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участие в конкурсе СОДЕРЖАНИЕ, ТЕХНОЛОГИИ И МЕТОДИКИ ПОДГОТОВКИ К ЕГЭ И ПРЕДМЕТНЫМ ОЛИМПИАДАМ

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Номинация 3. "Творческие и системные задания для подготовки к ЕГЭ социально-гуманитарного цикла с ответами"
Система лексико-грамматических упражнений в рамках подготовки старшеклассников к ЕГЭ по английскому языку
Анализ результатов ЕГЭ по английскому языку, представленный на сайте ФИПИ, свидетельствует о том, что наибольшую трудность для обучающихся представляет раздел "Грамматика и лексика", позволяющий проверить уровень сформированности у экзаменуемых навыков "оперирования грамматическими единицами на основе предложенных текстов, использования языкового материала в коммуникативно-ориентированном контексте". Наряду с трудностями в выборе правильных форм глаголов и синонимичных лексических единиц выпускникам старшей школы часто приходится решать проблему выбора адекватных словообразующих аффиксов, необходимых для подстановки в предлагаемый контекст. Таким образом, перед педагогом возникает острая необходимость в корректировании деятельности при организации на уроках работы с основными лексико-грамматическими элементами учебной программы.
На сегодняшний день в предлагаемых учебниках английского языка, к сожалению, часто отсутствует теоретический материал по словообразованию, не представлен полный список словообразующих аффиксов. Перечень же основных приставок и суффиксов, изучаемых в рамках школьной программы, недостаточен для получения высокого балла на ЕГЭ за выполнение данного блока заданий раздела "Грамматика и лексика". Кроме того, в отличие от упражнений, направленных на развитие умений в аудировании, чтении и устной речи, количество заданий для тренировки старшеклассников в образовании новых слов представляется недостаточным.
Предлагаемая разработка системы упражнений не только отвечает требованиям актуальности, но и органично вписывается в привычный порядок следования разделов и тем учебной программы по предмету. Данные упражнения можно использовать одновременно как элемент системной подготовки к ЕГЭ, а также как вариант контрольных и повторительно-обобщающих заданий при изучении следующих тем в курсе английского языка в 10-11 классах:
Название темыУпражнение"СМИ"Television"Чтение. Хобби. Досуг"Charles Dickens, The History of Writing"Подростки", "Образование. Планы на будущее"Choosing a Career, Extreme Sports
"Каникулы. Путешествие"Travelling"Наука и технический прогресс"Science, Computers, Space Exploration
В представленных ниже упражнениях школьникам предлагается заполнить в тексте пропуски, поставив слово, стоящее на полях справа, в соответствующую грамматическую форму.
При выполнении заданий обучающимся даются следующие рекомендации:
* прочитать весь текст, чтобы понять его основное содержание;
* прочитать отдельно предложение с пропущенным словом;
* определить, какая часть речи пропущена (для этого вспомнить особенности порядка слов в английском предложении);
* определить часть речи данного на полях слова;
* вспомнить основные аффиксы, используемые для образования нужной вам части речи от предложенной на полях (при этом помнить, что суффиксы обычно меняют часть речи, а префиксы - значение основы);
* обратить внимание на число имён существительных и отрицательное значение глаголов, имён прилагательных и наречий;
* использовать необходимые аффиксы для образования требуемой лексической единицы (помнить, что иногда вместо одного требуется использовать несколько аффиксов);
* прочитать весь текст сначала для проверки правильности выполнения задания.
Упражнения
Television
Television is considered one of the most popular leisure 1... all over the world. 1 act
It is an 2... way to relax. You can 3... find a person 2 enjoy 3 hard
who spends a day without 4... TV. Modern families 4 watch
have two or three TV sets in their flats therefore
every member can choose any channel he/she likes.
TV companies broadcast such a great 5... of films, 5 vary
shows and other programmes that 6... could be 6 every
satisfied. Information is presented on TV in a more 7... 7 effect way that makes things more 8... . 8 memory
There are some 9... channels which can be 9 education
10... for schoolchildren. 10 use
But 11... there is a serious problem here. 11 fortune
Spending so much hours in front of the screen
more and more people become 12... to television. 12 addict
They can't 13... their lives without TV and they are 13 imagination
absolutely 14... in everyday communication. 14 help
Charles Dickens
Charles Dickens books are read by all - learnt and
simple, rich and poor. The main cause of his 1... is 1 popular
the great 2... of Dickens. He loved his fellow-man. 2 kind
His 3 ... , understanding eye looked with 3 humor
4... on good and bad alike. His characters are real 4 tolerant
and true to life. He became 5... after "Pickwick 5 fame
Papers" publication. The story was strange. A firm of 6... had a number of funny pictures. 6 publish
They wanted to get some articles 7... them. 7 illustrate
Someone suggested that the young newspaper 8... Charles Dickens could do this job. It was 8 report
a 9... job for Dickens and he agreed but asked 9 fascinate
for more 10... in writing. So "Pickwick Papers" 10 free
came into being and had a great success. At one
stride Dickens became one of the most popular 11... . 11 novel
The History of Writing
The 1... of writing gave a huge advantage to the world and 1 develop
we might see it as the 2... of the media. 2 begin
Pieces of pottery with marks on have been 3... in China. 3 covered
Hieroglyphics and other forms of picture 4... developed in the 4 write
area around Mesopotamia where the ancient Sumerian 5... 5 civilize
was based. However the Phoenicians had the first true alphabet. It had 22 letters and was in use for 1000 years. The first 2 signs were called "aleph" and "beth" which in Greek became "alpha" and "beta". The modern 6... alphabet is based on the Greek 6 Europe
and spread to other countries under the Romans. A number of changes took place as the time passed. The Romans added the
letter G, and the letters J and V were 7... to people in 7 know
Shakespeare's time.
If we look into the history of punctuation we also find some 8... 8 interest
facts. The Romans used to write quaesto at the end of the sentence to show that it was a question. They started to write Qo
in place of the whole word and then put the Q above the o. In the end that became the question mark "?"
Science
Science is always 1... and thrilling. 1 excite
You never get bored because practically every day
you make a 2.... and explore something 3... . 2 discover 3 know
Science always presents opportunities for your personal 4... . 4 develop
Doing a science is like doing a puzzle. The more you work the more 5... it becomes. 5 interest
The next important fact is the 6... to study and solve 6 possible
7... problems which influence life on our planet. 7 differ
Your scientific research and 8... may contribute 8 achieve
to the social progress so a lot of people can be 9.... 9 satisfy
Some of us think that you have to be a genius to become a 10... but that's not so. Scientists are common 10 science
people but they are very curious and hard-working.
Choosing a Career
Young people don't often know what job to choose
when they leave school. Some of them have their own 1... 1 decide
others feel 2... from the family or want to follow 2 press
the 3... people's steps. Tastes differ. 3 fame
But one fact remains 4... . Everybody has high 4 doubt 5... about the future career. 5 expect
6..., when you start thinking about future 6 one
remember that every job requires different 7... skills 7 person
and 8.... 8 able
Moreover to become a real professional you should
get proper 8... and experience. 9 educate
The next important thing is to do all the tasks 10... 10 proper
All in all choosing a career can't be a problem if you are a 11..., 11 patience
purposeful, hard-working and 12... person. 12 create
Computers
Not so many years ago people didn't realize the 1... 1 possible
computers give us. But today PCs have occupied
all the sides of our lives and became practically 2... . 2 dispense
Computers are everywhere. They are very 3... for 3 use
finding information. You can widely 4... with people from 4 act
different parts of the world and 5... purchase everything 5 easy
you want without cash. PCs are also a great source of 6 ... 6 entertain
for both children and adults. Doing most of the work
they save our time. But many scientists say they really
do harm to people's health making them stay 7... 7 motion
in front of a monitor for many hours. Computers waste our time if they are 8... used 8 purpose for watching films, listening to music or chatting. But the main problem is that these 9... machines 9 life substitute friends and family. Space Exploration
Space has always been quite 1... and 1enigma 2... for people. They have been looking in the sky 2 attract
since early times thinking and dreaming of it. They wished they could fly and reach the stars.
Space 3...was developed by sending satellites into space 3 explore
in the early 20th century. Then large rockets with people were launched. This 4... was a giant leap for mankind. 4 achieve
The 5... of the benefits and advantages given by space 5 aware
exploration will bring the 6... to different nations. 6 unite
Today the space exploration is seeing new horizons with the 7... of space tourism. It is also a chance 7 introduce
for us to explore the survival 8... of outer space. 8 probable
We'll reach new 9... flying to other planets. 9 high
But the deeper we dive into the realms of nature, the more 10... we acquire 10 know
the more 11... things we discover . 11 comprehend Travelling
The word "travelling" is always associated with any 1... 1 delight
events. For 2... it's a dream that comes true once a year for 2 some
the annual vacation. For others, it's a 3... process to find 3 challenge
themselves and express their own 4 ... . You can also enjoy 4 individual
new experiences or learn a new language. Anyway travelling
is fun and lots of people travel with the purpose of 5..., 5 enjoy
partying and 6... . You could never be tired of visiting new 6 amuse
places. Travelling 7... gives you a whole new outlook on life. 7 real
While travelling you learn the history and culture of the other
nations. The most 8... and illustrative place to know about 8 access
these things is museums. They are store of the past.
Many things, which were used many years ago,
are kept there. 9... of that tells us much about culture. 9 every
We can easier understand people's character and the way
they live. Also museums teach us history by showing the attributes of history events. Visiting museums we understand that we must save our history and traditions
as they are the property of the nation.
10 ... in future somebody will be interested in everything 10 doubt
what we do now.
Extreme Sports
A lot of people have never done extreme sports
and never 1... intended to. They think it is very 1 real
2... to put their lives at risk. But there are a lot of 2 reason
young people who are very fond and interested
in them. What makes people 3... risk for a short 3 regular adrenaline buzz? Perhaps, it's like a drug.
You do it just because your friends said it was great
and then it turns into 4... . Probably you start doing 4 addict
it having the desire to show how strong and 5 ... 5 courage
you are and then end up liking it. But the 6 ... 6 major
of people said they 7... wanted a change and 7 simple
and 8 ... in life. You get bored with daily routine and 8 diverse
looks for the perfect escape in something new and 9... . 9 excite
When you do such sports it seems that your 10... 10 person
problems go away and you are surrounded by thrill
and 11... . So I quire understand teens doing extreme 11 please
sports but I'm not 12... going to follow their example 12 definite
because I/m addicted to 13... . 13 safe
Keys:
Television: 1 activities 2 enjoyable 3 hardly 4 watching 5 variety 6 everyone/everybody 7 effective 8 memorable 9 educational 10 useful 11 unfortunately 12 addicted 13 imagine 14 helpless
Charles Dickens: 1 popularity 2 kindness 3 humorous 4 tolerance 5 famous 6 publishers 7 illustrating 8 reporter 9 fascinating 10 freedom 11 novelists
The History of Writing: 1 development 2 beginning 3 discovered 4 writing 5 civilization 6 European 7 known 8 interesting
Science: 1 exciting 2 discovery 3 unknown 4 development 5 interesting 6 possibility 7 different 8 achievements 9 satisfied 10 scientist Choosing a Career: 1 decision 2 pressure 3 famous 4 undoubted 5 expectations 6 firstly 7 personal 8 abilities 9 education 10 properly 11 patient 12 creative
Computers: 1 possibilities 2 indispensable 3 useful 4 interact 5 easily 6 entertainment 7 motionless 8 purposelessly 9 lifeless
Space exploration; 1 enigmatic 2 attractive 3 exploration 4 achievement 5 awareness 6 unity 7 introduction 8 probabilities 9 heights 10 knowledge 11 incomprehensible
Travelling: 1 delightful 2 someone 3 challenging 4 individuality 5 enjoyment 6 amusement 7 really 8 accessible 9 everything 10 undoubtedly
Extreme Sports: 1 really 2 unreasonable 3 regularly 4 addiction 5 courageous 6 majority 7 simply 8 diversity 9 exciting 10 personal 11 pleasure 12 definitely 13 safety
Использованные Интернет-ресурсы:
http://www.englishege.ru
http://www.fipi.ru
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megrebin
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