KpacuBbre rrBerbr. XyAoxnHx HzlpncoBa,'r HX rpKt4Mu
KpacKaMl{. V sero, HaBepHoe, 6sr"ro nece,roe HacrpoeHue! (A. fl. foaoenH. <<llnertr>>).
Taxouy o6u{eunn, Mbr AyMaeM, cnoco6creoBa,'ro yKa3aHHoe correraHHe pa3Hbrx
BHAoB r.rcKyccrB, AaBuee HHQopuauulo AJrr pacKpbrrr.ir coAepxaHHfl npoH3BeAeHr4r
a 3MounoHanluuli r,rMlry,'tbc A/'tfl qyBcrBeHHofo orKJ'tHKa.
,Nluuzqecxrle Aeficraaq Aerefi HMe,rH pasHur? xapaKTep: B MoMeHT Bocrrplflrl{fl
pa3,'rnrrHbrx Br.rAoB HcKyccrB croxotiHaq no3a, BHuMare,rluuri cnoxoriustfi B3fJlflA,
orcyrcrBue BcrKoro poAa ABr,r)KeHHfi, no BpeMfl 6ece4u 3MorrlroHa"rrbHbre ABv )KeHr,rfl
pyKaMr.r, peqeBbte BbtcKa3btBaHr.tfl oueHorrHoFo xapaKTepa, H3MeHflIoulHecfl Mr.{MH-
qecKVe Aerlrcrnzq. 3ro csraAereJlbcrByer o pa3Bvlnv pasHoo6pa:uux alrouHii y
NOlIIKO,'IbHI4KOB.
Bapuaur f. Bx,rrc,Jeuze KoHrpacrHbrx npou3BeAenHii pa3Hbrx BHAoB Hc-
KVCCTBA.
- I-le,la: c$opvrzponarb oueHoqHbre orHorueHur, 3creruuecxur? nxyc.
Crpgrcrypa 6ecedot: npocJryrxnBaHue KoHrpacrHbrx rro 3ByqaHuro My3brKa,rbHbrx
npousee4eHufi,
o6rueH MHeHHflMH Aeret? H rreAarofa o6 ux orJrurtuu,
- IrpocMoTp KoHTpacTHbrx no HacTpoeHLtIo, KoJIopl.{Ty, KoMfro3Hrlr1H )KHBorrHCilbrx
npousne4eHzri,
- o6lreu MHeHr.lfMH Aerefi a leAafofa o6 Hx or,'rHrrur.r,
- BocrrpHflTHe KoHTpacrHbrx Me)KAy co6ori My3blKa,'rbHofo H )Kt4BorracHoro
npoaseeAeHuti,
- o6ueu MHeHrzqMH Aereri r neAafofa o6 zx or,Tnqur.r.
flpn arou BapHaHTe 3MorruoHa,'rbHbre peaKuHu Aererl nepBoHaqa,TbHo liocl.rJrH
x a pa Kre p yal.r B,leHHn.
B Aa,ruHefiueM xapaKTep 3Mor{t4 oHar'rbHbrx npoRn,reuuri Aerefi H3MeHil,rrcfl:
peaKI{Hq ua ueo6utquocrb cMeuHr'racb xHTepecoM K AaHHoMy BrzAy BocilpLrflTt4tr.
3ro npoae,rrr'locb s cnoxoftHor4 cocpeAororleHHoM B3f,'rflAe, HHorAa n y,rr,r6xe, Bo3Ha-
xarcureri B orBer Ha Kpacr.rByro BeceJlyro Me,'IoAHFo. Taxxe sa6nto1anucb cH,'rbHbre
peaKI{uH y 3Moul,roHa,lbHbrx AereH, KofAa oHH orBeqa,rlH Ha Bonpocbr ileAarofa.
I{anpuuep, y Calrra f.: ul.rpoxo pacKpbrrbre paAocrHbre f,'ra3a, HeyAepx{HMocrb
no3bt r{ 3MouaoHa,'rbHbre ABu}KeHHrr pyKaMH, peqeBbre flporrBJreHufl: <fl sHarcl! q
yraAan!..>> SJ
HaxoAz,r orKJu.rK y Aereri MeroA rrprlAyMbrBaHHq cHryaquri, npe4uecrByrourHX
H,[_A [OcJeAylouux coAepx(aHl.rro Kaprr,rHbr, My3brKar.tbHoro [por4 3BeAeHUq. JI e s a A.:
<<v srorl AeBorrKH rope: y Hee flporrar'r rueHox. Efi oqesn ipy.tno 6es uero, H oHa
roura efo HcKarb. /]oxau, Ho oHa BCe paBHo t4uler>> (M K 6auxup[eoa. <<!,ox-
Aeeofi soHrax>>) .
Halra 6un orMeqeH ror ,Qaxr, uro pe6euoK crapaergr conpoBo)KAarb AJrr
6o"ryourefi y6e4llre,rluocrfi csor? paccr{as MuMHqecKHMH Txericrnaanrr. Tax, IeHa A.,
paccKa3blBafl o AeBoqKe Ll ee Hecqacrbe, toBopH,la rtIXLtM TOJIOCOM C neqa/'IbHbtM
BbIPA)KEHIZCM ,'IHIIA, CTOfl HCIOABH}KHO, XAX 6UI 3ACTI,IB TIOA AOXAEM B O)KXAAHI,IH
r{efo-To.
Taxle npoqB,rteHutt 6r,l,rla eAnua.{ttbr. Ho BbtueyKa3aunrrfi Qaxr noABoAHT K Mbtc-
'IIH' qTO ACTH MO|YT BbIPAXATb OTIPCAC/IEHHbIC 3MOI{I4OHAJIbHbIC COCTOqHT{fl. KOTODbIC
cry)KaT pacKpt'lTl'rIo xyAo)KecTBeHHoro o6pasa [por43BeAeHHr]. Ltepe3 4BH)KeHHq.
3uoquoua,rbHbte rrpoflBJreHufl np?r t4crroJrrb3oBaHua AaHHoro BapHaHTa y MHofHX
Aerefi orr'rHrra,rrr4cb pasuoo6paar.JeM orreHKoB: yAxBJ.reHroe, po4oirl, rpycrr. Oro
IOBOPI,IT O AI{HAMHKC SNAOUHfi. HAPN4Y C 3Tt,IM Y HCKOTOPbIX ACrCfi 3MOIIHOHA,IItIHbIE
peaKrrr,rH Hocr.{,Tr4 SfrH3oArzqecxnli xapaxrep, 6r,r-rru c,ra6o Bbrpa)KeHbr.
Taxoe coqeraHre My3btKar'tbHbrx 14 )KHBonHcHbrx npoH3BeAeHuit npw npocMorpe
BblcTaBoK Bo3MolKHO r'IHIUb npH HeCKO,'IbKHX yC,'IoBHflX: CfiCTeMarHqeCxan pa6Oia
c AerbMH no npao6qeHHIo I'lx K HcKyccrBy, ur-,rcoxHri ypoBeHb r4rpbr Ha MV3bt-
KaJ'lbHoM HHCTpyMeHTe My3blKa,'lbHofo pyKoIloAHTe,ltt (o4uaxo MoXHo acno,rssoBaro
H fpaM3anHcn), acrernqrrocrb o$opna,reunfl 3aJ.ra, xorrr,Ta, t.p),n1r,r, rAe opfaHfi3o_
BaHa BbrcraBKa perpoAyKunii.
Penpo4yxquH Kaprt'tH Ha BbtcraBKe pa3Merrlao'r 'raK, .r'ro6r,1 9gH 6sr,ru xoDouro
ocBerrreHbr r.r K HHM Mo)KHo 6lr"rto cgo6oAuo noAoriru. Bce perrpoAyKU,HH Aoa)KHbr
6utrl ecterzuecxn oSop-raJ'reHbr, r.IMe'rb 3'fHKerKH c yKa3aHxen,t 4auru,,iuu -tA";;;;
L{ Ha3BaHr.rfl KaprnHbt Perrpo4yxrl1r{ ycraHaB,,rHBar,orcfl Ha noACTaBxu_rub,,rl6eprr,r,
fI03BoJI r IouIfi e Ae MoHcrpH poB arb o/lHo HJ H Hec Ko,'t bKo frpou3 BeAeH ufi , n nu noAeeuu -
BAIOTCfl HA CTEHV.
Bo npenaa npocnrorpa penpoAyKuHr? rapruu r{a BbrcraBKe Bocrrurarerb He peuaer
rlpttMblx AI{AaKrHqecKilx.3aaaq (o6y_ueHue noHHMaHHrcl coAep)KaHurr Kaprr.rHbt, yMe-
HHKt ee aHa,'rr.r3r.rpoBaro), oH rrpuo6qaer Aereil K rrpeKpacHoMy Mr.rpy )Kr.tBorrltcH
qepe3 cruMyr'rr.rpoBaHr4e 3Molrr4oHarbHbrx accorlua(uli, axruBH3auHlo 3creruqecKr4x
TIyBCTB, no6yxAaer K BblcKa3btBaHIIto :rMor{HoHaJIbHo-r'tHrtHocrHofo orHoIUeHHq K
rroHpaB14Brueficx xapruue. C :rori ue,Tbro npeA,,raraer AerflM paccKa3arb, o6tqcufirt,
noqeMy nOHpaBI'lJ'laCb IIM KapTHHa, KaKyn My3bll{y u,'lt4 CTuXOTBOpeHHe BCiloMHr,rJrr.r
oHI'I' crof y I(aprl'lHbl. Buecre c AerbMH Bocllurarer'rb BcMarpHBaercfl B rrpo63Be-
AeHHe, onpeAeJ'rqer, qro x(e KpacnBofo yBuAe,r xyAo)KHHK B )KH3Hrl a H:o6pasHn
ua ceoeir KaprHHe, npoclrr pe6ar cna::air, KaKoe Mecro Ha KaprHHe oHn cqr.rraror
caMbrM KpacHBbtM, oxapaKTepu3oBarb oAHHM cJ.roBoM, Kararr KaprHHa (neva,rlrraa,
paAo.crHafl, rpycrHaq, 3aAyMquBafl, rr.rxafl, cnoxofisas, xnean)
flolrulro )KHBofIHcHtIX roJ'roleH, B 3ar're Mofyr 6lrrs elrcraB,teHbr Ma,rrbre cKy,,Ibnry-
puue Sopnabl x H3Ae,rlHf AeKoparHBHo-nphKr'raAHofo ncKyccrBa, vcraHoBJ,teHHbre Ha
cneuHaJIbHo H3foroBr'leHHulx xy6ax pa3rrHqHbtx pasrr,tepoe, xoropule N4ox{Ho,1efKo
nepeMeularn n ,rn6yn qacrb 3a,rra.
opraHuaauvtr raKvx BbrcraBoK B AercKoM caAy - rrpa3AHr.rK HcKyccrtsa, Bcrpeqy
c KoropbrM roroBfr z c HerepneHHeM xAyr B3pocr.rbre H Aerrl. floceuaq BbrcraBKa,
AOIIIKOJIbHHKI'l |Io,'lyqaIoT Bo3MOX{HOCTb ConpHKacaTbcq C npeKpaCHbrM, uclr,tTbrBaTb
PaAocrs or Kpacorbl npou3BeAeuafi xueotrucH, MV3brKr.i, J'rureparypHoro cr.roBa.
i)+
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rro,lyrrr4Tb xoporllHe pe3y"rrbTarbl B Bocrrr.rTaHUH llereii, ueo6xo4Hna TaKafl opfaftlz-
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( HCKyccrBOM. /\Jrfl perueHHfl 3aAirq BocrrHTaLIufl y /(otuKOJILHuKoB HHTepeca
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rrpone4euuev i 3 :larrn-rhii B rr,4 no 03HaKoMirettnto c ago6pa3HTe,'It,HbtM HcKyc-
cTfloM, Ho H yBe"[t.trlHr]?lTb KoJtHLIecTB0:taHflTHH B ilCIe,'Iru T'aK]Ke Hex{e.naTe,,'lbHo.
Bcraer BoIIpoc: KaK oprallrj3oBarb n,TauupoBaHHe Aenrc,'tbHoc'fu BocnHTare,'tfl
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6ltasure,ruHntn HcKyccrBoM MoxFIo coeALIHUTb c :l?liltl'l'HuN4H IIo pHcoBaHHto,
,teuKe, arrnaHK?lrluH.'I'etrr,r 3zrHlrr.rir rro HCKycc'rBy.ryqttt€'IliraHtrpoBarb raK, qro6bt
frx coAep)Kat{He H TcMaTHKa coBltaila,Tir c rroc"rtcAyK)trlHMti:latlqrllt{MH no nao6pasu-
fc,tt,HOii Aefl're"'lblloc'I'H. B 3'loM c,ltyt13g cnctlzaJIL,Hble 3allfi1'tltl Ilo )KHBoIIHCa
rroMofyr AorrrKo,.rbHr.lKaM o6orit'rulr, co7lepxanHe H Bbrpa3Hle,nbHbtc cpeACTBa cBol.lx
pa6ol no pr.rcoBauHKl,,'renKc. llanlluucp, pHCoBattHe lta reMy <31'tpta>> l{e,lecoo6pa3-
nee npotsc-crr4 noc,re :aHRrlrri lo paccMalpHBaHHIrtr npon3Be/lct{ utt LL. A. flonoea
<l Ienebli clref)>.
3zrunlus rto IlpHt)6ueuHrcl Ae't'eii x uso6pasHl'e,'lbHoMy HCKycc'I'By ,ryque opfa-
rrr.[ror]btBitTb IocJre rraKonJler{Hfi lrpeACTar],reHUti y 4t-rLuxo,rbHHKou 06 oKpy>KaK)rlleM
MHpe. STo rro3BO,rrH'r'BocntlTare,rln peularb'raKIle 3iiAatlH, KaK (popMIrpoBaHue
VMeilutl CpaBHHBarL, KpaCoTy B oKpy)KarciUeN't MHpe H B nCKyCcl'Be, SMOUHoHa,lbHO
olK,'l[.tKitTbcr] Hzt npoillJlte/{cHHt:t HCKyccTBa, ScrTeTHrlccKllt} cyx{AeHHg, otleHKIz
trpor.r3tseAeHHri HcKyccl'Ba, KOTOpbte IIp(]uB"rtflK)Tcfl,'lHIIIb Ila oclloBe 3HaKoMofo
coAepx{aHHn, rrpoqHbrx 3rrarrHr{ FIarrpHmep, iroc:re o6o6trtattluteH 6eceAbt o Be-
cue [ocBt{THTb 3aHfl'r'ue pacc]MalpHBaHHK) KaprHII o Bect{e: }1. M. Pomaltl4H. <<Mapr>>,
14 L4 Jleeurarr. <Map'r>, ts ll.6artut--es. <[-oay6an BecHa>> 14 Ap.B Hrore
o6o6LtI.aK)ueri 6eceAbl o rpy/t(' rrulICH pzlcctMorperb IlpoH:JllclleHHt{ xyAox{}lHKoB,
orpa)KarcrUHe rpyA ;rruAei.i: E A ['a,ryur-ro. <<lloeblfi pafiou JlcnuHrpaAa>>, H. fI.
I(apauapcxoe <Ha nor'rrx tlyeatttur>> Ulenue KHHr E 9apyrulua 3aBepIUI'irb
3aHfirHeM rro paccMa'rpHBaHHK) KHI.r)KHbrx HJl,'lK)cTpaL(I.'lH K efo npOfl3BeAeHHflM.
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<XHeorHbre)> )KeJIareJlbrro corpoBolK/larb IroKa:loM )KHBonr{crrbrx IIo,'roreH: B. A.
1lorrrzHrzu <</lcRo.rxer cr KyKJroii>, B. O Toxapee <<BeceHHt{tr cKa3Ka>, npoH3BeAe-
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2 Pa6ory rro o3HaKoMJrer{Hru c x{nBorHcbro x{er'rareJlbHo npeAycMarpnBa'rb H Ha
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c oKpyx{anLuHM (xax uacru saunrnn). CoeAaueuHe Ha 3aHrrHflx tscex BI.iAoB
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55
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qecKot r.fpe ,,Kro B AOMHK. xraer?> Bo Bropoli u JraAU"* .pt;;"
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repeqr4cr'reHr4eM q,leHoB ceMbr.t H 14x B3aHMoorrrorueuzfi).
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cTarb)), <f H Nroq ceMbfl>, *Karan rrpo$eccua, ua reori B3r,,tflA, caMafl BalKHar> _
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B rrcr4xoJl of o -neAa ro f Hr{ecKI4X I'ICCJIeAOBa HH fl X.
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AercKHX caAoB r. Pocioea-Ha-AoHy o6cyx(Aarncb raK'e,.HanpxMep' KHH'H:, J y-
A;p;" i U. ttt. !,era u neo6pasrire;rrube HcKyccrBo.-}l.: [IpocneureHrie, l9ti9;
H "'r. H c K r.r r1 D.'M. Myapo'cru Kpacorbr.- M.: llpocseuleHl4e, 1987; fl o,r y-
"""" g. H. Hcxyccrno r.r Aerr4.-M.: llpocneuleune,_1982; PoseHBac-
;;t B. 6. E"."aor b6 ".*y".tBe.- M.: flpoceeuteune, 1979; C e e o cr b tr Ho-B
E. 14. Screrlrqecxaq rtpt,IpoAa coBeTcKolo rso6pasurelbHoro.. llcxyccraa'- M';
-ou. *y4o*""^, 1983;'KounaHUeBa .II. B' lloaruqecxufi o6pas n-pupoAbl
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4+
67
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Ha QopuupoBaH1e efo d,rrlr{HOC'IH, Ha CO3HaHHe, ilOBeAeHlIe, 3N{OIIHOHa,rIbHyIo cQepy,
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AfiqecKr4, B ocHoBH6M rofAa, KoIAa pe6enox cau o6paqaerca K B3pOcJIoMy
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69
t{ro eue no6{xla_er poAl'Ire,rrefi o6pallarbcfl K xr{sonHcr.r? ocHoeHoe Ha3Haqe-
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KoMrreHHfl Aerefi c couHa./rbHbrM orrbrroM ,jsae.f, o"p;;p;;;HHq orleHoqHoro orHo_
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70
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ceMbe>>. 4. 3naxotrcr"" p"A"t"iari c tbtaillGcxoft emcraBKofi <<AoMatuHuit My3eii>'
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neAarorlqecKoMy eceo6yvy a Sopue coaeuraHfiq.
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72
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no uso6pasurenosofi AeflrerlbHocrn AoKJIaAqHK noArBep)KAaer "?t*u-t3l:1,1:1".?9;
qecKHe noJIo)KeHHq, conpoBox(Aatl cBoe BblcTynJleHHe noKa3oM npoH3BeAeHHH
xuaonncu.)
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Vsaxaet\abte MaMbt, IIanbl, 6a6yruxu u AeAyurxn!
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c noMoulbto nonpoca (<Xore.rr 6u rbl y3Harb, KaK o6 groM paccKa3aJI
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B MY3EH C PEEEHKOM
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73
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evly^cnoxoliHo npofirncb no 3aJ,raM.
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npoqHrarb qoorBercrByrorqyn ,rrureparypy, rroMoraer noAroroearb Bbrcry[JeHr4q
74
(cru. c. 125). Coo6illeHnr po4nre'nefi AoJI)KHbI 6Blrl xparKHMH' raKoHHqHbIMH
pacKpblBalou{IIMI'I CyTb Borlpoca'
poAure,lu, ua6pauuue 3KcrrepTaMr,r, BeAyr 6o.nluryn tI0AIOTOBHTeJIbHyIO pa6ory'
Osu sHaroMrrrcf . n"i"putyp6fi, cpunH,-ea.r e Heft pa3Il'Ir{Hble roqKl, 3peHH'
Ha rroHr.rMaHr.re po,rfi HCKyCCTBa B BOCIILITaHuu _Aerefi, Qoptr'tllpynr cBoIO TOtlKy
3peHr.rfl Ha rroAHHMaeMyro" s 6eceAe npo6,nervry. Kpor"re roro, sKCnepTbI IIpOBOAST
He6OJIbUl|,Ie 3KCnepHMeHTbI C AeTbMII' BbIf B,'Itlq OCO6eHHOCTH BOCIIpl'lfTHn HMlt
111r,rBOtrHCH, x I{C1OJIb3ylOT 3aTeM 3TH AaHHble KaK H"IJIIOCTpaTI'IBHblfi MaTepHaJ'l
K HeKOTOpbIM Teoperl{qecKl',IM noJlo}KeHI4fM yrleHblx'
Kaxue OKcrrep'Mer{rbr c pe6eHKoM Mo)KHb npoBecrl.I AoMa MeToAaMu Ha6JIIoAe-
Hr.r'r, 6eceAbl Ir Bbl6opa?
1. BHqcHI'lrb, npoqBrner JIH pe6eHoK c
xyAoxHI{Ka. A.nq 3Toto npeAJlox{Hrb cz
pbnpo4yr<qnfi u noua6,'lloAarb, KaK AJIH:
cM arpHBarb, HacKoJ'lbKo cocpeAoroqeHHo H
BbIBoAbl, c qeM cBfl3aHa AJIHTeJ'lbHocTb pacc
coBaro pe6euxa.
2. VcraHoer.rrb oco6eHHOCrH IIOHHMaHHrr coAepxaHHq Kaprl'lHbl H cpeAcrB Bblpa'
,"r*""oa"ra. C arOft IteJlbro [O6eceAoBarb c pe6eHKoM o nefi3axe, HaTIopMopre'
xaHpoaofi KapTHHe, BblfcHl'trb, uro ueo6paxeHo Ha [oJlorHe', KaK 3TO IIOKa3aJ'l
XyAOXHT4K, O r.reM KapTHHa; CAer'taTb BbiBOA, yMeeT r'll'l pe6eHOX BHHMaTeJIbHO
H AeralbHo paccMarpl'IBarb KaprI{Hy' c qero HaqHHaer cMorperb - c fJlau-1:1"^.1.1x
BTopocrerreH"o.o, yil""t nra a'e,rart o6o6ueHHq, AocraroqeH J'lu ero c"loBapHbl14
3aI]ac,KaKI,IecpeAcTBaBbIpa3HTeIbHocTHBblAeJI'leT;cqeMctsfl3aHbIBbIfBJIeHHble
L"oO""noatn (c'He4ocraroqHo pa3BI'IroI{ Ha6,roAarerbHocrblo, He6o"lbIxHM 3aIIacoM
Cr'IOB' HeyMeHHeM cMoTperu U p-aCCxaSUnaru) '
3. Olpe4e.nrto toi"uo, uoi6opu noHpaaneurefit"- p:tt?-35.yK:ullv Ir ocooeHHocrfi
r,rur.rHocTHofo sMOrIHOHaJrbHofo oTHoueHHq pe6eHKa x Hefi. noxasarl pe6eHxy
rpH-nqrbpe[poAyKuHfiKaprI'lH.pa3HoroxaHpa(neftaax'HarIOpMOpr')KaHpoBatl
x{HBorrHcb, repoHqecKafl, noprper) H HacrpoeHHs, npeAr'lo)Krllb eMy nu6parl noHpa-
urrryta" r{ o6tqcH"rb, rrorreMy oHa rloHpaBu,tacb, l.l.ttn nu6parb KaprflHy B noAapoK
;;;;;;; H o6rqcuHrb, noqeMy oH AyMaer' qro oHa I'rM roHpaBlrrcr; cAerlarb
BbrBoA, KaKoBbr MOrHBbr eu6opa B nepBoM H BO BTOpOM Cflyqae, B qeM oco6eHHocrl'l
3MOUI4OHarbHo-rHrlHOCTHOTO OTHOllleHI',Ifl pe6eHKa K Kaprl'{HaM'
Taxue He6orbuHe HccreAoBaHr.rrr nore3Hbl BceM poAHTerqN{. SKcneprbl 3areM
o[pauHBaIOT HX, qTo6bl 3anHcaTb, KaKHe BOIIpOCbI ga\aBailv AeTu B npoqecce
paccMarpr.{BaH}rf pe11poAyKqflft_KapTHH XyAo]KHI'lKoB' H rpynfll4pylor 3TH BoIIpOcbl'
poAure,ru-a*.n"ptti-i,udpa6atiruaror neAarorllqecKHe curyaul'lH. Hanpultep:
<<Pe6esoxyBre'{eHHol'Irpaer,'Ircol4Molinrpyruxofi'BuxylnluHoBblliarb6or4
p"nptav*ur,l , *or"t" nocMorperb efo BMecre- c BaIIHM pe6euxotu' Bu ronopure:
-Taunura,HAI'IIIocMorpH'KaK[eKpacHBblepenpoAyKul'lHK-aprl'lHtlrpHHecra'
- fl He xoqy,- orBeqaer Aeeoqxh,- fl yxolKy co cBoeft Aoqxofi tyJ'lqrb'
Kax 6sr BbI rlocrynllJll'I B raKoM clyuae?>>
l4^u.. <<paccMarp;Baf aJrb6oM penpoAyKqnft, pe6euor yBHAer'l penpoAyKql{K)
c uso6paxeHneM c;aryn Benepu Mu;toccroft It cKa3aJI:
- HexPacuBafl KaPrHHa.
- floueuy?- nocneAoBaJl Borlpoc IIaIlbl'
- flororury t{ro oHa 6ea pyr u 6es oAexAlt'
gro6stBbIOTBeTHJIHHaAaHHoeBbIcKa3bIBaHuepe6euxa?>>
1r.
llocrauoaxa nepeA poAHTer'trMn AaHHbrx BorpocoB rro3Bo,qrrer neAarofy BbrqBHTb,
TITO 3HAIOT POAHTE,'II4 O }KHBOIIHCH, KAK YMC}OT PACCKA3ATb O UCfi CBOI1M AETflM,
HacKo,'rbKo sHaior Hx rcrJxorof HqecK,e o.o6"uno.r;. n;;;; raxofi [oAforoBHreJrb_
uot-t pa6o'u 83pocr'Iblc crauoBflrcs 6o"rre1^alayare/'rbHbrMH r< pe6euxy, ero fiHTepecaM.
.,To TaKlKe co3AaeT yc,.lollrr{ A.,,rr _npoqHltx ceqsefi ^ei.nu.o caAa c ce'1eft.
4. Eeceaa 'o 3ac/.ryuaunlrv coo6u{eHr.rrM. l'.rynJi-, poAr.rreJr,_3xclepru. B
ArOIi qACTI] CPABH14 BAIOTCfl IIO.TO)KCHIIfl SAPY-6CXHUX H PYCCKHX IICAAf OIOB IIO
Borlpocy o poJ'ra r4cKyCcTBa B Boc[uraHurz pe6euxa, uor"oio, yr{eHbrx o6 oco6es_
Hocrfx BocnpurTnq x(HBorrucr' AorrrKorbHlrKaMH u paay,,.ioruro, 3KC1.ep14MeHTots,
,,en pe6enrca K ucKACCrsA B cerube> MoxHo
lcBflTttTb efo MeTOAaM O3HaKOMJ'teHHfl AO_
o 3 a Aa r{ a x "3 H a Ko M.'r e H u a 4eren':Hiiii:llr{1i""#Ttir:il#;' ""?ilt#;xl;
nospacrHoti rpynlle Aerc*oro caAa, o6pasubr KoHc[eKros eaHntaa ,,o paccMarpr.rBa-
HI'rn peqpoAyxquii Kaprr4H xyAo)Krrzxon n 4ercxou ca .y u rroAJrHHHbrx npozsseAeHaft
B My3ee, lrarHuroQoHHbre 3airr.tcH 3aHf
B br crv rr 14 T' c c oo6 rire H u e M yq Hre,.r,r " r " lii; "1i"il::#'J "o ffiHilJ ; JfJ,XJffi?;
MJIaAIxI{x []KoJ-lhHHKon c uso6pa3HTe,TbHbIM l.rcKyccrBoM, a raK)Ke HcKyccrBoBeAa.
oAHu poAl,re"rr o6o6u1r*,r oni,t'."MeriHoro'so"iiilir^ rro Bonpocy <<3saxo-
MHM c 14 cKycc'rroM B ceMbe>_ 3attr.rcbrBan]r 6ece4rr a a"iirr, cBoH pa3MbrrrrJreHur
x$epeuqaz Mox{Ho opraHu3oBarb KaK B
3,'rbHOro HcxyccTBa.
''PUMEPHAfl CTPYKTYPA ''EA4IOTHqECKOTO BCEO'YqA
B OOPME KOHOEPEHIII{I4'_ -'
l' 3aee4ynu(aii AercxuN' caAoM unr crap1,1fi gocnurare.rrb craRHT nenpn nn nr,-
re,rrfM, rle,irb r.r pacKprJrBaer coAepMaHHe nporpaMMo, n"o"."3utl?i.Hr repeA poAtl
2' Bucryn'reH,e neAafora a u'cxyccrBoBeAa o 3aAar{ax 3crer?rqec^oro Bocrr'Ta-
Hun pe6euxa B ceMbe.
pacKpbrBaroTcq MeToAbr o3HaKoM,,reHAg
reHHble B leAaroruqecxofi J,rr.trepaType.
rcy <3uaxoMrzM c t4cKyccrBoM s ceMler.
raccoB 14 r.tcKyccrBoaeAa o6 oco6eHHocrqx
rro o3HaKoMJIeHrIn HX c x{HBor}rcLro. aqa'rluoti luKo/'te H B yc,'IoBaqx My3er
6. flpocuorD c,,rar?Aon " nupr"n ryeo*n"noB c-KoMMeHT apHrrMHr4cKyccrBoBeAa.
Pa6ora c po4rlre,raMu rro'npuo6iqenun Aereri x xpeonacq B ceMbe AoJrxHa
76
conDoBo)KAaTbcqHal'JlfAHOCTblo,3MOUHOHaJIbHbIMH3JlOlKeHHeMcoAep)KaHI',tfl'opH-
rHHarbHocrblo sopM ero noAaqH'
KaxoH X(e MT4HHMyM HCKyCCTBOBeAqecKHX eHauHli Heo6xoAnnq BocIIHTaTeJIIO
" p;;;;;r;ri 'iip"""a"r HeKoropbre cBeAeHHq IIo reopl'r' rzso6pasnrerlbHofo
HcKVcCTBa (He IIpeTeHAyloUHe Ha nor'lHoe ero ocseu'eHlle) ' KoTopble nOMOryT
Boc;HTarerlo B ero Pa6ore'
BOCnhTATEJIIO O )t(hBonnicu
Hso6pasureJ'lbHoe HcKyccrBo paccMarl
AeqrelbHOCTH, KOTOpaR onocpeAoBaHHO 01
H cnoco6crsyer Qopt*'ttlpoBaHHIo HHTeJIJIeK
3 MotrnoHaJIbHbIX Bo3Mox(Hocrefi JI nq Hocru
Hyro AeftcrBHTeJIbHOCrb, HO H O[eHhBael
o6uecrea.
xHeonilcl KaK BHA teo6paanreJlbHOI'O HCKyCCTBa Orpa)KaeT npeAMerbl H f BJIeH|/lfl
pea.niHol xr,r3HH nocpeAcraoM HaJrolKeHHq KpacoK Ha noBepxHocrb xorcra.
ceoeo6pasneM )KtlBorrHCH f BIfeTcfl AByXNlepHoe ueo6paxeHHe peaJIbHOrO MHpa
HA NJIOCKOCTH.
ouyueHue flpocTpaHcrsa, o6beNaa AocTHfaeTCfl nocpeAcTBOM uBeTa H CBeTOTeHh'
B sag'c,rvtocr, oi Mecra pacnoJlox(eHun n ueo6pa3I.{TeJIbHoM HcKyccTBe BblAe-
r,rfeTcfl MoHyMeHraJIb1as t4IlH MoHyMeHraJIbHo-AeKoparuBHaf )Kl'tBOIIHCb (xOropan
cr aHoBHrcq yKparueHHeM a p xHreKryp Hblx coopy)KeH I'l ft ), aexoparHBHO-rearpaJlbHaf
(ncrpeuaoulafcf B rearpe), MHHHarIopnaa (pa4yroulatl Ha[I r'a3 Ha [KaTyJlKax
H yKpa[IeHHflx) vr craHKOBaf, o Koropoft u rioft'der peqb B AaJIbHeftueM'
Cranxoaan noioiuto. HageaHl'e' <<craHKoBar )KHB.IIH.F'> nouIJIo or Mecra'
Ha KoropOM xyAo)KHI.IK yCraHaBJIHBaer 3arpyHTonanHntfr H HaTnHyTbtfi na no4pav-
;;;'G;ffi""tifrn o"toe) xo,rcr (crauox-tro.uL6epr). Crauxosaq )KnBongcb co3Aaer-
cq B MacTepcKon xyAoxHHKa'
Xueonucl KaK BHA H3o6Pa3HTerbHo
I{eHHfl l'I COpa3MepHOCTH BCeX 3r'IeMeHTOB
opMbr, orAeJIeHHe xe Hx Apyr oT Apyfa
CTH,
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H3BeAeHHqx uao6paanreJlbHono HCKyCCTBa
BcerAa uAefisO-aruOUlIoHaJ'lbHo, l'lAeHHo-xyAoxeqTBeHHo, Ha1OJIHeHO OnpeAeJleHHbIM
cMbrcJroM , .""u""]i"*- Oa"o*""11 xounoueHraMl't coAep)KaHl'ln nponsne4euufi
HCKyCCTBa fBJIfIOTCfl TeJfiA H Uoefl'
TeuaxapruHblpacKpblBaeT)KH3HeHHbteflBJreHxf,qyBcTBa'MblcJII{'T.e.Bce
ro, o qeM pacgKa3aJl xyAO)KHHK, qTO CocTaBJItler cloXeTHylo cnTyaUHrc' EbIBaIOT
pa3HHe reMbl KaprI'I", o nprpoae, 6ute Aerefi' rpyAe H 6blre B3pocJlblx; aHTHBOeH-
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77
Ha KaprHHe Vl. ?- fpa6apn <<Oenpa'nucxafl "la3ypb> MoxHo BIlAerb' KaK
xyAox(HttK r4crror,lb3yeT CBeTOTeHb AItl co3AaHHf uBeToBoli rapltout'tlt' tloKa3blBaeT
i'ri"tirrniv.cn 6ois6y B flpr.IpoAe MexAy npxnuu 6"tt1tKaMH corlHua I'r xod'loAHblMl4 --
;;;;;;;*-"ra. A ira froprieie B. A. Cepona <<!,eaouxa c nepcHKaMH>> cBeroreHb
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AeBOqKI'I, CBe)KeCTb COJ'IHer{HOrO yTpa'
Kaqecrso pllcyHKa 3aBI'tcHT or Bblpa3HTeJlbHoclr
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noAqr4HrreTcfl qBeT, KoMro3r,ruHq. Taxurra o6paaoru, pllcyHoK - ocHoBa XHBOIIHCI{'
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IIpHeMaMr,r )KHBO[lrcHOfi rexuuxt.l, oTJlHqaloulHMHCq Ha[paBIeHueM' ABH)KeHHeM Ma3-
xa. B arov I]pof BJrfeTcrr HHAHBI.IAyaIbHatl MaHe-p,a HCIIOJIHeHHq xyAo)KHI4KOM tlpol.{3-
BeAeHHfl. oco6esso 3ro 3aMerHo B reri3ax ax h. v. JlesfiraHa u f . f . Flt'tccxoro,
)KaHpoBbrx KaprqHax A. A. fl.nacroBa H IO. n. Kyraua. (Clr' Uneruyro nx'neftxy')
<iru*rypu xr.rBorrHcHoro ro,rorHa npnAaer rrpoH3BeAeH"Io ".T!:.:l:lfi",TtH:li
ceT olpeAeJreHHoe sMOUt4OHaJrbHoe Ha^cTpoeuue. cpaeHI'lM ABe KapTnH|cI l/l' Yt' JrcBt'-
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qTo nepBoe npou3BeAeHne HaIIUCaHO ,'tUHefiultuH Ma3KaMH' HaHeceHHblMH BepTH-
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K COAepxaHr-rro Kaprr,rHbr. co4epxaHHe-[poI{3BeAeHilfl A KOMllo3l',luHf TecHo B3aHMO-
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H3MeHeHHe H coAep)KaHHf.
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;;. ..4;r"nr), acururuerpr.rqHar (f f Huccxnfi. <<HaA cHerat*lH>>), conrnleru.eHfle
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npog3BeAeHr1f. PHTM B )KuBoIrHcHOM npoH3BeAeHHH npotlBJlfeTcfl B IloBTopeHHH
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raKHM o6pa3oM n io4epxaHHe KoMrro3HtllH. UBer u cBer ycraHaB,'lHBalor cBq3b
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Vliax., xiHpu )KHBorrHcH or.Jrfiqanrcfl Apyf or Apyfa coAep)KaHHeM u cBoeo6pa-
3HbrM r.rcno,rb3oBaHHeM cpeAcTB Bbtpa3HTe,'lbllocrH. Paccnaorpult oco6eHHocru >xaH'
pOB )Kr.rBOnuCH, HCIIOr,Ib3yeMblx B pa6OTe C AeTbMH AOUIKO,TbHOIO BO3paCTa B AeTCKOM
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ufr"r"*rypHbrfi, ropoAcKofi, fiapKoBbrri, HHAycrpua!'IbHLIIi, MopcKot?. B pa6ore c
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6Hrosofi, HcropHqecKuft, 6ara.nlnufi, un$o.norgqecKI{fi. Onpe4ennn cneUuQuqecxne
ocoOeHHOcTLI )KaHpOBofi xt{sOngc}t, KoCHeMcfl JlHlIIb oAHOpo x{aHpa -- 6utonoro,
nocKoJtbKy oH AocryIIeH floHHMaHHIO AeTefi AOIllKoJlbHoIo Bo3pacra, 6IusOx ollblry
pe6eHKa.
fiaHponaq x(HBOnHCb paccKa3blBaeT o TpyAe n 6ure pa3Hblx .nrcAeft, 06 Hx
ycflexax, paAocTnx x He83noAaX. flOCxo.llsxy rert,1a xaHpOBblx KapTHH BcerAa
po)KAaeTCq H3 XH3HeHHbIx cnTyaUilfi, tO npOnaBeAeHnfl AaHHoro )KaHpa [o3BoJIflIOr
HaM rrpHo6ilIarb AeTefi K couHaJrbHoMy OnbITy cBoero HapoAa, efo HauI',IoHaJIb-
HbrM TpaAI4UHflM, HpaBcTBeHHO-3cTeTnqeCKHM HAeaJIaM. XyAO)KHHK C noMolqbto
nu pasnre.nrHbrx cpeAcrB oueHH Baer 83 aH MOOTHO IrIeHHf JlloAel{, 83a H MocBq3b Mex( Ay
o6tuecrBoM l,I JIHqHocrbIo.
Kapruuu xaHpoBoft xHBoIIucu B orruqne or lloprpera put^p-?1"1::l:..1""51::
Ho-onpeAe,reHHyru ,.IHqHocTb, a THnurlHbIIi O6O6qesguft xapaxrep qeil-oBeKa' PeOe-
HOK, BOCnpHHHMan B X{aHpoBori X{IiBOIII4CH O6pa3bl ApyIHX JIloAeft' [ocTHfaer
Kpacory He roJlbKo xyAoxecrBeHHoro o6pasa, oH llpit{l€,ercf BI4Aerb Kpacory
H CBor.rx nocrynKoB, AefiCTBnfi, oco3Hae-r ce6fl qacTHueH oOuIecTBa.
flogHaHue- AyxOBHofo MI.rpa JIIoAefi uepeS xaHpoBylO )KHBoIlllcb IIo3BOJIfer
soprr,ruponarb y Aerefi Ao[tKoJtbHoro Bo3pacra HpaBcrBeHHo-3crer]'IqecKylo BocrlpH-
HMqr{Bocrb u qyTKocrb, yBa)KeHI{e K TpyAy- -_^^/
OOpu, r{ero;eKa-rpyx(eHHKa B KaprHHax oreqecrBeHHblx xyAox(H1Io".Yngo,99-
pa3eH. 3ro Ia rpyxeHlixH norleft (A {. flnacros' <Vxsu rpaKropucro:]" -1 ]l:.fi
paqapcKOB. ,,Ha roJtflx t{ynagrnn_>), aro H )KeHlUHHbI 3a pyJ'IeM KoMOaxHa
iS ln. Haaapos...nunrtu"lt ro.ny6nix Kopa6refi>),3a rKauKHM craHKoM (8. B. tl
f{. n. poAl.lo'oeH "(pu.""" cnruu), y AdrraaurHero oqara (lO n. Kyrau. <B cy6-
6orv>>) .
87
)eACTaBJreHa H TeMa AeTCTBa, oTpoqecTBa.r
HueM, qpKori r{BeroBofi raMMori, oHr.t xllsHe_
Mopfl>>, - <6yayuue .nerr{HKa>; A. fl. H
)noB. <IlepBbrfr cHef>; O. 6. Doraeecxas.
MOX{HO pa3AeJrr.rrb Ha rrpocTbre H CJrO)KHbre.
]BeprbrBarou{ero 4eficrnHfl H BHyrpeHHero
BbrpalKeHHro auoqufi. C.rroxHdfi cloxer
M BcerAa..ecrb nportrBopeqfie (O. fI. pe-
nsrb ABotKa)); C. f. fpr.roplee. <Ha co6-
:rr4eM KaprHHbI, rAe cN,rHcnogofi, KoMrro3H_
) BHHMAHHE.
HeT HHqefo /tHlr.rHefo, He cBfl3aHHOno
AeTaIb, Ka)KAOe IIBeTOBOe nqTHo HMeroT
tHKa, HAer{ KaprHHbr.
Ie KoMrIo3Hrlnr.t c 6onee cJloxHbrM croxe-
r BbrqBurb KoMrro3HI.1HosHufi ueurp. OH
Haue BHriMaHne. Vqurusag oco6eHHocrb
fpKoe, HaAO yqHrb ero BblAerqrb KoMno_
uBeTa, noHuMaTb
' Ko Mrro3, ,.r.roH'oro ";"'##?:"i;;,T;#^il
yueHHbrMr4, JIfiurb r.tHotAa BCnbIXHBaIO?
aK, B Kaprr4ne IO. ll. Kyraqa ..C"-ri"rj
88
KHe, HpaBcTBeHHIrte, o6paueHHbte K cBoeMy orrbrTy, BOCIIOMHHaHHf o cxoaHblx
cl.rTyauHqx H np.)
'Ca*Un,t rnaeHHIta B )KaHpOBOfi XHsOnUcLI trBilfleTCfl r.ly6oXOe 14 pea"lbHOe
BOcrIpOH3BeAeHHe O6pa3oB ,nrcAefi u co6strnft, xU3HeHHaa npaBAa' [ocpeAcrBoM
BOCnpHflrHq KoTopox pe6eHoK rlpilo6uaercfl K X{H3HH. ' t
Kar cmorperi xaHpoByn )Kt,tBonllcb. OcraHostlN4cq Ha aHaJIH3e KaprI'lHbl
A. A. IlracroBa <C6op xapioQe"rrnr. A. A. fl.racros - rpynHufi Macrep 6ntrosoro
)KaHpa. l.lqAa Ha KaprHHy, MoxHo cpa3y .. )Ke onpeAe,'rHrb ocHoBHylo HAelo
nDoH3BeAeHHfl cBtl3b r-leIoBeKa C 3eMJIeli, yBa)KeHHe K Ttl)KeJloMy rplAY
liO4eft Ha 3eMJIe. Xeucxue Qnrypu HanHcaHbl IIpaBAHBo, B ecrecrBeHHblx' HeIIprl-
HyxAeHHbtx IIo3aX, OHH KaK 6nt-c,tl'ttlt, CoeAHHeHbl c 3eMr'lefi' A pyxu, Koropble
XyAOlKHr.rK BbtIIHCaJI OCO6eHHO TUIaTer'lbHO, HeyCTaHHbIe pyKH >KeH[InH KaK 6bl
oulynbrBaror KaxAyr,o KaprooeJrHHy, 6epe)KHo yK,'laAbIBaf ee B BeApo. Pyxu xeu-
[[I,IH - 3TO AeTaJIb B KapTHHe, Ho HMeHHO qepe3 Hee xyAo)KHHK BblCKa3aI BCIO
rlo6oBb H rlpH3HareJlbHocrb K xeHUtHHe-rpyxeHHUe'
,[,nn rnopuecrBa A. A. flracrosa xapaKrepHo.yMeHI]e qepe3 Aerad'Ib nepeAarb
oOpai. Elaioaapn 3rfiM pyKaM H BbtpatUeH raxofi 6oraruft ypoxafi Kaproqerlf.
XyAoxHr.lx nu[rer Kry6HH KaprooeJrrr o6'beMHo, B 3eJIeHoBaro-oJIHBKoBblx' po3o-
Baro-Kopar{HeBbtx rotiax, npu6nnxancb K ecrecTBeHHoMy UBeTy. 3ro^eu{e oAua
AeTarb, rroAqepKLIBaIoulan 111H3HeHHocTb H306pa)KeHHofi cl1TyaqHH ' Orcyrcrnue
BHAHMoTo ropH3oHTa B Kaprr4He npnAaer Qlrrypau )KeHUILIH Berl'{LlecrBeHHocrb'
Bo3Bbruaer HX rpyA.
B ,teN,r KpacdTa 3rofi Kaprl.Iuu? Oua 3aKJIoqeHa rlpe)KAe Bcero B )KH3HeH-
HOft npaBAe co4epxaHua npoH3BeAeHHfl, B Kpacore HelefKofo rpyAa. Bca xapruua
pe[reHa B nepeJIHBax Kopl,IqHeBoro, xeJlroIo I'l 3oJlorHcrofo IIBera, npHAaBafl
3MOIIUOHaJIbHOMy CTpolo IIOJIOTHa J'IHpHtIHOCTb., MflrKocTb' HecMoTpq Ha To qTo
xyAo)KHl{K no*uror"u6, HeJrerKHfi rpyA xeHUrrzu'(no4uepKHyro corHyroe rloJloxeHl'le
HX Tena)
Vtar<, )KHBont4cb pacKpblBaer nepeA pe6eHKoM Kpacory oKpyx{aouex npupoAbl
r.r Kpacory u"nou"^u, npao6ulaer eio x- HpaBcrBeHHo-3crerllqecKllM I4AeaJIaM 06-
[IecTBa.
XyAOXUllxaMI.t MOfyT cTaTb HeMHOII{e' HO yMeTb BOCIIpHHHMaTb I'ICKyCCTBO'
pas$uparlcn B HeM, IIo6Hrb e1o Moxer H AoJIIKeH Ka)KAblli qeIoBeK' Kax4ufi
ilacryiUuli qeJIoBeK He3aBHcHMo or 6yAy[feft cueUsa.rylHocrl'l AoJIX{eH r.lcKyccrBo
BOcnpLIHflTb, CAe,'IaTb cBoHM. A nouorarb B 3ToM AeTflM AoJIlKHbl BoCnHTaTed'lH'
poAHreJIH, yqpe)KAeHHfl KyJIbrypbl.
' Bocnpnar,.re ucxyccrBa - 3To Harrprr)KeHH aA palora 'tyBcrBa H MblcJIH, oco6blll
HHTeJIJIeKTyaJtbHo-3MotIHoHaJlbHbIfi TpyA Aytut'I. flo nuHHq[a, UBeroBblM IIfrHaM
npeAcror.{r pe6eHKy co3AaBarb xyAox(ecrBeHHylo^ Kapr}IHy MHpa' npoAeJlarb
xax 6u ecrpevuuft rryrb K aBropcKoMy 3aMbrcr'ry. 3r_or oco6llil rpya AyuH qe,1o-
Bet(a 6yAeT )Ke,'IaHHblM B TOM Cr'lyqae, eCJ'lH OH 6y4er K HeMy nOAIOTOBJIeH'
a raKylo noAroToBKy BO3MOXHO HaqHHaTb c AercTBa.
Kax4orrry [eAaiory 51 CHo, qro HCKyCCTB6 )KHBonHCHblx o6pa3oB noMoraeT
HaM BHAeTb, IIOHHMaTb KpacoTy oKpylKaloutefo, 3MolllloHa"lbHo oTK"luKaTbcfl Ha Hee'
Haura X(H3Hb CTaHoBHTcq OT gToro 6oraqe, uHTepecHee, AyxoBHo Hacbl[leHHee
H oAyxorBopeHHee. Kpacora BAoxHoBJrfler Hac Ha co3AaHHe Kpacorbl BoKpyr ceor -
KaK B npoAyKTI4BHoft AeflTerbHocrH, TaK H B qe,'IoBeI{ecKHX B3auMoorHolrleHl4rx
[O C,rOeaNa -8. A. CyXOu,rnUCKOfO, <<...TO, qTO ynyU1eHO B^AeTCTBe' HHKorAa He
Bo3MecrfiTb B roAbr ronocrn H TeM 6oJree B 3pe.[oM Bo3pacre. 3ro nparnno Kacaercr
89
Bcex cSep avxoBHoli x(t't3HH pe6eHKa H oco6eHHo 3creT'tlecKoro Bocnr4TaHHfl.
9yrxocru,' eotnpuauvuBocrb K Kpacore B AeTcKHe roAbr HecpaBHeHHo rly6xe,
qeM*B 6onee nosAHHe [epfioAbt pa3BHTHfl .rIHr{Hocru>.
B ycnonunx coBpeMeHHoro o6urecrna neAarofu, xyAoxHuKH, HcKyccrBoBeAbI
BCe qail{e H qaue o6pau1arcr BHHMaHHe Ha -HcKyccrBo KaK cpeAcrBo.yrrnraul
IrHx JrHqHocrn. Kax orMeqaer E. M. Herueucxnir,.: ,;*y.;i u soo61,1e ocrer'qec-
KOe pa3BHTHe MOXer H AOJ')KH' Hrparb a uaueri "*ai*"-npocBeuleHHfl ropa3Ao
9.:{:.:^_."poe3Hyro porr6 yx{e ceroAHq. u "iiiiui";';;.-f.o caAa, c caMoro
HexHoro Bo3pacra>>. H eure: <<Jlflqsocrl eAHHa, r.{ paAocrb rBopr{ecKoro rpyAa
(HcKyccrBo - Bcefaa rpya!), ecrecrBeH"o, oya"" ""f";;;;;cn Ha Bce HHbre 3a-
)BaHa KaK rtpr.tBbrr{Ka, xax norpe6Hocrb.
t4upooaHun raKrrce rpe6yer negcrannofi
e3Ae, 6 nn6on certe urtu eopodie nn^oil
I npaKTuqecKu u anortHe npoSeccuoHarb_
ttr Ha nArb uccAccrsa. .l-fto6ofi. B nrc6ou
ThI
NTAHbI-KOHCNEKTbI 3AHgThIi
BTOPAT MIAAUJA' rPynnA
PACCMATPI4BAHI4E PEnPOAyKUI4UI KAPTI4HbI M. K. KOnbITUEBOI'I
<CAIIIEHbKA>
(Cnequaaouoe sannrue)
llponpauunoe coAepxante. Vqurb Ha3blBaTb npeAMerbl, uao6paxenHble xy-
AO)KHUKOM, BbIAeIqTb npLI3HaKH ,'leTa, ocHoBHoe cpeAcTBo BbIpa3HTeJIbHOCTH -
UBeT. Pa3BHBarb opHeHrHpoBKy B [pocrpaHcTBe. BoCnurllearb HHTepeC K pac-
cMaTpHBaHHIO npox3BeAeHI.lll.
llpe4napnrerbnaq pa6ora. Ha6.[xlAeHHs s rlpHpoAe,
MeroAxqecxue npHeMbI. Kparxan 6eceAa o flere KaK
ro.u.a.
BOnpOCul: <<Xorute y3HaTb, HpaBLtrcfl d'll.l rteTo MaJIbqI'IKy, HapHcoB_aHHoMy
xyaoxnlaxorvr? f.qe rt,ta,rl.rux? (Kourpo.rupoBarb o6ogua'{eHI'Ie AerbMH aso6paxeu-
Hbtx Ha KaprHHe IIpeAMerOB.) 3naere, KaK elo sooyr? ErO aonyr r'IacKOBO_-
Cauressra. A xax Bac MaMbt d'tacKoBo uasstsator? Bo qro oAer CaueHbKa? flo-
qeMy oH ToJIbKo B rpycuKax? A xro eUIe y3Har'I, rlro 3To IeTo Hapu_coiaHo? qTo
xe .rreror Ha se,reuoti-TpaBe yBI.IAeJI Caueuuxa? tlro n,ranaer n raSy? Becelo Ca-
ueHbKe? A noueuy eMY Bece"lo?>)
O6o6qarcutnfi paccKa3 neAarona: <<Cauestxe BeceJIo noroMy, r{To JleroM
TpaBa 3ereHafl, MqrKaq, cod'lHbllllKo cBeTlIT TeIIJIOe, ,'lacKoBoe, a B BoAe npo3paqHoH
TaK Beced'ro nycKaTb JIoAoqKI.t. Aanafire Bo3bMeM 6yuaxHue d'IoAor{KI.l x nyCTI'lM
Hx rIJraBaTb B ra3y, KaK gTo Aelaer CaureHlxa. Hau roxe 6y4er BeceJIo>>.
PACCMATPI'IBAHI,IE PENPOAYKUI4I,I KAPTI4HbI K. N. KOBAJTfl
< KO,'l bIEEJI bHbllZ HAIEB >
(Cnequamnoe aaHnrue)
ilporparunrxoe coAep)Kanile. yr{HTb Aerei auoqHoHaJlbHo orKJILIKarbcfl Ha IIBer
KaK cpeAcTBo, co3Aaroulee HacTpoeHue. BocnHrHeaTb 3MoUHoHaJIbHblfi oTKJ'l14K
Ha npor.r3BeAeHlln HcKyccrBa, ryMaHHbte qyBcrBa: Ao6pory, 6epexloe, JIacKoBoe
orHo[reHr.re K J'rroAflM. tDopuuponarb yMeHHe ycraHaBJIHBarb cBfl3b Mexqy peaJIbHoH
AericTBr.{TeIbHocTblo a ee uao6pa)<eHlleM B I'lcKyccTBe. AxruguenpoBaTb cJloBapb:
HeJrcHo, c rllo6osbto, Tuxoe, cnoKoilHoe HacTpoeHue.
MeroAnqecx[e np[eMbr. Bcrytnre,rtHaq 6eceAa: <Aern, KorAa MaMa Bac yKJIa-
AbrBaeT crrarb, oHa rtoeT neceuxy? Kaxyro oHa rtoeT neceuxy? (Ilpe4loxllTb cneTb
necenxy.) Kaxaq lraua? A xorna Bbr.yKJraAbrBaere KyKJIy cnarb, Bbt rox{e [oere
neCenxy? (Ilpe4.noxr.rTL, AerflM noKar{arb KyKJIy H CneTb xo.nu6e.nnuyn. 3areu
nocMoTpeT[,, KaKyIo KapTHHy HapHCOBad'l xyAo]KHHK O AeBOr{Ke, KOTOpafl yKd'IaAblBaeT
AHAaKrHqeCKlIe Hrpbl.
o6 oAnorvr r43 BpeMeH
9l
cBolo KyKJIy crlarb H roer JIacKoBo l(oJlbl6eJlolyry, neceHKy.,&lo)KHo nocJTy[rarb
recHro <<6arc-6arc>>, My3brKa M. Kpa_c_eea, cJ.roBa M. vup"ori.i (to y*ruobrBaer KyK-
.tty-4ouxy? Kaxaq AeBor{Ka-Marr,rai Kax oHa noer neceuxy?,
Bocnzrarenl o6rqcuqer, floqeMy xyAo)KHHK Hanucalr cBoro Kaprr4Hy .HHHMH
a ro,ry6unar-r KpacKaMr.i: -<3ro neuep. 'Bce rr"o KpyroM. l,I x,rava HexHo rloer
THXyro, r'tacKoByro, cnoxor?Hyn neceHKy, r.r ee Aor{Ka 3acbtrraer>.
PACCMATPI4 BAHI,IE V"[,[IOCTP NIJUU B. B. ,IEEEAEBA
<KOIIIKI4H AOll>
(Cnequanonoe saunrue)
flporpamrnnoe coAep)KaHl{e. Vqurl Aereli eHr.rN{areJrbHo paccMarpgB arb vrr-
r'tlocrpauHIo, 3aMer{aq e HeIi r,.rasHoe H LerailH; BbrAer,rqrb cpeAcrso BbIpa3r4TeJIb_
HOCrU - uBer. BocflarHearb )KeJraHue npnftru ua rroMolrrb nonaBueMy n 6e4y.
llleroAtqecxfie rrpl,teMH. tlreuae nore[rKu <<flo>KaD>>.
>>; <<Aanalire nocMorprrM Ha Hee BHIMa-
rlcrHar? lloveruy oHa rpycrHaq? A xro
a Ko[rKaH Aou!>? (lleaaror colpoBo)KAaer
:apHbre co6axu? Clrorpure, co6axa 3BoHrr
( il nocneuHd'I Ha rloMoulb KOrUKe, 3aJIaBaeT
Ae,,raer xourxa? (vrovueuue n"ou.o.u,u:ffi'f"t'^rT"""ur"i "##;.;;:Tilr*#T
<<May-lray>>. flpe4"rroxrarb AerqM >xa.no6uo npo"r""a'r"'ur"y-rryrr.) A o KoM MbI
Aed'IaroT ntlruxu? ouu- ncnyralrr4cb IIIH
TAd'I14Cb, KAK OHI,I AE,'IAIOT JIATIKAMI,I, I/IA3A-
cnoxofiHaq, KpacHBafl. t{ro pacrer BoKpyf
ercfl BBepx, BbrcoKo, xax 6yAro KpHrrHr:
'Aa>>. lloxax{HTe, xax no6exa,ra xouxa.
KotxKr4H 4oru? A KaK npnr,reTenn nraqxa?
aJrncb ulrruxu? Kax snoHriru rro)KaDHble
loveuy? Karan xypaua? lCn,renan, ipa6-
KaK KorrrKa, uIrH, KaK Kyp,(a, rroMorarbHTl'^fl-##t3t#"";:rj""arr: v6efarr,
PA C C.&lA T P I,I B A H I{ E P E fI P-O{ Y KIJI4VI KA P TH H b I U . A. N O N O BA
<NEPBbII,I CHEf>
( Cne1uuttt uoe eanttrue)
IponpauuHoe coAepx(a'ne. vqurl 4erefi acuarp,Barbcfl B Kaprr.rHy, BbrAe,rrflTb
ee rJIaBHyIo MbIcJlb. Oopuupoearb yMeHfie sMo(HoHaJrbHo orKJr.rKarbcfl Ha rrpog3Be-
AeHHe. AxrnenaapoBarb per{b: cuer ,rerxufi, ny-r.ro,fi,," i"i"^t.
'neroAfiqecK|{e npI{eMbl. Boclatare;lb IIpeAJraraer AerqM norrc6osarbcfl cHeroM,
uao6paxeuHtrM xyAoxHr4KoM: ,.lAe ,rye>Kr.ri cHer? Kaxofi cuer? A "-*.iV*;;;;;;
cHexuHKr.{. OHn naAanr, r.ro)Karcfl Ha Kpbuxfl AoMoB, Ha .r.poryap, caArrrcrr Ha
Aereri. Kaxue cHexHuxn? [Ioxaxzre, KaK Kpy)Karcfl r,r_erKHe, [p.,3paqHbre, nyuficrbre
.He)KHHKH' Kro paA cHery?- Kaxue Mbr 'c aaNaH 6H,[]r, '*6.au yBnAe.rH c'er?>>
o6o6utexre rreAanora:'<B.r ^unuo KpacHBaq Kaprr.tHa o 3HMe, o cHere, o
cHelKHHKax, H Aerrl paAbt, H ur,l o6pa4oBa,trucb, yBHAes raKyrc KaprHHy>.
92
PACCMATPI,IBAHI4E I4"TIIIOCTP AIIVII4 IO. A. BACHEUOBA
<3AIZHbKA>
(Cnequaaouoe saunrue)
lereii BHHMarer'It,Ho paccMarpuBarb t4Jt-
)HI.{MaTb ee HacTpoeHl{e.
r Ha cry,'lbunru. <<6yAe_M 3aHHMarbcfl,-
ruKa cfl.u,er Bor 3Aecb. OH eN'lecre c HaMI'I
y 3ro HHrepecHo. MH sce rrc6ulta KHHTH.
A xro HaM KHr.rrr4 pa3pr.{coBbrBaer, yKpauaer? 3rn KapTHHKH Ha3btBalorctl I4JIJlloCr-
pauHqMH. flonropnre' Kax ssl AyMaere' I
lafixn? fl,a. flouervry? OHn xpacunue' XyAo
KHe ca[o)KKH eMy uaAen? flocuorplre, x
A qro gro qePHoe Ha cafloxKax? Mu
gafisuxatt Ha KaprHHKe! floueuy rax t
11 MHoro IrBeroB>)' "naq' <<g 6vnv qura ire rax, xax a 6yay
YcraHosxa neAarora: <f 6yly qurarb, a Bbl Bce Aer'lau
ao"oprr", <<3a[HbKa, nonrqu]Hr. (hpe4naraer IIoTaHUeBarl.) KyAa c[e[IHJI 3al'lHb-
*ul hpu"nntso. 3afixa B 3ar c''e'''HJI, eMy 6.nt'1o eecero' H xyAox{HHK ero BeceJIo
;;p;;6;;- no"rotprte eure pas. I{ro Ha arofi Hraocrpauuu 6o.rnure Bcero roHpa-
sHrocb?>)
PACCMATPI4BAHI4 E H.III IOCTPAI-TI4 14 IO. A. BAC H EIIOBA
<KOHb>
( C nequattonoe sannrue )
llporpaunruoe coAepxaHle. vqurl Aereft socnpHHHMarb pa3,rlHqHble o6paau
B cpaBHeHI.{H, o[peAe,,IfTb HacTpoeHHe' [epeAaHHoe XyAoxHHKoM B HJI,'IIocTpauHI,I.
MeroAnqecxHe npHeMbt. fleAaror qHraer noreilxy o KoHe c ys4euxofi H foBopHr:
6urs, y Hee AeHb PolKAeHHq' !,eHl xz
3oJIorbIM Kall(ercfl. A apyrar JIoIIIaAKa
coJ,tHb[uKo 3Aecr, KaKoe? KyAa J'loIxaAKa
A renepl rocKar{eM' KaK JIoIUaAru>>' (JB
Ka >). I
EECEAA O AHKHX XHBOTHbIX
PAC CMATPI,IBA HHE PE_TIP-O{YKUHH KAPTIZH bI B. O. TOKAPE BA
<BECEHHgfl CKA3KA>
(Vacro aanarun)
lfporpamulbte 3aAarlfi- vqurs BHrM€TeJrbHo BcMarp'Barbcfl B rrpor{3BeAeHr.re,
;:;#T"" B3aHMoorHoIIIeHHfl Me)I(Ay repcoHaxa un xiprnubr, conepex(HBa?b re-
MeroAtqecxre flpreubr. Bonpocrl: .:fa".. Bcrperr.tJr xyAoxHHK exuxa? Kaxofi
"*Tl 1 .aM xyAo)KHHK qro 4e.naer? K;ftfi;i;;;;;#'
.,ooouleHfie fie^arofa: <<(aprnua cBerJraf. Fia uefi HapHcoBaH 406pufi qeJroBeK,
oH flporflrr.rBaer pyKy exr.rKy, H exHK ero He 6ourcs>>.
..__- _qEcEAA O rPyAE BPAqA
(nilu eKcKypcufl B rAnllHef -nnl.rnl
PA CC-MATPI,I BA HHE PEN POAY KLTHU KA PTI,I Ht,I
H. B. IIIEBAHApoHoBoE ;HfiiiffiME; BPAqA>
(Vacro aauarun)
lfporpauuH'e 3aAaq,'- .vqvrl Aerefi cpaBH'Barb nso6pax<euHoe xyAox{HHKoM
B KaprHHe c peallHoti AeficrsilrenbHocrbto, noHuMarb auoqtoua.nlHufi uacrpofi
TIPOA3BCAEHHfl H OTK./IHKATbCfl HA HCrO.
MeroAnqecx[e rpr{e'br. ngnpocui <rl[eru, a ra6urer Bpaqa, uao6paxeuuufi
Ha xaprnne, floxo)K Ha xa6nner Harrrero "puuui--.i"M "oH He noxox? Kro,
lo-":^T"TI yHeHHro, nsAereri,l'rso6paxeHsux Ha KaprHHe,60arcq Bpaqa, a xro ser?
A Bpaq, no Ba[reMy MHeHr.rrc, xaxoh? flocruorpnre Ha ero lnqo. A r{ro Bbr Moxere
cKa3arb o Ha[eM rpave?>
O6o6qenne fleAarona: <<flocnaorpnr_e, KaKafl coJrHeqHafl KaprHHa. C,o.tHqe ua
noJry' Ha cro"[e, Ha JrHqax Bpaqa n a6refi. Bpau ao6pa"-,-" a"r" ee He 60qrcq, y,,rbr-
::S:" eri. To.nrxo oAHH MarrbqaK HeMHox,io o&r"'r,-;-;;; Hr4KoMy He rroKa3br_
PACCMATPI4 BA HHE PEN POAY KLTVIU KAPT}I HbI
A. fr. H c- rr- TKATIEBbT* "rm-poai-olw iFocropp,
(Vacro gaznrun no pucoaaHurc He reutl <<Jlue>>
unu npeoeapurertbHan pa6ora K sro.ilra ianniurc)
llporpaumnHe 3aAartr. Vqnrl dn4erl g_1:-o"y pasuofi rrpupoAbr, 6epevr ee, eop_
MHpoBarb yMeHHe pacrroJrafaru Heo6paxeHne Ha Jrucre.
meroAfiqecKle np[e'br. o6rqcHeHHe BOCrrHrare;lR: <<3ry KaprHHy Hap'coBaJr
xyAolKHHK. Ou nso6pasnJr KpacnBbrfi ;ryr>.
Bonpocu: ..Kaxoio usera .ryn? A qr6 9ro 3a x<eJrrbre oroHeqK', Koropbre fopflr
r'r Ha Jryry' il B BeHor{Ke y Aenovxa? I(ro nrpan Ha raKoM "rryryl iiarn';.l]iil;J#,
p, Tff: ::.y i B_:y _-6_l'_ loreJr oc.p. " rr" no 6 o, ", il ; ; - ;t.vi;,
K B3flJr KilCTOqKy H cTaJr 3aKpaur{BaTb
)JtbKo BAaJIH OH OCTaBHJI HeMHOI.O MecTa
lyq HJrr.tcb, KorAa oH Jref oH bKO rrp r.r Koc HyJt _
94
cPEAHt'. rPvnnA
PACCMATPT{BAHI4E PENPOAYKUI4I4 KAPTI4HbI B. O. TOKAPEBA
<BECEHHffl CKA3KA>
( C netquattonoe saunrue )
[|pOnparuunoe co.U,epxasne. Vqurl Aerell noHHMaTb CoAepxaHfie -KapTI'lHbl'
ee HacTpoeHlre, cpeAcTBa Bbrpa3HTe,rbHocrH, nepeAalouue sMolIrloHaJIbHblH HacTpoH
IIpor.r3BeAeHHf , BLIAerb JIorH qeCKylo 83au MocBq3l nSo6paXeH HbIx npeAMeToB' Bocrlil-
rlr"art 6epexuoe orHoueHue K npupoAe. AxrunusupoBarb croBapb: HacTpoeHue
padocruoe, ruxoe, cnoKotiHoe.
Ipe4napureJtbHaf pa6gTa. Hanouuurl AertlM npH3HaKil BecHbl' rIpor{HTaTb
DaccKa3 M. flpr.r|-|rerHa <<E)K>; nor're3Ho raKx(e npocJlytxaTb My3r,lKaJIbHoe npol'l3Be-
ienr" uMapru H3 aJIb6oMa <<Bpenaeua foAa> fI. 14. 9aftxoncKol'o. Ec,'In B yto,'IKe
npgpoAbr B AercKoM caAy XI.IBeT e)K, IlocoBeTyfiTe AerqM BHHMaTeJIbHO pac-
CMOTDETb EIO.
nietoAn"".*re npneMbr. Ha SoHe My3brKaJIbHoro npoH3BeAeHI'Ir fl. h. 9aftxosc-
KorO <flgAcsexunx, npOqHTaTb AeTflM orpblBOK H3 CrHxoTBOpeHHq 3. A.nexcau4po-
Boft <<fIoAcHexHLtK>) (ec.nu aaunrile lpoBoAurctl BecHoll, KoMHaTy Mo)KHo yKpacl'ITb
6vxerou no,u.cHex(Hr4KoB), 3areM BocnHTareJlb rtoKa3blBaer Aerf M KapruHy <<beceH-
Hqq Cxasxa> B. O. Toxapeaa. <<iloCltorpnre, AeTH, KaK MHoIo IIoAcHeXHHKoB
yBHAeJI Ha OtryruKe leca MyXr{HHa. KaKHe OHH, 3TI4 nepBble BeCeHHHe UBeTbl?
b xaroe BpeMfl foAa floffBrrruorcq rroAcHe)KHHxu? [aeafire BHflMareJIbHo no-cMorpllM,
KaK r.r3o6pa3HJI xyAoxHIiK BecHy. A uer'ry 3ro raK yAI{BHJlcfl My)KqHHa?-5^u"tl
rroTnHvJlacb ero pyxa? Kaxof,i exHK HapHcoBaH: Hcny[aHHblu HJIH xpaopblH/ A KaK
Bbr Ao;aAa,'Inct?'(axoe ,rn11o Y nayxut.Hu? Pa4yer Hac 3ra KaprHHa?>>
Paccxag Boc[[TareJtn (arnrouuonanrHuli): ,.flpexpacHaf KaprHHa o BecHe. Pa-
AocrHar u ao6pan. LUe,t qe,toseK, qro6br yBHAerb noAcHe)KH14KH, paAoBaJlcq MareHb-
KriM 6eJrbrM Us-eraNa. B4pyr ycJrbruraJr lxopox. VAV elarcq, rIpHceJI H 3aMerI'lJI MaJIeHb-
Kono e)I(HKa, xoropuli rie Ootcl ileJI K ero nporqHyroft pyxe. 3ay.nu6a.ncq r{eIoBeK
BeCHe, IIBeTaM, e)KuKy. Bor uyAo! Bor HacrOquaq BeceHHqfl cKa3Ka!>>
flo oxouqaur4r4 gaHflTLrfl MolKHo cpaBHr.ITb )KI4Bbte [oAcHex(H]IKll a llx uso6paxe-
HHq Ha KapTI,IHe, e)KHKa B )KHBOM yIoJIKe I.I Ha KapTI.IHe XyAoX(HI4Ka.
PACCMATPI4BAHT{E PE fl POIyKUI4 I'I KAPTH H br 14. Vl.,rl EB I4TAHA
<30.rloTAq ocEHb>
(Cne4uanonoe sannrue)
Ilporpanrmnoe coAepx(aHle. yLII.trb Aereft 3aMer{arb KpacuBoe B npl'tpoAe I'l B
nerisaxHbfi x14BorrHcH: BbrAedrrrrb uBer KaK cpeAcrBo Bbtpa3ureJlbHocru. AxrfieHsl'l-
poBaTb cJIOBa p b : 3 O nOT An, ffi apK_an,, nblutHafl .
- flpe4napyreJrbHac pa6ora. Ha6,rrcAesue 3a npu3HaKaMH oceHg B npgpoAe.
Paayunrt crgxu 06 oceHu. Vqurr Aereft co6uparb KpacuBbIe 6yKerbl H3 oceHHl'lx
r'lHCTbeB.
MeroAnqecxfie npneyu. Ha SoHe My3blKH n. V.9afixoscxoro <<OceHHqf rec-
lrfl>) IlpoquTarl AerqNa cTr.lxoTBopeune A. Tolcroro <<OceHb>>. Bcnouuurl BMecTe
9lr
c
I
AerbMH, KaKoe BpeMr roAa Ha3brBaror oceHbro, Ha3Barb ee npH3HaKr. Cnpocarl
Aerefi, qro oHH 3Haor o sonorofi oceHil.
Bonpocu: <<tlro rpacnBoro yBlrAer'r xyAoxHr.rK u uzo6pazwr Ha KaprHHe, Koropyrc
Ha3BaJr <<3o,roraq ocesl>>? Kaxosa [pupoAa oceulrc? (!,era,rlHo paccuorperl 6e-
peau, He6o, 3eMr'rro, peuxy.) Kaxue KpacKLt HcrroJ'rb3oBa,rr xyAo)t(HHK?> ([,ra 6epes,
3eMrH, ue6a, peuru.)
llpeg,roxurb AerrM BcnoMHr4Tb crr,rxorBopeuust o6 oceHr.r. Brtqcuurl, qro HM
oco6euuo rroHpaBr.r,rocb B KaprHHe xyAoxHr.rKa.
PACCMATPHBAHI4E PENPOAYKUT{I4 KAPTI,IHbI M. B. CABqEHKOBOR
<CEMbf TPAKTOPI4CTA>
( C netquattonoe saunrue )
llporpauruHoe coAep)KaHne. Vqurr AorxKodrbHfiKoB IIoHHMarb coAep)KaHHe rlpo-
H3BeAeHHr, orrHcbrBarb Aefrcrsuq "rloAeli, l.tso6paxeHHbtx Ha KapruHe, BblAer'lflTb
ocHoBHbre lrBera. Bocnurstsarb HHrepec K npol43BeAeHfiflM HcKyccrBa.
flpe4eapureJrbHar pa6ora. BeceAa c AerbMH o6 r{x ceMbflx, npoQeccuxx
HX poAHbrx, o roM, KaK oHn trpoBoAnr ceo6oAnoe BpeMfl.
Mero.(uqecxue lrpHeMbr. Bocnurare,rb rrpeA,'raraer AerrM paccKa3arb, KaK orHo-
CqTCfl IUICHbI CCMbH APYI K APYIY. CNPATUUNACT, KAK BCTPCqAIOT OHA MAMY H
flarry, Bo3Bpaxraouruxcn c pa6orlr.
3arenr AorxKoJIbHr.rKH paccMarpnBaror KaprnHy ..Cenrlq
It. B. CasqeHxosofi. !,eru BALflr, KaK Bcrpeqaror nany c pa6oru
KOIO MAJIbI{HKA.
Paccxas BocnLrrareJrc no coAepx(aHLrn KaprnHlt: <<Xu,r-6brr'r Ha cnere ua.nenlxlrti
Ma,'rbqr.rK. OH 6u,r raxori lra,renlxufi, qro He yMe/'r eue H roBoplTb. OH sHar
To,tbKo rpn cJIoBa: <<MaMa>), <<rara>, <<KLIC-KHc>). Bgr,rqHfire crcAa. Kaxofi uarlqux?
V xoro Ha pyKax ou cuAzr? 3ro ero MaMa. Maua y MarbtII.IKa no6pan, yru6aerca.
OAera oHa Bo ace 6eroe. KorAa rlana [pr4xoAr4r Beqepou Aorvroli, MaMa n MaJIbqHK
Bcrperraror nary. Ouz paAbr na[e. -&la.nr.{ux rrHer pyKr.r K na[e, uaua y,rlr6aercfl.
V eue KTo-ro rox(e paA. flocruorpnre: Kro eue noAo[IeJr x ,nane? Karaq
xourxa? flana y Ma,'reHbKoro Ma.rrbqr.rKa 6o,rlurofi, cu.rluuli. Ou pa6oraer Ha rpaKro-
pe. Ou ycra.l, floecr u 6yaer r.rrparb co cBoHM cuul.rurxofi. I,l HNa scer4 6yaer BeceJro.
Ilocuorprre, KaKfiMH BeceJ'IbIMr,r, cBer,rrbrMn KpacKaMu HapHcoBaHa xapruua. Oua
Ha3brBaercq <<CeMlq rpaKropncra>>. Xopouafl ceMbr, ApylKHan.
A xro H3 Bac AoMa BerrepoM r.rfpaer c nanori? Bo qro Bbr Hrpaere? Becero
naN,I 6lrsaer c narotl u lranrori 4onaa eeueporv?>>
PACC.foIATPI4BAHI4E PENPOAYKIII4I4 KAPTHHbI E. B. OKOPOKOBA
<NOfPAHHT{H14 KH>
( Cne4uattunoe saunrue )
llporpanrnrHoe coAepx(aHl,te. yLrr.rrb 4ereii nHuuareJrbHo paccMarpr.rBarb rrpo-
H3BeAeHHe, noHuMarb ocHoBHoe KoMno3HrruoHHoe nocrpoeHue. Bocnurursarl Hu-
repec K )K14BorrHCH. AxruuusnpoBarb cJroBapb'. .uAtcecrleHHbte, 6eccrpaanote, or-
gAilCHbLe, C./WenbLe.
MeroAnqecxlle npr{eMbr. Bcrynnre.nlHaq 6eceAa o6 apuur.r, BoeHHbrx. Coo6uteHue
Ha3BaHHq KaprxHbr u Qanau"run xyAox(Hl,tKa.
96
TpaKTOpr{cTa)>
B CeMbe Ma,rleHb-
BOnpOCu: <<KOro HapHcOBaJI xyAoxHHK Ha KapTHHe? KaK Ha3blBarorctl cor'lAaTbl'
KoTopbre oxpaHqror .p;l"U't Kro 'pa^orra c norp-aHI.IqHHKaMH oxpaHfler rpaHuuy?
Kaxde norp'aurvulu^ri la"""torr nofpaHnquuxu?>> (Ha uocry )
PACCMATPHBAHI4E PEnPOAyKUt4l'l KAPTLIHbI IO. I-I. KvfAt{A
<B CYEEOTY>'
( C netquanouoe sarutrue )
nporpauunoe coAep)KaHre. osHaxoMHrb Aereti c coAep)KaHHeM npoH3BeAeHutl'
Vquri nosutuarr po,'Ib UBeTa B KapTI'lHe, ycraHaBJI14BaTb cBfl3b MelKAy coAepxaHI'IeM
H Bbtpa3tITeJIbHbtMt4 CpeACTBaMH. BOCnutntsarl Sa6Or"IHBOe OTHoIIIeHHe K qJIeHaM
ceMbH, HHTepec K npoil3BeAeHHfM )KHBOIIHCH'
Ilpe^napurorsnis 6eceAa. BHqcHrart y Aerefi, KaK ApylKar u sa6orstcs q,'leHbl
sx cemeft Apyr o apyre, KaK [poBoArr BocKpecHble AHH'
MeroAnqecxilenpHeMb|.Bocnurare":IbpaccKa3blBaeT,qToBAepeBHepaHbue
B oafiH H3 BbtxoaHbix aHeri, n cy66ory' BCr ceMbr co6upaaacu BMecre' ronHJIH
6anlo, Kyna,,rgcb, noToM BCe nHJrH uafr. Taxyro ceMbrc u nso6pasu,'I XyAOXHHK
[o. n. Kytau Ha csoeli KaprHHe <B cy66ory>'
Bonpocu: <<Kax sbl AyMaere, 3ra- ceMbfl xHBer apy-xHo? 3a6orqrcq "lH oHH
opf;;pt;.1 nu^ *upr""6 aro sr4AHo? Kaxofi uBer 'peo6rraAaer? Hro Hapucoeauo
KpacHbIM uBeToM l)>
O6O6ufenue: << KpacHuti IIBer noMoraer xyAo)KHHKy noKa3arb, KaK Apy)KHo
*r".i i"noiq. oH o6osHaqaer renro' urap, apyx6y,3ro BcefAa paAocrb A xax
Bbt AoMa npoflBlfere sa6ory o cBoHX 6ausxux? -Kar moxuo y3Harb, uro t'tSO6paXeu'
Hafl xyaoxHnKoM ceMbr xr4Ber n,4epeaue? 9ro slt y3HaJlA o6 aroli ceMbe H3 KaprHHbl
Io. fi.'Kyraua <B cy66ory>>? 9ro-BaM noHpaBnrlocb o xaprrHe?>>
PACCMATPI,IBAHI4E PEnPOAyKUHI4 KAPTI4Hb'I t{. A. nonoBA
<|IEPBbII4 CHEf>
( Cnequanattoe sattnrue )
nporpanrmxoe coAepxaHfie. yqilTb Aerefi nouuMarb ocHoBHylo Mblcdtb IIpoH3Be-
AeHHfl XyAOXHIIKa H cpeAcTBa Bblpa3l'.ITeJIbHOCTH Ha OcHoBe aHailil3a "lofHqecKHx
Cnq3efi B KapTLlHe. Pageilnarn yMeHHe -3aMeqarb Kpacl4Boe B rlpllpoAe' Axrfinlasil-
poBarb cJroBapb: padocrnoui, ae'ce/Loui,6e,totn-6eno, KaK nepuHa naxolan, uedttenuo
u nnaSHo.
[|pe4rapureflbHag pa6ora. Ha6.nrcAegue 3a cHeroM, e|o cgoftcreaN{I4: HcKpf.
ufrnii,,-n".*uh, xaK nyruox, ysopvaruft, npospauHulft, rlaAaer nIaBHo, MeAd'leHHo'
flpoc,nyur nea une tuyarixu N1.- Kpyru IrKo ro << 3laMa >>'
MeroAxqecxHenpfieMb|.Coo6ureuueueJII]3aHflTt-lR:<<flonpo6yeunuecrepac-
aroipati Kapr'Hy 14. A. flonoBa <<flepBblti cser>> H BblrcHHrr,, r]ro xored'I cKa3arb
xyAo)KHHK>.
' Paccxas neAatora o KaprHHe: <<CeroAua yrpoM c"lyqnr'locb rlyAo - HI4KTo He
5 3aK 3027 P M HYurreoa
97
BECEAA O AAPAX [PtrPoAbr
pAC C,LrArp vr BAH t4 E pE qlqA y KIryU_KAprH Hb r 14. r . xpyuKo f o
<IJBETbI vr nnoilbl> -- --^
(Vacro sannrun)
"",*ng"T#Iilbre 3aAarrn. Vqurl4erefi nu4erb Kpacory rrBera H pa3"rr,qHbtx rrBero_
<I{eu_ ornaqarorcs HaryparbHbre Spyxru
re? Kaxoro unera Spyx'r;i ;;p;;'";'y
M Bb-t BHAUTe Kpacory raKofo coqeraHflf
He oo,'rbue noHpaBaJrocr? <Dopua KaKHX
BECEAA O MAME
PACCMATPI4BAHI,IE PENPONYS-ryq. {4PTI4HbI B. K. HEqI,ITAFI,IO
<HA NO,'IEBOM CTAHE; ^.-'
(Vacra saunrun)
HHMaTed'IbHo BCMaTpHBaTbcq B npoH3BeAe_
e c,'IoBo BoclraTared,tq: <<Bce BbI paccKa3bl-
HMeHa, fAe oHH pa60rarcr, xaxne ogu
98
BECEIIA O TPAHCIOPTE
PACCMATPI4BAHI,IE PEnPOAyKUI4I4 KAPTHHbI f. f. Ht4ccKofo
<HAA CHE|AMI4>
(Vacro sannrun)
nponpauuxbte 3aAaqg. vqurl Aereft..ycrauaBJIHBarb cBfl3b Mex(Ay coAepx(aHI1eM
r.r xoNrnosuuuefi npousaeAeHufl, Qopruoli ueo6paxeuHblx npeAMeroB'
MeroAnqecx[e npxeMbt. BcryntrelrHoe cJIoBo rleAafofa: <<Mlt c BaMI'l roBopl4M
o Bo3AytxHOM TpaHcnopre. fAe JIeTaOT ,rerquxn? Xorure noCMOTpeTb, KaK JIeTaloT
,"rur*, Ha Ceaepe, rAe cHer JIe)KHr, rAe se6O reltsOe? .KaXuru Bbl yBHAe'rIH
cauoler? B xaxoe BpeMfl AHq oH JIeTHT HaA cseraruu? A xax BbI y3HaJIIl?>)
O6o6qexne Bocnr{TaTeJrq: <<flocruorpuTe, KaK caMoJIeT Becb BbITqHyT, K_ax(eTcfl
AgAa.1'A JrerKHM, H Bcro KaprHHy xyAo)KHr.rK HaIIHcaJI Ha y3KoM rloJlorHe' He6o t{
;;;;" ysxofi no.nocoft, a nai:xay HHMr.r Jrerl.rr caMo,rrer - ;lerxuft, 6slcrpuft, 6e.nufi,
xpacnnuft>>.
,[H,[AKTHTIECKAfl nfPA (KAKOE BPEMf, CYTOK?>
(c ncnolreoBanreM penpoAyKqllll KaprHH xyAo)t(HtrKoB)
(Vacru saHnrun u.ou no.nHoe sannrue)
nporpaumnoe coAepxaxte. Vqurl Aereli sc.r\aarpLIBarbcs B rlpou3BeAeHHe, onpe-
AeJ,rflfl, B KaKoe BpeMf CyToK npO[cxOAI.IT AetiCreNe, nSO6paxeHHOe Ha KapTHHe;
BbrAeJrffTb cpeAcrBo Bbrpa3ureJrbHocrH - user. BocnttrblBarb llHTepec K npox3Be-
AeHHfl M llso6paeureJlbHoro HcKyccrBa.
npo"r".A'."l.ts HcKyccrBa Liq pa6_oru c AerbMH: M. K. KonHrUesa. <Carueun-
*uu, '(. fl.'koearr. "<Konu6e.nrnuri HaneB>, f. f._Hraccxuri. <HaA cHeraMH,
n.'8. ir.","apo"ona' <<Ha np,eMe y Bpaqa>>' B' M' BacHelros' <<AleHyurxa>>'
MeroAxqecxlle npfieMH. CosAarl flfpoBbre cHTyaUHH c LIrpy[IKaMH, orpa]Kal'ouIHe
r.{x [oBeAeHHe B pa3r'IuqHoe BpeMf cyToK.
Paccuorperb pa3rgr{Hbre penpoAyKU1r.r KaprHH, onpeAe,'IHB, KaKOe BpeMfl cyroK
ueo6paen.n xyAoxHHK. llo4uepxuyrb 3HaqeHHe qBera B IIpOLI3BeAeHHH.
PI'ICOBAHHE HA TEMY (qEJIOBEK>
PACCMATPI,IBAHI4E PEnPOAyKI-(\4H KA.PTHHbI IO. fl. KvfAt{A
<B CYEEOTY>
(no sannrur ultu ua sannruu)
llponpaumnbte 3aAaql|. <Doprr,rnponarl_y Aereli npocrpaHcrBeHHble o-pHeHrHpoBKI4.
M'ero4nqecxre npl{eMH. Bbnpicu: <Kro Hso6paxeH Ha xaprrHe? Hro Ae'laer
6a6ylrxa? Kax eH ysua.nu? Kaxoe y Hee [oJiloxeHHe reJla, roJIoB!!' py* ]'l HoI:'
Kro" saxoAr"." "n"'", or 6a6yurxr.r? Koro flp1aqecblBaer_ uaua? Kax crour ee
Aoqxa? A'r,qe HaxoAHrcq ee crapuaq Aoql? Kax ona rso6paxeHa? 3ro ApyxHafl
cenarq? Kax gH Ysua.nu?>>
<*
JIETIKA HA TEMY <OBOIIIH, OPYKTb|>
PAC CIIAT p uB AHL4E p E n poAy KUVI4 KApTr4 H n. il. KOH r{A,rroB c KOf O
u tr r. xpvu;iB+8?"t tSift' 14 n.rronbr>
( ilpedaapurenbHan pa1ora do eauarua)
llporpamnrnHe 32\aq,'. vqurr Aerefi BbrAeJrflrb 0opiury npeAMeroB, BHAerb HX
KpachBoe cor{eraHae. Brtseart x(e,[aHHe rloApax(arr, xyAo)r(HHKy.
Mero4 n ve c rre n p r{e M H " Bocn "r aien, ml*i: X d " #;;;; :;: Jf : ";ffif,,X:
Kpyrrryro (ona"rruyro, rpeyro,n rnyo i 6op_
)M/ A KaKHe uBera saa6o,ree-xpa6aio
Bbr cMofJlH 6H eHJerlHTb ara oBorulr H
CTAPI.UA' TPYNNA
PAC CA,TATP hB A HI{ E PE II POAY KIfI4VI KAPTI4 Hb I VI. 11. IX H III KH HA
<YTPO B COCHOBOM "TIECY>
( c ne tlua.tt utoe eanar ue )
llponpamunoe coAepx{anne. vqurr Aereli rroHzMarb coAepx(aHHe npoH3BeAeHHH,
BbrAeJrrrrb cpeAcrsa Bbrpa3r{TeJrbHocrr4 _ rlBer, KoM[o3,rr'ro. o;p;;;;;;;;;il_
r'r{ecKrle [peAcraB'rreH'fl o [papoAe. Bocnarrrsarb HHrepec K XABO,,HCr.' . Axtusu-
3HpOBarb cJroBapb: uedsei{ara, uanoarzuaue, ioarcue, uepuBble, HeaKrrnilcue,
Hacropo*eHHbre; ltec, npoHusaunotrt co/tHqe.M, ctLpoil, rng*iu, opeuguurt.
Mero4uvecrffe flpr{eMbr. Bcrynare.niHaq 6eceAa neAarora. Bcnousurr c /terbMH
cKa3KU, B Koropbrx paccKa3F,rBaroTcq cryqar4, IIpora3oueAlxHe c MeABexaraMr.r
n 6opy. BuauarenrHo paccMorperb c AerbMH Kaprr4Hy <<vrpo B cocHoBoM Jrecy>).
Bonpoc': <o veu xyAoxHHK paccKa3aJr u c"oefi *upr"n"!-no";;;;;.;i;,
r{ro o MenBe)Karax? rae a KaK pacloJro)(eHbr Ha KaprrlHe ue4nexara? A qro
Bbr Mo)Kere cKa3arb o Kax{AOM r'reAeexoHxe? Kaxrenru ,soopu--e- --vo"i-"ri-
vreAnexar? (vcrauoaxa rleAafora Ha rlpoH3HeceHke cJroB, rHToHarlHoHHo oKpaueH-
uux') l4e pe3Bflrcq MeABex{ara - B Jrecy HJ'H B 6opy? orxyaa BHAH., qro gro
r,ryxoti, rerranlrft 6op?^Oruero y Hac Bo3HHKaer paAocrHoe HacrpoeHr{e, ^orou t,,toi
cMorpHM Ha KapraHy? Iloxno JrH cKa3arb, uro 6op npo"".u" co,ruueu? A xax
MoxHo y3Harb, qro xyAo)KHux aso6pasan yrpo?
Paccxaxure, r{eM_ BaM troHpaealocl rpoH3BeAeH ue l,l. l.l. I]luu11;uua <<Vrpo
;":?."1:r""r ,Tecy>. Kax'e Bbr BcrroMHHrrH cKa3KH, M),3brKy, rrrrAfl Ha 3ro npo'3Be-
100
PACCMATPI4BAHY.E^;fi H3#5"u1?-[ffi lfffuE'Af ATIyHOBA
(Cnequamnoe saunrue)
nporpamrrlnoe coAepx(aH[e. llosuaKoMHrb Aereft c coAep]KaHHeM 6Hrosoro
xaHpa,yqHTbHXBblAeJIflTbocHoBHbIecpeACTBaBHpa3I4TeJIbHocTH-(BeT'KoMno-
,runito. Fuaurp"ro npeAcraBJreHr4fl o rpyAe B3pocJtbtx, 3aKpenJrflrb yMeHr're cBq3HO'
nocJIeAoBaTe,,IbHoH3JIaraTbcBoHMblcJIH,BocnI]TbIBaTbuHTepecKxI{BonHcI{'
pa3BHBarb rBopqecKoe no,o6pa>xeHl.te'
'--npul"upnri;rona" pa6ora. Sxcrypcua Aerefi ua crpol4TeJlbcrBo aoMa; 6eceAa
O TpyAe CTpOLITeJIeH; pHCOBaHI'Ie HaJeMy <<Ha crpolre.ltl-Cree xonofo AoMa>>' 9resue
xyAoxecrBe""o" n"t'.p;;tt;rr f. .IlournnH. uCiporrelx>, A. M. Mapxyura. ttKro
ru?>, paccxas o6 Hcropuu 3apo)KAeHHr fopoAa'
Meioluqec*xe npxeuu. BcrynnreJtbHaf 6eceAa: <<Kax usoro HoBbIx .u.oMoB
noflBHJlocb " "uta"'paftone! -io"op"t Boc[HrareJll.- Kro crpol'Ir lolaa? A.ltq
qero HyxHbr HoBbre Abrr^a? Paccr,,rorp'r,r *;p;;;y E. A. fa.nyHoea ..HoBbIfi paftoH
.fleHunrpa4a>.
"'- 'ffi;;*: <O qem paccKa3aJr xyAo)KHnK e xaprnue? flouelly BbI peTIHJII'I,
qro HMeHHo o6 atom?
(flpe4noxnrb AernM p-accKa3arb, KaK pacroroxeHbr "u -1111".1:-{3Y.?.1.]3i
"sodpdxenbt crpogreJlu.) Karoe HacrpoeHne nepeAaHo B KaprHHe xyAolKHHKoMi
noudry nu perun.nn, qro r.rMeHuo raxoe? (VrouHeuHe [eAafora o poJlu IIBeTa
B CO3AaHHH paAocrHoro n 6o4por.o HacrpoeHHfl.) Kaxrartru uao6paxeubl crpoHreJlH
Ha KaprHHel flouerury Bbl perrrl'ulu' r{To oHH uso6paxeubl My)KecrBeHHblMH' cH"Ib-
ttltt',t n ? >>
BOCnurarenl O6paU{aer BHI4MaHI{e Ha poJlb MLlMilKn, tlo3bl, xecToB B nepeAar{e
o6pa.on. llpe4nar.a6r AerqM noQaHraaapoBarb, o qeM AyMarcr crpoHrer'l,' croqul'e
Ha [epeAHeM n,'IaHe KaprHHbI.
liuem .,sxoxAeHuqn B Kaprr.rHy c ycraHoBKofi sa pa3BepHyroe Bblpa3,re,'lbHoe
""t"*iaoi"u"le, ..Bot Bce BHHMareJIbHo paccMorpeJl', r{ro Iaso6paxeHo Ha Kaprl'lHe'
o qeM oHa. A renepl Aaeaftre MbrcJreHHo np^eAcTaBI4M, r{TO Mbl HaxoAHMCfl "3-^atl_ol;
re.nrgofi nJlouraAlie. t{ro sbt c.illtuure? C qerra MoxHo cpaBHLTb lIIy-M^Ha SToH
nnourua*ai A xax Bbt AyMaere' qro 3Aecb 6u'no Ao npaxoAa crpoarelefi? Onuurnre'
KaKHM Bbt Ce6e npeACr-ae.nneTe 3To MeCTO, c qeM ero Mox(Ho cpaBHI{Tb' qeM OHO
oTJrHqaeTcf or Nso6paxeHHofo Ha KaprHHe. Kro napyruul noxoli H rI'ILXHHy
oKpecrHblX JIecoB JleannrPa4a?>>
' Bocnnrare,,rb ltpea,,Iafaer AerqM IIpHAyMarb Ha3BaHHe KapruHbl (npeAycmorperu
3JIeMeHTbl copeBHoBaHHfl - KTO ryl{ue, ToqHee, HHTepecHeer '
PACCMATPI4BAHI'IE PEn POAyKUI4I4 KAPTI4 Hbr Vr. E. PEnI4 HA
<CTPEKO3A>
(Cnequananoe saHflrue)
nporpaunrnoe coAep)KaH[e. yqr,rrb Aereft uosnMarb noprperHuft )KaHp xl'tBo'
nHcH, ero coAepX(aHHe I,I BbIpa3I,ITeJIbHble cpeAcTBa' oTHorlleHHe xyAo}I{HHKa K
oOputy. <DoprnlNfoaarb 3MorltroHaJrbHylo H 3crerl4r{ecKylo or3blBq'Bocrb Ha npon3Be-
aeHHq, BbI3bIBarb co6crBeHHbIe accouHauHH'
t0l
lerbMH, r{ro raKoe rroprper (nyreu cpaBHe_
neAafofa: <<Cero4ua nocMorpr/M rroprper
3r,1,'t cBoro 4out. XyAox{HHK Ha3Ba,r aior
Boupocu: <Kax abr AyMaere, nor{eMy xyAoxHr* HapHCoBa,.r [oprper csoefr Ao-
r{epa H Ha3BaJr ero <crpelo3a>>? (3nyurr nlcul .ctperiosir, naysuxa'M. Kp;c6;,
c,'roBa M. K,loxonori.) c,ruu're uyslrxy? oHu ,bxe-i"'"rp"^o.". BosMoxHo,
3Ta My3brKa [oMor-,[a saNa HarirH orser? !,aaafire BMeCTe HCKarb orBer B cauoti
AeBor{Ke. flocuorp^zre Ha ee ,rr,uo, f,,ra3a; KaKae onu? Kaxoe HacrpoeHr.re Br,r_
palKeHo sa luue? ^A :to eu,e roBopr,r B KaprilHe o xopoueM HaCrpoeHHH
AeBor{Kr.t, o paAocrHoM, Bece,,roM AHe, o }KapKoM JrerHeM cols,te? Kr;;-;.r;6*p;
,*eH Ha Kaprr4He ryr, Ha Qone xoropofo HanHcaH noprper Aoqep' xyAoxu'xa?
A nouenay n,rarle AeBoqKr.{ He euAenqercrr Ha eoue ,ryra? (VrouHeuue nenarofa
O pa3,'lHqHbIX OTTeHKaX 3e,'leHOfO qBeTa B COrleTaHHr4 C 6,rnXaUu )KeJTTO_3O,1OTr4CTOI0
Ha Jryry H B n,rarbe. flo4uepxnyrb, qro raKoe xe coqeraHHe Mbr HaxoAr4M H B oKpacKe
crpeKo3br, Koropyrc He cpa3y 3aMeruub na,,ryry.) A uoxuo Jtu tro oAe)KAe y3Harb,
rarua c BaMr4 coBpeuessaua? fAe caAar
HHK HaIIZcar.r cBoto Aorlb crzAf [leri gllcoxo
A ,rryroM a rony6ou npocrope? Kax sH
/IOX{HO Jlr4, tl,tflAn Ha KapTAHy, OTBeTI,tTb
06o6uenne IIeAarona: <<{eeouxa Hanr4caHa KpynHbrM rrJ.raHoM Ha eoue 6eso6,raq-
)o!'lHI1eM LI CBeToM. Kaxercq, rlTo oHa
TOIO KapThHa BOCnpuHr.rMaeTcf nerxoti,
:yAoxHaK nepeAaer ceon "rrrc6osb K nor{e_
:Hr.rK Ha3Ba,T cBoro KaprHHy <<Crpexosa>?
rcKoBo, txyTJIr.t BO Ha3brBaroT poAnre,ra?
rroprper>>.
pACCrlATpr,rBAHr4E lg.n_p_ozvKrlr4u KApTt4Hbr B. &1. BACHETIOBA
<I4BAH_UApEBI4r{ HA CEPOM eO,rIxE,
( Cnequa,ttnoe saHtuue) ,
llporpamrunoe coAepxaHre. flosuaKoMr4rb 4erefi c xyAo)<Hr4Konn B. &1. BacHe_
(oBbrM: rroKa3arb ero flopTper, paccKa3arb o rBopr]ecrge. yurro loHuMarb cKa3oq_
HoCTbcoAepXaHI,If,po/IbnpHpoAbIBnepeAaqeCocToflHHflfepoeB;.a.peuvqzti
rrlec c Mou-(HbIMH crBo,'raMa-a cyrrbrMr.l rroKa3brBaer, KaK ,p"uo*"o-il;;;r_i;;;;;;;
u Bacnnzce flpexpacnofi. v,{ziu .ur.uuro KpacuBoe .ou"rr"""'ipr.*.'plrl;;;;i
HHTepec x uso6pasvtreJrbHoMy HcKyccrBy, 6unrrr"r.-go*rror"urb 3crerr.rqecKne
r{yBcrBa H yBa)KeHne K rpyAy xyAoxuaxa.
A_KrHBu3HpoBarb cJroBaplo: dpeugauu, caeonuoeote, rcadtrau.
MeroAnqecxue npneuu. pacbxai neauioiu-,'",,c;;;^;;;; 3aHnrt4. Mbr c BaMh i
rro3HaKoMr.rMcq c 3aMeqarer'rbHbrM xyAoxHl.rKou. 3ro Brlxrop &laxari,,roBz; b;;;;_ i
uog' Ero oreq 6u,r cBqIqeHHAKOM, OH XOTe,', qro6u aor" ,o*a crar cBqr{eHHHKOM. l
Ho Bilxrop llHxar?rosHr{ oKoHr{Hr.I A*ra"t"16, xvnox{ecrg ()r+ 'euq n ntraqrL vl
o. xH3HH B3pocJrbrx ,rro4eri. Orn xapruul
lvlr.ixaHroBr.ruy uao6opor. 9acro JreroM ol
t02
A6pauueno, y cBoero Apyra caselr I4saHosr.{qa MalaoHrosa. 3Aecs 6nl,ra o'{eHl
Kpac,Baq rp,poAa. Boi<"pyn ,rec, fAe pocJII'r Mofyque Ay6t't, crpoftHue co^cHbl'
li g;*iopy fuftii*no""qy 3axorerTocb rtt'tcarb Kapr'Hbl Ha cloxerbl cxasox' O4uy
H3 HHX MbI ceroAHf puaitotp"t. Kro AoraAarctl, KaK Ha3bIBaeT,Cq- -zra xapruua?
A xax Bbt y3Har'tu, qro ora Kapruxa Ha reMy napoAuofi cxasxfl? 9ro^ aUpaXaer
,rHUo 14saHi-Uapenuua? Bacu,lr.tcu? Paccxaxr4re o6 oAexAe I'epoeB>). (O6lacueHIae
neAarora, qro 3Haqar cJIoBa <<casbflHoBblfi xa$raH>')
' Vro.{Heurae o Kpacore coqeraHr.rfl KpacoK: <fllarse -y Bacu,rucbl 6Jlecrq[ree,
ro,ly6oe, xopotxo ioqeraercq c 3oJlorl.tcruu r<a$rauoNa l4eaHa-llapeBnqa' YLuskl'
red,rbHo Kpacr.rBbt u CaQlauoBble Ca[oxKH. PaccMorpxTe BHI4MaTeJIbHo npHpOAy'
9ro ruoxuo cKa3arb o neir? Helpoxo4utuufi 4penayql4fi ,lec c MOIIIHbIMI'I CTBOJIaMI'I
AepeBbeB - rpyAHo rpo6parbcr reponl\{ cKa3KH. Kaxoe Hacrpoelxe "":::-11:l
KorAa cMorpHM Ha aio npousaeAeHue? C)r,rero Bo3HI4Kaer cocroqHxe rpeBorl4/
Kax ero loKa3ar,t xyAoxullx? A xaxuu ueo6paxeu BoJIK B xapruue? Paccxaxure,
I-ITO )KACT 3THX TEPOCB>.
PACCMATPI,IBAHI4E PEnPOAyKUHI,I KAPTI4HbI B. M. BACHEUOBA
<A.TIEHYIIIKA>
(Cne4uanouoe 3aHnrue)
llporpamrunoe coAepxaHre. flpoAo.nxarb 3HaKoMLIrl Aerefi c rBopr{ecrBoM
B. /v1. B'acneuona. Paccxasarl o Tperuxoecxoft faJlepee - xpynuefiIUeM My3ee
pyccKOI9 TBopqeCTBa. Vqurl BblAeJIfTb rJIaBHoe B IIpog3BeAeHI'IH, AaBaTb ncHxOJlorfi-
r{ecKyro xapaKrepncruxy o6pasy A,'leuyurxu (rpycruatl- fleqa"IbHaq, cKop6Hafl) ;
IroHr,rMaTb po,,tb nel{3a)Ka B IIepeAar{e coCTOflHun iepol. Pagsasarn Ha6"IIOAaTeJIb-
HOcrb, yMeHI.Ie COlrepelKl4Barl.'Oopul't pOBarb 3CTerHqecKoe BI4,U.eHile' BoCnHrHearl
HHTepec K H3O6pa3HTe/'IbHOMy I'ICKyCCTBy.
Marepnan: pelpoAyKunrr Kaprr.rHbr <<A.ueuyurxa>>. oororpaQun z!:auun Tperu-
rrKoBcKofi raJlepet4.
MetOAuqeciHe npfieMbl. BOnpOcu: <<.[letu, KTo I'I3 XyAo)KHHKoB IIHca"I KapTI'tHbl
Ha cKa3or{Ho," atotnaror? Kaxyro^ KaprHHy Mbl yx<e paccuarplea'nu?
o6parure BHr4MaHHe Ha 3ry KaTrnHy: Kro 3Haer, KaK oHa Ha3blBaercq? lloueuy
Bbr peuuJrr{, uro <<A"neHyuKa;? iae i KaprHHe xyAox{HI'IK Ilao6pasln- 4enouxy?
PaCiuOrprare BHI4MaTe'lbHo Kaprl4Hy LI_-paCCKax(I{Te, KaKOft Hao6p-axeHa AleHyurxa'
(lleuanluaa, rpycrHarr, cKop6Har:) Kax o_Aera Aneuy_urxa? O6parure BHIIMaHI'Ie
Ha HSII4 AeBor{KH-cHpoTKu; KaKHe oHH? (Vcralue, o6HTbIe o Aopo)KHbIe KaMHa
na,lrqu.) Kax npupo4a coqyBcrByer AeBoqKe/>)
Vroqlrente neAanora: uflbcrtroipnre Ha eJIotIKI4 - oHH Apo)Kar' I4u oqesl xa'rl
6e4nyrc cfipoTy. A xe"nrue JII4crl.lKI{ ocHHbI cMoTptlT Ha _AeBoqKy' BOT-BOr cop-
eyrcn u ca4yr eri sa rrd'requ. O6parure BHr4MaHue Ha He6o: qro MoxHo cKa3arb
o'He;? (Xnrypoe, flacMypHee, Ka)Kercfl, r{ro ceftqac cKarflrcfl Ha IIreqH A"nenyurr'r
Cr,Ie3r4HKH AOX(Afl, peqKa HeIOABLI)KHafl, BOAa reuUan.) KaXUe qyBCTBa BbI3bIBaeT
V BaC A,reuyurxa? Kaxue UBeTa noMorJ'lll xyAoX(HHKy co3AaTb HacTpOeHI'le ile-
,{arra? A qr<i 6u ugrueHn,rocb B KaprHHe, ecJIIl 6bt xyAo}I(HHK no4o6pa,r cBer,'Ible
KpacKI], JIec npoHH3a.l 6u coJIHeqHbIMH ,.IyI{aMH, e,'IKI.I 6bUIu 6u cgeuo-geJIeHbIMI4,
a BoAa - ro.ny6ofi H npo3pal{Hofi? Ec,'r_u 6st saN4 B X(H3HH npnuJlocb BcrperHrb
TaKyIo AeBoqKy, KaK 6bI BbI fiocry[H,'II4/>)
103
- floras QororpaQuz, aso6paxanulefi 3AaHr4e Tperlaxoncxou ra.nepeu: <<oro
6onuu-tofi n,'ysefi' rA9 MHoro-^,'Horo Kapr'H pyccKHX.xyAoxHHKoB. Tau ecrr Kapr,HbI
14. 11. l'uuxzHa, B. M. Bacueuosa. Kaprraun <<A,leuyurxa r, , ,,ii'uil";;;#;;,
cepoM BoJIKe> HaxoAflrcfl s srofi ra,lepee. Ilovenay oua uasHsaercr tperin'xo"a*ori,
q BaM celiqac.paccKaxy. Msoro r,rer Ha3aA, eue lrpa rlape, x(HJr s Mocxne oAr,rH
oqeHb 6oraruri qe,'roBeK, os ,rn6u,r Kapr'Hbr. nepexno'ipaHrzJr ax. Ero ,"1n"
flasen Mhxai4nosuv Tpertrxoe. BN{ecre co cBoHM 6parona cepreeu oHH locrpor,rJlr.I
3TO KPACI,IBOC 3AAHI4C CI]CqIAJIbHO A,'I'I BbICTABOK KAPTIIH. 'IIASC,T M";;;;;;;"
He rorrbKo ,rrc60sa"1cq KaprHHaM:| cau. ou oxorHo npr.rurrn rocrefi. A norou
r-r BoBce rroAapu,T aror AoM BMecre c KaprHHaMr4 BceM ,,rroAflM. Kaxairri,-xro
'a,leperc a yBrjAerb npeKpacHbte KapTHHbr.
lra gTa rad'repeq Ha3BaHa TperlRxoecxofi,
reuyurra>>? fAe xpaHqrcfl KapruHbr Bacse-
cepoM SO,'tKe>>?>
PACC&IATPI4BAHHE IP-IIOAYKIfVIVI KAPTVI HbI A. A. |I,IACTOBA
<YXI4H TPAKTOPI4CTOB>
(Cnequanonoe sannrue)
llporpamunoe coAepx(anne. Vqarl AoruKoJrbHHKoB loHr.rMarb cyrb Kaprr.rHbt,
o6ocHosr,rsan nu6op cpeAcrB BbrpasuredrrbHocrr4. Oopr"po"urb orleHoqHbte orHo-
[IeHHfl K npoH3BeAeHHflM HCKyccrBa. Bocnnrltaars ,'iro6oeb K 3eM,rre, sa6orrasoe
orHolreHlle x 6nagxan ,llonqM.
AxrueusupoBarb c,rroBapb: nawHn, rpaKropucrb., nauar, se,Lt,,tn-Kop.uunur,ra.
MeroA[.recx]re rlptleMH.'Bocnnrare,rl coo6uaer Ha3BaHue Kaprr.tHbr, eavunurc
prnHa? floveny Bbr peufi,rrfi, r{To }rMeHHo
flouenry rax?>>
{HrK Ha3Ba/'r KaprHHy He <<Vxau rpaKTo-
qefo oH HaillncaJr cBoHX fepoeB ua SoHe
o6o6rqenne: <<XyAoxHnK Harruca.l .BOHX fepoeB ua $oue poBHo gcnaxa'Hofi
3eM"rlz, oH HaM xorer't paccKa3arb o roM, KaK arr{ iltolu'6epexHo z c ,rto6oglrc
orHocrrrcfl x ceoeri 3eM/'re, o6pa6arunaror ee. oHH,rrc6qra"olo ,"rnr, BbrpaurHBarcT
Ha ueli xne6, 3eM!'rs A,,rq Bcex rloAeft KopMH,,rHrIa. Tpaxiopracrbr, orerr H ero
cbtH, xoporxo, Ao6pocosecruo o6pa6arnsanr 3eM.rrn, BHr,Ho, qro oHH Hacroflulne
Tpy)KeHHKI,t r.t xo3neBa csoeli 3eM,tH>).
BonpocH: <flouevy xyAolKHHK Hanr4ca,l rpaKToprcroe cnoxoriH btMH H Morqa,rH_
eltn{H? Kax sH AyMaere, Aod'Ifo ,'IH fipoAd'ruTcfl orAr,rx-TpaKropr4p"o"l A nouanoy
xyAo)KHr4K 3axore,l HaM paccKa3arb o rpaKTOpHCTaX? 3aqenr xyAoxHr.rK Ha11HCadr
eu{e H AeBOqKy, r{To oH STHM XOTe,'l cra:alt?>>
faer oruy u 6paty; oHa xorrr r.r Ma,,reHbKarr
b, HO OHa npHu,'la Ha [o,rte H npt4Hec,,Ia
t. KAKZq AeeoqKa?>)
lu,'r xyAoxHHK Ha xaprune? floveiray au
o/'rHue ocBeu-(aer rroAefi? fae a xapraHe
) B KaprilHe_ pe3r{o orr'rilqaercrr Apy.r oT
ruli ,ryr.) Kaxuu ,'rexur no,re? Kaxurvr
104
r.r3o6pax(eH ryf? Ec,rtl 6lr gH oKa3aJ'rncb BMecre c repoqMu KaprHHbl, qro 6ut Bbl elqe
yBr.rAeJrr{ Ha IIoIe, qro ycJlblua,'la, o qeM 6u cnpocz.nu rpaKTopl.rcron? Paccxa)Kl4re,
nOIleMy B a M nOHp aBI'tr'IOCb 3TO IIpOI'I3 BeAeHI4e >>'
PACCMATPI4BAHI4E PEnPOAyKILVTVT KAPTI4HbI Vl. C. ocTPovxoBA
<3OIIOTAfl OCEHb>
(Cnequananoe 3aHflrue)
Ilporparrrnrxoe coAep)KaHlre. Bugnarl y nereft sMoul.loHar'lbHoe orHolxeHne K Kap-
TIaHe, gCTeTLIT{ecKoe BI4AeHHe flBileHVH npHpoAbl. Pagnusarl y Aerefi noo6paxeuue,
TBOpqecTBo, yMeHve BI,IAeTb B )KHBOIIHCI{ CpeACTBa Bblpa3HTer'lbHocTl',I - UBeT OT
spKoro Ao reMHoro, soprury or Me,'lKofi 4o xpynHofi
' AxrHs1rSupOBarb c,'tOBapb: seneHoBarbLe, sor'LorucTorc, 6eno6orcue CopoKu, Asop-
qQTbte.
BocnurHsarb r.rHrepec K Aa,'rbHeft ureMy paccMaTpHBaHHIO nell3a)Ka.
llpe4napurerbHac pa6ora. Ha6,rnAesue Ha nporyd'IKe np]r3HaKon ocenuefi npu-
po4"t. 5*"*ypc"" B cKBep vJtA porrly: P,cosaHHe oceHHet'o AepeBa (6epesl-1,
i<"rena; . PaccuarpuBaHLIe 'v"r,rrccrpaUufi (pasHux xyAoxHI'lKon) - oceuune neft-
3ax(H.
MeroAuqecxne npfieMH. flpouurart AerrrM crr.txoTBopeHHe 06 oceHH:
OceHn. O6cutnaercq Becb uaru 6eaur,til caa,
,rlucrlq no)KeJ'rrerble no Berpy ,lerar
JlHUil eAank Kpacylorcfl, TaM Ha AHe AoJ'II.iH'
Kucru npxo-xpacHbte anHyutl'lx pa6nH
A To;rcroft
6eCeAa no coAep)KaHHIo crllxoTBopeHnf : <<Kaxue cTpoqKH H3 crHXorBopeHI'ltl
oco6eHHo noHpaBl4,rl{cb BaM? flouerray HMeHHO 3TH CrpoqKH?
floaru n nucarerz c,'toBOM nepeAalor Kpacory oceHl't. Blt yc,ruula,lH ceftqac
crllxorBopeHr,re 06 oceHr4 H qcHo ce6e npeAcraBHJtrr oceHHee yrpo, 3oJlorylo JII.rcrBy,
roHnMyro BerpoM. A xyAoxnuKu flepeAaror Kpacory oceHn Ha l]o,'lorHe KpacKaMH-
Mu c narrau paccntatpr.ruaJ'rr.r MHofo r.rJr.[rocrpatluit o6 ciceHl4, a celiqac nepeA HaMI4
pelpoAyKur{l xapruHu xyAo)KH}rKa. Kapruua, ua xoropot? ltso6paxeHa npupoAa,
Ha3blBaercf rteft3ax(eM. CeroAHq Ha saHrTuLI Mbl paCcMoTpHM penpoAyKUlllo Kap'
TItHbI (<3oJ'loratt oceHb)> xyAo)KHI'IKa I4. C. OcrpoyxoBa)>.
BonpOCu no coAeplKaHHn KapraHst: <<9ro Bbl BHAHTe Ha KapTI'lHe? 9ro zeo-
6paxeHb Ha IIepeAHeM n.ltaHe? Kaxue 4epensn? Kaxoe BpeMq roAa H3o6pa)KeHo
Ha KaprgHe? Ilocnaorpnre BHHMare,'rbHo H cKalKHTe, qro caMoe flpKoe B Kaprl]He.'
A xar MoxHo cKa3arb o6 erux ,'tucrbtlx? Kaxue KpacKH HcIIoJIb3oBan xyAoxultx?
(Jlncrra KJreHa fi 6epe3br )Kerrbre, oHH cJroBHo cBertlrctl; rTHcrbr ycr,'la"lH_ Bclo
aerrurc.) !,a, cpe4n xeJIrbIX d'tHcTbeB KJIeHa H 6epeau ecrb rI Apyfue,'lHcrbf. Karne
oHu? (Bnepxy 3e,teHoBaTbte, a BHH3y H Ha 3eM,'le MHofo KpacHoBaTblX' KopHqHeBblX'
opaHxeBblx.) Bu [oqyBcrBoBaJru, qro or arHX JIHcrbeB HaM craHoBuTctl ren,lee.
flouenay? BeAl xyAoxHr4K r.1306pa3r.rr paHHee yrpo, coJIHIIe eilIe He 83otrlJIo' a or 3rHX
Jlr4crbe; cBerJro.-(Xe,rruri rlBer - apxufi, Tert,'tbtti. Ou apxo BblAeJltlerctl Ha reMHoM
QOHe aeunu, qepHbtx crno,roa.) Kax ell AyMaere, qro xyAolKHHK xore,'l grHM llo-
r05
cKa)KuTe,oI{eMBaMnoAyMa,locb,oqeMMeqTa,'IocbI4JII4BCIloMHIlJlocb'KoIAa
Bbr cMoTpeJIH Ha Kaprl'lHy. qeM IIoHpaBI4"lacb BaM KapTI'IHai>
B Aa.tlHeftruer *oxno opfaHI.{3OBaTb.BbICTaBKy KapTI'IH xyAoxHI',lKOn-neligaxuc-
TOB C IIEJIbIO 3AKPCTId'IEHVfl 3HAHLILI AETCH'
PACC&IATPL{BAHI4E PEnPOAyKUI',I4 KAPTI4HbI
K' c' IETPoBA-BoAKHHA
<YTPE HH I4 l'l HATITCPIIOPT>
(Cnequatouoe sannrue)
llporparrlruHoe coAep)Kaune. vqurs Aerefi fioHl'lMarb 3crerl'lqecKylo IIeHHOCTb
HarropMopTa, BHAerb xpacory coqeraHHf Qoprrrl u IIBeTa- Passusarl rBopllecKo€
eoo6faxeuue, 3crerurlecxilfi exYc'
MeroAuqecxfie [pHeMbt. Bciynurer,rbHaf 6eceAa o TOM, KaKHe XI'IBOIITICHbIe
nDor.r3BeAeHHsHa3blBalorcrHarlopMopraMH'fIpe4'roxnrbnocMorperbHarlopMopr
Kl C. n"tpoea-BoAxllHa <<VrpeuHufi Harnpnopr>>'
Bonpocu: <<flouer,,,y xyAox(HI4K H?3Bitrt ,ipo^tu",qenue <<VrpeHuufi Harropuopr>>?
Nloxuo ,'Irl y3Harb o6 arou, rJIflAr Ha Ki
6eceAa: <<Blt yxe paccKa3aJll4' t{To H3(
qro Kpacl.rBoro yBl'lAer xyAoxHI'lK B 3rl'lx
)TrzM Bet{aM y3Harb qro-.llu6o o qeJIoBe-
ccKa)KHTe, r.rTo Ka)KAbtti npeAuer foBopl4T
A, *to eure nso6paxeH Ha uarrcpltopre?
oHa r aKafl neqa,tsHaR?>>
Paccxae neAafofa o poJlI.{ uBeTa B HaTopMopTe, xoropstfi co3AaJI oUl.yUIeHHe
,tcHoro, cnoxofruoro, au"*"ao yrpa. flpospauuue, r'lefKl4e I{BeTa Bbl3blBaloT cocTog-
Hue raxofi paAocrll a HeMHox{Ho rpycrlr'
|Ipe4.noxurbAeT'IMpaccKa3aTboToM,KaKoeyHI.rXBo3Hl4Kd'IoHacTpoeH[e
npu paccMarpl'lBaHI'lH AaHHOro npol{3BeAeHHfl'
PAC cMAr P u B A H I4 E t,lTfi Rf "^["rybi{A>P r 14 H br B A c E Po BA
(Cnequanonoe sannrue)
llporpamuxoe coAepxaxne. vqurl Aerefi qepes Bocflpl'tflTHe noprpera IIoHI4Marb
cocTofHHe 14 HacTpoeHHe qe./loBeKa, noAKpeIIJIfg cBoH BblBoAbl cpeAcTBaMH Bblpa-
arraninoa"r.. OoprutpoBarb BHLIMareJtbHoe, qyrKoe orHoueHI'le K alo,u,f,M' 3crerl4qec-
KHe CyxAeHHf.
llpe4oapnrcflbHac pa6ora' Paccuorperu Qororpa$1lr1grefi' BblAe"ll'lB 14x sMouH-
OHA,'IbHOEHACTPOEHHC,CXCMbINSO6PAXCXI'IflMI'IMHKHJIHIIA'
MerOAnqecxna npne*"r. BcrynrireJlbHatl 6eceAa o ToM' AJIR qer. co3Aal.Tcfl
noprp.ril I-lpe^noxiarb AerflM BHHMareJrbHo nocMorperb Apyr Ha Apyfa H paccKa-
3aTb, qTO oHH y3Ha"lH o cBOeM ToBapHU{e' rJIqAfl Ha ero JIHUO'
107
llpe4"roxarb BHr4Mare,rrbHo rrocMorperb Ha rroprper Muxvt noposoaa.
Bonpocu: <t{ro sbr cpa3J y!u/.e!y,_ KorAa rrocMorpe,,rH Ha noprper? vro
MoxHo cKa3arb o ero nraqe? iO6pararl BHuMaHHe Ha r,nasa, ry6u,6ponu.)
A qro o pyxax? A xaxas y Hefo oaexaa? (;,f ;;;";irl""., roqeMy xyAox(HHK
Hanrca,'r ::l1ryt _Muxu Moposona Ha reMHoM QoHe?i, -
l lpeA,'ro)Kfiro la-llr loQaurasvpoBarb, r{ro )Ke raKoro Heox{r4AaHHoro, TaHH-
crBeHHoro' xHrepecHoro yBI4Aer Ma/lbtIHI{. 'n.notn-i .o"oiu"""ua cnyrra1 uJtH Hg ,
JrHTeparvpHOno nDoH3BeAeHr.rfl, KOfAa y HUX 6U,ro raxoe- )Ke cocroqH,e, KaK y
&luxir &idpo3oBa, Koroporo vrso6pasnn xyAoxHHK B. A. Ceooa. ,
PACCMATPVI BAHI4E PEIIPOAY KITI4II KAPTI4 HbI M. B. HE CTEPOBA
<noprpET CKy"rtb[TopA B. U. nixunon,
( C neLquana uoe sannrue )
[Iponpauunoe coAep)Kanre. vqurl 4erefi rroH,Marb cocroqHr4e, HacrpoeH'e
npoLI3BeAeHHq, BbrAerflTb ero ocHoBHyro HAero H cpeAcrBa ee Bbrpax(eHHq. Bocnfitut- .]
Barb yBa)KeHHe K 'IIIoAflM TpyAa. <Dopn,'aponarb 3crerur{ecKue r{yBcrBa or Bocnp,qr,fl
npou3BeAeHufi ucxvccrBa H BAoxHoseHnoro rpyAa ,rrcAeri.
MeroAuqecxre hpreuu. B";t;;;;;;"u, 6"C"a" ; ";;, xro raxori cKyrbnrop,
KaKHe rIpoI43BeAeHI'tfl cKyr'rbnrypsl 4errz 3HarcT, KTo noMHHr, KaKaf cKyJlbnrypa
fi"dftT:" clt MBorroM KHHocTy AHH <<,&locQu,rrlr r,' rru- r." ^.*yr"nrypa HaxoAr.rrc, y
.rrTrT:tH?.X""tJ"rperb noprper cKyr'rbnropa B. l{. xlyxurioft, xoropufi Hant4-
"u ntoofloo".;?;t{to Ka}KAoMy H3 Bac cpa3y 6pocu,,locs B r,,ra3a, KofAa Bbr nocMorper,r'
o6o6ulerue ne'arora: <<Xy4oxuux noKa3a,rr B r,r,rle crir,ry, HanpglKeH,e, MbrcJIb.
o6parure BHHMaHHe Ha cJrHflHHe pyK cKyJrblropa a ero pa6oru. rlenosex necl
o, H, KaK B cKa3Ke, fis_noA sonue6nHx pyK xyA;xHH;;
)AeHue HCKyCCTBa, cKyJrbnTypa>.
oBHbrMH uBeraMH Hanr.rcaH noprper B. H. Myxr.ruoft?
rpt4 ocHoBHbrx r_(Bera _ uepnilfi, 6enufi , *pui"i,ni
lnerou ? >>
<<Vepes rIBer xyAoxHHK Bbrpa3fl,,r ocHoBHyro Mblc,,rb
BJreqeHHocrb, BAoxHoBeHae, raopuecxuli npolei. pu6o-
lccKa3aJr xyAo)KHr.rK /Vl. B. Hecrepoe cnoefi xapruHofi?
noprper?>>
flqr. MHI{rb, KaKoe y unx 6unaer HacrpoeHle, KorAa oHH JIe_
pAcc'lATpr,I BAH r4E pE n_pon yKllr,l g ^LA3Tr4 Hbr H. n. E pbr urE BA
<X"TIE6HOE NO,TIE>
(Cnequanonoe sannrue)
llporpauuHoe coAepx(anue. Vqurs 4ereft noutMarb ocHoBHyro r4Aerc npor.r3Be_
AEHHR' YCTAHABJIHBAfl CB'I}H ME}KAY COAEPXAHI'IEM H CPEACTBAMI.I BbIPA3I{TCJIbHOCTI,I.
r08
o x,1e6e.
Meto4uuecxne nplleMH' fleAaror npeA"laraer AerflM nocMorperb
o IIOJIflX, c KOTOpblx npl4ue"l K HaM x're6', t't o r'lloAflx' KOTOpble
npoH3IleAeHUH
BbrpauHtsaKlT
lr.rJr xvAOXHl'lK B cBoeM npoH3Be/IeHHI'l'
, nu cxasa,'lu? I-loueuy Bbl peilnilu' qro
ry qepe3 c)Karoe no,re? Kax paiMecrt'lJ
rrnH,'Koropble Bcrpeqanr xilu6aiixepclR/
Bcrpeqalor MyxqHH xne6ont u cor'IbK) Ha
)Ba: TOpxecTBeHHO,,''IacKoBO, AytrjeBHO'
crporo, npa3AHHI{Ho.
PACCMArPHBAHhE.flTorodu[tTI4 KAPrr',{Hbr A r]'r
<HA POAHOI'I 3E'Vlr'IE>
(Cne4uaaauoe Lannrue)
[IponpamunoecoAepxanrre.IlpoAoJl)KaTbyt{HTbAereIinoHIluaTbcpeAcTBaBblpa-
3I,tTe,,IbHocTI,r, ucnorr,3yeMble xyAo)KHI.lKoM, cituocroqreJ'lbHo otipeAe'ltlrf' ocHotsllyK)
t"tilt;#fiiltlTi";"" Bapb: npocropot neo,ospulilble, neoenndnate' neoSnnrnorc'
wupoKue.
'MetolnqecKHe nplleMbl' floxae Kaprul
BonPocur: <A qro- PaccKa3ar'lH o
nso6paeu.nu geNa,rrc? Kax oslt ilepeAalrlu
--- - 06o6uraHI'le neAarora: <<XyAoxHt'rxn
3eMJIe, ee npocropaM' Oua "rrc6ynrcr
)Au Ha xaplaue? flocuorpure ga 'rroAeri'
,""re. Kai xyaoxHl'lKy yAarocb lloKa3arb
;;;";;;? iiouemy ae"oux" rax sece"I.?
9ro 6u BbI ycJ'lbItua'lll' roqyBcrBoBar'lH'
l.n.ect? Kaxoe Bo3HHKJ'lo y Bac HacrpoeHl'Ie'
ue?>>
'HOe oTHOlileHHe K sTOMy IIpOl',l3BeAeHHIO'
KaKoe oHo BbI3Baro qyBCrBO'
t09
PACCMATPHBAHI,IE PE|IPOAY KL\UU KAPTI4HbI A.
<y MoPq>
( C ne 4ua.qonoe saunrue )
A. AElflHEKT4
llponparnuuoe coAepx(arne. Vqa* Aereri nosuMarb ocHoBHyro Mbrc,,rb rrpo'3Be_
AeHHfl' BbIAe"Iqrb collua,'IbHylo 3Har{r'tMocrb KaprHHbr, ycraHaB,'IHBarb B3ar4MOCBq3b
MC)KAY COACPXAHHEM KAPTfiHbI H CPCACTBAMI,I EC BbIPA)KEHI,Ifl. BOCNZTHSATb THq-
HOCTHOe OTHOlIIeHr.Ie K npolr3BeAenn^ro.
,or!*"t"HpoBarb n pevr'r Aerefi cJroBa: poL6aarcu, *topcKofl cuno, ettado, 6es6pecr-
BaM oHO 3anoMHLtJIOCb)>.
PAC CMAT P YIB AHVIE PE IIP_ON YK !L4 4 KA PTI.I HbI K) . T4. II I4ME H OBA
<MECTO CBVilAHUN>
( Cnequattauoe sannrue )
-r 6eceAa o6 y"rraue ropoAa, o <<r{yAecax>>,
HVTV.
ui: Itl. I4. flaprenosa <<Mecro csr4nanwir>
rH,'r xyAoxHUK HA Srofi y,rnqe, KaK pa3_
reHHo raKHM o6pasour, KaKoe sosHaKaer
rHHy.
pa3Mbrrbre, co3Aaror olrlyueHHe Bo3,ilvlx_
lr0
|lpeAnoxnrbAeT'IMpaccKa3aTb,KoMy|4gHuxnoHpaBI4.IIocbIIpoH3BeAeHI,Ie
IO. Li. fluMeHoea <<Nlecro cRuAaHlll4>> l.r nor{eMy'
EECE,[.A O 3I4ME
PACCMATPI'I BAHI',I E PE n POAy KUl4 H KAlT4tI 4' .A n"IACTOBA
<nEPBbll4 cH;i;, z. 5. iplbnpfl <oEB-PA4!9K+I "rlA3vPb> tr
K.-O.' TOOHA <MAPTOBCKOE COTIHUE>
(I! acro saunrun)
llponparumnoe coAep)KaH|{e. Paseusarl y Aereti scTerHqecKoe BHAeHI',le rlpupoAbl
e uefr3aXe, yMeHHe cpaBHI,IBaTb npouseeAeHfif IIO HCIIO'rIb3oBaHHblM XyAOXHI'IKaMH
cpeAcTBaMen'pas,,enlHocTl4,HacTpoeHI4Io.BocflfirHsaTbHHTepecKI4cKyccTBy.
MeroAnqecxre npueMbl' O6o6uteHue reAafofa: <<CeroAHq Ha 3anflrt4ul- y^11T"
AeTHpaccKa3blBa,lho3xMe;MbIyc,'lblua.IILI,KaKeeuso6paal,IJlIIO3T,III4caTeJIb'
My3brKaHr, KaKou ""r 6;;;;;; pu."bfi' 'I.ou"o eorue6uHqa -ro rloraq, ro 6.nncra-
rerlsas, ro Bece,'Iatl. Tenepl nocMorplrM'
Bonpocul: <<O qeu 3rH npo-I'I-3BeAeHI'IJ
A qelt )Ke oHu orJlqr{alorctl? Kax uso6
orr'rHqaerctt HacrpoeHHe xaprnn?- A n
auua uso6pa)KeHa y 14' 3' lpa6apn' I
H3 paccMaTpfiBaeMblx npoH3BeAeHrrv Ba
cKa>KI4Te>).
Pl'ICOBAHHE HA TEMY (JIY| I'l IOJIE>
PACCNIATPI4BAHI4E PEnPoAyKut{LI KAPTI',IH A. n' n c' fl' TKAqEBbIX
<HA POAHOPI 3EMJIE>'
H. N. KAPAqAPCKOBA <HA NO/IflX qYBATIII]I'I>
(Vacrt sannrun)
llporpauunoecoAep)KaHxe.Ooput,tpoBaTbIIpeAcTaBJ'IeuHqAereftopa3jlHI{|4flX
n uso6paxeuuu ,ry.i 14 rroJrfl, cpeAcrBax Bbtpa3l4re,rlbHocrH' nepeAaloul4x
HacTpoeHxe.
Mero4,NqeCxl|e flpfieMbt. floCranosKa |IeIH: <<CeroAHq 6yAeu pucoBarb JIyr'
no,".Auu,fireeulepa3nocMoTpl,IM,KaKuxaso6pasl,rfll4xyAoxHI4KI,I>>.
Bonpocrf : .e np5r.""o"nr"'A. n. u C. fI. Txaqeenx <<Ha po4Hoft seu.ne>>
KaKOe Mecro 3aHr4Maer 'ryr? Kax oH HanHcaH? Kaxoe BO3HI'lKaeT HacrpoeHl',le'
KofAa Bbr cMorpt'Ir"-"u "6.o1 kax xyaoxHt'IKy yAarocb 3ro nepe4arl? A qeu
orrurraercrr uso6paxeufie noJlq B rlpoH3BeAeHnrl H' [I' KapauapcKoBa <Ha no'rqx
gvsauuu>>? Kaxnu oHo raso6paxeuo? Kaxoe y BaC BO3HI4KIO HaCTpoeHHe' r',rtlAtl Ha
nri,re? A KaKylo qacrb B npon3BeaeHilfi 3aHuMaer Heoo:>)
- - O6o6urenue neAanora o cpe4craax uso6paxeH[fl noJltl H Jlyta'
ll l
<CTPEKO3A>,
\ol]b^rlqE B O PI < cAtrr E H bKA>.
cEpoBA <&rzKA &roPb3dri;"'
(Vacra saunrun)
'yJIOBHrr[a, roJIOBbt, pyK, HOI..
:to re6e Bece,To, rpycrHo, r{HTepecHo>.
,Br{xeHr4H TaK, qTo6br Mo)KHO 6u.no yeuall,
AEKOPATI'BHOE PI,ICOBAHHE NO XOXNOTUCKHM H3A EIIUflM
PACCMATPI{BAHI'IE pEnP-o{y^K \44 _KAPTr4HL, r vr. A. rxHpoKOBOn
<CEMEHOBCKAfl CKAJKA;^
(Vacrt saunrun)
BUAeTb KpacoTy xoxJIOMbr B X{HBOIIHCLi,
reAeHHfl H. A. lllapoxoaoft <<CeMeHoscKaq
lMorperb KaprHHy.
AercKHx pa6or, xnBonacHoro [pon3Be_
, efo pacno,lOXeHHIO, COqeTaHHIO UBe?a
PI,ICOBAHI,IE HA TEMY <IIEJIOBEK>
PACC}IATPI4BAHI4E PEIIP-OAYKI\Vh KAPTI,IH H. E. PENHHA
M.K
B. A.
norqroToBt4TEnbHAt K tuKoJlE rpynnA
PACC}IATPI4BAHVE 14
C-PAB^HE HI,IE PEIIPOAYKUHPI KAPTHH
XYAOXHHKOB
"TIEBHTAHA <3O"rIOTAg OCEHb>
OCTPOYXOBA <3OJIOTAq OCEHb>
VI. 14,
uH.C.
il2
(Cnequanunoe sanntue)
Ilporpabrmrroe coAepxaHne. oopMLtpoBarb npeAcraB,'IeHHq Aerefi o netlsaxHoft
XU"O'nrCr. Vqnrr Hx SriAenqrb CpeAcTBa Bblpa3l{TeJlbHocrg, cpaBHHBaTb I'I HaxoAgrb
cxoAcTBoI,Ipa3JIfiqneBMaHe.peHcnoJtHeHHf,HcnoJlb3oBaHH'?l'pu^1,1".{^o'T:''"}
cpeAcTB, r cb4epxaHnH. VnpaxHnrn lerefi s noA6ope sIIHreroB' cpaBHeHHI't'
VMeHUT{ BbtAeJ'lqTb qBeT H el6 OTTeHKU. 3axpen.nflTb yMeHHe conocTaB.t1frb CBOH
i'ao."oa"""n u Hso6paxeHne Ha kapruHe;"3&tJt['""$:r1,:,fr"J"r,i#;;lf.' "*t-
tfl B napK oceHblo. BeceAa o6 oceun'
(r.rroB. .,ilucronaAHHI{eK>>, A. TeapAorc-
:Hb> (orpblBox). PaccuarpuBaHI'le penpo-
IOTafl oceHb>> H KHHXHbIX H,'IJIIOCTpaqHH
{ile neceH. 3araAHeaHne sal'aAox. Pnco-
Ka3aTb AerqM o xyAoxHnxe-neftgaxncre
Vl. C, Octpoyxose. Floxagatr ero KaprH
Bonpoclr:- <Kax gbl AYMaeTe, KaKoi
Moxno JIH cKa3arb, B KaKoM Mecflqe
Bbr raK ,lyr'raete? f,qe no6HsaJI xyAox
floueuy xy,loxHnKy 3axorefl ocb HapHco^B
oceunefi npupo,lbl orpa3uJl xyAoxHHK/
Kaxne KpacKH HcnoJIb3oBa,'I xyAoxltHx
6o.nrue? Kax 6u BbI Ha3BaJlH KapruHy/>
flpeA,noxurb AeTRM paccMorperb Kaprl'lHy xyAoxHHKa V' Vl Jlesuraua <<3ono-
Tafl oceHb>. Cpaenlrs ABe KaprHHbl'
Bonpocu: <<Kaxofi nePlloA oceHl't I
Ta. BDeMf oceHH/>>
eeleiile n. H. gaftxoscxoro <<Oxra6pl'
OceHHRq necHr>>.
- --npeanoxHTb AeTqM BHHMaTeJIbHo nocMoTpeTb Ha Kaprl'tHbl I{ IIOAyMarb' KaKOe
crHxorBopeHHe xopotxo nepeAaer coAepxaHHe,KapruH'
-"'a;fid";i A.r.h, qro oirH Moryr c*a3arb o6 oieHu, oceHHHx AepeBb'x, He6e u
T. A., qro o6ulero' "' npnpoaa, 'llao6paxensoft na KapruHax' u rofi' qro oHH
na6lloAann Ha nporyJlKe H 3KcKypcI'lH'
Buscunrl y Aeiefi, xaxofi 'dCeHHnfi nefigax oHH xore,Tll 6u uso6pasuto,
ec.nn 6u;1.r Oor *y-aJri";il;;. fa* ".o uso6paannn 6sr, KaKHMH xpacxauu?
- - 3a*ntO"nre.nts6e CJTOBo BOCnHTaTeJlfl: qTeHHe orpHBKa H3 crl'lxorBopeHHfl
A. C: nfiir"u "O.e"o> (<VHu;ran nopa! Ouefi oqapoBl.lY3!..>). ll^oaqepKHyrb' t{'ro
oceHb - npeKpacHafi nopa, oqeHb KpacxBO CKa3a,'I O Hefi noar. cnpocnrs Aerefi,
KaKHe uysirsi Bbl3Ba,'IH y Hxx KaprHHu o6 oceuu'
I l3
pAc c,vlATpt r BAH HE pEnpoA y^5IJ 4T_xapruHbr u. 3. f PABA pq
<O EBpA"n bC KAt na3ypi,, "
(Cnequatonoe sannrue)
JIb3oBaHHe 3[r{TeToB, cpaeueuzfi:
lP_"",u,"r" AepeBbeB Ha yqacrKe AercKofo
rK. YTeHHe paCCKa3OB H CTr.IXOTBOpenV li
ITb ACTflM BCIIOMr
r. lloxasarl "t no",t"to' KaKHe KapruHbl
lurr). YIo KaPTI4HY <<<DerPa"ll-
pAcc&l Art4 p4 HHE pEligay KLInn KAprr4 H
R H ''65H^.:rP,l6ig#psfl B8tHd;"'"
. (CnequarbHoe sannrue)
1! " A".on,tll AByx Kaprr.tH, Heo6paxarc_
rBaHHe Kaprr.rH (<<lVlaproecxo" ior"u-
n4
Bonpocu: <<Kaxoe BpeMq ro4a uso6p asultlt o6a x-yAOxtulxa? Kaxofi nepHoA
BecHbr?'Kax sH AOraAaIHCb, qTO 9TO Haqaro BecHH? KaXUe KpacKLI npeo6la4anr
"- oOe"* 'xaprlaHax? lloueruy? OAfiHaxoao JIH xyAo)KHl4xll uao6paau.nu Aepenu?
Ec,rn cyorperb Ha AepeBbfl, ro KaKue n^pg3HaKLI npo6yx4euHf npgp_oAb-l M-g>KHO
iamerutl?'f4e no6lisa,'IH xyAoxnuxui floueuy y xyAox(HI'IKa K. O. IOosa
raK xopotxo BL1AHbI TeHI4 Ha cn-ery? Hro_rOeopuT eilIe o^19M,qro AeHb CO.nseqluli?
Mox<so JtH raK x<e cKa3arb H o KaprHHe B. 14. Eaxureesa? Kax [gpeAaJIH xyA<l/KHI'lKll
He6o? Kaxxyn xpacxauu? tleu'Or,ruqalorcfl orH xapruuu? Kaxurra HacTpoeHHeM
rrpOHHKHyra KapTHHa <Ma^pro-ecKoe CoJIHIIe>>, a <<lo.ny6aR BeCHa>? Kaxoe HacTpoe--
nile 6ur"tio y iyaoxnnxai Kaxoe y Bac HacrpoeHn^e Bbt3blBalor eru xapruHu?
Kaxaq xapiuHa BaM roHpaBnracb 6onrue? flouelty?>>
Paccxas neAarora: ..4 rtase, Aeru, 6ollile lloHpaBud'lacb KaprHHa <<fony6aa
roft xapruHu). B arofi xaPraHe oqeHb
ue npr.rilo4u a 6epeaoBoM Jlecy. 3Aecl
3EMJIfl NOI{TH TIPOCOXJIA. I IAXHCT TOJIbKO
ereHaf rpaBa. Kpyrou pa3Aaercf [eHHe
6orrl Qoue ne6a axypHble c pacnycrI.IBlrII'IMH-
cq [or{KaMH BepxytlKg 6epea, oKparlgHHble B po3oBaro-xe.nrltft Uner. Or 6epee
TflHyrcfl rony6oniro-JtHJroBbre reun. Bce HarloJlHeHo rerlJlblM cBeroM BeceHHero
"on"uu. I(axyn paAocrb Bbr3brBaer 3ro npo6yx<AeHHe nplpo4u! oco6euuO ttlse
noHpaBHJlHcn'6epessl. Osn xax 6yaro pacryr y Hac Ha rr'la3ax, crpeMqrctl-u3!-il
Eep^esu pacnoJloxgHbl KaK 6lt s'.nnnun. I'I xoqerCn CKa3arb cIoBaMH A' b"rlOKa:
O, eecHa 6eg xoHIla I 6ee xParc -
Eer rosua n 6ee rPao lrleura!
KaXue cTpoKl.I BaM HaIIOMHHaIOT 3rll Kap-THHu? I(axyn My3blKy xore"Iocb 6bI
rrocrrlvtuaTb, rJIflAfl Ha ?TA xapruuu?>> (MoxHo npocJlytlIaTb IIpon3BeAeHI'ie
n. V. gaftxoscxoro <<BecHa>> H3 aJIb6oMa <<BpeueHa foAa>)')
PACC&IATPI,IBAH IZ E PE nPOAyKIll4I4 KAPTI4 Hbl 14. vr.,[ E BI4TAHA
<BECHA - EO.rlb[IAf BOAA>
(Cnequanonoe 3aHrrue)
llponpauunoe coAepx(aHne. floKa3arb AerrM npo6yxAeuue rpupoAbl BecHoft,
cnoeo'6pasny0 ee Kpacory, Bbrpa)KeHHyro B )KHBOIII.1Cu. flpo4ol)Karb yqxrb pac-
cMarpyBaTb KaprHHy, rrpaBH,'lbHo IloHHMaTb ee coAepxaHne. flooutpqTb caMOcTOtl-
rer,rbHocrb, rnopuecxyro aKTHBHocrb. Bocntrttnarb llHTepec K rlpoH3BeAeHHttM x{I'l-
BOTIHCil.
AxruausupoBaTb cJroBa aeceHHee nonoEodbe, Ta/ton ^Od_A, pasnu?.
MeroAuqecxlte 11pfieMbt. t{reuue crHxorBopeHl-{fl o BecHe. Bcrynure.ubHaq 6eceAa
n"Ar.o.u'' <Aern, a ceftqac Mbr nocMorpHM, KaK xyAo)KHI4K 14. L4,. JIegHraH
B cBoeM IIpoI.{3BeAeHHH <<BeCHa - 6olluraq BOAa>) paccKa3al o BecHe' Eute coeceN'l
He.ILaBHo 'ece 6mno 6e.nult-6e,ro, 3aBa,rleHo cHe)KHbIMI'I Cyrpo6aul' Pexa 6u'la
cKoBaHa JIbAoM. Ho eor cKBo3b o6laxa Bce qaule crad'lo nporr'ltlAblBarb co,rIHUe.
Bgrrsuure Ha K_aPTI'IHY>.
-- Bonpoar,: <KaKoe BpeMfl roAa r.rso6paxeHo Ha KaprHHe? flo xaxuu npH3HaKaM
Mbr BLI,u.LIM, qro aro iecHa? Kro gHaer, KaK Ha3blBaercr tlBreHue trprlpoAbl'
ll5
Kap.r_uHy H CKa)Kr.{Te, KaKuMrI KpacKaMU
rHy. (Heapxr.rMH, pa3MbrrbrMrr, axaape,rrrc.)
1)>
IIoKa3aHa paHHflg BecHa, pa3,,IHB TaJIOIi
K 3a[eLIaTr'Ie,'t 3TOT Mtif . Kaxerca, Bce
OC,'ICAH'Ifl KAPTI,IHA XYAOXHHKA. OU EC NA.
)rH B Ay[re y Hero yxe He 6u"rlo. !,eru,
pAC C,\,1ATp Ut BAH 14 E pEn_p_o4 yryll14 _KApTr4 H br A K. CAB pAC OBA
< f PA TII4 NPI4JLET EJIIA>
(Cne4uaaonoe saunrue)
lfponparuruuoe coAepx(aune. V,{url 4erefi noHzMarb ocHc
Ae*un, yi,ry6urr BneqarrrreHHrr, cBs3aHHbre c npnxoAo, u"."o,]VJ,fl"t#it?""lr.Jdil:
fcq xyAO)KHUK /.ns nepeAaqu cBolrx BIer{aT_
]a- cor{eTaHae KpacoK H r.tx TOHKHe nepexo_
B13Hyro peul. BocnurbrBarb screrlrqecxufi
, enesdoaanue, nawHn.
IIrcxn B rrapK,'K rpa.r{_oBHHKy. uroroiii;:::;l;l:"r1,";i'tT#,?JHJ.xTffff;';
H/'IJ'Irocrpar_(ar? o secHe. r{reute cTr4xorBopeHHrr o BecHe. ilpoeeAeHae c,,roBecHbrx
#3:f;;1Xl' [p"aytutb rpeAno)KeH,n co .rounrr,-ipuur,'.puuo"Hr4K, fHe3AoBa-
MeroAtqecxte npfieMbt. l]ocraHoexa qe,[fi saHnrlrr: <<CeroAHq Mbr 6yaev
paccMarp,Barb KaDrr.rHy canpacona. I(ax ;;ro,;;;;;;"o"u.""'"#?X ';"'":lt".i
flonpo6yeru Aora4g16qqrr. \o^ ndrDru'1cl('tl oHa' f noKa He cl{a)K}.
prnua CaapacoBa. XyAoxHux B cBoeM
rbrcrpoar'rHcb B prA 6e,rocrso,,rlre 6epeeu.
HbIX fHE3A, BOKPYI KOTOPbIX CYETflTCfl
fOMOHOM. , Of,,ty[Iafl OKpeCTHOCTH UeyUO,rXaenAUrrA
)poM, cpeAr.r o6lrquux ced,rbcKHx crpoeuair
agort qepKBH, a Aa,Tb[re, Ao iairaoro
loypeBlu[e oT 3a,'te)Kar,tono cHefa.
yx qyBcrByeTcfl H B BbrcoKr.rx Hexr{o-
,L _1:_.u Ha fopH3oHre, r.1 B HeflpKoM
oo,'ry nH B txyocrr ruTyKaTyp xy xo,,roxo,r t-
CHHHX TeHqx Ha rIoATaflBtxeM CHefv.
er caHesofr ocso6oAueuJar:rcq oro ,,rtAa
l t6
npyA, Ha 3epHHcToM cHeny fcHo BbrAe,lfrorcfl cJIeAbl I'paqeli. JIerxNii ncct'tttturi
neiepox qyrb orKJroHfler AbrMoK, crpynultficn ns rpy6u Hngeulxofi ua6ytilxrr. Koc-
n,[e i',rex o6naxoe nponrqAbtBaer flpKo'rory6oe neceHHee ue6o.
XyAoxulrx ficnoJrb3oBaJr B KaprnHe uBeroByto raMMy, co'{eraBUylo ccpollill'()-
XOplluHeeue TOHa c 6enO-nony6slntn. H s sroM coqeraHHfi qBera, s xax/ttlti
AeTaJln KapTHHbt npoflBH,'lacb Ayua cTpacTHono nor{HTaTeJIfl H 3HaToKa pyCCXtlli ttptl-
poAbl. Moxtto cKagarb, r{To oH TaK onHca,'t BecHy, r{To Mbt He roJlbKo CJlrllllHM
ipaUUnUft TOMOH, HO I,t OIUyU{aeM ABHXeHHe, O6H6BJIeHHe il 3anax BecHbl.
I(apttHa oqeHb xHgHeHHa H cBexa, qro Kax{ercr HanHcaHHofi HenocpeA-crBeHHo
c Harypbr, xoTn xyAoxfiHK nHca,l ee B MacTepcxofi, no,lleyfcb3rloAauu. A. K. CaB-
paCOa npeBOCXOAHO 3HaJI pyccKylo npHpoAy, roptlqo .ee ,tlo6Hr. 3ro I,I noMorJ'lo
eMV co3AaTb B KaprHHe Hega6Heaeuufi o6paa pyccxoti npHpoAbl>.
'BOnpocU: <Kaxoe BpeMf, foAa H3o6paxeHo Ha KaprI{He? flouerr,ry BH raK pe-
rrjnJrtt? t{ro uso6paxeHo B qeHrpe xaprnHu? f4e ct4nllpaul? O qen,r oHH 3a6orflrcr,
KonAa Bo3Bpau1arcrcfl K HaM H3 renJtblx !Pqee? I-loverr,ty raK xopolxo__BHAHbl
cJteAbl nTr.tl{ Ha cHery? I'Ae crosr 6epeeu? Onnurure Hx, KaKI{e oHH. KaKHMH
KpacKaMH Hant{caJl xy4Oxullx xaprnHy? t{ro HanHcauo ro,ry6uu UseroN{? cepunr?
xbpnuuenuu? t{rO cauoe fpKoe A xaprnHe? Kaxoe HacrpoeHHe nepeAaer xyAoxnux?
Kax xyAoxHHKy yAa,locb sTo noxagarl? 4 !a* xyAoxHHKy yAarlocb nepeAarb
ABHXSHHe B KapTHHe? O qev 3ra KaprHHa? Kax 6H sH Ha3BadTH ary xaprnHy?>>
PACCMATPHBAHHE PEnPOAyKUI4H KAPTHHbI A. A. n,/'IACTOBA
<'IETOM>
(Cnequanonoe sannrue)
fiporpauunoe coAepr(aH[e. yqflTb Aetefi noHnMarb ocHoBHyto MbtcJIb npon3Be-
Ael{Hfl xyAoxHHKa. Pasefisarb yMeHHe paccMarpuBaru nefiaax, or,'tfir{arb Kpacory
rcO6paxeHnofi npUpo4bt, ee KpaCKH ot xlnoft,, oKpyxarcUefi Hac e nosceArlesHofi
Xl,l3HH, BOCnHIHsarb SCTeTHqeCKHe qyBCTBa, 6epex,rlunoe orHoueHHe K oKpyx(arc-
urefi npHpoAe,
AxiuinanpoBarb B pevu 4etefi CJoBa: epu6tt, neodot, seteuoui nAl, noneeue
HxorBopeHHft o nere: fl. AxHttoe. <<,rlero>>,
. <,rlero>>, IO. XaaoscxaR. <<Hnsa>. Ha6-
uBaHHe HrJ'rrocrpatruft o nerueli npupo4e.
ToxeHHfl co cJIoBaM14 neodot, epu6ot, aye,
4aierot>. Flpuaecril noc,rosfiL(rr H nonoBopKn o ,'Iere: 4ro rcrou ypodurcn, ace
gulvtoil npueoAurcn. JIero na deope - oceHb Ha crone.
MeroAnqecrxe nptteMu. Coo6ulesne qeJIH saHnrhq: <CefoAHn usl 6yAeu yqHrbcq
paccMarpHBarb KaptHHy A. A. fllacroga <<.Iletol,t>> H nocrapaeMcfl yBHAerb, t{ro
H306pa3HJI XyAOXHHK>
fioXae rdprunu. Paccxas Bocnurare"lq: <Ha KaprHHe nao6paxeH yxponaHufi
yro/toK JlecHol'o rvrnpa. 3noftHufi nonAesr. floA 6epeaoeurr,t IUarpoM, n npox,la4Hoti
ieHn, cpe,qH AylultcTblx TpaB pacnoloxHJlllcb yroM,'IeHHble rpu6uuxn. !,eaouxa
a xpacnbvr nnarxe Heroponnxno co6rpaer MaJIr.rHy c copBaHHoro KycrHKa. floxu-
Jtaf xeHqHHa 3a6blJlacb JlenKHM cgou. v ee Hor yJ'Iercfl ycraluft nec.
JlerO ufeApo AapaMH: 6onrlrne Kop3l.tHbl noJIHbl rpN6on, B rluHlHoM KyBluuHe
I ta
I l/
"rr[f,1#fYlh#ff,1 MbIc"reHHo co3Aarb co6craeHuyro Kaprr4Hy c noAo6suu
PACCMATPI4 BAHI4E PE|IPOAYKU KIVI KAPTUHbI 14. 14. IXI4 TIIKHHA
upOXb,
( C ne tquanonoe eaunrue )
erefi nocnpHHr.rMarb o6pas po4uuu ,repes
.br,- B brAer qrb cpeAcrB a Bbr p a 3 HTe,[ o"oo."r.
), SCTeTr.rqecKr.Ie qyBcTBa.
B ceoeri KaprHHe-<<poxl> xyAOXHr,rK Ha nepeAHeM nJraHe HSO6pasun none
pxt'l' Kolocbf rflxe,rrbre, ryvHUe, CKJIOHT4 Brur4 ecfl'noA ""*uaro, K 3eMr're. Beaue
!9MarxKrr u ro,ry6ercqne B-3or,rore p*" uu.rn"Ka. <<Foxb>>.j:,I::Xl: ^*tr"
npfipoAbl. --- r""' uqL'r'rD^n' <r1r)Kb>> - 3To o6pae poAHon
XyAoxHux aso6paNaer 3Aecb, KaK I
y;'"t*:t*fr ii...no^of i;;;.;;p';p:""oJTffi ;::i?#;^ffi i:l#"'#,:ff y
roKor -- JIerHee se6o c MeAJteHHo n,,tbrBy_
a^p.{ florq orpoMHbre cocHbr, nr*o"uir,
sacrtrsurfi.
) AyMaercq, KaK xopoua Haua pvccKafl
il8
VnpaxHeHne: <K't'rl 6o.ril,tilr, ll;l ronr'r lil);l( rltl)lx cr'IoB-onpeAe,'leHhli K c,'loBaM
He6o, Pottcb>.
PACCMATPHT]AIllIli l'l IIl'()/lyl(|l.lIl1 KAPTI4HbI B. f. flEPoBA
" I l,( )l"llr,A>
| ( .'ttt'lltltt tl,tt()(' :tttHtIT'ue)
llporpamuxoe coAepl(llllHe, I ltt ttt;tl'oruttlll, /terefi c
PaseHgarl HHTepec K u:to0ltit lll lt',tl l,lloN'lY ll('Kyc:c'lBy'
UIATb MY3CH.
rBopqecrBoM B. f. flePora.
BocnurHgarb xeJ'laHHe rloce-
nuwar, tilacrepoEbLe,
BCTTOMHHTe Qartunvtu
11. BacreuoB? t{eM
AxrunaaupoBarb tt l)t"tll /l('lt'ii t',tlrttt;t KupruHbt' pucAnr'
8bnea.
MeroAnqecxl,te npt,teMH' llr'tvtttt l(',]ll'rl;ltl 6eceAa: uAeru,
H3BeCTHbIX BaM XyA()xililx(|tr l(;trirrr. l(itl)r'ilHr'l uanuca.u ^B.
OTJIHqaIOTCfeIOKap'rHlll,lol'l(itl'lllllrtl)Yl'ltXXyAO)KH14KOB/
ceroAgg Ha 3aHflTHH Mt,t il() ttr;ilir)Mlrr\1( rr clue c OAHHM 3aMer{aTer'IbHblM pyccKHM
xyAoxHlrxoM - BacHJrH(,ru l'prrrolrr,r'rlr,rt'rv [1eposuu. V flepona 6u.na rpyAuan
)K143Hb.
POAure.nn eto 6bulH 6c/ltttlrrltr ,)lK)/(l,Mtl. Vqu.n erO rpaMoTe qepxOnuufr AbqqOK
" tu ?o, qro BacyrHfi yrr,rt'.rr xol)olro nHcarb nepoM, IIpo3BaJI ero flepoauu.
Vl rax 3To rrpo3BHUIe cf itJto rllrrnrrr.rrrrcii 'l'pyAHo rlpltxoll,lJlocb IoHo[Ie, KorAa oH
yqilr'rcs Ha XyAoXHHXa. Ott./lll)l(r"ly'l l, llc 6poCu,r yqe6y H3-3a rorO, qTO Heqelo
6u,lo ecrl H Het'Ae xHTlr. llrl .rr,'y ll()Mol' oAHH yqHTeJIb'
Bacu,rtfi lpuropuenurt lnrtitJr rnr('ir'r'I, KaprHHbI o )KI'I3HH 6eAHqxoe, oco6eHHo
ceJtbcKr.lx. fIagefl MNxalilrorut'r 'l'll(''n,rKon (uu c BaM14 yiKe roBopllr'lH paHbue'
KTo oH TaKoft) c 60Jlt utHM y/l()ilo./il,(''l'Irr('M noKyIIar'l ero KaprHHbI A,rlf cBoeI4 laJlepefi.
flepe4 BaMH oAHa H3 lrHx. (J[r,r.,|()rrc'r'1ltrr1ua_,xapruHbl <cnqu{He 4eru>>.) Xy4oxuux
HagBaJI 3To npou3BeAe ItHc n('lttlt ttttlt'/lc'IH>. Kaxlle 3To AeTH - 6orarnte u"nu 6eAHue?
flouertay Bbl raK AYuete'rt'?>
Vroqnenne neAarora: <,1[rr' l'ro 6tl/Ittr'te AerH, o6esAoreHHbIe' HI'lu{He' V Hux
HeT AoMa, HeT [ocreJly, ll("l llll)ylttt'x. OHu IIpOcflr y IIpoxOxHx KyCOqeK x'1e6a,
qro6u xorb HeMHot g !'t'oJnl tr r'oJlo/1. Kaxre r{yBcrBa Bbl l{cnblTblBaere' ulflAtl
Ha sTy xaprr.rUy? C lloMollll,x) 'l('l'o XyAO)KHHKy yAa,'Iocb IIoKa3aTb HHUIeTy'
crpa4aulae? r.ercrBe. 3ro caNlaq H3BecrHaq KaprHHa
lpoftxa>. Kax aH AyMaere, 6orarnte uln
/ Bbr raK peurulu? !,aoafire paccMorpHM
HaoosaHHafl. v6orafl, c qyxoro [,'leqa.
cxoAHr aeftcreu"e? Kax eH' AoraAa.;IHcb?
AOno,nnexne neAarora: <B. f. flepon H3o6pa3HJI xo!'IoAHblfi 3HMHI'tft Beqep'
Meie-r. PeAxne npoxoxue 6eryr cxoiee AoMoll. H rorlxo'rpoe o6opBaHlbll'
O6egAOlesnbtx pe6;rHLUeK rffHyr ca,Ta3KH c orp-oMHoft 6OuxOft, HanolHeHHofr BoAofr'
Oro'Aeru-r,aacieponue, raK Ha3brBa!'rH Aerefi, orAaHHblx B yqeHbe. Po,^nrenu
OTAa,'rH Hx KaKoMy-ro MacTepy, qro6bl oH HayqH.lt I{X peMecay: o6yBb ll.lHrl',
MarepHro rKarb H KpacHrb, aeirtu 6ynanxu H HrorlKH ' {p-'-{1:.1-t.p:^:l:i:.'::l
3acTaB,'tflJtH,tleTeH,tteJlaTb Tfl)Ker'lylo pa6oTy' Bor u 3ToT noc.Ila'l B TaKoH xoJlo^lll'lt'l
lt9
LI BerpeHbrfi ,u,enl npil Be3rfi 6ovxy no4u. I(ax rp
AercKHe .loxMorbf. A 4err tr"ueao He saN,reqa'r. I
cxaJlu,rtcn II noMof , noATo,,tKHyB 6ovxy, Ho H oH
ua xpariuero Ma,Tbr{HKa. OH co.uy,ra"-", *u*"rcq, cefi
nopBaHHoro rrunx(aKa nyraercfl noA "o.ura Aenour
Eli xoqercq _cKopee cofperbcq. A sor o roM, Kro r(
floApo6see. Hso'acex cH,,r rflHer oH r
y Hero raasa! orxpuruft po" .o ,"-;r#[ffit;.:i1
MaJrbqfiKa Baceunxy- flepoe "..p".r', ua 4opore. C
IlepKoBb. V Hax Bce yNrepJrH, oHH ocraJrr.rcb BABoer
MaMa pa3peufi,,ra Haracarb cbrHa Ha xaprzHe. Ma
paccKa3a'I, r{ro oH tt c 60narsrx ,1A"ri' ;;;"; ^iupr""o, r.r Hr.rqefo c Hr4 MH
He crryqaercq. &raNaa pa3peru,,Ta. flepoa^Han Hca't Kaprlr.riy. E-"'*yn* n.'x,r."rpJir_
flxoB A"rr9 ra/'repe,' rrepe: qerbrpe ro'a rrpiru,,ra ri neio"y ."rpr" H3Myr{eHHaq
)KeHrurHa. 3ro 6rr,ra i3aceunxn'ua rir". 'ouu ;r;r;;;;; u cKa3arra, qro cbrH
ee sa6one,r H vMep_H oHa xouer sa6p1r" ."0"-'_rpri,"l, .o. ecrr Bacesrxa.
Ho xapruuy xynun'rpet**o". iir.rrrri fpr.rnoprenuu noi", ee B farreperc. oua
orrycr',rracb nepeA xapruuofi Ha KoreHH h_3arJraKaJra. flepor Harl.rcalr A,Tq Hee
or4e"ulHrui noprper Baceulxu ", nu*"rs. B.t; ,;;;;"",0'o,ro eu{e eororp a$uil.
A':1:..:I:t:-ei iH HcrlbrrbrBa€re, rrnAr Ha KaprxHy? vro BaM xoqercn cAe,,rarb?
L KaKlrMH npoH3BeAeHHqMu B. f. flepoaa Bbr rro3HaKour.r,lucl? Kaxaq KaprHHa
noHpaBa,racb BaM 6o,rlue u noueuy?>'
pACCMArpt4BAHr4E p-ElllgAyKgl44 KAprr4 H r.1. f. CTEnAHOBA
ra o A '",i8?%11%Ef;f&?tK,ororuro,.
(Vacro aannrun)
flponpamruHoe coAepxanne' fIpoAo,T>xarb 3HaKoMarb 4ereri c pa6orori ceJrbcKHX
TpyxeHr.fKos. Vqurl rroHr{Marb ocHoBHo€
HOe noCTpOeHHe Xaprr4Hbr. : coAepxaHIte H pa3IIHLIHoe KoM11o3a',HOH-
Mero4nvecxre hguenryr. Bonpoc': <<rlro Hap'coBaHo Ha nepnor. a groDoiu
xapruHax? O,rrcnqx Llli:.f^O:[i* pr..^ asarrrxyAoxHr4K,? gro oua paccKa3a-
ff*"" l?iffi #J#:"fi", np I xo4u r "u' no ro u1" ce,r icx r, *r rp yxeH HKa nr l An q qe ro
ua nepnofi i<aprane H Ha B. )xH'rI xyAo)KHIzK BepToJIeTbI
xyAqXHHKov ua nropou n,l :apTuHe BepTo/'leT HaIIficaH
^ O6ucsenue neAarona: ?)KeH B ue6e?>>
"T;%nf; i".i;:"fi::"," rJ,'1fl?:i:H"1?,T:il:X';
rorer floroM oH xore,r roKa3arb ,oo.T:...lllol-o,. " ffiffit"3:oi:?"-;ilff;
roroBqr fioJ're K "o"oyl-Ipoxaro. XyAoxHHK Harfica,ry ,rroAeli Ha nepeAHeM rr./raHe,KpynH'M pa3MepoM, pacnor'ro)Kr.r,r ni no nce,i xapi,r;. ii6;;;"ror rpyA Korrxo3Hr.r_
; #fJ'fi : i " a,:;:i# :T. X# 1? " I n';* .,tr.t ";
oH npe)KAe Bcefo xoTer,r paccKa3aTb o- nor"", ny,li
ff T;l#X^::# "ffi,"il;y < c e.r rc x,re Be pror,r erbr >, o H
t20
xOTeJI paCCKa3aTb HaM LIMeHHO o BepToJlerax, a He o qa6aHax,.Koropble nacyr CraAa
oeeq. Qa6aHoB oH Harrilca,r He6o,'rbrrofo pa3Mepa, c,'teBa h3o6pa3wrt HeMHoro o.Be(.
3aro r,[aeHoe - 3ro BepTo,'lerbl: OAHH 6o,'lbluoro pa3Mepa, HaIIHCaH Ha QoHe
rony6oro He6a, a Apyrori noMeHb^IUe, y)Ke npu3eMilItJlcfl. floverray eropoli Bepro'rler
HanHCaH B Kaprt4He He6o,'IbtxHM? Cxaxure, o qeM nepBatl H BTopaf KapTHHbl'
floueuy Bbr raK peuu,ru? t{ro xyAoxHHKh paccKa3ailH HaM o r'lloAtlx ceJIbcKoH
npoSeccun?>
' n"auaot BbtcKa3btBaer !'rfiqHocrHoe orHoIUeHIle K noHpaB14Blueficf KaprHHe:
<Mue noupaBuJ,tacb nepBatl KapTHHa - <<Becna cpeAn.noJleli>>, noToMy qTO Ha HeIZ
fi3o6pax{eHbt ,,ttoAg ceJla Bo BpeMfl IIoAfoToBKIl nO,rell K CeBy' KaxAuli H3 STllx
nrcAefi - xopotuHtl rpy)KeHHK,3ro BHAHO H3 KaprHHbl XyAox(HnKa: HHKTO He cTOl'lT
6"j'Aanr, xax4srri A6,ryaer ceon pa6ory. Ha xaprHHe noKa3aH BeceHHHIl' He oqeHb
;;;;t AeHt. tt eule, MHe Kax(ercf, ttro c KaprnHbl Beer rpoxJlaAHblfi r,naxuufi
eeCeHHlui Berep H paAyIoT r"la3 npocTopu no"nei, oTAoXHyBIlIfie noA CHeTOM>>'
I-lpeA,'toxnrb AerflM BbtcKa3arb cBoe orHolxeHl'le K KaprHHaM'
PACCMATPI4 BAHI4E PEN POAY KITVV KAPTI4 H
B. B. u H. fl. POAI4OHOBbIX <KPACHbIE CI'ITUbI''
E. ,V1. HA3APOBA <KA|II4TAHbI |OJIYEbIX KOPA6TIEIZ>
( C ne u,uanonoe saHnrue )
Ilporpaurrrnoe coAepx(aHfie. yqr.rrb Aererl noHLtMarb col],HaJ'IbHyto 3HaqHMocrb
KapTr4H, yCTaHaBd'tHBarb Me)KAy HHMLI cXoACrBo H pa3J'lHuue. flpo4O,'l>xaTb pa3BHBaTb
yMeHLIe BblAe"rltlTb cpeAcTBa Bblpa3HTe,rlbHocTH.
- Axrzslis1poBarb c,'toBapb: KpacHble curtlbl, 6enod xnonoK, npocropbt' KpACHue
no/loTHuula
MeroAnqecxfie np]teMbt. PaccruarpunaHHe Kaprttu. Coo6uteHl4e Ha3BaHHH npo-
H3BCAEH14fi.-- ilonpoar: <Hro o6utero B 3rHx xaprnHax? XeuunHau xaxoft rtpoqeccuu
nocBrrul.eHbt KaprnHbl? floveuy XyAo)KHHK Ha3Ba!'l KapTlrHy- <Kanuraunt ro'ry6ux
XOOa6,left>>? NloxnO ,'tH cKa3aTb, tlro rpyA )KeHUII{H Ha o6el4x KaprHHaX flOxo)K
u oI.(vll 6ea apyroro cyluecrBoBarb He naoxer? Kalyq no'Ilb3y npHHocfl-r cBoHM
rpyAoM )KeHuIHHbt, ,ao6pu*"nHble Ha 3rHX Kaprl'lHax? flouevry KaprilHa <Kpacuue
CHTUbT>) HaIIHCaHa B KpacHblx ToHaX, a Apyrafl - s 6elo-rOny6ux? NlOxsO 'rH 6nr'nO
Haflucarb Bropyp KaprHHy ro]Ke B KpacHbrx roHax? flo.renay He,'lb3f? flO46epnre
c,'toBa ^A,'Iq onpeAeJ'leHHfl x"loflKoBblx no,reli. c qeu Mo)KHO CpaBHHTb KpacHble
cfiTIIbl i >>
fleAaror BbtCKa3btBaer oUeHOqHoe orHoIUeHHe K noHpaBI4BueHCtl KaprgHe:
<MHe noirp aBA,IaCb KapTLIHa E.,V1. F{asapona <<Kanurauu ro'ry6ltx.. xopa6'reli>>'
B nefi xyAo)KHHK noKa3a,,r npocropHbre xJTonKoBble no,'lr, Korophle celiqac HaqHyr
y6uparl ua cBot{X xont6afiuax Mo,'loAble AeBytuKH-Kolr6ariHeplr' A noxa oH14 cToaT
H paccMaTpHBaIoT BeTotIKH x,lonKa, H Ka)KAa'I Ay]lIaeT, qTo x<e Mo)KeT I]o,lyqHTbcq
H3 6e,1Oro, KaK cHer, x,,ronKa. BCe nponaneAeHHe HaIlficaHo B CBeT,rlO-noly6ux
TOHaX, qTo Co3AaeT ouly111eHHe Bo3AVXa, ro,,ry6oro npocTpaHcrea' Bce THX6 celiqac,
Ho qepe3 MHHyry sapa6oranr xou6aftnor H cpa3y xe 14:lMeHHTctl x,'loIIKoBoe
nO,'le>>.
flpeA,'roxnrb AeTf M BbtcKa3aTbcfl o froHpaBHBtIeHCf KapTHHe.
t2l
PACC}IATPI,IBAHHE -PE^NPON YKI]HIA KAPTI4 H
n. n. occoBcKoro ?bliFostq,,
u IO. A. MEXHPOBA <CbIHOebq,
( C nequattonoe sannrue )
:reli nounuarl ocHoeHoft 3aMbrce,r ttpot{3Be_
rJtouIeHHn 3aMbrcJt a xyAoxHHr{on. Bocntrlr_
KeJIaHHe Bo BceM eft nouorart.
a Kaprr.rHy n. n. OccoscKono>.
PA CCJVIATP]4-BA HHE PE |I_P*OIYKI]H N KA PTIZ H
K I-r _rloBAJrfl <KoJrlrne-fii,HtTn 'HaHEs,
a B. A. HrotrrEBA *nEcEHKt bErii#iibqxn,
( C ne qua,ttnoe saunrue )
)xecrBeHHbre o6pasu n03Ha KoMr.trl,q,erefi
r,[cTBa Bbtpa3I,tTed'IbHOCTH Ad'tfl nepe,[.ar{H
-Barb r.r.Hrepec r( HapoAarr,r Ceeepa.
), rAHdpa, AHrbt.
lBaHHe KapTr.rH n $avunnu xyAo)KHr-rKoB,
"^up_ooor Ceaepa: <<OHl xnayr Aa,,reKo
/rro obrBaer 3HMa, croHr noqt, a .rrero
122 pKo Aaxe ,lreroM, CHsrb renJrbre Berrlu
HeJIb3g. II1gAra Hocrr Aaxe eecHofi TerrJ'ryrc oAex(Ay: ytl'l l,l, lllvrrl,t )hrrtrl'l ()llll lt
roprax. PasgoAqr oreueli, H3 Ilx Mexa Aeralor rellJlylo (f/[('rl11lv'
' Bonpocu: <<O .reM xapruua? A qro xyAox(HHK'_t't:ttftlttt ttt,rl llil lrlr).lrrlii " llt'u
orr14r{arorcr srH KapraHri? flouenay xyAo)KHHK K. Il Ktttttt.rll, lt r nrrlii l(;rl)lllllt'
"un"au, MHoro He6i u 3eMrH, a ropry c )KeHUIHHoii ltr'6tt,rtt,tttttMtt ll, ;r:r rmr'py/
A xyAoxHlrx B. A. klrouree Heo6pasH,l-AeBoI{Ky Bo BCCt, l)itjtl\4r'l} llr),/lolll;r/ rllo ll;tv
paccKa3a,'r IIBer B 3THx KaprHHax? (fIpeAJIo>KHTb nocJtytttit't't' lio,tl l,t6r',ttl'll\'lo ltt'll('ll
xVro necHro.) Kaxaq u3 3THX KaprHH BaM 60rbuc ttottl)itltllJlitr'1, ll llo'tt'tt''ty/>>
PACCMATPI,IBAHHE PEnPOAyKUI414 KAI''l I ll I
A. fl. u C. fl. TKAqEBbIX <MAn COPOK lltl'l'()l ()'
u M. Vl. "ILIXAqEBA <flAMflTfr>
( C ne qua'to noe saHnrue )
Ilponpauunoe coAepxaHl{e. yqI,lTb AorrlKor'tbHLIKoB noltHMil't'1, o{'lllrltllll(} ll/[('l()
npor.r3BeAeHHf H eno 3Har{r.tMocrb B xH3HH JIIoAeIi. BuAe.nnru cl)('/lc't'ttll ltl'll)il lltl('Jll'-
Hocry, HcnoJlbgyeMbte AJln oro6palKeHur flBJIeHHfi o6u-lecrsetttroii lt<ttrttttt
Axrunusr.rpo"sarb c,'roBapb: ruitpo)-eepoil, condarcrcud nodaut, ttilrtttt'tt ttttltrx)r'ttttt'
MeroAxqecxne np[eMbr: BcryhurenrHaq 6eceAa BocnurareJtttj. (llltpo,/l. ltltliol/l;l
He 3a6yAer rex, KTo 3aulr.rrHJr Harxy crpaHy or Saurncron. O6'r't'owt (',rlillill()l'
necHu, nuuyr crHXH I'l KaprnHbl>>.
Bonpocri: <.O qeu grr-r npoH3BeAeHHq? floqeMy BbI peuHJIl.t, tt'l'o o llltillr/\lllll(t'
Aue flb6e4u? (3nyuur necns <<!,eul ilo6eAu>,-yy3blKa !.. 'l'yxurtttollil' ("/lolril
B.Xaplrouona')H-evrorJlHqalorcrsrl{KaprilHu?KaxBblAyMael'("KilKiltllt:l'l)'lltx
KaprHH paccKagblBaer o npa3AHoBaHHx no6eAu no oKoHqaHnl,t ttrllittt,t, il l(lll(iltl
o npas4iro"asnyt nua flo6e4m B HauI{ AHu? fioqeuy B_bl raK pe'ttttl.tttt/
a{er or,oruaercr HacrpoeHr.re e o6e}.rx xapruuax? Kaxt,tru o6pa:ton,t ll('l)('/tilllil
s oAHori KaprgHe paAocrb Bcrperlg, a n apyroli - f.pycrb H II('rlllJll,/ ll1r'tt'rvtY
raKafl cKop6; Ha Jrnuax JrroAeft, nio6paxeHHblx Ha BTopoti xaprlHe? tlt'M tt't'Jllt'lilt"tt'tl
n"lru* " b6e"* xapruHax? flouervry xyaox(HnK HagBartl Kaprl'lHy <<[lamltt't,>? llo'tt'wty
Ha[r HapoA qrHT naMrrl o norn6uux?>>
O6o6ureute ne.u,arora: <<KaxAutfi, Kro x(I'IBer s Haueli po4Hoft c't'1littlc, 6y/t t'
oH B3poc,'tbtfi qe,Ioeex n,lu pe6eHoK, Ao,'lxeH Bcel'Aa noMHI'lTb o TeX, K'l'o o("|'ilJlctl
,rexais n 6parcxnx Morurax, orAaB cBoH xr.rgHLr 3a cqacrbe Apyt'Hx ,ltttt/lt'i'i, ltil 'ro,
qro6u MH i saMr.{ Mord'rn xoAHTb e Aercxuri caA, LIMerb MHoro HfpytlloK,'tt'o(lt't
HaA Haur.rMH roJroBaMH He pBaJrr4cb cHaprAbr, 6ou6u. Kaxaurfi AoJlxcll IloMllHTIr
o noru6urux sa PoAHHy. JIrcan rrpHHocrlr K MoTHJIaM BoHHoB llBcl l,l ll llllttK
6,raro4apHocru Lr naN4qira o Hux. Bce, xro ocra,rrcr xHTb, noM[tflT' tttlru6tltnx.
Cnpocnrl Aereri, flor]eMy xyAo)KHHKr4 HanHcar'IH KaprHHbt o Aue [lo6t'llt,l, KaKafl
H3 orttx KaDTuH 6o,rlure I'IM noHpaBHracb H noqeMy.
BMECTO 3AK/ilOr{EHVIf
nera Aourxo,tbHoro Bo3pacra Bll./Lnr )KHBorHcb HecKonbKo aHaqe, qeM MbI,
B3pocJrbre, Ho BHIHr H rroHHMaroT Ha cBoeM ypoBHe, uHorAa nopaxas Hac cBoHMr.t
BUCKa3brBaHHflMH, yMeroT OTKJI{KaTlcn ua xpacoTy npoH3BeAeHl,Ir, t(oTopoe BOnHyeT
H Hac; rpaBAa' c rpyAoM' a HHorAa u ue o6lscuanl n6ueruy oHo urvr npaahri"-. 1,i-ilor,
B3pocJrbre, oAHaxabr orKpbrg oruo. pe6euxy B MHp xuaonucn, crerKa ,u,aB npH-
KOcHyrbcf HexHori,-sMouHoHaJrbHofi Ayruon K rrpeKpacHoMy MHpy KpacoK, AOJrxHbr
nocroflHHo H rrocrefleHHo BB'AHTb Nrarbrua e ciol rnrup, yr.rry6;;; ;;,;;;;;.
HCKyCCTBa H yTOHrlaR qyBcTBa.
He ncnonrsoBarb us66pasareJrbHoe H(
l{yJrbTypbr AotxKoJrbHHKOB _ 3HaqHT JrHllrl
ro cpeA,crBa BocIrHTaHHfl rEr{Hocrfi pe6en
4eftcrourenbHocrb, c xoropoft ,an",iu Cia.
f!Poaa, B My3eRX, qepe3 reJreBH3HOHHbt(
l-lo Bor rjro6rr uso6pasNreJlbHoe HcKyccrl
ua Aerefi, HVX(Hbr .r-o]r--l1po.nure, nocpeAHlrKu Mex.u,y Hc*yccrBorvr u pe6euxou.
c qero xe sapr uaqarl npno6urenii;;;;h;'##i;u? A c roio, c ,{ero
Haqr{Ha.r A HawH aeru. c yAnBreHr{fl, BOC'rOpra H BOcxHuleHHS nepeA nororHoM
I My3ee' nepeA penpor(yKrrnefi rapruHar AoMa H B AercKoM caay, fof- *p-..oibrl,
Koropyo orKpbrJr A,rrfl Hac xyaoxCHx, MHMo qero Mbr npoxoAHM MHMo H He gaMe_
qaeM, a oH 3acTaBHJI OCTaHOBLtTbcff, BCMOTpeTbcr, SaAyMaTbcfl, oTKJIHKHyTbcs .tly-
urofi, qro6u Mbr xa.qfi u paroBaJttcb H paAocrb cBoro AapuJrH HarIIl.rM Aer8M.
A noc,ne roro KaK Bbr Bbrpa3r,rJla cBoe qyl
cyxAeHHfl, noBeAHTe pe6euxa Aanlue gi
BeHHOh,ty B Barr€rM CepAqe, yBHIHl. BaU
Ma,'reHbKoe cepaqe ro, qro np6nte u nr
ero gcrerr.rr{ecxnfi BKyc Haqr4naerca eopnnupoBaHH
II -{ -lpoH3BeAeHHflM r.rcKyccrBa. B KHHre
lU' H' xH)KHqK <Ka1 lPexRaceH sror MHp> ecrb yAr.BHrenbHbre cJroBa, o6paueuxue
K HaM, Bspoc,'rbrM, 3aHr.rMarourHr{cs eocni{ranneil aerefi: uKoiaa yru,ra rubn ,or,ocir
H IIpHIXd'Ia Sped'tocTb, fl noHF.JIa] qTo BJIHflHHT
,u,yuty qe,'roBeKa or-poMHo. Ec;rr.r Havr{HTb
3HpoBaTb, conocTaBJ'tflTb, pasualrunnrl
3A HEE H,IIH CO3AABATb CBOI,IMH PYKAMH, OH
pa3BHrbrM qer'roBeKoM, xoropuri cAeJlaer rax
"rttoabMH, cooro pa6ory,. TBopr{ecrBo, yBJreqe
I 0HKH H' orgot ssa eH li qeJIoBeK, cnoco6nqlft thlTb cqacrJtuBbrM H AeJtarb cqacrJrr,t-
BbrMH ApyrHX, peAKO noflBJrqercfl cau co60ri. Bocnrrarr qeno"er<a raKI,rM, pagBHTb
B FreM KylTbrypy r{yBc-rB,^H-arroJrHHTb XH3Hb ero paAocrbro - "ax"et,rr"i ffi;;;
( T )fltuafl nepeA ne4arotoM>>,.
--i x " * ' n x Io H. Kar npexpaceH 3ror MHp.- M.: apocaeurexne, 19g6.- c. 13.
JI HTEPATYPA
AxceHos Io f'' 3axus P M' KpHrep (D M l)ttcvttuh ll 'r\rlrt'|rrrrlr \\ ' 11170
AnexraHA,Il l4eo6paaure"nsHoercKyccrBo: XyaoxllllK ll|rt,tt!t lllr"'r'r '\\, rrfl4
DennXOBa M.3CretU,leCXOe BOC1HTaHHe AeTeti Ha,ililil1 tllrlt llil'a'lrrrrllt, tt'trilii ll('tlTe,'lbHOCTblO//
Aorux. socnlrraHue - l98l - Ne 4 - C 26-28.
Ba pura BcKHfi fl.9ro rbl Huleub B HcKyccrBe-- M' ll)Hll
f aN,tesoM. B.. Aorr,latrJeHKo 14. A Ar"rac nollctlxt,Jtul llll Al l'lrtl
KaSaXOSa T f. HSO6pa:Ure,'IbHaq AeqTe,'IbHOCTb tt Xy,rlt,thr'(lll|tlllill'Irr rrrrrrrrr'rl(,llll(o.rlhHHKOB-
M.. 1983.
Kagaxoea T. f. Paeeusaftre y AotxKoJIbHHKoB TBoprlocltlt) M, llrhi'
KOrrlnaHUeBa,rl B floernqecxufto6pasnpr.rpoAHl,rt(,tr'hlMlrl,\ltr, ,\\ ltflilr
K.ocrepuu H fI. Vqe6uoe pucoBaHHe-M, 1984.
Kpacuos H. B Eeceau no HcKyccrBy s g2q2n6s6ii 1116tutl M, lltt'l'
K p r e u r!xuit K. E. Lllxo"rtnuxapt o6 ecrerHKe. M,, l{}7ll
KyAn Ha f. H, Men n x-fla u: aes A. A, HoBJ'l tt tt I x tt n I ll hrrt' l',rrrrrrlrirll, xyl(o)KccrBeH-
Hoe BocnpHRThe y uKo,'rbHHKoe-M., 1988-(Ce1l <llr',/ttrt,rttttr,t r rrr\r,trtrtrt., 'N!:l/ltlUll).
Mnp aercrna: !,oruxo,ruunx/ lloa pea ,rl E Xyponoii, 'l t KlNt,ll',rltoit ,\l , l'lf{i
Herrleucxuli E l4cxyccreo lr npocBeureHle 11 fitlnx. n(x'ttrrrirrrrrr l'lt{] .Ni 1l (" 24-25
HeueHcxlrft E M Myapocrb Kpacorbt.- M, l9ti7
IIo"ryHusa B H Hcxyccrno LI AerH: Hg onura pado'tt,l y'tttlr'',tlt Al ltlll?
PyaHeaa C Her noA,ruHHofo HcKyccrBa 6er rtcpt'xrnrrrrt lf llntx rrrttllt:ttlll(' 1967.-
Ne 7.- C. 63-66
Ceperr,rHa A., lllu,ro P MeroAflrrecKoe pyKor]o/tclll{) ru)6prtttttr','tt.tt,rii ltr'tltt\lll'llo(lr,lo ile-
rcfi // nowx BocnnraHue - 1982 - Ne 12 - C 29 3'2
CraHncr'raBcxsft K C 06ucxyccree.-M, l0l't0
CyxouJ'IHHcKnfi B A PoxaeHue rpa)I(aaHllHa M, ll)ill
Cyxor'rJInHcKufi B A. CepAUe orAato AerqM /l l1t6p ll('lt rt)rr ll ll r M, 1979 T I'
Teopr.rn Lr MeroaHKa aeo6paaarenruofi aesre,rsHoc'th It /l('r('lir[4 {;ril\/ ll,tt Pr','t l] Ii Kocrur'urcxofi,
E. B. Bacn,rresoli, P I Kasaxonofi 14 ap.- M, l9u5
OeaoprleHKo I Kax 3HaKoMHTbaou.lKoJrbHr.rKog c r'rro6;rirur r(',rr,lrJM rr(r(y((tlror'l // florux nocnu-
raune -1987.-M 8 - C 38-42: Ns 9.- C lir 23
<Dn.resxoM MupAernr'r // fioux BocnuraHxc llXiT .Ni'i (, i 1)
<D,r e p r.r H a E A. 3creruqecxoe BocttHTaHHc' ,,totttKo.rtt,rrttl(;t ,&l , llll;l
XyaoxecrneHuoe rBoprrecrBo B aercKOM ca,'ty/ llo,rt pt'ir ll A lltr:ryrrrrroii M , 1974.
tI y rt,l n,{ e s a P. Bocnpnnrue )KHBonHcH H pa3rrHrut o61t;rrrttoii 1tt',t /l /lotttx locnuraHHe - 1987.-
J\b lt.- c. 44-47.
gyvr.rqesa P. OgHaxoMaeHfie aerefi c xirrporroii *irnroru(l,r() ll l\ttntr< BocrtHraHHe.-1986.-
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