BRITAIN The British Isles have a rich history going back thousands of years. Unfortunately few of us in Britain really know much about our history. Retrospectively I think there must have been something radically flawed with history as it is taught in out schools as our history is fascinating. Prehistoric Britain Stonehenge – is the most famous monument of the ancient Britain ROMAN BRITAIN Julius Caesar Anglo - Saxon Britain The Anglo - Saxons destroyed virtually all traces of Roman civilisation in Britain. They established a number of kingdoms which were often at war with each other, and the Celtic Britons were driven into ‘Wales’, ‘the land of foreigners’. The Anglo - Saxon pagan religion replaced Christianity. Pope Gregory the Great re - established the Christian Church in England by sending from Rome a monk, Augustine, who converted the Anglo - Saxon King Ethelbert of Kent in 597. T H E M I D D L E A G E S The Tudor Era: 15th & 16th Centuries With the end of the Wars of the Roses and the accession of Henry VII (1485 - 1509), England entered a period of renaissance under the new dynasty of the Tudors. The Stuart Era: 17th Century Though the Tudor dynasty was a turbulent one, the reign of the Stuart kings was to be one of the most dramatic and divisive in British history. Georgian Britain: 18th & 19th Centuries Throughout the early Georgian era, undercurrents of Jacobitism still existed calling for the reinstatement of the heirs of James II and the Stuart line as opposed to the Hanoverians. This undercurrent ran into open rebellion in Scotland, in 1715 and more prominently in 1745, when ‘Bonnie Prince Charlie ' led his Highlander army as far south as Derby. However it was to end in tragic fashion at the Battle of Culloden, where the outmanned and outgunned highlanders where utterly defeated, and all injured and prisoners slaughtered by the Hanoverian army under the Duke of Cumberland. Defeat at Culloden sounded the death knell for Jacobitism and for the Highlander's way of life while Bonnie Prince Charlie fled back to France. Victorian Britain: 19th Century The Victorian era is regarded by many in Britain as the Golden Age, a time of high morals and conservative values, a time when the British economy boomed through trade in cotton, tobacco, coal and steel, when British names, like Stephenson, Watt and Faraday where behind scientific and industrial endeavours and Britannia really did rule the waves . The British Empire, proudly proclaimed as the ‘Empire where the sun never sets', reached around the globe from Canada and the Caribbean, to parts of Africa, India and South East Asia to Australia and New Zealand . In securing this empire, Britain's cathedrals are filled with monuments to the soldiers, officers and regiments who died in Wars such as the Crimean, 1854 - 6 and the Boer 1899 - 1902 . The 20th Century Elizabeth II The new century brought an auspicious start for Britain, a new monarch Edward VII and a new era . However over the first 50 years of the 20 th Century, Britain's Golden Age together with its Empire was to come to a halt and the country was to face some of the toughest challenges in its history . Thank you for your attention!