close

Вход

Забыли?

вход по аккаунту

?

Вильям Шекспир

код для вставкиСкачать
МОУ «СОШ № 26»
г. алаково
Учитель английского языка
Коноваленко ероника Робертовна
ильям Шекспир
Цель урока
Повышение культурного и образовательного уровня и раскрытие социокультурного
потенциала личности учащихся на основе ознакомления с творчеством ильяма Шекспира. Задачи урока
Совершенствование образовательных
навыков активного овладения чтением, пониманием и восприятием текстов; углубление знаний учащихся в области английской литературы.
Развитие
индивидуальных умений в группе к переключению внимания в упражнениях комплексного характера, в разных видах речевой деятельности.
Воспитание эстетического вкуса, воспитание уважения к носителям иноязычной культуры, углубление познавательного интереса к предмету.
William
Shakespeare
William Shakespeare (baptised 26 April 1564 –
died 23 April 1616) was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's dramatist.
He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon" (or simply "The Bard"). His surviving works are 38 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems. His plays have been translated into every major living language, and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.
Early
life
William Shakespeare was the son of John Shakespeare and Mary Arden. His mother was a a
daughter of a farmer. His father was a glove
-
maker.His
unknown birthday is traditionally observed on 23 April, St George's Day. This date, which can be traced back to an eighteenth
-
century scholar's mistake, has proved appealing because Shakespeare died on 23 April 1616. He was the third child of eight and the eldest surviving son. In
1582 he
married
Anna
Ha
thaway
, the
daughter
of
the
local
landowner
who
w
as 8 years older him.
John Shakespeare's house in Stratford
-
upon
-
Avon.
Life
and
death
He had three children Susannah,and twins Hamnet and Judith.
About 1587 Shakespeare has left Stratford and has moved to London. In 1592 Shakespeare bec
a
me a member of the London actor's troupe
. In 1612 Shakespeare left for the unknown reasons in resignation and returned to native Stratford where lived his wife and daughters. Shakespea
re continued writing .
On April, 23rd, 1616 Shakespeare has died. Creativity
There
was
time
when
Shakespeare's
plays
grouped
in
plots
: the
group
of
comedies
, group
of
tragedies
, chronicles
from
an
English
history
, the
Roman
tragedies
also
turned
out
. Theatre "Globe" in which Shakespeare's troupe worked.
The
first
publications
Shakespeare has not published any of the products. Yes
,
also
it was not usual in literary tradition of that time —
most print
ed
drama products. So
-
called «First Folio
» (1623)
The first period (1590
³
1594) T
his
period
is the
period
of
idealistic
belief
in
the
best
aspects
of
life
. Young
Shakespeare
excitedly
punishes
defect
in
the
historical
tragedies
and
with
delight
sings
of
high
and
poetic
feelings
—
friendship
, self
-
sacrifice
and
in
particular
love
. T
he
basic
colouring
is
given
by
plays
where
the
youth
of
the
author
has
affected
in
that
aura
with
which
it
surrounds
young
feeling
: «
The
Two
Gentlemen
of
Verona
» and
«
A
song
of
songs
» new
European
literature
—
«
Romeo
and
Julie
t
» further
which
became a
deification
of
love
. Romeo and Juliette.
There never was a story of more sorrow
Than this one of Juliet and her Romeo
.
Нет повести печальнее на свете,
Чем повесть о Ромео и Джульетте.
The
second
period
(1594
³
1601) . T
here
is
one
of
its
most
famous
products
—
«
The Merchant of Venice
». I
t
ha
s
a
lot
of
imitation
, but
in
this
play
Shakespeare's
genius
has
already
mighty
found
out
the
independence
and
with
unusual
brightness
has
shown
one
of
the
most
surprising
abilities
—
to
transform
a
rough
, crude
stone
of
borrowed
plots
into
an
art
sculpture
amazing
with
perfection
. Falstaff with the big jug of wine and a cup.
The third period (1600
³
1609) However
soon
l
ies
has
become
boring
to
Shakespeare
. «I do
not
know
you
, the
old
man
». Shakespeare
still
ceases
to
know
recently
sorrowless
relation
entirely
owning
it
to
a
life
. ―Hamlet‖
―Othello‖
―King Lear‖
―Macbeth‖
Hamlet аnd Horatio on a cemetery.
The bronze statue of Shakespeare in Stratford. Shakespeare’s figure is high above the ground and on the ground there are small figures of Shakespeare’s famous characters.
Poems
and
sonnets
His poems and sonnets are among the most charming gems of poetry in the English language.
The first edition of "Sonnets" (1609)
SONNET
130
My mistress eyes are nothing like the sun,
Coral is far more red than her lips red;
If snow be white why then her breasts are dun
If hairs be wires black wires grow on her head
I have seen roses damasked red and white,
But no such roses see I in her cheecks
;
And in some perfumes is there more delight
Then in the breath that from my mistress reecks
I love to hear her speak yet well I know
That music hath a far more pleasing sound
I grant I never saw a goddess go
My mistress, when she walks threads on the ground
And yet by heaven, I think my love as rare
As any she belied with false compare.
130
Ее глаза на звезды не похожи,
Нельзя уста кораллами назвать,
Не белоснежна плеч открытых кожа,
И черной проволокой вьется прядь.
С дамасской розой, алой или белой,
Нельзя сравнить оттенок этих щек.
А тело пахнет так, как пахнет тело,
Не как фиалки нежный лепесток.
Ты не найдешь в ней совершенных линий,
Особенного света на челе.
Не знаю я, как шествуют богини,
Но милая ступает по земле.
И все ж она уступит тем едва ли,
Кого в сравненьях пышных оболгали.
С. Маршак
Question
of
authorship
of
Shakespearean
products
Has not remained any belonging to Shakespeare from Stratford books. Its authentic autographs —
only surname and name signatures; his
handwriting is inaccurate enough that gives the grounds to assume that he was not so habitual to write or even is semiliterate.
A number considers that Shakespeare's one creative autograph nevertheless is known: probably, same hand, as signatures, writes a part by the forbidden censorship of the play "Sir Thomas Mor" (it not simply copy, and a draught copy with author's editing). Autographs of Shakespeare known now from Stratford
.
Ben Johnson was right ´he was not of an age, but for all time!µ
William
Shakespeare
Могила Шекспира
«О, добрый друг, во имя бога, Ты прах под камнем сим не трогай; Сна не тревожь костей моих; Будь проклят тот, кто тронет их!..»
Спасибо за внимание!
Автор
veronika_k75
Документ
Категория
Презентации
Просмотров
61
Размер файла
1 795 Кб
Теги
вильям, шекспир
1/--страниц
Пожаловаться на содержимое документа