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 Pyatigorje area has been populated for a long time. Implements, life goods, discovered by archeologists are evidences of it. But the first records about Bish
dag area (five mountains) with a spring of hot water dates to 1334 when the famous Arabian traveler Ibn Battuta had been there. First records about population of Pyatigorje dates to the middle of XVI century. Pyatigorsk, a town and watering
place of Russian Caucasia, in the province of Terek, 141 m. by rail N.W. of Vladikavkaz. It owes its origin to its mineral waters, which have long been known to the inhabitants of Caucasia. The first buildings were erected in 1812, and in 1830 the name of Pyatigorsk was given to the new settlement. From the 1911 Encyclopedia
Pyatigorsk city
, Stavropol Territory, European Russia, the Northern Caucasus. It is a rail terminus and a health resort. The city has an electrotechnical industry, shops for the repair of agricultural equipment, and factories that produce food, clothing, footwear, and other items for resort visitors. Founded in 1780, Pyatigorsk has been a spa since 1803. The Columbia Encyclopedia, 2001
Any guest, who has settled down in Pyatigorsk, considers themselves a little Pechorin. The history of Pyatigorsk
is rich with bright, significant events, and now it is the cultural center of Stavropol region. Pyatigorsk
is one of 116 historical towns of the Russian Federation. The history of Pyatigorsk
is rich with bright, significant events, and now it is the cultural center of Stavropol region. Pyatigorsk
is one of 116 historical towns of the Russian Federation. A small stone pyramid was erected in the place of the duel in 1881. A temporary monument of gypsum and wood was erected in 1901. The present monument was constructed by project
of the famous sculpture B. M. Mikeshin in 1915. It is a stone obelisk with the poet’s high relief in the center. This artificial cave in the park on the northern slope
of Goryachaya mountais was constructed by project of brothers Bernardacci in 1829 in commemoration of the first climbing
the Elbrus. According to contemporaries Lermontov was a frequent visitor of Diana’s Grotto. And a week before his tragic death the poet organized a ball in this grotto.
is situated on the rocky bench of Mashuk mountain,
in the place of a former Cossack security post. Its builders were
brothers Bernardacci. Hence the name of the pergola “Eola’s harp” .
M. J. Lermontov used to come to Eol’s harp and mentioned it in story “Princess Mary”. In Lermontov’s time there was no tunnel. Tunnel
was laid in 1858. And in order to look into the enigmatic depth of the lake in the Proval people had to climb to the crater. The Proval zone was proclaimed a resort town. Now ancient fanciful mansions take turns to modern constructions of sanatoriums
Proval was described in the
novel «
The Twelve Chairs
“If I were immortal I would like to live in Pyatigorsk”.
It has become an emblem of not only Pyatigorsk resort but also the whole Caucasian Mineral Water area, was erected on Goryachaya mountain by the 100
anniversary of the Pyatigorsk resort. The author embodied in the stone a mountain legend about an eagle, which had been mortally bitten by a snake and had found a rescue from the inevitable death in the jet of salubrious water on Goryachaya mountain. Lermontov Grotto was described in the
novel «
The Hero of our times
“The atmosphere was charged with electricity. I took the vine
flanked avenue leading to the grotto. I felt depressed. “
The 1
tram line was opened in 1903.
The first tram line went from the railway station to Proval.
A major thoroughfare is known as "Broadway", which
runs through the center of town, and on which most of the best restaurants and attractions are located
“I think in the future my town will be a big clean city. There will be a lot of new nice and tall houses, wide long streets and beautiful green gardens and parks. There will be Petrosyan
Nana, 4B
many new flying cars. The weather will be always fine. The children will not go to school, they will learn at home and play in the parks every day”. Идея проекта:
Наталья Ивановна -
Участники проекта:
учащиеся 4Б, 6А, 9Б классов
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