МБОУ лицей « Технико-экономический» г. Новороссийск Title Contents Administrative position The Government Geography Major Holidays Russia Russia Facts in Brief Symbols Borders Name: Russian Federation; independence declared on August 24, 1991 •Area: 6.5 million square miles •Population: 147.5 millions •Official language: Russian (over 140 other languages and dialects ) •Currency: Rouble (consists of 100 kopeks) Demographics Ethnic composition: Russia is a land of over 100 nationalities Russians: 81%; Tatars: 4%; Ukrainians: 3%; Chuvash: 1.2%; Others (less than 1% each): 10.5% Age structure: 0-14 years: 20% ; 15-64 years: 67% 65 years: 13% MOSKOW •The Standard of the President of the Russian Federation, •The Standard (Flag) of the President of the Russian Federation is a square cloth with three equal horizontal stripes: •the uppermost is white, •the middle is blue and •the bottom is red. • In the centre there is a golden version of the State Seal of the Russian Federation. The cloth is gold-fringed. The presidential Emblem consists of the Emblem itself and its chain. The gold Emblem bears a cross with four equal arms that widen at the ends. The front of the cross is coated with ruby enamel and the distance between the ends of its arms is 60 millimeters. The cross is trimmed with a narrow raised welt. • The Special Copy of the Constitution are handed to the newly elected head of state at his inauguration ceremony after he takes an oath of service on the special copy of the Constitution. The State Symbol of Russia is a three-colored banner It has three horizontal stripes: •White •Blue •Red The white stripe symbolizes – The Earth The blue stripe symbolizes – The sky The red one – liberty The National emblem is a two headed eagle The National Hymn text TheConstitution is the highest law of The Russian Federation • The Constitution of the Russian Federation was adopted on December 12, 1993. The council of Ministers with The president and his helpers The Prime minister The federal Council (the upper House) The federal Assembly (the Parliament) The State Duma (the lower House) Each of them is headed by the Speaker • The Russian Federation is the largest country in the World • It covers one-seventh of the earth’s surface. • It covers the eastern part of Europe and the Nothern part of Asia. • Its total area is about 17 million square kilometers. • full text Norway Finland Estonia Latvia Belarus The Ukraine Kazakhstan Mongolia China •Korea The Urals The Ural Mountains (Russian: Ура́льские го́ры, Uralskiye gory) (also known as the Urals, and known as the Stone Belt) The Urals are the largest mountain chain The Urals are sometimes considered as the natural border between Europe and Asia Europe Asia There are over two million rivers in Russia. Europe’s the biggest river, the Volga, flows into the Caspian Sea the Volga The main Siberian rivers are the Ob the Lena the Yenisey flow from the south to the north. The Amur in the Far East flows into the Pacific Ocean (Russian: о́зеро Байка́л,The lake Baikal is situated in Southern Siberia in Russia between Irkutsk Oblast to the northwest and Buryatia to the southeast near the city of Irkutsk. The name Baikal comes from Baigal or Байkал which in the Mongolian language means "nature". It is also known as the "Blue Eye of Siberia". Lake Baikal the Bering sea the Barents sea the White sea the Baltic sea the Laptev sea the Cara sea the Sea of Okhotsk the Azov sea the Black sea The Caspian sea the Sea of Japan • January 1 - New Year's Day • January 7 - Russian Orthodox Christmas. • March 8 - International Women's Day (also known as the "Spring Holiday") • • April 4 - May 8 - Russian Orthodox Easter May 1 - International Labor Day • May 9 - Victory Day (1945) • June 12 - Russian Independence Day • December 12 - Constitution Day • December 24-25 - (European) Christmas. Celebrated selectively, depending on ties and degree of contact with Westerners.